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Overview
Comment:Merge the EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN changes from experimental into trunk.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: ce27bf38405ce805dad95ec22cbe68ddc7af544a
User & Date: drh 2010-11-15 14:44:30
Context
2010-11-15
14:51
Test some example code from documentation page eqp.html. check-in: 547bc2c2 user: dan tags: trunk
14:44
Merge the EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN changes from experimental into trunk. check-in: ce27bf38 user: drh tags: trunk
11:35
Minor additions to vacuum.test. check-in: a397ed16 user: dan tags: trunk
2010-11-13
16:42
Change the EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN output to use "USING INDEX" instead of "BY INDEX", and to use "SEARCH" instead of "SCAN" for loops that are not full-table scans. Closed-Leaf check-in: 6611b76b user: dan tags: experimental
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/expr.c.

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  */
  if( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect) && !pParse->pTriggerTab ){
    int mem = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_If, mem);
    testAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, mem);
    assert( testAddr>0 || pParse->db->mallocFailed );
  }











  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_IN: {
      char affinity;              /* Affinity of the LHS of the IN */
      KeyInfo keyInfo;            /* Keyinfo for the generated table */
      int addr;                   /* Address of OP_OpenEphemeral instruction */
      Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft; /* the LHS of the IN operator */







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  */
  if( !ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect) && !pParse->pTriggerTab ){
    int mem = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_If, mem);
    testAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, mem);
    assert( testAddr>0 || pParse->db->mallocFailed );
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(
        pParse->db, "EXECUTE %s%s SUBQUERY %d", testAddr?"":"CORRELATED ",
        pExpr->op==TK_IN?"LIST":"SCALAR", pParse->iNextSelectId
    );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, pParse->iSelectId, 0, 0, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
  }
#endif

  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_IN: {
      char affinity;              /* Affinity of the LHS of the IN */
      KeyInfo keyInfo;            /* Keyinfo for the generated table */
      int addr;                   /* Address of OP_OpenEphemeral instruction */
      Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft; /* the LHS of the IN operator */

Changes to src/prepare.c.

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  }
  rc = pParse->rc;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pParse->pVdbe && pParse->explain ){
    static const char * const azColName[] = {
       "addr", "opcode", "p1", "p2", "p3", "p4", "p5", "comment",
       "order", "from", "detail"
    };
    int iFirst, mx;
    if( pParse->explain==2 ){
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(pParse->pVdbe, 3);
      iFirst = 8;
      mx = 11;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(pParse->pVdbe, 8);
      iFirst = 0;
      mx = 8;
    }
    for(i=iFirst; i<mx; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(pParse->pVdbe, i-iFirst, COLNAME_NAME,







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  }
  rc = pParse->rc;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pParse->pVdbe && pParse->explain ){
    static const char * const azColName[] = {
       "addr", "opcode", "p1", "p2", "p3", "p4", "p5", "comment",
       "selectid", "order", "from", "detail"
    };
    int iFirst, mx;
    if( pParse->explain==2 ){
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(pParse->pVdbe, 4);
      iFirst = 8;
      mx = 12;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(pParse->pVdbe, 8);
      iFirst = 0;
      mx = 8;
    }
    for(i=iFirst; i<mx; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(pParse->pVdbe, i-iFirst, COLNAME_NAME,

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      pInfo->aColl[i] = pColl;
      pInfo->aSortOrder[i] = pItem->sortOrder;
    }
  }
  return pInfo;
}




















































































/*
** If the inner loop was generated using a non-null pOrderBy argument,
** then the results were placed in a sorter.  After the loop is terminated
** we need to run the sorter and output the results.  The following
** routine generates the code needed to do that.
*/
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_NAME, 
          sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pEList->a[i].zSpan), SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
    }
  }
  generateColumnTypes(pParse, pTabList, pEList);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
/*
** Name of the connection operator, used for error messages.
*/
static const char *selectOpName(int id){
  char *z;
  switch( id ){
    case TK_ALL:       z = "UNION ALL";   break;
    case TK_INTERSECT: z = "INTERSECT";   break;
    case TK_EXCEPT:    z = "EXCEPT";      break;
    default:           z = "UNION";       break;
  }
  return z;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT */

/*
** Given a an expression list (which is really the list of expressions
** that form the result set of a SELECT statement) compute appropriate
** column names for a table that would hold the expression list.
**
** All column names will be unique.
**
................................................................................
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;   /* Success code from a subroutine */
  Select *pPrior;       /* Another SELECT immediately to our left */
  Vdbe *v;              /* Generate code to this VDBE */
  SelectDest dest;      /* Alternative data destination */
  Select *pDelete = 0;  /* Chain of simple selects to delete */
  sqlite3 *db;          /* Database connection */





  /* Make sure there is no ORDER BY or LIMIT clause on prior SELECTs.  Only
  ** the last (right-most) SELECT in the series may have an ORDER BY or LIMIT.
  */
  assert( p && p->pPrior );  /* Calling function guarantees this much */
  db = pParse->db;
  pPrior = p->pPrior;
................................................................................
  */
  switch( p->op ){
    case TK_ALL: {
      int addr = 0;
      assert( !pPrior->pLimit );
      pPrior->pLimit = p->pLimit;
      pPrior->pOffset = p->pOffset;

      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &dest);
      p->pLimit = 0;
      p->pOffset = 0;
      if( rc ){
        goto multi_select_end;
      }
      p->pPrior = 0;
      p->iLimit = pPrior->iLimit;
      p->iOffset = pPrior->iOffset;
      if( p->iLimit ){
        addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfZero, p->iLimit);
        VdbeComment((v, "Jump ahead if LIMIT reached"));
      }

      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &dest);
      testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
      if( addr ){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
      }
................................................................................
        assert( p->pEList );
      }

      /* Code the SELECT statements to our left
      */
      assert( !pPrior->pOrderBy );
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&uniondest, priorOp, unionTab);

      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &uniondest);
      if( rc ){
        goto multi_select_end;
      }

      /* Code the current SELECT statement
      */
................................................................................
      }
      p->pPrior = 0;
      pLimit = p->pLimit;
      p->pLimit = 0;
      pOffset = p->pOffset;
      p->pOffset = 0;
      uniondest.eDest = op;

      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &uniondest);
      testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
      /* Query flattening in sqlite3Select() might refill p->pOrderBy.
      ** Be sure to delete p->pOrderBy, therefore, to avoid a memory leak. */
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pOrderBy);
      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
................................................................................
      p->addrOpenEphm[0] = addr;
      p->pRightmost->selFlags |= SF_UsesEphemeral;
      assert( p->pEList );

      /* Code the SELECTs to our left into temporary table "tab1".
      */
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&intersectdest, SRT_Union, tab1);

      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &intersectdest);
      if( rc ){
        goto multi_select_end;
      }

      /* Code the current SELECT into temporary table "tab2"
      */
................................................................................
      p->addrOpenEphm[1] = addr;
      p->pPrior = 0;
      pLimit = p->pLimit;
      p->pLimit = 0;
      pOffset = p->pOffset;
      p->pOffset = 0;
      intersectdest.iParm = tab2;

      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &intersectdest);
      testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLimit);
      p->pLimit = pLimit;
      p->pOffset = pOffset;
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, tab1, iStart);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iBreak);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, tab2, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, tab1, 0);
      break;
    }
  }



  /* Compute collating sequences used by 
  ** temporary tables needed to implement the compound select.
  ** Attach the KeyInfo structure to all temporary tables.
  **
  ** This section is run by the right-most SELECT statement only.
  ** SELECT statements to the left always skip this part.  The right-most
................................................................................
  int op;               /* One of TK_ALL, TK_UNION, TK_EXCEPT, TK_INTERSECT */
  KeyInfo *pKeyDup = 0; /* Comparison information for duplicate removal */
  KeyInfo *pKeyMerge;   /* Comparison information for merging rows */
  sqlite3 *db;          /* Database connection */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;   /* The ORDER BY clause */
  int nOrderBy;         /* Number of terms in the ORDER BY clause */
  int *aPermute;        /* Mapping from ORDER BY terms to result set columns */





  assert( p->pOrderBy!=0 );
  assert( pKeyDup==0 ); /* "Managed" code needs this.  Ticket #3382. */
  db = pParse->db;
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( v!=0 );       /* Already thrown the error if VDBE alloc failed */
  labelEnd = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
................................................................................


  /* Generate a coroutine to evaluate the SELECT statement to the
  ** left of the compound operator - the "A" select.
  */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin coroutine for left SELECT"));
  pPrior->iLimit = regLimitA;

  sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &destA);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, regEofA);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, regAddrA);
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "End coroutine for left SELECT"));

  /* Generate a coroutine to evaluate the SELECT statement on 
  ** the right - the "B" select
................................................................................
  */
  addrSelectB = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin coroutine for right SELECT"));
  savedLimit = p->iLimit;
  savedOffset = p->iOffset;
  p->iLimit = regLimitB;
  p->iOffset = 0;  

  sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &destB);
  p->iLimit = savedLimit;
  p->iOffset = savedOffset;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, regEofB);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, regAddrB);
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "End coroutine for right SELECT"));

................................................................................
  if( p->pPrior ){
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, p->pPrior);
  }
  p->pPrior = pPrior;

  /*** TBD:  Insert subroutine calls to close cursors on incomplete
  **** subqueries ****/

  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
/* Forward Declarations */
static void substExprList(sqlite3*, ExprList*, int, ExprList*);
................................................................................
  int isDistinct;        /* True if the DISTINCT keyword is present */
  int distinct;          /* Table to use for the distinct set */
  int rc = 1;            /* Value to return from this function */
  int addrSortIndex;     /* Address of an OP_OpenEphemeral instruction */
  AggInfo sAggInfo;      /* Information used by aggregate queries */
  int iEnd;              /* Address of the end of the query */
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database connection */






  db = pParse->db;
  if( p==0 || db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr ){
    return 1;
  }
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_SELECT, 0, 0, 0) ) return 1;
  memset(&sAggInfo, 0, sizeof(sAggInfo));
................................................................................
        isAgg = 1;
        p->selFlags |= SF_Aggregate;
      }
      i = -1;
    }else{
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_EphemTab, pItem->iCursor);
      assert( pItem->isPopulated==0 );

      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
      pItem->isPopulated = 1;
    }
    if( /*pParse->nErr ||*/ db->mallocFailed ){
      goto select_end;
    }
    pParse->nHeight -= sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);
................................................................................
        pLoop->pRightmost = p;
        pLoop->pNext = pRight;
        pRight = pLoop;
      }
      mxSelect = db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT];
      if( mxSelect && cnt>mxSelect ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many terms in compound SELECT");
        return 1;
      }
    }
    return multiSelect(pParse, p, pDest);


  }
#endif

  /* If possible, rewrite the query to use GROUP BY instead of DISTINCT.
  ** GROUP BY might use an index, DISTINCT never does.
  */
  assert( p->pGroupBy==0 || (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0 );
  if( (p->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct ){
    p->pGroupBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pEList, 0);
    pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
    p->selFlags &= ~SF_Distinct;
    isDistinct = 0;
  }

  /* If there is both a GROUP BY and an ORDER BY clause and they are
  ** identical, then disable the ORDER BY clause since the GROUP BY
  ** will cause elements to come out in the correct order.  This is
  ** an optimization - the correct answer should result regardless.
  ** Use the SQLITE_GroupByOrder flag with SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZER
................................................................................
  /* Set the limiter.
  */
  iEnd = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iEnd);

  /* Open a virtual index to use for the distinct set.
  */
  if( isDistinct ){
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
    assert( isAgg || pGroupBy );
    distinct = pParse->nTab++;
    pKeyInfo = keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, p->pEList);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, distinct, 0, 0,
                        (char*)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, BTREE_UNORDERED);
................................................................................
        ** in sorted order
        */
        int regBase;
        int regRecord;
        int nCol;
        int nGroupBy;




        groupBySort = 1;
        nGroupBy = pGroupBy->nExpr;
        nCol = nGroupBy + 1;
        j = nGroupBy+1;
        for(i=0; i<sAggInfo.nColumn; i++){
          if( sAggInfo.aCol[i].iSorterColumn>=j ){
            nCol++;
................................................................................
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, 0, 0, 0, -1, 
                      pDest, addrEnd, addrEnd);
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pDel);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrEnd);
    
  } /* endif aggregate query */





  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then we need to sort the results
  ** and send them to the callback one by one.
  */
  if( pOrderBy ){

    generateSortTail(pParse, p, v, pEList->nExpr, pDest);
  }

  /* Jump here to skip this query
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iEnd);

................................................................................
  */
  rc = 0;

  /* Control jumps to here if an error is encountered above, or upon
  ** successful coding of the SELECT.
  */
select_end:


  /* Identify column names if results of the SELECT are to be output.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pDest->eDest==SRT_Output ){
    generateColumnNames(pParse, pTabList, pEList);
  }








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1594
1595
1596
1597
1598
1599
1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
....
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
....
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
1686
1687
1688
1689
....
1741
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749
1750
1751
1752
1753
1754
1755
....
1758
1759
1760
1761
1762
1763
1764
1765
1766
1767
1768
1769
1770
1771
1772
....
1794
1795
1796
1797
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
....
2140
2141
2142
2143
2144
2145
2146
2147
2148
2149
2150
2151
2152
2153
2154
2155
2156
2157
....
2297
2298
2299
2300
2301
2302
2303
2304
2305
2306
2307
2308
2309
2310
2311
....
2312
2313
2314
2315
2316
2317
2318
2319
2320
2321
2322
2323
2324
2325
2326
....
2443
2444
2445
2446
2447
2448
2449
2450
2451
2452
2453
2454
2455
2456
2457
....
3670
3671
3672
3673
3674
3675
3676
3677
3678
3679
3680
3681
3682
3683
3684
3685
3686
3687
3688
....
3747
3748
3749
3750
3751
3752
3753
3754
3755
3756
3757
3758
3759
3760
3761
....
3783
3784
3785
3786
3787
3788
3789
3790
3791
3792
3793
3794
3795
3796
3797
3798
3799
3800
3801
3802
3803
3804
3805
3806

3807
3808
3809
3810
3811
3812
3813
....
3846
3847
3848
3849
3850
3851
3852
3853
3854
3855
3856
3857
3858
3859
3860
....
4005
4006
4007
4008
4009
4010
4011
4012
4013
4014
4015
4016
4017
4018
4019
4020
4021
....
4268
4269
4270
4271
4272
4273
4274
4275
4276
4277
4278
4279
4280
4281
4282
4283
4284
4285
4286
4287
4288
4289
4290
4291
....
4294
4295
4296
4297
4298
4299
4300
4301
4302
4303
4304
4305
4306
4307
4308
      pInfo->aColl[i] = pColl;
      pInfo->aSortOrder[i] = pItem->sortOrder;
    }
  }
  return pInfo;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT
/*
** Name of the connection operator, used for error messages.
*/
static const char *selectOpName(int id){
  char *z;
  switch( id ){
    case TK_ALL:       z = "UNION ALL";   break;
    case TK_INTERSECT: z = "INTERSECT";   break;
    case TK_EXCEPT:    z = "EXCEPT";      break;
    default:           z = "UNION";       break;
  }
  return z;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
/*
** Unless an "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN" command is being processed, this function
** is a no-op. Otherwise, it adds a single row of output to the EQP result,
** where the caption is of the form:
**
**   "USE TEMP B-TREE FOR xxx"
**
** where xxx is one of "DISTINCT", "ORDER BY" or "GROUP BY". Exactly which
** is determined by the zUsage argument.
*/
static void explainTempTable(Parse *pParse, const char *zUsage){
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
    char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(pParse->db, "USE TEMP B-TREE FOR %s", zUsage);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, pParse->iSelectId, 0, 0, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
  }
}

/*
** Unless an "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN" command is being processed, this function
** is a no-op. Otherwise, it adds a single row of output to the EQP result,
** where the caption is of one of the two forms:
**
**   "COMPOSITE SUBQUERIES iSub1 and iSub2 (op)"
**   "COMPOSITE SUBQUERIES iSub1 and iSub2 USING TEMP B-TREE (op)"
**
** where iSub1 and iSub2 are the integers passed as the corresponding
** function parameters, and op is the text representation of the parameter
** of the same name. The parameter "op" must be one of TK_UNION, TK_EXCEPT,
** TK_INTERSECT or TK_ALL. The first form is used if argument bUseTmp is 
** false, or the second form if it is true.
*/
static void explainComposite(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  int op,                         /* One of TK_UNION, TK_EXCEPT etc. */
  int iSub1,                      /* Subquery id 1 */
  int iSub2,                      /* Subquery id 2 */
  int bUseTmp                     /* True if a temp table was used */
){
  assert( op==TK_UNION || op==TK_EXCEPT || op==TK_INTERSECT || op==TK_ALL );
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
    char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(
        pParse->db, "COMPOUND SUBQUERIES %d AND %d %s(%s)", iSub1, iSub2,
        bUseTmp?"USING TEMP B-TREE ":"", selectOpName(op)
    );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, pParse->iSelectId, 0, 0, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
  }
}

/*
** Assign expression b to lvalue a. A second, no-op, version of this macro
** is provided when SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN is defined. This allows the code
** in sqlite3Select() to assign values to structure member variables that
** only exist if SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN is not defined without polluting the
** code with #ifndef directives.
*/
# define explainSetInteger(a, b) a = b

#else
/* No-op versions of the explainXXX() functions and macros. */
# define explainTempTable(y,z)
# define explainComposite(v,w,x,y,z)
# define explainSetInteger(y,z)
#endif

/*
** If the inner loop was generated using a non-null pOrderBy argument,
** then the results were placed in a sorter.  After the loop is terminated
** we need to run the sorter and output the results.  The following
** routine generates the code needed to do that.
*/
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_NAME, 
          sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pEList->a[i].zSpan), SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
    }
  }
  generateColumnTypes(pParse, pTabList, pEList);
}

















/*
** Given a an expression list (which is really the list of expressions
** that form the result set of a SELECT statement) compute appropriate
** column names for a table that would hold the expression list.
**
** All column names will be unique.
**
................................................................................
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;   /* Success code from a subroutine */
  Select *pPrior;       /* Another SELECT immediately to our left */
  Vdbe *v;              /* Generate code to this VDBE */
  SelectDest dest;      /* Alternative data destination */
  Select *pDelete = 0;  /* Chain of simple selects to delete */
  sqlite3 *db;          /* Database connection */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  int iSub1;            /* EQP id of left-hand query */
  int iSub2;            /* EQP id of right-hand query */
#endif

  /* Make sure there is no ORDER BY or LIMIT clause on prior SELECTs.  Only
  ** the last (right-most) SELECT in the series may have an ORDER BY or LIMIT.
  */
  assert( p && p->pPrior );  /* Calling function guarantees this much */
  db = pParse->db;
  pPrior = p->pPrior;
................................................................................
  */
  switch( p->op ){
    case TK_ALL: {
      int addr = 0;
      assert( !pPrior->pLimit );
      pPrior->pLimit = p->pLimit;
      pPrior->pOffset = p->pOffset;
      explainSetInteger(iSub1, pParse->iNextSelectId);
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &dest);
      p->pLimit = 0;
      p->pOffset = 0;
      if( rc ){
        goto multi_select_end;
      }
      p->pPrior = 0;
      p->iLimit = pPrior->iLimit;
      p->iOffset = pPrior->iOffset;
      if( p->iLimit ){
        addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfZero, p->iLimit);
        VdbeComment((v, "Jump ahead if LIMIT reached"));
      }
      explainSetInteger(iSub2, pParse->iNextSelectId);
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &dest);
      testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
      if( addr ){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
      }
................................................................................
        assert( p->pEList );
      }

      /* Code the SELECT statements to our left
      */
      assert( !pPrior->pOrderBy );
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&uniondest, priorOp, unionTab);
      explainSetInteger(iSub1, pParse->iNextSelectId);
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &uniondest);
      if( rc ){
        goto multi_select_end;
      }

      /* Code the current SELECT statement
      */
................................................................................
      }
      p->pPrior = 0;
      pLimit = p->pLimit;
      p->pLimit = 0;
      pOffset = p->pOffset;
      p->pOffset = 0;
      uniondest.eDest = op;
      explainSetInteger(iSub2, pParse->iNextSelectId);
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &uniondest);
      testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
      /* Query flattening in sqlite3Select() might refill p->pOrderBy.
      ** Be sure to delete p->pOrderBy, therefore, to avoid a memory leak. */
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->pOrderBy);
      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
................................................................................
      p->addrOpenEphm[0] = addr;
      p->pRightmost->selFlags |= SF_UsesEphemeral;
      assert( p->pEList );

      /* Code the SELECTs to our left into temporary table "tab1".
      */
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&intersectdest, SRT_Union, tab1);
      explainSetInteger(iSub1, pParse->iNextSelectId);
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &intersectdest);
      if( rc ){
        goto multi_select_end;
      }

      /* Code the current SELECT into temporary table "tab2"
      */
................................................................................
      p->addrOpenEphm[1] = addr;
      p->pPrior = 0;
      pLimit = p->pLimit;
      p->pLimit = 0;
      pOffset = p->pOffset;
      p->pOffset = 0;
      intersectdest.iParm = tab2;
      explainSetInteger(iSub2, pParse->iNextSelectId);
      rc = sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &intersectdest);
      testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
      pDelete = p->pPrior;
      p->pPrior = pPrior;
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pLimit);
      p->pLimit = pLimit;
      p->pOffset = pOffset;
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, tab1, iStart);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iBreak);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, tab2, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, tab1, 0);
      break;
    }
  }

  explainComposite(pParse, p->op, iSub1, iSub2, p->op!=TK_ALL);

  /* Compute collating sequences used by 
  ** temporary tables needed to implement the compound select.
  ** Attach the KeyInfo structure to all temporary tables.
  **
  ** This section is run by the right-most SELECT statement only.
  ** SELECT statements to the left always skip this part.  The right-most
................................................................................
  int op;               /* One of TK_ALL, TK_UNION, TK_EXCEPT, TK_INTERSECT */
  KeyInfo *pKeyDup = 0; /* Comparison information for duplicate removal */
  KeyInfo *pKeyMerge;   /* Comparison information for merging rows */
  sqlite3 *db;          /* Database connection */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;   /* The ORDER BY clause */
  int nOrderBy;         /* Number of terms in the ORDER BY clause */
  int *aPermute;        /* Mapping from ORDER BY terms to result set columns */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  int iSub1;            /* EQP id of left-hand query */
  int iSub2;            /* EQP id of right-hand query */
#endif

  assert( p->pOrderBy!=0 );
  assert( pKeyDup==0 ); /* "Managed" code needs this.  Ticket #3382. */
  db = pParse->db;
  v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( v!=0 );       /* Already thrown the error if VDBE alloc failed */
  labelEnd = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
................................................................................


  /* Generate a coroutine to evaluate the SELECT statement to the
  ** left of the compound operator - the "A" select.
  */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin coroutine for left SELECT"));
  pPrior->iLimit = regLimitA;
  explainSetInteger(iSub1, pParse->iNextSelectId);
  sqlite3Select(pParse, pPrior, &destA);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, regEofA);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, regAddrA);
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "End coroutine for left SELECT"));

  /* Generate a coroutine to evaluate the SELECT statement on 
  ** the right - the "B" select
................................................................................
  */
  addrSelectB = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin coroutine for right SELECT"));
  savedLimit = p->iLimit;
  savedOffset = p->iOffset;
  p->iLimit = regLimitB;
  p->iOffset = 0;  
  explainSetInteger(iSub2, pParse->iNextSelectId);
  sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &destB);
  p->iLimit = savedLimit;
  p->iOffset = savedOffset;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, regEofB);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, regAddrB);
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "End coroutine for right SELECT"));

................................................................................
  if( p->pPrior ){
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, p->pPrior);
  }
  p->pPrior = pPrior;

  /*** TBD:  Insert subroutine calls to close cursors on incomplete
  **** subqueries ****/
  explainComposite(pParse, p->op, iSub1, iSub2, 0);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
/* Forward Declarations */
static void substExprList(sqlite3*, ExprList*, int, ExprList*);
................................................................................
  int isDistinct;        /* True if the DISTINCT keyword is present */
  int distinct;          /* Table to use for the distinct set */
  int rc = 1;            /* Value to return from this function */
  int addrSortIndex;     /* Address of an OP_OpenEphemeral instruction */
  AggInfo sAggInfo;      /* Information used by aggregate queries */
  int iEnd;              /* Address of the end of the query */
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database connection */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  int iRestoreSelectId = pParse->iSelectId;
  pParse->iSelectId = pParse->iNextSelectId++;
#endif

  db = pParse->db;
  if( p==0 || db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr ){
    return 1;
  }
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_SELECT, 0, 0, 0) ) return 1;
  memset(&sAggInfo, 0, sizeof(sAggInfo));
................................................................................
        isAgg = 1;
        p->selFlags |= SF_Aggregate;
      }
      i = -1;
    }else{
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_EphemTab, pItem->iCursor);
      assert( pItem->isPopulated==0 );
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
      pItem->isPopulated = 1;
    }
    if( /*pParse->nErr ||*/ db->mallocFailed ){
      goto select_end;
    }
    pParse->nHeight -= sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);
................................................................................
        pLoop->pRightmost = p;
        pLoop->pNext = pRight;
        pRight = pLoop;
      }
      mxSelect = db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT];
      if( mxSelect && cnt>mxSelect ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many terms in compound SELECT");
        goto select_end;
      }
    }
    rc = multiSelect(pParse, p, pDest);
    explainSetInteger(pParse->iSelectId, iRestoreSelectId);
    return rc;
  }
#endif

  /* If possible, rewrite the query to use GROUP BY instead of DISTINCT.
  ** GROUP BY might use an index, DISTINCT never does.
  */
  assert( p->pGroupBy==0 || (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0 );
  if( (p->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct ){
    p->pGroupBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pEList, 0);
    pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
    p->selFlags &= ~SF_Distinct;

  }

  /* If there is both a GROUP BY and an ORDER BY clause and they are
  ** identical, then disable the ORDER BY clause since the GROUP BY
  ** will cause elements to come out in the correct order.  This is
  ** an optimization - the correct answer should result regardless.
  ** Use the SQLITE_GroupByOrder flag with SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZER
................................................................................
  /* Set the limiter.
  */
  iEnd = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iEnd);

  /* Open a virtual index to use for the distinct set.
  */
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Distinct ){
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
    assert( isAgg || pGroupBy );
    distinct = pParse->nTab++;
    pKeyInfo = keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, p->pEList);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, distinct, 0, 0,
                        (char*)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, BTREE_UNORDERED);
................................................................................
        ** in sorted order
        */
        int regBase;
        int regRecord;
        int nCol;
        int nGroupBy;

        explainTempTable(pParse, 
            isDistinct && !(p->selFlags&SF_Distinct)?"DISTINCT":"GROUP BY");

        groupBySort = 1;
        nGroupBy = pGroupBy->nExpr;
        nCol = nGroupBy + 1;
        j = nGroupBy+1;
        for(i=0; i<sAggInfo.nColumn; i++){
          if( sAggInfo.aCol[i].iSorterColumn>=j ){
            nCol++;
................................................................................
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, 0, 0, 0, -1, 
                      pDest, addrEnd, addrEnd);
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pDel);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrEnd);
    
  } /* endif aggregate query */

  if( distinct>=0 ){
    explainTempTable(pParse, "DISTINCT");
  }

  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then we need to sort the results
  ** and send them to the callback one by one.
  */
  if( pOrderBy ){
    explainTempTable(pParse, "ORDER BY");
    generateSortTail(pParse, p, v, pEList->nExpr, pDest);
  }

  /* Jump here to skip this query
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iEnd);

................................................................................
  */
  rc = 0;

  /* Control jumps to here if an error is encountered above, or upon
  ** successful coding of the SELECT.
  */
select_end:
  explainSetInteger(pParse->iSelectId, iRestoreSelectId);

  /* Identify column names if results of the SELECT are to be output.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pDest->eDest==SRT_Output ){
    generateColumnNames(pParse, pTabList, pEList);
  }

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828
1829



1830
1831
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
....
1855
1856
1857
1858
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1862
1863
1864
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1866
1867
1868
....
2209
2210
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2212
2213
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2215





2216
2217
2218
2219
2220
2221
2222
    u8 notIndexed;    /* True if there is a NOT INDEXED clause */
    int iCursor;      /* The VDBE cursor number used to access this table */
    Expr *pOn;        /* The ON clause of a join */
    IdList *pUsing;   /* The USING clause of a join */
    Bitmask colUsed;  /* Bit N (1<<N) set if column N of pTab is used */
    char *zIndex;     /* Identifier from "INDEXED BY <zIndex>" clause */
    Index *pIndex;    /* Index structure corresponding to zIndex, if any */



  } a[1];             /* One entry for each identifier on the list */
};

/*
** Permitted values of the SrcList.a.jointype field
*/
#define JT_INNER     0x0001    /* Any kind of inner or cross join */
................................................................................
** pTerm is only used when wsFlags&WHERE_MULTI_OR is true.  And pVtabIdx
** is only used when wsFlags&WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE is true.  It is never the
** case that more than one of these conditions is true.
*/
struct WherePlan {
  u32 wsFlags;                   /* WHERE_* flags that describe the strategy */
  u32 nEq;                       /* Number of == constraints */

  union {
    Index *pIdx;                   /* Index when WHERE_INDEXED is true */
    struct WhereTerm *pTerm;       /* WHERE clause term for OR-search */
    sqlite3_index_info *pVtabIdx;  /* Virtual table index to use */
  } u;
};

................................................................................
  u8 declareVtab;            /* True if inside sqlite3_declare_vtab() */
  int nVtabLock;             /* Number of virtual tables to lock */
  Table **apVtabLock;        /* Pointer to virtual tables needing locking */
#endif
  int nHeight;            /* Expression tree height of current sub-select */
  Table *pZombieTab;      /* List of Table objects to delete after code gen */
  TriggerPrg *pTriggerPrg;    /* Linked list of coded triggers */





};

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  #define IN_DECLARE_VTAB 0
#else
  #define IN_DECLARE_VTAB (pParse->declareVtab)
#endif







>
>
>







 







>







 







>
>
>
>
>







1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828
1829
1830
1831
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
1837
1838
1839
....
1858
1859
1860
1861
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
1871
1872
....
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2221
2222
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2231
    u8 notIndexed;    /* True if there is a NOT INDEXED clause */
    int iCursor;      /* The VDBE cursor number used to access this table */
    Expr *pOn;        /* The ON clause of a join */
    IdList *pUsing;   /* The USING clause of a join */
    Bitmask colUsed;  /* Bit N (1<<N) set if column N of pTab is used */
    char *zIndex;     /* Identifier from "INDEXED BY <zIndex>" clause */
    Index *pIndex;    /* Index structure corresponding to zIndex, if any */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
    int iSelectId;    /* If pSelect!=0, the id of the sub-select in EQP */
#endif
  } a[1];             /* One entry for each identifier on the list */
};

/*
** Permitted values of the SrcList.a.jointype field
*/
#define JT_INNER     0x0001    /* Any kind of inner or cross join */
................................................................................
** pTerm is only used when wsFlags&WHERE_MULTI_OR is true.  And pVtabIdx
** is only used when wsFlags&WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE is true.  It is never the
** case that more than one of these conditions is true.
*/
struct WherePlan {
  u32 wsFlags;                   /* WHERE_* flags that describe the strategy */
  u32 nEq;                       /* Number of == constraints */
  double nRow;                   /* Estimated number of rows (for EQP) */
  union {
    Index *pIdx;                   /* Index when WHERE_INDEXED is true */
    struct WhereTerm *pTerm;       /* WHERE clause term for OR-search */
    sqlite3_index_info *pVtabIdx;  /* Virtual table index to use */
  } u;
};

................................................................................
  u8 declareVtab;            /* True if inside sqlite3_declare_vtab() */
  int nVtabLock;             /* Number of virtual tables to lock */
  Table **apVtabLock;        /* Pointer to virtual tables needing locking */
#endif
  int nHeight;            /* Expression tree height of current sub-select */
  Table *pZombieTab;      /* List of Table objects to delete after code gen */
  TriggerPrg *pTriggerPrg;    /* Linked list of coded triggers */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  int iSelectId;
  int iNextSelectId;
#endif
};

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  #define IN_DECLARE_VTAB 0
#else
  #define IN_DECLARE_VTAB (pParse->declareVtab)
#endif

Changes to src/vdbeaux.c.

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    pMem++;

    pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
    pMem->u.i = pOp->p2;                          /* P2 */
    pMem->type = SQLITE_INTEGER;
    pMem++;

    if( p->explain==1 ){
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      pMem->u.i = pOp->p3;                          /* P3 */
      pMem->type = SQLITE_INTEGER;
      pMem++;
    }

    if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, 32, 0) ){            /* P4 */
      assert( p->db->mallocFailed );
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    pMem->flags = MEM_Dyn|MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
    z = displayP4(pOp, pMem->z, 32);
................................................................................
#endif
      {
        pMem->flags = MEM_Null;                       /* Comment */
        pMem->type = SQLITE_NULL;
      }
    }

    p->nResColumn = 8 - 5*(p->explain-1);
    p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
    rc = SQLITE_ROW;
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */








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    pMem++;

    pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
    pMem->u.i = pOp->p2;                          /* P2 */
    pMem->type = SQLITE_INTEGER;
    pMem++;


    pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
    pMem->u.i = pOp->p3;                          /* P3 */
    pMem->type = SQLITE_INTEGER;
    pMem++;


    if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, 32, 0) ){            /* P4 */
      assert( p->db->mallocFailed );
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    pMem->flags = MEM_Dyn|MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
    z = displayP4(pOp, pMem->z, 32);
................................................................................
#endif
      {
        pMem->flags = MEM_Null;                       /* Comment */
        pMem->type = SQLITE_NULL;
      }
    }

    p->nResColumn = 8 - 4*(p->explain-1);
    p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
    rc = SQLITE_ROW;
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */

Changes to src/where.c.

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/*
** A WhereCost object records a lookup strategy and the estimated
** cost of pursuing that strategy.
*/
struct WhereCost {
  WherePlan plan;    /* The lookup strategy */
  double rCost;      /* Overall cost of pursuing this search strategy */
  double nRow;       /* Estimated number of output rows */
  Bitmask used;      /* Bitmask of cursors used by this plan */
};

/*
** Bitmasks for the operators that indices are able to exploit.  An
** OR-ed combination of these values can be used when searching for
** terms in the where clause.
................................................................................
          tempWC.a = pOrTerm;
          tempWC.nTerm = 1;
          bestIndex(pParse, &tempWC, pSrc, notReady, notValid, 0, &sTermCost);
        }else{
          continue;
        }
        rTotal += sTermCost.rCost;
        nRow += sTermCost.nRow;
        used |= sTermCost.used;
        if( rTotal>=pCost->rCost ) break;
      }

      /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, increase the scan cost to account 
      ** for the cost of the sort. */
      if( pOrderBy!=0 ){
................................................................................

      /* If the cost of scanning using this OR term for optimization is
      ** less than the current cost stored in pCost, replace the contents
      ** of pCost. */
      WHERETRACE(("... multi-index OR cost=%.9g nrow=%.9g\n", rTotal, nRow));
      if( rTotal<pCost->rCost ){
        pCost->rCost = rTotal;
        pCost->nRow = nRow;
        pCost->used = used;

        pCost->plan.wsFlags = flags;
        pCost->plan.u.pTerm = pTerm;
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION */
}
................................................................................
  /* Search for any equality comparison term */
  pWCEnd = &pWC->a[pWC->nTerm];
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, notReady) ){
      WHERETRACE(("auto-index reduces cost from %.2f to %.2f\n",
                    pCost->rCost, costTempIdx));
      pCost->rCost = costTempIdx;
      pCost->nRow = logN + 1;
      pCost->plan.wsFlags = WHERE_TEMP_INDEX;
      pCost->used = pTerm->prereqRight;
      break;
    }
  }
}
#else
................................................................................
      notReady, nRow, cost, used
    ));

    /* If this index is the best we have seen so far, then record this
    ** index and its cost in the pCost structure.
    */
    if( (!pIdx || wsFlags)
     && (cost<pCost->rCost || (cost<=pCost->rCost && nRow<pCost->nRow))
    ){
      pCost->rCost = cost;
      pCost->nRow = nRow;
      pCost->used = used;

      pCost->plan.wsFlags = (wsFlags&wsFlagMask);
      pCost->plan.nEq = nEq;
      pCost->plan.u.pIdx = pIdx;
    }

    /* If there was an INDEXED BY clause, then only that one index is
    ** considered. */
................................................................................
        }
      }
    }
  }
  *pzAff = zAff;
  return regBase;
}
























































































































































/*
** Generate code for the start of the iLevel-th loop in the WHERE clause
** implementation described by pWInfo.
*/
static Bitmask codeOneLoopStart(
  WhereInfo *pWInfo,   /* Complete information about the WHERE clause */
................................................................................
      if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur || pOrTerm->eOperator==WO_AND ){
        WhereInfo *pSubWInfo;          /* Info for single OR-term scan */
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
        pSubWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pOrTab, pOrTerm->pExpr, 0,
                        WHERE_OMIT_OPEN | WHERE_OMIT_CLOSE |
                        WHERE_FORCE_TABLE | WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY);
        if( pSubWInfo ){



          if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK)==0 ){
            int iSet = ((ii==pOrWc->nTerm-1)?-1:ii);
            int r;
            r = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTabItem->pTab, -1, iCur, 
                                         regRowid);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_RowSetTest, regRowset,
                                 sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2, r, iSet);
................................................................................
        */
        if( (sCost.used&notReady)==0                       /* (1) */
            && (bestJ<0 || (notIndexed&m)!=0               /* (2) */
                || (sCost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)!=0)
            && (nUnconstrained==0 || pTabItem->pIndex==0   /* (3) */
                || NEVER((sCost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)!=0))
            && (bestJ<0 || sCost.rCost<bestPlan.rCost      /* (4) */
                || (sCost.rCost<=bestPlan.rCost && sCost.nRow<bestPlan.nRow))

        ){
          WHERETRACE(("=== table %d is best so far"
                      " with cost=%g and nRow=%g\n",
                      j, sCost.rCost, sCost.nRow));
          bestPlan = sCost;
          bestJ = j;
        }
        if( doNotReorder ) break;
      }
    }
    assert( bestJ>=0 );
    assert( notReady & getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[bestJ].iCursor) );
    WHERETRACE(("*** Optimizer selects table %d for loop %d"
                " with cost=%g and nRow=%g\n",
                bestJ, pLevel-pWInfo->a, bestPlan.rCost, bestPlan.nRow));
    if( (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ORDERBY)!=0 ){
      *ppOrderBy = 0;
    }
    andFlags &= bestPlan.plan.wsFlags;
    pLevel->plan = bestPlan.plan;
    testcase( bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED );
    testcase( bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX );
................................................................................
    if( bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & (WHERE_INDEXED|WHERE_TEMP_INDEX) ){
      pLevel->iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
    }else{
      pLevel->iIdxCur = -1;
    }
    notReady &= ~getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[bestJ].iCursor);
    pLevel->iFrom = (u8)bestJ;

    if( bestPlan.nRow>=(double)1 ) pParse->nQueryLoop *= bestPlan.nRow;


    /* Check that if the table scanned by this loop iteration had an
    ** INDEXED BY clause attached to it, that the named index is being
    ** used for the scan. If not, then query compilation has failed.
    ** Return an error.
    */
    pIdx = pTabList->a[bestJ].pIndex;
................................................................................
  */
  sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, -1); /* Insert the cookie verifier Goto */
  notReady = ~(Bitmask)0;
  for(i=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; i<nTabList; i++, pLevel++){
    Table *pTab;     /* Table to open */
    int iDb;         /* Index of database containing table/index */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
    if( pParse->explain==2 ){
      char *zMsg;
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
      zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "TABLE %s", pItem->zName);
      if( pItem->zAlias ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s AS %s", zMsg, pItem->zAlias);
      }
      if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX)!=0 ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s WITH AUTOMATIC INDEX", zMsg);
      }else if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0 ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s WITH INDEX %s",
           zMsg, pLevel->plan.u.pIdx->zName);
      }else if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_MULTI_OR ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s VIA MULTI-INDEX UNION", zMsg);
      }else if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & (WHERE_ROWID_EQ|WHERE_ROWID_RANGE) ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s USING PRIMARY KEY", zMsg);
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
      else if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
        sqlite3_index_info *pVtabIdx = pLevel->plan.u.pVtabIdx;
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX %d:%s", zMsg,
                    pVtabIdx->idxNum, pVtabIdx->idxStr);
      }
#endif
      if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ORDERBY ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s ORDER BY", zMsg);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, i, pLevel->iFrom, 0, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */
    pTabItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    pTab = pTabItem->pTab;
    pLevel->iTabCur = pTabItem->iCursor;
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
    if( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)!=0 || pTab->pSelect ){
      /* Do nothing */
    }else
................................................................................

  /* Generate the code to do the search.  Each iteration of the for
  ** loop below generates code for a single nested loop of the VM
  ** program.
  */
  notReady = ~(Bitmask)0;
  for(i=0; i<nTabList; i++){


    notReady = codeOneLoopStart(pWInfo, i, wctrlFlags, notReady);
    pWInfo->iContinue = pWInfo->a[i].addrCont;
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST  /* For testing and debugging use only */
  /* Record in the query plan information about the current table
  ** and the index used to access it (if any).  If the table itself
  ** is not used, its name is just '{}'.  If no index is used
  ** the index is listed as "{}".  If the primary key is used the







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/*
** A WhereCost object records a lookup strategy and the estimated
** cost of pursuing that strategy.
*/
struct WhereCost {
  WherePlan plan;    /* The lookup strategy */
  double rCost;      /* Overall cost of pursuing this search strategy */

  Bitmask used;      /* Bitmask of cursors used by this plan */
};

/*
** Bitmasks for the operators that indices are able to exploit.  An
** OR-ed combination of these values can be used when searching for
** terms in the where clause.
................................................................................
          tempWC.a = pOrTerm;
          tempWC.nTerm = 1;
          bestIndex(pParse, &tempWC, pSrc, notReady, notValid, 0, &sTermCost);
        }else{
          continue;
        }
        rTotal += sTermCost.rCost;
        nRow += sTermCost.plan.nRow;
        used |= sTermCost.used;
        if( rTotal>=pCost->rCost ) break;
      }

      /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, increase the scan cost to account 
      ** for the cost of the sort. */
      if( pOrderBy!=0 ){
................................................................................

      /* If the cost of scanning using this OR term for optimization is
      ** less than the current cost stored in pCost, replace the contents
      ** of pCost. */
      WHERETRACE(("... multi-index OR cost=%.9g nrow=%.9g\n", rTotal, nRow));
      if( rTotal<pCost->rCost ){
        pCost->rCost = rTotal;

        pCost->used = used;
        pCost->plan.nRow = nRow;
        pCost->plan.wsFlags = flags;
        pCost->plan.u.pTerm = pTerm;
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION */
}
................................................................................
  /* Search for any equality comparison term */
  pWCEnd = &pWC->a[pWC->nTerm];
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, notReady) ){
      WHERETRACE(("auto-index reduces cost from %.2f to %.2f\n",
                    pCost->rCost, costTempIdx));
      pCost->rCost = costTempIdx;
      pCost->plan.nRow = logN + 1;
      pCost->plan.wsFlags = WHERE_TEMP_INDEX;
      pCost->used = pTerm->prereqRight;
      break;
    }
  }
}
#else
................................................................................
      notReady, nRow, cost, used
    ));

    /* If this index is the best we have seen so far, then record this
    ** index and its cost in the pCost structure.
    */
    if( (!pIdx || wsFlags)
     && (cost<pCost->rCost || (cost<=pCost->rCost && nRow<pCost->plan.nRow))
    ){
      pCost->rCost = cost;

      pCost->used = used;
      pCost->plan.nRow = nRow;
      pCost->plan.wsFlags = (wsFlags&wsFlagMask);
      pCost->plan.nEq = nEq;
      pCost->plan.u.pIdx = pIdx;
    }

    /* If there was an INDEXED BY clause, then only that one index is
    ** considered. */
................................................................................
        }
      }
    }
  }
  *pzAff = zAff;
  return regBase;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
/*
** This routine is a helper for explainIndexRange() below
**
** pStr holds the text of an expression that we are building up one term
** at a time.  This routine adds a new term to the end of the expression.
** Terms are separated by AND so add the "AND" text for second and subsequent
** terms only.
*/
static void explainAppendTerm(
  StrAccum *pStr,             /* The text expression being built */
  int iTerm,                  /* Index of this term.  First is zero */
  const char *zColumn,        /* Name of the column */
  const char *zOp             /* Name of the operator */
){
  if( iTerm ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " AND ", 5);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, zColumn, -1);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, zOp, 1);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, "?", 1);
}

/*
** Argument pLevel describes a strategy for scanning table pTab. This 
** function returns a pointer to a string buffer containing a description
** of the subset of table rows scanned by the strategy in the form of an
** SQL expression. Or, if all rows are scanned, NULL is returned.
**
** For example, if the query:
**
**   SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=1 AND b>2;
**
** is run and there is an index on (a, b), then this function returns a
** string similar to:
**
**   "a=? AND b>?"
**
** The returned pointer points to memory obtained from sqlite3DbMalloc().
** It is the responsibility of the caller to free the buffer when it is
** no longer required.
*/
static char *explainIndexRange(sqlite3 *db, WhereLevel *pLevel, Table *pTab){
  WherePlan *pPlan = &pLevel->plan;
  Index *pIndex = pPlan->u.pIdx;
  int nEq = pPlan->nEq;
  int i, j;
  Column *aCol = pTab->aCol;
  int *aiColumn = pIndex->aiColumn;
  StrAccum txt;

  if( nEq==0 && (pPlan->wsFlags & (WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&txt, 0, 0, SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, " (", 2);
  for(i=0; i<nEq; i++){
    explainAppendTerm(&txt, i, aCol[aiColumn[i]].zName, "=");
  }

  j = i;
  if( pPlan->wsFlags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
    explainAppendTerm(&txt, i++, aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName, ">");
  }
  if( pPlan->wsFlags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
    explainAppendTerm(&txt, i, aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName, "<");
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, ")", 1);
  return sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&txt);
}

/*
** This function is a no-op unless currently processing an EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
** command. If the query being compiled is an EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN, a single
** record is added to the output to describe the table scan strategy in 
** pLevel.
*/
static void explainOneScan(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  SrcList *pTabList,              /* Table list this loop refers to */
  WhereLevel *pLevel,             /* Scan to write OP_Explain opcode for */
  int iLevel,                     /* Value for "level" column of output */
  int iFrom,                      /* Value for "from" column of output */
  u16 wctrlFlags                  /* Flags passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() */
){
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    u32 flags = pLevel->plan.wsFlags;
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;      /* VM being constructed */
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;     /* Database handle */
    char *zMsg;                   /* Text to add to EQP output */
    sqlite3_int64 nRow;           /* Expected number of rows visited by scan */
    int iId = pParse->iSelectId;  /* Select id (left-most output column) */
    int isSearch;                 /* True for a SEARCH. False for SCAN. */

    if( (flags&WHERE_MULTI_OR) || (wctrlFlags&WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY) ) return;

    isSearch = (pLevel->plan.nEq>0 || flags&(WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT));

    zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s", isSearch?"SEARCH":"SCAN");
    if( pItem->pSelect ){
      zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s SUBQUERY %d", zMsg,pItem->iSelectId);
    }else{
      zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s TABLE %s", zMsg, pItem->zName);
    }

    if( pItem->zAlias ){
      zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s AS %s", zMsg, pItem->zAlias);
    }
    if( (flags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0 ){
      char *zWhere = explainIndexRange(db, pLevel, pItem->pTab);
      zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s USING %s%sINDEX%s%s%s", zMsg, 
          ((flags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX)?"AUTOMATIC ":""),
          ((flags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)?"COVERING ":""),
          ((flags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX)?"":" "),
          ((flags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX)?"": pLevel->plan.u.pIdx->zName),
          zWhere
      );
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zWhere);
    }else if( flags & (WHERE_ROWID_EQ|WHERE_ROWID_RANGE) ){
      zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY", zMsg);

      if( flags&WHERE_ROWID_EQ ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s (rowid=?)", zMsg);
      }else if( flags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT && flags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s (rowid>? AND rowid<?)", zMsg);
      }else if( flags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s (rowid>?)", zMsg);
      }else if( flags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s (rowid<?)", zMsg);
      }
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    else if( (flags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
      sqlite3_index_info *pVtabIdx = pLevel->plan.u.pVtabIdx;
      zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX %d:%s", zMsg,
                  pVtabIdx->idxNum, pVtabIdx->idxStr);
    }
#endif
    if( wctrlFlags&(WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN|WHERE_ORDERBY_MAX) ){
      nRow = 1;
    }else{
      nRow = (sqlite3_int64)pLevel->plan.nRow;
    }
    zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s (~%lld rows)", zMsg, nRow);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, iId, iLevel, iFrom, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
  }
}
#else
# define explainOneScan(u,v,w,x,y,z)
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */


/*
** Generate code for the start of the iLevel-th loop in the WHERE clause
** implementation described by pWInfo.
*/
static Bitmask codeOneLoopStart(
  WhereInfo *pWInfo,   /* Complete information about the WHERE clause */
................................................................................
      if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur || pOrTerm->eOperator==WO_AND ){
        WhereInfo *pSubWInfo;          /* Info for single OR-term scan */
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
        pSubWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pOrTab, pOrTerm->pExpr, 0,
                        WHERE_OMIT_OPEN | WHERE_OMIT_CLOSE |
                        WHERE_FORCE_TABLE | WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY);
        if( pSubWInfo ){
          explainOneScan(
              pParse, pOrTab, &pSubWInfo->a[0], iLevel, pLevel->iFrom, 0
          );
          if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK)==0 ){
            int iSet = ((ii==pOrWc->nTerm-1)?-1:ii);
            int r;
            r = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTabItem->pTab, -1, iCur, 
                                         regRowid);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_RowSetTest, regRowset,
                                 sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2, r, iSet);
................................................................................
        */
        if( (sCost.used&notReady)==0                       /* (1) */
            && (bestJ<0 || (notIndexed&m)!=0               /* (2) */
                || (sCost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)!=0)
            && (nUnconstrained==0 || pTabItem->pIndex==0   /* (3) */
                || NEVER((sCost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)!=0))
            && (bestJ<0 || sCost.rCost<bestPlan.rCost      /* (4) */
                || (sCost.rCost<=bestPlan.rCost 
                 && sCost.plan.nRow<bestPlan.plan.nRow))
        ){
          WHERETRACE(("=== table %d is best so far"
                      " with cost=%g and nRow=%g\n",
                      j, sCost.rCost, sCost.plan.nRow));
          bestPlan = sCost;
          bestJ = j;
        }
        if( doNotReorder ) break;
      }
    }
    assert( bestJ>=0 );
    assert( notReady & getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[bestJ].iCursor) );
    WHERETRACE(("*** Optimizer selects table %d for loop %d"
                " with cost=%g and nRow=%g\n",
                bestJ, pLevel-pWInfo->a, bestPlan.rCost, bestPlan.plan.nRow));
    if( (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ORDERBY)!=0 ){
      *ppOrderBy = 0;
    }
    andFlags &= bestPlan.plan.wsFlags;
    pLevel->plan = bestPlan.plan;
    testcase( bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED );
    testcase( bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX );
................................................................................
    if( bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & (WHERE_INDEXED|WHERE_TEMP_INDEX) ){
      pLevel->iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
    }else{
      pLevel->iIdxCur = -1;
    }
    notReady &= ~getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[bestJ].iCursor);
    pLevel->iFrom = (u8)bestJ;
    if( bestPlan.plan.nRow>=(double)1 ){
      pParse->nQueryLoop *= bestPlan.plan.nRow;
    }

    /* Check that if the table scanned by this loop iteration had an
    ** INDEXED BY clause attached to it, that the named index is being
    ** used for the scan. If not, then query compilation has failed.
    ** Return an error.
    */
    pIdx = pTabList->a[bestJ].pIndex;
................................................................................
  */
  sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, -1); /* Insert the cookie verifier Goto */
  notReady = ~(Bitmask)0;
  for(i=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; i<nTabList; i++, pLevel++){
    Table *pTab;     /* Table to open */
    int iDb;         /* Index of database containing table/index */
































    pTabItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    pTab = pTabItem->pTab;
    pLevel->iTabCur = pTabItem->iCursor;
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
    if( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)!=0 || pTab->pSelect ){
      /* Do nothing */
    }else
................................................................................

  /* Generate the code to do the search.  Each iteration of the for
  ** loop below generates code for a single nested loop of the VM
  ** program.
  */
  notReady = ~(Bitmask)0;
  for(i=0; i<nTabList; i++){
    WhereLevel *pLevel = &pWInfo->a[i];
    explainOneScan(pParse, pTabList, pLevel, i, pLevel->iFrom, wctrlFlags);
    notReady = codeOneLoopStart(pWInfo, i, wctrlFlags, notReady);
    pWInfo->iContinue = pLevel->addrCont;
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST  /* For testing and debugging use only */
  /* Record in the query plan information about the current table
  ** and the index used to access it (if any).  If the table itself
  ** is not used, its name is just '{}'.  If no index is used
  ** the index is listed as "{}".  If the primary key is used the

Changes to test/autoindex1.test.

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  }
} {4087}

# Ticket [8011086c85c6c404014c947fcf3eb9f42b184a0d] from 2010-07-08
# Make sure automatic indices are not created for the RHS of an IN expression
# that is not a correlated subquery.
#
do_test autoindex1-500 {
  db eval {
    CREATE TABLE t501(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b);
    CREATE TABLE t502(x INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, y);
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
    SELECT b FROM t501
     WHERE t501.a IN (SELECT x FROM t502 WHERE y=?);




  }
} {0 0 {TABLE t501 USING PRIMARY KEY} 0 0 {TABLE t502}}
do_test autoindex1-501 {
  db eval {
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
    SELECT b FROM t501
     WHERE t501.a IN (SELECT x FROM t502 WHERE y=t501.b);




  }
} {0 0 {TABLE t501} 0 0 {TABLE t502 WITH AUTOMATIC INDEX}}
do_test autoindex1-502 {
  db eval {
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
    SELECT b FROM t501
     WHERE t501.a=123
       AND t501.a IN (SELECT x FROM t502 WHERE y=t501.b);




  }
} {0 0 {TABLE t501 USING PRIMARY KEY} 0 0 {TABLE t502}}


# The following code checks a performance regression reported on the
# mailing list on 2010-10-19.  The problem is that the nRowEst field
# of ephermeral tables was not being initialized correctly and so no
# automatic index was being created for the emphemeral table when it was
# used as part of a join.
#
do_test autoindex1-600 {
  db eval {
    CREATE TABLE flock_owner(
      owner_rec_id INTEGER CONSTRAINT flock_owner_key PRIMARY KEY,
      flock_no VARCHAR(6) NOT NULL REFERENCES flock (flock_no),
      owner_person_id INTEGER NOT NULL REFERENCES person (person_id),
      owner_change_date TEXT, last_changed TEXT NOT NULL,
      CONSTRAINT fo_owner_date UNIQUE (flock_no, owner_change_date)
    );
    CREATE TABLE sheep (
      Sheep_No char(7) NOT NULL,
      Date_of_Birth char(8),
      Sort_DoB text,
      Flock_Book_Vol char(2),
      Breeder_No char(6),
      Breeder_Person integer,
      Originating_Flock char(6),
      Registering_Flock char(6),
      Tag_Prefix char(9),
      Tag_No char(15),
      Sort_Tag_No integer,
      Breeders_Temp_Tag char(15),
      Sex char(1),
      Sheep_Name char(32),
      Sire_No char(7),
      Dam_No char(7),
      Register_Code char(1),
      Colour char(48),
      Colour_Code char(2),
      Pattern_Code char(8),
      Horns char(1),
      Litter_Size char(1),
      Coeff_of_Inbreeding real,
      Date_of_Registration text,
      Date_Last_Changed text,
      UNIQUE(Sheep_No));
    CREATE INDEX fo_flock_no_index  
                ON flock_owner (flock_no);
    CREATE INDEX fo_owner_change_date_index  
                ON flock_owner (owner_change_date);
    CREATE INDEX fo_owner_person_id_index  
                ON flock_owner (owner_person_id);
    CREATE INDEX sheep_org_flock_index  
             ON sheep (originating_flock);
    CREATE INDEX sheep_reg_flock_index  
             ON sheep (registering_flock);
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
    SELECT x.sheep_no, x.registering_flock, x.date_of_registration
     FROM sheep x LEFT JOIN
         (SELECT s.sheep_no, prev.flock_no, prev.owner_person_id,
         s.date_of_registration, prev.owner_change_date
         FROM sheep s JOIN flock_owner prev ON s.registering_flock =
     prev.flock_no
         AND (prev.owner_change_date <= s.date_of_registration || ' 00:00:00')
         WHERE NOT EXISTS
             (SELECT 'x' FROM flock_owner later
             WHERE prev.flock_no = later.flock_no
             AND later.owner_change_date > prev.owner_change_date
             AND later.owner_change_date <= s.date_of_registration||' 00:00:00')
         ) y ON x.sheep_no = y.sheep_no
     WHERE y.sheep_no IS NULL
     ORDER BY x.registering_flock;







  }
} {0 0 {TABLE sheep AS s} 1 1 {TABLE flock_owner AS prev WITH INDEX sqlite_autoindex_flock_owner_1} 0 0 {TABLE flock_owner AS later WITH INDEX sqlite_autoindex_flock_owner_1} 0 0 {TABLE sheep AS x WITH INDEX sheep_reg_flock_index ORDER BY} 1 1 {TABLE  AS y WITH AUTOMATIC INDEX}}

finish_test







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  }
} {4087}

# Ticket [8011086c85c6c404014c947fcf3eb9f42b184a0d] from 2010-07-08
# Make sure automatic indices are not created for the RHS of an IN expression
# that is not a correlated subquery.
#
do_execsql_test autoindex1-500 {

  CREATE TABLE t501(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b);
  CREATE TABLE t502(x INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, y);
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT b FROM t501
   WHERE t501.a IN (SELECT x FROM t502 WHERE y=?);
} {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t501 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?) (~25 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE LIST SUBQUERY 1} 
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t502 (~100000 rows)}
}

do_execsql_test autoindex1-501 {

  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT b FROM t501
   WHERE t501.a IN (SELECT x FROM t502 WHERE y=t501.b);
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t501 (~500000 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE CORRELATED LIST SUBQUERY 1} 
  1 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t502 USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX (y=?) (~7 rows)}
}

do_execsql_test autoindex1-502 {

  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT b FROM t501
   WHERE t501.a=123
     AND t501.a IN (SELECT x FROM t502 WHERE y=t501.b);
} {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t501 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?) (~1 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE CORRELATED LIST SUBQUERY 1} 
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t502 (~100000 rows)}
}



# The following code checks a performance regression reported on the
# mailing list on 2010-10-19.  The problem is that the nRowEst field
# of ephermeral tables was not being initialized correctly and so no
# automatic index was being created for the emphemeral table when it was
# used as part of a join.
#
do_execsql_test autoindex1-600 {

  CREATE TABLE flock_owner(
    owner_rec_id INTEGER CONSTRAINT flock_owner_key PRIMARY KEY,
    flock_no VARCHAR(6) NOT NULL REFERENCES flock (flock_no),
    owner_person_id INTEGER NOT NULL REFERENCES person (person_id),
    owner_change_date TEXT, last_changed TEXT NOT NULL,
    CONSTRAINT fo_owner_date UNIQUE (flock_no, owner_change_date)
  );
  CREATE TABLE sheep (
    Sheep_No char(7) NOT NULL,
    Date_of_Birth char(8),
    Sort_DoB text,
    Flock_Book_Vol char(2),
    Breeder_No char(6),
    Breeder_Person integer,
    Originating_Flock char(6),
    Registering_Flock char(6),
    Tag_Prefix char(9),
    Tag_No char(15),
    Sort_Tag_No integer,
    Breeders_Temp_Tag char(15),
    Sex char(1),
    Sheep_Name char(32),
    Sire_No char(7),
    Dam_No char(7),
    Register_Code char(1),
    Colour char(48),
    Colour_Code char(2),
    Pattern_Code char(8),
    Horns char(1),
    Litter_Size char(1),
    Coeff_of_Inbreeding real,
    Date_of_Registration text,
    Date_Last_Changed text,
    UNIQUE(Sheep_No));
  CREATE INDEX fo_flock_no_index  
              ON flock_owner (flock_no);
  CREATE INDEX fo_owner_change_date_index  
              ON flock_owner (owner_change_date);
  CREATE INDEX fo_owner_person_id_index  
              ON flock_owner (owner_person_id);
  CREATE INDEX sheep_org_flock_index  
           ON sheep (originating_flock);
  CREATE INDEX sheep_reg_flock_index  
           ON sheep (registering_flock);
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT x.sheep_no, x.registering_flock, x.date_of_registration
   FROM sheep x LEFT JOIN
       (SELECT s.sheep_no, prev.flock_no, prev.owner_person_id,
       s.date_of_registration, prev.owner_change_date
       FROM sheep s JOIN flock_owner prev ON s.registering_flock =
   prev.flock_no
       AND (prev.owner_change_date <= s.date_of_registration || ' 00:00:00')
       WHERE NOT EXISTS
           (SELECT 'x' FROM flock_owner later
           WHERE prev.flock_no = later.flock_no
           AND later.owner_change_date > prev.owner_change_date
           AND later.owner_change_date <= s.date_of_registration||' 00:00:00')
       ) y ON x.sheep_no = y.sheep_no
   WHERE y.sheep_no IS NULL
   ORDER BY x.registering_flock;
} {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE sheep AS s (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE flock_owner AS prev USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_flock_owner_1 (flock_no=? AND owner_change_date<?) (~2 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {EXECUTE CORRELATED SCALAR SUBQUERY 2} 
  2 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE flock_owner AS later USING COVERING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_flock_owner_1 (flock_no=? AND owner_change_date>? AND owner_change_date<?) (~1 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE sheep AS x USING INDEX sheep_reg_flock_index (~1000000 rows)} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH SUBQUERY 1 AS y USING AUTOMATIC COVERING INDEX (sheep_no=?) (~7 rows)}
}


finish_test

Changes to test/e_createtable.test.

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#
do_execsql_test 4.10.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b PRIMARY KEY);
  CREATE TABLE t2(a, b, c, UNIQUE(b, c));
}
do_createtable_tests 4.10 {
  1    "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b = 5" 
       {0 0 {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t1_1}}

  2    "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY b, c"
       {0 0 {TABLE t2 WITH INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t2_1 ORDER BY}}

  3    "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE b=10 AND c>10"
       {0 0 {TABLE t2 WITH INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t2_1}}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-45493-35653 A CHECK constraint may be attached to a
# column definition or specified as a table constraint. In practice it
# makes no difference.
#
#   All the tests that deal with CHECK constraints below (4.11.* and 







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#
do_execsql_test 4.10.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b PRIMARY KEY);
  CREATE TABLE t2(a, b, c, UNIQUE(b, c));
}
do_createtable_tests 4.10 {
  1    "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b = 5" 
       {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t1_1 (b=?) (~1 rows)}}

  2    "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY b, c"
       {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t2_1 (~1000000 rows)}}

  3    "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE b=10 AND c>10"
       {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t2_1 (b=? AND c>?) (~3 rows)}}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-45493-35653 A CHECK constraint may be attached to a
# column definition or specified as a table constraint. In practice it
# makes no difference.
#
#   All the tests that deal with CHECK constraints below (4.11.* and 

Changes to test/e_fkey.test.

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      trackid     INTEGER, 
      trackname   TEXT, 
      trackartist INTEGER,
      FOREIGN KEY(trackartist) REFERENCES artist(artistid)
    );
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-25.2 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF;
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN DELETE FROM artist WHERE 1;
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT rowid FROM track WHERE trackartist = ?;



  }
} {0 0 {TABLE artist} 0 0 {TABLE track}}
do_test e_fkey-25.3 {
  execsql { 
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON;
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN DELETE FROM artist WHERE 1;



  }
} {0 0 {TABLE artist} 0 0 {TABLE track}}
do_test e_fkey-25.4 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(5, 'artist 5');
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(6, 'artist 6');
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(7, 'artist 7');
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(1, 'track 1', 5);
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(2, 'track 2', 6);
................................................................................
    );
    CREATE INDEX trackindex ON track(trackartist);
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-27.2 {
  eqp { INSERT INTO artist VALUES(?, ?) }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-27.3 {
  eqp { UPDATE artist SET artistid = ?, artistname = ? }
} [list \
  0 0 {TABLE artist} \
  0 0 {TABLE track WITH INDEX trackindex} \
  0 0 {TABLE track WITH INDEX trackindex}
]

do_test e_fkey-27.4 {
  eqp { DELETE FROM artist }
} [list \
  0 0 {TABLE artist} \
  0 0 {TABLE track WITH INDEX trackindex}
]



###########################################################################
### SECTION 4.1: Composite Foreign Key Constraints
###########################################################################

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------







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      trackid     INTEGER, 
      trackname   TEXT, 
      trackartist INTEGER,
      FOREIGN KEY(trackartist) REFERENCES artist(artistid)
    );
  }
} {}
do_execsql_test e_fkey-25.2 {

  PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF;
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN DELETE FROM artist WHERE 1;
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT rowid FROM track WHERE trackartist = ?;
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE artist (~1000000 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE track (~100000 rows)}
}

do_execsql_test e_fkey-25.3 {

  PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON;
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN DELETE FROM artist WHERE 1;
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE artist (~1000000 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE track (~100000 rows)}
}

do_test e_fkey-25.4 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(5, 'artist 5');
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(6, 'artist 6');
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(7, 'artist 7');
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(1, 'track 1', 5);
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(2, 'track 2', 6);
................................................................................
    );
    CREATE INDEX trackindex ON track(trackartist);
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-27.2 {
  eqp { INSERT INTO artist VALUES(?, ?) }
} {}
do_execsql_test e_fkey-27.3 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN UPDATE artist SET artistid = ?, artistname = ?
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE artist (~1000000 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE track USING COVERING INDEX trackindex (trackartist=?) (~10 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE track USING COVERING INDEX trackindex (trackartist=?) (~10 rows)}

}
do_execsql_test e_fkey-27.4 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN DELETE FROM artist
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE artist (~1000000 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE track USING COVERING INDEX trackindex (trackartist=?) (~10 rows)}

}


###########################################################################
### SECTION 4.1: Composite Foreign Key Constraints
###########################################################################

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------

Added test/eqp.test.



























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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# 2010 November 6
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

set testprefix eqp

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
# eqp-1.*:        Assorted tests.
# eqp-2.*:        Tests for single select statements.
# eqp-3.*:        Select statements that execute sub-selects.
# eqp-4.*:        Compound select statements.
#

proc do_eqp_test {name sql res} {
  uplevel do_execsql_test $name [list "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN $sql"] [list $res]
}
proc det {args} { uplevel do_eqp_test $args }

do_execsql_test 1.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
  CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(b);
  CREATE TABLE t2(a, b);
  CREATE TABLE t3(a, b);
}

do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t2, t1 WHERE t1.a=1 OR t1.b=2;
} {
  0 0 1 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?) (~10 rows)} 
  0 0 1 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b=?) (~10 rows)} 
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)}
}
do_eqp_test 1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t2 CROSS JOIN t1 WHERE t1.a=1 OR t1.b=2;
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?) (~10 rows)} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b=?) (~10 rows)} 
}
do_eqp_test 1.3 {
  SELECT a FROM t1 ORDER BY a
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1 (~1000000 rows)}
}
do_eqp_test 1.4 {
  SELECT a FROM t1 ORDER BY +a
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}
do_eqp_test 1.5 {
  SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE a=4
} {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1 (a=?) (~10 rows)}
}
do_eqp_test 1.6 {
  SELECT DISTINCT count(*) FROM t3 GROUP BY a;
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t3 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases eqp-2.* - tests for single select statements.
#
drop_all_tables
do_execsql_test 2.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(x, y);

  CREATE TABLE t2(x, y);
  CREATE INDEX t2i1 ON t2(x);
}

det 2.2.1 "SELECT DISTINCT min(x), max(x) FROM t1 GROUP BY x ORDER BY 1" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}
det 2.2.2 "SELECT DISTINCT min(x), max(x) FROM t2 GROUP BY x ORDER BY 1" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}
det 2.2.3 "SELECT DISTINCT * FROM t1" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT}
}
det 2.2.4 "SELECT DISTINCT * FROM t1, t2" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT}
}
det 2.2.5 "SELECT DISTINCT * FROM t1, t2 ORDER BY t1.x" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}
det 2.2.6 "SELECT DISTINCT t2.x FROM t1, t2 ORDER BY t2.x" {
  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)}
}

det 2.3.1 "SELECT max(x) FROM t2" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1 (~1 rows)}
}
det 2.3.2 "SELECT min(x) FROM t2" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1 (~1 rows)}
}
det 2.3.3 "SELECT min(x), max(x) FROM t2" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)}
}

det 2.4.1 "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE rowid=?" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?) (~1 rows)}
}



#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases eqp-3.* - tests for select statements that use sub-selects.
#
do_eqp_test 3.1.1 {
  SELECT (SELECT x FROM t1 AS sub) FROM t1;
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE SCALAR SUBQUERY 1}
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 AS sub (~1000000 rows)}
}
do_eqp_test 3.1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE (SELECT x FROM t1 AS sub);
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE SCALAR SUBQUERY 1}
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 AS sub (~1000000 rows)}
}
do_eqp_test 3.1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE (SELECT x FROM t1 AS sub ORDER BY y);
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE SCALAR SUBQUERY 1}
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 AS sub (~1000000 rows)}
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}
do_eqp_test 3.1.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE (SELECT x FROM t2 ORDER BY x);
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE SCALAR SUBQUERY 1}
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1 (~1000000 rows)}
}

det 3.2.1 {
  SELECT * FROM (SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY x LIMIT 10) ORDER BY y LIMIT 5
} {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY} 
  0 0 0 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}
det 3.2.2 {
  SELECT * FROM 
    (SELECT * FROM t1 ORDER BY x LIMIT 10) AS x1,
    (SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY x LIMIT 10) AS x2
  ORDER BY x2.y LIMIT 5
} {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY} 
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2i1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1 AS x1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  0 1 1 {SCAN SUBQUERY 2 AS x2 (~1000000 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}

det 3.3.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE y IN (SELECT y FROM t2)
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~100000 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE LIST SUBQUERY 1} 
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)}
}
det 3.3.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE y IN (SELECT y FROM t2 WHERE t1.x!=t2.x)
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~500000 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE CORRELATED LIST SUBQUERY 1} 
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~500000 rows)}
}
det 3.3.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE EXISTS (SELECT y FROM t2 WHERE t1.x!=t2.x)
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~500000 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE CORRELATED SCALAR SUBQUERY 1} 
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~500000 rows)}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases eqp-4.* - tests for composite select statements.
#
do_eqp_test 4.1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 UNION ALL SELECT * FROM t2
} {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (UNION ALL)} 
}
do_eqp_test 4.1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 UNION ALL SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 2
} {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (UNION ALL)} 
}
do_eqp_test 4.1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 UNION SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 2
} {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (UNION)} 
}
do_eqp_test 4.1.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 INTERSECT SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 2
} {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (INTERSECT)} 
}
do_eqp_test 4.1.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 EXCEPT SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 2
} {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (EXCEPT)} 
}

do_eqp_test 4.2.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 UNION ALL SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 1
} {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2i1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (UNION ALL)} 
}
do_eqp_test 4.2.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 UNION SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 1
} {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (UNION)} 
}
do_eqp_test 4.2.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 INTERSECT SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 1
} {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (INTERSECT)} 
}
do_eqp_test 4.2.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 EXCEPT SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 1
} {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (EXCEPT)} 
}

do_eqp_test 4.3.1 {
  SELECT x FROM t1 UNION SELECT x FROM t2
} {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 USING TEMP B-TREE (UNION)} 
}

do_eqp_test 4.3.2 {
  SELECT x FROM t1 UNION SELECT x FROM t2 UNION SELECT x FROM t1
} {
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  3 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 2 AND 3 USING TEMP B-TREE (UNION)}
  4 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 4 USING TEMP B-TREE (UNION)}
}
do_eqp_test 4.3.3 {
  SELECT x FROM t1 UNION SELECT x FROM t2 UNION SELECT x FROM t1 ORDER BY 1
} {
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY} 
  3 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2i1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 2 AND 3 (UNION)} 
  4 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  4 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY} 
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 4 (UNION)}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This next block of tests verifies that the examples on the 
# lang_explain.html page are correct.
#
drop_all_tables

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-64208-08323 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a, b
# FROM t1 WHERE a=1; 0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1 (~100000 rows)
do_execsql_test 5.1.0 { CREATE TABLE t1(a, b) }
det 5.1.1 "SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~100000 rows)}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-09022-44606 sqlite> CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
# sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1;
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?) (~10 rows)
do_execsql_test 5.2.0 { CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a) }
det 5.2.1 "SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?) (~10 rows)}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-62228-34103 sqlite> CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(a, b);
# sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1;
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?) (~10 rows)
do_execsql_test 5.3.0 { CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(a, b) }
det 5.3.1 "SELECT a, b FROM t1 WHERE a=1" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?) (~10 rows)}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-22253-05302 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT t1.*,
# t2.* FROM t1, t2 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2; 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1
# USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?) (~3 rows) 0|1|1|SCAN TABLE t2
# (~1000000 rows)
do_execsql_test 5.4.0 {CREATE TABLE t2(c, d)}
det 5.4.1 "SELECT t1.*, t2.* FROM t1, t2 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?) (~3 rows)}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-21040-07025 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT t1.*,
# t2.* FROM t2, t1 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2; 0|0|1|SEARCH TABLE t1
# USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?) (~3 rows) 0|1|0|SCAN TABLE t2
# (~1000000 rows)
det 5.5 "SELECT t1.*, t2.* FROM t2, t1 WHERE t1.a=1 AND t1.b>2" {
  0 0 1 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=? AND b>?) (~3 rows)}
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-39007-61103 sqlite> CREATE INDEX i3 ON t1(b);
# sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=1 OR b=2;
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?) (~10 rows)
# 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i3 (b=?) (~10 rows)
do_execsql_test 5.5.0 {CREATE INDEX i3 ON t1(b)}
det 5.6.1 "SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=1 OR b=2" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?) (~10 rows)}
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i3 (b=?) (~10 rows)}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-33025-54904 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT c, d
# FROM t2 ORDER BY c; 0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows) 0|0|0|USE TEMP
# B-TREE FOR ORDER BY
det 5.7 "SELECT c, d FROM t2 ORDER BY c" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-38854-22809 sqlite> CREATE INDEX i4 ON t2(c);
# sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT c, d FROM t2 ORDER BY c;
# 0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX i4 (~1000000 rows)
do_execsql_test 5.8.0 {CREATE INDEX i4 ON t2(c)}
det 5.8.1 "SELECT c, d FROM t2 ORDER BY c" {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 USING INDEX i4 (~1000000 rows)}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-29884-43993 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT
# (SELECT b FROM t1 WHERE a=0), (SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE b=t2.c) FROM t2;
# 0|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows) 0|0|0|EXECUTE SCALAR SUBQUERY 1
# 1|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?) (~10 rows)
# 0|0|0|EXECUTE CORRELATED SCALAR SUBQUERY 2 2|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t1 USING
# INDEX i3 (b=?) (~10 rows)
det 5.9 {
  SELECT (SELECT b FROM t1 WHERE a=0), (SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE b=t2.c) FROM t2
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE SCALAR SUBQUERY 1}
  1 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (a=?) (~10 rows)}
  0 0 0 {EXECUTE CORRELATED SCALAR SUBQUERY 2}
  2 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i3 (b=?) (~10 rows)}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-17911-16445 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT
# count(*) FROM (SELECT max(b) AS x FROM t1 GROUP BY a) GROUP BY x;
# 1|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (~1000000 rows) 0|0|0|SCAN
# SUBQUERY 1 (~1000000 rows) 0|0|0|USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY
det 5.10 {
  SELECT count(*) FROM (SELECT max(b) AS x FROM t1 GROUP BY a) GROUP BY x
} {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 0 0 {SCAN SUBQUERY 1 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-18544-33103 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM
# (SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE c=1), t1; 0|0|0|SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX i4
# (c=?) (~10 rows) 0|1|1|SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)
det 5.11 "SELECT * FROM (SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE c=1), t1" {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX i4 (c=?) (~10 rows)}
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-40701-42164 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a FROM
# t1 UNION SELECT c FROM t2; 1|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)
# 2|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows) 0|0|0|COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2
# USING TEMP B-TREE (UNION)
det 5.12 "SELECT a FROM t1 UNION SELECT c FROM t2" {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)}
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 USING TEMP B-TREE (UNION)}
}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-61538-24748 sqlite> EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a FROM
# t1 EXCEPT SELECT d FROM t2 ORDER BY 1; 1|0|0|SCAN TABLE t1 USING
# COVERING INDEX i2 (~1000000 rows) 2|0|0|SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)
# 2|0|0|USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY 0|0|0|COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2
# (EXCEPT)
det 5.13 "SELECT a FROM t1 EXCEPT SELECT d FROM t2 ORDER BY 1" {
  1 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i2 (~1000000 rows)}
  2 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)}
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  0 0 0 {COMPOUND SUBQUERIES 1 AND 2 (EXCEPT)}
}





finish_test

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#***********************************************************************
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

set ::testprefix fts3fault




# Test error handling in the sqlite3Fts3Init() function. This is the 
# function that registers the FTS3 module and various support functions
# with SQLite.
#
do_faultsim_test 1 -body { 
  sqlite3 db test.db 







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#***********************************************************************
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

set ::testprefix fts3fault

# If SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3 is not defined, omit this file.
ifcapable !fts3 { finish_test ; return }

# Test error handling in the sqlite3Fts3Init() function. This is the 
# function that registers the FTS3 module and various support functions
# with SQLite.
#
do_faultsim_test 1 -body { 
  sqlite3 db test.db 

Changes to test/fts3matchinfo.test.

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#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for the FTS3 module. The focus
# of this file is tables created with the "matchinfo=fts3" option.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl




set testprefix fts3matchinfo

proc mit {blob} {
  set scan(littleEndian) i*
  set scan(bigEndian) I*
  binary scan $blob $scan($::tcl_platform(byteOrder)) r







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#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for the FTS3 module. The focus
# of this file is tables created with the "matchinfo=fts3" option.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

# If SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3 is not defined, omit this file.
ifcapable !fts3 { finish_test ; return }

set testprefix fts3matchinfo

proc mit {blob} {
  set scan(littleEndian) i*
  set scan(bigEndian) I*
  binary scan $blob $scan($::tcl_platform(byteOrder)) r

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#
proc EQP {sql} {
  uplevel "execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN $sql}"
}

# These tests are to check that "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN" is working as expected.
#
do_test indexedby-1.2 {
  EQP { select * from t1 WHERE a = 10; }
} {0 0 {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX i1}}
do_test indexedby-1.3 {
  EQP { select * from t1 ; }
} {0 0 {TABLE t1}}
do_test indexedby-1.4 {
  EQP { select * from t1, t2 WHERE c = 10; }
} {0 1 {TABLE t2 WITH INDEX i3} 1 0 {TABLE t1}}




# Parser tests. Test that an INDEXED BY or NOT INDEX clause can be 
# attached to a table in the FROM clause, but not to a sub-select or
# SQL view. Also test that specifying an index that does not exist or
# is attached to a different table is detected as an error.
# 
do_test indexedby-2.1 {
................................................................................
} {1 {near "WHERE": syntax error}}
do_test indexedby-2.7 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM v1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a = 'one' }
} {1 {no such index: i1}}

# Tests for single table cases.
#
do_test indexedby-3.1 {
  EQP { SELECT * FROM t1 NOT INDEXED WHERE a = 'one' AND b = 'two'}
} {0 0 {TABLE t1}}
do_test indexedby-3.2 {

  EQP { SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a = 'one' AND b = 'two'}
} {0 0 {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX i1}}

do_test indexedby-3.3 {

  EQP { SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i2 WHERE a = 'one' AND b = 'two'}
} {0 0 {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX i2}}

do_test indexedby-3.4 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i2 WHERE a = 'one' }
} {1 {cannot use index: i2}}
do_test indexedby-3.5 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i2 ORDER BY a }
} {1 {cannot use index: i2}}
do_test indexedby-3.6 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a = 'one' }
} {0 {}}
do_test indexedby-3.7 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 ORDER BY a }
} {0 {}}

do_test indexedby-3.8 {

  EQP { SELECT * FROM t3 INDEXED BY sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 ORDER BY e }
} {0 0 {TABLE t3 WITH INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 ORDER BY}}
do_test indexedby-3.9 {

  EQP { SELECT * FROM t3 INDEXED BY sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 WHERE e = 10 }
} {0 0 {TABLE t3 WITH INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t3_1}}
do_test indexedby-3.10 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t3 INDEXED BY sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 WHERE f = 10 }
} {1 {cannot use index: sqlite_autoindex_t3_1}}
do_test indexedby-3.11 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t3 INDEXED BY sqlite_autoindex_t3_2 WHERE f = 10 }
} {1 {no such index: sqlite_autoindex_t3_2}}

# Tests for multiple table cases.
#
do_test indexedby-4.1 {
  EQP { SELECT * FROM t1, t2 WHERE a = c }
} {0 0 {TABLE t1} 1 1 {TABLE t2 WITH INDEX i3}}



do_test indexedby-4.2 {
  EQP { SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1, t2 WHERE a = c }
} {0 1 {TABLE t2} 1 0 {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX i1}}




do_test indexedby-4.3 {
  catchsql {
    SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1, t2 INDEXED BY i3 WHERE a=c
  }
} {1 {cannot use index: i1}}
do_test indexedby-4.4 {
  catchsql {
................................................................................
  }
} {1 {cannot use index: i3}}

# Test embedding an INDEXED BY in a CREATE VIEW statement. This block
# also tests that nothing bad happens if an index refered to by
# a CREATE VIEW statement is dropped and recreated.
#
do_test indexedby-5.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE VIEW v2 AS SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a > 5;
  }
  EQP { SELECT * FROM v2 }
} {0 0 {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX i1}}

do_test indexedby-5.2 {
  EQP { SELECT * FROM v2 WHERE b = 10 }
} {0 0 {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX i1}}

do_test indexedby-5.3 {
  execsql { DROP INDEX i1 }
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM v2 }
} {1 {no such index: i1}}
do_test indexedby-5.4 {
  # Recreate index i1 in such a way as it cannot be used by the view query.
  execsql { CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(b) }
................................................................................
  # be used by the query.
  execsql { DROP INDEX i1 ; CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a) }
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM v2 }
} {0 {}}

# Test that "NOT INDEXED" may use the rowid index, but not others.
# 
do_test indexedby-6.1 {
  EQP { SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b = 10 ORDER BY rowid }
} {0 0 {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX i2 ORDER BY}}
do_test indexedby-6.2 {
  EQP { SELECT * FROM t1 NOT INDEXED WHERE b = 10 ORDER BY rowid }
} {0 0 {TABLE t1 USING PRIMARY KEY ORDER BY}}

# Test that "INDEXED BY" can be used in a DELETE statement.
# 
do_test indexedby-7.1 {
  EQP { DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a = 5 }
} {0 0 {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX i1}}
do_test indexedby-7.2 {
  EQP { DELETE FROM t1 NOT INDEXED WHERE a = 5 }
} {0 0 {TABLE t1}}
do_test indexedby-7.3 {
  EQP { DELETE FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a = 5 }
} {0 0 {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX i1}}
do_test indexedby-7.4 {
  EQP { DELETE FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a = 5 AND b = 10}
} {0 0 {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX i1}}
do_test indexedby-7.5 {
  EQP { DELETE FROM t1 INDEXED BY i2 WHERE a = 5 AND b = 10}
} {0 0 {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX i2}}
do_test indexedby-7.6 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM t1 INDEXED BY i2 WHERE a = 5}
} {1 {cannot use index: i2}}

# Test that "INDEXED BY" can be used in an UPDATE statement.
# 
do_test indexedby-8.1 {
  EQP { UPDATE t1 SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5 }
} {0 0 {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX i1}}
do_test indexedby-8.2 {
  EQP { UPDATE t1 NOT INDEXED SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5 }
} {0 0 {TABLE t1}}
do_test indexedby-8.3 {
  EQP { UPDATE t1 INDEXED BY i1 SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5 }
} {0 0 {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX i1}}
do_test indexedby-8.4 {

  EQP { UPDATE t1 INDEXED BY i1 SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5 AND b = 10}
} {0 0 {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX i1}}

do_test indexedby-8.5 {

  EQP { UPDATE t1 INDEXED BY i2 SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5 AND b = 10}
} {0 0 {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX i2}}

do_test indexedby-8.6 {
  catchsql { UPDATE t1 INDEXED BY i2 SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5}
} {1 {cannot use index: i2}}

# Test that bug #3560 is fixed.
#
do_test indexedby-9.1 {







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#
proc EQP {sql} {
  uplevel "execsql {EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN $sql}"
}

# These tests are to check that "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN" is working as expected.
#
do_execsql_test indexedby-1.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN select * from t1 WHERE a = 10; 
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?) (~10 rows)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-1.3 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN select * from t1 ; 
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-1.4 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN select * from t1, t2 WHERE c = 10; 
} {
  0 0 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX i3 (c=?) (~10 rows)} 
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)}
}

# Parser tests. Test that an INDEXED BY or NOT INDEX clause can be 
# attached to a table in the FROM clause, but not to a sub-select or
# SQL view. Also test that specifying an index that does not exist or
# is attached to a different table is detected as an error.
# 
do_test indexedby-2.1 {
................................................................................
} {1 {near "WHERE": syntax error}}
do_test indexedby-2.7 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM v1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a = 'one' }
} {1 {no such index: i1}}

# Tests for single table cases.
#
do_execsql_test indexedby-3.1 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 NOT INDEXED WHERE a = 'one' AND b = 'two'
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~10000 rows)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-3.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN 
  SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a = 'one' AND b = 'two'

} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?) (~2 rows)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-3.3 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN 
  SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i2 WHERE a = 'one' AND b = 'two'

} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b=?) (~2 rows)}}
do_test indexedby-3.4 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i2 WHERE a = 'one' }
} {1 {cannot use index: i2}}
do_test indexedby-3.5 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i2 ORDER BY a }
} {1 {cannot use index: i2}}
do_test indexedby-3.6 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a = 'one' }
} {0 {}}
do_test indexedby-3.7 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 ORDER BY a }
} {0 {}}

do_execsql_test indexedby-3.8 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN 
  SELECT * FROM t3 INDEXED BY sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 ORDER BY e 
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t3 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 (~1000000 rows)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-3.9 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN 
  SELECT * FROM t3 INDEXED BY sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 WHERE e = 10 
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t3 USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 (e=?) (~1 rows)}}
do_test indexedby-3.10 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t3 INDEXED BY sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 WHERE f = 10 }
} {1 {cannot use index: sqlite_autoindex_t3_1}}
do_test indexedby-3.11 {
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM t3 INDEXED BY sqlite_autoindex_t3_2 WHERE f = 10 }
} {1 {no such index: sqlite_autoindex_t3_2}}

# Tests for multiple table cases.
#
do_execsql_test indexedby-4.1 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1, t2 WHERE a = c 
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX i3 (c=?) (~10 rows)}
}
do_execsql_test indexedby-4.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1, t2 WHERE a = c 

} {
  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)} 
  0 1 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?) (~10 rows)}
}
do_test indexedby-4.3 {
  catchsql {
    SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1, t2 INDEXED BY i3 WHERE a=c
  }
} {1 {cannot use index: i1}}
do_test indexedby-4.4 {
  catchsql {
................................................................................
  }
} {1 {cannot use index: i3}}

# Test embedding an INDEXED BY in a CREATE VIEW statement. This block
# also tests that nothing bad happens if an index refered to by
# a CREATE VIEW statement is dropped and recreated.
#
do_execsql_test indexedby-5.1 {

  CREATE VIEW v2 AS SELECT * FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a > 5;

  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM v2 

} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a>?) (~330000 rows)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-5.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM v2 WHERE b = 10 

} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a>?) (~33000 rows)}}
do_test indexedby-5.3 {
  execsql { DROP INDEX i1 }
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM v2 }
} {1 {no such index: i1}}
do_test indexedby-5.4 {
  # Recreate index i1 in such a way as it cannot be used by the view query.
  execsql { CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(b) }
................................................................................
  # be used by the query.
  execsql { DROP INDEX i1 ; CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a) }
  catchsql { SELECT * FROM v2 }
} {0 {}}

# Test that "NOT INDEXED" may use the rowid index, but not others.
# 
do_execsql_test indexedby-6.1 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b = 10 ORDER BY rowid 
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b=?) (~10 rows)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-6.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t1 NOT INDEXED WHERE b = 10 ORDER BY rowid 
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (~100000 rows)}}

# Test that "INDEXED BY" can be used in a DELETE statement.
# 
do_execsql_test indexedby-7.1 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a = 5 
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1 (a=?) (~10 rows)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-7.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN DELETE FROM t1 NOT INDEXED WHERE a = 5 
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~100000 rows)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-7.3 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN DELETE FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a = 5 
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1 (a=?) (~10 rows)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-7.4 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN DELETE FROM t1 INDEXED BY i1 WHERE a = 5 AND b = 10
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?) (~2 rows)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-7.5 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN DELETE FROM t1 INDEXED BY i2 WHERE a = 5 AND b = 10
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b=?) (~2 rows)}}
do_test indexedby-7.6 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM t1 INDEXED BY i2 WHERE a = 5}
} {1 {cannot use index: i2}}

# Test that "INDEXED BY" can be used in an UPDATE statement.
# 
do_execsql_test indexedby-8.1 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN UPDATE t1 SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5 
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1 (a=?) (~10 rows)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-8.2 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN UPDATE t1 NOT INDEXED SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5 
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t1 (~100000 rows)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-8.3 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN UPDATE t1 INDEXED BY i1 SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5 
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING COVERING INDEX i1 (a=?) (~10 rows)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-8.4 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN 
  UPDATE t1 INDEXED BY i1 SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5 AND b = 10

} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i1 (a=?) (~2 rows)}}
do_execsql_test indexedby-8.5 {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN 
  UPDATE t1 INDEXED BY i2 SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5 AND b = 10

} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX i2 (b=?) (~2 rows)}}
do_test indexedby-8.6 {
  catchsql { UPDATE t1 INDEXED BY i2 SET rowid=rowid+1 WHERE a = 5}
} {1 {cannot use index: i2}}

# Test that bug #3560 is fixed.
#
do_test indexedby-9.1 {

Changes to test/tester.tcl.

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  } {
    set testname "${::testprefix}-$testname"
  }
}
    
proc do_execsql_test {testname sql {result {}}} {
  fix_testname testname
  uplevel do_test $testname [list "execsql {$sql}"] [list $result]
}
proc do_catchsql_test {testname sql result} {
  fix_testname testname
  uplevel do_test $testname [list "catchsql {$sql}"] [list $result]
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------







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  } {
    set testname "${::testprefix}-$testname"
  }
}
    
proc do_execsql_test {testname sql {result {}}} {
  fix_testname testname
  uplevel do_test $testname [list "execsql {$sql}"] [list [list {*}$result]]
}
proc do_catchsql_test {testname sql result} {
  fix_testname testname
  uplevel do_test $testname [list "catchsql {$sql}"] [list $result]
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------

Changes to test/tkt-78e04e52ea.test.

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    CREATE INDEX i1 ON ""("" COLLATE nocase);
  }
} {}
do_test tkt-78e04-1.4 {
  execsql {
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM "" WHERE "" LIKE 'abc%';
  }
} {0 0 {TABLE }}
do_test tkt-78e04-1.5 {
  execsql {
    DROP TABLE "";
    SELECT name FROM sqlite_master;
  }
} {t2}

do_test tkt-78e04-2.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE INDEX "" ON t2(x);
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE x=5;
  }
} {0 0 {TABLE t2 WITH INDEX }}
do_test tkt-78e04-2.2 {
  execsql {
    DROP INDEX "";
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE x=2;
  }
} {0 0 {TABLE t2}}

finish_test







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    CREATE INDEX i1 ON ""("" COLLATE nocase);
  }
} {}
do_test tkt-78e04-1.4 {
  execsql {
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM "" WHERE "" LIKE 'abc%';
  }
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE  (~500000 rows)}}
do_test tkt-78e04-1.5 {
  execsql {
    DROP TABLE "";
    SELECT name FROM sqlite_master;
  }
} {t2}

do_test tkt-78e04-2.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE INDEX "" ON t2(x);
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE x=5;
  }
} {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX  (x=?) (~10 rows)}}
do_test tkt-78e04-2.2 {
  execsql {
    DROP INDEX "";
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT * FROM t2 WHERE x=2;
  }
} {0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t2 (~100000 rows)}}

finish_test

Changes to test/tkt3442.test.

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# These tests perform an EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN on both versions of the 
# SELECT referenced in ticket #3442 (both '5000' and "5000") 
# and verify that the query plan is the same.
#
ifcapable explain {
  do_test tkt3442-1.2 {
    EQP { SELECT node FROM listhash WHERE id='5000' LIMIT 1; }
  } {0 0 {TABLE listhash WITH INDEX ididx}}
  do_test tkt3442-1.3 {
    EQP { SELECT node FROM listhash WHERE id="5000" LIMIT 1; }
  } {0 0 {TABLE listhash WITH INDEX ididx}}
}


# Some extra tests testing other permutations of 5000.
#
ifcapable explain {
  do_test tkt3442-1.4 {
    EQP { SELECT node FROM listhash WHERE id=5000 LIMIT 1; }
  } {0 0 {TABLE listhash WITH INDEX ididx}}
}
do_test tkt3442-1.5 {
  catchsql {
    SELECT node FROM listhash WHERE id=[5000] LIMIT 1;
  }
} {1 {no such column: 5000}}

finish_test







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# These tests perform an EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN on both versions of the 
# SELECT referenced in ticket #3442 (both '5000' and "5000") 
# and verify that the query plan is the same.
#
ifcapable explain {
  do_test tkt3442-1.2 {
    EQP { SELECT node FROM listhash WHERE id='5000' LIMIT 1; }
  } {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE listhash USING INDEX ididx (id=?) (~1 rows)}}
  do_test tkt3442-1.3 {
    EQP { SELECT node FROM listhash WHERE id="5000" LIMIT 1; }
  } {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE listhash USING INDEX ididx (id=?) (~1 rows)}}
}


# Some extra tests testing other permutations of 5000.
#
ifcapable explain {
  do_test tkt3442-1.4 {
    EQP { SELECT node FROM listhash WHERE id=5000 LIMIT 1; }
  } {0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE listhash USING INDEX ididx (id=?) (~1 rows)}}
}
do_test tkt3442-1.5 {
  catchsql {
    SELECT node FROM listhash WHERE id=[5000] LIMIT 1;
  }
} {1 {no such column: 5000}}

finish_test

Changes to test/where3.test.

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} {tB {} tC * tA * tD *}

# Ticket [13f033c865f878953]
# If the outer loop must be a full table scan, do not let ANALYZE trick
# the planner into use a table for the outer loop that might be indexable
# if held until an inner loop.
# 
do_test where3-3.0 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t301(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,b,c);
    CREATE INDEX t301c ON t301(c);
    INSERT INTO t301 VALUES(1,2,3);
    CREATE TABLE t302(x, y);
    ANALYZE;
    explain query plan
    SELECT * FROM t302, t301 WHERE t302.x=5 AND t301.a=t302.y;



  }
} {0 0 {TABLE t302} 1 1 {TABLE t301 USING PRIMARY KEY}}
do_test where3-3.1 {
  execsql {
    explain query plan
    SELECT * FROM t301, t302 WHERE t302.x=5 AND t301.a=t302.y;



  }
} {0 1 {TABLE t302} 1 0 {TABLE t301 USING PRIMARY KEY}}

# Verify that when there are multiple tables in a join which must be
# full table scans that the query planner attempts put the table with
# the fewest number of output rows as the outer loop.
#
do_test where3-4.0 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t400(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
    CREATE TABLE t401(p INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, q, r);
    CREATE TABLE t402(x INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, y, z);
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
    SELECT * FROM t400, t401, t402 WHERE t402.z GLOB 'abc*';




  }
} {0 2 {TABLE t402} 1 0 {TABLE t400} 2 1 {TABLE t401}}
do_test where3-4.1 {
  execsql {
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
    SELECT * FROM t400, t401, t402 WHERE t401.r GLOB 'abc*';




  }
} {0 1 {TABLE t401} 1 0 {TABLE t400} 2 2 {TABLE t402}}
do_test where3-4.2 {
  execsql {
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
    SELECT * FROM t400, t401, t402 WHERE t400.c GLOB 'abc*';




  }
} {0 0 {TABLE t400} 1 1 {TABLE t401} 2 2 {TABLE t402}}

# Verify that a performance regression encountered by firefox
# has been fixed.
#
do_test where3-5.0 {
  execsql {
     CREATE TABLE aaa (id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, type INTEGER,
                       fk INTEGER DEFAULT NULL, parent INTEGER,
                       position INTEGER, title LONGVARCHAR,
                       keyword_id INTEGER, folder_type TEXT,
                       dateAdded INTEGER, lastModified INTEGER);
     CREATE INDEX aaa_111 ON aaa (fk, type);
     CREATE INDEX aaa_222 ON aaa (parent, position);
     CREATE INDEX aaa_333 ON aaa (fk, lastModified);
     CREATE TABLE bbb (id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, type INTEGER,
                       fk INTEGER DEFAULT NULL, parent INTEGER,
                       position INTEGER, title LONGVARCHAR,
                       keyword_id INTEGER, folder_type TEXT,
                       dateAdded INTEGER, lastModified INTEGER);
     CREATE INDEX bbb_111 ON bbb (fk, type);
     CREATE INDEX bbb_222 ON bbb (parent, position);
     CREATE INDEX bbb_333 ON bbb (fk, lastModified);
  }

  execsql {
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
     SELECT bbb.title AS tag_title 
       FROM aaa JOIN bbb ON bbb.id = aaa.parent  
      WHERE aaa.fk = 'constant'
        AND LENGTH(bbb.title) > 0
        AND bbb.parent = 4
      ORDER BY bbb.title COLLATE NOCASE ASC;




  }
} {0 0 {TABLE aaa WITH INDEX aaa_333} 1 1 {TABLE bbb USING PRIMARY KEY}}
do_test where3-5.1 {
  execsql {
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
     SELECT bbb.title AS tag_title 
       FROM aaa JOIN aaa AS bbb ON bbb.id = aaa.parent  
      WHERE aaa.fk = 'constant'
        AND LENGTH(bbb.title) > 0
        AND bbb.parent = 4
      ORDER BY bbb.title COLLATE NOCASE ASC;




  }
} {0 0 {TABLE aaa WITH INDEX aaa_333} 1 1 {TABLE aaa AS bbb USING PRIMARY KEY}}
do_test where3-5.2 {
  execsql {
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
     SELECT bbb.title AS tag_title 
       FROM bbb JOIN aaa ON bbb.id = aaa.parent  
      WHERE aaa.fk = 'constant'
        AND LENGTH(bbb.title) > 0
        AND bbb.parent = 4
      ORDER BY bbb.title COLLATE NOCASE ASC;




  }
} {0 1 {TABLE aaa WITH INDEX aaa_333} 1 0 {TABLE bbb USING PRIMARY KEY}}
do_test where3-5.3 {
  execsql {
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
     SELECT bbb.title AS tag_title 
       FROM aaa AS bbb JOIN aaa ON bbb.id = aaa.parent  
      WHERE aaa.fk = 'constant'
        AND LENGTH(bbb.title) > 0
        AND bbb.parent = 4
      ORDER BY bbb.title COLLATE NOCASE ASC;




  }
} {0 1 {TABLE aaa WITH INDEX aaa_333} 1 0 {TABLE aaa AS bbb USING PRIMARY KEY}}


finish_test







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} {tB {} tC * tA * tD *}

# Ticket [13f033c865f878953]
# If the outer loop must be a full table scan, do not let ANALYZE trick
# the planner into use a table for the outer loop that might be indexable
# if held until an inner loop.
# 
do_execsql_test where3-3.0 {

  CREATE TABLE t301(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,b,c);
  CREATE INDEX t301c ON t301(c);
  INSERT INTO t301 VALUES(1,2,3);
  CREATE TABLE t302(x, y);
  ANALYZE;

  explain query plan SELECT * FROM t302, t301 WHERE t302.x=5 AND t301.a=t302.y;
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t302 (~0 rows)} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t301 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?) (~1 rows)}
}

do_execsql_test where3-3.1 {

  explain query plan
  SELECT * FROM t301, t302 WHERE t302.x=5 AND t301.a=t302.y;
} {
  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE t302 (~0 rows)} 
  0 1 0 {SEARCH TABLE t301 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?) (~1 rows)}
}


# Verify that when there are multiple tables in a join which must be
# full table scans that the query planner attempts put the table with
# the fewest number of output rows as the outer loop.
#
do_execsql_test where3-4.0 {

  CREATE TABLE t400(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
  CREATE TABLE t401(p INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, q, r);
  CREATE TABLE t402(x INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, y, z);
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT * FROM t400, t401, t402 WHERE t402.z GLOB 'abc*';
} {
  0 0 2 {SCAN TABLE t402 (~500000 rows)} 
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t400 (~1000000 rows)} 
  0 2 1 {SCAN TABLE t401 (~1000000 rows)}
}

do_execsql_test where3-4.1 {

  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT * FROM t400, t401, t402 WHERE t401.r GLOB 'abc*';
} {
  0 0 1 {SCAN TABLE t401 (~500000 rows)} 
  0 1 0 {SCAN TABLE t400 (~1000000 rows)} 
  0 2 2 {SCAN TABLE t402 (~1000000 rows)}
}

do_execsql_test where3-4.2 {

  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT * FROM t400, t401, t402 WHERE t400.c GLOB 'abc*';
} {
  0 0 0 {SCAN TABLE t400 (~500000 rows)} 
  0 1 1 {SCAN TABLE t401 (~1000000 rows)} 
  0 2 2 {SCAN TABLE t402 (~1000000 rows)}
}


# Verify that a performance regression encountered by firefox
# has been fixed.
#
do_execsql_test where3-5.0 {

  CREATE TABLE aaa (id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, type INTEGER,
                    fk INTEGER DEFAULT NULL, parent INTEGER,
                    position INTEGER, title LONGVARCHAR,
                    keyword_id INTEGER, folder_type TEXT,
                    dateAdded INTEGER, lastModified INTEGER);
  CREATE INDEX aaa_111 ON aaa (fk, type);
  CREATE INDEX aaa_222 ON aaa (parent, position);
  CREATE INDEX aaa_333 ON aaa (fk, lastModified);
  CREATE TABLE bbb (id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, type INTEGER,
                    fk INTEGER DEFAULT NULL, parent INTEGER,
                    position INTEGER, title LONGVARCHAR,
                    keyword_id INTEGER, folder_type TEXT,
                    dateAdded INTEGER, lastModified INTEGER);
  CREATE INDEX bbb_111 ON bbb (fk, type);
  CREATE INDEX bbb_222 ON bbb (parent, position);
  CREATE INDEX bbb_333 ON bbb (fk, lastModified);



  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
   SELECT bbb.title AS tag_title 
     FROM aaa JOIN bbb ON bbb.id = aaa.parent  
    WHERE aaa.fk = 'constant'
      AND LENGTH(bbb.title) > 0
      AND bbb.parent = 4
    ORDER BY bbb.title COLLATE NOCASE ASC;
} {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE aaa USING INDEX aaa_333 (fk=?) (~10 rows)} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE bbb USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?) (~1 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}

do_execsql_test where3-5.1 {

  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
   SELECT bbb.title AS tag_title 
     FROM aaa JOIN aaa AS bbb ON bbb.id = aaa.parent  
    WHERE aaa.fk = 'constant'
      AND LENGTH(bbb.title) > 0
      AND bbb.parent = 4
    ORDER BY bbb.title COLLATE NOCASE ASC;
} {
  0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE aaa USING INDEX aaa_333 (fk=?) (~10 rows)} 
  0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE aaa AS bbb USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?) (~1 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}

do_execsql_test where3-5.2 {

  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
   SELECT bbb.title AS tag_title 
     FROM bbb JOIN aaa ON bbb.id = aaa.parent  
    WHERE aaa.fk = 'constant'
      AND LENGTH(bbb.title) > 0
      AND bbb.parent = 4
    ORDER BY bbb.title COLLATE NOCASE ASC;
} {
  0 0 1 {SEARCH TABLE aaa USING INDEX aaa_333 (fk=?) (~10 rows)} 
  0 1 0 {SEARCH TABLE bbb USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?) (~1 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}

do_execsql_test where3-5.3 {

  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
   SELECT bbb.title AS tag_title 
     FROM aaa AS bbb JOIN aaa ON bbb.id = aaa.parent  
    WHERE aaa.fk = 'constant'
      AND LENGTH(bbb.title) > 0
      AND bbb.parent = 4
    ORDER BY bbb.title COLLATE NOCASE ASC;
} {
  0 0 1 {SEARCH TABLE aaa USING INDEX aaa_333 (fk=?) (~10 rows)} 
  0 1 0 {SEARCH TABLE aaa AS bbb USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?) (~1 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}



finish_test

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# test case for the performance regression fixed by
# check-in 28ba6255282b on 2010-10-21 02:05:06
#
# The test case that follows is code from an actual
# application with identifiers change and unused columns
# remove.
#
do_test where7-3.1 {
  db eval {
    CREATE TABLE t301 (
        c8 INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,
        c6 INTEGER,
        c4 INTEGER,
        c7 INTEGER,
        FOREIGN KEY (c4) REFERENCES series(c4)
    );
    CREATE INDEX t301_c6 on t301(c6);
    CREATE INDEX t301_c4 on t301(c4);
    CREATE INDEX t301_c7 on t301(c7);
    
    CREATE TABLE t302 (
        c1 INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,
        c8 INTEGER,
        c5 INTEGER,
        c3 INTEGER,
        c2 INTEGER,
        c4 INTEGER,
        FOREIGN KEY (c8) REFERENCES t301(c8)
    );
    CREATE INDEX t302_c3 on t302(c3);
    CREATE INDEX t302_c8_c3 on t302(c8, c3);
    CREATE INDEX t302_c5 on t302(c5);
    
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
    SELECT t302.c1 
      FROM t302 JOIN t301 ON t302.c8 = t301.c8
      WHERE t302.c2 = 19571
        AND t302.c3 > 1287603136
        AND (t301.c4 = 1407449685622784
             OR t301.c8 = 1407424651264000)
     ORDER BY t302.c5 LIMIT 200;





  }
} {0 1 {TABLE t301 VIA MULTI-INDEX UNION} 1 0 {TABLE t302 WITH INDEX t302_c8_c3} 0 0 {TABLE t301 WITH INDEX t301_c4} 0 0 {TABLE t301 USING PRIMARY KEY}}

finish_test







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# test case for the performance regression fixed by
# check-in 28ba6255282b on 2010-10-21 02:05:06
#
# The test case that follows is code from an actual
# application with identifiers change and unused columns
# remove.
#
do_execsql_test where7-3.1 {

  CREATE TABLE t301 (
      c8 INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,
      c6 INTEGER,
      c4 INTEGER,
      c7 INTEGER,
      FOREIGN KEY (c4) REFERENCES series(c4)
  );
  CREATE INDEX t301_c6 on t301(c6);
  CREATE INDEX t301_c4 on t301(c4);
  CREATE INDEX t301_c7 on t301(c7);
  
  CREATE TABLE t302 (
      c1 INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,
      c8 INTEGER,
      c5 INTEGER,
      c3 INTEGER,
      c2 INTEGER,
      c4 INTEGER,
      FOREIGN KEY (c8) REFERENCES t301(c8)
  );
  CREATE INDEX t302_c3 on t302(c3);
  CREATE INDEX t302_c8_c3 on t302(c8, c3);
  CREATE INDEX t302_c5 on t302(c5);
  
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT t302.c1 
    FROM t302 JOIN t301 ON t302.c8 = t301.c8
    WHERE t302.c2 = 19571
      AND t302.c3 > 1287603136
      AND (t301.c4 = 1407449685622784
           OR t301.c8 = 1407424651264000)
   ORDER BY t302.c5 LIMIT 200;
} {
  0 0 1 {SEARCH TABLE t301 USING COVERING INDEX t301_c4 (c4=?) (~10 rows)} 
  0 0 1 {SEARCH TABLE t301 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?) (~1 rows)} 
  0 1 0 {SEARCH TABLE t302 USING INDEX t302_c8_c3 (c8=? AND c3>?) (~2 rows)} 
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}


finish_test

Changes to test/where9.test.

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     WHERE t1.a=t3.y OR t1.b=t3.y*11 OR (t1.c=27027 AND round(t1.d)==80)
    ORDER BY 1, 2, 3
  }
} {1 80 2 1 80 28 1 80 54 1 80 80 2 80 2 2 80 28 2 80 54 2 80 80 scan 1 sort 1}


ifcapable explain {
  do_test where9-3.1 {
    set r [db eval {
      EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
      SELECT t2.a FROM t1, t2
       WHERE t1.a=80
         AND ((t1.c=t2.c AND t1.d=t2.d) OR t1.f=t2.f)
    }]
    set a [expr {[lsearch $r {TABLE t2 VIA MULTI-INDEX UNION}]>=0}]
    set b [expr {[lsearch $r {TABLE t2 WITH INDEX t2f}]>=0}]
    set c [expr {([lsearch $r {TABLE t2 WITH INDEX t2c}]>=0)+
                  [lsearch $r {TABLE t2 WITH INDEX t2d}]>=0}]
    concat $a $b $c
  } {1 1 1}
  do_test where9-3.2 {
    set r [db eval {
      EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
      SELECT coalesce(t2.a,9999)
        FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 ON (t1.c+1=t2.c AND t1.d=t2.d) OR (t1.f||'x')=t2.f
       WHERE t1.a=80
    }]
    set a [expr {[lsearch $r {TABLE t2 VIA MULTI-INDEX UNION}]>=0}]
    set b [expr {[lsearch $r {TABLE t2 WITH INDEX t2f}]>=0}]
    set c [expr {([lsearch $r {TABLE t2 WITH INDEX t2c}]>=0)+
                  [lsearch $r {TABLE t2 WITH INDEX t2d}]>=0}]
    concat $a $b $c
  } {1 1 1}
} 

# Make sure that INDEXED BY and multi-index OR clauses play well with
# one another.
#
do_test where9-4.1 {
  count_steps {
................................................................................
  }
} {1 {cannot use index: t1d}}

ifcapable explain {
  # The (c=31031 OR d IS NULL) clause is preferred over b>1000 because
  # the former is an equality test which is expected to return fewer rows.
  #
  do_test where9-5.1 {
    set r [db eval {
      EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
      SELECT a FROM t1
       WHERE b>1000
         AND (c=31031 OR d IS NULL)
    }]
    set a [expr {[lsearch $r {TABLE t1 VIA MULTI-INDEX UNION}]>=0}]
    set b [expr {[lsearch $r {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX t1b}]>=0}]
    concat $a $b
  } {1 0}




  # In contrast, b=1000 is preferred over any OR-clause.
  #
  do_test where9-5.2 {
    set r [db eval {
      EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
      SELECT a FROM t1
       WHERE b=1000
         AND (c=31031 OR d IS NULL)
    }]
    set a [expr {[lsearch $r {TABLE t1 VIA MULTI-INDEX UNION}]>=0}]
    set b [expr {[lsearch $r {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX t1b}]>=0}]
    concat $a $b
  } {0 1}



  # Likewise, inequalities in an AND are preferred over inequalities in
  # an OR.
  #
  do_test where9-5.3 {
    set r [db eval {
      EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
      SELECT a FROM t1
       WHERE b>1000
         AND (c>=31031 OR d IS NULL)
    }]
    set a [expr {[lsearch $r {TABLE t1 VIA MULTI-INDEX UNION}]>=0}]
    set b [expr {[lsearch $r {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX t1b}]>=0}]
    concat $a $b
  } {0 1}


}

############################################################################
# Make sure OR-clauses work correctly on UPDATE and DELETE statements.

do_test where9-6.2.1 {
  db eval {SELECT count(*) FROM t1 UNION ALL SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE a>=85}







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     WHERE t1.a=t3.y OR t1.b=t3.y*11 OR (t1.c=27027 AND round(t1.d)==80)
    ORDER BY 1, 2, 3
  }
} {1 80 2 1 80 28 1 80 54 1 80 80 2 80 2 2 80 28 2 80 54 2 80 80 scan 1 sort 1}


ifcapable explain {
  do_execsql_test where9-3.1 {
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
    SELECT t2.a FROM t1, t2
    WHERE t1.a=80 AND ((t1.c=t2.c AND t1.d=t2.d) OR t1.f=t2.f)
  } {
    0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?) (~1 rows)} 
    0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2d (d=?) (~2 rows)} 
    0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2f (f=?) (~10 rows)}
  }
  do_execsql_test where9-3.2 {
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
    SELECT coalesce(t2.a,9999)
    FROM t1 LEFT JOIN t2 ON (t1.c+1=t2.c AND t1.d=t2.d) OR (t1.f||'x')=t2.f
    WHERE t1.a=80
  } {
    0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid=?) (~1 rows)} 
    0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING INDEX t2d (d=?) (~2 rows)} 
    0 1 1 {SEARCH TABLE t2 USING COVERING INDEX t2f (f=?) (~10 rows)}
  }







} 

# Make sure that INDEXED BY and multi-index OR clauses play well with
# one another.
#
do_test where9-4.1 {
  count_steps {
................................................................................
  }
} {1 {cannot use index: t1d}}

ifcapable explain {
  # The (c=31031 OR d IS NULL) clause is preferred over b>1000 because
  # the former is an equality test which is expected to return fewer rows.
  #
  do_execsql_test where9-5.1 {




    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE b>1000 AND (c=31031 OR d IS NULL)




  } {
    0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1c (c=?) (~10 rows)} 
    0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1d (d=?) (~10 rows)}
  }

  # In contrast, b=1000 is preferred over any OR-clause.
  #
  do_execsql_test where9-5.2 {




    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE b=1000 AND (c=31031 OR d IS NULL)




  } {
    0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b=?) (~5 rows)}
  }

  # Likewise, inequalities in an AND are preferred over inequalities in
  # an OR.
  #
  do_execsql_test where9-5.3 {




    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE b>1000 AND (c>=31031 OR d IS NULL)




  } {
    0 0 0 {SEARCH TABLE t1 USING INDEX t1b (b>?) (~165000 rows)}
  }
}

############################################################################
# Make sure OR-clauses work correctly on UPDATE and DELETE statements.

do_test where9-6.2.1 {
  db eval {SELECT count(*) FROM t1 UNION ALL SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE a>=85}