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Overview
Comment:Replace the DocList and DocListReader structures. The new structures distinguish reading from a static buffer from writing to a dynamic buffer. This allows n-way doclist merging, and in-place merging of segment leaf nodes, which together cut segment merge times in half. (CVS 3486)
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: af5bfb986e39248abbfc6fff2e13c6f9e634a751
User & Date: shess 2006-10-25 21:00:10
Context
2006-10-25
23:22
Remove unreferenced local variable. (CVS 3487) check-in: 2d3b2219 user: shess tags: trunk
21:00
Replace the DocList and DocListReader structures. The new structures distinguish reading from a static buffer from writing to a dynamic buffer. This allows n-way doclist merging, and in-place merging of segment leaf nodes, which together cut segment merge times in half. (CVS 3486) check-in: af5bfb98 user: shess tags: trunk
20:27
Test to force edge cases in query logic. Basically, exercise code to handle lack of hits correctly. (CVS 3485) check-in: 2cb59033 user: shess tags: trunk
Changes
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Changes to ext/fts2/fts2.c.

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#if 0
# define TRACE(A)  printf A; fflush(stdout)
#else
# define TRACE(A)
#endif

/* utility functions */


typedef struct StringBuffer {
  int len;      /* length, not including null terminator */
  int alloced;  /* Space allocated for s[] */ 
  char *s;      /* Content of the string */
} StringBuffer;



static void initStringBuffer(StringBuffer *sb){
  sb->len = 0;
  sb->alloced = 100;
  sb->s = malloc(100);
  sb->s[0] = '\0';
}

static void nappend(StringBuffer *sb, const char *zFrom, int nFrom){
  if( sb->len + nFrom >= sb->alloced ){
    sb->alloced = sb->len + nFrom + 100;
    sb->s = realloc(sb->s, sb->alloced+1);
    if( sb->s==0 ){
      initStringBuffer(sb);
      return;
    }
  }
  memcpy(sb->s + sb->len, zFrom, nFrom);
  sb->len += nFrom;
  sb->s[sb->len] = 0;
}
static void append(StringBuffer *sb, const char *zFrom){
  nappend(sb, zFrom, strlen(zFrom));
}

/* Helper functions for certain common memory-allocation idioms:
**
** data_dup() - malloc+memcpy to duplicate a buffer
** data_replace() - realloc+memcpy to dup a buffer over an existing buffer
** data_append() - realloc+memcpy to append data to an existing buffer
** data_append2() - shorthand for calling data_append() twice.

*/
/* TODO(shess) There is a "block of binary data on the heap" construct
** in here which could be shared with (at least) the StringBuffer and
** DocList constructs.


*/
static void data_replace(char **ppTarget, int *pnTarget,
                         const char *pSource, int nSource){
  *ppTarget = realloc(*ppTarget, nSource);
  memcpy(*ppTarget, pSource, nSource);
  *pnTarget = nSource;



}

static void data_dup(char **ppTarget, int *pnTarget,
                     const char *pSource, int nSource){
  *ppTarget = malloc(nSource);
  memcpy(*ppTarget, pSource, nSource);
  *pnTarget = nSource;




}

static void data_append(char **ppTarget, int *pnTarget,
                        const char *pSource, int nSource){
  *ppTarget = realloc(*ppTarget, *pnTarget+nSource);
  memcpy(*ppTarget+*pnTarget, pSource, nSource);
  *pnTarget += nSource;




}

static void data_append2(char **ppTarget, int *pnTarget,
                         const char *pSource1, int nSource1,
                         const char *pSource2, int nSource2){
  *ppTarget = realloc(*ppTarget, *pnTarget+nSource1+nSource2);
  memcpy(*ppTarget+*pnTarget, pSource1, nSource1);
  memcpy(*ppTarget+*pnTarget+nSource1, pSource2, nSource2);
  *pnTarget += nSource1+nSource2;
}


/* We may need up to VARINT_MAX bytes to store an encoded 64-bit integer. */
#define VARINT_MAX 10

/* Write a 64-bit variable-length integer to memory starting at p[0].
 * The length of data written will be between 1 and VARINT_MAX bytes.
 * The number of bytes written is returned. */
................................................................................
 sqlite_int64 i;
 int ret = getVarint(p, &i);
 *pi = (int) i;
 assert( *pi==i );
 return ret;
}

typedef enum DocListType {
  DL_DOCIDS,              /* docids only */
  DL_POSITIONS,           /* docids + positions */
  DL_POSITIONS_OFFSETS    /* docids + positions + offsets */
} DocListType;

/*
** By default, only positions and not offsets are stored in the doclists.
** To change this so that offsets are stored too, compile with
**
**          -DDL_DEFAULT=DL_POSITIONS_OFFSETS
**
** If DL_DEFAULT is set to DL_DOCIDS, your table can only be inserted
** into (no deletes or updates).
*/
#ifndef DL_DEFAULT
# define DL_DEFAULT DL_POSITIONS
#endif

typedef struct DocList {
  char *pData;
  int nData;
  DocListType iType;
  int iLastColumn;    /* the last column written */
  int iLastPos;       /* the last position written */
  int iLastOffset;    /* the last start offset written */
} DocList;

enum {
  POS_END = 0,        /* end of this position list */
  POS_COLUMN,         /* followed by new column number */
  POS_BASE
};

/* TODO(shess) I think it might be time to refactor the doclist
** manipulation.  Broadly put, there are four fairly discrete clients,
** tokenization, insert-time segment merging, query-time segment
** merging and query-time analysis.  The breakdown I think might be
** reasonable would be:
**
** DocListReader - Wraps const char *pData, int nData.
**   Used to traverse doclists
** DocListWriter - Starts empty, can add complete doclist elements.
**   Used in merging doclists.
** DocBuilder - Used when tokenizing documents.
*/

static void docListCoreInit(DocList *d, DocListType iType,
                            char *pData, int nData){
  d->nData = nData;
  d->pData = pData;
  d->iType = iType;
  d->iLastColumn = 0;
  d->iLastPos = d->iLastOffset = 0;
}

/* Initialize a new DocList pointing to static data.  Don't call
** docListDestroy() to release, just free(d) (if you originally
** malloced d).
*/
static void docListStaticInit(DocList *d, DocListType iType,
                              const char *pData, int nData){
  docListCoreInit(d, iType, (char *)pData, nData);
}

/* Initialize a new DocList to hold a copy of the given data. */
static void docListInit(DocList *d, DocListType iType,
                        const char *pData, int nData){
  char *p = 0;
  if( nData>0 ){
    p = malloc(nData);
    memcpy(p, pData, nData);
  }
  docListCoreInit(d, iType, p, nData);
}

/* Create a new dynamically-allocated DocList. */
static DocList *docListNew(DocListType iType){
  DocList *d = (DocList *) malloc(sizeof(DocList));
  docListInit(d, iType, 0, 0);
  return d;
}

static void docListDestroy(DocList *d){
  free(d->pData);
#ifndef NDEBUG
  memset(d, 0x55, sizeof(*d));
#endif
}

static void docListDelete(DocList *d){
  docListDestroy(d);
  free(d);
}

static char *docListEnd(DocList *d){
  return d->pData + d->nData;
}

/* Append a varint to a DocList's data. */
static void appendVarint(DocList *d, sqlite_int64 i){
  char c[VARINT_MAX];
  int n = putVarint(c, i);
  d->pData = realloc(d->pData, d->nData + n);
  memcpy(d->pData + d->nData, c, n);
  d->nData += n;
}

static void docListAddDocid(DocList *d, sqlite_int64 iDocid){
  appendVarint(d, iDocid);
  if( d->iType>=DL_POSITIONS ){
    appendVarint(d, POS_END);  /* initially empty position list */
    d->iLastColumn = 0;
    d->iLastPos = d->iLastOffset = 0;
  }
}

/* helper function for docListAddPos and docListAddPosOffset */
static void addPos(DocList *d, int iColumn, int iPos){
  assert( d->nData>0 );
  --d->nData;  /* remove previous terminator */
  if( iColumn!=d->iLastColumn ){
    assert( iColumn>d->iLastColumn );
    appendVarint(d, POS_COLUMN);
    appendVarint(d, iColumn);
    d->iLastColumn = iColumn;
    d->iLastPos = d->iLastOffset = 0;
  }
  assert( iPos>=d->iLastPos );
  appendVarint(d, iPos-d->iLastPos+POS_BASE);
  d->iLastPos = iPos;
}

/* Add a position to the last position list in a doclist. */
static void docListAddPos(DocList *d, int iColumn, int iPos){
  assert( d->iType==DL_POSITIONS );
  addPos(d, iColumn, iPos);
  appendVarint(d, POS_END);  /* add new terminator */
}

/*
** Add a position and starting and ending offsets to a doclist.
**
** If the doclist is setup to handle only positions, then insert
** the position only and ignore the offsets.
*/
static void docListAddPosOffset(
  DocList *d,             /* Doclist under construction */
  int iColumn,            /* Column the inserted term is part of */
  int iPos,               /* Position of the inserted term */
  int iStartOffset,       /* Starting offset of inserted term */
  int iEndOffset          /* Ending offset of inserted term */
){
  assert( d->iType>=DL_POSITIONS );
  addPos(d, iColumn, iPos);
  if( d->iType==DL_POSITIONS_OFFSETS ){
    assert( iStartOffset>=d->iLastOffset );
    appendVarint(d, iStartOffset-d->iLastOffset);
    d->iLastOffset = iStartOffset;
    assert( iEndOffset>=iStartOffset );
    appendVarint(d, iEndOffset-iStartOffset);
  }
  appendVarint(d, POS_END);  /* add new terminator */
}

/*
** A DocListReader object is a cursor into a doclist.  Initialize
** the cursor to the beginning of the doclist by calling readerInit().
** Then use routines
**
**      peekDocid()
**      readDocid()
**      readPosition()
**      skipPositionList()
**      and so forth...
**
** to read information out of the doclist.  When we reach the end
** of the doclist, atEnd() returns TRUE.
*/
typedef struct DocListReader {
  DocList *pDoclist;  /* The document list we are stepping through */
  char *p;            /* Pointer to next unread byte in the doclist */
  int iLastColumn;
  int iLastPos;  /* the last position read, or -1 when not in a position list */
} DocListReader;

/*
** Initialize the DocListReader r to point to the beginning of pDoclist.
*/
static void readerInit(DocListReader *r, DocList *pDoclist){
  r->pDoclist = pDoclist;
  if( pDoclist!=NULL ){
    r->p = pDoclist->pData;
  }
  r->iLastColumn = -1;
  r->iLastPos = -1;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if we have reached then end of pReader and there is
** nothing else left to read.
*/
static int atEnd(DocListReader *pReader){
  return pReader->pDoclist==0 || (pReader->p >= docListEnd(pReader->pDoclist));
}

/* Peek at the next docid without advancing the read pointer. 
*/
static sqlite_int64 peekDocid(DocListReader *pReader){
  sqlite_int64 ret;
  assert( !atEnd(pReader) );
  assert( pReader->iLastPos==-1 );
  getVarint(pReader->p, &ret);
  return ret;
}

/* Read the next docid.   See also nextDocid().
*/
static sqlite_int64 readDocid(DocListReader *pReader){
  sqlite_int64 ret;
  assert( !atEnd(pReader) );
  assert( pReader->iLastPos==-1 );
  pReader->p += getVarint(pReader->p, &ret);
  if( pReader->pDoclist->iType>=DL_POSITIONS ){
    pReader->iLastColumn = 0;
    pReader->iLastPos = 0;
  }
  return ret;
}

/* Read the next position and column index from a position list.
 * Returns the position, or -1 at the end of the list. */
static int readPosition(DocListReader *pReader, int *iColumn){
  int i;
  int iType = pReader->pDoclist->iType;

  if( pReader->iLastPos==-1 ){
    return -1;
  }
  assert( !atEnd(pReader) );

  if( iType<DL_POSITIONS ){
    return -1;
  }
  pReader->p += getVarint32(pReader->p, &i);
  if( i==POS_END ){
    pReader->iLastColumn = pReader->iLastPos = -1;
    *iColumn = -1;
    return -1;
  }
  if( i==POS_COLUMN ){
    pReader->p += getVarint32(pReader->p, &pReader->iLastColumn);
    pReader->iLastPos = 0;
    pReader->p += getVarint32(pReader->p, &i);
    assert( i>=POS_BASE );
  }
  pReader->iLastPos += ((int) i)-POS_BASE;
  if( iType>=DL_POSITIONS_OFFSETS ){
    /* Skip over offsets, ignoring them for now. */
    int iStart, iEnd;
    pReader->p += getVarint32(pReader->p, &iStart);
    pReader->p += getVarint32(pReader->p, &iEnd);
  }
  *iColumn = pReader->iLastColumn;
  return pReader->iLastPos;
}

/* Skip past the end of a position list. */
static void skipPositionList(DocListReader *pReader){
  DocList *p = pReader->pDoclist;
  if( p && p->iType>=DL_POSITIONS ){
    int iColumn;
    while( readPosition(pReader, &iColumn)!=-1 ){}
  }
}

/* Skip over a docid, including its position list if the doclist has
 * positions. */
static void skipDocument(DocListReader *pReader){
  readDocid(pReader);
  skipPositionList(pReader);
}

/* Skip past all docids which are less than [iDocid].  Returns 1 if a docid
 * matching [iDocid] was found.  */
static int skipToDocid(DocListReader *pReader, sqlite_int64 iDocid){
  sqlite_int64 d = 0;
  while( !atEnd(pReader) && (d=peekDocid(pReader))<iDocid ){
    skipDocument(pReader);
  }
  return !atEnd(pReader) && d==iDocid;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** This routine is used for debugging purpose only.
**
** Write the content of a doclist to standard output.
*/
static void printDoclist(DocList *p){
  DocListReader r;
  const char *zSep = "";

  readerInit(&r, p);
  while( !atEnd(&r) ){
    sqlite_int64 docid = readDocid(&r);
    if( docid==0 ){
      skipPositionList(&r);
      continue;
    }
    printf("%s%lld", zSep, docid);
    zSep =  ",";
    if( p->iType>=DL_POSITIONS ){
      int iPos, iCol;
      const char *zDiv = "";
      printf("(");
      while( (iPos = readPosition(&r, &iCol))>=0 ){
        printf("%s%d:%d", zDiv, iCol, iPos);
        zDiv = ":";
      }
      printf(")");
    }
  }
  printf("\n");
  fflush(stdout);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

/* Trim the given doclist to contain only positions in column
 * [iRestrictColumn]. */
static void docListRestrictColumn(DocList *in, int iRestrictColumn){
  DocListReader r;
  DocList out;

  assert( in->iType>=DL_POSITIONS );
  readerInit(&r, in);
  docListInit(&out, DL_POSITIONS, NULL, 0);

  while( !atEnd(&r) ){
    sqlite_int64 iDocid = readDocid(&r);
    int iPos, iColumn;

    docListAddDocid(&out, iDocid);
    while( (iPos = readPosition(&r, &iColumn)) != -1 ){
      if( iColumn==iRestrictColumn ){
        docListAddPos(&out, iColumn, iPos);
      }
    }
  }

  docListDestroy(in);
  *in = out;
}

/* Trim the given doclist by discarding any docids without any remaining
 * positions. */
static void docListDiscardEmpty(DocList *in) {
  DocListReader r;
  DocList out;

  /* TODO: It would be nice to implement this operation in place; that
   * could save a significant amount of memory in queries with long doclists. */
  assert( in->iType>=DL_POSITIONS );
  readerInit(&r, in);
  docListInit(&out, DL_POSITIONS, NULL, 0);

  while( !atEnd(&r) ){
    sqlite_int64 iDocid = readDocid(&r);
    int match = 0;
    int iPos, iColumn;
    while( (iPos = readPosition(&r, &iColumn)) != -1 ){
      if( !match ){
        docListAddDocid(&out, iDocid);
        match = 1;
      }
      docListAddPos(&out, iColumn, iPos);
    }
  }

  docListDestroy(in);
  *in = out;
}

/* Efficiently merge left and right into out, with duplicated docids
** from right overwriting those in left (left is effectively older
** than right).  The previous code had a memmove() which introduced an
** O(N^2) into merges, while this code should be O(N).
*/
static void docListMerge(DocList *out, DocList *left, DocList *right){
  DocListReader leftReader, rightReader;
  int iData = 0;
#ifndef NDEBUG
  /* Track these to make certain that every byte is processed. */
  int nLeftProcessed = 0, nRightProcessed = 0;
#endif

  assert( left->iType==right->iType );

  /* Handle edge cases. */
  /* TODO(shess) Consider simply forbidding edge cases, in the
  ** interests of saving copies.
  */
  if( left->nData==0 ){
    docListInit(out, right->iType, right->pData, right->nData);
    return;
  }else if(right->nData==0 ){
    docListInit(out, left->iType, left->pData, left->nData);
    return;
  }
  docListInit(out, left->iType, 0, 0);

  /* At this time, the sum of the space of the inputs is a strict
  ** upper bound.  *out can end up smaller if elements of *right
  ** overwrite elements of *left, but never larger.
  */
  out->nData = left->nData+right->nData;
  out->pData = malloc(out->nData);

  readerInit(&leftReader, left);
  readerInit(&rightReader, right);

  while( !atEnd(&leftReader) && !atEnd(&rightReader) ){
    sqlite_int64 iLeftDocid = peekDocid(&leftReader);
    sqlite_int64 iRightDocid = peekDocid(&rightReader);
    const char *pStart, *pEnd;

    if( iLeftDocid<iRightDocid ){
      /* Copy from *left where less than iRightDocid. */
      pStart = leftReader.p;
      skipToDocid(&leftReader, iRightDocid);
      pEnd = leftReader.p;
#ifndef NDEBUG
      nLeftProcessed += pEnd-pStart;
#endif
    }else{
      /* Copy from *right where less than iLeftDocid, plus the element
      ** matching iLeftDocid, if present.  Also drop the matching
      ** element from *left.
      */
      pStart = rightReader.p;
      if( skipToDocid(&rightReader, iLeftDocid) ){
#ifndef NDEBUG
        const char *pLeftStart = leftReader.p;
#endif
        skipDocument(&leftReader);
        skipDocument(&rightReader);
#ifndef NDEBUG
        nLeftProcessed += leftReader.p-pLeftStart;
#endif
      }
      pEnd = rightReader.p;
#ifndef NDEBUG
      nRightProcessed += pEnd-pStart;
#endif
    }
    assert( pEnd>pStart );
    assert( iData+pEnd-pStart<=out->nData );
    memcpy(out->pData+iData, pStart, pEnd-pStart);
    iData += pEnd-pStart;
  }

  if( !atEnd(&leftReader) ){
    int n = left->nData-(leftReader.p-left->pData);
    assert( atEnd(&rightReader) );
    memcpy(out->pData+iData, leftReader.p, n);
    iData += n;
#ifndef NDEBUG
    nLeftProcessed += n;
#endif
  }else if( !atEnd(&rightReader) ){
    int n = right->nData-(rightReader.p-right->pData);
    memcpy(out->pData+iData, rightReader.p, n);
    iData += n;
#ifndef NDEBUG
    nRightProcessed += n;
#endif
  }
  out->nData = iData;
  out->pData = realloc(out->pData, out->nData);

  assert( nLeftProcessed==left->nData );
  assert( nRightProcessed==right->nData );
}

/*
** Read the next docid off of pIn.  Return 0 if we reach the end.
*
* TODO: This assumes that docids are never 0, but they may actually be 0 since
* users can choose docids when inserting into a full-text table.  Fix this.
*/
static sqlite_int64 nextDocid(DocListReader *pIn){
  skipPositionList(pIn);
  return atEnd(pIn) ? 0 : readDocid(pIn);
}

/*
** pLeft and pRight are two DocListReaders that are pointing to
** positions lists of the same document: iDocid. 
**
** If there are no instances in pLeft or pRight where the position
** of pLeft is one less than the position of pRight, then this
** routine adds nothing to pOut.
**
** If there are one or more instances where positions from pLeft
** are exactly one less than positions from pRight, then add a new
** document record to pOut.  If pOut wants to hold positions, then
** include the positions from pRight that are one more than a
** position in pLeft.  In other words:  pRight.iPos==pLeft.iPos+1.
**
** pLeft and pRight are left pointing at the next document record.
*/
static void mergePosList(
  DocListReader *pLeft,    /* Left position list */
  DocListReader *pRight,   /* Right position list */
  sqlite_int64 iDocid,     /* The docid from pLeft and pRight */
  DocList *pOut            /* Write the merged document record here */
){
  int iLeftCol, iLeftPos = readPosition(pLeft, &iLeftCol);
  int iRightCol, iRightPos = readPosition(pRight, &iRightCol);
  int match = 0;

  /* Loop until we've reached the end of both position lists. */
  while( iLeftPos!=-1 && iRightPos!=-1 ){
    if( iLeftCol==iRightCol && iLeftPos+1==iRightPos ){
      if( !match ){
        docListAddDocid(pOut, iDocid);
        match = 1;
      }
      if( pOut->iType>=DL_POSITIONS ){
        docListAddPos(pOut, iRightCol, iRightPos);
      }
      iLeftPos = readPosition(pLeft, &iLeftCol);
      iRightPos = readPosition(pRight, &iRightCol);
    }else if( iRightCol<iLeftCol ||
              (iRightCol==iLeftCol && iRightPos<iLeftPos+1) ){
      iRightPos = readPosition(pRight, &iRightCol);
    }else{
      iLeftPos = readPosition(pLeft, &iLeftCol);
    }
  }
  if( iLeftPos>=0 ) skipPositionList(pLeft);
  if( iRightPos>=0 ) skipPositionList(pRight);
}

/* We have two doclists:  pLeft and pRight.










































































































































































































































** Write the phrase intersection of these two doclists into pOut.
**
** A phrase intersection means that two documents only match
** if pLeft.iPos+1==pRight.iPos.
**
** The output pOut may or may not contain positions.  If pOut
** does contain positions, they are the positions of pRight.
*/
static void docListPhraseMerge(
  DocList *pLeft,    /* Doclist resulting from the words on the left */
  DocList *pRight,   /* Doclist for the next word to the right */
  DocList *pOut      /* Write the combined doclist here */
){
  DocListReader left, right;
  sqlite_int64 docidLeft, docidRight;

  readerInit(&left, pLeft);
  readerInit(&right, pRight);
  docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
  docidRight = nextDocid(&right);

  while( docidLeft>0 && docidRight>0 ){
    if( docidLeft<docidRight ){
      docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
    }else if( docidRight<docidLeft ){
      docidRight = nextDocid(&right);
    }else{
      mergePosList(&left, &right, docidLeft, pOut);
      docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
      docidRight = nextDocid(&right);
    }
  }
}

/* We have two doclists:  pLeft and pRight.
** Write the intersection of these two doclists into pOut.
** Only docids are matched.  Position information is ignored.
**
** The output pOut never holds positions.
*/
static void docListAndMerge(
  DocList *pLeft,    /* Doclist resulting from the words on the left */
  DocList *pRight,   /* Doclist for the next word to the right */
  DocList *pOut      /* Write the combined doclist here */
){
  DocListReader left, right;
  sqlite_int64 docidLeft, docidRight;

  assert( pOut->iType<DL_POSITIONS );

  readerInit(&left, pLeft);
  readerInit(&right, pRight);
  docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
  docidRight = nextDocid(&right);

  while( docidLeft>0 && docidRight>0 ){
    if( docidLeft<docidRight ){
      docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
    }else if( docidRight<docidLeft ){
      docidRight = nextDocid(&right);
    }else{
      docListAddDocid(pOut, docidLeft);
      docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
      docidRight = nextDocid(&right);
    }
  }
}

/* We have two doclists:  pLeft and pRight.
** Write the union of these two doclists into pOut.
** Only docids are matched.  Position information is ignored.
**
** The output pOut never holds positions.
*/
static void docListOrMerge(
  DocList *pLeft,    /* Doclist resulting from the words on the left */
  DocList *pRight,   /* Doclist for the next word to the right */
  DocList *pOut      /* Write the combined doclist here */
){
  DocListReader left, right;
  sqlite_int64 docidLeft, docidRight, priorLeft;

  readerInit(&left, pLeft);
  readerInit(&right, pRight);
  docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
  docidRight = nextDocid(&right);

  while( docidLeft>0 && docidRight>0 ){
    if( docidLeft<=docidRight ){
      docListAddDocid(pOut, docidLeft);
    }else{
      docListAddDocid(pOut, docidRight);
    }
    priorLeft = docidLeft;
    if( docidLeft<=docidRight ){
      docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
    }
    if( docidRight>0 && docidRight<=priorLeft ){
      docidRight = nextDocid(&right);
    }
  }
  while( docidLeft>0 ){
    docListAddDocid(pOut, docidLeft);
    docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
  }
  while( docidRight>0 ){
    docListAddDocid(pOut, docidRight);
    docidRight = nextDocid(&right);
  }
}

/* We have two doclists:  pLeft and pRight.
** Write into pOut all documents that occur in pLeft but not
** in pRight.
**
** Only docids are matched.  Position information is ignored.
**
** The output pOut never holds positions.
*/
static void docListExceptMerge(
  DocList *pLeft,    /* Doclist resulting from the words on the left */
  DocList *pRight,   /* Doclist for the next word to the right */
  DocList *pOut      /* Write the combined doclist here */
){
  DocListReader left, right;
  sqlite_int64 docidLeft, docidRight, priorLeft;

  readerInit(&left, pLeft);
  readerInit(&right, pRight);
  docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
  docidRight = nextDocid(&right);

  while( docidLeft>0 && docidRight>0 ){
    priorLeft = docidLeft;
    if( docidLeft<docidRight ){
      docListAddDocid(pOut, docidLeft);
    }
    if( docidLeft<=docidRight ){
      docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
    }
    if( docidRight>0 && docidRight<=priorLeft ){
      docidRight = nextDocid(&right);
    }
  }
  while( docidLeft>0 ){
    docListAddDocid(pOut, docidLeft);
    docidLeft = nextDocid(&left);
  }








}

static char *string_dup_n(const char *s, int n){
  char *str = malloc(n + 1);
  memcpy(str, s, n);
  str[n] = '\0';
  return str;
................................................................................
  /* SEGDIR_SPAN */
  "select min(start_block), max(end_block) from %_segdir "
  " where level = ? and start_block <> 0",
  /* SEGDIR_DELETE */ "delete from %_segdir where level = ?",
  /* SEGDIR_SELECT_ALL */ "select root from %_segdir order by level desc, idx",
};

/* MERGE_COUNT controls how often we merge segments (see comment at
** top of file).
*/
#define MERGE_COUNT 16

/*
** A connection to a fulltext index is an instance of the following
** structure.  The xCreate and xConnect methods create an instance
** of this structure and xDestroy and xDisconnect free that instance.
** All other methods receive a pointer to the structure as one of their
** arguments.
*/
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor base;        /* Base class used by SQLite core */
  QueryType iCursorType;           /* Copy of sqlite3_index_info.idxNum */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;             /* Prepared statement in use by the cursor */
  int eof;                         /* True if at End Of Results */
  Query q;                         /* Parsed query string */
  Snippet snippet;                 /* Cached snippet for the current row */
  int iColumn;                     /* Column being searched */
  DocListReader result;  /* used when iCursorType == QUERY_FULLTEXT */ 

} fulltext_cursor;

static struct fulltext_vtab *cursor_vtab(fulltext_cursor *c){
  return (fulltext_vtab *) c->base.pVtab;
}

static const sqlite3_module fulltextModule;   /* forward declaration */

/* Append a list of strings separated by commas to a StringBuffer. */
static void appendList(StringBuffer *sb, int nString, char **azString){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<nString; ++i){
    if( i>0 ) append(sb, ", ");
    append(sb, azString[i]);
  }
}

/* Return a dynamically generated statement of the form
 *   insert into %_content (rowid, ...) values (?, ...)
 */
static const char *contentInsertStatement(fulltext_vtab *v){
  StringBuffer sb;
  int i;

................................................................................
  initStringBuffer(&sb);
  append(&sb, "insert into %_content (rowid, ");
  appendList(&sb, v->nColumn, v->azContentColumn);
  append(&sb, ") values (?");
  for(i=0; i<v->nColumn; ++i)
    append(&sb, ", ?");
  append(&sb, ")");
  return sb.s;
}

/* Return a dynamically generated statement of the form
 *   update %_content set [col_0] = ?, [col_1] = ?, ...
 *                    where rowid = ?
 */
static const char *contentUpdateStatement(fulltext_vtab *v){
................................................................................
    if( i>0 ){
      append(&sb, ", ");
    }
    append(&sb, v->azContentColumn[i]);
    append(&sb, " = ?");
  }
  append(&sb, " where rowid = ?");
  return sb.s;
}

/* Puts a freshly-prepared statement determined by iStmt in *ppStmt.
** If the indicated statement has never been prepared, it is prepared
** and cached, otherwise the cached version is reset.
*/
static int sql_get_statement(fulltext_vtab *v, fulltext_statement iStmt,
................................................................................
  rc = parseSpec(&spec, argc, argv, pzErr);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  initStringBuffer(&schema);
  append(&schema, "CREATE TABLE %_content(");
  appendList(&schema, spec.nColumn, spec.azContentColumn);
  append(&schema, ")");
  rc = sql_exec(db, spec.zName, schema.s);
  free(schema.s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto out;

  rc = sql_exec(db, spec.zName, "create table %_segments(block blob);");
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto out;

  rc = sql_exec(db, spec.zName,
                "create table %_segdir("
................................................................................
    struct snippetMatch *pMatch = &p->aMatch[i];
    zBuf[0] = ' ';
    sprintf(&zBuf[cnt>0], "%d %d %d %d", pMatch->iCol,
        pMatch->iTerm, pMatch->iStart, pMatch->nByte);
    append(&sb, zBuf);
    cnt++;
  }
  p->zOffset = sb.s;
  p->nOffset = sb.len;
}

/*
** zDoc[0..nDoc-1] is phrase of text.  aMatch[0..nMatch-1] are a set
** of matching words some of which might be in zDoc.  zDoc is column
** number iCol.
**
................................................................................
    if( isspace(zDoc[iBreak+i]) ){
      return iBreak + i + 1;
    }
  }
  return iBreak;
}

/*
** If the StringBuffer does not end in white space, add a single
** space character to the end.
*/
static void appendWhiteSpace(StringBuffer *p){
  if( p->len==0 ) return;
  if( isspace(p->s[p->len-1]) ) return;
  append(p, " ");
}

/*
** Remove white space from teh end of the StringBuffer
*/
static void trimWhiteSpace(StringBuffer *p){
  while( p->len>0 && isspace(p->s[p->len-1]) ){
    p->len--;
  }
}



/*
** Allowed values for Snippet.aMatch[].snStatus
*/
#define SNIPPET_IGNORE  0   /* It is ok to omit this match from the snippet */
#define SNIPPET_DESIRED 1   /* We want to include this match in the snippet */
................................................................................
    tailOffset = iEnd;
  }
  trimWhiteSpace(&sb);
  if( tailEllipsis ){
    appendWhiteSpace(&sb);
    append(&sb, zEllipsis);
  }
  pCursor->snippet.zSnippet = sb.s;
  pCursor->snippet.nSnippet = sb.len;  
}


/*
** Close the cursor.  For additional information see the documentation
** on the xClose method of the virtual table interface.
*/
static int fulltextClose(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  fulltext_cursor *c = (fulltext_cursor *) pCursor;
  TRACE(("FTS2 Close %p\n", c));
  sqlite3_finalize(c->pStmt);
  queryClear(&c->q);
  snippetClear(&c->snippet);
  if( c->result.pDoclist!=NULL ){
    docListDelete(c->result.pDoclist);

  }
  free(c);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static int fulltextNext(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  fulltext_cursor *c = (fulltext_cursor *) pCursor;
  sqlite_int64 iDocid;
  int rc;

  TRACE(("FTS2 Next %p\n", pCursor));
  snippetClear(&c->snippet);
  if( c->iCursorType < QUERY_FULLTEXT ){
    /* TODO(shess) Handle SQLITE_SCHEMA AND SQLITE_BUSY. */
    rc = sqlite3_step(c->pStmt);
................................................................................
        c->eof = 1;
        return rc;
    }
  } else {  /* full-text query */
    rc = sqlite3_reset(c->pStmt);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

    iDocid = nextDocid(&c->result);
    if( iDocid==0 ){
      c->eof = 1;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(c->pStmt, 1, iDocid);

    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    /* TODO(shess) Handle SQLITE_SCHEMA AND SQLITE_BUSY. */
    rc = sqlite3_step(c->pStmt);
    if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){   /* the case we expect */
      c->eof = 0;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
................................................................................


/* TODO(shess) If we pushed LeafReader to the top of the file, or to
** another file, term_select() could be pushed above
** docListOfTerm().
*/
static int termSelect(fulltext_vtab *v, int iColumn,
                      const char *pTerm, int nTerm, DocList *out);


/* Return a DocList corresponding to the query term *pTerm.  If *pTerm
** is the first term of a phrase query, go ahead and evaluate the phrase
** query and return the doclist for the entire phrase query.
**
** The result is stored in pTerm->doclist.

*/
static int docListOfTerm(
  fulltext_vtab *v,     /* The full text index */
  int iColumn,          /* column to restrict to.  No restrition if >=nColumn */
  QueryTerm *pQTerm,    /* Term we are looking for, or 1st term of a phrase */
  DocList **ppResult    /* Write the result here */
){
  DocList *pLeft, *pRight, *pNew;

  int i, rc;

  pLeft = docListNew(DL_POSITIONS);




  rc = termSelect(v, iColumn, pQTerm->pTerm, pQTerm->nTerm, pLeft);

  if( rc ) return rc;
  for(i=1; i<=pQTerm->nPhrase; i++){
    pRight = docListNew(DL_POSITIONS);

    rc = termSelect(v, iColumn, pQTerm[i].pTerm, pQTerm[i].nTerm, pRight);

    if( rc ){
      docListDelete(pLeft);

      return rc;
    }


    pNew = docListNew(i<pQTerm->nPhrase ? DL_POSITIONS : DL_DOCIDS);
    docListPhraseMerge(pLeft, pRight, pNew);
    docListDelete(pLeft);
    docListDelete(pRight);


    pLeft = pNew;
  }
  *ppResult = pLeft;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Add a new term pTerm[0..nTerm-1] to the query *q.
*/
static void queryAdd(Query *q, const char *pTerm, int nTerm){
  QueryTerm *t;
................................................................................
** they are allowed to match against any column.
*/
static int fulltextQuery(
  fulltext_vtab *v,      /* The full text index */
  int iColumn,           /* Match against this column by default */
  const char *zInput,    /* The query string */
  int nInput,            /* Number of bytes in zInput[] */
  DocList **pResult,     /* Write the result doclist here */
  Query *pQuery          /* Put parsed query string here */
){
  int i, iNext, rc;
  DocList *pLeft = NULL;
  DocList *pRight, *pNew, *pOr;
  int nNot = 0;
  QueryTerm *aTerm;




  rc = parseQuery(v, zInput, nInput, iColumn, pQuery);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  /* Merge AND terms. */

  aTerm = pQuery->pTerms;
  for(i = 0; i<pQuery->nTerms; i=iNext){
    if( aTerm[i].isNot ){
      /* Handle all NOT terms in a separate pass */
      nNot++;
      iNext = i + aTerm[i].nPhrase+1;
      continue;
    }
    iNext = i + aTerm[i].nPhrase + 1;
    rc = docListOfTerm(v, aTerm[i].iColumn, &aTerm[i], &pRight);
    if( rc ){

      queryClear(pQuery);
      return rc;
    }
    while( iNext<pQuery->nTerms && aTerm[iNext].isOr ){
      rc = docListOfTerm(v, aTerm[iNext].iColumn, &aTerm[iNext], &pOr);
      iNext += aTerm[iNext].nPhrase + 1;
      if( rc ){


        queryClear(pQuery);
        return rc;
      }
      pNew = docListNew(DL_DOCIDS);
      docListOrMerge(pRight, pOr, pNew);
      docListDelete(pRight);
      docListDelete(pOr);
      pRight = pNew;
    }
    if( pLeft==0 ){
      pLeft = pRight;
    }else{
      pNew = docListNew(DL_DOCIDS);
      docListAndMerge(pLeft, pRight, pNew);
      docListDelete(pRight);
      docListDelete(pLeft);
      pLeft = pNew;
    }
  }

  if( nNot && pLeft==0 ){
    /* We do not yet know how to handle a query of only NOT terms */
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  /* Do the EXCEPT terms */
  for(i=0; i<pQuery->nTerms;  i += aTerm[i].nPhrase + 1){
    if( !aTerm[i].isNot ) continue;
    rc = docListOfTerm(v, aTerm[i].iColumn, &aTerm[i], &pRight);
    if( rc ){
      queryClear(pQuery);
      docListDelete(pLeft);
      return rc;
    }
    pNew = docListNew(DL_DOCIDS);
    docListExceptMerge(pLeft, pRight, pNew);
    docListDelete(pRight);
    docListDelete(pLeft);
    pLeft = pNew;
  }

  *pResult = pLeft;
  return rc;
}

/*
** This is the xFilter interface for the virtual table.  See
** the virtual table xFilter method documentation for additional
** information.
................................................................................
      rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(c->pStmt, 1, sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]));
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto out;
      break;

    default:   /* full-text search */
    {
      const char *zQuery = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
      DocList *pResult;
      assert( idxNum<=QUERY_FULLTEXT+v->nColumn);
      assert( argc==1 );
      queryClear(&c->q);

      rc = fulltextQuery(v, idxNum-QUERY_FULLTEXT, zQuery, -1, &pResult, &c->q);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto out;
      readerInit(&c->result, pResult);



      break;
    }
  }

  rc = fulltextNext(pCursor);

out:
................................................................................
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  pCursor->pTokenizer = pTokenizer;
  while( SQLITE_OK==pTokenizer->pModule->xNext(pCursor,
                                               &pToken, &nTokenBytes,
                                               &iStartOffset, &iEndOffset,
                                               &iPosition) ){
    DocList *p;

    /* Positions can't be negative; we use -1 as a terminator internally. */
    if( iPosition<0 ){
      pTokenizer->pModule->xClose(pCursor);
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }

    p = fts2HashFind(terms, pToken, nTokenBytes);
    if( p==NULL ){
      p = docListNew(DL_DEFAULT);
      docListAddDocid(p, iDocid);
      fts2HashInsert(terms, pToken, nTokenBytes, p);
    }
    if( iColumn>=0 ){
      docListAddPosOffset(p, iColumn, iPosition, iStartOffset, iEndOffset);
    }
  }

  /* TODO(shess) Check return?  Should this be able to cause errors at
  ** this point?  Actually, same question about sqlite3_finalize(),
  ** though one could argue that failure there means that the data is
  ** not durable.  *ponder*
................................................................................
# error ROOT_MAX must have enough space for a header.
#endif

/* InteriorBlock stores a linked-list of interior blocks while a lower
** layer is being constructed.
*/
typedef struct InteriorBlock {
  char *pTerm;               /* Leftmost term in block's subtree. */
  int nTerm;

  char *pData;
  int nData;

  struct InteriorBlock *next;
} InteriorBlock;

static InteriorBlock *interiorBlockNew(int iHeight, sqlite_int64 iChildBlock,
                                       const char *pTerm, int nTerm){
  InteriorBlock *block = calloc(1, sizeof(InteriorBlock));
  char c[VARINT_MAX+VARINT_MAX];
  int n;

  data_dup(&block->pTerm, &block->nTerm, pTerm, nTerm);


  n = putVarint(c, iHeight);
  n += putVarint(c+n, iChildBlock);
  data_dup(&block->pData, &block->nData, c, n);


  return block;
}

typedef struct InteriorWriter {
  int iHeight;                   /* from 0 at leaves. */
  InteriorBlock *first, *last;
................................................................................
  int n = putVarint(c, nTerm);

#ifndef NDEBUG
  pWriter->iLastChildBlock++;
#endif
  assert( pWriter->iLastChildBlock==iChildBlock );

  if( pWriter->last->nData+n+nTerm>INTERIOR_MAX ){
    /* Overflow to a new block. */
    pWriter->last->next = interiorBlockNew(pWriter->iHeight, iChildBlock,
                                           pTerm, nTerm);
    pWriter->last = pWriter->last->next;
  }else{
    InteriorBlock *last = pWriter->last;
    data_append2(&last->pData, &last->nData, c, n, pTerm, nTerm);
  }
}

/* Free the space used by pWriter, including the linked-list of
** InteriorBlocks.
*/
static int interiorWriterDestroy(InteriorWriter *pWriter){
  InteriorBlock *block = pWriter->first;

  while( block!=NULL ){
    InteriorBlock *b = block;
    block = block->next;
    free(b->pData);
    free(b->pTerm);
    free(b);
  }
#ifndef NDEBUG
  memset(pWriter, 0x55, sizeof(pWriter));
#endif
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
                                  char **ppRootInfo, int *pnRootInfo,
                                  sqlite_int64 *piEndBlockid){
  InteriorBlock *block = pWriter->first;
  sqlite_int64 iBlockid = 0;
  int rc;

  /* If we can fit the segment inline */
  if( block==pWriter->last && block->nData<ROOT_MAX ){
    *ppRootInfo = block->pData;
    *pnRootInfo = block->nData;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Flush the first block to %_segments, and create a new level of
  ** interior node.
  */
  rc = block_insert(v, block->pData, block->nData, &iBlockid);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  *piEndBlockid = iBlockid;

  pWriter->parentWriter = malloc(sizeof(*pWriter->parentWriter));
  interiorWriterInit(pWriter->iHeight+1,
                     block->pTerm, block->nTerm,
                     iBlockid, pWriter->parentWriter);

  /* Flush additional blocks and append to the higher interior
  ** node.
  */
  for(block=block->next; block!=NULL; block=block->next){
    rc = block_insert(v, block->pData, block->nData, &iBlockid);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    *piEndBlockid = iBlockid;

    interiorWriterAppend(pWriter->parentWriter,
                         block->pTerm, block->nTerm, iBlockid);
  }

  /* Parent node gets the chance to be the root. */
  return interiorWriterRootInfo(v, pWriter->parentWriter,
                                ppRootInfo, pnRootInfo, piEndBlockid);
}

................................................................................

typedef struct LeafWriter {
  int iLevel;
  int idx;
  sqlite_int64 iStartBlockid;     /* needed to create the root info */
  sqlite_int64 iEndBlockid;       /* when we're done writing. */

  char *pTerm;                    /* previous encoded term */
  int nTerm;

  char *pData;                    /* encoding buffer */
  int nData;

  InteriorWriter parentWriter;    /* if we overflow */
  int has_parent;
} LeafWriter;

static void leafWriterInit(int iLevel, int idx, LeafWriter *pWriter){



  memset(pWriter, 0, sizeof(*pWriter));
  pWriter->iLevel = iLevel;
  pWriter->idx = idx;



  /* Start out with a reasonably sized block, though it can grow. */
  pWriter->pData = malloc(LEAF_MAX);

  pWriter->nData = putVarint(pWriter->pData, 0);

}















































/* Flush the current leaf node to %_segments, and adding the resulting
** blockid and the starting term to the interior node which will
** contain it.
*/
static int leafWriterInternalFlush(fulltext_vtab *v, LeafWriter *pWriter){

  sqlite_int64 iBlockid = 0;
  const char *pStartingTerm;
  int nStartingTerm, rc, n;

  /* Must have the leading varint(0) flag, plus at least some data. */


  assert( pWriter->nData>2 );




  rc = block_insert(v, pWriter->pData, pWriter->nData, &iBlockid);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  assert( iBlockid!=0 );

  /* Reconstruct the first term in the leaf for purposes of building
  ** the interior node.
  */
  n = getVarint32(pWriter->pData+1, &nStartingTerm);
  pStartingTerm = pWriter->pData+1+n;
  assert( pWriter->nData>1+n+nStartingTerm );

  if( pWriter->has_parent ){
    interiorWriterAppend(&pWriter->parentWriter,
                         pStartingTerm, nStartingTerm, iBlockid);
  }else{
    interiorWriterInit(1, pStartingTerm, nStartingTerm, iBlockid,
                       &pWriter->parentWriter);
................................................................................
  if( pWriter->iEndBlockid==0 ){
    pWriter->iEndBlockid = pWriter->iStartBlockid = iBlockid;
  }else{
    pWriter->iEndBlockid++;
    assert( iBlockid==pWriter->iEndBlockid );
  }







  /* Re-initialize the output buffer. */
  pWriter->nData = putVarint(pWriter->pData, 0);
  pWriter->nTerm = 0;


  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Fetch the root info for the segment.  If the entire leaf fits
** within ROOT_MAX, then it will be returned directly, otherwise it
** will be flushed and the root info will be returned from the
................................................................................
** interior or leaf node written to disk (0 if none are written at
** all).
*/
static int leafWriterRootInfo(fulltext_vtab *v, LeafWriter *pWriter,
                              char **ppRootInfo, int *pnRootInfo,
                              sqlite_int64 *piEndBlockid){
  /* we can fit the segment entirely inline */
  if( !pWriter->has_parent && pWriter->nData<ROOT_MAX ){
    *ppRootInfo = pWriter->pData;
    *pnRootInfo = pWriter->nData;
    *piEndBlockid = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Flush remaining leaf data. */
  if( pWriter->nData>1 ){
    int rc = leafWriterInternalFlush(v, pWriter);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }

  /* We must have flushed a leaf at some point. */
  assert( pWriter->has_parent );

  /* Tenatively set the end leaf blockid as the end blockid.  If the
................................................................................
                                ppRootInfo, pnRootInfo, piEndBlockid);
}

/* Collect the rootInfo data and store it into the segment directory.
** This has the effect of flushing the segment's leaf data to
** %_segments, and also flushing any interior nodes to %_segments.
*/
static int leafWriterFlush(fulltext_vtab *v, LeafWriter *pWriter){
  sqlite_int64 iEndBlockid;
  char *pRootInfo;
  int rc, nRootInfo;

  rc = leafWriterRootInfo(v, pWriter, &pRootInfo, &nRootInfo, &iEndBlockid);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

................................................................................
  return segdir_set(v, pWriter->iLevel, pWriter->idx,
                    pWriter->iStartBlockid, pWriter->iEndBlockid,
                    iEndBlockid, pRootInfo, nRootInfo);
}

static void leafWriterDestroy(LeafWriter *pWriter){
  if( pWriter->has_parent ) interiorWriterDestroy(&pWriter->parentWriter);
  free(pWriter->pTerm);
  free(pWriter->pData);
}

/* Push pTerm[nTerm] along with the doclist data to the leaf layer of
** %_segments.
*/
static int leafWriterStep(fulltext_vtab *v, LeafWriter *pWriter,
                          const char *pTerm, int nTerm, DocList *doclist){
  char c[VARINT_MAX+VARINT_MAX];
  int rc, n;

  /* Flush existing data if this item won't fit well. */
  if( pWriter->nData>1 &&
      (doclist->nData+nTerm>STANDALONE_MIN ||
       pWriter->nData+doclist->nData+nTerm>LEAF_MAX) ){
    rc = leafWriterInternalFlush(v, pWriter);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }

  if( pWriter->nTerm==0 ){
    /* Encode the entire leading term as:
    **  varint(nTerm)
    **  char pTerm[nTerm]
    */
    n = putVarint(c, nTerm);
    assert( pWriter->nData==1 );
    data_append2(&pWriter->pData, &pWriter->nData,
                 c, n, pTerm, nTerm);
  }else{
    /* Delta-encode the term as:
    **  varint(nPrefix)
    **  varint(nSuffix)
    **  char pTermSuffix[nSuffix]
    */

    int nPrefix = 0;

    while( nPrefix<nTerm && nPrefix<pWriter->nTerm &&
           pTerm[nPrefix]==pWriter->pTerm[nPrefix] ){
      nPrefix++;
    }

    n = putVarint(c, nPrefix);
    n += putVarint(c+n, nTerm-nPrefix);


    data_append2(&pWriter->pData, &pWriter->nData,
                 c, n, pTerm+nPrefix, nTerm-nPrefix);
  }
  data_replace(&pWriter->pTerm, &pWriter->nTerm, pTerm, nTerm);























  /* Encode the doclist as:
  **  varint(nDoclist)
  **  char pDoclist[nDoclist]
  */
  n = putVarint(c, doclist->nData);
  data_append2(&pWriter->pData, &pWriter->nData,
               c, n, doclist->pData, doclist->nData);

  /* Flush standalone blocks right out */
  if( doclist->nData+nTerm>STANDALONE_MIN ){




















































































    rc = leafWriterInternalFlush(v, pWriter);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }





























































  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/****************************************************************/
/* LeafReader is used to iterate over an individual leaf node. */
typedef struct LeafReader {
  char *pTerm;              /* copy of current term. */
  int nTerm;

  const char *pData;        /* data for current term. */
  int nData;
} LeafReader;

static void leafReaderDestroy(LeafReader *pReader){
  free(pReader->pTerm);
#ifndef NDEBUG
  memset(pReader, 0x55, sizeof(pReader));
#endif
}

static int leafReaderAtEnd(LeafReader *pReader){
  return pReader->nData<=0;
}

/* Access the current term. */
static int leafReaderTermBytes(LeafReader *pReader){
  return pReader->nTerm;
}
static const char *leafReaderTerm(LeafReader *pReader){
  assert( pReader->nTerm>0 );
  return pReader->pTerm;
}

/* Access the doclist data for the current term. */
static int leafReaderDataBytes(LeafReader *pReader){
  int nData;
  assert( pReader->nTerm>0 );
  getVarint32(pReader->pData, &nData);
  return nData;
}
static const char *leafReaderData(LeafReader *pReader){
  int n, nData;
  assert( pReader->nTerm>0 );
  n = getVarint32(pReader->pData, &nData);
  return pReader->pData+n;
}

static void leafReaderInit(const char *pData, int nData,
                           LeafReader *pReader){
  int nTerm, n;
................................................................................
  assert( nData>0 );
  assert( pData[0]=='\0' );

  memset(pReader, '\0', sizeof(pReader));

  /* Read the first term, skipping the header byte. */
  n = getVarint32(pData+1, &nTerm);

  data_dup(&pReader->pTerm, &pReader->nTerm, pData+1+n, nTerm);

  /* Position after the first term. */
  assert( 1+n+nTerm<nData );
  pReader->pData = pData+1+n+nTerm;
  pReader->nData = nData-1-n-nTerm;
}

................................................................................
  if( !leafReaderAtEnd(pReader) ){
    /* Construct the new term using a prefix from the old term plus a
    ** suffix from the leaf data.
    */
    n = getVarint32(pReader->pData, &nPrefix);
    n += getVarint32(pReader->pData+n, &nSuffix);
    assert( n+nSuffix<pReader->nData );
    pReader->nTerm = nPrefix;
    data_append(&pReader->pTerm, &pReader->nTerm, pReader->pData+n, nSuffix);

    pReader->pData += n+nSuffix;
    pReader->nData -= n+nSuffix;
  }
}

/* strcmp-style comparison of pReader's current term against pTerm. */
static int leafReaderTermCmp(LeafReader *pReader,
                             const char *pTerm, int nTerm){
  int c, n = pReader->nTerm<nTerm ? pReader->nTerm : nTerm;
  if( n==0 ){
    if( pReader->nTerm>0 ) return -1;
    if(nTerm>0 ) return 1;
    return 0;
  }

  c = memcmp(pReader->pTerm, pTerm, n);
  if( c!=0 ) return c;
  return pReader->nTerm - nTerm;
}


/****************************************************************/
/* LeavesReader wraps LeafReader to allow iterating over the entire
** leaf layer of the tree.
*/
................................................................................
typedef struct LeavesReader {
  int idx;                  /* Index within the segment. */

  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;      /* Statement we're streaming leaves from. */
  int eof;                  /* we've seen SQLITE_DONE from pStmt. */

  LeafReader leafReader;    /* reader for the current leaf. */
  char *pRootData;          /* root data for inline. */
} LeavesReader;

/* Access the current term. */
static int leavesReaderTermBytes(LeavesReader *pReader){
  assert( !pReader->eof );
  return leafReaderTermBytes(&pReader->leafReader);
}
................................................................................

static int leavesReaderAtEnd(LeavesReader *pReader){
  return pReader->eof;
}

static void leavesReaderDestroy(LeavesReader *pReader){
  leafReaderDestroy(&pReader->leafReader);
  if( pReader->pRootData!=0 ) free(pReader->pRootData);
#ifndef NDEBUG
  memset(pReader, 0x55, sizeof(pReader));
#endif
}

/* Initialize pReader with the given root data (if iStartBlockid==0
** the leaf data was entirely contained in the root), or from the
................................................................................
                            sqlite_int64 iStartBlockid,
                            sqlite_int64 iEndBlockid,
                            const char *pRootData, int nRootData,
                            LeavesReader *pReader){
  memset(pReader, 0, sizeof(*pReader));
  pReader->idx = idx;


  if( iStartBlockid==0 ){
    /* Entire leaf level fit in root data. */
    int n;
    data_dup(&pReader->pRootData, &n, pRootData, nRootData);

    leafReaderInit(pReader->pRootData, nRootData, &pReader->leafReader);
  }else{
    sqlite3_stmt *s;
    int rc = sql_get_leaf_statement(v, idx, &s);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

    rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(s, 1, iStartBlockid);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
................................................................................
*/
static int leavesReaderStep(fulltext_vtab *v, LeavesReader *pReader){
  assert( !leavesReaderAtEnd(pReader) );
  leafReaderStep(&pReader->leafReader);

  if( leafReaderAtEnd(&pReader->leafReader) ){
    int rc;
    if( pReader->pRootData ){
      pReader->eof = 1;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    rc = sql_step_leaf_statement(v, pReader->idx, &pReader->pStmt);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_ROW ){
      pReader->eof = 1;
      return rc==SQLITE_DONE ? SQLITE_OK : rc;
................................................................................
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Merge doclists from pReaders[nReaders] into a single doclist, which
** is written to pWriter.  Assumes pReaders is ordered oldest to
** newest.
*/
/* TODO(shess) I have a version of this that merges the doclists
** pairwise, and is thus much faster, but is also more intricate.  So
** I'll throw that in as a standalone change.  N-way merge would be
** even faster.
*/
static int leavesReadersMerge(fulltext_vtab *v,
                              LeavesReader *pReaders, int nReaders,
                              LeafWriter *pWriter){

  const char *pTerm = leavesReaderTerm(pReaders);
  int i, rc, nTerm = leavesReaderTermBytes(pReaders);
  DocList doclist;

  /* No need to merge, insert directly. */
  if( nReaders==1 ){
    docListStaticInit(&doclist, DL_DEFAULT,
                      leavesReaderData(pReaders),
                      leavesReaderDataBytes(pReaders));
  }else{
    docListInit(&doclist, DL_DEFAULT,
                leavesReaderData(pReaders),
                leavesReaderDataBytes(pReaders));

    for(i=1; i<nReaders; i++){
      DocList new, merged;
      docListStaticInit(&new, DL_DEFAULT,
                        leavesReaderData(pReaders+i),
                        leavesReaderDataBytes(pReaders+i));
      docListMerge(&merged, &doclist, &new);
      docListDestroy(&doclist);
      doclist = merged;
    }
  }

  /* Insert the new doclist */
  rc = leafWriterStep(v, pWriter, pTerm, nTerm, &doclist);
  if( nReaders>1 ) docListDestroy(&doclist);
  return rc;
}

/* Forward ref due to mutual recursion with segdirNextIndex(). */
static int segmentMerge(fulltext_vtab *v, int iLevel);

/* Put the next available index at iLevel into *pidx.  If iLevel
** already has MERGE_COUNT segments, they are merged to a higher
................................................................................
    }
  }

  for(i=0; i<MERGE_COUNT; i++){
    leavesReaderDestroy(&lrs[i]);
  }

  rc = leafWriterFlush(v, &writer);
  leafWriterDestroy(&writer);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  /* Delete the merged segment data. */
  return segdir_delete(v, iLevel);

 err:
................................................................................
}

/* Read pData[nData] as a leaf node, and if the doclist for
** pTerm[nTerm] is present, merge it over *out (any duplicate doclists
** read from pData will overwrite those in *out).
*/
static int loadSegmentLeaf(fulltext_vtab *v, const char *pData, int nData,
                           const char *pTerm, int nTerm, DocList *out){
  LeafReader reader;
  assert( nData>1 );
  assert( *pData=='\0' );

  leafReaderInit(pData, nData, &reader);
  while( !leafReaderAtEnd(&reader) ){
    int c = leafReaderTermCmp(&reader, pTerm, nTerm);
    if( c==0 ){
      DocList new, doclist;






      docListStaticInit(&new, DL_DEFAULT,
                        leafReaderData(&reader), leafReaderDataBytes(&reader));

      docListMerge(&doclist, out, &new);
      docListDestroy(out);
      *out = doclist;

    }
    if( c>=0 ) break;
    leafReaderStep(&reader);
  }
  leafReaderDestroy(&reader);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................

/* Traverse the tree represented by pData[nData] looking for
** pTerm[nTerm], merging its doclist over *out if found (any duplicate
** doclists read from the segment rooted at pData will overwrite those
** in *out).
*/
static int loadSegment(fulltext_vtab *v, const char *pData, int nData,
                       const char *pTerm, int nTerm, DocList *out){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_stmt *s = NULL;

  assert( nData>1 );

  /* Process data as an interior node until we reach a leaf. */
  while( *pData!='\0' ){
................................................................................
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Scan the database and merge together the posting lists for the term
** into *out.
*/
static int termSelect(fulltext_vtab *v, int iColumn,
                      const char *pTerm, int nTerm, DocList *out){

  DocList doclist;
  sqlite3_stmt *s;
  int rc = sql_get_statement(v, SEGDIR_SELECT_ALL_STMT, &s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  docListInit(&doclist, DL_DEFAULT, 0, 0);

  /* Traverse the segments from oldest to newest so that newer doclist
  ** elements for given docids overwrite older elements.
  */
  while( (rc=sql_step_statement(v, SEGDIR_SELECT_ALL_STMT, &s))==SQLITE_ROW ){
    rc = loadSegment(v, sqlite3_column_blob(s, 0), sqlite3_column_bytes(s, 0),
                     pTerm, nTerm, &doclist);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto err;
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
    *out = doclist;

    /* TODO(shess) The old term_select_all() code applied the column
    ** restrict as we merged segments, leading to smaller buffers.
    ** This is probably worthwhile to bring back, once the new storage
    ** system is checked in.
    */

    if( iColumn<v->nColumn ){   /* querying a single column */
      docListRestrictColumn(out, iColumn);
    }
    docListDiscardEmpty(out);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

 err:
  docListDestroy(&doclist);
  return rc;
}

/****************************************************************/
/* Used to hold hashtable data for sorting. */
typedef struct TermData {
  const char *pTerm;
  int nTerm;
  DocList *pDoclist;
} TermData;

/* Orders TermData elements in strcmp fashion ( <0 for less-than, 0
** for equal, >0 for greater-than).
*/
static int termDataCmp(const void *av, const void *bv){
  const TermData *a = (const TermData *)av;
................................................................................
** LeafWriter.
*/
static int writeZeroSegment(fulltext_vtab *v, fts2Hash *pTerms){
  fts2HashElem *e;
  int idx, rc, i, n;
  TermData *pData;
  LeafWriter writer;


  /* Determine the next index at level 0, merging as necessary. */
  rc = segdirNextIndex(v, 0, &idx);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  n = fts2HashCount(pTerms);
  pData = malloc(n*sizeof(TermData));

  for(i = 0, e = fts2HashFirst(pTerms); e; i++, e = fts2HashNext(e)){
    assert( i<n );
    pData[i].pTerm = fts2HashKey(e);
    pData[i].nTerm = fts2HashKeysize(e);
    pData[i].pDoclist = fts2HashData(e);
  }
  assert( i==n );

  /* TODO(shess) Should we allow user-defined collation sequences,
  ** here?  I think we only need that once we support prefix searches.
  */
  if( n>1 ) qsort(pData, n, sizeof(*pData), termDataCmp);




  leafWriterInit(0, idx, &writer);

  for(i=0; i<n; i++){




    rc = leafWriterStep(v, &writer,
                        pData[i].pTerm, pData[i].nTerm, pData[i].pDoclist);

    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto err;
  }
  rc = leafWriterFlush(v, &writer);

 err:
  free(pData);
  leafWriterDestroy(&writer);
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
    rc = index_insert(v, ppArg[1], &ppArg[2], pRowid, &terms);
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = writeZeroSegment(v, &terms);

  /* clean up */
  for(e=fts2HashFirst(&terms); e; e=fts2HashNext(e)){
    DocList *p = fts2HashData(e);
    docListDelete(p);
  }
  fts2HashClear(&terms);

  return rc;
}

/*







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293
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310
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312
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315
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319
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325
326
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330
331
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...
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1003
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1009
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1016
1017
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1020
1021
1022
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1024
1025
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1038
1039
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1080
1081
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1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
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1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
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1177
1178
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1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
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1192
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1194
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1199
1200
1201
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1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
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1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
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1241
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1243
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1247
1248
1249
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1292
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1298
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1300
1301
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1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
....
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508





1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
....
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561









1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
....
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
....
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
1597
1598
1599
1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
....
2553
2554
2555
2556
2557
2558
2559
2560
2561
2562
2563
2564
2565
2566
2567
2568
....
2822
2823
2824
2825
2826
2827
2828
2829
2830
2831
2832
2833
2834
2835
2836
2837
....
2871
2872
2873
2874
2875
2876
2877



















2878
2879
2880
2881
2882
2883
2884
....
2988
2989
2990
2991
2992
2993
2994
2995
2996
2997
2998
2999
3000
3001
3002
3003
3004
3005
3006
3007
3008
3009
3010
3011
3012
3013
3014
3015
3016
3017
3018
3019

3020
3021
3022
3023
3024
3025
3026
....
3035
3036
3037
3038
3039
3040
3041
3042

3043
3044
3045
3046
3047
3048
3049
3050
3051
3052
3053
3054
....
3059
3060
3061
3062
3063
3064
3065
3066
3067
3068
3069
3070
3071
3072
3073
3074
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3076
3077
3078
3079
3080
3081

3082
3083
3084

3085
3086
3087
3088
3089
3090
3091
3092

3093
3094
3095
3096

3097
3098
3099
3100
3101
3102



3103
3104
3105
3106
3107
3108
3109
3110
3111
3112
3113
3114
....
3265
3266
3267
3268
3269
3270
3271
3272
3273
3274
3275
3276

3277
3278
3279
3280
3281
3282
3283
3284
3285
3286
3287
3288
3289
3290
3291
3292
3293
3294
3295
3296
3297
3298
3299
3300
3301
3302
3303
3304
3305
3306
3307
3308
3309
3310
3311
3312
3313
3314
3315
3316
3317
3318
3319
3320
3321
3322
3323
3324
3325
3326
3327
3328
3329
3330
3331
3332
3333
3334
3335
3336
3337
3338
3339
3340
3341
3342
3343
3344
3345
3346
3347
3348
3349
3350
3351
3352
3353
3354
3355
3356
3357
....
3394
3395
3396
3397
3398
3399
3400

3401
3402
3403
3404
3405
3406

3407
3408
3409
3410
3411
3412
3413
3414
3415
3416
....
3476
3477
3478
3479
3480
3481
3482
3483
3484
3485
3486
3487
3488
3489
3490
3491
3492
3493

3494
3495
3496
3497
3498
3499
3500
3501
3502
3503
3504
....
3599
3600
3601
3602
3603
3604
3605
3606
3607




3608
3609
3610
3611
3612
3613
3614
3615
3616
3617
3618
3619
3620
3621
3622
3623
3624
3625
3626
3627
3628
3629
3630
....
3664
3665
3666
3667
3668
3669
3670
3671
3672
3673
3674
3675
3676

3677
3678
3679
3680
3681
3682
3683
3684
3685
3686
3687
3688
3689
3690
3691
3692
3693
3694
3695
3696
3697
3698
....
3706
3707
3708
3709
3710
3711
3712
3713
3714
3715
3716
3717
3718
3719
3720
3721
3722
3723
3724
3725
3726
3727
3728
3729
3730
3731
3732
3733
3734
3735
3736
3737
3738
3739
3740
3741
3742
3743
3744
3745
3746
3747
....
3845
3846
3847
3848
3849
3850
3851
3852


3853

3854
3855
3856
3857
3858
3859
3860
3861
3862
3863
3864
3865
3866
3867
3868
3869

3870
3871
3872
3873
3874
3875
3876
3877
3878
3879
3880
3881
3882
3883
3884
3885
3886
3887
3888
3889
3890
3891
3892
3893
3894
3895
3896
3897
3898
3899
3900
3901
3902
3903
3904
3905
3906
3907
3908
3909
3910
3911
3912
3913
3914
3915
3916
3917
3918
3919
3920
3921
3922
3923
3924
3925
3926
3927
3928
3929
3930
3931
3932
3933
3934
3935
3936
3937
3938
3939
3940
3941
3942
3943
3944
3945
3946
3947
3948
3949
3950
3951
3952
3953
3954
3955
....
3960
3961
3962
3963
3964
3965
3966
3967
3968
3969
3970
3971
3972
3973
3974

3975
3976
3977
3978
3979
3980
3981
3982
....
3984
3985
3986
3987
3988
3989
3990
3991
3992
3993
3994
3995
3996
3997
3998
3999
4000
4001
4002
4003
4004
4005
4006
4007
....
4015
4016
4017
4018
4019
4020
4021
4022
4023
4024
4025
4026
4027
4028
4029
....
4033
4034
4035
4036
4037
4038
4039
4040
4041
4042
4043
4044
4045


4046




4047







4048
4049
4050
4051

4052

4053
4054
4055
4056
4057
4058
4059
4060
4061
4062
4063
4064
4065
4066
4067
4068
4069
4070
4071

4072
4073

4074
4075
4076
4077
4078
4079
4080
4081
4082
4083
4084
4085
4086
4087
4088
4089
4090
4091
4092
4093
4094
4095
4096
4097
4098
4099
4100
4101


4102
4103
4104
4105
4106
4107
4108
4109
4110
4111
4112
4113
4114
4115
4116
4117
4118
4119
4120
4121
4122
4123
4124
4125
4126
4127
4128
4129
4130
4131
4132
4133
4134
4135
4136
4137
4138
4139
4140
4141
4142
4143
4144
4145
4146
4147
4148
4149
4150
4151
4152
4153
4154
4155
4156
4157
4158
4159
4160
4161
4162
4163
4164
4165
4166
4167
4168
4169
4170
4171
4172
4173
4174
4175
4176
4177
4178
4179
4180
4181
4182
4183
4184
4185
4186
4187
4188
4189
4190
4191
4192
4193
4194
4195
4196
4197
4198
4199
4200
4201
4202
4203
4204
4205
4206
4207
4208
4209
4210
4211
4212
4213
4214
4215
4216
4217
4218
4219
4220
4221
4222
4223
4224
4225
4226
4227
4228
4229
4230
4231
4232
4233
4234
4235
4236
4237
4238
4239
4240
4241
4242
4243
4244
4245
4246
4247
4248
4249
4250
4251
4252
4253
4254
4255
4256
4257
4258
4259
4260

4261
4262
4263
4264
4265
4266
4267
4268
4269
4270
4271
4272
4273
4274
4275
4276
4277
4278
4279
4280
4281
4282
4283
4284
4285
4286
4287
4288
4289
4290
4291
4292
4293
4294
4295
4296
4297
4298
4299
4300
4301
4302
....
4304
4305
4306
4307
4308
4309
4310
4311
4312
4313
4314
4315
4316
4317
4318
4319
....
4331
4332
4333
4334
4335
4336
4337
4338
4339
4340
4341
4342
4343
4344
4345
4346
4347
4348
4349
4350
4351
4352
4353
4354
4355
4356
4357
4358
4359
4360
4361
4362
4363
4364
4365
....
4366
4367
4368
4369
4370
4371
4372
4373
4374
4375
4376
4377
4378
4379
4380
....
4395
4396
4397
4398
4399
4400
4401
4402
4403
4404
4405
4406
4407
4408
4409
....
4414
4415
4416
4417
4418
4419
4420
4421
4422
4423

4424
4425
4426
4427
4428
4429
4430
4431
4432
4433
....
4455
4456
4457
4458
4459
4460
4461
4462
4463
4464
4465
4466
4467
4468
4469
....
4555
4556
4557
4558
4559
4560
4561
4562




4563
4564
4565
4566
4567
4568

4569

4570







4571
4572

4573
4574
4575



4576
4577


4578


4579
4580
4581
4582
4583
4584
4585
....
4652
4653
4654
4655
4656
4657
4658
4659
4660
4661
4662
4663
4664
4665
4666
....
4672
4673
4674
4675
4676
4677
4678
4679
4680
4681
4682
4683
4684
4685
4686
4687
4688
4689
4690
4691
4692
4693
4694
4695
4696
4697
4698
4699
4700
4701
4702
4703
4704
4705
4706
4707
4708
....
4709
4710
4711
4712
4713
4714
4715
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#if 0
# define TRACE(A)  printf A; fflush(stdout)
#else
# define TRACE(A)
#endif

typedef enum DocListType {

  DL_DOCIDS,              /* docids only */
  DL_POSITIONS,           /* docids + positions */
  DL_POSITIONS_OFFSETS    /* docids + positions + offsets */
} DocListType;



/*
** By default, only positions and not offsets are stored in the doclists.
** To change this so that offsets are stored too, compile with
























**




**          -DDL_DEFAULT=DL_POSITIONS_OFFSETS
**



** If DL_DEFAULT is set to DL_DOCIDS, your table can only be inserted
** into (no deletes or updates).
*/





#ifndef DL_DEFAULT
# define DL_DEFAULT DL_POSITIONS
#endif







enum {
  POS_END = 0,        /* end of this position list */
  POS_COLUMN,         /* followed by new column number */
  POS_BASE
};






/* MERGE_COUNT controls how often we merge segments (see comment at
** top of file).
*/
#define MERGE_COUNT 16










/* utility functions */

/* We may need up to VARINT_MAX bytes to store an encoded 64-bit integer. */
#define VARINT_MAX 10

/* Write a 64-bit variable-length integer to memory starting at p[0].
 * The length of data written will be between 1 and VARINT_MAX bytes.
 * The number of bytes written is returned. */
................................................................................
 sqlite_int64 i;
 int ret = getVarint(p, &i);
 *pi = (int) i;
 assert( *pi==i );
 return ret;
}

/*******************************************************************/
/* DataBuffer is used to collect data into a buffer in piecemeal
** fashion.  It implements the usual distinction between amount of
** data currently stored (nData) and buffer capacity (nCapacity).
**
** dataBufferInit - create a buffer with given initial capacity.
** dataBufferReset - forget buffer's data, retaining capacity.
** dataBufferDestroy - free buffer's data.
** dataBufferExpand - expand capacity without adding data.
** dataBufferAppend - append data.
** dataBufferAppend2 - append two pieces of data at once.
** dataBufferAppendLenData - append a varint-encoded length plus data.
** dataBufferReplace - replace buffer's data.
*/
typedef struct DataBuffer {
  char *pData;          /* Pointer to malloc'ed buffer. */
  int nCapacity;        /* Size of pData buffer. */
  int nData;            /* End of data loaded into pData. */
} DataBuffer;

static void dataBufferInit(DataBuffer *pBuffer, int nCapacity){
  assert( nCapacity>=0 );
  pBuffer->nData = 0;
  pBuffer->nCapacity = nCapacity;
  pBuffer->pData = nCapacity==0 ? NULL : malloc(nCapacity);
}
static void dataBufferReset(DataBuffer *pBuffer){
  pBuffer->nData = 0;
}
static void dataBufferDestroy(DataBuffer *pBuffer){
  if( pBuffer->pData!=NULL ) free(pBuffer->pData);
#ifndef NDEBUG
  memset(pBuffer, 0x55, sizeof(*pBuffer));
#endif
}
static void dataBufferExpand(DataBuffer *pBuffer, int nAddCapacity){
  assert( nAddCapacity>0 );
  /* TODO(shess) Consider expanding more aggressively.  Note that the
  ** underlying malloc implementation may take care of such things for
  ** us already.
  */
  if( pBuffer->nData+nAddCapacity>pBuffer->nCapacity ){
    pBuffer->nCapacity = pBuffer->nData+nAddCapacity;
    pBuffer->pData = realloc(pBuffer->pData, pBuffer->nCapacity);
  }
}
static void dataBufferAppend(DataBuffer *pBuffer,
                             const char *pSource, int nSource){
  assert( nSource>0 && pSource!=NULL );
  dataBufferExpand(pBuffer, nSource);
  memcpy(pBuffer->pData+pBuffer->nData, pSource, nSource);
  pBuffer->nData += nSource;
}
static void dataBufferAppend2(DataBuffer *pBuffer,
                              const char *pSource1, int nSource1,
                              const char *pSource2, int nSource2){
  assert( nSource1>0 && pSource1!=NULL );
  assert( nSource2>0 && pSource2!=NULL );
  dataBufferExpand(pBuffer, nSource1+nSource2);
  memcpy(pBuffer->pData+pBuffer->nData, pSource1, nSource1);
  memcpy(pBuffer->pData+pBuffer->nData+nSource1, pSource2, nSource2);
  pBuffer->nData += nSource1+nSource2;
}
static void dataBufferAppendLenData(DataBuffer *pBuffer,
                                    const char *pSource, int nSource){
  char c[VARINT_MAX];
  int n = putVarint(c, nSource);
  dataBufferAppend2(pBuffer, c, n, pSource, nSource);
}
static void dataBufferReplace(DataBuffer *pBuffer,
                              const char *pSource, int nSource){
  dataBufferReset(pBuffer);
  dataBufferAppend(pBuffer, pSource, nSource);
}

/* StringBuffer is a null-terminated version of DataBuffer. */
typedef struct StringBuffer {
  DataBuffer b;            /* Includes null terminator. */
} StringBuffer;

static void initStringBuffer(StringBuffer *sb){
  dataBufferInit(&sb->b, 100);
  dataBufferReplace(&sb->b, "", 1);
}
static int stringBufferLength(StringBuffer *sb){
  return sb->b.nData-1;
}
static char *stringBufferData(StringBuffer *sb){
  return sb->b.pData;
}
static void stringBufferDestroy(StringBuffer *sb){
  dataBufferDestroy(&sb->b);
}

static void nappend(StringBuffer *sb, const char *zFrom, int nFrom){
  assert( sb->b.nData>0 );
  if( nFrom>0 ){
    sb->b.nData--;
    dataBufferAppend2(&sb->b, zFrom, nFrom, "", 1);
  }
}
static void append(StringBuffer *sb, const char *zFrom){
  nappend(sb, zFrom, strlen(zFrom));
}

/* Append a list of strings separated by commas. */
static void appendList(StringBuffer *sb, int nString, char **azString){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<nString; ++i){
    if( i>0 ) append(sb, ", ");
    append(sb, azString[i]);
  }
}

static int endsInWhiteSpace(StringBuffer *p){
  return stringBufferLength(p)>0 &&
    isspace(stringBufferData(p)[stringBufferLength(p)-1]);
}

/* If the StringBuffer ends in something other than white space, add a
** single space character to the end.
*/
static void appendWhiteSpace(StringBuffer *p){
  if( stringBufferLength(p)==0 ) return;
  if( !endsInWhiteSpace(p) ) append(p, " ");
}

/* Remove white space from the end of the StringBuffer */
static void trimWhiteSpace(StringBuffer *p){
  while( endsInWhiteSpace(p) ){
    p->b.pData[--p->b.nData-1] = '\0';
  }
}

/*******************************************************************/
/* DLReader is used to read document elements from a doclist.  The
** current docid is cached, so dlrDocid() is fast.  DLReader does not
** own the doclist buffer.
**
** dlrAtEnd - true if there's no more data to read.
** dlrDocid - docid of current document.
** dlrDocData - doclist data for current document (including docid).
** dlrDocDataBytes - length of same.
** dlrAllDataBytes - length of all remaining data.
** dlrPosData - position data for current document.
** dlrPosDataLen - length of pos data for current document (incl POS_END).
** dlrStep - step to current document.
** dlrInit - initial for doclist of given type against given data.
** dlrDestroy - clean up.
**
** Expected usage is something like:
**
**   DLReader reader;
**   dlrInit(&reader, pData, nData);
**   while( !dlrAtEnd(&reader) ){
**     // calls to dlrDocid() and kin.
**     dlrStep(&reader);
**   }
**   dlrDestroy(&reader);
*/
typedef struct DLReader {
  DocListType iType;
  const char *pData;
  int nData;

  sqlite_int64 iDocid;
  int nElement;
} DLReader;

static int dlrAtEnd(DLReader *pReader){
  assert( pReader->nData>=0 );
  return pReader->nData==0;
}
static sqlite_int64 dlrDocid(DLReader *pReader){
  assert( !dlrAtEnd(pReader) );
  return pReader->iDocid;
}
static const char *dlrDocData(DLReader *pReader){
  assert( !dlrAtEnd(pReader) );
  return pReader->pData;
}
static int dlrDocDataBytes(DLReader *pReader){
  assert( !dlrAtEnd(pReader) );
  return pReader->nElement;
}
static int dlrAllDataBytes(DLReader *pReader){
  assert( !dlrAtEnd(pReader) );
  return pReader->nData;
}
/* TODO(shess) Consider adding a field to track iDocid varint length
** to make these two functions faster.  This might matter (a tiny bit)
** for queries.
*/
static const char *dlrPosData(DLReader *pReader){
  sqlite_int64 iDummy;
  int n = getVarint(pReader->pData, &iDummy);
  assert( !dlrAtEnd(pReader) );
  return pReader->pData+n;
}
static int dlrPosDataLen(DLReader *pReader){
  sqlite_int64 iDummy;
  int n = getVarint(pReader->pData, &iDummy);
  assert( !dlrAtEnd(pReader) );
  return pReader->nElement-n;
}
static void dlrStep(DLReader *pReader){
  assert( !dlrAtEnd(pReader) );

  /* Skip past current doclist element. */
  assert( pReader->nElement<=pReader->nData );
  pReader->pData += pReader->nElement;
  pReader->nData -= pReader->nElement;

  /* If there is more data, read the next doclist element. */
  if( pReader->nData!=0 ){
    int iDummy, n = getVarint(pReader->pData, &pReader->iDocid);
    if( pReader->iType>=DL_POSITIONS ){
      assert( n<pReader->nData );
      while( 1 ){
        n += getVarint32(pReader->pData+n, &iDummy);
        assert( n<=pReader->nData );
        if( iDummy==POS_END ) break;
        if( iDummy==POS_COLUMN ){
          n += getVarint32(pReader->pData+n, &iDummy);
          assert( n<pReader->nData );
        }else if( pReader->iType==DL_POSITIONS_OFFSETS ){
          n += getVarint32(pReader->pData+n, &iDummy);
          n += getVarint32(pReader->pData+n, &iDummy);
          assert( n<pReader->nData );
        }
      }
    }
    pReader->nElement = n;
    assert( pReader->nElement<=pReader->nData );
  }
}
static void dlrInit(DLReader *pReader, DocListType iType,
                    const char *pData, int nData){
  assert( pData!=NULL && nData!=0 );
  pReader->iType = iType;
  pReader->pData = pData;
  pReader->nData = nData;
  pReader->nElement = 0;
  pReader->iDocid = 0;

  /* Load the first element's data.  There must be a first element. */
  dlrStep(pReader);
}
static void dlrDestroy(DLReader *pReader){
#ifndef NDEBUG
  memset(pReader, 0x55, sizeof(pReader));
#endif
}

#ifndef NDEBUG
/* Verify that the doclist can be validly decoded.  Also returns the
** last docid found because it's convenient in other assertions for
** DLWriter.
*/
static int docListValidate(DocListType iType, const char *pData, int nData,
                           sqlite_int64 *pLastDocid){
  int has_prevDocid = 0;
  sqlite_int64 iPrevDocid;
  assert( pData!=0 );
  assert( nData!=0 );
  while( nData!=0 ){
    int n;
    sqlite_int64 iDocid;
    n = getVarint(pData, &iDocid);
    assert( !has_prevDocid || iPrevDocid<iDocid );
    has_prevDocid = 1;
    iPrevDocid = iDocid;
    if( iType>DL_DOCIDS ){
      int iDummy;
      while( 1 ){
        n += getVarint32(pData+n, &iDummy);
        if( iDummy==POS_END ) break;
        if( iDummy==POS_COLUMN ){
          n += getVarint32(pData+n, &iDummy);
        }else if( iType>DL_POSITIONS ){
          n += getVarint32(pData+n, &iDummy);
          n += getVarint32(pData+n, &iDummy);
        }
        assert( n<=nData );
      }
    }
    assert( n<=nData );
    pData += n;
    nData -= n;
  }
  assert( has_prevDocid );
  if( pLastDocid ) *pLastDocid = iPrevDocid;
  return 1;
}
#endif

/*******************************************************************/
/* DLWriter is used to write doclist data to a DataBuffer.  DLWriter
** always appends to the buffer and does not own it.
**
** dlwInit - initialize to write a given type doclistto a buffer.
** dlwDestroy - clear the writer's memory.  Does not free buffer.
** dlwAppend - append raw doclist data to buffer.
** dlwAdd - construct doclist element and append to buffer.
*/
/* TODO(shess) Modify to handle delta-encoding docids.  This should be
** fairly simple.  The changes to dlwAdd() are obvious.  dlwAppend()
** would need to decode the leading docid, rencode as a delta, and
** copy the rest of the data (which would already be delta-encoded).
** Note that this will require a change to pass the trailing docid.
*/
typedef struct DLWriter {
  DocListType iType;
  DataBuffer *b;
#ifndef NDEBUG
  int has_prevDocid;
  sqlite_int64 iPrevDocid;
#endif
} DLWriter;

static void dlwInit(DLWriter *pWriter, DocListType iType, DataBuffer *b){
  pWriter->b = b;
  pWriter->iType = iType;
#ifndef NDEBUG
  pWriter->has_prevDocid = 0;
  pWriter->iPrevDocid = 0;
#endif
}
static void dlwDestroy(DLWriter *pWriter){
#ifndef NDEBUG
  memset(pWriter, 0x55, sizeof(pWriter));
#endif
}
static void dlwAppend(DLWriter *pWriter,
                      const char *pData, int nData){
#ifndef NDEBUG
  sqlite_int64 iDocid;
  int n;
  n = getVarint(pData, &iDocid);
  assert( n<=nData );
  assert( !pWriter->has_prevDocid || pWriter->iPrevDocid<iDocid );
  assert( n<nData || pWriter->iType>DL_DOCIDS );
  assert( docListValidate(pWriter->iType, pData, nData, &iDocid) );
  pWriter->has_prevDocid = 1;
  pWriter->iPrevDocid = iDocid;
#endif
  dataBufferAppend(pWriter->b, pData, nData);
}
static void dlwAdd(DLWriter *pWriter, sqlite_int64 iDocid,
                   const char *pPosList, int nPosList){
  char c[VARINT_MAX];
  int n = putVarint(c, iDocid);

  assert( !pWriter->has_prevDocid || pWriter->iPrevDocid<iDocid );
  assert( pPosList==0 || pWriter->iType>DL_DOCIDS );

  dataBufferAppend(pWriter->b, c, n);

  if( pWriter->iType>DL_DOCIDS ){
    n = putVarint(c, 0);
    if( nPosList>0 ){
      dataBufferAppend2(pWriter->b, pPosList, nPosList, c, n);
    }else{
      dataBufferAppend(pWriter->b, c, n);
    }
  }
#ifndef NDEBUG
  pWriter->has_prevDocid = 1;
  pWriter->iPrevDocid = iDocid;
#endif
}

/*******************************************************************/
/* PLReader is used to read data from a document's position list.  As
** the caller steps through the list, data is cached so that varints
** only need to be decoded once.
**
** plrInit, plrDestroy - create/destroy a reader.
** plrColumn, plrPosition, plrStartOffset, plrEndOffset - accessors
** plrAtEnd - at end of stream, only call plrDestroy once true.
** plrStep - step to the next element.
*/
typedef struct PLReader {
  /* These refer to the next position's data.  nData will reach 0 when
  ** reading the last position, so plrStep() signals EOF by setting
  ** pData to NULL.
  */
  const char *pData;
  int nData;

  DocListType iType;
  int iColumn;         /* the last column read */
  int iPosition;       /* the last position read */
  int iStartOffset;    /* the last start offset read */
  int iEndOffset;      /* the last end offset read */
} PLReader;

static int plrAtEnd(PLReader *pReader){
  return pReader->pData==NULL;
}
static int plrColumn(PLReader *pReader){
  assert( !plrAtEnd(pReader) );
  return pReader->iColumn;
}
static int plrPosition(PLReader *pReader){
  assert( !plrAtEnd(pReader) );
  return pReader->iPosition;
}
static int plrStartOffset(PLReader *pReader){
  assert( !plrAtEnd(pReader) );
  return pReader->iStartOffset;
}
static int plrEndOffset(PLReader *pReader){
  assert( !plrAtEnd(pReader) );
  return pReader->iEndOffset;
}
static void plrStep(PLReader *pReader){
  int i, n;

  assert( !plrAtEnd(pReader) );

  if( pReader->nData==0 ){
    pReader->pData = NULL;
    return;
  }

  n = getVarint32(pReader->pData, &i);
  if( i==POS_COLUMN ){
    n += getVarint32(pReader->pData+n, &pReader->iColumn);
    pReader->iPosition = 0;
    pReader->iStartOffset = 0;
    n += getVarint32(pReader->pData+n, &i);
  }
  /* Should never see adjacent column changes. */
  assert( i!=POS_COLUMN );

  if( i==POS_END ){
    pReader->nData = 0;
    pReader->pData = NULL;
    return;
  }

  pReader->iPosition += i-POS_BASE;
  if( pReader->iType==DL_POSITIONS_OFFSETS ){
    n += getVarint32(pReader->pData+n, &i);
    pReader->iStartOffset += i;
    n += getVarint32(pReader->pData+n, &i);
    pReader->iEndOffset = pReader->iStartOffset+i;
  }
  assert( n<=pReader->nData );
  pReader->pData += n;
  pReader->nData -= n;
}

static void plrInit(PLReader *pReader, DocListType iType,
                    const char *pData, int nData){
  pReader->pData = pData;
  pReader->nData = nData;
  pReader->iType = iType;
  pReader->iColumn = 0;
  pReader->iPosition = 0;
  pReader->iStartOffset = 0;
  pReader->iEndOffset = 0;
  plrStep(pReader);
}
static void plrDestroy(PLReader *pReader){
#ifndef NDEBUG
  memset(pReader, 0x55, sizeof(pReader));
#endif
}

/*******************************************************************/
/* PLWriter is used in constructing a document's position list.  As a
** convenience, if iType is DL_DOCIDS, PLWriter becomes a no-op.
**
** plwInit - init for writing a document's poslist.
** plwReset - reset the writer for a new document.
** plwDestroy - clear a writer.
** plwNew - malloc storage and initialize it.
** plwDelete - clear and free storage.
** plwDlwAdd - append the docid and poslist to a doclist writer.
** plwAdd - append position and offset information.
*/
/* TODO(shess) PLWriter is used in two ways.  fulltextUpdate() uses it
** in construction of a new doclist.  docListTrim() and mergePosList()
** use it when trimming.  In the former case, it wants to own the
** DataBuffer, in the latter it's possible it could encode into a
** pre-existing DataBuffer.
*/
typedef struct PLWriter {
  DataBuffer b;

  sqlite_int64 iDocid;
  DocListType iType;
  int iColumn;    /* the last column written */
  int iPos;       /* the last position written */
  int iOffset;    /* the last start offset written */
} PLWriter;

static void plwDlwAdd(PLWriter *pWriter, DLWriter *dlWriter){
  dlwAdd(dlWriter, pWriter->iDocid, pWriter->b.pData, pWriter->b.nData);
}
static void plwAdd(PLWriter *pWriter, int iColumn, int iPos,
                   int iStartOffset, int iEndOffset){
  /* Worst-case space for POS_COLUMN, iColumn, iPosDelta,
  ** iStartOffsetDelta, and iEndOffsetDelta.
  */
  char c[5*VARINT_MAX];
  int n = 0;

  if( pWriter->iType==DL_DOCIDS ) return;

  if( iColumn!=pWriter->iColumn ){
    n += putVarint(c+n, POS_COLUMN);
    n += putVarint(c+n, iColumn);
    pWriter->iColumn = iColumn;
    pWriter->iPos = 0;
    pWriter->iOffset = 0;
  }
  assert( iPos>=pWriter->iPos );
  n += putVarint(c+n, POS_BASE+(iPos-pWriter->iPos));
  pWriter->iPos = iPos;
  if( pWriter->iType==DL_POSITIONS_OFFSETS ){
    assert( iStartOffset>=pWriter->iOffset );
    n += putVarint(c+n, iStartOffset-pWriter->iOffset);
    pWriter->iOffset = iStartOffset;
    assert( iEndOffset>=iStartOffset );
    n += putVarint(c+n, iEndOffset-iStartOffset);
  }
  dataBufferAppend(&pWriter->b, c, n);
}
static void plwReset(PLWriter *pWriter,
                     sqlite_int64 iDocid, DocListType iType){
  dataBufferReset(&pWriter->b);
  pWriter->iDocid = iDocid;
  pWriter->iType = iType;
  pWriter->iColumn = 0;
  pWriter->iPos = 0;
  pWriter->iOffset = 0;
}
static void plwInit(PLWriter *pWriter, sqlite_int64 iDocid, DocListType iType){
  dataBufferInit(&pWriter->b, 0);
  plwReset(pWriter, iDocid, iType);
}
static PLWriter *plwNew(sqlite_int64 iDocid, DocListType iType){
  PLWriter *pWriter = malloc(sizeof(PLWriter));
  plwInit(pWriter, iDocid, iType);
  return pWriter;
}
static void plwDestroy(PLWriter *pWriter){
  dataBufferDestroy(&pWriter->b);
#ifndef NDEBUG
  memset(pWriter, 0x55, sizeof(pWriter));
#endif
}
static void plwDelete(PLWriter *pWriter){
  plwDestroy(pWriter);
  free(pWriter);
}


/* Copy the doclist data of iType in pData/nData into *out, trimming
** unnecessary data as we go.  Only columns matching iColumn are
** copied, all columns copied if iColimn is -1.  Elements with no
** matching columns are dropped.  The output is an iOutType doclist.
*/
static void docListTrim(DocListType iType, const char *pData, int nData,
                        int iColumn, DocListType iOutType, DataBuffer *out){
  DLReader dlReader;
  DLWriter dlWriter;
  PLWriter plWriter;

  assert( iOutType<=iType );

  dlrInit(&dlReader, iType, pData, nData);
  dlwInit(&dlWriter, iOutType, out);
  plwInit(&plWriter, 0, iOutType);

  while( !dlrAtEnd(&dlReader) ){
    PLReader plReader;
    int match = 0;

    plrInit(&plReader, dlReader.iType,
            dlrPosData(&dlReader), dlrPosDataLen(&dlReader));
    plwReset(&plWriter, dlrDocid(&dlReader), iOutType);

    while( !plrAtEnd(&plReader) ){
      if( iColumn==-1 || plrColumn(&plReader)==iColumn ){
        match = 1;
        plwAdd(&plWriter, plrColumn(&plReader), plrPosition(&plReader),
               plrStartOffset(&plReader), plrEndOffset(&plReader));
      }
      plrStep(&plReader);
    }
    if( match ) plwDlwAdd(&plWriter, &dlWriter);

    plrDestroy(&plReader);
    dlrStep(&dlReader);
  }
  plwDestroy(&plWriter);
  dlwDestroy(&dlWriter);
  dlrDestroy(&dlReader);
}

/* Used by docListMerge() to keep doclists in the ascending order by
** docid, then ascending order by age (so the newest comes first).
*/
typedef struct OrderedDLReader {
  DLReader *pReader;

  /* TODO(shess) If we assume that docListMerge pReaders is ordered by
  ** age (which we do), then we could use pReader comparisons to break
  ** ties.
  */
  int idx;
} OrderedDLReader;

/* Order eof to end, then by docid asc, idx desc. */
static int orderedDLReaderCmp(OrderedDLReader *r1, OrderedDLReader *r2){
  if( dlrAtEnd(r1->pReader) ){
    if( dlrAtEnd(r2->pReader) ) return 0;  /* Both atEnd(). */
    return 1;                              /* Only r1 atEnd(). */
  }
  if( dlrAtEnd(r2->pReader) ) return -1;   /* Only r2 atEnd(). */

  if( dlrDocid(r1->pReader)<dlrDocid(r2->pReader) ) return -1;
  if( dlrDocid(r1->pReader)>dlrDocid(r2->pReader) ) return 1;

  /* Descending on idx. */
  return r2->idx-r1->idx;
}

/* Bubble p[0] to appropriate place in p[1..n-1].  Assumes that
** p[1..n-1] is already sorted.
*/
/* TODO(shess) Is this frequent enough to warrant a binary search?
** Before implementing that, instrument the code to check.  In most
** current usage, I expect that p[0] will be less than p[1] a very
** high proportion of the time.
*/
static void orderedDLReaderReorder(OrderedDLReader *p, int n){
  while( n>1 && orderedDLReaderCmp(p, p+1)>0 ){
    OrderedDLReader tmp = p[0];
    p[0] = p[1];
    p[1] = tmp;
    n--;
    p++;
  }
}

/* Given an array of doclist readers, merge their doclist elements
** into out in sorted order (by docid), dropping elements from older
** readers when there is a duplicate docid.  pReaders is assumed to be
** ordered by age, oldest first.
*/
/* TODO(shess) nReaders must be <= MERGE_COUNT.  This should probably
** be fixed.
*/
static void docListMerge(DataBuffer *out,
                         DLReader *pReaders, int nReaders){
  OrderedDLReader readers[MERGE_COUNT];
  DLWriter writer;
  int i, n;
  const char *pStart = 0;
  int nStart = 0;

  assert( nReaders>0 );
  if( nReaders==1 ){
    dataBufferAppend(out, dlrDocData(pReaders), dlrAllDataBytes(pReaders));
    return;
  }

  assert( nReaders<=MERGE_COUNT );
  n = 0;
  for(i=0; i<nReaders; i++){
    assert( pReaders[i].iType==pReaders[0].iType );
    readers[i].pReader = pReaders+i;
    readers[i].idx = i;
    n += dlrAllDataBytes(&pReaders[i]);
  }
  /* Conservatively size output to sum of inputs.  Output should end
  ** up strictly smaller than input.
  */
  dataBufferExpand(out, n);

  /* Get the readers into sorted order. */
  while( i-->0 ){
    orderedDLReaderReorder(readers+i, nReaders-i);
  }

  dlwInit(&writer, pReaders[0].iType, out);
  while( !dlrAtEnd(readers[0].pReader) ){
    sqlite_int64 iDocid = dlrDocid(readers[0].pReader);

    /* If this is a continuation of the current buffer to copy, extend
    ** that buffer.  memcpy() seems to be more efficient if it has a
    ** lots of data to copy.
    */
    if( dlrDocData(readers[0].pReader)==pStart+nStart ){
      nStart += dlrDocDataBytes(readers[0].pReader);
    }else{
      if( pStart!=0 ) dlwAppend(&writer, pStart, nStart);
      pStart = dlrDocData(readers[0].pReader);
      nStart = dlrDocDataBytes(readers[0].pReader);
    }
    dlrStep(readers[0].pReader);

    /* Drop all of the older elements with the same docid. */
    for(i=1; i<nReaders &&
             !dlrAtEnd(readers[i].pReader) &&
             dlrDocid(readers[i].pReader)==iDocid; i++){
      dlrStep(readers[i].pReader);
    }

    /* Get the readers back into order. */
    while( i-->0 ){
      orderedDLReaderReorder(readers+i, nReaders-i);
    }
  }

  /* Copy over any remaining elements. */
  if( nStart>0 ) dlwAppend(&writer, pStart, nStart);
  dlwDestroy(&writer);
}

/* pLeft and pRight are DLReaders positioned to the same docid.
**
** If there are no instances in pLeft or pRight where the position
** of pLeft is one less than the position of pRight, then this
** routine adds nothing to pOut.
**
** If there are one or more instances where positions from pLeft
** are exactly one less than positions from pRight, then add a new
** document record to pOut.  If pOut wants to hold positions, then
** include the positions from pRight that are one more than a
** position in pLeft.  In other words:  pRight.iPos==pLeft.iPos+1.
*/
static void mergePosList(DLReader *pLeft, DLReader *pRight, DLWriter *pOut){
  PLReader left, right;
  PLWriter writer;
  int match = 0;

  assert( dlrDocid(pLeft)==dlrDocid(pRight) );
  assert( pOut->iType!=DL_POSITIONS_OFFSETS );

  plrInit(&left, pLeft->iType, dlrPosData(pLeft), dlrPosDataLen(pLeft));
  plrInit(&right, pRight->iType, dlrPosData(pRight), dlrPosDataLen(pRight));
  plwInit(&writer, dlrDocid(pLeft), pOut->iType);

  while( !plrAtEnd(&left) && !plrAtEnd(&right) ){
    if( plrColumn(&left)<plrColumn(&right) ){
      plrStep(&left);
    }else if( plrColumn(&left)>plrColumn(&right) ){
      plrStep(&right);
    }else if( plrPosition(&left)+1<plrPosition(&right) ){
      plrStep(&left);
    }else if( plrPosition(&left)+1>plrPosition(&right) ){
      plrStep(&right);
    }else{
      match = 1;
      plwAdd(&writer, plrColumn(&right), plrPosition(&right), 0, 0);
      plrStep(&left);
      plrStep(&right);
    }
  }

  /* TODO(shess) We could remember the output position, encode the
  ** docid, then encode the poslist directly into the output.  If no
  ** match, we back out to the stored output position.  This would
  ** also reduce the malloc count.
  */
  if( match ) plwDlwAdd(&writer, pOut);

  plrDestroy(&left);
  plrDestroy(&right);
  plwDestroy(&writer);
}

/* We have two doclists with positions:  pLeft and pRight.
** Write the phrase intersection of these two doclists into pOut.
**
** A phrase intersection means that two documents only match
** if pLeft.iPos+1==pRight.iPos.
**
** iType controls the type of data written to pOut.  If iType is
** DL_POSITIONS, the positions are those from pRight.
*/
static void docListPhraseMerge(
  const char *pLeft, int nLeft,
  const char *pRight, int nRight,
  DocListType iType,
  DataBuffer *pOut      /* Write the combined doclist here */
){
  DLReader left, right;
  DLWriter writer;

  if( nLeft==0 || nRight==0 ) return;

  assert( iType!=DL_POSITIONS_OFFSETS );

  dlrInit(&left, DL_POSITIONS, pLeft, nLeft);
  dlrInit(&right, DL_POSITIONS, pRight, nRight);
  dlwInit(&writer, iType, pOut);

  while( !dlrAtEnd(&left) && !dlrAtEnd(&right) ){
    if( dlrDocid(&left)<dlrDocid(&right) ){
      dlrStep(&left);
    }else if( dlrDocid(&right)<dlrDocid(&left) ){
      dlrStep(&right);
    }else{
      mergePosList(&left, &right, &writer);
      dlrStep(&left);
      dlrStep(&right);
    }
  }

  dlrDestroy(&left);
  dlrDestroy(&right);
  dlwDestroy(&writer);
}

/* We have two DL_DOCIDS doclists:  pLeft and pRight.
** Write the intersection of these two doclists into pOut as a
** DL_DOCIDS doclist.
*/
static void docListAndMerge(
  const char *pLeft, int nLeft,
  const char *pRight, int nRight,
  DataBuffer *pOut      /* Write the combined doclist here */
){
  DLReader left, right;
  DLWriter writer;

  if( nLeft==0 || nRight==0 ) return;

  dlrInit(&left, DL_DOCIDS, pLeft, nLeft);
  dlrInit(&right, DL_DOCIDS, pRight, nRight);
  dlwInit(&writer, DL_DOCIDS, pOut);

  while( !dlrAtEnd(&left) && !dlrAtEnd(&right) ){
    if( dlrDocid(&left)<dlrDocid(&right) ){
      dlrStep(&left);
    }else if( dlrDocid(&right)<dlrDocid(&left) ){
      dlrStep(&right);
    }else{
      dlwAdd(&writer, dlrDocid(&left), 0, 0);
      dlrStep(&left);
      dlrStep(&right);
    }
  }

  dlrDestroy(&left);
  dlrDestroy(&right);
  dlwDestroy(&writer);
}

/* We have two DL_DOCIDS doclists:  pLeft and pRight.
** Write the union of these two doclists into pOut as a
** DL_DOCIDS doclist.
*/
static void docListOrMerge(
  const char *pLeft, int nLeft,
  const char *pRight, int nRight,
  DataBuffer *pOut      /* Write the combined doclist here */
){
  DLReader left, right;
  DLWriter writer;

  if( nLeft==0 ){
    dataBufferAppend(pOut, pRight, nRight);
    return;
  }
  if( nRight==0 ){
    dataBufferAppend(pOut, pLeft, nLeft);
    return;
  }

  dlrInit(&left, DL_DOCIDS, pLeft, nLeft);
  dlrInit(&right, DL_DOCIDS, pRight, nRight);
  dlwInit(&writer, DL_DOCIDS, pOut);

  while( !dlrAtEnd(&left) || !dlrAtEnd(&right) ){
    if( dlrAtEnd(&right) || dlrDocid(&left)<dlrDocid(&right) ){
      dlwAdd(&writer, dlrDocid(&left), 0, 0);
      dlrStep(&left);
    }else if( dlrAtEnd(&left) || dlrDocid(&right)<dlrDocid(&left) ){
      dlwAdd(&writer, dlrDocid(&right), 0, 0);
      dlrStep(&right);
    }else{
      dlwAdd(&writer, dlrDocid(&left), 0, 0);
      dlrStep(&left);
      dlrStep(&right);
    }
  }

  dlrDestroy(&left);
  dlrDestroy(&right);
  dlwDestroy(&writer);
}

/* We have two DL_DOCIDS doclists:  pLeft and pRight.
** Write into pOut as DL_DOCIDS doclist containing all documents that
** occur in pLeft but not in pRight.
*/
static void docListExceptMerge(
  const char *pLeft, int nLeft,
  const char *pRight, int nRight,
  DataBuffer *pOut      /* Write the combined doclist here */
){
  DLReader left, right;
  DLWriter writer;

  if( nLeft==0 ) return;
  if( nRight==0 ){
    dataBufferAppend(pOut, pLeft, nLeft);
    return;
  }

  dlrInit(&left, DL_DOCIDS, pLeft, nLeft);
  dlrInit(&right, DL_DOCIDS, pRight, nRight);
  dlwInit(&writer, DL_DOCIDS, pOut);

  while( !dlrAtEnd(&left) ){
    while( !dlrAtEnd(&right) && dlrDocid(&right)<dlrDocid(&left) ){
      dlrStep(&right);
    }
    if( dlrAtEnd(&right) || dlrDocid(&left)<dlrDocid(&right) ){
      dlwAdd(&writer, dlrDocid(&left), 0, 0);
    }
    dlrStep(&left);
  }

  dlrDestroy(&left);
  dlrDestroy(&right);
  dlwDestroy(&writer);
}

static char *string_dup_n(const char *s, int n){
  char *str = malloc(n + 1);
  memcpy(str, s, n);
  str[n] = '\0';
  return str;
................................................................................
  /* SEGDIR_SPAN */
  "select min(start_block), max(end_block) from %_segdir "
  " where level = ? and start_block <> 0",
  /* SEGDIR_DELETE */ "delete from %_segdir where level = ?",
  /* SEGDIR_SELECT_ALL */ "select root from %_segdir order by level desc, idx",
};






/*
** A connection to a fulltext index is an instance of the following
** structure.  The xCreate and xConnect methods create an instance
** of this structure and xDestroy and xDisconnect free that instance.
** All other methods receive a pointer to the structure as one of their
** arguments.
*/
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor base;        /* Base class used by SQLite core */
  QueryType iCursorType;           /* Copy of sqlite3_index_info.idxNum */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;             /* Prepared statement in use by the cursor */
  int eof;                         /* True if at End Of Results */
  Query q;                         /* Parsed query string */
  Snippet snippet;                 /* Cached snippet for the current row */
  int iColumn;                     /* Column being searched */
  DataBuffer result;               /* Doclist results from fulltextQuery */
  DLReader reader;                 /* Result reader if result not empty */
} fulltext_cursor;

static struct fulltext_vtab *cursor_vtab(fulltext_cursor *c){
  return (fulltext_vtab *) c->base.pVtab;
}

static const sqlite3_module fulltextModule;   /* forward declaration */










/* Return a dynamically generated statement of the form
 *   insert into %_content (rowid, ...) values (?, ...)
 */
static const char *contentInsertStatement(fulltext_vtab *v){
  StringBuffer sb;
  int i;

................................................................................
  initStringBuffer(&sb);
  append(&sb, "insert into %_content (rowid, ");
  appendList(&sb, v->nColumn, v->azContentColumn);
  append(&sb, ") values (?");
  for(i=0; i<v->nColumn; ++i)
    append(&sb, ", ?");
  append(&sb, ")");
  return stringBufferData(&sb);
}

/* Return a dynamically generated statement of the form
 *   update %_content set [col_0] = ?, [col_1] = ?, ...
 *                    where rowid = ?
 */
static const char *contentUpdateStatement(fulltext_vtab *v){
................................................................................
    if( i>0 ){
      append(&sb, ", ");
    }
    append(&sb, v->azContentColumn[i]);
    append(&sb, " = ?");
  }
  append(&sb, " where rowid = ?");
  return stringBufferData(&sb);
}

/* Puts a freshly-prepared statement determined by iStmt in *ppStmt.
** If the indicated statement has never been prepared, it is prepared
** and cached, otherwise the cached version is reset.
*/
static int sql_get_statement(fulltext_vtab *v, fulltext_statement iStmt,
................................................................................
  rc = parseSpec(&spec, argc, argv, pzErr);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  initStringBuffer(&schema);
  append(&schema, "CREATE TABLE %_content(");
  appendList(&schema, spec.nColumn, spec.azContentColumn);
  append(&schema, ")");
  rc = sql_exec(db, spec.zName, stringBufferData(&schema));
  stringBufferDestroy(&schema);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto out;

  rc = sql_exec(db, spec.zName, "create table %_segments(block blob);");
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto out;

  rc = sql_exec(db, spec.zName,
                "create table %_segdir("
................................................................................
    struct snippetMatch *pMatch = &p->aMatch[i];
    zBuf[0] = ' ';
    sprintf(&zBuf[cnt>0], "%d %d %d %d", pMatch->iCol,
        pMatch->iTerm, pMatch->iStart, pMatch->nByte);
    append(&sb, zBuf);
    cnt++;
  }
  p->zOffset = stringBufferData(&sb);
  p->nOffset = stringBufferLength(&sb);
}

/*
** zDoc[0..nDoc-1] is phrase of text.  aMatch[0..nMatch-1] are a set
** of matching words some of which might be in zDoc.  zDoc is column
** number iCol.
**
................................................................................
    if( isspace(zDoc[iBreak+i]) ){
      return iBreak + i + 1;
    }
  }
  return iBreak;
}






















/*
** Allowed values for Snippet.aMatch[].snStatus
*/
#define SNIPPET_IGNORE  0   /* It is ok to omit this match from the snippet */
#define SNIPPET_DESIRED 1   /* We want to include this match in the snippet */
................................................................................
    tailOffset = iEnd;
  }
  trimWhiteSpace(&sb);
  if( tailEllipsis ){
    appendWhiteSpace(&sb);
    append(&sb, zEllipsis);
  }
  pCursor->snippet.zSnippet = stringBufferData(&sb);
  pCursor->snippet.nSnippet = stringBufferLength(&sb);
}


/*
** Close the cursor.  For additional information see the documentation
** on the xClose method of the virtual table interface.
*/
static int fulltextClose(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  fulltext_cursor *c = (fulltext_cursor *) pCursor;
  TRACE(("FTS2 Close %p\n", c));
  sqlite3_finalize(c->pStmt);
  queryClear(&c->q);
  snippetClear(&c->snippet);
  if( c->result.nData!=0 ){
    dlrDestroy(&c->reader);
    dataBufferDestroy(&c->result);
  }
  free(c);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static int fulltextNext(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  fulltext_cursor *c = (fulltext_cursor *) pCursor;

  int rc;

  TRACE(("FTS2 Next %p\n", pCursor));
  snippetClear(&c->snippet);
  if( c->iCursorType < QUERY_FULLTEXT ){
    /* TODO(shess) Handle SQLITE_SCHEMA AND SQLITE_BUSY. */
    rc = sqlite3_step(c->pStmt);
................................................................................
        c->eof = 1;
        return rc;
    }
  } else {  /* full-text query */
    rc = sqlite3_reset(c->pStmt);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

    if( c->result.nData==0 || dlrAtEnd(&c->reader) ){

      c->eof = 1;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(c->pStmt, 1, dlrDocid(&c->reader));
    dlrStep(&c->reader);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    /* TODO(shess) Handle SQLITE_SCHEMA AND SQLITE_BUSY. */
    rc = sqlite3_step(c->pStmt);
    if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){   /* the case we expect */
      c->eof = 0;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
................................................................................


/* TODO(shess) If we pushed LeafReader to the top of the file, or to
** another file, term_select() could be pushed above
** docListOfTerm().
*/
static int termSelect(fulltext_vtab *v, int iColumn,
                      const char *pTerm, int nTerm,
                      DocListType iType, DataBuffer *out);

/* Return a DocList corresponding to the query term *pTerm.  If *pTerm
** is the first term of a phrase query, go ahead and evaluate the phrase
** query and return the doclist for the entire phrase query.
**
** The resulting DL_DOCIDS doclist is stored in pResult, which is
** overwritten.
*/
static int docListOfTerm(
  fulltext_vtab *v,   /* The full text index */
  int iColumn,        /* column to restrict to.  No restriction if >=nColumn */
  QueryTerm *pQTerm,  /* Term we are looking for, or 1st term of a phrase */
  DataBuffer *pResult /* Write the result here */
){

  DataBuffer left, right, new;
  int i, rc;


  /* No phrase search if no position info. */
  assert( pQTerm->nPhrase==0 || DL_DEFAULT!=DL_DOCIDS );

  dataBufferInit(&left, 0);
  rc = termSelect(v, iColumn, pQTerm->pTerm, pQTerm->nTerm,
                  0<pQTerm->nPhrase ? DL_POSITIONS : DL_DOCIDS, &left);
  if( rc ) return rc;
  for(i=1; i<=pQTerm->nPhrase && left.nData>0; i++){

    dataBufferInit(&right, 0);
    rc = termSelect(v, iColumn, pQTerm[i].pTerm, pQTerm[i].nTerm,
                    DL_POSITIONS, &right);
    if( rc ){

      dataBufferDestroy(&left);
      return rc;
    }
    dataBufferInit(&new, 0);
    docListPhraseMerge(left.pData, left.nData, right.pData, right.nData,
                       i<pQTerm->nPhrase ? DL_POSITIONS : DL_DOCIDS, &new);



    dataBufferDestroy(&left);
    dataBufferDestroy(&right);
    left = new;
  }
  *pResult = left;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Add a new term pTerm[0..nTerm-1] to the query *q.
*/
static void queryAdd(Query *q, const char *pTerm, int nTerm){
  QueryTerm *t;
................................................................................
** they are allowed to match against any column.
*/
static int fulltextQuery(
  fulltext_vtab *v,      /* The full text index */
  int iColumn,           /* Match against this column by default */
  const char *zInput,    /* The query string */
  int nInput,            /* Number of bytes in zInput[] */
  DataBuffer *pResult,   /* Write the result doclist here */
  Query *pQuery          /* Put parsed query string here */
){
  int i, iNext, rc;
  DataBuffer left, right, or, new;

  int nNot = 0;
  QueryTerm *aTerm;

  /* TODO(shess) I think that the queryClear() calls below are not
  ** necessary, because fulltextClose() already clears the query.
  */
  rc = parseQuery(v, zInput, nInput, iColumn, pQuery);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  /* Merge AND terms. */
  /* TODO(shess) I think we can early-exit if( i>nNot && left.nData==0 ). */
  aTerm = pQuery->pTerms;
  for(i = 0; i<pQuery->nTerms; i=iNext){
    if( aTerm[i].isNot ){
      /* Handle all NOT terms in a separate pass */
      nNot++;
      iNext = i + aTerm[i].nPhrase+1;
      continue;
    }
    iNext = i + aTerm[i].nPhrase + 1;
    rc = docListOfTerm(v, aTerm[i].iColumn, &aTerm[i], &right);
    if( rc ){
      if( i!=nNot ) dataBufferDestroy(&left);
      queryClear(pQuery);
      return rc;
    }
    while( iNext<pQuery->nTerms && aTerm[iNext].isOr ){
      rc = docListOfTerm(v, aTerm[iNext].iColumn, &aTerm[iNext], &or);
      iNext += aTerm[iNext].nPhrase + 1;
      if( rc ){
        if( i!=nNot ) dataBufferDestroy(&left);
        dataBufferDestroy(&right);
        queryClear(pQuery);
        return rc;
      }
      dataBufferInit(&new, 0);
      docListOrMerge(right.pData, right.nData, or.pData, or.nData, &new);
      dataBufferDestroy(&right);
      dataBufferDestroy(&or);
      right = new;
    }
    if( i==nNot ){           /* first term processed. */
      left = right;
    }else{
      dataBufferInit(&new, 0);
      docListAndMerge(left.pData, left.nData, right.pData, right.nData, &new);
      dataBufferDestroy(&right);
      dataBufferDestroy(&left);
      left = new;
    }
  }

  if( nNot==pQuery->nTerms ){
    /* We do not yet know how to handle a query of only NOT terms */
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  /* Do the EXCEPT terms */
  for(i=0; i<pQuery->nTerms;  i += aTerm[i].nPhrase + 1){
    if( !aTerm[i].isNot ) continue;
    rc = docListOfTerm(v, aTerm[i].iColumn, &aTerm[i], &right);
    if( rc ){
      queryClear(pQuery);
      dataBufferDestroy(&left);
      return rc;
    }
    dataBufferInit(&new, 0);
    docListExceptMerge(left.pData, left.nData, right.pData, right.nData, &new);
    dataBufferDestroy(&right);
    dataBufferDestroy(&left);
    left = new;
  }

  *pResult = left;
  return rc;
}

/*
** This is the xFilter interface for the virtual table.  See
** the virtual table xFilter method documentation for additional
** information.
................................................................................
      rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(c->pStmt, 1, sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]));
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto out;
      break;

    default:   /* full-text search */
    {
      const char *zQuery = (const char *)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);

      assert( idxNum<=QUERY_FULLTEXT+v->nColumn);
      assert( argc==1 );
      queryClear(&c->q);
      dataBufferInit(&c->result, 0);
      rc = fulltextQuery(v, idxNum-QUERY_FULLTEXT, zQuery, -1, &c->result, &c->q);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

      if( c->result.nData!=0 ){
        dlrInit(&c->reader, DL_DOCIDS, c->result.pData, c->result.nData);
      }
      break;
    }
  }

  rc = fulltextNext(pCursor);

out:
................................................................................
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  pCursor->pTokenizer = pTokenizer;
  while( SQLITE_OK==pTokenizer->pModule->xNext(pCursor,
                                               &pToken, &nTokenBytes,
                                               &iStartOffset, &iEndOffset,
                                               &iPosition) ){
    PLWriter *p;

    /* Positions can't be negative; we use -1 as a terminator internally. */
    if( iPosition<0 ){
      pTokenizer->pModule->xClose(pCursor);
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }

    p = fts2HashFind(terms, pToken, nTokenBytes);
    if( p==NULL ){
      p = plwNew(iDocid, DL_DEFAULT);

      fts2HashInsert(terms, pToken, nTokenBytes, p);
    }
    if( iColumn>=0 ){
      plwAdd(p, iColumn, iPosition, iStartOffset, iEndOffset);
    }
  }

  /* TODO(shess) Check return?  Should this be able to cause errors at
  ** this point?  Actually, same question about sqlite3_finalize(),
  ** though one could argue that failure there means that the data is
  ** not durable.  *ponder*
................................................................................
# error ROOT_MAX must have enough space for a header.
#endif

/* InteriorBlock stores a linked-list of interior blocks while a lower
** layer is being constructed.
*/
typedef struct InteriorBlock {
  DataBuffer term;           /* Leftmost term in block's subtree. */
  DataBuffer data;           /* Accumulated data for the block. */




  struct InteriorBlock *next;
} InteriorBlock;

static InteriorBlock *interiorBlockNew(int iHeight, sqlite_int64 iChildBlock,
                                       const char *pTerm, int nTerm){
  InteriorBlock *block = calloc(1, sizeof(InteriorBlock));
  char c[VARINT_MAX+VARINT_MAX];
  int n;

  dataBufferInit(&block->term, 0);
  dataBufferReplace(&block->term, pTerm, nTerm);

  n = putVarint(c, iHeight);
  n += putVarint(c+n, iChildBlock);
  dataBufferInit(&block->data, INTERIOR_MAX);
  dataBufferReplace(&block->data, c, n);

  return block;
}

typedef struct InteriorWriter {
  int iHeight;                   /* from 0 at leaves. */
  InteriorBlock *first, *last;
................................................................................
  int n = putVarint(c, nTerm);

#ifndef NDEBUG
  pWriter->iLastChildBlock++;
#endif
  assert( pWriter->iLastChildBlock==iChildBlock );

  if( pWriter->last->data.nData+n+nTerm>INTERIOR_MAX ){
    /* Overflow to a new block. */
    pWriter->last->next = interiorBlockNew(pWriter->iHeight, iChildBlock,
                                           pTerm, nTerm);
    pWriter->last = pWriter->last->next;
  }else{

    dataBufferAppend2(&pWriter->last->data, c, n, pTerm, nTerm);
  }
}

/* Free the space used by pWriter, including the linked-list of
** InteriorBlocks.
*/
static int interiorWriterDestroy(InteriorWriter *pWriter){
  InteriorBlock *block = pWriter->first;

  while( block!=NULL ){
    InteriorBlock *b = block;
    block = block->next;
    dataBufferDestroy(&b->term);
    dataBufferDestroy(&b->data);
    free(b);
  }
#ifndef NDEBUG
  memset(pWriter, 0x55, sizeof(pWriter));
#endif
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
                                  char **ppRootInfo, int *pnRootInfo,
                                  sqlite_int64 *piEndBlockid){
  InteriorBlock *block = pWriter->first;
  sqlite_int64 iBlockid = 0;
  int rc;

  /* If we can fit the segment inline */
  if( block==pWriter->last && block->data.nData<ROOT_MAX ){
    *ppRootInfo = block->data.pData;
    *pnRootInfo = block->data.nData;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Flush the first block to %_segments, and create a new level of
  ** interior node.
  */
  rc = block_insert(v, block->data.pData, block->data.nData, &iBlockid);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  *piEndBlockid = iBlockid;

  pWriter->parentWriter = malloc(sizeof(*pWriter->parentWriter));
  interiorWriterInit(pWriter->iHeight+1,
                     block->term.pData, block->term.nData,
                     iBlockid, pWriter->parentWriter);

  /* Flush additional blocks and append to the higher interior
  ** node.
  */
  for(block=block->next; block!=NULL; block=block->next){
    rc = block_insert(v, block->data.pData, block->data.nData, &iBlockid);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    *piEndBlockid = iBlockid;

    interiorWriterAppend(pWriter->parentWriter,
                         block->term.pData, block->term.nData, iBlockid);
  }

  /* Parent node gets the chance to be the root. */
  return interiorWriterRootInfo(v, pWriter->parentWriter,
                                ppRootInfo, pnRootInfo, piEndBlockid);
}

................................................................................

typedef struct LeafWriter {
  int iLevel;
  int idx;
  sqlite_int64 iStartBlockid;     /* needed to create the root info */
  sqlite_int64 iEndBlockid;       /* when we're done writing. */

  DataBuffer term;                /* previous encoded term */


  DataBuffer data;                /* encoding buffer */


  InteriorWriter parentWriter;    /* if we overflow */
  int has_parent;
} LeafWriter;

static void leafWriterInit(int iLevel, int idx, LeafWriter *pWriter){
  char c[VARINT_MAX];
  int n;

  memset(pWriter, 0, sizeof(*pWriter));
  pWriter->iLevel = iLevel;
  pWriter->idx = idx;

  dataBufferInit(&pWriter->term, 32);

  /* Start out with a reasonably sized block, though it can grow. */

  dataBufferInit(&pWriter->data, LEAF_MAX);
  n = putVarint(c, 0);
  dataBufferReplace(&pWriter->data, c, n);
}

#ifndef NDEBUG
/* Verify that the data is readable as a leaf node. */
static int leafNodeValidate(const char *pData, int nData){
  int n, iDummy;

  assert( pData!=0 );
  assert( nData!=0 );

  /* Must lead with a varint(0) */
  n = getVarint32(pData, &iDummy);
  assert( iDummy==0 );
  if( nData==n ) return 1;
  pData += n;
  nData -= n;

  /* Leading term length and data must fit in buffer. */
  n = getVarint32(pData, &iDummy);
  assert( n+iDummy<nData );
  pData += n+iDummy;
  nData -= n+iDummy;

  /* Leading term's doclist length and data must fit. */
  n = getVarint32(pData, &iDummy);
  assert( n+iDummy<=nData );
  assert( docListValidate(DL_DEFAULT, pData+n, iDummy, NULL) );
  pData += n+iDummy;
  nData -= n+iDummy;

  /* Verify that trailing terms and doclists also are readable. */
  while( nData!=0 ){
    n = getVarint32(pData, &iDummy);
    n += getVarint32(pData+n, &iDummy);
    assert( n+iDummy<nData );
    pData += n+iDummy;
    nData -= n+iDummy;

    n = getVarint32(pData, &iDummy);
    assert( n+iDummy<=nData );
    assert( docListValidate(DL_DEFAULT, pData+n, iDummy, NULL) );
    pData += n+iDummy;
    nData -= n+iDummy;
  }
  return 1;
}
#endif

/* Flush the current leaf node to %_segments, and adding the resulting
** blockid and the starting term to the interior node which will
** contain it.
*/
static int leafWriterInternalFlush(fulltext_vtab *v, LeafWriter *pWriter,
                                   int iData, int nData){
  sqlite_int64 iBlockid = 0;
  const char *pStartingTerm;
  int nStartingTerm, rc, n;

  /* Must have the leading varint(0) flag, plus at least some
  ** valid-looking data.
  */
  assert( nData>2 );
  assert( iData>=0 );
  assert( iData+nData<=pWriter->data.nData );
  assert( leafNodeValidate(pWriter->data.pData+iData, nData) );

  rc = block_insert(v, pWriter->data.pData+iData, nData, &iBlockid);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  assert( iBlockid!=0 );

  /* Reconstruct the first term in the leaf for purposes of building
  ** the interior node.
  */
  n = getVarint32(pWriter->data.pData+iData+1, &nStartingTerm);
  pStartingTerm = pWriter->data.pData+iData+1+n;
  assert( pWriter->data.nData>iData+1+n+nStartingTerm );

  if( pWriter->has_parent ){
    interiorWriterAppend(&pWriter->parentWriter,
                         pStartingTerm, nStartingTerm, iBlockid);
  }else{
    interiorWriterInit(1, pStartingTerm, nStartingTerm, iBlockid,
                       &pWriter->parentWriter);
................................................................................
  if( pWriter->iEndBlockid==0 ){
    pWriter->iEndBlockid = pWriter->iStartBlockid = iBlockid;
  }else{
    pWriter->iEndBlockid++;
    assert( iBlockid==pWriter->iEndBlockid );
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}
static int leafWriterFlush(fulltext_vtab *v, LeafWriter *pWriter){
  int rc = leafWriterInternalFlush(v, pWriter, 0, pWriter->data.nData);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  /* Re-initialize the output buffer. */
  pWriter->data.nData = putVarint(pWriter->data.pData, 0);

  dataBufferReset(&pWriter->term);

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Fetch the root info for the segment.  If the entire leaf fits
** within ROOT_MAX, then it will be returned directly, otherwise it
** will be flushed and the root info will be returned from the
................................................................................
** interior or leaf node written to disk (0 if none are written at
** all).
*/
static int leafWriterRootInfo(fulltext_vtab *v, LeafWriter *pWriter,
                              char **ppRootInfo, int *pnRootInfo,
                              sqlite_int64 *piEndBlockid){
  /* we can fit the segment entirely inline */
  if( !pWriter->has_parent && pWriter->data.nData<ROOT_MAX ){
    *ppRootInfo = pWriter->data.pData;
    *pnRootInfo = pWriter->data.nData;
    *piEndBlockid = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Flush remaining leaf data. */
  if( pWriter->data.nData>1 ){
    int rc = leafWriterFlush(v, pWriter);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }

  /* We must have flushed a leaf at some point. */
  assert( pWriter->has_parent );

  /* Tenatively set the end leaf blockid as the end blockid.  If the
................................................................................
                                ppRootInfo, pnRootInfo, piEndBlockid);
}

/* Collect the rootInfo data and store it into the segment directory.
** This has the effect of flushing the segment's leaf data to
** %_segments, and also flushing any interior nodes to %_segments.
*/
static int leafWriterFinalize(fulltext_vtab *v, LeafWriter *pWriter){
  sqlite_int64 iEndBlockid;
  char *pRootInfo;
  int rc, nRootInfo;

  rc = leafWriterRootInfo(v, pWriter, &pRootInfo, &nRootInfo, &iEndBlockid);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

................................................................................
  return segdir_set(v, pWriter->iLevel, pWriter->idx,
                    pWriter->iStartBlockid, pWriter->iEndBlockid,
                    iEndBlockid, pRootInfo, nRootInfo);
}

static void leafWriterDestroy(LeafWriter *pWriter){
  if( pWriter->has_parent ) interiorWriterDestroy(&pWriter->parentWriter);
  dataBufferDestroy(&pWriter->term);
  dataBufferDestroy(&pWriter->data);
}

/* Encode a term into the leafWriter, delta-encoding as appropriate. */
static void leafWriterEncodeTerm(LeafWriter *pWriter,


                                 const char *pTerm, int nTerm){




  if( pWriter->term.nData==0 ){







    /* Encode the entire leading term as:
    **  varint(nTerm)
    **  char pTerm[nTerm]
    */

    assert( pWriter->data.nData==1 );

    dataBufferAppendLenData(&pWriter->data, pTerm, nTerm);
  }else{
    /* Delta-encode the term as:
    **  varint(nPrefix)
    **  varint(nSuffix)
    **  char pTermSuffix[nSuffix]
    */
    char c[VARINT_MAX+VARINT_MAX];
    int n, nPrefix = 0;

    while( nPrefix<nTerm && nPrefix<pWriter->term.nData &&
           pTerm[nPrefix]==pWriter->term.pData[nPrefix] ){
      nPrefix++;
    }

    n = putVarint(c, nPrefix);
    n += putVarint(c+n, nTerm-nPrefix);
    dataBufferAppend2(&pWriter->data, c, n, pTerm+nPrefix, nTerm-nPrefix);
  }

  dataBufferReplace(&pWriter->term, pTerm, nTerm);
}


/* Push pTerm[nTerm] along with the doclist data to the leaf layer of
** %_segments.
*/
/* TODO(shess) Revise writeZeroSegment() so that doclists are
** constructed directly in pWriter->data.  That implies refactoring
** leafWriterStep() and leafWriterStepMerge() to share more code.
*/
static int leafWriterStep(fulltext_vtab *v, LeafWriter *pWriter,
                          const char *pTerm, int nTerm,
                          const char *pData, int nData){
  int rc;

  /* Flush existing data if this item won't fit well. */
  if( pWriter->data.nData>1 &&
      (nData+nTerm>STANDALONE_MIN ||
       pWriter->data.nData+nData+nTerm>LEAF_MAX) ){
    rc = leafWriterFlush(v, pWriter);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }

  leafWriterEncodeTerm(pWriter, pTerm, nTerm);

  /* Encode the doclist as:
  **  varint(nDoclist)
  **  char pDoclist[nDoclist]
  */
  dataBufferAppendLenData(&pWriter->data, pData, nData);



  /* Flush standalone blocks right out */
  if( nData+nTerm>STANDALONE_MIN ){
    rc = leafWriterFlush(v, pWriter);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Used to avoid a memmove when a large amount of doclist data is in
** the buffer.  This constructs a node and term header before
** iDoclistData and flushes the resulting complete node using
** leafWriterInternalFlush().
*/
static int leafWriterInlineFlush(fulltext_vtab *v, LeafWriter *pWriter,
                                 const char *pTerm, int nTerm,
                                 int iDoclistData){
  char c[VARINT_MAX+VARINT_MAX];
  int iData, n = putVarint(c, 0);
  n += putVarint(c+n, nTerm);

  /* There should always be room for the header.  Even if pTerm shared
  ** a substantial prefix with the previous term, the entire prefix
  ** could be constructed from earlier data in the doclist, so there
  ** should be room.
  */
  assert( iDoclistData>=n+nTerm );

  iData = iDoclistData-(n+nTerm);
  memcpy(pWriter->data.pData+iData, c, n);
  memcpy(pWriter->data.pData+iData+n, pTerm, nTerm);

  return leafWriterInternalFlush(v, pWriter, iData, pWriter->data.nData-iData);
}

/* Push pTerm[nTerm] along with the doclist data to the leaf layer of
** %_segments.
*/
static int leafWriterStepMerge(fulltext_vtab *v, LeafWriter *pWriter,
                               const char *pTerm, int nTerm,
                               DLReader *pReaders, int nReaders){
  char c[VARINT_MAX+VARINT_MAX];
  int iTermData = pWriter->data.nData, iDoclistData;
  int i, nData, n, nActualData, nActual, rc;

  assert( leafNodeValidate(pWriter->data.pData, pWriter->data.nData) );
  leafWriterEncodeTerm(pWriter, pTerm, nTerm);

  iDoclistData = pWriter->data.nData;

  /* Estimate the length of the merged doclist so we can leave space
  ** to encode it.
  */
  for(i=0, nData=0; i<nReaders; i++){
    nData += dlrAllDataBytes(&pReaders[i]);
  }
  n = putVarint(c, nData);
  dataBufferAppend(&pWriter->data, c, n);

  docListMerge(&pWriter->data, pReaders, nReaders);
  assert( docListValidate(DL_DEFAULT,
                          pWriter->data.pData+iDoclistData+n,
                          pWriter->data.nData-iDoclistData-n, NULL) );

  /* The actual amount of doclist data at this point could be smaller
  ** than the length we encoded.  Additionally, the space required to
  ** encode this length could be smaller.  For small doclists, this is
  ** not a big deal, we can just use memmove() to adjust things.
  */
  nActualData = pWriter->data.nData-(iDoclistData+n);
  nActual = putVarint(c, nActualData);
  assert( nActualData<=nData );
  assert( nActual<=n );

  /* If the new doclist is big enough for force a standalone leaf
  ** node, we can immediately flush it inline without doing the
  ** memmove().
  */
  /* TODO(shess) This test matches leafWriterStep(), which does this
  ** test before it knows the cost to varint-encode the term and
  ** doclist lengths.  At some point, change to
  ** pWriter->data.nData-iTermData>STANDALONE_MIN.
  */
  if( nTerm+nActualData>STANDALONE_MIN ){
    /* Push leaf node from before this term. */
    if( iTermData>1 ){
      rc = leafWriterInternalFlush(v, pWriter, 0, iTermData);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    }

    /* Fix the encoded doclist length. */
    iDoclistData += n - nActual;
    memcpy(pWriter->data.pData+iDoclistData, c, nActual);

    /* Push the standalone leaf node. */
    rc = leafWriterInlineFlush(v, pWriter, pTerm, nTerm, iDoclistData);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

    /* Leave the node empty. */
    pWriter->data.nData = putVarint(pWriter->data.pData, 0);
    dataBufferReset(&pWriter->term);
    return rc;
  }

  /* At this point, we know that the doclist was small, so do the
  ** memmove if indicated.
  */
  if( nActual<n ){
    memmove(pWriter->data.pData+iDoclistData+nActual,
            pWriter->data.pData+iDoclistData+n,
            pWriter->data.nData-(iDoclistData+n));
    pWriter->data.nData -= n-nActual;
  }

  /* Replace written length with actual length. */
  memcpy(pWriter->data.pData+iDoclistData, c, nActual);

  /* If the node is too large, break things up. */
  /* TODO(shess) This test matches leafWriterStep(), which does this
  ** test before it knows the cost to varint-encode the term and
  ** doclist lengths.  At some point, change to
  ** pWriter->data.nData>LEAF_MAX.
  */
  if( iTermData+nTerm+nActualData>LEAF_MAX ){
    /* Flush out the leading data as a node */
    rc = leafWriterInternalFlush(v, pWriter, 0, iTermData);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

    /* Rebuild header using the current term */
    n = putVarint(pWriter->data.pData, 0);
    n += putVarint(pWriter->data.pData+n, nTerm);
    memcpy(pWriter->data.pData+n, pTerm, nTerm);
    n += nTerm;

    /* There should always be room, because the previous encoding
    ** included all data necessary to construct the term.
    */
    assert( n<iDoclistData );
    /* So long as STANDALONE_MIN is half or less of LEAF_MAX, the
    ** following memcpy() is safe (as opposed to needing a memmove).
    */
    assert( 2*STANDALONE_MIN<=LEAF_MAX );
    assert( n+pWriter->data.nData-iDoclistData<iDoclistData );
    memcpy(pWriter->data.pData+n,
           pWriter->data.pData+iDoclistData,
           pWriter->data.nData-iDoclistData);
    pWriter->data.nData -= iDoclistData-n;
  }
  assert( leafNodeValidate(pWriter->data.pData, pWriter->data.nData) );

  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/****************************************************************/
/* LeafReader is used to iterate over an individual leaf node. */
typedef struct LeafReader {
  DataBuffer term;          /* copy of current term. */


  const char *pData;        /* data for current term. */
  int nData;
} LeafReader;

static void leafReaderDestroy(LeafReader *pReader){
  dataBufferDestroy(&pReader->term);
#ifndef NDEBUG
  memset(pReader, 0x55, sizeof(pReader));
#endif
}

static int leafReaderAtEnd(LeafReader *pReader){
  return pReader->nData<=0;
}

/* Access the current term. */
static int leafReaderTermBytes(LeafReader *pReader){
  return pReader->term.nData;
}
static const char *leafReaderTerm(LeafReader *pReader){
  assert( pReader->term.nData>0 );
  return pReader->term.pData;
}

/* Access the doclist data for the current term. */
static int leafReaderDataBytes(LeafReader *pReader){
  int nData;
  assert( pReader->term.nData>0 );
  getVarint32(pReader->pData, &nData);
  return nData;
}
static const char *leafReaderData(LeafReader *pReader){
  int n, nData;
  assert( pReader->term.nData>0 );
  n = getVarint32(pReader->pData, &nData);
  return pReader->pData+n;
}

static void leafReaderInit(const char *pData, int nData,
                           LeafReader *pReader){
  int nTerm, n;
................................................................................
  assert( nData>0 );
  assert( pData[0]=='\0' );

  memset(pReader, '\0', sizeof(pReader));

  /* Read the first term, skipping the header byte. */
  n = getVarint32(pData+1, &nTerm);
  dataBufferInit(&pReader->term, nTerm);
  dataBufferReplace(&pReader->term, pData+1+n, nTerm);

  /* Position after the first term. */
  assert( 1+n+nTerm<nData );
  pReader->pData = pData+1+n+nTerm;
  pReader->nData = nData-1-n-nTerm;
}

................................................................................
  if( !leafReaderAtEnd(pReader) ){
    /* Construct the new term using a prefix from the old term plus a
    ** suffix from the leaf data.
    */
    n = getVarint32(pReader->pData, &nPrefix);
    n += getVarint32(pReader->pData+n, &nSuffix);
    assert( n+nSuffix<pReader->nData );
    pReader->term.nData = nPrefix;
    dataBufferAppend(&pReader->term, pReader->pData+n, nSuffix);

    pReader->pData += n+nSuffix;
    pReader->nData -= n+nSuffix;
  }
}

/* strcmp-style comparison of pReader's current term against pTerm. */
static int leafReaderTermCmp(LeafReader *pReader,
                             const char *pTerm, int nTerm){
  int c, n = pReader->term.nData<nTerm ? pReader->term.nData : nTerm;
  if( n==0 ){
    if( pReader->term.nData>0 ) return -1;
    if(nTerm>0 ) return 1;
    return 0;
  }

  c = memcmp(pReader->term.pData, pTerm, n);
  if( c!=0 ) return c;
  return pReader->term.nData - nTerm;
}


/****************************************************************/
/* LeavesReader wraps LeafReader to allow iterating over the entire
** leaf layer of the tree.
*/
................................................................................
typedef struct LeavesReader {
  int idx;                  /* Index within the segment. */

  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;      /* Statement we're streaming leaves from. */
  int eof;                  /* we've seen SQLITE_DONE from pStmt. */

  LeafReader leafReader;    /* reader for the current leaf. */
  DataBuffer rootData;      /* root data for inline. */
} LeavesReader;

/* Access the current term. */
static int leavesReaderTermBytes(LeavesReader *pReader){
  assert( !pReader->eof );
  return leafReaderTermBytes(&pReader->leafReader);
}
................................................................................

static int leavesReaderAtEnd(LeavesReader *pReader){
  return pReader->eof;
}

static void leavesReaderDestroy(LeavesReader *pReader){
  leafReaderDestroy(&pReader->leafReader);
  dataBufferDestroy(&pReader->rootData);
#ifndef NDEBUG
  memset(pReader, 0x55, sizeof(pReader));
#endif
}

/* Initialize pReader with the given root data (if iStartBlockid==0
** the leaf data was entirely contained in the root), or from the
................................................................................
                            sqlite_int64 iStartBlockid,
                            sqlite_int64 iEndBlockid,
                            const char *pRootData, int nRootData,
                            LeavesReader *pReader){
  memset(pReader, 0, sizeof(*pReader));
  pReader->idx = idx;

  dataBufferInit(&pReader->rootData, 0);
  if( iStartBlockid==0 ){
    /* Entire leaf level fit in root data. */

    dataBufferReplace(&pReader->rootData, pRootData, nRootData);
    leafReaderInit(pReader->rootData.pData, pReader->rootData.nData,
                   &pReader->leafReader);
  }else{
    sqlite3_stmt *s;
    int rc = sql_get_leaf_statement(v, idx, &s);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

    rc = sqlite3_bind_int64(s, 1, iStartBlockid);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
................................................................................
*/
static int leavesReaderStep(fulltext_vtab *v, LeavesReader *pReader){
  assert( !leavesReaderAtEnd(pReader) );
  leafReaderStep(&pReader->leafReader);

  if( leafReaderAtEnd(&pReader->leafReader) ){
    int rc;
    if( pReader->rootData.pData ){
      pReader->eof = 1;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    rc = sql_step_leaf_statement(v, pReader->idx, &pReader->pStmt);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_ROW ){
      pReader->eof = 1;
      return rc==SQLITE_DONE ? SQLITE_OK : rc;
................................................................................
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Merge doclists from pReaders[nReaders] into a single doclist, which
** is written to pWriter.  Assumes pReaders is ordered oldest to
** newest.
*/
/* TODO(shess) Consider putting this inline in segmentMerge(). */




static int leavesReadersMerge(fulltext_vtab *v,
                              LeavesReader *pReaders, int nReaders,
                              LeafWriter *pWriter){
  DLReader dlReaders[MERGE_COUNT];
  const char *pTerm = leavesReaderTerm(pReaders);
  int i, nTerm = leavesReaderTermBytes(pReaders);



  assert( nReaders<=MERGE_COUNT );








  for(i=0; i<nReaders; i++){

    dlrInit(&dlReaders[i], DL_DEFAULT,
            leavesReaderData(pReaders+i),
            leavesReaderDataBytes(pReaders+i));



  }



  return leafWriterStepMerge(v, pWriter, pTerm, nTerm, dlReaders, nReaders);


}

/* Forward ref due to mutual recursion with segdirNextIndex(). */
static int segmentMerge(fulltext_vtab *v, int iLevel);

/* Put the next available index at iLevel into *pidx.  If iLevel
** already has MERGE_COUNT segments, they are merged to a higher
................................................................................
    }
  }

  for(i=0; i<MERGE_COUNT; i++){
    leavesReaderDestroy(&lrs[i]);
  }

  rc = leafWriterFinalize(v, &writer);
  leafWriterDestroy(&writer);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  /* Delete the merged segment data. */
  return segdir_delete(v, iLevel);

 err:
................................................................................
}

/* Read pData[nData] as a leaf node, and if the doclist for
** pTerm[nTerm] is present, merge it over *out (any duplicate doclists
** read from pData will overwrite those in *out).
*/
static int loadSegmentLeaf(fulltext_vtab *v, const char *pData, int nData,
                           const char *pTerm, int nTerm, DataBuffer *out){
  LeafReader reader;
  assert( nData>1 );
  assert( *pData=='\0' );

  leafReaderInit(pData, nData, &reader);
  while( !leafReaderAtEnd(&reader) ){
    int c = leafReaderTermCmp(&reader, pTerm, nTerm);
    if( c==0 ){
      if( out->nData==0 ){
        dataBufferReplace(out,
                          leafReaderData(&reader), leafReaderDataBytes(&reader));
      }else{
        DLReader readers[2];
        DataBuffer result;
        dlrInit(&readers[0], DL_DEFAULT, out->pData, out->nData);
        dlrInit(&readers[1], DL_DEFAULT,
                leafReaderData(&reader), leafReaderDataBytes(&reader));
        dataBufferInit(&result, out->nData+leafReaderDataBytes(&reader));
        docListMerge(&result, readers, 2);
        dataBufferDestroy(out);
        *out = result;
      }
    }
    if( c>=0 ) break;
    leafReaderStep(&reader);
  }
  leafReaderDestroy(&reader);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................

/* Traverse the tree represented by pData[nData] looking for
** pTerm[nTerm], merging its doclist over *out if found (any duplicate
** doclists read from the segment rooted at pData will overwrite those
** in *out).
*/
static int loadSegment(fulltext_vtab *v, const char *pData, int nData,
                       const char *pTerm, int nTerm, DataBuffer *out){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_stmt *s = NULL;

  assert( nData>1 );

  /* Process data as an interior node until we reach a leaf. */
  while( *pData!='\0' ){
................................................................................
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Scan the database and merge together the posting lists for the term
** into *out.
*/
static int termSelect(fulltext_vtab *v, int iColumn,
                      const char *pTerm, int nTerm,
                      DocListType iType, DataBuffer *out){
  DataBuffer doclist;
  sqlite3_stmt *s;
  int rc = sql_get_statement(v, SEGDIR_SELECT_ALL_STMT, &s);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  dataBufferInit(&doclist, 0);

  /* Traverse the segments from oldest to newest so that newer doclist
  ** elements for given docids overwrite older elements.
  */
  while( (rc=sql_step_statement(v, SEGDIR_SELECT_ALL_STMT, &s))==SQLITE_ROW ){
    rc = loadSegment(v, sqlite3_column_blob(s, 0), sqlite3_column_bytes(s, 0),
                     pTerm, nTerm, &doclist);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto err;
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
    if( doclist.nData!=0 ){

      /* TODO(shess) The old term_select_all() code applied the column
      ** restrict as we merged segments, leading to smaller buffers.
      ** This is probably worthwhile to bring back, once the new storage
      ** system is checked in.
      */
      if( iColumn==v->nColumn) iColumn = -1;
      docListTrim(DL_DEFAULT, doclist.pData, doclist.nData,
                  iColumn, iType, out);
    }

    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }

 err:
  dataBufferDestroy(&doclist);
  return rc;
}

/****************************************************************/
/* Used to hold hashtable data for sorting. */
typedef struct TermData {
  const char *pTerm;
  int nTerm;
  PLWriter *pWriter;
} TermData;

/* Orders TermData elements in strcmp fashion ( <0 for less-than, 0
** for equal, >0 for greater-than).
*/
static int termDataCmp(const void *av, const void *bv){
  const TermData *a = (const TermData *)av;
................................................................................
** LeafWriter.
*/
static int writeZeroSegment(fulltext_vtab *v, fts2Hash *pTerms){
  fts2HashElem *e;
  int idx, rc, i, n;
  TermData *pData;
  LeafWriter writer;
  DataBuffer dl;

  /* Determine the next index at level 0, merging as necessary. */
  rc = segdirNextIndex(v, 0, &idx);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  n = fts2HashCount(pTerms);
  pData = malloc(n*sizeof(TermData));

  for(i = 0, e = fts2HashFirst(pTerms); e; i++, e = fts2HashNext(e)){
    assert( i<n );
    pData[i].pTerm = fts2HashKey(e);
    pData[i].nTerm = fts2HashKeysize(e);
    pData[i].pWriter = fts2HashData(e);
  }
  assert( i==n );

  /* TODO(shess) Should we allow user-defined collation sequences,
  ** here?  I think we only need that once we support prefix searches.
  */
  if( n>1 ) qsort(pData, n, sizeof(*pData), termDataCmp);

  /* TODO(shess) Refactor so that we can write directly to the segment
  ** DataBuffer, as happens for segment merges.
  */
  leafWriterInit(0, idx, &writer);
  dataBufferInit(&dl, 0);
  for(i=0; i<n; i++){
    DLWriter dlw;
    dataBufferReset(&dl);
    dlwInit(&dlw, DL_DEFAULT, &dl);
    plwDlwAdd(pData[i].pWriter, &dlw);
    rc = leafWriterStep(v, &writer,
                        pData[i].pTerm, pData[i].nTerm, dl.pData, dl.nData);
    dlwDestroy(&dlw);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto err;
  }
  rc = leafWriterFinalize(v, &writer);

 err:
  free(pData);
  leafWriterDestroy(&writer);
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
    rc = index_insert(v, ppArg[1], &ppArg[2], pRowid, &terms);
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = writeZeroSegment(v, &terms);

  /* clean up */
  for(e=fts2HashFirst(&terms); e; e=fts2HashNext(e)){
    plwDelete(fts2HashData(e));

  }
  fts2HashClear(&terms);

  return rc;
}

/*