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Comment:Add assert() statements that fail when a shallow copy is accessed after the original has been modified. These assert() statements should detect the kinds of subtle SCopy bugs such as caused the fault in ticket [b351d95f9cd5ef17e9d9dbae18f].
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SHA1: 8b8e1732e8410efd5f8e308c43abe521584e87a0
User & Date: drh 2010-09-27 21:09:32
Original Comment: Add assert() statements that fail when a shallow copy is accessed after the original has been modified. These assert() statements should detect the kinds of subtle SCopy bugs such as caused the fault in ticket [b351d95f9cd5ef17e9d9dbae18f].
Context
2010-09-28
00:25
Continuing work toward detecting and fixing shallow-copy misuse. check-in: d0342f4b user: drh tags: bug-b351d95f9c
2010-09-27
21:09
Add assert() statements that fail when a shallow copy is accessed after the original has been modified. These assert() statements should detect the kinds of subtle SCopy bugs such as caused the fault in ticket [b351d95f9cd5ef17e9d9dbae18f]. check-in: 8b8e1732 user: drh tags: bug-b351d95f9c
18:14
Simplifications to the expression code generator. Remove about 80 lines of older and obsolete code. check-in: 53f5cfe1 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
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** of the code in this file is, therefore, important.  See other comments
** in this file for details.  If in doubt, do not deviate from existing
** commenting and indentation practices when changing or adding code.
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "vdbeInt.h"












/*
** The following global variable is incremented every time a cursor
** moves, either by the OP_SeekXX, OP_Next, or OP_Prev opcodes.  The test
** procedures use this information to make sure that indices are
** working correctly.  This variable has no function other than to
** help verify the correct operation of the library.
*/
................................................................................
    ** value or convert mem[p2] to a different type.
    */
    assert( pOp->opflags==sqlite3OpcodeProperty[pOp->opcode] );
    if( pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT2_PRERELEASE ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=p->nMem );
      pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];

      sqlite3VdbeMemReleaseExternal(pOut);
      pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
    }

    /* Sanity checking on other operands */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN1)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p1>0 );
      assert( pOp->p1<=p->nMem );

      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, &aMem[pOp->p1]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=p->nMem );

      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN3)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p3>0 );
      assert( pOp->p3<=p->nMem );

      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=p->nMem );

    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT3)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p3>0 );
      assert( pOp->p3<=p->nMem );

    }
#endif
  
    switch( pOp->opcode ){

/*****************************************************************************
** What follows is a massive switch statement where each case implements a
................................................................................
**
** Write the current address onto register P1
** and then jump to address P2.
*/
case OP_Gosub: {            /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Dyn)==0 );

  pIn1->flags = MEM_Int;
  pIn1->u.i = pc;
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pIn1);
  pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  break;
}

................................................................................
  assert( p1+n<=p2 || p2+n<=p1 );

  pIn1 = &aMem[p1];
  pOut = &aMem[p2];
  while( n-- ){
    assert( pOut<=&aMem[p->nMem] );
    assert( pIn1<=&aMem[p->nMem] );


    zMalloc = pOut->zMalloc;
    pOut->zMalloc = 0;
    sqlite3VdbeMemMove(pOut, pIn1);
    pIn1->zMalloc = zMalloc;
    REGISTER_TRACE(p2++, pOut);
    pIn1++;
    pOut++;
................................................................................
** copy.
*/
case OP_SCopy: {            /* in1, out2 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pOut!=pIn1 );
  sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pOut, pIn1, MEM_Ephem);



  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: ResultRow P1 P2 * * *
**
** The registers P1 through P1+P2-1 contain a single row of
................................................................................

  /* Make sure the results of the current row are \000 terminated
  ** and have an assigned type.  The results are de-ephemeralized as
  ** as side effect.
  */
  pMem = p->pResultSet = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  for(i=0; i<pOp->p2; i++){


    sqlite3VdbeMemNulTerminate(&pMem[i]);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(&pMem[i]);
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1+i, &pMem[i]);
  }
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto no_mem;

  /* Return SQLITE_ROW
................................................................................
  apVal = p->apArg;
  assert( apVal || n==0 );

  assert( n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+n<=p->nMem+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+n );
  pArg = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  for(i=0; i<n; i++, pArg++){

    apVal[i] = pArg;

    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pArg);
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2+i, pArg);
  }

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF || pOp->p4type==P4_VDBEFUNC );
  if( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF ){
    ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
................................................................................
  }else{
    ctx.pVdbeFunc = (VdbeFunc*)pOp->p4.pVdbeFunc;
    ctx.pFunc = ctx.pVdbeFunc->pFunc;
  }

  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];

  ctx.s.flags = MEM_Null;
  ctx.s.db = db;
  ctx.s.xDel = 0;
  ctx.s.zMalloc = 0;

  /* The output cell may already have a buffer allocated. Move
  ** the pointer to ctx.s so in case the user-function can use
................................................................................
** Add the constant P2 to the value in register P1.
** The result is always an integer.
**
** To force any register to be an integer, just add 0.
*/
case OP_AddImm: {            /* in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];

  sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn1);
  pIn1->u.i += pOp->p2;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: MustBeInt P1 P2 * * *
** 
................................................................................
** Force the value in register P1 to be an integer.  If the value
** in P1 is not an integer and cannot be converted into an integer
** without data loss, then jump immediately to P2, or if P2==0
** raise an SQLITE_MISMATCH exception.
*/
case OP_MustBeInt: {            /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];

  applyAffinity(pIn1, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC, encoding);
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Int)==0 ){
    if( pOp->p2==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_MISMATCH;
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }else{
      pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
................................................................................
** This opcode is used when extracting information from a column that
** has REAL affinity.  Such column values may still be stored as
** integers, for space efficiency, but after extraction we want them
** to have only a real value.
*/
case OP_RealAffinity: {                  /* in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];

  if( pIn1->flags & MEM_Int ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemRealify(pIn1);
  }
  break;
}
#endif

................................................................................
** equivalent of printf().  Blob values are unchanged and
** are afterwards simply interpreted as text.
**
** A NULL value is not changed by this routine.  It remains NULL.
*/
case OP_ToText: {                  /* same as TK_TO_TEXT, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];

  if( pIn1->flags & MEM_Null ) break;
  assert( MEM_Str==(MEM_Blob>>3) );
  pIn1->flags |= (pIn1->flags&MEM_Blob)>>3;
  applyAffinity(pIn1, SQLITE_AFF_TEXT, encoding);
  rc = ExpandBlob(pIn1);
  assert( pIn1->flags & MEM_Str || db->mallocFailed );
  pIn1->flags &= ~(MEM_Int|MEM_Real|MEM_Blob|MEM_Zero);
................................................................................
** Strings are simply reinterpreted as blobs with no change
** to the underlying data.
**
** A NULL value is not changed by this routine.  It remains NULL.
*/
case OP_ToBlob: {                  /* same as TK_TO_BLOB, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];

  if( pIn1->flags & MEM_Null ) break;
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Blob)==0 ){
    applyAffinity(pIn1, SQLITE_AFF_TEXT, encoding);
    assert( pIn1->flags & MEM_Str || db->mallocFailed );
    MemSetTypeFlag(pIn1, MEM_Blob);
  }else{
    pIn1->flags &= ~(MEM_TypeMask&~MEM_Blob);
................................................................................
** equivalent of atoi() or atof() and store 0 if no such conversion 
** is possible.
**
** A NULL value is not changed by this routine.  It remains NULL.
*/
case OP_ToNumeric: {                  /* same as TK_TO_NUMERIC, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];

  if( (pIn1->flags & (MEM_Null|MEM_Int|MEM_Real))==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemNumerify(pIn1);
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_CAST */

................................................................................
** If the value is text or blob, try to convert it to an integer using the
** equivalent of atoi() and store 0 if no such conversion is possible.
**
** A NULL value is not changed by this routine.  It remains NULL.
*/
case OP_ToInt: {                  /* same as TK_TO_INT, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];

  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Null)==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn1);
  }
  break;
}

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CAST) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT)
................................................................................
** If the value is text or blob, try to convert it to an integer using the
** equivalent of atoi() and store 0.0 if no such conversion is possible.
**
** A NULL value is not changed by this routine.  It remains NULL.
*/
case OP_ToReal: {                  /* same as TK_TO_REAL, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];

  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Null)==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemRealify(pIn1);
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CAST) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT) */

................................................................................
  int res;            /* Result of the comparison of pIn1 against pIn3 */
  char affinity;      /* Affinity to use for comparison */
  u16 flags1;         /* Copy of initial value of pIn1->flags */
  u16 flags3;         /* Copy of initial value of pIn3->flags */

  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];


  flags1 = pIn1->flags;
  flags3 = pIn3->flags;
  if( (pIn1->flags | pIn3->flags)&MEM_Null ){
    /* One or both operands are NULL */
    if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_NULLEQ ){
      /* If SQLITE_NULLEQ is set (which will only happen if the operator is
      ** OP_Eq or OP_Ne) then take the jump or not depending on whether
................................................................................
    case OP_Le:    res = res<=0;     break;
    case OP_Gt:    res = res>0;      break;
    default:       res = res>=0;     break;
  }

  if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_STOREP2 ){
    pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];

    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Int);
    pOut->u.i = res;
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pOut);
  }else if( res ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }

................................................................................
  }else{
    assert( p1>0 && p1+n<=p->nMem+1 );
    assert( p2>0 && p2+n<=p->nMem+1 );
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */
  for(i=0; i<n; i++){
    idx = aPermute ? aPermute[i] : i;


    REGISTER_TRACE(p1+idx, &aMem[p1+idx]);
    REGISTER_TRACE(p2+idx, &aMem[p2+idx]);
    assert( i<pKeyInfo->nField );
    pColl = pKeyInfo->aColl[i];
    bRev = pKeyInfo->aSortOrder[i];
    iCompare = sqlite3MemCompare(&aMem[p1+idx], &aMem[p2+idx], pColl);
    if( iCompare ){
................................................................................
  p1 = pOp->p1;
  p2 = pOp->p2;
  pC = 0;
  memset(&sMem, 0, sizeof(sMem));
  assert( p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];

  MemSetTypeFlag(pDest, MEM_Null);
  zRec = 0;

  /* This block sets the variable payloadSize to be the total number of
  ** bytes in the record.
  **
  ** zRec is set to be the complete text of the record if it is available.
................................................................................
      assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCrsr) );
      rc = sqlite3BtreeDataSize(pCrsr, &payloadSize);
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );   /* DataSize() cannot fail */
    }
  }else if( pC->pseudoTableReg>0 ){
    pReg = &aMem[pC->pseudoTableReg];
    assert( pReg->flags & MEM_Blob );

    payloadSize = pReg->n;
    zRec = pReg->z;
    pC->cacheStatus = (pOp->p5&OPFLAG_CLEARCACHE) ? CACHE_STALE : p->cacheCtr;
    assert( payloadSize==0 || zRec!=0 );
  }else{
    /* Consider the row to be NULL */
    payloadSize = 0;
................................................................................

  zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( zAffinity!=0 );
  assert( zAffinity[pOp->p2]==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  while( (cAff = *(zAffinity++))!=0 ){
    assert( pIn1 <= &p->aMem[p->nMem] );


    ExpandBlob(pIn1);
    applyAffinity(pIn1, cAff, encoding);
    pIn1++;
  }
  break;
}

................................................................................
  nField = pOp->p1;
  zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( nField>0 && pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+nField<=p->nMem+1 );
  pData0 = &aMem[nField];
  nField = pOp->p2;
  pLast = &pData0[nField-1];
  file_format = p->minWriteFileFormat;






  /* Loop through the elements that will make up the record to figure
  ** out how much space is required for the new record.
  */
  for(pRec=pData0; pRec<=pLast; pRec++){

    if( zAffinity ){

      applyAffinity(pRec, zAffinity[pRec-pData0], encoding);
    }
    if( pRec->flags&MEM_Zero && pRec->n>0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemExpandBlob(pRec);
    }
    serial_type = sqlite3VdbeSerialType(pRec, file_format);
    len = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(serial_type);
................................................................................
  }

  /* Make sure the output register has a buffer large enough to store 
  ** the new record. The output register (pOp->p3) is not allowed to
  ** be one of the input registers (because the following call to
  ** sqlite3VdbeMemGrow() could clobber the value before it is used).
  */
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p1 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p1+pOp->p2 );
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pOut, (int)nByte, 0) ){
    goto no_mem;
  }
  zNewRecord = (u8 *)pOut->z;

  /* Write the record */
  i = putVarint32(zNewRecord, nHdr);
................................................................................
  }else{
    wrFlag = 0;
  }
  if( pOp->p5 ){
    assert( p2>0 );
    assert( p2<=p->nMem );
    pIn2 = &aMem[p2];


    sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn2);
    p2 = (int)pIn2->u.i;
    /* The p2 value always comes from a prior OP_CreateTable opcode and
    ** that opcode will always set the p2 value to 2 or more or else fail.
    ** If there were a failure, the prepared statement would have halted
    ** before reaching this instruction. */
    if( NEVER(p2<2) ) {
................................................................................
      r.flags = (u16)(UNPACKED_INCRKEY * (1 & (oc - OP_SeekLt)));
      assert( oc!=OP_SeekGt || r.flags==UNPACKED_INCRKEY );
      assert( oc!=OP_SeekLe || r.flags==UNPACKED_INCRKEY );
      assert( oc!=OP_SeekGe || r.flags==0 );
      assert( oc!=OP_SeekLt || r.flags==0 );

      r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];



      ExpandBlob(r.aMem);
      rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, &r, 0, 0, &res);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto abort_due_to_error;
      }
      pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
    }
................................................................................
  if( ALWAYS(pC->pCursor!=0) ){

    assert( pC->isTable==0 );
    if( pOp->p4.i>0 ){
      r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
      r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
      r.aMem = pIn3;



      r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
      pIdxKey = &r;
    }else{
      assert( pIn3->flags & MEM_Blob );
      ExpandBlob(pIn3);
      pIdxKey = sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(pC->pKeyInfo, pIn3->n, pIn3->z,
                                        aTempRec, sizeof(aTempRec));
................................................................................

  if( pCrsr!=0 ){
    /* Populate the index search key. */
    r.pKeyInfo = pCx->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = nField + 1;
    r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_SEARCH;
    r.aMem = aMx;




    /* Extract the value of R from register P3. */
    sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn3);
    R = pIn3->u.i;

    /* Search the B-Tree index. If no conflicting record is found, jump
    ** to P2. Otherwise, copy the rowid of the conflicting record to
................................................................................
          /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
          assert( pOp->p3<=pFrame->nMem );
          pMem = &pFrame->aMem[pOp->p3];
        }else{
          /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
          assert( pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
          pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];

        }


        REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pMem);
        sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pMem);
        assert( (pMem->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );  /* mem(P3) holds an integer */
        if( pMem->u.i==MAX_ROWID || pC->useRandomRowid ){
          rc = SQLITE_FULL;   /* IMP: R-12275-61338 */
          goto abort_due_to_error;
................................................................................
  int seekResult;   /* Result of prior seek or 0 if no USESEEKRESULT flag */
  const char *zDb;  /* database name - used by the update hook */
  const char *zTbl; /* Table name - used by the opdate hook */
  int op;           /* Opcode for update hook: SQLITE_UPDATE or SQLITE_INSERT */

  pData = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );

  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  assert( pC->isTable );
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pData);

  if( pOp->opcode==OP_Insert ){
    pKey = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    assert( pKey->flags & MEM_Int );

    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pKey);
    iKey = pKey->u.i;
  }else{
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_InsertInt );
    iKey = pOp->p3;
  }

................................................................................
case OP_RowData: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  u32 n;
  i64 n64;

  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];


  /* Note that RowKey and RowData are really exactly the same instruction */
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC->isTable || pOp->opcode==OP_RowKey );
  assert( pC->isIndex || pOp->opcode==OP_RowData );
  assert( pC!=0 );
................................................................................
  assert( pC!=0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  if( ALWAYS(pCrsr!=0) ){
    r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = (u16)pOp->p3;
    r.flags = 0;
    r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p2];



    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCrsr, &r, 0, 0, &res);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && res==0 ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeDelete(pCrsr);
    }
    assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
    pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  }
................................................................................
    r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
    if( pOp->p5 ){
      r.flags = UNPACKED_INCRKEY | UNPACKED_IGNORE_ROWID;
    }else{
      r.flags = UNPACKED_IGNORE_ROWID;
    }
    r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];



    rc = sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(pC, &r, &res);
    if( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxLT ){
      res = -res;
    }else{
      assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGE );
      res++;
    }
................................................................................
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (1<<pOp->p2))!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeClearTable(
      db->aDb[pOp->p2].pBt, pOp->p1, (pOp->p3 ? &nChange : 0)
  );
  if( pOp->p3 ){
    p->nChange += nChange;
    if( pOp->p3>0 ){


      aMem[pOp->p3].u.i += nChange;
    }
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: CreateTable P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
  Mem *pEnd;              /* Last memory cell in new array */
  VdbeFrame *pFrame;      /* New vdbe frame to execute in */
  SubProgram *pProgram;   /* Sub-program to execute */
  void *t;                /* Token identifying trigger */

  pProgram = pOp->p4.pProgram;
  pRt = &aMem[pOp->p3];

  assert( pProgram->nOp>0 );
  
  /* If the p5 flag is clear, then recursive invocation of triggers is 
  ** disabled for backwards compatibility (p5 is set if this sub-program
  ** is really a trigger, not a foreign key action, and the flag set
  ** and cleared by the "PRAGMA recursive_triggers" command is clear).
  ** 
................................................................................
  VdbeFrame *pFrame;
  if( p->pFrame ){
    for(pFrame=p->pFrame; pFrame->pParent; pFrame=pFrame->pParent);
    pIn1 = &pFrame->aMem[pOp->p1];
  }else{
    pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  }

  sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn1);
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn2);
  if( pIn1->u.i<pIn2->u.i){
    pIn1->u.i = pIn2->u.i;
  }
  break;
................................................................................

  n = pOp->p5;
  assert( n>=0 );
  pRec = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  apVal = p->apArg;
  assert( apVal || n==0 );
  for(i=0; i<n; i++, pRec++){

    apVal[i] = pRec;

    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pRec);
  }
  ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  ctx.pMem = pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  pMem->n++;
  ctx.s.flags = MEM_Null;
................................................................................
  int res;
  int i;
  Mem **apArg;

  pQuery = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  pArgc = &pQuery[1];
  pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];

  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pQuery);
  assert( pCur->pVtabCursor );
  pVtabCursor = pCur->pVtabCursor;
  pVtab = pVtabCursor->pVtab;
  pModule = pVtab->pModule;

  /* Grab the index number and argc parameters */
................................................................................
  Mem *pDest;
  sqlite3_context sContext;

  VdbeCursor *pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pCur->pVtabCursor );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];

  if( pCur->nullRow ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pDest);
    break;
  }
  pVtab = pCur->pVtabCursor->pVtab;
  pModule = pVtab->pModule;
  assert( pModule->xColumn );
................................................................................
case OP_VRename: {
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  Mem *pName;

  pVtab = pOp->p4.pVtab->pVtab;
  pName = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pVtab->pModule->xRename );

  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pName);
  assert( pName->flags & MEM_Str );
  rc = pVtab->pModule->xRename(pVtab, pName->z);
  importVtabErrMsg(p, pVtab);
  p->expired = 0;

  break;
................................................................................
  pModule = (sqlite3_module *)pVtab->pModule;
  nArg = pOp->p2;
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_VTAB );
  if( ALWAYS(pModule->xUpdate) ){
    apArg = p->apArg;
    pX = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){


      sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pX);
      apArg[i] = pX;
      pX++;
    }
    rc = pModule->xUpdate(pVtab, nArg, apArg, &rowid);
    importVtabErrMsg(p, pVtab);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pOp->p1 ){







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1569
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....
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1873
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....
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....
2148
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....
2484
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2491
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....
3031
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
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....
5777
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5791
5792
** of the code in this file is, therefore, important.  See other comments
** in this file for details.  If in doubt, do not deviate from existing
** commenting and indentation practices when changing or adding code.
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "vdbeInt.h"

/*
** Invoke this macro on memory cells just prior to changing the
** value of the cell.  This macro verifies that shallow copies are
** not misused.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
# define memAboutToChange(P,M) sqlite3VdbeMemPrepareToChange(P,M)
#else
# define memAboutToChange(P,M)
#endif

/*
** The following global variable is incremented every time a cursor
** moves, either by the OP_SeekXX, OP_Next, or OP_Prev opcodes.  The test
** procedures use this information to make sure that indices are
** working correctly.  This variable has no function other than to
** help verify the correct operation of the library.
*/
................................................................................
    ** value or convert mem[p2] to a different type.
    */
    assert( pOp->opflags==sqlite3OpcodeProperty[pOp->opcode] );
    if( pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT2_PRERELEASE ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=p->nMem );
      pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
      memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
      sqlite3VdbeMemReleaseExternal(pOut);
      pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
    }

    /* Sanity checking on other operands */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN1)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p1>0 );
      assert( pOp->p1<=p->nMem );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p1]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, &aMem[pOp->p1]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=p->nMem );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p2]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN3)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p3>0 );
      assert( pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=p->nMem );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT3)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p3>0 );
      assert( pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
    }
#endif
  
    switch( pOp->opcode ){

/*****************************************************************************
** What follows is a massive switch statement where each case implements a
................................................................................
**
** Write the current address onto register P1
** and then jump to address P2.
*/
case OP_Gosub: {            /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Dyn)==0 );
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Int;
  pIn1->u.i = pc;
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pIn1);
  pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  break;
}

................................................................................
  assert( p1+n<=p2 || p2+n<=p1 );

  pIn1 = &aMem[p1];
  pOut = &aMem[p2];
  while( n-- ){
    assert( pOut<=&aMem[p->nMem] );
    assert( pIn1<=&aMem[p->nMem] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    zMalloc = pOut->zMalloc;
    pOut->zMalloc = 0;
    sqlite3VdbeMemMove(pOut, pIn1);
    pIn1->zMalloc = zMalloc;
    REGISTER_TRACE(p2++, pOut);
    pIn1++;
    pOut++;
................................................................................
** copy.
*/
case OP_SCopy: {            /* in1, out2 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pOut!=pIn1 );
  sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pOut, pIn1, MEM_Ephem);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( pOut->pScopyFrom==0 ) pOut->pScopyFrom = pIn1;
#endif
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: ResultRow P1 P2 * * *
**
** The registers P1 through P1+P2-1 contain a single row of
................................................................................

  /* Make sure the results of the current row are \000 terminated
  ** and have an assigned type.  The results are de-ephemeralized as
  ** as side effect.
  */
  pMem = p->pResultSet = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  for(i=0; i<pOp->p2; i++){
    assert( memIsValid(&pMem[i]) );
    memAboutToChange(p, &pMem[i]);
    sqlite3VdbeMemNulTerminate(&pMem[i]);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(&pMem[i]);
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1+i, &pMem[i]);
  }
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto no_mem;

  /* Return SQLITE_ROW
................................................................................
  apVal = p->apArg;
  assert( apVal || n==0 );

  assert( n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+n<=p->nMem+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+n );
  pArg = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  for(i=0; i<n; i++, pArg++){
    assert( memIsValid(pArg) );
    apVal[i] = pArg;
    memAboutToChange(p, pArg);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pArg);
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2+i, pArg);
  }

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF || pOp->p4type==P4_VDBEFUNC );
  if( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF ){
    ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
................................................................................
  }else{
    ctx.pVdbeFunc = (VdbeFunc*)pOp->p4.pVdbeFunc;
    ctx.pFunc = ctx.pVdbeFunc->pFunc;
  }

  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
  ctx.s.flags = MEM_Null;
  ctx.s.db = db;
  ctx.s.xDel = 0;
  ctx.s.zMalloc = 0;

  /* The output cell may already have a buffer allocated. Move
  ** the pointer to ctx.s so in case the user-function can use
................................................................................
** Add the constant P2 to the value in register P1.
** The result is always an integer.
**
** To force any register to be an integer, just add 0.
*/
case OP_AddImm: {            /* in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn1);
  pIn1->u.i += pOp->p2;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: MustBeInt P1 P2 * * *
** 
................................................................................
** Force the value in register P1 to be an integer.  If the value
** in P1 is not an integer and cannot be converted into an integer
** without data loss, then jump immediately to P2, or if P2==0
** raise an SQLITE_MISMATCH exception.
*/
case OP_MustBeInt: {            /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  applyAffinity(pIn1, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC, encoding);
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Int)==0 ){
    if( pOp->p2==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_MISMATCH;
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }else{
      pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
................................................................................
** This opcode is used when extracting information from a column that
** has REAL affinity.  Such column values may still be stored as
** integers, for space efficiency, but after extraction we want them
** to have only a real value.
*/
case OP_RealAffinity: {                  /* in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  if( pIn1->flags & MEM_Int ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemRealify(pIn1);
  }
  break;
}
#endif

................................................................................
** equivalent of printf().  Blob values are unchanged and
** are afterwards simply interpreted as text.
**
** A NULL value is not changed by this routine.  It remains NULL.
*/
case OP_ToText: {                  /* same as TK_TO_TEXT, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  if( pIn1->flags & MEM_Null ) break;
  assert( MEM_Str==(MEM_Blob>>3) );
  pIn1->flags |= (pIn1->flags&MEM_Blob)>>3;
  applyAffinity(pIn1, SQLITE_AFF_TEXT, encoding);
  rc = ExpandBlob(pIn1);
  assert( pIn1->flags & MEM_Str || db->mallocFailed );
  pIn1->flags &= ~(MEM_Int|MEM_Real|MEM_Blob|MEM_Zero);
................................................................................
** Strings are simply reinterpreted as blobs with no change
** to the underlying data.
**
** A NULL value is not changed by this routine.  It remains NULL.
*/
case OP_ToBlob: {                  /* same as TK_TO_BLOB, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  if( pIn1->flags & MEM_Null ) break;
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Blob)==0 ){
    applyAffinity(pIn1, SQLITE_AFF_TEXT, encoding);
    assert( pIn1->flags & MEM_Str || db->mallocFailed );
    MemSetTypeFlag(pIn1, MEM_Blob);
  }else{
    pIn1->flags &= ~(MEM_TypeMask&~MEM_Blob);
................................................................................
** equivalent of atoi() or atof() and store 0 if no such conversion 
** is possible.
**
** A NULL value is not changed by this routine.  It remains NULL.
*/
case OP_ToNumeric: {                  /* same as TK_TO_NUMERIC, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  if( (pIn1->flags & (MEM_Null|MEM_Int|MEM_Real))==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemNumerify(pIn1);
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_CAST */

................................................................................
** If the value is text or blob, try to convert it to an integer using the
** equivalent of atoi() and store 0 if no such conversion is possible.
**
** A NULL value is not changed by this routine.  It remains NULL.
*/
case OP_ToInt: {                  /* same as TK_TO_INT, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Null)==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn1);
  }
  break;
}

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CAST) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT)
................................................................................
** If the value is text or blob, try to convert it to an integer using the
** equivalent of atoi() and store 0.0 if no such conversion is possible.
**
** A NULL value is not changed by this routine.  It remains NULL.
*/
case OP_ToReal: {                  /* same as TK_TO_REAL, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Null)==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemRealify(pIn1);
  }
  break;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_CAST) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT) */

................................................................................
  int res;            /* Result of the comparison of pIn1 against pIn3 */
  char affinity;      /* Affinity to use for comparison */
  u16 flags1;         /* Copy of initial value of pIn1->flags */
  u16 flags3;         /* Copy of initial value of pIn3->flags */

  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn3);
  flags1 = pIn1->flags;
  flags3 = pIn3->flags;
  if( (pIn1->flags | pIn3->flags)&MEM_Null ){
    /* One or both operands are NULL */
    if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_NULLEQ ){
      /* If SQLITE_NULLEQ is set (which will only happen if the operator is
      ** OP_Eq or OP_Ne) then take the jump or not depending on whether
................................................................................
    case OP_Le:    res = res<=0;     break;
    case OP_Gt:    res = res>0;      break;
    default:       res = res>=0;     break;
  }

  if( pOp->p5 & SQLITE_STOREP2 ){
    pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Int);
    pOut->u.i = res;
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pOut);
  }else if( res ){
    pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }

................................................................................
  }else{
    assert( p1>0 && p1+n<=p->nMem+1 );
    assert( p2>0 && p2+n<=p->nMem+1 );
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */
  for(i=0; i<n; i++){
    idx = aPermute ? aPermute[i] : i;
    assert( memIsValid(&aMem[p1+idx]) );
    assert( memIsValid(&aMem[p2+idx]) );
    REGISTER_TRACE(p1+idx, &aMem[p1+idx]);
    REGISTER_TRACE(p2+idx, &aMem[p2+idx]);
    assert( i<pKeyInfo->nField );
    pColl = pKeyInfo->aColl[i];
    bRev = pKeyInfo->aSortOrder[i];
    iCompare = sqlite3MemCompare(&aMem[p1+idx], &aMem[p2+idx], pColl);
    if( iCompare ){
................................................................................
  p1 = pOp->p1;
  p2 = pOp->p2;
  pC = 0;
  memset(&sMem, 0, sizeof(sMem));
  assert( p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pDest);
  MemSetTypeFlag(pDest, MEM_Null);
  zRec = 0;

  /* This block sets the variable payloadSize to be the total number of
  ** bytes in the record.
  **
  ** zRec is set to be the complete text of the record if it is available.
................................................................................
      assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCrsr) );
      rc = sqlite3BtreeDataSize(pCrsr, &payloadSize);
      assert( rc==SQLITE_OK );   /* DataSize() cannot fail */
    }
  }else if( pC->pseudoTableReg>0 ){
    pReg = &aMem[pC->pseudoTableReg];
    assert( pReg->flags & MEM_Blob );
    assert( memIsValid(pReg) );
    payloadSize = pReg->n;
    zRec = pReg->z;
    pC->cacheStatus = (pOp->p5&OPFLAG_CLEARCACHE) ? CACHE_STALE : p->cacheCtr;
    assert( payloadSize==0 || zRec!=0 );
  }else{
    /* Consider the row to be NULL */
    payloadSize = 0;
................................................................................

  zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( zAffinity!=0 );
  assert( zAffinity[pOp->p2]==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  while( (cAff = *(zAffinity++))!=0 ){
    assert( pIn1 <= &p->aMem[p->nMem] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
    ExpandBlob(pIn1);
    applyAffinity(pIn1, cAff, encoding);
    pIn1++;
  }
  break;
}

................................................................................
  nField = pOp->p1;
  zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( nField>0 && pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+nField<=p->nMem+1 );
  pData0 = &aMem[nField];
  nField = pOp->p2;
  pLast = &pData0[nField-1];
  file_format = p->minWriteFileFormat;

  /* Identify the output register */
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p1 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p1+pOp->p2 );
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pOut);

  /* Loop through the elements that will make up the record to figure
  ** out how much space is required for the new record.
  */
  for(pRec=pData0; pRec<=pLast; pRec++){
    assert( memIsValid(pRec) );
    if( zAffinity ){
      memAboutToChange(p, pRec);
      applyAffinity(pRec, zAffinity[pRec-pData0], encoding);
    }
    if( pRec->flags&MEM_Zero && pRec->n>0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemExpandBlob(pRec);
    }
    serial_type = sqlite3VdbeSerialType(pRec, file_format);
    len = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(serial_type);
................................................................................
  }

  /* Make sure the output register has a buffer large enough to store 
  ** the new record. The output register (pOp->p3) is not allowed to
  ** be one of the input registers (because the following call to
  ** sqlite3VdbeMemGrow() could clobber the value before it is used).
  */


  if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pOut, (int)nByte, 0) ){
    goto no_mem;
  }
  zNewRecord = (u8 *)pOut->z;

  /* Write the record */
  i = putVarint32(zNewRecord, nHdr);
................................................................................
  }else{
    wrFlag = 0;
  }
  if( pOp->p5 ){
    assert( p2>0 );
    assert( p2<=p->nMem );
    pIn2 = &aMem[p2];
    assert( memIsValid(pIn2) );
    assert( (pIn2->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
    sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn2);
    p2 = (int)pIn2->u.i;
    /* The p2 value always comes from a prior OP_CreateTable opcode and
    ** that opcode will always set the p2 value to 2 or more or else fail.
    ** If there were a failure, the prepared statement would have halted
    ** before reaching this instruction. */
    if( NEVER(p2<2) ) {
................................................................................
      r.flags = (u16)(UNPACKED_INCRKEY * (1 & (oc - OP_SeekLt)));
      assert( oc!=OP_SeekGt || r.flags==UNPACKED_INCRKEY );
      assert( oc!=OP_SeekLe || r.flags==UNPACKED_INCRKEY );
      assert( oc!=OP_SeekGe || r.flags==0 );
      assert( oc!=OP_SeekLt || r.flags==0 );

      r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
      ExpandBlob(r.aMem);
      rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pC->pCursor, &r, 0, 0, &res);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto abort_due_to_error;
      }
      pC->rowidIsValid = 0;
    }
................................................................................
  if( ALWAYS(pC->pCursor!=0) ){

    assert( pC->isTable==0 );
    if( pOp->p4.i>0 ){
      r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
      r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
      r.aMem = pIn3;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
      r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
      pIdxKey = &r;
    }else{
      assert( pIn3->flags & MEM_Blob );
      ExpandBlob(pIn3);
      pIdxKey = sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(pC->pKeyInfo, pIn3->n, pIn3->z,
                                        aTempRec, sizeof(aTempRec));
................................................................................

  if( pCrsr!=0 ){
    /* Populate the index search key. */
    r.pKeyInfo = pCx->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = nField + 1;
    r.flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_SEARCH;
    r.aMem = aMx;
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif

    /* Extract the value of R from register P3. */
    sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn3);
    R = pIn3->u.i;

    /* Search the B-Tree index. If no conflicting record is found, jump
    ** to P2. Otherwise, copy the rowid of the conflicting record to
................................................................................
          /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
          assert( pOp->p3<=pFrame->nMem );
          pMem = &pFrame->aMem[pOp->p3];
        }else{
          /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
          assert( pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
          pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
          memAboutToChange(p, pMem);
        }
        assert( memIsValid(pMem) );

        REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pMem);
        sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pMem);
        assert( (pMem->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );  /* mem(P3) holds an integer */
        if( pMem->u.i==MAX_ROWID || pC->useRandomRowid ){
          rc = SQLITE_FULL;   /* IMP: R-12275-61338 */
          goto abort_due_to_error;
................................................................................
  int seekResult;   /* Result of prior seek or 0 if no USESEEKRESULT flag */
  const char *zDb;  /* database name - used by the update hook */
  const char *zTbl; /* Table name - used by the opdate hook */
  int op;           /* Opcode for update hook: SQLITE_UPDATE or SQLITE_INSERT */

  pData = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( memIsValid(pData) );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->pCursor!=0 );
  assert( pC->pseudoTableReg==0 );
  assert( pC->isTable );
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pData);

  if( pOp->opcode==OP_Insert ){
    pKey = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    assert( pKey->flags & MEM_Int );
    assert( memIsValid(pKey) );
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pKey);
    iKey = pKey->u.i;
  }else{
    assert( pOp->opcode==OP_InsertInt );
    iKey = pOp->p3;
  }

................................................................................
case OP_RowData: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  u32 n;
  i64 n64;

  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  memAboutToChange(p, pOut);

  /* Note that RowKey and RowData are really exactly the same instruction */
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC->isTable || pOp->opcode==OP_RowKey );
  assert( pC->isIndex || pOp->opcode==OP_RowData );
  assert( pC!=0 );
................................................................................
  assert( pC!=0 );
  pCrsr = pC->pCursor;
  if( ALWAYS(pCrsr!=0) ){
    r.pKeyInfo = pC->pKeyInfo;
    r.nField = (u16)pOp->p3;
    r.flags = 0;
    r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p2];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
    rc = sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(pCrsr, &r, 0, 0, &res);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && res==0 ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeDelete(pCrsr);
    }
    assert( pC->deferredMoveto==0 );
    pC->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  }
................................................................................
    r.nField = (u16)pOp->p4.i;
    if( pOp->p5 ){
      r.flags = UNPACKED_INCRKEY | UNPACKED_IGNORE_ROWID;
    }else{
      r.flags = UNPACKED_IGNORE_ROWID;
    }
    r.aMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    { int i; for(i=0; i<r.nField; i++) assert( memIsValid(&r.aMem[i]) ); }
#endif
    rc = sqlite3VdbeIdxKeyCompare(pC, &r, &res);
    if( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxLT ){
      res = -res;
    }else{
      assert( pOp->opcode==OP_IdxGE );
      res++;
    }
................................................................................
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (1<<pOp->p2))!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeClearTable(
      db->aDb[pOp->p2].pBt, pOp->p1, (pOp->p3 ? &nChange : 0)
  );
  if( pOp->p3 ){
    p->nChange += nChange;
    if( pOp->p3>0 ){
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
      aMem[pOp->p3].u.i += nChange;
    }
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: CreateTable P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
  Mem *pEnd;              /* Last memory cell in new array */
  VdbeFrame *pFrame;      /* New vdbe frame to execute in */
  SubProgram *pProgram;   /* Sub-program to execute */
  void *t;                /* Token identifying trigger */

  pProgram = pOp->p4.pProgram;
  pRt = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( memIsValid(pRt) );
  assert( pProgram->nOp>0 );
  
  /* If the p5 flag is clear, then recursive invocation of triggers is 
  ** disabled for backwards compatibility (p5 is set if this sub-program
  ** is really a trigger, not a foreign key action, and the flag set
  ** and cleared by the "PRAGMA recursive_triggers" command is clear).
  ** 
................................................................................
  VdbeFrame *pFrame;
  if( p->pFrame ){
    for(pFrame=p->pFrame; pFrame->pParent; pFrame=pFrame->pParent);
    pIn1 = &pFrame->aMem[pOp->p1];
  }else{
    pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  }
  assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn1);
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn2);
  if( pIn1->u.i<pIn2->u.i){
    pIn1->u.i = pIn2->u.i;
  }
  break;
................................................................................

  n = pOp->p5;
  assert( n>=0 );
  pRec = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  apVal = p->apArg;
  assert( apVal || n==0 );
  for(i=0; i<n; i++, pRec++){
    assert( memIsValid(pRec) );
    apVal[i] = pRec;
    memAboutToChange(p, pRec);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pRec);
  }
  ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  ctx.pMem = pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  pMem->n++;
  ctx.s.flags = MEM_Null;
................................................................................
  int res;
  int i;
  Mem **apArg;

  pQuery = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  pArgc = &pQuery[1];
  pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( memIsValid(pQuery) );
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pQuery);
  assert( pCur->pVtabCursor );
  pVtabCursor = pCur->pVtabCursor;
  pVtab = pVtabCursor->pVtab;
  pModule = pVtab->pModule;

  /* Grab the index number and argc parameters */
................................................................................
  Mem *pDest;
  sqlite3_context sContext;

  VdbeCursor *pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pCur->pVtabCursor );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pDest);
  if( pCur->nullRow ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pDest);
    break;
  }
  pVtab = pCur->pVtabCursor->pVtab;
  pModule = pVtab->pModule;
  assert( pModule->xColumn );
................................................................................
case OP_VRename: {
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
  Mem *pName;

  pVtab = pOp->p4.pVtab->pVtab;
  pName = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pVtab->pModule->xRename );
  assert( memIsValid(pName) );
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pName);
  assert( pName->flags & MEM_Str );
  rc = pVtab->pModule->xRename(pVtab, pName->z);
  importVtabErrMsg(p, pVtab);
  p->expired = 0;

  break;
................................................................................
  pModule = (sqlite3_module *)pVtab->pModule;
  nArg = pOp->p2;
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_VTAB );
  if( ALWAYS(pModule->xUpdate) ){
    apArg = p->apArg;
    pX = &aMem[pOp->p3];
    for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
      assert( memIsValid(pX) );
      memAboutToChange(p, pX);
      sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pX);
      apArg[i] = pX;
      pX++;
    }
    rc = pModule->xUpdate(pVtab, nArg, apArg, &rowid);
    importVtabErrMsg(p, pVtab);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pOp->p1 ){

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  double r;           /* Real value */
  sqlite3 *db;        /* The associated database connection */
  char *z;            /* String or BLOB value */
  int n;              /* Number of characters in string value, excluding '\0' */
  u16 flags;          /* Some combination of MEM_Null, MEM_Str, MEM_Dyn, etc. */
  u8  type;           /* One of SQLITE_NULL, SQLITE_TEXT, SQLITE_INTEGER, etc */
  u8  enc;            /* SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16BE, SQLITE_UTF16LE */




  void (*xDel)(void *);  /* If not null, call this function to delete Mem.z */
  char *zMalloc;      /* Dynamic buffer allocated by sqlite3_malloc() */
};

/* One or more of the following flags are set to indicate the validOK
** representations of the value stored in the Mem struct.
**
................................................................................
#define MEM_Null      0x0001   /* Value is NULL */
#define MEM_Str       0x0002   /* Value is a string */
#define MEM_Int       0x0004   /* Value is an integer */
#define MEM_Real      0x0008   /* Value is a real number */
#define MEM_Blob      0x0010   /* Value is a BLOB */
#define MEM_RowSet    0x0020   /* Value is a RowSet object */
#define MEM_Frame     0x0040   /* Value is a VdbeFrame object */

#define MEM_TypeMask  0x00ff   /* Mask of type bits */

/* Whenever Mem contains a valid string or blob representation, one of
** the following flags must be set to determine the memory management
** policy for Mem.z.  The MEM_Term flag tells us whether or not the
** string is \000 or \u0000 terminated
*/
#define MEM_Term      0x0200   /* String rep is nul terminated */
#define MEM_Dyn       0x0400   /* Need to call sqliteFree() on Mem.z */
#define MEM_Static    0x0800   /* Mem.z points to a static string */
#define MEM_Ephem     0x1000   /* Mem.z points to an ephemeral string */
#define MEM_Agg       0x2000   /* Mem.z points to an agg function context */
#define MEM_Zero      0x4000   /* Mem.i contains count of 0s appended to blob */

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
  #undef MEM_Zero
  #define MEM_Zero 0x0000
#endif


/*
** Clear any existing type flags from a Mem and replace them with f
*/
#define MemSetTypeFlag(p, f) \
   ((p)->flags = ((p)->flags&~(MEM_TypeMask|MEM_Zero))|f)










/* A VdbeFunc is just a FuncDef (defined in sqliteInt.h) that contains
** additional information about auxiliary information bound to arguments
** of the function.  This is used to implement the sqlite3_get_auxdata()
** and sqlite3_set_auxdata() APIs.  The "auxdata" is some auxiliary data
** that can be associated with a constant argument to a function.  This
** allows functions such as "regexp" to compile their constant regular
................................................................................
int sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(Mem*, FuncDef*);
const char *sqlite3OpcodeName(int);
int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int preserve);
int sqlite3VdbeCloseStatement(Vdbe *, int);
void sqlite3VdbeFrameDelete(VdbeFrame*);
int sqlite3VdbeFrameRestore(VdbeFrame *);
void sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(Mem *pMem);





#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
int sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(Vdbe *, int);
#else
# define sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p,i) 0
#endif








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  double r;           /* Real value */
  sqlite3 *db;        /* The associated database connection */
  char *z;            /* String or BLOB value */
  int n;              /* Number of characters in string value, excluding '\0' */
  u16 flags;          /* Some combination of MEM_Null, MEM_Str, MEM_Dyn, etc. */
  u8  type;           /* One of SQLITE_NULL, SQLITE_TEXT, SQLITE_INTEGER, etc */
  u8  enc;            /* SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16BE, SQLITE_UTF16LE */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  Mem *pScopyFrom;    /* This Mem is a shallow copy of pScopyFrom */
  void *pFiller;      /* So that sizeof(Mem) is a multiple of 8 */
#endif
  void (*xDel)(void *);  /* If not null, call this function to delete Mem.z */
  char *zMalloc;      /* Dynamic buffer allocated by sqlite3_malloc() */
};

/* One or more of the following flags are set to indicate the validOK
** representations of the value stored in the Mem struct.
**
................................................................................
#define MEM_Null      0x0001   /* Value is NULL */
#define MEM_Str       0x0002   /* Value is a string */
#define MEM_Int       0x0004   /* Value is an integer */
#define MEM_Real      0x0008   /* Value is a real number */
#define MEM_Blob      0x0010   /* Value is a BLOB */
#define MEM_RowSet    0x0020   /* Value is a RowSet object */
#define MEM_Frame     0x0040   /* Value is a VdbeFrame object */
#define MEM_Invalid   0x0080   /* Value is undefined */
#define MEM_TypeMask  0x00ff   /* Mask of type bits */

/* Whenever Mem contains a valid string or blob representation, one of
** the following flags must be set to determine the memory management
** policy for Mem.z.  The MEM_Term flag tells us whether or not the
** string is \000 or \u0000 terminated
*/
#define MEM_Term      0x0200   /* String rep is nul terminated */
#define MEM_Dyn       0x0400   /* Need to call sqliteFree() on Mem.z */
#define MEM_Static    0x0800   /* Mem.z points to a static string */
#define MEM_Ephem     0x1000   /* Mem.z points to an ephemeral string */
#define MEM_Agg       0x2000   /* Mem.z points to an agg function context */
#define MEM_Zero      0x4000   /* Mem.i contains count of 0s appended to blob */

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
  #undef MEM_Zero
  #define MEM_Zero 0x0000
#endif


/*
** Clear any existing type flags from a Mem and replace them with f
*/
#define MemSetTypeFlag(p, f) \
   ((p)->flags = ((p)->flags&~(MEM_TypeMask|MEM_Zero))|f)

/*
** Return true if a memory cell is not marked as invalid.  This macro
** is for use inside assert() statements only.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
#define memIsValid(M)  ((M)->flags & MEM_Invalid)==0
#endif


/* A VdbeFunc is just a FuncDef (defined in sqliteInt.h) that contains
** additional information about auxiliary information bound to arguments
** of the function.  This is used to implement the sqlite3_get_auxdata()
** and sqlite3_set_auxdata() APIs.  The "auxdata" is some auxiliary data
** that can be associated with a constant argument to a function.  This
** allows functions such as "regexp" to compile their constant regular
................................................................................
int sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(Mem*, FuncDef*);
const char *sqlite3OpcodeName(int);
int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int preserve);
int sqlite3VdbeCloseStatement(Vdbe *, int);
void sqlite3VdbeFrameDelete(VdbeFrame*);
int sqlite3VdbeFrameRestore(VdbeFrame *);
void sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(Mem *pMem);

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
void sqlite3VdbeMemPrepareToChange(Vdbe*,Mem*);
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
int sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(Vdbe *, int);
#else
# define sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p,i) 0
#endif

Changes to src/vdbemem.c.

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      n += p->u.nZero;
    }
    return n>p->db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH];
  }
  return 0; 
}























/*
** Size of struct Mem not including the Mem.zMalloc member.
*/
#define MEMCELLSIZE (size_t)(&(((Mem *)0)->zMalloc))

/*
** Make an shallow copy of pFrom into pTo.  Prior contents of







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      n += p->u.nZero;
    }
    return n>p->db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH];
  }
  return 0; 
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** This routine prepares a memory cell for modication by breaking
** its link to a shallow copy and by marking any current shallow
** copies of this cell as invalid.
**
** This is used for testing and debugging only - to make sure shallow
** copies are not misused.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeMemPrepareToChange(Vdbe *pVdbe, Mem *pMem){
  int i;
  Mem *pX;
  for(i=1, pX=&pVdbe->aMem[1]; i<=pVdbe->nMem; i++, pX++){
    if( pX->pScopyFrom==pMem ){
      pX->flags |= MEM_Invalid;
      pX->pScopyFrom = 0;
    }
  }
  pMem->pScopyFrom = 0;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

/*
** Size of struct Mem not including the Mem.zMalloc member.
*/
#define MEMCELLSIZE (size_t)(&(((Mem *)0)->zMalloc))

/*
** Make an shallow copy of pFrom into pTo.  Prior contents of