> Clearly, you are not yet knowledgeable enough about using C Very true. One lifetime is not enough to learn everything. Besides, the whole point of SQLite3.DLL is that I do NOT need to know its inner workings (however much that might help) when using it via its exposed interface i.e. its published APIs. (I wish the SQLite3 documentation was a little less terse & provided worked examples but I imagine that that might be impossible given the huge number of clients that use it on all diverse platforms.) It is mostly difficult UNTIL you know how. It is easy when you know how but then beginners' questions appear <i>tiresome</i> as hinted by forum responses.