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Overview
Comment:Fix further bugs in in-memory tree. Progress on writing range-deletes into the database file.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | range-delete
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 9081b1c92cf5e6e632538a337815932c6c4c1cac
User & Date: dan 2012-10-09 19:55:49
Context
2012-10-10
18:10
Fixes for range-delete and seek operations. check-in: 1ff4639070 user: dan tags: range-delete
2012-10-09
19:55
Fix further bugs in in-memory tree. Progress on writing range-deletes into the database file. check-in: 9081b1c92c user: dan tags: range-delete
2012-10-08
17:08
Fixes for range-deletes on the in-memory tree structure. check-in: 9879e2a63d user: dan tags: range-delete
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to lsm-test/lsmtest1.c.

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      doDataTest1(zSystem, &aTest[i], pRc);
    }
    testFree(zName);
  }
}

static void testCompareDb(



  TestDb *pControl,
  TestDb *pDb,
  int *pRc
){












  testScanCompare(pControl, pDb, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, pRc);
  testScanCompare(pControl, pDb, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, pRc);









}

static void doDataTest2(
  const char *zSystem,            /* Database system to test */
  Datatest2 *p,                   /* Structure containing test parameters */
  int *pRc                        /* OUT: Error code */
){
................................................................................
    pKey1 = testMallocCopy(pKey1, nKey1);
    testDatasourceEntry(pData, i+2000000, &pKey2, &nKey2, 0, 0);

    testDeleteRange(pDb, pKey1, nKey1, pKey2, nKey2, &rc);
    testDeleteRange(pControl, pKey1, nKey1, pKey2, nKey2, &rc);
    testFree(pKey1);

    testCompareDb(pControl, pDb, &rc);
#if 0
    testReopen(&pDb, &rc);
    testCompareDb(pControl, pDb, &rc);
#endif



    /* Update the progress dots... */
    testCaseProgress(i, p->nIter, testCaseNDot(), &iDot);
  }

  testClose(&pDb);
  testClose(&pControl);
................................................................................
void test_data_2(
  const char *zSystem,            /* Database system name */
  const char *zPattern,           /* Run test cases that match this pattern */
  int *pRc                        /* IN/OUT: Error code */
){
  Datatest2 aTest[] = {
      /* defn,                                  nWrite, nIter */

    { {DATA_RANDOM,     20,25,     100,200},       200, 50 }



  };

  int i;

  for(i=0; *pRc==LSM_OK && i<ArraySize(aTest); i++){
    char *zName = getName2(zSystem, &aTest[i]);
    if( testCaseBegin(pRc, zPattern, "%s", zName) ){
      doDataTest2(zSystem, &aTest[i], pRc);
    }
    testFree(zName);
  }
}








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      doDataTest1(zSystem, &aTest[i], pRc);
    }
    testFree(zName);
  }
}

static void testCompareDb(
  Datasource *pData,
  int nData,
  int iSeed,
  TestDb *pControl,
  TestDb *pDb,
  int *pRc
){
  int iKey1;
  int iKey2;
  void *pKey1; int nKey1;       /* Start key */
  void *pKey2; int nKey2;       /* Final key */

  iKey1 = testPrngValue(iSeed) % nData;
  iKey2 = testPrngValue(iSeed+1) % nData;
  testDatasourceEntry(pData, iKey1, &pKey2, &nKey1, 0, 0);
  pKey1 = testMalloc(nKey1+1);
  memcpy(pKey1, pKey2, nKey1+1);
  testDatasourceEntry(pData, iKey2, &pKey2, &nKey2, 0, 0);

  testScanCompare(pControl, pDb, 0, 0, 0,         0, 0,         pRc);
  testScanCompare(pControl, pDb, 1, 0, 0,         0, 0,         pRc);

  testScanCompare(pControl, pDb, 0, 0, 0,         pKey2, nKey2, pRc);
  testScanCompare(pControl, pDb, 0, pKey1, nKey1, 0, 0,         pRc);
  testScanCompare(pControl, pDb, 0, pKey1, nKey1, pKey2, nKey2, pRc);
  testScanCompare(pControl, pDb, 1, 0, 0,         pKey2, nKey2, pRc);
  testScanCompare(pControl, pDb, 1, pKey1, nKey1, 0, 0,         pRc);
  testScanCompare(pControl, pDb, 1, pKey1, nKey1, pKey2, nKey2, pRc);

  testFree(pKey1);
}

static void doDataTest2(
  const char *zSystem,            /* Database system to test */
  Datatest2 *p,                   /* Structure containing test parameters */
  int *pRc                        /* OUT: Error code */
){
................................................................................
    pKey1 = testMallocCopy(pKey1, nKey1);
    testDatasourceEntry(pData, i+2000000, &pKey2, &nKey2, 0, 0);

    testDeleteRange(pDb, pKey1, nKey1, pKey2, nKey2, &rc);
    testDeleteRange(pControl, pKey1, nKey1, pKey2, nKey2, &rc);
    testFree(pKey1);

if( 0 && i==4 ){
  extern int test_scan_debug;
  test_scan_debug = 1;
}
    testCompareDb(pData, (p->nIter*p->nWrite), i, pControl, pDb, &rc);
    testReopen(&pDb, &rc);
    testCompareDb(pData, (p->nIter*p->nWrite), i, pControl, pDb, &rc);

    /* Update the progress dots... */
    testCaseProgress(i, p->nIter, testCaseNDot(), &iDot);
  }

  testClose(&pDb);
  testClose(&pControl);
................................................................................
void test_data_2(
  const char *zSystem,            /* Database system name */
  const char *zPattern,           /* Run test cases that match this pattern */
  int *pRc                        /* IN/OUT: Error code */
){
  Datatest2 aTest[] = {
      /* defn,                                  nWrite, nIter */
    { {DATA_RANDOM,     20,25,     100,200},        10, 50 },
    { {DATA_RANDOM,     20,25,     100,200},       200, 50 },
#if 0
    { {DATA_RANDOM,     20,25,     100,200},       200, 50 }
#endif
  };

  int i;

  for(i=0; *pRc==LSM_OK && i<ArraySize(aTest); i++){
    char *zName = getName2(zSystem, &aTest[i]);
    if( testCaseBegin(pRc, zPattern, "%s", zName) ){
      doDataTest2(zSystem, &aTest[i], pRc);
    }
    testFree(zName);
  }
}

Changes to lsm-test/lsmtest_main.c.

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  void *pVal, int nVal
){
  ScanResult *p = (ScanResult *)pCtx;
  u8 *aKey = (u8 *)pKey;
  u8 *aVal = (u8 *)pVal;
  int i;


  if( test_scan_debug ) printf("%.*s\n", nKey, (char *)pKey);


#if 0
  if( test_scan_debug ) printf("%.20s\n", (char *)pVal);
#endif

#if 0
  /* Check tdb_fetch() matches */
  int rc = 0;







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  void *pVal, int nVal
){
  ScanResult *p = (ScanResult *)pCtx;
  u8 *aKey = (u8 *)pKey;
  u8 *aVal = (u8 *)pVal;
  int i;

  if( test_scan_debug ){
    printf("%.*s\n", nKey, (char *)pKey);
    fflush(stdout);
  }
#if 0
  if( test_scan_debug ) printf("%.20s\n", (char *)pVal);
#endif

#if 0
  /* Check tdb_fetch() matches */
  int rc = 0;

Changes to src/lsmInt.h.

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** Each entry stored in the LSM (or in-memory tree structure) has an
** associated mask of the following flags.
*/
#define LSM_START_DELETE 0x01     /* Start of open-ended delete range */
#define LSM_END_DELETE   0x02     /* End of open-ended delete range */
#define LSM_POINT_DELETE 0x04     /* Delete this key */
#define LSM_INSERT       0x08     /* Insert this key and value */



/*
** A string that can grow by appending.
*/
struct LsmString {
  lsm_env *pEnv;              /* Run-time environment */
  int n;                      /* Size of string.  -1 indicates error */
................................................................................
};
struct Merge {
  int nInput;                     /* Number of input runs being merged */
  MergeInput *aInput;             /* Array nInput entries in size */
  MergeInput splitkey;            /* Location in file of current splitkey */
  int nSkip;                      /* Number of separators entries to skip */
  int iOutputOff;                 /* Write offset on output page */

  int bHierReadonly;              /* True if b-tree heirarchies are read-only */
};

/* 
** The first argument to this macro is a pointer to a Segment structure.
** Returns true if the structure instance indicates that the separators
** array is valid.
................................................................................
void lsmTreeCursorDestroy(TreeCursor *);

int lsmTreeCursorSeek(TreeCursor *pCsr, void *pKey, int nKey, int *pRes);
int lsmTreeCursorNext(TreeCursor *pCsr);
int lsmTreeCursorPrev(TreeCursor *pCsr);
int lsmTreeCursorEnd(TreeCursor *pCsr, int bLast);
void lsmTreeCursorReset(TreeCursor *pCsr);
int lsmTreeCursorKey(TreeCursor *pCsr, void **ppKey, int *pnKey);

int lsmTreeCursorValue(TreeCursor *pCsr, void **ppVal, int *pnVal);
int lsmTreeCursorValid(TreeCursor *pCsr);
int lsmTreeCursorSave(TreeCursor *pCsr);



/* 
** Functions from file "mem.c".
*/
int lsmPoolNew(lsm_env *pEnv, Mempool **ppPool);
void lsmPoolDestroy(lsm_env *pEnv, Mempool *pPool);
void *lsmPoolMalloc(lsm_env *pEnv, Mempool *pPool, int nByte);







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** Each entry stored in the LSM (or in-memory tree structure) has an
** associated mask of the following flags.
*/
#define LSM_START_DELETE 0x01     /* Start of open-ended delete range */
#define LSM_END_DELETE   0x02     /* End of open-ended delete range */
#define LSM_POINT_DELETE 0x04     /* Delete this key */
#define LSM_INSERT       0x08     /* Insert this key and value */
#define LSM_SEPARATOR    0x10     /* True if entry is separator key only */
#define LSM_SYSTEMKEY    0x20     /* True if entry is a system key (FREELIST) */

/*
** A string that can grow by appending.
*/
struct LsmString {
  lsm_env *pEnv;              /* Run-time environment */
  int n;                      /* Size of string.  -1 indicates error */
................................................................................
};
struct Merge {
  int nInput;                     /* Number of input runs being merged */
  MergeInput *aInput;             /* Array nInput entries in size */
  MergeInput splitkey;            /* Location in file of current splitkey */
  int nSkip;                      /* Number of separators entries to skip */
  int iOutputOff;                 /* Write offset on output page */
  Pgno iCurrentPtr;               /* Current pointer value */
  int bHierReadonly;              /* True if b-tree heirarchies are read-only */
};

/* 
** The first argument to this macro is a pointer to a Segment structure.
** Returns true if the structure instance indicates that the separators
** array is valid.
................................................................................
void lsmTreeCursorDestroy(TreeCursor *);

int lsmTreeCursorSeek(TreeCursor *pCsr, void *pKey, int nKey, int *pRes);
int lsmTreeCursorNext(TreeCursor *pCsr);
int lsmTreeCursorPrev(TreeCursor *pCsr);
int lsmTreeCursorEnd(TreeCursor *pCsr, int bLast);
void lsmTreeCursorReset(TreeCursor *pCsr);
int lsmTreeCursorKey(TreeCursor *pCsr, int *pFlags, void **ppKey, int *pnKey);
int lsmTreeCursorFlags(TreeCursor *pCsr);
int lsmTreeCursorValue(TreeCursor *pCsr, void **ppVal, int *pnVal);
int lsmTreeCursorValid(TreeCursor *pCsr);
int lsmTreeCursorSave(TreeCursor *pCsr);

void lsmFlagsToString(int flags, char *zFlags);

/* 
** Functions from file "mem.c".
*/
int lsmPoolNew(lsm_env *pEnv, Mempool **ppPool);
void lsmPoolDestroy(lsm_env *pEnv, Mempool *pPool);
void *lsmPoolMalloc(lsm_env *pEnv, Mempool *pPool, int nByte);

Changes to src/lsm_ckpt.c.

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**     4. If nRight>0, The number of segments involved in the merge
**     5. if nRight>0, Current nSkip value (see Merge structure defn.),
**     6. For each segment in the merge:
**        5a. Page number of next cell to read during merge
**        5b. Cell number of next cell to read during merge
**     7. Page containing current split-key.
**     8. Cell within page containing current split-key.

**
**   The freelist. 
**
**     1. Number of free-list entries stored in checkpoint header.
**     2. For each entry:
**        2a. Block number of free block.
**        2b. MSW of associated checkpoint id.
................................................................................
    ckptSetValue(p, iOut++, pMerge->nSkip, pRc);
    for(i=0; i<pMerge->nInput; i++){
      ckptSetValue(p, iOut++, pMerge->aInput[i].iPg, pRc);
      ckptSetValue(p, iOut++, pMerge->aInput[i].iCell, pRc);
    }
    ckptSetValue(p, iOut++, pMerge->splitkey.iPg, pRc);
    ckptSetValue(p, iOut++, pMerge->splitkey.iCell, pRc);

  }

  *piOut = iOut;
}

/*
** Populate the log offset fields of the checkpoint buffer. 4 values.
................................................................................
  pMerge->nSkip = (int)aInt[iIn++];
  for(i=0; i<nInput; i++){
    pMerge->aInput[i].iPg = (Pgno)aInt[iIn++];
    pMerge->aInput[i].iCell = (int)aInt[iIn++];
  }
  pMerge->splitkey.iPg = (Pgno)aInt[iIn++];
  pMerge->splitkey.iCell = (int)aInt[iIn++];


  /* Set *piIn and return LSM_OK. */
  *piIn = iIn;
  return LSM_OK;
}









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**     4. If nRight>0, The number of segments involved in the merge
**     5. if nRight>0, Current nSkip value (see Merge structure defn.),
**     6. For each segment in the merge:
**        5a. Page number of next cell to read during merge
**        5b. Cell number of next cell to read during merge
**     7. Page containing current split-key.
**     8. Cell within page containing current split-key.
**     9. Current pointer value.
**
**   The freelist. 
**
**     1. Number of free-list entries stored in checkpoint header.
**     2. For each entry:
**        2a. Block number of free block.
**        2b. MSW of associated checkpoint id.
................................................................................
    ckptSetValue(p, iOut++, pMerge->nSkip, pRc);
    for(i=0; i<pMerge->nInput; i++){
      ckptSetValue(p, iOut++, pMerge->aInput[i].iPg, pRc);
      ckptSetValue(p, iOut++, pMerge->aInput[i].iCell, pRc);
    }
    ckptSetValue(p, iOut++, pMerge->splitkey.iPg, pRc);
    ckptSetValue(p, iOut++, pMerge->splitkey.iCell, pRc);
    ckptSetValue(p, iOut++, pMerge->iCurrentPtr, pRc);
  }

  *piOut = iOut;
}

/*
** Populate the log offset fields of the checkpoint buffer. 4 values.
................................................................................
  pMerge->nSkip = (int)aInt[iIn++];
  for(i=0; i<nInput; i++){
    pMerge->aInput[i].iPg = (Pgno)aInt[iIn++];
    pMerge->aInput[i].iCell = (int)aInt[iIn++];
  }
  pMerge->splitkey.iPg = (Pgno)aInt[iIn++];
  pMerge->splitkey.iCell = (int)aInt[iIn++];
  pMerge->iCurrentPtr = (int)aInt[iIn++];

  /* Set *piIn and return LSM_OK. */
  *piIn = iIn;
  return LSM_OK;
}


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....
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....
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**   (N==0). And on most pages the first record that starts on the page will
**   not start at byte offset 0. For example:
**
**      aaaaa bbbbb ccc <footer>    cc eeeee fffff g <footer>    gggg....
**
** RECORD FORMAT:
** 
**   Each record in a sorted file is either a WRITE, a DELETE, or a 
**   SEPARATOR. 
**
**   The first byte of the record indicates the type, as follows:
**
**     SORTED_SEPARATOR:  0x01
**     SORTED_WRITE:      0x02
**     SORTED_DELETE:     0x03

**
**   If the sorted file contains pointers, then immediately following the
**   type byte is a pointer to the smallest key in the next file that is larger
**   than the key in the current record. The pointer is encoded as a varint.
**   When added to the 32-bit page number stored in the footer, it is the 
**   page number of the page that contains the smallest key in the next sorted 
**   file that is larger than this key. 
**
**   Next is the number of bytes in the key, encoded as a varint.
**
**   If the record is a SORTED_WRITE, the number of bytes in the value, as
**   a varint, is next.
**
**   Finally, the blob of data containing the key, and for SORTED_WRITE
**   records, the value as well.
**
** SEPARATOR ARRAYS:
**
**   Each time a sorted run that spans more than one page is constructed, a
**   separators array is also constructed. A separators array contains normal
**   pages and b-tree pages. Both types of pages use the same format (as 
**   above).
**
**   The normal pages in the separators array contain a SORTED_SEPARATOR 
**   record with a copy of the first key on each page of the main array
**   except the leftmost. If a main array page contains no keys, then there
**   is no corresponding entry in the separators array.
*/

#ifndef _LSM_INT_H
# include "lsmInt.h"
#endif
#include "sqlite4.h"            /* only for sqlite4_snprintf() */
/* 
** Record types for user data.
*/
#define SORTED_SEPARATOR 0x01
#define SORTED_WRITE     0x02
#define SORTED_DELETE    0x03

#define SORTED_SYSTEM_DATA 0x10

/* 
** Record types for system data (e.g. free-block list, secondary storage
** management entries). These are the same as the user types with the
** most-significant bit set.
*/
#define SORTED_SYSTEM_SEPARATOR (SORTED_SYSTEM_DATA | SORTED_SEPARATOR)
#define SORTED_SYSTEM_WRITE     (SORTED_SYSTEM_DATA | SORTED_WRITE)
#define SORTED_SYSTEM_DELETE    (SORTED_SYSTEM_DATA | SORTED_DELETE)

/*
** Macros to help decode record types.
*/
#define rtTopic(eType)       ((eType) & 0xF0)
#define rtIsDelete(eType)    (((eType) & 0x0F)==SORTED_DELETE)

#define rtIsSeparator(eType) (((eType) & 0x0F)==SORTED_SEPARATOR)
#define rtIsWrite(eType)     (((eType) & 0x0F)==SORTED_WRITE)


/*
** The following macros are used to access a page footer.
*/
#define SEGMENT_NRECORD_OFFSET(pgsz)        ((pgsz) - 2)
#define SEGMENT_FLAGS_OFFSET(pgsz)          ((pgsz) - 2 - 2)
#define SEGMENT_POINTER_OFFSET(pgsz)        ((pgsz) - 2 - 2 - 4)
................................................................................
  /* Comparison results */
  int nTree;                      /* Size of aTree[] array */
  int *aTree;                     /* Array of comparison results */

  /* Used by cursors flushing the in-memory tree only */
  int *pnOvfl;                    /* Number of free-list entries to store */
  void *pSystemVal;               /* Pointer to buffer to free */



};

#define CURSOR_DATA_TREE0     0   /* Current tree cursor */
#define CURSOR_DATA_TREE1     1   /* The "old" tree, if any */
#define CURSOR_DATA_SYSTEM    2
#define CURSOR_DATA_SEGMENT   3

................................................................................
    }
    if( iPg<0 || iCell<0 ) return LSM_CORRUPT_BKPT;

    rc = pageGetBtreeKey(
        pCsr->aPg[iPg].pPage, iCell,
        &dummy, &pCsr->eType, &pCsr->pKey, &pCsr->nKey, &pCsr->blob
    );
    pCsr->eType |= SORTED_SEPARATOR;
  }

  return rc;
}

static int btreeCursorPtr(u8 *aData, int nData, int iCell){
  int nCell;
................................................................................
          if( pCsr->aPg[i].iCell>0 ) break;
        }
        assert( i>=0 );
        rc = pageGetBtreeKey(
            pCsr->aPg[i].pPage, pCsr->aPg[i].iCell-1,
            &dummy, &pCsr->eType, &pCsr->pKey, &pCsr->nKey, &pCsr->blob
        );
        pCsr->eType |= SORTED_SEPARATOR;

      }else{
        rc = btreeCursorLoadKey(pCsr);
      }
    }
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
  int rc = LSM_OK;
  int iMin;
  int iMax;
  int iPtrOut = 0;

  const int iTopic = 0;








  /* If the OVERSIZED flag is set, then there is no pointer in the
  ** upper level to the next page in the segment that contains at least
  ** one key. So compare the largest key on the current page with the
  ** key being sought (pKey/nKey). If (pKey/nKey) is larger, advance
  ** to the next page in the segment that contains at least one key. 
  */
  while( rc==LSM_OK && (pPtr->flags & PGFTR_SKIP_NEXT_FLAG) ){
................................................................................
    case CURSOR_DATA_TREE0:
    case CURSOR_DATA_TREE1: {
      TreeCursor *pTreeCsr = pCsr->apTreeCsr[iKey-CURSOR_DATA_TREE0];
      if( lsmTreeCursorValid(pTreeCsr) ){
        int nVal;
        void *pVal;

        lsmTreeCursorKey(pTreeCsr, &pKey, &nKey);
        lsmTreeCursorValue(pTreeCsr, &pVal, &nVal);
        eType = (nVal<0) ? SORTED_DELETE : SORTED_WRITE;
      }
      break;
    }

    case CURSOR_DATA_SYSTEM:
      if( pCsr->flags & CURSOR_AT_FREELIST ){
        pKey = (void *)"FREELIST";
        nKey = 8;
        eType = SORTED_SYSTEM_WRITE;
      }
      break;

    default: {
      int iPtr = iKey - CURSOR_DATA_SEGMENT;
      assert( iPtr>=0 );
      if( iPtr==pCsr->nPtr ){
................................................................................

static void multiCursorDoCompare(MultiCursor *pCsr, int iOut, int bReverse){
  int i1;
  int i2;
  int iRes;
  void *pKey1; int nKey1; int eType1;
  void *pKey2; int nKey2; int eType2;

  int mul = (bReverse ? -1 : 1);

  assert( pCsr->aTree && iOut<pCsr->nTree );
  if( iOut>=(pCsr->nTree/2) ){
    i1 = (iOut - pCsr->nTree/2) * 2;
    i2 = i1 + 1;
  }else{
    i1 = pCsr->aTree[iOut*2];
................................................................................
  if( pKey1==0 ){
    iRes = i2;
  }else if( pKey2==0 ){
    iRes = i1;
  }else{
    int res;




    res = (rtTopic(eType1) - rtTopic(eType2));






    if( res==0 ){
      res = pCsr->pDb->xCmp(pKey1, nKey1, pKey2, nKey2);



    }
    res = res * mul;








    if( res==0 ){
      iRes = (rtIsSeparator(eType1) ? i2 : i1);
    }else if( res<0 ){
      iRes = i1;
    }else{
      iRes = i2;
    }
................................................................................
    rc = multiCursorAddAll(pCsr, pDb->pWorker);
    pCsr->flags |= CURSOR_IGNORE_DELETE;
  }
  
  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    rc = lsmMCursorLast(pCsr);
    if( rc==LSM_OK 
     && pCsr->eType==SORTED_SYSTEM_WRITE 
     && pCsr->key.nData==8 
     && 0==memcmp(pCsr->key.pData, "FREELIST", 8)
    ){
      void *pVal; int nVal;         /* Value read from database */
      rc = lsmMCursorValue(pCsr, &pVal, &nVal);
      if( rc==LSM_OK ){
        *ppVal = lsmMallocRc(pDb->pEnv, nVal, &rc);
................................................................................
  if( *pRc==LSM_OK ){
    void *pKey;
    int nKey;
    multiCursorGetKey(pCsr, pCsr->aTree[1], &pCsr->eType, &pKey, &nKey);
    *pRc = sortedBlobSet(pCsr->pDb->pEnv, &pCsr->key, pKey, nKey);
  }
}






































static int multiCursorEnd(MultiCursor *pCsr, int bLast){
  int rc = LSM_OK;
  int i;

  pCsr->flags &= ~(CURSOR_NEXT_OK | CURSOR_PREV_OK);


  if( pCsr->apTreeCsr[0] ){
    rc = lsmTreeCursorEnd(pCsr->apTreeCsr[0], bLast);
  }
  if( rc==LSM_OK && pCsr->apTreeCsr[1] ){
    rc = lsmTreeCursorEnd(pCsr->apTreeCsr[1], bLast);
  }

................................................................................
  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    rc = multiCursorAllocTree(pCsr);
  }
  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    for(i=pCsr->nTree-1; i>0; i--){
      multiCursorDoCompare(pCsr, i, bLast);
    }
    pCsr->flags |= (bLast ? CURSOR_PREV_OK : CURSOR_NEXT_OK);
  }

  multiCursorCacheKey(pCsr, &rc);
  if( rc==LSM_OK && (
        ((pCsr->flags & CURSOR_IGNORE_DELETE) && rtIsDelete(pCsr->eType))
     || ((pCsr->flags & CURSOR_IGNORE_SYSTEM) && rtTopic(pCsr->eType))
  )){
    if( bLast ){
      rc = lsmMCursorPrev(pCsr);
    }else{
      rc = lsmMCursorNext(pCsr);
    }
  }

................................................................................
        }
        break;
    }
  }
}


static int mcursorLocationOk(MultiCursor *pCsr, int bDeleteOk){
  int eType = pCsr->eType;

  if( ((pCsr->flags & CURSOR_IGNORE_DELETE) && rtIsDelete(eType) && !bDeleteOk)
   || ((pCsr->flags & CURSOR_IGNORE_SYSTEM) && rtTopic(pCsr->eType)!=0)
  ){
    return 0;
  }

  return 1;
}

/*
** Seek the cursor.
*/
int lsmMCursorSeek(MultiCursor *pCsr, void *pKey, int nKey, int eSeek){
  int eESeek = eSeek;             /* Effective eSeek parameter */
  int rc = LSM_OK;
  int iPtr = 0;
................................................................................
    int res = rtTopic(eNewType) - rtTopic(pCsr->eType);
    if( res==0 ){
      res = pCsr->pDb->xCmp(pNew, nNew, pCsr->key.pData, pCsr->key.nData);
    }
    if( (bReverse==0 && res<=0) || (bReverse!=0 && res>=0) ){
      return 0;
    }
  }

  multiCursorCacheKey(pCsr, pRc);
  assert( pCsr->eType==eNewType );

  /* If this cursor is configured to skip deleted keys, and the current
  ** cursor points to a SORTED_DELETE entry, then the cursor has not been 
  ** successfully advanced.  
  **
  ** Similarly, if the cursor is configured to skip system keys and the
  ** current cursor points to a system key, it has not yet been advanced.
  */
  if( *pRc==LSM_OK && 0==mcursorLocationOk(pCsr, 0) ) return 0;

  return 1;
}

static int multiCursorAdvance(MultiCursor *pCsr, int bReverse){
  int rc = LSM_OK;                /* Return Code */
  if( lsmMCursorValid(pCsr) ){
    do {
      int iKey = pCsr->aTree[1];
















      if( iKey==CURSOR_DATA_TREE0 || iKey==CURSOR_DATA_TREE1 ){
        TreeCursor *pTreeCsr = pCsr->apTreeCsr[iKey-CURSOR_DATA_TREE0];
        if( bReverse ){
          rc = lsmTreeCursorPrev(pTreeCsr);
        }else{
          rc = lsmTreeCursorNext(pTreeCsr);
        }
................................................................................
        pCsr->flags &= ~CURSOR_AT_FREELIST;
      }else if( iKey==(CURSOR_DATA_SEGMENT+pCsr->nPtr) ){
        assert( bReverse==0 && pCsr->pBtCsr );
        rc = btreeCursorNext(pCsr->pBtCsr);
      }else{
        rc = segmentCursorAdvance(pCsr, iKey-CURSOR_DATA_SEGMENT, bReverse);
      }

      if( rc==LSM_OK ){
        int i;
        for(i=(iKey+pCsr->nTree)/2; i>0; i=i/2){
          multiCursorDoCompare(pCsr, i, bReverse);
        }
      }
    }while( mcursorAdvanceOk(pCsr, bReverse, &rc)==0 );
................................................................................
}

int lsmMCursorKey(MultiCursor *pCsr, void **ppKey, int *pnKey){
  int iKey = pCsr->aTree[1];

  if( iKey==CURSOR_DATA_TREE0 || iKey==CURSOR_DATA_TREE1 ){
    TreeCursor *pTreeCsr = pCsr->apTreeCsr[iKey-CURSOR_DATA_TREE0];
    lsmTreeCursorKey(pTreeCsr, ppKey, pnKey);
  }else{
    int nKey;

#ifndef NDEBUG
    void *pKey;
    int eType;
    multiCursorGetKey(pCsr, iKey, &eType, &pKey, &nKey);
................................................................................

int lsmMCursorValue(MultiCursor *pCsr, void **ppVal, int *pnVal){
  void *pVal;
  int nVal;
  int rc;

  assert( pCsr->aTree );
  assert( rtIsDelete(pCsr->eType)==0 || !(pCsr->flags & CURSOR_IGNORE_DELETE) );

  rc = multiCursorGetVal(pCsr, pCsr->aTree[1], &pVal, &nVal);
  if( pVal && rc==LSM_OK ){
    rc = sortedBlobSet(pCsr->pDb->pEnv, &pCsr->val, pVal, nVal);
    pVal = pCsr->val.pData;
  }

................................................................................
  int nKey;
  int eType;

  nRec = lsmGetU16(&aData[SEGMENT_NRECORD_OFFSET(nData)]);
  iOff = lsmGetU16(&aData[SEGMENT_CELLPTR_OFFSET(nData, nRec-1)]);
  eType = aData[iOff++];
  assert( eType==0 
       || eType==SORTED_SEPARATOR 
       || eType==SORTED_SYSTEM_SEPARATOR 
  );

  iOff += lsmVarintGet32(&aData[iOff], &nKey);
  iOff += lsmVarintGet32(&aData[iOff], &nKey);

  return iOff + (eType ? nKey : 0);
}
................................................................................
  lsmPutU16(&aData[SEGMENT_NRECORD_OFFSET(nData)], nRec+1);

  if( bIndirect ){
    aData[iOff++] = 0x00;
    iOff += lsmVarintPut32(&aData[iOff], iPtr);
    iOff += lsmVarintPut32(&aData[iOff], iKeyPg);
  }else{
    aData[iOff++] = (u8)(iTopic | SORTED_SEPARATOR);
    iOff += lsmVarintPut32(&aData[iOff], iPtr);
    iOff += lsmVarintPut32(&aData[iOff], nKey);
    memcpy(&aData[iOff], pKey, nKey);
  }

  if( iLevel>0 ){
    int iRight = lsmFsPageNumber(p->apHier[iLevel-1]);
................................................................................
  pPg = pMW->pPage;
  aData = fsPageData(pPg, &nData);
  nRec = pageGetNRec(aData, nData);
  iFPtr = pageGetPtr(aData, nData);

  /* If iPtr is 0, set it to the same value as the absolute pointer 
  ** stored as part of the previous record.  */
  if( iPtr==0 ){
    iPtr = iFPtr;
    if( nRec ) iPtr += pageGetRecordPtr(aData, nData, nRec-1);
  }

  /* Calculate the relative pointer value to write to this record */
  iRPtr = iPtr - iFPtr;
  /* assert( iRPtr>=0 ); */
................................................................................
    nHdr = 1 + lsmVarintLen32(iRPtr) + lsmVarintLen32(nKey);
    if( rtIsWrite(eType) ) nHdr += lsmVarintLen32(nVal);

    /* If the entire header will not fit on page pPg, or if page pPg is 
     ** marked read-only, advance to the next page of the output run. */
    iOff = pMerge->iOutputOff;
    if( iOff<0 || iOff+nHdr > SEGMENT_EOF(nData, nRec+1) ){

      iFPtr = iFPtr + (nRec ? pageGetRecordPtr(aData, nData, nRec-1) : 0);
      iRPtr = iPtr - iFPtr;




      iOff = 0;
      nRec = 0;
      rc = mergeWorkerNextPage(pMW, iFPtr);
      pPg = pMW->pPage;
    }
  }

................................................................................
      iFPtr = pageGetPtr(aData, nData);
      lsmFsPageRelease(pPg);
    }
  }

  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    rc = mergeWorkerNextPage(pMW, iFPtr);

  }

  return rc;
}









































static int mergeWorkerStep(MergeWorker *pMW){
  lsm_db *pDb = pMW->pDb;       /* Database handle */
  MultiCursor *pCsr;            /* Cursor to read input data from */
  int rc = LSM_OK;              /* Return code */
  int eType;                    /* SORTED_SEPARATOR, WRITE or DELETE */
  void *pKey; int nKey;         /* Key */
  Segment *pSeg;                /* Output segment */
  int iPtr = 0;

  pCsr = pMW->pCsr;
  pSeg = &pMW->pLevel->lhs;

  /* Pull the next record out of the source cursor. */
  lsmMCursorKey(pCsr, &pKey, &nKey);
  eType = pCsr->eType;
................................................................................

  /* Figure out if the output record may have a different pointer value
  ** than the previous. This is the case if the current key is identical to
  ** a key that appears in the lowest level run being merged. If so, set 
  ** iPtr to the absolute pointer value. If not, leave iPtr set to zero, 
  ** indicating that the output pointer value should be a copy of the pointer 
  ** value written with the previous key.  */

  if( pCsr->pBtCsr ){
    BtreeCursor *pBtCsr = pCsr->pBtCsr;
    if( pBtCsr->pKey ){
      int res = rtTopic(pBtCsr->eType) - rtTopic(eType);
      if( res==0 ) res = pDb->xCmp(pBtCsr->pKey, pBtCsr->nKey, pKey, nKey);
      if( 0==res ) iPtr = pBtCsr->iPtr;

      assert( res>=0 );
    }
  }else if( pCsr->nPtr ){
    SegmentPtr *pPtr = &pCsr->aPtr[pCsr->nPtr-1];
    if( pPtr->pPg
     && 0==pDb->xCmp(pPtr->pKey, pPtr->nKey, pKey, nKey)
    ){
      iPtr = pPtr->iPtr+pPtr->iPgPtr;
    }
  }




  if( pMW->aGobble ){
    int iGobble = pCsr->aTree[1] - CURSOR_DATA_SEGMENT;
    if( iGobble<pCsr->nPtr ){
      SegmentPtr *pGobble = &pCsr->aPtr[iGobble];
      if( (pGobble->flags & PGFTR_SKIP_THIS_FLAG)==0 ){
        pMW->aGobble[iGobble] = lsmFsPageNumber(pGobble->pPg);
      }
    }
  }

  /* If this is a separator key and we know that the output pointer has not
  ** changed, there is no point in writing an output record. Otherwise,
  ** proceed. */
  if( rtIsSeparator(eType)==0 || iPtr!=0 ){
    int iSPtr = 0;                /* Separators require a pointer here */

    if( pMW->pPage==0 ){
      rc = mergeWorkerFirstPage(pMW);
    }

    /* Write the record into the main run. */
    if( rc==LSM_OK ){
      rc = mergeWorkerWrite(pMW, eType, pKey, nKey, pCsr, iPtr, &iSPtr);

    }
  }

  /* Advance the cursor to the next input record (assuming one exists). */
  assert( lsmMCursorValid(pMW->pCsr) );
  if( rc==LSM_OK ) rc = lsmMCursorNext(pMW->pCsr);

................................................................................
      iLeftPtr = pNext->lhs.iFirst;
    }
  }

  if( rc!=LSM_OK ){
    lsmMCursorClose(pCsr);
  }else{

    Merge merge;                  /* Merge object used to create new level */
    MergeWorker mergeworker;      /* MergeWorker object for the same purpose */

    memset(&merge, 0, sizeof(Merge));
    memset(&mergeworker, 0, sizeof(MergeWorker));

    pNew->pMerge = &merge;
    mergeworker.pDb = pDb;
    mergeworker.pLevel = pNew;
    mergeworker.pCsr = pCsr;


    /* Mark the separators array for the new level as a "phantom". */
    mergeworker.bFlush = 1;

    /* Allocate the first page of the output segment. */
    rc = mergeWorkerNextPage(&mergeworker, iLeftPtr);

................................................................................
  }

  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    sortedInvokeWorkHook(pDb);
  }

#if 0
  lsmSortedDumpStructure(pDb, pDb->pWorker, 0, 0, "new-toplevel");
#endif

  if( pnWrite ) *pnWrite = nWrite;
  pDb->pWorker->nWrite += nWrite;
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  pMW->pCsr = pCsr;

  /* Load the current output page into memory. */
  if( rc==LSM_OK ) rc = mergeWorkerLoadOutputPage(pMW);

  /* Position the cursor. */
  if( rc==LSM_OK ){

    if( pMW->pPage==0 ){
      /* The output array is still empty. So position the cursor at the very 
      ** start of the input.  */
      rc = multiCursorEnd(pCsr, 0);
    }else{
      /* The output array is non-empty. Position the cursor based on the
      ** page/cell data saved in the Merge.aInput[] array.  */
................................................................................
            SegmentPtr *pGobble = &mergeworker.pCsr->aPtr[i];
            if( pGobble->pSeg->iRoot ){
              rc = sortedBtreeGobble(pDb, mergeworker.pCsr, i);
            }else if( mergeworker.aGobble[i] ){
              lsmFsGobble(pDb, pGobble->pSeg, &mergeworker.aGobble[i], 1);
            }
          }
#if 0
          int iGobble = mergeworker.pCsr->aTree[1] - CURSOR_DATA_SEGMENT;
          if( iGobble<pLevel->nRight ){
            SegmentPtr *pGobble = &mergeworker.pCsr->aSegCsr[iGobble].aPtr[0];
            if( pGobble->pSeg->iRoot ){
              rc = sortedBtreeGobble(pDb, mergeworker.pCsr, iGobble);
            }else if( (pGobble->flags & PGFTR_SKIP_THIS_FLAG)==0 ){
              Pgno iPg = lsmFsPageNumber(pGobble->pPg);
              lsmFsGobble(pDb, pGobble->pSeg, &iPg, 1);
            }
          }
#endif

        }else if( pLevel->lhs.iFirst==0 ){
          /* If the new level is completely empty, remove it from the 
          ** database snapshot. This can only happen if all input keys were
          ** annihilated. Since keys are only annihilated if the new level
          ** is the last in the linked list (contains the most ancient of
          ** database content), this guarantees that pLevel->pNext==0.  */ 

................................................................................

      /* Clean up the MergeWorker object initialized above. If no error
      ** has occurred, invoke the work-hook to inform the application that
      ** the database structure has changed. */
      mergeWorkerShutdown(&mergeworker, &rc);
      if( rc==LSM_OK ) sortedInvokeWorkHook(pDb);






      /* If bFlush is true and the database is no longer considered "full",
      ** break out of the loop even if nRemaining is still greater than
      ** zero. The caller has an in-memory tree to flush to disk.  */
      if( bFlush && sortedDbIsFull(pDb)==0 ) break;

      assertRunInOrder(pDb, &pLevel->lhs);

#if 0
      lsmSortedDumpStructure(pDb, pDb->pWorker, 0, 0, "work");
#endif
    }
  }

  if( pnWrite ) *pnWrite = (nWork - nRemaining);
  pWorker->nWrite += (nWork - nRemaining);

#ifdef LSM_LOG_WORK
  lsmLogMessage(pDb, rc, "sortedWork(): %d pages", (nWork-nRemaining));
#endif
  return rc;
}

typedef struct Metric Metric;
struct Metric {
  double fAvgHeight;
  int nTotalSz;
  int nMinSz;
};

#if 0
static void sortedMeasureDb(lsm_db *pDb, Metric *p){
  Level *pLevel;                  /* Used to iterate through levels */
  assert( pDb->pWorker );

  double fHeight = 0.0;
  int nTotalSz = 0;
  int nMinSz = 0;

  for(pLevel=lsmDbSnapshotLevel(pDb->pWorker); pLevel; pLevel=pLevel->pNext){
    const int nLhsSz = pLevel->lhs.run.nSize;
    int nRhsSz = 0;
    int nSz;
    int i;

    for(i=0; i<pLevel->nRight; i++){
      nRhsSz += pLevel->aRhs[i].run.nSize;
    }

    nSz = nRhsSz + nLhsSz;
    fHeight += (double)nLhsSz/nSz + (double)nRhsSz/nSz * pLevel->nRight;
    nTotalSz += nSz;

    if( nMinSz==0 || nMinSz>nSz ) nMinSz = nSz;
  }

  if( nMinSz ){
    printf("avg-height=%.2f log2(min/total)=%.2f totalsz=%d minsz=%d\n", 
        fHeight, 
        log((double)nTotalSz / nMinSz) / log(2),
        nTotalSz,
        nMinSz
    );
  }
}
#endif

/*
** The database connection passed as the first argument must be a worker
** connection. This function checks if there exists an "old" in-memory tree
** ready to be flushed to disk. If so, *pbOut is set to true before 
** returning. Otherwise false.
**
** Normally, LSM_OK is returned. Or, if an error occurs, an LSM error code.
................................................................................
    }else{
      lsmStringAppendf(pStr, "%c", isalnum(z[iChar]) ?z[iChar] : '.');
    }
  }
  return LSM_OK;
}

int lsmInfoPageDump(lsm_db *pDb, Pgno iPg, int bHex, char **pzOut){









  int rc = LSM_OK;                /* Return code */
  Page *pPg = 0;                  /* Handle for page iPg */
  int i, j;                       /* Loop counters */
  const int perLine = 16;         /* Bytes per line in the raw hex dump */





  *pzOut = 0;
  if( iPg==0 ) return LSM_ERROR;

  rc = lsmFsDbPageGet(pDb->pFS, iPg, &pPg);
  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    Blob blob = {0, 0, 0, 0};
................................................................................
    for(iCell=0; iCell<nRec; iCell++){
      u8 *aKey; int nKey = 0;       /* Key */
      u8 *aVal; int nVal = 0;       /* Value */
      int iPgPtr;
      int eType;
      char cType = '?';
      Pgno iAbsPtr;


      infoCellDump(pDb, pPg, iCell, &eType, &iPgPtr,
          &aKey, &nKey, &aVal, &nVal, &blob
      );
      iAbsPtr = iPgPtr + ((flags & SEGMENT_BTREE_FLAG) ? 0 : iPtr);

      if( rtIsDelete(eType) ) cType = 'D';
      if( rtIsWrite(eType) ) cType = 'W';
      if( rtIsSeparator(eType) ) cType = 'S';
      lsmStringAppendf(&str, "%c %d (%s) ", 
          cType, iAbsPtr, (rtTopic(eType) ? "sys" : "usr")
      );
      infoAppendBlob(&str, bHex, aKey, nKey); 
      if( nVal>0 ){
        lsmStringAppendf(&str, "%*s", nKeyWidth - (nKey*(1+bHex)), "");
        lsmStringAppendf(&str, " ");
        infoAppendBlob(&str, bHex, aVal, nVal); 
      }
      lsmStringAppendf(&str, "\n");
    }


    lsmStringAppendf(&str, "\n-------------------" 
       "-------------------------------------------------------------\n");
    lsmStringAppendf(&str, "Page %d\n",
                     iPg, (iPg-1)*nData, iPg*nData - 1);
    for(i=0; i<nData; i += perLine){
      lsmStringAppendf(&str, "%04x: ", i);
      for(j=0; j<perLine; j++){
        if( i+j>nData ){
          lsmStringAppendf(&str, "   ");
        }else{
          lsmStringAppendf(&str, "%02x ", aData[i+j]);
        }
      }
      lsmStringAppendf(&str, "  ");
      for(j=0; j<perLine; j++){
        if( i+j>nData ){
          lsmStringAppendf(&str, " ");
        }else{
          lsmStringAppendf(&str,"%c", isprint(aData[i+j]) ? aData[i+j] : '.');
        }
      }
      lsmStringAppendf(&str,"\n");

    }

    *pzOut = str.z;
    sortedBlobFree(&blob);
    lsmFsPageRelease(pPg);
  }

  return rc;
}












void sortedDumpSegment(lsm_db *pDb, Segment *pRun, int bVals){
  assert( pDb->xLog );
  if( pRun && pRun->iFirst ){

    char *zSeg;
    Page *pPg;

    zSeg = segToString(pDb->pEnv, pRun, 0);
    lsmLogMessage(pDb, LSM_OK, "Segment: %s", zSeg);
    lsmFree(pDb->pEnv, zSeg);

    lsmFsDbPageGet(pDb->pFS, pRun->iFirst, &pPg);
    while( pPg ){
      Page *pNext;





      sortedDumpPage(pDb, pRun, pPg, bVals);

      lsmFsDbPageNext(pRun, pPg, 1, &pNext);
      lsmFsPageRelease(pPg);
      pPg = pNext;
    }
  }
}








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**   (N==0). And on most pages the first record that starts on the page will
**   not start at byte offset 0. For example:
**
**      aaaaa bbbbb ccc <footer>    cc eeeee fffff g <footer>    gggg....
**
** RECORD FORMAT:
** 
**   The first byte of the record is a flags byte. It is a combination
**   of the following flags (defined in lsmInt.h):
**
**       LSM_START_DELETE
**       LSM_END_DELETE 
**       LSM_POINT_DELETE
**       LSM_INSERT    
**       LSM_SEPARATOR
**       LSM_SYSTEMKEY
**

**   Immediately following the type byte is a pointer to the smallest key 
**   in the next file that is larger than the key in the current record. The 
**   pointer is encoded as a varint. When added to the 32-bit page number 
**   stored in the footer, it is the page number of the page that contains the
**   smallest key in the next sorted file that is larger than this key. 
**
**   Next is the number of bytes in the key, encoded as a varint.
**
**   If the LSM_INSERT flag is set, the number of bytes in the value, as
**   a varint, is next.
**
**   Finally, the blob of data containing the key, and for LSM_INSERT
**   records, the value as well.












*/

#ifndef _LSM_INT_H
# include "lsmInt.h"
#endif
#include "sqlite4.h"            /* only for sqlite4_snprintf() */


















/*
** Macros to help decode record types.
*/
#define rtTopic(eType)       ((eType) & LSM_SYSTEMKEY)
#define rtIsDelete(eType)    (((eType) & 0x0F)==LSM_POINT_DELETE)

#define rtIsSeparator(eType) (((eType) & LSM_SEPARATOR)!=0)
#define rtIsWrite(eType)     (((eType) & LSM_INSERT)!=0)
#define rtIsSystem(eType)    (((eType) & LSM_SYSTEMKEY)!=0)

/*
** The following macros are used to access a page footer.
*/
#define SEGMENT_NRECORD_OFFSET(pgsz)        ((pgsz) - 2)
#define SEGMENT_FLAGS_OFFSET(pgsz)          ((pgsz) - 2 - 2)
#define SEGMENT_POINTER_OFFSET(pgsz)        ((pgsz) - 2 - 2 - 4)
................................................................................
  /* Comparison results */
  int nTree;                      /* Size of aTree[] array */
  int *aTree;                     /* Array of comparison results */

  /* Used by cursors flushing the in-memory tree only */
  int *pnOvfl;                    /* Number of free-list entries to store */
  void *pSystemVal;               /* Pointer to buffer to free */

  /* Used by worker cursors only */
  Pgno *pPrevMergePtr;
};

#define CURSOR_DATA_TREE0     0   /* Current tree cursor */
#define CURSOR_DATA_TREE1     1   /* The "old" tree, if any */
#define CURSOR_DATA_SYSTEM    2
#define CURSOR_DATA_SEGMENT   3

................................................................................
    }
    if( iPg<0 || iCell<0 ) return LSM_CORRUPT_BKPT;

    rc = pageGetBtreeKey(
        pCsr->aPg[iPg].pPage, iCell,
        &dummy, &pCsr->eType, &pCsr->pKey, &pCsr->nKey, &pCsr->blob
    );
    pCsr->eType |= LSM_SEPARATOR;
  }

  return rc;
}

static int btreeCursorPtr(u8 *aData, int nData, int iCell){
  int nCell;
................................................................................
          if( pCsr->aPg[i].iCell>0 ) break;
        }
        assert( i>=0 );
        rc = pageGetBtreeKey(
            pCsr->aPg[i].pPage, pCsr->aPg[i].iCell-1,
            &dummy, &pCsr->eType, &pCsr->pKey, &pCsr->nKey, &pCsr->blob
        );
        pCsr->eType |= LSM_SEPARATOR;

      }else{
        rc = btreeCursorLoadKey(pCsr);
      }
    }
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
  int rc = LSM_OK;
  int iMin;
  int iMax;
  int iPtrOut = 0;

  const int iTopic = 0;

#if 0
static int nCall = 0;
nCall++;
printf("in call %d\n", nCall);
fflush(stdout);
#endif

  /* If the OVERSIZED flag is set, then there is no pointer in the
  ** upper level to the next page in the segment that contains at least
  ** one key. So compare the largest key on the current page with the
  ** key being sought (pKey/nKey). If (pKey/nKey) is larger, advance
  ** to the next page in the segment that contains at least one key. 
  */
  while( rc==LSM_OK && (pPtr->flags & PGFTR_SKIP_NEXT_FLAG) ){
................................................................................
    case CURSOR_DATA_TREE0:
    case CURSOR_DATA_TREE1: {
      TreeCursor *pTreeCsr = pCsr->apTreeCsr[iKey-CURSOR_DATA_TREE0];
      if( lsmTreeCursorValid(pTreeCsr) ){
        int nVal;
        void *pVal;

        lsmTreeCursorKey(pTreeCsr, &eType, &pKey, &nKey);
        lsmTreeCursorValue(pTreeCsr, &pVal, &nVal);

      }
      break;
    }

    case CURSOR_DATA_SYSTEM:
      if( pCsr->flags & CURSOR_AT_FREELIST ){
        pKey = (void *)"FREELIST";
        nKey = 8;
        eType = LSM_SYSTEMKEY | LSM_INSERT;
      }
      break;

    default: {
      int iPtr = iKey - CURSOR_DATA_SEGMENT;
      assert( iPtr>=0 );
      if( iPtr==pCsr->nPtr ){
................................................................................

static void multiCursorDoCompare(MultiCursor *pCsr, int iOut, int bReverse){
  int i1;
  int i2;
  int iRes;
  void *pKey1; int nKey1; int eType1;
  void *pKey2; int nKey2; int eType2;

  const int mul = (bReverse ? -1 : 1);

  assert( pCsr->aTree && iOut<pCsr->nTree );
  if( iOut>=(pCsr->nTree/2) ){
    i1 = (iOut - pCsr->nTree/2) * 2;
    i2 = i1 + 1;
  }else{
    i1 = pCsr->aTree[iOut*2];
................................................................................
  if( pKey1==0 ){
    iRes = i2;
  }else if( pKey2==0 ){
    iRes = i1;
  }else{
    int res;

    /* Compare the keys, including the system flag. */
    res = sortedKeyCompare(pCsr->pDb->xCmp, 
        rtTopic(eType1), pKey1, nKey1,
        rtTopic(eType2), pKey2, nKey2
    );

    /* If a key has the LSM_START_DELETE flag set, but not the LSM_INSERT or
    ** LSM_POINT_DELETE flags, it is considered a delta larger. This prevents
    ** the beginning of an open-ended set from masking a database entry or
    ** delete at a lower level.  */
    if( res==0 ){

      const int insdel = LSM_POINT_DELETE|LSM_INSERT;
      int iDel1 = 0;
      int iDel2 = 0;


      if( LSM_START_DELETE==(eType1 & (LSM_START_DELETE|insdel)) ) iDel1 = +1;
      if( LSM_END_DELETE  ==(eType1 & (LSM_END_DELETE  |insdel)) ) iDel1 = -1;
      if( LSM_START_DELETE==(eType2 & (LSM_START_DELETE|insdel)) ) iDel2 = +1;
      if( LSM_END_DELETE  ==(eType2 & (LSM_END_DELETE  |insdel)) ) iDel2 = -1;
      res = (iDel1 - iDel2);
    }

    res = res * mul;
    if( res==0 ){
      iRes = (rtIsSeparator(eType1) ? i2 : i1);
    }else if( res<0 ){
      iRes = i1;
    }else{
      iRes = i2;
    }
................................................................................
    rc = multiCursorAddAll(pCsr, pDb->pWorker);
    pCsr->flags |= CURSOR_IGNORE_DELETE;
  }
  
  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    rc = lsmMCursorLast(pCsr);
    if( rc==LSM_OK 
     && rtIsWrite(pCsr->eType) && rtIsSystem(pCsr->eType)
     && pCsr->key.nData==8 
     && 0==memcmp(pCsr->key.pData, "FREELIST", 8)
    ){
      void *pVal; int nVal;         /* Value read from database */
      rc = lsmMCursorValue(pCsr, &pVal, &nVal);
      if( rc==LSM_OK ){
        *ppVal = lsmMallocRc(pDb->pEnv, nVal, &rc);
................................................................................
  if( *pRc==LSM_OK ){
    void *pKey;
    int nKey;
    multiCursorGetKey(pCsr, pCsr->aTree[1], &pCsr->eType, &pKey, &nKey);
    *pRc = sortedBlobSet(pCsr->pDb->pEnv, &pCsr->key, pKey, nKey);
  }
}

static int mcursorLocationOk(MultiCursor *pCsr, int bDeleteOk){
  int eType = pCsr->eType;
  int iKey;
  int i;
  int rdmask = 0;
  
  /* assert( pCsr->flags & (CURSOR_NEXT_OK|CURSOR_PREV_OK) ); */
  if( pCsr->flags & CURSOR_NEXT_OK ){
    rdmask = LSM_END_DELETE;
  }else if( pCsr->flags & CURSOR_PREV_OK ){
    rdmask = LSM_START_DELETE;
  }

  if( (pCsr->flags & CURSOR_IGNORE_DELETE) && bDeleteOk==0 ){
    if( (eType & LSM_INSERT)==0 ) return 0;
  }
  if( (pCsr->flags & CURSOR_IGNORE_SYSTEM) && rtTopic(eType)!=0 ){
    return 0;
  }

  /* Check if this key has already been deleted by a range-delete */
  iKey = pCsr->aTree[1];
  if( (iKey>0 && (rdmask & lsmTreeCursorFlags(pCsr->apTreeCsr[0]))) 
   || (iKey>1 && (rdmask & lsmTreeCursorFlags(pCsr->apTreeCsr[1]))) 
  ){
    return 0;
  }
  for(i=CURSOR_DATA_SEGMENT; i<iKey; i++){
    int iPtr = i-CURSOR_DATA_SEGMENT;
    if( pCsr->aPtr[iPtr].pPg && (pCsr->aPtr[iPtr].eType & rdmask) ){
      return 0;
    }
  }

  return 1;
}

static int multiCursorEnd(MultiCursor *pCsr, int bLast){
  int rc = LSM_OK;
  int i;

  pCsr->flags &= ~(CURSOR_NEXT_OK | CURSOR_PREV_OK);
  pCsr->flags |= (bLast ? CURSOR_PREV_OK : CURSOR_NEXT_OK);

  if( pCsr->apTreeCsr[0] ){
    rc = lsmTreeCursorEnd(pCsr->apTreeCsr[0], bLast);
  }
  if( rc==LSM_OK && pCsr->apTreeCsr[1] ){
    rc = lsmTreeCursorEnd(pCsr->apTreeCsr[1], bLast);
  }

................................................................................
  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    rc = multiCursorAllocTree(pCsr);
  }
  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    for(i=pCsr->nTree-1; i>0; i--){
      multiCursorDoCompare(pCsr, i, bLast);
    }

  }

  multiCursorCacheKey(pCsr, &rc);
  if( rc==LSM_OK && mcursorLocationOk(pCsr, 0)==0 ){



    if( bLast ){
      rc = lsmMCursorPrev(pCsr);
    }else{
      rc = lsmMCursorNext(pCsr);
    }
  }

................................................................................
        }
        break;
    }
  }
}














/*
** Seek the cursor.
*/
int lsmMCursorSeek(MultiCursor *pCsr, void *pKey, int nKey, int eSeek){
  int eESeek = eSeek;             /* Effective eSeek parameter */
  int rc = LSM_OK;
  int iPtr = 0;
................................................................................
    int res = rtTopic(eNewType) - rtTopic(pCsr->eType);
    if( res==0 ){
      res = pCsr->pDb->xCmp(pNew, nNew, pCsr->key.pData, pCsr->key.nData);
    }
    if( (bReverse==0 && res<=0) || (bReverse!=0 && res>=0) ){
      return 0;
    }


    multiCursorCacheKey(pCsr, pRc);
    assert( pCsr->eType==eNewType );

    /* If this cursor is configured to skip deleted keys, and the current
    ** cursor points to a SORTED_DELETE entry, then the cursor has not been 
    ** successfully advanced.  
    **
    ** Similarly, if the cursor is configured to skip system keys and the
    ** current cursor points to a system key, it has not yet been advanced.
     */
    if( *pRc==LSM_OK && 0==mcursorLocationOk(pCsr, 0) ) return 0;
  }
  return 1;
}

static int multiCursorAdvance(MultiCursor *pCsr, int bReverse){
  int rc = LSM_OK;                /* Return Code */
  if( lsmMCursorValid(pCsr) ){
    do {
      int iKey = pCsr->aTree[1];

      /* If this multi-cursor is advancing forwards, and the sub-cursor
      ** being advanced is the one that separator keys may be being read
      ** from, record the current absolute pointer value.  */
      if( pCsr->pPrevMergePtr 
       && iKey>=CURSOR_DATA_SEGMENT
       && iKey==(CURSOR_DATA_SEGMENT+pCsr->nPtr-(!pCsr->pBtCsr)) 
      ){
        if( iKey==(CURSOR_DATA_SEGMENT+pCsr->nPtr) ){
          *pCsr->pPrevMergePtr = pCsr->pBtCsr->iPtr;
        }else{
          SegmentPtr *pPtr = &pCsr->aPtr[iKey-CURSOR_DATA_SEGMENT];
          *pCsr->pPrevMergePtr = pPtr->iPtr+pPtr->iPgPtr;
        }
      }

      if( iKey==CURSOR_DATA_TREE0 || iKey==CURSOR_DATA_TREE1 ){
        TreeCursor *pTreeCsr = pCsr->apTreeCsr[iKey-CURSOR_DATA_TREE0];
        if( bReverse ){
          rc = lsmTreeCursorPrev(pTreeCsr);
        }else{
          rc = lsmTreeCursorNext(pTreeCsr);
        }
................................................................................
        pCsr->flags &= ~CURSOR_AT_FREELIST;
      }else if( iKey==(CURSOR_DATA_SEGMENT+pCsr->nPtr) ){
        assert( bReverse==0 && pCsr->pBtCsr );
        rc = btreeCursorNext(pCsr->pBtCsr);
      }else{
        rc = segmentCursorAdvance(pCsr, iKey-CURSOR_DATA_SEGMENT, bReverse);
      }

      if( rc==LSM_OK ){
        int i;
        for(i=(iKey+pCsr->nTree)/2; i>0; i=i/2){
          multiCursorDoCompare(pCsr, i, bReverse);
        }
      }
    }while( mcursorAdvanceOk(pCsr, bReverse, &rc)==0 );
................................................................................
}

int lsmMCursorKey(MultiCursor *pCsr, void **ppKey, int *pnKey){
  int iKey = pCsr->aTree[1];

  if( iKey==CURSOR_DATA_TREE0 || iKey==CURSOR_DATA_TREE1 ){
    TreeCursor *pTreeCsr = pCsr->apTreeCsr[iKey-CURSOR_DATA_TREE0];
    lsmTreeCursorKey(pTreeCsr, 0, ppKey, pnKey);
  }else{
    int nKey;

#ifndef NDEBUG
    void *pKey;
    int eType;
    multiCursorGetKey(pCsr, iKey, &eType, &pKey, &nKey);
................................................................................

int lsmMCursorValue(MultiCursor *pCsr, void **ppVal, int *pnVal){
  void *pVal;
  int nVal;
  int rc;

  assert( pCsr->aTree );
  assert( mcursorLocationOk(pCsr, (pCsr->flags & CURSOR_IGNORE_DELETE)) );

  rc = multiCursorGetVal(pCsr, pCsr->aTree[1], &pVal, &nVal);
  if( pVal && rc==LSM_OK ){
    rc = sortedBlobSet(pCsr->pDb->pEnv, &pCsr->val, pVal, nVal);
    pVal = pCsr->val.pData;
  }

................................................................................
  int nKey;
  int eType;

  nRec = lsmGetU16(&aData[SEGMENT_NRECORD_OFFSET(nData)]);
  iOff = lsmGetU16(&aData[SEGMENT_CELLPTR_OFFSET(nData, nRec-1)]);
  eType = aData[iOff++];
  assert( eType==0 
       || eType==(LSM_SYSTEMKEY|LSM_SEPARATOR) 
       || eType==(LSM_SEPARATOR)
  );

  iOff += lsmVarintGet32(&aData[iOff], &nKey);
  iOff += lsmVarintGet32(&aData[iOff], &nKey);

  return iOff + (eType ? nKey : 0);
}
................................................................................
  lsmPutU16(&aData[SEGMENT_NRECORD_OFFSET(nData)], nRec+1);

  if( bIndirect ){
    aData[iOff++] = 0x00;
    iOff += lsmVarintPut32(&aData[iOff], iPtr);
    iOff += lsmVarintPut32(&aData[iOff], iKeyPg);
  }else{
    aData[iOff++] = (u8)(iTopic | LSM_SEPARATOR);
    iOff += lsmVarintPut32(&aData[iOff], iPtr);
    iOff += lsmVarintPut32(&aData[iOff], nKey);
    memcpy(&aData[iOff], pKey, nKey);
  }

  if( iLevel>0 ){
    int iRight = lsmFsPageNumber(p->apHier[iLevel-1]);
................................................................................
  pPg = pMW->pPage;
  aData = fsPageData(pPg, &nData);
  nRec = pageGetNRec(aData, nData);
  iFPtr = pageGetPtr(aData, nData);

  /* If iPtr is 0, set it to the same value as the absolute pointer 
  ** stored as part of the previous record.  */
  if( 0 && iPtr==0 ){
    iPtr = iFPtr;
    if( nRec ) iPtr += pageGetRecordPtr(aData, nData, nRec-1);
  }

  /* Calculate the relative pointer value to write to this record */
  iRPtr = iPtr - iFPtr;
  /* assert( iRPtr>=0 ); */
................................................................................
    nHdr = 1 + lsmVarintLen32(iRPtr) + lsmVarintLen32(nKey);
    if( rtIsWrite(eType) ) nHdr += lsmVarintLen32(nVal);

    /* If the entire header will not fit on page pPg, or if page pPg is 
     ** marked read-only, advance to the next page of the output run. */
    iOff = pMerge->iOutputOff;
    if( iOff<0 || iOff+nHdr > SEGMENT_EOF(nData, nRec+1) ){
#if 0
      iFPtr = iFPtr + (nRec ? pageGetRecordPtr(aData, nData, nRec-1) : 0);
      iRPtr = iPtr - iFPtr;
#endif
      iFPtr = *pCsr->pPrevMergePtr;
      iRPtr = iPtr - iFPtr;

      iOff = 0;
      nRec = 0;
      rc = mergeWorkerNextPage(pMW, iFPtr);
      pPg = pMW->pPage;
    }
  }

................................................................................
      iFPtr = pageGetPtr(aData, nData);
      lsmFsPageRelease(pPg);
    }
  }

  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    rc = mergeWorkerNextPage(pMW, iFPtr);
    if( pCsr->pPrevMergePtr ) *pCsr->pPrevMergePtr = iFPtr;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** The cursor passed as the first argument is being used as the input for
** a merge operation. When this function is called, *piFlags contains the
** database entry flags for the current entry. The entry about to be written
** to the output.
**
*/
static void mergeRangeDeletes(MultiCursor *pCsr, int *piFlags){
  int f = *piFlags;
  int iKey = pCsr->aTree[1];
  int i;

  if( pCsr->flags & CURSOR_IGNORE_DELETE ){
    /* The ignore-delete flag is set when the output of the merge will form
    ** the oldest level in the database. In this case there is no point in
    ** retaining any range-delete flags.  */
    assert( (f & LSM_POINT_DELETE)==0 );
    f &= ~(LSM_START_DELETE|LSM_END_DELETE);
  }else{
    if( iKey==0 ){
      int btreeflags = lsmTreeCursorFlags(pCsr->apTreeCsr[1]);
      if( btreeflags & LSM_END_DELETE ){
        f |= (LSM_START_DELETE|LSM_END_DELETE);
      }
    }

    for(i=LSM_MAX(0, iKey+1-CURSOR_DATA_SEGMENT); i<pCsr->nPtr; i++){
      if( pCsr->aPtr[i].eType & LSM_END_DELETE ){
        f |= (LSM_START_DELETE|LSM_END_DELETE);
      }
    }

    if( (f & LSM_START_DELETE) && (f & LSM_END_DELETE) && (f & LSM_INSERT)==0 ){
      f = 0;
    }
  }

  *piFlags = f;
}

static int mergeWorkerStep(MergeWorker *pMW){
  lsm_db *pDb = pMW->pDb;       /* Database handle */
  MultiCursor *pCsr;            /* Cursor to read input data from */
  int rc = LSM_OK;              /* Return code */
  int eType;                    /* SORTED_SEPARATOR, WRITE or DELETE */
  void *pKey; int nKey;         /* Key */
  Segment *pSeg;                /* Output segment */
  Pgno iPtr;

  pCsr = pMW->pCsr;
  pSeg = &pMW->pLevel->lhs;

  /* Pull the next record out of the source cursor. */
  lsmMCursorKey(pCsr, &pKey, &nKey);
  eType = pCsr->eType;
................................................................................

  /* Figure out if the output record may have a different pointer value
  ** than the previous. This is the case if the current key is identical to
  ** a key that appears in the lowest level run being merged. If so, set 
  ** iPtr to the absolute pointer value. If not, leave iPtr set to zero, 
  ** indicating that the output pointer value should be a copy of the pointer 
  ** value written with the previous key.  */
  iPtr = (pCsr->pPrevMergePtr ? *pCsr->pPrevMergePtr : 0);
  if( pCsr->pBtCsr ){
    BtreeCursor *pBtCsr = pCsr->pBtCsr;
    if( pBtCsr->pKey ){
      int res = rtTopic(pBtCsr->eType) - rtTopic(eType);
      if( res==0 ) res = pDb->xCmp(pBtCsr->pKey, pBtCsr->nKey, pKey, nKey);
      if( 0==res ) iPtr = pBtCsr->iPtr;

      assert( res>=0 );
    }
  }else if( pCsr->nPtr ){
    SegmentPtr *pPtr = &pCsr->aPtr[pCsr->nPtr-1];
    if( pPtr->pPg
     && 0==pDb->xCmp(pPtr->pKey, pPtr->nKey, pKey, nKey)
    ){
      iPtr = pPtr->iPtr+pPtr->iPgPtr;
    }
  }

  mergeRangeDeletes(pCsr, &eType);

  if( eType!=0 ){
    if( pMW->aGobble ){
      int iGobble = pCsr->aTree[1] - CURSOR_DATA_SEGMENT;
      if( iGobble<pCsr->nPtr ){
        SegmentPtr *pGobble = &pCsr->aPtr[iGobble];
        if( (pGobble->flags & PGFTR_SKIP_THIS_FLAG)==0 ){
          pMW->aGobble[iGobble] = lsmFsPageNumber(pGobble->pPg);
        }
      }
    }

    /* If this is a separator key and we know that the output pointer has not
    ** changed, there is no point in writing an output record. Otherwise,
    ** proceed. */
    if( rtIsSeparator(eType)==0 || iPtr!=0 ){
      int iSPtr = 0;                /* Separators require a pointer here */

      if( pMW->pPage==0 ){
        rc = mergeWorkerFirstPage(pMW);
      }

      /* Write the record into the main run. */
      if( rc==LSM_OK ){
        rc = mergeWorkerWrite(pMW, eType, pKey, nKey, pCsr, iPtr, &iSPtr);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Advance the cursor to the next input record (assuming one exists). */
  assert( lsmMCursorValid(pMW->pCsr) );
  if( rc==LSM_OK ) rc = lsmMCursorNext(pMW->pCsr);

................................................................................
      iLeftPtr = pNext->lhs.iFirst;
    }
  }

  if( rc!=LSM_OK ){
    lsmMCursorClose(pCsr);
  }else{
    Pgno iCurrentPtr = 0;
    Merge merge;                  /* Merge object used to create new level */
    MergeWorker mergeworker;      /* MergeWorker object for the same purpose */

    memset(&merge, 0, sizeof(Merge));
    memset(&mergeworker, 0, sizeof(MergeWorker));

    pNew->pMerge = &merge;
    mergeworker.pDb = pDb;
    mergeworker.pLevel = pNew;
    mergeworker.pCsr = pCsr;
    pCsr->pPrevMergePtr = &iCurrentPtr;

    /* Mark the separators array for the new level as a "phantom". */
    mergeworker.bFlush = 1;

    /* Allocate the first page of the output segment. */
    rc = mergeWorkerNextPage(&mergeworker, iLeftPtr);

................................................................................
  }

  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    sortedInvokeWorkHook(pDb);
  }

#if 0
  lsmSortedDumpStructure(pDb, pDb->pWorker, 1, 0, "new-toplevel");
#endif

  if( pnWrite ) *pnWrite = nWrite;
  pDb->pWorker->nWrite += nWrite;
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  pMW->pCsr = pCsr;

  /* Load the current output page into memory. */
  if( rc==LSM_OK ) rc = mergeWorkerLoadOutputPage(pMW);

  /* Position the cursor. */
  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    pCsr->pPrevMergePtr = &pMerge->iCurrentPtr;
    if( pMW->pPage==0 ){
      /* The output array is still empty. So position the cursor at the very 
      ** start of the input.  */
      rc = multiCursorEnd(pCsr, 0);
    }else{
      /* The output array is non-empty. Position the cursor based on the
      ** page/cell data saved in the Merge.aInput[] array.  */
................................................................................
            SegmentPtr *pGobble = &mergeworker.pCsr->aPtr[i];
            if( pGobble->pSeg->iRoot ){
              rc = sortedBtreeGobble(pDb, mergeworker.pCsr, i);
            }else if( mergeworker.aGobble[i] ){
              lsmFsGobble(pDb, pGobble->pSeg, &mergeworker.aGobble[i], 1);
            }
          }













        }else if( pLevel->lhs.iFirst==0 ){
          /* If the new level is completely empty, remove it from the 
          ** database snapshot. This can only happen if all input keys were
          ** annihilated. Since keys are only annihilated if the new level
          ** is the last in the linked list (contains the most ancient of
          ** database content), this guarantees that pLevel->pNext==0.  */ 

................................................................................

      /* Clean up the MergeWorker object initialized above. If no error
      ** has occurred, invoke the work-hook to inform the application that
      ** the database structure has changed. */
      mergeWorkerShutdown(&mergeworker, &rc);
      if( rc==LSM_OK ) sortedInvokeWorkHook(pDb);

#if 0
      lsmSortedDumpStructure(pDb, pDb->pWorker, 1, 0, "work");
#endif
      assertRunInOrder(pDb, &pLevel->lhs);

      /* If bFlush is true and the database is no longer considered "full",
      ** break out of the loop even if nRemaining is still greater than
      ** zero. The caller has an in-memory tree to flush to disk.  */
      if( bFlush && sortedDbIsFull(pDb)==0 ) break;






    }
  }

  if( pnWrite ) *pnWrite = (nWork - nRemaining);
  pWorker->nWrite += (nWork - nRemaining);

#ifdef LSM_LOG_WORK
  lsmLogMessage(pDb, rc, "sortedWork(): %d pages", (nWork-nRemaining));
#endif
  return rc;
}













































/*
** The database connection passed as the first argument must be a worker
** connection. This function checks if there exists an "old" in-memory tree
** ready to be flushed to disk. If so, *pbOut is set to true before 
** returning. Otherwise false.
**
** Normally, LSM_OK is returned. Or, if an error occurs, an LSM error code.
................................................................................
    }else{
      lsmStringAppendf(pStr, "%c", isalnum(z[iChar]) ?z[iChar] : '.');
    }
  }
  return LSM_OK;
}

#define INFO_PAGE_DUMP_DATA   0x01
#define INFO_PAGE_DUMP_VALUES 0x02
#define INFO_PAGE_DUMP_HEX    0x04

static int infoPageDump(
  lsm_db *pDb,                    /* Database handle */
  Pgno iPg,                       /* Page number of page to dump */
  int flags,
  char **pzOut                    /* OUT: lsmMalloc'd string */
){
  int rc = LSM_OK;                /* Return code */
  Page *pPg = 0;                  /* Handle for page iPg */
  int i, j;                       /* Loop counters */
  const int perLine = 16;         /* Bytes per line in the raw hex dump */

  int bValues = (flags & INFO_PAGE_DUMP_VALUES);
  int bHex = (flags & INFO_PAGE_DUMP_HEX);
  int bData = (flags & INFO_PAGE_DUMP_DATA);

  *pzOut = 0;
  if( iPg==0 ) return LSM_ERROR;

  rc = lsmFsDbPageGet(pDb->pFS, iPg, &pPg);
  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    Blob blob = {0, 0, 0, 0};
................................................................................
    for(iCell=0; iCell<nRec; iCell++){
      u8 *aKey; int nKey = 0;       /* Key */
      u8 *aVal; int nVal = 0;       /* Value */
      int iPgPtr;
      int eType;
      char cType = '?';
      Pgno iAbsPtr;
      char zFlags[8];

      infoCellDump(pDb, pPg, iCell, &eType, &iPgPtr,
          &aKey, &nKey, &aVal, &nVal, &blob
      );
      iAbsPtr = iPgPtr + ((flags & SEGMENT_BTREE_FLAG) ? 0 : iPtr);

      lsmFlagsToString(eType, zFlags);


      lsmStringAppendf(&str, "%s %d (%s) ", 
          zFlags, iAbsPtr, (rtTopic(eType) ? "sys" : "usr")
      );
      infoAppendBlob(&str, bHex, aKey, nKey); 
      if( nVal>0 && bValues ){
        lsmStringAppendf(&str, "%*s", nKeyWidth - (nKey*(1+bHex)), "");
        lsmStringAppendf(&str, " ");
        infoAppendBlob(&str, bHex, aVal, nVal); 
      }
      lsmStringAppendf(&str, "\n");
    }

    if( bData ){
      lsmStringAppendf(&str, "\n-------------------" 
          "-------------------------------------------------------------\n");
      lsmStringAppendf(&str, "Page %d\n",
          iPg, (iPg-1)*nData, iPg*nData - 1);
      for(i=0; i<nData; i += perLine){
        lsmStringAppendf(&str, "%04x: ", i);
        for(j=0; j<perLine; j++){
          if( i+j>nData ){
            lsmStringAppendf(&str, "   ");
          }else{
            lsmStringAppendf(&str, "%02x ", aData[i+j]);
          }
        }
        lsmStringAppendf(&str, "  ");
        for(j=0; j<perLine; j++){
          if( i+j>nData ){
            lsmStringAppendf(&str, " ");
          }else{
            lsmStringAppendf(&str,"%c", isprint(aData[i+j]) ? aData[i+j] : '.');
          }
        }
        lsmStringAppendf(&str,"\n");
      }
    }

    *pzOut = str.z;
    sortedBlobFree(&blob);
    lsmFsPageRelease(pPg);
  }

  return rc;
}

int lsmInfoPageDump(
  lsm_db *pDb,                    /* Database handle */
  Pgno iPg,                       /* Page number of page to dump */
  int bHex,                       /* True to output key/value in hex form */
  char **pzOut                    /* OUT: lsmMalloc'd string */
){
  int flags = INFO_PAGE_DUMP_DATA | INFO_PAGE_DUMP_VALUES;
  if( bHex ) flags |= INFO_PAGE_DUMP_HEX;
  return infoPageDump(pDb, iPg, flags, pzOut);
}

void sortedDumpSegment(lsm_db *pDb, Segment *pRun, int bVals){
  assert( pDb->xLog );
  if( pRun && pRun->iFirst ){
    int flags = (bVals ? INFO_PAGE_DUMP_VALUES : 0);
    char *zSeg;
    Page *pPg;

    zSeg = segToString(pDb->pEnv, pRun, 0);
    lsmLogMessage(pDb, LSM_OK, "Segment: %s", zSeg);
    lsmFree(pDb->pEnv, zSeg);

    lsmFsDbPageGet(pDb->pFS, pRun->iFirst, &pPg);
    while( pPg ){
      Page *pNext;
      char *z = 0;
      infoPageDump(pDb, lsmFsPageNumber(pPg), flags, &z);
      lsmLogMessage(pDb, LSM_OK, "%s", z);
      lsmFree(pDb->pEnv, z);
#if 0
      sortedDumpPage(pDb, pRun, pPg, bVals);
#endif
      lsmFsDbPageNext(pRun, pPg, 1, &pNext);
      lsmFsPageRelease(pPg);
      pPg = pNext;
    }
  }
}

Changes to src/lsm_tree.c.

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       || (keyflags & LSM_POINT_DELETE)==0 
  );

  return 1;
}

static int assert_delete_ranges_match(lsm_db *);

#endif

/*
** Container for a key-value pair. Within the *-shm file, each key/value
** pair is stored in a single allocation (which may not actually be 
** contiguous in memory). Layout is the TreeKey structure, followed by
** the nKey bytes of key blob, followed by the nValue bytes of value blob
................................................................................
** Append nIndent space (0x20) characters to string *pStr.
*/
static void lsmAppendIndent(LsmString *pStr, int nIndent){
  int i;
  lsmStringExtend(pStr, nIndent);
  for(i=0; i<nIndent; i++) lsmStringAppend(pStr, " ", 1);
}

static void strAppendFlags(LsmString *pStr, u8 flags){
  char zFlags[5];

  zFlags[0] = (flags & LSM_END_DELETE)   ? 'E' : '.';

  zFlags[1] = (flags & LSM_START_DELETE) ? 'S' : '.';









  zFlags[2] = (flags & LSM_POINT_DELETE) ? 'P' : '.';
  zFlags[3] = (flags & LSM_INSERT)       ? 'I' : '.';







  zFlags[4] = ':';

  lsmStringAppend(pStr, zFlags, 5);
}

void dump_node_contents(
  lsm_db *pDb,
................................................................................
        TreeKey *pKey = treeShmkey(pDb, pNode->aiKeyPtr[i], TK_LOADKEY, &b,&rc);
        strAppendFlags(&s, pKey->flags);
        lsmAppendStrBlob(&s, TK_KEY(pKey), pKey->nKey);
        lsmStringAppend(&s, "     ", -1);
      }
    }


    printf("%.*sleaf%.*s: %s\n", nPath, zPath, 20-nPath-4, zSpace, s.z);

    lsmStringClear(&s);
  }else{
    for(i=0; i<4 && nHeight>0; i++){
      u32 iPtr = getChildPtr(pNode, pDb->treehdr.root.iTransId, i);
      zPath[nPath] = i+'0';
      zPath[nPath+1] = '/';

................................................................................
        dump_node_contents(pDb, iPtr, zPath, nPath+2, nHeight-1);
      }
      if( i!=3 && pNode->aiKeyPtr[i] ){
        TreeKey *pKey = treeShmkey(pDb, pNode->aiKeyPtr[i], TK_LOADKEY, &b,&rc);
        lsmStringInit(&s, pDb->pEnv);
        strAppendFlags(&s, pKey->flags);
        lsmAppendStrBlob(&s, TK_KEY(pKey), pKey->nKey);

        printf("%.*s%.*s: %s\n", nPath+1, zPath, 20-nPath-1, zSpace, s.z);
        lsmStringClear(&s);
      }
    }
  }

  tblobFree(pDb, &b);
}
................................................................................
  assert( pNode->aiKeyPtr[iSlot] );
  assert( iSlot==0 || iSlot==1 || iSlot==2 );
  assert( (pCsr->iNode==(db->treehdr.root.nHeight-1))==(iNewptr==0) );

  bLeaf = (pCsr->iNode==(p->nHeight-1) && p->nHeight>1);
  
  if( pNode->aiKeyPtr[0] || pNode->aiKeyPtr[2] ){
    /* There are currently at least 2 keys on this leaf. So just create
    ** a new copy of the leaf with one of the keys removed. If the leaf
    ** happens to be the root node of the tree, allocate an entire 
    ** TreeNode structure instead of just a TreeLeaf.  */
    TreeNode *pNew;
    u32 iNew;

    if( bLeaf ){
      pNew = (TreeNode *)newTreeLeaf(db, &iNew, &rc);
................................................................................
      int iOut = 1;
      for(i=0; i<4; i++){
        if( i==iSlot ){
          i++;
          if( bLeaf==0 ) pNew->aiChildPtr[iOut] = iNewptr;
          if( i<3 ) pNew->aiKeyPtr[iOut] = pNode->aiKeyPtr[i];
          iOut++;
        }else{
          if( bLeaf && i<3 && pNode->aiKeyPtr[i] ){
            pNew->aiKeyPtr[iOut++] = pNode->aiKeyPtr[i];
          }

          if( bLeaf==0 && getChildPtr(pNode, WORKING_VERSION, i) ){
            pNew->aiChildPtr[iOut] = getChildPtr(pNode, WORKING_VERSION, i);
            if( i<3 ) pNew->aiKeyPtr[iOut++] = pNode->aiKeyPtr[i];

          }
        }
      }
      assert( iOut<=4 );
      assert( bLeaf || pNew->aiChildPtr[0]==0 );
      pCsr->iNode--;
      rc = treeUpdatePtr(db, pCsr, iNew);
................................................................................

  /* Step 1. This loop runs until the tree contains no keys within the
  ** range being deleted. Or until an error occurs. */
  while( bDone==0 && rc==LSM_OK ){
    int res;
    TreeCursor csr;               /* Cursor to seek to first key in range */
    void *pDel; int nDel;         /* Key to (possibly) delete this iteration */




    /* Seek the cursor to the first entry in the tree greater than pKey1. */
    treeCursorInit(db, 0, &csr);
    lsmTreeCursorSeek(&csr, pKey1, nKey1, &res);
    if( res<=0 && lsmTreeCursorValid(&csr) ) lsmTreeCursorNext(&csr);

    /* If there is no such entry, or if it is greater than pKey2, then the
    ** tree now contains no keys in the range being deleted. In this case
    ** break out of the loop.  */
    bDone = 1;
    if( lsmTreeCursorValid(&csr) ){
      lsmTreeCursorKey(&csr, &pDel, &nDel);
      if( db->xCmp(pDel, nDel, pKey2, nKey2)<0 ) bDone = 0;
    }

    if( bDone==0 ){
      if( csr.iNode==(p->nHeight-1) ){
        /* The element to delete already lies on a leaf node */
        rc = treeDeleteEntry(db, &csr, 0);
................................................................................
          }
        }
      }
    }

    /* Clean up any memory allocated by the cursor. */
    tblobFree(db, &csr.blob);




  }


  /* dump_tree_contents(db, "during delete"); */


  /* Now insert the START_DELETE and END_DELETE keys. */
  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    rc = treeInsertEntry(db, LSM_START_DELETE, pKey1, nKey1, 0, -1);
  }

  /* dump_tree_contents(db, "during delete 2"); */

  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    rc = treeInsertEntry(db, LSM_END_DELETE, pKey2, nKey2, 0, -1);
  }


  /* dump_tree_contents(db, "after delete"); */


  tblobFree(db, &blob);
  assert( assert_delete_ranges_match(db) );
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
    }
    pCsr->aiCell[pCsr->iNode] = iCell - (iNodePtr==0 && bLast);
  }

  return rc;
}














int lsmTreeCursorKey(TreeCursor *pCsr, void **ppKey, int *pnKey){
  TreeKey *pTreeKey;
  int rc = LSM_OK;

  assert( lsmTreeCursorValid(pCsr) );

  pTreeKey = pCsr->pSave;
  if( !pTreeKey ){
    pTreeKey = csrGetKey(pCsr, &pCsr->blob, &rc);
  }
  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    *pnKey = pTreeKey->nKey;

    *ppKey = (void *)&pTreeKey[1];
  }

  return rc;
}

int lsmTreeCursorValue(TreeCursor *pCsr, void **ppVal, int *pnVal){
................................................................................
  }
  pShm->bWriter = 0;
  intArrayFree(pDb->pEnv, &pDb->rollback);

  return LSM_OK;
}


static int assert_delete_ranges_match(lsm_db *db){
  int prev = 0;
  TreeBlob blob = {0, 0};
  TreeCursor csr;               /* Cursor used to iterate through tree */
  int rc;
  u32 iTransId = db->treehdr.root.iTransId;

  treeCursorInit(db, 0, &csr);
  for( rc = lsmTreeCursorEnd(&csr, 0);
       rc==LSM_OK && lsmTreeCursorValid(&csr);
       rc = lsmTreeCursorNext(&csr)
  ){
    TreeKey *pKey = csrGetKey(&csr, &blob, &rc);
................................................................................
    prev = pKey->flags;
  }

  tblobFree(csr.pDb, &csr.blob);

  return 1;
}




























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       || (keyflags & LSM_POINT_DELETE)==0 
  );

  return 1;
}

static int assert_delete_ranges_match(lsm_db *);
static int treeCountEntries(lsm_db *db);
#endif

/*
** Container for a key-value pair. Within the *-shm file, each key/value
** pair is stored in a single allocation (which may not actually be 
** contiguous in memory). Layout is the TreeKey structure, followed by
** the nKey bytes of key blob, followed by the nValue bytes of value blob
................................................................................
** Append nIndent space (0x20) characters to string *pStr.
*/
static void lsmAppendIndent(LsmString *pStr, int nIndent){
  int i;
  lsmStringExtend(pStr, nIndent);
  for(i=0; i<nIndent; i++) lsmStringAppend(pStr, " ", 1);
}

void lsmFlagsToString(int flags, char *zFlags){


  zFlags[0] = (flags & LSM_END_DELETE)   ? ']' : '.';

  /* Only one of LSM_POINT_DELETE, LSM_INSERT and LSM_SEPARATOR should ever
  ** be set. If this is not true, write a '?' to the output.  */
  switch( flags & (LSM_POINT_DELETE|LSM_INSERT|LSM_SEPARATOR) ){
    case 0:                zFlags[1] = '.'; break;
    case LSM_POINT_DELETE: zFlags[1] = '-'; break;
    case LSM_INSERT:       zFlags[1] = '+'; break;
    case LSM_SEPARATOR:    zFlags[1] = '^'; break;
    default:               zFlags[1] = '?'; break;
  }

  zFlags[2] = (flags & LSM_SYSTEMKEY)    ? '*' : '.';
  zFlags[3] = (flags & LSM_START_DELETE) ? '[' : '.';
  zFlags[4] = '\0';
}

static void strAppendFlags(LsmString *pStr, u8 flags){
  char zFlags[8];

  lsmFlagsToString(flags, zFlags);
  zFlags[4] = ':';

  lsmStringAppend(pStr, zFlags, 5);
}

void dump_node_contents(
  lsm_db *pDb,
................................................................................
        TreeKey *pKey = treeShmkey(pDb, pNode->aiKeyPtr[i], TK_LOADKEY, &b,&rc);
        strAppendFlags(&s, pKey->flags);
        lsmAppendStrBlob(&s, TK_KEY(pKey), pKey->nKey);
        lsmStringAppend(&s, "     ", -1);
      }
    }

    printf("% 6d %.*sleaf%.*s: %s\n", 
        iNode, nPath, zPath, 20-nPath-4, zSpace, s.z
    );
    lsmStringClear(&s);
  }else{
    for(i=0; i<4 && nHeight>0; i++){
      u32 iPtr = getChildPtr(pNode, pDb->treehdr.root.iTransId, i);
      zPath[nPath] = i+'0';
      zPath[nPath+1] = '/';

................................................................................
        dump_node_contents(pDb, iPtr, zPath, nPath+2, nHeight-1);
      }
      if( i!=3 && pNode->aiKeyPtr[i] ){
        TreeKey *pKey = treeShmkey(pDb, pNode->aiKeyPtr[i], TK_LOADKEY, &b,&rc);
        lsmStringInit(&s, pDb->pEnv);
        strAppendFlags(&s, pKey->flags);
        lsmAppendStrBlob(&s, TK_KEY(pKey), pKey->nKey);
        printf("% 6d %.*s%.*s: %s\n", 
            iNode, nPath+1, zPath, 20-nPath-1, zSpace, s.z);
        lsmStringClear(&s);
      }
    }
  }

  tblobFree(pDb, &b);
}
................................................................................
  assert( pNode->aiKeyPtr[iSlot] );
  assert( iSlot==0 || iSlot==1 || iSlot==2 );
  assert( (pCsr->iNode==(db->treehdr.root.nHeight-1))==(iNewptr==0) );

  bLeaf = (pCsr->iNode==(p->nHeight-1) && p->nHeight>1);
  
  if( pNode->aiKeyPtr[0] || pNode->aiKeyPtr[2] ){
    /* There are currently at least 2 keys on this node. So just create
    ** a new copy of the node with one of the keys removed. If the node
    ** happens to be the root node of the tree, allocate an entire 
    ** TreeNode structure instead of just a TreeLeaf.  */
    TreeNode *pNew;
    u32 iNew;

    if( bLeaf ){
      pNew = (TreeNode *)newTreeLeaf(db, &iNew, &rc);
................................................................................
      int iOut = 1;
      for(i=0; i<4; i++){
        if( i==iSlot ){
          i++;
          if( bLeaf==0 ) pNew->aiChildPtr[iOut] = iNewptr;
          if( i<3 ) pNew->aiKeyPtr[iOut] = pNode->aiKeyPtr[i];
          iOut++;
        }else if( bLeaf || p->nHeight==1 ){
          if( i<3 && pNode->aiKeyPtr[i] ){
            pNew->aiKeyPtr[iOut++] = pNode->aiKeyPtr[i];
          }
        }else{
          if( getChildPtr(pNode, WORKING_VERSION, i) ){
            pNew->aiChildPtr[iOut] = getChildPtr(pNode, WORKING_VERSION, i);
            if( i<3 ) pNew->aiKeyPtr[iOut] = pNode->aiKeyPtr[i];
            iOut++;
          }
        }
      }
      assert( iOut<=4 );
      assert( bLeaf || pNew->aiChildPtr[0]==0 );
      pCsr->iNode--;
      rc = treeUpdatePtr(db, pCsr, iNew);
................................................................................

  /* Step 1. This loop runs until the tree contains no keys within the
  ** range being deleted. Or until an error occurs. */
  while( bDone==0 && rc==LSM_OK ){
    int res;
    TreeCursor csr;               /* Cursor to seek to first key in range */
    void *pDel; int nDel;         /* Key to (possibly) delete this iteration */
#ifndef NDEBUG
    int nEntry = treeCountEntries(db);
#endif

    /* Seek the cursor to the first entry in the tree greater than pKey1. */
    treeCursorInit(db, 0, &csr);
    lsmTreeCursorSeek(&csr, pKey1, nKey1, &res);
    if( res<=0 && lsmTreeCursorValid(&csr) ) lsmTreeCursorNext(&csr);

    /* If there is no such entry, or if it is greater than pKey2, then the
    ** tree now contains no keys in the range being deleted. In this case
    ** break out of the loop.  */
    bDone = 1;
    if( lsmTreeCursorValid(&csr) ){
      lsmTreeCursorKey(&csr, 0, &pDel, &nDel);
      if( db->xCmp(pDel, nDel, pKey2, nKey2)<0 ) bDone = 0;
    }

    if( bDone==0 ){
      if( csr.iNode==(p->nHeight-1) ){
        /* The element to delete already lies on a leaf node */
        rc = treeDeleteEntry(db, &csr, 0);
................................................................................
          }
        }
      }
    }

    /* Clean up any memory allocated by the cursor. */
    tblobFree(db, &csr.blob);
#if 0
    dump_tree_contents(db, "ddd delete");
#endif
    assert( bDone || treeCountEntries(db)==(nEntry-1) );
  }

#if 0
  dump_tree_contents(db, "during delete");
#endif

  /* Now insert the START_DELETE and END_DELETE keys. */
  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    rc = treeInsertEntry(db, LSM_START_DELETE, pKey1, nKey1, 0, -1);
  }
#if 0
  dump_tree_contents(db, "during delete 2");
#endif
  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    rc = treeInsertEntry(db, LSM_END_DELETE, pKey2, nKey2, 0, -1);
  }

#if 0
  dump_tree_contents(db, "after delete");
#endif

  tblobFree(db, &blob);
  assert( assert_delete_ranges_match(db) );
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
    }
    pCsr->aiCell[pCsr->iNode] = iCell - (iNodePtr==0 && bLast);
  }

  return rc;
}

int lsmTreeCursorFlags(TreeCursor *pCsr){
  int flags = 0;
  if( pCsr && pCsr->iNode>=0 ){
    int rc = LSM_OK;
    TreeKey *pKey = (TreeKey *)treeShmptr(pCsr->pDb,
        pCsr->apTreeNode[pCsr->iNode]->aiKeyPtr[pCsr->aiCell[pCsr->iNode]], &rc
    );
    assert( rc==LSM_OK );
    flags = pKey->flags;
  }
  return flags;
}

int lsmTreeCursorKey(TreeCursor *pCsr, int *pFlags, void **ppKey, int *pnKey){
  TreeKey *pTreeKey;
  int rc = LSM_OK;

  assert( lsmTreeCursorValid(pCsr) );

  pTreeKey = pCsr->pSave;
  if( !pTreeKey ){
    pTreeKey = csrGetKey(pCsr, &pCsr->blob, &rc);
  }
  if( rc==LSM_OK ){
    *pnKey = pTreeKey->nKey;
    if( pFlags ) *pFlags = pTreeKey->flags;
    *ppKey = (void *)&pTreeKey[1];
  }

  return rc;
}

int lsmTreeCursorValue(TreeCursor *pCsr, void **ppVal, int *pnVal){
................................................................................
  }
  pShm->bWriter = 0;
  intArrayFree(pDb->pEnv, &pDb->rollback);

  return LSM_OK;
}

#ifndef NDEBUG
static int assert_delete_ranges_match(lsm_db *db){
  int prev = 0;
  TreeBlob blob = {0, 0};
  TreeCursor csr;               /* Cursor used to iterate through tree */
  int rc;


  treeCursorInit(db, 0, &csr);
  for( rc = lsmTreeCursorEnd(&csr, 0);
       rc==LSM_OK && lsmTreeCursorValid(&csr);
       rc = lsmTreeCursorNext(&csr)
  ){
    TreeKey *pKey = csrGetKey(&csr, &blob, &rc);
................................................................................
    prev = pKey->flags;
  }

  tblobFree(csr.pDb, &csr.blob);

  return 1;
}

static int treeCountEntries(lsm_db *db){
  TreeCursor csr;               /* Cursor used to iterate through tree */
  int rc;
  int nEntry = 0;

  treeCursorInit(db, 0, &csr);
  for( rc = lsmTreeCursorEnd(&csr, 0);
       rc==LSM_OK && lsmTreeCursorValid(&csr);
       rc = lsmTreeCursorNext(&csr)
  ){
    nEntry++;
  }

  tblobFree(csr.pDb, &csr.blob);

  return nEntry;
}
#endif