/ Check-in [f4747eb8]
Login
SQLite training in Houston TX on 2019-11-05 (details)
Part of the 2019 Tcl Conference

Many hyperlinks are disabled.
Use anonymous login to enable hyperlinks.

Overview
Comment:Experimental changes to EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | experimental
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: f4747eb83dacce6430ad6e5eb20155ffad975514
User & Date: dan 2010-11-08 19:01:16
Context
2010-11-09
14:49
Further enhancements and fixes for explain query plan. check-in: 73c93f5a user: dan tags: experimental
2010-11-08
19:01
Experimental changes to EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN. check-in: f4747eb8 user: dan tags: experimental
2010-11-05
20:50
Fix to xTruncate and more journal mode tests for the multiplex VFS. check-in: 65fa1164 user: shaneh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Show Whitespace Changes Patch

Changes to src/prepare.c.

624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
  }
  rc = pParse->rc;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pParse->pVdbe && pParse->explain ){
    static const char * const azColName[] = {
       "addr", "opcode", "p1", "p2", "p3", "p4", "p5", "comment",
       "order", "from", "detail"
    };
    int iFirst, mx;
    if( pParse->explain==2 ){
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(pParse->pVdbe, 3);
      iFirst = 8;
      mx = 11;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(pParse->pVdbe, 8);
      iFirst = 0;
      mx = 8;
    }
    for(i=iFirst; i<mx; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(pParse->pVdbe, i-iFirst, COLNAME_NAME,







|



|

|







624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
  }
  rc = pParse->rc;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pParse->pVdbe && pParse->explain ){
    static const char * const azColName[] = {
       "addr", "opcode", "p1", "p2", "p3", "p4", "p5", "comment",
       "selectid", "order", "from", "detail"
    };
    int iFirst, mx;
    if( pParse->explain==2 ){
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(pParse->pVdbe, 4);
      iFirst = 8;
      mx = 12;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(pParse->pVdbe, 8);
      iFirst = 0;
      mx = 8;
    }
    for(i=iFirst; i<mx; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(pParse->pVdbe, i-iFirst, COLNAME_NAME,

Changes to src/select.c.

767
768
769
770
771
772
773













774
775
776
777
778
779
780
....
3585
3586
3587
3588
3589
3590
3591





3592
3593
3594
3595
3596
3597
3598
....
3692
3693
3694
3695
3696
3697
3698
3699
3700
3701

3702
3703
3704
3705
3706
3707
3708
3709
3710
3711
3712
3713
3714
3715
3716
3717
3718
3719
3720
3721
....
3754
3755
3756
3757
3758
3759
3760
3761
3762
3763
3764
3765
3766
3767
3768
....
3913
3914
3915
3916
3917
3918
3919



3920
3921
3922
3923
3924
3925
3926
....
4173
4174
4175
4176
4177
4178
4179




4180
4181
4182
4183
4184

4185
4186
4187
4188
4189
4190
4191
....
4194
4195
4196
4197
4198
4199
4200

4201
4202
4203
4204
4205
4206
4207
      pInfo->aColl[i] = pColl;
      pInfo->aSortOrder[i] = pItem->sortOrder;
    }
  }
  return pInfo;
}















/*
** If the inner loop was generated using a non-null pOrderBy argument,
** then the results were placed in a sorter.  After the loop is terminated
** we need to run the sorter and output the results.  The following
** routine generates the code needed to do that.
*/
................................................................................
  int isDistinct;        /* True if the DISTINCT keyword is present */
  int distinct;          /* Table to use for the distinct set */
  int rc = 1;            /* Value to return from this function */
  int addrSortIndex;     /* Address of an OP_OpenEphemeral instruction */
  AggInfo sAggInfo;      /* Information used by aggregate queries */
  int iEnd;              /* Address of the end of the query */
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database connection */






  db = pParse->db;
  if( p==0 || db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr ){
    return 1;
  }
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_SELECT, 0, 0, 0) ) return 1;
  memset(&sAggInfo, 0, sizeof(sAggInfo));
................................................................................
        pLoop->pRightmost = p;
        pLoop->pNext = pRight;
        pRight = pLoop;
      }
      mxSelect = db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT];
      if( mxSelect && cnt>mxSelect ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many terms in compound SELECT");
        return 1;
      }
    }

    return multiSelect(pParse, p, pDest);
  }
#endif

  /* If possible, rewrite the query to use GROUP BY instead of DISTINCT.
  ** GROUP BY might use an index, DISTINCT never does.
  */
  assert( p->pGroupBy==0 || (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0 );
  if( (p->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct ){
    p->pGroupBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pEList, 0);
    pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
    p->selFlags &= ~SF_Distinct;
    isDistinct = 0;
  }

  /* If there is both a GROUP BY and an ORDER BY clause and they are
  ** identical, then disable the ORDER BY clause since the GROUP BY
  ** will cause elements to come out in the correct order.  This is
  ** an optimization - the correct answer should result regardless.
  ** Use the SQLITE_GroupByOrder flag with SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZER
................................................................................
  /* Set the limiter.
  */
  iEnd = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iEnd);

  /* Open a virtual index to use for the distinct set.
  */
  if( isDistinct ){
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
    assert( isAgg || pGroupBy );
    distinct = pParse->nTab++;
    pKeyInfo = keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, p->pEList);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, distinct, 0, 0,
                        (char*)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, BTREE_UNORDERED);
................................................................................
        ** in sorted order
        */
        int regBase;
        int regRecord;
        int nCol;
        int nGroupBy;




        groupBySort = 1;
        nGroupBy = pGroupBy->nExpr;
        nCol = nGroupBy + 1;
        j = nGroupBy+1;
        for(i=0; i<sAggInfo.nColumn; i++){
          if( sAggInfo.aCol[i].iSorterColumn>=j ){
            nCol++;
................................................................................
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, 0, 0, 0, -1, 
                      pDest, addrEnd, addrEnd);
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pDel);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrEnd);
    
  } /* endif aggregate query */





  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then we need to sort the results
  ** and send them to the callback one by one.
  */
  if( pOrderBy ){

    generateSortTail(pParse, p, v, pEList->nExpr, pDest);
  }

  /* Jump here to skip this query
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iEnd);

................................................................................
  */
  rc = 0;

  /* Control jumps to here if an error is encountered above, or upon
  ** successful coding of the SELECT.
  */
select_end:


  /* Identify column names if results of the SELECT are to be output.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pDest->eDest==SRT_Output ){
    generateColumnNames(pParse, pTabList, pEList);
  }








>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







>
>
>
>
>







 







|


>












<







 







|







 







>
>
>







 







>
>
>
>





>







 







>







767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
....
3598
3599
3600
3601
3602
3603
3604
3605
3606
3607
3608
3609
3610
3611
3612
3613
3614
3615
3616
....
3710
3711
3712
3713
3714
3715
3716
3717
3718
3719
3720
3721
3722
3723
3724
3725
3726
3727
3728
3729
3730
3731
3732

3733
3734
3735
3736
3737
3738
3739
....
3772
3773
3774
3775
3776
3777
3778
3779
3780
3781
3782
3783
3784
3785
3786
....
3931
3932
3933
3934
3935
3936
3937
3938
3939
3940
3941
3942
3943
3944
3945
3946
3947
....
4194
4195
4196
4197
4198
4199
4200
4201
4202
4203
4204
4205
4206
4207
4208
4209
4210
4211
4212
4213
4214
4215
4216
4217
....
4220
4221
4222
4223
4224
4225
4226
4227
4228
4229
4230
4231
4232
4233
4234
      pInfo->aColl[i] = pColl;
      pInfo->aSortOrder[i] = pItem->sortOrder;
    }
  }
  return pInfo;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
static void explainTempTable(Parse *pParse, const char *zUsage){
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
    char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(pParse->db, "USE TEMP B-TREE FOR %s", zUsage);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, pParse->iSelectId, 0, 0, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
  }
}
# define explainRestoreSelectId() pParse->iSelectId = iRestoreSelectId
#else
# define explainRestoreSelectId()
# define explainTempTable(y,z)
#endif

/*
** If the inner loop was generated using a non-null pOrderBy argument,
** then the results were placed in a sorter.  After the loop is terminated
** we need to run the sorter and output the results.  The following
** routine generates the code needed to do that.
*/
................................................................................
  int isDistinct;        /* True if the DISTINCT keyword is present */
  int distinct;          /* Table to use for the distinct set */
  int rc = 1;            /* Value to return from this function */
  int addrSortIndex;     /* Address of an OP_OpenEphemeral instruction */
  AggInfo sAggInfo;      /* Information used by aggregate queries */
  int iEnd;              /* Address of the end of the query */
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database connection */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  int iRestoreSelectId = pParse->iSelectId;
  pParse->iSelectId = pParse->iNextSelectId++;
#endif

  db = pParse->db;
  if( p==0 || db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr ){
    return 1;
  }
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_SELECT, 0, 0, 0) ) return 1;
  memset(&sAggInfo, 0, sizeof(sAggInfo));
................................................................................
        pLoop->pRightmost = p;
        pLoop->pNext = pRight;
        pRight = pLoop;
      }
      mxSelect = db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT];
      if( mxSelect && cnt>mxSelect ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many terms in compound SELECT");
        goto select_end;
      }
    }
    explainRestoreSelectId();
    return multiSelect(pParse, p, pDest);
  }
#endif

  /* If possible, rewrite the query to use GROUP BY instead of DISTINCT.
  ** GROUP BY might use an index, DISTINCT never does.
  */
  assert( p->pGroupBy==0 || (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)!=0 );
  if( (p->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate))==SF_Distinct ){
    p->pGroupBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, p->pEList, 0);
    pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
    p->selFlags &= ~SF_Distinct;

  }

  /* If there is both a GROUP BY and an ORDER BY clause and they are
  ** identical, then disable the ORDER BY clause since the GROUP BY
  ** will cause elements to come out in the correct order.  This is
  ** an optimization - the correct answer should result regardless.
  ** Use the SQLITE_GroupByOrder flag with SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZER
................................................................................
  /* Set the limiter.
  */
  iEnd = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iEnd);

  /* Open a virtual index to use for the distinct set.
  */
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Distinct ){
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
    assert( isAgg || pGroupBy );
    distinct = pParse->nTab++;
    pKeyInfo = keyInfoFromExprList(pParse, p->pEList);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, distinct, 0, 0,
                        (char*)pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, BTREE_UNORDERED);
................................................................................
        ** in sorted order
        */
        int regBase;
        int regRecord;
        int nCol;
        int nGroupBy;

        explainTempTable(pParse, 
            isDistinct && !(p->selFlags&SF_Distinct)?"DISTINCT":"GROUP BY");

        groupBySort = 1;
        nGroupBy = pGroupBy->nExpr;
        nCol = nGroupBy + 1;
        j = nGroupBy+1;
        for(i=0; i<sAggInfo.nColumn; i++){
          if( sAggInfo.aCol[i].iSorterColumn>=j ){
            nCol++;
................................................................................
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, 0, 0, 0, -1, 
                      pDest, addrEnd, addrEnd);
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pDel);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrEnd);
    
  } /* endif aggregate query */

  if( distinct>=0 ){
    explainTempTable(pParse, "DISTINCT");
  }

  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then we need to sort the results
  ** and send them to the callback one by one.
  */
  if( pOrderBy ){
    explainTempTable(pParse, "ORDER BY");
    generateSortTail(pParse, p, v, pEList->nExpr, pDest);
  }

  /* Jump here to skip this query
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iEnd);

................................................................................
  */
  rc = 0;

  /* Control jumps to here if an error is encountered above, or upon
  ** successful coding of the SELECT.
  */
select_end:
  explainRestoreSelectId();

  /* Identify column names if results of the SELECT are to be output.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pDest->eDest==SRT_Output ){
    generateColumnNames(pParse, pTabList, pEList);
  }

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

1855
1856
1857
1858
1859
1860
1861

1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
....
2209
2210
2211
2212
2213
2214
2215





2216
2217
2218
2219
2220
2221
2222
** pTerm is only used when wsFlags&WHERE_MULTI_OR is true.  And pVtabIdx
** is only used when wsFlags&WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE is true.  It is never the
** case that more than one of these conditions is true.
*/
struct WherePlan {
  u32 wsFlags;                   /* WHERE_* flags that describe the strategy */
  u32 nEq;                       /* Number of == constraints */

  union {
    Index *pIdx;                   /* Index when WHERE_INDEXED is true */
    struct WhereTerm *pTerm;       /* WHERE clause term for OR-search */
    sqlite3_index_info *pVtabIdx;  /* Virtual table index to use */
  } u;
};

................................................................................
  u8 declareVtab;            /* True if inside sqlite3_declare_vtab() */
  int nVtabLock;             /* Number of virtual tables to lock */
  Table **apVtabLock;        /* Pointer to virtual tables needing locking */
#endif
  int nHeight;            /* Expression tree height of current sub-select */
  Table *pZombieTab;      /* List of Table objects to delete after code gen */
  TriggerPrg *pTriggerPrg;    /* Linked list of coded triggers */





};

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  #define IN_DECLARE_VTAB 0
#else
  #define IN_DECLARE_VTAB (pParse->declareVtab)
#endif







>







 







>
>
>
>
>







1855
1856
1857
1858
1859
1860
1861
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
....
2210
2211
2212
2213
2214
2215
2216
2217
2218
2219
2220
2221
2222
2223
2224
2225
2226
2227
2228
** pTerm is only used when wsFlags&WHERE_MULTI_OR is true.  And pVtabIdx
** is only used when wsFlags&WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE is true.  It is never the
** case that more than one of these conditions is true.
*/
struct WherePlan {
  u32 wsFlags;                   /* WHERE_* flags that describe the strategy */
  u32 nEq;                       /* Number of == constraints */
  double nRow;                   /* Estimated number of rows (for EQP) */
  union {
    Index *pIdx;                   /* Index when WHERE_INDEXED is true */
    struct WhereTerm *pTerm;       /* WHERE clause term for OR-search */
    sqlite3_index_info *pVtabIdx;  /* Virtual table index to use */
  } u;
};

................................................................................
  u8 declareVtab;            /* True if inside sqlite3_declare_vtab() */
  int nVtabLock;             /* Number of virtual tables to lock */
  Table **apVtabLock;        /* Pointer to virtual tables needing locking */
#endif
  int nHeight;            /* Expression tree height of current sub-select */
  Table *pZombieTab;      /* List of Table objects to delete after code gen */
  TriggerPrg *pTriggerPrg;    /* Linked list of coded triggers */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
  int iSelectId;
  int iNextSelectId;
#endif
};

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  #define IN_DECLARE_VTAB 0
#else
  #define IN_DECLARE_VTAB (pParse->declareVtab)
#endif

Changes to src/vdbeaux.c.

1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
....
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
    pMem++;

    pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
    pMem->u.i = pOp->p2;                          /* P2 */
    pMem->type = SQLITE_INTEGER;
    pMem++;

    if( p->explain==1 ){
      pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
      pMem->u.i = pOp->p3;                          /* P3 */
      pMem->type = SQLITE_INTEGER;
      pMem++;
    }

    if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, 32, 0) ){            /* P4 */
      assert( p->db->mallocFailed );
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    pMem->flags = MEM_Dyn|MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
    z = displayP4(pOp, pMem->z, 32);
................................................................................
#endif
      {
        pMem->flags = MEM_Null;                       /* Comment */
        pMem->type = SQLITE_NULL;
      }
    }

    p->nResColumn = 8 - 5*(p->explain-1);
    p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
    rc = SQLITE_ROW;
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */








<




<







 







|







1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184

1185
1186
1187
1188

1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
....
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
    pMem++;

    pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
    pMem->u.i = pOp->p2;                          /* P2 */
    pMem->type = SQLITE_INTEGER;
    pMem++;


    pMem->flags = MEM_Int;
    pMem->u.i = pOp->p3;                          /* P3 */
    pMem->type = SQLITE_INTEGER;
    pMem++;


    if( sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(pMem, 32, 0) ){            /* P4 */
      assert( p->db->mallocFailed );
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    pMem->flags = MEM_Dyn|MEM_Str|MEM_Term;
    z = displayP4(pOp, pMem->z, 32);
................................................................................
#endif
      {
        pMem->flags = MEM_Null;                       /* Comment */
        pMem->type = SQLITE_NULL;
      }
    }

    p->nResColumn = 8 - 4*(p->explain-1);
    p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
    rc = SQLITE_ROW;
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */

Changes to src/where.c.

188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
....
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
1630
1631
....
1636
1637
1638
1639
1640
1641
1642
1643
1644

1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
....
1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
....
2794
2795
2796
2797
2798
2799
2800
2801
2802
2803
2804
2805

2806
2807
2808
2809
2810
2811
2812
....
3126
3127
3128
3129
3130
3131
3132




























































































3133
3134
3135
3136
3137
3138
3139
....
3668
3669
3670
3671
3672
3673
3674



3675
3676
3677
3678
3679
3680
3681
....
4180
4181
4182
4183
4184
4185
4186
4187

4188
4189
4190
4191
4192
4193
4194
4195
4196
4197
4198
4199
4200
4201
4202
4203
4204
4205
4206
4207
4208
4209
....
4210
4211
4212
4213
4214
4215
4216

4217

4218
4219
4220
4221
4222
4223
4224
....
4262
4263
4264
4265
4266
4267
4268
4269
4270
4271
4272
4273
4274
4275
4276
4277
4278
4279
4280
4281
4282
4283
4284
4285
4286
4287
4288
4289
4290
4291
4292
4293
4294
4295
4296
4297
4298
4299
4300
4301
4302
4303
4304
4305
4306
....
4351
4352
4353
4354
4355
4356
4357



4358
4359
4360
4361
4362
4363
4364
/*
** A WhereCost object records a lookup strategy and the estimated
** cost of pursuing that strategy.
*/
struct WhereCost {
  WherePlan plan;    /* The lookup strategy */
  double rCost;      /* Overall cost of pursuing this search strategy */
  double nRow;       /* Estimated number of output rows */
  Bitmask used;      /* Bitmask of cursors used by this plan */
};

/*
** Bitmasks for the operators that indices are able to exploit.  An
** OR-ed combination of these values can be used when searching for
** terms in the where clause.
................................................................................
          tempWC.a = pOrTerm;
          tempWC.nTerm = 1;
          bestIndex(pParse, &tempWC, pSrc, notReady, notValid, 0, &sTermCost);
        }else{
          continue;
        }
        rTotal += sTermCost.rCost;
        nRow += sTermCost.nRow;
        used |= sTermCost.used;
        if( rTotal>=pCost->rCost ) break;
      }

      /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, increase the scan cost to account 
      ** for the cost of the sort. */
      if( pOrderBy!=0 ){
................................................................................

      /* If the cost of scanning using this OR term for optimization is
      ** less than the current cost stored in pCost, replace the contents
      ** of pCost. */
      WHERETRACE(("... multi-index OR cost=%.9g nrow=%.9g\n", rTotal, nRow));
      if( rTotal<pCost->rCost ){
        pCost->rCost = rTotal;
        pCost->nRow = nRow;
        pCost->used = used;

        pCost->plan.wsFlags = flags;
        pCost->plan.u.pTerm = pTerm;
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION */
}
................................................................................
  /* Search for any equality comparison term */
  pWCEnd = &pWC->a[pWC->nTerm];
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, notReady) ){
      WHERETRACE(("auto-index reduces cost from %.2f to %.2f\n",
                    pCost->rCost, costTempIdx));
      pCost->rCost = costTempIdx;
      pCost->nRow = logN + 1;
      pCost->plan.wsFlags = WHERE_TEMP_INDEX;
      pCost->used = pTerm->prereqRight;
      break;
    }
  }
}
#else
................................................................................
      notReady, nRow, cost, used
    ));

    /* If this index is the best we have seen so far, then record this
    ** index and its cost in the pCost structure.
    */
    if( (!pIdx || wsFlags)
     && (cost<pCost->rCost || (cost<=pCost->rCost && nRow<pCost->nRow))
    ){
      pCost->rCost = cost;
      pCost->nRow = nRow;
      pCost->used = used;

      pCost->plan.wsFlags = (wsFlags&wsFlagMask);
      pCost->plan.nEq = nEq;
      pCost->plan.u.pIdx = pIdx;
    }

    /* If there was an INDEXED BY clause, then only that one index is
    ** considered. */
................................................................................
        }
      }
    }
  }
  *pzAff = zAff;
  return regBase;
}





























































































/*
** Generate code for the start of the iLevel-th loop in the WHERE clause
** implementation described by pWInfo.
*/
static Bitmask codeOneLoopStart(
  WhereInfo *pWInfo,   /* Complete information about the WHERE clause */
................................................................................
      if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur || pOrTerm->eOperator==WO_AND ){
        WhereInfo *pSubWInfo;          /* Info for single OR-term scan */
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
        pSubWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pOrTab, pOrTerm->pExpr, 0,
                        WHERE_OMIT_OPEN | WHERE_OMIT_CLOSE |
                        WHERE_FORCE_TABLE | WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY);
        if( pSubWInfo ){



          if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK)==0 ){
            int iSet = ((ii==pOrWc->nTerm-1)?-1:ii);
            int r;
            r = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTabItem->pTab, -1, iCur, 
                                         regRowid);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_RowSetTest, regRowset,
                                 sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2, r, iSet);
................................................................................
        */
        if( (sCost.used&notReady)==0                       /* (1) */
            && (bestJ<0 || (notIndexed&m)!=0               /* (2) */
                || (sCost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)!=0)
            && (nUnconstrained==0 || pTabItem->pIndex==0   /* (3) */
                || NEVER((sCost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)!=0))
            && (bestJ<0 || sCost.rCost<bestPlan.rCost      /* (4) */
                || (sCost.rCost<=bestPlan.rCost && sCost.nRow<bestPlan.nRow))

        ){
          WHERETRACE(("=== table %d is best so far"
                      " with cost=%g and nRow=%g\n",
                      j, sCost.rCost, sCost.nRow));
          bestPlan = sCost;
          bestJ = j;
        }
        if( doNotReorder ) break;
      }
    }
    assert( bestJ>=0 );
    assert( notReady & getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[bestJ].iCursor) );
    WHERETRACE(("*** Optimizer selects table %d for loop %d"
                " with cost=%g and nRow=%g\n",
                bestJ, pLevel-pWInfo->a, bestPlan.rCost, bestPlan.nRow));
    if( (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ORDERBY)!=0 ){
      *ppOrderBy = 0;
    }
    andFlags &= bestPlan.plan.wsFlags;
    pLevel->plan = bestPlan.plan;
    testcase( bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED );
    testcase( bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX );
................................................................................
    if( bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & (WHERE_INDEXED|WHERE_TEMP_INDEX) ){
      pLevel->iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
    }else{
      pLevel->iIdxCur = -1;
    }
    notReady &= ~getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[bestJ].iCursor);
    pLevel->iFrom = (u8)bestJ;

    if( bestPlan.nRow>=(double)1 ) pParse->nQueryLoop *= bestPlan.nRow;


    /* Check that if the table scanned by this loop iteration had an
    ** INDEXED BY clause attached to it, that the named index is being
    ** used for the scan. If not, then query compilation has failed.
    ** Return an error.
    */
    pIdx = pTabList->a[bestJ].pIndex;
................................................................................
  */
  sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, -1); /* Insert the cookie verifier Goto */
  notReady = ~(Bitmask)0;
  for(i=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; i<nTabList; i++, pLevel++){
    Table *pTab;     /* Table to open */
    int iDb;         /* Index of database containing table/index */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
    if( pParse->explain==2 ){
      char *zMsg;
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
      zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "TABLE %s", pItem->zName);
      if( pItem->zAlias ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s AS %s", zMsg, pItem->zAlias);
      }
      if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX)!=0 ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s WITH AUTOMATIC INDEX", zMsg);
      }else if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0 ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s WITH INDEX %s",
           zMsg, pLevel->plan.u.pIdx->zName);
      }else if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_MULTI_OR ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s VIA MULTI-INDEX UNION", zMsg);
      }else if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & (WHERE_ROWID_EQ|WHERE_ROWID_RANGE) ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s USING PRIMARY KEY", zMsg);
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
      else if( (pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
        sqlite3_index_info *pVtabIdx = pLevel->plan.u.pVtabIdx;
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX %d:%s", zMsg,
                    pVtabIdx->idxNum, pVtabIdx->idxStr);
      }
#endif
      if( pLevel->plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ORDERBY ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s ORDER BY", zMsg);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Explain, i, pLevel->iFrom, 0, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */
    pTabItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    pTab = pTabItem->pTab;
    pLevel->iTabCur = pTabItem->iCursor;
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
    if( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)!=0 || pTab->pSelect ){
      /* Do nothing */
    }else
................................................................................

  /* Generate the code to do the search.  Each iteration of the for
  ** loop below generates code for a single nested loop of the VM
  ** program.
  */
  notReady = ~(Bitmask)0;
  for(i=0; i<nTabList; i++){



    notReady = codeOneLoopStart(pWInfo, i, wctrlFlags, notReady);
    pWInfo->iContinue = pWInfo->a[i].addrCont;
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST  /* For testing and debugging use only */
  /* Record in the query plan information about the current table
  ** and the index used to access it (if any).  If the table itself







<







 







|







 







<

>







 







|







 







|


<

>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







>
>
>







 







|
>



|










|







 







>
|
>







 







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







>
>
>







188
189
190
191
192
193
194

195
196
197
198
199
200
201
....
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
1630
....
1635
1636
1637
1638
1639
1640
1641

1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
....
1720
1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
....
2793
2794
2795
2796
2797
2798
2799
2800
2801
2802

2803
2804
2805
2806
2807
2808
2809
2810
2811
....
3125
3126
3127
3128
3129
3130
3131
3132
3133
3134
3135
3136
3137
3138
3139
3140
3141
3142
3143
3144
3145
3146
3147
3148
3149
3150
3151
3152
3153
3154
3155
3156
3157
3158
3159
3160
3161
3162
3163
3164
3165
3166
3167
3168
3169
3170
3171
3172
3173
3174
3175
3176
3177
3178
3179
3180
3181
3182
3183
3184
3185
3186
3187
3188
3189
3190
3191
3192
3193
3194
3195
3196
3197
3198
3199
3200
3201
3202
3203
3204
3205
3206
3207
3208
3209
3210
3211
3212
3213
3214
3215
3216
3217
3218
3219
3220
3221
3222
3223
3224
3225
3226
3227
3228
3229
3230
....
3759
3760
3761
3762
3763
3764
3765
3766
3767
3768
3769
3770
3771
3772
3773
3774
3775
....
4274
4275
4276
4277
4278
4279
4280
4281
4282
4283
4284
4285
4286
4287
4288
4289
4290
4291
4292
4293
4294
4295
4296
4297
4298
4299
4300
4301
4302
4303
4304
....
4305
4306
4307
4308
4309
4310
4311
4312
4313
4314
4315
4316
4317
4318
4319
4320
4321
....
4359
4360
4361
4362
4363
4364
4365































4366
4367
4368
4369
4370
4371
4372
....
4417
4418
4419
4420
4421
4422
4423
4424
4425
4426
4427
4428
4429
4430
4431
4432
4433
/*
** A WhereCost object records a lookup strategy and the estimated
** cost of pursuing that strategy.
*/
struct WhereCost {
  WherePlan plan;    /* The lookup strategy */
  double rCost;      /* Overall cost of pursuing this search strategy */

  Bitmask used;      /* Bitmask of cursors used by this plan */
};

/*
** Bitmasks for the operators that indices are able to exploit.  An
** OR-ed combination of these values can be used when searching for
** terms in the where clause.
................................................................................
          tempWC.a = pOrTerm;
          tempWC.nTerm = 1;
          bestIndex(pParse, &tempWC, pSrc, notReady, notValid, 0, &sTermCost);
        }else{
          continue;
        }
        rTotal += sTermCost.rCost;
        nRow += sTermCost.plan.nRow;
        used |= sTermCost.used;
        if( rTotal>=pCost->rCost ) break;
      }

      /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, increase the scan cost to account 
      ** for the cost of the sort. */
      if( pOrderBy!=0 ){
................................................................................

      /* If the cost of scanning using this OR term for optimization is
      ** less than the current cost stored in pCost, replace the contents
      ** of pCost. */
      WHERETRACE(("... multi-index OR cost=%.9g nrow=%.9g\n", rTotal, nRow));
      if( rTotal<pCost->rCost ){
        pCost->rCost = rTotal;

        pCost->used = used;
        pCost->plan.nRow = nRow;
        pCost->plan.wsFlags = flags;
        pCost->plan.u.pTerm = pTerm;
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION */
}
................................................................................
  /* Search for any equality comparison term */
  pWCEnd = &pWC->a[pWC->nTerm];
  for(pTerm=pWC->a; pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
    if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, notReady) ){
      WHERETRACE(("auto-index reduces cost from %.2f to %.2f\n",
                    pCost->rCost, costTempIdx));
      pCost->rCost = costTempIdx;
      pCost->plan.nRow = logN + 1;
      pCost->plan.wsFlags = WHERE_TEMP_INDEX;
      pCost->used = pTerm->prereqRight;
      break;
    }
  }
}
#else
................................................................................
      notReady, nRow, cost, used
    ));

    /* If this index is the best we have seen so far, then record this
    ** index and its cost in the pCost structure.
    */
    if( (!pIdx || wsFlags)
     && (cost<pCost->rCost || (cost<=pCost->rCost && nRow<pCost->plan.nRow))
    ){
      pCost->rCost = cost;

      pCost->used = used;
      pCost->plan.nRow = nRow;
      pCost->plan.wsFlags = (wsFlags&wsFlagMask);
      pCost->plan.nEq = nEq;
      pCost->plan.u.pIdx = pIdx;
    }

    /* If there was an INDEXED BY clause, then only that one index is
    ** considered. */
................................................................................
        }
      }
    }
  }
  *pzAff = zAff;
  return regBase;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
static char *indexRangeText(sqlite3 *db, WhereLevel *pLevel, Table *pTab){
  WherePlan *pPlan = &pLevel->plan;
  Index *pIndex = pPlan->u.pIdx;
  int nEq = pPlan->nEq;
  char *zRet = 0;
  int i;

  for(i=0; i<nEq; i++){
    char *zCol = pTab->aCol[pIndex->aiColumn[i]].zName;
    zRet = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zRet, 
        "%s%s%s=?", (zRet?zRet:""), (zRet?" AND ":""), zCol);
  }

  if( pPlan->wsFlags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
    zRet = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zRet,
        "%s%s%s>?", (zRet?zRet:""), (zRet?" AND ":""), pTab->aCol[nEq].zName);
  }
  if( pPlan->wsFlags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
    zRet = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zRet,
        "%s%s%s<?", (zRet?zRet:""), (zRet?" AND ":""), pTab->aCol[nEq].zName);
  }

  if( zRet ){
    zRet = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zRet, " (%s)", zRet);
  }

  return zRet;
}

static void codeOneLoopExplain(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  SrcList *pTabList,              /* Table list this loop refers to */
  WhereLevel *pLevel,             /* Scan to write OP_Explain opcode for */
  int iLevel,                     /* Value for "level" column of output */
  int iFrom                       /* Value for "from" column of output */
){
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    u32 flags = pLevel->plan.wsFlags;
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
    char *zMsg;

    if( flags & WHERE_MULTI_OR ) return;

    zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "TABLE %s", pItem->zName);
    if( pItem->zAlias ){
      zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s AS %s", zMsg, pItem->zAlias);
    }
    if( (flags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0 ){
      char *zWhere = indexRangeText(db, pLevel, pItem->pTab);
      zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s WITH %s%sINDEX%s%s%s", zMsg, 
          ((flags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX)?"AUTOMATIC ":""),
          ((flags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)?"COVERING ":""),
          ((flags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX)?"":" "),
          ((flags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX)?"": pLevel->plan.u.pIdx->zName),
          zWhere
      );
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zWhere);
    }else if( flags & (WHERE_ROWID_EQ|WHERE_ROWID_RANGE) ){
      zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY", zMsg);

      if( flags&WHERE_ROWID_EQ ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s (rowid=?)", zMsg);
      }else if( flags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT && flags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s (rowid>? AND rowid<?)", zMsg);
      }else if( flags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s (rowid>?)", zMsg);
      }else if( flags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
        zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s (rowid<?)", zMsg);
      }
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    else if( (flags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
      sqlite3_index_info *pVtabIdx = pLevel->plan.u.pVtabIdx;
      zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, "%s VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX %d:%s", zMsg,
                  pVtabIdx->idxNum, pVtabIdx->idxStr);
    }
#endif
    zMsg = sqlite3MAppendf(db, zMsg, 
        "%s (~%lld rows)", zMsg, (sqlite3_int64)(pLevel->plan.nRow)
    );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(
        v, OP_Explain, pParse->iSelectId, iLevel, iFrom, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
  }
}
#else
# define codeOneLoopExplain(w,x,y.z)
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */


/*
** Generate code for the start of the iLevel-th loop in the WHERE clause
** implementation described by pWInfo.
*/
static Bitmask codeOneLoopStart(
  WhereInfo *pWInfo,   /* Complete information about the WHERE clause */
................................................................................
      if( pOrTerm->leftCursor==iCur || pOrTerm->eOperator==WO_AND ){
        WhereInfo *pSubWInfo;          /* Info for single OR-term scan */
        /* Loop through table entries that match term pOrTerm. */
        pSubWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pOrTab, pOrTerm->pExpr, 0,
                        WHERE_OMIT_OPEN | WHERE_OMIT_CLOSE |
                        WHERE_FORCE_TABLE | WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY);
        if( pSubWInfo ){
          codeOneLoopExplain(
              pParse, pOrTab, &pSubWInfo->a[0], iLevel, pLevel->iFrom
          );
          if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_DUPLICATES_OK)==0 ){
            int iSet = ((ii==pOrWc->nTerm-1)?-1:ii);
            int r;
            r = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTabItem->pTab, -1, iCur, 
                                         regRowid);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_RowSetTest, regRowset,
                                 sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2, r, iSet);
................................................................................
        */
        if( (sCost.used&notReady)==0                       /* (1) */
            && (bestJ<0 || (notIndexed&m)!=0               /* (2) */
                || (sCost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)!=0)
            && (nUnconstrained==0 || pTabItem->pIndex==0   /* (3) */
                || NEVER((sCost.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_NOT_FULLSCAN)!=0))
            && (bestJ<0 || sCost.rCost<bestPlan.rCost      /* (4) */
                || (sCost.rCost<=bestPlan.rCost 
                 && sCost.plan.nRow<bestPlan.plan.nRow))
        ){
          WHERETRACE(("=== table %d is best so far"
                      " with cost=%g and nRow=%g\n",
                      j, sCost.rCost, sCost.plan.nRow));
          bestPlan = sCost;
          bestJ = j;
        }
        if( doNotReorder ) break;
      }
    }
    assert( bestJ>=0 );
    assert( notReady & getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[bestJ].iCursor) );
    WHERETRACE(("*** Optimizer selects table %d for loop %d"
                " with cost=%g and nRow=%g\n",
                bestJ, pLevel-pWInfo->a, bestPlan.rCost, bestPlan.plan.nRow));
    if( (bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_ORDERBY)!=0 ){
      *ppOrderBy = 0;
    }
    andFlags &= bestPlan.plan.wsFlags;
    pLevel->plan = bestPlan.plan;
    testcase( bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED );
    testcase( bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & WHERE_TEMP_INDEX );
................................................................................
    if( bestPlan.plan.wsFlags & (WHERE_INDEXED|WHERE_TEMP_INDEX) ){
      pLevel->iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
    }else{
      pLevel->iIdxCur = -1;
    }
    notReady &= ~getMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[bestJ].iCursor);
    pLevel->iFrom = (u8)bestJ;
    if( bestPlan.plan.nRow>=(double)1 ){
      pParse->nQueryLoop *= bestPlan.plan.nRow;
    }

    /* Check that if the table scanned by this loop iteration had an
    ** INDEXED BY clause attached to it, that the named index is being
    ** used for the scan. If not, then query compilation has failed.
    ** Return an error.
    */
    pIdx = pTabList->a[bestJ].pIndex;
................................................................................
  */
  sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, -1); /* Insert the cookie verifier Goto */
  notReady = ~(Bitmask)0;
  for(i=0, pLevel=pWInfo->a; i<nTabList; i++, pLevel++){
    Table *pTab;     /* Table to open */
    int iDb;         /* Index of database containing table/index */
































    pTabItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    pTab = pTabItem->pTab;
    pLevel->iTabCur = pTabItem->iCursor;
    iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
    if( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)!=0 || pTab->pSelect ){
      /* Do nothing */
    }else
................................................................................

  /* Generate the code to do the search.  Each iteration of the for
  ** loop below generates code for a single nested loop of the VM
  ** program.
  */
  notReady = ~(Bitmask)0;
  for(i=0; i<nTabList; i++){
    if( (wctrlFlags&WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY)==0 ){
      codeOneLoopExplain(pParse, pTabList, &pWInfo->a[i],i,pWInfo->a[i].iFrom);
    }
    notReady = codeOneLoopStart(pWInfo, i, wctrlFlags, notReady);
    pWInfo->iContinue = pWInfo->a[i].addrCont;
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_TEST  /* For testing and debugging use only */
  /* Record in the query plan information about the current table
  ** and the index used to access it (if any).  If the table itself

Added test/eqp.test.



































































































































































































































































































































































































>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
# 2010 November 6
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

set testprefix eqp

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
# eqp-1.*:        Assorted tests.
# eqp-2.*:        Tests for single select statements.
# eqp-3.*:        Select statements that execute sub-selects.
# eqp-4.*:        Compound select statements.
#

proc do_eqp_test {name sql res} {
  set res [list {*}$res]
  uplevel do_execsql_test $name [list "EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN $sql"] [list $res]
}

do_execsql_test 1.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a);
  CREATE INDEX i2 ON t1(b);
  CREATE TABLE t2(a, b);
  CREATE TABLE t3(a, b);
}

do_eqp_test 1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t2, t1 WHERE t1.a=1 OR t1.b=2;
} {
  0 0 1 {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX i1 (a=?) (~10 rows)} 
  0 0 1 {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX i2 (b=?) (~10 rows)} 
  0 1 0 {TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)}
}
do_eqp_test 1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t2 CROSS JOIN t1 WHERE t1.a=1 OR t1.b=2;
} {
  0 0 0 {TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 1 1 {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX i1 (a=?) (~10 rows)} 
  0 1 1 {TABLE t1 WITH INDEX i2 (b=?) (~10 rows)} 
}
do_eqp_test 1.3 {
  SELECT a FROM t1 ORDER BY a
} {
  0 0 0 {TABLE t1 WITH COVERING INDEX i1 (~1000000 rows)}
}
do_eqp_test 1.4 {
  SELECT a FROM t1 ORDER BY +a
} {
  0 0 0 {TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}
do_eqp_test 1.5 {
  SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE a=4
} {
  0 0 0 {TABLE t1 WITH COVERING INDEX i1 (a=?) (~10 rows)}
}
do_eqp_test 1.6 {
  SELECT DISTINCT count(*) FROM t3 GROUP BY a;
} {
  0 0 0 {TABLE t3 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases eqp-2.* - tests for single select statements.
#
drop_all_tables
do_execsql_test 2.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(x, y);

  CREATE TABLE t2(x, y);
  CREATE INDEX t2i1 ON t2(x);
}

do_eqp_test 2.2.1 {
  SELECT DISTINCT min(x), max(x) FROM t1 GROUP BY x ORDER BY 1
} {
  0 0 0 {TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR GROUP BY}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}

do_eqp_test 2.2.2 {
  SELECT DISTINCT min(x), max(x) FROM t2 GROUP BY x ORDER BY 1
} {
  0 0 0 {TABLE t2 WITH COVERING INDEX t2i1 (~1000000 rows)}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR DISTINCT}
  0 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases eqp-3.* - tests for select statements that use sub-selects.
#
do_eqp_test 3.1.1 {
  SELECT (SELECT x FROM t1 AS sub) FROM t1;
} {
  0 0 0 {TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {TABLE t1 AS sub (~1000000 rows)}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases eqp-4.* - tests for select statements that use sub-selects.
#
do_eqp_test 4.1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 UNION ALL SELECT * FROM t2
} {
  1 0 0 {TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  2 0 0 {TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)} 
}
do_eqp_test 4.1.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 UNION ALL SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 2
} {
  1 0 0 {TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  2 0 0 {TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}
do_eqp_test 4.1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 UNION SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 2
} {
  1 0 0 {TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  2 0 0 {TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}
do_eqp_test 4.1.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 INTERSECT SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 2
} {
  1 0 0 {TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  2 0 0 {TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}
do_eqp_test 4.1.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 EXCEPT SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 2
} {
  1 0 0 {TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  2 0 0 {TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}

do_eqp_test 4.2.2 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 UNION ALL SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 1
} {
  1 0 0 {TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  2 0 0 {TABLE t2 WITH INDEX t2i1 (~1000000 rows)} 
}

# Todo: Why are the following not the same as the UNION ALL case above?
do_eqp_test 4.2.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 UNION SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 1
} {
  1 0 0 {TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  2 0 0 {TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}
do_eqp_test 4.2.4 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 INTERSECT SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 1
} {
  1 0 0 {TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  2 0 0 {TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}
do_eqp_test 4.2.5 {
  SELECT * FROM t1 EXCEPT SELECT * FROM t2 ORDER BY 1
} {
  1 0 0 {TABLE t1 (~1000000 rows)} 
  1 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
  2 0 0 {TABLE t2 (~1000000 rows)} 
  2 0 0 {USE TEMP B-TREE FOR ORDER BY}
}


finish_test