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Overview
Comment:Performance improvement and size reduction in the Expr node allocator function sqlite3PExpr().
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SHA1: 2a81763e68cdf9b8c46389b1e1a87bc2084b53e7
User & Date: drh 2016-12-06 22:47:23
Context
2016-12-07
13:49
Always honor the sqlite3.dbOptFlags bitmask, regardless of compile-time options. Continuing fix for ticket [da78413751863]. check-in: afab1663 user: drh tags: trunk
07:46
Merge latest trunk changes into this branch. Leaf check-in: 391344d8 user: dan tags: changebatch
2016-12-06
22:47
Performance improvement and size reduction in the Expr node allocator function sqlite3PExpr(). check-in: 2a81763e user: drh tags: trunk
19:33
Add missing nul-terminator to a Tcl_AppendResult() call in tclsqlite.c. check-in: 0820f8b3 user: dan tags: trunk
Changes
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Changes to src/delete.c.

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  **   DELETE FROM table_a WHERE col1=1 ORDER BY col2 LIMIT 1 OFFSET 1
  ** becomes:
  **   DELETE FROM table_a WHERE rowid IN ( 
  **     SELECT rowid FROM table_a WHERE col1=1 ORDER BY col2 LIMIT 1 OFFSET 1
  **   );
  */

  pSelectRowid = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ROW, 0, 0, 0);
  if( pSelectRowid == 0 ) goto limit_where_cleanup;
  pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, pSelectRowid);
  if( pEList == 0 ) goto limit_where_cleanup;

  /* duplicate the FROM clause as it is needed by both the DELETE/UPDATE tree
  ** and the SELECT subtree. */
  pSelectSrc = sqlite3SrcListDup(pParse->db, pSrc, 0);
................................................................................

  /* generate the SELECT expression tree. */
  pSelect = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse,pEList,pSelectSrc,pWhere,0,0,
                             pOrderBy,0,pLimit,pOffset);
  if( pSelect == 0 ) return 0;

  /* now generate the new WHERE rowid IN clause for the DELETE/UDPATE */
  pWhereRowid = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ROW, 0, 0, 0);
  pInClause = pWhereRowid ? sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, pWhereRowid, 0, 0) : 0;
  sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, pInClause, pSelect);
  return pInClause;

limit_where_cleanup:
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pWhere);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pOrderBy);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pLimit);







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  **   DELETE FROM table_a WHERE col1=1 ORDER BY col2 LIMIT 1 OFFSET 1
  ** becomes:
  **   DELETE FROM table_a WHERE rowid IN ( 
  **     SELECT rowid FROM table_a WHERE col1=1 ORDER BY col2 LIMIT 1 OFFSET 1
  **   );
  */

  pSelectRowid = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ROW, 0, 0);
  if( pSelectRowid == 0 ) goto limit_where_cleanup;
  pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, pSelectRowid);
  if( pEList == 0 ) goto limit_where_cleanup;

  /* duplicate the FROM clause as it is needed by both the DELETE/UPDATE tree
  ** and the SELECT subtree. */
  pSelectSrc = sqlite3SrcListDup(pParse->db, pSrc, 0);
................................................................................

  /* generate the SELECT expression tree. */
  pSelect = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse,pEList,pSelectSrc,pWhere,0,0,
                             pOrderBy,0,pLimit,pOffset);
  if( pSelect == 0 ) return 0;

  /* now generate the new WHERE rowid IN clause for the DELETE/UDPATE */
  pWhereRowid = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ROW, 0, 0);
  pInClause = pWhereRowid ? sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, pWhereRowid, 0) : 0;
  sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, pInClause, pSelect);
  return pInClause;

limit_where_cleanup:
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pWhere);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pOrderBy);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pLimit);

Changes to src/expr.c.

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    ** sqlite3ExprDelete() specifically skips the recursive delete of
    ** pLeft on TK_SELECT_COLUMN nodes.  But pRight is followed, so pVector
    ** can be attached to pRight to cause this node to take ownership of
    ** pVector.  Typically there will be multiple TK_SELECT_COLUMN nodes
    ** with the same pLeft pointer to the pVector, but only one of them
    ** will own the pVector.
    */
    pRet = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_SELECT_COLUMN, 0, 0, 0);
    if( pRet ){
      pRet->iColumn = iField;
      pRet->pLeft = pVector;
    }
    assert( pRet==0 || pRet->iTable==0 );
  }else{
    if( pVector->op==TK_VECTOR ) pVector = pVector->x.pList->a[iField].pExpr;
................................................................................
** Expr node.  Or, if an OOM error occurs, set pParse->db->mallocFailed,
** free the subtrees and return NULL.
*/
Expr *sqlite3PExpr(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  int op,                 /* Expression opcode */
  Expr *pLeft,            /* Left operand */
  Expr *pRight,           /* Right operand */
  const Token *pToken     /* Argument token */
){
  Expr *p;
  if( op==TK_AND && pParse->nErr==0 ){
    /* Take advantage of short-circuit false optimization for AND */
    p = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse->db, pLeft, pRight);
  }else{
    p = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, op & TKFLG_MASK, pToken, 1);





    sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(pParse->db, p, pLeft, pRight);
  }
  if( p ) {
    sqlite3ExprCheckHeight(pParse, p->nHeight);
  }
  return p;
}







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    ** sqlite3ExprDelete() specifically skips the recursive delete of
    ** pLeft on TK_SELECT_COLUMN nodes.  But pRight is followed, so pVector
    ** can be attached to pRight to cause this node to take ownership of
    ** pVector.  Typically there will be multiple TK_SELECT_COLUMN nodes
    ** with the same pLeft pointer to the pVector, but only one of them
    ** will own the pVector.
    */
    pRet = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_SELECT_COLUMN, 0, 0);
    if( pRet ){
      pRet->iColumn = iField;
      pRet->pLeft = pVector;
    }
    assert( pRet==0 || pRet->iTable==0 );
  }else{
    if( pVector->op==TK_VECTOR ) pVector = pVector->x.pList->a[iField].pExpr;
................................................................................
** Expr node.  Or, if an OOM error occurs, set pParse->db->mallocFailed,
** free the subtrees and return NULL.
*/
Expr *sqlite3PExpr(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  int op,                 /* Expression opcode */
  Expr *pLeft,            /* Left operand */
  Expr *pRight            /* Right operand */

){
  Expr *p;
  if( op==TK_AND && pParse->nErr==0 ){
    /* Take advantage of short-circuit false optimization for AND */
    p = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse->db, pLeft, pRight);
  }else{
    p = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(pParse->db, sizeof(Expr));
    if( p ){
      memset(p, 0, sizeof(Expr));
      p->op = op & TKFLG_MASK;
      p->iAgg = -1;
    }
    sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(pParse->db, p, pLeft, pRight);
  }
  if( p ) {
    sqlite3ExprCheckHeight(pParse, p->nHeight);
  }
  return p;
}

Changes to src/fkey.c.

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    iCol = pIdx ? pIdx->aiColumn[i] : -1;
    pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, iCol);
    iCol = aiCol ? aiCol[i] : pFKey->aCol[0].iFrom;
    assert( iCol>=0 );
    zCol = pFKey->pFrom->aCol[iCol].zName;
    pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zCol);
    pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pLeft, pRight, 0);
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pEq);
  }

  /* If the child table is the same as the parent table, then add terms
  ** to the WHERE clause that prevent this entry from being scanned.
  ** The added WHERE clause terms are like this:
  **
................................................................................
  if( pTab==pFKey->pFrom && nIncr>0 ){
    Expr *pNe;                    /* Expression (pLeft != pRight) */
    Expr *pLeft;                  /* Value from parent table row */
    Expr *pRight;                 /* Column ref to child table */
    if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
      pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, -1);
      pRight = exprTableColumn(db, pTab, pSrc->a[0].iCursor, -1);
      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NE, pLeft, pRight, 0);
    }else{
      Expr *pEq, *pAll = 0;
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
      assert( pIdx!=0 );
      for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
        i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        assert( iCol>=0 );
        pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, iCol);
        pRight = exprTableColumn(db, pTab, pSrc->a[0].iCursor, iCol);
        pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pLeft, pRight, 0);
        pAll = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAll, pEq);
      }
      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, pAll, 0, 0);
    }
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pNe);
  }

  /* Resolve the references in the WHERE clause. */
  memset(&sNameContext, 0, sizeof(NameContext));
  sNameContext.pSrcList = pSrc;
................................................................................
      /* Create the expression "OLD.zToCol = zFromCol". It is important
      ** that the "OLD.zToCol" term is on the LHS of the = operator, so
      ** that the affinity and collation sequence associated with the
      ** parent table are used for the comparison. */
      pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ,
          sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tOld, 0),
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0)
          , 0),
          sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tFromCol, 0)
      , 0);
      pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pEq);

      /* For ON UPDATE, construct the next term of the WHEN clause.
      ** The final WHEN clause will be like this:
      **
      **    WHEN NOT(old.col1 IS new.col1 AND ... AND old.colN IS new.colN)
      */
      if( pChanges ){
        pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IS,
            sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tOld, 0),
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0),
              0),
            sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tNew, 0),
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0),
              0),
            0);
        pWhen = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhen, pEq);
      }
  
      if( action!=OE_Restrict && (action!=OE_Cascade || pChanges) ){
        Expr *pNew;
        if( action==OE_Cascade ){
          pNew = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tNew, 0),
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0)
          , 0);
        }else if( action==OE_SetDflt ){
          Expr *pDflt = pFKey->pFrom->aCol[iFromCol].pDflt;
          if( pDflt ){
            pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pDflt, 0);
          }else{
            pNew = sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_NULL, 0, 0);
          }
................................................................................
      pStep->zTarget = (char *)&pStep[1];
      memcpy((char *)pStep->zTarget, zFrom, nFrom);
  
      pStep->pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhere, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      pStep->pExprList = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pList, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      pStep->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pSelect, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      if( pWhen ){
        pWhen = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, pWhen, 0, 0);
        pTrigger->pWhen = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhen, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      }
    }

    /* Re-enable the lookaside buffer, if it was disabled earlier. */
    db->lookaside.bDisable--;








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    iCol = pIdx ? pIdx->aiColumn[i] : -1;
    pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, iCol);
    iCol = aiCol ? aiCol[i] : pFKey->aCol[0].iFrom;
    assert( iCol>=0 );
    zCol = pFKey->pFrom->aCol[iCol].zName;
    pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zCol);
    pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pLeft, pRight);
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pEq);
  }

  /* If the child table is the same as the parent table, then add terms
  ** to the WHERE clause that prevent this entry from being scanned.
  ** The added WHERE clause terms are like this:
  **
................................................................................
  if( pTab==pFKey->pFrom && nIncr>0 ){
    Expr *pNe;                    /* Expression (pLeft != pRight) */
    Expr *pLeft;                  /* Value from parent table row */
    Expr *pRight;                 /* Column ref to child table */
    if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
      pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, -1);
      pRight = exprTableColumn(db, pTab, pSrc->a[0].iCursor, -1);
      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NE, pLeft, pRight);
    }else{
      Expr *pEq, *pAll = 0;
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
      assert( pIdx!=0 );
      for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
        i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        assert( iCol>=0 );
        pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, iCol);
        pRight = exprTableColumn(db, pTab, pSrc->a[0].iCursor, iCol);
        pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pLeft, pRight);
        pAll = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAll, pEq);
      }
      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, pAll, 0);
    }
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pNe);
  }

  /* Resolve the references in the WHERE clause. */
  memset(&sNameContext, 0, sizeof(NameContext));
  sNameContext.pSrcList = pSrc;
................................................................................
      /* Create the expression "OLD.zToCol = zFromCol". It is important
      ** that the "OLD.zToCol" term is on the LHS of the = operator, so
      ** that the affinity and collation sequence associated with the
      ** parent table are used for the comparison. */
      pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ,
          sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tOld, 0),
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0)),

          sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tFromCol, 0)
      );
      pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pEq);

      /* For ON UPDATE, construct the next term of the WHEN clause.
      ** The final WHEN clause will be like this:
      **
      **    WHEN NOT(old.col1 IS new.col1 AND ... AND old.colN IS new.colN)
      */
      if( pChanges ){
        pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IS,
            sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tOld, 0),
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0)),

            sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tNew, 0),
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0))

            );
        pWhen = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhen, pEq);
      }
  
      if( action!=OE_Restrict && (action!=OE_Cascade || pChanges) ){
        Expr *pNew;
        if( action==OE_Cascade ){
          pNew = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tNew, 0),
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0));

        }else if( action==OE_SetDflt ){
          Expr *pDflt = pFKey->pFrom->aCol[iFromCol].pDflt;
          if( pDflt ){
            pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pDflt, 0);
          }else{
            pNew = sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_NULL, 0, 0);
          }
................................................................................
      pStep->zTarget = (char *)&pStep[1];
      memcpy((char *)pStep->zTarget, zFrom, nFrom);
  
      pStep->pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhere, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      pStep->pExprList = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pList, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      pStep->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pSelect, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      if( pWhen ){
        pWhen = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, pWhen, 0);
        pTrigger->pWhen = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhen, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      }
    }

    /* Re-enable the lookaside buffer, if it was disabled earlier. */
    db->lookaside.bDisable--;

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carglist ::= .
ccons ::= CONSTRAINT nm(X).           {pParse->constraintName = X;}
ccons ::= DEFAULT term(X).            {sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,&X);}
ccons ::= DEFAULT LP expr(X) RP.      {sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,&X);}
ccons ::= DEFAULT PLUS term(X).       {sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,&X);}
ccons ::= DEFAULT MINUS(A) term(X).      {
  ExprSpan v;
  v.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_UMINUS, X.pExpr, 0, 0);
  v.zStart = A.z;
  v.zEnd = X.zEnd;
  sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,&v);
}
ccons ::= DEFAULT id(X).              {
  ExprSpan v;
  spanExpr(&v, pParse, TK_STRING, X);
................................................................................
   sqlite3ExprListSetSpan(pParse,A,&X);
}
selcollist(A) ::= sclp(A) STAR. {
  Expr *p = sqlite3Expr(pParse->db, TK_ASTERISK, 0);
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, A, p);
}
selcollist(A) ::= sclp(A) nm(X) DOT STAR. {
  Expr *pRight = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ASTERISK, 0, 0, 0);
  Expr *pLeft = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &X);
  Expr *pDot = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pRight, 0);
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,A, pDot);
}

// An option "AS <id>" phrase that can follow one of the expressions that
// define the result set, or one of the tables in the FROM clause.
//
%type as {Token}
................................................................................
term(A) ::= NULL(X).        {spanExpr(&A,pParse,@X,X);/*A-overwrites-X*/}
expr(A) ::= id(X).          {spanExpr(&A,pParse,TK_ID,X); /*A-overwrites-X*/}
expr(A) ::= JOIN_KW(X).     {spanExpr(&A,pParse,TK_ID,X); /*A-overwrites-X*/}
expr(A) ::= nm(X) DOT nm(Y). {
  Expr *temp1 = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &X, 1);
  Expr *temp2 = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &Y, 1);
  spanSet(&A,&X,&Y); /*A-overwrites-X*/
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, temp1, temp2, 0);
}
expr(A) ::= nm(X) DOT nm(Y) DOT nm(Z). {
  Expr *temp1 = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &X, 1);
  Expr *temp2 = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &Y, 1);
  Expr *temp3 = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &Z, 1);
  Expr *temp4 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, temp2, temp3, 0);
  spanSet(&A,&X,&Z); /*A-overwrites-X*/
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, temp1, temp4, 0);
}
term(A) ::= FLOAT|BLOB(X). {spanExpr(&A,pParse,@X,X);/*A-overwrites-X*/}
term(A) ::= STRING(X).     {spanExpr(&A,pParse,@X,X);/*A-overwrites-X*/}
term(A) ::= INTEGER(X). {
  A.pExpr = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_INTEGER, &X, 1);
  A.zStart = X.z;
  A.zEnd = X.z + X.n;
................................................................................
    Token t = X; /*A-overwrites-X*/
    assert( t.n>=2 );
    spanSet(&A, &t, &t);
    if( pParse->nested==0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "near \"%T\": syntax error", &t);
      A.pExpr = 0;
    }else{
      A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_REGISTER, 0, 0, 0);
      if( A.pExpr ) sqlite3GetInt32(&t.z[1], &A.pExpr->iTable);
    }
  }
}
expr(A) ::= expr(A) COLLATE ids(C). {
  A.pExpr = sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(pParse, A.pExpr, &C, 1);
  A.zEnd = &C.z[C.n];
}
%ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
expr(A) ::= CAST(X) LP expr(E) AS typetoken(T) RP(Y). {
  spanSet(&A,&X,&Y); /*A-overwrites-X*/
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_CAST, E.pExpr, 0, &T);

}
%endif  SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
expr(A) ::= id(X) LP distinct(D) exprlist(Y) RP(E). {
  if( Y && Y->nExpr>pParse->db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many arguments on function %T", &X);
  }
  A.pExpr = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, Y, &X);
................................................................................
  */
  static void spanBinaryExpr(
    Parse *pParse,      /* The parsing context.  Errors accumulate here */
    int op,             /* The binary operation */
    ExprSpan *pLeft,    /* The left operand, and output */
    ExprSpan *pRight    /* The right operand */
  ){
    pLeft->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, op, pLeft->pExpr, pRight->pExpr, 0);
    pLeft->zEnd = pRight->zEnd;
  }

  /* If doNot is true, then add a TK_NOT Expr-node wrapper around the
  ** outside of *ppExpr.
  */
  static void exprNot(Parse *pParse, int doNot, ExprSpan *pSpan){
    if( doNot ){
      pSpan->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, pSpan->pExpr, 0, 0);
    }
  }
}

expr(A) ::= LP(L) nexprlist(X) COMMA expr(Y) RP(R). {
  ExprList *pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, X, Y.pExpr);
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_VECTOR, 0, 0, 0);
  if( A.pExpr ){
    A.pExpr->x.pList = pList;
    spanSet(&A, &L, &R);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pList);
  }
}
................................................................................
  */
  static void spanUnaryPostfix(
    Parse *pParse,         /* Parsing context to record errors */
    int op,                /* The operator */
    ExprSpan *pOperand,    /* The operand, and output */
    Token *pPostOp         /* The operand token for setting the span */
  ){
    pOperand->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, op, pOperand->pExpr, 0, 0);
    pOperand->zEnd = &pPostOp->z[pPostOp->n];
  }                           
}

expr(A) ::= expr(A) ISNULL|NOTNULL(E).   {spanUnaryPostfix(pParse,@E,&A,&E);}
expr(A) ::= expr(A) NOT NULL(E). {spanUnaryPostfix(pParse,TK_NOTNULL,&A,&E);}

................................................................................
    ExprSpan *pOut,        /* Write the new expression node here */
    Parse *pParse,         /* Parsing context to record errors */
    int op,                /* The operator */
    ExprSpan *pOperand,    /* The operand */
    Token *pPreOp         /* The operand token for setting the span */
  ){
    pOut->zStart = pPreOp->z;
    pOut->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, op, pOperand->pExpr, 0, 0);
    pOut->zEnd = pOperand->zEnd;
  }
}



expr(A) ::= NOT(B) expr(X).  
................................................................................

%type between_op {int}
between_op(A) ::= BETWEEN.     {A = 0;}
between_op(A) ::= NOT BETWEEN. {A = 1;}
expr(A) ::= expr(A) between_op(N) expr(X) AND expr(Y). [BETWEEN] {
  ExprList *pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0, X.pExpr);
  pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,pList, Y.pExpr);
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_BETWEEN, A.pExpr, 0, 0);
  if( A.pExpr ){
    A.pExpr->x.pList = pList;
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pList);
  } 
  exprNot(pParse, N, &A);
  A.zEnd = Y.zEnd;
................................................................................
      **      expr1 IN ()
      **      expr1 NOT IN ()
      **
      ** simplify to constants 0 (false) and 1 (true), respectively,
      ** regardless of the value of expr1.
      */
      sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, A.pExpr);
      A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_INTEGER, 0, 0, &sqlite3IntTokens[N]);
    }else if( Y->nExpr==1 ){
      /* Expressions of the form:
      **
      **      expr1 IN (?1)
      **      expr1 NOT IN (?2)
      **
      ** with exactly one value on the RHS can be simplified to something
................................................................................
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, Y);
      /* pRHS cannot be NULL because a malloc error would have been detected
      ** before now and control would have never reached this point */
      if( ALWAYS(pRHS) ){
        pRHS->flags &= ~EP_Collate;
        pRHS->flags |= EP_Generic;
      }
      A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, N ? TK_NE : TK_EQ, A.pExpr, pRHS, 0);
    }else{
      A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, A.pExpr, 0, 0);
      if( A.pExpr ){
        A.pExpr->x.pList = Y;
        sqlite3ExprSetHeightAndFlags(pParse, A.pExpr);
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, Y);
      }
      exprNot(pParse, N, &A);
    }
    A.zEnd = &E.z[E.n];
  }
  expr(A) ::= LP(B) select(X) RP(E). {
    spanSet(&A,&B,&E); /*A-overwrites-B*/
    A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_SELECT, 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, A.pExpr, X);
  }
  expr(A) ::= expr(A) in_op(N) LP select(Y) RP(E).  [IN] {
    A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, A.pExpr, 0, 0);
    sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, A.pExpr, Y);
    exprNot(pParse, N, &A);
    A.zEnd = &E.z[E.n];
  }
  expr(A) ::= expr(A) in_op(N) nm(Y) dbnm(Z) paren_exprlist(E). [IN] {
    SrcList *pSrc = sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse->db, 0,&Y,&Z);
    Select *pSelect = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, 0,pSrc,0,0,0,0,0,0,0);
    if( E )  sqlite3SrcListFuncArgs(pParse, pSelect ? pSrc : 0, E);
    A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, A.pExpr, 0, 0);
    sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, A.pExpr, pSelect);
    exprNot(pParse, N, &A);
    A.zEnd = Z.z ? &Z.z[Z.n] : &Y.z[Y.n];
  }
  expr(A) ::= EXISTS(B) LP select(Y) RP(E). {
    Expr *p;
    spanSet(&A,&B,&E); /*A-overwrites-B*/
    p = A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EXISTS, 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, p, Y);
  }
%endif SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY

/* CASE expressions */
expr(A) ::= CASE(C) case_operand(X) case_exprlist(Y) case_else(Z) END(E). {
  spanSet(&A,&C,&E);  /*A-overwrites-C*/
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_CASE, X, 0, 0);
  if( A.pExpr ){
    A.pExpr->x.pList = Z ? sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,Y,Z) : Y;
    sqlite3ExprSetHeightAndFlags(pParse, A.pExpr);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, Y);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, Z);
  }
................................................................................
// SELECT
trigger_cmd(A) ::= select(X).
   {A = sqlite3TriggerSelectStep(pParse->db, X); /*A-overwrites-X*/}

// The special RAISE expression that may occur in trigger programs
expr(A) ::= RAISE(X) LP IGNORE RP(Y).  {
  spanSet(&A,&X,&Y);  /*A-overwrites-X*/
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_RAISE, 0, 0, 0); 
  if( A.pExpr ){
    A.pExpr->affinity = OE_Ignore;
  }
}
expr(A) ::= RAISE(X) LP raisetype(T) COMMA nm(Z) RP(Y).  {
  spanSet(&A,&X,&Y);  /*A-overwrites-X*/
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_RAISE, 0, 0, &Z); 
  if( A.pExpr ) {
    A.pExpr->affinity = (char)T;
  }
}
%endif  !SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER

%type raisetype {int}







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carglist ::= .
ccons ::= CONSTRAINT nm(X).           {pParse->constraintName = X;}
ccons ::= DEFAULT term(X).            {sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,&X);}
ccons ::= DEFAULT LP expr(X) RP.      {sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,&X);}
ccons ::= DEFAULT PLUS term(X).       {sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,&X);}
ccons ::= DEFAULT MINUS(A) term(X).      {
  ExprSpan v;
  v.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_UMINUS, X.pExpr, 0);
  v.zStart = A.z;
  v.zEnd = X.zEnd;
  sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,&v);
}
ccons ::= DEFAULT id(X).              {
  ExprSpan v;
  spanExpr(&v, pParse, TK_STRING, X);
................................................................................
   sqlite3ExprListSetSpan(pParse,A,&X);
}
selcollist(A) ::= sclp(A) STAR. {
  Expr *p = sqlite3Expr(pParse->db, TK_ASTERISK, 0);
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, A, p);
}
selcollist(A) ::= sclp(A) nm(X) DOT STAR. {
  Expr *pRight = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ASTERISK, 0, 0);
  Expr *pLeft = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &X, 1);
  Expr *pDot = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pRight);
  A = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,A, pDot);
}

// An option "AS <id>" phrase that can follow one of the expressions that
// define the result set, or one of the tables in the FROM clause.
//
%type as {Token}
................................................................................
term(A) ::= NULL(X).        {spanExpr(&A,pParse,@X,X);/*A-overwrites-X*/}
expr(A) ::= id(X).          {spanExpr(&A,pParse,TK_ID,X); /*A-overwrites-X*/}
expr(A) ::= JOIN_KW(X).     {spanExpr(&A,pParse,TK_ID,X); /*A-overwrites-X*/}
expr(A) ::= nm(X) DOT nm(Y). {
  Expr *temp1 = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &X, 1);
  Expr *temp2 = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &Y, 1);
  spanSet(&A,&X,&Y); /*A-overwrites-X*/
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, temp1, temp2);
}
expr(A) ::= nm(X) DOT nm(Y) DOT nm(Z). {
  Expr *temp1 = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &X, 1);
  Expr *temp2 = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &Y, 1);
  Expr *temp3 = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &Z, 1);
  Expr *temp4 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, temp2, temp3);
  spanSet(&A,&X,&Z); /*A-overwrites-X*/
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, temp1, temp4);
}
term(A) ::= FLOAT|BLOB(X). {spanExpr(&A,pParse,@X,X);/*A-overwrites-X*/}
term(A) ::= STRING(X).     {spanExpr(&A,pParse,@X,X);/*A-overwrites-X*/}
term(A) ::= INTEGER(X). {
  A.pExpr = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_INTEGER, &X, 1);
  A.zStart = X.z;
  A.zEnd = X.z + X.n;
................................................................................
    Token t = X; /*A-overwrites-X*/
    assert( t.n>=2 );
    spanSet(&A, &t, &t);
    if( pParse->nested==0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "near \"%T\": syntax error", &t);
      A.pExpr = 0;
    }else{
      A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_REGISTER, 0, 0);
      if( A.pExpr ) sqlite3GetInt32(&t.z[1], &A.pExpr->iTable);
    }
  }
}
expr(A) ::= expr(A) COLLATE ids(C). {
  A.pExpr = sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(pParse, A.pExpr, &C, 1);
  A.zEnd = &C.z[C.n];
}
%ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
expr(A) ::= CAST(X) LP expr(E) AS typetoken(T) RP(Y). {
  spanSet(&A,&X,&Y); /*A-overwrites-X*/
  A.pExpr = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_CAST, &T, 1);
  sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(pParse->db, A.pExpr, E.pExpr, 0);
}
%endif  SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
expr(A) ::= id(X) LP distinct(D) exprlist(Y) RP(E). {
  if( Y && Y->nExpr>pParse->db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many arguments on function %T", &X);
  }
  A.pExpr = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, Y, &X);
................................................................................
  */
  static void spanBinaryExpr(
    Parse *pParse,      /* The parsing context.  Errors accumulate here */
    int op,             /* The binary operation */
    ExprSpan *pLeft,    /* The left operand, and output */
    ExprSpan *pRight    /* The right operand */
  ){
    pLeft->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, op, pLeft->pExpr, pRight->pExpr);
    pLeft->zEnd = pRight->zEnd;
  }

  /* If doNot is true, then add a TK_NOT Expr-node wrapper around the
  ** outside of *ppExpr.
  */
  static void exprNot(Parse *pParse, int doNot, ExprSpan *pSpan){
    if( doNot ){
      pSpan->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, pSpan->pExpr, 0);
    }
  }
}

expr(A) ::= LP(L) nexprlist(X) COMMA expr(Y) RP(R). {
  ExprList *pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, X, Y.pExpr);
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_VECTOR, 0, 0);
  if( A.pExpr ){
    A.pExpr->x.pList = pList;
    spanSet(&A, &L, &R);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pList);
  }
}
................................................................................
  */
  static void spanUnaryPostfix(
    Parse *pParse,         /* Parsing context to record errors */
    int op,                /* The operator */
    ExprSpan *pOperand,    /* The operand, and output */
    Token *pPostOp         /* The operand token for setting the span */
  ){
    pOperand->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, op, pOperand->pExpr, 0);
    pOperand->zEnd = &pPostOp->z[pPostOp->n];
  }                           
}

expr(A) ::= expr(A) ISNULL|NOTNULL(E).   {spanUnaryPostfix(pParse,@E,&A,&E);}
expr(A) ::= expr(A) NOT NULL(E). {spanUnaryPostfix(pParse,TK_NOTNULL,&A,&E);}

................................................................................
    ExprSpan *pOut,        /* Write the new expression node here */
    Parse *pParse,         /* Parsing context to record errors */
    int op,                /* The operator */
    ExprSpan *pOperand,    /* The operand */
    Token *pPreOp         /* The operand token for setting the span */
  ){
    pOut->zStart = pPreOp->z;
    pOut->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, op, pOperand->pExpr, 0);
    pOut->zEnd = pOperand->zEnd;
  }
}



expr(A) ::= NOT(B) expr(X).  
................................................................................

%type between_op {int}
between_op(A) ::= BETWEEN.     {A = 0;}
between_op(A) ::= NOT BETWEEN. {A = 1;}
expr(A) ::= expr(A) between_op(N) expr(X) AND expr(Y). [BETWEEN] {
  ExprList *pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0, X.pExpr);
  pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,pList, Y.pExpr);
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_BETWEEN, A.pExpr, 0);
  if( A.pExpr ){
    A.pExpr->x.pList = pList;
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pList);
  } 
  exprNot(pParse, N, &A);
  A.zEnd = Y.zEnd;
................................................................................
      **      expr1 IN ()
      **      expr1 NOT IN ()
      **
      ** simplify to constants 0 (false) and 1 (true), respectively,
      ** regardless of the value of expr1.
      */
      sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, A.pExpr);
      A.pExpr = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_INTEGER,&sqlite3IntTokens[N],1);
    }else if( Y->nExpr==1 ){
      /* Expressions of the form:
      **
      **      expr1 IN (?1)
      **      expr1 NOT IN (?2)
      **
      ** with exactly one value on the RHS can be simplified to something
................................................................................
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, Y);
      /* pRHS cannot be NULL because a malloc error would have been detected
      ** before now and control would have never reached this point */
      if( ALWAYS(pRHS) ){
        pRHS->flags &= ~EP_Collate;
        pRHS->flags |= EP_Generic;
      }
      A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, N ? TK_NE : TK_EQ, A.pExpr, pRHS);
    }else{
      A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, A.pExpr, 0);
      if( A.pExpr ){
        A.pExpr->x.pList = Y;
        sqlite3ExprSetHeightAndFlags(pParse, A.pExpr);
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, Y);
      }
      exprNot(pParse, N, &A);
    }
    A.zEnd = &E.z[E.n];
  }
  expr(A) ::= LP(B) select(X) RP(E). {
    spanSet(&A,&B,&E); /*A-overwrites-B*/
    A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_SELECT, 0, 0);
    sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, A.pExpr, X);
  }
  expr(A) ::= expr(A) in_op(N) LP select(Y) RP(E).  [IN] {
    A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, A.pExpr, 0);
    sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, A.pExpr, Y);
    exprNot(pParse, N, &A);
    A.zEnd = &E.z[E.n];
  }
  expr(A) ::= expr(A) in_op(N) nm(Y) dbnm(Z) paren_exprlist(E). [IN] {
    SrcList *pSrc = sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse->db, 0,&Y,&Z);
    Select *pSelect = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, 0,pSrc,0,0,0,0,0,0,0);
    if( E )  sqlite3SrcListFuncArgs(pParse, pSelect ? pSrc : 0, E);
    A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, A.pExpr, 0);
    sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, A.pExpr, pSelect);
    exprNot(pParse, N, &A);
    A.zEnd = Z.z ? &Z.z[Z.n] : &Y.z[Y.n];
  }
  expr(A) ::= EXISTS(B) LP select(Y) RP(E). {
    Expr *p;
    spanSet(&A,&B,&E); /*A-overwrites-B*/
    p = A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EXISTS, 0, 0);
    sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, p, Y);
  }
%endif SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY

/* CASE expressions */
expr(A) ::= CASE(C) case_operand(X) case_exprlist(Y) case_else(Z) END(E). {
  spanSet(&A,&C,&E);  /*A-overwrites-C*/
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_CASE, X, 0);
  if( A.pExpr ){
    A.pExpr->x.pList = Z ? sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,Y,Z) : Y;
    sqlite3ExprSetHeightAndFlags(pParse, A.pExpr);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, Y);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, Z);
  }
................................................................................
// SELECT
trigger_cmd(A) ::= select(X).
   {A = sqlite3TriggerSelectStep(pParse->db, X); /*A-overwrites-X*/}

// The special RAISE expression that may occur in trigger programs
expr(A) ::= RAISE(X) LP IGNORE RP(Y).  {
  spanSet(&A,&X,&Y);  /*A-overwrites-X*/
  A.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_RAISE, 0, 0); 
  if( A.pExpr ){
    A.pExpr->affinity = OE_Ignore;
  }
}
expr(A) ::= RAISE(X) LP raisetype(T) COMMA nm(Z) RP(Y).  {
  spanSet(&A,&X,&Y);  /*A-overwrites-X*/
  A.pExpr = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_RAISE, &Z, 1); 
  if( A.pExpr ) {
    A.pExpr->affinity = (char)T;
  }
}
%endif  !SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER

%type raisetype {int}

Changes to src/select.c.

330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
....
4471
4472
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4477
4478
4479
4480
4481
4482
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4485
4486
4487
4488
  assert( pSrc->nSrc>iRight );
  assert( pSrc->a[iLeft].pTab );
  assert( pSrc->a[iRight].pTab );

  pE1 = sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(db, pSrc, iLeft, iColLeft);
  pE2 = sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(db, pSrc, iRight, iColRight);

  pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pE1, pE2, 0);
  if( pEq && isOuterJoin ){
    ExprSetProperty(pEq, EP_FromJoin);
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pEq, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    ExprSetVVAProperty(pEq, EP_NoReduce);
    pEq->iRightJoinTable = (i16)pE2->iTable;
  }
  *ppWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, *ppWhere, pEq);
................................................................................
            }
            pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zName);
            zColname = zName;
            zToFree = 0;
            if( longNames || pTabList->nSrc>1 ){
              Expr *pLeft;
              pLeft = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zTabName);
              pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pRight, 0);
              if( zSchemaName ){
                pLeft = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zSchemaName);
                pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pExpr, 0);
              }
              if( longNames ){
                zColname = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s", zTabName, zName);
                zToFree = zColname;
              }
            }else{
              pExpr = pRight;







|







 







|


|







330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
....
4471
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4474
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4476
4477
4478
4479
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4482
4483
4484
4485
4486
4487
4488
  assert( pSrc->nSrc>iRight );
  assert( pSrc->a[iLeft].pTab );
  assert( pSrc->a[iRight].pTab );

  pE1 = sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(db, pSrc, iLeft, iColLeft);
  pE2 = sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(db, pSrc, iRight, iColRight);

  pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pE1, pE2);
  if( pEq && isOuterJoin ){
    ExprSetProperty(pEq, EP_FromJoin);
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pEq, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    ExprSetVVAProperty(pEq, EP_NoReduce);
    pEq->iRightJoinTable = (i16)pE2->iTable;
  }
  *ppWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, *ppWhere, pEq);
................................................................................
            }
            pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zName);
            zColname = zName;
            zToFree = 0;
            if( longNames || pTabList->nSrc>1 ){
              Expr *pLeft;
              pLeft = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zTabName);
              pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pRight);
              if( zSchemaName ){
                pLeft = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zSchemaName);
                pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pExpr);
              }
              if( longNames ){
                zColname = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s", zTabName, zName);
                zToFree = zColname;
              }
            }else{
              pExpr = pRight;

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

3548
3549
3550
3551
3552
3553
3554
3555
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3561
3562
void sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(Parse*);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
int sqlite3NoTempsInRange(Parse*,int,int);
#endif
Expr *sqlite3ExprAlloc(sqlite3*,int,const Token*,int);
Expr *sqlite3Expr(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
void sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(sqlite3*,Expr*,Expr*,Expr*);
Expr *sqlite3PExpr(Parse*, int, Expr*, Expr*, const Token*);
void sqlite3PExprAddSelect(Parse*, Expr*, Select*);
Expr *sqlite3ExprAnd(sqlite3*,Expr*, Expr*);
Expr *sqlite3ExprFunction(Parse*,ExprList*, Token*);
void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse*, Expr*, u32);
void sqlite3ExprDelete(sqlite3*, Expr*);
ExprList *sqlite3ExprListAppend(Parse*,ExprList*,Expr*);
ExprList *sqlite3ExprListAppendVector(Parse*,ExprList*,IdList*,Expr*);







|







3548
3549
3550
3551
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3553
3554
3555
3556
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void sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(Parse*);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
int sqlite3NoTempsInRange(Parse*,int,int);
#endif
Expr *sqlite3ExprAlloc(sqlite3*,int,const Token*,int);
Expr *sqlite3Expr(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
void sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(sqlite3*,Expr*,Expr*,Expr*);
Expr *sqlite3PExpr(Parse*, int, Expr*, Expr*);
void sqlite3PExprAddSelect(Parse*, Expr*, Select*);
Expr *sqlite3ExprAnd(sqlite3*,Expr*, Expr*);
Expr *sqlite3ExprFunction(Parse*,ExprList*, Token*);
void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse*, Expr*, u32);
void sqlite3ExprDelete(sqlite3*, Expr*);
ExprList *sqlite3ExprListAppend(Parse*,ExprList*,Expr*);
ExprList *sqlite3ExprListAppendVector(Parse*,ExprList*,IdList*,Expr*);

Changes to src/wherecode.c.

1171
1172
1173
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1175
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1178
1179
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          assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Rowid || pOp->p2==iReg+j+2 );
          testcase( pOp->opcode==OP_Rowid );
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, pOp->opcode, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, pOp->p3);
        }

        /* Generate code that will continue to the next row if 
        ** the IN constraint is not satisfied */
        pCompare = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, 0, 0, 0);
        assert( pCompare!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
        if( pCompare ){
          pCompare->pLeft = pTerm->pExpr->pLeft;
          pCompare->pRight = pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_REGISTER, 0);
          if( pRight ){
            pRight->iTable = iReg+j+2;
            sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pCompare, pLevel->addrCont, 0);
................................................................................
        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED))!=0 ) continue;
        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].eOperator & WO_ALL)==0 ) continue;
        testcase( pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO );
        pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        pAndExpr = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAndExpr, pExpr);
      }
      if( pAndExpr ){
        pAndExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AND|TKFLG_DONTFOLD, 0, pAndExpr, 0);
      }
    }

    /* Run a separate WHERE clause for each term of the OR clause.  After
    ** eliminating duplicates from other WHERE clauses, the action for each
    ** sub-WHERE clause is to to invoke the main loop body as a subroutine.
    */







|







 







|







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1179
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1181
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1770
1771
1772
1773
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1775
1776
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1778
1779
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1781
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1783
1784
          assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Rowid || pOp->p2==iReg+j+2 );
          testcase( pOp->opcode==OP_Rowid );
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, pOp->opcode, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, pOp->p3);
        }

        /* Generate code that will continue to the next row if 
        ** the IN constraint is not satisfied */
        pCompare = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, 0, 0);
        assert( pCompare!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
        if( pCompare ){
          pCompare->pLeft = pTerm->pExpr->pLeft;
          pCompare->pRight = pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_REGISTER, 0);
          if( pRight ){
            pRight->iTable = iReg+j+2;
            sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pCompare, pLevel->addrCont, 0);
................................................................................
        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED))!=0 ) continue;
        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].eOperator & WO_ALL)==0 ) continue;
        testcase( pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO );
        pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        pAndExpr = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAndExpr, pExpr);
      }
      if( pAndExpr ){
        pAndExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AND|TKFLG_DONTFOLD, 0, pAndExpr);
      }
    }

    /* Run a separate WHERE clause for each term of the OR clause.  After
    ** eliminating duplicates from other WHERE clauses, the action for each
    ** sub-WHERE clause is to to invoke the main loop body as a subroutine.
    */

Changes to src/whereexpr.c.

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....
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1115
1116
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....
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1164
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....
1193
1194
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1207
....
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        assert( pOrTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn );
        pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrTerm->pExpr->pRight, 0);
        pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pWInfo->pParse, pList, pDup);
        pLeft = pOrTerm->pExpr->pLeft;
      }
      assert( pLeft!=0 );
      pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0);
      pNew = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, pDup, 0, 0);
      if( pNew ){
        int idxNew;
        transferJoinMarkings(pNew, pExpr);
        assert( !ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_xIsSelect) );
        pNew->x.pList = pList;
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNew, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        testcase( idxNew==0 );
................................................................................
    assert( pList!=0 );
    assert( pList->nExpr==2 );
    for(i=0; i<2; i++){
      Expr *pNewExpr;
      int idxNew;
      pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, ops[i], 
                             sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr->pLeft, 0),
                             sqlite3ExprDup(db, pList->a[i].pExpr, 0), 0);
      transferJoinMarkings(pNewExpr, pExpr);
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew, idxTerm);
    }
................................................................................
      }
      *pC = c + 1;
    }
    zCollSeqName = noCase ? "NOCASE" : "BINARY";
    pNewExpr1 = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0);
    pNewExpr1 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_GE,
           sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(pParse,pNewExpr1,zCollSeqName),
           pStr1, 0);
    transferJoinMarkings(pNewExpr1, pExpr);
    idxNew1 = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr1, wtFlags);
    testcase( idxNew1==0 );
    exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew1);
    pNewExpr2 = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0);
    pNewExpr2 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_LT,
           sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(pParse,pNewExpr2,zCollSeqName),
           pStr2, 0);
    transferJoinMarkings(pNewExpr2, pExpr);
    idxNew2 = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr2, wtFlags);
    testcase( idxNew2==0 );
    exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew2);
    pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
    if( isComplete ){
      markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew1, idxTerm);
................................................................................
    pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
    pLeft = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
    prereqExpr = sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pRight);
    prereqColumn = sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pLeft);
    if( (prereqExpr & prereqColumn)==0 ){
      Expr *pNewExpr;
      pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_MATCH, 
                              0, sqlite3ExprDup(db, pRight, 0), 0);
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      pNewTerm = &pWC->a[idxNew];
      pNewTerm->prereqRight = prereqExpr;
      pNewTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pNewTerm->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      pNewTerm->eOperator = WO_MATCH;
................................................................................
    assert( nLeft==sqlite3ExprVectorSize(pExpr->pRight) );
    for(i=0; i<nLeft; i++){
      int idxNew;
      Expr *pNew;
      Expr *pLeft = sqlite3ExprForVectorField(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, i);
      Expr *pRight = sqlite3ExprForVectorField(pParse, pExpr->pRight, i);

      pNew = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, pExpr->op, pLeft, pRight, 0);
      transferJoinMarkings(pNew, pExpr);
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNew, TERM_DYNAMIC);
      exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
    }
    pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
    pTerm->wtFlags = TERM_CODED|TERM_VIRTUAL;  /* Disable the original */
    pTerm->eOperator = 0;
................................................................................
    Expr *pNewExpr;
    Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
    int idxNew;
    WhereTerm *pNewTerm;

    pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_GT,
                            sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0),
                            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_NULL, 0, 0), 0);

    idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr,
                              TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC|TERM_VNULL);
    if( idxNew ){
      pNewTerm = &pWC->a[idxNew];
      pNewTerm->prereqRight = 0;
      pNewTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
................................................................................
    }
    pColRef = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_COLUMN, 0, 0);
    if( pColRef==0 ) return;
    pColRef->iTable = pItem->iCursor;
    pColRef->iColumn = k++;
    pColRef->pTab = pTab;
    pTerm = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pColRef,
                         sqlite3ExprDup(pParse->db, pArgs->a[j].pExpr, 0), 0);
    whereClauseInsert(pWC, pTerm, TERM_DYNAMIC);
  }
}







|







 







|







 







|







|







 







|







 







|







 







|







 







|



730
731
732
733
734
735
736
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739
740
741
742
743
744
....
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
....
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
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1134
1135
....
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1163
1164
1165
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1168
....
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1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
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1204
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1206
1207
....
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....
1431
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1439
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1441
        assert( pOrTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn );
        pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrTerm->pExpr->pRight, 0);
        pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pWInfo->pParse, pList, pDup);
        pLeft = pOrTerm->pExpr->pLeft;
      }
      assert( pLeft!=0 );
      pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0);
      pNew = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, pDup, 0);
      if( pNew ){
        int idxNew;
        transferJoinMarkings(pNew, pExpr);
        assert( !ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_xIsSelect) );
        pNew->x.pList = pList;
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNew, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        testcase( idxNew==0 );
................................................................................
    assert( pList!=0 );
    assert( pList->nExpr==2 );
    for(i=0; i<2; i++){
      Expr *pNewExpr;
      int idxNew;
      pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, ops[i], 
                             sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr->pLeft, 0),
                             sqlite3ExprDup(db, pList->a[i].pExpr, 0));
      transferJoinMarkings(pNewExpr, pExpr);
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew, idxTerm);
    }
................................................................................
      }
      *pC = c + 1;
    }
    zCollSeqName = noCase ? "NOCASE" : "BINARY";
    pNewExpr1 = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0);
    pNewExpr1 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_GE,
           sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(pParse,pNewExpr1,zCollSeqName),
           pStr1);
    transferJoinMarkings(pNewExpr1, pExpr);
    idxNew1 = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr1, wtFlags);
    testcase( idxNew1==0 );
    exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew1);
    pNewExpr2 = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0);
    pNewExpr2 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_LT,
           sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(pParse,pNewExpr2,zCollSeqName),
           pStr2);
    transferJoinMarkings(pNewExpr2, pExpr);
    idxNew2 = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr2, wtFlags);
    testcase( idxNew2==0 );
    exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew2);
    pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
    if( isComplete ){
      markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew1, idxTerm);
................................................................................
    pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
    pLeft = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
    prereqExpr = sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pRight);
    prereqColumn = sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pLeft);
    if( (prereqExpr & prereqColumn)==0 ){
      Expr *pNewExpr;
      pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_MATCH, 
                              0, sqlite3ExprDup(db, pRight, 0));
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      pNewTerm = &pWC->a[idxNew];
      pNewTerm->prereqRight = prereqExpr;
      pNewTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pNewTerm->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      pNewTerm->eOperator = WO_MATCH;
................................................................................
    assert( nLeft==sqlite3ExprVectorSize(pExpr->pRight) );
    for(i=0; i<nLeft; i++){
      int idxNew;
      Expr *pNew;
      Expr *pLeft = sqlite3ExprForVectorField(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, i);
      Expr *pRight = sqlite3ExprForVectorField(pParse, pExpr->pRight, i);

      pNew = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, pExpr->op, pLeft, pRight);
      transferJoinMarkings(pNew, pExpr);
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNew, TERM_DYNAMIC);
      exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
    }
    pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
    pTerm->wtFlags = TERM_CODED|TERM_VIRTUAL;  /* Disable the original */
    pTerm->eOperator = 0;
................................................................................
    Expr *pNewExpr;
    Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
    int idxNew;
    WhereTerm *pNewTerm;

    pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_GT,
                            sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0),
                            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_NULL, 0, 0));

    idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr,
                              TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC|TERM_VNULL);
    if( idxNew ){
      pNewTerm = &pWC->a[idxNew];
      pNewTerm->prereqRight = 0;
      pNewTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
................................................................................
    }
    pColRef = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_COLUMN, 0, 0);
    if( pColRef==0 ) return;
    pColRef->iTable = pItem->iCursor;
    pColRef->iColumn = k++;
    pColRef->pTab = pTab;
    pTerm = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pColRef,
                         sqlite3ExprDup(pParse->db, pArgs->a[j].pExpr, 0));
    whereClauseInsert(pWC, pTerm, TERM_DYNAMIC);
  }
}