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SQLite training in Houston TX on 2019-11-05 (details)
Part of the 2019 Tcl Conference

Artifact 1513060e02136c9ba0a83c201698de7c5846f7e6:


# 2006 June 10
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is creating and dropping virtual tables.
#
# $Id: vtab1.test,v 1.31 2006/06/24 08:51:05 danielk1977 Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

ifcapable !vtab||!schema_pragmas {
  finish_test
  return
}

#----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Organization of tests in this file:
#
# vtab1-1.*: Error conditions and other issues surrounding creation/connection
#            of a virtual module.
# vtab1-2.*: Test sqlite3_declare_vtab() and the xConnect/xDisconnect methods.
# vtab1-3.*: Table scans and WHERE clauses.
# vtab1-4.*: Table scans and ORDER BY clauses.
# vtab1-5.*: Test queries that include joins. This brings the
#            sqlite3_index_info.estimatedCost variable into play.
# vtab1-6.*: Test UPDATE/INSERT/DELETE on vtables.
# vtab1-7.*: Test sqlite3_last_insert_rowid().
#
# This file uses the "echo" module (see src/test8.c). Refer to comments
# in that file for the special behaviour of the Tcl $echo_module variable.
#
# TODO: 
#   * How to test the sqlite3_index_constraint_usage.omit field?
#   * vtab1-5.*
#


#----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases vtab1.1.*
#

# We cannot create a virtual table if the module has not been registered.
#
do_test vtab1-1.1 {
  catchsql {
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING echo;
  }
} {1 {no such module: echo}}
do_test vtab1-1.2 {
  execsql {
    SELECT name FROM sqlite_master ORDER BY 1
  }
} {}

# Register the module
register_echo_module [sqlite3_connection_pointer db]

# Once a module has been registered, virtual tables using that module
# may be created. However if a module xCreate() fails to call
# sqlite3_declare_vtab() an error will be raised and the table not created.
#
# The "echo" module does not invoke sqlite3_declare_vtab() if it is
# passed zero arguments.
#
do_test vtab1-1.3 {
  catchsql {
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING echo;
  }
} {1 {vtable constructor did not declare schema: t1}}
do_test vtab1-1.4 {
  execsql {
    SELECT name FROM sqlite_master ORDER BY 1
  }
} {}

# The "echo" module xCreate method returns an error and does not create
# the virtual table if it is passed an argument that does not correspond
# to an existing real table in the same database.
#
do_test vtab1-1.5 {
  catchsql {
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING echo(no_such_table);
  }
} {1 {vtable constructor failed: t1}}
do_test vtab1-1.6 {
  execsql {
    SELECT name FROM sqlite_master ORDER BY 1
  }
} {}

# Test to make sure nothing goes wrong and no memory is leaked if we 
# select an illegal table-name (i.e a reserved name or the name of a
# table that already exists).
#
do_test vtab1-1.7 {
  catchsql {
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE sqlite_master USING echo;
  }
} {1 {object name reserved for internal use: sqlite_master}}
do_test vtab1-1.8 {
  catchsql {
    CREATE TABLE treal(a, b, c);
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE treal USING echo(treal);
  }
} {1 {table treal already exists}}
do_test vtab1-1.9 {
  execsql {
    DROP TABLE treal;
    SELECT name FROM sqlite_master ORDER BY 1
  }
} {}

do_test vtab1-1.10 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE treal(a, b, c);
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE techo USING echo(treal);
  }
  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db
  catchsql {
    SELECT * FROM techo;
  }
} {1 {no such module: echo}}
do_test vtab1-1.11 {
  catchsql {
    INSERT INTO techo VALUES(1, 2, 3);
  }
} {1 {no such module: echo}}
do_test vtab1-1.12 {
  catchsql {
    UPDATE techo SET a = 10;
  }
} {1 {no such module: echo}}
do_test vtab1-1.13 {
  catchsql {
    DELETE FROM techo;
  }
} {1 {no such module: echo}}
do_test vtab1-1.14 {
  catchsql {
    PRAGMA table_info(techo)
  }
} {1 {no such module: echo}}
do_test vtab1-1.15 {
  catchsql {
    DROP TABLE techo;
  }
} {1 {no such module: echo}}

register_echo_module [sqlite3_connection_pointer db]
do_test vtab1-1.X {
  execsql {
    DROP TABLE techo;
    DROP TABLE treal;
    SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master;
  }
} {}

#----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases vtab1.2.*
#
# At this point, the database is completely empty. The echo module
# has already been registered.

# If a single argument is passed to the echo module during table
# creation, it is assumed to be the name of a table in the same
# database. The echo module attempts to set the schema of the
# new virtual table to be the same as the existing database table.
#
do_test vtab1-2.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE template(a, b, c);
  }
  execsql { PRAGMA table_info(template); }
} [list         \
  0 a {} 0 {} 0 \
  1 b {} 0 {} 0 \
  2 c {} 0 {} 0 \
]
do_test vtab1-2.2 {
  execsql {
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING echo(template);
  }
  execsql { PRAGMA table_info(t1); }
} [list         \
  0 a {} 0 {} 0 \
  1 b {} 0 {} 0 \
  2 c {} 0 {} 0 \
]

# Test that the database can be unloaded. This should invoke the xDisconnect()
# callback for the successfully create virtual table (t1).
#
do_test vtab1-2.3 {
  set echo_module [list]
  db close
  set echo_module
} [list xDisconnect]

# Re-open the database. This should not cause any virtual methods to 
# be called. The invocation of xConnect() is delayed until the virtual
# table schema is first required by the compiler.
#
do_test vtab1-2.4 {
  set echo_module [list]
  sqlite3 db test.db
  db cache size 0
  set echo_module
} {}

# Try to query the virtual table schema. This should fail, as the
# echo module has not been registered with this database connection.
#
do_test vtab1.2.6 {
breakpoint
  catchsql { PRAGMA table_info(t1); }
} {1 {no such module: echo}}

# Register the module
register_echo_module [sqlite3_connection_pointer db]

# Try to query the virtual table schema again. This time it should
# invoke the xConnect method and succeed.
#
do_test vtab1.2.7 {
  execsql { PRAGMA table_info(t1); }
} [list         \
  0 a {} 0 {} 0 \
  1 b {} 0 {} 0 \
  2 c {} 0 {} 0 \
]
do_test vtab1.2.8 {
  set echo_module
} {xConnect echo main t1 template}

# Drop table t1. This should cause the xDestroy (but not xDisconnect) method 
# to be invoked.
do_test vtab1-2.5 {
  set echo_module ""
  execsql {
    DROP TABLE t1;
  }
  set echo_module
} {xDestroy}

do_test vtab1-2.6 {
  execsql { 
    PRAGMA table_info(t1); 
  }
} {}
do_test vtab1-2.7 {
  execsql {
    SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master;
  }
} [list {CREATE TABLE template(a, b, c)}]
# Clean up other test artifacts:
do_test vtab1-2.8 {
  execsql { 
    DROP TABLE template;
    SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master;
  }
} [list]

#----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test case vtab1-3 test table scans and the echo module's 
# xBestIndex/xFilter handling of WHERE conditions.

do_test vtab1-3.1 {
  set echo_module ""
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE treal(a INTEGER, b INTEGER, c); 
    CREATE INDEX treal_idx ON treal(b);
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE t1 USING echo(treal);
  }
  set echo_module
} [list xCreate echo main t1 treal   \
        xSync   echo(treal)  \
        xCommit echo(treal)  \
]

# Test that a SELECT on t1 doesn't crash. No rows are returned
# because the underlying real table is currently empty.
#
do_test vtab1-3.2 {
  execsql {
    SELECT a, b, c FROM t1;
  }
} {}

# Put some data into the table treal. Then try a few simple SELECT 
# statements on t1.
#
do_test vtab1-3.3 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO treal VALUES(1, 2, 3);
    INSERT INTO treal VALUES(4, 5, 6);
    SELECT * FROM t1;
  }
} {1 2 3 4 5 6}
do_test vtab1-3.4 {
  execsql {
    SELECT a FROM t1;
  }
} {1 4}
do_test vtab1-3.5 {
  execsql {
    SELECT rowid FROM t1;
  }
} {1 2}
do_test vtab1-3.6 {
  set echo_module ""
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM t1;
  }
} {1 2 3 4 5 6}
do_test vtab1-3.7 {
  execsql {
    SELECT rowid, * FROM t1;
  }
} {1 1 2 3 2 4 5 6}
do_test vtab1-3.8 {
  execsql {
    SELECT a AS d, b AS e, c AS f FROM t1;
  }
} {1 2 3 4 5 6}

# Execute some SELECT statements with WHERE clauses on the t1 table.
# Then check the echo_module variable (written to by the module methods
# in test8.c) to make sure the xBestIndex() and xFilter() methods were
# called correctly.
#
do_test vtab1-3.8 {
  set echo_module ""
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM t1;
  }
  set echo_module
} [list xBestIndex {SELECT rowid, * FROM 'treal'} \
        xFilter    {SELECT rowid, * FROM 'treal'} ]
do_test vtab1-3.9 {
  set echo_module ""
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b = 5;
  }
} {4 5 6}
do_test vtab1-3.10 {
  set echo_module
} [list xBestIndex {SELECT rowid, * FROM 'treal' WHERE b = ?}   \
        xFilter    {SELECT rowid, * FROM 'treal' WHERE b = ?} 5 ]
do_test vtab1-3.10 {
  set echo_module ""
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b >= 5 AND b <= 10;
  }
} {4 5 6}
do_test vtab1-3.11 {
  set echo_module
} [list xBestIndex {SELECT rowid, * FROM 'treal' WHERE b >= ? AND b <= ?}      \
        xFilter    {SELECT rowid, * FROM 'treal' WHERE b >= ? AND b <= ?} 5 10 ]
do_test vtab1-3.12 {
  set echo_module ""
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b BETWEEN 2 AND 10;
  }
} {1 2 3 4 5 6}
do_test vtab1-3.13 {
  set echo_module
} [list xBestIndex {SELECT rowid, * FROM 'treal' WHERE b >= ? AND b <= ?}      \
        xFilter    {SELECT rowid, * FROM 'treal' WHERE b >= ? AND b <= ?} 2 10 ]

# Add a function for the MATCH operator. Everything always matches!
#proc test_match {lhs rhs} {
#  lappend ::echo_module MATCH $lhs $rhs
#  return 1
#}
#db function match test_match

set echo_module ""
do_test vtab1-3.12 {
  set echo_module ""
  catchsql {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a MATCH 'string';
  }
} {1 {MATCH is not implemented}}
do_test vtab1-3.13 {
  set echo_module
} [list xBestIndex {SELECT rowid, * FROM 'treal'} \
        xFilter    {SELECT rowid, * FROM 'treal'}]
do_test vtab1-3.14 {
  set echo_module ""
btree_breakpoint
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE b MATCH 'string';
  }
} {}
do_test vtab1-3.15 {
  set echo_module
} [list xBestIndex \
        {SELECT rowid, * FROM 'treal' WHERE b LIKE (SELECT '%'||?||'%')}  \
        xFilter \
        {SELECT rowid, * FROM 'treal' WHERE b LIKE (SELECT '%'||?||'%')} \
        string ]

#----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test case vtab1-3 test table scans and the echo module's 
# xBestIndex/xFilter handling of ORDER BY clauses.

# This procedure executes the SQL.  Then it checks to see if the OP_Sort
# opcode was executed.  If an OP_Sort did occur, then "sort" is appended
# to the result.  If no OP_Sort happened, then "nosort" is appended.
#
# This procedure is used to check to make sure sorting is or is not
# occurring as expected.
#
proc cksort {sql} {
  set ::sqlite_sort_count 0
  set data [execsql $sql]
  if {$::sqlite_sort_count} {set x sort} {set x nosort}
  lappend data $x
  return $data
}

do_test vtab1-4.1 {
  set echo_module ""
  cksort {
    SELECT b FROM t1 ORDER BY b;
  }
} {2 5 nosort}
do_test vtab1-4.2 {
  set echo_module
} [list xBestIndex {SELECT rowid, * FROM 'treal' ORDER BY b ASC} \
        xFilter    {SELECT rowid, * FROM 'treal' ORDER BY b ASC} ]
do_test vtab1-4.3 {
  set echo_module ""
  cksort {
    SELECT b FROM t1 ORDER BY b DESC;
  }
} {5 2 nosort}
do_test vtab1-4.4 {
  set echo_module
} [list xBestIndex {SELECT rowid, * FROM 'treal' ORDER BY b DESC} \
        xFilter    {SELECT rowid, * FROM 'treal' ORDER BY b DESC} ]
do_test vtab1-4.3 {
  set echo_module ""
  cksort {
    SELECT b FROM t1 ORDER BY b||'';
  }
} {2 5 sort}
do_test vtab1-4.4 {
  set echo_module
} [list xBestIndex {SELECT rowid, * FROM 'treal'} \
        xFilter    {SELECT rowid, * FROM 'treal'} ]

execsql {
  DROP TABLE t1;
  DROP TABLE treal;
}

#----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases vtab1-5 test SELECT queries that include joins on virtual 
# tables.

proc filter {log} {
  set out [list]
  for {set ii 0} {$ii < [llength $log]} {incr ii} {
    if {[lindex $log $ii] eq "xFilter"} {
      lappend out xFilter
      lappend out [lindex $log [expr $ii+1]]
    }
  }
  return $out
}

do_test vtab1-5-1 {
  execsql { 
    CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c);
    CREATE TABLE t2(d, e, f);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 'red', 'green');
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, 'blue', 'black');
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1, 'spades', 'clubs');
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(2, 'hearts', 'diamonds');
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE et1 USING echo(t1);
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE et2 USING echo(t2);
  }
} {}

do_test vtab1-5-2 {
  set echo_module ""
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM et1, et2;
  }
} [list \
  1 red green 1 spades clubs     \
  1 red green 2 hearts diamonds  \
  2 blue black 1 spades clubs    \
  2 blue black 2 hearts diamonds \
]
do_test vtab1-5-3 {
  filter $echo_module
} [list \
  xFilter {SELECT rowid, * FROM 't1'} \
  xFilter {SELECT rowid, * FROM 't2'} \
  xFilter {SELECT rowid, * FROM 't2'} \
]
do_test vtab1-5-4 {
  set echo_module ""
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM et1, et2 WHERE et2.d = 2;
  }
} [list \
  1 red green 2 hearts diamonds  \
  2 blue black 2 hearts diamonds \
]
do_test vtab1-5-5 {
  filter $echo_module
} [list \
  xFilter {SELECT rowid, * FROM 't1'} \
  xFilter {SELECT rowid, * FROM 't2'} \
  xFilter {SELECT rowid, * FROM 't2'} \
]
do_test vtab1-5-6 {
  execsql {
    CREATE INDEX i1 ON t2(d);
  }

  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db
  register_echo_module [sqlite3_connection_pointer db]

  set echo_module ""
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM et1, et2 WHERE et2.d = 2;
  }
} [list \
  1 red green 2 hearts diamonds  \
  2 blue black 2 hearts diamonds \
]
do_test vtab1-5-7 {
  filter $echo_module
} [list \
  xFilter {SELECT rowid, * FROM 't2' WHERE d = ?} \
  xFilter {SELECT rowid, * FROM 't1'}             \
]

execsql {
  DROP TABLE t1;
  DROP TABLE t2;
  DROP TABLE et1;
  DROP TABLE et2;
}

#----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases vtab1-6 test INSERT, UPDATE and DELETE operations 
# on virtual tables.
do_test vtab1-6-1 {
  execsql { SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master }
} {}
do_test vtab1-6-2 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE treal(a PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE techo USING echo(treal);
    SELECT name FROM sqlite_master WHERE type = 'table';
  }
} {treal techo}
do_test vtab1-6-3 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO techo VALUES(1, 2, 3);
    SELECT * FROM techo;
  }
} {1 2 3}
do_test vtab1-6-4 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE techo SET a = 5;
    SELECT * FROM techo;
  }
} {5 2 3}

do_test vtab1-6-5 {
 execsql {
   UPDATE techo set a = a||b||c;
   SELECT * FROM techo;
 }
} {523 2 3}

do_test vtab1-6-6 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE techo set rowid = 10;
    SELECT rowid FROM techo;
  }
} {10}

do_test vtab1-6-7 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM techo;
    SELECT * FROM techo;
  }
} {}


file delete -force test2.db
file delete -force test2.db-journal
sqlite3 db2 test2.db
execsql {
  CREATE TABLE techo(a PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
} db2
proc check_echo_table {tn} {
  set ::data1 [execsql {SELECT rowid, * FROM techo}]
  set ::data2 [execsql {SELECT rowid, * FROM techo} db2]
  do_test $tn {
    string equal $::data1 $::data2
  } 1
}
set tn 0
foreach stmt [list \
  {INSERT INTO techo VALUES('abc', 'def', 'ghi')}                        \
  {INSERT INTO techo SELECT a||'.'||rowid, b, c FROM techo}              \
  {INSERT INTO techo SELECT a||'x'||rowid, b, c FROM techo}              \
  {INSERT INTO techo SELECT a||'y'||rowid, b, c FROM techo}              \
  {DELETE FROM techo WHERE (oid % 3) = 0}                                \
  {UPDATE techo set rowid = 100 WHERE rowid = 1}                         \
  {INSERT INTO techo(a, b) VALUES('hello', 'world')}                     \
  {DELETE FROM techo}                                                    \
] {
  execsql $stmt
  execsql $stmt db2
  check_echo_table vtab1-6.8.[incr tn]
}

db2 close



#----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases vtab1-7 tests that the value returned by 
# sqlite3_last_insert_rowid() is set correctly when rows are inserted
# into virtual tables.
do_test vtab1.7-1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE real_abc(a PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE echo_abc USING echo(real_abc);
  }
} {}
do_test vtab1.7-2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO echo_abc VALUES(1, 2, 3);
    SELECT last_insert_rowid();
  }
} {1}
do_test vtab1.7-3 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO echo_abc(rowid) VALUES(31427);
    SELECT last_insert_rowid();
  }
} {31427}
do_test vtab1.7-4 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO echo_abc SELECT a||'.v2', b, c FROM echo_abc;
    SELECT last_insert_rowid();
  }
} {31429}
do_test vtab1.7-5 {
  execsql {
    SELECT rowid, a, b, c FROM echo_abc
  }
} [list 1     1    2  3  \
        31427 {}   {} {} \
        31428 1.v2 2  3  \
        31429 {}  {} {}  \
]

# Now test that DELETE and UPDATE operations do not modify the value.
do_test vtab1.7-6 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE echo_abc SET c = 5 WHERE b = 2;
    SELECT last_insert_rowid();
  }
} {31429}
do_test vtab1.7-7 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE echo_abc SET rowid = 5 WHERE rowid = 1;
    SELECT last_insert_rowid();
  }
} {31429}
do_test vtab1.7-8 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM echo_abc WHERE b = 2;
    SELECT last_insert_rowid();
  }
} {31429}
do_test vtab1.7-9 {
  execsql {
    SELECT rowid, a, b, c FROM echo_abc
  }
} [list 31427 {} {} {} \
        31429 {} {} {} \
]
do_test vtab1.7-10 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM echo_abc WHERE b = 2;
    SELECT last_insert_rowid();
  }
} {31429}
do_test vtab1.7-11 {
  execsql {
    SELECT rowid, a, b, c FROM real_abc
  }
} [list 31427 {} {} {} \
        31429 {} {} {} \
]
do_test vtab1.7-12 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM echo_abc;
    SELECT last_insert_rowid();
  }
} {31429}
do_test vtab1.7-13 {
  execsql {
    SELECT rowid, a, b, c FROM real_abc
  }
} {}

do_test vtab1.8-1 {
  set echo_module ""
  execsql {
    ATTACH 'test2.db' AS aux;
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE aux.e2 USING echo(real_abc);
  }
  set echo_module
} [list xCreate echo aux e2 real_abc   \
        xSync   echo(real_abc)         \
        xCommit echo(real_abc)         \
]
do_test vtab1.8-2 {
  execsql {
    DROP TABLE aux.e2;
    DROP TABLE treal;
    DROP TABLE techo;
    DROP TABLE echo_abc;
    DROP TABLE real_abc;
  }
} {}

do_test vtab1.9-1 {
  set echo_module ""
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE r(a, b, c);
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE e USING echo(r, e_log);
    SELECT name FROM sqlite_master;
  }
} {r e e_log}
do_test vtab1.9-2 {
  execsql {
    DROP TABLE e;
    SELECT name FROM sqlite_master;
  }
} {r}

do_test vtab1.9-3 {
  set echo_module ""
  execsql {
    CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE e USING echo(r, e_log, virtual 1 2 3 varchar(32));
  }
  set echo_module
} [list                                                        \
  xCreate echo main e r e_log {virtual 1 2 3 varchar(32)}      \
  xSync echo(r)                                                \
  xCommit echo(r)                                              \
]

finish_test