int sqlite3_stmt_readonly(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
The sqlite3_stmt_readonly(X) interface returns true (non-zero) if and only if the prepared statement X makes no direct changes to the content of the database file.
Note that application-defined SQL functions or virtual tables might change the database indirectly as a side effect. For example, if an application defines a function "eval()" that calls sqlite3_exec(), then the following SQL statement would change the database file through side-effects:
SELECT eval('DELETE FROM t1') FROM t2;
But because the SELECT statement does not change the database file directly, sqlite3_stmt_readonly() would still return true.
Transaction control statements such as BEGIN, COMMIT, ROLLBACK, SAVEPOINT, and RELEASE cause sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true, since the statements themselves do not actually modify the database but rather they control the timing of when other statements modify the database. The ATTACH and DETACH statements also cause sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true since, while those statements change the configuration of a database connection, they do not make changes to the content of the database files on disk. The sqlite3_stmt_readonly() interface returns true for BEGIN since BEGIN merely sets internal flags, but the BEGIN IMMEDIATE and BEGIN EXCLUSIVE commands do touch the database and so sqlite3_stmt_readonly() returns false for those commands.
See also lists of Objects, Constants, and Functions.