/ Check-in [52e1d7e8]
Login

Many hyperlinks are disabled.
Use anonymous login to enable hyperlinks.

Overview
Comment:Begin a branch that experimentally replaces sqlite_stat2 with a new table called sqlite_stat3 that will hopefully facilitate better query planning decisions.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | stat3-enhancement
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 52e1d7e8ddd4bb5ef3a9d00fd2d719a8a784f807
User & Date: drh 2011-08-12 01:51:45
Context
2011-08-13
00:58
The ANALYZE command picks for 15 samples for sqlite_stat3 with the largest nEq fields, plus 5 other evenly spaced samples. check-in: 8225924e user: drh tags: stat3-enhancement
2011-08-12
01:51
Begin a branch that experimentally replaces sqlite_stat2 with a new table called sqlite_stat3 that will hopefully facilitate better query planning decisions. check-in: 52e1d7e8 user: drh tags: stat3-enhancement
2011-08-10
01:52
Make the openDirectory routine in os_unix.c overrideable so that it can be turned into a harmless no-op for the chromium sandbox. check-in: 6b236069 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Show Whitespace Changes Patch

Changes to src/analyze.c.

6
7
8
9
10
11
12

























































































13
14
15
16
17
18
19
..
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45




46


47
48
49
50
51
52
53
..
55
56
57
58
59
60
61











62
63
64
65
66
67
68
..
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99







100
101
102
103
104
105
106
...
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122














123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
...
161
162
163
164
165
166
167


168
169

170
171
172
173
174


175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190

191
192

193

194
195






196
197
198



199
200
201


202
203
204
205

206
207
208
209


210
211
212
213
214
215
216
...
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284





285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297






298
299
300
301
302

303
304

305

306
307



308
309
310
311
312
313
314
...
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366

367
368
369
370
371
372
373
...
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
...
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574


575
576
577
578
579
580

581






















































































































582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
...
608
609
610
611
612
613
614

615
616

617
618
619
620
621
622
623
...
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code associated with the ANALYZE command.

























































































*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** This routine generates code that opens the sqlite_stat1 table for
** writing with cursor iStatCur. If the library was built with the
................................................................................
  const char *zWhereType  /* Either "tbl" or "idx" */
){
  static const struct {
    const char *zName;
    const char *zCols;
  } aTable[] = {
    { "sqlite_stat1", "tbl,idx,stat" },
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2




    { "sqlite_stat2", "tbl,idx,sampleno,sample" },


#endif
  };

  int aRoot[] = {0, 0};
  u8 aCreateTbl[] = {0, 0};

  int i;
................................................................................
  Db *pDb;
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ) return;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  assert( sqlite3VdbeDb(v)==db );
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];












  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    const char *zTab = aTable[i].zName;
    Table *pStat;
    if( (pStat = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTab, pDb->zName))==0 ){
      /* The sqlite_stat[12] table does not exist. Create it. Note that a 
      ** side-effect of the CREATE TABLE statement is to leave the rootpage 
      ** of the new table in register pParse->regRoot. This is important 
................................................................................
      }else{
        /* The sqlite_stat[12] table already exists.  Delete all rows. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, aRoot[i], iDb);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Open the sqlite_stat[12] tables for writing. */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iStatCur+i, aRoot[i], iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)3, P4_INT32);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, aCreateTbl[i]);
  }
}








/*
** Generate code to do an analysis of all indices associated with
** a single table.
*/
static void analyzeOneTable(
  Parse *pParse,   /* Parser context */
  Table *pTab,     /* Table whose indices are to be analyzed */
................................................................................
  int i;                       /* Loop counter */
  int topOfLoop;               /* The top of the loop */
  int endOfLoop;               /* The end of the loop */
  int jZeroRows = -1;          /* Jump from here if number of rows is zero */
  int iDb;                     /* Index of database containing pTab */
  int regTabname = iMem++;     /* Register containing table name */
  int regIdxname = iMem++;     /* Register containing index name */
  int regSampleno = iMem++;    /* Register containing next sample number */














  int regCol = iMem++;         /* Content of a column analyzed table */
  int regRec = iMem++;         /* Register holding completed record */
  int regTemp = iMem++;        /* Temporary use register */
  int regRowid = iMem++;       /* Rowid for the inserted record */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  int addr = 0;                /* Instruction address */
  int regTemp2 = iMem++;       /* Temporary use register */
  int regSamplerecno = iMem++; /* Index of next sample to record */
  int regRecno = iMem++;       /* Current sample index */
  int regLast = iMem++;        /* Index of last sample to record */
  int regFirst = iMem++;       /* Index of first sample to record */
#endif

  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 || NEVER(pTab==0) ){
    return;
  }
  if( pTab->tnum==0 ){
    /* Do not gather statistics on views or virtual tables */
................................................................................
  sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

  iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTabname, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    int nCol;
    KeyInfo *pKey;



    if( pOnlyIdx && pOnlyIdx!=pIdx ) continue;

    nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);
    if( iMem+1+(nCol*2)>pParse->nMem ){
      pParse->nMem = iMem+1+(nCol*2);
    }



    /* Open a cursor to the index to be analyzed. */
    assert( iDb==sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIdx->pSchema) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb,
        (char *)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));

    /* Populate the register containing the index name. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regIdxname, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2

    /* If this iteration of the loop is generating code to analyze the
    ** first index in the pTab->pIndex list, then register regLast has
    ** not been populated. In this case populate it now.  */
    if( pTab->pIndex==pIdx ){

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES, regSamplerecno);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES*2-1, regTemp);

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES*2, regTemp2);


      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regLast);






      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regFirst);
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Lt, regSamplerecno, 0, regLast);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide, regTemp2, regLast, regFirst);



      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Multiply, regLast, regTemp, regLast);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regLast, SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES*2-2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide,  regTemp2, regLast, regLast);


      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
    }

    /* Zero the regSampleno and regRecno registers. */

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regSampleno);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regRecno);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, regFirst, regSamplerecno);
#endif



    /* The block of memory cells initialized here is used as follows.
    **
    **    iMem:                
    **        The total number of rows in the table.
    **
    **    iMem+1 .. iMem+nCol: 
................................................................................
    }

    /* Start the analysis loop. This loop runs through all the entries in
    ** the index b-tree.  */
    endOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iIdxCur, endOfLoop);
    topOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iMem, 1);

    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      CollSeq *pColl;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regCol);
      if( i==0 ){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
        /* Check if the record that cursor iIdxCur points to contains a
        ** value that should be stored in the sqlite_stat2 table. If so,
        ** store it.  */
        int ne = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, regRecno, 0, regSamplerecno);
        assert( regTabname+1==regIdxname 
             && regTabname+2==regSampleno
             && regTabname+3==regCol
        );
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 4, regRec, "aaab", 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regRowid);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regRec, regRowid);

        /* Calculate new values for regSamplerecno and regSampleno.
        **
        **   sampleno = sampleno + 1
        **   samplerecno = samplerecno+(remaining records)/(remaining samples)
        */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regSampleno, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Subtract, regRecno, regLast, regTemp);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regTemp, -1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES, regTemp2);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Subtract, regSampleno, regTemp2, regTemp2);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide, regTemp2, regTemp, regTemp);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, regSamplerecno, regTemp, regSamplerecno);

        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, ne);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regRecno, 1);
#endif

        /* Always record the very first row */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, iMem+1);
      }
      assert( pIdx->azColl!=0 );
      assert( pIdx->azColl[i]!=0 );
      pColl = sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, pIdx->azColl[i]);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Ne, regCol, 0, iMem+nCol+i+1,
                       (char*)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NULLEQ);





    }
    if( db->mallocFailed ){
      /* If a malloc failure has occurred, then the result of the expression 
      ** passed as the second argument to the call to sqlite3VdbeJumpHere() 
      ** below may be negative. Which causes an assert() to fail (or an
      ** out-of-bounds write if SQLITE_DEBUG is not defined).  */
      return;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, endOfLoop);
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      int addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) - (nCol*2);
      if( i==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr2-1);  /* Set jump dest for the OP_IfNot */






      }
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr2);      /* Set jump dest for the OP_Ne */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iMem+i+1, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, iMem+nCol+i+1);
    }


    /* End of the analysis loop. */

    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endOfLoop);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur, topOfLoop);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur);




    /* Store the results in sqlite_stat1.
    **
    ** The result is a single row of the sqlite_stat1 table.  The first
    ** two columns are the names of the table and index.  The third column
    ** is a string composed of a list of integer statistics about the
    ** index.  The first integer in the list is the total number of entries
................................................................................
    **
    **        I = (K+D-1)/D
    **
    ** If K==0 then no entry is made into the sqlite_stat1 table.  
    ** If K>0 then it is always the case the D>0 so division by zero
    ** is never possible.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, iMem, regSampleno);
    if( jZeroRows<0 ){
      jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, iMem);
    }
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTemp, 0, " ", 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regSampleno, regSampleno);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, iMem, iMem+i+1, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regTemp, -1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide, iMem+i+1, regTemp, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_ToInt, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regSampleno, regSampleno);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regRec, "aaa", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regRec, regRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
  }

  /* If the table has no indices, create a single sqlite_stat1 entry
  ** containing NULL as the index name and the row count as the content.
  */
  if( pTab->pIndex==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pTab->tnum, iDb);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->zName));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regSampleno);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur);
    jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, regSampleno);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
    jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regIdxname);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regRec, "aaa", 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regRowid);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regRec, regRowid);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
  if( pParse->nMem<regRec ) pParse->nMem = regRec;
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
}


/*
** Generate code that will cause the most recent index analysis to
** be loaded into internal hash tables where is can be used.
*/
static void loadAnalysis(Parse *pParse, int iDb){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
................................................................................
** the table.
*/
static int analysisLoader(void *pData, int argc, char **argv, char **NotUsed){
  analysisInfo *pInfo = (analysisInfo*)pData;
  Index *pIndex;
  Table *pTable;
  int i, c, n;
  unsigned int v;
  const char *z;

  assert( argc==3 );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER2(NotUsed, argc);

  if( argv==0 || argv[0]==0 || argv[2]==0 ){
    return 0;
................................................................................
}

/*
** If the Index.aSample variable is not NULL, delete the aSample[] array
** and its contents.
*/
void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3 *db, Index *pIdx){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  if( pIdx->aSample ){
    int j;
    for(j=0; j<SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES; j++){
      IndexSample *p = &pIdx->aSample[j];
      if( p->eType==SQLITE_TEXT || p->eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.z);
      }
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pIdx->aSample);
  }


#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pIdx);
#endif
}


/*






















































































































** Load the content of the sqlite_stat1 and sqlite_stat2 tables. The
** contents of sqlite_stat1 are used to populate the Index.aiRowEst[]
** arrays. The contents of sqlite_stat2 are used to populate the
** Index.aSample[] arrays.
**
** If the sqlite_stat1 table is not present in the database, SQLITE_ERROR
** is returned. In this case, even if SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 was defined 
** during compilation and the sqlite_stat2 table is present, no data is 
** read from it.
**
** If SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 was defined during compilation and the 
** sqlite_stat2 table is not present in the database, SQLITE_ERROR is
** returned. However, in this case, data is read from the sqlite_stat1
** table (if it is present) before returning.
**
** If an OOM error occurs, this function always sets db->mallocFailed.
** This means if the caller does not care about other errors, the return
** code may be ignored.
*/
................................................................................
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 );

  /* Clear any prior statistics */
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->idxHash);i;i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Index *pIdx = sqliteHashData(i);
    sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIdx);

    sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(db, pIdx);
    pIdx->aSample = 0;

  }

  /* Check to make sure the sqlite_stat1 table exists */
  sInfo.db = db;
  sInfo.zDatabase = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  if( sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat1", sInfo.zDatabase)==0 ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
................................................................................
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, analysisLoader, &sInfo, 0);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  }


  /* Load the statistics from the sqlite_stat2 table. */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat2", sInfo.zDatabase) ){
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;

    zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
        "SELECT idx,sampleno,sample FROM %Q.sqlite_stat2", sInfo.zDatabase);
    if( !zSql ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
        char *zIndex;   /* Index name */
        Index *pIdx;    /* Pointer to the index object */

        zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
        pIdx = zIndex ? sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndex, sInfo.zDatabase) : 0;
        if( pIdx ){
          int iSample = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 1);
          if( iSample<SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES && iSample>=0 ){
            int eType = sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, 2);

            if( pIdx->aSample==0 ){
              static const int sz = sizeof(IndexSample)*SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES;
              pIdx->aSample = (IndexSample *)sqlite3DbMallocRaw(0, sz);
              if( pIdx->aSample==0 ){
                db->mallocFailed = 1;
                break;
              }
	      memset(pIdx->aSample, 0, sz);
            }

            assert( pIdx->aSample );
            {
              IndexSample *pSample = &pIdx->aSample[iSample];
              pSample->eType = (u8)eType;
              if( eType==SQLITE_INTEGER || eType==SQLITE_FLOAT ){
                pSample->u.r = sqlite3_column_double(pStmt, 2);
              }else if( eType==SQLITE_TEXT || eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
                const char *z = (const char *)(
                    (eType==SQLITE_BLOB) ?
                    sqlite3_column_blob(pStmt, 2):
                    sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 2)
                );
                int n = sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, 2);
                if( n>24 ){
                  n = 24;
                }
                pSample->nByte = (u8)n;
                if( n < 1){
                  pSample->u.z = 0;
                }else{
                  pSample->u.z = sqlite3DbStrNDup(0, z, n);
                  if( pSample->u.z==0 ){
                    db->mallocFailed = 1;
                    break;
                  }
                }
              }
            }
          }
        }
      }
      rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    }
  }
#endif

  if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
  return rc;
}


#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE */







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|
>
>
>
>
|
>
>







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|







>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
|




<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







>
>


>





>
>










|




|
>
|
|
>
|
>

<
>
>
>
>
>
>
|
|
|
>
>
>
|
<
|
>
>
|

<
<
>
|
|
|
<
>
>







 







|





<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<

|




|
|

>
>
>
>
>
|
<
<
<
<
<
|



|

|
>
>
>
>
>
>

<



>

<
>

>


>
>
>







 







|





|




|













|

|












>







 







|







 







|


|


|


|

>
>






>

>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
|

|



|
|


|
|







 







>


>







 







|
|
<
<
<

<
<
<
|
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<











6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
...
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
...
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
...
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
...
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254








255
256
257
258
259
260
261
...
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321

322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334

335
336
337
338
339


340
341
342
343

344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
...
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380































381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395





396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409

410
411
412
413
414

415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
...
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
...
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
...
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
...
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
...
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877



878



879






























































880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code associated with the ANALYZE command.
**
** The ANALYZE command gather statistics about the content of tables
** and indices.  These statistics are made available to the query planner
** to help it make better decisions about how to perform queries.
**
** The following system tables are or have been supported:
**
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat1(tbl, idx, stat);
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat2(tbl, idx, sampleno, sample);
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat3(tbl, idx, nLt, nEq, sample);
**
** Additional tables might be added in future releases of SQLite.
** The sqlite_stat2 table is not created or used unless the SQLite version
** is between 3.6.18 and 3.7.7, inclusive, and unless SQLite is compiled
** with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2.  The sqlite_stat2 table is deprecated.
** The sqlite_stat2 table is superceded by sqlite_stat3, which is only
** created and used by SQLite versions after 2011-08-09 with
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 defined.  The fucntionality of sqlite_stat3
** is a superset of sqlite_stat2.  
**
** Format of sqlite_stat1:
**
** There is normally one row per index, with the index identified by the
** name in the idx column.  The tbl column is the name of the table to
** which the index belongs.  In each such row, the stat column will be
** a string consisting of a list of integers.  The first integer in this
** list is the number of rows in the index and in the table.  The second
** integer is the average number of rows in the index that have the same
** value in the first column of the index.  The third integer is the average
** number of rows in the index that have the same value for the first two
** columns.  The N-th integer (for N>1) is the average number of rows in 
** the index which have the same value for the first N-1 columns.  For
** a K-column index, there will be K+1 integers in the stat column.  If
** the index is unique, then the last integer will be 1.
**
** The list of integers in the stat column can optionally be followed
** by the keyword "unordered".  The "unordered" keyword, if it is present,
** must be separated from the last integer by a single space.  If the
** "unordered" keyword is present, then the query planner assumes that
** the index is unordered and will not use the index for a range query.
** 
** If the sqlite_stat1.idx column is NULL, then the sqlite_stat1.stat
** column contains a single integer which is the (estimated) number of
** rows in the table identified by sqlite_stat1.tbl.
**
** Format of sqlite_stat2:
**
** The sqlite_stat2 is only created and is only used if SQLite is compiled
** with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 and if the SQLite version number is between
** 3.6.18 and 3.7.7.  The "stat2" table contains additional information
** about the distribution of keys within an index.  The index is identified by
** the "idx" column and the "tbl" column is the name of the table to which
** the index belongs.  There are usually 10 rows in the sqlite_stat2
** table for each index.
**
** The sqlite_stat2 entires for an index that have sampleno between 0 and 9
** inclusive are samples of the left-most key value in the index taken at
** evenly spaced points along the index.  Let the number of samples be S
** (10 in the standard build) and let C be the number of rows in the index.
** Then the sampled rows are given by:
**
**     rownumber = (i*C*2 + C)/(S*2)
**
** For i between 0 and S-1.  Conceptually, the index space is divided into
** S uniform buckets and the samples are the middle row from each bucket.
**
** The format for sqlite_stat2 is recorded here for legacy reference.  This
** version of SQLite does not support sqlite_stat2.  It neither reads nor
** writes the sqlite_stat2 table.  This version of SQLite only supports
** sqlite_stat3.
**
** Format for sqlite_stat3:
**
** The sqlite_stat3 is an enhancement to sqlite_stat2.  A new name is
** used to avoid compatibility problems.  
**
** The format of the sqlite_stat3 table is similar to the format for
** the sqlite_stat2 table, with the following changes:  (1)
** The sampleno column is removed.  (2) Every sample has nEq and nLt 
** columns which hold the approximate number of keys in the table that
** exactly match the sample, and which are less than the sample,
** respectively.  (3) The number of samples can very from one table
** to the next; the sample count does not have to be exactly 10 as
** it is with sqlite_stat2. (4) The samples do not have to be evenly spaced.
**
** The ANALYZE command will typically generate sqlite_stat3 tables
** that contain between 10 and 40 samples which are distributed across
** the key space, though not uniformly, and which include samples with
** largest possible nEq values.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** This routine generates code that opens the sqlite_stat1 table for
** writing with cursor iStatCur. If the library was built with the
................................................................................
  const char *zWhereType  /* Either "tbl" or "idx" */
){
  static const struct {
    const char *zName;
    const char *zCols;
  } aTable[] = {
    { "sqlite_stat1", "tbl,idx,stat" },
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    { "sqlite_stat3", "tbl,idx,neq,nlt,sample" },
#endif
  };
  static const char *azToDrop[] = { 
    "sqlite_stat2",
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    "sqlite_stat3",
#endif
  };

  int aRoot[] = {0, 0};
  u8 aCreateTbl[] = {0, 0};

  int i;
................................................................................
  Db *pDb;
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ) return;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  assert( sqlite3VdbeDb(v)==db );
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];

  /* Drop all statistics tables that this version of SQLite does not
  ** understand.
  */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(azToDrop); i++){
    Table *pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, azToDrop[i], pDb->zName);
    if( pTab ) sqlite3CodeDropTable(pParse, pTab, iDb, 0);
  }

  /* Create new statistic tables if they do not exist, or clear them
  ** if they do already exist.
  */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    const char *zTab = aTable[i].zName;
    Table *pStat;
    if( (pStat = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTab, pDb->zName))==0 ){
      /* The sqlite_stat[12] table does not exist. Create it. Note that a 
      ** side-effect of the CREATE TABLE statement is to leave the rootpage 
      ** of the new table in register pParse->regRoot. This is important 
................................................................................
      }else{
        /* The sqlite_stat[12] table already exists.  Delete all rows. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, aRoot[i], iDb);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Open the sqlite_stat[13] tables for writing. */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iStatCur+i, aRoot[i], iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)3, P4_INT32);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, aCreateTbl[i]);
  }
}

/*
** Recommended number of samples for sqlite_stat3
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_STAT3_SAMPLES
# define SQLITE_STAT3_SAMPLES 16
#endif

/*
** Generate code to do an analysis of all indices associated with
** a single table.
*/
static void analyzeOneTable(
  Parse *pParse,   /* Parser context */
  Table *pTab,     /* Table whose indices are to be analyzed */
................................................................................
  int i;                       /* Loop counter */
  int topOfLoop;               /* The top of the loop */
  int endOfLoop;               /* The end of the loop */
  int jZeroRows = -1;          /* Jump from here if number of rows is zero */
  int iDb;                     /* Index of database containing pTab */
  int regTabname = iMem++;     /* Register containing table name */
  int regIdxname = iMem++;     /* Register containing index name */
  int regStat1 = iMem++;       /* The stat column of sqlite_stat1 */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  int regNumEq = iMem-1;       /* Number of instances.  Same as regStat1 */
  int regNumLt = iMem++;       /* Number of keys less than regSample */
  int regSample = iMem++;      /* The next sample value */
  int regNext = iMem++;        /* Index of next sample to record */
  int regSpacing = iMem++;     /* Spacing between samples */
  int regBigSize = iMem++;     /* Always save entries with nEq >= this */
  int regTemp1 = iMem++;       /* Intermediate register */
  int regCount = iMem++;       /* Number of rows in the table or index */
  int regGosub = iMem++;       /* Register holding subroutine return addr */
  int once = 1;                /* One-time initialization */
  int shortJump = 0;           /* Instruction address */
  int addrStoreStat3 = 0;      /* Address of subroutine to wrote to stat3 */
#endif
  int regCol = iMem++;         /* Content of a column in analyzed table */
  int regRec = iMem++;         /* Register holding completed record */
  int regTemp = iMem++;        /* Temporary use register */
  int regRowid = iMem++;       /* Rowid for the inserted record */










  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 || NEVER(pTab==0) ){
    return;
  }
  if( pTab->tnum==0 ){
    /* Do not gather statistics on views or virtual tables */
................................................................................
  sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

  iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTabname, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    int nCol;
    KeyInfo *pKey;
    int addrIfNot;               /* address of OP_IfNot */
    int *aChngAddr;              /* Array of jump instruction addresses */

    if( pOnlyIdx && pOnlyIdx!=pIdx ) continue;
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin analysis of %s", pIdx->zName));
    nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);
    if( iMem+1+(nCol*2)>pParse->nMem ){
      pParse->nMem = iMem+1+(nCol*2);
    }
    aChngAddr = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*pIdx->nColumn);
    if( aChngAddr==0 ) continue;

    /* Open a cursor to the index to be analyzed. */
    assert( iDb==sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIdx->pSchema) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb,
        (char *)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));

    /* Populate the register containing the index name. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regIdxname, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3

    /* If this iteration of the loop is generating code to analyze the
    ** first index in the pTab->pIndex list, then register regLast has
    ** not been populated. In this case populate it now.  */
    if( once ){
      once = 0;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regCount);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_STAT3_SAMPLES, regTemp1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide, regTemp1, regCount, regSpacing);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_STAT3_SAMPLES/2, regTemp1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide, regTemp1, regCount, regBigSize);


      /* Generate code for a subroutine that store the most recent sample
      ** in the sqlite_stat3 table
      */
      shortJump = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 5, regRec, "bbbbb", 0);
        VdbeComment((v, "begin stat3 write subroutine"));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regRec, regRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, regNext, regSpacing, regNext);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regGosub);
      addrStoreStat3 = 
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ge, regBigSize, shortJump+1, regNumEq);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, regNumEq, regNumLt, regTemp1);

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ge, regNext, shortJump+1, regTemp1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Return, regGosub);
      VdbeComment((v, "end stat3 write subroutine"));
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, shortJump);
    }


    /* Reset state registers */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, regSpacing, regNext);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regNumEq);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regNumLt);


#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

    /* The block of memory cells initialized here is used as follows.
    **
    **    iMem:                
    **        The total number of rows in the table.
    **
    **    iMem+1 .. iMem+nCol: 
................................................................................
    }

    /* Start the analysis loop. This loop runs through all the entries in
    ** the index b-tree.  */
    endOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iIdxCur, endOfLoop);
    topOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iMem, 1);  /* Increment row counter */

    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      CollSeq *pColl;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regCol);
      if( i==0 ){































        /* Always record the very first row */
        addrIfNot = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, iMem+1);
      }
      assert( pIdx->azColl!=0 );
      assert( pIdx->azColl[i]!=0 );
      pColl = sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, pIdx->azColl[i]);
      aChngAddr[i] = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Ne, regCol, 0, iMem+nCol+i+1,
                                      (char*)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      VdbeComment((v, "jump if column %d changed", i));
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
      if( i==0 && addrStoreStat3 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regNumEq, 1);
        VdbeComment((v, "incr repeat count"));
      }





#endif
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, endOfLoop);
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, aChngAddr[i]);  /* Set jump dest for the OP_Ne */
      if( i==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrIfNot);   /* Jump dest for OP_IfNot */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regGosub, addrStoreStat3);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, regCol, regSample);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, regNumEq, regNumLt, regNumLt);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, regNumEq);
#endif        
      }

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iMem+i+1, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, iMem+nCol+i+1);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, aChngAddr);


    /* Always jump here after updating the iMem+1...iMem+1+nCol counters */
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endOfLoop);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur, topOfLoop);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regGosub, addrStoreStat3);
#endif        

    /* Store the results in sqlite_stat1.
    **
    ** The result is a single row of the sqlite_stat1 table.  The first
    ** two columns are the names of the table and index.  The third column
    ** is a string composed of a list of integer statistics about the
    ** index.  The first integer in the list is the total number of entries
................................................................................
    **
    **        I = (K+D-1)/D
    **
    ** If K==0 then no entry is made into the sqlite_stat1 table.  
    ** If K>0 then it is always the case the D>0 so division by zero
    ** is never possible.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, iMem, regStat1);
    if( jZeroRows<0 ){
      jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, iMem);
    }
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTemp, 0, " ", 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regStat1, regStat1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, iMem, iMem+i+1, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regTemp, -1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide, iMem+i+1, regTemp, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_ToInt, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regStat1, regStat1);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regRec, "aaa", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regRec, regRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
  }

  /* If the table has no indices, create a single sqlite_stat1 entry
  ** containing NULL as the index name and the row count as the content.
  */
  if( pTab->pIndex==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pTab->tnum, iDb);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->zName));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regStat1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur);
    jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, regStat1);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
    jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regIdxname);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regRec, "aaa", 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regRowid);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regRec, regRowid);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
  if( pParse->nMem<regRec ) pParse->nMem = regRec;
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
}


/*
** Generate code that will cause the most recent index analysis to
** be loaded into internal hash tables where is can be used.
*/
static void loadAnalysis(Parse *pParse, int iDb){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
................................................................................
** the table.
*/
static int analysisLoader(void *pData, int argc, char **argv, char **NotUsed){
  analysisInfo *pInfo = (analysisInfo*)pData;
  Index *pIndex;
  Table *pTable;
  int i, c, n;
  tRowcnt v;
  const char *z;

  assert( argc==3 );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER2(NotUsed, argc);

  if( argv==0 || argv[0]==0 || argv[2]==0 ){
    return 0;
................................................................................
}

/*
** If the Index.aSample variable is not NULL, delete the aSample[] array
** and its contents.
*/
void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3 *db, Index *pIdx){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  if( pIdx->aSample ){
    int j;
    for(j=0; j<pIdx->nSample; j++){
      IndexSample *p = &pIdx->aSample[j];
      if( p->eType==SQLITE_TEXT || p->eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        sqlite3_free(p->u.z);
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(pIdx->aSample);
  }
  pIdx->nSample = 0;
  pIdx->aSample = 0;
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pIdx);
#endif
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Load content from the sqlite_stat3 table into the Index.aSample[]
** arrays of all indices.
*/
static int loadStat3(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb){
  int rc;                       /* Result codes from subroutines */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;      /* An SQL statement being run */
  char *zSql;                   /* Text of the SQL statement */
  Index *pPrevIdx = 0;          /* Previous index in the loop */
  int idx;                      /* slot in pIdx->aSample[] for next sample */
  int eType;                    /* Datatype of a sample */
  IndexSample *pSample;         /* A slot in pIdx->aSample[] */

  if( !sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat3", zDb) ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
      "SELECT idx,count(*) FROM %Q.sqlite_stat3"
      " GROUP BY idx", zDb);
  if( !zSql ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    char *zIndex;   /* Index name */
    Index *pIdx;    /* Pointer to the index object */
    int nSample;    /* Number of samples */

    zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
    if( zIndex==0 ) continue;
    nSample = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 1);
    if( nSample>255 ) continue;
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndex, zDb);
    if( pIdx==0 ) continue;
    assert( pIdx->nSample==0 );
    pIdx->nSample = (u8)nSample;
    pIdx->aSample = sqlite3MallocZero( nSample*sizeof(IndexSample) );
    if( pIdx->aSample==0 ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);

  zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
      "SELECT idx,nlt,neq,sample FROM %Q.sqlite_stat3"
      " ORDER BY idx, nlt", zDb);
  if( !zSql ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    char *zIndex;   /* Index name */
    Index *pIdx;    /* Pointer to the index object */

    zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
    if( zIndex==0 ) continue;
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndex, zDb);
    if( pIdx==0 ) continue;
    if( pIdx==pPrevIdx ){
      idx++;
    }else{
      pPrevIdx = pIdx;
      idx = 0;
    }
    assert( idx<pIdx->nSample );
    pSample = &pIdx->aSample[idx];
    pSample->nLt = (tRowcnt)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
    pSample->nEq = (tRowcnt)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 2);
    eType = sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, 3);
    pSample->eType = (u8)eType;
    switch( eType ){
      case SQLITE_INTEGER: {
        pSample->u.i = sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 3);
        break;
      }
      case SQLITE_FLOAT: {
        pSample->u.r = sqlite3_column_double(pStmt, 3);
        break;
      }
      case SQLITE_NULL: {
        break;
      }
      default: assert( eType==SQLITE_TEXT || eType==SQLITE_BLOB ); {
        const char *z = (const char *)(
              (eType==SQLITE_BLOB) ?
              sqlite3_column_blob(pStmt, 3):
              sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 3)
           );
        int n = sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, 2);
        if( n>0xffff ) n = 0xffff;
        pSample->nByte = (u16)n;
        if( n < 1){
          pSample->u.z = 0;
        }else{
          pSample->u.z = sqlite3Malloc(n);
          if( pSample->u.z==0 ){
            db->mallocFailed = 1;
            sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
            return SQLITE_NOMEM;
          }
          memcpy(pSample->u.z, z, n);
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

/*
** Load the content of the sqlite_stat1 and sqlite_stat3 tables. The
** contents of sqlite_stat1 are used to populate the Index.aiRowEst[]
** arrays. The contents of sqlite_stat3 are used to populate the
** Index.aSample[] arrays.
**
** If the sqlite_stat1 table is not present in the database, SQLITE_ERROR
** is returned. In this case, even if SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 was defined 
** during compilation and the sqlite_stat3 table is present, no data is 
** read from it.
**
** If SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 was defined during compilation and the 
** sqlite_stat3 table is not present in the database, SQLITE_ERROR is
** returned. However, in this case, data is read from the sqlite_stat1
** table (if it is present) before returning.
**
** If an OOM error occurs, this function always sets db->mallocFailed.
** This means if the caller does not care about other errors, the return
** code may be ignored.
*/
................................................................................
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 );

  /* Clear any prior statistics */
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->idxHash);i;i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Index *pIdx = sqliteHashData(i);
    sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIdx);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(db, pIdx);
    pIdx->aSample = 0;
#endif
  }

  /* Check to make sure the sqlite_stat1 table exists */
  sInfo.db = db;
  sInfo.zDatabase = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  if( sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat1", sInfo.zDatabase)==0 ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
................................................................................
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, analysisLoader, &sInfo, 0);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  }


  /* Load the statistics from the sqlite_stat3 table. */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3



  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){



    rc = loadStat3(db, sInfo.zDatabase);






























































  }
#endif

  if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
  return rc;
}


#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE */

Changes to src/build.c.

1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993




1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003








































































2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
....
2067
2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
....
2091
2092
2093
2094
2095
2096
2097
2098
2099
2100
2101
2102
2103
2104
2105
2106
2107
2108
2109
2110
2111
2112
2113
2114
2115
2116
2117
2118
2119
2120
2121
2122
2123
2124
2125
2126
2127
2128
2129
2130
2131
2132
2133
2134
2135
2136
2137
2138
2139
2140
2141
2142
2143
2144
2145
2146
2147
2148
2149
2150
2151
2152
2153
2154
2155
2156
2157
2158
2159
2160
2161
2162
2163
2164
2165
2166
2167
....
2599
2600
2601
2602
2603
2604
2605

2606
2607
2608
2609
2610
2611
2612
2613
2614
2615

2616
2617
2618
2619
2620
2621
2622
2623
2624
2625
2626
....
2889
2890
2891
2892
2893
2894
2895
2896
2897
2898
2899
2900
2901
2902
2903
2904
2905
*/
static void sqlite3ClearStatTables(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parsing context */
  int iDb,               /* The database number */
  const char *zType,     /* "idx" or "tbl" */
  const char *zName      /* Name of index or table */
){
  static const char *azStatTab[] = { "sqlite_stat1", "sqlite_stat2" };




  int i;
  const char *zDbName = pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(azStatTab); i++){
    if( sqlite3FindTable(pParse->db, azStatTab[i], zDbName) ){
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
        "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE %s=%Q",
        zDbName, azStatTab[i], zType, zName
      );
    }
  }








































































}

/*
** This routine is called to do the work of a DROP TABLE statement.
** pName is the name of the table to be dropped.
*/
void sqlite3DropTable(Parse *pParse, SrcList *pName, int isView, int noErr){
................................................................................
      goto exit_drop_table;
    }
    if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_DELETE, pTab->zName, 0, zDb) ){
      goto exit_drop_table;
    }
  }
#endif
  if( sqlite3StrNICmp(pTab->zName, "sqlite_", 7)==0 ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s may not be dropped", pTab->zName);
    goto exit_drop_table;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
  /* Ensure DROP TABLE is not used on a view, and DROP VIEW is not used
  ** on a table.
................................................................................
#endif

  /* Generate code to remove the table from the master table
  ** on disk.
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    Trigger *pTrigger;
    Db *pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_VBegin);
    }
#endif
    sqlite3FkDropTable(pParse, pName, pTab);

    /* Drop all triggers associated with the table being dropped. Code
    ** is generated to remove entries from sqlite_master and/or
    ** sqlite_temp_master if required.
    */
    pTrigger = sqlite3TriggerList(pParse, pTab);
    while( pTrigger ){
      assert( pTrigger->pSchema==pTab->pSchema || 
          pTrigger->pSchema==db->aDb[1].pSchema );
      sqlite3DropTriggerPtr(pParse, pTrigger);
      pTrigger = pTrigger->pNext;
    }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
    /* Remove any entries of the sqlite_sequence table associated with
    ** the table being dropped. This is done before the table is dropped
    ** at the btree level, in case the sqlite_sequence table needs to
    ** move as a result of the drop (can happen in auto-vacuum mode).
    */
    if( pTab->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement ){
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
        "DELETE FROM %s.sqlite_sequence WHERE name=%Q",
        pDb->zName, pTab->zName
      );
    }
#endif

    /* Drop all SQLITE_MASTER table and index entries that refer to the
    ** table. The program name loops through the master table and deletes
    ** every row that refers to a table of the same name as the one being
    ** dropped. Triggers are handled seperately because a trigger can be
    ** created in the temp database that refers to a table in another
    ** database.
    */
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
        "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE tbl_name=%Q and type!='trigger'",
        pDb->zName, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb), pTab->zName);
    sqlite3ClearStatTables(pParse, iDb, "tbl", pTab->zName);
    if( !isView && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      destroyTable(pParse, pTab);
    }

    /* Remove the table entry from SQLite's internal schema and modify
    ** the schema cookie.
    */
    if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VDestroy, iDb, 0, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropTable, iDb, 0, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
  }
  sqliteViewResetAll(db, iDb);

exit_drop_table:
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pName);
}

/*
** This routine is called to create a new foreign key on the table
** currently under construction.  pFromCol determines which columns
................................................................................
  /* 
  ** Allocate the index structure. 
  */
  nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
  nCol = pList->nExpr;
  pIndex = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, 
      sizeof(Index) +              /* Index structure  */

      sizeof(int)*nCol +           /* Index.aiColumn   */
      sizeof(int)*(nCol+1) +       /* Index.aiRowEst   */
      sizeof(char *)*nCol +        /* Index.azColl     */
      sizeof(u8)*nCol +            /* Index.aSortOrder */
      nName + 1 +                  /* Index.zName      */
      nExtra                       /* Collation sequence names */
  );
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    goto exit_create_index;
  }

  pIndex->azColl = (char**)(&pIndex[1]);
  pIndex->aiColumn = (int *)(&pIndex->azColl[nCol]);
  pIndex->aiRowEst = (unsigned *)(&pIndex->aiColumn[nCol]);
  pIndex->aSortOrder = (u8 *)(&pIndex->aiRowEst[nCol+1]);
  pIndex->zName = (char *)(&pIndex->aSortOrder[nCol]);
  zExtra = (char *)(&pIndex->zName[nName+1]);
  memcpy(pIndex->zName, zName, nName+1);
  pIndex->pTable = pTab;
  pIndex->nColumn = pList->nExpr;
  pIndex->onError = (u8)onError;
  pIndex->autoIndex = (u8)(pName==0);
................................................................................
**           aiRowEst[N]>=1
**
** Apart from that, we have little to go on besides intuition as to
** how aiRowEst[] should be initialized.  The numbers generated here
** are based on typical values found in actual indices.
*/
void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index *pIdx){
  unsigned *a = pIdx->aiRowEst;
  int i;
  unsigned n;
  assert( a!=0 );
  a[0] = pIdx->pTable->nRowEst;
  if( a[0]<10 ) a[0] = 10;
  n = 10;
  for(i=1; i<=pIdx->nColumn; i++){
    a[i] = n;
    if( n>5 ) n--;







|
>
>
>
>










>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|







 







<
<

<
<
<
<
<
<

<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
|
|

<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







>

<








>
|

<
|







 







|

|







1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
2034
2035
2036
2037
2038
2039
2040
2041
2042
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
2052
2053
2054
2055
2056
2057
2058
2059
2060
2061
2062
2063
2064
2065
2066
2067
2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
....
2143
2144
2145
2146
2147
2148
2149
2150
2151
2152
2153
2154
2155
2156
2157
....
2167
2168
2169
2170
2171
2172
2173


2174






2175







































2176
2177
2178











2179
2180
2181
2182
2183
2184
2185
....
2617
2618
2619
2620
2621
2622
2623
2624
2625

2626
2627
2628
2629
2630
2631
2632
2633
2634
2635
2636

2637
2638
2639
2640
2641
2642
2643
2644
....
2907
2908
2909
2910
2911
2912
2913
2914
2915
2916
2917
2918
2919
2920
2921
2922
2923
*/
static void sqlite3ClearStatTables(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parsing context */
  int iDb,               /* The database number */
  const char *zType,     /* "idx" or "tbl" */
  const char *zName      /* Name of index or table */
){
  static const char *azStatTab[] = { 
    "sqlite_stat1",
    "sqlite_stat2",
    "sqlite_stat3",
  };
  int i;
  const char *zDbName = pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(azStatTab); i++){
    if( sqlite3FindTable(pParse->db, azStatTab[i], zDbName) ){
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
        "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE %s=%Q",
        zDbName, azStatTab[i], zType, zName
      );
    }
  }
}

/*
** Generate code to drop a table.
*/
void sqlite3CodeDropTable(Parse *pParse, Table *pTab, int iDb, int isView){
  Vdbe *v;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Trigger *pTrigger;
  Db *pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];

  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_VBegin);
  }
#endif

  /* Drop all triggers associated with the table being dropped. Code
  ** is generated to remove entries from sqlite_master and/or
  ** sqlite_temp_master if required.
  */
  pTrigger = sqlite3TriggerList(pParse, pTab);
  while( pTrigger ){
    assert( pTrigger->pSchema==pTab->pSchema || 
        pTrigger->pSchema==db->aDb[1].pSchema );
    sqlite3DropTriggerPtr(pParse, pTrigger);
    pTrigger = pTrigger->pNext;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
  /* Remove any entries of the sqlite_sequence table associated with
  ** the table being dropped. This is done before the table is dropped
  ** at the btree level, in case the sqlite_sequence table needs to
  ** move as a result of the drop (can happen in auto-vacuum mode).
  */
  if( pTab->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement ){
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
      "DELETE FROM %Q.sqlite_sequence WHERE name=%Q",
      pDb->zName, pTab->zName
    );
  }
#endif

  /* Drop all SQLITE_MASTER table and index entries that refer to the
  ** table. The program name loops through the master table and deletes
  ** every row that refers to a table of the same name as the one being
  ** dropped. Triggers are handled seperately because a trigger can be
  ** created in the temp database that refers to a table in another
  ** database.
  */
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
      "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE tbl_name=%Q and type!='trigger'",
      pDb->zName, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb), pTab->zName);
  sqlite3ClearStatTables(pParse, iDb, "tbl", pTab->zName);
  if( !isView && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    destroyTable(pParse, pTab);
  }

  /* Remove the table entry from SQLite's internal schema and modify
  ** the schema cookie.
  */
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VDestroy, iDb, 0, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropTable, iDb, 0, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
  sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
  sqliteViewResetAll(db, iDb);

}

/*
** This routine is called to do the work of a DROP TABLE statement.
** pName is the name of the table to be dropped.
*/
void sqlite3DropTable(Parse *pParse, SrcList *pName, int isView, int noErr){
................................................................................
      goto exit_drop_table;
    }
    if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_DELETE, pTab->zName, 0, zDb) ){
      goto exit_drop_table;
    }
  }
#endif
  if( !pParse->nested && sqlite3StrNICmp(pTab->zName, "sqlite_", 7)==0 ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s may not be dropped", pTab->zName);
    goto exit_drop_table;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
  /* Ensure DROP TABLE is not used on a view, and DROP VIEW is not used
  ** on a table.
................................................................................
#endif

  /* Generate code to remove the table from the master table
  ** on disk.
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){


    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);






    sqlite3FkDropTable(pParse, pName, pTab);







































    sqlite3CodeDropTable(pParse, pTab, iDb, isView);
  }












exit_drop_table:
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pName);
}

/*
** This routine is called to create a new foreign key on the table
** currently under construction.  pFromCol determines which columns
................................................................................
  /* 
  ** Allocate the index structure. 
  */
  nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
  nCol = pList->nExpr;
  pIndex = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, 
      sizeof(Index) +              /* Index structure  */
      sizeof(tRowcnt)*(nCol+1) +   /* Index.aiRowEst   */
      sizeof(int)*nCol +           /* Index.aiColumn   */

      sizeof(char *)*nCol +        /* Index.azColl     */
      sizeof(u8)*nCol +            /* Index.aSortOrder */
      nName + 1 +                  /* Index.zName      */
      nExtra                       /* Collation sequence names */
  );
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    goto exit_create_index;
  }
  pIndex->aiRowEst = (tRowcnt*)(&pIndex[1]);
  pIndex->azColl = (char**)(&pIndex->aiRowEst[nCol+1]);
  pIndex->aiColumn = (int *)(&pIndex->azColl[nCol]);

  pIndex->aSortOrder = (u8 *)(&pIndex->aiColumn[nCol]);
  pIndex->zName = (char *)(&pIndex->aSortOrder[nCol]);
  zExtra = (char *)(&pIndex->zName[nName+1]);
  memcpy(pIndex->zName, zName, nName+1);
  pIndex->pTable = pTab;
  pIndex->nColumn = pList->nExpr;
  pIndex->onError = (u8)onError;
  pIndex->autoIndex = (u8)(pName==0);
................................................................................
**           aiRowEst[N]>=1
**
** Apart from that, we have little to go on besides intuition as to
** how aiRowEst[] should be initialized.  The numbers generated here
** are based on typical values found in actual indices.
*/
void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index *pIdx){
  tRowcnt *a = pIdx->aiRowEst;
  int i;
  tRowcnt n;
  assert( a!=0 );
  a[0] = pIdx->pTable->nRowEst;
  if( a[0]<10 ) a[0] = 10;
  n = 10;
  for(i=1; i<=pIdx->nColumn; i++){
    a[i] = n;
    if( n>5 ) n--;

Changes to src/ctime.c.

112
113
114
115
116
117
118



119
120
121
122
123
124
125
  "ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE
  "ENABLE_RTREE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  "ENABLE_STAT2",



#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
  "ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
  "ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT",
#endif







>
>
>







112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
  "ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE
  "ENABLE_RTREE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  "ENABLE_STAT2",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  "ENABLE_STAT3",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
  "ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
  "ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT",
#endif

Changes to src/sqlite.h.in.

2847
2848
2849
2850
2851
2852
2853
2854
2855
2856
2857
2858
2859
2860
2861
** WHERE clause might influence the choice of query plan for a statement,
** then the statement will be automatically recompiled, as if there had been 
** a schema change, on the first  [sqlite3_step()] call following any change
** to the [sqlite3_bind_text | bindings] of that [parameter]. 
** ^The specific value of WHERE-clause [parameter] might influence the 
** choice of query plan if the parameter is the left-hand side of a [LIKE]
** or [GLOB] operator or if the parameter is compared to an indexed column
** and the [SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2] compile-time option is enabled.
** the 
** </li>
** </ol>
*/
int sqlite3_prepare(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */







|







2847
2848
2849
2850
2851
2852
2853
2854
2855
2856
2857
2858
2859
2860
2861
** WHERE clause might influence the choice of query plan for a statement,
** then the statement will be automatically recompiled, as if there had been 
** a schema change, on the first  [sqlite3_step()] call following any change
** to the [sqlite3_bind_text | bindings] of that [parameter]. 
** ^The specific value of WHERE-clause [parameter] might influence the 
** choice of query plan if the parameter is the left-hand side of a [LIKE]
** or [GLOB] operator or if the parameter is compared to an indexed column
** and the [SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3] compile-time option is enabled.
** the 
** </li>
** </ol>
*/
int sqlite3_prepare(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

441
442
443
444
445
446
447












448
449
450
451
452
453
454
....
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
....
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485

1486
1487
1488
1489
1490

1491

1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501

1502
1503
1504


1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
....
2703
2704
2705
2706
2707
2708
2709

2710
2711
2712
2713
2714
2715
2716
....
2959
2960
2961
2962
2963
2964
2965
2966
2967
2968
2969
2970
2971
2972
2973
** SQLITE_MAX_U32 is a u64 constant that is the maximum u64 value
** that can be stored in a u32 without loss of data.  The value
** is 0x00000000ffffffff.  But because of quirks of some compilers, we
** have to specify the value in the less intuitive manner shown:
*/
#define SQLITE_MAX_U32  ((((u64)1)<<32)-1)













/*
** Macros to determine whether the machine is big or little endian,
** evaluated at runtime.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
const int sqlite3one = 1;
#else
................................................................................
struct Table {
  char *zName;         /* Name of the table or view */
  int iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the primary key */
  int nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */
  Column *aCol;        /* Information about each column */
  Index *pIndex;       /* List of SQL indexes on this table. */
  int tnum;            /* Root BTree node for this table (see note above) */
  unsigned nRowEst;    /* Estimated rows in table - from sqlite_stat1 table */
  Select *pSelect;     /* NULL for tables.  Points to definition if a view. */
  u16 nRef;            /* Number of pointers to this Table */
  u8 tabFlags;         /* Mask of TF_* values */
  u8 keyConf;          /* What to do in case of uniqueness conflict on iPKey */
  FKey *pFKey;         /* Linked list of all foreign keys in this table */
  char *zColAff;       /* String defining the affinity of each column */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
................................................................................
** algorithm to employ whenever an attempt is made to insert a non-unique
** element.
*/
struct Index {
  char *zName;     /* Name of this index */
  int nColumn;     /* Number of columns in the table used by this index */
  int *aiColumn;   /* Which columns are used by this index.  1st is 0 */
  unsigned *aiRowEst; /* Result of ANALYZE: Est. rows selected by each column */
  Table *pTable;   /* The SQL table being indexed */
  int tnum;        /* Page containing root of this index in database file */
  u8 onError;      /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  u8 autoIndex;    /* True if is automatically created (ex: by UNIQUE) */
  u8 bUnordered;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */

  char *zColAff;   /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;    /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema; /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;  /* Array of size Index.nColumn. True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;   /* Array of collation sequence names for index */

  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Array of SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES samples */

};

/*
** Each sample stored in the sqlite_stat2 table is represented in memory 
** using a structure of this type.
*/
struct IndexSample {
  union {
    char *z;        /* Value if eType is SQLITE_TEXT or SQLITE_BLOB */
    double r;       /* Value if eType is SQLITE_FLOAT or SQLITE_INTEGER */

  } u;
  u8 eType;         /* SQLITE_NULL, SQLITE_INTEGER ... etc. */
  u8 nByte;         /* Size in byte of text or blob. */


};

/*
** Each token coming out of the lexer is an instance of
** this structure.  Tokens are also used as part of an expression.
**
** Note if Token.z==0 then Token.dyn and Token.n are undefined and
................................................................................
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
  int sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(Parse*,Table*);
#else
# define sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(A,B) 0
#endif

void sqlite3DropTable(Parse*, SrcList*, int, int);

void sqlite3DeleteTable(sqlite3*, Table*);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
  void sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(Parse *pParse);
  void sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(Parse *pParse);
#else
# define sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(X)
# define sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(X)
................................................................................
const void *sqlite3ValueText(sqlite3_value*, u8);
int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value*, u8);
void sqlite3ValueSetStr(sqlite3_value*, int, const void *,u8, 
                        void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3ValueFree(sqlite3_value*);
sqlite3_value *sqlite3ValueNew(sqlite3 *);
char *sqlite3Utf16to8(sqlite3 *, const void*, int, u8);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
char *sqlite3Utf8to16(sqlite3 *, u8, char *, int, int *);
#endif
int sqlite3ValueFromExpr(sqlite3 *, Expr *, u8, u8, sqlite3_value **);
void sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(sqlite3_value *, u8, u8);
#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
extern const unsigned char sqlite3OpcodeProperty[];
extern const unsigned char sqlite3UpperToLower[];







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|







 







|





>





>
|
>









|
>


|
>
>







 







>







 







|







441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
....
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
....
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
....
2721
2722
2723
2724
2725
2726
2727
2728
2729
2730
2731
2732
2733
2734
2735
....
2978
2979
2980
2981
2982
2983
2984
2985
2986
2987
2988
2989
2990
2991
2992
** SQLITE_MAX_U32 is a u64 constant that is the maximum u64 value
** that can be stored in a u32 without loss of data.  The value
** is 0x00000000ffffffff.  But because of quirks of some compilers, we
** have to specify the value in the less intuitive manner shown:
*/
#define SQLITE_MAX_U32  ((((u64)1)<<32)-1)

/*
** The datatype used to store estimates of the number of rows in a
** table or index.  This is an unsigned integer type.  For 99.9% of
** the world, a 32-bit integer is sufficient.  But a 64-bit integer
** can be used at compile-time if desired.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_64BIT_STATS
 typedef u64 tRowcnt;    /* 64-bit only if requested at compile-time */
#else
 typedef u32 tRowcnt;    /* 32-bit is the default */
#endif

/*
** Macros to determine whether the machine is big or little endian,
** evaluated at runtime.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
const int sqlite3one = 1;
#else
................................................................................
struct Table {
  char *zName;         /* Name of the table or view */
  int iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the primary key */
  int nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */
  Column *aCol;        /* Information about each column */
  Index *pIndex;       /* List of SQL indexes on this table. */
  int tnum;            /* Root BTree node for this table (see note above) */
  tRowcnt nRowEst;     /* Estimated rows in table - from sqlite_stat1 table */
  Select *pSelect;     /* NULL for tables.  Points to definition if a view. */
  u16 nRef;            /* Number of pointers to this Table */
  u8 tabFlags;         /* Mask of TF_* values */
  u8 keyConf;          /* What to do in case of uniqueness conflict on iPKey */
  FKey *pFKey;         /* Linked list of all foreign keys in this table */
  char *zColAff;       /* String defining the affinity of each column */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
................................................................................
** algorithm to employ whenever an attempt is made to insert a non-unique
** element.
*/
struct Index {
  char *zName;     /* Name of this index */
  int nColumn;     /* Number of columns in the table used by this index */
  int *aiColumn;   /* Which columns are used by this index.  1st is 0 */
  tRowcnt *aiRowEst; /* Result of ANALYZE: Est. rows selected by each column */
  Table *pTable;   /* The SQL table being indexed */
  int tnum;        /* Page containing root of this index in database file */
  u8 onError;      /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  u8 autoIndex;    /* True if is automatically created (ex: by UNIQUE) */
  u8 bUnordered;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
  u8 nSample;      /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
  char *zColAff;   /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;    /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema; /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;  /* Array of size Index.nColumn. True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;   /* Array of collation sequence names for index */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Samples of the left-most key */
#endif
};

/*
** Each sample stored in the sqlite_stat2 table is represented in memory 
** using a structure of this type.
*/
struct IndexSample {
  union {
    char *z;        /* Value if eType is SQLITE_TEXT or SQLITE_BLOB */
    double r;       /* Value if eType is SQLITE_FLOAT */
    i64 i;          /* Value if eType is SQLITE_INTEGER */
  } u;
  u8 eType;         /* SQLITE_NULL, SQLITE_INTEGER ... etc. */
  u16 nByte;        /* Size in byte of text or blob. */
  tRowcnt nEq;      /* Est. number of rows where the key equals this sample */
  tRowcnt nLt;      /* Est. number of rows where key is less than this sample */
};

/*
** Each token coming out of the lexer is an instance of
** this structure.  Tokens are also used as part of an expression.
**
** Note if Token.z==0 then Token.dyn and Token.n are undefined and
................................................................................
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
  int sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(Parse*,Table*);
#else
# define sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(A,B) 0
#endif

void sqlite3DropTable(Parse*, SrcList*, int, int);
void sqlite3CodeDropTable(Parse*, Table*, int, int);
void sqlite3DeleteTable(sqlite3*, Table*);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
  void sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(Parse *pParse);
  void sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(Parse *pParse);
#else
# define sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(X)
# define sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(X)
................................................................................
const void *sqlite3ValueText(sqlite3_value*, u8);
int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value*, u8);
void sqlite3ValueSetStr(sqlite3_value*, int, const void *,u8, 
                        void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3ValueFree(sqlite3_value*);
sqlite3_value *sqlite3ValueNew(sqlite3 *);
char *sqlite3Utf16to8(sqlite3 *, const void*, int, u8);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
char *sqlite3Utf8to16(sqlite3 *, u8, char *, int, int *);
#endif
int sqlite3ValueFromExpr(sqlite3 *, Expr *, u8, u8, sqlite3_value **);
void sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(sqlite3_value *, u8, u8);
#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
extern const unsigned char sqlite3OpcodeProperty[];
extern const unsigned char sqlite3UpperToLower[];

Changes to src/test_config.c.

413
414
415
416
417
418
419






420
421
422
423
424
425
426
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "stat2", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "stat2", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif







#if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE)
#  if defined(__APPLE__)
#    define SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE 1
#  else
#    define SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE 0
#  endif







>
>
>
>
>
>







413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "stat2", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "stat2", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "stat3", "1", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#else
  Tcl_SetVar2(interp, "sqlite_options", "stat3", "0", TCL_GLOBAL_ONLY);
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE)
#  if defined(__APPLE__)
#    define SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE 1
#  else
#    define SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE 0
#  endif

Changes to src/utf.c.

460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
** is set to the length of the returned string in bytes. The call should
** arrange to call sqlite3DbFree() on the returned pointer when it is
** no longer required.
** 
** If a malloc failure occurs, NULL is returned and the db.mallocFailed
** flag set.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
char *sqlite3Utf8to16(sqlite3 *db, u8 enc, char *z, int n, int *pnOut){
  Mem m;
  memset(&m, 0, sizeof(m));
  m.db = db;
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(&m, z, n, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemTranslate(&m, enc) ){
    assert( db->mallocFailed );







|







460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
** is set to the length of the returned string in bytes. The call should
** arrange to call sqlite3DbFree() on the returned pointer when it is
** no longer required.
** 
** If a malloc failure occurs, NULL is returned and the db.mallocFailed
** flag set.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
char *sqlite3Utf8to16(sqlite3 *db, u8 enc, char *z, int n, int *pnOut){
  Mem m;
  memset(&m, 0, sizeof(m));
  m.db = db;
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(&m, z, n, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemTranslate(&m, enc) ){
    assert( db->mallocFailed );

Changes to src/vdbemem.c.

1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046

  if( !pExpr ){
    *ppVal = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  op = pExpr->op;

  /* op can only be TK_REGISTER if we have compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2.
  ** The ifdef here is to enable us to achieve 100% branch test coverage even
  ** when SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 is omitted.
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ) op = pExpr->op2;
#else
  if( NEVER(op==TK_REGISTER) ) op = pExpr->op2;
#endif

  /* Handle negative integers in a single step.  This is needed in the
  ** case when the value is -9223372036854775808.







|

|

|







1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046

  if( !pExpr ){
    *ppVal = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  op = pExpr->op;

  /* op can only be TK_REGISTER if we have compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3.
  ** The ifdef here is to enable us to achieve 100% branch test coverage even
  ** when SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 is omitted.
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ) op = pExpr->op2;
#else
  if( NEVER(op==TK_REGISTER) ) op = pExpr->op2;
#endif

  /* Handle negative integers in a single step.  This is needed in the
  ** case when the value is -9223372036854775808.

Changes to src/where.c.

114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
....
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
....
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
....
2416
2417
2418
2419
2420
2421
2422

2423
2424
2425
2426
2427
2428
2429
2430
2431
2432
2433
2434
2435
2436
2437


2438
2439
2440
2441
2442
2443

2444
2445
2446
2447
2448
2449
2450
2451
2452





2453
2454


2455
2456
2457
2458
2459










2460
2461

2462
2463
2464
2465
2466
2467

2468
2469
2470
2471
2472



2473

2474
2475


2476
2477
2478
2479
2480
2481
2482
2483
2484
2485
2486
2487
2488
2489
2490
....
2496
2497
2498
2499
2500
2501
2502
2503
2504
2505
2506
2507
2508
2509
2510
2511
2512
2513
2514
....
2518
2519
2520
2521
2522
2523
2524


2525
2526
2527
2528
2529
2530
2531



































2532
2533
2534
2535
2536
2537
2538
2539
2540
2541
....
2545
2546
2547
2548
2549
2550
2551
2552
2553
2554
2555
2556
2557
2558
2559
....
2593
2594
2595
2596
2597
2598
2599
2600
2601
2602
2603
2604
2605
2606
2607
2608
2609
2610
2611
2612
2613
2614
2615
2616
2617
2618
2619
2620
2621
2622
2623
2624
2625
2626
2627
2628
2629
2630
2631

2632
2633
2634
2635
2636
2637




2638


2639
2640
2641
2642
2643




2644
2645

2646
2647
2648
2649
2650
2651
2652
2653
2654
2655
2656
2657
2658
2659
2660

2661
2662
2663


2664
2665
2666
2667
2668
2669
2670
2671
2672
2673
2674
2675
2676
2677
2678
2679
2680
2681
2682
2683
2684
2685
2686
2687
2688
2689
2690
2691
2692
2693
2694
2695
2696
2697
2698
2699
2700
2701
2702
....
2708
2709
2710
2711
2712
2713
2714
2715
2716
2717
2718

2719
2720
2721
2722
2723
2724
2725
2726
2727
2728
2729
2730
2731
2732
2733
2734
2735
2736
2737
2738
2739
2740
2741
2742
2743
2744
2745
2746
2747
2748
2749
2750
2751
2752
2753
2754
2755
....
2764
2765
2766
2767
2768
2769
2770
2771
2772
2773
2774

2775
2776
2777
2778
2779
2780
2781
2782
2783
2784
2785
2786
2787
2788
2789
2790
2791
2792
2793



2794
2795
2796
2797
2798
2799
2800
2801
2802
2803
2804
2805
2806
2807
2808
2809
2810
2811
2812
2813
2814
2815
2816
2817
2818
2819
2820
2821
2822
2823
2824
2825
2826
2827
2828
2829
2830
2831
....
2864
2865
2866
2867
2868
2869
2870
2871
2872
2873
2874
2875
2876
2877
2878
....
2919
2920
2921
2922
2923
2924
2925
2926
2927
2928
2929
2930
2931
2932
2933
....
2962
2963
2964
2965
2966
2967
2968
2969
2970
2971
2972
2973
2974
2975
2976


2977
2978
2979
2980
2981
2982
2983
....
2994
2995
2996
2997
2998
2999
3000
3001
3002
3003
3004
3005
3006
3007
3008
3009
3010
3011
3012
3013
3014
....
3024
3025
3026
3027
3028
3029
3030
3031
3032
3033
3034
3035
3036
3037
3038
3039
3040
3041
3042
3043
3044
3045
3046
3047
3048
3049
3050
....
3108
3109
3110
3111
3112
3113
3114
3115
3116
3117
3118
3119
3120
3121
3122
....
3124
3125
3126
3127
3128
3129
3130
3131
3132
3133
3134
3135
3136
3137
3138
3139
3140
3141
3142
3143
....
3258
3259
3260
3261
3262
3263
3264
3265
3266
3267
3268
3269
3270
3271
3272
3273
3274
3275
#define TERM_DYNAMIC    0x01   /* Need to call sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr) */
#define TERM_VIRTUAL    0x02   /* Added by the optimizer.  Do not code */
#define TERM_CODED      0x04   /* This term is already coded */
#define TERM_COPIED     0x08   /* Has a child */
#define TERM_ORINFO     0x10   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pOrInfo object */
#define TERM_ANDINFO    0x20   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pAndInfo obj */
#define TERM_OR_OK      0x40   /* Used during OR-clause processing */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x80   /* Manufactured x>NULL or x<=NULL term */
#else
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x00   /* Disabled if not using stat2 */
#endif

/*
** An instance of the following structure holds all information about a
................................................................................
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  /* When sqlite_stat2 histogram data is available an operator of the
  ** form "x IS NOT NULL" can sometimes be evaluated more efficiently
  ** as "x>NULL" if x is not an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.  So construct a
  ** virtual term of that form.
  **
  ** Note that the virtual term must be tagged with TERM_VNULL.  This
  ** TERM_VNULL tag will suppress the not-null check at the beginning
................................................................................
      pNewTerm->iParent = idxTerm;
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 */

  /* Prevent ON clause terms of a LEFT JOIN from being used to drive
  ** an index for tables to the left of the join.
  */
  pTerm->prereqRight |= extraRight;
}

................................................................................
  /* Try to find a more efficient access pattern by using multiple indexes
  ** to optimize an OR expression within the WHERE clause. 
  */
  bestOrClauseIndex(pParse, pWC, pSrc, notReady, notValid, pOrderBy, pCost);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */


/*
** Argument pIdx is a pointer to an index structure that has an array of
** SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES evenly spaced samples of the first indexed column
** stored in Index.aSample. These samples divide the domain of values stored
** the index into (SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES+1) regions.
** Region 0 contains all values less than the first sample value. Region
** 1 contains values between the first and second samples.  Region 2 contains
** values between samples 2 and 3.  And so on.  Region SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES
** contains values larger than the last sample.
**
** If the index contains many duplicates of a single value, then it is
** possible that two or more adjacent samples can hold the same value.
** When that is the case, the smallest possible region code is returned
** when roundUp is false and the largest possible region code is returned
** when roundUp is true.


**
** If successful, this function determines which of the regions value 
** pVal lies in, sets *piRegion to the region index (a value between 0
** and SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES+1, inclusive) and returns SQLITE_OK.
** Or, if an OOM occurs while converting text values between encodings,
** SQLITE_NOMEM is returned and *piRegion is undefined.

*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
static int whereRangeRegion(
  Parse *pParse,              /* Database connection */
  Index *pIdx,                /* Index to consider domain of */
  sqlite3_value *pVal,        /* Value to consider */
  int roundUp,                /* Return largest valid region if true */
  int *piRegion               /* OUT: Region of domain in which value lies */
){





  assert( roundUp==0 || roundUp==1 );
  if( ALWAYS(pVal) ){


    IndexSample *aSample = pIdx->aSample;
    int i = 0;
    int eType = sqlite3_value_type(pVal);

    if( eType==SQLITE_INTEGER || eType==SQLITE_FLOAT ){










      double r = sqlite3_value_double(pVal);
      for(i=0; i<SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES; i++){

        if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_NULL ) continue;
        if( aSample[i].eType>=SQLITE_TEXT ) break;
        if( roundUp ){
          if( aSample[i].u.r>r ) break;
        }else{
          if( aSample[i].u.r>=r ) break;

        }
      }
    }else if( eType==SQLITE_NULL ){
      i = 0;
      if( roundUp ){



        while( i<SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES && aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_NULL ) i++;

      }
    }else{ 


      sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
      CollSeq *pColl;
      const u8 *z;
      int n;

      /* pVal comes from sqlite3ValueFromExpr() so the type cannot be NULL */
      assert( eType==SQLITE_TEXT || eType==SQLITE_BLOB );

      if( eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        z = (const u8 *)sqlite3_value_blob(pVal);
        pColl = db->pDfltColl;
        assert( pColl->enc==SQLITE_UTF8 );
      }else{
        pColl = sqlite3GetCollSeq(db, SQLITE_UTF8, 0, *pIdx->azColl);
        if( pColl==0 ){
................................................................................
        if( !z ){
          return SQLITE_NOMEM;
        }
        assert( z && pColl && pColl->xCmp );
      }
      n = sqlite3ValueBytes(pVal, pColl->enc);

      for(i=0; i<SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES; i++){
        int c;
        int eSampletype = aSample[i].eType;
        if( eSampletype==SQLITE_NULL || eSampletype<eType ) continue;
        if( (eSampletype!=eType) ) break;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
        if( pColl->enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 ){
          int nSample;
          char *zSample = sqlite3Utf8to16(
              db, pColl->enc, aSample[i].u.z, aSample[i].nByte, &nSample
          );
          if( !zSample ){
................................................................................
          c = pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, nSample, zSample, n, z);
          sqlite3DbFree(db, zSample);
        }else
#endif
        {
          c = pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, aSample[i].nByte, aSample[i].u.z, n, z);
        }


        if( c-roundUp>=0 ) break;
      }
    }

    assert( i>=0 && i<=SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES );
    *piRegion = i;
  }



































  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif   /* #ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 */

/*
** If expression pExpr represents a literal value, set *pp to point to
** an sqlite3_value structure containing the same value, with affinity
** aff applied to it, before returning. It is the responsibility of the 
** caller to eventually release this structure by passing it to 
** sqlite3ValueFree().
................................................................................
** create an sqlite3_value structure containing this value, again with
** affinity aff applied to it, instead.
**
** If neither of the above apply, set *pp to NULL.
**
** If an error occurs, return an error code. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
static int valueFromExpr(
  Parse *pParse, 
  Expr *pExpr, 
  u8 aff, 
  sqlite3_value **pp
){
  if( pExpr->op==TK_VARIABLE
................................................................................
** then nEq should be passed the value 1 (as the range restricted column,
** b, is the second left-most column of the index). Or, if the query is:
**
**   ... FROM t1 WHERE a > ? AND a < ? ...
**
** then nEq should be passed 0.
**
** The returned value is an integer between 1 and 100, inclusive. A return
** value of 1 indicates that the proposed range scan is expected to visit
** approximately 1/100th (1%) of the rows selected by the nEq equality
** constraints (if any). A return value of 100 indicates that it is expected
** that the range scan will visit every row (100%) selected by the equality
** constraints.
**
** In the absence of sqlite_stat2 ANALYZE data, each range inequality
** reduces the search space by 3/4ths.  Hence a single constraint (x>?)
** results in a return of 25 and a range constraint (x>? AND x<?) results
** in a return of 6.
*/
static int whereRangeScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index containing the range-compared column; "x" */
  int nEq,             /* index into p->aCol[] of the range-compared column */
  WhereTerm *pLower,   /* Lower bound on the range. ex: "x>123" Might be NULL */
  WhereTerm *pUpper,   /* Upper bound on the range. ex: "x<455" Might be NULL */
  int *piEst           /* OUT: Return value */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2

  if( nEq==0 && p->aSample ){
    sqlite3_value *pLowerVal = 0;
    sqlite3_value *pUpperVal = 0;
    int iEst;
    int iLower = 0;
    int iUpper = SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES;
    int roundUpUpper = 0;
    int roundUpLower = 0;

    u8 aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;

    if( pLower ){
      Expr *pExpr = pLower->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pLowerVal);
      assert( pLower->eOperator==WO_GT || pLower->eOperator==WO_GE );




      roundUpLower = (pLower->eOperator==WO_GT) ?1:0;


    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pUpper ){
      Expr *pExpr = pUpper->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pUpperVal);
      assert( pUpper->eOperator==WO_LT || pUpper->eOperator==WO_LE );




      roundUpUpper = (pUpper->eOperator==WO_LE) ?1:0;
    }


    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || (pLowerVal==0 && pUpperVal==0) ){
      sqlite3ValueFree(pLowerVal);
      sqlite3ValueFree(pUpperVal);
      goto range_est_fallback;
    }else if( pLowerVal==0 ){
      rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pUpperVal, roundUpUpper, &iUpper);
      if( pLower ) iLower = iUpper/2;
    }else if( pUpperVal==0 ){
      rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pLowerVal, roundUpLower, &iLower);
      if( pUpper ) iUpper = (iLower + SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES + 1)/2;
    }else{
      rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pUpperVal, roundUpUpper, &iUpper);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pLowerVal, roundUpLower, &iLower);

      }
    }
    WHERETRACE(("range scan regions: %d..%d\n", iLower, iUpper));



    iEst = iUpper - iLower;
    testcase( iEst==SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES );
    assert( iEst<=SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES );
    if( iEst<1 ){
      *piEst = 50/SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES;
    }else{
      *piEst = (iEst*100)/SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES;
    }
    sqlite3ValueFree(pLowerVal);
    sqlite3ValueFree(pUpperVal);
    return rc;
  }
range_est_fallback:
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pParse);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(p);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nEq);
#endif
  assert( pLower || pUpper );
  *piEst = 100;
  if( pLower && (pLower->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 ) *piEst /= 4;
  if( pUpper ) *piEst /= 4;
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an equality constraint x=VALUE and where that VALUE occurs in
** the histogram data.  This only works when x is the left-most
** column of an index and sqlite_stat2 histogram data is available
** for that index.  When pExpr==NULL that means the constraint is
** "x IS NULL" instead of "x=VALUE".
**
** Write the estimated row count into *pnRow and return SQLITE_OK. 
** If unable to make an estimate, leave *pnRow unchanged and return
** non-zero.
**
................................................................................
static int whereEqualScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index whose left-most column is pTerm */
  Expr *pExpr,         /* Expression for VALUE in the x=VALUE constraint */
  double *pnRow        /* Write the revised row estimate here */
){
  sqlite3_value *pRhs = 0;  /* VALUE on right-hand side of pTerm */
  int iLower, iUpper;       /* Range of histogram regions containing pRhs */
  u8 aff;                   /* Column affinity */
  int rc;                   /* Subfunction return code */
  double nRowEst;           /* New estimate of the number of rows */


  assert( p->aSample!=0 );
  aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;
  if( pExpr ){
    rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRhs);
    if( rc ) goto whereEqualScanEst_cancel;
  }else{
    pRhs = sqlite3ValueNew(pParse->db);
  }
  if( pRhs==0 ) return SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
  rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pRhs, 0, &iLower);
  if( rc ) goto whereEqualScanEst_cancel;
  rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pRhs, 1, &iUpper);
  if( rc ) goto whereEqualScanEst_cancel;
  WHERETRACE(("equality scan regions: %d..%d\n", iLower, iUpper));
  if( iLower>=iUpper ){
    nRowEst = p->aiRowEst[0]/(SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES*2);
    if( nRowEst<*pnRow ) *pnRow = nRowEst;
  }else{
    nRowEst = (iUpper-iLower)*p->aiRowEst[0]/SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES;
    *pnRow = nRowEst;
  }

whereEqualScanEst_cancel:
  sqlite3ValueFree(pRhs);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2) */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an IN constraint where the right-hand side of the IN operator
** is a list of values.  Example:
**
**        WHERE x IN (1,2,3,4)
**
................................................................................
*/
static int whereInScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index whose left-most column is pTerm */
  ExprList *pList,     /* The value list on the RHS of "x IN (v1,v2,v3,...)" */
  double *pnRow        /* Write the revised row estimate here */
){
  sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;  /* One value from list */
  int iLower, iUpper;       /* Range of histogram regions containing pRhs */
  u8 aff;                   /* Column affinity */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;       /* Subfunction return code */

  double nRowEst;           /* New estimate of the number of rows */
  int nSpan = 0;            /* Number of histogram regions spanned */
  int nSingle = 0;          /* Histogram regions hit by a single value */
  int nNotFound = 0;        /* Count of values that are not constants */
  int i;                               /* Loop counter */
  u8 aSpan[SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES+1];    /* Histogram regions that are spanned */
  u8 aSingle[SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES+1];  /* Histogram regions hit once */

  assert( p->aSample!=0 );
  aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;
  memset(aSpan, 0, sizeof(aSpan));
  memset(aSingle, 0, sizeof(aSingle));
  for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
    sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);
    rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pList->a[i].pExpr, aff, &pVal);
    if( rc ) break;
    if( pVal==0 || sqlite3_value_type(pVal)==SQLITE_NULL ){
      nNotFound++;
      continue;



    }
    rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pVal, 0, &iLower);
    if( rc ) break;
    rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pVal, 1, &iUpper);
    if( rc ) break;
    if( iLower>=iUpper ){
      aSingle[iLower] = 1;
    }else{
      assert( iLower>=0 && iUpper<=SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES );
      while( iLower<iUpper ) aSpan[iLower++] = 1;
    }
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    for(i=nSpan=0; i<=SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES; i++){
      if( aSpan[i] ){
        nSpan++;
      }else if( aSingle[i] ){
        nSingle++;
      }
    }
    nRowEst = (nSpan*2+nSingle)*p->aiRowEst[0]/(2*SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES)
               + nNotFound*p->aiRowEst[1];
    if( nRowEst > p->aiRowEst[0] ) nRowEst = p->aiRowEst[0];
    *pnRow = nRowEst;
    WHERETRACE(("IN row estimate: nSpan=%d, nSingle=%d, nNotFound=%d, est=%g\n",
                 nSpan, nSingle, nNotFound, nRowEst));
  }
  sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2) */


/*
** Find the best query plan for accessing a particular table.  Write the
** best query plan and its cost into the WhereCost object supplied as the
** last parameter.
**
................................................................................
){
  int iCur = pSrc->iCursor;   /* The cursor of the table to be accessed */
  Index *pProbe;              /* An index we are evaluating */
  Index *pIdx;                /* Copy of pProbe, or zero for IPK index */
  int eqTermMask;             /* Current mask of valid equality operators */
  int idxEqTermMask;          /* Index mask of valid equality operators */
  Index sPk;                  /* A fake index object for the primary key */
  unsigned int aiRowEstPk[2]; /* The aiRowEst[] value for the sPk index */
  int aiColumnPk = -1;        /* The aColumn[] value for the sPk index */
  int wsFlagMask;             /* Allowed flags in pCost->plan.wsFlag */

  /* Initialize the cost to a worst-case value */
  memset(pCost, 0, sizeof(*pCost));
  pCost->rCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL;

................................................................................
    eqTermMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN;
    pIdx = 0;
  }

  /* Loop over all indices looking for the best one to use
  */
  for(; pProbe; pIdx=pProbe=pProbe->pNext){
    const unsigned int * const aiRowEst = pProbe->aiRowEst;
    double cost;                /* Cost of using pProbe */
    double nRow;                /* Estimated number of rows in result set */
    double log10N;              /* base-10 logarithm of nRow (inexact) */
    int rev;                    /* True to scan in reverse order */
    int wsFlags = 0;
    Bitmask used = 0;

................................................................................
    **
    **  bInEst:  
    **    Set to true if there was at least one "x IN (SELECT ...)" term used 
    **    in determining the value of nInMul.  Note that the RHS of the
    **    IN operator must be a SELECT, not a value list, for this variable
    **    to be true.
    **
    **  estBound:
    **    An estimate on the amount of the table that must be searched.  A
    **    value of 100 means the entire table is searched.  Range constraints
    **    might reduce this to a value less than 100 to indicate that only
    **    a fraction of the table needs searching.  In the absence of
    **    sqlite_stat2 ANALYZE data, a single inequality reduces the search
    **    space to 1/4rd its original size.  So an x>? constraint reduces
    **    estBound to 25.  Two constraints (x>? AND x<?) reduce estBound to 6.


    **
    **  bSort:   
    **    Boolean. True if there is an ORDER BY clause that will require an 
    **    external sort (i.e. scanning the index being evaluated will not 
    **    correctly order records).
    **
    **  bLookup: 
................................................................................
    **
    **             SELECT a, b    FROM tbl WHERE a = 1;
    **             SELECT a, b, c FROM tbl WHERE a = 1;
    */
    int nEq;                      /* Number of == or IN terms matching index */
    int bInEst = 0;               /* True if "x IN (SELECT...)" seen */
    int nInMul = 1;               /* Number of distinct equalities to lookup */
    int estBound = 100;           /* Estimated reduction in search space */
    int nBound = 0;               /* Number of range constraints seen */
    int bSort = !!pOrderBy;       /* True if external sort required */
    int bDist = !!pDistinct;      /* True if index cannot help with DISTINCT */
    int bLookup = 0;              /* True if not a covering index */
    WhereTerm *pTerm;             /* A single term of the WHERE clause */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
    WhereTerm *pFirstTerm = 0;    /* First term matching the index */
#endif

    /* Determine the values of nEq and nInMul */
    for(nEq=0; nEq<pProbe->nColumn; nEq++){
      int j = pProbe->aiColumn[nEq];
      pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, eqTermMask, pIdx);
................................................................................
        }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList && pExpr->x.pList->nExpr) ){
          /* "x IN (value, value, ...)" */
          nInMul *= pExpr->x.pList->nExpr;
        }
      }else if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL ){
        wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_NULL;
      }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
      if( nEq==0 && pProbe->aSample ) pFirstTerm = pTerm;
#endif
      used |= pTerm->prereqRight;
    }

    /* Determine the value of estBound. */
    if( nEq<pProbe->nColumn && pProbe->bUnordered==0 ){
      int j = pProbe->aiColumn[nEq];
      if( findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, WO_LT|WO_LE|WO_GT|WO_GE, pIdx) ){
        WhereTerm *pTop = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, WO_LT|WO_LE, pIdx);
        WhereTerm *pBtm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, WO_GT|WO_GE, pIdx);
        whereRangeScanEst(pParse, pProbe, nEq, pBtm, pTop, &estBound);
        if( pTop ){
          nBound = 1;
          wsFlags |= WHERE_TOP_LIMIT;
          used |= pTop->prereqRight;
        }
        if( pBtm ){
          nBound++;
................................................................................
    */
    nRow = (double)(aiRowEst[nEq] * nInMul);
    if( bInEst && nRow*2>aiRowEst[0] ){
      nRow = aiRowEst[0]/2;
      nInMul = (int)(nRow / aiRowEst[nEq]);
    }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
    /* If the constraint is of the form x=VALUE or x IN (E1,E2,...)
    ** and we do not think that values of x are unique and if histogram
    ** data is available for column x, then it might be possible
    ** to get a better estimate on the number of rows based on
    ** VALUE and how common that value is according to the histogram.
    */
    if( nRow>(double)1 && nEq==1 && pFirstTerm!=0 && aiRowEst[1]>1 ){
................................................................................
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_EQ );
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL );
        whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->pRight, &nRow);
      }else if( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_IN && bInEst==0 ){
        whereInScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->x.pList, &nRow);
      }
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 */

    /* Adjust the number of output rows and downward to reflect rows
    ** that are excluded by range constraints.
    */
    nRow = (nRow * (double)estBound) / (double)100;
    if( nRow<1 ) nRow = 1;

    /* Experiments run on real SQLite databases show that the time needed
    ** to do a binary search to locate a row in a table or index is roughly
    ** log10(N) times the time to move from one row to the next row within
    ** a table or index.  The actual times can vary, with the size of
    ** records being an important factor.  Both moves and searches are
................................................................................
        }
      }
      if( nRow<2 ) nRow = 2;
    }


    WHERETRACE((
      "%s(%s): nEq=%d nInMul=%d estBound=%d bSort=%d bLookup=%d wsFlags=0x%x\n"
      "         notReady=0x%llx log10N=%.1f nRow=%.1f cost=%.1f used=0x%llx\n",
      pSrc->pTab->zName, (pIdx ? pIdx->zName : "ipk"), 
      nEq, nInMul, estBound, bSort, bLookup, wsFlags,
      notReady, log10N, nRow, cost, used
    ));

    /* If this index is the best we have seen so far, then record this
    ** index and its cost in the pCost structure.
    */
    if( (!pIdx || wsFlags)







|







 







|







 







|







 







>

<
|
|
<
<
<
<
<

<
<
<
<
<
>
>

<
<
<
<
<
>

<
|



|
|

>
>
>
>
>

<
>
>
|
|
|

|
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
|
<
>
|
|
<
|
<
|
>




|
>
>
>
|
>

<
>
>




<
<
<
<







 







|


|
|







 







>
>
|
|
|
|
<
<

>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>


|







 







|







 







|
|
|
|
<
<

|
|
|
|







|



|

|
|
<
<
|
|
<
<
>




|

>
>
>
>
|
>
>



|

>
>
>
>
|
|
>
|
<
<
<
<
<
|
|
|
<
<
|
<
<
<
>

<
|
>
>
|
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
|
<
<
<
<
<






|
|
|



|




|







 







<


<
>










|
|
<
<
|
<
<
<
<
<
|

<




|

|







 







<
<
<

>

<
<
<
|
<
<


<
<
<
|
<
<
<
<
<
<
>
>
>
|
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<

<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<


|
<

<


|







 







|







 







|







 







|
|
|
<
<
|
<
<
>
>







 







|





|







 







|





|





|







 







|







 







|




|







 







|


|







114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
....
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
....
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
....
2416
2417
2418
2419
2420
2421
2422
2423
2424

2425
2426





2427





2428
2429
2430





2431
2432

2433
2434
2435
2436
2437
2438
2439
2440
2441
2442
2443
2444
2445

2446
2447
2448
2449
2450
2451
2452
2453
2454
2455
2456
2457
2458
2459
2460
2461
2462
2463

2464
2465
2466

2467

2468
2469
2470
2471
2472
2473
2474
2475
2476
2477
2478
2479
2480

2481
2482
2483
2484
2485
2486




2487
2488
2489
2490
2491
2492
2493
....
2499
2500
2501
2502
2503
2504
2505
2506
2507
2508
2509
2510
2511
2512
2513
2514
2515
2516
2517
....
2521
2522
2523
2524
2525
2526
2527
2528
2529
2530
2531
2532
2533


2534
2535
2536
2537
2538
2539
2540
2541
2542
2543
2544
2545
2546
2547
2548
2549
2550
2551
2552
2553
2554
2555
2556
2557
2558
2559
2560
2561
2562
2563
2564
2565
2566
2567
2568
2569
2570
2571
2572
2573
2574
2575
2576
2577
2578
2579
....
2583
2584
2585
2586
2587
2588
2589
2590
2591
2592
2593
2594
2595
2596
2597
....
2631
2632
2633
2634
2635
2636
2637
2638
2639
2640
2641


2642
2643
2644
2645
2646
2647
2648
2649
2650
2651
2652
2653
2654
2655
2656
2657
2658
2659
2660
2661


2662
2663


2664
2665
2666
2667
2668
2669
2670
2671
2672
2673
2674
2675
2676
2677
2678
2679
2680
2681
2682
2683
2684
2685
2686
2687
2688
2689
2690





2691
2692
2693


2694



2695
2696

2697
2698
2699
2700







2701





2702
2703
2704
2705
2706
2707
2708
2709
2710
2711
2712
2713
2714
2715
2716
2717
2718
2719
2720
2721
2722
2723
2724
2725
2726
....
2732
2733
2734
2735
2736
2737
2738

2739
2740

2741
2742
2743
2744
2745
2746
2747
2748
2749
2750
2751
2752
2753


2754





2755
2756

2757
2758
2759
2760
2761
2762
2763
2764
2765
2766
2767
2768
2769
2770
....
2779
2780
2781
2782
2783
2784
2785



2786
2787
2788



2789


2790
2791



2792






2793
2794
2795
2796











2797









2798
2799
2800

2801

2802
2803
2804
2805
2806
2807
2808
2809
2810
2811
....
2844
2845
2846
2847
2848
2849
2850
2851
2852
2853
2854
2855
2856
2857
2858
....
2899
2900
2901
2902
2903
2904
2905
2906
2907
2908
2909
2910
2911
2912
2913
....
2942
2943
2944
2945
2946
2947
2948
2949
2950
2951


2952


2953
2954
2955
2956
2957
2958
2959
2960
2961
....
2972
2973
2974
2975
2976
2977
2978
2979
2980
2981
2982
2983
2984
2985
2986
2987
2988
2989
2990
2991
2992
....
3002
3003
3004
3005
3006
3007
3008
3009
3010
3011
3012
3013
3014
3015
3016
3017
3018
3019
3020
3021
3022
3023
3024
3025
3026
3027
3028
....
3086
3087
3088
3089
3090
3091
3092
3093
3094
3095
3096
3097
3098
3099
3100
....
3102
3103
3104
3105
3106
3107
3108
3109
3110
3111
3112
3113
3114
3115
3116
3117
3118
3119
3120
3121
....
3236
3237
3238
3239
3240
3241
3242
3243
3244
3245
3246
3247
3248
3249
3250
3251
3252
3253
#define TERM_DYNAMIC    0x01   /* Need to call sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr) */
#define TERM_VIRTUAL    0x02   /* Added by the optimizer.  Do not code */
#define TERM_CODED      0x04   /* This term is already coded */
#define TERM_COPIED     0x08   /* Has a child */
#define TERM_ORINFO     0x10   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pOrInfo object */
#define TERM_ANDINFO    0x20   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pAndInfo obj */
#define TERM_OR_OK      0x40   /* Used during OR-clause processing */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x80   /* Manufactured x>NULL or x<=NULL term */
#else
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x00   /* Disabled if not using stat2 */
#endif

/*
** An instance of the following structure holds all information about a
................................................................................
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  /* When sqlite_stat2 histogram data is available an operator of the
  ** form "x IS NOT NULL" can sometimes be evaluated more efficiently
  ** as "x>NULL" if x is not an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.  So construct a
  ** virtual term of that form.
  **
  ** Note that the virtual term must be tagged with TERM_VNULL.  This
  ** TERM_VNULL tag will suppress the not-null check at the beginning
................................................................................
      pNewTerm->iParent = idxTerm;
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT */

  /* Prevent ON clause terms of a LEFT JOIN from being used to drive
  ** an index for tables to the left of the join.
  */
  pTerm->prereqRight |= extraRight;
}

................................................................................
  /* Try to find a more efficient access pattern by using multiple indexes
  ** to optimize an OR expression within the WHERE clause. 
  */
  bestOrClauseIndex(pParse, pWC, pSrc, notReady, notValid, pOrderBy, pCost);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*

** Estimate the location of a particular key among all keys in an
** index.  Store the results in aStat as follows:





**





**    aStat[0]      Est. number of rows less than pVal
**    aStat[1]      Est. number of rows equal to pVal
**





** Return SQLITE_OK on success.
*/

static int whereKeyStats(
  Parse *pParse,              /* Database connection */
  Index *pIdx,                /* Index to consider domain of */
  sqlite3_value *pVal,        /* Value to consider */
  int roundUp,                /* Round up if true.  Round down if false */
  tRowcnt *aStat              /* OUT: stats written here */
){
  tRowcnt n;
  IndexSample *aSample;
  int i, eType;
  int isEq = 0;

  assert( roundUp==0 || roundUp==1 );

  if( pVal==0 ) return SQLITE_ERROR;
  n = pIdx->aiRowEst[0];
  aSample = pIdx->aSample;
  i = 0;
  eType = sqlite3_value_type(pVal);

  if( eType==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
    i64 v = sqlite3_value_int64(pVal);
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nSample; i++){
      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_NULL ) continue;
      if( aSample[i].eType>=SQLITE_TEXT ) break;
      if( aSample[i].u.i>=v ){
        isEq = aSample[i].u.i==v;
        break;
      }
    }
  }else if( eType==SQLITE_FLOAT ){
    double r = sqlite3_value_double(pVal);

    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nSample; i++){
      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_NULL ) continue;
      if( aSample[i].eType>=SQLITE_TEXT ) break;

      if( aSample[i].u.r>=r ){

        isEq = aSample[i].u.r==r;
        break;
      }
    }
  }else if( eType==SQLITE_NULL ){
    i = 0;
    if( pIdx->nSample>=1 && aSample[0].eType==SQLITE_NULL ) isEq = 1;
  }else{
    assert( eType==SQLITE_TEXT || eType==SQLITE_BLOB );
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nSample; i++){
      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_TEXT || aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        break;
      }

    }
    if( i<pIdx->nSample ){      
      sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
      CollSeq *pColl;
      const u8 *z;
      int n;




      if( eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        z = (const u8 *)sqlite3_value_blob(pVal);
        pColl = db->pDfltColl;
        assert( pColl->enc==SQLITE_UTF8 );
      }else{
        pColl = sqlite3GetCollSeq(db, SQLITE_UTF8, 0, *pIdx->azColl);
        if( pColl==0 ){
................................................................................
        if( !z ){
          return SQLITE_NOMEM;
        }
        assert( z && pColl && pColl->xCmp );
      }
      n = sqlite3ValueBytes(pVal, pColl->enc);
  
      for(; i<pIdx->nSample; i++){
        int c;
        int eSampletype = aSample[i].eType;
        if( eSampletype<eType ) continue;
        if( eSampletype!=eType ) break;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
        if( pColl->enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 ){
          int nSample;
          char *zSample = sqlite3Utf8to16(
              db, pColl->enc, aSample[i].u.z, aSample[i].nByte, &nSample
          );
          if( !zSample ){
................................................................................
          c = pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, nSample, zSample, n, z);
          sqlite3DbFree(db, zSample);
        }else
#endif
        {
          c = pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, aSample[i].nByte, aSample[i].u.z, n, z);
        }
        if( c>=0 ){
          if( c==0 ) isEq = 1;
          break;
        }
      }
    }


  }

  /* At this point, aSample[i] is the first sample that is greater than
  ** or equal to pVal.  Or if i==pIdx->nSample, then all samples are less
  ** than pVal.  If aSample[i]==pVal, then isEq==1.
  */
  if( isEq ){
    assert( i<pIdx->nSample );
    aStat[0] = aSample[i].nLt;
    aStat[1] = aSample[i].nEq;
  }else{
    tRowcnt iLower, iUpper, iGap;
    if( i==0 ){
      iLower = 0;
      iUpper = aSample[0].nLt;
    }else if( i>=pIdx->nSample ){
      iUpper = n;
      iLower = aSample[i].nEq + aSample[i].nLt;
    }else{
      iLower = aSample[i-1].nEq + aSample[i-1].nLt;
      iUpper = aSample[i].nLt;
    }
    aStat[1] = pIdx->aiRowEst[1];
    if( iLower>=iUpper ){
      iGap = 0;
    }else{
      iGap = iUpper - iLower;
      if( iGap>=aStat[1]/2 ) iGap -= aStat[1]/2;
    }
    if( roundUp ){
      iGap = (iGap*2)/3;
    }else{
      iGap = iGap/3;
    }
    aStat[0] = iLower + iGap;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

/*
** If expression pExpr represents a literal value, set *pp to point to
** an sqlite3_value structure containing the same value, with affinity
** aff applied to it, before returning. It is the responsibility of the 
** caller to eventually release this structure by passing it to 
** sqlite3ValueFree().
................................................................................
** create an sqlite3_value structure containing this value, again with
** affinity aff applied to it, instead.
**
** If neither of the above apply, set *pp to NULL.
**
** If an error occurs, return an error code. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
static int valueFromExpr(
  Parse *pParse, 
  Expr *pExpr, 
  u8 aff, 
  sqlite3_value **pp
){
  if( pExpr->op==TK_VARIABLE
................................................................................
** then nEq should be passed the value 1 (as the range restricted column,
** b, is the second left-most column of the index). Or, if the query is:
**
**   ... FROM t1 WHERE a > ? AND a < ? ...
**
** then nEq should be passed 0.
**
** The returned value is an integer divisor to reduce the estimated
** search space.  A return value of 1 means that range constraints are
** no help at all.  A return value of 2 means range constraints are
** expected to reduce the search space by half.  And so forth...


**
** In the absence of sqlite_stat3 ANALYZE data, each range inequality
** reduces the search space by a factor of 4.  Hence a single constraint (x>?)
** results in a return of 4 and a range constraint (x>? AND x<?) results
** in a return of 16.
*/
static int whereRangeScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index containing the range-compared column; "x" */
  int nEq,             /* index into p->aCol[] of the range-compared column */
  WhereTerm *pLower,   /* Lower bound on the range. ex: "x>123" Might be NULL */
  WhereTerm *pUpper,   /* Upper bound on the range. ex: "x<455" Might be NULL */
  tRowcnt *pRangeDiv   /* OUT: Reduce search space by this divisor */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3

  if( nEq==0 && p->nSample ){
    sqlite3_value *pRangeVal;


    tRowcnt iLower = 0;
    tRowcnt iUpper = p->aiRowEst[0];


    tRowcnt a[2];
    u8 aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;

    if( pLower ){
      Expr *pExpr = pLower->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRangeVal);
      assert( pLower->eOperator==WO_GT || pLower->eOperator==WO_GE );
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK
       && whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRangeVal, 0, a)==SQLITE_OK
      ){
        iLower = a[0];
        if( pLower->eOperator==WO_GT ) iLower += a[1];
      }
      sqlite3ValueFree(pRangeVal);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pUpper ){
      Expr *pExpr = pUpper->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRangeVal);
      assert( pUpper->eOperator==WO_LT || pUpper->eOperator==WO_LE );
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK
       && whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRangeVal, 1, a)==SQLITE_OK
      ){
        iUpper = a[0];
        if( pLower->eOperator==WO_LE ) iUpper += a[1];
      }
      sqlite3ValueFree(pRangeVal);
    }





    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( iUpper<=iLower ){
        *pRangeDiv = p->aiRowEst[0];


      }else{



        *pRangeDiv = p->aiRowEst[0]/(iUpper - iLower);
      }

      WHERETRACE(("range scan regions: %u..%u  div=%u\n",
                  (u32)iLower, (u32)iUpper, (u32)*pRangeDiv));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }







  }





#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pParse);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(p);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nEq);
#endif
  assert( pLower || pUpper );
  *pRangeDiv = 1;
  if( pLower && (pLower->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 ) *pRangeDiv *= 4;
  if( pUpper ) *pRangeDiv *= 4;
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an equality constraint x=VALUE and where that VALUE occurs in
** the histogram data.  This only works when x is the left-most
** column of an index and sqlite_stat3 histogram data is available
** for that index.  When pExpr==NULL that means the constraint is
** "x IS NULL" instead of "x=VALUE".
**
** Write the estimated row count into *pnRow and return SQLITE_OK. 
** If unable to make an estimate, leave *pnRow unchanged and return
** non-zero.
**
................................................................................
static int whereEqualScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index whose left-most column is pTerm */
  Expr *pExpr,         /* Expression for VALUE in the x=VALUE constraint */
  double *pnRow        /* Write the revised row estimate here */
){
  sqlite3_value *pRhs = 0;  /* VALUE on right-hand side of pTerm */

  u8 aff;                   /* Column affinity */
  int rc;                   /* Subfunction return code */

  tRowcnt a[2];             /* Statistics */

  assert( p->aSample!=0 );
  aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;
  if( pExpr ){
    rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRhs);
    if( rc ) goto whereEqualScanEst_cancel;
  }else{
    pRhs = sqlite3ValueNew(pParse->db);
  }
  if( pRhs==0 ) return SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
  rc = whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRhs, 0, a);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){


    WHERETRACE(("equality scan regions: %d\n", (int)a[1]));





    *pnRow = a[1];
  }

whereEqualScanEst_cancel:
  sqlite3ValueFree(pRhs);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3) */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an IN constraint where the right-hand side of the IN operator
** is a list of values.  Example:
**
**        WHERE x IN (1,2,3,4)
**
................................................................................
*/
static int whereInScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index whose left-most column is pTerm */
  ExprList *pList,     /* The value list on the RHS of "x IN (v1,v2,v3,...)" */
  double *pnRow        /* Write the revised row estimate here */
){



  int rc = SQLITE_OK;       /* Subfunction return code */
  double nEst;              /* Number of rows for a single term */
  double nRowEst;           /* New estimate of the number of rows */



  int i;                    /* Loop counter */



  assert( p->aSample!=0 );



  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<pList->nExpr; i++){






    nEst = p->aiRowEst[0];
    rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, p, pList->a[i].pExpr, &nEst);
    nRowEst += nEst;
  }











  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){









    if( nRowEst > p->aiRowEst[0] ) nRowEst = p->aiRowEst[0];
    *pnRow = nRowEst;
    WHERETRACE(("IN row estimate: est=%g\n", nRowEst));

  }

  return rc;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3) */


/*
** Find the best query plan for accessing a particular table.  Write the
** best query plan and its cost into the WhereCost object supplied as the
** last parameter.
**
................................................................................
){
  int iCur = pSrc->iCursor;   /* The cursor of the table to be accessed */
  Index *pProbe;              /* An index we are evaluating */
  Index *pIdx;                /* Copy of pProbe, or zero for IPK index */
  int eqTermMask;             /* Current mask of valid equality operators */
  int idxEqTermMask;          /* Index mask of valid equality operators */
  Index sPk;                  /* A fake index object for the primary key */
  tRowcnt aiRowEstPk[2];      /* The aiRowEst[] value for the sPk index */
  int aiColumnPk = -1;        /* The aColumn[] value for the sPk index */
  int wsFlagMask;             /* Allowed flags in pCost->plan.wsFlag */

  /* Initialize the cost to a worst-case value */
  memset(pCost, 0, sizeof(*pCost));
  pCost->rCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL;

................................................................................
    eqTermMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN;
    pIdx = 0;
  }

  /* Loop over all indices looking for the best one to use
  */
  for(; pProbe; pIdx=pProbe=pProbe->pNext){
    const tRowcnt * const aiRowEst = pProbe->aiRowEst;
    double cost;                /* Cost of using pProbe */
    double nRow;                /* Estimated number of rows in result set */
    double log10N;              /* base-10 logarithm of nRow (inexact) */
    int rev;                    /* True to scan in reverse order */
    int wsFlags = 0;
    Bitmask used = 0;

................................................................................
    **
    **  bInEst:  
    **    Set to true if there was at least one "x IN (SELECT ...)" term used 
    **    in determining the value of nInMul.  Note that the RHS of the
    **    IN operator must be a SELECT, not a value list, for this variable
    **    to be true.
    **
    **  rangeDiv:
    **    An estimate of a divisor by which to reduce the search space due
    **    to inequality constraints.  In the absence of sqlite_stat3 ANALYZE


    **    data, a single inequality reduces the search space to 1/4rd its


    **    original size (rangeDiv==4).  Two inequalities reduce the search
    **    space to 1/16th of its original size (rangeDiv==16).
    **
    **  bSort:   
    **    Boolean. True if there is an ORDER BY clause that will require an 
    **    external sort (i.e. scanning the index being evaluated will not 
    **    correctly order records).
    **
    **  bLookup: 
................................................................................
    **
    **             SELECT a, b    FROM tbl WHERE a = 1;
    **             SELECT a, b, c FROM tbl WHERE a = 1;
    */
    int nEq;                      /* Number of == or IN terms matching index */
    int bInEst = 0;               /* True if "x IN (SELECT...)" seen */
    int nInMul = 1;               /* Number of distinct equalities to lookup */
    tRowcnt rangeDiv = 1;         /* Estimated reduction in search space */
    int nBound = 0;               /* Number of range constraints seen */
    int bSort = !!pOrderBy;       /* True if external sort required */
    int bDist = !!pDistinct;      /* True if index cannot help with DISTINCT */
    int bLookup = 0;              /* True if not a covering index */
    WhereTerm *pTerm;             /* A single term of the WHERE clause */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    WhereTerm *pFirstTerm = 0;    /* First term matching the index */
#endif

    /* Determine the values of nEq and nInMul */
    for(nEq=0; nEq<pProbe->nColumn; nEq++){
      int j = pProbe->aiColumn[nEq];
      pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, eqTermMask, pIdx);
................................................................................
        }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList && pExpr->x.pList->nExpr) ){
          /* "x IN (value, value, ...)" */
          nInMul *= pExpr->x.pList->nExpr;
        }
      }else if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL ){
        wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_NULL;
      }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
      if( nEq==0 && pProbe->aSample ) pFirstTerm = pTerm;
#endif
      used |= pTerm->prereqRight;
    }

    /* Determine the value of rangeDiv */
    if( nEq<pProbe->nColumn && pProbe->bUnordered==0 ){
      int j = pProbe->aiColumn[nEq];
      if( findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, WO_LT|WO_LE|WO_GT|WO_GE, pIdx) ){
        WhereTerm *pTop = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, WO_LT|WO_LE, pIdx);
        WhereTerm *pBtm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, WO_GT|WO_GE, pIdx);
        whereRangeScanEst(pParse, pProbe, nEq, pBtm, pTop, &rangeDiv);
        if( pTop ){
          nBound = 1;
          wsFlags |= WHERE_TOP_LIMIT;
          used |= pTop->prereqRight;
        }
        if( pBtm ){
          nBound++;
................................................................................
    */
    nRow = (double)(aiRowEst[nEq] * nInMul);
    if( bInEst && nRow*2>aiRowEst[0] ){
      nRow = aiRowEst[0]/2;
      nInMul = (int)(nRow / aiRowEst[nEq]);
    }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    /* If the constraint is of the form x=VALUE or x IN (E1,E2,...)
    ** and we do not think that values of x are unique and if histogram
    ** data is available for column x, then it might be possible
    ** to get a better estimate on the number of rows based on
    ** VALUE and how common that value is according to the histogram.
    */
    if( nRow>(double)1 && nEq==1 && pFirstTerm!=0 && aiRowEst[1]>1 ){
................................................................................
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_EQ );
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL );
        whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->pRight, &nRow);
      }else if( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_IN && bInEst==0 ){
        whereInScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->x.pList, &nRow);
      }
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

    /* Adjust the number of output rows and downward to reflect rows
    ** that are excluded by range constraints.
    */
    nRow = nRow/(double)rangeDiv;
    if( nRow<1 ) nRow = 1;

    /* Experiments run on real SQLite databases show that the time needed
    ** to do a binary search to locate a row in a table or index is roughly
    ** log10(N) times the time to move from one row to the next row within
    ** a table or index.  The actual times can vary, with the size of
    ** records being an important factor.  Both moves and searches are
................................................................................
        }
      }
      if( nRow<2 ) nRow = 2;
    }


    WHERETRACE((
      "%s(%s): nEq=%d nInMul=%d rangeDiv=%d bSort=%d bLookup=%d wsFlags=0x%x\n"
      "         notReady=0x%llx log10N=%.1f nRow=%.1f cost=%.1f used=0x%llx\n",
      pSrc->pTab->zName, (pIdx ? pIdx->zName : "ipk"), 
      nEq, nInMul, (int)rangeDiv, bSort, bLookup, wsFlags,
      notReady, log10N, nRow, cost, used
    ));

    /* If this index is the best we have seen so far, then record this
    ** index and its cost in the pCost structure.
    */
    if( (!pIdx || wsFlags)

Changes to test/auth.test.

2320
2321
2322
2323
2324
2325
2326



2327
2328

2329
2330
2331
2332
2333
2334
2335
        DROP TABLE v1chng;
      }
    }
  }
  ifcapable stat2 {
    set stat2 "sqlite_stat2 "
  } else {



    set stat2 ""
  }

  do_test auth-5.2 {
    execsql {
      SELECT name FROM (
        SELECT * FROM sqlite_master UNION ALL SELECT * FROM sqlite_temp_master)
      WHERE type='table'
      ORDER BY name
    }







>
>
>
|
|
>







2320
2321
2322
2323
2324
2325
2326
2327
2328
2329
2330
2331
2332
2333
2334
2335
2336
2337
2338
2339
        DROP TABLE v1chng;
      }
    }
  }
  ifcapable stat2 {
    set stat2 "sqlite_stat2 "
  } else {
    ifcapable stat3 {
      set stat2 "sqlite_stat3 "
    } else {
      set stat2 ""
    }
  }
  do_test auth-5.2 {
    execsql {
      SELECT name FROM (
        SELECT * FROM sqlite_master UNION ALL SELECT * FROM sqlite_temp_master)
      WHERE type='table'
      ORDER BY name
    }

Added test/stat3.test.

















































































































>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
# 2011 August 08
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
#
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library. This file 
# implements tests for the extra functionality provided by the ANALYZE 
# command when the library is compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 defined.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

set testprefix stat3


# Verify that if not compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 that the ANALYZE
# command will delete the sqlite_stat2 table.  Likewise, if not compiled
# with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3, the sqlite_stat3 table is deleted.
#
do_test 1.1 {
  db eval {
    PRAGMA writable_schema=ON;
    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat2(tbl,idx,sampleno,sample);
    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat3(tbl,idx,sampleno,sample,neq,nlt);
    SELECT name FROM sqlite_master ORDER BY 1;
  }
} {sqlite_stat2 sqlite_stat3}
do_test 1.2 {
  db close
  sqlite3 db test.db
  db eval {SELECT name FROM sqlite_master ORDER BY 1}
} {sqlite_stat2 sqlite_stat3}

ifcapable {stat3} {
  do_test 1.3 {
    db eval {ANALYZE; SELECT name FROM sqlite_master ORDER BY 1}
  } {sqlite_stat1 sqlite_stat3}
} else {
  do_test 1.4 {
    db eval {ANALYZE; SELECT name FROM sqlite_master ORDER BY 1}
  } {sqlite_stat1}
  finish_test
  return
}




finish_test