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Artifact 8b18857f37c1c409b914789934aeb1346b778b3a:


# 2005 November 30
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
#
# This file contains test cases focused on the two memory-management APIs, 
# sqlite3_soft_heap_limit() and sqlite3_release_memory().
#
# $Id: malloc5.test,v 1.19 2008/08/21 15:54:01 danielk1977 Exp $

#---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# NOTES ON EXPECTED BEHAVIOUR
#
#---------------------------------------------------------------------------


set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
source $testdir/malloc_common.tcl
db close

# Only run these tests if memory debugging is turned on.
#
if {!$MEMDEBUG} {
   puts "Skipping malloc5 tests: not compiled with -DSQLITE_MEMDEBUG..."
   finish_test
   return
}

# Skip these tests if OMIT_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT was defined at compile time.
ifcapable !memorymanage {
   finish_test
   return
}

sqlite3_soft_heap_limit 0
sqlite3 db test.db

do_test malloc5-1.1 {
  # Simplest possible test. Call sqlite3_release_memory when there is exactly
  # one unused page in a single pager cache. This test case set's the 
  # value of the ::pgalloc variable, which is used in subsequent tests.
  #
  # Note: Even though executing this statement on an empty database 
  # modifies 2 pages (the root of sqlite_master and the new root page), 
  # the sqlite_master root (page 1) is never freed because the btree layer
  # retains a reference to it for the entire transaction. 
  execsql {
    PRAGMA auto_vacuum=OFF;
    BEGIN;
    CREATE TABLE abc(a, b, c);
  }
  set ::pgalloc [sqlite3_release_memory]
  expr $::pgalloc > 0
} {1}
do_test malloc5-1.2 {
  # Test that the transaction started in the above test is still active.
  # Because the page freed had been written to, freeing it required a
  # journal sync and exclusive lock on the database file. Test the file
  # appears to be locked.
  sqlite3 db2 test.db
  catchsql {
    SELECT * FROM abc;
  } db2
} {1 {database is locked}}
do_test malloc5-1.3 {
  # Again call [sqlite3_release_memory] when there is exactly one unused page 
  # in the cache. The same amount of memory is required, but no journal-sync
  # or exclusive lock should be established.
  execsql {
    COMMIT;
    BEGIN;
    SELECT * FROM abc;
  }
  sqlite3_release_memory
} $::pgalloc
do_test malloc5-1.4 {
  # Database should not be locked this time.
  catchsql {
    SELECT * FROM abc;
  } db2
} {0 {}}
do_test malloc5-1.5 {
  # Manipulate the cache so that it contains two unused pages. One requires 
  # a journal-sync to free, the other does not.
  db2 close
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM abc;
    CREATE TABLE def(d, e, f);
  }
  sqlite3_release_memory 500
} $::pgalloc
do_test malloc5-1.6 {
  # Database should not be locked this time. The above test case only
  # requested 500 bytes of memory, which can be obtained by freeing the page
  # that does not require an fsync().
  sqlite3 db2 test.db
  catchsql {
    SELECT * FROM abc;
  } db2
} {0 {}}
do_test malloc5-1.7 {
  # Release another 500 bytes of memory. This time we require a sync(), 
  # so the database file will be locked afterwards.
  db2 close
  sqlite3_release_memory 500
} $::pgalloc
do_test malloc5-1.8 {
  sqlite3 db2 test.db
  catchsql {
    SELECT * FROM abc;
  } db2
} {1 {database is locked}}
do_test malloc5-1.9 {
  execsql {
    COMMIT;
  }
} {}

do_test malloc5-2.1 {
  # Put some data in tables abc and def. Both tables are still wholly 
  # contained within their root pages.
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO abc VALUES(1, 2, 3);
    INSERT INTO abc VALUES(4, 5, 6);
    INSERT INTO def VALUES(7, 8, 9);
    INSERT INTO def VALUES(10,11,12);
  }
} {}
do_test malloc5-2.2 {
  # Load the root-page for table def into the cache. Then query table abc. 
  # Halfway through the query call sqlite3_release_memory(). The goal of this
  # test is to make sure we don't free pages that are in use (specifically, 
  # the root of table abc).
  set nRelease 0
  execsql { 
    BEGIN;
    SELECT * FROM def;
  }
  set data [list]
  db eval {SELECT * FROM abc} {
    incr nRelease [sqlite3_release_memory]
    lappend data $a $b $c
  }
  execsql {
    COMMIT;
  }
  list $nRelease $data
} [list $pgalloc [list 1 2 3 4 5 6]]

do_test malloc5-3.1 {
  # Simple test to show that if two pagers are opened from within this
  # thread, memory is freed from both when sqlite3_release_memory() is
  # called.
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
    SELECT * FROM abc;
  }
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM sqlite_master;
    BEGIN;
    SELECT * FROM def;
  } db2
  sqlite3_release_memory
} [expr $::pgalloc * 2]
do_test malloc5-3.2 {
  concat \
    [execsql {SELECT * FROM abc; COMMIT}] \
    [execsql {SELECT * FROM def; COMMIT} db2]
} {1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12}

db2 close
puts "Highwater mark: [sqlite3_memory_highwater]"

# The following two test cases each execute a transaction in which 
# 10000 rows are inserted into table abc. The first test case is used
# to ensure that more than 1MB of dynamic memory is used to perform
# the transaction. 
#
# The second test case sets the "soft-heap-limit" to 100,000 bytes (0.1 MB)
# and tests to see that this limit is not exceeded at any point during 
# transaction execution.
#
# Before executing malloc5-4.* we save the value of the current soft heap 
# limit in variable ::soft_limit. The original value is restored after 
# running the tests.
#
set ::soft_limit [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit -1]
execsql {PRAGMA cache_size=2000}
do_test malloc5-4.1 {
  execsql {BEGIN;}
  execsql {DELETE FROM abc;}
  for {set i 0} {$i < 10000} {incr i} {
    execsql "INSERT INTO abc VALUES($i, $i, '[string repeat X 100]');"
  }
  execsql {COMMIT;}
  set nMaxBytes [sqlite3_memory_highwater 1]
  puts -nonewline " (Highwater mark: $nMaxBytes) "
  expr $nMaxBytes > 1000000
} {1}
do_test malloc5-4.2 {
  sqlite3_release_memory
  sqlite3_soft_heap_limit 110000
  sqlite3_memory_highwater 1
  execsql {BEGIN;}
  for {set i 0} {$i < 10000} {incr i} {
    execsql "INSERT INTO abc VALUES($i, $i, '[string repeat X 100]');"
  }
  execsql {COMMIT;}
  set nMaxBytes [sqlite3_memory_highwater 1]
  puts -nonewline " (Highwater mark: $nMaxBytes) "

  # We used to test ($nMaxBytes<100000), because the soft-heap-limit is
  # 100000 bytes. But if an allocation that will exceed the 
  # soft-heap-limit is requested from within the only pager instance in 
  # the system, then there is no way to free memory and the limit has to 
  # be exceeded. An exception is memory allocated to store actual page
  # data (the code contains a special case for this).
  #
  # This is not a problem because all allocations apart from those
  # used to store cached page data are both small and transient.
  #
  # Summary: the actual high-water mark for memory usage may be slightly 
  # higher than the soft-heap-limit. The specific allocations that cause
  # the problem are the calls to sqlite3_malloc() inserted into selected
  # sqlite3OsXXX() functions in test builds.
  #
  expr $nMaxBytes <= 110100
} {1}
do_test malloc5-4.3 {
  # Check that the content of table abc is at least roughly as expected.
  execsql {
    SELECT count(*), sum(a), sum(b) FROM abc;
  }
} [list 20000 [expr int(20000.0 * 4999.5)] [expr int(20000.0 * 4999.5)]]

# Restore the soft heap limit.
sqlite3_soft_heap_limit $::soft_limit

# Test that there are no problems calling sqlite3_release_memory when
# there are open in-memory databases.
#
# At one point these tests would cause a seg-fault.
#
do_test malloc5-5.1 {
  db close
  sqlite3 db :memory:
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
    CREATE TABLE abc(a, b, c);
    INSERT INTO abc VALUES('abcdefghi', 1234567890, NULL);
    INSERT INTO abc SELECT * FROM abc;
    INSERT INTO abc SELECT * FROM abc;
    INSERT INTO abc SELECT * FROM abc;
    INSERT INTO abc SELECT * FROM abc;
    INSERT INTO abc SELECT * FROM abc;
    INSERT INTO abc SELECT * FROM abc;
    INSERT INTO abc SELECT * FROM abc;
  }
  sqlite3_release_memory
} 0
do_test malloc5-5.2 {
  sqlite3_soft_heap_limit 5000
  execsql {
    COMMIT;
    PRAGMA temp_store = memory;
    SELECT * FROM abc ORDER BY a;
  }
  expr 1
} {1}
sqlite3_soft_heap_limit $::soft_limit

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following test cases (malloc5-6.*) test the new global LRU list
# used to determine the pages to recycle when sqlite3_release_memory is
# called and there is more than one pager open.
#
proc nPage {db} {
  set bt [btree_from_db $db]
  array set stats [btree_pager_stats $bt]
  set stats(page)
}
db close
file delete -force test.db test.db-journal test2.db test2.db-journal

# This block of test-cases (malloc5-6.1.*) prepares two database files
# for the subsequent tests.
do_test malloc5-6.1.1 {
  sqlite3 db test.db
  execsql {
    PRAGMA page_size=1024;
    PRAGMA default_cache_size=10;
  }
  execsql {
    PRAGMA temp_store = memory;
    BEGIN;
    CREATE TABLE abc(a PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
    INSERT INTO abc VALUES(randstr(50,50), randstr(75,75), randstr(100,100));
    INSERT INTO abc 
        SELECT randstr(50,50), randstr(75,75), randstr(100,100) FROM abc;
    INSERT INTO abc 
        SELECT randstr(50,50), randstr(75,75), randstr(100,100) FROM abc;
    INSERT INTO abc 
        SELECT randstr(50,50), randstr(75,75), randstr(100,100) FROM abc;
    INSERT INTO abc 
        SELECT randstr(50,50), randstr(75,75), randstr(100,100) FROM abc;
    INSERT INTO abc 
        SELECT randstr(50,50), randstr(75,75), randstr(100,100) FROM abc;
    INSERT INTO abc 
        SELECT randstr(50,50), randstr(75,75), randstr(100,100) FROM abc;
    COMMIT;
  } 
  copy_file test.db test2.db
  sqlite3 db2 test2.db
  list \
    [expr ([file size test.db]/1024)>20] [expr ([file size test2.db]/1024)>20]
} {1 1}
do_test malloc5-6.1.2 {
  list [execsql {PRAGMA cache_size}] [execsql {PRAGMA cache_size} db2]
} {10 10}

do_test malloc5-6.2.1 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM abc } db2
  execsql {SELECT * FROM abc} db
  expr [nPage db] + [nPage db2]
} {20}

do_test malloc5-6.2.2 {
  # If we now try to reclaim some memory, it should come from the db2 cache.
  sqlite3_release_memory 3000
  expr [nPage db] + [nPage db2]
} {17}
do_test malloc5-6.2.3 {
  # Access the db2 cache again, so that all the db2 pages have been used
  # more recently than all the db pages. Then try to reclaim 3000 bytes.
  # This time, 3 pages should be pulled from the db cache.
  execsql { SELECT * FROM abc } db2
  sqlite3_release_memory 3000
  expr [nPage db] + [nPage db2]
} {17}

do_test malloc5-6.3.1 {
  # Now open a transaction and update 2 pages in the db2 cache. Then
  # do a SELECT on the db cache so that all the db pages are more recently
  # used than the db2 pages. When we try to free memory, SQLite should
  # free the non-dirty db2 pages, then the db pages, then finally use
  # sync() to free up the dirty db2 pages. The only page that cannot be
  # freed is page1 of db2. Because there is an open transaction, the
  # btree layer holds a reference to page 1 in the db2 cache.
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
    UPDATE abc SET c = randstr(100,100) 
    WHERE rowid = 1 OR rowid = (SELECT max(rowid) FROM abc);
  } db2
  execsql { SELECT * FROM abc } db
  expr [nPage db] + [nPage db2]
} {20}
do_test malloc5-6.3.2 {
  # Try to release 7700 bytes. This should release all the 
  # non-dirty pages held by db2.
  sqlite3_release_memory [expr 7*1100]
  list [nPage db] [nPage db2]
} {10 3}
do_test malloc5-6.3.3 {
  # Try to release another 1000 bytes. This should come fromt the db
  # cache, since all three pages held by db2 are either in-use or diry.
  sqlite3_release_memory 1000
  list [nPage db] [nPage db2]
} {9 3}
do_test malloc5-6.3.4 {
  # Now release 9900 more (about 9 pages worth). This should expunge
  # the rest of the db cache. But the db2 cache remains intact, because
  # SQLite tries to avoid calling sync().
  sqlite3_release_memory 9900
  list [nPage db] [nPage db2]
} {0 3}
do_test malloc5-6.3.5 {
  # But if we are really insistent, SQLite will consent to call sync()
  # if there is no other option.
  sqlite3_release_memory 1000
  list [nPage db] [nPage db2]
} {0 2}
do_test malloc5-6.3.6 {
  # The referenced page (page 1 of the db2 cache) will not be freed no
  # matter how much memory we ask for:
  sqlite3_release_memory 31459
  list [nPage db] [nPage db2]
} {0 1}

db2 close

sqlite3_soft_heap_limit $::soft_limit
finish_test
catch {db close}