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Overview
Comment:Attempt to improve the documentation for snapshots. No changes to code.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
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Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA3-256: 46dd076af5880e6e9a7de974758b26bc43d0dc074f8143234038fa9cdcc726ee
User & Date: drh 2018-07-23 18:32:42
Context
2018-07-23
18:53
Fix typo of 'SQLITE_OMIT_WINDOWFUNC'. check-in: 8607b84a user: mistachkin tags: trunk
18:32
Attempt to improve the documentation for snapshots. No changes to code. check-in: 46dd076a user: drh tags: trunk
10:57
Fix the macros used to generate the output of "PRAGMA compile_options" so that they handle valid values for the SQLITE_DEFAULT_LOOKASIDE macro (which contain a "," character). check-in: 1cc72845 user: dan tags: trunk
Changes
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Changes to src/sqlite.h.in.

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** is not changed but instead the prior value of that setting is written
** into the array entry, allowing the current retry settings to be
** interrogated.  The zDbName parameter is ignored.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL]]
** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL] opcode is used to set or query the
** persistent [WAL | Write Ahead Log] setting.  By default, the auxiliary

** write ahead log and shared memory files used for transaction control
** are automatically deleted when the latest connection to the database
** closes.  Setting persistent WAL mode causes those files to persist after
** close.  Persisting the files is useful when other processes that do not
** have write permission on the directory containing the database file want
** to read the database file, as the WAL and shared memory files must exist
** in order for the database to be readable.  The fourth parameter to
** [sqlite3_file_control()] for this opcode should be a pointer to an integer.
................................................................................
** as ENOSPC, EAUTH, EISDIR, and so forth.  
*/
int sqlite3_system_errno(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Snapshot
** KEYWORDS: {snapshot} {sqlite3_snapshot}
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** An instance of the snapshot object records the state of a [WAL mode]
** database for some specific point in history.
**
** In [WAL mode], multiple [database connections] that are open on the
** same database file can each be reading a different historical version
** of the database file.  When a [database connection] begins a read
................................................................................
** Subsequent changes to the database from other connections are not seen
** by the reader until a new read transaction is started.
**
** The sqlite3_snapshot object records state information about an historical
** version of the database file so that it is possible to later open a new read
** transaction that sees that historical version of the database rather than
** the most recent version.
**
** The constructor for this object is [sqlite3_snapshot_get()].  The
** [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] method causes a fresh read transaction to refer
** to an historical snapshot (if possible).  The destructor for 
** sqlite3_snapshot objects is [sqlite3_snapshot_free()].
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_snapshot {
  unsigned char hidden[48];
} sqlite3_snapshot;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Record A Database Snapshot
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface attempts to make a
** new [sqlite3_snapshot] object that records the current state of
** schema S in database connection D.  ^On success, the
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface writes a pointer to the newly
** created [sqlite3_snapshot] object into *P and returns SQLITE_OK.
** If there is not already a read-transaction open on schema S when
................................................................................
** whether or not a read transaction is opened on schema S is undefined.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot] object returned from a successful call to
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] must be freed using [sqlite3_snapshot_free()]
** to avoid a memory leak.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] interface is only available when the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
*/
SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_get(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zSchema,
  sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Start a read transaction on an historical snapshot
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_open(D,S,P)] interface starts a
** read transaction for schema S of
** [database connection] D such that the read transaction
** refers to historical [snapshot] P, rather than the most
** recent change to the database.
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] interface returns SQLITE_OK on success
................................................................................
** that the database file is in [WAL mode] if there has been no prior
** I/O on that database connection, or if the database entered [WAL mode] 
** after the most recent I/O on the database connection.)^
** (Hint: Run "[PRAGMA application_id]" against a newly opened
** database connection in order to make it ready to use snapshots.)
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] interface is only available when the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
*/
SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_open(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zSchema,
  sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Destroy a snapshot
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_free(P)] interface destroys [sqlite3_snapshot] P.
** The application must eventually free every [sqlite3_snapshot] object
** using this routine to avoid a memory leak.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot_free()] interface is only available when the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
*/
SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void sqlite3_snapshot_free(sqlite3_snapshot*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Compare the ages of two snapshot handles.
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** The sqlite3_snapshot_cmp(P1, P2) interface is used to compare the ages
** of two valid snapshot handles. 
**
** If the two snapshot handles are not associated with the same database 
** file, the result of the comparison is undefined. 
**
................................................................................
** clients drops to zero. If either snapshot handle was obtained before the 
** wal file was last deleted, the value returned by this function 
** is undefined.
**
** Otherwise, this API returns a negative value if P1 refers to an older
** snapshot than P2, zero if the two handles refer to the same database
** snapshot, and a positive value if P1 is a newer snapshot than P2.



*/
SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_cmp(
  sqlite3_snapshot *p1,
  sqlite3_snapshot *p2
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Recover snapshots from a wal file
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** If all connections disconnect from a database file but do not perform
** a checkpoint, the existing wal file is opened along with the database
** file the next time the database is opened. At this point it is only
** possible to successfully call sqlite3_snapshot_open() to open the most
** recent snapshot of the database (the one at the head of the wal file),
** even though the wal file may contain other valid snapshots for which
** clients have sqlite3_snapshot handles.
**
** This function attempts to scan the wal file associated with database zDb
** of database handle db and make all valid snapshots available to
** sqlite3_snapshot_open(). It is an error if there is already a read
** transaction open on the database, or if the database is not a wal mode
** database.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if successful, or an SQLite error code otherwise.



*/
SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_recover(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Serialize a database
**
** The sqlite3_serialize(D,S,P,F) interface returns a pointer to memory







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** is not changed but instead the prior value of that setting is written
** into the array entry, allowing the current retry settings to be
** interrogated.  The zDbName parameter is ignored.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL]]
** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL] opcode is used to set or query the
** persistent [WAL | Write Ahead Log] setting.  By default, the auxiliary
** write ahead log ([WAL file]) and shared memory
** files used for transaction control
** are automatically deleted when the latest connection to the database
** closes.  Setting persistent WAL mode causes those files to persist after
** close.  Persisting the files is useful when other processes that do not
** have write permission on the directory containing the database file want
** to read the database file, as the WAL and shared memory files must exist
** in order for the database to be readable.  The fourth parameter to
** [sqlite3_file_control()] for this opcode should be a pointer to an integer.
................................................................................
** as ENOSPC, EAUTH, EISDIR, and so forth.  
*/
int sqlite3_system_errno(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Snapshot
** KEYWORDS: {snapshot} {sqlite3_snapshot}

**
** An instance of the snapshot object records the state of a [WAL mode]
** database for some specific point in history.
**
** In [WAL mode], multiple [database connections] that are open on the
** same database file can each be reading a different historical version
** of the database file.  When a [database connection] begins a read
................................................................................
** Subsequent changes to the database from other connections are not seen
** by the reader until a new read transaction is started.
**
** The sqlite3_snapshot object records state information about an historical
** version of the database file so that it is possible to later open a new read
** transaction that sees that historical version of the database rather than
** the most recent version.





*/
typedef struct sqlite3_snapshot {
  unsigned char hidden[48];
} sqlite3_snapshot;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Record A Database Snapshot
** CONSTRUCTOR: sqlite3_snapshot
**
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface attempts to make a
** new [sqlite3_snapshot] object that records the current state of
** schema S in database connection D.  ^On success, the
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface writes a pointer to the newly
** created [sqlite3_snapshot] object into *P and returns SQLITE_OK.
** If there is not already a read-transaction open on schema S when
................................................................................
** whether or not a read transaction is opened on schema S is undefined.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot] object returned from a successful call to
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] must be freed using [sqlite3_snapshot_free()]
** to avoid a memory leak.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] interface is only available when the
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT] compile-time option is used.
*/
SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_get(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zSchema,
  sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Start a read transaction on an historical snapshot
** METHOD: sqlite3_snapshot
**
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_open(D,S,P)] interface starts a
** read transaction for schema S of
** [database connection] D such that the read transaction
** refers to historical [snapshot] P, rather than the most
** recent change to the database.
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] interface returns SQLITE_OK on success
................................................................................
** that the database file is in [WAL mode] if there has been no prior
** I/O on that database connection, or if the database entered [WAL mode] 
** after the most recent I/O on the database connection.)^
** (Hint: Run "[PRAGMA application_id]" against a newly opened
** database connection in order to make it ready to use snapshots.)
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] interface is only available when the
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT] compile-time option is used.
*/
SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_open(
  sqlite3 *db,
  const char *zSchema,
  sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Destroy a snapshot
** DESTRUCTOR: sqlite3_snapshot
**
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_free(P)] interface destroys [sqlite3_snapshot] P.
** The application must eventually free every [sqlite3_snapshot] object
** using this routine to avoid a memory leak.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot_free()] interface is only available when the
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT] compile-time option is used.
*/
SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void sqlite3_snapshot_free(sqlite3_snapshot*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Compare the ages of two snapshot handles.
** METHOD: sqlite3_snapshot
**
** The sqlite3_snapshot_cmp(P1, P2) interface is used to compare the ages
** of two valid snapshot handles. 
**
** If the two snapshot handles are not associated with the same database 
** file, the result of the comparison is undefined. 
**
................................................................................
** clients drops to zero. If either snapshot handle was obtained before the 
** wal file was last deleted, the value returned by this function 
** is undefined.
**
** Otherwise, this API returns a negative value if P1 refers to an older
** snapshot than P2, zero if the two handles refer to the same database
** snapshot, and a positive value if P1 is a newer snapshot than P2.
**
** This interface is only available if SQLite is compiled with the
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT] option.
*/
SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_cmp(
  sqlite3_snapshot *p1,
  sqlite3_snapshot *p2
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Recover snapshots from a wal file
** METHOD: sqlite3_snapshot
**
** If a [WAL file] remains on disk after all database connections close
** (either through the use of the [SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL] [file control]
** or because the last process to have the database opened exited without
** calling [sqlite3_close()]) and a new connection is subsequently opened
** on that database and [WAL file], the [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] interface
** will only be able to open the last transaction added to the WAL file
** even though the WAL file contains other valid transactions.
**
** This function attempts to scan the WAL file associated with database zDb
** of database handle db and make all valid snapshots available to
** sqlite3_snapshot_open(). It is an error if there is already a read
** transaction open on the database, or if the database is not a WAL mode
** database.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if successful, or an SQLite error code otherwise.
**
** This interface is only available if SQLite is compiled with the
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT] option.
*/
SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_recover(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Serialize a database
**
** The sqlite3_serialize(D,S,P,F) interface returns a pointer to memory