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Overview
Comment:Modify the interface to the pager sub-system in preparation for performing IO in blocks based on sector-size, not database page-size. (CVS 3705)
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 7dc7658887046f066b564a5994578074a99756ba
User & Date: danielk1977 2007-03-19 17:44:27
Context
2007-03-20
23:52
Refactor PLWriter in preparation for buffered-document change. Currently, PLWriter (Position List Writer) creates a locally-owned DataBuffer to write into. This is necessary to support doclist collection during tokenization, where there is no obvious buffer to write output to, but is not necessary for the other users of PLWriter. This change adds a DLCollector (Doc List Collector) structure to handle the tokenization case.

Also fix a potential memory leak in writeZeroSegment(). In case of error from leafWriterStep(), the DataBuffer dl was being leaked. (CVS 3706) check-in: 1b9918e2 user: shess tags: trunk

2007-03-19
17:44
Modify the interface to the pager sub-system in preparation for performing IO in blocks based on sector-size, not database page-size. (CVS 3705) check-in: 7dc76588 user: danielk1977 tags: trunk
15:04
Add some test cases simulating crashes with various storage medium sector sizes. (CVS 3704) check-in: c3c5f658 user: danielk1977 tags: trunk
Changes
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Changes to src/btree.c.

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** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** $Id: btree.c,v 1.340 2007/03/19 11:54:10 drh Exp $
**
** This file implements a external (disk-based) database using BTrees.
** For a detailed discussion of BTrees, refer to
**
**     Donald E. Knuth, THE ART OF COMPUTER PROGRAMMING, Volume 3:
**     "Sorting And Searching", pages 473-480. Addison-Wesley
**     Publishing Company, Reading, Massachusetts.
................................................................................
  u16 nCell;           /* Number of cells on this page, local and ovfl */
  struct _OvflCell {   /* Cells that will not fit on aData[] */
    u8 *pCell;          /* Pointers to the body of the overflow cell */
    u16 idx;            /* Insert this cell before idx-th non-overflow cell */
  } aOvfl[5];
  BtShared *pBt;       /* Pointer back to BTree structure */
  u8 *aData;           /* Pointer back to the start of the page */

  Pgno pgno;           /* Page number for this page */
  MemPage *pParent;    /* The parent of this page.  NULL for root */
};

/*
** The in-memory image of a disk page has the auxiliary information appended
** to the end.  EXTRA_SIZE is the number of bytes of space needed to hold
................................................................................
** Write an entry into the pointer map.
**
** This routine updates the pointer map entry for page number 'key'
** so that it maps to type 'eType' and parent page number 'pgno'.
** An error code is returned if something goes wrong, otherwise SQLITE_OK.
*/
static int ptrmapPut(BtShared *pBt, Pgno key, u8 eType, Pgno parent){
  u8 *pPtrmap;    /* The pointer map page */

  Pgno iPtrmap;   /* The pointer map page number */
  int offset;     /* Offset in pointer map page */
  int rc;

  /* The master-journal page number must never be used as a pointer map page */
  assert( 0==PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt)) );

  assert( pBt->autoVacuum );
  if( key==0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  iPtrmap = PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, key);
  rc = sqlite3pager_get(pBt->pPager, iPtrmap, (void **)&pPtrmap);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  offset = PTRMAP_PTROFFSET(pBt, key);


  if( eType!=pPtrmap[offset] || get4byte(&pPtrmap[offset+1])!=parent ){
    TRACE(("PTRMAP_UPDATE: %d->(%d,%d)\n", key, eType, parent));
    rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPtrmap);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pPtrmap[offset] = eType;
      put4byte(&pPtrmap[offset+1], parent);
    }
  }

  sqlite3pager_unref(pPtrmap);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Read an entry from the pointer map.
**
** This routine retrieves the pointer map entry for page 'key', writing
** the type and parent page number to *pEType and *pPgno respectively.
** An error code is returned if something goes wrong, otherwise SQLITE_OK.
*/
static int ptrmapGet(BtShared *pBt, Pgno key, u8 *pEType, Pgno *pPgno){

  int iPtrmap;       /* Pointer map page index */
  u8 *pPtrmap;       /* Pointer map page data */
  int offset;        /* Offset of entry in pointer map */
  int rc;

  iPtrmap = PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, key);
  rc = sqlite3pager_get(pBt->pPager, iPtrmap, (void **)&pPtrmap);
  if( rc!=0 ){
    return rc;
  }


  offset = PTRMAP_PTROFFSET(pBt, key);
  assert( pEType!=0 );
  *pEType = pPtrmap[offset];
  if( pPgno ) *pPgno = get4byte(&pPtrmap[offset+1]);

  sqlite3pager_unref(pPtrmap);
  if( *pEType<1 || *pEType>5 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM */

/*
................................................................................
  int usableSize;            /* Number of usable bytes on a page */
  int cellOffset;            /* Offset to the cell pointer array */
  int brk;                   /* Offset to the cell content area */
  int nCell;                 /* Number of cells on the page */
  unsigned char *data;       /* The page data */
  unsigned char *temp;       /* Temp area for cell content */

  assert( sqlite3pager_iswriteable(pPage->aData) );
  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( pPage->pBt->usableSize <= SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
  temp = sqliteMalloc( pPage->pBt->pageSize );
  if( temp==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  data = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
................................................................................
  int nFrag;
  int top;
  int nCell;
  int cellOffset;
  unsigned char *data;
  
  data = pPage->aData;
  assert( sqlite3pager_iswriteable(data) );
  assert( pPage->pBt );
  if( nByte<4 ) nByte = 4;
  if( pPage->nFree<nByte || pPage->nOverflow>0 ) return 0;
  pPage->nFree -= nByte;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;

  nFrag = data[hdr+7];
................................................................................
** free blocks into a single big free block.
*/
static void freeSpace(MemPage *pPage, int start, int size){
  int addr, pbegin, hdr;
  unsigned char *data = pPage->aData;

  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3pager_iswriteable(data) );
  assert( start>=pPage->hdrOffset+6+(pPage->leaf?0:4) );
  assert( (start + size)<=pPage->pBt->usableSize );
  if( size<4 ) size = 4;

#ifdef SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE
  /* Overwrite deleted information with zeros when the SECURE_DELETE 
  ** option is enabled at compile-time */
................................................................................
  int cellOffset;    /* Offset from start of page to first cell pointer */
  int nFree;         /* Number of unused bytes on the page */
  int top;           /* First byte of the cell content area */

  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  assert( pBt!=0 );
  assert( pParent==0 || pParent->pBt==pBt );
  assert( pPage->pgno==sqlite3pager_pagenumber(pPage->aData) );
  assert( pPage->aData == &((unsigned char*)pPage)[-pBt->pageSize] );
  if( pPage->pParent!=pParent && (pPage->pParent!=0 || pPage->isInit) ){
    /* The parent page should never change unless the file is corrupt */
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  if( pPage->isInit ) return SQLITE_OK;
  if( pPage->pParent==0 && pParent!=0 ){
    pPage->pParent = pParent;
    sqlite3pager_ref(pParent->aData);
  }
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  data = pPage->aData;
  decodeFlags(pPage, data[hdr]);
  pPage->nOverflow = 0;
  pPage->idxShift = 0;
  usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
................................................................................
*/
static void zeroPage(MemPage *pPage, int flags){
  unsigned char *data = pPage->aData;
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  int hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  int first;

  assert( sqlite3pager_pagenumber(data)==pPage->pgno );
  assert( &data[pBt->pageSize] == (unsigned char*)pPage );
  assert( sqlite3pager_iswriteable(data) );
  memset(&data[hdr], 0, pBt->usableSize - hdr);
  data[hdr] = flags;
  first = hdr + 8 + 4*((flags&PTF_LEAF)==0);
  memset(&data[hdr+1], 0, 4);
  data[hdr+7] = 0;
  put2byte(&data[hdr+5], pBt->usableSize);
  pPage->nFree = pBt->usableSize - first;
................................................................................

/*
** Get a page from the pager.  Initialize the MemPage.pBt and
** MemPage.aData elements if needed.
*/
static int getPage(BtShared *pBt, Pgno pgno, MemPage **ppPage, int clrFlag){
  int rc;
  unsigned char *aData;
  MemPage *pPage;
  rc = sqlite3pager_acquire(pBt->pPager, pgno, (void**)&aData, clrFlag);



  if( rc ) return rc;
  pPage = (MemPage*)&aData[pBt->pageSize];
  pPage->aData = aData;

  pPage->pBt = pBt;
  pPage->pgno = pgno;
  pPage->hdrOffset = pPage->pgno==1 ? 100 : 0;
  *ppPage = pPage;
  if( clrFlag ){
    sqlite3pager_dont_rollback(aData);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Get a page from the pager and initialize it.  This routine
** is just a convenience wrapper around separate calls to
................................................................................
** call to getPage.
*/
static void releasePage(MemPage *pPage){
  if( pPage ){
    assert( pPage->aData );
    assert( pPage->pBt );
    assert( &pPage->aData[pPage->pBt->pageSize]==(unsigned char*)pPage );
    sqlite3pager_unref(pPage->aData);
  }
}

/*
** This routine is called when the reference count for a page
** reaches zero.  We need to unref the pParent pointer when that
** happens.
*/
static void pageDestructor(void *pData, int pageSize){
  MemPage *pPage;
  assert( (pageSize & 7)==0 );
  pPage = (MemPage*)&((char*)pData)[pageSize];
  if( pPage->pParent ){
    MemPage *pParent = pPage->pParent;
    pPage->pParent = 0;
    releasePage(pParent);
  }
  pPage->isInit = 0;
}
................................................................................
** During a rollback, when the pager reloads information into the cache
** so that the cache is restored to its original state at the start of
** the transaction, for each page restored this routine is called.
**
** This routine needs to reset the extra data section at the end of the
** page to agree with the restored data.
*/
static void pageReinit(void *pData, int pageSize){
  MemPage *pPage;
  assert( (pageSize & 7)==0 );
  pPage = (MemPage*)&((char*)pData)[pageSize];
  if( pPage->isInit ){
    pPage->isInit = 0;
    initPage(pPage, pPage->pParent);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
    char *zFullPathname = sqlite3OsFullPathname(zFilename);
    if( !zFullPathname ){
      sqliteFree(p);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    for(pBt=pTsdro->pBtree; pBt; pBt=pBt->pNext){
      assert( pBt->nRef>0 );
      if( 0==strcmp(zFullPathname, sqlite3pager_filename(pBt->pPager)) ){
        p->pBt = pBt;
        *ppBtree = p;
        pBt->nRef++;
        sqliteFree(zFullPathname);
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
    }
................................................................................

  pBt = sqliteMalloc( sizeof(*pBt) );
  if( pBt==0 ){
    *ppBtree = 0;
    sqliteFree(p);
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  rc = sqlite3pager_open(&pBt->pPager, zFilename, EXTRA_SIZE, flags);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3pager_read_fileheader(pBt->pPager,sizeof(zDbHeader),zDbHeader);
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pBt->pPager ){
      sqlite3pager_close(pBt->pPager);
    }
    sqliteFree(pBt);
    sqliteFree(p);
    *ppBtree = 0;
    return rc;
  }
  p->pBt = pBt;

  sqlite3pager_set_destructor(pBt->pPager, pageDestructor);
  sqlite3pager_set_reiniter(pBt->pPager, pageReinit);
  pBt->pCursor = 0;
  pBt->pPage1 = 0;
  pBt->readOnly = sqlite3pager_isreadonly(pBt->pPager);
  pBt->pageSize = get2byte(&zDbHeader[16]);
  if( pBt->pageSize<512 || pBt->pageSize>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
       || ((pBt->pageSize-1)&pBt->pageSize)!=0 ){
    pBt->pageSize = SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE;
    pBt->maxEmbedFrac = 64;   /* 25% */
    pBt->minEmbedFrac = 32;   /* 12.5% */
    pBt->minLeafFrac = 32;    /* 12.5% */
................................................................................
    pBt->pageSizeFixed = 1;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    pBt->autoVacuum = (get4byte(&zDbHeader[36 + 4*4])?1:0);
#endif
  }
  pBt->usableSize = pBt->pageSize - nReserve;
  assert( (pBt->pageSize & 7)==0 );  /* 8-byte alignment of pageSize */
  sqlite3pager_set_pagesize(pBt->pPager, pBt->pageSize);

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO)
  /* Add the new btree to the linked list starting at ThreadData.pBtree.
  ** There is no chance that a malloc() may fail inside of the 
  ** sqlite3ThreadData() call, as the ThreadData structure must have already
  ** been allocated for pTsdro->useSharedData to be non-zero.
  */
................................................................................
      pPrev->pNext = pBt->pNext;
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Close the pager and free the shared-btree structure */
  assert( !pBt->pCursor );
  sqlite3pager_close(pBt->pPager);
  if( pBt->xFreeSchema && pBt->pSchema ){
    pBt->xFreeSchema(pBt->pSchema);
  }
  sqliteFree(pBt->pSchema);
  sqliteFree(pBt);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................

/*
** Change the busy handler callback function.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeSetBusyHandler(Btree *p, BusyHandler *pHandler){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  pBt->pBusyHandler = pHandler;
  sqlite3pager_set_busyhandler(pBt->pPager, pHandler);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Change the limit on the number of pages allowed in the cache.
**
** The maximum number of cache pages is set to the absolute
................................................................................
** an abrupt power failure when synchronous is off, the database
** could be left in an inconsistent and unrecoverable state.
** Synchronous is on by default so database corruption is not
** normally a worry.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(Btree *p, int mxPage){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  sqlite3pager_set_cachesize(pBt->pPager, mxPage);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Change the way data is synced to disk in order to increase or decrease
** how well the database resists damage due to OS crashes and power
** failures.  Level 1 is the same as asynchronous (no syncs() occur and
................................................................................
** there is a high probability of damage)  Level 2 is the default.  There
** is a very low but non-zero probability of damage.  Level 3 reduces the
** probability of damage to near zero but with a write performance reduction.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
int sqlite3BtreeSetSafetyLevel(Btree *p, int level, int fullSync){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  sqlite3pager_set_safety_level(pBt->pPager, level, fullSync);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

/*
** Return TRUE if the given btree is set to safety level 1.  In other
** words, return TRUE if no sync() occurs on the disk files.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeSyncDisabled(Btree *p){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  assert( pBt && pBt->pPager );
  return sqlite3pager_nosync(pBt->pPager);
}

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM)
/*
** Change the default pages size and the number of reserved bytes per page.
**
** The page size must be a power of 2 between 512 and 65536.  If the page
................................................................................
  if( nReserve<0 ){
    nReserve = pBt->pageSize - pBt->usableSize;
  }
  if( pageSize>=512 && pageSize<=SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE &&
        ((pageSize-1)&pageSize)==0 ){
    assert( (pageSize & 7)==0 );
    assert( !pBt->pPage1 && !pBt->pCursor );
    pBt->pageSize = sqlite3pager_set_pagesize(pBt->pPager, pageSize);
  }
  pBt->usableSize = pBt->pageSize - nReserve;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return the currently defined page size
................................................................................
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  

  /* Do some checking to help insure the file we opened really is
  ** a valid database file. 
  */
  rc = SQLITE_NOTADB;
  if( sqlite3pager_pagecount(pBt->pPager)>0 ){
    u8 *page1 = pPage1->aData;
    if( memcmp(page1, zMagicHeader, 16)!=0 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    if( page1[18]>1 || page1[19]>1 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
................................................................................
**
** If there are any outstanding cursors, this routine is a no-op.
**
** If there is a transaction in progress, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static void unlockBtreeIfUnused(BtShared *pBt){
  if( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_NONE && pBt->pCursor==0 && pBt->pPage1!=0 ){
    if( sqlite3pager_refcount(pBt->pPager)>=1 ){
      if( pBt->pPage1->aData==0 ){
        MemPage *pPage = pBt->pPage1;
        pPage->aData = &((u8*)pPage)[-pBt->pageSize];
        pPage->pBt = pBt;
        pPage->pgno = 1;
      }
      releasePage(pBt->pPage1);
................................................................................
** Create a new database by initializing the first page of the
** file.
*/
static int newDatabase(BtShared *pBt){
  MemPage *pP1;
  unsigned char *data;
  int rc;
  if( sqlite3pager_pagecount(pBt->pPager)>0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  pP1 = pBt->pPage1;
  assert( pP1!=0 );
  data = pP1->aData;
  rc = sqlite3pager_write(data);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  memcpy(data, zMagicHeader, sizeof(zMagicHeader));
  assert( sizeof(zMagicHeader)==16 );
  put2byte(&data[16], pBt->pageSize);
  data[18] = 1;
  data[19] = 1;
  data[20] = pBt->pageSize - pBt->usableSize;
................................................................................

  do {
    if( pBt->pPage1==0 ){
      rc = lockBtree(pBt);
    }
  
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && wrflag ){
      rc = sqlite3pager_begin(pBt->pPage1->aData, wrflag>1);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = newDatabase(pBt);
      }
    }
  
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( wrflag ) pBt->inStmt = 0;
................................................................................

  assert( eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW2 || eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1 || 
      eType==PTRMAP_BTREE || eType==PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE );

  /* Move page iDbPage from it's current location to page number iFreePage */
  TRACE(("AUTOVACUUM: Moving %d to free page %d (ptr page %d type %d)\n", 
      iDbPage, iFreePage, iPtrPage, eType));
  rc = sqlite3pager_movepage(pPager, pDbPage->aData, iFreePage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  pDbPage->pgno = iFreePage;

  /* If pDbPage was a btree-page, then it may have child pages and/or cells
  ** that point to overflow pages. The pointer map entries for all these
................................................................................
  ** iPtrPage.
  */
  if( eType!=PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE ){
    rc = getPage(pBt, iPtrPage, &pPtrPage, 0);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPtrPage->aData);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      releasePage(pPtrPage);
      return rc;
    }
    rc = modifyPagePointer(pPtrPage, iDbPage, iFreePage, eType);
    releasePage(pPtrPage);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/* Forward declaration required by autoVacuumCommit(). */
static int allocatePage(BtShared *, MemPage **, Pgno *, Pgno, u8);

/*
** This routine is called prior to sqlite3pager_commit when a transaction
** is commited for an auto-vacuum database.
*/
static int autoVacuumCommit(BtShared *pBt, Pgno *nTrunc){
  Pager *pPager = pBt->pPager;
  Pgno nFreeList;            /* Number of pages remaining on the free-list. */
  int nPtrMap;               /* Number of pointer-map pages deallocated */
  Pgno origSize;             /* Pages in the database file */
................................................................................
  Pgno iDbPage;              /* The database page to move */
  MemPage *pDbMemPage = 0;   /* "" */
  Pgno iPtrPage;             /* The page that contains a pointer to iDbPage */
  Pgno iFreePage;            /* The free-list page to move iDbPage to */
  MemPage *pFreeMemPage = 0; /* "" */

#ifndef NDEBUG
  int nRef = sqlite3pager_refcount(pPager);
#endif

  assert( pBt->autoVacuum );
  if( PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, sqlite3pager_pagecount(pPager)) ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }

  /* Figure out how many free-pages are in the database. If there are no
  ** free pages, then auto-vacuum is a no-op.
  */
  nFreeList = get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36]);
................................................................................
  ** truncation (variable finSize).
  **
  ** The final size is the original size, less the number of free pages
  ** in the database, less any pointer-map pages that will no longer
  ** be required, less 1 if the pending-byte page was part of the database
  ** but is not after the truncation.
  **/
  origSize = sqlite3pager_pagecount(pPager);
  if( origSize==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
    origSize--;
  }
  nPtrMap = (nFreeList-origSize+PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, origSize)+pgsz/5)/(pgsz/5);
  finSize = origSize - nFreeList - nPtrMap;
  if( origSize>PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) && finSize<=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
    finSize--;
................................................................................
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto autovacuum_out;
  }

  /* The entire free-list has been swapped to the end of the file. So
  ** truncate the database file to finSize pages and consider the
  ** free-list empty.
  */
  rc = sqlite3pager_write(pBt->pPage1->aData);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto autovacuum_out;
  put4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[32], 0);
  put4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36], 0);
  *nTrunc = finSize;
  assert( finSize!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) );

autovacuum_out:
  assert( nRef==sqlite3pager_refcount(pPager) );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3pager_rollback(pPager);
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif

/*
** Commit the transaction currently in progress.
................................................................................
  /* If the handle has a write-transaction open, commit the shared-btrees 
  ** transaction and set the shared state to TRANS_READ.
  */
  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE ){
    int rc;
    assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
    assert( pBt->nTransaction>0 );
    rc = sqlite3pager_commit(pBt->pPager);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    pBt->inTransaction = TRANS_READ;
    pBt->inStmt = 0;
  }
  unlockAllTables(p);
................................................................................
  btreeIntegrity(p);
  unlockAllTables(p);

  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE ){
    int rc2;

    assert( TRANS_WRITE==pBt->inTransaction );
    rc2 = sqlite3pager_rollback(pBt->pPager);
    if( rc2!=SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = rc2;
    }

    /* The rollback may have destroyed the pPage1->aData value.  So
    ** call getPage() on page 1 again to make sure pPage1->aData is
    ** set correctly. */
................................................................................
int sqlite3BtreeBeginStmt(Btree *p){
  int rc;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  if( (p->inTrans!=TRANS_WRITE) || pBt->inStmt ){
    return pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
  rc = pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_OK : sqlite3pager_stmt_begin(pBt->pPager);
  pBt->inStmt = 1;
  return rc;
}


/*
** Commit the statment subtransaction currently in progress.  If no
** subtransaction is active, this is a no-op.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCommitStmt(Btree *p){
  int rc;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  if( pBt->inStmt && !pBt->readOnly ){
    rc = sqlite3pager_stmt_commit(pBt->pPager);
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pBt->inStmt = 0;
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
** will result in an error.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeRollbackStmt(Btree *p){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  sqlite3MallocDisallow();
  if( pBt->inStmt && !pBt->readOnly ){
    rc = sqlite3pager_stmt_rollback(pBt->pPager);
    assert( countWriteCursors(pBt)==0 );
    pBt->inStmt = 0;
  }
  sqlite3MallocAllow();
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  }
  pCur = sqliteMalloc( sizeof(*pCur) );
  if( pCur==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto create_cursor_exception;
  }
  pCur->pgnoRoot = (Pgno)iTable;
  if( iTable==1 && sqlite3pager_pagecount(pBt->pPager)==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_EMPTY;
    goto create_cursor_exception;
  }
  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, &pCur->pPage, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto create_cursor_exception;
  }
................................................................................
** The temporary cursor is not on the cursor list for the Btree.
*/
static void getTempCursor(BtCursor *pCur, BtCursor *pTempCur){
  memcpy(pTempCur, pCur, sizeof(*pCur));
  pTempCur->pNext = 0;
  pTempCur->pPrev = 0;
  if( pTempCur->pPage ){
    sqlite3pager_ref(pTempCur->pPage->aData);
  }
}

/*
** Delete a temporary cursor such as was made by the CreateTemporaryCursor()
** function above.
*/
static void releaseTempCursor(BtCursor *pCur){
  if( pCur->pPage ){
    sqlite3pager_unref(pCur->pPage->aData);
  }
}

/*
** Make sure the BtCursor.info field of the given cursor is valid.
** If it is not already valid, call parseCell() to fill it in.
**
................................................................................
  }else{
    offset -= pCur->info.nLocal;
  }
  ovflSize = pBt->usableSize - 4;
  if( amt>0 ){
    nextPage = get4byte(&aPayload[pCur->info.nLocal]);
    while( amt>0 && nextPage ){

      rc = sqlite3pager_get(pBt->pPager, nextPage, (void**)&aPayload);
      if( rc!=0 ){
        return rc;
      }

      nextPage = get4byte(aPayload);
      if( offset<ovflSize ){
        int a = amt;
        if( a + offset > ovflSize ){
          a = ovflSize - offset;
        }
        memcpy(pBuf, &aPayload[offset+4], a);
        offset = 0;
        amt -= a;
        pBuf += a;
      }else{
        offset -= ovflSize;
      }
      sqlite3pager_unref(aPayload);
    }
  }

  if( amt>0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage!=0 );
  assert( !isRootPage(pPage) );
  pParent = pPage->pParent;
  assert( pParent!=0 );
  idxParent = pPage->idxParent;
  sqlite3pager_ref(pParent->aData);
  releasePage(pPage);
  pCur->pPage = pParent;
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  assert( pParent->idxShift==0 );
  pCur->idx = idxParent;
}

................................................................................
  *pRes = 0;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Allocate a new page from the database file.
**
** The new page is marked as dirty.  (In other words, sqlite3pager_write()
** has already been called on the new page.)  The new page has also
** been referenced and the calling routine is responsible for calling
** sqlite3pager_unref() on the new page when it is done.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned on success.  Any other return value indicates
** an error.  *ppPage and *pPgno are undefined in the event of an error.
** Do not invoke sqlite3pager_unref() on *ppPage if an error is returned.
**
** If the "nearby" parameter is not 0, then a (feeble) effort is made to 
** locate a page close to the page number "nearby".  This can be used in an
** attempt to keep related pages close to each other in the database file,
** which in turn can make database access faster.
**
** If the "exact" parameter is not 0, and the page-number nearby exists 
................................................................................
      *pPgno = nearby;
    }
#endif

    /* Decrement the free-list count by 1. Set iTrunk to the index of the
    ** first free-list trunk page. iPrevTrunk is initially 1.
    */
    rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPage1->aData);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    put4byte(&pPage1->aData[36], n-1);

    /* The code within this loop is run only once if the 'searchList' variable
    ** is not true. Otherwise, it runs once for each trunk-page on the
    ** free-list until the page 'nearby' is located.
    */
................................................................................

      k = get4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4]);
      if( k==0 && !searchList ){
        /* The trunk has no leaves and the list is not being searched. 
        ** So extract the trunk page itself and use it as the newly 
        ** allocated page */
        assert( pPrevTrunk==0 );
        rc = sqlite3pager_write(pTrunk->aData);
        if( rc ){
          goto end_allocate_page;
        }
        *pPgno = iTrunk;
        memcpy(&pPage1->aData[32], &pTrunk->aData[0], 4);
        *ppPage = pTrunk;
        pTrunk = 0;
................................................................................
      }else if( searchList && nearby==iTrunk ){
        /* The list is being searched and this trunk page is the page
        ** to allocate, regardless of whether it has leaves.
        */
        assert( *pPgno==iTrunk );
        *ppPage = pTrunk;
        searchList = 0;
        rc = sqlite3pager_write(pTrunk->aData);
        if( rc ){
          goto end_allocate_page;
        }
        if( k==0 ){
          if( !pPrevTrunk ){
            memcpy(&pPage1->aData[32], &pTrunk->aData[0], 4);
          }else{
................................................................................
          */
          MemPage *pNewTrunk;
          Pgno iNewTrunk = get4byte(&pTrunk->aData[8]);
          rc = getPage(pBt, iNewTrunk, &pNewTrunk, 0);
          if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
            goto end_allocate_page;
          }
          rc = sqlite3pager_write(pNewTrunk->aData);
          if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
            releasePage(pNewTrunk);
            goto end_allocate_page;
          }
          memcpy(&pNewTrunk->aData[0], &pTrunk->aData[0], 4);
          put4byte(&pNewTrunk->aData[4], k-1);
          memcpy(&pNewTrunk->aData[8], &pTrunk->aData[12], (k-1)*4);
          releasePage(pNewTrunk);
          if( !pPrevTrunk ){
            put4byte(&pPage1->aData[32], iNewTrunk);
          }else{
            rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPrevTrunk->aData);
            if( rc ){
              goto end_allocate_page;
            }
            put4byte(&pPrevTrunk->aData[0], iNewTrunk);
          }
        }
        pTrunk = 0;
................................................................................
        TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d trunk - %d free pages left\n", *pPgno, n-1));
#endif
      }else{
        /* Extract a leaf from the trunk */
        int closest;
        Pgno iPage;
        unsigned char *aData = pTrunk->aData;
        rc = sqlite3pager_write(aData);
        if( rc ){
          goto end_allocate_page;
        }
        if( nearby>0 ){
          int i, dist;
          closest = 0;
          dist = get4byte(&aData[8]) - nearby;
................................................................................
        }else{
          closest = 0;
        }

        iPage = get4byte(&aData[8+closest*4]);
        if( !searchList || iPage==nearby ){
          *pPgno = iPage;
          if( *pPgno>sqlite3pager_pagecount(pBt->pPager) ){
            /* Free page off the end of the file */
            return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
          }
          TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d was leaf %d of %d on trunk %d"
                 ": %d more free pages\n",
                 *pPgno, closest+1, k, pTrunk->pgno, n-1));
          if( closest<k-1 ){
            memcpy(&aData[8+closest*4], &aData[4+k*4], 4);
          }
          put4byte(&aData[4], k-1);
          rc = getPage(pBt, *pPgno, ppPage, 1);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            rc = sqlite3pager_write((*ppPage)->aData);
            if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
              releasePage(*ppPage);
            }
          }
          searchList = 0;
        }
      }
      releasePage(pPrevTrunk);
      pPrevTrunk = 0;
    }while( searchList );
  }else{
    /* There are no pages on the freelist, so create a new page at the
    ** end of the file */
    *pPgno = sqlite3pager_pagecount(pBt->pPager) + 1;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pBt->autoVacuum && PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, *pPgno) ){
      /* If *pPgno refers to a pointer-map page, allocate two new pages
      ** at the end of the file instead of one. The first allocated page
      ** becomes a new pointer-map page, the second is used by the caller.
      */
................................................................................
      (*pPgno)++;
    }
#endif

    assert( *pPgno!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) );
    rc = getPage(pBt, *pPgno, ppPage, 0);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    rc = sqlite3pager_write((*ppPage)->aData);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      releasePage(*ppPage);
    }
    TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d from end of file\n", *pPgno));
  }

  assert( *pPgno!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) );
................................................................................
  releasePage(pPrevTrunk);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Add a page of the database file to the freelist.
**
** sqlite3pager_unref() is NOT called for pPage.
*/
static int freePage(MemPage *pPage){
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  MemPage *pPage1 = pBt->pPage1;
  int rc, n, k;

  /* Prepare the page for freeing */
  assert( pPage->pgno>1 );
  pPage->isInit = 0;
  releasePage(pPage->pParent);
  pPage->pParent = 0;

  /* Increment the free page count on pPage1 */
  rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPage1->aData);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  n = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[36]);
  put4byte(&pPage1->aData[36], n+1);

#ifdef SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE
  /* If the SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE compile-time option is enabled, then
  ** always fully overwrite deleted information with zeros.
  */
  rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPage->aData);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  memset(pPage->aData, 0, pPage->pBt->pageSize);
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  /* If the database supports auto-vacuum, write an entry in the pointer-map
  ** to indicate that the page is free.
................................................................................
    rc = ptrmapPut(pBt, pPage->pgno, PTRMAP_FREEPAGE, 0);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
#endif

  if( n==0 ){
    /* This is the first free page */
    rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPage->aData);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    memset(pPage->aData, 0, 8);
    put4byte(&pPage1->aData[32], pPage->pgno);
    TRACE(("FREE-PAGE: %d first\n", pPage->pgno));
  }else{
    /* Other free pages already exist.  Retrive the first trunk page
    ** of the freelist and find out how many leaves it has. */
................................................................................
    MemPage *pTrunk;
    rc = getPage(pBt, get4byte(&pPage1->aData[32]), &pTrunk, 0);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    k = get4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4]);
    if( k>=pBt->usableSize/4 - 8 ){
      /* The trunk is full.  Turn the page being freed into a new
      ** trunk page with no leaves. */
      rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPage->aData);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      put4byte(pPage->aData, pTrunk->pgno);
      put4byte(&pPage->aData[4], 0);
      put4byte(&pPage1->aData[32], pPage->pgno);
      TRACE(("FREE-PAGE: %d new trunk page replacing %d\n",
              pPage->pgno, pTrunk->pgno));
    }else{
      /* Add the newly freed page as a leaf on the current trunk */
      rc = sqlite3pager_write(pTrunk->aData);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      put4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4], k+1);
      put4byte(&pTrunk->aData[8+k*4], pPage->pgno);
#ifndef SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE
      sqlite3pager_dont_write(pBt->pPager, pPage->pgno);
#endif
      TRACE(("FREE-PAGE: %d leaf on trunk page %d\n",pPage->pgno,pTrunk->pgno));
    }
    releasePage(pTrunk);
  }
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
  }
  ovflPgno = get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow]);
  ovflPageSize = pBt->usableSize - 4;
  nOvfl = (info.nPayload - info.nLocal + ovflPageSize - 1)/ovflPageSize;
  assert( ovflPgno==0 || nOvfl>0 );
  while( nOvfl-- ){
    MemPage *pOvfl;
    if( ovflPgno==0 || ovflPgno>sqlite3pager_pagecount(pBt->pPager) ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    rc = getPage(pBt, ovflPgno, &pOvfl, 0);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    if( nOvfl ){
      ovflPgno = get4byte(pOvfl->aData);
    }
    rc = freePage(pOvfl);
    sqlite3pager_unref(pOvfl->aData);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Create the byte sequence used to represent a cell on page pPage
................................................................................
/*
** Change the MemPage.pParent pointer on the page whose number is
** given in the second argument so that MemPage.pParent holds the
** pointer in the third argument.
*/
static int reparentPage(BtShared *pBt, Pgno pgno, MemPage *pNewParent, int idx){
  MemPage *pThis;
  unsigned char *aData;

  assert( pNewParent!=0 );
  if( pgno==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  assert( pBt->pPager!=0 );
  aData = sqlite3pager_lookup(pBt->pPager, pgno);
  if( aData ){
    pThis = (MemPage*)&aData[pBt->pageSize];
    if( pThis->isInit ){
      assert( pThis->aData==aData );
      if( pThis->pParent!=pNewParent ){
        if( pThis->pParent ) sqlite3pager_unref(pThis->pParent->aData);
        pThis->pParent = pNewParent;
        sqlite3pager_ref(pNewParent->aData);
      }
      pThis->idxParent = idx;
    }
    sqlite3pager_unref(aData);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
    return ptrmapPut(pBt, pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pNewParent->pgno);
  }
#endif
................................................................................
  int i;          /* Loop counter */
  int pc;         /* Offset to cell content of cell being deleted */
  u8 *data;       /* pPage->aData */
  u8 *ptr;        /* Used to move bytes around within data[] */

  assert( idx>=0 && idx<pPage->nCell );
  assert( sz==cellSize(pPage, idx) );
  assert( sqlite3pager_iswriteable(pPage->aData) );
  data = pPage->aData;
  ptr = &data[pPage->cellOffset + 2*idx];
  pc = get2byte(ptr);
  assert( pc>10 && pc+sz<=pPage->pBt->usableSize );
  freeSpace(pPage, pc, sz);
  for(i=idx+1; i<pPage->nCell; i++, ptr+=2){
    ptr[0] = ptr[2];
................................................................................
  int hdr;          /* Offset into data[] of the page header */
  int cellOffset;   /* Address of first cell pointer in data[] */
  u8 *data;         /* The content of the whole page */
  u8 *ptr;          /* Used for moving information around in data[] */

  assert( i>=0 && i<=pPage->nCell+pPage->nOverflow );
  assert( sz==cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell) );
  assert( sqlite3pager_iswriteable(pPage->aData) );
  if( pPage->nOverflow || sz+2>pPage->nFree ){
    if( pTemp ){
      memcpy(pTemp+nSkip, pCell+nSkip, sz-nSkip);
      pCell = pTemp;
    }
    j = pPage->nOverflow++;
    assert( j<sizeof(pPage->aOvfl)/sizeof(pPage->aOvfl[0]) );
................................................................................
  szCell = cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell);
  zeroPage(pNew, pPage->aData[0]);
  assemblePage(pNew, 1, &pCell, &szCell);
  pPage->nOverflow = 0;

  /* Set the parent of the newly allocated page to pParent. */
  pNew->pParent = pParent;
  sqlite3pager_ref(pParent->aData);

  /* pPage is currently the right-child of pParent. Change this
  ** so that the right-child is the new page allocated above and
  ** pPage is the next-to-right child. 
  */
  assert( pPage->nCell>0 );
  parseCellPtr(pPage, findCell(pPage, pPage->nCell-1), &info);
................................................................................
  u8 *aFrom = 0;
#endif

  /* 
  ** Find the parent page.
  */
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  assert( sqlite3pager_iswriteable(pPage->aData) );
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  pParent = pPage->pParent;
  assert( pParent );
  if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3pager_write(pParent->aData)) ){
    return rc;
  }
  TRACE(("BALANCE: begin page %d child of %d\n", pPage->pgno, pParent->pgno));

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_QUICKBALANCE
  /*
  ** A special case:  If a new entry has just been inserted into a
................................................................................
  ** Find the cell in the parent page whose left child points back
  ** to pPage.  The "idx" variable is the index of that cell.  If pPage
  ** is the rightmost child of pParent then set idx to pParent->nCell 
  */
  if( pParent->idxShift ){
    Pgno pgno;
    pgno = pPage->pgno;
    assert( pgno==sqlite3pager_pagenumber(pPage->aData) );
    for(idx=0; idx<pParent->nCell; idx++){
      if( get4byte(findCell(pParent, idx))==pgno ){
        break;
      }
    }
    assert( idx<pParent->nCell
             || get4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+8])==pgno );
................................................................................
  }

  /*
  ** Initialize variables so that it will be safe to jump
  ** directly to balance_cleanup at any moment.
  */
  nOld = nNew = 0;
  sqlite3pager_ref(pParent->aData);

  /*
  ** Find sibling pages to pPage and the cells in pParent that divide
  ** the siblings.  An attempt is made to find NN siblings on either
  ** side of pPage.  More siblings are taken from one side, however, if
  ** pPage there are fewer than NN siblings on the other side.  If pParent
  ** has NB or fewer children then all children of pParent are taken.
................................................................................
  pageFlags = pPage->aData[0];
  for(i=0; i<k; i++){
    MemPage *pNew;
    if( i<nOld ){
      pNew = apNew[i] = apOld[i];
      pgnoNew[i] = pgnoOld[i];
      apOld[i] = 0;
      rc = sqlite3pager_write(pNew->aData);
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
    }else{
      assert( i>0 );
      rc = allocatePage(pBt, &pNew, &pgnoNew[i], pgnoNew[i-1], 0);
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
      apNew[i] = pNew;
    }
................................................................................
    ** information currently contained in the child.  If this is the 
    ** case, then do not do the transfer.  Leave page 1 empty except
    ** for the right-pointer to the child page.  The child page becomes
    ** the virtual root of the tree.
    */
    pgnoChild = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    assert( pgnoChild>0 );
    assert( pgnoChild<=sqlite3pager_pagecount(pPage->pBt->pPager) );
    rc = getPage(pPage->pBt, pgnoChild, &pChild, 0);
    if( rc ) goto end_shallow_balance;
    if( pPage->pgno==1 ){
      rc = initPage(pChild, pPage);
      if( rc ) goto end_shallow_balance;
      assert( pChild->nOverflow==0 );
      if( pChild->nFree>=100 ){
................................................................................
  int brk;            /* Offset to content of first cell in parent */

  assert( pPage->pParent==0 );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow>0 );
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  rc = allocatePage(pBt, &pChild, &pgnoChild, pPage->pgno, 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  assert( sqlite3pager_iswriteable(pChild->aData) );
  usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
  data = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  brk = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
  cdata = pChild->aData;
  memcpy(cdata, &data[hdr], pPage->cellOffset+2*pPage->nCell-hdr);
  memcpy(&cdata[brk], &data[brk], usableSize-brk);
................................................................................
  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage->intKey || nKey>=0 );
  assert( pPage->leaf || !pPage->leafData );
  TRACE(("INSERT: table=%d nkey=%lld ndata=%d page=%d %s\n",
          pCur->pgnoRoot, nKey, nData, pPage->pgno,
          loc==0 ? "overwrite" : "new entry"));
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPage->aData);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  newCell = sqliteMallocRaw( MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );
  if( newCell==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  rc = fillInCell(pPage, newCell, pKey, nKey, pData, nData, &szNew);
  if( rc ) goto end_insert;
  assert( szNew==cellSizePtr(pPage, newCell) );
  assert( szNew<=MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );
................................................................................
  }
  if( checkReadLocks(pCur->pBtree, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur) ){
    return SQLITE_LOCKED; /* The table pCur points to has a read lock */
  }

  /* Restore the current cursor position (a no-op if the cursor is not in 
  ** CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK state) and save the positions of any other cursors 
  ** open on the same table. Then call sqlite3pager_write() on the page
  ** that the entry will be deleted from.
  */
  if( 
    (rc = restoreOrClearCursorPosition(pCur, 1))!=0 ||
    (rc = saveAllCursors(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur))!=0 ||
    (rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPage->aData))!=0
  ){
    return rc;
  }

  /* Locate the cell within it's page and leave pCell pointing to the
  ** data. The clearCell() call frees any overflow pages associated with the
  ** cell. The cell itself is still intact.
................................................................................
    rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(&leafCur, &notUsed);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      if( rc!=SQLITE_NOMEM ){
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; 
      }
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3pager_write(leafCur.pPage->aData);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      TRACE(("DELETE: table=%d delete internal from %d replace from leaf %d\n",
         pCur->pgnoRoot, pPage->pgno, leafCur.pPage->pgno));
      dropCell(pPage, pCur->idx, cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell));
      pNext = findCell(leafCur.pPage, leafCur.idx);
      szNext = cellSizePtr(leafCur.pPage, pNext);
................................................................................
      rc = ptrmapGet(pBt, pgnoRoot, &eType, &iPtrPage);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || eType==PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE || eType==PTRMAP_FREEPAGE ){
        releasePage(pRoot);
        return rc;
      }
      assert( eType!=PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE );
      assert( eType!=PTRMAP_FREEPAGE );
      rc = sqlite3pager_write(pRoot->aData);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        releasePage(pRoot);
        return rc;
      }
      rc = relocatePage(pBt, pRoot, eType, iPtrPage, pgnoMove);
      releasePage(pRoot);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }
      rc = getPage(pBt, pgnoRoot, &pRoot, 0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }
      rc = sqlite3pager_write(pRoot->aData);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        releasePage(pRoot);
        return rc;
      }
    }else{
      pRoot = pPageMove;
    } 
................................................................................
    }

  }else{
    rc = allocatePage(pBt, &pRoot, &pgnoRoot, 1, 0);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
#endif
  assert( sqlite3pager_iswriteable(pRoot->aData) );
  zeroPage(pRoot, flags | PTF_LEAF);
  sqlite3pager_unref(pRoot->aData);
  *piTable = (int)pgnoRoot;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Erase the given database page and all its children.  Return
** the page to the freelist.
................................................................................
  int freePageFlag      /* Deallocate page if true */
){
  MemPage *pPage = 0;
  int rc;
  unsigned char *pCell;
  int i;

  if( pgno>sqlite3pager_pagecount(pBt->pPager) ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }

  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pgno, &pPage, pParent);
  if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
................................................................................
  }
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, get4byte(&pPage->aData[8]), pPage->pParent, 1);
    if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
  }
  if( freePageFlag ){
    rc = freePage(pPage);
  }else if( (rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPage->aData))==0 ){
    zeroPage(pPage, pPage->aData[0] | PTF_LEAF);
  }

cleardatabasepage_out:
  releasePage(pPage);
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
** is read-only, the others are read/write.
** 
** The schema layer numbers meta values differently.  At the schema
** layer (and the SetCookie and ReadCookie opcodes) the number of
** free pages is not visible.  So Cookie[0] is the same as Meta[1].
*/
int sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(Btree *p, int idx, u32 *pMeta){

  int rc;
  unsigned char *pP1;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  /* Reading a meta-data value requires a read-lock on page 1 (and hence
  ** the sqlite_master table. We grab this lock regardless of whether or
  ** not the SQLITE_ReadUncommitted flag is set (the table rooted at page
................................................................................
  */
  rc = queryTableLock(p, 1, READ_LOCK);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }

  assert( idx>=0 && idx<=15 );
  rc = sqlite3pager_get(pBt->pPager, 1, (void**)&pP1);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  *pMeta = get4byte(&pP1[36 + idx*4]);
  sqlite3pager_unref(pP1);


  /* If autovacuumed is disabled in this build but we are trying to 
  ** access an autovacuumed database, then make the database readonly. 
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  if( idx==4 && *pMeta>0 ) pBt->readOnly = 1;
#endif
................................................................................
  int rc;
  assert( idx>=1 && idx<=15 );
  if( p->inTrans!=TRANS_WRITE ){
    return pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  assert( pBt->pPage1!=0 );
  pP1 = pBt->pPage1->aData;
  rc = sqlite3pager_write(pP1);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  put4byte(&pP1[36 + idx*4], iMeta);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return the flag byte at the beginning of the page that the cursor
................................................................................
      unsigned char *pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
      btreePageDump(pBt, get4byte(pCell), 1, pPage);
      idx = get2byte(pCell);
    }
    btreePageDump(pBt, get4byte(&data[hdr+8]), 1, pPage);
  }
  pPage->isInit = isInit;
  sqlite3pager_unref(data);
  fflush(stdout);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
int sqlite3BtreePageDump(Btree *p, int pgno, int recursive){
  return btreePageDump(p->pBt, pgno, recursive, 0);
}
#endif
................................................................................

  assert( pPage->isInit );
  getTempCursor(pCur, &tmpCur);
  while( upCnt-- ){
    moveToParent(&tmpCur);
  }
  pPage = tmpCur.pPage;
  aResult[0] = sqlite3pager_pagenumber(pPage->aData);
  assert( aResult[0]==pPage->pgno );
  aResult[1] = tmpCur.idx;
  aResult[2] = pPage->nCell;
  if( tmpCur.idx>=0 && tmpCur.idx<pPage->nCell ){
    getCellInfo(&tmpCur);
    aResult[3] = tmpCur.info.nSize;
    aResult[6] = tmpCur.info.nData;
................................................................................
  int N,                /* Expected number of pages in the list */
  char *zContext        /* Context for error messages */
){
  int i;
  int expected = N;
  int iFirst = iPage;
  while( N-- > 0 && pCheck->mxErr ){

    unsigned char *pOvfl;
    if( iPage<1 ){
      checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext,
         "%d of %d pages missing from overflow list starting at %d",
          N+1, expected, iFirst);
      break;
    }
    if( checkRef(pCheck, iPage, zContext) ) break;
    if( sqlite3pager_get(pCheck->pPager, (Pgno)iPage, (void**)&pOvfl) ){
      checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, "failed to get page %d", iPage);
      break;
    }

    if( isFreeList ){
      int n = get4byte(&pOvfl[4]);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      if( pCheck->pBt->autoVacuum ){
        checkPtrmap(pCheck, iPage, PTRMAP_FREEPAGE, 0, zContext);
      }
#endif
      if( n>pCheck->pBt->usableSize/4-8 ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext,
           "freelist leaf count too big on page %d", iPage);
        N--;
      }else{
        for(i=0; i<n; i++){
          Pgno iFreePage = get4byte(&pOvfl[8+i*4]);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
          if( pCheck->pBt->autoVacuum ){
            checkPtrmap(pCheck, iFreePage, PTRMAP_FREEPAGE, 0, zContext);
          }
#endif
          checkRef(pCheck, iFreePage, zContext);
        }
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    else{
      /* If this database supports auto-vacuum and iPage is not the last
      ** page in this overflow list, check that the pointer-map entry for
      ** the following page matches iPage.
      */
      if( pCheck->pBt->autoVacuum && N>0 ){
        i = get4byte(pOvfl);
        checkPtrmap(pCheck, i, PTRMAP_OVERFLOW2, iPage, zContext);
      }
    }
#endif
    iPage = get4byte(pOvfl);
    sqlite3pager_unref(pOvfl);
  }
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK
/*
** Do various sanity checks on a single page of a tree.  Return
................................................................................
  int *pnErr    /* Write number of errors seen to this variable */
){
  int i;
  int nRef;
  IntegrityCk sCheck;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  nRef = sqlite3pager_refcount(pBt->pPager);
  if( lockBtreeWithRetry(p)!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return sqliteStrDup("Unable to acquire a read lock on the database");
  }
  sCheck.pBt = pBt;
  sCheck.pPager = pBt->pPager;
  sCheck.nPage = sqlite3pager_pagecount(sCheck.pPager);
  sCheck.mxErr = mxErr;
  sCheck.nErr = 0;
  *pnErr = 0;
  if( sCheck.nPage==0 ){
    unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
    return 0;
  }
................................................................................
    }
#endif
  }

  /* Make sure this analysis did not leave any unref() pages
  */
  unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
  if( nRef != sqlite3pager_refcount(pBt->pPager) ){
    checkAppendMsg(&sCheck, 0, 
      "Outstanding page count goes from %d to %d during this analysis",
      nRef, sqlite3pager_refcount(pBt->pPager)
    );
  }

  /* Clean  up and report errors.
  */
  sqliteFree(sCheck.anRef);
  *pnErr = sCheck.nErr;
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

/*
** Return the full pathname of the underlying database file.
*/
const char *sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(Btree *p){
  assert( p->pBt->pPager!=0 );
  return sqlite3pager_filename(p->pBt->pPager);
}

/*
** Return the pathname of the directory that contains the database file.
*/
const char *sqlite3BtreeGetDirname(Btree *p){
  assert( p->pBt->pPager!=0 );
  return sqlite3pager_dirname(p->pBt->pPager);
}

/*
** Return the pathname of the journal file for this database. The return
** value of this routine is the same regardless of whether the journal file
** has been created or not.
*/
const char *sqlite3BtreeGetJournalname(Btree *p){
  assert( p->pBt->pPager!=0 );
  return sqlite3pager_journalname(p->pBt->pPager);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM
/*
** Copy the complete content of pBtFrom into pBtTo.  A transaction
** must be active for both files.
**
................................................................................
  BtShared *pBtTo = pTo->pBt;
  BtShared *pBtFrom = pFrom->pBt;

  if( pTo->inTrans!=TRANS_WRITE || pFrom->inTrans!=TRANS_WRITE ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  if( pBtTo->pCursor ) return SQLITE_BUSY;
  nToPage = sqlite3pager_pagecount(pBtTo->pPager);
  nPage = sqlite3pager_pagecount(pBtFrom->pPager);
  iSkip = PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBtTo);
  for(i=1; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<=nPage; i++){
    void *pPage;
    if( i==iSkip ) continue;
    rc = sqlite3pager_get(pBtFrom->pPager, i, &pPage);
    if( rc ) break;
    rc = sqlite3pager_overwrite(pBtTo->pPager, i, pPage);
    sqlite3pager_unref(pPage);
  }
  for(i=nPage+1; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<=nToPage; i++){
    void *pPage;
    if( i==iSkip ) continue;
    rc = sqlite3pager_get(pBtTo->pPager, i, &pPage);
    if( rc ) break;
    rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPage);
    sqlite3pager_unref(pPage);
    sqlite3pager_dont_write(pBtTo->pPager, i);
  }
  if( !rc && nPage<nToPage ){
    rc = sqlite3pager_truncate(pBtTo->pPager, nPage);
  }
  if( rc ){
    sqlite3BtreeRollback(pTo);
  }
  return rc;  
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM */
................................................................................
    if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
      rc = autoVacuumCommit(pBt, &nTrunc); 
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }
    }
#endif
    rc = sqlite3pager_sync(pBt->pPager, zMaster, nTrunc);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This function returns a pointer to a blob of memory associated with
** a single shared-btree. The memory is used by client code for it's own
................................................................................
){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  const ThreadData *pTd = sqlite3ThreadDataReadOnly();
  if( pTd->useSharedData ){
    BtShared *pBt;
    Tcl_Obj *pRet = Tcl_NewObj();
    for(pBt=pTd->pBtree; pBt; pBt=pBt->pNext){
      const char *zFile = sqlite3pager_filename(pBt->pPager);
      Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, pRet, Tcl_NewStringObj(zFile, -1));
      Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, pRet, Tcl_NewIntObj(pBt->nRef));
    }
    Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, pRet);
  }
#endif
  return TCL_OK;
}
#endif







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4742
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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5738
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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6619
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** $Id: btree.c,v 1.341 2007/03/19 17:44:27 danielk1977 Exp $
**
** This file implements a external (disk-based) database using BTrees.
** For a detailed discussion of BTrees, refer to
**
**     Donald E. Knuth, THE ART OF COMPUTER PROGRAMMING, Volume 3:
**     "Sorting And Searching", pages 473-480. Addison-Wesley
**     Publishing Company, Reading, Massachusetts.
................................................................................
  u16 nCell;           /* Number of cells on this page, local and ovfl */
  struct _OvflCell {   /* Cells that will not fit on aData[] */
    u8 *pCell;          /* Pointers to the body of the overflow cell */
    u16 idx;            /* Insert this cell before idx-th non-overflow cell */
  } aOvfl[5];
  BtShared *pBt;       /* Pointer back to BTree structure */
  u8 *aData;           /* Pointer back to the start of the page */
  DbPage *pDbPage;     /* Pager page handle */
  Pgno pgno;           /* Page number for this page */
  MemPage *pParent;    /* The parent of this page.  NULL for root */
};

/*
** The in-memory image of a disk page has the auxiliary information appended
** to the end.  EXTRA_SIZE is the number of bytes of space needed to hold
................................................................................
** Write an entry into the pointer map.
**
** This routine updates the pointer map entry for page number 'key'
** so that it maps to type 'eType' and parent page number 'pgno'.
** An error code is returned if something goes wrong, otherwise SQLITE_OK.
*/
static int ptrmapPut(BtShared *pBt, Pgno key, u8 eType, Pgno parent){
  DbPage *pDbPage;  /* The pointer map page */
  u8 *pPtrmap;      /* The pointer map data */
  Pgno iPtrmap;     /* The pointer map page number */
  int offset;       /* Offset in pointer map page */
  int rc;

  /* The master-journal page number must never be used as a pointer map page */
  assert( 0==PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt)) );

  assert( pBt->autoVacuum );
  if( key==0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  iPtrmap = PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, key);
  rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pBt->pPager, iPtrmap, &pDbPage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  offset = PTRMAP_PTROFFSET(pBt, key);
  pPtrmap = (u8 *)sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage);

  if( eType!=pPtrmap[offset] || get4byte(&pPtrmap[offset+1])!=parent ){
    TRACE(("PTRMAP_UPDATE: %d->(%d,%d)\n", key, eType, parent));
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pDbPage);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pPtrmap[offset] = eType;
      put4byte(&pPtrmap[offset+1], parent);
    }
  }

  sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Read an entry from the pointer map.
**
** This routine retrieves the pointer map entry for page 'key', writing
** the type and parent page number to *pEType and *pPgno respectively.
** An error code is returned if something goes wrong, otherwise SQLITE_OK.
*/
static int ptrmapGet(BtShared *pBt, Pgno key, u8 *pEType, Pgno *pPgno){
  DbPage *pDbPage;   /* The pointer map page */
  int iPtrmap;       /* Pointer map page index */
  u8 *pPtrmap;       /* Pointer map page data */
  int offset;        /* Offset of entry in pointer map */
  int rc;

  iPtrmap = PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, key);
  rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pBt->pPager, iPtrmap, &pDbPage);
  if( rc!=0 ){
    return rc;
  }
  pPtrmap = (u8 *)sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage);

  offset = PTRMAP_PTROFFSET(pBt, key);
  assert( pEType!=0 );
  *pEType = pPtrmap[offset];
  if( pPgno ) *pPgno = get4byte(&pPtrmap[offset+1]);

  sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
  if( *pEType<1 || *pEType>5 ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM */

/*
................................................................................
  int usableSize;            /* Number of usable bytes on a page */
  int cellOffset;            /* Offset to the cell pointer array */
  int brk;                   /* Offset to the cell content area */
  int nCell;                 /* Number of cells on the page */
  unsigned char *data;       /* The page data */
  unsigned char *temp;       /* Temp area for cell content */

  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( pPage->pBt->usableSize <= SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow==0 );
  temp = sqliteMalloc( pPage->pBt->pageSize );
  if( temp==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  data = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
................................................................................
  int nFrag;
  int top;
  int nCell;
  int cellOffset;
  unsigned char *data;
  
  data = pPage->aData;
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->pBt );
  if( nByte<4 ) nByte = 4;
  if( pPage->nFree<nByte || pPage->nOverflow>0 ) return 0;
  pPage->nFree -= nByte;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;

  nFrag = data[hdr+7];
................................................................................
** free blocks into a single big free block.
*/
static void freeSpace(MemPage *pPage, int start, int size){
  int addr, pbegin, hdr;
  unsigned char *data = pPage->aData;

  assert( pPage->pBt!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( start>=pPage->hdrOffset+6+(pPage->leaf?0:4) );
  assert( (start + size)<=pPage->pBt->usableSize );
  if( size<4 ) size = 4;

#ifdef SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE
  /* Overwrite deleted information with zeros when the SECURE_DELETE 
  ** option is enabled at compile-time */
................................................................................
  int cellOffset;    /* Offset from start of page to first cell pointer */
  int nFree;         /* Number of unused bytes on the page */
  int top;           /* First byte of the cell content area */

  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  assert( pBt!=0 );
  assert( pParent==0 || pParent->pBt==pBt );
  assert( pPage->pgno==sqlite3PagerPagenumber(pPage->pDbPage) );
  assert( pPage->aData == &((unsigned char*)pPage)[-pBt->pageSize] );
  if( pPage->pParent!=pParent && (pPage->pParent!=0 || pPage->isInit) ){
    /* The parent page should never change unless the file is corrupt */
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  if( pPage->isInit ) return SQLITE_OK;
  if( pPage->pParent==0 && pParent!=0 ){
    pPage->pParent = pParent;
    sqlite3PagerRef(pParent->pDbPage);
  }
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  data = pPage->aData;
  decodeFlags(pPage, data[hdr]);
  pPage->nOverflow = 0;
  pPage->idxShift = 0;
  usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
................................................................................
*/
static void zeroPage(MemPage *pPage, int flags){
  unsigned char *data = pPage->aData;
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  int hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  int first;

  assert( sqlite3PagerPagenumber(pPage->pDbPage)==pPage->pgno );
  assert( &data[pBt->pageSize] == (unsigned char*)pPage );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  memset(&data[hdr], 0, pBt->usableSize - hdr);
  data[hdr] = flags;
  first = hdr + 8 + 4*((flags&PTF_LEAF)==0);
  memset(&data[hdr+1], 0, 4);
  data[hdr+7] = 0;
  put2byte(&data[hdr+5], pBt->usableSize);
  pPage->nFree = pBt->usableSize - first;
................................................................................

/*
** Get a page from the pager.  Initialize the MemPage.pBt and
** MemPage.aData elements if needed.
*/
static int getPage(BtShared *pBt, Pgno pgno, MemPage **ppPage, int clrFlag){
  int rc;

  MemPage *pPage;

  DbPage *pDbPage;

  rc = sqlite3PagerAcquire(pBt->pPager, pgno, (DbPage**)&pDbPage, clrFlag);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  pPage = (MemPage *)sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pDbPage);
  pPage->aData = sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage);
  pPage->pDbPage = pDbPage;
  pPage->pBt = pBt;
  pPage->pgno = pgno;
  pPage->hdrOffset = pPage->pgno==1 ? 100 : 0;
  *ppPage = pPage;
  if( clrFlag ){
    sqlite3PagerDontRollback(pPage->pDbPage);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Get a page from the pager and initialize it.  This routine
** is just a convenience wrapper around separate calls to
................................................................................
** call to getPage.
*/
static void releasePage(MemPage *pPage){
  if( pPage ){
    assert( pPage->aData );
    assert( pPage->pBt );
    assert( &pPage->aData[pPage->pBt->pageSize]==(unsigned char*)pPage );
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pPage->pDbPage);
  }
}

/*
** This routine is called when the reference count for a page
** reaches zero.  We need to unref the pParent pointer when that
** happens.
*/
static void pageDestructor(DbPage *pData, int pageSize){
  MemPage *pPage;
  assert( (pageSize & 7)==0 );
  pPage = (MemPage *)sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pData);
  if( pPage->pParent ){
    MemPage *pParent = pPage->pParent;
    pPage->pParent = 0;
    releasePage(pParent);
  }
  pPage->isInit = 0;
}
................................................................................
** During a rollback, when the pager reloads information into the cache
** so that the cache is restored to its original state at the start of
** the transaction, for each page restored this routine is called.
**
** This routine needs to reset the extra data section at the end of the
** page to agree with the restored data.
*/
static void pageReinit(DbPage *pData, int pageSize){
  MemPage *pPage;
  assert( (pageSize & 7)==0 );
  pPage = (MemPage *)sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pData);
  if( pPage->isInit ){
    pPage->isInit = 0;
    initPage(pPage, pPage->pParent);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
    char *zFullPathname = sqlite3OsFullPathname(zFilename);
    if( !zFullPathname ){
      sqliteFree(p);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    for(pBt=pTsdro->pBtree; pBt; pBt=pBt->pNext){
      assert( pBt->nRef>0 );
      if( 0==strcmp(zFullPathname, sqlite3PagerFilename(pBt->pPager)) ){
        p->pBt = pBt;
        *ppBtree = p;
        pBt->nRef++;
        sqliteFree(zFullPathname);
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
    }
................................................................................

  pBt = sqliteMalloc( sizeof(*pBt) );
  if( pBt==0 ){
    *ppBtree = 0;
    sqliteFree(p);
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  rc = sqlite3PagerOpen(&pBt->pPager, zFilename, EXTRA_SIZE, flags);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3PagerReadFileheader(pBt->pPager,sizeof(zDbHeader),zDbHeader);
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pBt->pPager ){
      sqlite3PagerClose(pBt->pPager);
    }
    sqliteFree(pBt);
    sqliteFree(p);
    *ppBtree = 0;
    return rc;
  }
  p->pBt = pBt;

  sqlite3PagerSetDestructor(pBt->pPager, pageDestructor);
  sqlite3PagerSetReiniter(pBt->pPager, pageReinit);
  pBt->pCursor = 0;
  pBt->pPage1 = 0;
  pBt->readOnly = sqlite3PagerIsreadonly(pBt->pPager);
  pBt->pageSize = get2byte(&zDbHeader[16]);
  if( pBt->pageSize<512 || pBt->pageSize>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
       || ((pBt->pageSize-1)&pBt->pageSize)!=0 ){
    pBt->pageSize = SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE;
    pBt->maxEmbedFrac = 64;   /* 25% */
    pBt->minEmbedFrac = 32;   /* 12.5% */
    pBt->minLeafFrac = 32;    /* 12.5% */
................................................................................
    pBt->pageSizeFixed = 1;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    pBt->autoVacuum = (get4byte(&zDbHeader[36 + 4*4])?1:0);
#endif
  }
  pBt->usableSize = pBt->pageSize - nReserve;
  assert( (pBt->pageSize & 7)==0 );  /* 8-byte alignment of pageSize */
  sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(pBt->pPager, pBt->pageSize);

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO)
  /* Add the new btree to the linked list starting at ThreadData.pBtree.
  ** There is no chance that a malloc() may fail inside of the 
  ** sqlite3ThreadData() call, as the ThreadData structure must have already
  ** been allocated for pTsdro->useSharedData to be non-zero.
  */
................................................................................
      pPrev->pNext = pBt->pNext;
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Close the pager and free the shared-btree structure */
  assert( !pBt->pCursor );
  sqlite3PagerClose(pBt->pPager);
  if( pBt->xFreeSchema && pBt->pSchema ){
    pBt->xFreeSchema(pBt->pSchema);
  }
  sqliteFree(pBt->pSchema);
  sqliteFree(pBt);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................

/*
** Change the busy handler callback function.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeSetBusyHandler(Btree *p, BusyHandler *pHandler){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  pBt->pBusyHandler = pHandler;
  sqlite3PagerSetBusyhandler(pBt->pPager, pHandler);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Change the limit on the number of pages allowed in the cache.
**
** The maximum number of cache pages is set to the absolute
................................................................................
** an abrupt power failure when synchronous is off, the database
** could be left in an inconsistent and unrecoverable state.
** Synchronous is on by default so database corruption is not
** normally a worry.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(Btree *p, int mxPage){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  sqlite3PagerSetCachesize(pBt->pPager, mxPage);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Change the way data is synced to disk in order to increase or decrease
** how well the database resists damage due to OS crashes and power
** failures.  Level 1 is the same as asynchronous (no syncs() occur and
................................................................................
** there is a high probability of damage)  Level 2 is the default.  There
** is a very low but non-zero probability of damage.  Level 3 reduces the
** probability of damage to near zero but with a write performance reduction.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
int sqlite3BtreeSetSafetyLevel(Btree *p, int level, int fullSync){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  sqlite3PagerSetSafetyLevel(pBt->pPager, level, fullSync);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

/*
** Return TRUE if the given btree is set to safety level 1.  In other
** words, return TRUE if no sync() occurs on the disk files.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeSyncDisabled(Btree *p){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  assert( pBt && pBt->pPager );
  return sqlite3PagerNosync(pBt->pPager);
}

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM)
/*
** Change the default pages size and the number of reserved bytes per page.
**
** The page size must be a power of 2 between 512 and 65536.  If the page
................................................................................
  if( nReserve<0 ){
    nReserve = pBt->pageSize - pBt->usableSize;
  }
  if( pageSize>=512 && pageSize<=SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE &&
        ((pageSize-1)&pageSize)==0 ){
    assert( (pageSize & 7)==0 );
    assert( !pBt->pPage1 && !pBt->pCursor );
    pBt->pageSize = sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(pBt->pPager, pageSize);
  }
  pBt->usableSize = pBt->pageSize - nReserve;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return the currently defined page size
................................................................................
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  

  /* Do some checking to help insure the file we opened really is
  ** a valid database file. 
  */
  rc = SQLITE_NOTADB;
  if( sqlite3PagerPagecount(pBt->pPager)>0 ){
    u8 *page1 = pPage1->aData;
    if( memcmp(page1, zMagicHeader, 16)!=0 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
    if( page1[18]>1 || page1[19]>1 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
................................................................................
**
** If there are any outstanding cursors, this routine is a no-op.
**
** If there is a transaction in progress, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static void unlockBtreeIfUnused(BtShared *pBt){
  if( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_NONE && pBt->pCursor==0 && pBt->pPage1!=0 ){
    if( sqlite3PagerRefcount(pBt->pPager)>=1 ){
      if( pBt->pPage1->aData==0 ){
        MemPage *pPage = pBt->pPage1;
        pPage->aData = &((u8*)pPage)[-pBt->pageSize];
        pPage->pBt = pBt;
        pPage->pgno = 1;
      }
      releasePage(pBt->pPage1);
................................................................................
** Create a new database by initializing the first page of the
** file.
*/
static int newDatabase(BtShared *pBt){
  MemPage *pP1;
  unsigned char *data;
  int rc;
  if( sqlite3PagerPagecount(pBt->pPager)>0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  pP1 = pBt->pPage1;
  assert( pP1!=0 );
  data = pP1->aData;
  rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pP1->pDbPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  memcpy(data, zMagicHeader, sizeof(zMagicHeader));
  assert( sizeof(zMagicHeader)==16 );
  put2byte(&data[16], pBt->pageSize);
  data[18] = 1;
  data[19] = 1;
  data[20] = pBt->pageSize - pBt->usableSize;
................................................................................

  do {
    if( pBt->pPage1==0 ){
      rc = lockBtree(pBt);
    }
  
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && wrflag ){
      rc = sqlite3PagerBegin(pBt->pPage1->pDbPage, wrflag>1);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = newDatabase(pBt);
      }
    }
  
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( wrflag ) pBt->inStmt = 0;
................................................................................

  assert( eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW2 || eType==PTRMAP_OVERFLOW1 || 
      eType==PTRMAP_BTREE || eType==PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE );

  /* Move page iDbPage from it's current location to page number iFreePage */
  TRACE(("AUTOVACUUM: Moving %d to free page %d (ptr page %d type %d)\n", 
      iDbPage, iFreePage, iPtrPage, eType));
  rc = sqlite3PagerMovepage(pPager, pDbPage->pDbPage, iFreePage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  pDbPage->pgno = iFreePage;

  /* If pDbPage was a btree-page, then it may have child pages and/or cells
  ** that point to overflow pages. The pointer map entries for all these
................................................................................
  ** iPtrPage.
  */
  if( eType!=PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE ){
    rc = getPage(pBt, iPtrPage, &pPtrPage, 0);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPtrPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      releasePage(pPtrPage);
      return rc;
    }
    rc = modifyPagePointer(pPtrPage, iDbPage, iFreePage, eType);
    releasePage(pPtrPage);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/* Forward declaration required by autoVacuumCommit(). */
static int allocatePage(BtShared *, MemPage **, Pgno *, Pgno, u8);

/*
** This routine is called prior to sqlite3PagerCommit when a transaction
** is commited for an auto-vacuum database.
*/
static int autoVacuumCommit(BtShared *pBt, Pgno *nTrunc){
  Pager *pPager = pBt->pPager;
  Pgno nFreeList;            /* Number of pages remaining on the free-list. */
  int nPtrMap;               /* Number of pointer-map pages deallocated */
  Pgno origSize;             /* Pages in the database file */
................................................................................
  Pgno iDbPage;              /* The database page to move */
  MemPage *pDbMemPage = 0;   /* "" */
  Pgno iPtrPage;             /* The page that contains a pointer to iDbPage */
  Pgno iFreePage;            /* The free-list page to move iDbPage to */
  MemPage *pFreeMemPage = 0; /* "" */

#ifndef NDEBUG
  int nRef = sqlite3PagerRefcount(pPager);
#endif

  assert( pBt->autoVacuum );
  if( PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager)) ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }

  /* Figure out how many free-pages are in the database. If there are no
  ** free pages, then auto-vacuum is a no-op.
  */
  nFreeList = get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36]);
................................................................................
  ** truncation (variable finSize).
  **
  ** The final size is the original size, less the number of free pages
  ** in the database, less any pointer-map pages that will no longer
  ** be required, less 1 if the pending-byte page was part of the database
  ** but is not after the truncation.
  **/
  origSize = sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager);
  if( origSize==PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
    origSize--;
  }
  nPtrMap = (nFreeList-origSize+PTRMAP_PAGENO(pBt, origSize)+pgsz/5)/(pgsz/5);
  finSize = origSize - nFreeList - nPtrMap;
  if( origSize>PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) && finSize<=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) ){
    finSize--;
................................................................................
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto autovacuum_out;
  }

  /* The entire free-list has been swapped to the end of the file. So
  ** truncate the database file to finSize pages and consider the
  ** free-list empty.
  */
  rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pBt->pPage1->pDbPage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto autovacuum_out;
  put4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[32], 0);
  put4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[36], 0);
  *nTrunc = finSize;
  assert( finSize!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) );

autovacuum_out:
  assert( nRef==sqlite3PagerRefcount(pPager) );
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3PagerRollback(pPager);
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif

/*
** Commit the transaction currently in progress.
................................................................................
  /* If the handle has a write-transaction open, commit the shared-btrees 
  ** transaction and set the shared state to TRANS_READ.
  */
  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE ){
    int rc;
    assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
    assert( pBt->nTransaction>0 );
    rc = sqlite3PagerCommit(pBt->pPager);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    pBt->inTransaction = TRANS_READ;
    pBt->inStmt = 0;
  }
  unlockAllTables(p);
................................................................................
  btreeIntegrity(p);
  unlockAllTables(p);

  if( p->inTrans==TRANS_WRITE ){
    int rc2;

    assert( TRANS_WRITE==pBt->inTransaction );
    rc2 = sqlite3PagerRollback(pBt->pPager);
    if( rc2!=SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = rc2;
    }

    /* The rollback may have destroyed the pPage1->aData value.  So
    ** call getPage() on page 1 again to make sure pPage1->aData is
    ** set correctly. */
................................................................................
int sqlite3BtreeBeginStmt(Btree *p){
  int rc;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  if( (p->inTrans!=TRANS_WRITE) || pBt->inStmt ){
    return pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  assert( pBt->inTransaction==TRANS_WRITE );
  rc = pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_OK : sqlite3PagerStmtBegin(pBt->pPager);
  pBt->inStmt = 1;
  return rc;
}


/*
** Commit the statment subtransaction currently in progress.  If no
** subtransaction is active, this is a no-op.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeCommitStmt(Btree *p){
  int rc;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  if( pBt->inStmt && !pBt->readOnly ){
    rc = sqlite3PagerStmtCommit(pBt->pPager);
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pBt->inStmt = 0;
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
** will result in an error.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeRollbackStmt(Btree *p){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  sqlite3MallocDisallow();
  if( pBt->inStmt && !pBt->readOnly ){
    rc = sqlite3PagerStmtRollback(pBt->pPager);
    assert( countWriteCursors(pBt)==0 );
    pBt->inStmt = 0;
  }
  sqlite3MallocAllow();
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  }
  pCur = sqliteMalloc( sizeof(*pCur) );
  if( pCur==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto create_cursor_exception;
  }
  pCur->pgnoRoot = (Pgno)iTable;
  if( iTable==1 && sqlite3PagerPagecount(pBt->pPager)==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_EMPTY;
    goto create_cursor_exception;
  }
  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, &pCur->pPage, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto create_cursor_exception;
  }
................................................................................
** The temporary cursor is not on the cursor list for the Btree.
*/
static void getTempCursor(BtCursor *pCur, BtCursor *pTempCur){
  memcpy(pTempCur, pCur, sizeof(*pCur));
  pTempCur->pNext = 0;
  pTempCur->pPrev = 0;
  if( pTempCur->pPage ){
    sqlite3PagerRef(pTempCur->pPage->pDbPage);
  }
}

/*
** Delete a temporary cursor such as was made by the CreateTemporaryCursor()
** function above.
*/
static void releaseTempCursor(BtCursor *pCur){
  if( pCur->pPage ){
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pCur->pPage->pDbPage);
  }
}

/*
** Make sure the BtCursor.info field of the given cursor is valid.
** If it is not already valid, call parseCell() to fill it in.
**
................................................................................
  }else{
    offset -= pCur->info.nLocal;
  }
  ovflSize = pBt->usableSize - 4;
  if( amt>0 ){
    nextPage = get4byte(&aPayload[pCur->info.nLocal]);
    while( amt>0 && nextPage ){
      DbPage *pDbPage;
      rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pBt->pPager, nextPage, &pDbPage);
      if( rc!=0 ){
        return rc;
      }
      aPayload = sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage);
      nextPage = get4byte(aPayload);
      if( offset<ovflSize ){
        int a = amt;
        if( a + offset > ovflSize ){
          a = ovflSize - offset;
        }
        memcpy(pBuf, &aPayload[offset+4], a);
        offset = 0;
        amt -= a;
        pBuf += a;
      }else{
        offset -= ovflSize;
      }
      sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
    }
  }

  if( amt>0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage!=0 );
  assert( !isRootPage(pPage) );
  pParent = pPage->pParent;
  assert( pParent!=0 );
  idxParent = pPage->idxParent;
  sqlite3PagerRef(pParent->pDbPage);
  releasePage(pPage);
  pCur->pPage = pParent;
  pCur->info.nSize = 0;
  assert( pParent->idxShift==0 );
  pCur->idx = idxParent;
}

................................................................................
  *pRes = 0;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Allocate a new page from the database file.
**
** The new page is marked as dirty.  (In other words, sqlite3PagerWrite()
** has already been called on the new page.)  The new page has also
** been referenced and the calling routine is responsible for calling
** sqlite3PagerUnref() on the new page when it is done.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned on success.  Any other return value indicates
** an error.  *ppPage and *pPgno are undefined in the event of an error.
** Do not invoke sqlite3PagerUnref() on *ppPage if an error is returned.
**
** If the "nearby" parameter is not 0, then a (feeble) effort is made to 
** locate a page close to the page number "nearby".  This can be used in an
** attempt to keep related pages close to each other in the database file,
** which in turn can make database access faster.
**
** If the "exact" parameter is not 0, and the page-number nearby exists 
................................................................................
      *pPgno = nearby;
    }
#endif

    /* Decrement the free-list count by 1. Set iTrunk to the index of the
    ** first free-list trunk page. iPrevTrunk is initially 1.
    */
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage1->pDbPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    put4byte(&pPage1->aData[36], n-1);

    /* The code within this loop is run only once if the 'searchList' variable
    ** is not true. Otherwise, it runs once for each trunk-page on the
    ** free-list until the page 'nearby' is located.
    */
................................................................................

      k = get4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4]);
      if( k==0 && !searchList ){
        /* The trunk has no leaves and the list is not being searched. 
        ** So extract the trunk page itself and use it as the newly 
        ** allocated page */
        assert( pPrevTrunk==0 );
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pTrunk->pDbPage);
        if( rc ){
          goto end_allocate_page;
        }
        *pPgno = iTrunk;
        memcpy(&pPage1->aData[32], &pTrunk->aData[0], 4);
        *ppPage = pTrunk;
        pTrunk = 0;
................................................................................
      }else if( searchList && nearby==iTrunk ){
        /* The list is being searched and this trunk page is the page
        ** to allocate, regardless of whether it has leaves.
        */
        assert( *pPgno==iTrunk );
        *ppPage = pTrunk;
        searchList = 0;
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pTrunk->pDbPage);
        if( rc ){
          goto end_allocate_page;
        }
        if( k==0 ){
          if( !pPrevTrunk ){
            memcpy(&pPage1->aData[32], &pTrunk->aData[0], 4);
          }else{
................................................................................
          */
          MemPage *pNewTrunk;
          Pgno iNewTrunk = get4byte(&pTrunk->aData[8]);
          rc = getPage(pBt, iNewTrunk, &pNewTrunk, 0);
          if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
            goto end_allocate_page;
          }
          rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pNewTrunk->pDbPage);
          if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
            releasePage(pNewTrunk);
            goto end_allocate_page;
          }
          memcpy(&pNewTrunk->aData[0], &pTrunk->aData[0], 4);
          put4byte(&pNewTrunk->aData[4], k-1);
          memcpy(&pNewTrunk->aData[8], &pTrunk->aData[12], (k-1)*4);
          releasePage(pNewTrunk);
          if( !pPrevTrunk ){
            put4byte(&pPage1->aData[32], iNewTrunk);
          }else{
            rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPrevTrunk->pDbPage);
            if( rc ){
              goto end_allocate_page;
            }
            put4byte(&pPrevTrunk->aData[0], iNewTrunk);
          }
        }
        pTrunk = 0;
................................................................................
        TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d trunk - %d free pages left\n", *pPgno, n-1));
#endif
      }else{
        /* Extract a leaf from the trunk */
        int closest;
        Pgno iPage;
        unsigned char *aData = pTrunk->aData;
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pTrunk->pDbPage);
        if( rc ){
          goto end_allocate_page;
        }
        if( nearby>0 ){
          int i, dist;
          closest = 0;
          dist = get4byte(&aData[8]) - nearby;
................................................................................
        }else{
          closest = 0;
        }

        iPage = get4byte(&aData[8+closest*4]);
        if( !searchList || iPage==nearby ){
          *pPgno = iPage;
          if( *pPgno>sqlite3PagerPagecount(pBt->pPager) ){
            /* Free page off the end of the file */
            return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
          }
          TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d was leaf %d of %d on trunk %d"
                 ": %d more free pages\n",
                 *pPgno, closest+1, k, pTrunk->pgno, n-1));
          if( closest<k-1 ){
            memcpy(&aData[8+closest*4], &aData[4+k*4], 4);
          }
          put4byte(&aData[4], k-1);
          rc = getPage(pBt, *pPgno, ppPage, 1);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            rc = sqlite3PagerWrite((*ppPage)->pDbPage);
            if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
              releasePage(*ppPage);
            }
          }
          searchList = 0;
        }
      }
      releasePage(pPrevTrunk);
      pPrevTrunk = 0;
    }while( searchList );
  }else{
    /* There are no pages on the freelist, so create a new page at the
    ** end of the file */
    *pPgno = sqlite3PagerPagecount(pBt->pPager) + 1;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( pBt->autoVacuum && PTRMAP_ISPAGE(pBt, *pPgno) ){
      /* If *pPgno refers to a pointer-map page, allocate two new pages
      ** at the end of the file instead of one. The first allocated page
      ** becomes a new pointer-map page, the second is used by the caller.
      */
................................................................................
      (*pPgno)++;
    }
#endif

    assert( *pPgno!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) );
    rc = getPage(pBt, *pPgno, ppPage, 0);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite((*ppPage)->pDbPage);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      releasePage(*ppPage);
    }
    TRACE(("ALLOCATE: %d from end of file\n", *pPgno));
  }

  assert( *pPgno!=PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBt) );
................................................................................
  releasePage(pPrevTrunk);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Add a page of the database file to the freelist.
**
** sqlite3PagerUnref() is NOT called for pPage.
*/
static int freePage(MemPage *pPage){
  BtShared *pBt = pPage->pBt;
  MemPage *pPage1 = pBt->pPage1;
  int rc, n, k;

  /* Prepare the page for freeing */
  assert( pPage->pgno>1 );
  pPage->isInit = 0;
  releasePage(pPage->pParent);
  pPage->pParent = 0;

  /* Increment the free page count on pPage1 */
  rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage1->pDbPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  n = get4byte(&pPage1->aData[36]);
  put4byte(&pPage1->aData[36], n+1);

#ifdef SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE
  /* If the SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE compile-time option is enabled, then
  ** always fully overwrite deleted information with zeros.
  */
  rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  memset(pPage->aData, 0, pPage->pBt->pageSize);
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  /* If the database supports auto-vacuum, write an entry in the pointer-map
  ** to indicate that the page is free.
................................................................................
    rc = ptrmapPut(pBt, pPage->pgno, PTRMAP_FREEPAGE, 0);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
#endif

  if( n==0 ){
    /* This is the first free page */
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    memset(pPage->aData, 0, 8);
    put4byte(&pPage1->aData[32], pPage->pgno);
    TRACE(("FREE-PAGE: %d first\n", pPage->pgno));
  }else{
    /* Other free pages already exist.  Retrive the first trunk page
    ** of the freelist and find out how many leaves it has. */
................................................................................
    MemPage *pTrunk;
    rc = getPage(pBt, get4byte(&pPage1->aData[32]), &pTrunk, 0);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    k = get4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4]);
    if( k>=pBt->usableSize/4 - 8 ){
      /* The trunk is full.  Turn the page being freed into a new
      ** trunk page with no leaves. */
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      put4byte(pPage->aData, pTrunk->pgno);
      put4byte(&pPage->aData[4], 0);
      put4byte(&pPage1->aData[32], pPage->pgno);
      TRACE(("FREE-PAGE: %d new trunk page replacing %d\n",
              pPage->pgno, pTrunk->pgno));
    }else{
      /* Add the newly freed page as a leaf on the current trunk */
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pTrunk->pDbPage);
      if( rc ) return rc;
      put4byte(&pTrunk->aData[4], k+1);
      put4byte(&pTrunk->aData[8+k*4], pPage->pgno);
#ifndef SQLITE_SECURE_DELETE
      sqlite3PagerDontWrite(pBt->pPager, pPage->pgno);
#endif
      TRACE(("FREE-PAGE: %d leaf on trunk page %d\n",pPage->pgno,pTrunk->pgno));
    }
    releasePage(pTrunk);
  }
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
  }
  ovflPgno = get4byte(&pCell[info.iOverflow]);
  ovflPageSize = pBt->usableSize - 4;
  nOvfl = (info.nPayload - info.nLocal + ovflPageSize - 1)/ovflPageSize;
  assert( ovflPgno==0 || nOvfl>0 );
  while( nOvfl-- ){
    MemPage *pOvfl;
    if( ovflPgno==0 || ovflPgno>sqlite3PagerPagecount(pBt->pPager) ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
    rc = getPage(pBt, ovflPgno, &pOvfl, 0);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    if( nOvfl ){
      ovflPgno = get4byte(pOvfl->aData);
    }
    rc = freePage(pOvfl);
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pOvfl->pDbPage);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Create the byte sequence used to represent a cell on page pPage
................................................................................
/*
** Change the MemPage.pParent pointer on the page whose number is
** given in the second argument so that MemPage.pParent holds the
** pointer in the third argument.
*/
static int reparentPage(BtShared *pBt, Pgno pgno, MemPage *pNewParent, int idx){
  MemPage *pThis;
  DbPage *pDbPage;

  assert( pNewParent!=0 );
  if( pgno==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  assert( pBt->pPager!=0 );
  pDbPage = sqlite3PagerLookup(pBt->pPager, pgno);
  if( pDbPage ){
    pThis = (MemPage *)sqlite3PagerGetExtra(pDbPage);
    if( pThis->isInit ){
      assert( pThis->aData==(sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage)) );
      if( pThis->pParent!=pNewParent ){
        if( pThis->pParent ) sqlite3PagerUnref(pThis->pParent->pDbPage);
        pThis->pParent = pNewParent;
        sqlite3PagerRef(pNewParent->pDbPage);
      }
      pThis->idxParent = idx;
    }
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
    return ptrmapPut(pBt, pgno, PTRMAP_BTREE, pNewParent->pgno);
  }
#endif
................................................................................
  int i;          /* Loop counter */
  int pc;         /* Offset to cell content of cell being deleted */
  u8 *data;       /* pPage->aData */
  u8 *ptr;        /* Used to move bytes around within data[] */

  assert( idx>=0 && idx<pPage->nCell );
  assert( sz==cellSize(pPage, idx) );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  data = pPage->aData;
  ptr = &data[pPage->cellOffset + 2*idx];
  pc = get2byte(ptr);
  assert( pc>10 && pc+sz<=pPage->pBt->usableSize );
  freeSpace(pPage, pc, sz);
  for(i=idx+1; i<pPage->nCell; i++, ptr+=2){
    ptr[0] = ptr[2];
................................................................................
  int hdr;          /* Offset into data[] of the page header */
  int cellOffset;   /* Address of first cell pointer in data[] */
  u8 *data;         /* The content of the whole page */
  u8 *ptr;          /* Used for moving information around in data[] */

  assert( i>=0 && i<=pPage->nCell+pPage->nOverflow );
  assert( sz==cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell) );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  if( pPage->nOverflow || sz+2>pPage->nFree ){
    if( pTemp ){
      memcpy(pTemp+nSkip, pCell+nSkip, sz-nSkip);
      pCell = pTemp;
    }
    j = pPage->nOverflow++;
    assert( j<sizeof(pPage->aOvfl)/sizeof(pPage->aOvfl[0]) );
................................................................................
  szCell = cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell);
  zeroPage(pNew, pPage->aData[0]);
  assemblePage(pNew, 1, &pCell, &szCell);
  pPage->nOverflow = 0;

  /* Set the parent of the newly allocated page to pParent. */
  pNew->pParent = pParent;
  sqlite3PagerRef(pParent->pDbPage);

  /* pPage is currently the right-child of pParent. Change this
  ** so that the right-child is the new page allocated above and
  ** pPage is the next-to-right child. 
  */
  assert( pPage->nCell>0 );
  parseCellPtr(pPage, findCell(pPage, pPage->nCell-1), &info);
................................................................................
  u8 *aFrom = 0;
#endif

  /* 
  ** Find the parent page.
  */
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pPage->pDbPage) );
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  pParent = pPage->pParent;
  assert( pParent );
  if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pParent->pDbPage)) ){
    return rc;
  }
  TRACE(("BALANCE: begin page %d child of %d\n", pPage->pgno, pParent->pgno));

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_QUICKBALANCE
  /*
  ** A special case:  If a new entry has just been inserted into a
................................................................................
  ** Find the cell in the parent page whose left child points back
  ** to pPage.  The "idx" variable is the index of that cell.  If pPage
  ** is the rightmost child of pParent then set idx to pParent->nCell 
  */
  if( pParent->idxShift ){
    Pgno pgno;
    pgno = pPage->pgno;
    assert( pgno==sqlite3PagerPagenumber(pPage->pDbPage) );
    for(idx=0; idx<pParent->nCell; idx++){
      if( get4byte(findCell(pParent, idx))==pgno ){
        break;
      }
    }
    assert( idx<pParent->nCell
             || get4byte(&pParent->aData[pParent->hdrOffset+8])==pgno );
................................................................................
  }

  /*
  ** Initialize variables so that it will be safe to jump
  ** directly to balance_cleanup at any moment.
  */
  nOld = nNew = 0;
  sqlite3PagerRef(pParent->pDbPage);

  /*
  ** Find sibling pages to pPage and the cells in pParent that divide
  ** the siblings.  An attempt is made to find NN siblings on either
  ** side of pPage.  More siblings are taken from one side, however, if
  ** pPage there are fewer than NN siblings on the other side.  If pParent
  ** has NB or fewer children then all children of pParent are taken.
................................................................................
  pageFlags = pPage->aData[0];
  for(i=0; i<k; i++){
    MemPage *pNew;
    if( i<nOld ){
      pNew = apNew[i] = apOld[i];
      pgnoNew[i] = pgnoOld[i];
      apOld[i] = 0;
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pNew->pDbPage);
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
    }else{
      assert( i>0 );
      rc = allocatePage(pBt, &pNew, &pgnoNew[i], pgnoNew[i-1], 0);
      if( rc ) goto balance_cleanup;
      apNew[i] = pNew;
    }
................................................................................
    ** information currently contained in the child.  If this is the 
    ** case, then do not do the transfer.  Leave page 1 empty except
    ** for the right-pointer to the child page.  The child page becomes
    ** the virtual root of the tree.
    */
    pgnoChild = get4byte(&pPage->aData[pPage->hdrOffset+8]);
    assert( pgnoChild>0 );
    assert( pgnoChild<=sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPage->pBt->pPager) );
    rc = getPage(pPage->pBt, pgnoChild, &pChild, 0);
    if( rc ) goto end_shallow_balance;
    if( pPage->pgno==1 ){
      rc = initPage(pChild, pPage);
      if( rc ) goto end_shallow_balance;
      assert( pChild->nOverflow==0 );
      if( pChild->nFree>=100 ){
................................................................................
  int brk;            /* Offset to content of first cell in parent */

  assert( pPage->pParent==0 );
  assert( pPage->nOverflow>0 );
  pBt = pPage->pBt;
  rc = allocatePage(pBt, &pChild, &pgnoChild, pPage->pgno, 0);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pChild->pDbPage) );
  usableSize = pBt->usableSize;
  data = pPage->aData;
  hdr = pPage->hdrOffset;
  brk = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
  cdata = pChild->aData;
  memcpy(cdata, &data[hdr], pPage->cellOffset+2*pPage->nCell-hdr);
  memcpy(&cdata[brk], &data[brk], usableSize-brk);
................................................................................
  pPage = pCur->pPage;
  assert( pPage->intKey || nKey>=0 );
  assert( pPage->leaf || !pPage->leafData );
  TRACE(("INSERT: table=%d nkey=%lld ndata=%d page=%d %s\n",
          pCur->pgnoRoot, nKey, nData, pPage->pgno,
          loc==0 ? "overwrite" : "new entry"));
  assert( pPage->isInit );
  rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  newCell = sqliteMallocRaw( MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );
  if( newCell==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  rc = fillInCell(pPage, newCell, pKey, nKey, pData, nData, &szNew);
  if( rc ) goto end_insert;
  assert( szNew==cellSizePtr(pPage, newCell) );
  assert( szNew<=MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );
................................................................................
  }
  if( checkReadLocks(pCur->pBtree, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur) ){
    return SQLITE_LOCKED; /* The table pCur points to has a read lock */
  }

  /* Restore the current cursor position (a no-op if the cursor is not in 
  ** CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK state) and save the positions of any other cursors 
  ** open on the same table. Then call sqlite3PagerWrite() on the page
  ** that the entry will be deleted from.
  */
  if( 
    (rc = restoreOrClearCursorPosition(pCur, 1))!=0 ||
    (rc = saveAllCursors(pBt, pCur->pgnoRoot, pCur))!=0 ||
    (rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage))!=0
  ){
    return rc;
  }

  /* Locate the cell within it's page and leave pCell pointing to the
  ** data. The clearCell() call frees any overflow pages associated with the
  ** cell. The cell itself is still intact.
................................................................................
    rc = sqlite3BtreeNext(&leafCur, &notUsed);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      if( rc!=SQLITE_NOMEM ){
        rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT; 
      }
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(leafCur.pPage->pDbPage);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      TRACE(("DELETE: table=%d delete internal from %d replace from leaf %d\n",
         pCur->pgnoRoot, pPage->pgno, leafCur.pPage->pgno));
      dropCell(pPage, pCur->idx, cellSizePtr(pPage, pCell));
      pNext = findCell(leafCur.pPage, leafCur.idx);
      szNext = cellSizePtr(leafCur.pPage, pNext);
................................................................................
      rc = ptrmapGet(pBt, pgnoRoot, &eType, &iPtrPage);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || eType==PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE || eType==PTRMAP_FREEPAGE ){
        releasePage(pRoot);
        return rc;
      }
      assert( eType!=PTRMAP_ROOTPAGE );
      assert( eType!=PTRMAP_FREEPAGE );
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pRoot->pDbPage);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        releasePage(pRoot);
        return rc;
      }
      rc = relocatePage(pBt, pRoot, eType, iPtrPage, pgnoMove);
      releasePage(pRoot);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }
      rc = getPage(pBt, pgnoRoot, &pRoot, 0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }
      rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pRoot->pDbPage);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        releasePage(pRoot);
        return rc;
      }
    }else{
      pRoot = pPageMove;
    } 
................................................................................
    }

  }else{
    rc = allocatePage(pBt, &pRoot, &pgnoRoot, 1, 0);
    if( rc ) return rc;
  }
#endif
  assert( sqlite3PagerIswriteable(pRoot->pDbPage) );
  zeroPage(pRoot, flags | PTF_LEAF);
  sqlite3PagerUnref(pRoot->pDbPage);
  *piTable = (int)pgnoRoot;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Erase the given database page and all its children.  Return
** the page to the freelist.
................................................................................
  int freePageFlag      /* Deallocate page if true */
){
  MemPage *pPage = 0;
  int rc;
  unsigned char *pCell;
  int i;

  if( pgno>sqlite3PagerPagecount(pBt->pPager) ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }

  rc = getAndInitPage(pBt, pgno, &pPage, pParent);
  if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
  for(i=0; i<pPage->nCell; i++){
    pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
................................................................................
  }
  if( !pPage->leaf ){
    rc = clearDatabasePage(pBt, get4byte(&pPage->aData[8]), pPage->pParent, 1);
    if( rc ) goto cleardatabasepage_out;
  }
  if( freePageFlag ){
    rc = freePage(pPage);
  }else if( (rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage->pDbPage))==0 ){
    zeroPage(pPage, pPage->aData[0] | PTF_LEAF);
  }

cleardatabasepage_out:
  releasePage(pPage);
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
** is read-only, the others are read/write.
** 
** The schema layer numbers meta values differently.  At the schema
** layer (and the SetCookie and ReadCookie opcodes) the number of
** free pages is not visible.  So Cookie[0] is the same as Meta[1].
*/
int sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(Btree *p, int idx, u32 *pMeta){
  DbPage *pDbPage;
  int rc;
  unsigned char *pP1;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  /* Reading a meta-data value requires a read-lock on page 1 (and hence
  ** the sqlite_master table. We grab this lock regardless of whether or
  ** not the SQLITE_ReadUncommitted flag is set (the table rooted at page
................................................................................
  */
  rc = queryTableLock(p, 1, READ_LOCK);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }

  assert( idx>=0 && idx<=15 );
  rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pBt->pPager, 1, &pDbPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  pP1 = (unsigned char *)sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage);
  *pMeta = get4byte(&pP1[36 + idx*4]);

  sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);

  /* If autovacuumed is disabled in this build but we are trying to 
  ** access an autovacuumed database, then make the database readonly. 
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  if( idx==4 && *pMeta>0 ) pBt->readOnly = 1;
#endif
................................................................................
  int rc;
  assert( idx>=1 && idx<=15 );
  if( p->inTrans!=TRANS_WRITE ){
    return pBt->readOnly ? SQLITE_READONLY : SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  assert( pBt->pPage1!=0 );
  pP1 = pBt->pPage1->aData;
  rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pBt->pPage1->pDbPage);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  put4byte(&pP1[36 + idx*4], iMeta);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return the flag byte at the beginning of the page that the cursor
................................................................................
      unsigned char *pCell = findCell(pPage, i);
      btreePageDump(pBt, get4byte(pCell), 1, pPage);
      idx = get2byte(pCell);
    }
    btreePageDump(pBt, get4byte(&data[hdr+8]), 1, pPage);
  }
  pPage->isInit = isInit;
  sqlite3PagerUnref(pPage->pDbPage);
  fflush(stdout);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
int sqlite3BtreePageDump(Btree *p, int pgno, int recursive){
  return btreePageDump(p->pBt, pgno, recursive, 0);
}
#endif
................................................................................

  assert( pPage->isInit );
  getTempCursor(pCur, &tmpCur);
  while( upCnt-- ){
    moveToParent(&tmpCur);
  }
  pPage = tmpCur.pPage;
  aResult[0] = sqlite3PagerPagenumber(pPage->pDbPage);
  assert( aResult[0]==pPage->pgno );
  aResult[1] = tmpCur.idx;
  aResult[2] = pPage->nCell;
  if( tmpCur.idx>=0 && tmpCur.idx<pPage->nCell ){
    getCellInfo(&tmpCur);
    aResult[3] = tmpCur.info.nSize;
    aResult[6] = tmpCur.info.nData;
................................................................................
  int N,                /* Expected number of pages in the list */
  char *zContext        /* Context for error messages */
){
  int i;
  int expected = N;
  int iFirst = iPage;
  while( N-- > 0 && pCheck->mxErr ){
    DbPage *pOvflPage;
    unsigned char *pOvflData;
    if( iPage<1 ){
      checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext,
         "%d of %d pages missing from overflow list starting at %d",
          N+1, expected, iFirst);
      break;
    }
    if( checkRef(pCheck, iPage, zContext) ) break;
    if( sqlite3PagerGet(pCheck->pPager, (Pgno)iPage, &pOvflPage) ){
      checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext, "failed to get page %d", iPage);
      break;
    }
    pOvflData = (unsigned char *)sqlite3PagerGetData(pOvflPage);
    if( isFreeList ){
      int n = get4byte(&pOvflData[4]);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      if( pCheck->pBt->autoVacuum ){
        checkPtrmap(pCheck, iPage, PTRMAP_FREEPAGE, 0, zContext);
      }
#endif
      if( n>pCheck->pBt->usableSize/4-8 ){
        checkAppendMsg(pCheck, zContext,
           "freelist leaf count too big on page %d", iPage);
        N--;
      }else{
        for(i=0; i<n; i++){
          Pgno iFreePage = get4byte(&pOvflData[8+i*4]);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
          if( pCheck->pBt->autoVacuum ){
            checkPtrmap(pCheck, iFreePage, PTRMAP_FREEPAGE, 0, zContext);
          }
#endif
          checkRef(pCheck, iFreePage, zContext);
        }
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    else{
      /* If this database supports auto-vacuum and iPage is not the last
      ** page in this overflow list, check that the pointer-map entry for
      ** the following page matches iPage.
      */
      if( pCheck->pBt->autoVacuum && N>0 ){
        i = get4byte(pOvflData);
        checkPtrmap(pCheck, i, PTRMAP_OVERFLOW2, iPage, zContext);
      }
    }
#endif
    iPage = get4byte(pOvflData);
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pOvflPage);
  }
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK
/*
** Do various sanity checks on a single page of a tree.  Return
................................................................................
  int *pnErr    /* Write number of errors seen to this variable */
){
  int i;
  int nRef;
  IntegrityCk sCheck;
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;

  nRef = sqlite3PagerRefcount(pBt->pPager);
  if( lockBtreeWithRetry(p)!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return sqliteStrDup("Unable to acquire a read lock on the database");
  }
  sCheck.pBt = pBt;
  sCheck.pPager = pBt->pPager;
  sCheck.nPage = sqlite3PagerPagecount(sCheck.pPager);
  sCheck.mxErr = mxErr;
  sCheck.nErr = 0;
  *pnErr = 0;
  if( sCheck.nPage==0 ){
    unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
    return 0;
  }
................................................................................
    }
#endif
  }

  /* Make sure this analysis did not leave any unref() pages
  */
  unlockBtreeIfUnused(pBt);
  if( nRef != sqlite3PagerRefcount(pBt->pPager) ){
    checkAppendMsg(&sCheck, 0, 
      "Outstanding page count goes from %d to %d during this analysis",
      nRef, sqlite3PagerRefcount(pBt->pPager)
    );
  }

  /* Clean  up and report errors.
  */
  sqliteFree(sCheck.anRef);
  *pnErr = sCheck.nErr;
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INTEGRITY_CHECK */

/*
** Return the full pathname of the underlying database file.
*/
const char *sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(Btree *p){
  assert( p->pBt->pPager!=0 );
  return sqlite3PagerFilename(p->pBt->pPager);
}

/*
** Return the pathname of the directory that contains the database file.
*/
const char *sqlite3BtreeGetDirname(Btree *p){
  assert( p->pBt->pPager!=0 );
  return sqlite3PagerDirname(p->pBt->pPager);
}

/*
** Return the pathname of the journal file for this database. The return
** value of this routine is the same regardless of whether the journal file
** has been created or not.
*/
const char *sqlite3BtreeGetJournalname(Btree *p){
  assert( p->pBt->pPager!=0 );
  return sqlite3PagerJournalname(p->pBt->pPager);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM
/*
** Copy the complete content of pBtFrom into pBtTo.  A transaction
** must be active for both files.
**
................................................................................
  BtShared *pBtTo = pTo->pBt;
  BtShared *pBtFrom = pFrom->pBt;

  if( pTo->inTrans!=TRANS_WRITE || pFrom->inTrans!=TRANS_WRITE ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  if( pBtTo->pCursor ) return SQLITE_BUSY;
  nToPage = sqlite3PagerPagecount(pBtTo->pPager);
  nPage = sqlite3PagerPagecount(pBtFrom->pPager);
  iSkip = PENDING_BYTE_PAGE(pBtTo);
  for(i=1; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<=nPage; i++){
    DbPage *pDbPage;
    if( i==iSkip ) continue;
    rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pBtFrom->pPager, i, &pDbPage);
    if( rc ) break;
    rc = sqlite3PagerOverwrite(pBtTo->pPager, i, sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage));
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
  }
  for(i=nPage+1; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<=nToPage; i++){
    DbPage *pDbPage;
    if( i==iSkip ) continue;
    rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pBtTo->pPager, i, &pDbPage);
    if( rc ) break;
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pDbPage);
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
    sqlite3PagerDontWrite(pBtTo->pPager, i);
  }
  if( !rc && nPage<nToPage ){
    rc = sqlite3PagerTruncate(pBtTo->pPager, nPage);
  }
  if( rc ){
    sqlite3BtreeRollback(pTo);
  }
  return rc;  
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM */
................................................................................
    if( pBt->autoVacuum ){
      rc = autoVacuumCommit(pBt, &nTrunc); 
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }
    }
#endif
    rc = sqlite3PagerSync(pBt->pPager, zMaster, nTrunc);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This function returns a pointer to a blob of memory associated with
** a single shared-btree. The memory is used by client code for it's own
................................................................................
){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
  const ThreadData *pTd = sqlite3ThreadDataReadOnly();
  if( pTd->useSharedData ){
    BtShared *pBt;
    Tcl_Obj *pRet = Tcl_NewObj();
    for(pBt=pTd->pBtree; pBt; pBt=pBt->pNext){
      const char *zFile = sqlite3PagerFilename(pBt->pPager);
      Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, pRet, Tcl_NewStringObj(zFile, -1));
      Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, pRet, Tcl_NewIntObj(pBt->nRef));
    }
    Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, pRet);
  }
#endif
  return TCL_OK;
}
#endif

Changes to src/pager.c.

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** The pager is used to access a database disk file.  It implements
** atomic commit and rollback through the use of a journal file that
** is separate from the database file.  The pager also implements file
** locking to prevent two processes from writing the same database
** file simultaneously, or one process from reading the database while
** another is writing.
**
** @(#) $Id: pager.c,v 1.291 2007/03/19 13:53:38 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "os.h"
#include "pager.h"
#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>
................................................................................
**                       after all dirty pages have been written to the
**                       database file and the file has been synced to
**                       disk. All that remains to do is to remove the
**                       journal file and the transaction will be
**                       committed.
**
** The page cache comes up in PAGER_UNLOCK.  The first time a
** sqlite3pager_get() occurs, the state transitions to PAGER_SHARED.
** After all pages have been released using sqlite_page_unref(),
** the state transitions back to PAGER_UNLOCK.  The first time
** that sqlite3pager_write() is called, the state transitions to
** PAGER_RESERVED.  (Note that sqlite_page_write() can only be
** called on an outstanding page which means that the pager must
** be in PAGER_SHARED before it transitions to PAGER_RESERVED.)
** The transition to PAGER_EXCLUSIVE occurs when before any changes
** are made to the database file.  After an sqlite3pager_rollback()
** or sqlite_pager_commit(), the state goes back to PAGER_SHARED.
*/
#define PAGER_UNLOCK      0
#define PAGER_SHARED      1   /* same as SHARED_LOCK */
#define PAGER_RESERVED    2   /* same as RESERVED_LOCK */
#define PAGER_EXCLUSIVE   4   /* same as EXCLUSIVE_LOCK */
#define PAGER_SYNCED      5
................................................................................
#define FORCE_ALIGNMENT(X)   (((X)+7)&~7)

/*
** Each in-memory image of a page begins with the following header.
** This header is only visible to this pager module.  The client
** code that calls pager sees only the data that follows the header.
**
** Client code should call sqlite3pager_write() on a page prior to making
** any modifications to that page.  The first time sqlite3pager_write()
** is called, the original page contents are written into the rollback
** journal and PgHdr.inJournal and PgHdr.needSync are set.  Later, once
** the journal page has made it onto the disk surface, PgHdr.needSync
** is cleared.  The modified page cannot be written back into the original
** database file until the journal pages has been synced to disk and the
** PgHdr.needSync has been cleared.
**
** The PgHdr.dirty flag is set when sqlite3pager_write() is called and
** is cleared again when the page content is written back to the original
** database file.
*/
typedef struct PgHdr PgHdr;
struct PgHdr {
  Pager *pPager;                 /* The pager to which this page belongs */
  Pgno pgno;                     /* The page number for this page */
................................................................................
** A open page cache is an instance of the following structure.
**
** Pager.errCode may be set to SQLITE_IOERR, SQLITE_CORRUPT, SQLITE_PROTOCOL
** or SQLITE_FULL. Once one of the first three errors occurs, it persists
** and is returned as the result of every major pager API call.  The
** SQLITE_FULL return code is slightly different. It persists only until the
** next successful rollback is performed on the pager cache. Also,
** SQLITE_FULL does not affect the sqlite3pager_get() and sqlite3pager_lookup()
** APIs, they may still be used successfully.
*/
struct Pager {
  u8 journalOpen;             /* True if journal file descriptors is valid */
  u8 journalStarted;          /* True if header of journal is synced */
  u8 useJournal;              /* Use a rollback journal on this file */
  u8 noReadlock;              /* Do not bother to obtain readlocks */
................................................................................
  i64 stmtCksum;              /* cksumInit when statement was started */
  i64 stmtJSize;              /* Size of journal at stmt_begin() */
  int sectorSize;             /* Assumed sector size during rollback */
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  int nHit, nMiss, nOvfl;     /* Cache hits, missing, and LRU overflows */
  int nRead,nWrite;           /* Database pages read/written */
#endif
  void (*xDestructor)(void*,int); /* Call this routine when freeing pages */
  void (*xReiniter)(void*,int);   /* Call this routine when reloading pages */
  void *(*xCodec)(void*,void*,Pgno,int); /* Routine for en/decoding data */
  void *pCodecArg;            /* First argument to xCodec() */
  int nHash;                  /* Size of the pager hash table */
  PgHdr **aHash;              /* Hash table to map page number to PgHdr */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
  Pager *pNext;               /* Linked list of pagers in this thread */
#endif
................................................................................
}

/*
** Add or remove a page from the list of all pages that are in the
** statement journal.
**
** The Pager keeps a separate list of pages that are currently in
** the statement journal.  This helps the sqlite3pager_stmt_commit()
** routine run MUCH faster for the common case where there are many
** pages in memory but only a few are in the statement journal.
*/
static void page_add_to_stmt_list(PgHdr *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  if( pPg->inStmt ) return;
  assert( pPg->pPrevStmt==0 && pPg->pNextStmt==0 );
................................................................................
  pPager->pLast = 0;
  pPager->pAll = 0;
  pPager->nHash = 0;
  sqliteFree(pPager->aHash);
  pPager->nPage = 0;
  pPager->aHash = 0;
  if( pPager->state>=PAGER_RESERVED ){
    sqlite3pager_rollback(pPager);
  }
  pager_unlock(pPager);
  pPager->nRef = 0;
  assert( pPager->errCode || (pPager->journalOpen==0 && pPager->stmtOpen==0) );
}

/*
................................................................................
static int pager_unwritelock(Pager *pPager){
  PgHdr *pPg;
  int rc;
  assert( !MEMDB );
  if( pPager->state<PAGER_RESERVED ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  sqlite3pager_stmt_commit(pPager);
  if( pPager->stmtOpen ){
    sqlite3OsClose(&pPager->stfd);
    pPager->stmtOpen = 0;
  }
  if( pPager->journalOpen ){
    sqlite3OsClose(&pPager->jfd);
    pPager->journalOpen = 0;
................................................................................
    }
  }
  if( pPg ){
    /* No page should ever be explicitly rolled back that is in use, except
    ** for page 1 which is held in use in order to keep the lock on the
    ** database active. However such a page may be rolled back as a result
    ** of an internal error resulting in an automatic call to
    ** sqlite3pager_rollback().
    */
    void *pData;
    /* assert( pPg->nRef==0 || pPg->pgno==1 ); */
    pData = PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPg);
    memcpy(pData, aData, pPager->pageSize);
    if( pPager->xDestructor ){  /*** FIX ME:  Should this be xReinit? ***/
      pPager->xDestructor(pData, pPager->pageSize);
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES
    pPg->pageHash = pager_pagehash(pPg);
#endif
    CODEC1(pPager, pData, pPg->pgno, 3);
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
      CODEC1(pPager, zBuf, pPg->pgno, 2);
    }else{
      memset(zBuf, 0, pPager->pageSize);
    }
    if( pPg->nRef==0 || memcmp(zBuf, PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPg), pPager->pageSize) ){
      memcpy(PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPg), zBuf, pPager->pageSize);
      if( pPager->xReiniter ){
        pPager->xReiniter(PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPg), pPager->pageSize);
      }else{
        memset(PGHDR_TO_EXTRA(pPg, pPager), 0, pPager->nExtra);
      }
    }
    pPg->needSync = 0;
    pPg->dirty = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES
................................................................................
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Change the maximum number of in-memory pages that are allowed.
*/
void sqlite3pager_set_cachesize(Pager *pPager, int mxPage){
  if( mxPage>10 ){
    pPager->mxPage = mxPage;
  }else{
    pPager->mxPage = 10;
  }
}

................................................................................
**              assurance that the journal will not be corrupted to the
**              point of causing damage to the database during rollback.
**
** Numeric values associated with these states are OFF==1, NORMAL=2,
** and FULL=3.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
void sqlite3pager_set_safety_level(Pager *pPager, int level, int full_fsync){
  pPager->noSync =  level==1 || pPager->tempFile;
  pPager->fullSync = level==3 && !pPager->tempFile;
  pPager->full_fsync = full_fsync;
  if( pPager->noSync ) pPager->needSync = 0;
}
#endif

................................................................................
**
** Write the file descriptor into *fd.  Return SQLITE_OK on success or some
** other error code if we fail.
**
** The OS will automatically delete the temporary file when it is
** closed.
*/
static int sqlite3pager_opentemp(OsFile **pFd){
  int cnt = 8;
  int rc;
  char zFile[SQLITE_TEMPNAME_SIZE];

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  sqlite3_opentemp_count++;  /* Used for testing and analysis only */
#endif
................................................................................
  }while( cnt>0 && rc!=SQLITE_OK && rc!=SQLITE_NOMEM );
  return rc;
}

/*
** Create a new page cache and put a pointer to the page cache in *ppPager.
** The file to be cached need not exist.  The file is not locked until
** the first call to sqlite3pager_get() and is only held open until the
** last page is released using sqlite3pager_unref().
**
** If zFilename is NULL then a randomly-named temporary file is created
** and used as the file to be cached.  The file will be deleted
** automatically when it is closed.
**
** If zFilename is ":memory:" then all information is held in cache.
** It is never written to disk.  This can be used to implement an
** in-memory database.
*/
int sqlite3pager_open(
  Pager **ppPager,         /* Return the Pager structure here */
  const char *zFilename,   /* Name of the database file to open */
  int nExtra,              /* Extra bytes append to each in-memory page */
  int flags                /* flags controlling this file */
){
  Pager *pPager = 0;
  char *zFullPathname = 0;
................................................................................
    {
      zFullPathname = sqlite3OsFullPathname(zFilename);
      if( zFullPathname ){
        rc = sqlite3OsOpenReadWrite(zFullPathname, &fd, &readOnly);
      }
    }
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3pager_opentemp(&fd);
    sqlite3OsTempFileName(zTemp);
    zFilename = zTemp;
    zFullPathname = sqlite3OsFullPathname(zFilename);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      tempFile = 1;
    }
  }
................................................................................
#endif
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Set the busy handler function.
*/
void sqlite3pager_set_busyhandler(Pager *pPager, BusyHandler *pBusyHandler){
  pPager->pBusyHandler = pBusyHandler;
}

/*
** Set the destructor for this pager.  If not NULL, the destructor is called
** when the reference count on each page reaches zero.  The destructor can
** be used to clean up information in the extra segment appended to each page.
**
** The destructor is not called as a result sqlite3pager_close().  
** Destructors are only called by sqlite3pager_unref().
*/
void sqlite3pager_set_destructor(Pager *pPager, void (*xDesc)(void*,int)){
  pPager->xDestructor = xDesc;
}

/*
** Set the reinitializer for this pager.  If not NULL, the reinitializer
** is called when the content of a page in cache is restored to its original
** value as a result of a rollback.  The callback gives higher-level code
** an opportunity to restore the EXTRA section to agree with the restored
** page data.
*/
void sqlite3pager_set_reiniter(Pager *pPager, void (*xReinit)(void*,int)){
  pPager->xReiniter = xReinit;
}

/*
** Set the page size.  Return the new size.  If the suggest new page
** size is inappropriate, then an alternative page size is selected
** and returned.
*/
int sqlite3pager_set_pagesize(Pager *pPager, int pageSize){
  assert( pageSize>=512 && pageSize<=SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE );
  if( !pPager->memDb ){
    pPager->pageSize = pageSize;
    sqlite3ReallocOrFree((void **)&pPager->pTmpSpace, pageSize);
  }
  return pPager->pageSize;
}
................................................................................
**
** No error checking is done. The rational for this is that this function 
** may be called even if the file does not exist or contain a header. In 
** these cases sqlite3OsRead() will return an error, to which the correct 
** response is to zero the memory at pDest and continue.  A real IO error 
** will presumably recur and be picked up later (Todo: Think about this).
*/
int sqlite3pager_read_fileheader(Pager *pPager, int N, unsigned char *pDest){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  memset(pDest, 0, N);
  if( MEMDB==0 ){
    disable_simulated_io_errors();
    sqlite3OsSeek(pPager->fd, 0);
    enable_simulated_io_errors();
    IOTRACE(("DBHDR %p 0 %d\n", pPager, N))
................................................................................
** pPager. 
**
** If the PENDING_BYTE lies on the page directly after the end of the
** file, then consider this page part of the file too. For example, if
** PENDING_BYTE is byte 4096 (the first byte of page 5) and the size of the
** file is 4096 bytes, 5 is returned instead of 4.
*/
int sqlite3pager_pagecount(Pager *pPager){
  i64 n;
  int rc;
  assert( pPager!=0 );
  if( pPager->errCode ){
    return 0;
  }
  if( pPager->dbSize>=0 ){
................................................................................
** Forward declaration
*/
static int syncJournal(Pager*);

/*
** Unlink pPg from it's hash chain. Also set the page number to 0 to indicate
** that the page is not part of any hash chain. This is required because the
** sqlite3pager_movepage() routine can leave a page in the 
** pNextFree/pPrevFree list that is not a part of any hash-chain.
*/
static void unlinkHashChain(Pager *pPager, PgHdr *pPg){
  if( pPg->pgno==0 ){
    assert( pPg->pNextHash==0 && pPg->pPrevHash==0 );
    return;
  }
................................................................................
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Truncate the file to the number of pages specified.
*/
int sqlite3pager_truncate(Pager *pPager, Pgno nPage){
  int rc;
  assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_SHARED || MEMDB );
  sqlite3pager_pagecount(pPager);
  if( pPager->errCode ){
    rc = pPager->errCode;
    return rc;
  }
  if( nPage>=(unsigned)pPager->dbSize ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
................................................................................
** result in a coredump.
**
** This function always succeeds. If a transaction is active an attempt
** is made to roll it back. If an error occurs during the rollback 
** a hot journal may be left in the filesystem but no error is returned
** to the caller.
*/
int sqlite3pager_close(Pager *pPager){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
  /* A malloc() cannot fail in sqlite3ThreadData() as one or more calls to 
  ** malloc() must have already been made by this thread before it gets
  ** to this point. This means the ThreadData must have been allocated already
  ** so that ThreadData.nAlloc can be set.
  */
  ThreadData *pTsd = sqlite3ThreadData();
................................................................................
  sqliteFree(pPager);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return the page number for the given page data.
*/
Pgno sqlite3pager_pagenumber(void *pData){
  PgHdr *p = DATA_TO_PGHDR(pData);
  return p->pgno;
}

/*
** The page_ref() function increments the reference count for a page.
** If the page is currently on the freelist (the reference count is zero) then
** remove it from the freelist.
................................................................................
# define page_ref(P)   ((P)->nRef==0?_page_ref(P):(void)(P)->nRef++)
#endif

/*
** Increment the reference count for a page.  The input pointer is
** a reference to the page data.
*/
int sqlite3pager_ref(void *pData){
  PgHdr *pPg = DATA_TO_PGHDR(pData);
  page_ref(pPg);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Sync the journal.  In other words, make sure all the pages that have
** been written to the journal have actually reached the surface of the
................................................................................

  pList = sort_pagelist(pList);
  while( pList ){
    assert( pList->dirty );
    rc = sqlite3OsSeek(pPager->fd, (pList->pgno-1)*(i64)pPager->pageSize);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    /* If there are dirty pages in the page cache with page numbers greater
    ** than Pager.dbSize, this means sqlite3pager_truncate() was called to
    ** make the file smaller (presumably by auto-vacuum code). Do not write
    ** any such pages to the file.
    */
    if( pList->pgno<=pPager->dbSize ){
      char *pData = CODEC2(pPager, PGHDR_TO_DATA(pList), pList->pgno, 6);
      TRACE3("STORE %d page %d\n", PAGERID(pPager), pList->pgno);
      IOTRACE(("PGOUT %p %d\n", pPager, pList->pgno))
................................................................................
** exists, that is probably an old journal left over from a prior
** database with the same name.  Just delete the journal.
*/
static int hasHotJournal(Pager *pPager){
  if( !pPager->useJournal ) return 0;
  if( !sqlite3OsFileExists(pPager->zJournal) ) return 0;
  if( sqlite3OsCheckReservedLock(pPager->fd) ) return 0;
  if( sqlite3pager_pagecount(pPager)==0 ){
    sqlite3OsDelete(pPager->zJournal);
    return 0;
  }else{
    return 1;
  }
}

................................................................................
**
** nReq is the number of bytes of memory required. Once this much has
** been released, the function returns. A negative value for nReq means
** free as much memory as possible. The return value is the total number 
** of bytes of memory released.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
int sqlite3pager_release_memory(int nReq){
  const ThreadData *pTsdro = sqlite3ThreadDataReadOnly();
  Pager *p;
  int nReleased = 0;
  int i;

  /* If the the global mutex is held, this subroutine becomes a
  ** o-op; zero bytes of memory are freed.  This is because
................................................................................
** read occurs and the memory image of the page is initialized to
** all zeros.  The extra data appended to a page is always initialized
** to zeros the first time a page is loaded into memory.
**
** The acquisition might fail for several reasons.  In all cases,
** an appropriate error code is returned and *ppPage is set to NULL.
**
** See also sqlite3pager_lookup().  Both this routine and _lookup() attempt
** to find a page in the in-memory cache first.  If the page is not already
** in memory, this routine goes to disk to read it in whereas _lookup()
** just returns 0.  This routine acquires a read-lock the first time it
** has to go to disk, and could also playback an old journal if necessary.
** Since _lookup() never goes to disk, it never has to deal with locks
** or journal files.
**
** If clrFlag is false, the page contents are actually read from disk.
** If clfFlag is true, it means the page is about to be erased and
** rewritten without first being read so there is no point it doing
** the disk I/O.
*/
int sqlite3pager_acquire(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno, void **ppPage, int clrFlag){
  PgHdr *pPg;
  int rc;

  /* The maximum page number is 2^31. Return SQLITE_CORRUPT if a page
  ** number greater than this, or zero, is requested.
  */
  if( pgno>PAGER_MAX_PGNO || pgno==0 || pgno==PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) ){
................................................................................
    REFINFO(pPg);

    pPager->nRef++;
    if( pPager->nExtra>0 ){
      memset(PGHDR_TO_EXTRA(pPg, pPager), 0, pPager->nExtra);
    }
    if( pPager->errCode ){
      sqlite3pager_unref(PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPg));
      rc = pPager->errCode;
      return rc;
    }

    /* Populate the page with data, either by reading from the database
    ** file, or by setting the entire page to zero.
    */
    if( sqlite3pager_pagecount(pPager)<(int)pgno || MEMDB
         || (clrFlag && !pPager->alwaysRollback) 
    ){
      memset(PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPg), 0, pPager->pageSize);
    }else{
      assert( MEMDB==0 );
      rc = sqlite3OsSeek(pPager->fd, (pgno-1)*(i64)pPager->pageSize);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
                              pPager->pageSize);
      }
      IOTRACE(("PGIN %p %d\n", pPager, pgno))
      TRACE3("FETCH %d page %d\n", PAGERID(pPager), pPg->pgno);
      CODEC1(pPager, PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPg), pPg->pgno, 3);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK && rc!=SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ ){
        pPg->pgno = 0;
        sqlite3pager_unref(PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPg));
        return rc;
      }else{
        TEST_INCR(pPager->nRead);
      }
    }

    /* Link the page into the page hash table */
................................................................................
    pPg->pageHash = pager_pagehash(pPg);
#endif
  }else{
    /* The requested page is in the page cache. */
    TEST_INCR(pPager->nHit);
    page_ref(pPg);
  }
  *ppPage = PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPg);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Acquire a page if it is already in the in-memory cache.  Do
** not read the page from disk.  Return a pointer to the page,
** or 0 if the page is not in cache.
**
** See also sqlite3pager_get().  The difference between this routine
** and sqlite3pager_get() is that _get() will go to the disk and read
** in the page if the page is not already in cache.  This routine
** returns NULL if the page is not in cache or if a disk I/O error 
** has ever happened.
*/
void *sqlite3pager_lookup(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno){
  PgHdr *pPg;

  assert( pPager!=0 );
  assert( pgno!=0 );
  if( pPager->errCode && pPager->errCode!=SQLITE_FULL ){
    return 0;
  }
  pPg = pager_lookup(pPager, pgno);
  if( pPg==0 ) return 0;
  page_ref(pPg);
  return PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPg);
}

/*
** Release a page.
**
** If the number of references to the page drop to zero, then the
** page is added to the LRU list.  When all references to all pages
** are released, a rollback occurs and the lock on the database is
** removed.
*/
int sqlite3pager_unref(void *pData){
  PgHdr *pPg;

  /* Decrement the reference count for this page
  */
  pPg = DATA_TO_PGHDR(pData);
  assert( pPg->nRef>0 );
  pPg->nRef--;
  REFINFO(pPg);

  CHECK_PAGE(pPg);

  /* When the number of references to a page reach 0, call the
................................................................................
    }else{
      pPager->pFirst = pPg;
    }
    if( pPg->needSync==0 && pPager->pFirstSynced==0 ){
      pPager->pFirstSynced = pPg;
    }
    if( pPager->xDestructor ){
      pPager->xDestructor(pData, pPager->pageSize);
    }
  
    /* When all pages reach the freelist, drop the read lock from
    ** the database file.
    */
    pPager->nRef--;
    assert( pPager->nRef>=0 );
................................................................................
static int pager_open_journal(Pager *pPager){
  int rc;
  assert( !MEMDB );
  assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_RESERVED );
  assert( pPager->journalOpen==0 );
  assert( pPager->useJournal );
  assert( pPager->aInJournal==0 );
  sqlite3pager_pagecount(pPager);
  pPager->aInJournal = sqliteMalloc( pPager->dbSize/8 + 1 );
  if( pPager->aInJournal==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto failed_to_open_journal;
  }
  rc = sqlite3OsOpenExclusive(pPager->zJournal, &pPager->jfd,
                                 pPager->tempFile);
................................................................................
    goto failed_to_open_journal;
  }
  pPager->origDbSize = pPager->dbSize;

  rc = writeJournalHdr(pPager);

  if( pPager->stmtAutoopen && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3pager_stmt_begin(pPager);
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK && rc!=SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    rc = pager_unwritelock(pPager);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = SQLITE_FULL;
    }
  }
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Acquire a write-lock on the database.  The lock is removed when
** the any of the following happen:
**
**   *  sqlite3pager_commit() is called.
**   *  sqlite3pager_rollback() is called.
**   *  sqlite3pager_close() is called.
**   *  sqlite3pager_unref() is called to on every outstanding page.
**
** The first parameter to this routine is a pointer to any open page of the
** database file.  Nothing changes about the page - it is used merely to
** acquire a pointer to the Pager structure and as proof that there is
** already a read-lock on the database.
**
** The second parameter indicates how much space in bytes to reserve for a
................................................................................
**
** If the database is already reserved for writing, this routine is a no-op.
**
** If exFlag is true, go ahead and get an EXCLUSIVE lock on the file
** immediately instead of waiting until we try to flush the cache.  The
** exFlag is ignored if a transaction is already active.
*/
int sqlite3pager_begin(void *pData, int exFlag){
  PgHdr *pPg = DATA_TO_PGHDR(pData);
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  assert( pPg->nRef>0 );
  assert( pPager->state!=PAGER_UNLOCK );
  if( pPager->state==PAGER_SHARED ){
    assert( pPager->aInJournal==0 );
    if( MEMDB ){
................................................................................
** lock could not be acquired, this routine returns SQLITE_BUSY.  The
** calling routine must check for that return value and be careful not to
** change any page data until this routine returns SQLITE_OK.
**
** If the journal file could not be written because the disk is full,
** then this routine returns SQLITE_FULL and does an immediate rollback.
** All subsequent write attempts also return SQLITE_FULL until there
** is a call to sqlite3pager_commit() or sqlite3pager_rollback() to
** reset.
*/
static int pager_write(void *pData){
  PgHdr *pPg = DATA_TO_PGHDR(pData);
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  /* Check for errors
  */
  if( pPager->errCode ){ 
    return pPager->errCode;
................................................................................
    ** written to the transaction journal or the ckeckpoint journal
    ** or both.
    **
    ** First check to see that the transaction journal exists and
    ** create it if it does not.
    */
    assert( pPager->state!=PAGER_UNLOCK );
    rc = sqlite3pager_begin(pData, 0);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_RESERVED );
    if( !pPager->journalOpen && pPager->useJournal ){
      rc = pager_open_journal(pPager);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
................................................................................
** and write the page *pData to the journal.
**
** The difference between this function and pager_write() is that this
** function also deals with the special case where 2 or more pages
** fit on a single disk sector. In this case all co-resident pages
** must have been written to the journal file before returning.
*/
int sqlite3pager_write(void *pData){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  PgHdr *pPg = DATA_TO_PGHDR(pData);
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  Pgno nPagePerSector = (pPager->sectorSize/pPager->pageSize);

  if( !MEMDB && nPagePerSector>1 ){
    Pgno nPageCount;          /* Total number of pages in database file */
    Pgno pg1;                 /* First page of the sector pPg is located on. */
    int nPage;                /* Number of pages starting at pg1 to journal */
................................................................................

    /* This trick assumes that both the page-size and sector-size are
    ** an integer power of 2. It sets variable pg1 to the identifier
    ** of the first page of the sector pPg is located on.
    */
    pg1 = ((pPg->pgno-1) & ~(nPagePerSector-1)) + 1;

    nPageCount = sqlite3pager_pagecount(pPager);
    if( pPg->pgno>nPageCount ){
      nPage = (pPg->pgno - pg1)+1;
    }else if( (pg1+nPagePerSector-1)>nPageCount ){
      nPage = nPageCount+1-pg1;
    }else{
      nPage = nPagePerSector;
    }
................................................................................

    for(ii=0; ii<nPage && rc==SQLITE_OK; ii++){
      Pgno pg = pg1+ii;
      if( !pPager->aInJournal || pg==pPg->pgno || 
          pg>pPager->origDbSize || !(pPager->aInJournal[pg/8]&(1<<(pg&7)))
      ) {
        if( pg!=PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) ){
          void *pPage;
          rc = sqlite3pager_get(pPager, pg, &pPage);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            rc = pager_write(pPage);
            sqlite3pager_unref(pPage);
          }
        }
      }
    }

    assert( pPager->doNotSync==1 );
    pPager->doNotSync = 0;
  }else{
    rc = pager_write(pData);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the page given in the argument was previously passed
** to sqlite3pager_write().  In other words, return TRUE if it is ok
** to change the content of the page.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
int sqlite3pager_iswriteable(void *pData){
  PgHdr *pPg = DATA_TO_PGHDR(pData);
  return pPg->dirty;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM
/*
** Replace the content of a single page with the information in the third
** argument.
*/
int sqlite3pager_overwrite(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno, void *pData){
  void *pPage;
  int rc;

  rc = sqlite3pager_get(pPager, pgno, &pPage);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPage);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      memcpy(pPage, pData, pPager->pageSize);
    }
    sqlite3pager_unref(pPage);
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif

/*
** A call to this routine tells the pager that it is not necessary to
................................................................................
** that page might be marked as dirty.
**
** The overlying software layer calls this routine when all of the data
** on the given page is unused.  The pager marks the page as clean so
** that it does not get written to disk.
**
** Tests show that this optimization, together with the
** sqlite3pager_dont_rollback() below, more than double the speed
** of large INSERT operations and quadruple the speed of large DELETEs.
**
** When this routine is called, set the alwaysRollback flag to true.
** Subsequent calls to sqlite3pager_dont_rollback() for the same page
** will thereafter be ignored.  This is necessary to avoid a problem
** where a page with data is added to the freelist during one part of
** a transaction then removed from the freelist during a later part
** of the same transaction and reused for some other purpose.  When it
** is first added to the freelist, this routine is called.  When reused,
** the dont_rollback() routine is called.  But because the page contains
** critical data, we still need to be sure it gets rolled back in spite
** of the dont_rollback() call.
*/
void sqlite3pager_dont_write(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno){
  PgHdr *pPg;

  if( MEMDB ) return;

  pPg = pager_lookup(pPager, pgno);
  assert( pPg!=0 );  /* We never call _dont_write unless the page is in mem */
  pPg->alwaysRollback = 1;
................................................................................

/*
** A call to this routine tells the pager that if a rollback occurs,
** it is not necessary to restore the data on the given page.  This
** means that the pager does not have to record the given page in the
** rollback journal.
*/
void sqlite3pager_dont_rollback(void *pData){
  PgHdr *pPg = DATA_TO_PGHDR(pData);
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;

  assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_RESERVED );
  if( pPager->journalOpen==0 ) return;
  if( pPg->alwaysRollback || pPager->alwaysRollback || MEMDB ) return;
  if( !pPg->inJournal && (int)pPg->pgno <= pPager->origDbSize ){
    assert( pPager->aInJournal!=0 );
................................................................................
/*
** Commit all changes to the database and release the write lock.
**
** If the commit fails for any reason, a rollback attempt is made
** and an error code is returned.  If the commit worked, SQLITE_OK
** is returned.
*/
int sqlite3pager_commit(Pager *pPager){
  int rc;
  PgHdr *pPg;

  if( pPager->errCode ){
    return pPager->errCode;
  }
  if( pPager->state<PAGER_RESERVED ){
................................................................................
    /* Exit early (without doing the time-consuming sqlite3OsSync() calls)
    ** if there have been no changes to the database file. */
    assert( pPager->needSync==0 );
    rc = pager_unwritelock(pPager);
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pPager->journalOpen );
  rc = sqlite3pager_sync(pPager, 0, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pager_unwritelock(pPager);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
** This routine cannot fail unless some other process is not following
** the correct locking protocol (SQLITE_PROTOCOL) or unless some other
** process is writing trash into the journal file (SQLITE_CORRUPT) or
** unless a prior malloc() failed (SQLITE_NOMEM).  Appropriate error
** codes are returned for all these occasions.  Otherwise,
** SQLITE_OK is returned.
*/
int sqlite3pager_rollback(Pager *pPager){
  int rc;
  TRACE2("ROLLBACK %d\n", PAGERID(pPager));
  if( MEMDB ){
    PgHdr *p;
    for(p=pPager->pAll; p; p=p->pNextAll){
      PgHistory *pHist;
      assert( !p->alwaysRollback );
................................................................................
      }
      clearHistory(pHist);
      p->dirty = 0;
      p->inJournal = 0;
      p->inStmt = 0;
      p->pPrevStmt = p->pNextStmt = 0;
      if( pPager->xReiniter ){
        pPager->xReiniter(PGHDR_TO_DATA(p), pPager->pageSize);
      }
    }
    pPager->pDirty = 0;
    pPager->pStmt = 0;
    pPager->dbSize = pPager->origDbSize;
    memoryTruncate(pPager);
    pPager->stmtInUse = 0;
................................................................................
  return pager_error(pPager, rc);
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the database file is opened read-only.  Return FALSE
** if the database is (in theory) writable.
*/
int sqlite3pager_isreadonly(Pager *pPager){
  return pPager->readOnly;
}

/*
** Return the number of references to the pager.
*/
int sqlite3pager_refcount(Pager *pPager){
  return pPager->nRef;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
/*
** This routine is used for testing and analysis only.
*/
int *sqlite3pager_stats(Pager *pPager){
  static int a[11];
  a[0] = pPager->nRef;
  a[1] = pPager->nPage;
  a[2] = pPager->mxPage;
  a[3] = pPager->dbSize;
  a[4] = pPager->state;
  a[5] = pPager->errCode;
................................................................................
/*
** Set the statement rollback point.
**
** This routine should be called with the transaction journal already
** open.  A new statement journal is created that can be used to rollback
** changes of a single SQL command within a larger transaction.
*/
int sqlite3pager_stmt_begin(Pager *pPager){
  int rc;
  assert( !pPager->stmtInUse );
  assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_SHARED );
  assert( pPager->dbSize>=0 );
  TRACE2("STMT-BEGIN %d\n", PAGERID(pPager));
  if( MEMDB ){
    pPager->stmtInUse = 1;
................................................................................
  assert( pPager->stmtJSize == pPager->journalOff );
#endif
  pPager->stmtJSize = pPager->journalOff;
  pPager->stmtSize = pPager->dbSize;
  pPager->stmtHdrOff = 0;
  pPager->stmtCksum = pPager->cksumInit;
  if( !pPager->stmtOpen ){
    rc = sqlite3pager_opentemp(&pPager->stfd);
    if( rc ) goto stmt_begin_failed;
    pPager->stmtOpen = 1;
    pPager->stmtNRec = 0;
  }
  pPager->stmtInUse = 1;
  return SQLITE_OK;
 
................................................................................
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Commit a statement.
*/
int sqlite3pager_stmt_commit(Pager *pPager){
  if( pPager->stmtInUse ){
    PgHdr *pPg, *pNext;
    TRACE2("STMT-COMMIT %d\n", PAGERID(pPager));
    if( !MEMDB ){
      sqlite3OsSeek(pPager->stfd, 0);
      /* sqlite3OsTruncate(pPager->stfd, 0); */
      sqliteFree( pPager->aInStmt );
................................................................................
  pPager->stmtAutoopen = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Rollback a statement.
*/
int sqlite3pager_stmt_rollback(Pager *pPager){
  int rc;
  if( pPager->stmtInUse ){
    TRACE2("STMT-ROLLBACK %d\n", PAGERID(pPager));
    if( MEMDB ){
      PgHdr *pPg;
      for(pPg=pPager->pStmt; pPg; pPg=pPg->pNextStmt){
        PgHistory *pHist = PGHDR_TO_HIST(pPg, pPager);
................................................................................
      }
      pPager->dbSize = pPager->stmtSize;
      memoryTruncate(pPager);
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }else{
      rc = pager_stmt_playback(pPager);
    }
    sqlite3pager_stmt_commit(pPager);
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pPager->stmtAutoopen = 0;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return the full pathname of the database file.
*/
const char *sqlite3pager_filename(Pager *pPager){
  return pPager->zFilename;
}

/*
** Return the directory of the database file.
*/
const char *sqlite3pager_dirname(Pager *pPager){
  return pPager->zDirectory;
}

/*
** Return the full pathname of the journal file.
*/
const char *sqlite3pager_journalname(Pager *pPager){
  return pPager->zJournal;
}

/*
** Return true if fsync() calls are disabled for this pager.  Return FALSE
** if fsync()s are executed normally.
*/
int sqlite3pager_nosync(Pager *pPager){
  return pPager->noSync;
}

/*
** Set the codec for this pager
*/
void sqlite3pager_set_codec(
  Pager *pPager,
  void *(*xCodec)(void*,void*,Pgno,int),
  void *pCodecArg
){
  pPager->xCodec = xCodec;
  pPager->pCodecArg = pCodecArg;
}

/*
** This routine is called to increment the database file change-counter,
** stored at byte 24 of the pager file.
*/
static int pager_incr_changecounter(Pager *pPager){
  void *pPage;
  PgHdr *pPgHdr;
  u32 change_counter;
  int rc;

  /* Open page 1 of the file for writing. */
  rc = sqlite3pager_get(pPager, 1, &pPage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  /* Read the current value at byte 24. */
  pPgHdr = DATA_TO_PGHDR(pPage);
  change_counter = retrieve32bits(pPgHdr, 24);

  /* Increment the value just read and write it back to byte 24. */
  change_counter++;
  put32bits(((char*)PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPgHdr))+24, change_counter);

  /* Release the page reference. */
  sqlite3pager_unref(pPage);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Sync the database file for the pager pPager. zMaster points to the name
** of a master journal file that should be written into the individual
** journal file. zMaster may be NULL, which is interpreted as no master
................................................................................
**
** This routine ensures that the journal is synced, all dirty pages written
** to the database file and the database file synced. The only thing that
** remains to commit the transaction is to delete the journal file (or
** master journal file if specified).
**
** Note that if zMaster==NULL, this does not overwrite a previous value
** passed to an sqlite3pager_sync() call.
**
** If parameter nTrunc is non-zero, then the pager file is truncated to
** nTrunc pages (this is used by auto-vacuum databases).
*/
int sqlite3pager_sync(Pager *pPager, const char *zMaster, Pgno nTrunc){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  TRACE4("DATABASE SYNC: File=%s zMaster=%s nTrunc=%d\n", 
      pPager->zFilename, zMaster, nTrunc);

  /* If this is an in-memory db, or no pages have been written to, or this
  ** function has already been called, it is a no-op.
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      if( nTrunc!=0 ){
        /* If this transaction has made the database smaller, then all pages
        ** being discarded by the truncation must be written to the journal
        ** file.
        */
        Pgno i;
        void *pPage;
        int iSkip = PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager);
        for( i=nTrunc+1; i<=pPager->origDbSize; i++ ){
          if( !(pPager->aInJournal[i/8] & (1<<(i&7))) && i!=iSkip ){
            rc = sqlite3pager_get(pPager, i, &pPage);
            if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto sync_exit;
            rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPage);
            sqlite3pager_unref(pPage);
            if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto sync_exit;
          }
        } 
      }
#endif
      rc = writeMasterJournal(pPager, zMaster);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto sync_exit;
      rc = syncJournal(pPager);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto sync_exit;
    }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( nTrunc!=0 ){
      rc = sqlite3pager_truncate(pPager, nTrunc);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto sync_exit;
    }
#endif

    /* Write all dirty pages to the database file */
    pPg = pager_get_all_dirty_pages(pPager);
    rc = pager_write_pagelist(pPg);
................................................................................
    if( !pPager->noSync ){
      rc = sqlite3OsSync(pPager->fd, 0);
    }
    IOTRACE(("DBSYNC %p\n", pPager))

    pPager->state = PAGER_SYNCED;
  }else if( MEMDB && nTrunc!=0 ){
    rc = sqlite3pager_truncate(pPager, nTrunc);
  }

sync_exit:
  return rc;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
................................................................................
** allocated along with the page) is the responsibility of the caller.
**
** A transaction must be active when this routine is called. It used to be
** required that a statement transaction was not active, but this restriction
** has been removed (CREATE INDEX needs to move a page when a statement
** transaction is active).
*/
int sqlite3pager_movepage(Pager *pPager, void *pData, Pgno pgno){
  PgHdr *pPg = DATA_TO_PGHDR(pData);
  PgHdr *pPgOld; 
  int h;
  Pgno needSyncPgno = 0;

  assert( pPg->nRef>0 );

  TRACE5("MOVE %d page %d (needSync=%d) moves to %d\n", 
................................................................................
  if( needSyncPgno ){
    /* If needSyncPgno is non-zero, then the journal file needs to be 
    ** sync()ed before any data is written to database file page needSyncPgno.
    ** Currently, no such page exists in the page-cache and the 
    ** Pager.aInJournal bit has been set. This needs to be remedied by loading
    ** the page into the pager-cache and setting the PgHdr.needSync flag.
    **
    ** The sqlite3pager_get() call may cause the journal to sync. So make
    ** sure the Pager.needSync flag is set too.
    */
    int rc;
    void *pNeedSync;
    assert( pPager->needSync );
    rc = sqlite3pager_get(pPager, needSyncPgno, &pNeedSync);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    pPager->needSync = 1;
    DATA_TO_PGHDR(pNeedSync)->needSync = 1;
    DATA_TO_PGHDR(pNeedSync)->inJournal = 1;
    makeDirty(DATA_TO_PGHDR(pNeedSync));
    sqlite3pager_unref(pNeedSync);
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

















#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
/*
** Return the current state of the file lock for the given pager.
** The return value is one of NO_LOCK, SHARED_LOCK, RESERVED_LOCK,
** PENDING_LOCK, or EXCLUSIVE_LOCK.
*/
int sqlite3pager_lockstate(Pager *pPager){
  return sqlite3OsLockState(pPager->fd);
}
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Print a listing of all referenced pages and their ref count.
*/
void sqlite3pager_refdump(Pager *pPager){
  PgHdr *pPg;
  for(pPg=pPager->pAll; pPg; pPg=pPg->pNextAll){
    if( pPg->nRef<=0 ) continue;
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("PAGE %3d addr=%p nRef=%d\n", 
       pPg->pgno, PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPg), pPg->nRef);
  }
}
#endif

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO */







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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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** The pager is used to access a database disk file.  It implements
** atomic commit and rollback through the use of a journal file that
** is separate from the database file.  The pager also implements file
** locking to prevent two processes from writing the same database
** file simultaneously, or one process from reading the database while
** another is writing.
**
** @(#) $Id: pager.c,v 1.292 2007/03/19 17:44:27 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "os.h"
#include "pager.h"
#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>
................................................................................
**                       after all dirty pages have been written to the
**                       database file and the file has been synced to
**                       disk. All that remains to do is to remove the
**                       journal file and the transaction will be
**                       committed.
**
** The page cache comes up in PAGER_UNLOCK.  The first time a
** sqlite3PagerGet() occurs, the state transitions to PAGER_SHARED.
** After all pages have been released using sqlite_page_unref(),
** the state transitions back to PAGER_UNLOCK.  The first time
** that sqlite3PagerWrite() is called, the state transitions to
** PAGER_RESERVED.  (Note that sqlite_page_write() can only be
** called on an outstanding page which means that the pager must
** be in PAGER_SHARED before it transitions to PAGER_RESERVED.)
** The transition to PAGER_EXCLUSIVE occurs when before any changes
** are made to the database file.  After an sqlite3PagerRollback()
** or sqlite_pager_commit(), the state goes back to PAGER_SHARED.
*/
#define PAGER_UNLOCK      0
#define PAGER_SHARED      1   /* same as SHARED_LOCK */
#define PAGER_RESERVED    2   /* same as RESERVED_LOCK */
#define PAGER_EXCLUSIVE   4   /* same as EXCLUSIVE_LOCK */
#define PAGER_SYNCED      5
................................................................................
#define FORCE_ALIGNMENT(X)   (((X)+7)&~7)

/*
** Each in-memory image of a page begins with the following header.
** This header is only visible to this pager module.  The client
** code that calls pager sees only the data that follows the header.
**
** Client code should call sqlite3PagerWrite() on a page prior to making
** any modifications to that page.  The first time sqlite3PagerWrite()
** is called, the original page contents are written into the rollback
** journal and PgHdr.inJournal and PgHdr.needSync are set.  Later, once
** the journal page has made it onto the disk surface, PgHdr.needSync
** is cleared.  The modified page cannot be written back into the original
** database file until the journal pages has been synced to disk and the
** PgHdr.needSync has been cleared.
**
** The PgHdr.dirty flag is set when sqlite3PagerWrite() is called and
** is cleared again when the page content is written back to the original
** database file.
*/
typedef struct PgHdr PgHdr;
struct PgHdr {
  Pager *pPager;                 /* The pager to which this page belongs */
  Pgno pgno;                     /* The page number for this page */
................................................................................
** A open page cache is an instance of the following structure.
**
** Pager.errCode may be set to SQLITE_IOERR, SQLITE_CORRUPT, SQLITE_PROTOCOL
** or SQLITE_FULL. Once one of the first three errors occurs, it persists
** and is returned as the result of every major pager API call.  The
** SQLITE_FULL return code is slightly different. It persists only until the
** next successful rollback is performed on the pager cache. Also,
** SQLITE_FULL does not affect the sqlite3PagerGet() and sqlite3PagerLookup()
** APIs, they may still be used successfully.
*/
struct Pager {
  u8 journalOpen;             /* True if journal file descriptors is valid */
  u8 journalStarted;          /* True if header of journal is synced */
  u8 useJournal;              /* Use a rollback journal on this file */
  u8 noReadlock;              /* Do not bother to obtain readlocks */
................................................................................
  i64 stmtCksum;              /* cksumInit when statement was started */
  i64 stmtJSize;              /* Size of journal at stmt_begin() */
  int sectorSize;             /* Assumed sector size during rollback */
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  int nHit, nMiss, nOvfl;     /* Cache hits, missing, and LRU overflows */
  int nRead,nWrite;           /* Database pages read/written */
#endif
  void (*xDestructor)(DbPage*,int); /* Call this routine when freeing pages */
  void (*xReiniter)(DbPage*,int);   /* Call this routine when reloading pages */
  void *(*xCodec)(void*,void*,Pgno,int); /* Routine for en/decoding data */
  void *pCodecArg;            /* First argument to xCodec() */
  int nHash;                  /* Size of the pager hash table */
  PgHdr **aHash;              /* Hash table to map page number to PgHdr */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
  Pager *pNext;               /* Linked list of pagers in this thread */
#endif
................................................................................
}

/*
** Add or remove a page from the list of all pages that are in the
** statement journal.
**
** The Pager keeps a separate list of pages that are currently in
** the statement journal.  This helps the sqlite3PagerStmtCommit()
** routine run MUCH faster for the common case where there are many
** pages in memory but only a few are in the statement journal.
*/
static void page_add_to_stmt_list(PgHdr *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  if( pPg->inStmt ) return;
  assert( pPg->pPrevStmt==0 && pPg->pNextStmt==0 );
................................................................................
  pPager->pLast = 0;
  pPager->pAll = 0;
  pPager->nHash = 0;
  sqliteFree(pPager->aHash);
  pPager->nPage = 0;
  pPager->aHash = 0;
  if( pPager->state>=PAGER_RESERVED ){
    sqlite3PagerRollback(pPager);
  }
  pager_unlock(pPager);
  pPager->nRef = 0;
  assert( pPager->errCode || (pPager->journalOpen==0 && pPager->stmtOpen==0) );
}

/*
................................................................................
static int pager_unwritelock(Pager *pPager){
  PgHdr *pPg;
  int rc;
  assert( !MEMDB );
  if( pPager->state<PAGER_RESERVED ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  sqlite3PagerStmtCommit(pPager);
  if( pPager->stmtOpen ){
    sqlite3OsClose(&pPager->stfd);
    pPager->stmtOpen = 0;
  }
  if( pPager->journalOpen ){
    sqlite3OsClose(&pPager->jfd);
    pPager->journalOpen = 0;
................................................................................
    }
  }
  if( pPg ){
    /* No page should ever be explicitly rolled back that is in use, except
    ** for page 1 which is held in use in order to keep the lock on the
    ** database active. However such a page may be rolled back as a result
    ** of an internal error resulting in an automatic call to
    ** sqlite3PagerRollback().
    */
    void *pData;
    /* assert( pPg->nRef==0 || pPg->pgno==1 ); */
    pData = PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPg);
    memcpy(pData, aData, pPager->pageSize);
    if( pPager->xDestructor ){  /*** FIX ME:  Should this be xReinit? ***/
      pPager->xDestructor(pPg, pPager->pageSize);
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES
    pPg->pageHash = pager_pagehash(pPg);
#endif
    CODEC1(pPager, pData, pPg->pgno, 3);
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
      CODEC1(pPager, zBuf, pPg->pgno, 2);
    }else{
      memset(zBuf, 0, pPager->pageSize);
    }
    if( pPg->nRef==0 || memcmp(zBuf, PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPg), pPager->pageSize) ){
      memcpy(PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPg), zBuf, pPager->pageSize);
      if( pPager->xReiniter ){
        pPager->xReiniter(pPg, pPager->pageSize);
      }else{
        memset(PGHDR_TO_EXTRA(pPg, pPager), 0, pPager->nExtra);
      }
    }
    pPg->needSync = 0;
    pPg->dirty = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES
................................................................................
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Change the maximum number of in-memory pages that are allowed.
*/
void sqlite3PagerSetCachesize(Pager *pPager, int mxPage){
  if( mxPage>10 ){
    pPager->mxPage = mxPage;
  }else{
    pPager->mxPage = 10;
  }
}

................................................................................
**              assurance that the journal will not be corrupted to the
**              point of causing damage to the database during rollback.
**
** Numeric values associated with these states are OFF==1, NORMAL=2,
** and FULL=3.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS
void sqlite3PagerSetSafetyLevel(Pager *pPager, int level, int full_fsync){
  pPager->noSync =  level==1 || pPager->tempFile;
  pPager->fullSync = level==3 && !pPager->tempFile;
  pPager->full_fsync = full_fsync;
  if( pPager->noSync ) pPager->needSync = 0;
}
#endif

................................................................................
**
** Write the file descriptor into *fd.  Return SQLITE_OK on success or some
** other error code if we fail.
**
** The OS will automatically delete the temporary file when it is
** closed.
*/
static int sqlite3PagerOpentemp(OsFile **pFd){
  int cnt = 8;
  int rc;
  char zFile[SQLITE_TEMPNAME_SIZE];

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  sqlite3_opentemp_count++;  /* Used for testing and analysis only */
#endif
................................................................................
  }while( cnt>0 && rc!=SQLITE_OK && rc!=SQLITE_NOMEM );
  return rc;
}

/*
** Create a new page cache and put a pointer to the page cache in *ppPager.
** The file to be cached need not exist.  The file is not locked until
** the first call to sqlite3PagerGet() and is only held open until the
** last page is released using sqlite3PagerUnref().
**
** If zFilename is NULL then a randomly-named temporary file is created
** and used as the file to be cached.  The file will be deleted
** automatically when it is closed.
**
** If zFilename is ":memory:" then all information is held in cache.
** It is never written to disk.  This can be used to implement an
** in-memory database.
*/
int sqlite3PagerOpen(
  Pager **ppPager,         /* Return the Pager structure here */
  const char *zFilename,   /* Name of the database file to open */
  int nExtra,              /* Extra bytes append to each in-memory page */
  int flags                /* flags controlling this file */
){
  Pager *pPager = 0;
  char *zFullPathname = 0;
................................................................................
    {
      zFullPathname = sqlite3OsFullPathname(zFilename);
      if( zFullPathname ){
        rc = sqlite3OsOpenReadWrite(zFullPathname, &fd, &readOnly);
      }
    }
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3PagerOpentemp(&fd);
    sqlite3OsTempFileName(zTemp);
    zFilename = zTemp;
    zFullPathname = sqlite3OsFullPathname(zFilename);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      tempFile = 1;
    }
  }
................................................................................
#endif
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Set the busy handler function.
*/
void sqlite3PagerSetBusyhandler(Pager *pPager, BusyHandler *pBusyHandler){
  pPager->pBusyHandler = pBusyHandler;
}

/*
** Set the destructor for this pager.  If not NULL, the destructor is called
** when the reference count on each page reaches zero.  The destructor can
** be used to clean up information in the extra segment appended to each page.
**
** The destructor is not called as a result sqlite3PagerClose().  
** Destructors are only called by sqlite3PagerUnref().
*/
void sqlite3PagerSetDestructor(Pager *pPager, void (*xDesc)(DbPage*,int)){
  pPager->xDestructor = xDesc;
}

/*
** Set the reinitializer for this pager.  If not NULL, the reinitializer
** is called when the content of a page in cache is restored to its original
** value as a result of a rollback.  The callback gives higher-level code
** an opportunity to restore the EXTRA section to agree with the restored
** page data.
*/
void sqlite3PagerSetReiniter(Pager *pPager, void (*xReinit)(DbPage*,int)){
  pPager->xReiniter = xReinit;
}

/*
** Set the page size.  Return the new size.  If the suggest new page
** size is inappropriate, then an alternative page size is selected
** and returned.
*/
int sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(Pager *pPager, int pageSize){
  assert( pageSize>=512 && pageSize<=SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE );
  if( !pPager->memDb ){
    pPager->pageSize = pageSize;
    sqlite3ReallocOrFree((void **)&pPager->pTmpSpace, pageSize);
  }
  return pPager->pageSize;
}
................................................................................
**
** No error checking is done. The rational for this is that this function 
** may be called even if the file does not exist or contain a header. In 
** these cases sqlite3OsRead() will return an error, to which the correct 
** response is to zero the memory at pDest and continue.  A real IO error 
** will presumably recur and be picked up later (Todo: Think about this).
*/
int sqlite3PagerReadFileheader(Pager *pPager, int N, unsigned char *pDest){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  memset(pDest, 0, N);
  if( MEMDB==0 ){
    disable_simulated_io_errors();
    sqlite3OsSeek(pPager->fd, 0);
    enable_simulated_io_errors();
    IOTRACE(("DBHDR %p 0 %d\n", pPager, N))
................................................................................
** pPager. 
**
** If the PENDING_BYTE lies on the page directly after the end of the
** file, then consider this page part of the file too. For example, if
** PENDING_BYTE is byte 4096 (the first byte of page 5) and the size of the
** file is 4096 bytes, 5 is returned instead of 4.
*/
int sqlite3PagerPagecount(Pager *pPager){
  i64 n;
  int rc;
  assert( pPager!=0 );
  if( pPager->errCode ){
    return 0;
  }
  if( pPager->dbSize>=0 ){
................................................................................
** Forward declaration
*/
static int syncJournal(Pager*);

/*
** Unlink pPg from it's hash chain. Also set the page number to 0 to indicate
** that the page is not part of any hash chain. This is required because the
** sqlite3PagerMovepage() routine can leave a page in the 
** pNextFree/pPrevFree list that is not a part of any hash-chain.
*/
static void unlinkHashChain(Pager *pPager, PgHdr *pPg){
  if( pPg->pgno==0 ){
    assert( pPg->pNextHash==0 && pPg->pPrevHash==0 );
    return;
  }
................................................................................
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Truncate the file to the number of pages specified.
*/
int sqlite3PagerTruncate(Pager *pPager, Pgno nPage){
  int rc;
  assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_SHARED || MEMDB );
  sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager);
  if( pPager->errCode ){
    rc = pPager->errCode;
    return rc;
  }
  if( nPage>=(unsigned)pPager->dbSize ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
................................................................................
** result in a coredump.
**
** This function always succeeds. If a transaction is active an attempt
** is made to roll it back. If an error occurs during the rollback 
** a hot journal may be left in the filesystem but no error is returned
** to the caller.
*/
int sqlite3PagerClose(Pager *pPager){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
  /* A malloc() cannot fail in sqlite3ThreadData() as one or more calls to 
  ** malloc() must have already been made by this thread before it gets
  ** to this point. This means the ThreadData must have been allocated already
  ** so that ThreadData.nAlloc can be set.
  */
  ThreadData *pTsd = sqlite3ThreadData();
................................................................................
  sqliteFree(pPager);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return the page number for the given page data.
*/
Pgno sqlite3PagerPagenumber(DbPage *p){

  return p->pgno;
}

/*
** The page_ref() function increments the reference count for a page.
** If the page is currently on the freelist (the reference count is zero) then
** remove it from the freelist.
................................................................................
# define page_ref(P)   ((P)->nRef==0?_page_ref(P):(void)(P)->nRef++)
#endif

/*
** Increment the reference count for a page.  The input pointer is
** a reference to the page data.
*/
int sqlite3PagerRef(DbPage *pPg){

  page_ref(pPg);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Sync the journal.  In other words, make sure all the pages that have
** been written to the journal have actually reached the surface of the
................................................................................

  pList = sort_pagelist(pList);
  while( pList ){
    assert( pList->dirty );
    rc = sqlite3OsSeek(pPager->fd, (pList->pgno-1)*(i64)pPager->pageSize);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    /* If there are dirty pages in the page cache with page numbers greater
    ** than Pager.dbSize, this means sqlite3PagerTruncate() was called to
    ** make the file smaller (presumably by auto-vacuum code). Do not write
    ** any such pages to the file.
    */
    if( pList->pgno<=pPager->dbSize ){
      char *pData = CODEC2(pPager, PGHDR_TO_DATA(pList), pList->pgno, 6);
      TRACE3("STORE %d page %d\n", PAGERID(pPager), pList->pgno);
      IOTRACE(("PGOUT %p %d\n", pPager, pList->pgno))
................................................................................
** exists, that is probably an old journal left over from a prior
** database with the same name.  Just delete the journal.
*/
static int hasHotJournal(Pager *pPager){
  if( !pPager->useJournal ) return 0;
  if( !sqlite3OsFileExists(pPager->zJournal) ) return 0;
  if( sqlite3OsCheckReservedLock(pPager->fd) ) return 0;
  if( sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager)==0 ){
    sqlite3OsDelete(pPager->zJournal);
    return 0;
  }else{
    return 1;
  }
}

................................................................................
**
** nReq is the number of bytes of memory required. Once this much has
** been released, the function returns. A negative value for nReq means
** free as much memory as possible. The return value is the total number 
** of bytes of memory released.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
int sqlite3PagerReleaseMemory(int nReq){
  const ThreadData *pTsdro = sqlite3ThreadDataReadOnly();
  Pager *p;
  int nReleased = 0;
  int i;

  /* If the the global mutex is held, this subroutine becomes a
  ** o-op; zero bytes of memory are freed.  This is because
................................................................................
** read occurs and the memory image of the page is initialized to
** all zeros.  The extra data appended to a page is always initialized
** to zeros the first time a page is loaded into memory.
**
** The acquisition might fail for several reasons.  In all cases,
** an appropriate error code is returned and *ppPage is set to NULL.
**
** See also sqlite3PagerLookup().  Both this routine and _lookup() attempt
** to find a page in the in-memory cache first.  If the page is not already
** in memory, this routine goes to disk to read it in whereas _lookup()
** just returns 0.  This routine acquires a read-lock the first time it
** has to go to disk, and could also playback an old journal if necessary.
** Since _lookup() never goes to disk, it never has to deal with locks
** or journal files.
**
** If clrFlag is false, the page contents are actually read from disk.
** If clfFlag is true, it means the page is about to be erased and
** rewritten without first being read so there is no point it doing
** the disk I/O.
*/
int sqlite3PagerAcquire(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno, DbPage **ppPage, int clrFlag){
  PgHdr *pPg;
  int rc;

  /* The maximum page number is 2^31. Return SQLITE_CORRUPT if a page
  ** number greater than this, or zero, is requested.
  */
  if( pgno>PAGER_MAX_PGNO || pgno==0 || pgno==PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) ){
................................................................................
    REFINFO(pPg);

    pPager->nRef++;
    if( pPager->nExtra>0 ){
      memset(PGHDR_TO_EXTRA(pPg, pPager), 0, pPager->nExtra);
    }
    if( pPager->errCode ){
      sqlite3PagerUnref(pPg);
      rc = pPager->errCode;
      return rc;
    }

    /* Populate the page with data, either by reading from the database
    ** file, or by setting the entire page to zero.
    */
    if( sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager)<(int)pgno || MEMDB
         || (clrFlag && !pPager->alwaysRollback) 
    ){
      memset(PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPg), 0, pPager->pageSize);
    }else{
      assert( MEMDB==0 );
      rc = sqlite3OsSeek(pPager->fd, (pgno-1)*(i64)pPager->pageSize);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
                              pPager->pageSize);
      }
      IOTRACE(("PGIN %p %d\n", pPager, pgno))
      TRACE3("FETCH %d page %d\n", PAGERID(pPager), pPg->pgno);
      CODEC1(pPager, PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPg), pPg->pgno, 3);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK && rc!=SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ ){
        pPg->pgno = 0;
        sqlite3PagerUnref(pPg);
        return rc;
      }else{
        TEST_INCR(pPager->nRead);
      }
    }

    /* Link the page into the page hash table */
................................................................................
    pPg->pageHash = pager_pagehash(pPg);
#endif
  }else{
    /* The requested page is in the page cache. */
    TEST_INCR(pPager->nHit);
    page_ref(pPg);
  }
  *ppPage = pPg;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Acquire a page if it is already in the in-memory cache.  Do
** not read the page from disk.  Return a pointer to the page,
** or 0 if the page is not in cache.
**
** See also sqlite3PagerGet().  The difference between this routine
** and sqlite3PagerGet() is that _get() will go to the disk and read
** in the page if the page is not already in cache.  This routine
** returns NULL if the page is not in cache or if a disk I/O error 
** has ever happened.
*/
DbPage *sqlite3PagerLookup(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno){
  PgHdr *pPg;

  assert( pPager!=0 );
  assert( pgno!=0 );
  if( pPager->errCode && pPager->errCode!=SQLITE_FULL ){
    return 0;
  }
  pPg = pager_lookup(pPager, pgno);
  if( pPg==0 ) return 0;
  page_ref(pPg);
  return pPg;
}

/*
** Release a page.
**
** If the number of references to the page drop to zero, then the
** page is added to the LRU list.  When all references to all pages
** are released, a rollback occurs and the lock on the database is
** removed.
*/
int sqlite3PagerUnref(DbPage *pPg){


  /* Decrement the reference count for this page
  */

  assert( pPg->nRef>0 );
  pPg->nRef--;
  REFINFO(pPg);

  CHECK_PAGE(pPg);

  /* When the number of references to a page reach 0, call the
................................................................................
    }else{
      pPager->pFirst = pPg;
    }
    if( pPg->needSync==0 && pPager->pFirstSynced==0 ){
      pPager->pFirstSynced = pPg;
    }
    if( pPager->xDestructor ){
      pPager->xDestructor(pPg, pPager->pageSize);
    }
  
    /* When all pages reach the freelist, drop the read lock from
    ** the database file.
    */
    pPager->nRef--;
    assert( pPager->nRef>=0 );
................................................................................
static int pager_open_journal(Pager *pPager){
  int rc;
  assert( !MEMDB );
  assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_RESERVED );
  assert( pPager->journalOpen==0 );
  assert( pPager->useJournal );
  assert( pPager->aInJournal==0 );
  sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager);
  pPager->aInJournal = sqliteMalloc( pPager->dbSize/8 + 1 );
  if( pPager->aInJournal==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    goto failed_to_open_journal;
  }
  rc = sqlite3OsOpenExclusive(pPager->zJournal, &pPager->jfd,
                                 pPager->tempFile);
................................................................................
    goto failed_to_open_journal;
  }
  pPager->origDbSize = pPager->dbSize;

  rc = writeJournalHdr(pPager);

  if( pPager->stmtAutoopen && rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3PagerStmtBegin(pPager);
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK && rc!=SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    rc = pager_unwritelock(pPager);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = SQLITE_FULL;
    }
  }
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Acquire a write-lock on the database.  The lock is removed when
** the any of the following happen:
**
**   *  sqlite3PagerCommit() is called.
**   *  sqlite3PagerRollback() is called.
**   *  sqlite3PagerClose() is called.
**   *  sqlite3PagerUnref() is called to on every outstanding page.
**
** The first parameter to this routine is a pointer to any open page of the
** database file.  Nothing changes about the page - it is used merely to
** acquire a pointer to the Pager structure and as proof that there is
** already a read-lock on the database.
**
** The second parameter indicates how much space in bytes to reserve for a
................................................................................
**
** If the database is already reserved for writing, this routine is a no-op.
**
** If exFlag is true, go ahead and get an EXCLUSIVE lock on the file
** immediately instead of waiting until we try to flush the cache.  The
** exFlag is ignored if a transaction is already active.
*/
int sqlite3PagerBegin(DbPage *pPg, int exFlag){

  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  assert( pPg->nRef>0 );
  assert( pPager->state!=PAGER_UNLOCK );
  if( pPager->state==PAGER_SHARED ){
    assert( pPager->aInJournal==0 );
    if( MEMDB ){
................................................................................
** lock could not be acquired, this routine returns SQLITE_BUSY.  The
** calling routine must check for that return value and be careful not to
** change any page data until this routine returns SQLITE_OK.
**
** If the journal file could not be written because the disk is full,
** then this routine returns SQLITE_FULL and does an immediate rollback.
** All subsequent write attempts also return SQLITE_FULL until there
** is a call to sqlite3PagerCommit() or sqlite3PagerRollback() to
** reset.
*/
static int pager_write(PgHdr *pPg){
  void *pData = PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPg);
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  /* Check for errors
  */
  if( pPager->errCode ){ 
    return pPager->errCode;
................................................................................
    ** written to the transaction journal or the ckeckpoint journal
    ** or both.
    **
    ** First check to see that the transaction journal exists and
    ** create it if it does not.
    */
    assert( pPager->state!=PAGER_UNLOCK );
    rc = sqlite3PagerBegin(pPg, 0);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_RESERVED );
    if( !pPager->journalOpen && pPager->useJournal ){
      rc = pager_open_journal(pPager);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
................................................................................
** and write the page *pData to the journal.
**
** The difference between this function and pager_write() is that this
** function also deals with the special case where 2 or more pages
** fit on a single disk sector. In this case all co-resident pages
** must have been written to the journal file before returning.
*/
int sqlite3PagerWrite(DbPage *pDbPage){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  PgHdr *pPg = pDbPage;
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  Pgno nPagePerSector = (pPager->sectorSize/pPager->pageSize);

  if( !MEMDB && nPagePerSector>1 ){
    Pgno nPageCount;          /* Total number of pages in database file */
    Pgno pg1;                 /* First page of the sector pPg is located on. */
    int nPage;                /* Number of pages starting at pg1 to journal */
................................................................................

    /* This trick assumes that both the page-size and sector-size are
    ** an integer power of 2. It sets variable pg1 to the identifier
    ** of the first page of the sector pPg is located on.
    */
    pg1 = ((pPg->pgno-1) & ~(nPagePerSector-1)) + 1;

    nPageCount = sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager);
    if( pPg->pgno>nPageCount ){
      nPage = (pPg->pgno - pg1)+1;
    }else if( (pg1+nPagePerSector-1)>nPageCount ){
      nPage = nPageCount+1-pg1;
    }else{
      nPage = nPagePerSector;
    }
................................................................................

    for(ii=0; ii<nPage && rc==SQLITE_OK; ii++){
      Pgno pg = pg1+ii;
      if( !pPager->aInJournal || pg==pPg->pgno || 
          pg>pPager->origDbSize || !(pPager->aInJournal[pg/8]&(1<<(pg&7)))
      ) {
        if( pg!=PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager) ){
          PgHdr *pPage;
          rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pPager, pg, &pPage);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            rc = pager_write(pPage);
            sqlite3PagerUnref(pPage);
          }
        }
      }
    }

    assert( pPager->doNotSync==1 );
    pPager->doNotSync = 0;
  }else{
    rc = pager_write(pDbPage);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the page given in the argument was previously passed
** to sqlite3PagerWrite().  In other words, return TRUE if it is ok
** to change the content of the page.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
int sqlite3PagerIswriteable(DbPage *pPg){

  return pPg->dirty;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VACUUM
/*
** Replace the content of a single page with the information in the third
** argument.
*/
int sqlite3PagerOverwrite(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno, void *pData){
  PgHdr *pPg;
  int rc;

  rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pPager, pgno, &pPg);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPg);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      memcpy(sqlite3PagerGetData(pPg), pData, pPager->pageSize);
    }
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pPg);
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif

/*
** A call to this routine tells the pager that it is not necessary to
................................................................................
** that page might be marked as dirty.
**
** The overlying software layer calls this routine when all of the data
** on the given page is unused.  The pager marks the page as clean so
** that it does not get written to disk.
**
** Tests show that this optimization, together with the
** sqlite3PagerDontRollback() below, more than double the speed
** of large INSERT operations and quadruple the speed of large DELETEs.
**
** When this routine is called, set the alwaysRollback flag to true.
** Subsequent calls to sqlite3PagerDontRollback() for the same page
** will thereafter be ignored.  This is necessary to avoid a problem
** where a page with data is added to the freelist during one part of
** a transaction then removed from the freelist during a later part
** of the same transaction and reused for some other purpose.  When it
** is first added to the freelist, this routine is called.  When reused,
** the dont_rollback() routine is called.  But because the page contains
** critical data, we still need to be sure it gets rolled back in spite
** of the dont_rollback() call.
*/
void sqlite3PagerDontWrite(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno){
  PgHdr *pPg;

  if( MEMDB ) return;

  pPg = pager_lookup(pPager, pgno);
  assert( pPg!=0 );  /* We never call _dont_write unless the page is in mem */
  pPg->alwaysRollback = 1;
................................................................................

/*
** A call to this routine tells the pager that if a rollback occurs,
** it is not necessary to restore the data on the given page.  This
** means that the pager does not have to record the given page in the
** rollback journal.
*/
void sqlite3PagerDontRollback(DbPage *pPg){

  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;

  assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_RESERVED );
  if( pPager->journalOpen==0 ) return;
  if( pPg->alwaysRollback || pPager->alwaysRollback || MEMDB ) return;
  if( !pPg->inJournal && (int)pPg->pgno <= pPager->origDbSize ){
    assert( pPager->aInJournal!=0 );
................................................................................
/*
** Commit all changes to the database and release the write lock.
**
** If the commit fails for any reason, a rollback attempt is made
** and an error code is returned.  If the commit worked, SQLITE_OK
** is returned.
*/
int sqlite3PagerCommit(Pager *pPager){
  int rc;
  PgHdr *pPg;

  if( pPager->errCode ){
    return pPager->errCode;
  }
  if( pPager->state<PAGER_RESERVED ){
................................................................................
    /* Exit early (without doing the time-consuming sqlite3OsSync() calls)
    ** if there have been no changes to the database file. */
    assert( pPager->needSync==0 );
    rc = pager_unwritelock(pPager);
    return rc;
  }
  assert( pPager->journalOpen );
  rc = sqlite3PagerSync(pPager, 0, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pager_unwritelock(pPager);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
** This routine cannot fail unless some other process is not following
** the correct locking protocol (SQLITE_PROTOCOL) or unless some other
** process is writing trash into the journal file (SQLITE_CORRUPT) or
** unless a prior malloc() failed (SQLITE_NOMEM).  Appropriate error
** codes are returned for all these occasions.  Otherwise,
** SQLITE_OK is returned.
*/
int sqlite3PagerRollback(Pager *pPager){
  int rc;
  TRACE2("ROLLBACK %d\n", PAGERID(pPager));
  if( MEMDB ){
    PgHdr *p;
    for(p=pPager->pAll; p; p=p->pNextAll){
      PgHistory *pHist;
      assert( !p->alwaysRollback );
................................................................................
      }
      clearHistory(pHist);
      p->dirty = 0;
      p->inJournal = 0;
      p->inStmt = 0;
      p->pPrevStmt = p->pNextStmt = 0;
      if( pPager->xReiniter ){
        pPager->xReiniter(p, pPager->pageSize);
      }
    }
    pPager->pDirty = 0;
    pPager->pStmt = 0;
    pPager->dbSize = pPager->origDbSize;
    memoryTruncate(pPager);
    pPager->stmtInUse = 0;
................................................................................
  return pager_error(pPager, rc);
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the database file is opened read-only.  Return FALSE
** if the database is (in theory) writable.
*/
int sqlite3PagerIsreadonly(Pager *pPager){
  return pPager->readOnly;
}

/*
** Return the number of references to the pager.
*/
int sqlite3PagerRefcount(Pager *pPager){
  return pPager->nRef;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
/*
** This routine is used for testing and analysis only.
*/
int *sqlite3PagerStats(Pager *pPager){
  static int a[11];
  a[0] = pPager->nRef;
  a[1] = pPager->nPage;
  a[2] = pPager->mxPage;
  a[3] = pPager->dbSize;
  a[4] = pPager->state;
  a[5] = pPager->errCode;
................................................................................
/*
** Set the statement rollback point.
**
** This routine should be called with the transaction journal already
** open.  A new statement journal is created that can be used to rollback
** changes of a single SQL command within a larger transaction.
*/
int sqlite3PagerStmtBegin(Pager *pPager){
  int rc;
  assert( !pPager->stmtInUse );
  assert( pPager->state>=PAGER_SHARED );
  assert( pPager->dbSize>=0 );
  TRACE2("STMT-BEGIN %d\n", PAGERID(pPager));
  if( MEMDB ){
    pPager->stmtInUse = 1;
................................................................................
  assert( pPager->stmtJSize == pPager->journalOff );
#endif
  pPager->stmtJSize = pPager->journalOff;
  pPager->stmtSize = pPager->dbSize;
  pPager->stmtHdrOff = 0;
  pPager->stmtCksum = pPager->cksumInit;
  if( !pPager->stmtOpen ){
    rc = sqlite3PagerOpentemp(&pPager->stfd);
    if( rc ) goto stmt_begin_failed;
    pPager->stmtOpen = 1;
    pPager->stmtNRec = 0;
  }
  pPager->stmtInUse = 1;
  return SQLITE_OK;
 
................................................................................
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Commit a statement.
*/
int sqlite3PagerStmtCommit(Pager *pPager){
  if( pPager->stmtInUse ){
    PgHdr *pPg, *pNext;
    TRACE2("STMT-COMMIT %d\n", PAGERID(pPager));
    if( !MEMDB ){
      sqlite3OsSeek(pPager->stfd, 0);
      /* sqlite3OsTruncate(pPager->stfd, 0); */
      sqliteFree( pPager->aInStmt );
................................................................................
  pPager->stmtAutoopen = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Rollback a statement.
*/
int sqlite3PagerStmtRollback(Pager *pPager){
  int rc;
  if( pPager->stmtInUse ){
    TRACE2("STMT-ROLLBACK %d\n", PAGERID(pPager));
    if( MEMDB ){
      PgHdr *pPg;
      for(pPg=pPager->pStmt; pPg; pPg=pPg->pNextStmt){
        PgHistory *pHist = PGHDR_TO_HIST(pPg, pPager);
................................................................................
      }
      pPager->dbSize = pPager->stmtSize;
      memoryTruncate(pPager);
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }else{
      rc = pager_stmt_playback(pPager);
    }
    sqlite3PagerStmtCommit(pPager);
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pPager->stmtAutoopen = 0;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Return the full pathname of the database file.
*/
const char *sqlite3PagerFilename(Pager *pPager){
  return pPager->zFilename;
}

/*
** Return the directory of the database file.
*/
const char *sqlite3PagerDirname(Pager *pPager){
  return pPager->zDirectory;
}

/*
** Return the full pathname of the journal file.
*/
const char *sqlite3PagerJournalname(Pager *pPager){
  return pPager->zJournal;
}

/*
** Return true if fsync() calls are disabled for this pager.  Return FALSE
** if fsync()s are executed normally.
*/
int sqlite3PagerNosync(Pager *pPager){
  return pPager->noSync;
}

/*
** Set the codec for this pager
*/
void sqlite3PagerSetCodec(
  Pager *pPager,
  void *(*xCodec)(void*,void*,Pgno,int),
  void *pCodecArg
){
  pPager->xCodec = xCodec;
  pPager->pCodecArg = pCodecArg;
}

/*
** This routine is called to increment the database file change-counter,
** stored at byte 24 of the pager file.
*/
static int pager_incr_changecounter(Pager *pPager){

  PgHdr *pPgHdr;
  u32 change_counter;
  int rc;

  /* Open page 1 of the file for writing. */
  rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pPager, 1, &pPgHdr);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPgHdr);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  /* Read the current value at byte 24. */

  change_counter = retrieve32bits(pPgHdr, 24);

  /* Increment the value just read and write it back to byte 24. */
  change_counter++;
  put32bits(((char*)PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPgHdr))+24, change_counter);

  /* Release the page reference. */
  sqlite3PagerUnref(pPgHdr);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Sync the database file for the pager pPager. zMaster points to the name
** of a master journal file that should be written into the individual
** journal file. zMaster may be NULL, which is interpreted as no master
................................................................................
**
** This routine ensures that the journal is synced, all dirty pages written
** to the database file and the database file synced. The only thing that
** remains to commit the transaction is to delete the journal file (or
** master journal file if specified).
**
** Note that if zMaster==NULL, this does not overwrite a previous value
** passed to an sqlite3PagerSync() call.
**
** If parameter nTrunc is non-zero, then the pager file is truncated to
** nTrunc pages (this is used by auto-vacuum databases).
*/
int sqlite3PagerSync(Pager *pPager, const char *zMaster, Pgno nTrunc){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  TRACE4("DATABASE SYNC: File=%s zMaster=%s nTrunc=%d\n", 
      pPager->zFilename, zMaster, nTrunc);

  /* If this is an in-memory db, or no pages have been written to, or this
  ** function has already been called, it is a no-op.
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
      if( nTrunc!=0 ){
        /* If this transaction has made the database smaller, then all pages
        ** being discarded by the truncation must be written to the journal
        ** file.
        */
        Pgno i;

        int iSkip = PAGER_MJ_PGNO(pPager);
        for( i=nTrunc+1; i<=pPager->origDbSize; i++ ){
          if( !(pPager->aInJournal[i/8] & (1<<(i&7))) && i!=iSkip ){
            rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pPager, i, &pPg);
            if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto sync_exit;
            rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPg);
            sqlite3PagerUnref(pPg);
            if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto sync_exit;
          }
        } 
      }
#endif
      rc = writeMasterJournal(pPager, zMaster);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto sync_exit;
      rc = syncJournal(pPager);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto sync_exit;
    }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
    if( nTrunc!=0 ){
      rc = sqlite3PagerTruncate(pPager, nTrunc);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto sync_exit;
    }
#endif

    /* Write all dirty pages to the database file */
    pPg = pager_get_all_dirty_pages(pPager);
    rc = pager_write_pagelist(pPg);
................................................................................
    if( !pPager->noSync ){
      rc = sqlite3OsSync(pPager->fd, 0);
    }
    IOTRACE(("DBSYNC %p\n", pPager))

    pPager->state = PAGER_SYNCED;
  }else if( MEMDB && nTrunc!=0 ){
    rc = sqlite3PagerTruncate(pPager, nTrunc);
  }

sync_exit:
  return rc;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
................................................................................
** allocated along with the page) is the responsibility of the caller.
**
** A transaction must be active when this routine is called. It used to be
** required that a statement transaction was not active, but this restriction
** has been removed (CREATE INDEX needs to move a page when a statement
** transaction is active).
*/
int sqlite3PagerMovepage(Pager *pPager, DbPage *pPg, Pgno pgno){

  PgHdr *pPgOld; 
  int h;
  Pgno needSyncPgno = 0;

  assert( pPg->nRef>0 );

  TRACE5("MOVE %d page %d (needSync=%d) moves to %d\n", 
................................................................................
  if( needSyncPgno ){
    /* If needSyncPgno is non-zero, then the journal file needs to be 
    ** sync()ed before any data is written to database file page needSyncPgno.
    ** Currently, no such page exists in the page-cache and the 
    ** Pager.aInJournal bit has been set. This needs to be remedied by loading
    ** the page into the pager-cache and setting the PgHdr.needSync flag.
    **
    ** The sqlite3PagerGet() call may cause the journal to sync. So make
    ** sure the Pager.needSync flag is set too.
    */
    int rc;
    PgHdr *pPgHdr;
    assert( pPager->needSync );
    rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pPager, needSyncPgno, &pPgHdr);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    pPager->needSync = 1;
    pPgHdr->needSync = 1;
    pPgHdr->inJournal = 1;
    makeDirty(pPgHdr);
    sqlite3PagerUnref(pPgHdr);
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

/*
** Return a pointer to the data for the specified page.
*/
void *sqlite3PagerGetData(DbPage *pPg){
  return PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPg);
}

/*
** Return a pointer to the Pager.nExtra bytes of "extra" space 
** allocated along with the specified page.
*/
void *sqlite3PagerGetExtra(DbPage *pPg){
  Pager *pPager = pPg->pPager;
  return (pPager?PGHDR_TO_EXTRA(pPg, pPager):0);
}

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
/*
** Return the current state of the file lock for the given pager.
** The return value is one of NO_LOCK, SHARED_LOCK, RESERVED_LOCK,
** PENDING_LOCK, or EXCLUSIVE_LOCK.
*/
int sqlite3PagerLockstate(Pager *pPager){
  return sqlite3OsLockState(pPager->fd);
}
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Print a listing of all referenced pages and their ref count.
*/
void sqlite3PagerRefdump(Pager *pPager){
  PgHdr *pPg;
  for(pPg=pPager->pAll; pPg; pPg=pPg->pNextAll){
    if( pPg->nRef<=0 ) continue;
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("PAGE %3d addr=%p nRef=%d\n", 
       pPg->pgno, PGHDR_TO_DATA(pPg), pPg->nRef);
  }
}
#endif

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO */

Changes to src/pager.h.

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**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This header file defines the interface that the sqlite page cache
** subsystem.  The page cache subsystem reads and writes a file a page
** at a time and provides a journal for rollback.
**
** @(#) $Id: pager.h,v 1.53 2007/03/04 13:15:28 drh Exp $
*/

#ifndef _PAGER_H_
#define _PAGER_H_

/*
** The default size of a database page.
................................................................................

/*
** Each open file is managed by a separate instance of the "Pager" structure.
*/
typedef struct Pager Pager;

/*





** Allowed values for the flags parameter to sqlite3pager_open().
**
** NOTE: This values must match the corresponding BTREE_ values in btree.h.
*/
#define PAGER_OMIT_JOURNAL  0x0001    /* Do not use a rollback journal */
#define PAGER_NO_READLOCK   0x0002    /* Omit readlocks on readonly files */


/*
** See source code comments for a detailed description of the following
** routines:
*/
int sqlite3pager_open(Pager **ppPager, const char *zFilename,
                     int nExtra, int flags);
void sqlite3pager_set_busyhandler(Pager*, BusyHandler *pBusyHandler);
void sqlite3pager_set_destructor(Pager*, void(*)(void*,int));
void sqlite3pager_set_reiniter(Pager*, void(*)(void*,int));
int sqlite3pager_set_pagesize(Pager*, int);
int sqlite3pager_read_fileheader(Pager*, int, unsigned char*);
void sqlite3pager_set_cachesize(Pager*, int);
int sqlite3pager_close(Pager *pPager);
int sqlite3pager_acquire(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno, void **ppPage, int clrFlag);
#define sqlite3pager_get(A,B,C) sqlite3pager_acquire(A,B,C,0)
void *sqlite3pager_lookup(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno);
int sqlite3pager_ref(void*);
int sqlite3pager_unref(void*);
Pgno sqlite3pager_pagenumber(void*);
int sqlite3pager_write(void*);
int sqlite3pager_iswriteable(void*);
int sqlite3pager_overwrite(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno, void*);
int sqlite3pager_pagecount(Pager*);
int sqlite3pager_truncate(Pager*,Pgno);
int sqlite3pager_begin(void*, int exFlag);
int sqlite3pager_commit(Pager*);
int sqlite3pager_sync(Pager*,const char *zMaster, Pgno);
int sqlite3pager_rollback(Pager*);
int sqlite3pager_isreadonly(Pager*);
int sqlite3pager_stmt_begin(Pager*);
int sqlite3pager_stmt_commit(Pager*);
int sqlite3pager_stmt_rollback(Pager*);
void sqlite3pager_dont_rollback(void*);
void sqlite3pager_dont_write(Pager*, Pgno);
int sqlite3pager_refcount(Pager*);
int *sqlite3pager_stats(Pager*);
void sqlite3pager_set_safety_level(Pager*,int,int);
const char *sqlite3pager_filename(Pager*);
const char *sqlite3pager_dirname(Pager*);
const char *sqlite3pager_journalname(Pager*);
int sqlite3pager_nosync(Pager*);
int sqlite3pager_rename(Pager*, const char *zNewName);
void sqlite3pager_set_codec(Pager*,void*(*)(void*,void*,Pgno,int),void*);
int sqlite3pager_movepage(Pager*,void*,Pgno);
int sqlite3pager_reset(Pager*);
int sqlite3pager_release_memory(int);




#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
int sqlite3pager_lockstate(Pager*);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
void sqlite3pager_refdump(Pager*);
int pager3_refinfo_enable;
#endif

#endif /* _PAGER_H_ */







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**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This header file defines the interface that the sqlite page cache
** subsystem.  The page cache subsystem reads and writes a file a page
** at a time and provides a journal for rollback.
**
** @(#) $Id: pager.h,v 1.54 2007/03/19 17:44:27 danielk1977 Exp $
*/

#ifndef _PAGER_H_
#define _PAGER_H_

/*
** The default size of a database page.
................................................................................

/*
** Each open file is managed by a separate instance of the "Pager" structure.
*/
typedef struct Pager Pager;

/*
** Handle type for pages.
*/
typedef struct PgHdr DbPage;

/*
** Allowed values for the flags parameter to sqlite3PagerOpen().
**
** NOTE: This values must match the corresponding BTREE_ values in btree.h.
*/
#define PAGER_OMIT_JOURNAL  0x0001    /* Do not use a rollback journal */
#define PAGER_NO_READLOCK   0x0002    /* Omit readlocks on readonly files */


/*
** See source code comments for a detailed description of the following
** routines:
*/
int sqlite3PagerOpen(Pager **ppPager, const char *zFilename,
                     int nExtra, int flags);
void sqlite3PagerSetBusyhandler(Pager*, BusyHandler *pBusyHandler);
void sqlite3PagerSetDestructor(Pager*, void(*)(DbPage*,int));
void sqlite3PagerSetReiniter(Pager*, void(*)(DbPage*,int));
int sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(Pager*, int);
int sqlite3PagerReadFileheader(Pager*, int, unsigned char*);
void sqlite3PagerSetCachesize(Pager*, int);
int sqlite3PagerClose(Pager *pPager);
int sqlite3PagerAcquire(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno, DbPage **ppPage, int clrFlag);
#define sqlite3PagerGet(A,B,C) sqlite3PagerAcquire(A,B,C,0)
DbPage *sqlite3PagerLookup(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno);
int sqlite3PagerRef(DbPage*);
int sqlite3PagerUnref(DbPage*);
Pgno sqlite3PagerPagenumber(DbPage*);
int sqlite3PagerWrite(DbPage*);
int sqlite3PagerIswriteable(DbPage*);
int sqlite3PagerOverwrite(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno, void*);
int sqlite3PagerPagecount(Pager*);
int sqlite3PagerTruncate(Pager*,Pgno);
int sqlite3PagerBegin(DbPage*, int exFlag);
int sqlite3PagerCommit(Pager*);
int sqlite3PagerSync(Pager*,const char *zMaster, Pgno);
int sqlite3PagerRollback(Pager*);
int sqlite3PagerIsreadonly(Pager*);
int sqlite3PagerStmtBegin(Pager*);
int sqlite3PagerStmtCommit(Pager*);
int sqlite3PagerStmtRollback(Pager*);
void sqlite3PagerDontRollback(DbPage*);
void sqlite3PagerDontWrite(Pager*, Pgno);
int sqlite3PagerRefcount(Pager*);
int *sqlite3PagerStats(Pager*);
void sqlite3PagerSetSafetyLevel(Pager*,int,int);
const char *sqlite3PagerFilename(Pager*);
const char *sqlite3PagerDirname(Pager*);
const char *sqlite3PagerJournalname(Pager*);
int sqlite3PagerNosync(Pager*);
int sqlite3PagerRename(Pager*, const char *zNewName);
void sqlite3PagerSetCodec(Pager*,void*(*)(void*,void*,Pgno,int),void*);
int sqlite3PagerMovepage(Pager*,DbPage*,Pgno);
int sqlite3PagerReset(Pager*);
int sqlite3PagerReleaseMemory(int);

void *sqlite3PagerGetData(DbPage *); 
void *sqlite3PagerGetExtra(DbPage *); 

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
int sqlite3PagerLockstate(Pager*);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
void sqlite3PagerRefdump(Pager*);
int pager3_refinfo_enable;
#endif

#endif /* _PAGER_H_ */

Changes to src/pragma.c.

7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
...
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to implement the PRAGMA command.
**
** $Id: pragma.c,v 1.128 2007/03/14 15:37:04 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "os.h"
#include <ctype.h>

/* Ignore this whole file if pragmas are disabled
*/
................................................................................
      Pager *pPager;
      if( db->aDb[i].zName==0 ) continue;
      sqlite3VdbeOp3(v, OP_String8, 0, 0, db->aDb[i].zName, P3_STATIC);
      pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
      if( pBt==0 || (pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pBt))==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeOp3(v, OP_String8, 0, 0, "closed", P3_STATIC);
      }else{
        int j = sqlite3pager_lockstate(pPager);
        sqlite3VdbeOp3(v, OP_String8, 0, 0, 
            (j>=0 && j<=4) ? azLockName[j] : "unknown", P3_STATIC);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Callback, 2, 0);
    }
  }else
#endif







|







 







|







7
8
9
10
11
12
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15
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...
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code used to implement the PRAGMA command.
**
** $Id: pragma.c,v 1.129 2007/03/19 17:44:28 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "os.h"
#include <ctype.h>

/* Ignore this whole file if pragmas are disabled
*/
................................................................................
      Pager *pPager;
      if( db->aDb[i].zName==0 ) continue;
      sqlite3VdbeOp3(v, OP_String8, 0, 0, db->aDb[i].zName, P3_STATIC);
      pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
      if( pBt==0 || (pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pBt))==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeOp3(v, OP_String8, 0, 0, "closed", P3_STATIC);
      }else{
        int j = sqlite3PagerLockstate(pPager);
        sqlite3VdbeOp3(v, OP_String8, 0, 0, 
            (j>=0 && j<=4) ? azLockName[j] : "unknown", P3_STATIC);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Callback, 2, 0);
    }
  }else
#endif

Changes to src/test2.c.

9
10
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...
436
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...
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...
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491
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493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502

503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Code for testing the pager.c module in SQLite.  This code
** is not included in the SQLite library.  It is used for automated
** testing of the SQLite library.
**
** $Id: test2.c,v 1.40 2007/03/15 12:17:43 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "os.h"
#include "pager.h"
#include "tcl.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
................................................................................
  char zBuf[100];
  if( argc!=3 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " FILENAME N-PAGE\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[2], &nPage) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  rc = sqlite3pager_open(&pPager, argv[1], 0, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  sqlite3pager_set_cachesize(pPager, nPage);
  sqlite3pager_set_pagesize(pPager, test_pagesize);
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf),zBuf,"%p",pPager);
  Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** Usage:   pager_close ID
................................................................................
  int rc;
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  rc = sqlite3pager_close(pPager);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

................................................................................
  int rc;
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  rc = sqlite3pager_rollback(pPager);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

................................................................................
  int rc;
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  rc = sqlite3pager_commit(pPager);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

................................................................................
  int rc;
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  rc = sqlite3pager_stmt_begin(pPager);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

................................................................................
  int rc;
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  rc = sqlite3pager_stmt_rollback(pPager);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

................................................................................
  int rc;
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  rc = sqlite3pager_stmt_commit(pPager);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

................................................................................
  int i, *a;
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  a = sqlite3pager_stats(pPager);
  for(i=0; i<9; i++){
    static char *zName[] = {
      "ref", "page", "max", "size", "state", "err",
      "hit", "miss", "ovfl",
    };
    char zBuf[100];
    Tcl_AppendElement(interp, zName[i]);
................................................................................
  char zBuf[100];
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf),zBuf,"%d",sqlite3pager_pagecount(pPager));
  Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** Usage:   page_get ID PGNO
**
................................................................................
  void *NotUsed,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int argc,              /* Number of arguments */
  const char **argv      /* Text of each argument */
){
  Pager *pPager;
  char zBuf[100];
  void *pPage;
  int pgno;
  int rc;
  if( argc!=3 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID PGNO\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[2], &pgno) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  rc = sqlite3pager_get(pPager, pgno, &pPage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf),zBuf,"%p",pPage);
  Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
  return TCL_OK;
................................................................................
  void *NotUsed,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int argc,              /* Number of arguments */
  const char **argv      /* Text of each argument */
){
  Pager *pPager;
  char zBuf[100];
  void *pPage;
  int pgno;
  if( argc!=3 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID PGNO\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[2], &pgno) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  pPage = sqlite3pager_lookup(pPager, pgno);
  if( pPage ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf),zBuf,"%p",pPage);
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

................................................................................
  if( argc!=3 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID PGNO\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[2], &pgno) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  rc = sqlite3pager_truncate(pPager, pgno);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

................................................................................
*/
static int page_unref(
  void *NotUsed,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int argc,              /* Number of arguments */
  const char **argv      /* Text of each argument */
){
  void *pPage;
  int rc;
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " PAGE\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPage = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  rc = sqlite3pager_unref(pPage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

................................................................................
static int page_read(
  void *NotUsed,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int argc,              /* Number of arguments */
  const char **argv      /* Text of each argument */
){
  char zBuf[100];
  void *pPage;
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " PAGE\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPage = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  memcpy(zBuf, pPage, sizeof(zBuf));
  Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** Usage:   page_number PAGE
**
................................................................................
static int page_number(
  void *NotUsed,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int argc,              /* Number of arguments */
  const char **argv      /* Text of each argument */
){
  char zBuf[100];
  void *pPage;
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " PAGE\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPage = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf), zBuf, "%d", sqlite3pager_pagenumber(pPage));
  Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** Usage:   page_write PAGE DATA
**
................................................................................
*/
static int page_write(
  void *NotUsed,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int argc,              /* Number of arguments */
  const char **argv      /* Text of each argument */
){
  void *pPage;

  int rc;
  if( argc!=3 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " PAGE DATA\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPage = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  rc = sqlite3pager_write(pPage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }

  strncpy((char*)pPage, argv[2], test_pagesize-1);
  ((char*)pPage)[test_pagesize-1] = 0;
  return TCL_OK;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO
/*
** Usage:   fake_big_file  N  FILENAME
**







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9
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15
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18
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22
23
..
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
...
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
...
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
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...
159
160
161
162
163
164
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167
168
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170
171
172
173
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186
187
188
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190
191
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194
195
196
197
198
199
200
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213
214
215
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223
224
225
226
227
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240
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242
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252
253
254
...
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
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279
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281
...
300
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...
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373
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...
388
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402
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408
409
410
411
412
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416
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418
419
420
421
422
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424
425
426
427
428
429
430
...
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
...
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
...
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Code for testing the pager.c module in SQLite.  This code
** is not included in the SQLite library.  It is used for automated
** testing of the SQLite library.
**
** $Id: test2.c,v 1.41 2007/03/19 17:44:28 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "os.h"
#include "pager.h"
#include "tcl.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
................................................................................
  char zBuf[100];
  if( argc!=3 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " FILENAME N-PAGE\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[2], &nPage) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  rc = sqlite3PagerOpen(&pPager, argv[1], 0, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  sqlite3PagerSetCachesize(pPager, nPage);
  sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(pPager, test_pagesize);
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf),zBuf,"%p",pPager);
  Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** Usage:   pager_close ID
................................................................................
  int rc;
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  rc = sqlite3PagerClose(pPager);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

................................................................................
  int rc;
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  rc = sqlite3PagerRollback(pPager);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

................................................................................
  int rc;
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  rc = sqlite3PagerCommit(pPager);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

................................................................................
  int rc;
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  rc = sqlite3PagerStmtBegin(pPager);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

................................................................................
  int rc;
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  rc = sqlite3PagerStmtRollback(pPager);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

................................................................................
  int rc;
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  rc = sqlite3PagerStmtCommit(pPager);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

................................................................................
  int i, *a;
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  a = sqlite3PagerStats(pPager);
  for(i=0; i<9; i++){
    static char *zName[] = {
      "ref", "page", "max", "size", "state", "err",
      "hit", "miss", "ovfl",
    };
    char zBuf[100];
    Tcl_AppendElement(interp, zName[i]);
................................................................................
  char zBuf[100];
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf),zBuf,"%d",sqlite3PagerPagecount(pPager));
  Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** Usage:   page_get ID PGNO
**
................................................................................
  void *NotUsed,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int argc,              /* Number of arguments */
  const char **argv      /* Text of each argument */
){
  Pager *pPager;
  char zBuf[100];
  DbPage *pPage;
  int pgno;
  int rc;
  if( argc!=3 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID PGNO\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[2], &pgno) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  rc = sqlite3PagerGet(pPager, pgno, &pPage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf),zBuf,"%p",pPage);
  Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
  return TCL_OK;
................................................................................
  void *NotUsed,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int argc,              /* Number of arguments */
  const char **argv      /* Text of each argument */
){
  Pager *pPager;
  char zBuf[100];
  DbPage *pPage;
  int pgno;
  if( argc!=3 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID PGNO\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[2], &pgno) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  pPage = sqlite3PagerLookup(pPager, pgno);
  if( pPage ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf),zBuf,"%p",pPage);
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

................................................................................
  if( argc!=3 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID PGNO\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPager = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  if( Tcl_GetInt(interp, argv[2], &pgno) ) return TCL_ERROR;
  rc = sqlite3PagerTruncate(pPager, pgno);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

................................................................................
*/
static int page_unref(
  void *NotUsed,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int argc,              /* Number of arguments */
  const char **argv      /* Text of each argument */
){
  DbPage *pPage;
  int rc;
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " PAGE\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPage = (DbPage *)sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  rc = sqlite3PagerUnref(pPage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

................................................................................
static int page_read(
  void *NotUsed,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int argc,              /* Number of arguments */
  const char **argv      /* Text of each argument */
){
  char zBuf[100];
  DbPage *pPage;
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " PAGE\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPage = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  memcpy(zBuf, sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage), sizeof(zBuf));
  Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** Usage:   page_number PAGE
**
................................................................................
static int page_number(
  void *NotUsed,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int argc,              /* Number of arguments */
  const char **argv      /* Text of each argument */
){
  char zBuf[100];
  DbPage *pPage;
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " PAGE\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPage = (DbPage *)sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf), zBuf, "%d", sqlite3PagerPagenumber(pPage));
  Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zBuf, 0);
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** Usage:   page_write PAGE DATA
**
................................................................................
*/
static int page_write(
  void *NotUsed,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,    /* The TCL interpreter that invoked this command */
  int argc,              /* Number of arguments */
  const char **argv      /* Text of each argument */
){
  DbPage *pPage;
  char *pData;
  int rc;
  if( argc!=3 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " PAGE DATA\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pPage = (DbPage *)sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pPage);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, errorName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pData = sqlite3PagerGetData(pPage);
  strncpy(pData, argv[2], test_pagesize-1);
  pData[test_pagesize-1] = 0;
  return TCL_OK;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DISKIO
/*
** Usage:   fake_big_file  N  FILENAME
**

Changes to src/test3.c.

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**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Code for testing the btree.c module in SQLite.  This code
** is not included in the SQLite library.  It is used for automated
** testing of the SQLite library.
**
** $Id: test3.c,v 1.70 2007/02/10 19:22:36 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "pager.h"
#include "btree.h"
#include "tcl.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
................................................................................

  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pBt = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  a = sqlite3pager_stats(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt));
  for(i=0; i<11; i++){
    static char *zName[] = {
      "ref", "page", "max", "size", "state", "err",
      "hit", "miss", "ovfl", "read", "write"
    };
    char zBuf[100];
    Tcl_AppendElement(interp, zName[i]);
................................................................................
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pBt = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  sqlite3pager_refdump(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt));
#endif
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** Usage:   btree_integrity_check ID ROOT ...
**
................................................................................
  }
  dataSize = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(pBt) - sqlite3BtreeGetReserve(pBt);
  Tcl_DStringInit(&str);
  n = aResult[6] - aResult[8];
  n = (n + dataSize - 1)/dataSize;
  pgno = (u32)aResult[10];
  while( pgno && n-- ){

    sprintf(zElem, "%d", pgno);
    Tcl_DStringAppendElement(&str, zElem);
    if( sqlite3pager_get(pPager, pgno, &pPage)!=SQLITE_OK ){

      Tcl_DStringFree(&str);
      Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "unable to get page ", zElem, 0);
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }

    pgno = get4byte((unsigned char*)pPage);
    sqlite3pager_unref(pPage);

  }
  Tcl_DStringResult(interp, &str);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** The command is provided for the purpose of setting breakpoints.







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>


<
>




>

<
>







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...
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1294

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**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Code for testing the btree.c module in SQLite.  This code
** is not included in the SQLite library.  It is used for automated
** testing of the SQLite library.
**
** $Id: test3.c,v 1.71 2007/03/19 17:44:28 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "pager.h"
#include "btree.h"
#include "tcl.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
................................................................................

  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pBt = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
  a = sqlite3PagerStats(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt));
  for(i=0; i<11; i++){
    static char *zName[] = {
      "ref", "page", "max", "size", "state", "err",
      "hit", "miss", "ovfl", "read", "write"
    };
    char zBuf[100];
    Tcl_AppendElement(interp, zName[i]);
................................................................................
  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pBt = sqlite3TextToPtr(argv[1]);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  sqlite3PagerRefdump(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt));
#endif
  return TCL_OK;
}

/*
** Usage:   btree_integrity_check ID ROOT ...
**
................................................................................
  }
  dataSize = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(pBt) - sqlite3BtreeGetReserve(pBt);
  Tcl_DStringInit(&str);
  n = aResult[6] - aResult[8];
  n = (n + dataSize - 1)/dataSize;
  pgno = (u32)aResult[10];
  while( pgno && n-- ){
    DbPage *pDbPage;
    sprintf(zElem, "%d", pgno);
    Tcl_DStringAppendElement(&str, zElem);

    if( sqlite3PagerGet(pPager, pgno, &pDbPage)!=SQLITE_OK ){
      Tcl_DStringFree(&str);
      Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "unable to get page ", zElem, 0);
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }
    pPage = sqlite3PagerGetData(pDbPage);
    pgno = get4byte((unsigned char*)pPage);

    sqlite3PagerUnref(pDbPage);
  }
  Tcl_DStringResult(interp, &str);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** The command is provided for the purpose of setting breakpoints.

Changes to src/util.c.

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**
*************************************************************************
** Utility functions used throughout sqlite.
**
** This file contains functions for allocating memory, comparing
** strings, and stuff like that.
**
** $Id: util.c,v 1.194 2007/03/15 15:33:32 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "os.h"
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <ctype.h>

/*
................................................................................
  sqlite3ReleaseThreadData();
}

/*
** Release memory held by SQLite instances created by the current thread.
*/
int sqlite3_release_memory(int n){
  return sqlite3pager_release_memory(n);
}
#else
/* If SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT is not defined, then define a version
** of sqlite3_release_memory() to be used by other code in this file.
** This is done for no better reason than to reduce the number of 
** pre-processor #ifndef statements.
*/







|







 







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**
*************************************************************************
** Utility functions used throughout sqlite.
**
** This file contains functions for allocating memory, comparing
** strings, and stuff like that.
**
** $Id: util.c,v 1.195 2007/03/19 17:44:28 danielk1977 Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "os.h"
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <ctype.h>

/*
................................................................................
  sqlite3ReleaseThreadData();
}

/*
** Release memory held by SQLite instances created by the current thread.
*/
int sqlite3_release_memory(int n){
  return sqlite3PagerReleaseMemory(n);
}
#else
/* If SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT is not defined, then define a version
** of sqlite3_release_memory() to be used by other code in this file.
** This is done for no better reason than to reduce the number of 
** pre-processor #ifndef statements.
*/