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Overview
Comment:Change sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans() to return the BTREE_SCHEMA_COOKIE, for a small speed improvement when starting new transactions.
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SHA3-256: a10662aa915ae2b5a78b3e10920350d32255b2d6b1a8aac0aba1ad173b07ed2b
User & Date: drh 2018-06-06 16:28:40
Context
2018-06-06
17:45
Another minor optimization to OP_Transaction. check-in: d80077ae user: drh tags: trunk
17:03
Merge changes from trunk, including all the 3.24.0 changes plus some later enhancements. check-in: d7299bfe user: drh tags: begin-concurrent
16:28
Change sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans() to return the BTREE_SCHEMA_COOKIE, for a small speed improvement when starting new transactions. check-in: a10662aa user: drh tags: trunk
01:18
Fix the ".archive" command in the CLI (and the corresponding -A command-line option) so that it silently ignores filenames that contain "../" in their names. This prevents the "Zip Slip" attack. check-in: 27291f2d user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
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Changes to src/backup.c.

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    }

    /* If there is no open read-transaction on the source database, open
    ** one now. If a transaction is opened here, then it will be closed
    ** before this function exits.
    */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && 0==sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(p->pSrc) ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(p->pSrc, 0);
      bCloseTrans = 1;
    }

    /* If the destination database has not yet been locked (i.e. if this
    ** is the first call to backup_step() for the current backup operation),
    ** try to set its page size to the same as the source database. This
    ** is especially important on ZipVFS systems, as in that case it is
................................................................................
    ** writing to it with another.  */
    if( p->bDestLocked==0 && rc==SQLITE_OK && setDestPgsz(p)==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }

    /* Lock the destination database, if it is not locked already. */
    if( SQLITE_OK==rc && p->bDestLocked==0
     && SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(p->pDest, 2)) 

    ){
      p->bDestLocked = 1;
      sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(p->pDest, BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION, &p->iDestSchema);
    }

    /* Do not allow backup if the destination database is in WAL mode
    ** and the page sizes are different between source and destination */
    pgszSrc = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pSrc);
    pgszDest = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pDest);
    destMode = sqlite3PagerGetJournalMode(sqlite3BtreePager(p->pDest));







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    }

    /* If there is no open read-transaction on the source database, open
    ** one now. If a transaction is opened here, then it will be closed
    ** before this function exits.
    */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && 0==sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(p->pSrc) ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(p->pSrc, 0, 0);
      bCloseTrans = 1;
    }

    /* If the destination database has not yet been locked (i.e. if this
    ** is the first call to backup_step() for the current backup operation),
    ** try to set its page size to the same as the source database. This
    ** is especially important on ZipVFS systems, as in that case it is
................................................................................
    ** writing to it with another.  */
    if( p->bDestLocked==0 && rc==SQLITE_OK && setDestPgsz(p)==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }

    /* Lock the destination database, if it is not locked already. */
    if( SQLITE_OK==rc && p->bDestLocked==0
     && SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(p->pDest, 2,
                                                (int*)&p->iDestSchema)) 
    ){
      p->bDestLocked = 1;

    }

    /* Do not allow backup if the destination database is in WAL mode
    ** and the page sizes are different between source and destination */
    pgszSrc = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pSrc);
    pgszDest = sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(p->pDest);
    destMode = sqlite3PagerGetJournalMode(sqlite3BtreePager(p->pDest));

Changes to src/btree.c.

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.....
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** a reserved lock.  B tries to promote to exclusive but is blocked because
** of A's read lock.  A tries to promote to reserved but is blocked by B.
** One or the other of the two processes must give way or there can be
** no progress.  By returning SQLITE_BUSY and not invoking the busy callback
** when A already has a read lock, we encourage A to give up and let B
** proceed.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(Btree *p, int wrflag){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  btreeIntegrity(p);

  /* If the btree is already in a write-transaction, or it
................................................................................
        }
      }
    }
  }


trans_begun:
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && wrflag ){




    /* This call makes sure that the pager has the correct number of
    ** open savepoints. If the second parameter is greater than 0 and
    ** the sub-journal is not already open, then it will be opened here.
    */
    rc = sqlite3PagerOpenSavepoint(pBt->pPager, p->db->nSavepoint);

  }

  btreeIntegrity(p);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

................................................................................

  /* If setting the version fields to 1, do not automatically open the
  ** WAL connection, even if the version fields are currently set to 2.
  */
  pBt->btsFlags &= ~BTS_NO_WAL;
  if( iVersion==1 ) pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_NO_WAL;

  rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBtree, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    u8 *aData = pBt->pPage1->aData;
    if( aData[18]!=(u8)iVersion || aData[19]!=(u8)iVersion ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBtree, 2);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pBt->pPage1->pDbPage);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          aData[18] = (u8)iVersion;
          aData[19] = (u8)iVersion;
        }
      }







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** a reserved lock.  B tries to promote to exclusive but is blocked because
** of A's read lock.  A tries to promote to reserved but is blocked by B.
** One or the other of the two processes must give way or there can be
** no progress.  By returning SQLITE_BUSY and not invoking the busy callback
** when A already has a read lock, we encourage A to give up and let B
** proceed.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(Btree *p, int wrflag, int *pSchemaVersion){
  BtShared *pBt = p->pBt;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  sqlite3BtreeEnter(p);
  btreeIntegrity(p);

  /* If the btree is already in a write-transaction, or it
................................................................................
        }
      }
    }
  }


trans_begun:
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pSchemaVersion ){
      *pSchemaVersion = get4byte(&pBt->pPage1->aData[40]);
    }
    if( wrflag ){
      /* This call makes sure that the pager has the correct number of
      ** open savepoints. If the second parameter is greater than 0 and
      ** the sub-journal is not already open, then it will be opened here.
      */
      rc = sqlite3PagerOpenSavepoint(pBt->pPager, p->db->nSavepoint);
    }
  }

  btreeIntegrity(p);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(p);
  return rc;
}

................................................................................

  /* If setting the version fields to 1, do not automatically open the
  ** WAL connection, even if the version fields are currently set to 2.
  */
  pBt->btsFlags &= ~BTS_NO_WAL;
  if( iVersion==1 ) pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_NO_WAL;

  rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBtree, 0, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    u8 *aData = pBt->pPage1->aData;
    if( aData[18]!=(u8)iVersion || aData[19]!=(u8)iVersion ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBtree, 2, 0);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3PagerWrite(pBt->pPage1->pDbPage);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          aData[18] = (u8)iVersion;
          aData[19] = (u8)iVersion;
        }
      }

Changes to src/btree.h.

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int sqlite3BtreeMaxPageCount(Btree*,int);
u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(Btree*,int);
int sqlite3BtreeGetOptimalReserve(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeGetReserveNoMutex(Btree *p);
int sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(Btree *, int);
int sqlite3BtreeGetAutoVacuum(Btree *);
int sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(Btree*,int);
int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne(Btree*, const char *zMaster);
int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseTwo(Btree*, int);
int sqlite3BtreeCommit(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeRollback(Btree*,int,int);
int sqlite3BtreeBeginStmt(Btree*,int);
int sqlite3BtreeCreateTable(Btree*, int*, int flags);
int sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(Btree*);







|







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int sqlite3BtreeMaxPageCount(Btree*,int);
u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(Btree*,int);
int sqlite3BtreeGetOptimalReserve(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeGetReserveNoMutex(Btree *p);
int sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(Btree *, int);
int sqlite3BtreeGetAutoVacuum(Btree *);
int sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(Btree*,int,int*);
int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne(Btree*, const char *zMaster);
int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseTwo(Btree*, int);
int sqlite3BtreeCommit(Btree*);
int sqlite3BtreeRollback(Btree*,int,int);
int sqlite3BtreeBeginStmt(Btree*,int);
int sqlite3BtreeCreateTable(Btree*, int*, int flags);
int sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(Btree*);

Changes to src/dbpage.c.

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*/
static int dbpageBegin(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  DbpageTable *pTab = (DbpageTable *)pVtab;
  sqlite3 *db = pTab->db;
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( pBt ) sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, 1);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Invoke this routine to register the "dbpage" virtual table module







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*/
static int dbpageBegin(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  DbpageTable *pTab = (DbpageTable *)pVtab;
  sqlite3 *db = pTab->db;
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    Btree *pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
    if( pBt ) sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, 1, 0);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Invoke this routine to register the "dbpage" virtual table module

Changes to src/prepare.c.

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  }

  /* If there is not already a read-only (or read-write) transaction opened
  ** on the b-tree database, open one now. If a transaction is opened, it 
  ** will be closed before this function returns.  */
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(pDb->pBt);
  if( !sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(pDb->pBt) ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pDb->pBt, 0);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, db, sqlite3ErrStr(rc));
      goto initone_error_out;
    }
    openedTransaction = 1;
  }

................................................................................
    Btree *pBt = db->aDb[iDb].pBt;     /* Btree database to read cookie from */
    if( pBt==0 ) continue;

    /* If there is not already a read-only (or read-write) transaction opened
    ** on the b-tree database, open one now. If a transaction is opened, it 
    ** will be closed immediately after reading the meta-value. */
    if( !sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(pBt) ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, 0);
      if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM || rc==SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM ){
        sqlite3OomFault(db);
      }
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return;
      openedTransaction = 1;
    }








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  }

  /* If there is not already a read-only (or read-write) transaction opened
  ** on the b-tree database, open one now. If a transaction is opened, it 
  ** will be closed before this function returns.  */
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(pDb->pBt);
  if( !sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(pDb->pBt) ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pDb->pBt, 0, 0);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3SetString(pzErrMsg, db, sqlite3ErrStr(rc));
      goto initone_error_out;
    }
    openedTransaction = 1;
  }

................................................................................
    Btree *pBt = db->aDb[iDb].pBt;     /* Btree database to read cookie from */
    if( pBt==0 ) continue;

    /* If there is not already a read-only (or read-write) transaction opened
    ** on the b-tree database, open one now. If a transaction is opened, it 
    ** will be closed immediately after reading the meta-value. */
    if( !sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(pBt) ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, 0, 0);
      if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM || rc==SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM ){
        sqlite3OomFault(db);
      }
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return;
      openedTransaction = 1;
    }

Changes to src/test3.c.

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  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pBt = sqlite3TestTextToPtr(argv[1]);
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(pBt);
  rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, 1);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(pBt);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, sqlite3ErrName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}







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  if( argc!=2 ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, "wrong # args: should be \"", argv[0],
       " ID\"", 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pBt = sqlite3TestTextToPtr(argv[1]);
  sqlite3BtreeEnter(pBt);
  rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, 1, 0);
  sqlite3BtreeLeave(pBt);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, sqlite3ErrName(rc), 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

Changes to src/vacuum.c.

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  /* Begin a transaction and take an exclusive lock on the main database
  ** file. This is done before the sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(pMain) call below,
  ** to ensure that we do not try to change the page-size on a WAL database.
  */
  rc = execSql(db, pzErrMsg, "BEGIN");
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pMain, 2);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;

  /* Do not attempt to change the page size for a WAL database */
  if( sqlite3PagerGetJournalMode(sqlite3BtreePager(pMain))
                                               ==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ){
    db->nextPagesize = 0;
  }







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  /* Begin a transaction and take an exclusive lock on the main database
  ** file. This is done before the sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(pMain) call below,
  ** to ensure that we do not try to change the page-size on a WAL database.
  */
  rc = execSql(db, pzErrMsg, "BEGIN");
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pMain, 2, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto end_of_vacuum;

  /* Do not attempt to change the page size for a WAL database */
  if( sqlite3PagerGetJournalMode(sqlite3BtreePager(pMain))
                                               ==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ){
    db->nextPagesize = 0;
  }

Changes to src/vdbe.c.

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** if the schema generation counter in P4 differs from the current
** generation counter, then an SQLITE_SCHEMA error is raised and execution
** halts.  The sqlite3_step() wrapper function might then reprepare the
** statement and rerun it from the beginning.
*/
case OP_Transaction: {
  Btree *pBt;
  int iMeta;
  int iGen;

  assert( p->bIsReader );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 || pOp->p2==0 );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( DbMaskTest(p->btreeMask, pOp->p1) );
  if( pOp->p2 && (db->flags & SQLITE_QueryOnly)!=0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
    goto abort_due_to_error;
  }
  pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;

  if( pBt ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, pOp->p2);
    testcase( rc==SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT );
    testcase( rc==SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY );
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      if( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_BUSY ){
        p->pc = (int)(pOp - aOp);
        p->rc = rc;
        goto vdbe_return;
................................................................................
    }

    /* Gather the schema version number for checking:
    ** IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-03189-51135 As each SQL statement runs, the schema
    ** version is checked to ensure that the schema has not changed since the
    ** SQL statement was prepared.
    */
    sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(pBt, BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION, (u32 *)&iMeta);
    iGen = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pSchema->iGeneration;
  }else{
    iGen = iMeta = 0;
  }
  assert( pOp->p5==0 || pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  if( pOp->p5 && (iMeta!=pOp->p3 || iGen!=pOp->p4.i) ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
    p->zErrMsg = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, "database schema has changed");
    /* If the schema-cookie from the database file matches the cookie 
    ** stored with the in-memory representation of the schema, do
................................................................................
  pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, -1, CURTYPE_BTREE);
  if( pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCx->nullRow = 1;
  pCx->isEphemeral = 1;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeOpen(db->pVfs, 0, db, &pCx->pBtx, 
                        BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL | BTREE_SINGLE | pOp->p5, vfsFlags);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pCx->pBtx, 1);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* If a transient index is required, create it by calling
    ** sqlite3BtreeCreateTable() with the BTREE_BLOBKEY flag before
    ** opening it. If a transient table is required, just use the
    ** automatically created table with root-page 1 (an BLOB_INTKEY table).
    */







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** if the schema generation counter in P4 differs from the current
** generation counter, then an SQLITE_SCHEMA error is raised and execution
** halts.  The sqlite3_step() wrapper function might then reprepare the
** statement and rerun it from the beginning.
*/
case OP_Transaction: {
  Btree *pBt;
  int iMeta = 0;
  int iGen = 0;

  assert( p->bIsReader );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 || pOp->p2==0 );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( DbMaskTest(p->btreeMask, pOp->p1) );
  if( pOp->p2 && (db->flags & SQLITE_QueryOnly)!=0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
    goto abort_due_to_error;
  }
  pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;

  if( pBt ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, pOp->p2, &iMeta);
    testcase( rc==SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT );
    testcase( rc==SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY );
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      if( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_BUSY ){
        p->pc = (int)(pOp - aOp);
        p->rc = rc;
        goto vdbe_return;
................................................................................
    }

    /* Gather the schema version number for checking:
    ** IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-03189-51135 As each SQL statement runs, the schema
    ** version is checked to ensure that the schema has not changed since the
    ** SQL statement was prepared.
    */

    iGen = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pSchema->iGeneration;


  }
  assert( pOp->p5==0 || pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  if( pOp->p5 && (iMeta!=pOp->p3 || iGen!=pOp->p4.i) ){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zErrMsg);
    p->zErrMsg = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, "database schema has changed");
    /* If the schema-cookie from the database file matches the cookie 
    ** stored with the in-memory representation of the schema, do
................................................................................
  pCx = allocateCursor(p, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, -1, CURTYPE_BTREE);
  if( pCx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCx->nullRow = 1;
  pCx->isEphemeral = 1;
  rc = sqlite3BtreeOpen(db->pVfs, 0, db, &pCx->pBtx, 
                        BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL | BTREE_SINGLE | pOp->p5, vfsFlags);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pCx->pBtx, 1, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* If a transient index is required, create it by calling
    ** sqlite3BtreeCreateTable() with the BTREE_BLOBKEY flag before
    ** opening it. If a transient table is required, just use the
    ** automatically created table with root-page 1 (an BLOB_INTKEY table).
    */