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Overview
Comment:Add experimental mode that uses two wal files. Activated using "PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2".
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | wal2
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA3-256: e2fc5c814cf6862d536aacb9eca66ecd31ba7e3e3033fa4c5564d533f4a18dfc
User & Date: dan 2017-10-04 20:57:14
Wiki:wal2
Context
2017-10-05
18:14
Fix test case failures on this branch. check-in: 16decc13 user: dan tags: wal2
2017-10-04
20:57
Add experimental mode that uses two wal files. Activated using "PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2". check-in: e2fc5c81 user: dan tags: wal2
18:26
Updates to requirements marks. check-in: 40964a4e user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
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Changes to src/btree.c.

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    if( page1[18]>1 ){
      pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_READ_ONLY;
    }
    if( page1[19]>1 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
#else
    if( page1[18]>2 ){
      pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_READ_ONLY;
    }
    if( page1[19]>2 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }

    /* If the write version is set to 2, this database should be accessed
    ** in WAL mode. If the log is not already open, open it now. Then 
    ** return SQLITE_OK and return without populating BtShared.pPage1.
    ** The caller detects this and calls this function again. This is
    ** required as the version of page 1 currently in the page1 buffer
    ** may not be the latest version - there may be a newer one in the log
    ** file.
    */
    if( page1[19]==2 && (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_NO_WAL)==0 ){
      int isOpen = 0;
      rc = sqlite3PagerOpenWal(pBt->pPager, &isOpen);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto page1_init_failed;
      }else{
        setDefaultSyncFlag(pBt, SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_SYNCHRONOUS+1);
        if( isOpen==0 ){
          releasePageOne(pPage1);
          return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
** "write version" (single byte at byte offset 19) fields in the database
** header to iVersion.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeSetVersion(Btree *pBtree, int iVersion){
  BtShared *pBt = pBtree->pBt;
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
 
  assert( iVersion==1 || iVersion==2 );

  /* If setting the version fields to 1, do not automatically open the
  ** WAL connection, even if the version fields are currently set to 2.
  */
  pBt->btsFlags &= ~BTS_NO_WAL;
  if( iVersion==1 ) pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_NO_WAL;








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    if( page1[18]>1 ){
      pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_READ_ONLY;
    }
    if( page1[19]>1 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }
#else
    if( page1[18]>3 ){
      pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_READ_ONLY;
    }
    if( page1[19]>3 ){
      goto page1_init_failed;
    }

    /* If the write version is set to 2, this database should be accessed
    ** in WAL mode. If the log is not already open, open it now. Then 
    ** return SQLITE_OK and return without populating BtShared.pPage1.
    ** The caller detects this and calls this function again. This is
    ** required as the version of page 1 currently in the page1 buffer
    ** may not be the latest version - there may be a newer one in the log
    ** file.
    */
    if( page1[19]>=2 && (pBt->btsFlags & BTS_NO_WAL)==0 ){
      int isOpen = 0;
      rc = sqlite3PagerOpenWal(pBt->pPager, (page1[19]==3), &isOpen);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        goto page1_init_failed;
      }else{
        setDefaultSyncFlag(pBt, SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_SYNCHRONOUS+1);
        if( isOpen==0 ){
          releasePageOne(pPage1);
          return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
** "write version" (single byte at byte offset 19) fields in the database
** header to iVersion.
*/
int sqlite3BtreeSetVersion(Btree *pBtree, int iVersion){
  BtShared *pBt = pBtree->pBt;
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
 
  assert( iVersion==1 || iVersion==2 || iVersion==3 );

  /* If setting the version fields to 1, do not automatically open the
  ** WAL connection, even if the version fields are currently set to 2.
  */
  pBt->btsFlags &= ~BTS_NO_WAL;
  if( iVersion==1 ) pBt->btsFlags |= BTS_NO_WAL;

Changes to src/os_unix.c.

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  int rc = SQLITE_OK;    /* Result code form fcntl() */

  /* Access to the unixShmNode object is serialized by the caller */
  pShmNode = pFile->pInode->pShmNode;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pShmNode->mutex) || pShmNode->nRef==0 );

  /* Shared locks never span more than one byte */
  assert( n==1 || lockType!=F_RDLCK );

  /* Locks are within range */
  assert( n>=1 && n<=SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK );

  if( pShmNode->h>=0 ){
    /* Initialize the locking parameters */
    memset(&f, 0, sizeof(f));
................................................................................
  assert( pShmNode->pInode==pDbFd->pInode );
  assert( ofst>=0 && ofst+n<=SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK );
  assert( n>=1 );
  assert( flags==(SQLITE_SHM_LOCK | SQLITE_SHM_SHARED)
       || flags==(SQLITE_SHM_LOCK | SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE)
       || flags==(SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK | SQLITE_SHM_SHARED)
       || flags==(SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK | SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE) );
  assert( n==1 || (flags & SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE)!=0 );
  assert( pShmNode->h>=0 || pDbFd->pInode->bProcessLock==1 );
  assert( pShmNode->h<0 || pDbFd->pInode->bProcessLock==0 );

  mask = (1<<(ofst+n)) - (1<<ofst);
  assert( n>1 || mask==(1<<ofst) );
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pShmNode->mutex);
  if( flags & SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK ){







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  int rc = SQLITE_OK;    /* Result code form fcntl() */

  /* Access to the unixShmNode object is serialized by the caller */
  pShmNode = pFile->pInode->pShmNode;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pShmNode->mutex) || pShmNode->nRef==0 );

  /* Shared locks never span more than one byte */
  /* assert( n==1 || lockType!=F_RDLCK ); */

  /* Locks are within range */
  assert( n>=1 && n<=SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK );

  if( pShmNode->h>=0 ){
    /* Initialize the locking parameters */
    memset(&f, 0, sizeof(f));
................................................................................
  assert( pShmNode->pInode==pDbFd->pInode );
  assert( ofst>=0 && ofst+n<=SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK );
  assert( n>=1 );
  assert( flags==(SQLITE_SHM_LOCK | SQLITE_SHM_SHARED)
       || flags==(SQLITE_SHM_LOCK | SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE)
       || flags==(SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK | SQLITE_SHM_SHARED)
       || flags==(SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK | SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE) );
  /* assert( n==1 || (flags & SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE)!=0 ); */
  assert( pShmNode->h>=0 || pDbFd->pInode->bProcessLock==1 );
  assert( pShmNode->h<0 || pDbFd->pInode->bProcessLock==0 );

  mask = (1<<(ofst+n)) - (1<<ofst);
  assert( n>1 || mask==(1<<ofst) );
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(pShmNode->mutex);
  if( flags & SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK ){

Changes to src/pager.c.

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#endif

/*
** The maximum legal page number is (2^31 - 1).
*/
#define PAGER_MAX_PGNO 2147483647

/*
** The argument to this macro is a file descriptor (type sqlite3_file*).
** Return 0 if it is not open, or non-zero (but not 1) if it is.
**
** This is so that expressions can be written as:
**
**   if( isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){ ...
**
** instead of
**
**   if( pPager->jfd->pMethods ){ ...
*/
#define isOpen(pFd) ((pFd)->pMethods!=0)

/*
** Return true if this pager uses a write-ahead log to read page pgno.
** Return false if the pager reads pgno directly from the database.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL) && defined(SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ)
int sqlite3PagerUseWal(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno){
  u32 iRead = 0;
................................................................................
        ** a rollback transaction that switches from journal_mode=off
        ** to journal_mode=wal.
        */
        assert( p->eLock>=RESERVED_LOCK );
        assert( isOpen(p->jfd) 
             || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
             || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 

        );
      }
      assert( pPager->dbOrigSize==pPager->dbFileSize );
      assert( pPager->dbOrigSize==pPager->dbHintSize );
      break;

    case PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD:
................................................................................
      assert( p->eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );
      assert( pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK );
      assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );
      assert( p->eLock>=EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );
      assert( isOpen(p->jfd) 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 

           || (sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(p->fd)&SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC)
      );
      assert( pPager->dbOrigSize<=pPager->dbHintSize );
      break;

    case PAGER_WRITER_FINISHED:
      assert( p->eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );
      assert( pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK );
      assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );
      assert( isOpen(p->jfd) 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 

           || (sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(p->fd)&SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC)
      );
      break;

    case PAGER_ERROR:
      /* There must be at least one outstanding reference to the pager if
      ** in ERROR state. Otherwise the pager should have already dropped
................................................................................
          ** https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1072773
          */
          rc = sqlite3OsSync(pPager->jfd, pPager->syncFlags);
        }
      }
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
    }else if( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST
      || (pPager->exclusiveMode && pPager->journalMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL)
    ){
      rc = zeroJournalHdr(pPager, hasMaster||pPager->tempFile);
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
    }else{
      /* This branch may be executed with Pager.journalMode==MEMORY if
      ** a hot-journal was just rolled back. In this case the journal
      ** file should be closed and deleted. If this connection writes to
................................................................................
      ** the database file, it will do so using an in-memory journal.
      */
      int bDelete = !pPager->tempFile;
      assert( sqlite3JournalIsInMemory(pPager->jfd)==0 );
      assert( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE 
           || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY 
           || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 

      );
      sqlite3OsClose(pPager->jfd);
      if( bDelete ){
        rc = sqlite3OsDelete(pPager->pVfs, pPager->zJournal, pPager->extraSync);
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................

        rc = pagerPagecount(pPager, &nPage);
        if( rc ) return rc;
        if( nPage==0 ){
          rc = sqlite3OsDelete(pPager->pVfs, pPager->zWal, 0);
        }else{
          testcase( sqlite3PcachePagecount(pPager->pPCache)==0 );
          rc = sqlite3PagerOpenWal(pPager, 0);
        }
      }else if( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ){
        pPager->journalMode = PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE;
      }
    }
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif
................................................................................

  /* The eMode parameter is always valid */
  assert(      eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 

            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY );

  /* This routine is only called from the OP_JournalMode opcode, and
  ** the logic there will never allow a temporary file to be changed
  ** to WAL mode.
  */
  assert( pPager->tempFile==0 || eMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL );
................................................................................
    */
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE & 5)==1 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST & 5)==1 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE & 5)==0 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY & 5)==4 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF & 5)==0 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL & 5)==5 );


    assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) || pPager->exclusiveMode );
    if( !pPager->exclusiveMode && (eOld & 5)==1 && (eMode & 1)==0 ){



      /* In this case we would like to delete the journal file. If it is
      ** not possible, then that is not a problem. Deleting the journal file
      ** here is an optimization only.
      **
      ** Before deleting the journal file, obtain a RESERVED lock on the
      ** database file. This ensures that the journal file is not deleted
................................................................................

/*
** Call sqlite3WalOpen() to open the WAL handle. If the pager is in 
** exclusive-locking mode when this function is called, take an EXCLUSIVE
** lock on the database file and use heap-memory to store the wal-index
** in. Otherwise, use the normal shared-memory.
*/
static int pagerOpenWal(Pager *pPager){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( pPager->pWal==0 && pPager->tempFile==0 );
  assert( pPager->eLock==SHARED_LOCK || pPager->eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );

  /* If the pager is already in exclusive-mode, the WAL module will use 
  ** heap-memory for the wal-index instead of the VFS shared-memory 
................................................................................

  /* Open the connection to the log file. If this operation fails, 
  ** (e.g. due to malloc() failure), return an error code.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3WalOpen(pPager->pVfs,
        pPager->fd, pPager->zWal, pPager->exclusiveMode,
        pPager->journalSizeLimit, &pPager->pWal
    );
  }
  pagerFixMaplimit(pPager);

  return rc;
}

................................................................................
**
** If the pager is open on a temp-file (or in-memory database), or if
** the WAL file is already open, set *pbOpen to 1 and return SQLITE_OK
** without doing anything.
*/
int sqlite3PagerOpenWal(
  Pager *pPager,                  /* Pager object */

  int *pbOpen                     /* OUT: Set to true if call is a no-op */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */

  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN   || pbOpen );
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_READER || !pbOpen );
................................................................................

  if( !pPager->tempFile && !pPager->pWal ){
    if( !sqlite3PagerWalSupported(pPager) ) return SQLITE_CANTOPEN;

    /* Close any rollback journal previously open */
    sqlite3OsClose(pPager->jfd);

    rc = pagerOpenWal(pPager);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pPager->journalMode = PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL;
      pPager->eState = PAGER_OPEN;
    }
  }else{
    *pbOpen = 1;
  }

  return rc;
................................................................................
** EXCLUSIVE lock on the database file. If this cannot be obtained, an
** error (SQLITE_BUSY) is returned and the log connection is not closed.
** If successful, the EXCLUSIVE lock is not released before returning.
*/
int sqlite3PagerCloseWal(Pager *pPager, sqlite3 *db){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL );



  /* If the log file is not already open, but does exist in the file-system,
  ** it may need to be checkpointed before the connection can switch to
  ** rollback mode. Open it now so this can happen.
  */
  if( !pPager->pWal ){
    int logexists = 0;
................................................................................
    rc = pagerLockDb(pPager, SHARED_LOCK);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3OsAccess(
          pPager->pVfs, pPager->zWal, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &logexists
      );
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && logexists ){
      rc = pagerOpenWal(pPager);
    }
  }
    
  /* Checkpoint and close the log. Because an EXCLUSIVE lock is held on
  ** the database file, the log and log-summary files will be deleted.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pPager->pWal ){







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7499
7500
7501
7502
7503
7504
7505
7506
7507
7508
7509
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7512
7513
....
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7528
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....
7538
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7541
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7543
7544
7545
7546
7547
7548
7549
7550
7551
7552
#endif

/*
** The maximum legal page number is (2^31 - 1).
*/
#define PAGER_MAX_PGNO 2147483647















/*
** Return true if this pager uses a write-ahead log to read page pgno.
** Return false if the pager reads pgno directly from the database.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL) && defined(SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ)
int sqlite3PagerUseWal(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno){
  u32 iRead = 0;
................................................................................
        ** a rollback transaction that switches from journal_mode=off
        ** to journal_mode=wal.
        */
        assert( p->eLock>=RESERVED_LOCK );
        assert( isOpen(p->jfd) 
             || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
             || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 
             || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2
        );
      }
      assert( pPager->dbOrigSize==pPager->dbFileSize );
      assert( pPager->dbOrigSize==pPager->dbHintSize );
      break;

    case PAGER_WRITER_DBMOD:
................................................................................
      assert( p->eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );
      assert( pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK );
      assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );
      assert( p->eLock>=EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );
      assert( isOpen(p->jfd) 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2
           || (sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(p->fd)&SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC)
      );
      assert( pPager->dbOrigSize<=pPager->dbHintSize );
      break;

    case PAGER_WRITER_FINISHED:
      assert( p->eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );
      assert( pPager->errCode==SQLITE_OK );
      assert( !pagerUseWal(pPager) );
      assert( isOpen(p->jfd) 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 
           || p->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2
           || (sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(p->fd)&SQLITE_IOCAP_BATCH_ATOMIC)
      );
      break;

    case PAGER_ERROR:
      /* There must be at least one outstanding reference to the pager if
      ** in ERROR state. Otherwise the pager should have already dropped
................................................................................
          ** https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1072773
          */
          rc = sqlite3OsSync(pPager->jfd, pPager->syncFlags);
        }
      }
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
    }else if( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST
      || (pPager->exclusiveMode && pPager->journalMode<PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL)
    ){
      rc = zeroJournalHdr(pPager, hasMaster||pPager->tempFile);
      pPager->journalOff = 0;
    }else{
      /* This branch may be executed with Pager.journalMode==MEMORY if
      ** a hot-journal was just rolled back. In this case the journal
      ** file should be closed and deleted. If this connection writes to
................................................................................
      ** the database file, it will do so using an in-memory journal.
      */
      int bDelete = !pPager->tempFile;
      assert( sqlite3JournalIsInMemory(pPager->jfd)==0 );
      assert( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE 
           || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY 
           || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL
           || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2
      );
      sqlite3OsClose(pPager->jfd);
      if( bDelete ){
        rc = sqlite3OsDelete(pPager->pVfs, pPager->zJournal, pPager->extraSync);
      }
    }
  }
................................................................................

        rc = pagerPagecount(pPager, &nPage);
        if( rc ) return rc;
        if( nPage==0 ){
          rc = sqlite3OsDelete(pPager->pVfs, pPager->zWal, 0);
        }else{
          testcase( sqlite3PcachePagecount(pPager->pPCache)==0 );
          rc = sqlite3PagerOpenWal(pPager, 0, 0);
        }
      }else if( pPager->journalMode>=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ){
        pPager->journalMode = PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE;
      }
    }
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif
................................................................................

  /* The eMode parameter is always valid */
  assert(      eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2
            || eMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY );

  /* This routine is only called from the OP_JournalMode opcode, and
  ** the logic there will never allow a temporary file to be changed
  ** to WAL mode.
  */
  assert( pPager->tempFile==0 || eMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL );
................................................................................
    */
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE & 5)==1 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST & 5)==1 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE & 5)==0 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY & 5)==4 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF & 5)==0 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL & 5)==5 );
    assert( (PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2 & 5)==4 );

    assert( isOpen(pPager->fd) || pPager->exclusiveMode );
    if( !pPager->exclusiveMode && (eOld & 5)==1 && (eMode & 1)==0 
     && eMode!=PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2       /* TODO: fix this if possible */
    ){

      /* In this case we would like to delete the journal file. If it is
      ** not possible, then that is not a problem. Deleting the journal file
      ** here is an optimization only.
      **
      ** Before deleting the journal file, obtain a RESERVED lock on the
      ** database file. This ensures that the journal file is not deleted
................................................................................

/*
** Call sqlite3WalOpen() to open the WAL handle. If the pager is in 
** exclusive-locking mode when this function is called, take an EXCLUSIVE
** lock on the database file and use heap-memory to store the wal-index
** in. Otherwise, use the normal shared-memory.
*/
static int pagerOpenWal(Pager *pPager, int bWal2){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( pPager->pWal==0 && pPager->tempFile==0 );
  assert( pPager->eLock==SHARED_LOCK || pPager->eLock==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK );

  /* If the pager is already in exclusive-mode, the WAL module will use 
  ** heap-memory for the wal-index instead of the VFS shared-memory 
................................................................................

  /* Open the connection to the log file. If this operation fails, 
  ** (e.g. due to malloc() failure), return an error code.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3WalOpen(pPager->pVfs,
        pPager->fd, pPager->zWal, pPager->exclusiveMode,
        pPager->journalSizeLimit, bWal2, &pPager->pWal
    );
  }
  pagerFixMaplimit(pPager);

  return rc;
}

................................................................................
**
** If the pager is open on a temp-file (or in-memory database), or if
** the WAL file is already open, set *pbOpen to 1 and return SQLITE_OK
** without doing anything.
*/
int sqlite3PagerOpenWal(
  Pager *pPager,                  /* Pager object */
  int bWal2,                      /* Open in wal2 mode if not already open */
  int *pbOpen                     /* OUT: Set to true if call is a no-op */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */

  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN   || pbOpen );
  assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_READER || !pbOpen );
................................................................................

  if( !pPager->tempFile && !pPager->pWal ){
    if( !sqlite3PagerWalSupported(pPager) ) return SQLITE_CANTOPEN;

    /* Close any rollback journal previously open */
    sqlite3OsClose(pPager->jfd);

    rc = pagerOpenWal(pPager, bWal2);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pPager->journalMode = bWal2?PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2:PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL;
      pPager->eState = PAGER_OPEN;
    }
  }else{
    *pbOpen = 1;
  }

  return rc;
................................................................................
** EXCLUSIVE lock on the database file. If this cannot be obtained, an
** error (SQLITE_BUSY) is returned and the log connection is not closed.
** If successful, the EXCLUSIVE lock is not released before returning.
*/
int sqlite3PagerCloseWal(Pager *pPager, sqlite3 *db){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 
       || pPager->journalMode==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2
  );

  /* If the log file is not already open, but does exist in the file-system,
  ** it may need to be checkpointed before the connection can switch to
  ** rollback mode. Open it now so this can happen.
  */
  if( !pPager->pWal ){
    int logexists = 0;
................................................................................
    rc = pagerLockDb(pPager, SHARED_LOCK);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = sqlite3OsAccess(
          pPager->pVfs, pPager->zWal, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &logexists
      );
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && logexists ){
      rc = pagerOpenWal(pPager, 0);
    }
  }
    
  /* Checkpoint and close the log. Because an EXCLUSIVE lock is held on
  ** the database file, the log and log-summary files will be deleted.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pPager->pWal ){

Changes to src/pager.h.

77
78
79
80
81
82
83

















84
85
86
87
88
89
90
...
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY     (-1)  /* Query the value of journalmode */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE      0   /* Commit by deleting journal file */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST     1   /* Commit by zeroing journal header */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF         2   /* Journal omitted.  */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE    3   /* Commit by truncating journal */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY      4   /* In-memory journal file */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL         5   /* Use write-ahead logging */


















/*
** Flags that make up the mask passed to sqlite3PagerGet().
*/
#define PAGER_GET_NOCONTENT     0x01  /* Do not load data from disk */
#define PAGER_GET_READONLY      0x02  /* Read-only page is acceptable */

................................................................................
int sqlite3PagerSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int op, int iSavepoint);
int sqlite3PagerSharedLock(Pager *pPager);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  int sqlite3PagerCheckpoint(Pager *pPager, sqlite3*, int, int*, int*);
  int sqlite3PagerWalSupported(Pager *pPager);
  int sqlite3PagerWalCallback(Pager *pPager);
  int sqlite3PagerOpenWal(Pager *pPager, int *pisOpen);
  int sqlite3PagerCloseWal(Pager *pPager, sqlite3*);
# ifdef SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
  int sqlite3PagerUseWal(Pager *pPager, Pgno);
# endif
# ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  int sqlite3PagerSnapshotGet(Pager *pPager, sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot);
  int sqlite3PagerSnapshotOpen(Pager *pPager, sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot);







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
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>
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77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
...
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY     (-1)  /* Query the value of journalmode */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE      0   /* Commit by deleting journal file */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST     1   /* Commit by zeroing journal header */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF         2   /* Journal omitted.  */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE    3   /* Commit by truncating journal */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY      4   /* In-memory journal file */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL         5   /* Use write-ahead logging */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2        6   /* Use write-ahead logging mode 2 */

#define isWalMode(x) ((x)==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL || (x)==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2)

/*
** The argument to this macro is a file descriptor (type sqlite3_file*).
** Return 0 if it is not open, or non-zero (but not 1) if it is.
**
** This is so that expressions can be written as:
**
**   if( isOpen(pPager->jfd) ){ ...
**
** instead of
**
**   if( pPager->jfd->pMethods ){ ...
*/
#define isOpen(pFd) ((pFd)->pMethods!=0)

/*
** Flags that make up the mask passed to sqlite3PagerGet().
*/
#define PAGER_GET_NOCONTENT     0x01  /* Do not load data from disk */
#define PAGER_GET_READONLY      0x02  /* Read-only page is acceptable */

................................................................................
int sqlite3PagerSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int op, int iSavepoint);
int sqlite3PagerSharedLock(Pager *pPager);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  int sqlite3PagerCheckpoint(Pager *pPager, sqlite3*, int, int*, int*);
  int sqlite3PagerWalSupported(Pager *pPager);
  int sqlite3PagerWalCallback(Pager *pPager);
  int sqlite3PagerOpenWal(Pager *pPager, int, int *pisOpen);
  int sqlite3PagerCloseWal(Pager *pPager, sqlite3*);
# ifdef SQLITE_DIRECT_OVERFLOW_READ
  int sqlite3PagerUseWal(Pager *pPager, Pgno);
# endif
# ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  int sqlite3PagerSnapshotGet(Pager *pPager, sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot);
  int sqlite3PagerSnapshotOpen(Pager *pPager, sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot);

Changes to src/pragma.c.

256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271

272
273
274
275
276
277
278
** defined in pager.h. This function returns the associated lowercase
** journal-mode name.
*/
const char *sqlite3JournalModename(int eMode){
  static char * const azModeName[] = {
    "delete", "persist", "off", "truncate", "memory"
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
     , "wal"
#endif
  };
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE==0 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST==1 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF==2 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE==3 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY==4 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL==5 );

  assert( eMode>=0 && eMode<=ArraySize(azModeName) );

  if( eMode==ArraySize(azModeName) ) return 0;
  return azModeName[eMode];
}

/*







|








>







256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
** defined in pager.h. This function returns the associated lowercase
** journal-mode name.
*/
const char *sqlite3JournalModename(int eMode){
  static char * const azModeName[] = {
    "delete", "persist", "off", "truncate", "memory"
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
     , "wal", "wal2"
#endif
  };
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE==0 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST==1 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF==2 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE==3 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY==4 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL==5 );
  assert( PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2==6 );
  assert( eMode>=0 && eMode<=ArraySize(azModeName) );

  if( eMode==ArraySize(azModeName) ) return 0;
  return azModeName[eMode];
}

/*

Changes to src/vdbe.c.

6321
6322
6323
6324
6325
6326
6327

6328
6329
6330
6331
6332
6333
6334
....
6338
6339
6340
6341
6342
6343
6344
6345
6346
6347
6348
6349
6350
6351
6352
6353






6354




6355
6356
6357
6358
6359
6360
6361
6362
6363

6364
6365
6366
6367
6368
6369
6370
6371
....
6378
6379
6380
6381
6382
6383
6384

6385
6386


6387
6388
6389
6390
6391
6392
6393
  eNew = pOp->p3;
  assert( eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE 
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE 
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST 
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL

       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY
  );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );

  pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;
  pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pBt);
................................................................................

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  zFilename = sqlite3PagerFilename(pPager, 1);

  /* Do not allow a transition to journal_mode=WAL for a database
  ** in temporary storage or if the VFS does not support shared memory 
  */
  if( eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL
   && (sqlite3Strlen30(zFilename)==0           /* Temp file */
       || !sqlite3PagerWalSupported(pPager))   /* No shared-memory support */
  ){
    eNew = eOld;
  }

  if( (eNew!=eOld)
   && (eOld==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL)






  ){




    if( !db->autoCommit || db->nVdbeRead>1 ){
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      sqlite3VdbeError(p,
          "cannot change %s wal mode from within a transaction",
          (eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ? "into" : "out of")
      );
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }else{
 

      if( eOld==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ){
        /* If leaving WAL mode, close the log file. If successful, the call
        ** to PagerCloseWal() checkpoints and deletes the write-ahead-log 
        ** file. An EXCLUSIVE lock may still be held on the database file 
        ** after a successful return. 
        */
        rc = sqlite3PagerCloseWal(pPager, db);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
      }
  
      /* Open a transaction on the database file. Regardless of the journal
      ** mode, this transaction always uses a rollback journal.
      */
      assert( sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(pBt)==0 );
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

        rc = sqlite3BtreeSetVersion(pBt, (eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ? 2 : 1));
      }


    }
  }
#endif /* ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */

  if( rc ) eNew = eOld;
  eNew = sqlite3PagerSetJournalMode(pPager, eNew);








>







 







|






|
<
>
>
>
>
>
>
|
>
>
>
>







<
|
>
|







 







>
|
<
>
>







6321
6322
6323
6324
6325
6326
6327
6328
6329
6330
6331
6332
6333
6334
6335
....
6339
6340
6341
6342
6343
6344
6345
6346
6347
6348
6349
6350
6351
6352
6353

6354
6355
6356
6357
6358
6359
6360
6361
6362
6363
6364
6365
6366
6367
6368
6369
6370
6371

6372
6373
6374
6375
6376
6377
6378
6379
6380
6381
....
6388
6389
6390
6391
6392
6393
6394
6395
6396

6397
6398
6399
6400
6401
6402
6403
6404
6405
  eNew = pOp->p3;
  assert( eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE 
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE 
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST 
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2
       || eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY
  );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<db->nDb );
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );

  pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;
  pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pBt);
................................................................................

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  zFilename = sqlite3PagerFilename(pPager, 1);

  /* Do not allow a transition to journal_mode=WAL for a database
  ** in temporary storage or if the VFS does not support shared memory 
  */
  if( isWalMode(eNew)
   && (sqlite3Strlen30(zFilename)==0           /* Temp file */
       || !sqlite3PagerWalSupported(pPager))   /* No shared-memory support */
  ){
    eNew = eOld;
  }

  if( eNew!=eOld && (isWalMode(eNew) || isWalMode(eOld)) ){


    /* Prevent changing directly to wal2 from wal mode. And vice versa. */
    if( isWalMode(eNew) && isWalMode(eOld) ){
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      sqlite3VdbeError(p, "cannot change from %s to %s mode",
          sqlite3JournalModename(eOld), sqlite3JournalModename(eNew)
      );
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }

    /* Prevent switching into or out of wal/wal2 mode mid-transaction */
    if( !db->autoCommit || db->nVdbeRead>1 ){
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      sqlite3VdbeError(p,
          "cannot change %s wal mode from within a transaction",
          (eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL ? "into" : "out of")
      );
      goto abort_due_to_error;

    }
 
    if( isWalMode(eOld) ){
      /* If leaving WAL mode, close the log file. If successful, the call
      ** to PagerCloseWal() checkpoints and deletes the write-ahead-log 
      ** file. An EXCLUSIVE lock may still be held on the database file 
      ** after a successful return. 
      */
      rc = sqlite3PagerCloseWal(pPager, db);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
    }

    /* Open a transaction on the database file. Regardless of the journal
    ** mode, this transaction always uses a rollback journal.
    */
    assert( sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(pBt)==0 );
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      /* 1==rollback, 2==wal, 3==wal2 */
      rc = sqlite3BtreeSetVersion(pBt, 

          1 + isWalMode(eNew) + (eNew==PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL2)
      );
    }
  }
#endif /* ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */

  if( rc ) eNew = eOld;
  eNew = sqlite3PagerSetJournalMode(pPager, eNew);

Changes to src/wal.c.

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int sqlite3WalTrace = 0;
# define WALTRACE(X)  if(sqlite3WalTrace) sqlite3DebugPrintf X
#else
# define WALTRACE(X)
#endif

/*
** The maximum (and only) versions of the wal and wal-index formats
** that may be interpreted by this version of SQLite.
**
** If a client begins recovering a WAL file and finds that (a) the checksum
** values in the wal-header are correct and (b) the version field is not
** WAL_MAX_VERSION, recovery fails and SQLite returns SQLITE_CANTOPEN.
**
** Similarly, if a client successfully reads a wal-index header (i.e. the 
** checksum test is successful) and finds that the version field is not
** WALINDEX_MAX_VERSION, then no read-transaction is opened and SQLite
** returns SQLITE_CANTOPEN.
*/

#define WAL_MAX_VERSION      3007000
#define WALINDEX_MAX_VERSION 3007000

/*
** Indices of various locking bytes.   WAL_NREADER is the number
** of available reader locks and should be at least 3.  The default
** is SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK==8 and  WAL_NREADER==5.
*/
#define WAL_WRITE_LOCK         0
#define WAL_ALL_BUT_WRITE      1
#define WAL_CKPT_LOCK          1
#define WAL_RECOVER_LOCK       2
#define WAL_READ_LOCK(I)       (3+(I))
#define WAL_NREADER            (SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK-3)































/* Object declarations */
typedef struct WalIndexHdr WalIndexHdr;
typedef struct WalIterator WalIterator;
typedef struct WalCkptInfo WalCkptInfo;


................................................................................
** For all versions of SQLite through 3.10.0 and probably beyond,
** the locking bytes (WalCkptInfo.aLock) start at offset 120 and
** the total header size is 136 bytes.
**
** The szPage value can be any power of 2 between 512 and 32768, inclusive.
** Or it can be 1 to represent a 65536-byte page.  The latter case was
** added in 3.7.1 when support for 64K pages was added.  






*/
struct WalIndexHdr {
  u32 iVersion;                   /* Wal-index version */
  u32 unused;                     /* Unused (padding) field */
  u32 iChange;                    /* Counter incremented each transaction */
  u8 isInit;                      /* 1 when initialized */
  u8 bigEndCksum;                 /* True if checksums in WAL are big-endian */
  u16 szPage;                     /* Database page size in bytes. 1==64K */
  u32 mxFrame;                    /* Index of last valid frame in the WAL */
  u32 nPage;                      /* Size of database in pages */
  u32 aFrameCksum[2];             /* Checksum of last frame in log */
  u32 aSalt[2];                   /* Two salt values copied from WAL header */
  u32 aCksum[2];                  /* Checksum over all prior fields */
};






































/*
** A copy of the following object occurs in the wal-index immediately
** following the second copy of the WalIndexHdr.  This object stores
** information used by checkpoint.
**
** nBackfill is the number of frames in the WAL that have been written
** back into the database. (We call the act of moving content from WAL to
................................................................................
/*
** An open write-ahead log file is represented by an instance of the
** following object.
*/
struct Wal {
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs;         /* The VFS used to create pDbFd */
  sqlite3_file *pDbFd;       /* File handle for the database file */
  sqlite3_file *pWalFd;      /* File handle for WAL file */
  u32 iCallback;             /* Value to pass to log callback (or 0) */
  i64 mxWalSize;             /* Truncate WAL to this size upon reset */
  int nWiData;               /* Size of array apWiData */
  int szFirstBlock;          /* Size of first block written to WAL file */
  volatile u32 **apWiData;   /* Pointer to wal-index content in memory */
  u32 szPage;                /* Database page size */
  i16 readLock;              /* Which read lock is being held.  -1 for none */
................................................................................
  u8 truncateOnCommit;       /* True to truncate WAL file on commit */
  u8 syncHeader;             /* Fsync the WAL header if true */
  u8 padToSectorBoundary;    /* Pad transactions out to the next sector */
  WalIndexHdr hdr;           /* Wal-index header for current transaction */
  u32 minFrame;              /* Ignore wal frames before this one */
  u32 iReCksum;              /* On commit, recalculate checksums from here */
  const char *zWalName;      /* Name of WAL file */

  u32 nCkpt;                 /* Checkpoint sequence counter in the wal-header */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 lockError;              /* True if a locking error has occurred */
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  WalIndexHdr *pSnapshot;    /* Start transaction here if not NULL */
#endif

};

/*
** Candidate values for Wal.exclusiveMode.
*/
#define WAL_NORMAL_MODE     0
#define WAL_EXCLUSIVE_MODE  1     
................................................................................
*/
static void walIndexWriteHdr(Wal *pWal){
  volatile WalIndexHdr *aHdr = walIndexHdr(pWal);
  const int nCksum = offsetof(WalIndexHdr, aCksum);

  assert( pWal->writeLock );
  pWal->hdr.isInit = 1;
  pWal->hdr.iVersion = WALINDEX_MAX_VERSION;
  walChecksumBytes(1, (u8*)&pWal->hdr, nCksum, 0, pWal->hdr.aCksum);
  memcpy((void*)&aHdr[1], (const void*)&pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
  walShmBarrier(pWal);
  memcpy((void*)&aHdr[0], (const void*)&pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
}

/*
................................................................................
  */
  pgno = sqlite3Get4byte(&aFrame[0]);
  if( pgno==0 ){
    return 0;
  }

  /* A frame is only valid if a checksum of the WAL header,
  ** all prior frams, the first 16 bytes of this frame-header, 
  ** and the frame-data matches the checksum in the last 8 
  ** bytes of this frame-header.
  */
  nativeCksum = (pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum==SQLITE_BIGENDIAN);
  walChecksumBytes(nativeCksum, aFrame, 8, aCksum, aCksum);
  walChecksumBytes(nativeCksum, aData, pWal->szPage, aCksum, aCksum);
  if( aCksum[0]!=sqlite3Get4byte(&aFrame[16]) 
................................................................................
static void walUnlockExclusive(Wal *pWal, int lockIdx, int n){
  if( pWal->exclusiveMode ) return;
  (void)sqlite3OsShmLock(pWal->pDbFd, lockIdx, n,
                         SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK | SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE);
  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: release EXCLUSIVE-%s cnt=%d\n", pWal,
             walLockName(lockIdx), n));
}































/*
** Compute a hash on a page number.  The resulting hash value must land
** between 0 and (HASHTABLE_NSLOT-1).  The walHashNext() function advances
** the hash to the next value in the event of a collision.
*/
static int walHash(u32 iPage){
................................................................................
  
    *paPgno = &aPgno[-1];
    *paHash = aHash;
    *piZero = iZero;
  }
  return rc;
}






































/*
** Return the number of the wal-index page that contains the hash-table
** and page-number array that contain entries corresponding to WAL frame
** iFrame. The wal-index is broken up into 32KB pages. Wal-index pages 
** are numbered starting from 0.
*/
................................................................................
       && (iHash>=1 || iFrame<=HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE)
       && (iHash<=1 || iFrame>(HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE+HASHTABLE_NPAGE))
       && (iHash>=2 || iFrame<=HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE+HASHTABLE_NPAGE)
       && (iHash<=2 || iFrame>(HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE+2*HASHTABLE_NPAGE))
  );
  return iHash;
}

















/*
** Return the page number associated with frame iFrame in this WAL.
*/
static u32 walFramePgno(Wal *pWal, u32 iFrame){
  int iHash = walFramePage(iFrame);
  if( iHash==0 ){
    return pWal->apWiData[0][WALINDEX_HDR_SIZE/sizeof(u32) + iFrame - 1];
  }
  return pWal->apWiData[iHash][(iFrame-1-HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE)%HASHTABLE_NPAGE];
}





/*
** Remove entries from the hash table that point to WAL slots greater
** than pWal->hdr.mxFrame.
**
** This function is called whenever pWal->hdr.mxFrame is decreased due
** to a rollback or savepoint.
................................................................................
static void walCleanupHash(Wal *pWal){
  volatile ht_slot *aHash = 0;    /* Pointer to hash table to clear */
  volatile u32 *aPgno = 0;        /* Page number array for hash table */
  u32 iZero = 0;                  /* frame == (aHash[x]+iZero) */
  int iLimit = 0;                 /* Zero values greater than this */
  int nByte;                      /* Number of bytes to zero in aPgno[] */
  int i;                          /* Used to iterate through aHash[] */











  assert( pWal->writeLock );
  testcase( pWal->hdr.mxFrame==HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE-1 );
  testcase( pWal->hdr.mxFrame==HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE );
  testcase( pWal->hdr.mxFrame==HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE+1 );

  if( pWal->hdr.mxFrame==0 ) return;

  /* Obtain pointers to the hash-table and page-number array containing 
  ** the entry that corresponds to frame pWal->hdr.mxFrame. It is guaranteed
  ** that the page said hash-table and array reside on is already mapped.
  */
  assert( pWal->nWiData>walFramePage(pWal->hdr.mxFrame) );
  assert( pWal->apWiData[walFramePage(pWal->hdr.mxFrame)] );
  walHashGet(pWal, walFramePage(pWal->hdr.mxFrame), &aHash, &aPgno, &iZero);

  /* Zero all hash-table entries that correspond to frame numbers greater
  ** than pWal->hdr.mxFrame.
  */
  iLimit = pWal->hdr.mxFrame - iZero;
  assert( iLimit>0 );
  for(i=0; i<HASHTABLE_NSLOT; i++){
    if( aHash[i]>iLimit ){
      aHash[i] = 0;
    }
  }
  
  /* Zero the entries in the aPgno array that correspond to frames with
  ** frame numbers greater than pWal->hdr.mxFrame. 
  */
  nByte = (int)((char *)aHash - (char *)&aPgno[iLimit+1]);
  memset((void *)&aPgno[iLimit+1], 0, nByte);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT
  /* Verify that the every entry in the mapping region is still reachable
  ** via the hash table even after the cleanup.
  */
................................................................................
      }
      assert( aHash[iKey]==j );
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT */
}


/*
** Set an entry in the wal-index that will map database page number
** pPage into WAL frame iFrame.
*/
static int walIndexAppend(Wal *pWal, u32 iFrame, u32 iPage){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  u32 iZero = 0;                  /* One less than frame number of aPgno[1] */
  volatile u32 *aPgno = 0;        /* Page number array */
  volatile ht_slot *aHash = 0;    /* Hash table */









  rc = walHashGet(pWal, walFramePage(iFrame), &aHash, &aPgno, &iZero);

  /* Assuming the wal-index file was successfully mapped, populate the
  ** page number array and hash table entry.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int iKey;                     /* Hash table key */
    int idx;                      /* Value to write to hash-table slot */
    int nCollide;                 /* Number of hash collisions */

    idx = iFrame - iZero;
    assert( idx <= HASHTABLE_NSLOT/2 + 1 );
    
    /* If this is the first entry to be added to this hash-table, zero the
    ** entire hash table and aPgno[] array before proceeding. 
    */
    if( idx==1 ){
      int nByte = (int)((u8 *)&aHash[HASHTABLE_NSLOT] - (u8 *)&aPgno[1]);
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT */
  }


  return rc;
}

































































































































/*
** Recover the wal-index by reading the write-ahead log file. 
**
** This routine first tries to establish an exclusive lock on the
** wal-index to prevent other threads/processes from doing anything
** with the WAL or wal-index while recovery is running.  The
** WAL_RECOVER_LOCK is also held so that other threads will know
** that this thread is running recovery.  If unable to establish
** the necessary locks, this routine returns SQLITE_BUSY.
*/
static int walIndexRecover(Wal *pWal){
  int rc;                         /* Return Code */
  i64 nSize;                      /* Size of log file */
  u32 aFrameCksum[2] = {0, 0};
  int iLock;                      /* Lock offset to lock for checkpoint */
  int nLock;                      /* Number of locks to hold */





  /* Obtain an exclusive lock on all byte in the locking range not already
  ** locked by the caller. The caller is guaranteed to have locked the
  ** WAL_WRITE_LOCK byte, and may have also locked the WAL_CKPT_LOCK byte.
  ** If successful, the same bytes that are locked here are unlocked before
  ** this function returns.
  */
................................................................................
  nLock = SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK - iLock;
  rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, iLock, nLock);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: recovery begin...\n", pWal));

  memset(&pWal->hdr, 0, sizeof(WalIndexHdr));



























  rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pWal->pWalFd, &nSize);


  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    goto recovery_error;


  }

  if( nSize>WAL_HDRSIZE ){
    u8 aBuf[WAL_HDRSIZE];         /* Buffer to load WAL header into */
    u8 *aFrame = 0;               /* Malloc'd buffer to load entire frame */
    int szFrame;                  /* Number of bytes in buffer aFrame[] */
    u8 *aData;                    /* Pointer to data part of aFrame buffer */
    int iFrame;                   /* Index of last frame read */
    i64 iOffset;                  /* Next offset to read from log file */
    int szPage;                   /* Page size according to the log */
    u32 magic;                    /* Magic value read from WAL header */
    u32 version;                  /* Magic value read from WAL header */
    int isValid;                  /* True if this frame is valid */

    /* Read in the WAL header. */
    rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, aBuf, WAL_HDRSIZE, 0);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto recovery_error;
    }



    /* If the database page size is not a power of two, or is greater than
    ** SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE, conclude that the WAL file contains no valid 
    ** data. Similarly, if the 'magic' value is invalid, ignore the whole
    ** WAL file.
    */
    magic = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[0]);
    szPage = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[8]);
    if( (magic&0xFFFFFFFE)!=WAL_MAGIC 
     || szPage&(szPage-1) 
     || szPage>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 
     || szPage<512 





    ){
      goto finished;





    }
    pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum = (u8)(magic&0x00000001);
    pWal->szPage = szPage;
    pWal->nCkpt = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[12]);
    memcpy(&pWal->hdr.aSalt, &aBuf[16], 8);


    /* Verify that the WAL header checksum is correct */
    walChecksumBytes(pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum==SQLITE_BIGENDIAN, 
        aBuf, WAL_HDRSIZE-2*4, 0, pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum
    );


    if( pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0]!=sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[24])
     || pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1]!=sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[28])
    ){
      goto finished;
    }

    /* Verify that the version number on the WAL format is one that
    ** are able to understand */
    version = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[4]);
    if( version!=WAL_MAX_VERSION ){
      rc = SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
      goto finished;

    }


    /* Malloc a buffer to read frames into. */
    szFrame = szPage + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;
    aFrame = (u8 *)sqlite3_malloc64(szFrame);
    if( !aFrame ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
      goto recovery_error;

    }
    aData = &aFrame[WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE];


    /* Read all frames from the log file. */
    iFrame = 0;
    for(iOffset=WAL_HDRSIZE; (iOffset+szFrame)<=nSize; iOffset+=szFrame){
      u32 pgno;                   /* Database page number for frame */
      u32 nTruncate;              /* dbsize field from frame header */

      /* Read and decode the next log frame. */
      iFrame++;
      rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, aFrame, szFrame, iOffset);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
      isValid = walDecodeFrame(pWal, &pgno, &nTruncate, aData, aFrame);
      if( !isValid ) break;
      rc = walIndexAppend(pWal, iFrame, pgno);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;

      /* If nTruncate is non-zero, this is a commit record. */
      if( nTruncate ){
        pWal->hdr.mxFrame = iFrame;
        pWal->hdr.nPage = nTruncate;
        pWal->hdr.szPage = (u16)((szPage&0xff00) | (szPage>>16));
        testcase( szPage<=32768 );
        testcase( szPage>=65536 );
        aFrameCksum[0] = pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0];
        aFrameCksum[1] = pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1];
      }
    }

    sqlite3_free(aFrame);
  }

finished:
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo;
    int i;
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0] = aFrameCksum[0];
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1] = aFrameCksum[1];
    walIndexWriteHdr(pWal);

    /* Reset the checkpoint-header. This is safe because this thread is 
    ** currently holding locks that exclude all other readers, writers and
    ** checkpointers.
    */
    pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
    pInfo->nBackfill = 0;



    pInfo->nBackfillAttempted = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
    pInfo->aReadMark[0] = 0;
    for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++) pInfo->aReadMark[i] = READMARK_NOT_USED;
    if( pWal->hdr.mxFrame ) pInfo->aReadMark[1] = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;


    /* If more than one frame was recovered from the log file, report an
    ** event via sqlite3_log(). This is to help with identifying performance
    ** problems caused by applications routinely shutting down without
    ** checkpointing the log file.
    */
    if( pWal->hdr.nPage ){
      sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_WAL,
          "recovered %d frames from WAL file %s",

          pWal->hdr.mxFrame, pWal->zWalName
      );
    }
  }

recovery_error:
  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: recovery %s\n", pWal, rc ? "failed" : "ok"));
  walUnlockExclusive(pWal, iLock, nLock);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Close an open wal-index.
*/
static void walIndexClose(Wal *pWal, int isDelete){
  if( pWal->exclusiveMode==WAL_HEAPMEMORY_MODE ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pWal->nWiData; i++){
      sqlite3_free((void *)pWal->apWiData[i]);
      pWal->apWiData[i] = 0;
    }
  }else{
    sqlite3OsShmUnmap(pWal->pDbFd, isDelete);
  }


}

/* 
** Open a connection to the WAL file zWalName. The database file must 
** already be opened on connection pDbFd. The buffer that zWalName points
** to must remain valid for the lifetime of the returned Wal* handle.
**
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3WalOpen(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,              /* vfs module to open wal and wal-index */
  sqlite3_file *pDbFd,            /* The open database file */
  const char *zWalName,           /* Name of the WAL file */
  int bNoShm,                     /* True to run in heap-memory mode */
  i64 mxWalSize,                  /* Truncate WAL to this size on reset */

  Wal **ppWal                     /* OUT: Allocated Wal handle */
){
  int rc;                         /* Return Code */
  Wal *pRet;                      /* Object to allocate and return */
  int flags;                      /* Flags passed to OsOpen() */



  assert( zWalName && zWalName[0] );
  assert( pDbFd );

  /* In the amalgamation, the os_unix.c and os_win.c source files come before
  ** this source file.  Verify that the #defines of the locking byte offsets
  ** in os_unix.c and os_win.c agree with the WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET value.
................................................................................
#ifdef WIN_SHM_BASE
  assert( WIN_SHM_BASE==WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET );
#endif
#ifdef UNIX_SHM_BASE
  assert( UNIX_SHM_BASE==WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET );
#endif




  /* Allocate an instance of struct Wal to return. */
  *ppWal = 0;
  pRet = (Wal*)sqlite3MallocZero(sizeof(Wal) + pVfs->szOsFile);
  if( !pRet ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }

  pRet->pVfs = pVfs;
  pRet->pWalFd = (sqlite3_file *)&pRet[1];

  pRet->pDbFd = pDbFd;
  pRet->readLock = -1;
  pRet->mxWalSize = mxWalSize;
  pRet->zWalName = zWalName;
  pRet->syncHeader = 1;
  pRet->padToSectorBoundary = 1;
  pRet->exclusiveMode = (bNoShm ? WAL_HEAPMEMORY_MODE: WAL_NORMAL_MODE);







  /* Open file handle on the write-ahead log file. */
  flags = (SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_WAL);
  rc = sqlite3OsOpen(pVfs, zWalName, pRet->pWalFd, flags, &flags);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && flags&SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY ){
    pRet->readOnly = WAL_RDONLY;
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    walIndexClose(pRet, 0);
    sqlite3OsClose(pRet->pWalFd);
    sqlite3_free(pRet);
  }else{
    int iDC = sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pDbFd);
    if( iDC & SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL ){ pRet->syncHeader = 0; }
    if( iDC & SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE ){
      pRet->padToSectorBoundary = 0;
    }
................................................................................
}

/*
** Construct a WalInterator object that can be used to loop over all 
** pages in the WAL in ascending order. The caller must hold the checkpoint
** lock.
**
** On success, make *pp point to the newly allocated WalInterator object
** return SQLITE_OK. Otherwise, return an error code. If this routine
** returns an error, the value of *pp is undefined.
**
** The calling routine should invoke walIteratorFree() to destroy the
** WalIterator object when it has finished with it.
*/
static int walIteratorInit(Wal *pWal, WalIterator **pp){
  WalIterator *p;                 /* Return value */
  int nSegment;                   /* Number of segments to merge */
  u32 iLast;                      /* Last frame in log */
  int nByte;                      /* Number of bytes to allocate */
  int i;                          /* Iterator variable */

  ht_slot *aTmp;                  /* Temp space used by merge-sort */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return Code */




  /* This routine only runs while holding the checkpoint lock. And
  ** it only runs if there is actually content in the log (mxFrame>0).
  */

  assert( pWal->ckptLock && pWal->hdr.mxFrame>0 );
  iLast = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;








  /* Allocate space for the WalIterator object. */
  nSegment = walFramePage(iLast) + 1;
  nByte = sizeof(WalIterator) 
        + (nSegment-1)*sizeof(struct WalSegment)
        + iLast*sizeof(ht_slot);
  p = (WalIterator *)sqlite3_malloc64(nByte);
  if( !p ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }
................................................................................
  aTmp = (ht_slot *)sqlite3_malloc64(
      sizeof(ht_slot) * (iLast>HASHTABLE_NPAGE?HASHTABLE_NPAGE:iLast)
  );
  if( !aTmp ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }

  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<nSegment; i++){
    volatile ht_slot *aHash;
    u32 iZero;
    volatile u32 *aPgno;

    rc = walHashGet(pWal, i, &aHash, &aPgno, &iZero);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      int j;                      /* Counter variable */
      int nEntry;                 /* Number of entries in this segment */
      ht_slot *aIndex;            /* Sorted index for this segment */










      aPgno++;
      if( (i+1)==nSegment ){

        nEntry = (int)(iLast - iZero);
      }else{
        nEntry = (int)((u32*)aHash - (u32*)aPgno);
      }
      aIndex = &((ht_slot *)&p->aSegment[p->nSegment])[iZero];
      iZero++;
  
      for(j=0; j<nEntry; j++){
        aIndex[j] = (ht_slot)j;
      }
      walMergesort((u32 *)aPgno, aTmp, aIndex, &nEntry);
      p->aSegment[i].iZero = iZero;
      p->aSegment[i].nEntry = nEntry;
      p->aSegment[i].aIndex = aIndex;
      p->aSegment[i].aPgno = (u32 *)aPgno;
    }
  }
  sqlite3_free(aTmp);

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    walIteratorFree(p);
  }
................................................................................
** new wal-index header. It should be passed a pseudo-random value (i.e. 
** one obtained from sqlite3_randomness()).
*/
static void walRestartHdr(Wal *pWal, u32 salt1){
  volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */
  u32 *aSalt = pWal->hdr.aSalt;   /* Big-endian salt values */

  pWal->nCkpt++;
  pWal->hdr.mxFrame = 0;
  sqlite3Put4byte((u8*)&aSalt[0], 1 + sqlite3Get4byte((u8*)&aSalt[0]));
  memcpy(&pWal->hdr.aSalt[1], &salt1, 4);
  walIndexWriteHdr(pWal);
  pInfo->nBackfill = 0;
  pInfo->nBackfillAttempted = 0;
................................................................................
  WalIterator *pIter = 0;         /* Wal iterator context */
  u32 iDbpage = 0;                /* Next database page to write */
  u32 iFrame = 0;                 /* Wal frame containing data for iDbpage */
  u32 mxSafeFrame;                /* Max frame that can be backfilled */
  u32 mxPage;                     /* Max database page to write */
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */
  volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo;    /* The checkpoint status information */




  szPage = walPagesize(pWal);
  testcase( szPage<=32768 );
  testcase( szPage>=65536 );
  pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);

  if( pInfo->nBackfill<pWal->hdr.mxFrame ){












    /* Allocate the iterator */
    rc = walIteratorInit(pWal, &pIter);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    assert( pIter );

    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-62920-47450 The busy-handler callback is never invoked
    ** in the SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE mode. */
    assert( eMode!=SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE || xBusy==0 );

    /* Compute in mxSafeFrame the index of the last frame of the WAL that is
    ** safe to write into the database.  Frames beyond mxSafeFrame might
    ** overwrite database pages that are in use by active readers and thus
    ** cannot be backfilled from the WAL.
    */
    mxSafeFrame = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
    mxPage = pWal->hdr.nPage;
    for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++){
      /* Thread-sanitizer reports that the following is an unsafe read,
      ** as some other thread may be in the process of updating the value
      ** of the aReadMark[] slot. The assumption here is that if that is
      ** happening, the other client may only be increasing the value,
      ** not decreasing it. So assuming either that either the "old" or
      ** "new" version of the value is read, and not some arbitrary value
................................................................................
          mxSafeFrame = y;
          xBusy = 0;
        }else{
          goto walcheckpoint_out;
        }
      }
    }


    if( pInfo->nBackfill<mxSafeFrame
     && (rc = walBusyLock(pWal, xBusy, pBusyArg, WAL_READ_LOCK(0),1))==SQLITE_OK
    ){
      i64 nSize;                    /* Current size of database file */
      u32 nBackfill = pInfo->nBackfill;


      pInfo->nBackfillAttempted = mxSafeFrame;

      /* Sync the WAL to disk */

      rc = sqlite3OsSync(pWal->pWalFd, CKPT_SYNC_FLAGS(sync_flags));

      /* If the database may grow as a result of this checkpoint, hint
      ** about the eventual size of the db file to the VFS layer.
      */
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        i64 nReq = ((i64)mxPage * szPage);
        rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pWal->pDbFd, &nSize);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK && nSize<nReq ){
          sqlite3OsFileControlHint(pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT, &nReq);
        }
      }


      /* Iterate through the contents of the WAL, copying data to the db file */
      while( rc==SQLITE_OK && 0==walIteratorNext(pIter, &iDbpage, &iFrame) ){
        i64 iOffset;

        assert( walFramePgno(pWal, iFrame)==iDbpage );


        if( db->u1.isInterrupted ){
          rc = db->mallocFailed ? SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT : SQLITE_INTERRUPT;
          break;
        }
        if( iFrame<=nBackfill || iFrame>mxSafeFrame || iDbpage>mxPage ){

          continue;
        }
        iOffset = walFrameOffset(iFrame, szPage) + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;



        /* testcase( IS_BIG_INT(iOffset) ); // requires a 4GiB WAL file */
        rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, zBuf, szPage, iOffset);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
        iOffset = (iDbpage-1)*(i64)szPage;
        testcase( IS_BIG_INT(iOffset) );
        rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pWal->pDbFd, zBuf, szPage, iOffset);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
      }

      /* If work was actually accomplished... */
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        if( mxSafeFrame==walIndexHdr(pWal)->mxFrame ){
          i64 szDb = pWal->hdr.nPage*(i64)szPage;
          testcase( IS_BIG_INT(szDb) );
          rc = sqlite3OsTruncate(pWal->pDbFd, szDb);

          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            rc = sqlite3OsSync(pWal->pDbFd, CKPT_SYNC_FLAGS(sync_flags));
          }
        }
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          pInfo->nBackfill = mxSafeFrame;
        }
      }

      /* Release the reader lock held while backfilling */
      walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(0), 1);
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      /* Reset the return code so as not to report a checkpoint failure
      ** just because there are active readers.  */
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
................................................................................
  }

  /* If this is an SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART or TRUNCATE operation, and the
  ** entire wal file has been copied into the database file, then block 
  ** until all readers have finished using the wal file. This ensures that 
  ** the next process to write to the database restarts the wal file.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && eMode!=SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE ){
    assert( pWal->writeLock );
    if( pInfo->nBackfill<pWal->hdr.mxFrame ){
      rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    }else if( eMode>=SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART ){
      u32 salt1;
      sqlite3_randomness(4, &salt1);
      assert( pInfo->nBackfill==pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
................................................................................
          ** writer clients should see that the entire log file has been
          ** checkpointed and behave accordingly. This seems unsafe though,
          ** as it would leave the system in a state where the contents of
          ** the wal-index header do not match the contents of the 
          ** file-system. To avoid this, update the wal-index header to
          ** indicate that the log file contains zero valid frames.  */
          walRestartHdr(pWal, salt1);
          rc = sqlite3OsTruncate(pWal->pWalFd, 0);
        }
        walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(1), WAL_NREADER-1);
      }
    }
  }

 walcheckpoint_out:
................................................................................
}

/*
** If the WAL file is currently larger than nMax bytes in size, truncate
** it to exactly nMax bytes. If an error occurs while doing so, ignore it.
*/
static void walLimitSize(Wal *pWal, i64 nMax){

  i64 sz;
  int rx;
  sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
  rx = sqlite3OsFileSize(pWal->pWalFd, &sz);
  if( rx==SQLITE_OK && (sz > nMax ) ){
    rx = sqlite3OsTruncate(pWal->pWalFd, nMax);
  }
  sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
  if( rx ){
    sqlite3_log(rx, "cannot limit WAL size: %s", pWal->zWalName);
  }
}


/*
** Close a connection to a log file.
*/
int sqlite3WalClose(
  Wal *pWal,                      /* Wal to close */
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* For interrupt flag */
................................................................................
    ** the wal and wal-index files.
    **
    ** The EXCLUSIVE lock is not released before returning.
    */
    if( zBuf!=0
     && SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3OsLock(pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE))
    ){

      if( pWal->exclusiveMode==WAL_NORMAL_MODE ){
        pWal->exclusiveMode = WAL_EXCLUSIVE_MODE;
      }

      rc = sqlite3WalCheckpoint(pWal, db, 
          SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE, 0, 0, sync_flags, nBuf, zBuf, 0, 0
      );
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        int bPersist = -1;
        sqlite3OsFileControlHint(
            pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL, &bPersist
................................................................................
          ** WAL mode (bPersist) and if the PRAGMA journal_size_limit is a
          ** non-negative value (pWal->mxWalSize>=0).  Note that we truncate
          ** to zero bytes as truncating to the journal_size_limit might
          ** leave a corrupt WAL file on disk. */
          walLimitSize(pWal, 0);
        }
      }









    }

    walIndexClose(pWal, isDelete);
    sqlite3OsClose(pWal->pWalFd);
    if( isDelete ){
      sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
      sqlite3OsDelete(pWal->pVfs, pWal->zWalName, 0);

      sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
    }
    WALTRACE(("WAL%p: closed\n", pWal));
    sqlite3_free((void *)pWal->apWiData);
    sqlite3_free(pWal);
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
    }
  }

  /* If the header is read successfully, check the version number to make
  ** sure the wal-index was not constructed with some future format that
  ** this version of SQLite cannot understand.
  */

  if( badHdr==0 && pWal->hdr.iVersion!=WALINDEX_MAX_VERSION ){

    rc = SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
** checkpoint process do as much work as possible.  This routine might
** update values of the aReadMark[] array in the header, but if it does
** so it takes care to hold an exclusive lock on the corresponding
** WAL_READ_LOCK() while changing values.
*/
static int walTryBeginRead(Wal *pWal, int *pChanged, int useWal, int cnt){
  volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo;    /* Checkpoint information in wal-index */
  u32 mxReadMark;                 /* Largest aReadMark[] value */
  int mxI;                        /* Index of largest aReadMark[] value */
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code  */
  u32 mxFrame;                    /* Wal frame to lock to */

  assert( pWal->readLock<0 );     /* Not currently locked */

  /* Take steps to avoid spinning forever if there is a protocol error.
  **
  ** Circumstances that cause a RETRY should only last for the briefest
  ** instances of time.  No I/O or other system calls are done while the
  ** locks are held, so the locks should not be held for very long. But 
  ** if we are unlucky, another process that is holding a lock might get
................................................................................
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
  }

  pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
























  if( !useWal && pInfo->nBackfill==pWal->hdr.mxFrame 
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
   && (pWal->pSnapshot==0 || pWal->hdr.mxFrame==0
     || 0==memcmp(&pWal->hdr, pWal->pSnapshot, sizeof(WalIndexHdr)))
#endif
  ){
    /* The WAL has been completely backfilled (or it is empty).
................................................................................
  ){
    walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI));
    return WAL_RETRY;
  }else{
    assert( mxReadMark<=pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
    pWal->readLock = (i16)mxI;
  }

  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
/*
** Attempt to reduce the value of the WalCkptInfo.nBackfillAttempted 
** variable so that older snapshots can be accessed. To do this, loop
................................................................................
  do{
    rc = walTryBeginRead(pWal, pChanged, 0, ++cnt);
  }while( rc==WAL_RETRY );
  testcase( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_BUSY );
  testcase( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_IOERR );
  testcase( rc==SQLITE_PROTOCOL );
  testcase( rc==SQLITE_OK );





#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pSnapshot && memcmp(pSnapshot, &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr))!=0 ){
      /* At this point the client has a lock on an aReadMark[] slot holding
      ** a value equal to or smaller than pSnapshot->mxFrame, but pWal->hdr
      ** is populated with the wal-index header corresponding to the head
................................................................................

/*
** Finish with a read transaction.  All this does is release the
** read-lock.
*/
void sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(Wal *pWal){
  sqlite3WalEndWriteTransaction(pWal);
  if( pWal->readLock>=0 ){



    walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(pWal->readLock));
    pWal->readLock = -1;
  }

}

/*
** Search the wal file for page pgno. If found, set *piRead to the frame that
** contains the page. Otherwise, if pgno is not in the wal file, set *piRead
** to zero.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK if successful, or an error code if an error occurs. If an
** error does occur, the final value of *piRead is undefined.
*/
int sqlite3WalFindFrame(
  Wal *pWal,                      /* WAL handle */
  Pgno pgno,                      /* Database page number to read data for */
  u32 *piRead                     /* OUT: Frame number (or zero) */
){
  u32 iRead = 0;                  /* If !=0, WAL frame to return data from */
  u32 iLast = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;  /* Last page in WAL for this reader */
  int iHash;                      /* Used to loop through N hash tables */
  int iMinHash;

  /* This routine is only be called from within a read transaction. */
  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 || pWal->lockError );

  /* If the "last page" field of the wal-index header snapshot is 0, then
  ** no data will be read from the wal under any circumstances. Return early
  ** in this case as an optimization.  Likewise, if pWal->readLock==0, 
  ** then the WAL is ignored by the reader so return early, as if the 
  ** WAL were empty.
  */
  if( iLast==0 || pWal->readLock==0 ){
    *piRead = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Search the hash table or tables for an entry matching page number
  ** pgno. Each iteration of the following for() loop searches one

  ** hash table (each hash table indexes up to HASHTABLE_NPAGE frames).
  **
  ** This code might run concurrently to the code in walIndexAppend()
  ** that adds entries to the wal-index (and possibly to this hash 
  ** table). This means the value just read from the hash 
  ** slot (aHash[iKey]) may have been added before or after the 
  ** current read transaction was opened. Values added after the
  ** read transaction was opened may have been written incorrectly -
................................................................................
  **   (aPgno[iFrame]==pgno): 
  **     This condition filters out normal hash-table collisions.
  **
  **   (iFrame<=iLast): 
  **     This condition filters out entries that were added to the hash
  **     table after the current read-transaction had started.
  */
  iMinHash = walFramePage(pWal->minFrame);
  for(iHash=walFramePage(iLast); iHash>=iMinHash && iRead==0; iHash--){





    volatile ht_slot *aHash;      /* Pointer to hash table */
    volatile u32 *aPgno;          /* Pointer to array of page numbers */
    u32 iZero;                    /* Frame number corresponding to aPgno[0] */
    int iKey;                     /* Hash slot index */
    int nCollide;                 /* Number of hash collisions remaining */
    int rc;                       /* Error code */

................................................................................
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    nCollide = HASHTABLE_NSLOT;
    for(iKey=walHash(pgno); aHash[iKey]; iKey=walNextHash(iKey)){
      u32 iFrame = aHash[iKey] + iZero;
      if( iFrame<=iLast && iFrame>=pWal->minFrame && aPgno[aHash[iKey]]==pgno ){
        assert( iFrame>iRead || CORRUPT_DB );
        iRead = iFrame;
      }
      if( (nCollide--)==0 ){
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }
    }
  }














































































#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT
  /* If expensive assert() statements are available, do a linear search
  ** of the wal-index file content. Make sure the results agree with the
  ** result obtained using the hash indexes above.  */



  {
    u32 iRead2 = 0;
    u32 iTest;
    assert( pWal->minFrame>0 );
    for(iTest=iLast; iTest>=pWal->minFrame; iTest--){
      if( walFramePgno(pWal, iTest)==pgno ){
        iRead2 = iTest;
................................................................................
/*
** Read the contents of frame iRead from the wal file into buffer pOut
** (which is nOut bytes in size). Return SQLITE_OK if successful, or an
** error code otherwise.
*/
int sqlite3WalReadFrame(
  Wal *pWal,                      /* WAL handle */
  u32 iRead,                      /* Frame to read */
  int nOut,                       /* Size of buffer pOut in bytes */
  u8 *pOut                        /* Buffer to write page data to */
){
  int sz;


  i64 iOffset;


  sz = pWal->hdr.szPage;
  sz = (sz&0xfe00) + ((sz&0x0001)<<16);
  testcase( sz<=32768 );
  testcase( sz>=65536 );










  iOffset = walFrameOffset(iRead, sz) + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;
  /* testcase( IS_BIG_INT(iOffset) ); // requires a 4GiB WAL */
  return sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, pOut, (nOut>sz ? sz : nOut), iOffset);
}

/* 
** Return the size of the database in pages (or zero, if unknown).
*/
Pgno sqlite3WalDbsize(Wal *pWal){
  if( pWal && ALWAYS(pWal->readLock>=0) ){
    return pWal->hdr.nPage;
  }
  return 0;
}


/* 
................................................................................
** There can only be a single writer active at a time.
*/
int sqlite3WalBeginWriteTransaction(Wal *pWal){
  int rc;

  /* Cannot start a write transaction without first holding a read
  ** transaction. */
  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 );
  assert( pWal->writeLock==0 && pWal->iReCksum==0 );

  if( pWal->readOnly ){
    return SQLITE_READONLY;
  }

  /* Only one writer allowed at a time.  Get the write lock.  Return
................................................................................
**
** Otherwise, if the callback function does not return an error, this
** function returns SQLITE_OK.
*/
int sqlite3WalUndo(Wal *pWal, int (*xUndo)(void *, Pgno), void *pUndoCtx){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( ALWAYS(pWal->writeLock) ){
    Pgno iMax = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;


    Pgno iFrame;


  
    /* Restore the clients cache of the wal-index header to the state it
    ** was in before the client began writing to the database. 
    */
    memcpy(&pWal->hdr, (void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), sizeof(WalIndexHdr));



    for(iFrame=pWal->hdr.mxFrame+1; 
        ALWAYS(rc==SQLITE_OK) && iFrame<=iMax; 
        iFrame++
    ){
      /* This call cannot fail. Unless the page for which the page number
      ** is passed as the second argument is (a) in the cache and 
      ** (b) has an outstanding reference, then xUndo is either a no-op
      ** (if (a) is false) or simply expels the page from the cache (if (b)
      ** is false).
      **
      ** If the upper layer is doing a rollback, it is guaranteed that there
      ** are no outstanding references to any page other than page 1. And
      ** page 1 is never written to the log until the transaction is
      ** committed. As a result, the call to xUndo may not fail.
      */




      assert( walFramePgno(pWal, iFrame)!=1 );


      rc = xUndo(pUndoCtx, walFramePgno(pWal, iFrame));
    }
    if( iMax!=pWal->hdr.mxFrame ) walCleanupHash(pWal);
  }
  return rc;
}

/* 
** Argument aWalData must point to an array of WAL_SAVEPOINT_NDATA u32 
** values. This function populates the array with values required to 
** "rollback" the write position of the WAL handle back to the current 
** point in the event of a savepoint rollback (via WalSavepointUndo()).
*/
void sqlite3WalSavepoint(Wal *pWal, u32 *aWalData){

  assert( pWal->writeLock );
  aWalData[0] = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;


  aWalData[1] = pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0];
  aWalData[2] = pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1];
  aWalData[3] = pWal->nCkpt;

}

/* 
** Move the write position of the WAL back to the point identified by
** the values in the aWalData[] array. aWalData must point to an array
** of WAL_SAVEPOINT_NDATA u32 values that has been previously populated
** by a call to WalSavepoint().
*/
int sqlite3WalSavepointUndo(Wal *pWal, u32 *aWalData){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;



  assert( pWal->writeLock );
  assert( aWalData[3]!=pWal->nCkpt || aWalData[0]<=pWal->hdr.mxFrame );



  if( aWalData[3]!=pWal->nCkpt ){
    /* This savepoint was opened immediately after the write-transaction
    ** was started. Right after that, the writer decided to wrap around
    ** to the start of the log. Update the savepoint values to match.
    */
    aWalData[0] = 0;
    aWalData[3] = pWal->nCkpt;
  }

  if( aWalData[0]<pWal->hdr.mxFrame ){
    pWal->hdr.mxFrame = aWalData[0];
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0] = aWalData[1];
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1] = aWalData[2];
    walCleanupHash(pWal);
  }

  return rc;
}

/*



























** This function is called just before writing a set of frames to the log
** file (see sqlite3WalFrames()). It checks to see if, instead of appending
** to the current log file, it is possible to overwrite the start of the
** existing log file with the new frames (i.e. "reset" the log). If so,
** it sets pWal->hdr.mxFrame to 0. Otherwise, pWal->hdr.mxFrame is left
** unchanged.



**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if no error is encountered (regardless of whether
** or not pWal->hdr.mxFrame is modified). An SQLite error code is returned
** if an error occurs.
*/
static int walRestartLog(Wal *pWal){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int cnt;































  if( pWal->readLock==0 ){

    volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
    assert( pInfo->nBackfill==pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
    if( pInfo->nBackfill>0 ){
      u32 salt1;
      sqlite3_randomness(4, &salt1);
      rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(1), WAL_NREADER-1);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
        walRestartHdr(pWal, salt1);
        walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(1), WAL_NREADER-1);
      }else if( rc!=SQLITE_BUSY ){
        return rc;
      }
    }
    walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(0));
    pWal->readLock = -1;
    cnt = 0;
    do{
      int notUsed;
      rc = walTryBeginRead(pWal, &notUsed, 1, ++cnt);
    }while( rc==WAL_RETRY );
    assert( (rc&0xff)!=SQLITE_BUSY ); /* BUSY not possible when useWal==1 */
    testcase( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_IOERR );
    testcase( rc==SQLITE_PROTOCOL );
    testcase( rc==SQLITE_OK );
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Information about the current state of the WAL file and where
** the next fsync should occur - passed from sqlite3WalFrames() into
** walWriteToLog().
................................................................................
  PgHdr *pPage,               /* The page of the frame to be written */
  int nTruncate,              /* The commit flag.  Usually 0.  >0 for commit */
  sqlite3_int64 iOffset       /* Byte offset at which to write */
){
  int rc;                         /* Result code from subfunctions */
  void *pData;                    /* Data actually written */
  u8 aFrame[WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE];   /* Buffer to assemble frame-header in */












#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC)
  if( (pData = sqlite3PagerCodec(pPage))==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
#else
  pData = pPage->pData;
#endif
  walEncodeFrame(p->pWal, pPage->pgno, nTruncate, pData, aFrame);
  rc = walWriteToLog(p, aFrame, sizeof(aFrame), iOffset);
................................................................................
** one or more frames have been overwritten. It updates the checksums for
** all frames written to the wal file by the current transaction starting
** with the earliest to have been overwritten.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if successful, or an SQLite error code otherwise.
*/
static int walRewriteChecksums(Wal *pWal, u32 iLast){
  const int szPage = pWal->szPage;/* Database page size */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */

  u8 *aBuf;                       /* Buffer to load data from wal file into */
  u8 aFrame[WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE];   /* Buffer to assemble frame-headers in */
  u32 iRead;                      /* Next frame to read from wal file */
  i64 iCksumOff;



  aBuf = sqlite3_malloc(szPage + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE);
  if( aBuf==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;

  /* Find the checksum values to use as input for the recalculating the
  ** first checksum. If the first frame is frame 1 (implying that the current
  ** transaction restarted the wal file), these values must be read from the
................................................................................
  ** previous frame.  */
  assert( pWal->iReCksum>0 );
  if( pWal->iReCksum==1 ){
    iCksumOff = 24;
  }else{
    iCksumOff = walFrameOffset(pWal->iReCksum-1, szPage) + 16;
  }
  rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, aBuf, sizeof(u32)*2, iCksumOff);
  pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0] = sqlite3Get4byte(aBuf);
  pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1] = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[sizeof(u32)]);

  iRead = pWal->iReCksum;
  pWal->iReCksum = 0;
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && iRead<=iLast; iRead++){
    i64 iOff = walFrameOffset(iRead, szPage);
    rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, aBuf, szPage+WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE, iOff);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      u32 iPgno, nDbSize;
      iPgno = sqlite3Get4byte(aBuf);
      nDbSize = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[4]);

      walEncodeFrame(pWal, iPgno, nDbSize, &aBuf[WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE], aFrame);
      rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pWal->pWalFd, aFrame, sizeof(aFrame), iOff);
    }
  }

  sqlite3_free(aBuf);
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  PgHdr *pLast = 0;               /* Last frame in list */
  int nExtra = 0;                 /* Number of extra copies of last page */
  int szFrame;                    /* The size of a single frame */
  i64 iOffset;                    /* Next byte to write in WAL file */
  WalWriter w;                    /* The writer */
  u32 iFirst = 0;                 /* First frame that may be overwritten */
  WalIndexHdr *pLive;             /* Pointer to shared header */


  assert( pList );
  assert( pWal->writeLock );

  /* If this frame set completes a transaction, then nTruncate>0.  If
  ** nTruncate==0 then this frame set does not complete the transaction. */
  assert( (isCommit!=0)==(nTruncate!=0) );

#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  { int cnt; for(cnt=0, p=pList; p; p=p->pDirty, cnt++){}
    WALTRACE(("WAL%p: frame write begin. %d frames. mxFrame=%d. %s\n",
              pWal, cnt, pWal->hdr.mxFrame, isCommit ? "Commit" : "Spill"));
  }
#endif

  pLive = (WalIndexHdr*)walIndexHdr(pWal);
  if( memcmp(&pWal->hdr, (void *)pLive, sizeof(WalIndexHdr))!=0 ){

    iFirst = pLive->mxFrame+1;
  }


  /* See if it is possible to write these frames into the start of the
  ** log file, instead of appending to it at pWal->hdr.mxFrame.
  */
  if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = walRestartLog(pWal)) ){
    return rc;
  }

  /* If this is the first frame written into the log, write the WAL
  ** header to the start of the WAL file. See comments at the top of
  ** this source file for a description of the WAL header format.
  */
  iFrame = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;










  if( iFrame==0 ){

    u8 aWalHdr[WAL_HDRSIZE];      /* Buffer to assemble wal-header in */
    u32 aCksum[2];                /* Checksum for wal-header */

    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[0], (WAL_MAGIC | SQLITE_BIGENDIAN));
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[4], WAL_MAX_VERSION);
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[8], szPage);












    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[12], pWal->nCkpt);
    if( pWal->nCkpt==0 ) sqlite3_randomness(8, pWal->hdr.aSalt);
    memcpy(&aWalHdr[16], pWal->hdr.aSalt, 8);
    walChecksumBytes(1, aWalHdr, WAL_HDRSIZE-2*4, 0, aCksum);
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[24], aCksum[0]);
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[28], aCksum[1]);
    
    pWal->szPage = szPage;
    pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum = SQLITE_BIGENDIAN;
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0] = aCksum[0];
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1] = aCksum[1];
    pWal->truncateOnCommit = 1;

    rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pWal->pWalFd, aWalHdr, sizeof(aWalHdr), 0);
    WALTRACE(("WAL%p: wal-header write %s\n", pWal, rc ? "failed" : "ok"));
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }

    /* Sync the header (unless SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL is true or unless
    ** all syncing is turned off by PRAGMA synchronous=OFF).  Otherwise
    ** an out-of-order write following a WAL restart could result in
    ** database corruption.  See the ticket:
    **
    **     https://sqlite.org/src/info/ff5be73dee
    */
    if( pWal->syncHeader ){
      rc = sqlite3OsSync(pWal->pWalFd, CKPT_SYNC_FLAGS(sync_flags));
      if( rc ) return rc;
    }
  }
  assert( (int)pWal->szPage==szPage );

  /* Setup information needed to write frames into the WAL */
  w.pWal = pWal;
  w.pFd = pWal->pWalFd;
  w.iSyncPoint = 0;
  w.syncFlags = sync_flags;
  w.szPage = szPage;
  iOffset = walFrameOffset(iFrame+1, szPage);
  szFrame = szPage + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;

  /* Write all frames into the log file exactly once */
................................................................................
          pWal->iReCksum = iWrite;
        }
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC)
        if( (pData = sqlite3PagerCodec(p))==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
#else
        pData = p->pData;
#endif
        rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pWal->pWalFd, pData, szPage, iOff);
        if( rc ) return rc;
        p->flags &= ~PGHDR_WAL_APPEND;
        continue;
      }
    }

    iFrame++;
................................................................................
  ** boundary is crossed.  Only the part of the WAL prior to the last
  ** sector boundary is synced; the part of the last frame that extends
  ** past the sector boundary is written after the sync.
  */
  if( isCommit && WAL_SYNC_FLAGS(sync_flags)!=0 ){
    int bSync = 1;
    if( pWal->padToSectorBoundary ){
      int sectorSize = sqlite3SectorSize(pWal->pWalFd);
      w.iSyncPoint = ((iOffset+sectorSize-1)/sectorSize)*sectorSize;
      bSync = (w.iSyncPoint==iOffset);
      testcase( bSync );
      while( iOffset<w.iSyncPoint ){
        rc = walWriteOneFrame(&w, pLast, nTruncate, iOffset);
        if( rc ) return rc;
        iOffset += szFrame;
................................................................................
  }

  /* Append data to the wal-index. It is not necessary to lock the 
  ** wal-index to do this as the SQLITE_SHM_WRITE lock held on the wal-index
  ** guarantees that there are no other writers, and no data that may
  ** be in use by existing readers is being overwritten.
  */
  iFrame = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
  for(p=pList; p && rc==SQLITE_OK; p=p->pDirty){
    if( (p->flags & PGHDR_WAL_APPEND)==0 ) continue;
    iFrame++;
    rc = walIndexAppend(pWal, iFrame, p->pgno);
  }
  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && nExtra>0 ){
    iFrame++;
    nExtra--;
    rc = walIndexAppend(pWal, iFrame, pLast->pgno);
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* Update the private copy of the header. */
    pWal->hdr.szPage = (u16)((szPage&0xff00) | (szPage>>16));
    testcase( szPage<=32768 );
    testcase( szPage>=65536 );
    pWal->hdr.mxFrame = iFrame;
    if( isCommit ){
      pWal->hdr.iChange++;
      pWal->hdr.nPage = nTruncate;
    }
    /* If this is a commit, update the wal-index header too. */
    if( isCommit ){
      walIndexWriteHdr(pWal);









      pWal->iCallback = iFrame;
    }
  }


  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: frame write %s\n", pWal, rc ? "failed" : "ok"));
  return rc;
}

/* 
** This routine is called to implement sqlite3_wal_checkpoint() and
................................................................................
      sqlite3OsUnfetch(pWal->pDbFd, 0, 0);
    }
  }

  /* Copy data from the log to the database file. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

    if( pWal->hdr.mxFrame && walPagesize(pWal)!=nBuf ){


      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }else{
      rc = walCheckpoint(pWal, db, eMode2, xBusy2, pBusyArg, sync_flags, zBuf);
    }

    /* If no error occurred, set the output variables. */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      if( pnLog ) *pnLog = (int)pWal->hdr.mxFrame;




      if( pnCkpt ) *pnCkpt = (int)(walCkptInfo(pWal)->nBackfill);








    }
  }

  if( isChanged ){
    /* If a new wal-index header was loaded before the checkpoint was 
    ** performed, then the pager-cache associated with pWal is now
    ** out of date. So zero the cached wal-index header to ensure that
................................................................................
** If op is negative, then do a dry-run of the op==1 case but do
** not actually change anything. The pager uses this to see if it
** should acquire the database exclusive lock prior to invoking
** the op==1 case.
*/
int sqlite3WalExclusiveMode(Wal *pWal, int op){
  int rc;

  assert( pWal->writeLock==0 );
  assert( pWal->exclusiveMode!=WAL_HEAPMEMORY_MODE || op==-1 );

  /* pWal->readLock is usually set, but might be -1 if there was a 
  ** prior error while attempting to acquire are read-lock. This cannot 
  ** happen if the connection is actually in exclusive mode (as no xShmLock
  ** locks are taken in this case). Nor should the pager attempt to
  ** upgrade to exclusive-mode following such an error.
  */
  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 || pWal->lockError );
  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 || (op<=0 && pWal->exclusiveMode==0) );

  if( op==0 ){
    if( pWal->exclusiveMode ){
      pWal->exclusiveMode = 0;



      if( walLockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(pWal->readLock))!=SQLITE_OK ){


        pWal->exclusiveMode = 1;
      }
      rc = pWal->exclusiveMode==0;
    }else{
      /* Already in locking_mode=NORMAL */
      rc = 0;
    }
  }else if( op>0 ){
    assert( pWal->exclusiveMode==0 );
    assert( pWal->readLock>=0 );



    walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(pWal->readLock));

    pWal->exclusiveMode = 1;
    rc = 1;
  }else{
    rc = pWal->exclusiveMode==0;
  }
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
  return (pWal ? pWal->szPage : 0);
}
#endif

/* Return the sqlite3_file object for the WAL file
*/
sqlite3_file *sqlite3WalFile(Wal *pWal){
  return pWal->pWalFd;
}

#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */







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1980
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int sqlite3WalTrace = 0;
# define WALTRACE(X)  if(sqlite3WalTrace) sqlite3DebugPrintf X
#else
# define WALTRACE(X)
#endif

/*
** Both the wal-file and the wal-index contain version fields 
** indicating the current version of the system. If a client
** reads the header of a wal file (as part of recovery), or the
** wal-index (as part of opening a read transaction) and (a) the
** header checksum is correct but (b) the version field is not
** recognized, the operation fails with SQLITE_CANTOPEN.
**
** Currently, clients support both version-1 ("journal_mode=wal") and
** version-2 ("journal_mode=wal2"). Legacy clients may support version-1
** only.

*/
#define WAL_VERSION1 3007000      /* For "journal_mode=wal" */
#define WAL_VERSION2 3021000      /* For "journal_mode=wal2" */


/*
** Indices of various locking bytes.   WAL_NREADER is the number
** of available reader locks and should be at least 3.  The default
** is SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK==8 and  WAL_NREADER==5.
*/
#define WAL_WRITE_LOCK         0
#define WAL_ALL_BUT_WRITE      1
#define WAL_CKPT_LOCK          1
#define WAL_RECOVER_LOCK       2
#define WAL_READ_LOCK(I)       (3+(I))
#define WAL_NREADER            (SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK-3)

/*
** Values that may be stored in Wal.readLock in wal2 mode.
**
** In wal mode, the Wal.readLock member is set to -1 when no read-lock
** is held, or else is the index of the read-mark on which a lock is
** held.
**
** In wal2 mode, Wal.readLock must be set to one of the following values.
** A value of -1 still indicates that no read-lock is held, but the other
** values are symbolic. See the implementation of walLockReader() for
** details of how the symbols map to OS level locks.
*/
#define WAL_LOCK_NONE        -1
#define WAL_LOCK_PART1        1
#define WAL_LOCK_PART1_FULL2  2
#define WAL_LOCK_PART2        3
#define WAL_LOCK_PART2_FULL1  4

/* 
** This constant is used in wal2 mode only.
**
** In wal2 mode, when committing a transaction, if the current wal file 
** is sufficiently large and there are no conflicting locks held, the
** writer writes the new transaction into the start of the other wal
** file. Usually, "sufficiently large" is defined by the value configured
** using "PRAGMA journal_size_limit". However, if no such value has been
** configured, sufficiently large defaults to WAL_DEFAULT_WALSIZE frames.
*/
#define WAL_DEFAULT_WALSIZE 1000

/* Object declarations */
typedef struct WalIndexHdr WalIndexHdr;
typedef struct WalIterator WalIterator;
typedef struct WalCkptInfo WalCkptInfo;


................................................................................
** For all versions of SQLite through 3.10.0 and probably beyond,
** the locking bytes (WalCkptInfo.aLock) start at offset 120 and
** the total header size is 136 bytes.
**
** The szPage value can be any power of 2 between 512 and 32768, inclusive.
** Or it can be 1 to represent a 65536-byte page.  The latter case was
** added in 3.7.1 when support for 64K pages was added.  
**
** WAL2 mode notes: Member variable mxFrame2 is only used in wal2 mode
** (when iVersion is set to WAL_VERSION2). The lower 31 bits store
** the maximum frame number in file *-wal2. The most significant bit
** is a flag - set if clients are currently appending to *-wal2, clear
** otherwise.
*/
struct WalIndexHdr {
  u32 iVersion;                   /* Wal-index version */
  u32 mxFrame2;                   /* See "WAL2 mode notes" above */
  u32 iChange;                    /* Counter incremented each transaction */
  u8 isInit;                      /* 1 when initialized */
  u8 bigEndCksum;                 /* True if checksums in WAL are big-endian */
  u16 szPage;                     /* Database page size in bytes. 1==64K */
  u32 mxFrame;                    /* Index of last valid frame in each WAL */
  u32 nPage;                      /* Size of database in pages */
  u32 aFrameCksum[2];             /* Checksum of last frame in log */
  u32 aSalt[2];                   /* Two salt values copied from WAL header */
  u32 aCksum[2];                  /* Checksum over all prior fields */
};

/*
** The following macros and functions are get/set methods for the maximum
** frame numbers and current wal file values stored in the WalIndexHdr
** structure. These are helpful because of the unorthodox way in which
** the values are stored in wal2 mode (see above). They are equivalent
** to functions with the following signatures.
**
**   u32  walidxGetMxFrame(WalIndexHdr*, int iWal);          // get mxFrame
**   void walidxSetMxFrame(WalIndexHdr*, int iWal, u32 val); // set mxFrame
**   int  walidxGetFile(WalIndexHdr*)                        // get file
**   void walidxSetFile(WalIndexHdr*, int val);              // set file
*/
#define walidxGetMxFrame(pHdr, iWal) \
  ((iWal) ? ((pHdr)->mxFrame2 & 0x7FFFFFF) : (pHdr)->mxFrame)

static void walidxSetMxFrame(WalIndexHdr *pHdr, int iWal, u32 mxFrame){
  if( iWal ){
    pHdr->mxFrame2 = (pHdr->mxFrame2 & 0x80000000) | mxFrame;
  }else{
    pHdr->mxFrame = mxFrame;
  }
  assert( walidxGetMxFrame(pHdr, iWal)==mxFrame );
}

#define walidxGetFile(pHdr) ((pHdr)->mxFrame2 >> 31)

#define walidxSetFile(pHdr, iWal) (                                   \
    (pHdr)->mxFrame2 = ((pHdr)->mxFrame2 & 0x7FFFFFFF) | ((iWal)<<31) \
)

/*
** Argument is a pointer to a Wal structure. Return true if the current
** cache of the wal-index header indicates "journal_mode=wal2" mode, or
** false otherwise.
*/
#define isWalMode2(pWal) ((pWal)->hdr.iVersion==WAL_VERSION2)

/*
** A copy of the following object occurs in the wal-index immediately
** following the second copy of the WalIndexHdr.  This object stores
** information used by checkpoint.
**
** nBackfill is the number of frames in the WAL that have been written
** back into the database. (We call the act of moving content from WAL to
................................................................................
/*
** An open write-ahead log file is represented by an instance of the
** following object.
*/
struct Wal {
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs;         /* The VFS used to create pDbFd */
  sqlite3_file *pDbFd;       /* File handle for the database file */
  sqlite3_file *apWalFd[2];  /* File handle for "*-wal" and "*-wal2" */
  u32 iCallback;             /* Value to pass to log callback (or 0) */
  i64 mxWalSize;             /* Truncate WAL to this size upon reset */
  int nWiData;               /* Size of array apWiData */
  int szFirstBlock;          /* Size of first block written to WAL file */
  volatile u32 **apWiData;   /* Pointer to wal-index content in memory */
  u32 szPage;                /* Database page size */
  i16 readLock;              /* Which read lock is being held.  -1 for none */
................................................................................
  u8 truncateOnCommit;       /* True to truncate WAL file on commit */
  u8 syncHeader;             /* Fsync the WAL header if true */
  u8 padToSectorBoundary;    /* Pad transactions out to the next sector */
  WalIndexHdr hdr;           /* Wal-index header for current transaction */
  u32 minFrame;              /* Ignore wal frames before this one */
  u32 iReCksum;              /* On commit, recalculate checksums from here */
  const char *zWalName;      /* Name of WAL file */
  char *zWalName2;           /* Name of second WAL file */
  u32 nCkpt;                 /* Checkpoint sequence counter in the wal-header */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 lockError;              /* True if a locking error has occurred */
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  WalIndexHdr *pSnapshot;    /* Start transaction here if not NULL */
#endif
  int bWal2;                 /* bWal2 flag passed to WalOpen() */
};

/*
** Candidate values for Wal.exclusiveMode.
*/
#define WAL_NORMAL_MODE     0
#define WAL_EXCLUSIVE_MODE  1     
................................................................................
*/
static void walIndexWriteHdr(Wal *pWal){
  volatile WalIndexHdr *aHdr = walIndexHdr(pWal);
  const int nCksum = offsetof(WalIndexHdr, aCksum);

  assert( pWal->writeLock );
  pWal->hdr.isInit = 1;
  assert( pWal->hdr.iVersion==WAL_VERSION1||pWal->hdr.iVersion==WAL_VERSION2 );
  walChecksumBytes(1, (u8*)&pWal->hdr, nCksum, 0, pWal->hdr.aCksum);
  memcpy((void*)&aHdr[1], (const void*)&pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
  walShmBarrier(pWal);
  memcpy((void*)&aHdr[0], (const void*)&pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
}

/*
................................................................................
  */
  pgno = sqlite3Get4byte(&aFrame[0]);
  if( pgno==0 ){
    return 0;
  }

  /* A frame is only valid if a checksum of the WAL header,
  ** all prior frames, the first 16 bytes of this frame-header, 
  ** and the frame-data matches the checksum in the last 8 
  ** bytes of this frame-header.
  */
  nativeCksum = (pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum==SQLITE_BIGENDIAN);
  walChecksumBytes(nativeCksum, aFrame, 8, aCksum, aCksum);
  walChecksumBytes(nativeCksum, aData, pWal->szPage, aCksum, aCksum);
  if( aCksum[0]!=sqlite3Get4byte(&aFrame[16]) 
................................................................................
static void walUnlockExclusive(Wal *pWal, int lockIdx, int n){
  if( pWal->exclusiveMode ) return;
  (void)sqlite3OsShmLock(pWal->pDbFd, lockIdx, n,
                         SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK | SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE);
  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: release EXCLUSIVE-%s cnt=%d\n", pWal,
             walLockName(lockIdx), n));
}

/*
** This function is used to take and release read-locks in wal2 mode.
**
** Use of WAL_READ_LOCK(x) slots for (1<=x<=4).
**
** 1) Partial read of *-wal-1   (blocks checkpointer from checkpointing)
** 2) Full read of *-wal-2      (blocks writer from writing)
** 3) Partial read of *-wal-2   (blocks checkpointer from checkpointing)
** 4) Full read of *-wal-1      (blocks writer from writing)
*/
static int walLockReader(Wal *pWal, int eLock, int bLock){
  int i;                          /* Index of first readmark to lock */
  int n;                          /* Number of readmarks to lock */

  assert( pWal->hdr.iVersion==WAL_VERSION2 );
  if( pWal->exclusiveMode ) return SQLITE_OK;

  switch( eLock ){
    case WAL_LOCK_PART1      : i = 1; n = 1; break; 
    case WAL_LOCK_PART1_FULL2: i = 1; n = 2; break; 
    case WAL_LOCK_PART2      : i = 3; n = 1; break; 
    case WAL_LOCK_PART2_FULL1: i = 3; n = 2; break; 
    default: assert( !"cannot happen" );
  }

  return sqlite3OsShmLock(pWal->pDbFd, WAL_READ_LOCK(i), n,
      SQLITE_SHM_SHARED | (bLock ? SQLITE_SHM_LOCK : SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK) 
  );
}

/*
** Compute a hash on a page number.  The resulting hash value must land
** between 0 and (HASHTABLE_NSLOT-1).  The walHashNext() function advances
** the hash to the next value in the event of a collision.
*/
static int walHash(u32 iPage){
................................................................................
  
    *paPgno = &aPgno[-1];
    *paHash = aHash;
    *piZero = iZero;
  }
  return rc;
}

static u32 walExternalEncode(int iWal, u32 iFrame){
  u32 iRet;
  if( iWal ){
    iRet = HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE + iFrame;
    iRet += ((iFrame-1) / HASHTABLE_NPAGE) * HASHTABLE_NPAGE;
  }else{
    iRet = iFrame;
    iFrame += HASHTABLE_NPAGE - HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE;
    iRet += ((iFrame-1) / HASHTABLE_NPAGE) * HASHTABLE_NPAGE;
  }
  return iRet;
}

/*
** Parameter iExternal is an external frame identifier. This function
** transforms it to a wal file number (0 or 1) and frame number within
** this wal file (reported via output parameter *piRead).
*/
static int walExternalDecode(u32 iExternal, u32 *piRead){
  int iHash = (iExternal+HASHTABLE_NPAGE-HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE-1)/HASHTABLE_NPAGE;

  if( 0==(iHash & 0x01) ){
    /* A frame in wal file 0 */
    *piRead = (iExternal <= HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE) ? iExternal :
      iExternal - (iHash/2) * HASHTABLE_NPAGE;
    return 0;
  }
  if( iHash==0 ){
    *piRead = iExternal;
    return 0;
  }else{
    *piRead = iExternal - HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE - ((iHash-1)/2) * HASHTABLE_NPAGE;
  }

  return (iHash % 2);
}

/*
** Return the number of the wal-index page that contains the hash-table
** and page-number array that contain entries corresponding to WAL frame
** iFrame. The wal-index is broken up into 32KB pages. Wal-index pages 
** are numbered starting from 0.
*/
................................................................................
       && (iHash>=1 || iFrame<=HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE)
       && (iHash<=1 || iFrame>(HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE+HASHTABLE_NPAGE))
       && (iHash>=2 || iFrame<=HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE+HASHTABLE_NPAGE)
       && (iHash<=2 || iFrame>(HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE+2*HASHTABLE_NPAGE))
  );
  return iHash;
}

/*
** Return the index of the hash-table corresponding to frame iFrame of wal
** file iWal.
*/
static int walFramePage2(int iWal, u32 iFrame){
  int iRet;
  assert( iWal==0 || iWal==1 );
  assert( iFrame>0 );
  if( iWal==0 ){
    iRet = 2*((iFrame+HASHTABLE_NPAGE-HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE-1)/HASHTABLE_NPAGE);
  }else{
    iRet = 1 + 2 * ((iFrame-1) / HASHTABLE_NPAGE);
  }
  return iRet;
}

/*
** Return the page number associated with frame iFrame in this WAL.
*/
static u32 walFramePgno(Wal *pWal, u32 iFrame){
  int iHash = walFramePage(iFrame);
  if( iHash==0 ){
    return pWal->apWiData[0][WALINDEX_HDR_SIZE/sizeof(u32) + iFrame - 1];
  }
  return pWal->apWiData[iHash][(iFrame-1-HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE)%HASHTABLE_NPAGE];
}

static u32 walFramePgno2(Wal *pWal, int iWal, u32 iFrame){
  return walFramePgno(pWal, walExternalEncode(iWal, iFrame));
}

/*
** Remove entries from the hash table that point to WAL slots greater
** than pWal->hdr.mxFrame.
**
** This function is called whenever pWal->hdr.mxFrame is decreased due
** to a rollback or savepoint.
................................................................................
static void walCleanupHash(Wal *pWal){
  volatile ht_slot *aHash = 0;    /* Pointer to hash table to clear */
  volatile u32 *aPgno = 0;        /* Page number array for hash table */
  u32 iZero = 0;                  /* frame == (aHash[x]+iZero) */
  int iLimit = 0;                 /* Zero values greater than this */
  int nByte;                      /* Number of bytes to zero in aPgno[] */
  int i;                          /* Used to iterate through aHash[] */
  int iWal = walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr);
  u32 mxFrame = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iWal);

  u32 iExternal;
  if( isWalMode2(pWal) ){
    iExternal = walExternalEncode(iWal, mxFrame);
  }else{
    assert( iWal==0 );
    iExternal = mxFrame;
  }

  assert( pWal->writeLock );
  testcase( mxFrame==HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE-1 );
  testcase( mxFrame==HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE );
  testcase( mxFrame==HASHTABLE_NPAGE_ONE+1 );

  if( mxFrame==0 ) return;

  /* Obtain pointers to the hash-table and page-number array containing 
  ** the entry that corresponds to frame pWal->hdr.mxFrame. It is guaranteed
  ** that the page said hash-table and array reside on is already mapped.
  */
  assert( pWal->nWiData>walFramePage(iExternal) );
  assert( pWal->apWiData[walFramePage(iExternal)] );
  walHashGet(pWal, walFramePage(iExternal), &aHash, &aPgno, &iZero);

  /* Zero all hash-table entries that correspond to frame numbers greater
  ** than pWal->hdr.mxFrame.
  */
  iLimit = iExternal - iZero;
  assert( iLimit>0 );
  for(i=0; i<HASHTABLE_NSLOT; i++){
    if( aHash[i]>iLimit ){
      aHash[i] = 0;
    }
  }
  
  /* Zero the entries in the aPgno array that correspond to frames with
  ** frame numbers greater than pWal->hdr.mxFrame.  */

  nByte = (int)((char *)aHash - (char *)&aPgno[iLimit+1]);
  memset((void *)&aPgno[iLimit+1], 0, nByte);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT
  /* Verify that the every entry in the mapping region is still reachable
  ** via the hash table even after the cleanup.
  */
................................................................................
      }
      assert( aHash[iKey]==j );
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT */
}


/*
** Set an entry in the wal-index that will map database page number
** pPage into WAL frame iFrame.
*/
static int walIndexAppend(Wal *pWal, int iWal, u32 iFrame, u32 iPage){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  u32 iZero = 0;                  /* One less than frame number of aPgno[1] */
  volatile u32 *aPgno = 0;        /* Page number array */
  volatile ht_slot *aHash = 0;    /* Hash table */
  u32 iExternal;
  
  if( isWalMode2(pWal) ){
    iExternal = walExternalEncode(iWal, iFrame);
  }else{
    assert( iWal==0 );
    iExternal = iFrame;
  }

  rc = walHashGet(pWal, walFramePage(iExternal), &aHash, &aPgno, &iZero);

  /* Assuming the wal-index file was successfully mapped, populate the
  ** page number array and hash table entry.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int iKey;                     /* Hash table key */
    int idx;                      /* Value to write to hash-table slot */
    int nCollide;                 /* Number of hash collisions */

    idx = iExternal - iZero;
    assert( idx <= HASHTABLE_NSLOT/2 + 1 );
    
    /* If this is the first entry to be added to this hash-table, zero the
    ** entire hash table and aPgno[] array before proceeding. 
    */
    if( idx==1 ){
      int nByte = (int)((u8 *)&aHash[HASHTABLE_NSLOT] - (u8 *)&aPgno[1]);
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT */
  }


  return rc;
}

/*
** Recover a single wal file - *-wal if iWal==0, or *-wal2 if iWal==1.
*/
static int walIndexRecoverOne(Wal *pWal, int iWal, u32 *pnCkpt, int *pbZero){
  i64 nSize;                      /* Size of log file */
  u32 aFrameCksum[2] = {0, 0};
  int rc;
  sqlite3_file *pWalFd = pWal->apWalFd[iWal];

  assert( iWal==0 || iWal==1 );

  memset(&pWal->hdr, 0, sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
  sqlite3_randomness(8, pWal->hdr.aSalt);

  rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pWalFd, &nSize);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( nSize>WAL_HDRSIZE ){
      u8 aBuf[WAL_HDRSIZE];         /* Buffer to load WAL header into */
      u8 *aFrame = 0;               /* Malloc'd buffer to load entire frame */
      int szFrame;                  /* Number of bytes in buffer aFrame[] */
      u8 *aData;                    /* Pointer to data part of aFrame buffer */
      int iFrame;                   /* Index of last frame read */
      i64 iOffset;                  /* Next offset to read from log file */
      int szPage;                   /* Page size according to the log */
      u32 magic;                    /* Magic value read from WAL header */
      u32 version;                  /* Magic value read from WAL header */
      int isValid;                  /* True if this frame is valid */
  
      /* Read in the WAL header. */
      rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWalFd, aBuf, WAL_HDRSIZE, 0);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        return rc;
      }
  
      /* If the database page size is not a power of two, or is greater than
      ** SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE, conclude that the WAL file contains no valid 
      ** data. Similarly, if the 'magic' value is invalid, ignore the whole
      ** WAL file.
      */
      magic = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[0]);
      szPage = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[8]);
      if( (magic&0xFFFFFFFE)!=WAL_MAGIC 
       || szPage&(szPage-1) 
       || szPage>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 
       || szPage<512 
      ){
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
      pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum = (u8)(magic&0x00000001);
      pWal->szPage = szPage;
  
      /* Verify that the WAL header checksum is correct */
      walChecksumBytes(pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum==SQLITE_BIGENDIAN, 
          aBuf, WAL_HDRSIZE-2*4, 0, pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum
      );
      if( pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0]!=sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[24])
       || pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1]!=sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[28])
      ){
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
  
      memcpy(&pWal->hdr.aSalt, &aBuf[16], 8);
      *pnCkpt = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[12]);
  
      /* Verify that the version number on the WAL format is one that
      ** are able to understand */
      version = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[4]);
      if( version!=WAL_VERSION1 && version!=WAL_VERSION2 ){
        return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
      }
      pWal->hdr.iVersion = version;
  
      /* Malloc a buffer to read frames into. */
      szFrame = szPage + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;
      aFrame = (u8 *)sqlite3_malloc64(szFrame);
      if( !aFrame ){
        return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
      }
      aData = &aFrame[WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE];
  
      /* Read all frames from the log file. */
      iFrame = 0;
      for(iOffset=WAL_HDRSIZE; (iOffset+szFrame)<=nSize; iOffset+=szFrame){
        u32 pgno;                   /* Database page number for frame */
        u32 nTruncate;              /* dbsize field from frame header */
  
        /* Read and decode the next log frame. */
        iFrame++;
        rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWalFd, aFrame, szFrame, iOffset);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
        isValid = walDecodeFrame(pWal, &pgno, &nTruncate, aData, aFrame);
        if( !isValid ) break;
        rc = walIndexAppend(pWal, iWal, iFrame, pgno);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
  
        /* If nTruncate is non-zero, this is a commit record. */
        if( nTruncate ){
          pWal->hdr.mxFrame = iFrame;
          pWal->hdr.nPage = nTruncate;
          pWal->hdr.szPage = (u16)((szPage&0xff00) | (szPage>>16));
          testcase( szPage<=32768 );
          testcase( szPage>=65536 );
          aFrameCksum[0] = pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0];
          aFrameCksum[1] = pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1];
        }
      }
  
      sqlite3_free(aFrame);
    }else if( pbZero && nSize==0 ){
      *pbZero = 1;
    }
  }

  pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0] = aFrameCksum[0];
  pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1] = aFrameCksum[1];

  return rc;
}

static int walOpenWal2(Wal *pWal){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( !isOpen(pWal->apWalFd[1]) ){
    int f = (SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_WAL);
    rc = sqlite3OsOpen(pWal->pVfs, pWal->zWalName2, pWal->apWalFd[1], f, &f);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Recover the wal-index by reading the write-ahead log file. 
**
** This routine first tries to establish an exclusive lock on the
** wal-index to prevent other threads/processes from doing anything
** with the WAL or wal-index while recovery is running.  The
** WAL_RECOVER_LOCK is also held so that other threads will know
** that this thread is running recovery.  If unable to establish
** the necessary locks, this routine returns SQLITE_BUSY.
*/
static int walIndexRecover(Wal *pWal){
  int rc;                         /* Return Code */


  int iLock;                      /* Lock offset to lock for checkpoint */
  int nLock;                      /* Number of locks to hold */
  u32 nCkpt1 = 0xFFFFFFFF;
  u32 nCkpt2 = 0xFFFFFFFF;
  int bZero = 0;
  WalIndexHdr hdr;

  /* Obtain an exclusive lock on all byte in the locking range not already
  ** locked by the caller. The caller is guaranteed to have locked the
  ** WAL_WRITE_LOCK byte, and may have also locked the WAL_CKPT_LOCK byte.
  ** If successful, the same bytes that are locked here are unlocked before
  ** this function returns.
  */
................................................................................
  nLock = SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK - iLock;
  rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, iLock, nLock);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: recovery begin...\n", pWal));

  /* Recover the *-wal file. If a valid version-1 header is recovered
  ** from it, do not open the *-wal2 file. Even if it exists.
  **
  ** Otherwise, if the *-wal2 file exists or if the "wal2" flag was 
  ** specified when sqlite3WalOpen() was called, open and recover
  ** the *-wal2 file. Except, if the *-wal file was zero bytes in size,
  ** truncate the *-wal2 to zero bytes in size.
  **
  ** After this block has run, if the *-wal2 file is open the system
  ** starts up in VERSION2 mode. In this case pWal->hdr contains the 
  ** wal-index header considering only *-wal2. Stack variable hdr
  ** contains the wal-index header considering only *-wal. The hash 
  ** tables are populated for both.  
  **
  ** Or, if the *-wal2 file is not open, start up in VERSION1 mode.
  ** pWal->hdr is already populated.
  */
  rc = walIndexRecoverOne(pWal, 0, &nCkpt1, &bZero);
  assert( pWal->hdr.iVersion==0 
      || pWal->hdr.iVersion==WAL_VERSION1 
      || pWal->hdr.iVersion==WAL_VERSION2 
  );
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pWal->hdr.iVersion!=WAL_VERSION1 ){
    int bOpen = 1;
    sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = pWal->pVfs;
    if( pWal->hdr.iVersion==0 && pWal->bWal2==0 ){
      rc = sqlite3OsAccess(pVfs, pWal->zWalName2, SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, &bOpen);
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOpen ){
      rc = walOpenWal2(pWal);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

        hdr = pWal->hdr;
        rc = walIndexRecoverOne(pWal, 1, &nCkpt2, 0);
      }
    }











  }





  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo;












    if( isOpen(pWal->apWalFd[1]) ){
      /* The case where *-wal2 may follow *-wal */
      if( nCkpt2<=0x0F && nCkpt2==nCkpt1+1 ){
        if( sqlite3Get4byte((u8*)(&pWal->hdr.aSalt[0]))==hdr.aFrameCksum[0]
            && sqlite3Get4byte((u8*)(&pWal->hdr.aSalt[1]))==hdr.aFrameCksum[1]
          ){

          walidxSetFile(&pWal->hdr, 1);
          walidxSetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, 1, pWal->hdr.mxFrame);
          walidxSetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, 0, hdr.mxFrame);
        }else{
          pWal->hdr = hdr;
        }




      }else





      /* When *-wal may follow *-wal2 */
      if( (nCkpt2==0x0F && nCkpt1==0) || (nCkpt2<0x0F && nCkpt2==nCkpt1-1) ){
        if( sqlite3Get4byte((u8*)(&hdr.aSalt[0]))==pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0]
         && sqlite3Get4byte((u8*)(&hdr.aSalt[1]))==pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1]
        ){








          SWAP(WalIndexHdr, pWal->hdr, hdr);
          walidxSetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, 1, hdr.mxFrame);
        }
      }else



      /* Fallback */
      if( nCkpt1<=nCkpt2 ){
        pWal->hdr = hdr;
      }else{
        walidxSetFile(&pWal->hdr, 1);
      }


      pWal->hdr.iVersion = WAL_VERSION2;
    }else{
      pWal->hdr.iVersion = WAL_VERSION1;



    }






























    walIndexWriteHdr(pWal);

    /* Reset the checkpoint-header. This is safe because this thread is 
    ** currently holding locks that exclude all other readers, writers and
    ** checkpointers.  */

    pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);

    memset((void*)pInfo, 0, sizeof(WalCkptInfo));
    if( 0==isWalMode2(pWal) ){
      int i;
      pInfo->nBackfillAttempted = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
      pInfo->aReadMark[0] = 0;
      for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++) pInfo->aReadMark[i] = READMARK_NOT_USED;
      if( pWal->hdr.mxFrame ) pInfo->aReadMark[1] = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;
    }

    /* If more than one frame was recovered from the log file, report an
    ** event via sqlite3_log(). This is to help with identifying performance
    ** problems caused by applications routinely shutting down without
    ** checkpointing the log file.  */

    if( pWal->hdr.nPage ){
      sqlite3_log(SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_WAL,
          "recovered (%d,%d) frames from WAL files %s[2] (%s mode)",
          walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, 0), walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, 1), 
          pWal->zWalName, isWalMode2(pWal) ? "wal2" : "wal"
      );
    }
  }


  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: recovery %s\n", pWal, rc ? "failed" : "ok"));
  walUnlockExclusive(pWal, iLock, nLock);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Close an open wal-index and wal files.
*/
static void walIndexClose(Wal *pWal, int isDelete){
  if( pWal->exclusiveMode==WAL_HEAPMEMORY_MODE ){
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<pWal->nWiData; i++){
      sqlite3_free((void *)pWal->apWiData[i]);
      pWal->apWiData[i] = 0;
    }
  }else{
    sqlite3OsShmUnmap(pWal->pDbFd, isDelete);
  }
  sqlite3OsClose(pWal->apWalFd[0]);
  sqlite3OsClose(pWal->apWalFd[1]);
}

/* 
** Open a connection to the WAL file zWalName. The database file must 
** already be opened on connection pDbFd. The buffer that zWalName points
** to must remain valid for the lifetime of the returned Wal* handle.
**
................................................................................
*/
int sqlite3WalOpen(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,              /* vfs module to open wal and wal-index */
  sqlite3_file *pDbFd,            /* The open database file */
  const char *zWalName,           /* Name of the WAL file */
  int bNoShm,                     /* True to run in heap-memory mode */
  i64 mxWalSize,                  /* Truncate WAL to this size on reset */
  int bWal2,                      /* True to open in wal2 mode */
  Wal **ppWal                     /* OUT: Allocated Wal handle */
){
  int rc;                         /* Return Code */
  Wal *pRet;                      /* Object to allocate and return */
  int flags;                      /* Flags passed to OsOpen() */
  int nWalName;                   /* Length of zWalName in bytes */
  int nByte;                      /* Bytes of space to allocate */

  assert( zWalName && zWalName[0] );
  assert( pDbFd );

  /* In the amalgamation, the os_unix.c and os_win.c source files come before
  ** this source file.  Verify that the #defines of the locking byte offsets
  ** in os_unix.c and os_win.c agree with the WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET value.
................................................................................
#ifdef WIN_SHM_BASE
  assert( WIN_SHM_BASE==WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET );
#endif
#ifdef UNIX_SHM_BASE
  assert( UNIX_SHM_BASE==WALINDEX_LOCK_OFFSET );
#endif

  nWalName = sqlite3Strlen30(zWalName);
  nByte = sizeof(Wal) + pVfs->szOsFile*2 + nWalName+2;

  /* Allocate an instance of struct Wal to return. */
  *ppWal = 0;
  pRet = (Wal*)sqlite3MallocZero(nByte);
  if( !pRet ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }

  pRet->pVfs = pVfs;
  pRet->apWalFd[0] = (sqlite3_file*)((char*)pRet+sizeof(Wal));
  pRet->apWalFd[1] = (sqlite3_file*)((char*)pRet+sizeof(Wal)+pVfs->szOsFile);
  pRet->pDbFd = pDbFd;
  pRet->readLock = WAL_LOCK_NONE;
  pRet->mxWalSize = mxWalSize;
  pRet->zWalName = zWalName;
  pRet->syncHeader = 1;
  pRet->padToSectorBoundary = 1;
  pRet->exclusiveMode = (bNoShm ? WAL_HEAPMEMORY_MODE: WAL_NORMAL_MODE);
  pRet->bWal2 = bWal2;

  pRet->zWalName2 = (char*)pRet + sizeof(Wal) + 2*pVfs->szOsFile;
  memcpy(pRet->zWalName2, zWalName, nWalName);
  pRet->zWalName2[nWalName] = '2';
  pRet->zWalName2[nWalName+1] = '\0';

  /* Open a file handle on the first write-ahead log file. */
  flags = (SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE|SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_WAL);
  rc = sqlite3OsOpen(pVfs, zWalName, pRet->apWalFd[0], flags, &flags);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && flags&SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY ){
    pRet->readOnly = WAL_RDONLY;
  }

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    walIndexClose(pRet, 0);

    sqlite3_free(pRet);
  }else{
    int iDC = sqlite3OsDeviceCharacteristics(pDbFd);
    if( iDC & SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL ){ pRet->syncHeader = 0; }
    if( iDC & SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE ){
      pRet->padToSectorBoundary = 0;
    }
................................................................................
}

/*
** Construct a WalInterator object that can be used to loop over all 
** pages in the WAL in ascending order. The caller must hold the checkpoint
** lock.
**
** On success, make *pp point to the newly allocated WalIterator object
** and return SQLITE_OK. Otherwise, return an error code. If this routine
** returns an error, the final value of *pp is undefined.
**
** The calling routine should invoke walIteratorFree() to destroy the
** WalIterator object when it has finished with it.
*/
static int walIteratorInit(Wal *pWal, int iWal, WalIterator **pp){
  WalIterator *p;                 /* Return value */
  int nSegment;                   /* Number of segments to merge */
  u32 iLast;                      /* Last frame in log */
  int nByte;                      /* Number of bytes to allocate */
  int i;                          /* Iterator variable */
  int iLastSeg;                   /* Last hash table to iterate though */
  ht_slot *aTmp;                  /* Temp space used by merge-sort */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return Code */
  int iMode = isWalMode2(pWal) ? 2 : 1;

  assert( isWalMode2(pWal) || iWal==0 );

  /* This routine only runs while holding the checkpoint lock. And
  ** it only runs if there is actually content in the log (mxFrame>0).
  */
  iLast = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iWal);
  assert( pWal->ckptLock && iLast>0 );


  if( iMode==2 ){
    iLastSeg = walFramePage2(iWal, iLast);
  }else{
    iLastSeg = walFramePage(iLast);
  }
  nSegment = 1 + (iLastSeg/iMode);

  /* Allocate space for the WalIterator object. */

  nByte = sizeof(WalIterator) 
        + (nSegment-1)*sizeof(struct WalSegment)
        + iLast*sizeof(ht_slot);
  p = (WalIterator *)sqlite3_malloc64(nByte);
  if( !p ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }
................................................................................
  aTmp = (ht_slot *)sqlite3_malloc64(
      sizeof(ht_slot) * (iLast>HASHTABLE_NPAGE?HASHTABLE_NPAGE:iLast)
  );
  if( !aTmp ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }

  for(i=iWal; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<=iLastSeg; i+=iMode){
    volatile ht_slot *aHash;
    u32 iExtZero;
    volatile u32 *aPgno;

    rc = walHashGet(pWal, i, &aHash, &aPgno, &iExtZero);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      int j;                      /* Counter variable */
      int nEntry;                 /* Number of entries in this segment */
      ht_slot *aIndex;            /* Sorted index for this segment */
      u32 iZero;

      if( iMode==2 ){
        walExternalDecode(iExtZero+1, &iZero);
        iZero--;
        assert( iZero==0 || i>=2 );
      }else{
        iZero = iExtZero;
      }

      aPgno++;

      if( i==iLastSeg ){
        nEntry = (int)(iLast - iZero);
      }else{
        nEntry = (int)((u32*)aHash - (u32*)aPgno);
      }
      aIndex = &((ht_slot *)&p->aSegment[p->nSegment])[iZero];
      iZero++;
  
      for(j=0; j<nEntry; j++){
        aIndex[j] = (ht_slot)j;
      }
      walMergesort((u32 *)aPgno, aTmp, aIndex, &nEntry);
      p->aSegment[i/iMode].iZero = iZero;
      p->aSegment[i/iMode].nEntry = nEntry;
      p->aSegment[i/iMode].aIndex = aIndex;
      p->aSegment[i/iMode].aPgno = (u32 *)aPgno;
    }
  }
  sqlite3_free(aTmp);

  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    walIteratorFree(p);
  }
................................................................................
** new wal-index header. It should be passed a pseudo-random value (i.e. 
** one obtained from sqlite3_randomness()).
*/
static void walRestartHdr(Wal *pWal, u32 salt1){
  volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */
  u32 *aSalt = pWal->hdr.aSalt;   /* Big-endian salt values */
  assert( isWalMode2(pWal)==0 );
  pWal->nCkpt++;
  pWal->hdr.mxFrame = 0;
  sqlite3Put4byte((u8*)&aSalt[0], 1 + sqlite3Get4byte((u8*)&aSalt[0]));
  memcpy(&pWal->hdr.aSalt[1], &salt1, 4);
  walIndexWriteHdr(pWal);
  pInfo->nBackfill = 0;
  pInfo->nBackfillAttempted = 0;
................................................................................
  WalIterator *pIter = 0;         /* Wal iterator context */
  u32 iDbpage = 0;                /* Next database page to write */
  u32 iFrame = 0;                 /* Wal frame containing data for iDbpage */
  u32 mxSafeFrame;                /* Max frame that can be backfilled */
  u32 mxPage;                     /* Max database page to write */
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */
  volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo;    /* The checkpoint status information */
  int bWal2 = isWalMode2(pWal);   /* True for wal2 connections */
  int iCkpt = bWal2 ? !walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr) : 0;

  mxSafeFrame = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iCkpt);
  szPage = walPagesize(pWal);
  testcase( szPage<=32768 );
  testcase( szPage>=65536 );
  pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
  if( (bWal2==1 && pInfo->nBackfill==0 && mxSafeFrame) 
   || (bWal2==0 && pInfo->nBackfill<mxSafeFrame) 
  ){
    sqlite3_file *pWalFd = pWal->apWalFd[iCkpt];
    mxPage = pWal->hdr.nPage;

    /* If this is a wal2 system, check for a reader holding a lock 
    ** preventing this checkpoint operation. If one is found, return
    ** early.  */
    if( bWal2 ){
      rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(1 + iCkpt*2), 1);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
    }

    /* Allocate the iterator */
    rc = walIteratorInit(pWal, iCkpt, &pIter);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    assert( pIter );

    /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-62920-47450 The busy-handler callback is never invoked
    ** in the SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE mode. */
    assert( eMode!=SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE || xBusy==0 );


    /* If this is a wal system (not wal2), compute in mxSafeFrame the index 
    ** of the last frame of the WAL that is safe to write into the database.
    ** Frames beyond mxSafeFrame might overwrite database pages that are in 
    ** use by active readers and thus cannot be backfilled from the WAL.
    */
    if( bWal2==0 ){
      for(i=1; i<WAL_NREADER; i++){
        /* Thread-sanitizer reports that the following is an unsafe read,
        ** as some other thread may be in the process of updating the value
        ** of the aReadMark[] slot. The assumption here is that if that is
        ** happening, the other client may only be increasing the value,
        ** not decreasing it. So assuming either that either the "old" or
        ** "new" version of the value is read, and not some arbitrary value
................................................................................
            mxSafeFrame = y;
            xBusy = 0;
          }else{
            goto walcheckpoint_out;
          }
        }
      }
    }

    if( bWal2 || (pInfo->nBackfill<mxSafeFrame
     && (rc = walBusyLock(pWal, xBusy, pBusyArg, WAL_READ_LOCK(0),1))==SQLITE_OK
    )){
      i64 nSize;                    /* Current size of database file */
      u32 nBackfill = pInfo->nBackfill;

      assert( bWal2==0 || nBackfill==0 );
      pInfo->nBackfillAttempted = mxSafeFrame;


      /* Sync the wal file being checkpointed to disk */
      rc = sqlite3OsSync(pWalFd, CKPT_SYNC_FLAGS(sync_flags));

      /* If the database may grow as a result of this checkpoint, hint
      ** about the eventual size of the db file to the VFS layer.  */

      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        i64 nReq = ((i64)mxPage * szPage);
        rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pWal->pDbFd, &nSize);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK && nSize<nReq ){
          sqlite3OsFileControlHint(pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT, &nReq);
        }
      }


      /* Iterate through the contents of the WAL, copying data to the db file */
      while( rc==SQLITE_OK && 0==walIteratorNext(pIter, &iDbpage, &iFrame) ){
        i64 iOffset;

        assert( bWal2==1 || walFramePgno(pWal, iFrame)==iDbpage );
        assert( bWal2==0 || walFramePgno2(pWal, iCkpt, iFrame)==iDbpage );

        if( db->u1.isInterrupted ){
          rc = db->mallocFailed ? SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT : SQLITE_INTERRUPT;
          break;
        }
        if( iFrame<=nBackfill || iFrame>mxSafeFrame || iDbpage>mxPage ){
          assert( bWal2==0 || iDbpage>mxPage );
          continue;
        }
        iOffset = walFrameOffset(iFrame, szPage) + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;
        WALTRACE(("WAL%p: checkpoint frame %d of wal %d to db page %d\n",
              pWal, (int)iFrame, iCkpt, (int)iDbpage
        ));
        /* testcase( IS_BIG_INT(iOffset) ); // requires a 4GiB WAL file */
        rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWalFd, zBuf, szPage, iOffset);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
        iOffset = (iDbpage-1)*(i64)szPage;
        testcase( IS_BIG_INT(iOffset) );
        rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pWal->pDbFd, zBuf, szPage, iOffset);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
      }

      /* Truncate the db file, sync the wal file and set the WalCkptInfo
      ** flag to indicate that it has been checkpointed. */
      if( !bWal2 && rc==SQLITE_OK && mxSafeFrame==walIndexHdr(pWal)->mxFrame ){
        i64 szDb = pWal->hdr.nPage*(i64)szPage;
        testcase( IS_BIG_INT(szDb) );
        rc = sqlite3OsTruncate(pWal->pDbFd, szDb);
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3OsSync(pWal->pDbFd, CKPT_SYNC_FLAGS(sync_flags));
      }

      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pInfo->nBackfill = bWal2 ? 1 : mxSafeFrame;

      }

      /* Release the reader lock held while backfilling */
      walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(bWal2 ? 1 + iCkpt*2 : 0), 1);
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      /* Reset the return code so as not to report a checkpoint failure
      ** just because there are active readers.  */
      rc = SQLITE_OK;
    }
................................................................................
  }

  /* If this is an SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART or TRUNCATE operation, and the
  ** entire wal file has been copied into the database file, then block 
  ** until all readers have finished using the wal file. This ensures that 
  ** the next process to write to the database restarts the wal file.
  */
  if( bWal2==0 && rc==SQLITE_OK && eMode!=SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE ){
    assert( pWal->writeLock );
    if( pInfo->nBackfill<pWal->hdr.mxFrame ){
      rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    }else if( eMode>=SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART ){
      u32 salt1;
      sqlite3_randomness(4, &salt1);
      assert( pInfo->nBackfill==pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
................................................................................
          ** writer clients should see that the entire log file has been
          ** checkpointed and behave accordingly. This seems unsafe though,
          ** as it would leave the system in a state where the contents of
          ** the wal-index header do not match the contents of the 
          ** file-system. To avoid this, update the wal-index header to
          ** indicate that the log file contains zero valid frames.  */
          walRestartHdr(pWal, salt1);
          rc = sqlite3OsTruncate(pWal->apWalFd[0], 0);
        }
        walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(1), WAL_NREADER-1);
      }
    }
  }

 walcheckpoint_out:
................................................................................
}

/*
** If the WAL file is currently larger than nMax bytes in size, truncate
** it to exactly nMax bytes. If an error occurs while doing so, ignore it.
*/
static void walLimitSize(Wal *pWal, i64 nMax){
  if( isWalMode2(pWal)==0 ){
    i64 sz;
    int rx;
    sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
    rx = sqlite3OsFileSize(pWal->apWalFd[0], &sz);
    if( rx==SQLITE_OK && (sz > nMax ) ){
      rx = sqlite3OsTruncate(pWal->apWalFd[0], nMax);
    }
    sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
    if( rx ){
      sqlite3_log(rx, "cannot limit WAL size: %s", pWal->zWalName);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Close a connection to a log file.
*/
int sqlite3WalClose(
  Wal *pWal,                      /* Wal to close */
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* For interrupt flag */
................................................................................
    ** the wal and wal-index files.
    **
    ** The EXCLUSIVE lock is not released before returning.
    */
    if( zBuf!=0
     && SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3OsLock(pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE))
    ){
      int i;
      if( pWal->exclusiveMode==WAL_NORMAL_MODE ){
        pWal->exclusiveMode = WAL_EXCLUSIVE_MODE;
      }
      for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<2; i++){
        rc = sqlite3WalCheckpoint(pWal, db, 
            SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE, 0, 0, sync_flags, nBuf, zBuf, 0, 0
        );
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          int bPersist = -1;
          sqlite3OsFileControlHint(
              pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL, &bPersist
................................................................................
            ** WAL mode (bPersist) and if the PRAGMA journal_size_limit is a
            ** non-negative value (pWal->mxWalSize>=0).  Note that we truncate
            ** to zero bytes as truncating to the journal_size_limit might
            ** leave a corrupt WAL file on disk. */
            walLimitSize(pWal, 0);
          }
        }

        if( isWalMode2(pWal)==0 ) break;

        walCkptInfo(pWal)->nBackfill = 0;
        walidxSetFile(&pWal->hdr, !walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr));
        pWal->writeLock = 1;
        walIndexWriteHdr(pWal);
        pWal->writeLock = 0;
      }
    }

    walIndexClose(pWal, isDelete);

    if( isDelete ){
      sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
      sqlite3OsDelete(pWal->pVfs, pWal->zWalName, 0);
      sqlite3OsDelete(pWal->pVfs, pWal->zWalName2, 0);
      sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
    }
    WALTRACE(("WAL%p: closed\n", pWal));
    sqlite3_free((void *)pWal->apWiData);
    sqlite3_free(pWal);
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
    }
  }

  /* If the header is read successfully, check the version number to make
  ** sure the wal-index was not constructed with some future format that
  ** this version of SQLite cannot understand.
  */
  if( badHdr==0 
   && pWal->hdr.iVersion!=WAL_VERSION1 && pWal->hdr.iVersion!=WAL_VERSION2
  ){
    rc = SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
** checkpoint process do as much work as possible.  This routine might
** update values of the aReadMark[] array in the header, but if it does
** so it takes care to hold an exclusive lock on the corresponding
** WAL_READ_LOCK() while changing values.
*/
static int walTryBeginRead(Wal *pWal, int *pChanged, int useWal, int cnt){
  volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo;    /* Checkpoint information in wal-index */



  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code  */


  assert( pWal->readLock==WAL_LOCK_NONE );     /* Not currently locked */

  /* Take steps to avoid spinning forever if there is a protocol error.
  **
  ** Circumstances that cause a RETRY should only last for the briefest
  ** instances of time.  No I/O or other system calls are done while the
  ** locks are held, so the locks should not be held for very long. But 
  ** if we are unlucky, another process that is holding a lock might get
................................................................................
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
  }

  pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
  if( isWalMode2(pWal) ){
    int eLock = 1 + (walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr)*2);
    if( pInfo->nBackfill==0 ){
      eLock += walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, !walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr))>0;
    }
    rc = walLockReader(pWal, eLock, 1);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }

    walShmBarrier(pWal);
    if( memcmp((void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr)) ){
      walLockReader(pWal, eLock, 0);
      return WAL_RETRY;
    }else{
      pWal->readLock = eLock;
    }
    assert( pWal->minFrame==0 && walFramePage(pWal->minFrame)==0 );
  }else{
    u32 mxReadMark;               /* Largest aReadMark[] value */
    int mxI;                      /* Index of largest aReadMark[] value */
    int i;                        /* Loop counter */
    u32 mxFrame;                  /* Wal frame to lock to */

    if( !useWal && pInfo->nBackfill==pWal->hdr.mxFrame 
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
     && (pWal->pSnapshot==0 || pWal->hdr.mxFrame==0
       || 0==memcmp(&pWal->hdr, pWal->pSnapshot, sizeof(WalIndexHdr)))
#endif
      ){
      /* The WAL has been completely backfilled (or it is empty).
................................................................................
      ){
      walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI));
      return WAL_RETRY;
    }else{
      assert( mxReadMark<=pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
      pWal->readLock = (i16)mxI;
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
/*
** Attempt to reduce the value of the WalCkptInfo.nBackfillAttempted 
** variable so that older snapshots can be accessed. To do this, loop
................................................................................
  do{
    rc = walTryBeginRead(pWal, pChanged, 0, ++cnt);
  }while( rc==WAL_RETRY );
  testcase( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_BUSY );
  testcase( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_IOERR );
  testcase( rc==SQLITE_PROTOCOL );
  testcase( rc==SQLITE_OK );
  
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pWal->hdr.iVersion==WAL_VERSION2 ){
    rc = walOpenWal2(pWal);
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( pSnapshot && memcmp(pSnapshot, &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr))!=0 ){
      /* At this point the client has a lock on an aReadMark[] slot holding
      ** a value equal to or smaller than pSnapshot->mxFrame, but pWal->hdr
      ** is populated with the wal-index header corresponding to the head
................................................................................

/*
** Finish with a read transaction.  All this does is release the
** read-lock.
*/
void sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(Wal *pWal){
  sqlite3WalEndWriteTransaction(pWal);
  if( pWal->readLock!=WAL_LOCK_NONE ){
    if( isWalMode2(pWal) ){
      (void)walLockReader(pWal, pWal->readLock, 0);
    }else{
      walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(pWal->readLock));

    }
    pWal->readLock = WAL_LOCK_NONE;
  }
}
































/* Search hash table iHash for an entry matching page number

** pgno. Each call to this function searches a single hash table
** (each hash table indexes up to HASHTABLE_NPAGE frames).
**
** This code might run concurrently to the code in walIndexAppend()
** that adds entries to the wal-index (and possibly to this hash 
** table). This means the value just read from the hash 
** slot (aHash[iKey]) may have been added before or after the 
** current read transaction was opened. Values added after the
** read transaction was opened may have been written incorrectly -
................................................................................
**   (aPgno[iFrame]==pgno): 
**     This condition filters out normal hash-table collisions.
**
**   (iFrame<=iLast): 
**     This condition filters out entries that were added to the hash
**     table after the current read-transaction had started.
*/
static int walSearchHash(
  Wal *pWal, 
  u32 iLast,
  int iHash, 
  Pgno pgno, 
  u32 *piRead
){
  volatile ht_slot *aHash;        /* Pointer to hash table */
  volatile u32 *aPgno;            /* Pointer to array of page numbers */
  u32 iZero;                      /* Frame number corresponding to aPgno[0] */
  int iKey;                       /* Hash slot index */
  int nCollide;                   /* Number of hash collisions remaining */
  int rc;                         /* Error code */

................................................................................
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    return rc;
  }
  nCollide = HASHTABLE_NSLOT;
  for(iKey=walHash(pgno); aHash[iKey]; iKey=walNextHash(iKey)){
    u32 iFrame = aHash[iKey] + iZero;
    if( iFrame<=iLast && iFrame>=pWal->minFrame && aPgno[aHash[iKey]]==pgno ){
      assert( iFrame>*piRead || CORRUPT_DB );
      *piRead = iFrame;
    }
    if( (nCollide--)==0 ){
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Search the wal file for page pgno. If found, set *piRead to the frame that
** contains the page. Otherwise, if pgno is not in the wal file, set *piRead
** to zero.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK if successful, or an error code if an error occurs. If an
** error does occur, the final value of *piRead is undefined.
*/
int sqlite3WalFindFrame(
  Wal *pWal,                      /* WAL handle */
  Pgno pgno,                      /* Database page number to read data for */
  u32 *piRead                     /* OUT: Frame number (or zero) */
){
  int bWal2 = isWalMode2(pWal);
  int iApp = walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr);
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  u32 iRead = 0;                  /* If !=0, WAL frame to return data from */
  u32 iLast;                      /* Last frame in wal file */
  int iHash;                      /* Used to loop through N hash tables */

  /* This routine is only be called from within a read transaction. */
  assert( pWal->readLock!=WAL_LOCK_NONE );

  /* If this is a wal2 system, the client must have a partial-wal lock 
  ** on wal file iApp. Or if it is a wal system, iApp==0 must be true.  */
  assert( bWal2==0 || iApp==1
       || pWal->readLock==WAL_LOCK_PART1 || pWal->readLock==WAL_LOCK_PART1_FULL2
  );
  assert( bWal2==0 || iApp==0
       || pWal->readLock==WAL_LOCK_PART2 || pWal->readLock==WAL_LOCK_PART2_FULL1
  );
  assert( bWal2 || iApp==0 );

  /* Search the wal file that the client holds a partial lock on first */
  iLast = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iApp);
  if( iLast ){
    u32 iExternal = bWal2 ? walExternalEncode(iApp, iLast) : iLast;
    int iMinHash = walFramePage(pWal->minFrame);
    for(iHash=walFramePage(iExternal); 
        iHash>=iMinHash && iRead==0; 
        iHash-=(1+bWal2)
    ){
      rc = walSearchHash(pWal, iExternal, iHash, pgno, &iRead);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
    }
  }

  /* If the requested page was not found, no error has occured, and 
  ** the client holds a full-wal lock on the other wal file, search it
  ** too.  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bWal2 && iRead==0 && (
        pWal->readLock==WAL_LOCK_PART1_FULL2 
     || pWal->readLock==WAL_LOCK_PART2_FULL1
  )){
    iLast = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, !iApp);
    if( iLast ){
      u32 iExternal = walExternalEncode(!iApp, iLast);
      for(iHash=walFramePage2(!iApp, iLast); iHash>=0 && iRead==0; iHash -= 2){
        rc = walSearchHash(pWal, iExternal, iHash, pgno, &iRead);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
      }
    }
  }

#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  if( iRead ){ 
    u32 iFrame;
    int iWal = walExternalDecode(iRead, &iFrame);
    WALTRACE(("WAL%p: page %d @ frame %d wal %d\n",pWal,(int)pgno,iFrame,iWal));
  }else{
    WALTRACE(("WAL%p: page %d not found\n", pWal, (int)pgno));
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT
  /* If expensive assert() statements are available, do a linear search
  ** of the wal-index file content. Make sure the results agree with the
  ** result obtained using the hash indexes above.  
  **
  ** TODO: This is broken for wal2.
  */
  {
    u32 iRead2 = 0;
    u32 iTest;
    assert( pWal->minFrame>0 );
    for(iTest=iLast; iTest>=pWal->minFrame; iTest--){
      if( walFramePgno(pWal, iTest)==pgno ){
        iRead2 = iTest;
................................................................................
/*
** Read the contents of frame iRead from the wal file into buffer pOut
** (which is nOut bytes in size). Return SQLITE_OK if successful, or an
** error code otherwise.
*/
int sqlite3WalReadFrame(
  Wal *pWal,                      /* WAL handle */
  u32 iExternal,                  /* Frame to read */
  int nOut,                       /* Size of buffer pOut in bytes */
  u8 *pOut                        /* Buffer to write page data to */
){
  int sz;
  int iWal = 0;
  u32 iRead;
  i64 iOffset;

  /* Figure out the page size */
  sz = pWal->hdr.szPage;
  sz = (sz&0xfe00) + ((sz&0x0001)<<16);
  testcase( sz<=32768 );
  testcase( sz>=65536 );

  if( isWalMode2(pWal) ){
    /* Figure out which of the two wal files, and the frame within, that 
    ** iExternal refers to.  */
    iWal = walExternalDecode(iExternal, &iRead);
  }else{
    iRead = iExternal;
  }

  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: reading frame %d wal %d\n", pWal, iRead, iWal));
  iOffset = walFrameOffset(iRead, sz) + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;
  /* testcase( IS_BIG_INT(iOffset) ); // requires a 4GiB WAL */
  return sqlite3OsRead(pWal->apWalFd[iWal], pOut, (nOut>sz?sz:nOut), iOffset);
}

/* 
** Return the size of the database in pages (or zero, if unknown).
*/
Pgno sqlite3WalDbsize(Wal *pWal){
  if( pWal && ALWAYS(pWal->readLock!=WAL_LOCK_NONE) ){
    return pWal->hdr.nPage;
  }
  return 0;
}


/* 
................................................................................
** There can only be a single writer active at a time.
*/
int sqlite3WalBeginWriteTransaction(Wal *pWal){
  int rc;

  /* Cannot start a write transaction without first holding a read
  ** transaction. */
  assert( pWal->readLock!=WAL_LOCK_NONE );
  assert( pWal->writeLock==0 && pWal->iReCksum==0 );

  if( pWal->readOnly ){
    return SQLITE_READONLY;
  }

  /* Only one writer allowed at a time.  Get the write lock.  Return
................................................................................
**
** Otherwise, if the callback function does not return an error, this
** function returns SQLITE_OK.
*/
int sqlite3WalUndo(Wal *pWal, int (*xUndo)(void *, Pgno), void *pUndoCtx){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  if( ALWAYS(pWal->writeLock) ){
    int iWal = walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr);
    Pgno iMax = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iWal);
    Pgno iNew;
    Pgno iFrame;

    assert( isWalMode2(pWal) || iWal==0 );

    /* Restore the clients cache of the wal-index header to the state it
    ** was in before the client began writing to the database. 
    */
    memcpy(&pWal->hdr, (void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
    assert( walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr)==iWal );
    iNew = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr));


    for(iFrame=iNew+1; ALWAYS(rc==SQLITE_OK) && iFrame<=iMax; iFrame++){


      /* This call cannot fail. Unless the page for which the page number
      ** is passed as the second argument is (a) in the cache and 
      ** (b) has an outstanding reference, then xUndo is either a no-op
      ** (if (a) is false) or simply expels the page from the cache (if (b)
      ** is false).
      **
      ** If the upper layer is doing a rollback, it is guaranteed that there
      ** are no outstanding references to any page other than page 1. And
      ** page 1 is never written to the log until the transaction is
      ** committed. As a result, the call to xUndo may not fail.
      */
      Pgno pgno;
      if( isWalMode2(pWal) ){
        pgno = walFramePgno2(pWal, iWal, iFrame);
      }else{
        pgno = walFramePgno(pWal, iFrame);
      }
      assert( pgno!=1 );
      rc = xUndo(pUndoCtx, pgno);
    }
    if( iMax!=iNew ) walCleanupHash(pWal);
  }
  return rc;
}

/* 
** Argument aWalData must point to an array of WAL_SAVEPOINT_NDATA u32 
** values. This function populates the array with values required to 
** "rollback" the write position of the WAL handle back to the current 
** point in the event of a savepoint rollback (via WalSavepointUndo()).
*/
void sqlite3WalSavepoint(Wal *pWal, u32 *aWalData){
  int iWal = walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr);
  assert( pWal->writeLock );

  assert( isWalMode2(pWal) || iWal==0 );
  aWalData[0] = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iWal);
  aWalData[1] = pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0];
  aWalData[2] = pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1];

  aWalData[3] = isWalMode2(pWal) ? iWal : pWal->nCkpt;
}

/* 
** Move the write position of the WAL back to the point identified by
** the values in the aWalData[] array. aWalData must point to an array
** of WAL_SAVEPOINT_NDATA u32 values that has been previously populated
** by a call to WalSavepoint().
*/
int sqlite3WalSavepointUndo(Wal *pWal, u32 *aWalData){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int iWal = walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr);
  int iCmp = isWalMode2(pWal) ? iWal : pWal->nCkpt;

  assert( pWal->writeLock );

  assert( isWalMode2(pWal) || iWal==0 );
  assert( aWalData[3]!=iCmp || aWalData[0]<=walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr,iWal) );

  if( aWalData[3]!=iCmp ){
    /* This savepoint was opened immediately after the write-transaction
    ** was started. Right after that, the writer decided to wrap around
    ** to the start of the log. Update the savepoint values to match.
    */
    aWalData[0] = 0;
    aWalData[3] = iCmp;
  }

  if( aWalData[0]<walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iWal) ){
    walidxSetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iWal, aWalData[0]);
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0] = aWalData[1];
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1] = aWalData[2];
    walCleanupHash(pWal);
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** This function is used in wal2 mode.
**
** This function is called when writer pWal is just about to start 
** writing out frames. The "other" wal file (wal file !pWal->hdr.iAppend)
** has been fully checkpointed. This function returns SQLITE_OK if there
** are no readers preventing the writer from switching to the other wal
** file. Or SQLITE_BUSY if there are.
*/
static int walRestartOk(Wal *pWal){
  int rc;                                        /* Return code */
  int iApp = walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr);          /* Current WAL file */

  /* No reader can be doing a "partial" read of wal file !iApp - in that
  ** case it would not have been possible to checkpoint the file. So
  ** it is only necessary to test for "full" readers. See the comment
  ** above walLockReader() function for exactly what this means in terms
  ** of locks.  */
  int i = (iApp==0) ? 2 : 4;

  rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(i), 1);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(i), 1);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This function is called just before writing a set of frames to the log
** file (see sqlite3WalFrames()). It checks to see if, instead of appending
** to the current log file, it is possible and desirable to switch to the



** other log file and write the new transaction to the start of it.
** If so, the wal-index header is updated accordingly - both in heap memory
** and in the *-shm file.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if no error is encountered (regardless of whether
** or not the wal-index header is modified). An SQLite error code is returned
** if an error occurs.
*/
static int walRestartLog(Wal *pWal){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;


  if( isWalMode2(pWal) ){
    int iApp = walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr);
    int nWalSize = WAL_DEFAULT_WALSIZE;
    if( pWal->mxWalSize>0 ){
      nWalSize = (pWal->mxWalSize-WAL_HDRSIZE+pWal->szPage+WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE-1) 
        / (pWal->szPage+WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE);
      nWalSize = MAX(nWalSize, 1);
    }

    if( walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iApp)>=nWalSize ){
      volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
      if( walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, !iApp)==0 || pInfo->nBackfill ){
        rc = walRestartOk(pWal);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          iApp = !iApp;
          pWal->nCkpt++;
          walidxSetFile(&pWal->hdr, iApp);
          walidxSetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iApp, 0);
          sqlite3Put4byte((u8*)&pWal->hdr.aSalt[0], pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0]);
          sqlite3Put4byte((u8*)&pWal->hdr.aSalt[1], pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1]);
          walIndexWriteHdr(pWal);
          pInfo->nBackfill = 0;
          walLockReader(pWal, pWal->readLock, 0);
          pWal->readLock = iApp ? WAL_LOCK_PART2_FULL1 : WAL_LOCK_PART1_FULL2;
          rc = walLockReader(pWal, pWal->readLock, 1);
        }else if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
          rc = SQLITE_OK;
        }
      }
    }
  }else if( pWal->readLock==0 ){
    int cnt;
    volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
    assert( pInfo->nBackfill==pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
    if( pInfo->nBackfill>0 ){
      u32 salt1;
      sqlite3_randomness(4, &salt1);
      rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(1), WAL_NREADER-1);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
        walRestartHdr(pWal, salt1);
        walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(1), WAL_NREADER-1);
      }else if( rc!=SQLITE_BUSY ){
        return rc;
      }
    }
    walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(0));
    pWal->readLock = WAL_LOCK_NONE;
    cnt = 0;
    do{
      int notUsed;
      rc = walTryBeginRead(pWal, &notUsed, 1, ++cnt);
    }while( rc==WAL_RETRY );
    assert( (rc&0xff)!=SQLITE_BUSY ); /* BUSY not possible when useWal==1 */
    testcase( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_IOERR );
    testcase( rc==SQLITE_PROTOCOL );
    testcase( rc==SQLITE_OK );
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Information about the current state of the WAL file and where
** the next fsync should occur - passed from sqlite3WalFrames() into
** walWriteToLog().
................................................................................
  PgHdr *pPage,               /* The page of the frame to be written */
  int nTruncate,              /* The commit flag.  Usually 0.  >0 for commit */
  sqlite3_int64 iOffset       /* Byte offset at which to write */
){
  int rc;                         /* Result code from subfunctions */
  void *pData;                    /* Data actually written */
  u8 aFrame[WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE];   /* Buffer to assemble frame-header in */

#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  { 
    int iWal = walidxGetFile(&p->pWal->hdr);
    int iFrame = 1 + (iOffset / (WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE + p->pWal->szPage));
    assert( p->pWal->apWalFd[iWal]==p->pFd );
    WALTRACE(("WAL%p: page %d written to frame %d of wal %d\n",
          p->pWal, (int)pPage->pgno, iFrame, iWal
    ));
  }
#endif

#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC)
  if( (pData = sqlite3PagerCodec(pPage))==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
#else
  pData = pPage->pData;
#endif
  walEncodeFrame(p->pWal, pPage->pgno, nTruncate, pData, aFrame);
  rc = walWriteToLog(p, aFrame, sizeof(aFrame), iOffset);
................................................................................
** one or more frames have been overwritten. It updates the checksums for
** all frames written to the wal file by the current transaction starting
** with the earliest to have been overwritten.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if successful, or an SQLite error code otherwise.
*/
static int walRewriteChecksums(Wal *pWal, u32 iLast){

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  const int szPage = pWal->szPage;/* Database page size */
  u8 *aBuf;                       /* Buffer to load data from wal file into */
  u8 aFrame[WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE];   /* Buffer to assemble frame-headers in */
  u32 iRead;                      /* Next frame to read from wal file */
  i64 iCksumOff;

  assert( isWalMode2(pWal)==0 );

  aBuf = sqlite3_malloc(szPage + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE);
  if( aBuf==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;

  /* Find the checksum values to use as input for the recalculating the
  ** first checksum. If the first frame is frame 1 (implying that the current
  ** transaction restarted the wal file), these values must be read from the
................................................................................
  ** previous frame.  */
  assert( pWal->iReCksum>0 );
  if( pWal->iReCksum==1 ){
    iCksumOff = 24;
  }else{
    iCksumOff = walFrameOffset(pWal->iReCksum-1, szPage) + 16;
  }
  rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->apWalFd[0], aBuf, sizeof(u32)*2, iCksumOff);
  pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0] = sqlite3Get4byte(aBuf);
  pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1] = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[sizeof(u32)]);

  iRead = pWal->iReCksum;
  pWal->iReCksum = 0;
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && iRead<=iLast; iRead++){
    i64 iOff = walFrameOffset(iRead, szPage);
    rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->apWalFd[0], aBuf, szPage+WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE, iOff);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      u32 iPgno, nDbSize;
      iPgno = sqlite3Get4byte(aBuf);
      nDbSize = sqlite3Get4byte(&aBuf[4]);

      walEncodeFrame(pWal, iPgno, nDbSize, &aBuf[WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE], aFrame);
      rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pWal->apWalFd[0], aFrame, sizeof(aFrame), iOff);
    }
  }

  sqlite3_free(aBuf);
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  PgHdr *pLast = 0;               /* Last frame in list */
  int nExtra = 0;                 /* Number of extra copies of last page */
  int szFrame;                    /* The size of a single frame */
  i64 iOffset;                    /* Next byte to write in WAL file */
  WalWriter w;                    /* The writer */
  u32 iFirst = 0;                 /* First frame that may be overwritten */
  WalIndexHdr *pLive;             /* Pointer to shared header */
  int iApp;

  assert( pList );
  assert( pWal->writeLock );

  /* If this frame set completes a transaction, then nTruncate>0.  If
  ** nTruncate==0 then this frame set does not complete the transaction. */
  assert( (isCommit!=0)==(nTruncate!=0) );








  pLive = (WalIndexHdr*)walIndexHdr(pWal);
  if( memcmp(&pWal->hdr, (void *)pLive, sizeof(WalIndexHdr))!=0 ){
    if( isWalMode2(pWal)==0 ){
      iFirst = pLive->mxFrame+1;
    }
  }

  /* See if it is possible to write these frames into the start of the
  ** log file, instead of appending to it at pWal->hdr.mxFrame.
  */
  else if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = walRestartLog(pWal)) ){
    return rc;
  }

  /* If this is the first frame written into the log, write the WAL
  ** header to the start of the WAL file. See comments at the top of
  ** this source file for a description of the WAL header format.
  */
  iApp = walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr);
  iFrame = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iApp);
  assert( iApp==0 || isWalMode2(pWal) );

#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  { int cnt; for(cnt=0, p=pList; p; p=p->pDirty, cnt++){}
    WALTRACE(("WAL%p: frame write begin. %d frames. iWal=%d. mxFrame=%d. %s\n",
              pWal, cnt, iApp, iFrame, isCommit ? "Commit" : "Spill"));
  }
#endif

  if( iFrame==0 ){
    u32 iCkpt = 0;
    u8 aWalHdr[WAL_HDRSIZE];      /* Buffer to assemble wal-header in */
    u32 aCksum[2];                /* Checksum for wal-header */

    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[0], (WAL_MAGIC | SQLITE_BIGENDIAN));
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[4], pWal->hdr.iVersion);
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[8], szPage);
    if( isWalMode2(pWal) ){
      if( walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, !iApp)>0 ){
        u8 aPrev[4];
        rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->apWalFd[!iApp], aPrev, 4, 12);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          return rc;
        }
        iCkpt = (sqlite3Get4byte(aPrev) + 1) & 0x0F;
      }
    }else{
      iCkpt = pWal->nCkpt;
    }
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[12], iCkpt);

    memcpy(&aWalHdr[16], pWal->hdr.aSalt, 8);
    walChecksumBytes(1, aWalHdr, WAL_HDRSIZE-2*4, 0, aCksum);
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[24], aCksum[0]);
    sqlite3Put4byte(&aWalHdr[28], aCksum[1]);

    pWal->szPage = szPage;
    pWal->hdr.bigEndCksum = SQLITE_BIGENDIAN;
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0] = aCksum[0];
    pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[1] = aCksum[1];
    pWal->truncateOnCommit = 1;

    rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pWal->apWalFd[iApp], aWalHdr, sizeof(aWalHdr), 0);
    WALTRACE(("WAL%p: wal-header write %s\n", pWal, rc ? "failed" : "ok"));
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }

    /* Sync the header (unless SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL is true or unless
    ** all syncing is turned off by PRAGMA synchronous=OFF).  Otherwise
    ** an out-of-order write following a WAL restart could result in
    ** database corruption.  See the ticket:
    **
    **     https://sqlite.org/src/info/ff5be73dee
    */
    if( pWal->syncHeader ){
      rc = sqlite3OsSync(pWal->apWalFd[iApp], CKPT_SYNC_FLAGS(sync_flags));
      if( rc ) return rc;
    }
  }
  assert( (int)pWal->szPage==szPage );

  /* Setup information needed to write frames into the WAL */
  w.pWal = pWal;
  w.pFd = pWal->apWalFd[iApp];
  w.iSyncPoint = 0;
  w.syncFlags = sync_flags;
  w.szPage = szPage;
  iOffset = walFrameOffset(iFrame+1, szPage);
  szFrame = szPage + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;

  /* Write all frames into the log file exactly once */
................................................................................
          pWal->iReCksum = iWrite;
        }
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC)
        if( (pData = sqlite3PagerCodec(p))==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
#else
        pData = p->pData;
#endif
        rc = sqlite3OsWrite(pWal->apWalFd[iApp], pData, szPage, iOff);
        if( rc ) return rc;
        p->flags &= ~PGHDR_WAL_APPEND;
        continue;
      }
    }

    iFrame++;
................................................................................
  ** boundary is crossed.  Only the part of the WAL prior to the last
  ** sector boundary is synced; the part of the last frame that extends
  ** past the sector boundary is written after the sync.
  */
  if( isCommit && WAL_SYNC_FLAGS(sync_flags)!=0 ){
    int bSync = 1;
    if( pWal->padToSectorBoundary ){
      int sectorSize = sqlite3SectorSize(w.pFd);
      w.iSyncPoint = ((iOffset+sectorSize-1)/sectorSize)*sectorSize;
      bSync = (w.iSyncPoint==iOffset);
      testcase( bSync );
      while( iOffset<w.iSyncPoint ){
        rc = walWriteOneFrame(&w, pLast, nTruncate, iOffset);
        if( rc ) return rc;
        iOffset += szFrame;
................................................................................
  }

  /* Append data to the wal-index. It is not necessary to lock the 
  ** wal-index to do this as the SQLITE_SHM_WRITE lock held on the wal-index
  ** guarantees that there are no other writers, and no data that may
  ** be in use by existing readers is being overwritten.
  */
  iFrame = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iApp);
  for(p=pList; p && rc==SQLITE_OK; p=p->pDirty){
    if( (p->flags & PGHDR_WAL_APPEND)==0 ) continue;
    iFrame++;
    rc = walIndexAppend(pWal, iApp, iFrame, p->pgno);
  }
  while( rc==SQLITE_OK && nExtra>0 ){
    iFrame++;
    nExtra--;
    rc = walIndexAppend(pWal, iApp, iFrame, pLast->pgno);
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    /* Update the private copy of the header. */
    pWal->hdr.szPage = (u16)((szPage&0xff00) | (szPage>>16));
    testcase( szPage<=32768 );
    testcase( szPage>=65536 );
    walidxSetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iApp, iFrame);
    if( isCommit ){
      pWal->hdr.iChange++;
      pWal->hdr.nPage = nTruncate;
    }
    /* If this is a commit, update the wal-index header too. */
    if( isCommit ){
      walIndexWriteHdr(pWal);
      if( isWalMode2(pWal) ){
        int iOther = !walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr);
        if( walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, iOther) 
            && !walCkptInfo(pWal)->nBackfill 
        ){
          pWal->iCallback = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, 0);
          pWal->iCallback += walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, 1);
        }
      }else{
        pWal->iCallback = iFrame;
      }
    }
  }

  WALTRACE(("WAL%p: frame write %s\n", pWal, rc ? "failed" : "ok"));
  return rc;
}

/* 
** This routine is called to implement sqlite3_wal_checkpoint() and
................................................................................
      sqlite3OsUnfetch(pWal->pDbFd, 0, 0);
    }
  }

  /* Copy data from the log to the database file. */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

    if( (walPagesize(pWal)!=nBuf) 
     && (walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, 0) || walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, 1))
    ){
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }else{
      rc = walCheckpoint(pWal, db, eMode2, xBusy2, pBusyArg, sync_flags, zBuf);
    }

    /* If no error occurred, set the output variables. */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK || rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      if( pnLog ){
        *pnLog = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr,0)+walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr,1);
      }
      if( pnCkpt ){
        if( isWalMode2(pWal) ){
          if( (int)(walCkptInfo(pWal)->nBackfill) ){
            *pnCkpt = walidxGetMxFrame(&pWal->hdr, !walidxGetFile(&pWal->hdr));
          }else{
            *pnCkpt = 0;
          }
        }else{
          *pnCkpt = walCkptInfo(pWal)->nBackfill;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  if( isChanged ){
    /* If a new wal-index header was loaded before the checkpoint was 
    ** performed, then the pager-cache associated with pWal is now
    ** out of date. So zero the cached wal-index header to ensure that
................................................................................
** If op is negative, then do a dry-run of the op==1 case but do
** not actually change anything. The pager uses this to see if it
** should acquire the database exclusive lock prior to invoking
** the op==1 case.
*/
int sqlite3WalExclusiveMode(Wal *pWal, int op){
  int rc;

  assert( pWal->writeLock==0 );
  assert( pWal->exclusiveMode!=WAL_HEAPMEMORY_MODE || op==-1 );

  /* pWal->readLock is usually set, but might be -1 if there was a 
  ** prior error while attempting to acquire are read-lock. This cannot 
  ** happen if the connection is actually in exclusive mode (as no xShmLock
  ** locks are taken in this case). Nor should the pager attempt to
  ** upgrade to exclusive-mode following such an error.
  */
  assert( pWal->readLock!=WAL_LOCK_NONE || pWal->lockError );
  assert( pWal->readLock!=WAL_LOCK_NONE || (op<=0 && pWal->exclusiveMode==0) );

  if( op==0 ){
    if( pWal->exclusiveMode ){
      pWal->exclusiveMode = 0;
      if( isWalMode2(pWal) ){
        rc = walLockReader(pWal, pWal->readLock, 1);
      }else{
        rc = walLockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(pWal->readLock));
      }
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pWal->exclusiveMode = 1;
      }
      rc = pWal->exclusiveMode==0;
    }else{
      /* Already in locking_mode=NORMAL */
      rc = 0;
    }
  }else if( op>0 ){
    assert( pWal->exclusiveMode==0 );
    assert( pWal->readLock>=0 );
    if( isWalMode2(pWal) ){
      walLockReader(pWal, pWal->readLock, 0);
    }else{
      walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(pWal->readLock));
    }
    pWal->exclusiveMode = 1;
    rc = 1;
  }else{
    rc = pWal->exclusiveMode==0;
  }
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
  return (pWal ? pWal->szPage : 0);
}
#endif

/* Return the sqlite3_file object for the WAL file
*/
sqlite3_file *sqlite3WalFile(Wal *pWal){
  return pWal->apWalFd[0];
}

#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */

Changes to src/wal.h.

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/* Macros for extracting appropriate sync flags for either transaction
** commits (WAL_SYNC_FLAGS(X)) or for checkpoint ops (CKPT_SYNC_FLAGS(X)):
*/
#define WAL_SYNC_FLAGS(X)   ((X)&0x03)
#define CKPT_SYNC_FLAGS(X)  (((X)>>2)&0x03)

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
# define sqlite3WalOpen(x,y,z)                   0
# define sqlite3WalLimit(x,y)
# define sqlite3WalClose(v,w,x,y,z)              0
# define sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(y,z)     0
# define sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(z)
# define sqlite3WalDbsize(y)                     0
# define sqlite3WalBeginWriteTransaction(y)      0
# define sqlite3WalEndWriteTransaction(x)        0
................................................................................

/* Connection to a write-ahead log (WAL) file. 
** There is one object of this type for each pager. 
*/
typedef struct Wal Wal;

/* Open and close a connection to a write-ahead log. */
int sqlite3WalOpen(sqlite3_vfs*, sqlite3_file*, const char *, int, i64, Wal**);
int sqlite3WalClose(Wal *pWal, sqlite3*, int sync_flags, int, u8 *);

/* Set the limiting size of a WAL file. */
void sqlite3WalLimit(Wal*, i64);

/* Used by readers to open (lock) and close (unlock) a snapshot.  A 
** snapshot is like a read-transaction.  It is the state of the database







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/* Macros for extracting appropriate sync flags for either transaction
** commits (WAL_SYNC_FLAGS(X)) or for checkpoint ops (CKPT_SYNC_FLAGS(X)):
*/
#define WAL_SYNC_FLAGS(X)   ((X)&0x03)
#define CKPT_SYNC_FLAGS(X)  (((X)>>2)&0x03)

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
# define sqlite3WalOpen(w,x,y,z)                 0
# define sqlite3WalLimit(x,y)
# define sqlite3WalClose(v,w,x,y,z)              0
# define sqlite3WalBeginReadTransaction(y,z)     0
# define sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(z)
# define sqlite3WalDbsize(y)                     0
# define sqlite3WalBeginWriteTransaction(y)      0
# define sqlite3WalEndWriteTransaction(x)        0
................................................................................

/* Connection to a write-ahead log (WAL) file. 
** There is one object of this type for each pager. 
*/
typedef struct Wal Wal;

/* Open and close a connection to a write-ahead log. */
int sqlite3WalOpen(sqlite3_vfs*, sqlite3_file*, const char *,int,i64,int,Wal**);
int sqlite3WalClose(Wal *pWal, sqlite3*, int sync_flags, int, u8 *);

/* Set the limiting size of a WAL file. */
void sqlite3WalLimit(Wal*, i64);

/* Used by readers to open (lock) and close (unlock) a snapshot.  A 
** snapshot is like a read-transaction.  It is the state of the database

Changes to test/permutations.test.

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    insert.test   insert2.test  insert3.test rollback.test 
    select1.test  select2.test  select3.test
  }
}

test_suite "wal" -description {
  Run tests with journal_mode=WAL

















} -initialize {
  set ::G(savepoint6_iterations) 100
} -shutdown {
  unset -nocomplain ::G(savepoint6_iterations)
} -files {
  savepoint.test     savepoint2.test     savepoint6.test
  trans.test         avtrans.test







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    insert.test   insert2.test  insert3.test rollback.test 
    select1.test  select2.test  select3.test
  }
}

test_suite "wal" -description {
  Run tests with journal_mode=WAL
} -initialize {
  set ::G(savepoint6_iterations) 100
} -shutdown {
  unset -nocomplain ::G(savepoint6_iterations)
} -files {
  savepoint.test     savepoint2.test     savepoint6.test
  trans.test         avtrans.test

  fts3aa.test  fts3ab.test  fts3ac.test  fts3ad.test
  fts3ae.test  fts3af.test  fts3ag.test  fts3ah.test
  fts3ai.test  fts3aj.test  fts3ak.test  fts3al.test
  fts3am.test  fts3an.test  fts3ao.test  fts3b.test
  fts3c.test   fts3d.test   fts3e.test   fts3query.test 
}

test_suite "wal2" -description {
  Run tests with journal_mode=WAL2
} -initialize {
  set ::G(savepoint6_iterations) 100
} -shutdown {
  unset -nocomplain ::G(savepoint6_iterations)
} -files {
  savepoint.test     savepoint2.test     savepoint6.test
  trans.test         avtrans.test

Changes to test/savepoint.test.

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do_test savepoint-1.1 {
  wal_set_journal_mode
  execsql {
    SAVEPOINT sp1;
    RELEASE sp1;
  }
} {}

do_test savepoint-1.2 {
  execsql {
    SAVEPOINT sp1;
    ROLLBACK TO sp1;
  }
} {}
do_test savepoint-1.3 {







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do_test savepoint-1.1 {
  wal_set_journal_mode
  execsql {
    SAVEPOINT sp1;
    RELEASE sp1;
  }
} {}
wal_check_journal_mode savepoint-1.1
do_test savepoint-1.2 {
  execsql {
    SAVEPOINT sp1;
    ROLLBACK TO sp1;
  }
} {}
do_test savepoint-1.3 {

Changes to test/savepoint6.test.

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#
# $Id: savepoint6.test,v 1.4 2009/06/05 17:09:12 drh Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

proc sql {zSql} {




  uplevel db eval [list $zSql]
  #puts stderr "$zSql ;"
}

set DATABASE_SCHEMA {
    PRAGMA auto_vacuum = incremental;
    CREATE TABLE t1(x, y);
................................................................................
#   rollback  NAME
#   release   NAME
#
#   insert_rows XVALUES
#   delete_rows XVALUES
#
proc savepoint {zName} {

  catch { sql "SAVEPOINT $zName" }
  lappend ::lSavepoint [list $zName [array get ::aEntry]]
}

proc rollback {zName} {

  catch { sql "ROLLBACK TO $zName" }
  for {set i [expr {[llength $::lSavepoint]-1}]} {$i>=0} {incr i -1} {
    set zSavepoint [lindex $::lSavepoint $i 0]
    if {$zSavepoint eq $zName} {
      unset -nocomplain ::aEntry
      array set ::aEntry [lindex $::lSavepoint $i 1]

................................................................................
      }
      break
    }
  }
}

proc release {zName} {

  catch { sql "RELEASE $zName" }
  for {set i [expr {[llength $::lSavepoint]-1}]} {$i>=0} {incr i -1} {
    set zSavepoint [lindex $::lSavepoint $i 0]
    if {$zSavepoint eq $zName} {
      set ::lSavepoint [lreplace $::lSavepoint $i end]
      break
    }
................................................................................

  if {[llength $::lSavepoint] == 0} {
    #puts stderr "-- End of transaction!!!!!!!!!!!!!"
  }
}

proc insert_rows {lX} {

  foreach x $lX {
    set y [x_to_y $x]

    # Update database [db]
    sql "INSERT OR REPLACE INTO t1 VALUES($x, '$y')"

    # Update the Tcl database.
    set ::aEntry($x) $y
  }
}

proc delete_rows {lX} {

  foreach x $lX {
    # Update database [db]
    sql "DELETE FROM t1 WHERE x = $x"

    # Update the Tcl database.
    unset -nocomplain ::aEntry($x)
  }
................................................................................
  set ret [list]
  for {set i 0} {$i<$nRes} {incr i} {
    lappend ret [expr int(rand()*$nRange)]
  }
  return $ret
} 
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------






proc database_op {} {
  set i [expr int(rand()*2)] 
  if {$i==0} {
    insert_rows [random_integers 100 1000]
  }
  if {$i==1} {
................................................................................
proc savepoint_op {} {
  set names {one two three four five}
  set cmds  {savepoint savepoint savepoint savepoint release rollback}

  set C [lindex $cmds [expr int(rand()*6)]]
  set N [lindex $names [expr int(rand()*5)]]

  #puts stderr "   $C $N ;  "
  #flush stderr

  $C $N
  return ok
}

expr srand(0)

############################################################################







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#
# $Id: savepoint6.test,v 1.4 2009/06/05 17:09:12 drh Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

proc sql {zSql} {
  if {0 && $::debug_op} {
    puts stderr "$zSql ;"
    flush stderr
  }
  uplevel db eval [list $zSql]
  #puts stderr "$zSql ;"
}

set DATABASE_SCHEMA {
    PRAGMA auto_vacuum = incremental;
    CREATE TABLE t1(x, y);
................................................................................
#   rollback  NAME
#   release   NAME
#
#   insert_rows XVALUES
#   delete_rows XVALUES
#
proc savepoint {zName} {
  if {$::debug_op} { puts stderr "savepoint $zName" ; flush stderr }
  catch { sql "SAVEPOINT $zName" }
  lappend ::lSavepoint [list $zName [array get ::aEntry]]
}

proc rollback {zName} {
  if {$::debug_op} { puts stderr "rollback $zName" ; flush stderr }
  catch { sql "ROLLBACK TO $zName" }
  for {set i [expr {[llength $::lSavepoint]-1}]} {$i>=0} {incr i -1} {
    set zSavepoint [lindex $::lSavepoint $i 0]
    if {$zSavepoint eq $zName} {
      unset -nocomplain ::aEntry
      array set ::aEntry [lindex $::lSavepoint $i 1]

................................................................................
      }
      break
    }
  }
}

proc release {zName} {
  if {$::debug_op} { puts stderr "release $zName" ; flush stderr }
  catch { sql "RELEASE $zName" }
  for {set i [expr {[llength $::lSavepoint]-1}]} {$i>=0} {incr i -1} {
    set zSavepoint [lindex $::lSavepoint $i 0]
    if {$zSavepoint eq $zName} {
      set ::lSavepoint [lreplace $::lSavepoint $i end]
      break
    }
................................................................................

  if {[llength $::lSavepoint] == 0} {
    #puts stderr "-- End of transaction!!!!!!!!!!!!!"
  }
}

proc insert_rows {lX} {
  if {$::debug_op} { puts stderr "insert_rows $lX" ; flush stderr }
  foreach x $lX {
    set y [x_to_y $x]

    # Update database [db]
    sql "INSERT OR REPLACE INTO t1 VALUES($x, '$y')"

    # Update the Tcl database.
    set ::aEntry($x) $y
  }
}

proc delete_rows {lX} {
  if {$::debug_op} { puts stderr "delete_rows $lX" ; flush stderr }
  foreach x $lX {
    # Update database [db]
    sql "DELETE FROM t1 WHERE x = $x"

    # Update the Tcl database.
    unset -nocomplain ::aEntry($x)
  }
................................................................................
  set ret [list]
  for {set i 0} {$i<$nRes} {incr i} {
    lappend ret [expr int(rand()*$nRange)]
  }
  return $ret
} 
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------

set ::debug_op 0
proc debug_ops {} {
  set ::debug_op 1
}

proc database_op {} {
  set i [expr int(rand()*2)] 
  if {$i==0} {
    insert_rows [random_integers 100 1000]
  }
  if {$i==1} {
................................................................................
proc savepoint_op {} {
  set names {one two three four five}
  set cmds  {savepoint savepoint savepoint savepoint release rollback}

  set C [lindex $cmds [expr int(rand()*6)]]
  set N [lindex $names [expr int(rand()*5)]]




  $C $N
  return ok
}

expr srand(0)

############################################################################

Changes to test/tester.tcl.

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# Create a test database
#
proc reset_db {} {
  catch {db close}
  forcedelete test.db
  forcedelete test.db-journal
  forcedelete test.db-wal

  sqlite3 db ./test.db
  set ::DB [sqlite3_connection_pointer db]
  if {[info exists ::SETUP_SQL]} {
    db eval $::SETUP_SQL
  }
}
reset_db
................................................................................
#     Otherwise (if not running a WAL permutation) this is a no-op.
#
#   wal_is_wal_mode
#
#     Returns true if this test should be run in WAL mode. False otherwise.
#
proc wal_is_wal_mode {} {
  expr {[permutation] eq "wal"}


}
proc wal_set_journal_mode {{db db}} {
  if { [wal_is_wal_mode] } {




    $db eval "PRAGMA journal_mode = WAL"
  }





}
proc wal_check_journal_mode {testname {db db}} {
  if { [wal_is_wal_mode] } {
    $db eval { SELECT * FROM sqlite_master }




    do_test $testname [list $db eval "PRAGMA main.journal_mode"] {wal}
  }
}

proc wal_is_capable {} {
  ifcapable !wal { return 0 }
  if {[permutation]=="journaltest"} { return 0 }
  return 1







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# Create a test database
#
proc reset_db {} {
  catch {db close}
  forcedelete test.db
  forcedelete test.db-journal
  forcedelete test.db-wal
  forcedelete test.db-wal2
  sqlite3 db ./test.db
  set ::DB [sqlite3_connection_pointer db]
  if {[info exists ::SETUP_SQL]} {
    db eval $::SETUP_SQL
  }
}
reset_db
................................................................................
#     Otherwise (if not running a WAL permutation) this is a no-op.
#
#   wal_is_wal_mode
#
#     Returns true if this test should be run in WAL mode. False otherwise.
#
proc wal_is_wal_mode {} {
  if {[permutation] eq "wal"} { return 1 }
  if {[permutation] eq "wal2"} { return 2 }
  return 0
}
proc wal_set_journal_mode {{db db}} {
  switch -- [wal_is_wal_mode] {
    0 {
    }

    1 {
      $db eval "PRAGMA journal_mode = WAL"
    }

    2 {
      $db eval "PRAGMA journal_mode = WAL2"
    }
  }
}
proc wal_check_journal_mode {testname {db db}} {
  if { [wal_is_wal_mode] } {
    $db eval { SELECT * FROM sqlite_master }
    set expected "wal"
    if {[wal_is_wal_mode]==2} {
      set expected "wal2"
    }
    do_test $testname [list $db eval "PRAGMA main.journal_mode"] $expected
  }
}

proc wal_is_capable {} {
  ifcapable !wal { return 0 }
  if {[permutation]=="journaltest"} { return 0 }
  return 1

Added test/waltwo2.test.































































































































































































































































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# 2017 September 19
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing the operation of the library in
# "PRAGMA journal_mode=WAL2" mode.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
source $testdir/lock_common.tcl
source $testdir/malloc_common.tcl
source $testdir/wal_common.tcl

set testprefix walsimple
ifcapable !wal {finish_test ; return }

db close
foreach f [glob -nocomplain test.db*] { forcedelete $f }
sqlite3 db test.db

do_execsql_test 1.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(x, y);
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
} {wal2}

do_execsql_test 1.1 {
  SELECT * FROM t1;
} {}

do_execsql_test 1.2 {
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 2);
} {}

do_execsql_test 1.3 {
  SELECT * FROM t1;
} {1 2}

do_test 1.4 {
  sqlite3 db2 test.db
  execsql { SELECT * FROM t1 } db2
} {1 2}

do_test 1.5 {
  lsort [glob test.db*]
} {test.db test.db-shm test.db-wal test.db-wal2}

do_test 1.6 {
  db close
  db2 close
  sqlite3 db test.db
  execsql { SELECT * FROM t1 }
} {1 2}

do_execsql_test 1.7 {
  PRAGMA journal_size_limit = 4000;
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, 4);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(5, 6);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(7, 8);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(9, 10);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(11, 12);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(13, 14);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(15, 16);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(17, 18);
  SELECT * FROM t1;
} {4000 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18}

do_test 1.8 {
  sqlite3 db2 test.db
  execsql { SELECT * FROM t1 } db2
} {1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18}

do_test 1.9 {
  db close
  db2 close
  lsort [glob test.db*]
} {test.db}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
reset_db
do_execsql_test 2.0 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c);
  CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(b, c);
  PRAGMA journal_mode = wal2;
  PRAGMA journal_size_limit = 4000;
} {wal2 4000}

proc wal_hook {DB nm nFrame} {
  $DB eval { PRAGMA wal_checkpoint }
}
db wal_hook [list wal_hook db]


foreach js {4000 8000 12000} {
  foreach NROW [list 100 200 300 400 500 600 1000] {
    do_test 2.$js.$NROW.1 {
      db eval "DELETE FROM t1"
      db eval "PRAGMA journal_size_limit = $js"
      set nTotal 0
      for {set i 0} {$i < $NROW} {incr i} {
        db eval { INSERT INTO t1 VALUES($i, $i, randomblob(abs(random()%50))) }
        incr nTotal $i
      }
      set {} {}
    } {}

    do_test 2.$js.$NROW.2 {
      sqlite3 db2 test.db
      db2 eval { 
        PRAGMA integrity_check;
        SELECT count(*), sum(b) FROM t1;
      }
    } [list ok $NROW $nTotal]

    db2 close
  }
}

finish_test