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Overview
Comment:Change the OSTRACEn() macro to OSTRACE(()). Also rename some internal fields and variables in os_unix.c to be more meaningful and searchable.
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SHA1: 5fe529f239cddbf4b7ea57abb02d95cc0d94f5f5
User & Date: drh 2010-05-14 11:30:18
Context
2010-05-14
12:43
Simplify os_unix.c by removing support for LinuxThreads. Linux systems must either use NPTL or else not share database connections across threads. check-in: e294b696 user: drh tags: trunk
11:30
Change the OSTRACEn() macro to OSTRACE(()). Also rename some internal fields and variables in os_unix.c to be more meaningful and searchable. check-in: 5fe529f2 user: drh tags: trunk
10:43
Fix test_osinst.c so that it does not depend on gettimeofday() unless SQLITE_OS_UNIX is defined and NO_GETTOD is not defined. check-in: 2a4014b7 user: dan tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/os_common.h.

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*/
#ifdef MEMORY_DEBUG
# error "The MEMORY_DEBUG macro is obsolete.  Use SQLITE_DEBUG instead."
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
int sqlite3OSTrace = 0;
#define OSTRACE1(X)         if( sqlite3OSTrace ) sqlite3DebugPrintf(X)
#define OSTRACE2(X,Y)       if( sqlite3OSTrace ) sqlite3DebugPrintf(X,Y)
#define OSTRACE3(X,Y,Z)     if( sqlite3OSTrace ) sqlite3DebugPrintf(X,Y,Z)
#define OSTRACE4(X,Y,Z,A)   if( sqlite3OSTrace ) sqlite3DebugPrintf(X,Y,Z,A)
#define OSTRACE5(X,Y,Z,A,B) if( sqlite3OSTrace ) sqlite3DebugPrintf(X,Y,Z,A,B)
#define OSTRACE6(X,Y,Z,A,B,C) \
    if(sqlite3OSTrace) sqlite3DebugPrintf(X,Y,Z,A,B,C)
#define OSTRACE7(X,Y,Z,A,B,C,D) \
    if(sqlite3OSTrace) sqlite3DebugPrintf(X,Y,Z,A,B,C,D)
#define OSTRACE(X)          if( sqlite3OSTrace ) sqlite3DebugPrintf X
#else
#define OSTRACE1(X)
#define OSTRACE2(X,Y)
#define OSTRACE3(X,Y,Z)
#define OSTRACE4(X,Y,Z,A)
#define OSTRACE5(X,Y,Z,A,B)
#define OSTRACE6(X,Y,Z,A,B,C)
#define OSTRACE7(X,Y,Z,A,B,C,D)
#define OSTRACE(X)
#endif

/*
** Macros for performance tracing.  Normally turned off.  Only works
** on i486 hardware.
*/







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*/
#ifdef MEMORY_DEBUG
# error "The MEMORY_DEBUG macro is obsolete.  Use SQLITE_DEBUG instead."
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
int sqlite3OSTrace = 0;









#define OSTRACE(X)          if( sqlite3OSTrace ) sqlite3DebugPrintf X
#else







#define OSTRACE(X)
#endif

/*
** Macros for performance tracing.  Normally turned off.  Only works
** on i486 hardware.
*/

Changes to src/os_os2.c.

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/*
** Close a file.
*/
static int os2Close( sqlite3_file *id ){
  APIRET rc = NO_ERROR;
  os2File *pFile;
  if( id && (pFile = (os2File*)id) != 0 ){
    OSTRACE2( "CLOSE %d\n", pFile->h );
    rc = DosClose( pFile->h );
    pFile->locktype = NO_LOCK;
    if( pFile->pathToDel != NULL ){
      rc = DosForceDelete( (PSZ)pFile->pathToDel );
      free( pFile->pathToDel );
      pFile->pathToDel = NULL;
    }
................................................................................
  sqlite3_int64 offset            /* Begin reading at this offset */
){
  ULONG fileLocation = 0L;
  ULONG got;
  os2File *pFile = (os2File*)id;
  assert( id!=0 );
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_READ );
  OSTRACE3( "READ %d lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype );
  if( DosSetFilePtr(pFile->h, offset, FILE_BEGIN, &fileLocation) != NO_ERROR ){
    return SQLITE_IOERR;
  }
  if( DosRead( pFile->h, pBuf, amt, &got ) != NO_ERROR ){
    return SQLITE_IOERR_READ;
  }
  if( got == (ULONG)amt )
................................................................................
  ULONG fileLocation = 0L;
  APIRET rc = NO_ERROR;
  ULONG wrote;
  os2File *pFile = (os2File*)id;
  assert( id!=0 );
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE );
  SimulateDiskfullError( return SQLITE_FULL );
  OSTRACE3( "WRITE %d lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype );
  if( DosSetFilePtr(pFile->h, offset, FILE_BEGIN, &fileLocation) != NO_ERROR ){
    return SQLITE_IOERR;
  }
  assert( amt>0 );
  while( amt > 0 &&
         ( rc = DosWrite( pFile->h, (PVOID)pBuf, amt, &wrote ) ) == NO_ERROR &&
         wrote > 0
................................................................................

/*
** Truncate an open file to a specified size
*/
static int os2Truncate( sqlite3_file *id, i64 nByte ){
  APIRET rc = NO_ERROR;
  os2File *pFile = (os2File*)id;
  OSTRACE3( "TRUNCATE %d %lld\n", pFile->h, nByte );
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE );
  rc = DosSetFileSize( pFile->h, nByte );
  return rc == NO_ERROR ? SQLITE_OK : SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
/*
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** Make sure all writes to a particular file are committed to disk.
*/
static int os2Sync( sqlite3_file *id, int flags ){
  os2File *pFile = (os2File*)id;
  OSTRACE3( "SYNC %d lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype );
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  if( flags & SQLITE_SYNC_FULL){
    sqlite3_fullsync_count++;
  }
  sqlite3_sync_count++;
#endif
  /* If we compiled with the SQLITE_NO_SYNC flag, then syncing is a
................................................................................
  memset(&LockArea, 0, sizeof(LockArea));
  memset(&UnlockArea, 0, sizeof(UnlockArea));
  LockArea.lOffset = SHARED_FIRST;
  LockArea.lRange = SHARED_SIZE;
  UnlockArea.lOffset = 0L;
  UnlockArea.lRange = 0L;
  res = DosSetFileLocks( pFile->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, LOCK_TIMEOUT, 1L );
  OSTRACE3( "GETREADLOCK %d res=%d\n", pFile->h, res );
  return res;
}

/*
** Undo a readlock
*/
static int unlockReadLock( os2File *id ){
................................................................................
  memset(&LockArea, 0, sizeof(LockArea));
  memset(&UnlockArea, 0, sizeof(UnlockArea));
  LockArea.lOffset = 0L;
  LockArea.lRange = 0L;
  UnlockArea.lOffset = SHARED_FIRST;
  UnlockArea.lRange = SHARED_SIZE;
  res = DosSetFileLocks( id->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, LOCK_TIMEOUT, 1L );
  OSTRACE3( "UNLOCK-READLOCK file handle=%d res=%d?\n", id->h, res );
  return res;
}

/*
** Lock the file with the lock specified by parameter locktype - one
** of the following:
**
................................................................................
  int gotPendingLock = 0;/* True if we acquired a PENDING lock this time */
  FILELOCK  LockArea,
            UnlockArea;
  os2File *pFile = (os2File*)id;
  memset(&LockArea, 0, sizeof(LockArea));
  memset(&UnlockArea, 0, sizeof(UnlockArea));
  assert( pFile!=0 );
  OSTRACE4( "LOCK %d %d was %d\n", pFile->h, locktype, pFile->locktype );

  /* If there is already a lock of this type or more restrictive on the
  ** os2File, do nothing. Don't use the end_lock: exit path, as
  ** sqlite3_mutex_enter() hasn't been called yet.
  */
  if( pFile->locktype>=locktype ){
    OSTRACE3( "LOCK %d %d ok (already held)\n", pFile->h, locktype );
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Make sure the locking sequence is correct
  */
  assert( pFile->locktype!=NO_LOCK || locktype==SHARED_LOCK );
  assert( locktype!=PENDING_LOCK );
................................................................................
    UnlockArea.lOffset = 0L;
    UnlockArea.lRange = 0L;

    /* wait longer than LOCK_TIMEOUT here not to have to try multiple times */
    res = DosSetFileLocks( pFile->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, 100L, 0L );
    if( res == NO_ERROR ){
      gotPendingLock = 1;
      OSTRACE3( "LOCK %d pending lock boolean set.  res=%d\n", pFile->h, res );
    }
  }

  /* Acquire a shared lock
  */
  if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK && res == NO_ERROR ){
    assert( pFile->locktype==NO_LOCK );
    res = getReadLock(pFile);
    if( res == NO_ERROR ){
      newLocktype = SHARED_LOCK;
    }
    OSTRACE3( "LOCK %d acquire shared lock. res=%d\n", pFile->h, res );
  }

  /* Acquire a RESERVED lock
  */
  if( locktype==RESERVED_LOCK && res == NO_ERROR ){
    assert( pFile->locktype==SHARED_LOCK );
    LockArea.lOffset = RESERVED_BYTE;
................................................................................
    LockArea.lRange = 1L;
    UnlockArea.lOffset = 0L;
    UnlockArea.lRange = 0L;
    res = DosSetFileLocks( pFile->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, LOCK_TIMEOUT, 0L );
    if( res == NO_ERROR ){
      newLocktype = RESERVED_LOCK;
    }
    OSTRACE3( "LOCK %d acquire reserved lock. res=%d\n", pFile->h, res );
  }

  /* Acquire a PENDING lock
  */
  if( locktype==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK && res == NO_ERROR ){
    newLocktype = PENDING_LOCK;
    gotPendingLock = 0;
    OSTRACE2( "LOCK %d acquire pending lock. pending lock boolean unset.\n", pFile->h );

  }

  /* Acquire an EXCLUSIVE lock
  */
  if( locktype==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK && res == NO_ERROR ){
    assert( pFile->locktype>=SHARED_LOCK );
    res = unlockReadLock(pFile);
    OSTRACE2( "unreadlock = %d\n", res );
    LockArea.lOffset = SHARED_FIRST;
    LockArea.lRange = SHARED_SIZE;
    UnlockArea.lOffset = 0L;
    UnlockArea.lRange = 0L;
    res = DosSetFileLocks( pFile->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, LOCK_TIMEOUT, 0L );
    if( res == NO_ERROR ){
      newLocktype = EXCLUSIVE_LOCK;
    }else{
      OSTRACE2( "OS/2 error-code = %d\n", res );
      getReadLock(pFile);
    }
    OSTRACE3( "LOCK %d acquire exclusive lock.  res=%d\n", pFile->h, res );
  }

  /* If we are holding a PENDING lock that ought to be released, then
  ** release it now.
  */
  if( gotPendingLock && locktype==SHARED_LOCK ){
    int r;
    LockArea.lOffset = 0L;
    LockArea.lRange = 0L;
    UnlockArea.lOffset = PENDING_BYTE;
    UnlockArea.lRange = 1L;
    r = DosSetFileLocks( pFile->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, LOCK_TIMEOUT, 0L );
    OSTRACE3( "LOCK %d unlocking pending/is shared. r=%d\n", pFile->h, r );
  }

  /* Update the state of the lock has held in the file descriptor then
  ** return the appropriate result code.
  */
  if( res == NO_ERROR ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    OSTRACE4( "LOCK FAILED %d trying for %d but got %d\n", pFile->h,
              locktype, newLocktype );
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }
  pFile->locktype = newLocktype;
  OSTRACE3( "LOCK %d now %d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype );
  return rc;
}

/*
** This routine checks if there is a RESERVED lock held on the specified
** file by this or any other process. If such a lock is held, return
** non-zero, otherwise zero.
................................................................................
*/
static int os2CheckReservedLock( sqlite3_file *id, int *pOut ){
  int r = 0;
  os2File *pFile = (os2File*)id;
  assert( pFile!=0 );
  if( pFile->locktype>=RESERVED_LOCK ){
    r = 1;
    OSTRACE3( "TEST WR-LOCK %d %d (local)\n", pFile->h, r );
  }else{
    FILELOCK  LockArea,
              UnlockArea;
    APIRET rc = NO_ERROR;
    memset(&LockArea, 0, sizeof(LockArea));
    memset(&UnlockArea, 0, sizeof(UnlockArea));
    LockArea.lOffset = RESERVED_BYTE;
    LockArea.lRange = 1L;
    UnlockArea.lOffset = 0L;
    UnlockArea.lRange = 0L;
    rc = DosSetFileLocks( pFile->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, LOCK_TIMEOUT, 0L );
    OSTRACE3( "TEST WR-LOCK %d lock reserved byte rc=%d\n", pFile->h, rc );
    if( rc == NO_ERROR ){
      APIRET rcu = NO_ERROR; /* return code for unlocking */
      LockArea.lOffset = 0L;
      LockArea.lRange = 0L;
      UnlockArea.lOffset = RESERVED_BYTE;
      UnlockArea.lRange = 1L;
      rcu = DosSetFileLocks( pFile->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, LOCK_TIMEOUT, 0L );
      OSTRACE3( "TEST WR-LOCK %d unlock reserved byte r=%d\n", pFile->h, rcu );
    }
    r = !(rc == NO_ERROR);
    OSTRACE3( "TEST WR-LOCK %d %d (remote)\n", pFile->h, r );
  }
  *pOut = r;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Lower the locking level on file descriptor id to locktype.  locktype
................................................................................
  APIRET res = NO_ERROR;
  FILELOCK  LockArea,
            UnlockArea;
  memset(&LockArea, 0, sizeof(LockArea));
  memset(&UnlockArea, 0, sizeof(UnlockArea));
  assert( pFile!=0 );
  assert( locktype<=SHARED_LOCK );
  OSTRACE4( "UNLOCK %d to %d was %d\n", pFile->h, locktype, pFile->locktype );
  type = pFile->locktype;
  if( type>=EXCLUSIVE_LOCK ){
    LockArea.lOffset = 0L;
    LockArea.lRange = 0L;
    UnlockArea.lOffset = SHARED_FIRST;
    UnlockArea.lRange = SHARED_SIZE;
    res = DosSetFileLocks( pFile->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, LOCK_TIMEOUT, 0L );
    OSTRACE3( "UNLOCK %d exclusive lock res=%d\n", pFile->h, res );
    if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK && getReadLock(pFile) != NO_ERROR ){
      /* This should never happen.  We should always be able to
      ** reacquire the read lock */
      OSTRACE3( "UNLOCK %d to %d getReadLock() failed\n", pFile->h, locktype );
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK;
    }
  }
  if( type>=RESERVED_LOCK ){
    LockArea.lOffset = 0L;
    LockArea.lRange = 0L;
    UnlockArea.lOffset = RESERVED_BYTE;
    UnlockArea.lRange = 1L;
    res = DosSetFileLocks( pFile->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, LOCK_TIMEOUT, 0L );
    OSTRACE3( "UNLOCK %d reserved res=%d\n", pFile->h, res );
  }
  if( locktype==NO_LOCK && type>=SHARED_LOCK ){
    res = unlockReadLock(pFile);
    OSTRACE5( "UNLOCK %d is %d want %d res=%d\n", pFile->h, type, locktype, res );

  }
  if( type>=PENDING_LOCK ){
    LockArea.lOffset = 0L;
    LockArea.lRange = 0L;
    UnlockArea.lOffset = PENDING_BYTE;
    UnlockArea.lRange = 1L;
    res = DosSetFileLocks( pFile->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, LOCK_TIMEOUT, 0L );
    OSTRACE3( "UNLOCK %d pending res=%d\n", pFile->h, res );
  }
  pFile->locktype = locktype;
  OSTRACE3( "UNLOCK %d now %d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype );
  return rc;
}

/*
** Control and query of the open file handle.
*/
static int os2FileControl(sqlite3_file *id, int op, void *pArg){
  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE: {
      *(int*)pArg = ((os2File*)id)->locktype;

      OSTRACE3( "FCNTL_LOCKSTATE %d lock=%d\n", ((os2File*)id)->h, ((os2File*)id)->locktype );
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}

/*
................................................................................
  }
  j = sqlite3Strlen30( zBuf );
  sqlite3_randomness( 20, &zBuf[j] );
  for( i = 0; i < 20; i++, j++ ){
    zBuf[j] = (char)zChars[ ((unsigned char)zBuf[j])%(sizeof(zChars)-1) ];
  }
  zBuf[j] = 0;
  OSTRACE2( "TEMP FILENAME: %s\n", zBuf );
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Turn a relative pathname into a full pathname.  Write the full
** pathname into zFull[].  zFull[] will be at least pVfs->mxPathname
................................................................................
    }
    zName = zTmpname;
  }


  memset( pFile, 0, sizeof(*pFile) );

  OSTRACE2( "OPEN want %d\n", flags );

  if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE ){
    ulOpenMode |= OPEN_ACCESS_READWRITE;
    OSTRACE1( "OPEN read/write\n" );
  }else{
    ulOpenMode |= OPEN_ACCESS_READONLY;
    OSTRACE1( "OPEN read only\n" );
  }

  if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE ){
    ulOpenFlags |= OPEN_ACTION_OPEN_IF_EXISTS | OPEN_ACTION_CREATE_IF_NEW;
    OSTRACE1( "OPEN open new/create\n" );
  }else{
    ulOpenFlags |= OPEN_ACTION_OPEN_IF_EXISTS | OPEN_ACTION_FAIL_IF_NEW;
    OSTRACE1( "OPEN open existing\n" );
  }

  if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB ){
    ulOpenMode |= OPEN_SHARE_DENYNONE;
    OSTRACE1( "OPEN share read/write\n" );
  }else{
    ulOpenMode |= OPEN_SHARE_DENYWRITE;
    OSTRACE1( "OPEN share read only\n" );
  }

  if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE ){
    char pathUtf8[CCHMAXPATH];
#ifdef NDEBUG /* when debugging we want to make sure it is deleted */
    ulFileAttribute = FILE_HIDDEN;
#endif
    os2FullPathname( pVfs, zName, CCHMAXPATH, pathUtf8 );
    pFile->pathToDel = convertUtf8PathToCp( pathUtf8 );
    OSTRACE1( "OPEN hidden/delete on close file attributes\n" );
  }else{
    pFile->pathToDel = NULL;
    OSTRACE1( "OPEN normal file attribute\n" );
  }

  /* always open in random access mode for possibly better speed */
  ulOpenMode |= OPEN_FLAGS_RANDOM;
  ulOpenMode |= OPEN_FLAGS_FAIL_ON_ERROR;
  ulOpenMode |= OPEN_FLAGS_NOINHERIT;

................................................................................
                0L,
                ulFileAttribute,
                ulOpenFlags,
                ulOpenMode,
                (PEAOP2)NULL );
  free( zNameCp );
  if( rc != NO_ERROR ){
    OSTRACE7( "OPEN Invalid handle rc=%d: zName=%s, ulAction=%#lx, ulAttr=%#lx, ulFlags=%#lx, ulMode=%#lx\n",
              rc, zName, ulAction, ulFileAttribute, ulOpenFlags, ulOpenMode );
    if( pFile->pathToDel )
      free( pFile->pathToDel );
    pFile->pathToDel = NULL;
    if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE ){

      OSTRACE2( "OPEN %d Invalid handle\n", ((flags | SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY) & ~SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE) );
      return os2Open( pVfs, zName, id,
                      ((flags | SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY) & ~SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE),
                      pOutFlags );
    }else{
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN;
    }
  }
................................................................................
  if( pOutFlags ){
    *pOutFlags = flags & SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE ? SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE : SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY;
  }

  pFile->pMethod = &os2IoMethod;
  pFile->h = h;
  OpenCounter(+1);
  OSTRACE3( "OPEN %d pOutFlags=%d\n", pFile->h, pOutFlags );
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Delete the named file.
*/
static int os2Delete(
................................................................................
  int syncDir                            /* Not used on os2 */
){
  APIRET rc = NO_ERROR;
  char *zFilenameCp = convertUtf8PathToCp( zFilename );
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE );
  rc = DosDelete( (PSZ)zFilenameCp );
  free( zFilenameCp );
  OSTRACE2( "DELETE \"%s\"\n", zFilename );
  return rc == NO_ERROR ? SQLITE_OK : SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE;
}

/*
** Check the existance and status of a file.
*/
static int os2Access(
................................................................................
  APIRET rc = NO_ERROR;
  char *zFilenameCp = convertUtf8PathToCp( zFilename );

  memset( &fsts3ConfigInfo, 0, sizeof(fsts3ConfigInfo) );
  rc = DosQueryPathInfo( (PSZ)zFilenameCp, FIL_STANDARD,
                         &fsts3ConfigInfo, sizeof(FILESTATUS3) );
  free( zFilenameCp );
  OSTRACE4( "ACCESS fsts3ConfigInfo.attrFile=%d flags=%d rc=%d\n",
            fsts3ConfigInfo.attrFile, flags, rc );
  switch( flags ){
    case SQLITE_ACCESS_READ:
    case SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS:
      rc = (rc == NO_ERROR);
      OSTRACE3( "ACCESS %s access of read and exists  rc=%d\n", zFilename, rc );
      break;
    case SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE:
      rc = (rc == NO_ERROR) && ( (fsts3ConfigInfo.attrFile & FILE_READONLY) == 0 );
      OSTRACE3( "ACCESS %s access of read/write  rc=%d\n", zFilename, rc );
      break;
    default:
      assert( !"Invalid flags argument" );
  }
  *pOut = rc;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}







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/*
** Close a file.
*/
static int os2Close( sqlite3_file *id ){
  APIRET rc = NO_ERROR;
  os2File *pFile;
  if( id && (pFile = (os2File*)id) != 0 ){
    OSTRACE(( "CLOSE %d\n", pFile->h ));
    rc = DosClose( pFile->h );
    pFile->locktype = NO_LOCK;
    if( pFile->pathToDel != NULL ){
      rc = DosForceDelete( (PSZ)pFile->pathToDel );
      free( pFile->pathToDel );
      pFile->pathToDel = NULL;
    }
................................................................................
  sqlite3_int64 offset            /* Begin reading at this offset */
){
  ULONG fileLocation = 0L;
  ULONG got;
  os2File *pFile = (os2File*)id;
  assert( id!=0 );
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_READ );
  OSTRACE(( "READ %d lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype ));
  if( DosSetFilePtr(pFile->h, offset, FILE_BEGIN, &fileLocation) != NO_ERROR ){
    return SQLITE_IOERR;
  }
  if( DosRead( pFile->h, pBuf, amt, &got ) != NO_ERROR ){
    return SQLITE_IOERR_READ;
  }
  if( got == (ULONG)amt )
................................................................................
  ULONG fileLocation = 0L;
  APIRET rc = NO_ERROR;
  ULONG wrote;
  os2File *pFile = (os2File*)id;
  assert( id!=0 );
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE );
  SimulateDiskfullError( return SQLITE_FULL );
  OSTRACE(( "WRITE %d lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype ));
  if( DosSetFilePtr(pFile->h, offset, FILE_BEGIN, &fileLocation) != NO_ERROR ){
    return SQLITE_IOERR;
  }
  assert( amt>0 );
  while( amt > 0 &&
         ( rc = DosWrite( pFile->h, (PVOID)pBuf, amt, &wrote ) ) == NO_ERROR &&
         wrote > 0
................................................................................

/*
** Truncate an open file to a specified size
*/
static int os2Truncate( sqlite3_file *id, i64 nByte ){
  APIRET rc = NO_ERROR;
  os2File *pFile = (os2File*)id;
  OSTRACE(( "TRUNCATE %d %lld\n", pFile->h, nByte ));
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE );
  rc = DosSetFileSize( pFile->h, nByte );
  return rc == NO_ERROR ? SQLITE_OK : SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
/*
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** Make sure all writes to a particular file are committed to disk.
*/
static int os2Sync( sqlite3_file *id, int flags ){
  os2File *pFile = (os2File*)id;
  OSTRACE(( "SYNC %d lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype ));
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  if( flags & SQLITE_SYNC_FULL){
    sqlite3_fullsync_count++;
  }
  sqlite3_sync_count++;
#endif
  /* If we compiled with the SQLITE_NO_SYNC flag, then syncing is a
................................................................................
  memset(&LockArea, 0, sizeof(LockArea));
  memset(&UnlockArea, 0, sizeof(UnlockArea));
  LockArea.lOffset = SHARED_FIRST;
  LockArea.lRange = SHARED_SIZE;
  UnlockArea.lOffset = 0L;
  UnlockArea.lRange = 0L;
  res = DosSetFileLocks( pFile->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, LOCK_TIMEOUT, 1L );
  OSTRACE(( "GETREADLOCK %d res=%d\n", pFile->h, res ));
  return res;
}

/*
** Undo a readlock
*/
static int unlockReadLock( os2File *id ){
................................................................................
  memset(&LockArea, 0, sizeof(LockArea));
  memset(&UnlockArea, 0, sizeof(UnlockArea));
  LockArea.lOffset = 0L;
  LockArea.lRange = 0L;
  UnlockArea.lOffset = SHARED_FIRST;
  UnlockArea.lRange = SHARED_SIZE;
  res = DosSetFileLocks( id->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, LOCK_TIMEOUT, 1L );
  OSTRACE(( "UNLOCK-READLOCK file handle=%d res=%d?\n", id->h, res ));
  return res;
}

/*
** Lock the file with the lock specified by parameter locktype - one
** of the following:
**
................................................................................
  int gotPendingLock = 0;/* True if we acquired a PENDING lock this time */
  FILELOCK  LockArea,
            UnlockArea;
  os2File *pFile = (os2File*)id;
  memset(&LockArea, 0, sizeof(LockArea));
  memset(&UnlockArea, 0, sizeof(UnlockArea));
  assert( pFile!=0 );
  OSTRACE(( "LOCK %d %d was %d\n", pFile->h, locktype, pFile->locktype ));

  /* If there is already a lock of this type or more restrictive on the
  ** os2File, do nothing. Don't use the end_lock: exit path, as
  ** sqlite3_mutex_enter() hasn't been called yet.
  */
  if( pFile->locktype>=locktype ){
    OSTRACE(( "LOCK %d %d ok (already held)\n", pFile->h, locktype ));
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Make sure the locking sequence is correct
  */
  assert( pFile->locktype!=NO_LOCK || locktype==SHARED_LOCK );
  assert( locktype!=PENDING_LOCK );
................................................................................
    UnlockArea.lOffset = 0L;
    UnlockArea.lRange = 0L;

    /* wait longer than LOCK_TIMEOUT here not to have to try multiple times */
    res = DosSetFileLocks( pFile->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, 100L, 0L );
    if( res == NO_ERROR ){
      gotPendingLock = 1;
      OSTRACE(( "LOCK %d pending lock boolean set.  res=%d\n", pFile->h, res ));
    }
  }

  /* Acquire a shared lock
  */
  if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK && res == NO_ERROR ){
    assert( pFile->locktype==NO_LOCK );
    res = getReadLock(pFile);
    if( res == NO_ERROR ){
      newLocktype = SHARED_LOCK;
    }
    OSTRACE(( "LOCK %d acquire shared lock. res=%d\n", pFile->h, res ));
  }

  /* Acquire a RESERVED lock
  */
  if( locktype==RESERVED_LOCK && res == NO_ERROR ){
    assert( pFile->locktype==SHARED_LOCK );
    LockArea.lOffset = RESERVED_BYTE;
................................................................................
    LockArea.lRange = 1L;
    UnlockArea.lOffset = 0L;
    UnlockArea.lRange = 0L;
    res = DosSetFileLocks( pFile->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, LOCK_TIMEOUT, 0L );
    if( res == NO_ERROR ){
      newLocktype = RESERVED_LOCK;
    }
    OSTRACE(( "LOCK %d acquire reserved lock. res=%d\n", pFile->h, res ));
  }

  /* Acquire a PENDING lock
  */
  if( locktype==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK && res == NO_ERROR ){
    newLocktype = PENDING_LOCK;
    gotPendingLock = 0;
    OSTRACE(( "LOCK %d acquire pending lock. pending lock boolean unset.\n",
               pFile->h ));
  }

  /* Acquire an EXCLUSIVE lock
  */
  if( locktype==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK && res == NO_ERROR ){
    assert( pFile->locktype>=SHARED_LOCK );
    res = unlockReadLock(pFile);
    OSTRACE(( "unreadlock = %d\n", res ));
    LockArea.lOffset = SHARED_FIRST;
    LockArea.lRange = SHARED_SIZE;
    UnlockArea.lOffset = 0L;
    UnlockArea.lRange = 0L;
    res = DosSetFileLocks( pFile->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, LOCK_TIMEOUT, 0L );
    if( res == NO_ERROR ){
      newLocktype = EXCLUSIVE_LOCK;
    }else{
      OSTRACE(( "OS/2 error-code = %d\n", res ));
      getReadLock(pFile);
    }
    OSTRACE(( "LOCK %d acquire exclusive lock.  res=%d\n", pFile->h, res ));
  }

  /* If we are holding a PENDING lock that ought to be released, then
  ** release it now.
  */
  if( gotPendingLock && locktype==SHARED_LOCK ){
    int r;
    LockArea.lOffset = 0L;
    LockArea.lRange = 0L;
    UnlockArea.lOffset = PENDING_BYTE;
    UnlockArea.lRange = 1L;
    r = DosSetFileLocks( pFile->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, LOCK_TIMEOUT, 0L );
    OSTRACE(( "LOCK %d unlocking pending/is shared. r=%d\n", pFile->h, r ));
  }

  /* Update the state of the lock has held in the file descriptor then
  ** return the appropriate result code.
  */
  if( res == NO_ERROR ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    OSTRACE(( "LOCK FAILED %d trying for %d but got %d\n", pFile->h,
              locktype, newLocktype ));
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }
  pFile->locktype = newLocktype;
  OSTRACE(( "LOCK %d now %d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype ));
  return rc;
}

/*
** This routine checks if there is a RESERVED lock held on the specified
** file by this or any other process. If such a lock is held, return
** non-zero, otherwise zero.
................................................................................
*/
static int os2CheckReservedLock( sqlite3_file *id, int *pOut ){
  int r = 0;
  os2File *pFile = (os2File*)id;
  assert( pFile!=0 );
  if( pFile->locktype>=RESERVED_LOCK ){
    r = 1;
    OSTRACE(( "TEST WR-LOCK %d %d (local)\n", pFile->h, r ));
  }else{
    FILELOCK  LockArea,
              UnlockArea;
    APIRET rc = NO_ERROR;
    memset(&LockArea, 0, sizeof(LockArea));
    memset(&UnlockArea, 0, sizeof(UnlockArea));
    LockArea.lOffset = RESERVED_BYTE;
    LockArea.lRange = 1L;
    UnlockArea.lOffset = 0L;
    UnlockArea.lRange = 0L;
    rc = DosSetFileLocks( pFile->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, LOCK_TIMEOUT, 0L );
    OSTRACE(( "TEST WR-LOCK %d lock reserved byte rc=%d\n", pFile->h, rc ));
    if( rc == NO_ERROR ){
      APIRET rcu = NO_ERROR; /* return code for unlocking */
      LockArea.lOffset = 0L;
      LockArea.lRange = 0L;
      UnlockArea.lOffset = RESERVED_BYTE;
      UnlockArea.lRange = 1L;
      rcu = DosSetFileLocks( pFile->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, LOCK_TIMEOUT, 0L );
      OSTRACE(( "TEST WR-LOCK %d unlock reserved byte r=%d\n", pFile->h, rcu ));
    }
    r = !(rc == NO_ERROR);
    OSTRACE(( "TEST WR-LOCK %d %d (remote)\n", pFile->h, r ));
  }
  *pOut = r;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Lower the locking level on file descriptor id to locktype.  locktype
................................................................................
  APIRET res = NO_ERROR;
  FILELOCK  LockArea,
            UnlockArea;
  memset(&LockArea, 0, sizeof(LockArea));
  memset(&UnlockArea, 0, sizeof(UnlockArea));
  assert( pFile!=0 );
  assert( locktype<=SHARED_LOCK );
  OSTRACE(( "UNLOCK %d to %d was %d\n", pFile->h, locktype, pFile->locktype ));
  type = pFile->locktype;
  if( type>=EXCLUSIVE_LOCK ){
    LockArea.lOffset = 0L;
    LockArea.lRange = 0L;
    UnlockArea.lOffset = SHARED_FIRST;
    UnlockArea.lRange = SHARED_SIZE;
    res = DosSetFileLocks( pFile->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, LOCK_TIMEOUT, 0L );
    OSTRACE(( "UNLOCK %d exclusive lock res=%d\n", pFile->h, res ));
    if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK && getReadLock(pFile) != NO_ERROR ){
      /* This should never happen.  We should always be able to
      ** reacquire the read lock */
      OSTRACE(( "UNLOCK %d to %d getReadLock() failed\n", pFile->h, locktype ));
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK;
    }
  }
  if( type>=RESERVED_LOCK ){
    LockArea.lOffset = 0L;
    LockArea.lRange = 0L;
    UnlockArea.lOffset = RESERVED_BYTE;
    UnlockArea.lRange = 1L;
    res = DosSetFileLocks( pFile->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, LOCK_TIMEOUT, 0L );
    OSTRACE(( "UNLOCK %d reserved res=%d\n", pFile->h, res ));
  }
  if( locktype==NO_LOCK && type>=SHARED_LOCK ){
    res = unlockReadLock(pFile);
    OSTRACE(( "UNLOCK %d is %d want %d res=%d\n",
              pFile->h, type, locktype, res ));
  }
  if( type>=PENDING_LOCK ){
    LockArea.lOffset = 0L;
    LockArea.lRange = 0L;
    UnlockArea.lOffset = PENDING_BYTE;
    UnlockArea.lRange = 1L;
    res = DosSetFileLocks( pFile->h, &UnlockArea, &LockArea, LOCK_TIMEOUT, 0L );
    OSTRACE(( "UNLOCK %d pending res=%d\n", pFile->h, res ));
  }
  pFile->locktype = locktype;
  OSTRACE(( "UNLOCK %d now %d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype ));
  return rc;
}

/*
** Control and query of the open file handle.
*/
static int os2FileControl(sqlite3_file *id, int op, void *pArg){
  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE: {
      *(int*)pArg = ((os2File*)id)->locktype;
      OSTRACE(( "FCNTL_LOCKSTATE %d lock=%d\n",
                ((os2File*)id)->h, ((os2File*)id)->locktype ));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}

/*
................................................................................
  }
  j = sqlite3Strlen30( zBuf );
  sqlite3_randomness( 20, &zBuf[j] );
  for( i = 0; i < 20; i++, j++ ){
    zBuf[j] = (char)zChars[ ((unsigned char)zBuf[j])%(sizeof(zChars)-1) ];
  }
  zBuf[j] = 0;
  OSTRACE(( "TEMP FILENAME: %s\n", zBuf ));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Turn a relative pathname into a full pathname.  Write the full
** pathname into zFull[].  zFull[] will be at least pVfs->mxPathname
................................................................................
    }
    zName = zTmpname;
  }


  memset( pFile, 0, sizeof(*pFile) );

  OSTRACE( "OPEN want %d\n", flags ));

  if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE ){
    ulOpenMode |= OPEN_ACCESS_READWRITE;
    OSTRACE(( "OPEN read/write\n" ));
  }else{
    ulOpenMode |= OPEN_ACCESS_READONLY;
    OSTRACE(( "OPEN read only\n" ));
  }

  if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE ){
    ulOpenFlags |= OPEN_ACTION_OPEN_IF_EXISTS | OPEN_ACTION_CREATE_IF_NEW;
    OSTRACE(( "OPEN open new/create\n" ));
  }else{
    ulOpenFlags |= OPEN_ACTION_OPEN_IF_EXISTS | OPEN_ACTION_FAIL_IF_NEW;
    OSTRACE(( "OPEN open existing\n" ));
  }

  if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB ){
    ulOpenMode |= OPEN_SHARE_DENYNONE;
    OSTRACE(( "OPEN share read/write\n" ));
  }else{
    ulOpenMode |= OPEN_SHARE_DENYWRITE;
    OSTRACE(( "OPEN share read only\n" ));
  }

  if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE ){
    char pathUtf8[CCHMAXPATH];
#ifdef NDEBUG /* when debugging we want to make sure it is deleted */
    ulFileAttribute = FILE_HIDDEN;
#endif
    os2FullPathname( pVfs, zName, CCHMAXPATH, pathUtf8 );
    pFile->pathToDel = convertUtf8PathToCp( pathUtf8 );
    OSTRACE(( "OPEN hidden/delete on close file attributes\n" ));
  }else{
    pFile->pathToDel = NULL;
    OSTRACE(( "OPEN normal file attribute\n" ));
  }

  /* always open in random access mode for possibly better speed */
  ulOpenMode |= OPEN_FLAGS_RANDOM;
  ulOpenMode |= OPEN_FLAGS_FAIL_ON_ERROR;
  ulOpenMode |= OPEN_FLAGS_NOINHERIT;

................................................................................
                0L,
                ulFileAttribute,
                ulOpenFlags,
                ulOpenMode,
                (PEAOP2)NULL );
  free( zNameCp );
  if( rc != NO_ERROR ){
    OSTRACE(( "OPEN Invalid handle rc=%d: zName=%s, ulAction=%#lx, ulAttr=%#lx, ulFlags=%#lx, ulMode=%#lx\n",
              rc, zName, ulAction, ulFileAttribute, ulOpenFlags, ulOpenMode ));
    if( pFile->pathToDel )
      free( pFile->pathToDel );
    pFile->pathToDel = NULL;
    if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE ){
      OSTRACE(( "OPEN %d Invalid handle\n",
                ((flags | SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY) & ~SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE) ));
      return os2Open( pVfs, zName, id,
                      ((flags | SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY) & ~SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE),
                      pOutFlags );
    }else{
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN;
    }
  }
................................................................................
  if( pOutFlags ){
    *pOutFlags = flags & SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE ? SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE : SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY;
  }

  pFile->pMethod = &os2IoMethod;
  pFile->h = h;
  OpenCounter(+1);
  OSTRACE(( "OPEN %d pOutFlags=%d\n", pFile->h, pOutFlags ));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Delete the named file.
*/
static int os2Delete(
................................................................................
  int syncDir                            /* Not used on os2 */
){
  APIRET rc = NO_ERROR;
  char *zFilenameCp = convertUtf8PathToCp( zFilename );
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE );
  rc = DosDelete( (PSZ)zFilenameCp );
  free( zFilenameCp );
  OSTRACE(( "DELETE \"%s\"\n", zFilename ));
  return rc == NO_ERROR ? SQLITE_OK : SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE;
}

/*
** Check the existance and status of a file.
*/
static int os2Access(
................................................................................
  APIRET rc = NO_ERROR;
  char *zFilenameCp = convertUtf8PathToCp( zFilename );

  memset( &fsts3ConfigInfo, 0, sizeof(fsts3ConfigInfo) );
  rc = DosQueryPathInfo( (PSZ)zFilenameCp, FIL_STANDARD,
                         &fsts3ConfigInfo, sizeof(FILESTATUS3) );
  free( zFilenameCp );
  OSTRACE(( "ACCESS fsts3ConfigInfo.attrFile=%d flags=%d rc=%d\n",
            fsts3ConfigInfo.attrFile, flags, rc ));
  switch( flags ){
    case SQLITE_ACCESS_READ:
    case SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS:
      rc = (rc == NO_ERROR);
      OSTRACE(( "ACCESS %s access of read and exists  rc=%d\n", zFilename, rc));
      break;
    case SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE:
      rc = (rc == NO_ERROR) && ( (fsts3ConfigInfo.attrFile & FILE_READONLY) == 0 );
      OSTRACE(( "ACCESS %s access of read/write  rc=%d\n", zFilename, rc ));
      break;
    default:
      assert( !"Invalid flags argument" );
  }
  *pOut = rc;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

Changes to src/os_unix.c.

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typedef struct unixFile unixFile;
struct unixFile {
  sqlite3_io_methods const *pMethod;  /* Always the first entry */
  struct unixOpenCnt *pOpen;       /* Info about all open fd's on this inode */
  struct unixLockInfo *pLock;      /* Info about locks on this inode */
  int h;                           /* The file descriptor */
  int dirfd;                       /* File descriptor for the directory */
  unsigned char locktype;          /* The type of lock held on this fd */
  int lastErrno;                   /* The unix errno from the last I/O error */
  void *lockingContext;            /* Locking style specific state */
  UnixUnusedFd *pUnused;           /* Pre-allocated UnixUnusedFd */
  int fileFlags;                   /* Miscellanous flags */
  const char *zPath;               /* Name of the file */
  unixShm *pShm;                   /* Shared memory segment information */
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
................................................................................

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Helper function for printing out trace information from debugging
** binaries. This returns the string represetation of the supplied
** integer lock-type.
*/
static const char *locktypeName(int locktype){
  switch( locktype ){
    case NO_LOCK: return "NONE";
    case SHARED_LOCK: return "SHARED";
    case RESERVED_LOCK: return "RESERVED";
    case PENDING_LOCK: return "PENDING";
    case EXCLUSIVE_LOCK: return "EXCLUSIVE";
  }
  return "ERROR";
................................................................................
**
** A single inode can have multiple file descriptors, so each unixFile
** structure contains a pointer to an instance of this object and this
** object keeps a count of the number of unixFile pointing to it.
*/
struct unixLockInfo {
  struct unixLockKey lockKey;     /* The lookup key */
  int cnt;                        /* Number of SHARED locks held */
  int locktype;                   /* One of SHARED_LOCK, RESERVED_LOCK etc. */
  int nRef;                       /* Number of pointers to this structure */
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE)
  unsigned long long sharedByte;  /* for AFP simulated shared lock */
#endif
  struct unixLockInfo *pNext;     /* List of all unixLockInfo objects */
  struct unixLockInfo *pPrev;     /*    .... doubly linked */
};
................................................................................
      pLock = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pLock) );
      if( pLock==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
        goto exit_findlockinfo;
      }
      memcpy(&pLock->lockKey,&lockKey,sizeof(lockKey));
      pLock->nRef = 1;
      pLock->cnt = 0;
      pLock->locktype = 0;
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE)
      pLock->sharedByte = 0;
#endif
      pLock->pNext = lockList;
      pLock->pPrev = 0;
      if( lockList ) lockList->pPrev = pLock;
      lockList = pLock;
................................................................................
  if( threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks ){
    /* Ownership transfers not needed on this system */
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  hSelf = pthread_self();
  if( pthread_equal(pFile->tid, hSelf) ){
    /* We are still in the same thread */
    OSTRACE1("No-transfer, same thread\n");
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  if( pFile->locktype!=NO_LOCK ){
    /* We cannot change ownership while we are holding a lock! */
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  OSTRACE4("Transfer ownership of %d from %d to %d\n",
            pFile->h, pFile->tid, hSelf);
  pFile->tid = hSelf;
  if (pFile->pLock != NULL) {
    releaseLockInfo(pFile->pLock);
    rc = findLockInfo(pFile, &pFile->pLock, 0);
    OSTRACE5("LOCK    %d is now %s(%s,%d)\n", pFile->h,
           locktypeName(pFile->locktype),
           locktypeName(pFile->pLock->locktype), pFile->pLock->cnt);
    return rc;
  } else {
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
}
#else  /* if not SQLITE_THREADSAFE */
  /* On single-threaded builds, ownership transfer is a no-op */
................................................................................

  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK; );

  assert( pFile );
  unixEnterMutex(); /* Because pFile->pLock is shared across threads */

  /* Check if a thread in this process holds such a lock */
  if( pFile->pLock->locktype>SHARED_LOCK ){
    reserved = 1;
  }

  /* Otherwise see if some other process holds it.
  */
#ifndef __DJGPP__
  if( !reserved ){
................................................................................
    } else if( lock.l_type!=F_UNLCK ){
      reserved = 1;
    }
  }
#endif
  
  unixLeaveMutex();
  OSTRACE4("TEST WR-LOCK %d %d %d (unix)\n", pFile->h, rc, reserved);

  *pResOut = reserved;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lock the file with the lock specified by parameter locktype - one
** of the following:
**
**     (1) SHARED_LOCK
**     (2) RESERVED_LOCK
**     (3) PENDING_LOCK
**     (4) EXCLUSIVE_LOCK
**
................................................................................
**    SHARED -> (PENDING) -> EXCLUSIVE
**    RESERVED -> (PENDING) -> EXCLUSIVE
**    PENDING -> EXCLUSIVE
**
** This routine will only increase a lock.  Use the sqlite3OsUnlock()
** routine to lower a locking level.
*/
static int unixLock(sqlite3_file *id, int locktype){
  /* The following describes the implementation of the various locks and
  ** lock transitions in terms of the POSIX advisory shared and exclusive
  ** lock primitives (called read-locks and write-locks below, to avoid
  ** confusion with SQLite lock names). The algorithms are complicated
  ** slightly in order to be compatible with windows systems simultaneously
  ** accessing the same database file, in case that is ever required.
  **
................................................................................
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  struct unixLockInfo *pLock = pFile->pLock;
  struct flock lock;
  int s = 0;
  int tErrno = 0;

  assert( pFile );
  OSTRACE7("LOCK    %d %s was %s(%s,%d) pid=%d (unix)\n", pFile->h,
      locktypeName(locktype), locktypeName(pFile->locktype),
      locktypeName(pLock->locktype), pLock->cnt , getpid());

  /* If there is already a lock of this type or more restrictive on the
  ** unixFile, do nothing. Don't use the end_lock: exit path, as
  ** unixEnterMutex() hasn't been called yet.
  */
  if( pFile->locktype>=locktype ){
    OSTRACE3("LOCK    %d %s ok (already held) (unix)\n", pFile->h,
            locktypeName(locktype));
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Make sure the locking sequence is correct.
  **  (1) We never move from unlocked to anything higher than shared lock.
  **  (2) SQLite never explicitly requests a pendig lock.
  **  (3) A shared lock is always held when a reserve lock is requested.
  */
  assert( pFile->locktype!=NO_LOCK || locktype==SHARED_LOCK );
  assert( locktype!=PENDING_LOCK );
  assert( locktype!=RESERVED_LOCK || pFile->locktype==SHARED_LOCK );

  /* This mutex is needed because pFile->pLock is shared across threads
  */
  unixEnterMutex();

  /* Make sure the current thread owns the pFile.
  */
................................................................................
    return rc;
  }
  pLock = pFile->pLock;

  /* If some thread using this PID has a lock via a different unixFile*
  ** handle that precludes the requested lock, return BUSY.
  */
  if( (pFile->locktype!=pLock->locktype && 
          (pLock->locktype>=PENDING_LOCK || locktype>SHARED_LOCK))
  ){
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    goto end_lock;
  }

  /* If a SHARED lock is requested, and some thread using this PID already
  ** has a SHARED or RESERVED lock, then increment reference counts and
  ** return SQLITE_OK.
  */
  if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK && 
      (pLock->locktype==SHARED_LOCK || pLock->locktype==RESERVED_LOCK) ){
    assert( locktype==SHARED_LOCK );
    assert( pFile->locktype==0 );
    assert( pLock->cnt>0 );
    pFile->locktype = SHARED_LOCK;
    pLock->cnt++;
    pFile->pOpen->nLock++;
    goto end_lock;
  }


  /* A PENDING lock is needed before acquiring a SHARED lock and before
  ** acquiring an EXCLUSIVE lock.  For the SHARED lock, the PENDING will
  ** be released.
  */
  lock.l_len = 1L;
  lock.l_whence = SEEK_SET;
  if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK 
      || (locktype==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK && pFile->locktype<PENDING_LOCK)
  ){
    lock.l_type = (locktype==SHARED_LOCK?F_RDLCK:F_WRLCK);
    lock.l_start = PENDING_BYTE;
    s = fcntl(pFile->h, F_SETLK, &lock);
    if( s==(-1) ){
      tErrno = errno;
      rc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno, SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK);
      if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(rc) ){
        pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
................................................................................
    }
  }


  /* If control gets to this point, then actually go ahead and make
  ** operating system calls for the specified lock.
  */
  if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK ){
    assert( pLock->cnt==0 );
    assert( pLock->locktype==0 );

    /* Now get the read-lock */
    lock.l_start = SHARED_FIRST;
    lock.l_len = SHARED_SIZE;
    if( (s = fcntl(pFile->h, F_SETLK, &lock))==(-1) ){
      tErrno = errno;
    }
................................................................................
    }
    if( s==(-1) ){
      rc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno, SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK);
      if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(rc) ){
        pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
      }
    }else{
      pFile->locktype = SHARED_LOCK;
      pFile->pOpen->nLock++;
      pLock->cnt = 1;
    }
  }else if( locktype==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK && pLock->cnt>1 ){
    /* We are trying for an exclusive lock but another thread in this
    ** same process is still holding a shared lock. */
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else{
    /* The request was for a RESERVED or EXCLUSIVE lock.  It is
    ** assumed that there is a SHARED or greater lock on the file
    ** already.
    */
    assert( 0!=pFile->locktype );
    lock.l_type = F_WRLCK;
    switch( locktype ){
      case RESERVED_LOCK:
        lock.l_start = RESERVED_BYTE;
        break;
      case EXCLUSIVE_LOCK:
        lock.l_start = SHARED_FIRST;
        lock.l_len = SHARED_SIZE;
        break;
................................................................................
#ifndef NDEBUG
  /* Set up the transaction-counter change checking flags when
  ** transitioning from a SHARED to a RESERVED lock.  The change
  ** from SHARED to RESERVED marks the beginning of a normal
  ** write operation (not a hot journal rollback).
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK
   && pFile->locktype<=SHARED_LOCK
   && locktype==RESERVED_LOCK
  ){
    pFile->transCntrChng = 0;
    pFile->dbUpdate = 0;
    pFile->inNormalWrite = 1;
  }
#endif


  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pFile->locktype = locktype;
    pLock->locktype = locktype;
  }else if( locktype==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK ){
    pFile->locktype = PENDING_LOCK;
    pLock->locktype = PENDING_LOCK;
  }

end_lock:
  unixLeaveMutex();
  OSTRACE4("LOCK    %d %s %s (unix)\n", pFile->h, locktypeName(locktype), 
      rc==SQLITE_OK ? "ok" : "failed");
  return rc;
}

/*
** Close all file descriptors accumuated in the unixOpenCnt->pUnused list.
** If all such file descriptors are closed without error, the list is
** cleared and SQLITE_OK returned.
................................................................................
  p->pNext = pOpen->pUnused;
  pOpen->pUnused = p;
  pFile->h = -1;
  pFile->pUnused = 0;
}

/*
** Lower the locking level on file descriptor pFile to locktype.  locktype
** must be either NO_LOCK or SHARED_LOCK.
**
** If the locking level of the file descriptor is already at or below
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
** 
** If handleNFSUnlock is true, then on downgrading an EXCLUSIVE_LOCK to SHARED
** the byte range is divided into 2 parts and the first part is unlocked then
** set to a read lock, then the other part is simply unlocked.  This works 
** around a bug in BSD NFS lockd (also seen on MacOSX 10.3+) that fails to 
** remove the write lock on a region when a read lock is set.
*/
static int _posixUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int locktype, int handleNFSUnlock){
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  struct unixLockInfo *pLock;
  struct flock lock;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int h;
  int tErrno;                      /* Error code from system call errors */

  assert( pFile );
  OSTRACE7("UNLOCK  %d %d was %d(%d,%d) pid=%d (unix)\n", pFile->h, locktype,
      pFile->locktype, pFile->pLock->locktype, pFile->pLock->cnt, getpid());


  assert( locktype<=SHARED_LOCK );
  if( pFile->locktype<=locktype ){

    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  if( CHECK_THREADID(pFile) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  unixEnterMutex();
  h = pFile->h;
  pLock = pFile->pLock;
  assert( pLock->cnt!=0 );
  if( pFile->locktype>SHARED_LOCK ){
    assert( pLock->locktype==pFile->locktype );
    SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
    SimulateIOError( h=(-1) )
    SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);

#ifndef NDEBUG
    /* When reducing a lock such that other processes can start
    ** reading the database file again, make sure that the
................................................................................
    ** the lock in 2 blocks, so that part of the range will be covered by a 
    ** write lock until the rest is covered by a read lock:
    **  1:   [WWWWW]
    **  2:   [....W]
    **  3:   [RRRRW]
    **  4:   [RRRR.]
    */
    if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK ){
      if( handleNFSUnlock ){
        off_t divSize = SHARED_SIZE - 1;
        
        lock.l_type = F_UNLCK;
        lock.l_whence = SEEK_SET;
        lock.l_start = SHARED_FIRST;
        lock.l_len = divSize;
................................................................................
      }
    }
    lock.l_type = F_UNLCK;
    lock.l_whence = SEEK_SET;
    lock.l_start = PENDING_BYTE;
    lock.l_len = 2L;  assert( PENDING_BYTE+1==RESERVED_BYTE );
    if( fcntl(h, F_SETLK, &lock)!=(-1) ){
      pLock->locktype = SHARED_LOCK;
    }else{
      tErrno = errno;
      rc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno, SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK);
      if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(rc) ){
        pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
      }
      goto end_unlock;
    }
  }
  if( locktype==NO_LOCK ){
    struct unixOpenCnt *pOpen;

    /* Decrement the shared lock counter.  Release the lock using an
    ** OS call only when all threads in this same process have released
    ** the lock.
    */
    pLock->cnt--;
    if( pLock->cnt==0 ){
      lock.l_type = F_UNLCK;
      lock.l_whence = SEEK_SET;
      lock.l_start = lock.l_len = 0L;
      SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
      SimulateIOError( h=(-1) )
      SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);
      if( fcntl(h, F_SETLK, &lock)!=(-1) ){
        pLock->locktype = NO_LOCK;
      }else{
        tErrno = errno;
        rc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno, SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK);
        if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(rc) ){
          pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
        }
        pLock->locktype = NO_LOCK;
        pFile->locktype = NO_LOCK;
      }
    }

    /* Decrement the count of locks against this same file.  When the
    ** count reaches zero, close any other file descriptors whose close
    ** was deferred because of outstanding locks.
    */
................................................................................
        rc = rc2;
      }
    }
  }
	
end_unlock:
  unixLeaveMutex();
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) pFile->locktype = locktype;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lower the locking level on file descriptor pFile to locktype.  locktype
** must be either NO_LOCK or SHARED_LOCK.
**
** If the locking level of the file descriptor is already at or below
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static int unixUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int locktype){
  return _posixUnlock(id, locktype, 0);
}

/*
** This function performs the parts of the "close file" operation 
** common to all locking schemes. It closes the directory and file
** handles, if they are valid, and sets all fields of the unixFile
** structure to 0.
................................................................................
      if( pFile->isDelete ){
        unlink(pFile->pId->zCanonicalName);
      }
      vxworksReleaseFileId(pFile->pId);
      pFile->pId = 0;
    }
#endif
    OSTRACE2("CLOSE   %-3d\n", pFile->h);
    OpenCounter(-1);
    sqlite3_free(pFile->pUnused);
    memset(pFile, 0, sizeof(unixFile));
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Close a file.
*/
................................................................................
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;

  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK; );
  
  assert( pFile );

  /* Check if a thread in this process holds such a lock */
  if( pFile->locktype>SHARED_LOCK ){
    /* Either this connection or some other connection in the same process
    ** holds a lock on the file.  No need to check further. */
    reserved = 1;
  }else{
    /* The lock is held if and only if the lockfile exists */
    const char *zLockFile = (const char*)pFile->lockingContext;
    reserved = access(zLockFile, 0)==0;
  }
  OSTRACE4("TEST WR-LOCK %d %d %d (dotlock)\n", pFile->h, rc, reserved);
  *pResOut = reserved;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lock the file with the lock specified by parameter locktype - one
** of the following:
**
**     (1) SHARED_LOCK
**     (2) RESERVED_LOCK
**     (3) PENDING_LOCK
**     (4) EXCLUSIVE_LOCK
**
................................................................................
**
** This routine will only increase a lock.  Use the sqlite3OsUnlock()
** routine to lower a locking level.
**
** With dotfile locking, we really only support state (4): EXCLUSIVE.
** But we track the other locking levels internally.
*/
static int dotlockLock(sqlite3_file *id, int locktype) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  int fd;
  char *zLockFile = (char *)pFile->lockingContext;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;


  /* If we have any lock, then the lock file already exists.  All we have
  ** to do is adjust our internal record of the lock level.
  */
  if( pFile->locktype > NO_LOCK ){
    pFile->locktype = locktype;
#if !OS_VXWORKS
    /* Always update the timestamp on the old file */
    utimes(zLockFile, NULL);
#endif
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
................................................................................
  } 
  if( close(fd) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = errno;
    rc = SQLITE_IOERR_CLOSE;
  }
  
  /* got it, set the type and return ok */
  pFile->locktype = locktype;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lower the locking level on file descriptor pFile to locktype.  locktype
** must be either NO_LOCK or SHARED_LOCK.
**
** If the locking level of the file descriptor is already at or below
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
**
** When the locking level reaches NO_LOCK, delete the lock file.
*/
static int dotlockUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int locktype) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  char *zLockFile = (char *)pFile->lockingContext;

  assert( pFile );
  OSTRACE5("UNLOCK  %d %d was %d pid=%d (dotlock)\n", pFile->h, locktype,
	   pFile->locktype, getpid());
  assert( locktype<=SHARED_LOCK );
  
  /* no-op if possible */
  if( pFile->locktype==locktype ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* To downgrade to shared, simply update our internal notion of the
  ** lock state.  No need to mess with the file on disk.
  */
  if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK ){
    pFile->locktype = SHARED_LOCK;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
  /* To fully unlock the database, delete the lock file */
  assert( locktype==NO_LOCK );
  if( unlink(zLockFile) ){
    int rc = 0;
    int tErrno = errno;
    if( ENOENT != tErrno ){
      rc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno, SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK);
    }
    if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(rc) ){
      pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
    }
    return rc; 
  }
  pFile->locktype = NO_LOCK;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Close a file.  Make sure the lock has been released before closing.
*/
static int dotlockClose(sqlite3_file *id) {
................................................................................
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK; );
  
  assert( pFile );
  
  /* Check if a thread in this process holds such a lock */
  if( pFile->locktype>SHARED_LOCK ){
    reserved = 1;
  }
  
  /* Otherwise see if some other process holds it. */
  if( !reserved ){
    /* attempt to get the lock */
    int lrc = flock(pFile->h, LOCK_EX | LOCK_NB);
................................................................................
      lrc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno, SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK); 
      if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(lrc) ){
        pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
        rc = lrc;
      }
    }
  }
  OSTRACE4("TEST WR-LOCK %d %d %d (flock)\n", pFile->h, rc, reserved);

#ifdef SQLITE_IGNORE_FLOCK_LOCK_ERRORS
  if( (rc & SQLITE_IOERR) == SQLITE_IOERR ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
    reserved=1;
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_IGNORE_FLOCK_LOCK_ERRORS */
  *pResOut = reserved;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lock the file with the lock specified by parameter locktype - one
** of the following:
**
**     (1) SHARED_LOCK
**     (2) RESERVED_LOCK
**     (3) PENDING_LOCK
**     (4) EXCLUSIVE_LOCK
**
................................................................................
** lock states in the sqlite3_file structure, but all locks SHARED or
** above are really EXCLUSIVE locks and exclude all other processes from
** access the file.
**
** This routine will only increase a lock.  Use the sqlite3OsUnlock()
** routine to lower a locking level.
*/
static int flockLock(sqlite3_file *id, int locktype) {
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;

  assert( pFile );

  /* if we already have a lock, it is exclusive.  
  ** Just adjust level and punt on outta here. */
  if (pFile->locktype > NO_LOCK) {
    pFile->locktype = locktype;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
  /* grab an exclusive lock */
  
  if (flock(pFile->h, LOCK_EX | LOCK_NB)) {
    int tErrno = errno;
................................................................................
    /* didn't get, must be busy */
    rc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno, SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK);
    if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(rc) ){
      pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
    }
  } else {
    /* got it, set the type and return ok */
    pFile->locktype = locktype;
  }
  OSTRACE4("LOCK    %d %s %s (flock)\n", pFile->h, locktypeName(locktype), 
           rc==SQLITE_OK ? "ok" : "failed");
#ifdef SQLITE_IGNORE_FLOCK_LOCK_ERRORS
  if( (rc & SQLITE_IOERR) == SQLITE_IOERR ){
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_IGNORE_FLOCK_LOCK_ERRORS */
  return rc;
}


/*
** Lower the locking level on file descriptor pFile to locktype.  locktype
** must be either NO_LOCK or SHARED_LOCK.
**
** If the locking level of the file descriptor is already at or below
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static int flockUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int locktype) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  
  assert( pFile );
  OSTRACE5("UNLOCK  %d %d was %d pid=%d (flock)\n", pFile->h, locktype,
           pFile->locktype, getpid());
  assert( locktype<=SHARED_LOCK );
  
  /* no-op if possible */
  if( pFile->locktype==locktype ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
  /* shared can just be set because we always have an exclusive */
  if (locktype==SHARED_LOCK) {
    pFile->locktype = locktype;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
  /* no, really, unlock. */
  int rc = flock(pFile->h, LOCK_UN);
  if (rc) {
    int r, tErrno = errno;
................................................................................
    if( (r & SQLITE_IOERR) == SQLITE_IOERR ){
      r = SQLITE_BUSY;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_IGNORE_FLOCK_LOCK_ERRORS */
    
    return r;
  } else {
    pFile->locktype = NO_LOCK;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
}

/*
** Close a file.
*/
................................................................................
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;

  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK; );
  
  assert( pFile );

  /* Check if a thread in this process holds such a lock */
  if( pFile->locktype>SHARED_LOCK ){
    reserved = 1;
  }
  
  /* Otherwise see if some other process holds it. */
  if( !reserved ){
    sem_t *pSem = pFile->pOpen->pSem;
    struct stat statBuf;
................................................................................
    if( sem_trywait(pSem)==-1 ){
      int tErrno = errno;
      if( EAGAIN != tErrno ){
        rc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno, SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK);
        pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
      } else {
        /* someone else has the lock when we are in NO_LOCK */
        reserved = (pFile->locktype < SHARED_LOCK);
      }
    }else{
      /* we could have it if we want it */
      sem_post(pSem);
    }
  }
  OSTRACE4("TEST WR-LOCK %d %d %d (sem)\n", pFile->h, rc, reserved);

  *pResOut = reserved;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lock the file with the lock specified by parameter locktype - one
** of the following:
**
**     (1) SHARED_LOCK
**     (2) RESERVED_LOCK
**     (3) PENDING_LOCK
**     (4) EXCLUSIVE_LOCK
**
................................................................................
** lock states in the sqlite3_file structure, but all locks SHARED or
** above are really EXCLUSIVE locks and exclude all other processes from
** access the file.
**
** This routine will only increase a lock.  Use the sqlite3OsUnlock()
** routine to lower a locking level.
*/
static int semLock(sqlite3_file *id, int locktype) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  int fd;
  sem_t *pSem = pFile->pOpen->pSem;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  /* if we already have a lock, it is exclusive.  
  ** Just adjust level and punt on outta here. */
  if (pFile->locktype > NO_LOCK) {
    pFile->locktype = locktype;
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
    goto sem_end_lock;
  }
  
  /* lock semaphore now but bail out when already locked. */
  if( sem_trywait(pSem)==-1 ){
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    goto sem_end_lock;
  }

  /* got it, set the type and return ok */
  pFile->locktype = locktype;

 sem_end_lock:
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lower the locking level on file descriptor pFile to locktype.  locktype
** must be either NO_LOCK or SHARED_LOCK.
**
** If the locking level of the file descriptor is already at or below
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static int semUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int locktype) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  sem_t *pSem = pFile->pOpen->pSem;

  assert( pFile );
  assert( pSem );
  OSTRACE5("UNLOCK  %d %d was %d pid=%d (sem)\n", pFile->h, locktype,
	   pFile->locktype, getpid());
  assert( locktype<=SHARED_LOCK );
  
  /* no-op if possible */
  if( pFile->locktype==locktype ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
  /* shared can just be set because we always have an exclusive */
  if (locktype==SHARED_LOCK) {
    pFile->locktype = locktype;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
  /* no, really unlock. */
  if ( sem_post(pSem)==-1 ) {
    int rc, tErrno = errno;
    rc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno, SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK);
    if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(rc) ){
      pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
    }
    return rc; 
  }
  pFile->locktype = NO_LOCK;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
 ** Close a file.
 */
static int semClose(sqlite3_file *id) {
................................................................................
  
  pb.unLockFlag = setLockFlag ? 0 : 1;
  pb.startEndFlag = 0;
  pb.offset = offset;
  pb.length = length; 
  pb.fd = pFile->h;
  
  OSTRACE6("AFPSETLOCK [%s] for %d%s in range %llx:%llx\n", 
    (setLockFlag?"ON":"OFF"), pFile->h, (pb.fd==-1?"[testval-1]":""),
    offset, length);
  err = fsctl(path, afpfsByteRangeLock2FSCTL, &pb, 0);
  if ( err==-1 ) {
    int rc;
    int tErrno = errno;
    OSTRACE4("AFPSETLOCK failed to fsctl() '%s' %d %s\n",
             path, tErrno, strerror(tErrno));
#ifdef SQLITE_IGNORE_AFP_LOCK_ERRORS
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
#else
    rc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno,
                    setLockFlag ? SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK : SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK);
#endif /* SQLITE_IGNORE_AFP_LOCK_ERRORS */
    if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(rc) ){
................................................................................
  if( context->reserved ){
    *pResOut = 1;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  unixEnterMutex(); /* Because pFile->pLock is shared across threads */
  
  /* Check if a thread in this process holds such a lock */
  if( pFile->pLock->locktype>SHARED_LOCK ){
    reserved = 1;
  }
  
  /* Otherwise see if some other process holds it.
   */
  if( !reserved ){
    /* lock the RESERVED byte */
................................................................................
    }
    if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(lrc) ){
      rc=lrc;
    }
  }
  
  unixLeaveMutex();
  OSTRACE4("TEST WR-LOCK %d %d %d (afp)\n", pFile->h, rc, reserved);
  
  *pResOut = reserved;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lock the file with the lock specified by parameter locktype - one
** of the following:
**
**     (1) SHARED_LOCK
**     (2) RESERVED_LOCK
**     (3) PENDING_LOCK
**     (4) EXCLUSIVE_LOCK
**
................................................................................
**    SHARED -> (PENDING) -> EXCLUSIVE
**    RESERVED -> (PENDING) -> EXCLUSIVE
**    PENDING -> EXCLUSIVE
**
** This routine will only increase a lock.  Use the sqlite3OsUnlock()
** routine to lower a locking level.
*/
static int afpLock(sqlite3_file *id, int locktype){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  struct unixLockInfo *pLock = pFile->pLock;
  afpLockingContext *context = (afpLockingContext *) pFile->lockingContext;
  
  assert( pFile );
  OSTRACE7("LOCK    %d %s was %s(%s,%d) pid=%d (afp)\n", pFile->h,
           locktypeName(locktype), locktypeName(pFile->locktype),
           locktypeName(pLock->locktype), pLock->cnt , getpid());

  /* If there is already a lock of this type or more restrictive on the
  ** unixFile, do nothing. Don't use the afp_end_lock: exit path, as
  ** unixEnterMutex() hasn't been called yet.
  */
  if( pFile->locktype>=locktype ){
    OSTRACE3("LOCK    %d %s ok (already held) (afp)\n", pFile->h,
           locktypeName(locktype));
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Make sure the locking sequence is correct
  **  (1) We never move from unlocked to anything higher than shared lock.
  **  (2) SQLite never explicitly requests a pendig lock.
  **  (3) A shared lock is always held when a reserve lock is requested.
  */
  assert( pFile->locktype!=NO_LOCK || locktype==SHARED_LOCK );
  assert( locktype!=PENDING_LOCK );
  assert( locktype!=RESERVED_LOCK || pFile->locktype==SHARED_LOCK );
  
  /* This mutex is needed because pFile->pLock is shared across threads
  */
  unixEnterMutex();

  /* Make sure the current thread owns the pFile.
  */
................................................................................
    return rc;
  }
  pLock = pFile->pLock;

  /* If some thread using this PID has a lock via a different unixFile*
  ** handle that precludes the requested lock, return BUSY.
  */
  if( (pFile->locktype!=pLock->locktype && 
       (pLock->locktype>=PENDING_LOCK || locktype>SHARED_LOCK))
     ){
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    goto afp_end_lock;
  }
  
  /* If a SHARED lock is requested, and some thread using this PID already
  ** has a SHARED or RESERVED lock, then increment reference counts and
  ** return SQLITE_OK.
  */
  if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK && 
     (pLock->locktype==SHARED_LOCK || pLock->locktype==RESERVED_LOCK) ){
    assert( locktype==SHARED_LOCK );
    assert( pFile->locktype==0 );
    assert( pLock->cnt>0 );
    pFile->locktype = SHARED_LOCK;
    pLock->cnt++;
    pFile->pOpen->nLock++;
    goto afp_end_lock;
  }
    
  /* A PENDING lock is needed before acquiring a SHARED lock and before
  ** acquiring an EXCLUSIVE lock.  For the SHARED lock, the PENDING will
  ** be released.
  */
  if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK 
      || (locktype==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK && pFile->locktype<PENDING_LOCK)
  ){
    int failed;
    failed = afpSetLock(context->dbPath, pFile, PENDING_BYTE, 1, 1);
    if (failed) {
      rc = failed;
      goto afp_end_lock;
    }
  }
  
  /* If control gets to this point, then actually go ahead and make
  ** operating system calls for the specified lock.
  */
  if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK ){
    int lrc1, lrc2, lrc1Errno;
    long lk, mask;
    
    assert( pLock->cnt==0 );
    assert( pLock->locktype==0 );
        
    mask = (sizeof(long)==8) ? LARGEST_INT64 : 0x7fffffff;
    /* Now get the read-lock SHARED_LOCK */
    /* note that the quality of the randomness doesn't matter that much */
    lk = random(); 
    pLock->sharedByte = (lk & mask)%(SHARED_SIZE - 1);
    lrc1 = afpSetLock(context->dbPath, pFile, 
................................................................................
      goto afp_end_lock;
    } else if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(lrc2) ){
      rc = lrc2;
      goto afp_end_lock;
    } else if( lrc1 != SQLITE_OK ) {
      rc = lrc1;
    } else {
      pFile->locktype = SHARED_LOCK;
      pFile->pOpen->nLock++;
      pLock->cnt = 1;
    }
  }else if( locktype==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK && pLock->cnt>1 ){
    /* We are trying for an exclusive lock but another thread in this
     ** same process is still holding a shared lock. */
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else{
    /* The request was for a RESERVED or EXCLUSIVE lock.  It is
    ** assumed that there is a SHARED or greater lock on the file
    ** already.
    */
    int failed = 0;
    assert( 0!=pFile->locktype );
    if (locktype >= RESERVED_LOCK && pFile->locktype < RESERVED_LOCK) {
        /* Acquire a RESERVED lock */
        failed = afpSetLock(context->dbPath, pFile, RESERVED_BYTE, 1,1);
      if( !failed ){
        context->reserved = 1;
      }
    }
    if (!failed && locktype == EXCLUSIVE_LOCK) {
      /* Acquire an EXCLUSIVE lock */
        
      /* Remove the shared lock before trying the range.  we'll need to 
      ** reestablish the shared lock if we can't get the  afpUnlock
      */
      if( !(failed = afpSetLock(context->dbPath, pFile, SHARED_FIRST +
                         pLock->sharedByte, 1, 0)) ){
................................................................................
    }
    if( failed ){
      rc = failed;
    }
  }
  
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pFile->locktype = locktype;
    pLock->locktype = locktype;
  }else if( locktype==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK ){
    pFile->locktype = PENDING_LOCK;
    pLock->locktype = PENDING_LOCK;
  }
  
afp_end_lock:
  unixLeaveMutex();
  OSTRACE4("LOCK    %d %s %s (afp)\n", pFile->h, locktypeName(locktype), 
         rc==SQLITE_OK ? "ok" : "failed");
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lower the locking level on file descriptor pFile to locktype.  locktype
** must be either NO_LOCK or SHARED_LOCK.
**
** If the locking level of the file descriptor is already at or below
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static int afpUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int locktype) {
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  struct unixLockInfo *pLock;
  afpLockingContext *context = (afpLockingContext *) pFile->lockingContext;
  int skipShared = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  int h = pFile->h;
#endif

  assert( pFile );
  OSTRACE7("UNLOCK  %d %d was %d(%d,%d) pid=%d (afp)\n", pFile->h, locktype,
           pFile->locktype, pFile->pLock->locktype, pFile->pLock->cnt, getpid());


  assert( locktype<=SHARED_LOCK );
  if( pFile->locktype<=locktype ){

    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  if( CHECK_THREADID(pFile) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  unixEnterMutex();
  pLock = pFile->pLock;
  assert( pLock->cnt!=0 );
  if( pFile->locktype>SHARED_LOCK ){
    assert( pLock->locktype==pFile->locktype );
    SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
    SimulateIOError( h=(-1) )
    SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);
    
#ifndef NDEBUG
    /* When reducing a lock such that other processes can start
    ** reading the database file again, make sure that the
................................................................................
    */
    assert( pFile->inNormalWrite==0
           || pFile->dbUpdate==0
           || pFile->transCntrChng==1 );
    pFile->inNormalWrite = 0;
#endif
    
    if( pFile->locktype==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK ){
      rc = afpSetLock(context->dbPath, pFile, SHARED_FIRST, SHARED_SIZE, 0);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (locktype==SHARED_LOCK || pLock->cnt>1) ){
        /* only re-establish the shared lock if necessary */
        int sharedLockByte = SHARED_FIRST+pLock->sharedByte;
        rc = afpSetLock(context->dbPath, pFile, sharedLockByte, 1, 1);
      } else {
        skipShared = 1;
      }
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pFile->locktype>=PENDING_LOCK ){
      rc = afpSetLock(context->dbPath, pFile, PENDING_BYTE, 1, 0);
    } 
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pFile->locktype>=RESERVED_LOCK && context->reserved ){
      rc = afpSetLock(context->dbPath, pFile, RESERVED_BYTE, 1, 0);
      if( !rc ){ 
        context->reserved = 0; 
      }
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (locktype==SHARED_LOCK || pLock->cnt>1)){
      pLock->locktype = SHARED_LOCK;
    }
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && locktype==NO_LOCK ){

    /* Decrement the shared lock counter.  Release the lock using an
    ** OS call only when all threads in this same process have released
    ** the lock.
    */
    unsigned long long sharedLockByte = SHARED_FIRST+pLock->sharedByte;
    pLock->cnt--;
    if( pLock->cnt==0 ){
      SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
      SimulateIOError( h=(-1) )
      SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);
      if( !skipShared ){
        rc = afpSetLock(context->dbPath, pFile, sharedLockByte, 1, 0);
      }
      if( !rc ){
        pLock->locktype = NO_LOCK;
        pFile->locktype = NO_LOCK;
      }
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      struct unixOpenCnt *pOpen = pFile->pOpen;
        
      pOpen->nLock--;
      assert( pOpen->nLock>=0 );
................................................................................
      if( pOpen->nLock==0 ){
        rc = closePendingFds(pFile);
      }
    }
  }
  
  unixLeaveMutex();
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) pFile->locktype = locktype;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Close a file & cleanup AFP specific locking context 
*/
static int afpClose(sqlite3_file *id) {
................................................................................
******************************************************************************/

/******************************************************************************
*************************** Begin NFS Locking ********************************/

#if defined(__APPLE__) && SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
/*
 ** Lower the locking level on file descriptor pFile to locktype.  locktype
 ** must be either NO_LOCK or SHARED_LOCK.
 **
 ** If the locking level of the file descriptor is already at or below
 ** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
 */
static int nfsUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int locktype){
  return _posixUnlock(id, locktype, 1);
}

#endif /* defined(__APPLE__) && SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE */
/*
** The code above is the NFS lock implementation.  The code is specific
** to MacOSX and does not work on other unix platforms.  No alternative
** is available.  
................................................................................
  }
  got = read(id->h, pBuf, cnt);
#endif
  TIMER_END;
  if( got<0 ){
    ((unixFile*)id)->lastErrno = errno;
  }
  OSTRACE5("READ    %-3d %5d %7lld %llu\n", id->h, got, offset, TIMER_ELAPSED);
  return got;
}

/*
** Read data from a file into a buffer.  Return SQLITE_OK if all
** bytes were read successfully and SQLITE_IOERR if anything goes
** wrong.
................................................................................
  got = write(id->h, pBuf, cnt);
#endif
  TIMER_END;
  if( got<0 ){
    ((unixFile*)id)->lastErrno = errno;
  }

  OSTRACE5("WRITE   %-3d %5d %7lld %llu\n", id->h, got, offset, TIMER_ELAPSED);
  return got;
}


/*
** Write data from a buffer into a file.  Return SQLITE_OK on success
** or some other error code on failure.
................................................................................

  /* Unix cannot, but some systems may return SQLITE_FULL from here. This
  ** line is to test that doing so does not cause any problems.
  */
  SimulateDiskfullError( return SQLITE_FULL );

  assert( pFile );
  OSTRACE2("SYNC    %-3d\n", pFile->h);
  rc = full_fsync(pFile->h, isFullsync, isDataOnly);
  SimulateIOError( rc=1 );
  if( rc ){
    pFile->lastErrno = errno;
    return SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC;
  }
  if( pFile->dirfd>=0 ){
    int err;
    OSTRACE4("DIRSYNC %-3d (have_fullfsync=%d fullsync=%d)\n", pFile->dirfd,
            HAVE_FULLFSYNC, isFullsync);
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_DIRSYNC
    /* The directory sync is only attempted if full_fsync is
    ** turned off or unavailable.  If a full_fsync occurred above,
    ** then the directory sync is superfluous.
    */
    if( (!HAVE_FULLFSYNC || !isFullsync) && full_fsync(pFile->dirfd,0,0) ){
       /*
................................................................................

/*
** Information and control of an open file handle.
*/
static int unixFileControl(sqlite3_file *id, int op, void *pArg){
  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE: {
      *(int*)pArg = ((unixFile*)id)->locktype;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO: {
      *(int*)pArg = ((unixFile*)id)->lastErrno;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
#ifndef NDEBUG
................................................................................
  assert( pNew->pOpen==NULL );

  /* Parameter isDelete is only used on vxworks. Express this explicitly 
  ** here to prevent compiler warnings about unused parameters.
  */
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(isDelete);

  OSTRACE3("OPEN    %-3d %s\n", h, zFilename);    
  pNew->h = h;
  pNew->dirfd = dirfd;
  SET_THREADID(pNew);
  pNew->fileFlags = 0;
  assert( zFilename==0 || zFilename[0]=='/' );  /* Never a relative pathname */
  pNew->zPath = zFilename;

................................................................................
  if( ii>0 ){
    zDirname[ii] = '\0';
    fd = open(zDirname, O_RDONLY|O_BINARY, 0);
    if( fd>=0 ){
#ifdef FD_CLOEXEC
      fcntl(fd, F_SETFD, fcntl(fd, F_GETFD, 0) | FD_CLOEXEC);
#endif
      OSTRACE3("OPENDIR %-3d %s\n", fd, zDirname);
    }
  }
  *pFd = fd;
  return (fd>=0?SQLITE_OK:SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT);
}

/*
................................................................................
  if( isCreate )    openFlags |= O_CREAT;
  if( isExclusive ) openFlags |= (O_EXCL|O_NOFOLLOW);
  openFlags |= (O_LARGEFILE|O_BINARY);

  if( fd<0 ){
    mode_t openMode = (isDelete?0600:SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS);
    fd = open(zName, openFlags, openMode);
    OSTRACE4("OPENX   %-3d %s 0%o\n", fd, zName, openFlags);
    if( fd<0 && errno!=EISDIR && isReadWrite && !isExclusive ){
      /* Failed to open the file for read/write access. Try read-only. */
      flags &= ~(SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE);
      openFlags &= ~(O_RDWR|O_CREAT);
      flags |= SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY;
      openFlags |= O_RDONLY;
      fd = open(zName, openFlags, openMode);
................................................................................

#ifdef LOCKPROXYDIR
  len = strlcpy(lPath, LOCKPROXYDIR, maxLen);
#else
# ifdef _CS_DARWIN_USER_TEMP_DIR
  {
    if( !confstr(_CS_DARWIN_USER_TEMP_DIR, lPath, maxLen) ){
      OSTRACE4("GETLOCKPATH  failed %s errno=%d pid=%d\n",
               lPath, errno, getpid());
      return SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK;
    }
    len = strlcat(lPath, "sqliteplocks", maxLen);    
  }
# else
  len = strlcpy(lPath, "/tmp/", maxLen);
# endif
................................................................................
  dbLen = (int)strlen(dbPath);
  for( i=0; i<dbLen && (i+len+7)<maxLen; i++){
    char c = dbPath[i];
    lPath[i+len] = (c=='/')?'_':c;
  }
  lPath[i+len]='\0';
  strlcat(lPath, ":auto:", maxLen);
  OSTRACE3("GETLOCKPATH  proxy lock path=%s pid=%d\n", lPath, getpid());
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* 
 ** Creates the lock file and any missing directories in lockPath
 */
static int proxyCreateLockPath(const char *lockPath){
................................................................................
      /* only mkdir if leaf dir != "." or "/" or ".." */
      if( i-start>2 || (i-start==1 && buf[start] != '.' && buf[start] != '/') 
         || (i-start==2 && buf[start] != '.' && buf[start+1] != '.') ){
        buf[i]='\0';
        if( mkdir(buf, SQLITE_DEFAULT_PROXYDIR_PERMISSIONS) ){
          int err=errno;
          if( err!=EEXIST ) {
            OSTRACE5("CREATELOCKPATH  FAILED creating %s, "
                     "'%s' proxy lock path=%s pid=%d\n",
                     buf, strerror(err), lockPath, getpid());
            return err;
          }
        }
      }
      start=i+1;
    }
    buf[i] = lockPath[i];
  }
  OSTRACE3("CREATELOCKPATH  proxy lock path=%s pid=%d\n", lockPath, getpid());
  return 0;
}

/*
** Create a new VFS file descriptor (stored in memory obtained from
** sqlite3_malloc) and open the file named "path" in the file descriptor.
**
................................................................................
    int rc = SQLITE_OK;
    int createConch = 0;
    int hostIdMatch = 0;
    int readLen = 0;
    int tryOldLockPath = 0;
    int forceNewLockPath = 0;
    
    OSTRACE4("TAKECONCH  %d for %s pid=%d\n", conchFile->h,
             (pCtx->lockProxyPath ? pCtx->lockProxyPath : ":auto:"), getpid());

    rc = proxyGetHostID(myHostID, &pError);
    if( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_IOERR ){
      pFile->lastErrno = pError;
      goto end_takeconch;
    }
    rc = proxyConchLock(pFile, myHostID, SHARED_LOCK);
................................................................................
      
      /* update conch with host and path (this will fail if other process
      ** has a shared lock already), if the host id matches, use the big
      ** stick.
      */
      futimes(conchFile->h, NULL);
      if( hostIdMatch && !createConch ){
        if( conchFile->pLock && conchFile->pLock->cnt>1 ){
          /* We are trying for an exclusive lock but another thread in this
           ** same process is still holding a shared lock. */
          rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
        } else {          
          rc = proxyConchLock(pFile, myHostID, EXCLUSIVE_LOCK);
        }
      }else{
................................................................................
#endif
          }
        }
      }
      conchFile->pMethod->xUnlock((sqlite3_file*)conchFile, SHARED_LOCK);
      
    end_takeconch:
      OSTRACE2("TRANSPROXY: CLOSE  %d\n", pFile->h);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pFile->openFlags ){
        if( pFile->h>=0 ){
#ifdef STRICT_CLOSE_ERROR
          if( close(pFile->h) ){
            pFile->lastErrno = errno;
            return SQLITE_IOERR_CLOSE;
          }
................................................................................
#else
          close(pFile->h); /* silently leak fd if fail */
#endif
        }
        pFile->h = -1;
        int fd = open(pCtx->dbPath, pFile->openFlags,
                      SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS);
        OSTRACE2("TRANSPROXY: OPEN  %d\n", fd);
        if( fd>=0 ){
          pFile->h = fd;
        }else{
          rc=SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT; /* SQLITE_BUSY? proxyTakeConch called
           during locking */
        }
      }
................................................................................
          afpLockingContext *afpCtx;
          afpCtx = (afpLockingContext *)pCtx->lockProxy->lockingContext;
          afpCtx->dbPath = pCtx->lockProxyPath;
        }
      } else {
        conchFile->pMethod->xUnlock((sqlite3_file*)conchFile, NO_LOCK);
      }
      OSTRACE3("TAKECONCH  %d %s\n", conchFile->h, rc==SQLITE_OK?"ok":"failed");

      return rc;
    } while (1); /* in case we need to retry the :auto: lock file - we should never get here except via the 'continue' call. */

  }
}

/*
** If pFile holds a lock on a conch file, then release that lock.
*/
static int proxyReleaseConch(unixFile *pFile){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;         /* Subroutine return code */
  proxyLockingContext *pCtx;  /* The locking context for the proxy lock */
  unixFile *conchFile;        /* Name of the conch file */

  pCtx = (proxyLockingContext *)pFile->lockingContext;
  conchFile = pCtx->conchFile;
  OSTRACE4("RELEASECONCH  %d for %s pid=%d\n", conchFile->h,
           (pCtx->lockProxyPath ? pCtx->lockProxyPath : ":auto:"), 
           getpid());
  if( pCtx->conchHeld>0 ){
    rc = conchFile->pMethod->xUnlock((sqlite3_file*)conchFile, NO_LOCK);
  }
  pCtx->conchHeld = 0;
  OSTRACE3("RELEASECONCH  %d %s\n", conchFile->h,
           (rc==SQLITE_OK ? "ok" : "failed"));
  return rc;
}

/*
** Given the name of a database file, compute the name of its conch file.
** Store the conch filename in memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
** Make *pConchPath point to the new name.  Return SQLITE_OK on success
................................................................................
** the local lock file path 
*/
static int switchLockProxyPath(unixFile *pFile, const char *path) {
  proxyLockingContext *pCtx = (proxyLockingContext*)pFile->lockingContext;
  char *oldPath = pCtx->lockProxyPath;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  if( pFile->locktype!=NO_LOCK ){
    return SQLITE_BUSY;
  }  

  /* nothing to do if the path is NULL, :auto: or matches the existing path */
  if( !path || path[0]=='\0' || !strcmp(path, ":auto:") ||
    (oldPath && !strncmp(oldPath, path, MAXPATHLEN)) ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
*/
static int proxyTransformUnixFile(unixFile *pFile, const char *path) {
  proxyLockingContext *pCtx;
  char dbPath[MAXPATHLEN+1];       /* Name of the database file */
  char *lockPath=NULL;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  
  if( pFile->locktype!=NO_LOCK ){
    return SQLITE_BUSY;
  }
  proxyGetDbPathForUnixFile(pFile, dbPath);
  if( !path || path[0]=='\0' || !strcmp(path, ":auto:") ){
    lockPath=NULL;
  }else{
    lockPath=(char *)path;
  }
  
  OSTRACE4("TRANSPROXY  %d for %s pid=%d\n", pFile->h,
           (lockPath ? lockPath : ":auto:"), getpid());

  pCtx = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pCtx) );
  if( pCtx==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  memset(pCtx, 0, sizeof(*pCtx));

................................................................................
      pCtx->conchFile->pMethod->xClose((sqlite3_file *)pCtx->conchFile);
      sqlite3_free(pCtx->conchFile);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pCtx->lockProxyPath);
    sqlite3_free(pCtx->conchFilePath); 
    sqlite3_free(pCtx);
  }
  OSTRACE3("TRANSPROXY  %d %s\n", pFile->h,
           (rc==SQLITE_OK ? "ok" : "failed"));
  return rc;
}


/*
** This routine handles sqlite3_file_control() calls that are specific
** to proxy locking.
................................................................................
      pResOut=0;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lock the file with the lock specified by parameter locktype - one
** of the following:
**
**     (1) SHARED_LOCK
**     (2) RESERVED_LOCK
**     (3) PENDING_LOCK
**     (4) EXCLUSIVE_LOCK
**
................................................................................
**    SHARED -> (PENDING) -> EXCLUSIVE
**    RESERVED -> (PENDING) -> EXCLUSIVE
**    PENDING -> EXCLUSIVE
**
** This routine will only increase a lock.  Use the sqlite3OsUnlock()
** routine to lower a locking level.
*/
static int proxyLock(sqlite3_file *id, int locktype) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  int rc = proxyTakeConch(pFile);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    proxyLockingContext *pCtx = (proxyLockingContext *)pFile->lockingContext;
    if( pCtx->conchHeld>0 ){
      unixFile *proxy = pCtx->lockProxy;
      rc = proxy->pMethod->xLock((sqlite3_file*)proxy, locktype);
      pFile->locktype = proxy->locktype;
    }else{
      /* conchHeld < 0 is lockless */
    }
  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** Lower the locking level on file descriptor pFile to locktype.  locktype
** must be either NO_LOCK or SHARED_LOCK.
**
** If the locking level of the file descriptor is already at or below
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static int proxyUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int locktype) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  int rc = proxyTakeConch(pFile);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    proxyLockingContext *pCtx = (proxyLockingContext *)pFile->lockingContext;
    if( pCtx->conchHeld>0 ){
      unixFile *proxy = pCtx->lockProxy;
      rc = proxy->pMethod->xUnlock((sqlite3_file*)proxy, locktype);
      pFile->locktype = proxy->locktype;
    }else{
      /* conchHeld < 0 is lockless */
    }
  }
  return rc;
}








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typedef struct unixFile unixFile;
struct unixFile {
  sqlite3_io_methods const *pMethod;  /* Always the first entry */
  struct unixOpenCnt *pOpen;       /* Info about all open fd's on this inode */
  struct unixLockInfo *pLock;      /* Info about locks on this inode */
  int h;                           /* The file descriptor */
  int dirfd;                       /* File descriptor for the directory */
  unsigned char eFileLock;          /* The type of lock held on this fd */
  int lastErrno;                   /* The unix errno from the last I/O error */
  void *lockingContext;            /* Locking style specific state */
  UnixUnusedFd *pUnused;           /* Pre-allocated UnixUnusedFd */
  int fileFlags;                   /* Miscellanous flags */
  const char *zPath;               /* Name of the file */
  unixShm *pShm;                   /* Shared memory segment information */
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
................................................................................

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Helper function for printing out trace information from debugging
** binaries. This returns the string represetation of the supplied
** integer lock-type.
*/
static const char *azFileLock(int eFileLock){
  switch( eFileLock ){
    case NO_LOCK: return "NONE";
    case SHARED_LOCK: return "SHARED";
    case RESERVED_LOCK: return "RESERVED";
    case PENDING_LOCK: return "PENDING";
    case EXCLUSIVE_LOCK: return "EXCLUSIVE";
  }
  return "ERROR";
................................................................................
**
** A single inode can have multiple file descriptors, so each unixFile
** structure contains a pointer to an instance of this object and this
** object keeps a count of the number of unixFile pointing to it.
*/
struct unixLockInfo {
  struct unixLockKey lockKey;     /* The lookup key */
  int nShared;                    /* Number of SHARED locks held */
  int eFileLock;                   /* One of SHARED_LOCK, RESERVED_LOCK etc. */
  int nRef;                       /* Number of pointers to this structure */
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE)
  unsigned long long sharedByte;  /* for AFP simulated shared lock */
#endif
  struct unixLockInfo *pNext;     /* List of all unixLockInfo objects */
  struct unixLockInfo *pPrev;     /*    .... doubly linked */
};
................................................................................
      pLock = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pLock) );
      if( pLock==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
        goto exit_findlockinfo;
      }
      memcpy(&pLock->lockKey,&lockKey,sizeof(lockKey));
      pLock->nRef = 1;
      pLock->nShared = 0;
      pLock->eFileLock = 0;
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE)
      pLock->sharedByte = 0;
#endif
      pLock->pNext = lockList;
      pLock->pPrev = 0;
      if( lockList ) lockList->pPrev = pLock;
      lockList = pLock;
................................................................................
  if( threadsOverrideEachOthersLocks ){
    /* Ownership transfers not needed on this system */
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  hSelf = pthread_self();
  if( pthread_equal(pFile->tid, hSelf) ){
    /* We are still in the same thread */
    OSTRACE(("No-transfer, same thread\n"));
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  if( pFile->eFileLock!=NO_LOCK ){
    /* We cannot change ownership while we are holding a lock! */
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  OSTRACE(("Transfer ownership of %d from %d to %d\n",
            pFile->h, pFile->tid, hSelf));
  pFile->tid = hSelf;
  if (pFile->pLock != NULL) {
    releaseLockInfo(pFile->pLock);
    rc = findLockInfo(pFile, &pFile->pLock, 0);
    OSTRACE(("LOCK    %d is now %s(%s,%d)\n", pFile->h,
           azFileLock(pFile->eFileLock),
           azFileLock(pFile->pLock->eFileLock), pFile->pLock->nShared));
    return rc;
  } else {
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
}
#else  /* if not SQLITE_THREADSAFE */
  /* On single-threaded builds, ownership transfer is a no-op */
................................................................................

  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK; );

  assert( pFile );
  unixEnterMutex(); /* Because pFile->pLock is shared across threads */

  /* Check if a thread in this process holds such a lock */
  if( pFile->pLock->eFileLock>SHARED_LOCK ){
    reserved = 1;
  }

  /* Otherwise see if some other process holds it.
  */
#ifndef __DJGPP__
  if( !reserved ){
................................................................................
    } else if( lock.l_type!=F_UNLCK ){
      reserved = 1;
    }
  }
#endif
  
  unixLeaveMutex();
  OSTRACE(("TEST WR-LOCK %d %d %d (unix)\n", pFile->h, rc, reserved));

  *pResOut = reserved;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lock the file with the lock specified by parameter eFileLock - one
** of the following:
**
**     (1) SHARED_LOCK
**     (2) RESERVED_LOCK
**     (3) PENDING_LOCK
**     (4) EXCLUSIVE_LOCK
**
................................................................................
**    SHARED -> (PENDING) -> EXCLUSIVE
**    RESERVED -> (PENDING) -> EXCLUSIVE
**    PENDING -> EXCLUSIVE
**
** This routine will only increase a lock.  Use the sqlite3OsUnlock()
** routine to lower a locking level.
*/
static int unixLock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock){
  /* The following describes the implementation of the various locks and
  ** lock transitions in terms of the POSIX advisory shared and exclusive
  ** lock primitives (called read-locks and write-locks below, to avoid
  ** confusion with SQLite lock names). The algorithms are complicated
  ** slightly in order to be compatible with windows systems simultaneously
  ** accessing the same database file, in case that is ever required.
  **
................................................................................
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  struct unixLockInfo *pLock = pFile->pLock;
  struct flock lock;
  int s = 0;
  int tErrno = 0;

  assert( pFile );
  OSTRACE(("LOCK    %d %s was %s(%s,%d) pid=%d (unix)\n", pFile->h,
      azFileLock(eFileLock), azFileLock(pFile->eFileLock),
      azFileLock(pLock->eFileLock), pLock->nShared , getpid()));

  /* If there is already a lock of this type or more restrictive on the
  ** unixFile, do nothing. Don't use the end_lock: exit path, as
  ** unixEnterMutex() hasn't been called yet.
  */
  if( pFile->eFileLock>=eFileLock ){
    OSTRACE(("LOCK    %d %s ok (already held) (unix)\n", pFile->h,
            azFileLock(eFileLock)));
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Make sure the locking sequence is correct.
  **  (1) We never move from unlocked to anything higher than shared lock.
  **  (2) SQLite never explicitly requests a pendig lock.
  **  (3) A shared lock is always held when a reserve lock is requested.
  */
  assert( pFile->eFileLock!=NO_LOCK || eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK );
  assert( eFileLock!=PENDING_LOCK );
  assert( eFileLock!=RESERVED_LOCK || pFile->eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK );

  /* This mutex is needed because pFile->pLock is shared across threads
  */
  unixEnterMutex();

  /* Make sure the current thread owns the pFile.
  */
................................................................................
    return rc;
  }
  pLock = pFile->pLock;

  /* If some thread using this PID has a lock via a different unixFile*
  ** handle that precludes the requested lock, return BUSY.
  */
  if( (pFile->eFileLock!=pLock->eFileLock && 
          (pLock->eFileLock>=PENDING_LOCK || eFileLock>SHARED_LOCK))
  ){
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    goto end_lock;
  }

  /* If a SHARED lock is requested, and some thread using this PID already
  ** has a SHARED or RESERVED lock, then increment reference counts and
  ** return SQLITE_OK.
  */
  if( eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK && 
      (pLock->eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK || pLock->eFileLock==RESERVED_LOCK) ){
    assert( eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK );
    assert( pFile->eFileLock==0 );
    assert( pLock->nShared>0 );
    pFile->eFileLock = SHARED_LOCK;
    pLock->nShared++;
    pFile->pOpen->nLock++;
    goto end_lock;
  }


  /* A PENDING lock is needed before acquiring a SHARED lock and before
  ** acquiring an EXCLUSIVE lock.  For the SHARED lock, the PENDING will
  ** be released.
  */
  lock.l_len = 1L;
  lock.l_whence = SEEK_SET;
  if( eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK 
      || (eFileLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK && pFile->eFileLock<PENDING_LOCK)
  ){
    lock.l_type = (eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK?F_RDLCK:F_WRLCK);
    lock.l_start = PENDING_BYTE;
    s = fcntl(pFile->h, F_SETLK, &lock);
    if( s==(-1) ){
      tErrno = errno;
      rc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno, SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK);
      if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(rc) ){
        pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
................................................................................
    }
  }


  /* If control gets to this point, then actually go ahead and make
  ** operating system calls for the specified lock.
  */
  if( eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK ){
    assert( pLock->nShared==0 );
    assert( pLock->eFileLock==0 );

    /* Now get the read-lock */
    lock.l_start = SHARED_FIRST;
    lock.l_len = SHARED_SIZE;
    if( (s = fcntl(pFile->h, F_SETLK, &lock))==(-1) ){
      tErrno = errno;
    }
................................................................................
    }
    if( s==(-1) ){
      rc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno, SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK);
      if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(rc) ){
        pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
      }
    }else{
      pFile->eFileLock = SHARED_LOCK;
      pFile->pOpen->nLock++;
      pLock->nShared = 1;
    }
  }else if( eFileLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK && pLock->nShared>1 ){
    /* We are trying for an exclusive lock but another thread in this
    ** same process is still holding a shared lock. */
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else{
    /* The request was for a RESERVED or EXCLUSIVE lock.  It is
    ** assumed that there is a SHARED or greater lock on the file
    ** already.
    */
    assert( 0!=pFile->eFileLock );
    lock.l_type = F_WRLCK;
    switch( eFileLock ){
      case RESERVED_LOCK:
        lock.l_start = RESERVED_BYTE;
        break;
      case EXCLUSIVE_LOCK:
        lock.l_start = SHARED_FIRST;
        lock.l_len = SHARED_SIZE;
        break;
................................................................................
#ifndef NDEBUG
  /* Set up the transaction-counter change checking flags when
  ** transitioning from a SHARED to a RESERVED lock.  The change
  ** from SHARED to RESERVED marks the beginning of a normal
  ** write operation (not a hot journal rollback).
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK
   && pFile->eFileLock<=SHARED_LOCK
   && eFileLock==RESERVED_LOCK
  ){
    pFile->transCntrChng = 0;
    pFile->dbUpdate = 0;
    pFile->inNormalWrite = 1;
  }
#endif


  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pFile->eFileLock = eFileLock;
    pLock->eFileLock = eFileLock;
  }else if( eFileLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK ){
    pFile->eFileLock = PENDING_LOCK;
    pLock->eFileLock = PENDING_LOCK;
  }

end_lock:
  unixLeaveMutex();
  OSTRACE(("LOCK    %d %s %s (unix)\n", pFile->h, azFileLock(eFileLock), 
      rc==SQLITE_OK ? "ok" : "failed"));
  return rc;
}

/*
** Close all file descriptors accumuated in the unixOpenCnt->pUnused list.
** If all such file descriptors are closed without error, the list is
** cleared and SQLITE_OK returned.
................................................................................
  p->pNext = pOpen->pUnused;
  pOpen->pUnused = p;
  pFile->h = -1;
  pFile->pUnused = 0;
}

/*
** Lower the locking level on file descriptor pFile to eFileLock.  eFileLock
** must be either NO_LOCK or SHARED_LOCK.
**
** If the locking level of the file descriptor is already at or below
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
** 
** If handleNFSUnlock is true, then on downgrading an EXCLUSIVE_LOCK to SHARED
** the byte range is divided into 2 parts and the first part is unlocked then
** set to a read lock, then the other part is simply unlocked.  This works 
** around a bug in BSD NFS lockd (also seen on MacOSX 10.3+) that fails to 
** remove the write lock on a region when a read lock is set.
*/
static int _posixUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock, int handleNFSUnlock){
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  struct unixLockInfo *pLock;
  struct flock lock;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int h;
  int tErrno;                      /* Error code from system call errors */

  assert( pFile );
  OSTRACE(("UNLOCK  %d %d was %d(%d,%d) pid=%d (unix)\n", pFile->h, eFileLock,
      pFile->eFileLock, pFile->pLock->eFileLock, pFile->pLock->nShared,
      getpid()));

  assert( eFileLock<=SHARED_LOCK );

  if( pFile->eFileLock<=eFileLock ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  if( CHECK_THREADID(pFile) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  unixEnterMutex();
  h = pFile->h;
  pLock = pFile->pLock;
  assert( pLock->nShared!=0 );
  if( pFile->eFileLock>SHARED_LOCK ){
    assert( pLock->eFileLock==pFile->eFileLock );
    SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
    SimulateIOError( h=(-1) )
    SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);

#ifndef NDEBUG
    /* When reducing a lock such that other processes can start
    ** reading the database file again, make sure that the
................................................................................
    ** the lock in 2 blocks, so that part of the range will be covered by a 
    ** write lock until the rest is covered by a read lock:
    **  1:   [WWWWW]
    **  2:   [....W]
    **  3:   [RRRRW]
    **  4:   [RRRR.]
    */
    if( eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK ){
      if( handleNFSUnlock ){
        off_t divSize = SHARED_SIZE - 1;
        
        lock.l_type = F_UNLCK;
        lock.l_whence = SEEK_SET;
        lock.l_start = SHARED_FIRST;
        lock.l_len = divSize;
................................................................................
      }
    }
    lock.l_type = F_UNLCK;
    lock.l_whence = SEEK_SET;
    lock.l_start = PENDING_BYTE;
    lock.l_len = 2L;  assert( PENDING_BYTE+1==RESERVED_BYTE );
    if( fcntl(h, F_SETLK, &lock)!=(-1) ){
      pLock->eFileLock = SHARED_LOCK;
    }else{
      tErrno = errno;
      rc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno, SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK);
      if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(rc) ){
        pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
      }
      goto end_unlock;
    }
  }
  if( eFileLock==NO_LOCK ){
    struct unixOpenCnt *pOpen;

    /* Decrement the shared lock counter.  Release the lock using an
    ** OS call only when all threads in this same process have released
    ** the lock.
    */
    pLock->nShared--;
    if( pLock->nShared==0 ){
      lock.l_type = F_UNLCK;
      lock.l_whence = SEEK_SET;
      lock.l_start = lock.l_len = 0L;
      SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
      SimulateIOError( h=(-1) )
      SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);
      if( fcntl(h, F_SETLK, &lock)!=(-1) ){
        pLock->eFileLock = NO_LOCK;
      }else{
        tErrno = errno;
        rc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno, SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK);
        if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(rc) ){
          pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
        }
        pLock->eFileLock = NO_LOCK;
        pFile->eFileLock = NO_LOCK;
      }
    }

    /* Decrement the count of locks against this same file.  When the
    ** count reaches zero, close any other file descriptors whose close
    ** was deferred because of outstanding locks.
    */
................................................................................
        rc = rc2;
      }
    }
  }
	
end_unlock:
  unixLeaveMutex();
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) pFile->eFileLock = eFileLock;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lower the locking level on file descriptor pFile to eFileLock.  eFileLock
** must be either NO_LOCK or SHARED_LOCK.
**
** If the locking level of the file descriptor is already at or below
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static int unixUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock){
  return _posixUnlock(id, eFileLock, 0);
}

/*
** This function performs the parts of the "close file" operation 
** common to all locking schemes. It closes the directory and file
** handles, if they are valid, and sets all fields of the unixFile
** structure to 0.
................................................................................
      if( pFile->isDelete ){
        unlink(pFile->pId->zCanonicalName);
      }
      vxworksReleaseFileId(pFile->pId);
      pFile->pId = 0;
    }
#endif
    OSTRACE(("CLOSE   %-3d\n", pFile->h);
    OpenCounter(-1);
    sqlite3_free(pFile->pUnused);
    memset(pFile, 0, sizeof(unixFile)));
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Close a file.
*/
................................................................................
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;

  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK; );
  
  assert( pFile );

  /* Check if a thread in this process holds such a lock */
  if( pFile->eFileLock>SHARED_LOCK ){
    /* Either this connection or some other connection in the same process
    ** holds a lock on the file.  No need to check further. */
    reserved = 1;
  }else{
    /* The lock is held if and only if the lockfile exists */
    const char *zLockFile = (const char*)pFile->lockingContext;
    reserved = access(zLockFile, 0)==0;
  }
  OSTRACE(("TEST WR-LOCK %d %d %d (dotlock)\n", pFile->h, rc, reserved));
  *pResOut = reserved;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lock the file with the lock specified by parameter eFileLock - one
** of the following:
**
**     (1) SHARED_LOCK
**     (2) RESERVED_LOCK
**     (3) PENDING_LOCK
**     (4) EXCLUSIVE_LOCK
**
................................................................................
**
** This routine will only increase a lock.  Use the sqlite3OsUnlock()
** routine to lower a locking level.
**
** With dotfile locking, we really only support state (4): EXCLUSIVE.
** But we track the other locking levels internally.
*/
static int dotlockLock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  int fd;
  char *zLockFile = (char *)pFile->lockingContext;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;


  /* If we have any lock, then the lock file already exists.  All we have
  ** to do is adjust our internal record of the lock level.
  */
  if( pFile->eFileLock > NO_LOCK ){
    pFile->eFileLock = eFileLock;
#if !OS_VXWORKS
    /* Always update the timestamp on the old file */
    utimes(zLockFile, NULL);
#endif
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
................................................................................
  } 
  if( close(fd) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = errno;
    rc = SQLITE_IOERR_CLOSE;
  }
  
  /* got it, set the type and return ok */
  pFile->eFileLock = eFileLock;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lower the locking level on file descriptor pFile to eFileLock.  eFileLock
** must be either NO_LOCK or SHARED_LOCK.
**
** If the locking level of the file descriptor is already at or below
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
**
** When the locking level reaches NO_LOCK, delete the lock file.
*/
static int dotlockUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  char *zLockFile = (char *)pFile->lockingContext;

  assert( pFile );
  OSTRACE(("UNLOCK  %d %d was %d pid=%d (dotlock)\n", pFile->h, eFileLock,
	   pFile->eFileLock, getpid()));
  assert( eFileLock<=SHARED_LOCK );
  
  /* no-op if possible */
  if( pFile->eFileLock==eFileLock ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* To downgrade to shared, simply update our internal notion of the
  ** lock state.  No need to mess with the file on disk.
  */
  if( eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK ){
    pFile->eFileLock = SHARED_LOCK;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
  /* To fully unlock the database, delete the lock file */
  assert( eFileLock==NO_LOCK );
  if( unlink(zLockFile) ){
    int rc = 0;
    int tErrno = errno;
    if( ENOENT != tErrno ){
      rc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno, SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK);
    }
    if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(rc) ){
      pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
    }
    return rc; 
  }
  pFile->eFileLock = NO_LOCK;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Close a file.  Make sure the lock has been released before closing.
*/
static int dotlockClose(sqlite3_file *id) {
................................................................................
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK; );
  
  assert( pFile );
  
  /* Check if a thread in this process holds such a lock */
  if( pFile->eFileLock>SHARED_LOCK ){
    reserved = 1;
  }
  
  /* Otherwise see if some other process holds it. */
  if( !reserved ){
    /* attempt to get the lock */
    int lrc = flock(pFile->h, LOCK_EX | LOCK_NB);
................................................................................
      lrc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno, SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK); 
      if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(lrc) ){
        pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
        rc = lrc;
      }
    }
  }
  OSTRACE(("TEST WR-LOCK %d %d %d (flock)\n", pFile->h, rc, reserved));

#ifdef SQLITE_IGNORE_FLOCK_LOCK_ERRORS
  if( (rc & SQLITE_IOERR) == SQLITE_IOERR ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
    reserved=1;
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_IGNORE_FLOCK_LOCK_ERRORS */
  *pResOut = reserved;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lock the file with the lock specified by parameter eFileLock - one
** of the following:
**
**     (1) SHARED_LOCK
**     (2) RESERVED_LOCK
**     (3) PENDING_LOCK
**     (4) EXCLUSIVE_LOCK
**
................................................................................
** lock states in the sqlite3_file structure, but all locks SHARED or
** above are really EXCLUSIVE locks and exclude all other processes from
** access the file.
**
** This routine will only increase a lock.  Use the sqlite3OsUnlock()
** routine to lower a locking level.
*/
static int flockLock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock) {
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;

  assert( pFile );

  /* if we already have a lock, it is exclusive.  
  ** Just adjust level and punt on outta here. */
  if (pFile->eFileLock > NO_LOCK) {
    pFile->eFileLock = eFileLock;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
  /* grab an exclusive lock */
  
  if (flock(pFile->h, LOCK_EX | LOCK_NB)) {
    int tErrno = errno;
................................................................................
    /* didn't get, must be busy */
    rc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno, SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK);
    if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(rc) ){
      pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
    }
  } else {
    /* got it, set the type and return ok */
    pFile->eFileLock = eFileLock;
  }
  OSTRACE(("LOCK    %d %s %s (flock)\n", pFile->h, azFileLock(eFileLock), 
           rc==SQLITE_OK ? "ok" : "failed"));
#ifdef SQLITE_IGNORE_FLOCK_LOCK_ERRORS
  if( (rc & SQLITE_IOERR) == SQLITE_IOERR ){
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_IGNORE_FLOCK_LOCK_ERRORS */
  return rc;
}


/*
** Lower the locking level on file descriptor pFile to eFileLock.  eFileLock
** must be either NO_LOCK or SHARED_LOCK.
**
** If the locking level of the file descriptor is already at or below
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static int flockUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  
  assert( pFile );
  OSTRACE(("UNLOCK  %d %d was %d pid=%d (flock)\n", pFile->h, eFileLock,
           pFile->eFileLock, getpid()));
  assert( eFileLock<=SHARED_LOCK );
  
  /* no-op if possible */
  if( pFile->eFileLock==eFileLock ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
  /* shared can just be set because we always have an exclusive */
  if (eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK) {
    pFile->eFileLock = eFileLock;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
  /* no, really, unlock. */
  int rc = flock(pFile->h, LOCK_UN);
  if (rc) {
    int r, tErrno = errno;
................................................................................
    if( (r & SQLITE_IOERR) == SQLITE_IOERR ){
      r = SQLITE_BUSY;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_IGNORE_FLOCK_LOCK_ERRORS */
    
    return r;
  } else {
    pFile->eFileLock = NO_LOCK;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
}

/*
** Close a file.
*/
................................................................................
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;

  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK; );
  
  assert( pFile );

  /* Check if a thread in this process holds such a lock */
  if( pFile->eFileLock>SHARED_LOCK ){
    reserved = 1;
  }
  
  /* Otherwise see if some other process holds it. */
  if( !reserved ){
    sem_t *pSem = pFile->pOpen->pSem;
    struct stat statBuf;
................................................................................
    if( sem_trywait(pSem)==-1 ){
      int tErrno = errno;
      if( EAGAIN != tErrno ){
        rc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno, SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK);
        pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
      } else {
        /* someone else has the lock when we are in NO_LOCK */
        reserved = (pFile->eFileLock < SHARED_LOCK);
      }
    }else{
      /* we could have it if we want it */
      sem_post(pSem);
    }
  }
  OSTRACE(("TEST WR-LOCK %d %d %d (sem)\n", pFile->h, rc, reserved));

  *pResOut = reserved;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lock the file with the lock specified by parameter eFileLock - one
** of the following:
**
**     (1) SHARED_LOCK
**     (2) RESERVED_LOCK
**     (3) PENDING_LOCK
**     (4) EXCLUSIVE_LOCK
**
................................................................................
** lock states in the sqlite3_file structure, but all locks SHARED or
** above are really EXCLUSIVE locks and exclude all other processes from
** access the file.
**
** This routine will only increase a lock.  Use the sqlite3OsUnlock()
** routine to lower a locking level.
*/
static int semLock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  int fd;
  sem_t *pSem = pFile->pOpen->pSem;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  /* if we already have a lock, it is exclusive.  
  ** Just adjust level and punt on outta here. */
  if (pFile->eFileLock > NO_LOCK) {
    pFile->eFileLock = eFileLock;
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
    goto sem_end_lock;
  }
  
  /* lock semaphore now but bail out when already locked. */
  if( sem_trywait(pSem)==-1 ){
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    goto sem_end_lock;
  }

  /* got it, set the type and return ok */
  pFile->eFileLock = eFileLock;

 sem_end_lock:
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lower the locking level on file descriptor pFile to eFileLock.  eFileLock
** must be either NO_LOCK or SHARED_LOCK.
**
** If the locking level of the file descriptor is already at or below
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static int semUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  sem_t *pSem = pFile->pOpen->pSem;

  assert( pFile );
  assert( pSem );
  OSTRACE(("UNLOCK  %d %d was %d pid=%d (sem)\n", pFile->h, eFileLock,
	   pFile->eFileLock, getpid()));
  assert( eFileLock<=SHARED_LOCK );
  
  /* no-op if possible */
  if( pFile->eFileLock==eFileLock ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
  /* shared can just be set because we always have an exclusive */
  if (eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK) {
    pFile->eFileLock = eFileLock;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
  /* no, really unlock. */
  if ( sem_post(pSem)==-1 ) {
    int rc, tErrno = errno;
    rc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno, SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK);
    if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(rc) ){
      pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
    }
    return rc; 
  }
  pFile->eFileLock = NO_LOCK;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
 ** Close a file.
 */
static int semClose(sqlite3_file *id) {
................................................................................
  
  pb.unLockFlag = setLockFlag ? 0 : 1;
  pb.startEndFlag = 0;
  pb.offset = offset;
  pb.length = length; 
  pb.fd = pFile->h;
  
  OSTRACE(("AFPSETLOCK [%s] for %d%s in range %llx:%llx\n", 
    (setLockFlag?"ON":"OFF"), pFile->h, (pb.fd==-1?"[testval-1]":""),
    offset, length));
  err = fsctl(path, afpfsByteRangeLock2FSCTL, &pb, 0);
  if ( err==-1 ) {
    int rc;
    int tErrno = errno;
    OSTRACE(("AFPSETLOCK failed to fsctl() '%s' %d %s\n",
             path, tErrno, strerror(tErrno)));
#ifdef SQLITE_IGNORE_AFP_LOCK_ERRORS
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
#else
    rc = sqliteErrorFromPosixError(tErrno,
                    setLockFlag ? SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK : SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK);
#endif /* SQLITE_IGNORE_AFP_LOCK_ERRORS */
    if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(rc) ){
................................................................................
  if( context->reserved ){
    *pResOut = 1;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  unixEnterMutex(); /* Because pFile->pLock is shared across threads */
  
  /* Check if a thread in this process holds such a lock */
  if( pFile->pLock->eFileLock>SHARED_LOCK ){
    reserved = 1;
  }
  
  /* Otherwise see if some other process holds it.
   */
  if( !reserved ){
    /* lock the RESERVED byte */
................................................................................
    }
    if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(lrc) ){
      rc=lrc;
    }
  }
  
  unixLeaveMutex();
  OSTRACE(("TEST WR-LOCK %d %d %d (afp)\n", pFile->h, rc, reserved));
  
  *pResOut = reserved;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lock the file with the lock specified by parameter eFileLock - one
** of the following:
**
**     (1) SHARED_LOCK
**     (2) RESERVED_LOCK
**     (3) PENDING_LOCK
**     (4) EXCLUSIVE_LOCK
**
................................................................................
**    SHARED -> (PENDING) -> EXCLUSIVE
**    RESERVED -> (PENDING) -> EXCLUSIVE
**    PENDING -> EXCLUSIVE
**
** This routine will only increase a lock.  Use the sqlite3OsUnlock()
** routine to lower a locking level.
*/
static int afpLock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  struct unixLockInfo *pLock = pFile->pLock;
  afpLockingContext *context = (afpLockingContext *) pFile->lockingContext;
  
  assert( pFile );
  OSTRACE(("LOCK    %d %s was %s(%s,%d) pid=%d (afp)\n", pFile->h,
           azFileLock(eFileLock), azFileLock(pFile->eFileLock),
           azFileLock(pLock->eFileLock), pLock->nShared , getpid()));

  /* If there is already a lock of this type or more restrictive on the
  ** unixFile, do nothing. Don't use the afp_end_lock: exit path, as
  ** unixEnterMutex() hasn't been called yet.
  */
  if( pFile->eFileLock>=eFileLock ){
    OSTRACE(("LOCK    %d %s ok (already held) (afp)\n", pFile->h,
           azFileLock(eFileLock)));
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Make sure the locking sequence is correct
  **  (1) We never move from unlocked to anything higher than shared lock.
  **  (2) SQLite never explicitly requests a pendig lock.
  **  (3) A shared lock is always held when a reserve lock is requested.
  */
  assert( pFile->eFileLock!=NO_LOCK || eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK );
  assert( eFileLock!=PENDING_LOCK );
  assert( eFileLock!=RESERVED_LOCK || pFile->eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK );
  
  /* This mutex is needed because pFile->pLock is shared across threads
  */
  unixEnterMutex();

  /* Make sure the current thread owns the pFile.
  */
................................................................................
    return rc;
  }
  pLock = pFile->pLock;

  /* If some thread using this PID has a lock via a different unixFile*
  ** handle that precludes the requested lock, return BUSY.
  */
  if( (pFile->eFileLock!=pLock->eFileLock && 
       (pLock->eFileLock>=PENDING_LOCK || eFileLock>SHARED_LOCK))
     ){
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    goto afp_end_lock;
  }
  
  /* If a SHARED lock is requested, and some thread using this PID already
  ** has a SHARED or RESERVED lock, then increment reference counts and
  ** return SQLITE_OK.
  */
  if( eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK && 
     (pLock->eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK || pLock->eFileLock==RESERVED_LOCK) ){
    assert( eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK );
    assert( pFile->eFileLock==0 );
    assert( pLock->nShared>0 );
    pFile->eFileLock = SHARED_LOCK;
    pLock->nShared++;
    pFile->pOpen->nLock++;
    goto afp_end_lock;
  }
    
  /* A PENDING lock is needed before acquiring a SHARED lock and before
  ** acquiring an EXCLUSIVE lock.  For the SHARED lock, the PENDING will
  ** be released.
  */
  if( eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK 
      || (eFileLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK && pFile->eFileLock<PENDING_LOCK)
  ){
    int failed;
    failed = afpSetLock(context->dbPath, pFile, PENDING_BYTE, 1, 1);
    if (failed) {
      rc = failed;
      goto afp_end_lock;
    }
  }
  
  /* If control gets to this point, then actually go ahead and make
  ** operating system calls for the specified lock.
  */
  if( eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK ){
    int lrc1, lrc2, lrc1Errno;
    long lk, mask;
    
    assert( pLock->nShared==0 );
    assert( pLock->eFileLock==0 );
        
    mask = (sizeof(long)==8) ? LARGEST_INT64 : 0x7fffffff;
    /* Now get the read-lock SHARED_LOCK */
    /* note that the quality of the randomness doesn't matter that much */
    lk = random(); 
    pLock->sharedByte = (lk & mask)%(SHARED_SIZE - 1);
    lrc1 = afpSetLock(context->dbPath, pFile, 
................................................................................
      goto afp_end_lock;
    } else if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(lrc2) ){
      rc = lrc2;
      goto afp_end_lock;
    } else if( lrc1 != SQLITE_OK ) {
      rc = lrc1;
    } else {
      pFile->eFileLock = SHARED_LOCK;
      pFile->pOpen->nLock++;
      pLock->nShared = 1;
    }
  }else if( eFileLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK && pLock->nShared>1 ){
    /* We are trying for an exclusive lock but another thread in this
     ** same process is still holding a shared lock. */
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }else{
    /* The request was for a RESERVED or EXCLUSIVE lock.  It is
    ** assumed that there is a SHARED or greater lock on the file
    ** already.
    */
    int failed = 0;
    assert( 0!=pFile->eFileLock );
    if (eFileLock >= RESERVED_LOCK && pFile->eFileLock < RESERVED_LOCK) {
        /* Acquire a RESERVED lock */
        failed = afpSetLock(context->dbPath, pFile, RESERVED_BYTE, 1,1);
      if( !failed ){
        context->reserved = 1;
      }
    }
    if (!failed && eFileLock == EXCLUSIVE_LOCK) {
      /* Acquire an EXCLUSIVE lock */
        
      /* Remove the shared lock before trying the range.  we'll need to 
      ** reestablish the shared lock if we can't get the  afpUnlock
      */
      if( !(failed = afpSetLock(context->dbPath, pFile, SHARED_FIRST +
                         pLock->sharedByte, 1, 0)) ){
................................................................................
    }
    if( failed ){
      rc = failed;
    }
  }
  
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pFile->eFileLock = eFileLock;
    pLock->eFileLock = eFileLock;
  }else if( eFileLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK ){
    pFile->eFileLock = PENDING_LOCK;
    pLock->eFileLock = PENDING_LOCK;
  }
  
afp_end_lock:
  unixLeaveMutex();
  OSTRACE(("LOCK    %d %s %s (afp)\n", pFile->h, azFileLock(eFileLock), 
         rc==SQLITE_OK ? "ok" : "failed"));
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lower the locking level on file descriptor pFile to eFileLock.  eFileLock
** must be either NO_LOCK or SHARED_LOCK.
**
** If the locking level of the file descriptor is already at or below
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static int afpUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock) {
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  struct unixLockInfo *pLock;
  afpLockingContext *context = (afpLockingContext *) pFile->lockingContext;
  int skipShared = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
  int h = pFile->h;
#endif

  assert( pFile );
  OSTRACE(("UNLOCK  %d %d was %d(%d,%d) pid=%d (afp)\n", pFile->h, eFileLock,
           pFile->eFileLock, pFile->pLock->eFileLock, pFile->pLock->nShared,
           getpid()));

  assert( eFileLock<=SHARED_LOCK );

  if( pFile->eFileLock<=eFileLock ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  if( CHECK_THREADID(pFile) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
  unixEnterMutex();
  pLock = pFile->pLock;
  assert( pLock->nShared!=0 );
  if( pFile->eFileLock>SHARED_LOCK ){
    assert( pLock->eFileLock==pFile->eFileLock );
    SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
    SimulateIOError( h=(-1) )
    SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);
    
#ifndef NDEBUG
    /* When reducing a lock such that other processes can start
    ** reading the database file again, make sure that the
................................................................................
    */
    assert( pFile->inNormalWrite==0
           || pFile->dbUpdate==0
           || pFile->transCntrChng==1 );
    pFile->inNormalWrite = 0;
#endif
    
    if( pFile->eFileLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK ){
      rc = afpSetLock(context->dbPath, pFile, SHARED_FIRST, SHARED_SIZE, 0);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK || pLock->nShared>1) ){
        /* only re-establish the shared lock if necessary */
        int sharedLockByte = SHARED_FIRST+pLock->sharedByte;
        rc = afpSetLock(context->dbPath, pFile, sharedLockByte, 1, 1);
      } else {
        skipShared = 1;
      }
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pFile->eFileLock>=PENDING_LOCK ){
      rc = afpSetLock(context->dbPath, pFile, PENDING_BYTE, 1, 0);
    } 
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pFile->eFileLock>=RESERVED_LOCK && context->reserved ){
      rc = afpSetLock(context->dbPath, pFile, RESERVED_BYTE, 1, 0);
      if( !rc ){ 
        context->reserved = 0; 
      }
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK || pLock->nShared>1)){
      pLock->eFileLock = SHARED_LOCK;
    }
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && eFileLock==NO_LOCK ){

    /* Decrement the shared lock counter.  Release the lock using an
    ** OS call only when all threads in this same process have released
    ** the lock.
    */
    unsigned long long sharedLockByte = SHARED_FIRST+pLock->sharedByte;
    pLock->nShared--;
    if( pLock->nShared==0 ){
      SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
      SimulateIOError( h=(-1) )
      SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);
      if( !skipShared ){
        rc = afpSetLock(context->dbPath, pFile, sharedLockByte, 1, 0);
      }
      if( !rc ){
        pLock->eFileLock = NO_LOCK;
        pFile->eFileLock = NO_LOCK;
      }
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      struct unixOpenCnt *pOpen = pFile->pOpen;
        
      pOpen->nLock--;
      assert( pOpen->nLock>=0 );
................................................................................
      if( pOpen->nLock==0 ){
        rc = closePendingFds(pFile);
      }
    }
  }
  
  unixLeaveMutex();
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) pFile->eFileLock = eFileLock;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Close a file & cleanup AFP specific locking context 
*/
static int afpClose(sqlite3_file *id) {
................................................................................
******************************************************************************/

/******************************************************************************
*************************** Begin NFS Locking ********************************/

#if defined(__APPLE__) && SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
/*
 ** Lower the locking level on file descriptor pFile to eFileLock.  eFileLock
 ** must be either NO_LOCK or SHARED_LOCK.
 **
 ** If the locking level of the file descriptor is already at or below
 ** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
 */
static int nfsUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock){
  return _posixUnlock(id, eFileLock, 1);
}

#endif /* defined(__APPLE__) && SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE */
/*
** The code above is the NFS lock implementation.  The code is specific
** to MacOSX and does not work on other unix platforms.  No alternative
** is available.  
................................................................................
  }
  got = read(id->h, pBuf, cnt);
#endif
  TIMER_END;
  if( got<0 ){
    ((unixFile*)id)->lastErrno = errno;
  }
  OSTRACE(("READ    %-3d %5d %7lld %llu\n", id->h, got, offset, TIMER_ELAPSED));
  return got;
}

/*
** Read data from a file into a buffer.  Return SQLITE_OK if all
** bytes were read successfully and SQLITE_IOERR if anything goes
** wrong.
................................................................................
  got = write(id->h, pBuf, cnt);
#endif
  TIMER_END;
  if( got<0 ){
    ((unixFile*)id)->lastErrno = errno;
  }

  OSTRACE(("WRITE   %-3d %5d %7lld %llu\n", id->h, got, offset, TIMER_ELAPSED));
  return got;
}


/*
** Write data from a buffer into a file.  Return SQLITE_OK on success
** or some other error code on failure.
................................................................................

  /* Unix cannot, but some systems may return SQLITE_FULL from here. This
  ** line is to test that doing so does not cause any problems.
  */
  SimulateDiskfullError( return SQLITE_FULL );

  assert( pFile );
  OSTRACE(("SYNC    %-3d\n", pFile->h));
  rc = full_fsync(pFile->h, isFullsync, isDataOnly);
  SimulateIOError( rc=1 );
  if( rc ){
    pFile->lastErrno = errno;
    return SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC;
  }
  if( pFile->dirfd>=0 ){
    int err;
    OSTRACE(("DIRSYNC %-3d (have_fullfsync=%d fullsync=%d)\n", pFile->dirfd,
            HAVE_FULLFSYNC, isFullsync));
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_DIRSYNC
    /* The directory sync is only attempted if full_fsync is
    ** turned off or unavailable.  If a full_fsync occurred above,
    ** then the directory sync is superfluous.
    */
    if( (!HAVE_FULLFSYNC || !isFullsync) && full_fsync(pFile->dirfd,0,0) ){
       /*
................................................................................

/*
** Information and control of an open file handle.
*/
static int unixFileControl(sqlite3_file *id, int op, void *pArg){
  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE: {
      *(int*)pArg = ((unixFile*)id)->eFileLock;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO: {
      *(int*)pArg = ((unixFile*)id)->lastErrno;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
#ifndef NDEBUG
................................................................................
  assert( pNew->pOpen==NULL );

  /* Parameter isDelete is only used on vxworks. Express this explicitly 
  ** here to prevent compiler warnings about unused parameters.
  */
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(isDelete);

  OSTRACE(("OPEN    %-3d %s\n", h, zFilename));
  pNew->h = h;
  pNew->dirfd = dirfd;
  SET_THREADID(pNew);
  pNew->fileFlags = 0;
  assert( zFilename==0 || zFilename[0]=='/' );  /* Never a relative pathname */
  pNew->zPath = zFilename;

................................................................................
  if( ii>0 ){
    zDirname[ii] = '\0';
    fd = open(zDirname, O_RDONLY|O_BINARY, 0);
    if( fd>=0 ){
#ifdef FD_CLOEXEC
      fcntl(fd, F_SETFD, fcntl(fd, F_GETFD, 0) | FD_CLOEXEC);
#endif
      OSTRACE(("OPENDIR %-3d %s\n", fd, zDirname));
    }
  }
  *pFd = fd;
  return (fd>=0?SQLITE_OK:SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT);
}

/*
................................................................................
  if( isCreate )    openFlags |= O_CREAT;
  if( isExclusive ) openFlags |= (O_EXCL|O_NOFOLLOW);
  openFlags |= (O_LARGEFILE|O_BINARY);

  if( fd<0 ){
    mode_t openMode = (isDelete?0600:SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS);
    fd = open(zName, openFlags, openMode);
    OSTRACE(("OPENX   %-3d %s 0%o\n", fd, zName, openFlags));
    if( fd<0 && errno!=EISDIR && isReadWrite && !isExclusive ){
      /* Failed to open the file for read/write access. Try read-only. */
      flags &= ~(SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE);
      openFlags &= ~(O_RDWR|O_CREAT);
      flags |= SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY;
      openFlags |= O_RDONLY;
      fd = open(zName, openFlags, openMode);
................................................................................

#ifdef LOCKPROXYDIR
  len = strlcpy(lPath, LOCKPROXYDIR, maxLen);
#else
# ifdef _CS_DARWIN_USER_TEMP_DIR
  {
    if( !confstr(_CS_DARWIN_USER_TEMP_DIR, lPath, maxLen) ){
      OSTRACE(("GETLOCKPATH  failed %s errno=%d pid=%d\n",
               lPath, errno, getpid()));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK;
    }
    len = strlcat(lPath, "sqliteplocks", maxLen);    
  }
# else
  len = strlcpy(lPath, "/tmp/", maxLen);
# endif
................................................................................
  dbLen = (int)strlen(dbPath);
  for( i=0; i<dbLen && (i+len+7)<maxLen; i++){
    char c = dbPath[i];
    lPath[i+len] = (c=='/')?'_':c;
  }
  lPath[i+len]='\0';
  strlcat(lPath, ":auto:", maxLen);
  OSTRACE(("GETLOCKPATH  proxy lock path=%s pid=%d\n", lPath, getpid()));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* 
 ** Creates the lock file and any missing directories in lockPath
 */
static int proxyCreateLockPath(const char *lockPath){
................................................................................
      /* only mkdir if leaf dir != "." or "/" or ".." */
      if( i-start>2 || (i-start==1 && buf[start] != '.' && buf[start] != '/') 
         || (i-start==2 && buf[start] != '.' && buf[start+1] != '.') ){
        buf[i]='\0';
        if( mkdir(buf, SQLITE_DEFAULT_PROXYDIR_PERMISSIONS) ){
          int err=errno;
          if( err!=EEXIST ) {
            OSTRACE(("CREATELOCKPATH  FAILED creating %s, "
                     "'%s' proxy lock path=%s pid=%d\n",
                     buf, strerror(err), lockPath, getpid()));
            return err;
          }
        }
      }
      start=i+1;
    }
    buf[i] = lockPath[i];
  }
  OSTRACE(("CREATELOCKPATH  proxy lock path=%s pid=%d\n", lockPath, getpid()));
  return 0;
}

/*
** Create a new VFS file descriptor (stored in memory obtained from
** sqlite3_malloc) and open the file named "path" in the file descriptor.
**
................................................................................
    int rc = SQLITE_OK;
    int createConch = 0;
    int hostIdMatch = 0;
    int readLen = 0;
    int tryOldLockPath = 0;
    int forceNewLockPath = 0;
    
    OSTRACE(("TAKECONCH  %d for %s pid=%d\n", conchFile->h,
             (pCtx->lockProxyPath ? pCtx->lockProxyPath : ":auto:"), getpid()));

    rc = proxyGetHostID(myHostID, &pError);
    if( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_IOERR ){
      pFile->lastErrno = pError;
      goto end_takeconch;
    }
    rc = proxyConchLock(pFile, myHostID, SHARED_LOCK);
................................................................................
      
      /* update conch with host and path (this will fail if other process
      ** has a shared lock already), if the host id matches, use the big
      ** stick.
      */
      futimes(conchFile->h, NULL);
      if( hostIdMatch && !createConch ){
        if( conchFile->pLock && conchFile->pLock->nShared>1 ){
          /* We are trying for an exclusive lock but another thread in this
           ** same process is still holding a shared lock. */
          rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
        } else {          
          rc = proxyConchLock(pFile, myHostID, EXCLUSIVE_LOCK);
        }
      }else{
................................................................................
#endif
          }
        }
      }
      conchFile->pMethod->xUnlock((sqlite3_file*)conchFile, SHARED_LOCK);
      
    end_takeconch:
      OSTRACE(("TRANSPROXY: CLOSE  %d\n", pFile->h));
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pFile->openFlags ){
        if( pFile->h>=0 ){
#ifdef STRICT_CLOSE_ERROR
          if( close(pFile->h) ){
            pFile->lastErrno = errno;
            return SQLITE_IOERR_CLOSE;
          }
................................................................................
#else
          close(pFile->h); /* silently leak fd if fail */
#endif
        }
        pFile->h = -1;
        int fd = open(pCtx->dbPath, pFile->openFlags,
                      SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS);
        OSTRACE(("TRANSPROXY: OPEN  %d\n", fd));
        if( fd>=0 ){
          pFile->h = fd;
        }else{
          rc=SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT; /* SQLITE_BUSY? proxyTakeConch called
           during locking */
        }
      }
................................................................................
          afpLockingContext *afpCtx;
          afpCtx = (afpLockingContext *)pCtx->lockProxy->lockingContext;
          afpCtx->dbPath = pCtx->lockProxyPath;
        }
      } else {
        conchFile->pMethod->xUnlock((sqlite3_file*)conchFile, NO_LOCK);
      }
      OSTRACE(("TAKECONCH  %d %s\n", conchFile->h,
               rc==SQLITE_OK?"ok":"failed"));
      return rc;
    } while (1); /* in case we need to retry the :auto: lock file - 
                 ** we should never get here except via the 'continue' call. */
  }
}

/*
** If pFile holds a lock on a conch file, then release that lock.
*/
static int proxyReleaseConch(unixFile *pFile){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;         /* Subroutine return code */
  proxyLockingContext *pCtx;  /* The locking context for the proxy lock */
  unixFile *conchFile;        /* Name of the conch file */

  pCtx = (proxyLockingContext *)pFile->lockingContext;
  conchFile = pCtx->conchFile;
  OSTRACE(("RELEASECONCH  %d for %s pid=%d\n", conchFile->h,
           (pCtx->lockProxyPath ? pCtx->lockProxyPath : ":auto:"), 
           getpid()));
  if( pCtx->conchHeld>0 ){
    rc = conchFile->pMethod->xUnlock((sqlite3_file*)conchFile, NO_LOCK);
  }
  pCtx->conchHeld = 0;
  OSTRACE(("RELEASECONCH  %d %s\n", conchFile->h,
           (rc==SQLITE_OK ? "ok" : "failed")));
  return rc;
}

/*
** Given the name of a database file, compute the name of its conch file.
** Store the conch filename in memory obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
** Make *pConchPath point to the new name.  Return SQLITE_OK on success
................................................................................
** the local lock file path 
*/
static int switchLockProxyPath(unixFile *pFile, const char *path) {
  proxyLockingContext *pCtx = (proxyLockingContext*)pFile->lockingContext;
  char *oldPath = pCtx->lockProxyPath;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  if( pFile->eFileLock!=NO_LOCK ){
    return SQLITE_BUSY;
  }  

  /* nothing to do if the path is NULL, :auto: or matches the existing path */
  if( !path || path[0]=='\0' || !strcmp(path, ":auto:") ||
    (oldPath && !strncmp(oldPath, path, MAXPATHLEN)) ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
*/
static int proxyTransformUnixFile(unixFile *pFile, const char *path) {
  proxyLockingContext *pCtx;
  char dbPath[MAXPATHLEN+1];       /* Name of the database file */
  char *lockPath=NULL;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  
  if( pFile->eFileLock!=NO_LOCK ){
    return SQLITE_BUSY;
  }
  proxyGetDbPathForUnixFile(pFile, dbPath);
  if( !path || path[0]=='\0' || !strcmp(path, ":auto:") ){
    lockPath=NULL;
  }else{
    lockPath=(char *)path;
  }
  
  OSTRACE(("TRANSPROXY  %d for %s pid=%d\n", pFile->h,
           (lockPath ? lockPath : ":auto:"), getpid()));

  pCtx = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pCtx) );
  if( pCtx==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  memset(pCtx, 0, sizeof(*pCtx));

................................................................................
      pCtx->conchFile->pMethod->xClose((sqlite3_file *)pCtx->conchFile);
      sqlite3_free(pCtx->conchFile);
    }
    sqlite3_free(pCtx->lockProxyPath);
    sqlite3_free(pCtx->conchFilePath); 
    sqlite3_free(pCtx);
  }
  OSTRACE(("TRANSPROXY  %d %s\n", pFile->h,
           (rc==SQLITE_OK ? "ok" : "failed")));
  return rc;
}


/*
** This routine handles sqlite3_file_control() calls that are specific
** to proxy locking.
................................................................................
      pResOut=0;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Lock the file with the lock specified by parameter eFileLock - one
** of the following:
**
**     (1) SHARED_LOCK
**     (2) RESERVED_LOCK
**     (3) PENDING_LOCK
**     (4) EXCLUSIVE_LOCK
**
................................................................................
**    SHARED -> (PENDING) -> EXCLUSIVE
**    RESERVED -> (PENDING) -> EXCLUSIVE
**    PENDING -> EXCLUSIVE
**
** This routine will only increase a lock.  Use the sqlite3OsUnlock()
** routine to lower a locking level.
*/
static int proxyLock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  int rc = proxyTakeConch(pFile);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    proxyLockingContext *pCtx = (proxyLockingContext *)pFile->lockingContext;
    if( pCtx->conchHeld>0 ){
      unixFile *proxy = pCtx->lockProxy;
      rc = proxy->pMethod->xLock((sqlite3_file*)proxy, eFileLock);
      pFile->eFileLock = proxy->eFileLock;
    }else{
      /* conchHeld < 0 is lockless */
    }
  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** Lower the locking level on file descriptor pFile to eFileLock.  eFileLock
** must be either NO_LOCK or SHARED_LOCK.
**
** If the locking level of the file descriptor is already at or below
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static int proxyUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock) {
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  int rc = proxyTakeConch(pFile);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    proxyLockingContext *pCtx = (proxyLockingContext *)pFile->lockingContext;
    if( pCtx->conchHeld>0 ){
      unixFile *proxy = pCtx->lockProxy;
      rc = proxy->pMethod->xUnlock((sqlite3_file*)proxy, eFileLock);
      pFile->eFileLock = proxy->eFileLock;
    }else{
      /* conchHeld < 0 is lockless */
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

Changes to src/os_win.c.

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*/
#define MX_CLOSE_ATTEMPT 3
static int winClose(sqlite3_file *id){
  int rc, cnt = 0;
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;

  assert( id!=0 );
  OSTRACE2("CLOSE %d\n", pFile->h);
  do{
    rc = CloseHandle(pFile->h);
  }while( rc==0 && ++cnt < MX_CLOSE_ATTEMPT && (Sleep(100), 1) );
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
#define WINCE_DELETION_ATTEMPTS 3
  winceDestroyLock(pFile);
  if( pFile->zDeleteOnClose ){
................................................................................
  DWORD rc;
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;
  DWORD error;
  DWORD got;

  assert( id!=0 );
  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_READ);
  OSTRACE3("READ %d lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype);
  rc = SetFilePointer(pFile->h, lowerBits, &upperBits, FILE_BEGIN);
  if( rc==INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER && (error=GetLastError())!=NO_ERROR ){
    pFile->lastErrno = error;
    return SQLITE_FULL;
  }
  if( !ReadFile(pFile->h, pBuf, amt, &got, 0) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = GetLastError();
................................................................................
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;
  DWORD error;
  DWORD wrote = 0;

  assert( id!=0 );
  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE);
  SimulateDiskfullError(return SQLITE_FULL);
  OSTRACE3("WRITE %d lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype);
  rc = SetFilePointer(pFile->h, lowerBits, &upperBits, FILE_BEGIN);
  if( rc==INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER && (error=GetLastError())!=NO_ERROR ){
    pFile->lastErrno = error;
    return SQLITE_FULL;
  }
  assert( amt>0 );
  while(
................................................................................
  LONG upperBits = (LONG)((nByte>>32) & 0x7fffffff);
  LONG lowerBits = (LONG)(nByte & 0xffffffff);
  DWORD rc;
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;
  DWORD error;

  assert( id!=0 );
  OSTRACE3("TRUNCATE %d %lld\n", pFile->h, nByte);
  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE);
  rc = SetFilePointer(pFile->h, lowerBits, &upperBits, FILE_BEGIN);
  if( rc==INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER && (error=GetLastError())!=NO_ERROR ){
    pFile->lastErrno = error;
    return SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE;
  }
  /* SetEndOfFile will fail if nByte is negative */
................................................................................
** Make sure all writes to a particular file are committed to disk.
*/
static int winSync(sqlite3_file *id, int flags){
#ifndef SQLITE_NO_SYNC
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;

  assert( id!=0 );
  OSTRACE3("SYNC %d lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype);
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(id);
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_TEST
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(flags);
#else
  if( flags & SQLITE_SYNC_FULL ){
................................................................................
  int res = 1;           /* Result of a windows lock call */
  int newLocktype;       /* Set pFile->locktype to this value before exiting */
  int gotPendingLock = 0;/* True if we acquired a PENDING lock this time */
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;
  DWORD error = NO_ERROR;

  assert( id!=0 );
  OSTRACE5("LOCK %d %d was %d(%d)\n",
          pFile->h, locktype, pFile->locktype, pFile->sharedLockByte);

  /* If there is already a lock of this type or more restrictive on the
  ** OsFile, do nothing. Don't use the end_lock: exit path, as
  ** sqlite3OsEnterMutex() hasn't been called yet.
  */
  if( pFile->locktype>=locktype ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
         && (pFile->locktype==RESERVED_LOCK))
  ){
    int cnt = 3;
    while( cnt-->0 && (res = LockFile(pFile->h, PENDING_BYTE, 0, 1, 0))==0 ){
      /* Try 3 times to get the pending lock.  The pending lock might be
      ** held by another reader process who will release it momentarily.
      */
      OSTRACE2("could not get a PENDING lock. cnt=%d\n", cnt);
      Sleep(1);
    }
    gotPendingLock = res;
    if( !res ){
      error = GetLastError();
    }
  }
................................................................................
  }

  /* Acquire an EXCLUSIVE lock
  */
  if( locktype==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK && res ){
    assert( pFile->locktype>=SHARED_LOCK );
    res = unlockReadLock(pFile);
    OSTRACE2("unreadlock = %d\n", res);
    res = LockFile(pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST, 0, SHARED_SIZE, 0);
    if( res ){
      newLocktype = EXCLUSIVE_LOCK;
    }else{
      error = GetLastError();
      OSTRACE2("error-code = %d\n", error);
      getReadLock(pFile);
    }
  }

  /* If we are holding a PENDING lock that ought to be released, then
  ** release it now.
  */
................................................................................

  /* Update the state of the lock has held in the file descriptor then
  ** return the appropriate result code.
  */
  if( res ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    OSTRACE4("LOCK FAILED %d trying for %d but got %d\n", pFile->h,
           locktype, newLocktype);
    pFile->lastErrno = error;
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }
  pFile->locktype = (u8)newLocktype;
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
static int winCheckReservedLock(sqlite3_file *id, int *pResOut){
  int rc;
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;

  assert( id!=0 );
  if( pFile->locktype>=RESERVED_LOCK ){
    rc = 1;
    OSTRACE3("TEST WR-LOCK %d %d (local)\n", pFile->h, rc);
  }else{
    rc = LockFile(pFile->h, RESERVED_BYTE, 0, 1, 0);
    if( rc ){
      UnlockFile(pFile->h, RESERVED_BYTE, 0, 1, 0);
    }
    rc = !rc;
    OSTRACE3("TEST WR-LOCK %d %d (remote)\n", pFile->h, rc);
  }
  *pResOut = rc;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Lower the locking level on file descriptor id to locktype.  locktype
................................................................................
*/
static int winUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int locktype){
  int type;
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  assert( pFile!=0 );
  assert( locktype<=SHARED_LOCK );
  OSTRACE5("UNLOCK %d to %d was %d(%d)\n", pFile->h, locktype,
          pFile->locktype, pFile->sharedLockByte);
  type = pFile->locktype;
  if( type>=EXCLUSIVE_LOCK ){
    UnlockFile(pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST, 0, SHARED_SIZE, 0);
    if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK && !getReadLock(pFile) ){
      /* This should never happen.  We should always be able to
      ** reacquire the read lock */
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK;
................................................................................
                   "%s\\"SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX, zTempPath);
  j = sqlite3Strlen30(zBuf);
  sqlite3_randomness(20, &zBuf[j]);
  for(i=0; i<20; i++, j++){
    zBuf[j] = (char)zChars[ ((unsigned char)zBuf[j])%(sizeof(zChars)-1) ];
  }
  zBuf[j] = 0;
  OSTRACE2("TEMP FILENAME: %s\n", zBuf);
  return SQLITE_OK; 
}

/*
** The return value of getLastErrorMsg
** is zero if the error message fits in the buffer, or non-zero
** otherwise (if the message was truncated).
................................................................................
    }while(   (   ((rc = GetFileAttributesA(zConverted)) != INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES)
               || ((error = GetLastError()) == ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED))
           && (++cnt < MX_DELETION_ATTEMPTS)
           && (Sleep(100), 1) );
#endif
  }
  free(zConverted);
  OSTRACE2("DELETE \"%s\"\n", zFilename);
  return (   (rc == INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES) 
          && (error == ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND)) ? SQLITE_OK : SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE;
}

/*
** Check the existance and status of a file.
*/







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*/
#define MX_CLOSE_ATTEMPT 3
static int winClose(sqlite3_file *id){
  int rc, cnt = 0;
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;

  assert( id!=0 );
  OSTRACE(("CLOSE %d\n", pFile->h));
  do{
    rc = CloseHandle(pFile->h);
  }while( rc==0 && ++cnt < MX_CLOSE_ATTEMPT && (Sleep(100), 1) );
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
#define WINCE_DELETION_ATTEMPTS 3
  winceDestroyLock(pFile);
  if( pFile->zDeleteOnClose ){
................................................................................
  DWORD rc;
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;
  DWORD error;
  DWORD got;

  assert( id!=0 );
  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_READ);
  OSTRACE(("READ %d lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype));
  rc = SetFilePointer(pFile->h, lowerBits, &upperBits, FILE_BEGIN);
  if( rc==INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER && (error=GetLastError())!=NO_ERROR ){
    pFile->lastErrno = error;
    return SQLITE_FULL;
  }
  if( !ReadFile(pFile->h, pBuf, amt, &got, 0) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = GetLastError();
................................................................................
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;
  DWORD error;
  DWORD wrote = 0;

  assert( id!=0 );
  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE);
  SimulateDiskfullError(return SQLITE_FULL);
  OSTRACE(("WRITE %d lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype));
  rc = SetFilePointer(pFile->h, lowerBits, &upperBits, FILE_BEGIN);
  if( rc==INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER && (error=GetLastError())!=NO_ERROR ){
    pFile->lastErrno = error;
    return SQLITE_FULL;
  }
  assert( amt>0 );
  while(
................................................................................
  LONG upperBits = (LONG)((nByte>>32) & 0x7fffffff);
  LONG lowerBits = (LONG)(nByte & 0xffffffff);
  DWORD rc;
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;
  DWORD error;

  assert( id!=0 );
  OSTRACE(("TRUNCATE %d %lld\n", pFile->h, nByte));
  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE);
  rc = SetFilePointer(pFile->h, lowerBits, &upperBits, FILE_BEGIN);
  if( rc==INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER && (error=GetLastError())!=NO_ERROR ){
    pFile->lastErrno = error;
    return SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE;
  }
  /* SetEndOfFile will fail if nByte is negative */
................................................................................
** Make sure all writes to a particular file are committed to disk.
*/
static int winSync(sqlite3_file *id, int flags){
#ifndef SQLITE_NO_SYNC
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;

  assert( id!=0 );
  OSTRACE(("SYNC %d lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype));
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(id);
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_TEST
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(flags);
#else
  if( flags & SQLITE_SYNC_FULL ){
................................................................................
  int res = 1;           /* Result of a windows lock call */
  int newLocktype;       /* Set pFile->locktype to this value before exiting */
  int gotPendingLock = 0;/* True if we acquired a PENDING lock this time */
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;
  DWORD error = NO_ERROR;

  assert( id!=0 );
  OSTRACE(("LOCK %d %d was %d(%d)\n",
          pFile->h, locktype, pFile->locktype, pFile->sharedLockByte));

  /* If there is already a lock of this type or more restrictive on the
  ** OsFile, do nothing. Don't use the end_lock: exit path, as
  ** sqlite3OsEnterMutex() hasn't been called yet.
  */
  if( pFile->locktype>=locktype ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
         && (pFile->locktype==RESERVED_LOCK))
  ){
    int cnt = 3;
    while( cnt-->0 && (res = LockFile(pFile->h, PENDING_BYTE, 0, 1, 0))==0 ){
      /* Try 3 times to get the pending lock.  The pending lock might be
      ** held by another reader process who will release it momentarily.
      */
      OSTRACE(("could not get a PENDING lock. cnt=%d\n", cnt));
      Sleep(1);
    }
    gotPendingLock = res;
    if( !res ){
      error = GetLastError();
    }
  }
................................................................................
  }

  /* Acquire an EXCLUSIVE lock
  */
  if( locktype==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK && res ){
    assert( pFile->locktype>=SHARED_LOCK );
    res = unlockReadLock(pFile);
    OSTRACE(("unreadlock = %d\n", res));
    res = LockFile(pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST, 0, SHARED_SIZE, 0);
    if( res ){
      newLocktype = EXCLUSIVE_LOCK;
    }else{
      error = GetLastError();
      OSTRACE(("error-code = %d\n", error));
      getReadLock(pFile);
    }
  }

  /* If we are holding a PENDING lock that ought to be released, then
  ** release it now.
  */
................................................................................

  /* Update the state of the lock has held in the file descriptor then
  ** return the appropriate result code.
  */
  if( res ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    OSTRACE(("LOCK FAILED %d trying for %d but got %d\n", pFile->h,
           locktype, newLocktype));
    pFile->lastErrno = error;
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
  }
  pFile->locktype = (u8)newLocktype;
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
static int winCheckReservedLock(sqlite3_file *id, int *pResOut){
  int rc;
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;

  assert( id!=0 );
  if( pFile->locktype>=RESERVED_LOCK ){
    rc = 1;
    OSTRACE(("TEST WR-LOCK %d %d (local)\n", pFile->h, rc));
  }else{
    rc = LockFile(pFile->h, RESERVED_BYTE, 0, 1, 0);
    if( rc ){
      UnlockFile(pFile->h, RESERVED_BYTE, 0, 1, 0);
    }
    rc = !rc;
    OSTRACE(("TEST WR-LOCK %d %d (remote)\n", pFile->h, rc));
  }
  *pResOut = rc;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Lower the locking level on file descriptor id to locktype.  locktype
................................................................................
*/
static int winUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int locktype){
  int type;
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  assert( pFile!=0 );
  assert( locktype<=SHARED_LOCK );
  OSTRACE(("UNLOCK %d to %d was %d(%d)\n", pFile->h, locktype,
          pFile->locktype, pFile->sharedLockByte));
  type = pFile->locktype;
  if( type>=EXCLUSIVE_LOCK ){
    UnlockFile(pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST, 0, SHARED_SIZE, 0);
    if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK && !getReadLock(pFile) ){
      /* This should never happen.  We should always be able to
      ** reacquire the read lock */
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK;
................................................................................
                   "%s\\"SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX, zTempPath);
  j = sqlite3Strlen30(zBuf);
  sqlite3_randomness(20, &zBuf[j]);
  for(i=0; i<20; i++, j++){
    zBuf[j] = (char)zChars[ ((unsigned char)zBuf[j])%(sizeof(zChars)-1) ];
  }
  zBuf[j] = 0;
  OSTRACE(("TEMP FILENAME: %s\n", zBuf));
  return SQLITE_OK; 
}

/*
** The return value of getLastErrorMsg
** is zero if the error message fits in the buffer, or non-zero
** otherwise (if the message was truncated).
................................................................................
    }while(   (   ((rc = GetFileAttributesA(zConverted)) != INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES)
               || ((error = GetLastError()) == ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED))
           && (++cnt < MX_DELETION_ATTEMPTS)
           && (Sleep(100), 1) );
#endif
  }
  free(zConverted);
  OSTRACE(("DELETE \"%s\"\n", zFilename));
  return (   (rc == INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES) 
          && (error == ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND)) ? SQLITE_OK : SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE;
}

/*
** Check the existance and status of a file.
*/