/ Check-in [ca73be44]
Login

Many hyperlinks are disabled.
Use anonymous login to enable hyperlinks.

Overview
Comment:Change the test numbers in e_fkey.test so that they are in order.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: ca73be44cc2dab5edc48292c467adc8362ddf645
User & Date: dan 2009-11-27 18:31:41
Context
2009-11-28
12:40
Fix a bug introduced by the fts3 refactoring (segfault when creating a table with zero module args). Also a fix to handle an OOM error. check-in: eada284b user: dan tags: trunk
2009-11-27
18:31
Change the test numbers in e_fkey.test so that they are in order. check-in: ca73be44 user: dan tags: trunk
12:14
Remove a C++ism accidentally added to fts3.c. check-in: 97d33241 user: dan tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to test/e_fkey.test.

33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
..
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
..
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
...
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
...
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
...
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
...
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
...
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
...
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
...
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
...
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
...
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
...
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
...
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
...
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
...
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
...
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
...
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
...
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
...
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
....
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
....
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
....
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
....
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
....
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
....
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
....
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
....
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
....
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
....
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
....
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
....
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
....
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
1597
1598
1599
1600
1601
....
1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
....
1640
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
....
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
1686
1687
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
1736
1737
....
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749
1750
1751
1752
1753
1754
1755
1756
1757
1758
1759
1760
1761
1762
1763
1764
1765
....
1768
1769
1770
1771
1772
1773
1774
1775
1776
1777
1778
1779
1780
1781
1782
1783
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
1796
1797
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
....
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828
1829
1830
1831
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
1837
1838
1839
1840
1841
1842
1843
1844
1845
1846
1847
1848
1849
1850
1851
1852
1853
1854
1855
....
1858
1859
1860
1861
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
1884
1885
1886
1887
1888
1889
1890
1891
1892
1893
1894
1895
1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
....
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
2034
2035
2036
2037
2038
2039
2040
2041
2042
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
2052
2053
....
2058
2059
2060
2061
2062
2063
2064
2065
2066
2067
2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
2087
2088
2089
2090
2091
2092
2093
2094
2095
2096
2097
2098
2099
2100
2101
2102
2103
2104
2105
2106
2107
2108
2109
2110
2111
2112
2113
2114
2115
2116
2117
2118
....
2119
2120
2121
2122
2123
2124
2125
2126
2127
2128
2129
2130
2131
2132
2133
....
2134
2135
2136
2137
2138
2139
2140
2141
2142
2143
2144
2145
2146
2147
2148
2149
2150
2151
2152
2153
2154
2155
2156
2157
2158
2159
2160
....
2163
2164
2165
2166
2167
2168
2169
2170
2171
2172
2173
2174
2175
2176
2177
....
2184
2185
2186
2187
2188
2189
2190
2191
2192
2193
2194
2195
2196
2197
2198
2199
2200
2201
2202
2203
2204
....
2211
2212
2213
2214
2215
2216
2217
2218
2219
2220
2221
2222
2223
2224
2225
2226
2227
2228
2229
2230
2231
2232
2233
2234
2235
2236
2237
2238
2239
2240
2241
2242
2243
2244
2245
2246
2247
2248
2249
2250
2251
2252
2253
2254
2255
2256
2257
2258
2259
2260
2261
2262
2263
....
2265
2266
2267
2268
2269
2270
2271
2272
2273
2274
2275
2276
2277
2278
2279
2280
2281
2282
2283
2284
2285
2286
2287
2288
2289
2290
2291
2292
2293
....
2321
2322
2323
2324
2325
2326
2327
2328
2329
2330
2331
2332
2333
2334
2335
2336
2337
2338
2339
2340
2341
2342
2343
2344
2345
2346
2347
2348
2349
2350
2351
2352
2353
....
2360
2361
2362
2363
2364
2365
2366
2367
2368
2369
2370
2371
2372
2373
2374
....
2377
2378
2379
2380
2381
2382
2383
2384
2385
2386
2387
2388
2389
2390
2391
2392
2393
2394
2395
2396
2397
2398
2399
2400
2401
2402
2403
....
2405
2406
2407
2408
2409
2410
2411
2412
2413
2414
2415
2416
2417
2418
2419
....
2432
2433
2434
2435
2436
2437
2438
2439
2440
2441
2442
2443
2444
2445
2446
2447
2448
2449
2450
2451
2452
2453
2454
2455
2456
2457
2458
2459
2460
2461
2462
2463
2464
2465
2466
2467
2468
2469
....
2470
2471
2472
2473
2474
2475
2476
2477
2478
2479
2480
2481
2482
2483
2484
2485
2486
2487
2488
2489
2490
2491
2492
2493
2494
2495
2496
2497
2498
2499
2500
2501
2502
2503
2504
2505
2506
2507
2508
2509
2510
2511
2512
2513
2514
2515
2516
2517
2518
2519
2520
2521
2522
2523
2524
2525
2526
2527
2528
2529
2530
2531
2532
2533
2534
2535
2536
2537
2538
2539
2540
2541
2542
2543
2544
2545
2546
2547
2548
2549
....
2550
2551
2552
2553
2554
2555
2556
2557
2558
2559
2560
2561
2562
2563
2564
2565
2566
2567
2568
2569
2570
2571
2572
2573
2574
2575
2576
2577
2578
2579
2580
2581
2582
2583
2584
....
2586
2587
2588
2589
2590
2591
2592
2593
2594
2595
2596
2597
2598
2599
2600
2601
2602
2603
2604
2605
2606
2607
2608
2609
2610
2611
2612
2613
2614
2615
2616
2617
2618
2619
2620
2621
2622
2623
2624
2625
2626
2627
2628
2629
2630
2631
2632
2633
2634
2635
2636
2637
2638
2639
2640
2641
2642
2643
2644
2645
2646
2647
2648
2649
2650
2651
2652
2653
2654
2655
2656
....
2659
2660
2661
2662
2663
2664
2665
2666
2667
2668
2669
2670
2671
2672
2673
2674
2675
2676
2677
2678
2679
....
2690
2691
2692
2693
2694
2695
2696
2697
2698
2699
2700
2701
2702
2703
2704
2705
2706
2707
2708
2709
2710
2711
2712
2713
2714
2715
2716
2717
2718
2719
2720
2721
2722
2723
2724
2725
2726
2727
2728
2729
2730
....
2773
2774
2775
2776
2777
2778
2779
2780
2781
2782
2783
2784
2785
2786
2787
2788
2789
2790
2791
2792
2793
2794
2795
2796
2797
2798
2799
2800
2801
2802
2803
2804
2805
2806
2807
2808
2809
2810
2811
2812
2813
2814
2815
2816
2817
2818
2819
2820
2821
2822
2823
2824
2825
2826
2827
2828
2829
2830
2831
2832
2833
2834
2835
2836
2837
2838
2839
2840
2841
2842
2843
2844
2845
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-33710-56344 */
#
# Test builds neither OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY or OMIT_TRIGGER defined have 
# foreign key functionality.
#
ifcapable trigger&&foreignkey {
  do_test e_fkey-49 {
    execsql {
      PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON;
      CREATE TABLE p(i PRIMARY KEY);
      CREATE TABLE c(j REFERENCES p ON UPDATE CASCADE);
      INSERT INTO p VALUES('hello');
      INSERT INTO c VALUES('hello');
      UPDATE p SET i = 'world';
................................................................................
# /* EV: R-41784-13339 */
#
# Specifically, test that "PRAGMA foreign_keys" is a no-op in this case.
# When using the pragma to query the current setting, 0 rows are returned.
#
reset_db
ifcapable !trigger&&foreignkey {
  do_test e_fkey-51.1 {
    execsql {
      PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON;
      CREATE TABLE p(i PRIMARY KEY);
      CREATE TABLE c(j REFERENCES p ON UPDATE CASCADE);
      INSERT INTO p VALUES('hello');
      INSERT INTO c VALUES('hello');
      UPDATE p SET i = 'world';
      SELECT * FROM c;
    }
  } {hello}
  do_test e_fkey-51.2 {
    execsql { PRAGMA foreign_key_list(c) }
  } {0 0 p j {} CASCADE {NO ACTION} NONE}
  do_test e_fkey-51.3 {
    execsql { PRAGMA foreign_keys }
  } {}
}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-58428-36660 */
................................................................................
# /* EV: R-58428-36660 */
#
# Specifically, test that foreign key constraints cannot even be parsed 
# in such a build.
#
reset_db
ifcapable !foreignkey {
  do_test e_fkey-52.1 {
    execsql { CREATE TABLE p(i PRIMARY KEY) }
    catchsql { CREATE TABLE c(j REFERENCES p ON UPDATE CASCADE) }
  } {1 {near "ON": syntax error}}
  do_test e_fkey-52.2 {
    # This is allowed, as in this build, "REFERENCES" is not a keyword.
    # The declared datatype of column j is "REFERENCES p".
    execsql { CREATE TABLE c(j REFERENCES p) }
  } {}
  do_test e_fkey-52.3 {
    execsql { PRAGMA table_info(c) }
  } {0 j {REFERENCES p} 0 {} 0}
  do_test e_fkey-52.4 {
    execsql { PRAGMA foreign_key_list(c) }
  } {}
  do_test e_fkey-52.5 {
    execsql { PRAGMA foreign_keys }
  } {}
}

ifcapable !foreignkey||!trigger { finish_test ; return }
reset_db

................................................................................
# be enabled using "PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON" (or similar).
#
# /* EV: R-59578-04990 */
#
# This also tests that foreign key constraints are disabled by default.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-53.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p(i PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE c(j REFERENCES p ON UPDATE CASCADE);
    INSERT INTO p VALUES('hello');
    INSERT INTO c VALUES('hello');
    UPDATE p SET i = 'world';
    SELECT * FROM c;
  } 
} {hello}
do_test e_fkey-53.2 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM c;
    DELETE FROM p;
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON;
    INSERT INTO p VALUES('hello');
    INSERT INTO c VALUES('hello');
    UPDATE p SET i = 'world';
................................................................................
# /* EV: R-11255-19907 */
#
# Test that the application can use "PRAGMA foreign_keys" to query for
# whether or not foreign keys are currently enabled. This also tests
# the example code in section 2 of foreignkeys.in.
#
reset_db
do_test e_fkey-54.1 {
  execsql { PRAGMA foreign_keys }
} {0}
do_test e_fkey-54.2 {
  execsql { 
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON;
    PRAGMA foreign_keys;
  }
} {1}
do_test e_fkey-54.3 {
  execsql { 
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF;
    PRAGMA foreign_keys;
  }
} {0}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-46649-58537 */
#
# Test that it is not possible to enable or disable foreign key support
# while not in auto-commit mode.
#
reset_db
do_test e_fkey-55.1 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON;
    CREATE TABLE t1(a UNIQUE, b);
    CREATE TABLE t2(c, d REFERENCES t1(a));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 2);
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(2, 1);
    BEGIN;
      PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF;
  }
  catchsql {
      DELETE FROM t1
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-55.2 {
  execsql { PRAGMA foreign_keys }
} {1}
do_test e_fkey-55.3 {
  execsql {
    COMMIT;
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF;
    BEGIN;
      PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON;
      DELETE FROM t1;
      PRAGMA foreign_keys;
  }
} {0}
do_test e_fkey-55.4 {
  execsql COMMIT
} {}

###########################################################################
### SECTION 1: Introduction to Foreign Key Constraints
###########################################################################
execsql "PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON"

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-04042-24825 */
#
# Verify that the syntax in the first example in section 1 is valid.
#
do_test e_fkey-38.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE artist(
      artistid    INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, 
      artistname  TEXT
    );
    CREATE TABLE track(
      trackid     INTEGER, 
................................................................................

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-61362-32087 */
#
# Attempting to insert a row into the 'track' table that corresponds
# to no row in the 'artist' table fails.
#
do_test e_fkey-39.1 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO track VALUES(1, 'track 1', 1) }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-39.2 {
  execsql { INSERT INTO artist VALUES(2, 'artist 1') }
  catchsql { INSERT INTO track VALUES(1, 'track 1', 1) }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-39.2 {
  execsql { INSERT INTO track VALUES(1, 'track 1', 2) }
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-24401-52400 */
#
# Attempting to delete a row from the 'artist' table while there are 
# dependent rows in the track table also fails.
#
do_test e_fkey-40.1 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistid = 2 }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-40.2 {
  execsql { 
    DELETE FROM track WHERE trackartist = 2;
    DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistid = 2;
  }
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-23980-48859 */
#
# If the foreign key column (trackartist) in table 'track' is set to NULL,
# there is no requirement for a matching row in the 'artist' table.
#
do_test e_fkey-41.1 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(1, 'track 1', NULL);
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(2, 'track 2', NULL);
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-41.2 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM artist }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-41.3 {
  # Setting the trackid to a non-NULL value fails, of course.
  catchsql { UPDATE track SET trackartist = 5 WHERE trackid = 1 }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-41.4 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(5, 'artist 5');
    UPDATE track SET trackartist = 5 WHERE trackid = 1;
  }
  catchsql { DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistid = 5}
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-41.5 {
  execsql { 
    UPDATE track SET trackartist = NULL WHERE trackid = 1;
    DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistid = 5;
  }
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
................................................................................
    {1 {PRIMARY KEY must be unique}} 
    {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  }
  if {[lsearch $results $res]<0} {
    error $res
  }

  do_test e_fkey-42.$tn {
    execsql {
      SELECT count(*) FROM track WHERE NOT (
        trackartist IS NULL OR 
        EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM artist WHERE artistid=trackartist)
      )
    }
  } {0}
................................................................................
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-42412-59321 */
#
# Check that a NOT NULL constraint can be added to the example schema
# to prohibit NULL child keys from being inserted.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-48.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE artist(
      artistid    INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, 
      artistname  TEXT
    );
    CREATE TABLE track(
      trackid     INTEGER, 
      trackname   TEXT, 
      trackartist INTEGER NOT NULL,
      FOREIGN KEY(trackartist) REFERENCES artist(artistid)
    );
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-48.2 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO track VALUES(14, 'Mr. Bojangles', NULL) }
} {1 {track.trackartist may not be NULL}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-17902-59250 */
#
# Test an example from foreignkeys.html.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-43.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE artist(
      artistid    INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, 
      artistname  TEXT
    );
    CREATE TABLE track(
      trackid     INTEGER, 
................................................................................
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(1, 'Dean Martin');
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(2, 'Frank Sinatra');
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(11, 'That''s Amore', 1);
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(12, 'Christmas Blues', 1);
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(13, 'My Way', 2);
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-43.2 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO track VALUES(14, 'Mr. Bojangles', 3) }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-43.3 {
  execsql { INSERT INTO track VALUES(14, 'Mr. Bojangles', NULL) }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-43.4 {
  catchsql { 
    UPDATE track SET trackartist = 3 WHERE trackname = 'Mr. Bojangles';
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-43.5 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(3, 'Sammy Davis Jr.');
    UPDATE track SET trackartist = 3 WHERE trackname = 'Mr. Bojangles';
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(15, 'Boogie Woogie', 3);
  }
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-15034-64331 */
#
# Test the second example from the first section of foreignkeys.html.
#
do_test e_fkey-44.1 {
  catchsql {
    DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistname = 'Frank Sinatra';
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-44.2 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM track WHERE trackname = 'My Way';
    DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistname = 'Frank Sinatra';
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-44.3 {
  catchsql {
    UPDATE artist SET artistid=4 WHERE artistname = 'Dean Martin';
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-44.4 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM track WHERE trackname IN('That''s Amore', 'Christmas Blues');
    UPDATE artist SET artistid=4 WHERE artistname = 'Dean Martin';
  }
} {}


................................................................................
#
# /* EV: R-57765-12380 */
#
# Test also that the comparison rules are used when testing if there 
# is a matching row in the parent table of a foreign key constraint.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-45.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE par(p PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE chi(c REFERENCES par);

    INSERT INTO par VALUES(1);
    INSERT INTO par VALUES('1');
    INSERT INTO par VALUES(X'31');
    SELECT typeof(p) FROM par;
  }
} {integer text blob}

proc test_efkey_45 {tn isError sql} {
  do_test e_fkey-45.$tn.1 "
    catchsql {$sql}
  " [lindex {{0 {}} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}} $isError]

  do_test e_fkey-45.$tn.2 {
    execsql {
      SELECT * FROM chi WHERE c IS NOT NULL AND c NOT IN (SELECT p FROM par)
    }
  } {}
}

test_efkey_45 1 0 "INSERT INTO chi VALUES(1)"
................................................................................
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-15796-47513 */
#
# Specifically, test that when comparing child and parent key values the
# default collation sequence of the parent key column is used.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-46.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a COLLATE nocase PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE t2(b REFERENCES t1);
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-46.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('oNe');
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('one');
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('ONE');
    UPDATE t2 SET b = 'OnE';
    UPDATE t1 SET a = 'ONE';
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-46.3 {
  catchsql { UPDATE t2 SET b = 'two' WHERE rowid = 1 }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-46.4 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM t1 WHERE rowid = 1 }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-04240-13860 */
#
# Specifically, test that when comparing child and parent key values the
# affinity of the parent key column is applied to the child key value
# before the comparison takes place.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-47.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a NUMERIC PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE t2(b TEXT REFERENCES t1);
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-47.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('three');
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('2.0');
    SELECT b, typeof(b) FROM t2;
  }
} {2.0 text}
do_test e_fkey-47.3 {
  execsql { SELECT typeof(a) FROM t1 }
} {integer integer text}
do_test e_fkey-47.4 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM t1 WHERE rowid = 2 }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

###########################################################################
### SECTION 3: Required and Suggested Database Indexes
###########################################################################

................................................................................
#
# Also test that if a parent key is not subject to a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE
# constraint, but does have a UNIQUE index created on it, then the UNIQUE index
# must use the default collation sequences associated with the parent key
# columns.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-57.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t2(a REFERENCES t1(x));
  }
} {}
proc test_efkey_57 {tn isError sql} {
  catchsql { DROP TABLE t1 }
  execsql $sql
  do_test e_fkey-57.$tn {
    catchsql { INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(NULL) }
  } [lindex {{0 {}} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}} $isError]
}
test_efkey_57 2 0 { CREATE TABLE t1(x PRIMARY KEY) }
test_efkey_57 3 0 { CREATE TABLE t1(x UNIQUE) }
test_efkey_57 4 0 { CREATE TABLE t1(x); CREATE UNIQUE INDEX t1i ON t1(x) }
test_efkey_57 5 1 { 
................................................................................
# Problem with FK on child5.
#
# /* EV: R-63088-37469 */
#
# Problem with FK on child6 and child7.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-56.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(a PRIMARY KEY, b UNIQUE, c, d, e, f);
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX i1 ON parent(c, d);
    CREATE INDEX i2 ON parent(e);
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX i3 ON parent(f COLLATE nocase);

    CREATE TABLE child1(f, g REFERENCES parent(a));                       -- Ok
................................................................................
    CREATE TABLE child3(j, k, FOREIGN KEY(j, k) REFERENCES parent(c, d)); -- Ok
    CREATE TABLE child4(l, m REFERENCES parent(e));                       -- Err
    CREATE TABLE child5(n, o REFERENCES parent(f));                       -- Err
    CREATE TABLE child6(p, q, FOREIGN KEY(p,q) REFERENCES parent(b, c));  -- Err
    CREATE TABLE child7(r REFERENCES parent(c));                          -- Err
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-56.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6);
    INSERT INTO child1 VALUES('xxx', 1);
    INSERT INTO child2 VALUES('xxx', 2);
    INSERT INTO child3 VALUES(3, 4);
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-56.2 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child4 VALUES('xxx', 5) }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e_fkey-56.3 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child5 VALUES('xxx', 6) }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e_fkey-56.4 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child6 VALUES(2, 3) }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e_fkey-56.5 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child7 VALUES(3) }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-45488-08504 */
# /* EV: R-48391-38472 */
# /* EV: R-03108-63659 */
# /* EV: R-60781-26576 */
#
# Test errors in the database schema that are detected while preparing
# DML statements. The error text for these messages always matches 
# either "foreign key mismatch" or "no such table*" (using [string match]).
#
do_test e_fkey-66.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE c1(c REFERENCES nosuchtable, d);

    CREATE TABLE p2(a, b, UNIQUE(a, b));
    CREATE TABLE c2(c, d, FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES p2(a, x));

    CREATE TABLE p3(a PRIMARY KEY, b);
................................................................................
  3 c2 p2 "foreign key mismatch"
  4 c3 p3 "foreign key mismatch"
  5 c4 p4 "foreign key mismatch"
  6 c5 p5 "foreign key mismatch"
  7 c6 p6 "foreign key mismatch"
  8 c7 p7 "foreign key mismatch"
} {
  do_test e_fkey-66.$tn.1 {
    catchsql "INSERT INTO $tbl VALUES('a', 'b')"
  } [list 1 $err]
  do_test e_fkey-66.$tn.2 {
    catchsql "UPDATE $tbl SET c = ?, d = ?"
  } [list 1 $err]
  do_test e_fkey-66.$tn.3 {
    catchsql "INSERT INTO $tbl SELECT ?, ?"
  } [list 1 $err]

  if {$ptbl ne ""} {
    do_test e_fkey-66.$tn.4 {
      catchsql "DELETE FROM $ptbl"
    } [list 1 $err]
    do_test e_fkey-66.$tn.5 {
      catchsql "UPDATE $ptbl SET a = ?, b = ?"
    } [list 1 $err]
    do_test e_fkey-66.$tn.6 {
      catchsql "INSERT INTO $ptbl SELECT ?, ?"
    } [list 1 $err]
  }
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-19353-43643 */
#
# Test the example of foreign key mismatch errors caused by implicitly
# mapping a child key to the primary key of the parent table when the
# child key consists of a different number of columns to that primary key.
# 
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-58.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent2(a, b, PRIMARY KEY(a,b));

    CREATE TABLE child8(x, y, FOREIGN KEY(x,y) REFERENCES parent2);     -- Ok
    CREATE TABLE child9(x REFERENCES parent2);                          -- Err
    CREATE TABLE child10(x,y,z, FOREIGN KEY(x,y,z) REFERENCES parent2); -- Err
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-58.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO parent2 VALUES('I', 'II');
    INSERT INTO child8 VALUES('I', 'II');
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-58.3 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child9 VALUES('I') }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e_fkey-58.4 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child9 VALUES('II') }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e_fkey-58.5 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child9 VALUES(NULL) }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e_fkey-58.6 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child10 VALUES('I', 'II', 'III') }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e_fkey-58.7 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child10 VALUES(1, 2, 3) }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e_fkey-58.8 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child10 VALUES(NULL, NULL, NULL) }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-23682-59820 */
#
# Test errors that are reported when creating the child table. 
................................................................................
    "CREATE TABLE child2(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a, b) REFERENCES p(c, d, e))"
      {number of columns in foreign key does not match the number of columns in the referenced table}
    "CREATE TABLE child2(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a, c) REFERENCES p(c, d))"
      {unknown column "c" in foreign key definition}
    "CREATE TABLE child2(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(c, b) REFERENCES p(c, d))"
      {unknown column "c" in foreign key definition}
  } {
    do_test e_fkey-59.$fk.[incr i] {
      catchsql $sql
    } [list 1 $error]
  }
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-47109-40581 */
#
# Test that a REFERENCING clause that does not specify parent key columns
# implicitly maps to the primary key of the parent table.
# 
do_test e_fkey-60.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p1(a, b, PRIMARY KEY(a, b));
    CREATE TABLE p2(a, b PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE c1(c, d, FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES p1);
    CREATE TABLE c2(a, b REFERENCES p2);
  }
} {}
proc test_efkey_60 {tn isError sql} {
  do_test e_fkey-60.$tn "
    catchsql {$sql}
  " [lindex {{0 {}} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}} $isError]
}

test_efkey_60 2 1 "INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(239, 231)"
test_efkey_60 3 0 "INSERT INTO p1 VALUES(239, 231)"
test_efkey_60 4 0 "INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(239, 231)"
................................................................................
#
# /* EV: R-15741-50893 */
#
# Also test that if an index is created on the child key columns, it does
# not make a difference whether or not it is a UNIQUE index.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-61.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x, y, UNIQUE(y, x));
    CREATE TABLE c1(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a, b) REFERENCES parent(x, y));
    CREATE TABLE c2(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a, b) REFERENCES parent(x, y));
    CREATE TABLE c3(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a, b) REFERENCES parent(x, y));
    CREATE INDEX c2i ON c2(a, b);
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX c3i ON c2(b, a);
  }
} {}
proc test_efkey_61 {tn isError sql} {
  do_test e_fkey-61.$tn "
    catchsql {$sql}
  " [lindex {{0 {}} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}} $isError]
}
foreach {tn c} [list 2 c1 3 c2 4 c3] {
  test_efkey_61 $tn.1 1 "INSERT INTO $c VALUES(1, 2)"
  test_efkey_61 $tn.2 0 "INSERT INTO parent VALUES(1, 2)"
  test_efkey_61 $tn.3 0 "INSERT INTO $c VALUES(1, 2)"
................................................................................
#   SELECT rowid FROM track WHERE trackartist = ?
#
# /* EV: R-23302-30956 */
#
# Also test that if the SELECT above would return any rows, a foreign
# key constraint is violated.
#
do_test e_fkey-62.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE artist(
      artistid    INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, 
      artistname  TEXT
    );
    CREATE TABLE track(
      trackid     INTEGER, 
      trackname   TEXT, 
      trackartist INTEGER,
      FOREIGN KEY(trackartist) REFERENCES artist(artistid)
    );
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-62.2 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF;
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN DELETE FROM artist WHERE 1;
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT rowid FROM track WHERE trackartist = ?;
  }
} {0 0 {TABLE artist} 0 0 {TABLE track}}
do_test e_fkey-62.3 {
  execsql { 
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON;
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN DELETE FROM artist WHERE 1;
  }
} {0 0 {TABLE artist} 0 0 {TABLE track}}
do_test e_fkey-62.4 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(5, 'artist 5');
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(6, 'artist 6');
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(7, 'artist 7');
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(1, 'track 1', 5);
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(2, 'track 2', 6);
  }
} {}

do_test e_fkey-62.5 {
  concat \
    [execsql { SELECT rowid FROM track WHERE trackartist = 5 }]   \
    [catchsql { DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistid = 5 }]
} {1 1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

do_test e_fkey-62.6 {
  concat \
    [execsql { SELECT rowid FROM track WHERE trackartist = 7 }]   \
    [catchsql { DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistid = 7 }]
} {0 {}}

do_test e_fkey-62.7 {
  concat \
    [execsql { SELECT rowid FROM track WHERE trackartist = 6 }]   \
    [catchsql { DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistid = 6 }]
} {2 1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-54172-55848 */
................................................................................
# to the following is planned. In some cases it is not executed, but it
# is always planned.
#
#   SELECT rowid FROM <child-table> WHERE <child-key> = :parent_key_value
#
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-64.1 {
  execsql { CREATE TABLE parent(x, y, UNIQUE(y, x)) }
} {}
foreach {tn sql} {
  2 { 
    CREATE TABLE child(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a, b) REFERENCES parent(x, y))
  }
  3 { 
................................................................................
  set update [concat \
      [eqp "UPDATE parent SET x=?, y=?"] \
      [eqp "SELECT rowid FROM child WHERE a = ? AND b = ?"] \
      [eqp "SELECT rowid FROM child WHERE a = ? AND b = ?"]
  ]
  execsql {PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON}

  do_test e_fkey-64.$tn.1 { eqp "DELETE FROM parent WHERE 1" } $delete
  do_test e_fkey-64.$tn.2 { eqp "UPDATE parent set x=?, y=?" } $update

  execsql {DROP TABLE child}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-14553-34013 */
#
# Test the example schema at the end of section 3. Also test that is
# is "efficient". In this case "efficient" means that foreign key
# related operations on the parent table do not provoke linear scans.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-63.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE artist(
      artistid    INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, 
      artistname  TEXT
    );
    CREATE TABLE track(
      trackid     INTEGER,
      trackname   TEXT, 
      trackartist INTEGER REFERENCES artist
    );
    CREATE INDEX trackindex ON track(trackartist);
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-63.2 {
  eqp { INSERT INTO artist VALUES(?, ?) }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-63.3 {
  eqp { UPDATE artist SET artistid = ?, artistname = ? }
} [list \
  0 0 {TABLE artist} \
  0 0 {TABLE track WITH INDEX trackindex} \
  0 0 {TABLE track WITH INDEX trackindex}
]
do_test e_fkey-63.4 {
  eqp { DELETE FROM artist }
} [list \
  0 0 {TABLE artist} \
  0 0 {TABLE track WITH INDEX trackindex}
]


................................................................................
  6 "CREATE TABLE c(ii, jj, FOREIGN KEY(jj, ii) REFERENCES p(x))" 
    {number of columns in foreign key does not match the number of columns in the referenced table}

  7 "CREATE TABLE c(ii, jj, FOREIGN KEY(jj, ii) REFERENCES p(x,y,z))" 
    {number of columns in foreign key does not match the number of columns in the referenced table}
} {
  drop_all_tables
  do_test e_fkey-65.$tn [list catchsql $sql] [list 1 $err]
}
do_test e_fkey-65.8 {
  drop_all_tables
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p(x PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE c(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a,b) REFERENCES p);
  }
  catchsql {DELETE FROM p}
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e_fkey-65.9 {
  drop_all_tables
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p(x, y, PRIMARY KEY(x,y));
    CREATE TABLE c(a REFERENCES p);
  }
  catchsql {DELETE FROM p}
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
................................................................................

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-24676-09859 */
#
# Test the example schema in the "Composite Foreign Key Constraints" 
# section.
#
do_test e_fkey-36.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE album(
      albumartist TEXT,
      albumname TEXT,
      albumcover BINARY,
      PRIMARY KEY(albumartist, albumname)
    );
................................................................................
      songalbum TEXT,
      songname TEXT,
      FOREIGN KEY(songartist, songalbum) REFERENCES album(albumartist,albumname)
    );
  }
} {}

do_test e_fkey-36.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO album VALUES('Elvis Presley', 'Elvis'' Christmas Album', NULL);
    INSERT INTO song VALUES(
      1, 'Elvis Presley', 'Elvis'' Christmas Album', 'Here Comes Santa Clause'
    );
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-36.3 {
  catchsql {
    INSERT INTO song VALUES(2, 'Elvis Presley', 'Elvis Is Back!', 'Fever');
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-33626-48418 */
#
# Check that if any of the child key columns in the above schema are NULL,
# there is no requirement for a corresponding parent key.
#
do_test e_fkey-37.1 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO song VALUES(2, 'Elvis Presley', NULL, 'Fever');
    INSERT INTO song VALUES(3, NULL, 'Elvis Is Back', 'Soldier Boy');
  }
} {}

###########################################################################
................................................................................
#
# Test that if a statement violates an immediate FK constraint, and the
# database does not satisfy the FK constraint once all effects of the
# statement have been applied, an error is reported and the effects of
# the statement rolled back.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-33.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE king(a, b, PRIMARY KEY(a));
    CREATE TABLE prince(c REFERENCES king, d);
  }
} {}

do_test e_fkey-33.2 {
  # Execute a statement that violates the immediate FK constraint.
  catchsql { INSERT INTO prince VALUES(1, 2) }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

do_test e_fkey-33.3 {
  # This time, use a trigger to fix the constraint violation before the
  # statement has finished executing. Then execute the same statement as
  # in the previous test case. This time, no error.
  execsql {
    CREATE TRIGGER kt AFTER INSERT ON prince WHEN
      NOT EXISTS (SELECT a FROM king WHERE a = new.c)
    BEGIN
................................................................................
    END
  }
  execsql { INSERT INTO prince VALUES(1, 2) }
} {}

# Test that operating inside a transaction makes no difference to 
# immediate constraint violation handling.
do_test e_fkey-33.4 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
    INSERT INTO prince VALUES(2, 3);
    DROP TRIGGER kt;
  }
  catchsql { INSERT INTO prince VALUES(3, 4) }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-33.5 {
  execsql {
    COMMIT;
    SELECT * FROM king;
  }
} {1 {} 2 {}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
................................................................................
#
# Test that if a deferred constraint is violated within a transaction,
# nothing happens immediately and the database is allowed to persist
# in a state that does not satisfy the FK constraint. However attempts
# to COMMIT the transaction fail until the FK constraint is satisfied.
#
proc test_efkey_34 {tn isError sql} {
  do_test e_fkey-34.$tn "
    catchsql {$sql}
  " [lindex {{0 {}} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}} $isError]
}
drop_all_tables

test_efkey_34  1 0 {
  CREATE TABLE ll(k PRIMARY KEY);
................................................................................
# /* EV: R-56844-61705 */
#
# When not running inside a transaction, a deferred constraint is similar
# to an immediate constraint (violations are reported immediately).
#
drop_all_tables
proc test_efkey_35 {tn isError sql} {
  do_test e_fkey-35.$tn "
    catchsql {$sql}
  " [lindex {{0 {}} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}} $isError]
}
do_test e_fkey-35.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x, y);
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX pi ON parent(x, y);
    CREATE TABLE child(a, b,
      FOREIGN KEY(a, b) REFERENCES parent(x, y) DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
    );
  }
................................................................................
#
# Foreign keys are IMMEDIATE by default (if there is no DEFERRABLE or NOT
# DEFERRABLE clause).
#
# /* EV: R-30323-21917 */  FKs are either IMMEDIATE or DEFERRED.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-29.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x, y, z, PRIMARY KEY(x,y,z));
    CREATE TABLE c1(a, b, c,
      FOREIGN KEY(a, b, c) REFERENCES parent NOT DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
    );
    CREATE TABLE c2(a, b, c,
      FOREIGN KEY(a, b, c) REFERENCES parent NOT DEFERRABLE INITIALLY IMMEDIATE
................................................................................
    INSERT INTO c5 VALUES('m', 'n', 'o');
    INSERT INTO c6 VALUES('p', 'q', 'r');
    INSERT INTO c7 VALUES('s', 't', 'u');
  }
} {}

proc test_efkey_29 {tn sql isError} {
  do_test e_fkey-29.$tn "catchsql {$sql}" [
    lindex {{0 {}} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}} $isError
  ]
}
test_efkey_29  2 "BEGIN"                                   0
test_efkey_29  3 "DELETE FROM parent WHERE x = 'a'"        1
test_efkey_29  4 "DELETE FROM parent WHERE x = 'd'"        1
test_efkey_29  5 "DELETE FROM parent WHERE x = 'g'"        1
................................................................................

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-35043-01546 */
#
# Test an example from foreignkeys.html dealing with a deferred foreign 
# key constraint.
#
do_test e_fkey-28.1 {
  drop_all_tables
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE artist(
      artistid    INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, 
      artistname  TEXT
    );
    CREATE TABLE track(
      trackid     INTEGER,
      trackname   TEXT, 
      trackartist INTEGER REFERENCES artist(artistid) DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
    );
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-28.2 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      INSERT INTO track VALUES(1, 'White Christmas', 5);
  }
  catchsql COMMIT
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-28.3 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(5, 'Bing Crosby');
    COMMIT;
  }
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-07223-48323 */
#
# Verify that a nested savepoint may be released without satisfying 
# deferred foreign key constraints.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-30.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY,
      b REFERENCES t1 DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
    );
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 1);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, 2);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, 3);
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-30.2 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      SAVEPOINT one;
        INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(4, 5);
      RELEASE one;
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-30.3 {
  catchsql COMMIT
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-30.4 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE t1 SET a = 5 WHERE a = 4;
    COMMIT;
  }
} {}


................................................................................
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-44295-13823 */
#
# Check that a transaction savepoint (an outermost savepoint opened when
# the database was in auto-commit mode) cannot be released without
# satisfying deferred foreign key constraints. It may be rolled back.
#
do_test e_fkey-31.1 {
  execsql {
    SAVEPOINT one;
      SAVEPOINT two;
        INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(6, 7);
      RELEASE two;
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-31.2 {
  catchsql {RELEASE one}
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-31.3 {
  execsql {
      UPDATE t1 SET a = 7 WHERE a = 6;
    RELEASE one;
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-31.4 {
  execsql {
    SAVEPOINT one;
      SAVEPOINT two;
        INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(9, 10);
      RELEASE two;
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-31.5 {
  catchsql {RELEASE one}
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-31.6 {
  execsql {ROLLBACK TO one ; RELEASE one}
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-37736-42616 */
#
# Test that if a COMMIT operation fails due to deferred foreign key 
# constraints, any nested savepoints remain open.
#
do_test e_fkey-32.1 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a>3;
    SELECT * FROM t1;
  }
} {1 1 2 2 3 3}
do_test e_fkey-32.2 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(4, 4);
      SAVEPOINT one;
        INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(5, 6);
        SELECT * FROM t1;
  }
} {1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 6}
do_test e_fkey-32.3 {
  catchsql COMMIT
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-32.4 {
  execsql {
    ROLLBACK TO one;
    COMMIT;
    SELECT * FROM t1;
  }
} {1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4}

do_test e_fkey-32.5 {
  execsql {
    SAVEPOINT a;
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(5, 5);
      SAVEPOINT b;
        INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(6, 7);
        SAVEPOINT c;
          INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(7, 8);
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-32.6 {
  catchsql {RELEASE a}
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-32.7 {
  execsql  {ROLLBACK TO c}
  catchsql {RELEASE a}
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-32.8 {
  execsql  {
    ROLLBACK TO b;
    RELEASE a;
    SELECT * FROM t1;
  }
} {1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5}

................................................................................
# deleting or modifying rows of the parent table, respectively.
#
# /* EV: R-48124-63225 */
#
# Test that a single FK constraint may have different actions configured
# for ON DELETE and ON UPDATE.
#
do_test e_fkey-16.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p(a, b PRIMARY KEY, c);
    CREATE TABLE c1(d, e, f DEFAULT 'k0' REFERENCES p 
      ON UPDATE SET DEFAULT
      ON DELETE SET NULL
    );

................................................................................
    INSERT INTO p VALUES(3, 'k3', 'III');

    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(1, 'xx', 'k1');
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(2, 'xx', 'k2');
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(3, 'xx', 'k3');
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-16.2 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE p SET b = 'k4' WHERE a = 1;
    SELECT * FROM c1;
  }
} {1 xx k0 2 xx k2 3 xx k3}
do_test e_fkey-16.3 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM p WHERE a = 2;
    SELECT * FROM c1;
  }
} {1 xx k0 2 xx {} 3 xx k3}
do_test e_fkey-16.4 {
  execsql {
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX pi ON p(c);
    REPLACE INTO p VALUES(5, 'k5', 'III');
    SELECT * FROM c1;
  }
} {1 xx k0 2 xx {} 3 xx {}}

................................................................................
# either "NO ACTION", "RESTRICT", "SET NULL", "SET DEFAULT" or "CASCADE".
#
# /* EV: R-19803-45884 */
#
# If none is specified explicitly, "NO ACTION" is the default.
# 
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-17.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x PRIMARY KEY, y);
    CREATE TABLE child1(a, 
      b REFERENCES parent ON UPDATE NO ACTION ON DELETE RESTRICT
    );
    CREATE TABLE child2(a, 
      b REFERENCES parent ON UPDATE RESTRICT ON DELETE SET NULL
................................................................................
  4 child3 {0 0 parent b {} {SET NULL} {SET DEFAULT} NONE}
  5 child4 {0 0 parent b {} {SET DEFAULT} CASCADE NONE}
  6 child5 {0 0 parent b {} CASCADE {NO ACTION} NONE}
  7 child6 {0 0 parent b {} {NO ACTION} RESTRICT NONE}
  8 child7 {0 0 parent b {} {NO ACTION} {NO ACTION} NONE}
  9 child8 {0 0 parent b {} {NO ACTION} {NO ACTION} NONE}
} {
  do_test e_fkey-17.$tn { execsql "PRAGMA foreign_key_list($zTab)" } $lRes
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-19971-54976 */
#
# Test that "NO ACTION" means that nothing happens to a child row when
# it's parent row is updated or deleted.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-18.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(p1, p2, PRIMARY KEY(p1, p2));
    CREATE TABLE child(c1, c2, 
      FOREIGN KEY(c1, c2) REFERENCES parent
      ON UPDATE NO ACTION
      ON DELETE NO ACTION
      DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
................................................................................
    );
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('j', 'k');
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('l', 'm');
    INSERT INTO child VALUES('j', 'k');
    INSERT INTO child VALUES('l', 'm');
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-18.2 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      UPDATE parent SET p1='k' WHERE p1='j';
      DELETE FROM parent WHERE p1='l';
      SELECT * FROM child;
  }
} {j k l m}
do_test e_fkey-18.3 {
  catchsql COMMIT
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-18.4 {
  execsql ROLLBACK
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-04272-38653 */
#
# Test that "RESTRICT" means the application is prohibited from deleting
# or updating a parent table row when there exists one or more child keys
# mapped to it.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-18.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(p1, p2);
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX parent_i ON parent(p1, p2);
    CREATE TABLE child1(c1, c2, 
      FOREIGN KEY(c2, c1) REFERENCES parent(p1, p2) ON DELETE RESTRICT
    );
    CREATE TABLE child2(c1, c2, 
      FOREIGN KEY(c2, c1) REFERENCES parent(p1, p2) ON UPDATE RESTRICT
    );
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-18.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('a', 'b');
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('c', 'd');
    INSERT INTO child1 VALUES('b', 'a');
    INSERT INTO child2 VALUES('d', 'c');
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-18.3 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM parent WHERE p1 = 'a' }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-18.4 {
  catchsql { UPDATE parent SET p2 = 'e' WHERE p1 = 'c' }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-37997-42187 */
# 
# Test that RESTRICT is slightly different from NO ACTION for IMMEDIATE
# constraints, in that it is enforced immediately, not at the end of the 
# statement.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-19.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE child1(c REFERENCES parent ON UPDATE RESTRICT);
    CREATE TABLE child2(c REFERENCES parent ON UPDATE NO ACTION);

    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key1');
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key2');
................................................................................

    CREATE TRIGGER parent_t AFTER UPDATE ON parent BEGIN
      UPDATE child1 set c = new.x WHERE c = old.x;
      UPDATE child2 set c = new.x WHERE c = old.x;
    END;
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-19.2 {
  catchsql { UPDATE parent SET x = 'key one' WHERE x = 'key1' }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-19.3 {
  execsql { 
    UPDATE parent SET x = 'key two' WHERE x = 'key2';
    SELECT * FROM child2;
  }
} {{key two}}

drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-19.4 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE child1(c REFERENCES parent ON DELETE RESTRICT);
    CREATE TABLE child2(c REFERENCES parent ON DELETE NO ACTION);

    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key1');
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key2');
................................................................................

    CREATE TRIGGER parent_t AFTER DELETE ON parent BEGIN
      UPDATE child1 SET c = NULL WHERE c = old.x;
      UPDATE child2 SET c = NULL WHERE c = old.x;
    END;
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-19.5 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM parent WHERE x = 'key1' }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-19.6 {
  execsql { 
    DELETE FROM parent WHERE x = 'key2';
    SELECT * FROM child2;
  }
} {{}}

drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-19.7 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE child1(c REFERENCES parent ON DELETE RESTRICT);
    CREATE TABLE child2(c REFERENCES parent ON DELETE NO ACTION);

    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key1');
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key2');
    INSERT INTO child1 VALUES('key1');
    INSERT INTO child2 VALUES('key2');
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-19.8 {
  catchsql { REPLACE INTO parent VALUES('key1') }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-19.9 {
  execsql { 
    REPLACE INTO parent VALUES('key2');
    SELECT * FROM child2;
  }
} {key2}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-24179-60523 */
# 
# Test that RESTRICT is enforced immediately, even for a DEFERRED constraint.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-20.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE child1(c REFERENCES parent ON UPDATE RESTRICT
      DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
    );
    CREATE TABLE child2(c REFERENCES parent ON UPDATE NO ACTION
      DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
................................................................................
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key1');
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key2');
    INSERT INTO child1 VALUES('key1');
    INSERT INTO child2 VALUES('key2');
    BEGIN;
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-20.2 {
  catchsql { UPDATE parent SET x = 'key one' WHERE x = 'key1' }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-20.3 {
  execsql { UPDATE parent SET x = 'key two' WHERE x = 'key2' }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-20.4 {
  catchsql COMMIT
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-20.5 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE child2 SET c = 'key two';
    COMMIT;
  }
} {}

drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-20.6 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE child1(c REFERENCES parent ON DELETE RESTRICT
      DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
    );
    CREATE TABLE child2(c REFERENCES parent ON DELETE NO ACTION
      DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
................................................................................
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key1');
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key2');
    INSERT INTO child1 VALUES('key1');
    INSERT INTO child2 VALUES('key2');
    BEGIN;
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-20.7 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM parent WHERE x = 'key1' }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-20.8 {
  execsql { DELETE FROM parent WHERE x = 'key2' }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-20.9 {
  catchsql COMMIT
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-20.10 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE child2 SET c = NULL;
    COMMIT;
  }
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-03353-05327 */
#
# Test SET NULL actions.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-21.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE pA(x PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE cA(c REFERENCES pA ON DELETE SET NULL);
    CREATE TABLE cB(c REFERENCES pA ON UPDATE SET NULL);

    INSERT INTO pA VALUES(X'ABCD');
    INSERT INTO pA VALUES(X'1234');
    INSERT INTO cA VALUES(X'ABCD');
    INSERT INTO cB VALUES(X'1234');
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-21.2 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM pA WHERE rowid = 1;
    SELECT quote(x) FROM pA;
  }
} {X'1234'}
do_test e_fkey-21.3 {
  execsql {
    SELECT quote(c) FROM cA;
  }
} {NULL}
do_test e_fkey-21.4 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE pA SET x = X'8765' WHERE rowid = 2;
    SELECT quote(x) FROM pA;
  }
} {X'8765'}
do_test e_fkey-21.5 {
  execsql { SELECT quote(c) FROM cB }
} {NULL}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-43054-54832 */
#
# Test SET DEFAULT actions.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-22.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE pA(x PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE cA(c DEFAULT X'0000' REFERENCES pA ON DELETE SET DEFAULT);
    CREATE TABLE cB(c DEFAULT X'9999' REFERENCES pA ON UPDATE SET DEFAULT);

    INSERT INTO pA(rowid, x) VALUES(1, X'0000');
    INSERT INTO pA(rowid, x) VALUES(2, X'9999');
................................................................................
    INSERT INTO pA(rowid, x) VALUES(3, X'ABCD');
    INSERT INTO pA(rowid, x) VALUES(4, X'1234');

    INSERT INTO cA VALUES(X'ABCD');
    INSERT INTO cB VALUES(X'1234');
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-22.2 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM pA WHERE rowid = 3;
    SELECT quote(x) FROM pA;
  }
} {X'0000' X'9999' X'1234'}
do_test e_fkey-22.3 {
  execsql { SELECT quote(c) FROM cA }
} {X'0000'}
do_test e_fkey-22.4 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE pA SET x = X'8765' WHERE rowid = 4;
    SELECT quote(x) FROM pA;
  }
} {X'0000' X'9999' X'8765'}
do_test e_fkey-22.5 {
  execsql { SELECT quote(c) FROM cB }
} {X'9999'}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-61376-57267 */
# /* EV: R-61809-62207 */
#
# Test ON DELETE CASCADE actions.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-23.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p1(a, b UNIQUE);
    CREATE TABLE c1(c REFERENCES p1(b) ON DELETE CASCADE, d);
    INSERT INTO p1 VALUES(NULL, NULL);
    INSERT INTO p1 VALUES(4, 4);
    INSERT INTO p1 VALUES(5, 5);
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(NULL, NULL);
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(4, 4);
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(5, 5);
    SELECT count(*) FROM c1;
  }
} {3}
do_test e_fkey-23.2 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM p1 WHERE a = 4;
    SELECT d, c FROM c1;
  }
} {{} {} 5 5}
do_test e_fkey-23.3 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM p1;
    SELECT d, c FROM c1;
  }
} {{} {}}
do_test e_fkey-23.4 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM p1 }
} {}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-61376-57267 */
# /* EV: R-13877-64542 */
#
# Test ON UPDATE CASCADE actions.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-24.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p1(a, b UNIQUE);
    CREATE TABLE c1(c REFERENCES p1(b) ON UPDATE CASCADE, d);
    INSERT INTO p1 VALUES(NULL, NULL);
    INSERT INTO p1 VALUES(4, 4);
    INSERT INTO p1 VALUES(5, 5);
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(NULL, NULL);
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(4, 4);
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(5, 5);
    SELECT count(*) FROM c1;
  }
} {3}
do_test e_fkey-24.2 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE p1 SET b = 10 WHERE b = 5;
    SELECT d, c FROM c1;
  }
} {{} {} 4 4 5 10}
do_test e_fkey-24.3 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE p1 SET b = 11 WHERE b = 4;
    SELECT d, c FROM c1;
  }
} {{} {} 4 11 5 10}
do_test e_fkey-24.4 {
  execsql { 
    UPDATE p1 SET b = 6 WHERE b IS NULL;
    SELECT d, c FROM c1;
  }
} {{} {} 4 11 5 10}
do_test e_fkey-23.5 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM p1 }
} {{} 6 4 11 5 10}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-51329-33438 */
#
# Test an example from the "ON DELETE and ON UPDATE Actions" section 
# of foreignkeys.html.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-15.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE artist(
      artistid    INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, 
      artistname  TEXT
    );
    CREATE TABLE track(
      trackid     INTEGER,
................................................................................
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(1, 'Dean Martin');
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(2, 'Frank Sinatra');
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(11, 'That''s Amore', 1);
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(12, 'Christmas Blues', 1);
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(13, 'My Way', 2);
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-15.2 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE artist SET artistid = 100 WHERE artistname = 'Dean Martin';
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-15.3 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM artist }
} {2 {Frank Sinatra} 100 {Dean Martin}}
do_test e_fkey-15.4 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM track }
} {11 {That's Amore} 100 12 {Christmas Blues} 100 13 {My Way} 2}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-53968-51642 */
#
# Verify that adding an FK action does not absolve the user of the 
# requirement not to violate the foreign key constraint.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-25.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(a COLLATE nocase, b, c, PRIMARY KEY(c, a));
    CREATE TABLE child(d DEFAULT 'a', e, f DEFAULT 'c',
      FOREIGN KEY(f, d) REFERENCES parent ON UPDATE SET DEFAULT
    );

    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('A', 'b', 'c');
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('ONE', 'two', 'three');
    INSERT INTO child VALUES('one', 'two', 'three');
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-25.2 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      UPDATE parent SET a = '' WHERE a = 'oNe';
      SELECT * FROM child;
  }
} {a two c}
do_test e_fkey-25.3 {
  execsql {
    ROLLBACK;
    DELETE FROM parent WHERE a = 'A';
    SELECT * FROM parent;
  }
} {ONE two three}
do_test e_fkey-25.4 {
  catchsql { UPDATE parent SET a = '' WHERE a = 'oNe' }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-07065-59588 */
# /* EV: R-28220-46694 */
................................................................................
#
# Test an example from the "ON DELETE and ON UPDATE Actions" section 
# of foreignkeys.html. This example shows that adding an "ON DELETE DEFAULT"
# clause does not abrogate the need to satisfy the foreign key constraint
# (R-28220-46694).
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-14.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE artist(
      artistid    INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, 
      artistname  TEXT
    );
    CREATE TABLE track(
      trackid     INTEGER,
................................................................................
      trackname   TEXT, 
      trackartist INTEGER DEFAULT 0 REFERENCES artist(artistid) ON DELETE SET DEFAULT
    );
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(3, 'Sammy Davis Jr.');
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(14, 'Mr. Bojangles', 3);
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-14.2 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistname = 'Sammy Davis Jr.' }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-14.3 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(0, 'Unknown Artist');
    DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistname = 'Sammy Davis Jr.';
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-14.4 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM artist }
} {0 {Unknown Artist}}
do_test e_fkey-14.5 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM track }
} {14 {Mr. Bojangles} 0}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-09564-22170 */
#
# Check that the order of steps in an UPDATE or DELETE on a parent 
................................................................................
#   1. Execute applicable BEFORE trigger programs,
#   2. Check local (non foreign key) constraints,
#   3. Update or delete the row in the parent table,
#   4. Perform any required foreign key actions,
#   5. Execute applicable AFTER trigger programs. 
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-27.1 {
  proc maxparent {args} { db one {SELECT max(x) FROM parent} }
  db func maxparent maxparent

  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x PRIMARY KEY);

    CREATE TRIGGER bu BEFORE UPDATE ON parent BEGIN
................................................................................
      INSERT INTO parent VALUES(new.x+old.x);
    END;

    INSERT INTO parent VALUES(1);
    INSERT INTO child VALUES(1);
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-27.2 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE parent SET x = 22;
    SELECT * FROM parent UNION ALL SELECT 'xxx' UNION ALL SELECT a FROM child;
  }
} {22 21 23 xxx 22}
do_test e_fkey-27.3 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM child;
    DELETE FROM parent;
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES(-1);
    INSERT INTO child VALUES(-1);
    UPDATE parent SET x = 22;
    SELECT * FROM parent UNION ALL SELECT 'xxx' UNION ALL SELECT a FROM child;
................................................................................
#
# Verify that ON UPDATE actions only actually take place if the parent key
# is set to a new value that is distinct from the old value. The default
# collation sequence and affinity are used to determine if the new value
# is 'distinct' from the old or not.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-26.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE zeus(a INTEGER COLLATE NOCASE, b, PRIMARY KEY(a, b));
    CREATE TABLE apollo(c, d, 
      FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES zeus ON UPDATE CASCADE
    );
    INSERT INTO zeus VALUES('abc', 'xyz');
    INSERT INTO apollo VALUES('ABC', 'xyz');
  }
  execsql {
    UPDATE zeus SET a = 'aBc';
    SELECT * FROM apollo;
  }
} {ABC xyz}
do_test e_fkey-26.2 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE zeus SET a = 1, b = 1;
    SELECT * FROM apollo;
  }
} {1 1}
do_test e_fkey-26.3 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE zeus SET a = 1, b = 1;
    SELECT typeof(c), c, typeof(d), d FROM apollo;
  }
} {integer 1 integer 1}
do_test e_fkey-26.4 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE zeus SET a = '1';
    SELECT typeof(c), c, typeof(d), d FROM apollo;
  }
} {integer 1 integer 1}
do_test e_fkey-26.5 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE zeus SET b = '1';
    SELECT typeof(c), c, typeof(d), d FROM apollo;
  }
} {integer 1 text 1}
do_test e_fkey-26.6 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE zeus SET b = NULL;
    SELECT typeof(c), c, typeof(d), d FROM apollo;
  }
} {integer 1 null {}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
................................................................................
#
# Test an example from the "ON DELETE and ON UPDATE Actions" section 
# of foreignkeys.html. This example demonstrates that ON UPDATE actions
# only take place if at least one parent key column is set to a value 
# that is distinct from its previous value.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-13.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE child(y REFERENCES parent ON UPDATE SET NULL);
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key');
    INSERT INTO child VALUES('key');
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-13.2 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE parent SET x = 'key';
    SELECT IFNULL(y, 'null') FROM child;
  }
} {key}
do_test e_fkey-13.3 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE parent SET x = 'key2';
    SELECT IFNULL(y, 'null') FROM child;
  }
} {null}

###########################################################################
................................................................................
  7 "CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a,b) REFERENCES t1(a,b))"     {0 {}}

  A "CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(c,b) REFERENCES t2)"          
     {1 {unknown column "c" in foreign key definition}}
  B "CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(c,b) REFERENCES t2(d))"          
     {1 {number of columns in foreign key does not match the number of columns in the referenced table}}
} {
  do_test e_fkey-5.$tn.off {
    drop_all_tables
    execsql {PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF}
    catchsql $zCreateTbl
  } $lRes
  do_test e_fkey-5.$tn.on {
    drop_all_tables
    execsql {PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON}
    catchsql $zCreateTbl
  } $lRes
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-47952-62498 */
#
proc test_efkey_6 {tn zAlter isError} {
  drop_all_tables 

  do_test e_fkey-6.$tn.1 "
    execsql { CREATE TABLE tbl(a, b) }
    [list catchsql $zAlter]
  " [lindex {{0 {}} {1 {Cannot add a REFERENCES column with non-NULL default value}}} $isError]

}

test_efkey_6 1 "ALTER TABLE tbl ADD COLUMN c REFERENCES xx" 0
................................................................................
# Test that ALTER TABLE adjusts REFERENCES clauses when the parent table
# is RENAMED.
#
# /* EV: R-63827-54774 */
#
# Test that these adjustments are visible in the sqlite_master table.
#
do_test e_fkey-7.1 {
  drop_all_tables
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE 'p 1 "parent one"'(a REFERENCES 'p 1 "parent one"', b, PRIMARY KEY(b));

    CREATE TABLE c1(c, d REFERENCES 'p 1 "parent one"' ON UPDATE CASCADE);
    CREATE TABLE c2(e, f, FOREIGN KEY(f) REFERENCES 'p 1 "parent one"' ON UPDATE CASCADE);
    CREATE TABLE c3(e, 'f col 2', FOREIGN KEY('f col 2') REFERENCES 'p 1 "parent one"' ON UPDATE CASCADE);
................................................................................
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(1, 1);
    INSERT INTO c2 VALUES(1, 1);
    INSERT INTO c3 VALUES(1, 1);

    -- CREATE TABLE q(a, b, PRIMARY KEY(b));
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-7.2 {
  execsql { ALTER TABLE 'p 1 "parent one"' RENAME TO p }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-7.3 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE p SET a = 'xxx', b = 'xxx';
    SELECT * FROM p;
    SELECT * FROM c1;
    SELECT * FROM c2;
    SELECT * FROM c3;
  }
} {xxx xxx 1 xxx 1 xxx 1 xxx}
do_test e_fkey-7.4 {
  execsql { SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master WHERE type = 'table'}
} [list                                                                     \
  {CREATE TABLE "p"(a REFERENCES "p", b, PRIMARY KEY(b))}                   \
  {CREATE TABLE c1(c, d REFERENCES "p" ON UPDATE CASCADE)}                  \
  {CREATE TABLE c2(e, f, FOREIGN KEY(f) REFERENCES "p" ON UPDATE CASCADE)}  \
  {CREATE TABLE c3(e, 'f col 2', FOREIGN KEY('f col 2') REFERENCES "p" ON UPDATE CASCADE)} \
]
................................................................................
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-14208-23986 */
# /* EV: R-11078-03945 */
#
# Check that a DROP TABLE does an implicit DELETE FROM. Which does not
# cause any triggers to fire, but does fire foreign key actions.
#
do_test e_fkey-8.1 {
  drop_all_tables
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p(a, b, PRIMARY KEY(a, b));

    CREATE TABLE c1(c, d, FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES p ON DELETE SET NULL);
    CREATE TABLE c2(c, d, FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES p ON DELETE SET DEFAULT);
    CREATE TABLE c3(c, d, FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES p ON DELETE CASCADE);
................................................................................
    CREATE TABLE log(msg);
    CREATE TRIGGER tt AFTER DELETE ON p BEGIN
      INSERT INTO log VALUES('delete ' || old.rowid);
    END;
  }
} {}

do_test e_fkey-8.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO p VALUES('a', 'b');
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES('a', 'b');
    INSERT INTO c2 VALUES('a', 'b');
    INSERT INTO c3 VALUES('a', 'b');
    BEGIN;
      DROP TABLE p;
      SELECT * FROM c1;
  }
} {{} {}}
do_test e_fkey-8.3 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM c2 }
} {{} {}}
do_test e_fkey-8.4 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM c3 }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-8.5 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM log }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-8.6 {
  execsql ROLLBACK
} {}
do_test e_fkey-8.7 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      DELETE FROM p;
      SELECT * FROM log;
    ROLLBACK;
  }
} {{delete 1}}
................................................................................

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-32768-47925 */
#
# If an IMMEDIATE foreign key fails as a result of a DROP TABLE, the
# DROP TABLE command fails.
#
do_test e_fkey-9.1 {
  execsql { 
    DELETE FROM c1;
    DELETE FROM c2;
    DELETE FROM c3;
  }
  execsql { INSERT INTO c5 VALUES('a', 'b') }
  catchsql { DROP TABLE p }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-9.2 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM p }
} {a b}
do_test e_fkey-9.3 {
  catchsql {
    BEGIN;
      DROP TABLE p;
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-9.4 {
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM p;
    SELECT * FROM c5;
    ROLLBACK;
  }
} {a b a b}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-05903-08460 */
#
# If a DEFERRED foreign key fails as a result of a DROP TABLE, attempting
# to commit the transaction fails unless the violation is fixed.
#
do_test e_fkey-10.1 {
  execsql { 
    DELETE FROM c1 ; DELETE FROM c2 ; DELETE FROM c3 ;
    DELETE FROM c4 ; DELETE FROM c5 ; DELETE FROM c6 ;
    DELETE FROM c7 
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-10.2 {
  execsql { INSERT INTO c7 VALUES('a', 'b') }
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      DROP TABLE p;
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-10.3 {
  catchsql COMMIT
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-10.4 {
  execsql { CREATE TABLE p(a, b, PRIMARY KEY(a, b)) }
  catchsql COMMIT
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-10.5 {
  execsql { INSERT INTO p VALUES('a', 'b') }
  execsql COMMIT
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-57242-37005 */
#
# Any "foreign key mismatch" errors encountered while running an implicit
# "DELETE FROM tbl" are ignored.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-11.1 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF;

    CREATE TABLE p(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES nosuchtable);
    CREATE TABLE c1(c, d, FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES a);
    CREATE TABLE c2(c REFERENCES p(b), d);
    CREATE TABLE c3(c REFERENCES p ON DELETE SET NULL, d);
................................................................................

    INSERT INTO p VALUES(1, 2);
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(1, 2);
    INSERT INTO c2 VALUES(1, 2);
    INSERT INTO c3 VALUES(1, 2);
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-11.2 {
  execsql { PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON }
  catchsql { DELETE FROM p }
} {1 {no such table: main.nosuchtable}}
do_test e_fkey-11.3 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      DROP TABLE p;
      SELECT * FROM c3;
    ROLLBACK;
  }
} {{} 2}
do_test e_fkey-11.4 {
  execsql { CREATE TABLE nosuchtable(x PRIMARY KEY) }
  catchsql { DELETE FROM p }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e_fkey-11.5 {
  execsql { DROP TABLE c1 }
  catchsql { DELETE FROM p }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e_fkey-11.6 {
  execsql { DROP TABLE c2 }
  execsql { DELETE FROM p }
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-54142-41346 */
#
................................................................................
# activated when foreign keys are enabled. Special behaviours are:
#
#   1. ADD COLUMN not allowing a REFERENCES clause with a non-NULL 
#      default value.
#   2. Modifying foreign key definitions when a parent table is RENAMEd.
#   3. Running an implicit DELETE FROM command as part of DROP TABLE.
#
do_test e_fkey-12.1.1 {
  drop_all_tables
  execsql { CREATE TABLE t1(a, b) }
  catchsql { ALTER TABLE t1 ADD COLUMN c DEFAULT 'xxx' REFERENCES t2 }
} {1 {Cannot add a REFERENCES column with non-NULL default value}}
do_test e_fkey-12.1.2 {
  execsql { PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF }
  execsql { ALTER TABLE t1 ADD COLUMN c DEFAULT 'xxx' REFERENCES t2 }
  execsql { SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master WHERE name = 't1' }
} {{CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c DEFAULT 'xxx' REFERENCES t2)}}
do_test e_fkey-12.1.3 {
  execsql { PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON }
} {}

do_test e_fkey-12.2.1 {
  drop_all_tables
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p(a UNIQUE);
    CREATE TABLE c(b REFERENCES p(a));
    BEGIN;
      ALTER TABLE p RENAME TO parent;
      SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master WHERE name = 'c';
    ROLLBACK;
  }
} {{CREATE TABLE c(b REFERENCES "parent"(a))}}
do_test e_fkey-12.2.2 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF;
    ALTER TABLE p RENAME TO parent;
    SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master WHERE name = 'c';
  }
} {{CREATE TABLE c(b REFERENCES p(a))}}
do_test e_fkey-12.2.3 {
  execsql { PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON }
} {}

do_test e_fkey-12.3.1 {
  drop_all_tables
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p(a UNIQUE);
    CREATE TABLE c(b REFERENCES p(a) ON DELETE SET NULL);
    INSERT INTO p VALUES('x');
    INSERT INTO c VALUES('x');
    BEGIN;
      DROP TABLE p;
      SELECT * FROM c;
    ROLLBACK;
  }
} {{}}
do_test e_fkey-12.3.2 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF;
    DROP TABLE p;
    SELECT * FROM c;
  }
} {x}
do_test e_fkey-12.3.3 {
  execsql { PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON }
} {}

###########################################################################
### SECTION 6: Limits and Unsupported Features
###########################################################################

................................................................................
# /* EV: R-24450-46174 */
#
# Test that MATCH clauses are parsed, but SQLite treats every foreign key
# constraint as if it were "MATCH SIMPLE".
#
foreach zMatch [list SIMPLE PARTIAL FULL Simple parTIAL FuLL ] {
  drop_all_tables
  do_test e_fkey-1.$zMatch.1 {
    execsql "
      CREATE TABLE p(a, b, c, PRIMARY KEY(b, c));
      CREATE TABLE c(d, e, f, FOREIGN KEY(e, f) REFERENCES p MATCH $zMatch);
    "
  } {}
  do_test e_fkey-1.$zMatch.2 {
    execsql { INSERT INTO p VALUES(1, 2, 3)         }

    # MATCH SIMPLE behaviour: Allow any child key that contains one or more
    # NULL value to be inserted. Non-NULL values do not have to map to any
    # parent key values, so long as at least one field of the child key is
    # NULL.
    execsql { INSERT INTO c VALUES('w', 2, 3)       }
................................................................................
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-21599-16038 */
#
# Test that SQLite does not support the SET CONSTRAINT statement. And
# that it is possible to create both immediate and deferred constraints.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e_fkey-2.1 {
  catchsql { SET CONSTRAINTS ALL IMMEDIATE }
} {1 {near "SET": syntax error}}
do_test e_fkey-2.2 {
  catchsql { SET CONSTRAINTS ALL DEFERRED }
} {1 {near "SET": syntax error}}

do_test e_fkey-2.3 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p(a, b, PRIMARY KEY(a, b));
    CREATE TABLE cd(c, d, 
      FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES p DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED);
    CREATE TABLE ci(c, d, 
      FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES p DEFERRABLE INITIALLY IMMEDIATE);
    BEGIN;
  }
} {}
do_test e_fkey-2.4 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO ci VALUES('x', 'y') }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-2.5 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO cd VALUES('x', 'y') }
} {0 {}}
do_test e_fkey-2.6 {
  catchsql { COMMIT }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e_fkey-2.7 {
  execsql { 
    DELETE FROM cd;
    COMMIT;
  }
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
................................................................................
  execsql COMMIT
  catchsql "
    UPDATE t0 SET a = 'yyy';
    SELECT NOT (a='yyy') FROM t$limit;
  "
}

do_test e_fkey-3.1.1 {
  test_on_delete_recursion $SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH
} {0 0}
do_test e_fkey-3.1.2 {
  test_on_delete_recursion [expr $SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH+1]
} {1 {too many levels of trigger recursion}}
do_test e_fkey-3.1.3 {
  sqlite3_limit db SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH 5
  test_on_delete_recursion 5
} {0 0}
do_test e_fkey-3.1.4 {
  test_on_delete_recursion 6
} {1 {too many levels of trigger recursion}}
do_test e_fkey-3.1.5 {
  sqlite3_limit db SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH 1000000
} {5}
do_test e_fkey-3.2.1 {
  test_on_update_recursion $SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH
} {0 0}
do_test e_fkey-3.2.2 {
  test_on_update_recursion [expr $SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH+1]
} {1 {too many levels of trigger recursion}}
do_test e_fkey-3.2.3 {
  sqlite3_limit db SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH 5
  test_on_update_recursion 5
} {0 0}
do_test e_fkey-3.2.4 {
  test_on_update_recursion 6
} {1 {too many levels of trigger recursion}}
do_test e_fkey-3.2.5 {
  sqlite3_limit db SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH 1000000
} {5}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-51769-32730 */
#
# The setting of the recursive_triggers pragma does not affect foreign
# key actions.
#
foreach recursive_triggers_setting [list 0 1 ON OFF] {
  drop_all_tables
  execsql "PRAGMA recursive_triggers = $recursive_triggers_setting"

  do_test e_fkey-4.$recursive_triggers_setting.1 {
    execsql {
      CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES t1 ON DELETE CASCADE);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, NULL);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, 1);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, 2);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(4, 3);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(5, 4);
      SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
    }
  } {5}
  do_test e_fkey-4.$recursive_triggers_setting.2 {
    execsql { SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE a = 1 }
  } {1}
  do_test e_fkey-4.$recursive_triggers_setting.3 {
    execsql { 
      DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a = 1;
      SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
    }
  } {0}
}

finish_test







|







 







|










|


|







 







|



|




|


|


|







 







|









|







 







|


|





|













|













|


|









|













|







 







|


|



|









|


|












|





|


|



|






|







 







|







 







|













|









|







 







|


|


|




|












|




|





|




|







 







|












|



|







 







|





|








|


|











|





|








|


|







 







|







|







 







|







 







|







|


|


|


|













|







 







|


|


|




|


|


|













|








|





|


|


|


|


|


|







 







|











|








|







 







|










|







 







|













|






|





|









|





|





|







 







|







 







|
|












|













|


|






|







 







|

|







|







 







|







 







|







|












|







 







|






|




|







 







|







|







 







|







 







|



|







 







|







 







|







 







|













|






|













|









|







|


|







 







|







|


|





|







|


|









|





|








|


|







|









|


|



|







 







|







 







|





|





|







 







|







 







|









|







 







|







|


|











|











|







|


|











|







 







|


|







|







 







|


|







|











|


|












|







 







|


|


|


|







|







 







|


|


|


|












|











|





|




|





|









|







 







|





|


|





|










|












|





|





|











|












|





|





|





|










|







 







|




|


|











|











|






|






|







 







|







 







|


|





|


|







 







|







 







|





|







 







|













|





|





|





|





|







 







|







|





|







 







|




|












|







 







|







 







|


|








|







 







|







 







|










|


|


|


|


|







 







|








|


|





|













|






|






|


|



|











|







 







|



|







|



|



|







 







|




|




|



|










|






|



|












|






|







 







|





|







 







|


|



|









|


|


|


|







 







|


|


|



|


|


|


|


|



|


|













|










|


|








33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
..
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
..
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
...
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
...
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
...
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
...
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
...
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
...
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
...
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
...
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
...
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
...
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
...
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
...
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
...
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
...
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
...
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
...
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
...
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
....
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
....
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
....
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
....
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
....
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
....
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
....
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
....
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
....
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
....
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
....
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
....
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
....
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
1597
1598
1599
1600
1601
....
1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
....
1640
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
....
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
1686
1687
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
1736
1737
....
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749
1750
1751
1752
1753
1754
1755
1756
1757
1758
1759
1760
1761
1762
1763
1764
1765
....
1768
1769
1770
1771
1772
1773
1774
1775
1776
1777
1778
1779
1780
1781
1782
1783
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
1796
1797
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
....
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828
1829
1830
1831
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
1837
1838
1839
1840
1841
1842
1843
1844
1845
1846
1847
1848
1849
1850
1851
1852
1853
1854
1855
....
1858
1859
1860
1861
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
1884
1885
1886
1887
1888
1889
1890
1891
1892
1893
1894
1895
1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
....
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
2034
2035
2036
2037
2038
2039
2040
2041
2042
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
2052
2053
....
2058
2059
2060
2061
2062
2063
2064
2065
2066
2067
2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
2075
2076
2077
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
2087
2088
2089
2090
2091
2092
2093
2094
2095
2096
2097
2098
2099
2100
2101
2102
2103
2104
2105
2106
2107
2108
2109
2110
2111
2112
2113
2114
2115
2116
2117
2118
....
2119
2120
2121
2122
2123
2124
2125
2126
2127
2128
2129
2130
2131
2132
2133
....
2134
2135
2136
2137
2138
2139
2140
2141
2142
2143
2144
2145
2146
2147
2148
2149
2150
2151
2152
2153
2154
2155
2156
2157
2158
2159
2160
....
2163
2164
2165
2166
2167
2168
2169
2170
2171
2172
2173
2174
2175
2176
2177
....
2184
2185
2186
2187
2188
2189
2190
2191
2192
2193
2194
2195
2196
2197
2198
2199
2200
2201
2202
2203
2204
....
2211
2212
2213
2214
2215
2216
2217
2218
2219
2220
2221
2222
2223
2224
2225
2226
2227
2228
2229
2230
2231
2232
2233
2234
2235
2236
2237
2238
2239
2240
2241
2242
2243
2244
2245
2246
2247
2248
2249
2250
2251
2252
2253
2254
2255
2256
2257
2258
2259
2260
2261
2262
2263
....
2265
2266
2267
2268
2269
2270
2271
2272
2273
2274
2275
2276
2277
2278
2279
2280
2281
2282
2283
2284
2285
2286
2287
2288
2289
2290
2291
2292
2293
....
2321
2322
2323
2324
2325
2326
2327
2328
2329
2330
2331
2332
2333
2334
2335
2336
2337
2338
2339
2340
2341
2342
2343
2344
2345
2346
2347
2348
2349
2350
2351
2352
2353
....
2360
2361
2362
2363
2364
2365
2366
2367
2368
2369
2370
2371
2372
2373
2374
....
2377
2378
2379
2380
2381
2382
2383
2384
2385
2386
2387
2388
2389
2390
2391
2392
2393
2394
2395
2396
2397
2398
2399
2400
2401
2402
2403
....
2405
2406
2407
2408
2409
2410
2411
2412
2413
2414
2415
2416
2417
2418
2419
....
2432
2433
2434
2435
2436
2437
2438
2439
2440
2441
2442
2443
2444
2445
2446
2447
2448
2449
2450
2451
2452
2453
2454
2455
2456
2457
2458
2459
2460
2461
2462
2463
2464
2465
2466
2467
2468
2469
....
2470
2471
2472
2473
2474
2475
2476
2477
2478
2479
2480
2481
2482
2483
2484
2485
2486
2487
2488
2489
2490
2491
2492
2493
2494
2495
2496
2497
2498
2499
2500
2501
2502
2503
2504
2505
2506
2507
2508
2509
2510
2511
2512
2513
2514
2515
2516
2517
2518
2519
2520
2521
2522
2523
2524
2525
2526
2527
2528
2529
2530
2531
2532
2533
2534
2535
2536
2537
2538
2539
2540
2541
2542
2543
2544
2545
2546
2547
2548
2549
....
2550
2551
2552
2553
2554
2555
2556
2557
2558
2559
2560
2561
2562
2563
2564
2565
2566
2567
2568
2569
2570
2571
2572
2573
2574
2575
2576
2577
2578
2579
2580
2581
2582
2583
2584
....
2586
2587
2588
2589
2590
2591
2592
2593
2594
2595
2596
2597
2598
2599
2600
2601
2602
2603
2604
2605
2606
2607
2608
2609
2610
2611
2612
2613
2614
2615
2616
2617
2618
2619
2620
2621
2622
2623
2624
2625
2626
2627
2628
2629
2630
2631
2632
2633
2634
2635
2636
2637
2638
2639
2640
2641
2642
2643
2644
2645
2646
2647
2648
2649
2650
2651
2652
2653
2654
2655
2656
....
2659
2660
2661
2662
2663
2664
2665
2666
2667
2668
2669
2670
2671
2672
2673
2674
2675
2676
2677
2678
2679
....
2690
2691
2692
2693
2694
2695
2696
2697
2698
2699
2700
2701
2702
2703
2704
2705
2706
2707
2708
2709
2710
2711
2712
2713
2714
2715
2716
2717
2718
2719
2720
2721
2722
2723
2724
2725
2726
2727
2728
2729
2730
....
2773
2774
2775
2776
2777
2778
2779
2780
2781
2782
2783
2784
2785
2786
2787
2788
2789
2790
2791
2792
2793
2794
2795
2796
2797
2798
2799
2800
2801
2802
2803
2804
2805
2806
2807
2808
2809
2810
2811
2812
2813
2814
2815
2816
2817
2818
2819
2820
2821
2822
2823
2824
2825
2826
2827
2828
2829
2830
2831
2832
2833
2834
2835
2836
2837
2838
2839
2840
2841
2842
2843
2844
2845
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-33710-56344 */
#
# Test builds neither OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY or OMIT_TRIGGER defined have 
# foreign key functionality.
#
ifcapable trigger&&foreignkey {
  do_test e_fkey-1 {
    execsql {
      PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON;
      CREATE TABLE p(i PRIMARY KEY);
      CREATE TABLE c(j REFERENCES p ON UPDATE CASCADE);
      INSERT INTO p VALUES('hello');
      INSERT INTO c VALUES('hello');
      UPDATE p SET i = 'world';
................................................................................
# /* EV: R-41784-13339 */
#
# Specifically, test that "PRAGMA foreign_keys" is a no-op in this case.
# When using the pragma to query the current setting, 0 rows are returned.
#
reset_db
ifcapable !trigger&&foreignkey {
  do_test e__fkey-2.1 {
    execsql {
      PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON;
      CREATE TABLE p(i PRIMARY KEY);
      CREATE TABLE c(j REFERENCES p ON UPDATE CASCADE);
      INSERT INTO p VALUES('hello');
      INSERT INTO c VALUES('hello');
      UPDATE p SET i = 'world';
      SELECT * FROM c;
    }
  } {hello}
  do_test e__fkey-2.2 {
    execsql { PRAGMA foreign_key_list(c) }
  } {0 0 p j {} CASCADE {NO ACTION} NONE}
  do_test e__fkey-2.3 {
    execsql { PRAGMA foreign_keys }
  } {}
}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-58428-36660 */
................................................................................
# /* EV: R-58428-36660 */
#
# Specifically, test that foreign key constraints cannot even be parsed 
# in such a build.
#
reset_db
ifcapable !foreignkey {
  do_test e__fkey-3.1 {
    execsql { CREATE TABLE p(i PRIMARY KEY) }
    catchsql { CREATE TABLE c(j REFERENCES p ON UPDATE CASCADE) }
  } {1 {near "ON": syntax error}}
  do_test e__fkey-3.2 {
    # This is allowed, as in this build, "REFERENCES" is not a keyword.
    # The declared datatype of column j is "REFERENCES p".
    execsql { CREATE TABLE c(j REFERENCES p) }
  } {}
  do_test e__fkey-3.3 {
    execsql { PRAGMA table_info(c) }
  } {0 j {REFERENCES p} 0 {} 0}
  do_test e__fkey-3.4 {
    execsql { PRAGMA foreign_key_list(c) }
  } {}
  do_test e__fkey-3.5 {
    execsql { PRAGMA foreign_keys }
  } {}
}

ifcapable !foreignkey||!trigger { finish_test ; return }
reset_db

................................................................................
# be enabled using "PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON" (or similar).
#
# /* EV: R-59578-04990 */
#
# This also tests that foreign key constraints are disabled by default.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-4.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p(i PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE c(j REFERENCES p ON UPDATE CASCADE);
    INSERT INTO p VALUES('hello');
    INSERT INTO c VALUES('hello');
    UPDATE p SET i = 'world';
    SELECT * FROM c;
  } 
} {hello}
do_test e__fkey-4.2 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM c;
    DELETE FROM p;
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON;
    INSERT INTO p VALUES('hello');
    INSERT INTO c VALUES('hello');
    UPDATE p SET i = 'world';
................................................................................
# /* EV: R-11255-19907 */
#
# Test that the application can use "PRAGMA foreign_keys" to query for
# whether or not foreign keys are currently enabled. This also tests
# the example code in section 2 of foreignkeys.in.
#
reset_db
do_test e__fkey-5.1 {
  execsql { PRAGMA foreign_keys }
} {0}
do_test e__fkey-5.2 {
  execsql { 
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON;
    PRAGMA foreign_keys;
  }
} {1}
do_test e__fkey-5.3 {
  execsql { 
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF;
    PRAGMA foreign_keys;
  }
} {0}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-46649-58537 */
#
# Test that it is not possible to enable or disable foreign key support
# while not in auto-commit mode.
#
reset_db
do_test e__fkey-6.1 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON;
    CREATE TABLE t1(a UNIQUE, b);
    CREATE TABLE t2(c, d REFERENCES t1(a));
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 2);
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(2, 1);
    BEGIN;
      PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF;
  }
  catchsql {
      DELETE FROM t1
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-6.2 {
  execsql { PRAGMA foreign_keys }
} {1}
do_test e__fkey-6.3 {
  execsql {
    COMMIT;
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF;
    BEGIN;
      PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON;
      DELETE FROM t1;
      PRAGMA foreign_keys;
  }
} {0}
do_test e__fkey-6.4 {
  execsql COMMIT
} {}

###########################################################################
### SECTION 1: Introduction to Foreign Key Constraints
###########################################################################
execsql "PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON"

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-04042-24825 */
#
# Verify that the syntax in the first example in section 1 is valid.
#
do_test e__fkey-7.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE artist(
      artistid    INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, 
      artistname  TEXT
    );
    CREATE TABLE track(
      trackid     INTEGER, 
................................................................................

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-61362-32087 */
#
# Attempting to insert a row into the 'track' table that corresponds
# to no row in the 'artist' table fails.
#
do_test e__fkey-8.1 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO track VALUES(1, 'track 1', 1) }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-8.2 {
  execsql { INSERT INTO artist VALUES(2, 'artist 1') }
  catchsql { INSERT INTO track VALUES(1, 'track 1', 1) }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-8.2 {
  execsql { INSERT INTO track VALUES(1, 'track 1', 2) }
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-24401-52400 */
#
# Attempting to delete a row from the 'artist' table while there are 
# dependent rows in the track table also fails.
#
do_test e__fkey-9.1 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistid = 2 }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-9.2 {
  execsql { 
    DELETE FROM track WHERE trackartist = 2;
    DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistid = 2;
  }
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-23980-48859 */
#
# If the foreign key column (trackartist) in table 'track' is set to NULL,
# there is no requirement for a matching row in the 'artist' table.
#
do_test e__fkey-10.1 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(1, 'track 1', NULL);
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(2, 'track 2', NULL);
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-10.2 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM artist }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-10.3 {
  # Setting the trackid to a non-NULL value fails, of course.
  catchsql { UPDATE track SET trackartist = 5 WHERE trackid = 1 }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-10.4 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(5, 'artist 5');
    UPDATE track SET trackartist = 5 WHERE trackid = 1;
  }
  catchsql { DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistid = 5}
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-10.5 {
  execsql { 
    UPDATE track SET trackartist = NULL WHERE trackid = 1;
    DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistid = 5;
  }
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
................................................................................
    {1 {PRIMARY KEY must be unique}} 
    {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  }
  if {[lsearch $results $res]<0} {
    error $res
  }

  do_test e__fkey-11.$tn {
    execsql {
      SELECT count(*) FROM track WHERE NOT (
        trackartist IS NULL OR 
        EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM artist WHERE artistid=trackartist)
      )
    }
  } {0}
................................................................................
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-42412-59321 */
#
# Check that a NOT NULL constraint can be added to the example schema
# to prohibit NULL child keys from being inserted.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-12.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE artist(
      artistid    INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, 
      artistname  TEXT
    );
    CREATE TABLE track(
      trackid     INTEGER, 
      trackname   TEXT, 
      trackartist INTEGER NOT NULL,
      FOREIGN KEY(trackartist) REFERENCES artist(artistid)
    );
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-12.2 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO track VALUES(14, 'Mr. Bojangles', NULL) }
} {1 {track.trackartist may not be NULL}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-17902-59250 */
#
# Test an example from foreignkeys.html.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-13.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE artist(
      artistid    INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, 
      artistname  TEXT
    );
    CREATE TABLE track(
      trackid     INTEGER, 
................................................................................
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(1, 'Dean Martin');
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(2, 'Frank Sinatra');
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(11, 'That''s Amore', 1);
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(12, 'Christmas Blues', 1);
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(13, 'My Way', 2);
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-13.2 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO track VALUES(14, 'Mr. Bojangles', 3) }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-13.3 {
  execsql { INSERT INTO track VALUES(14, 'Mr. Bojangles', NULL) }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-13.4 {
  catchsql { 
    UPDATE track SET trackartist = 3 WHERE trackname = 'Mr. Bojangles';
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-13.5 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(3, 'Sammy Davis Jr.');
    UPDATE track SET trackartist = 3 WHERE trackname = 'Mr. Bojangles';
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(15, 'Boogie Woogie', 3);
  }
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-15034-64331 */
#
# Test the second example from the first section of foreignkeys.html.
#
do_test e__fkey-14.1 {
  catchsql {
    DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistname = 'Frank Sinatra';
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-14.2 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM track WHERE trackname = 'My Way';
    DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistname = 'Frank Sinatra';
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-14.3 {
  catchsql {
    UPDATE artist SET artistid=4 WHERE artistname = 'Dean Martin';
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-14.4 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM track WHERE trackname IN('That''s Amore', 'Christmas Blues');
    UPDATE artist SET artistid=4 WHERE artistname = 'Dean Martin';
  }
} {}


................................................................................
#
# /* EV: R-57765-12380 */
#
# Test also that the comparison rules are used when testing if there 
# is a matching row in the parent table of a foreign key constraint.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-15.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE par(p PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE chi(c REFERENCES par);

    INSERT INTO par VALUES(1);
    INSERT INTO par VALUES('1');
    INSERT INTO par VALUES(X'31');
    SELECT typeof(p) FROM par;
  }
} {integer text blob}

proc test_efkey_45 {tn isError sql} {
  do_test e__fkey-15.$tn.1 "
    catchsql {$sql}
  " [lindex {{0 {}} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}} $isError]

  do_test e__fkey-15.$tn.2 {
    execsql {
      SELECT * FROM chi WHERE c IS NOT NULL AND c NOT IN (SELECT p FROM par)
    }
  } {}
}

test_efkey_45 1 0 "INSERT INTO chi VALUES(1)"
................................................................................
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-15796-47513 */
#
# Specifically, test that when comparing child and parent key values the
# default collation sequence of the parent key column is used.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-16.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a COLLATE nocase PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE t2(b REFERENCES t1);
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-16.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('oNe');
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('one');
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('ONE');
    UPDATE t2 SET b = 'OnE';
    UPDATE t1 SET a = 'ONE';
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-16.3 {
  catchsql { UPDATE t2 SET b = 'two' WHERE rowid = 1 }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-16.4 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM t1 WHERE rowid = 1 }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-04240-13860 */
#
# Specifically, test that when comparing child and parent key values the
# affinity of the parent key column is applied to the child key value
# before the comparison takes place.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-17.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a NUMERIC PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE t2(b TEXT REFERENCES t1);
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-17.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('three');
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('2.0');
    SELECT b, typeof(b) FROM t2;
  }
} {2.0 text}
do_test e__fkey-17.3 {
  execsql { SELECT typeof(a) FROM t1 }
} {integer integer text}
do_test e__fkey-17.4 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM t1 WHERE rowid = 2 }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

###########################################################################
### SECTION 3: Required and Suggested Database Indexes
###########################################################################

................................................................................
#
# Also test that if a parent key is not subject to a PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE
# constraint, but does have a UNIQUE index created on it, then the UNIQUE index
# must use the default collation sequences associated with the parent key
# columns.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-18.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t2(a REFERENCES t1(x));
  }
} {}
proc test_efkey_57 {tn isError sql} {
  catchsql { DROP TABLE t1 }
  execsql $sql
  do_test e__fkey-18.$tn {
    catchsql { INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(NULL) }
  } [lindex {{0 {}} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}} $isError]
}
test_efkey_57 2 0 { CREATE TABLE t1(x PRIMARY KEY) }
test_efkey_57 3 0 { CREATE TABLE t1(x UNIQUE) }
test_efkey_57 4 0 { CREATE TABLE t1(x); CREATE UNIQUE INDEX t1i ON t1(x) }
test_efkey_57 5 1 { 
................................................................................
# Problem with FK on child5.
#
# /* EV: R-63088-37469 */
#
# Problem with FK on child6 and child7.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-19.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(a PRIMARY KEY, b UNIQUE, c, d, e, f);
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX i1 ON parent(c, d);
    CREATE INDEX i2 ON parent(e);
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX i3 ON parent(f COLLATE nocase);

    CREATE TABLE child1(f, g REFERENCES parent(a));                       -- Ok
................................................................................
    CREATE TABLE child3(j, k, FOREIGN KEY(j, k) REFERENCES parent(c, d)); -- Ok
    CREATE TABLE child4(l, m REFERENCES parent(e));                       -- Err
    CREATE TABLE child5(n, o REFERENCES parent(f));                       -- Err
    CREATE TABLE child6(p, q, FOREIGN KEY(p,q) REFERENCES parent(b, c));  -- Err
    CREATE TABLE child7(r REFERENCES parent(c));                          -- Err
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-19.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6);
    INSERT INTO child1 VALUES('xxx', 1);
    INSERT INTO child2 VALUES('xxx', 2);
    INSERT INTO child3 VALUES(3, 4);
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-19.2 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child4 VALUES('xxx', 5) }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e__fkey-19.3 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child5 VALUES('xxx', 6) }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e__fkey-19.4 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child6 VALUES(2, 3) }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e__fkey-19.5 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child7 VALUES(3) }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-45488-08504 */
# /* EV: R-48391-38472 */
# /* EV: R-03108-63659 */
# /* EV: R-60781-26576 */
#
# Test errors in the database schema that are detected while preparing
# DML statements. The error text for these messages always matches 
# either "foreign key mismatch" or "no such table*" (using [string match]).
#
do_test e__fkey-20.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE c1(c REFERENCES nosuchtable, d);

    CREATE TABLE p2(a, b, UNIQUE(a, b));
    CREATE TABLE c2(c, d, FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES p2(a, x));

    CREATE TABLE p3(a PRIMARY KEY, b);
................................................................................
  3 c2 p2 "foreign key mismatch"
  4 c3 p3 "foreign key mismatch"
  5 c4 p4 "foreign key mismatch"
  6 c5 p5 "foreign key mismatch"
  7 c6 p6 "foreign key mismatch"
  8 c7 p7 "foreign key mismatch"
} {
  do_test e__fkey-20.$tn.1 {
    catchsql "INSERT INTO $tbl VALUES('a', 'b')"
  } [list 1 $err]
  do_test e__fkey-20.$tn.2 {
    catchsql "UPDATE $tbl SET c = ?, d = ?"
  } [list 1 $err]
  do_test e__fkey-20.$tn.3 {
    catchsql "INSERT INTO $tbl SELECT ?, ?"
  } [list 1 $err]

  if {$ptbl ne ""} {
    do_test e__fkey-20.$tn.4 {
      catchsql "DELETE FROM $ptbl"
    } [list 1 $err]
    do_test e__fkey-20.$tn.5 {
      catchsql "UPDATE $ptbl SET a = ?, b = ?"
    } [list 1 $err]
    do_test e__fkey-20.$tn.6 {
      catchsql "INSERT INTO $ptbl SELECT ?, ?"
    } [list 1 $err]
  }
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-19353-43643 */
#
# Test the example of foreign key mismatch errors caused by implicitly
# mapping a child key to the primary key of the parent table when the
# child key consists of a different number of columns to that primary key.
# 
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-21.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent2(a, b, PRIMARY KEY(a,b));

    CREATE TABLE child8(x, y, FOREIGN KEY(x,y) REFERENCES parent2);     -- Ok
    CREATE TABLE child9(x REFERENCES parent2);                          -- Err
    CREATE TABLE child10(x,y,z, FOREIGN KEY(x,y,z) REFERENCES parent2); -- Err
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-21.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO parent2 VALUES('I', 'II');
    INSERT INTO child8 VALUES('I', 'II');
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-21.3 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child9 VALUES('I') }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e__fkey-21.4 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child9 VALUES('II') }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e__fkey-21.5 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child9 VALUES(NULL) }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e__fkey-21.6 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child10 VALUES('I', 'II', 'III') }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e__fkey-21.7 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child10 VALUES(1, 2, 3) }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e__fkey-21.8 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO child10 VALUES(NULL, NULL, NULL) }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-23682-59820 */
#
# Test errors that are reported when creating the child table. 
................................................................................
    "CREATE TABLE child2(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a, b) REFERENCES p(c, d, e))"
      {number of columns in foreign key does not match the number of columns in the referenced table}
    "CREATE TABLE child2(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a, c) REFERENCES p(c, d))"
      {unknown column "c" in foreign key definition}
    "CREATE TABLE child2(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(c, b) REFERENCES p(c, d))"
      {unknown column "c" in foreign key definition}
  } {
    do_test e__fkey-22.$fk.[incr i] {
      catchsql $sql
    } [list 1 $error]
  }
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-47109-40581 */
#
# Test that a REFERENCING clause that does not specify parent key columns
# implicitly maps to the primary key of the parent table.
# 
do_test e__fkey-23.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p1(a, b, PRIMARY KEY(a, b));
    CREATE TABLE p2(a, b PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE c1(c, d, FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES p1);
    CREATE TABLE c2(a, b REFERENCES p2);
  }
} {}
proc test_efkey_60 {tn isError sql} {
  do_test e__fkey-23.$tn "
    catchsql {$sql}
  " [lindex {{0 {}} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}} $isError]
}

test_efkey_60 2 1 "INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(239, 231)"
test_efkey_60 3 0 "INSERT INTO p1 VALUES(239, 231)"
test_efkey_60 4 0 "INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(239, 231)"
................................................................................
#
# /* EV: R-15741-50893 */
#
# Also test that if an index is created on the child key columns, it does
# not make a difference whether or not it is a UNIQUE index.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-24.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x, y, UNIQUE(y, x));
    CREATE TABLE c1(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a, b) REFERENCES parent(x, y));
    CREATE TABLE c2(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a, b) REFERENCES parent(x, y));
    CREATE TABLE c3(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a, b) REFERENCES parent(x, y));
    CREATE INDEX c2i ON c2(a, b);
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX c3i ON c2(b, a);
  }
} {}
proc test_efkey_61 {tn isError sql} {
  do_test e__fkey-24.$tn "
    catchsql {$sql}
  " [lindex {{0 {}} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}} $isError]
}
foreach {tn c} [list 2 c1 3 c2 4 c3] {
  test_efkey_61 $tn.1 1 "INSERT INTO $c VALUES(1, 2)"
  test_efkey_61 $tn.2 0 "INSERT INTO parent VALUES(1, 2)"
  test_efkey_61 $tn.3 0 "INSERT INTO $c VALUES(1, 2)"
................................................................................
#   SELECT rowid FROM track WHERE trackartist = ?
#
# /* EV: R-23302-30956 */
#
# Also test that if the SELECT above would return any rows, a foreign
# key constraint is violated.
#
do_test e__fkey-25.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE artist(
      artistid    INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, 
      artistname  TEXT
    );
    CREATE TABLE track(
      trackid     INTEGER, 
      trackname   TEXT, 
      trackartist INTEGER,
      FOREIGN KEY(trackartist) REFERENCES artist(artistid)
    );
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-25.2 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF;
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN DELETE FROM artist WHERE 1;
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN SELECT rowid FROM track WHERE trackartist = ?;
  }
} {0 0 {TABLE artist} 0 0 {TABLE track}}
do_test e__fkey-25.3 {
  execsql { 
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON;
    EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN DELETE FROM artist WHERE 1;
  }
} {0 0 {TABLE artist} 0 0 {TABLE track}}
do_test e__fkey-25.4 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(5, 'artist 5');
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(6, 'artist 6');
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(7, 'artist 7');
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(1, 'track 1', 5);
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(2, 'track 2', 6);
  }
} {}

do_test e__fkey-25.5 {
  concat \
    [execsql { SELECT rowid FROM track WHERE trackartist = 5 }]   \
    [catchsql { DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistid = 5 }]
} {1 1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

do_test e__fkey-25.6 {
  concat \
    [execsql { SELECT rowid FROM track WHERE trackartist = 7 }]   \
    [catchsql { DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistid = 7 }]
} {0 {}}

do_test e__fkey-25.7 {
  concat \
    [execsql { SELECT rowid FROM track WHERE trackartist = 6 }]   \
    [catchsql { DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistid = 6 }]
} {2 1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-54172-55848 */
................................................................................
# to the following is planned. In some cases it is not executed, but it
# is always planned.
#
#   SELECT rowid FROM <child-table> WHERE <child-key> = :parent_key_value
#
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-26.1 {
  execsql { CREATE TABLE parent(x, y, UNIQUE(y, x)) }
} {}
foreach {tn sql} {
  2 { 
    CREATE TABLE child(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a, b) REFERENCES parent(x, y))
  }
  3 { 
................................................................................
  set update [concat \
      [eqp "UPDATE parent SET x=?, y=?"] \
      [eqp "SELECT rowid FROM child WHERE a = ? AND b = ?"] \
      [eqp "SELECT rowid FROM child WHERE a = ? AND b = ?"]
  ]
  execsql {PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON}

  do_test e__fkey-26.$tn.1 { eqp "DELETE FROM parent WHERE 1" } $delete
  do_test e__fkey-26.$tn.2 { eqp "UPDATE parent set x=?, y=?" } $update

  execsql {DROP TABLE child}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-14553-34013 */
#
# Test the example schema at the end of section 3. Also test that is
# is "efficient". In this case "efficient" means that foreign key
# related operations on the parent table do not provoke linear scans.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-27.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE artist(
      artistid    INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, 
      artistname  TEXT
    );
    CREATE TABLE track(
      trackid     INTEGER,
      trackname   TEXT, 
      trackartist INTEGER REFERENCES artist
    );
    CREATE INDEX trackindex ON track(trackartist);
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-27.2 {
  eqp { INSERT INTO artist VALUES(?, ?) }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-27.3 {
  eqp { UPDATE artist SET artistid = ?, artistname = ? }
} [list \
  0 0 {TABLE artist} \
  0 0 {TABLE track WITH INDEX trackindex} \
  0 0 {TABLE track WITH INDEX trackindex}
]
do_test e__fkey-27.4 {
  eqp { DELETE FROM artist }
} [list \
  0 0 {TABLE artist} \
  0 0 {TABLE track WITH INDEX trackindex}
]


................................................................................
  6 "CREATE TABLE c(ii, jj, FOREIGN KEY(jj, ii) REFERENCES p(x))" 
    {number of columns in foreign key does not match the number of columns in the referenced table}

  7 "CREATE TABLE c(ii, jj, FOREIGN KEY(jj, ii) REFERENCES p(x,y,z))" 
    {number of columns in foreign key does not match the number of columns in the referenced table}
} {
  drop_all_tables
  do_test e__fkey-28.$tn [list catchsql $sql] [list 1 $err]
}
do_test e__fkey-28.8 {
  drop_all_tables
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p(x PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE c(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a,b) REFERENCES p);
  }
  catchsql {DELETE FROM p}
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e__fkey-28.9 {
  drop_all_tables
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p(x, y, PRIMARY KEY(x,y));
    CREATE TABLE c(a REFERENCES p);
  }
  catchsql {DELETE FROM p}
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
................................................................................

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-24676-09859 */
#
# Test the example schema in the "Composite Foreign Key Constraints" 
# section.
#
do_test e__fkey-29.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE album(
      albumartist TEXT,
      albumname TEXT,
      albumcover BINARY,
      PRIMARY KEY(albumartist, albumname)
    );
................................................................................
      songalbum TEXT,
      songname TEXT,
      FOREIGN KEY(songartist, songalbum) REFERENCES album(albumartist,albumname)
    );
  }
} {}

do_test e__fkey-29.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO album VALUES('Elvis Presley', 'Elvis'' Christmas Album', NULL);
    INSERT INTO song VALUES(
      1, 'Elvis Presley', 'Elvis'' Christmas Album', 'Here Comes Santa Clause'
    );
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-29.3 {
  catchsql {
    INSERT INTO song VALUES(2, 'Elvis Presley', 'Elvis Is Back!', 'Fever');
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-33626-48418 */
#
# Check that if any of the child key columns in the above schema are NULL,
# there is no requirement for a corresponding parent key.
#
do_test e__fkey-30.1 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO song VALUES(2, 'Elvis Presley', NULL, 'Fever');
    INSERT INTO song VALUES(3, NULL, 'Elvis Is Back', 'Soldier Boy');
  }
} {}

###########################################################################
................................................................................
#
# Test that if a statement violates an immediate FK constraint, and the
# database does not satisfy the FK constraint once all effects of the
# statement have been applied, an error is reported and the effects of
# the statement rolled back.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-31.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE king(a, b, PRIMARY KEY(a));
    CREATE TABLE prince(c REFERENCES king, d);
  }
} {}

do_test e__fkey-31.2 {
  # Execute a statement that violates the immediate FK constraint.
  catchsql { INSERT INTO prince VALUES(1, 2) }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

do_test e__fkey-31.3 {
  # This time, use a trigger to fix the constraint violation before the
  # statement has finished executing. Then execute the same statement as
  # in the previous test case. This time, no error.
  execsql {
    CREATE TRIGGER kt AFTER INSERT ON prince WHEN
      NOT EXISTS (SELECT a FROM king WHERE a = new.c)
    BEGIN
................................................................................
    END
  }
  execsql { INSERT INTO prince VALUES(1, 2) }
} {}

# Test that operating inside a transaction makes no difference to 
# immediate constraint violation handling.
do_test e__fkey-31.4 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
    INSERT INTO prince VALUES(2, 3);
    DROP TRIGGER kt;
  }
  catchsql { INSERT INTO prince VALUES(3, 4) }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-31.5 {
  execsql {
    COMMIT;
    SELECT * FROM king;
  }
} {1 {} 2 {}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
................................................................................
#
# Test that if a deferred constraint is violated within a transaction,
# nothing happens immediately and the database is allowed to persist
# in a state that does not satisfy the FK constraint. However attempts
# to COMMIT the transaction fail until the FK constraint is satisfied.
#
proc test_efkey_34 {tn isError sql} {
  do_test e__fkey-32.$tn "
    catchsql {$sql}
  " [lindex {{0 {}} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}} $isError]
}
drop_all_tables

test_efkey_34  1 0 {
  CREATE TABLE ll(k PRIMARY KEY);
................................................................................
# /* EV: R-56844-61705 */
#
# When not running inside a transaction, a deferred constraint is similar
# to an immediate constraint (violations are reported immediately).
#
drop_all_tables
proc test_efkey_35 {tn isError sql} {
  do_test e__fkey-33.$tn "
    catchsql {$sql}
  " [lindex {{0 {}} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}} $isError]
}
do_test e__fkey-33.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x, y);
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX pi ON parent(x, y);
    CREATE TABLE child(a, b,
      FOREIGN KEY(a, b) REFERENCES parent(x, y) DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
    );
  }
................................................................................
#
# Foreign keys are IMMEDIATE by default (if there is no DEFERRABLE or NOT
# DEFERRABLE clause).
#
# /* EV: R-30323-21917 */  FKs are either IMMEDIATE or DEFERRED.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-34.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x, y, z, PRIMARY KEY(x,y,z));
    CREATE TABLE c1(a, b, c,
      FOREIGN KEY(a, b, c) REFERENCES parent NOT DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
    );
    CREATE TABLE c2(a, b, c,
      FOREIGN KEY(a, b, c) REFERENCES parent NOT DEFERRABLE INITIALLY IMMEDIATE
................................................................................
    INSERT INTO c5 VALUES('m', 'n', 'o');
    INSERT INTO c6 VALUES('p', 'q', 'r');
    INSERT INTO c7 VALUES('s', 't', 'u');
  }
} {}

proc test_efkey_29 {tn sql isError} {
  do_test e__fkey-34.$tn "catchsql {$sql}" [
    lindex {{0 {}} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}} $isError
  ]
}
test_efkey_29  2 "BEGIN"                                   0
test_efkey_29  3 "DELETE FROM parent WHERE x = 'a'"        1
test_efkey_29  4 "DELETE FROM parent WHERE x = 'd'"        1
test_efkey_29  5 "DELETE FROM parent WHERE x = 'g'"        1
................................................................................

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-35043-01546 */
#
# Test an example from foreignkeys.html dealing with a deferred foreign 
# key constraint.
#
do_test e__fkey-35.1 {
  drop_all_tables
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE artist(
      artistid    INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, 
      artistname  TEXT
    );
    CREATE TABLE track(
      trackid     INTEGER,
      trackname   TEXT, 
      trackartist INTEGER REFERENCES artist(artistid) DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
    );
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-35.2 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      INSERT INTO track VALUES(1, 'White Christmas', 5);
  }
  catchsql COMMIT
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-35.3 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(5, 'Bing Crosby');
    COMMIT;
  }
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-07223-48323 */
#
# Verify that a nested savepoint may be released without satisfying 
# deferred foreign key constraints.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-36.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY,
      b REFERENCES t1 DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
    );
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 1);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, 2);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, 3);
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-36.2 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      SAVEPOINT one;
        INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(4, 5);
      RELEASE one;
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-36.3 {
  catchsql COMMIT
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-36.4 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE t1 SET a = 5 WHERE a = 4;
    COMMIT;
  }
} {}


................................................................................
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-44295-13823 */
#
# Check that a transaction savepoint (an outermost savepoint opened when
# the database was in auto-commit mode) cannot be released without
# satisfying deferred foreign key constraints. It may be rolled back.
#
do_test e__fkey-37.1 {
  execsql {
    SAVEPOINT one;
      SAVEPOINT two;
        INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(6, 7);
      RELEASE two;
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-37.2 {
  catchsql {RELEASE one}
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-37.3 {
  execsql {
      UPDATE t1 SET a = 7 WHERE a = 6;
    RELEASE one;
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-37.4 {
  execsql {
    SAVEPOINT one;
      SAVEPOINT two;
        INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(9, 10);
      RELEASE two;
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-37.5 {
  catchsql {RELEASE one}
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-37.6 {
  execsql {ROLLBACK TO one ; RELEASE one}
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-37736-42616 */
#
# Test that if a COMMIT operation fails due to deferred foreign key 
# constraints, any nested savepoints remain open.
#
do_test e__fkey-38.1 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a>3;
    SELECT * FROM t1;
  }
} {1 1 2 2 3 3}
do_test e__fkey-38.2 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(4, 4);
      SAVEPOINT one;
        INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(5, 6);
        SELECT * FROM t1;
  }
} {1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 6}
do_test e__fkey-38.3 {
  catchsql COMMIT
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-38.4 {
  execsql {
    ROLLBACK TO one;
    COMMIT;
    SELECT * FROM t1;
  }
} {1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4}

do_test e__fkey-38.5 {
  execsql {
    SAVEPOINT a;
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(5, 5);
      SAVEPOINT b;
        INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(6, 7);
        SAVEPOINT c;
          INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(7, 8);
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-38.6 {
  catchsql {RELEASE a}
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-38.7 {
  execsql  {ROLLBACK TO c}
  catchsql {RELEASE a}
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-38.8 {
  execsql  {
    ROLLBACK TO b;
    RELEASE a;
    SELECT * FROM t1;
  }
} {1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5}

................................................................................
# deleting or modifying rows of the parent table, respectively.
#
# /* EV: R-48124-63225 */
#
# Test that a single FK constraint may have different actions configured
# for ON DELETE and ON UPDATE.
#
do_test e__fkey-39.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p(a, b PRIMARY KEY, c);
    CREATE TABLE c1(d, e, f DEFAULT 'k0' REFERENCES p 
      ON UPDATE SET DEFAULT
      ON DELETE SET NULL
    );

................................................................................
    INSERT INTO p VALUES(3, 'k3', 'III');

    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(1, 'xx', 'k1');
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(2, 'xx', 'k2');
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(3, 'xx', 'k3');
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-39.2 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE p SET b = 'k4' WHERE a = 1;
    SELECT * FROM c1;
  }
} {1 xx k0 2 xx k2 3 xx k3}
do_test e__fkey-39.3 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM p WHERE a = 2;
    SELECT * FROM c1;
  }
} {1 xx k0 2 xx {} 3 xx k3}
do_test e__fkey-39.4 {
  execsql {
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX pi ON p(c);
    REPLACE INTO p VALUES(5, 'k5', 'III');
    SELECT * FROM c1;
  }
} {1 xx k0 2 xx {} 3 xx {}}

................................................................................
# either "NO ACTION", "RESTRICT", "SET NULL", "SET DEFAULT" or "CASCADE".
#
# /* EV: R-19803-45884 */
#
# If none is specified explicitly, "NO ACTION" is the default.
# 
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-40.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x PRIMARY KEY, y);
    CREATE TABLE child1(a, 
      b REFERENCES parent ON UPDATE NO ACTION ON DELETE RESTRICT
    );
    CREATE TABLE child2(a, 
      b REFERENCES parent ON UPDATE RESTRICT ON DELETE SET NULL
................................................................................
  4 child3 {0 0 parent b {} {SET NULL} {SET DEFAULT} NONE}
  5 child4 {0 0 parent b {} {SET DEFAULT} CASCADE NONE}
  6 child5 {0 0 parent b {} CASCADE {NO ACTION} NONE}
  7 child6 {0 0 parent b {} {NO ACTION} RESTRICT NONE}
  8 child7 {0 0 parent b {} {NO ACTION} {NO ACTION} NONE}
  9 child8 {0 0 parent b {} {NO ACTION} {NO ACTION} NONE}
} {
  do_test e__fkey-40.$tn { execsql "PRAGMA foreign_key_list($zTab)" } $lRes
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-19971-54976 */
#
# Test that "NO ACTION" means that nothing happens to a child row when
# it's parent row is updated or deleted.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-41.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(p1, p2, PRIMARY KEY(p1, p2));
    CREATE TABLE child(c1, c2, 
      FOREIGN KEY(c1, c2) REFERENCES parent
      ON UPDATE NO ACTION
      ON DELETE NO ACTION
      DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
................................................................................
    );
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('j', 'k');
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('l', 'm');
    INSERT INTO child VALUES('j', 'k');
    INSERT INTO child VALUES('l', 'm');
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-41.2 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      UPDATE parent SET p1='k' WHERE p1='j';
      DELETE FROM parent WHERE p1='l';
      SELECT * FROM child;
  }
} {j k l m}
do_test e__fkey-41.3 {
  catchsql COMMIT
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-41.4 {
  execsql ROLLBACK
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-04272-38653 */
#
# Test that "RESTRICT" means the application is prohibited from deleting
# or updating a parent table row when there exists one or more child keys
# mapped to it.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-41.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(p1, p2);
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX parent_i ON parent(p1, p2);
    CREATE TABLE child1(c1, c2, 
      FOREIGN KEY(c2, c1) REFERENCES parent(p1, p2) ON DELETE RESTRICT
    );
    CREATE TABLE child2(c1, c2, 
      FOREIGN KEY(c2, c1) REFERENCES parent(p1, p2) ON UPDATE RESTRICT
    );
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-41.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('a', 'b');
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('c', 'd');
    INSERT INTO child1 VALUES('b', 'a');
    INSERT INTO child2 VALUES('d', 'c');
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-41.3 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM parent WHERE p1 = 'a' }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-41.4 {
  catchsql { UPDATE parent SET p2 = 'e' WHERE p1 = 'c' }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-37997-42187 */
# 
# Test that RESTRICT is slightly different from NO ACTION for IMMEDIATE
# constraints, in that it is enforced immediately, not at the end of the 
# statement.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-42.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE child1(c REFERENCES parent ON UPDATE RESTRICT);
    CREATE TABLE child2(c REFERENCES parent ON UPDATE NO ACTION);

    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key1');
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key2');
................................................................................

    CREATE TRIGGER parent_t AFTER UPDATE ON parent BEGIN
      UPDATE child1 set c = new.x WHERE c = old.x;
      UPDATE child2 set c = new.x WHERE c = old.x;
    END;
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-42.2 {
  catchsql { UPDATE parent SET x = 'key one' WHERE x = 'key1' }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-42.3 {
  execsql { 
    UPDATE parent SET x = 'key two' WHERE x = 'key2';
    SELECT * FROM child2;
  }
} {{key two}}

drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-42.4 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE child1(c REFERENCES parent ON DELETE RESTRICT);
    CREATE TABLE child2(c REFERENCES parent ON DELETE NO ACTION);

    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key1');
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key2');
................................................................................

    CREATE TRIGGER parent_t AFTER DELETE ON parent BEGIN
      UPDATE child1 SET c = NULL WHERE c = old.x;
      UPDATE child2 SET c = NULL WHERE c = old.x;
    END;
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-42.5 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM parent WHERE x = 'key1' }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-42.6 {
  execsql { 
    DELETE FROM parent WHERE x = 'key2';
    SELECT * FROM child2;
  }
} {{}}

drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-42.7 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE child1(c REFERENCES parent ON DELETE RESTRICT);
    CREATE TABLE child2(c REFERENCES parent ON DELETE NO ACTION);

    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key1');
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key2');
    INSERT INTO child1 VALUES('key1');
    INSERT INTO child2 VALUES('key2');
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-42.8 {
  catchsql { REPLACE INTO parent VALUES('key1') }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-42.9 {
  execsql { 
    REPLACE INTO parent VALUES('key2');
    SELECT * FROM child2;
  }
} {key2}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-24179-60523 */
# 
# Test that RESTRICT is enforced immediately, even for a DEFERRED constraint.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-43.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE child1(c REFERENCES parent ON UPDATE RESTRICT
      DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
    );
    CREATE TABLE child2(c REFERENCES parent ON UPDATE NO ACTION
      DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
................................................................................
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key1');
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key2');
    INSERT INTO child1 VALUES('key1');
    INSERT INTO child2 VALUES('key2');
    BEGIN;
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-43.2 {
  catchsql { UPDATE parent SET x = 'key one' WHERE x = 'key1' }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-43.3 {
  execsql { UPDATE parent SET x = 'key two' WHERE x = 'key2' }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-43.4 {
  catchsql COMMIT
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-43.5 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE child2 SET c = 'key two';
    COMMIT;
  }
} {}

drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-43.6 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE child1(c REFERENCES parent ON DELETE RESTRICT
      DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
    );
    CREATE TABLE child2(c REFERENCES parent ON DELETE NO ACTION
      DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
................................................................................
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key1');
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key2');
    INSERT INTO child1 VALUES('key1');
    INSERT INTO child2 VALUES('key2');
    BEGIN;
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-43.7 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM parent WHERE x = 'key1' }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-43.8 {
  execsql { DELETE FROM parent WHERE x = 'key2' }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-43.9 {
  catchsql COMMIT
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-43.10 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE child2 SET c = NULL;
    COMMIT;
  }
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-03353-05327 */
#
# Test SET NULL actions.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-44.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE pA(x PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE cA(c REFERENCES pA ON DELETE SET NULL);
    CREATE TABLE cB(c REFERENCES pA ON UPDATE SET NULL);

    INSERT INTO pA VALUES(X'ABCD');
    INSERT INTO pA VALUES(X'1234');
    INSERT INTO cA VALUES(X'ABCD');
    INSERT INTO cB VALUES(X'1234');
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-44.2 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM pA WHERE rowid = 1;
    SELECT quote(x) FROM pA;
  }
} {X'1234'}
do_test e__fkey-44.3 {
  execsql {
    SELECT quote(c) FROM cA;
  }
} {NULL}
do_test e__fkey-44.4 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE pA SET x = X'8765' WHERE rowid = 2;
    SELECT quote(x) FROM pA;
  }
} {X'8765'}
do_test e__fkey-44.5 {
  execsql { SELECT quote(c) FROM cB }
} {NULL}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-43054-54832 */
#
# Test SET DEFAULT actions.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-45.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE pA(x PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE cA(c DEFAULT X'0000' REFERENCES pA ON DELETE SET DEFAULT);
    CREATE TABLE cB(c DEFAULT X'9999' REFERENCES pA ON UPDATE SET DEFAULT);

    INSERT INTO pA(rowid, x) VALUES(1, X'0000');
    INSERT INTO pA(rowid, x) VALUES(2, X'9999');
................................................................................
    INSERT INTO pA(rowid, x) VALUES(3, X'ABCD');
    INSERT INTO pA(rowid, x) VALUES(4, X'1234');

    INSERT INTO cA VALUES(X'ABCD');
    INSERT INTO cB VALUES(X'1234');
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-45.2 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM pA WHERE rowid = 3;
    SELECT quote(x) FROM pA;
  }
} {X'0000' X'9999' X'1234'}
do_test e__fkey-45.3 {
  execsql { SELECT quote(c) FROM cA }
} {X'0000'}
do_test e__fkey-45.4 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE pA SET x = X'8765' WHERE rowid = 4;
    SELECT quote(x) FROM pA;
  }
} {X'0000' X'9999' X'8765'}
do_test e__fkey-45.5 {
  execsql { SELECT quote(c) FROM cB }
} {X'9999'}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-61376-57267 */
# /* EV: R-61809-62207 */
#
# Test ON DELETE CASCADE actions.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-46.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p1(a, b UNIQUE);
    CREATE TABLE c1(c REFERENCES p1(b) ON DELETE CASCADE, d);
    INSERT INTO p1 VALUES(NULL, NULL);
    INSERT INTO p1 VALUES(4, 4);
    INSERT INTO p1 VALUES(5, 5);
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(NULL, NULL);
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(4, 4);
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(5, 5);
    SELECT count(*) FROM c1;
  }
} {3}
do_test e__fkey-46.2 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM p1 WHERE a = 4;
    SELECT d, c FROM c1;
  }
} {{} {} 5 5}
do_test e__fkey-46.3 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM p1;
    SELECT d, c FROM c1;
  }
} {{} {}}
do_test e__fkey-46.4 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM p1 }
} {}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-61376-57267 */
# /* EV: R-13877-64542 */
#
# Test ON UPDATE CASCADE actions.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-47.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p1(a, b UNIQUE);
    CREATE TABLE c1(c REFERENCES p1(b) ON UPDATE CASCADE, d);
    INSERT INTO p1 VALUES(NULL, NULL);
    INSERT INTO p1 VALUES(4, 4);
    INSERT INTO p1 VALUES(5, 5);
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(NULL, NULL);
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(4, 4);
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(5, 5);
    SELECT count(*) FROM c1;
  }
} {3}
do_test e__fkey-47.2 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE p1 SET b = 10 WHERE b = 5;
    SELECT d, c FROM c1;
  }
} {{} {} 4 4 5 10}
do_test e__fkey-47.3 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE p1 SET b = 11 WHERE b = 4;
    SELECT d, c FROM c1;
  }
} {{} {} 4 11 5 10}
do_test e__fkey-47.4 {
  execsql { 
    UPDATE p1 SET b = 6 WHERE b IS NULL;
    SELECT d, c FROM c1;
  }
} {{} {} 4 11 5 10}
do_test e__fkey-46.5 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM p1 }
} {{} 6 4 11 5 10}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-51329-33438 */
#
# Test an example from the "ON DELETE and ON UPDATE Actions" section 
# of foreignkeys.html.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-48.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE artist(
      artistid    INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, 
      artistname  TEXT
    );
    CREATE TABLE track(
      trackid     INTEGER,
................................................................................
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(1, 'Dean Martin');
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(2, 'Frank Sinatra');
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(11, 'That''s Amore', 1);
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(12, 'Christmas Blues', 1);
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(13, 'My Way', 2);
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-48.2 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE artist SET artistid = 100 WHERE artistname = 'Dean Martin';
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-48.3 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM artist }
} {2 {Frank Sinatra} 100 {Dean Martin}}
do_test e__fkey-48.4 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM track }
} {11 {That's Amore} 100 12 {Christmas Blues} 100 13 {My Way} 2}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-53968-51642 */
#
# Verify that adding an FK action does not absolve the user of the 
# requirement not to violate the foreign key constraint.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-49.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(a COLLATE nocase, b, c, PRIMARY KEY(c, a));
    CREATE TABLE child(d DEFAULT 'a', e, f DEFAULT 'c',
      FOREIGN KEY(f, d) REFERENCES parent ON UPDATE SET DEFAULT
    );

    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('A', 'b', 'c');
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('ONE', 'two', 'three');
    INSERT INTO child VALUES('one', 'two', 'three');
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-49.2 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      UPDATE parent SET a = '' WHERE a = 'oNe';
      SELECT * FROM child;
  }
} {a two c}
do_test e__fkey-49.3 {
  execsql {
    ROLLBACK;
    DELETE FROM parent WHERE a = 'A';
    SELECT * FROM parent;
  }
} {ONE two three}
do_test e__fkey-49.4 {
  catchsql { UPDATE parent SET a = '' WHERE a = 'oNe' }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-07065-59588 */
# /* EV: R-28220-46694 */
................................................................................
#
# Test an example from the "ON DELETE and ON UPDATE Actions" section 
# of foreignkeys.html. This example shows that adding an "ON DELETE DEFAULT"
# clause does not abrogate the need to satisfy the foreign key constraint
# (R-28220-46694).
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-50.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE artist(
      artistid    INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, 
      artistname  TEXT
    );
    CREATE TABLE track(
      trackid     INTEGER,
................................................................................
      trackname   TEXT, 
      trackartist INTEGER DEFAULT 0 REFERENCES artist(artistid) ON DELETE SET DEFAULT
    );
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(3, 'Sammy Davis Jr.');
    INSERT INTO track VALUES(14, 'Mr. Bojangles', 3);
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-50.2 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistname = 'Sammy Davis Jr.' }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-50.3 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO artist VALUES(0, 'Unknown Artist');
    DELETE FROM artist WHERE artistname = 'Sammy Davis Jr.';
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-50.4 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM artist }
} {0 {Unknown Artist}}
do_test e__fkey-50.5 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM track }
} {14 {Mr. Bojangles} 0}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-09564-22170 */
#
# Check that the order of steps in an UPDATE or DELETE on a parent 
................................................................................
#   1. Execute applicable BEFORE trigger programs,
#   2. Check local (non foreign key) constraints,
#   3. Update or delete the row in the parent table,
#   4. Perform any required foreign key actions,
#   5. Execute applicable AFTER trigger programs. 
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-51.1 {
  proc maxparent {args} { db one {SELECT max(x) FROM parent} }
  db func maxparent maxparent

  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x PRIMARY KEY);

    CREATE TRIGGER bu BEFORE UPDATE ON parent BEGIN
................................................................................
      INSERT INTO parent VALUES(new.x+old.x);
    END;

    INSERT INTO parent VALUES(1);
    INSERT INTO child VALUES(1);
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-51.2 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE parent SET x = 22;
    SELECT * FROM parent UNION ALL SELECT 'xxx' UNION ALL SELECT a FROM child;
  }
} {22 21 23 xxx 22}
do_test e__fkey-51.3 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM child;
    DELETE FROM parent;
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES(-1);
    INSERT INTO child VALUES(-1);
    UPDATE parent SET x = 22;
    SELECT * FROM parent UNION ALL SELECT 'xxx' UNION ALL SELECT a FROM child;
................................................................................
#
# Verify that ON UPDATE actions only actually take place if the parent key
# is set to a new value that is distinct from the old value. The default
# collation sequence and affinity are used to determine if the new value
# is 'distinct' from the old or not.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-52.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE zeus(a INTEGER COLLATE NOCASE, b, PRIMARY KEY(a, b));
    CREATE TABLE apollo(c, d, 
      FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES zeus ON UPDATE CASCADE
    );
    INSERT INTO zeus VALUES('abc', 'xyz');
    INSERT INTO apollo VALUES('ABC', 'xyz');
  }
  execsql {
    UPDATE zeus SET a = 'aBc';
    SELECT * FROM apollo;
  }
} {ABC xyz}
do_test e__fkey-52.2 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE zeus SET a = 1, b = 1;
    SELECT * FROM apollo;
  }
} {1 1}
do_test e__fkey-52.3 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE zeus SET a = 1, b = 1;
    SELECT typeof(c), c, typeof(d), d FROM apollo;
  }
} {integer 1 integer 1}
do_test e__fkey-52.4 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE zeus SET a = '1';
    SELECT typeof(c), c, typeof(d), d FROM apollo;
  }
} {integer 1 integer 1}
do_test e__fkey-52.5 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE zeus SET b = '1';
    SELECT typeof(c), c, typeof(d), d FROM apollo;
  }
} {integer 1 text 1}
do_test e__fkey-52.6 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE zeus SET b = NULL;
    SELECT typeof(c), c, typeof(d), d FROM apollo;
  }
} {integer 1 null {}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
................................................................................
#
# Test an example from the "ON DELETE and ON UPDATE Actions" section 
# of foreignkeys.html. This example demonstrates that ON UPDATE actions
# only take place if at least one parent key column is set to a value 
# that is distinct from its previous value.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-53.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE parent(x PRIMARY KEY);
    CREATE TABLE child(y REFERENCES parent ON UPDATE SET NULL);
    INSERT INTO parent VALUES('key');
    INSERT INTO child VALUES('key');
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-53.2 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE parent SET x = 'key';
    SELECT IFNULL(y, 'null') FROM child;
  }
} {key}
do_test e__fkey-53.3 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE parent SET x = 'key2';
    SELECT IFNULL(y, 'null') FROM child;
  }
} {null}

###########################################################################
................................................................................
  7 "CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a,b) REFERENCES t1(a,b))"     {0 {}}

  A "CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(c,b) REFERENCES t2)"          
     {1 {unknown column "c" in foreign key definition}}
  B "CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(c,b) REFERENCES t2(d))"          
     {1 {number of columns in foreign key does not match the number of columns in the referenced table}}
} {
  do_test e__fkey-54.$tn.off {
    drop_all_tables
    execsql {PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF}
    catchsql $zCreateTbl
  } $lRes
  do_test e__fkey-54.$tn.on {
    drop_all_tables
    execsql {PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON}
    catchsql $zCreateTbl
  } $lRes
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-47952-62498 */
#
proc test_efkey_6 {tn zAlter isError} {
  drop_all_tables 

  do_test e___fkey-56.$tn.1 "
    execsql { CREATE TABLE tbl(a, b) }
    [list catchsql $zAlter]
  " [lindex {{0 {}} {1 {Cannot add a REFERENCES column with non-NULL default value}}} $isError]

}

test_efkey_6 1 "ALTER TABLE tbl ADD COLUMN c REFERENCES xx" 0
................................................................................
# Test that ALTER TABLE adjusts REFERENCES clauses when the parent table
# is RENAMED.
#
# /* EV: R-63827-54774 */
#
# Test that these adjustments are visible in the sqlite_master table.
#
do_test e___fkey-56.1 {
  drop_all_tables
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE 'p 1 "parent one"'(a REFERENCES 'p 1 "parent one"', b, PRIMARY KEY(b));

    CREATE TABLE c1(c, d REFERENCES 'p 1 "parent one"' ON UPDATE CASCADE);
    CREATE TABLE c2(e, f, FOREIGN KEY(f) REFERENCES 'p 1 "parent one"' ON UPDATE CASCADE);
    CREATE TABLE c3(e, 'f col 2', FOREIGN KEY('f col 2') REFERENCES 'p 1 "parent one"' ON UPDATE CASCADE);
................................................................................
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(1, 1);
    INSERT INTO c2 VALUES(1, 1);
    INSERT INTO c3 VALUES(1, 1);

    -- CREATE TABLE q(a, b, PRIMARY KEY(b));
  }
} {}
do_test e___fkey-56.2 {
  execsql { ALTER TABLE 'p 1 "parent one"' RENAME TO p }
} {}
do_test e___fkey-56.3 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE p SET a = 'xxx', b = 'xxx';
    SELECT * FROM p;
    SELECT * FROM c1;
    SELECT * FROM c2;
    SELECT * FROM c3;
  }
} {xxx xxx 1 xxx 1 xxx 1 xxx}
do_test e___fkey-56.4 {
  execsql { SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master WHERE type = 'table'}
} [list                                                                     \
  {CREATE TABLE "p"(a REFERENCES "p", b, PRIMARY KEY(b))}                   \
  {CREATE TABLE c1(c, d REFERENCES "p" ON UPDATE CASCADE)}                  \
  {CREATE TABLE c2(e, f, FOREIGN KEY(f) REFERENCES "p" ON UPDATE CASCADE)}  \
  {CREATE TABLE c3(e, 'f col 2', FOREIGN KEY('f col 2') REFERENCES "p" ON UPDATE CASCADE)} \
]
................................................................................
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-14208-23986 */
# /* EV: R-11078-03945 */
#
# Check that a DROP TABLE does an implicit DELETE FROM. Which does not
# cause any triggers to fire, but does fire foreign key actions.
#
do_test e___fkey-57.1 {
  drop_all_tables
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p(a, b, PRIMARY KEY(a, b));

    CREATE TABLE c1(c, d, FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES p ON DELETE SET NULL);
    CREATE TABLE c2(c, d, FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES p ON DELETE SET DEFAULT);
    CREATE TABLE c3(c, d, FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES p ON DELETE CASCADE);
................................................................................
    CREATE TABLE log(msg);
    CREATE TRIGGER tt AFTER DELETE ON p BEGIN
      INSERT INTO log VALUES('delete ' || old.rowid);
    END;
  }
} {}

do_test e___fkey-57.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO p VALUES('a', 'b');
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES('a', 'b');
    INSERT INTO c2 VALUES('a', 'b');
    INSERT INTO c3 VALUES('a', 'b');
    BEGIN;
      DROP TABLE p;
      SELECT * FROM c1;
  }
} {{} {}}
do_test e___fkey-57.3 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM c2 }
} {{} {}}
do_test e___fkey-57.4 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM c3 }
} {}
do_test e___fkey-57.5 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM log }
} {}
do_test e___fkey-57.6 {
  execsql ROLLBACK
} {}
do_test e___fkey-57.7 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      DELETE FROM p;
      SELECT * FROM log;
    ROLLBACK;
  }
} {{delete 1}}
................................................................................

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-32768-47925 */
#
# If an IMMEDIATE foreign key fails as a result of a DROP TABLE, the
# DROP TABLE command fails.
#
do_test e___fkey-58.1 {
  execsql { 
    DELETE FROM c1;
    DELETE FROM c2;
    DELETE FROM c3;
  }
  execsql { INSERT INTO c5 VALUES('a', 'b') }
  catchsql { DROP TABLE p }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e___fkey-58.2 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM p }
} {a b}
do_test e___fkey-58.3 {
  catchsql {
    BEGIN;
      DROP TABLE p;
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e___fkey-58.4 {
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM p;
    SELECT * FROM c5;
    ROLLBACK;
  }
} {a b a b}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-05903-08460 */
#
# If a DEFERRED foreign key fails as a result of a DROP TABLE, attempting
# to commit the transaction fails unless the violation is fixed.
#
do_test e___fkey-59.1 {
  execsql { 
    DELETE FROM c1 ; DELETE FROM c2 ; DELETE FROM c3 ;
    DELETE FROM c4 ; DELETE FROM c5 ; DELETE FROM c6 ;
    DELETE FROM c7 
  }
} {}
do_test e___fkey-59.2 {
  execsql { INSERT INTO c7 VALUES('a', 'b') }
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      DROP TABLE p;
  }
} {}
do_test e___fkey-59.3 {
  catchsql COMMIT
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e___fkey-59.4 {
  execsql { CREATE TABLE p(a, b, PRIMARY KEY(a, b)) }
  catchsql COMMIT
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e___fkey-59.5 {
  execsql { INSERT INTO p VALUES('a', 'b') }
  execsql COMMIT
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-57242-37005 */
#
# Any "foreign key mismatch" errors encountered while running an implicit
# "DELETE FROM tbl" are ignored.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e___fkey-60.1 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF;

    CREATE TABLE p(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES nosuchtable);
    CREATE TABLE c1(c, d, FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES a);
    CREATE TABLE c2(c REFERENCES p(b), d);
    CREATE TABLE c3(c REFERENCES p ON DELETE SET NULL, d);
................................................................................

    INSERT INTO p VALUES(1, 2);
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES(1, 2);
    INSERT INTO c2 VALUES(1, 2);
    INSERT INTO c3 VALUES(1, 2);
  }
} {}
do_test e___fkey-60.2 {
  execsql { PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON }
  catchsql { DELETE FROM p }
} {1 {no such table: main.nosuchtable}}
do_test e___fkey-60.3 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      DROP TABLE p;
      SELECT * FROM c3;
    ROLLBACK;
  }
} {{} 2}
do_test e___fkey-60.4 {
  execsql { CREATE TABLE nosuchtable(x PRIMARY KEY) }
  catchsql { DELETE FROM p }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e___fkey-60.5 {
  execsql { DROP TABLE c1 }
  catchsql { DELETE FROM p }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch}}
do_test e___fkey-60.6 {
  execsql { DROP TABLE c2 }
  execsql { DELETE FROM p }
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-54142-41346 */
#
................................................................................
# activated when foreign keys are enabled. Special behaviours are:
#
#   1. ADD COLUMN not allowing a REFERENCES clause with a non-NULL 
#      default value.
#   2. Modifying foreign key definitions when a parent table is RENAMEd.
#   3. Running an implicit DELETE FROM command as part of DROP TABLE.
#
do_test e___fkey-61.1.1 {
  drop_all_tables
  execsql { CREATE TABLE t1(a, b) }
  catchsql { ALTER TABLE t1 ADD COLUMN c DEFAULT 'xxx' REFERENCES t2 }
} {1 {Cannot add a REFERENCES column with non-NULL default value}}
do_test e___fkey-61.1.2 {
  execsql { PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF }
  execsql { ALTER TABLE t1 ADD COLUMN c DEFAULT 'xxx' REFERENCES t2 }
  execsql { SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master WHERE name = 't1' }
} {{CREATE TABLE t1(a, b, c DEFAULT 'xxx' REFERENCES t2)}}
do_test e___fkey-61.1.3 {
  execsql { PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON }
} {}

do_test e___fkey-61.2.1 {
  drop_all_tables
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p(a UNIQUE);
    CREATE TABLE c(b REFERENCES p(a));
    BEGIN;
      ALTER TABLE p RENAME TO parent;
      SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master WHERE name = 'c';
    ROLLBACK;
  }
} {{CREATE TABLE c(b REFERENCES "parent"(a))}}
do_test e___fkey-61.2.2 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF;
    ALTER TABLE p RENAME TO parent;
    SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master WHERE name = 'c';
  }
} {{CREATE TABLE c(b REFERENCES p(a))}}
do_test e___fkey-61.2.3 {
  execsql { PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON }
} {}

do_test e___fkey-61.3.1 {
  drop_all_tables
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p(a UNIQUE);
    CREATE TABLE c(b REFERENCES p(a) ON DELETE SET NULL);
    INSERT INTO p VALUES('x');
    INSERT INTO c VALUES('x');
    BEGIN;
      DROP TABLE p;
      SELECT * FROM c;
    ROLLBACK;
  }
} {{}}
do_test e___fkey-61.3.2 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA foreign_keys = OFF;
    DROP TABLE p;
    SELECT * FROM c;
  }
} {x}
do_test e___fkey-61.3.3 {
  execsql { PRAGMA foreign_keys = ON }
} {}

###########################################################################
### SECTION 6: Limits and Unsupported Features
###########################################################################

................................................................................
# /* EV: R-24450-46174 */
#
# Test that MATCH clauses are parsed, but SQLite treats every foreign key
# constraint as if it were "MATCH SIMPLE".
#
foreach zMatch [list SIMPLE PARTIAL FULL Simple parTIAL FuLL ] {
  drop_all_tables
  do_test e___fkey-62.$zMatch.1 {
    execsql "
      CREATE TABLE p(a, b, c, PRIMARY KEY(b, c));
      CREATE TABLE c(d, e, f, FOREIGN KEY(e, f) REFERENCES p MATCH $zMatch);
    "
  } {}
  do_test e___fkey-62.$zMatch.2 {
    execsql { INSERT INTO p VALUES(1, 2, 3)         }

    # MATCH SIMPLE behaviour: Allow any child key that contains one or more
    # NULL value to be inserted. Non-NULL values do not have to map to any
    # parent key values, so long as at least one field of the child key is
    # NULL.
    execsql { INSERT INTO c VALUES('w', 2, 3)       }
................................................................................
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-21599-16038 */
#
# Test that SQLite does not support the SET CONSTRAINT statement. And
# that it is possible to create both immediate and deferred constraints.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test e__fkey-62.1 {
  catchsql { SET CONSTRAINTS ALL IMMEDIATE }
} {1 {near "SET": syntax error}}
do_test e__fkey-62.2 {
  catchsql { SET CONSTRAINTS ALL DEFERRED }
} {1 {near "SET": syntax error}}

do_test e__fkey-62.3 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE p(a, b, PRIMARY KEY(a, b));
    CREATE TABLE cd(c, d, 
      FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES p DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED);
    CREATE TABLE ci(c, d, 
      FOREIGN KEY(c, d) REFERENCES p DEFERRABLE INITIALLY IMMEDIATE);
    BEGIN;
  }
} {}
do_test e__fkey-62.4 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO ci VALUES('x', 'y') }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-62.5 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO cd VALUES('x', 'y') }
} {0 {}}
do_test e__fkey-62.6 {
  catchsql { COMMIT }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test e__fkey-62.7 {
  execsql { 
    DELETE FROM cd;
    COMMIT;
  }
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
................................................................................
  execsql COMMIT
  catchsql "
    UPDATE t0 SET a = 'yyy';
    SELECT NOT (a='yyy') FROM t$limit;
  "
}

do_test e___fkey-63.1.1 {
  test_on_delete_recursion $SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH
} {0 0}
do_test e___fkey-63.1.2 {
  test_on_delete_recursion [expr $SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH+1]
} {1 {too many levels of trigger recursion}}
do_test e___fkey-63.1.3 {
  sqlite3_limit db SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH 5
  test_on_delete_recursion 5
} {0 0}
do_test e___fkey-63.1.4 {
  test_on_delete_recursion 6
} {1 {too many levels of trigger recursion}}
do_test e___fkey-63.1.5 {
  sqlite3_limit db SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH 1000000
} {5}
do_test e___fkey-63.2.1 {
  test_on_update_recursion $SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH
} {0 0}
do_test e___fkey-63.2.2 {
  test_on_update_recursion [expr $SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH+1]
} {1 {too many levels of trigger recursion}}
do_test e___fkey-63.2.3 {
  sqlite3_limit db SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH 5
  test_on_update_recursion 5
} {0 0}
do_test e___fkey-63.2.4 {
  test_on_update_recursion 6
} {1 {too many levels of trigger recursion}}
do_test e___fkey-63.2.5 {
  sqlite3_limit db SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH 1000000
} {5}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# /* EV: R-51769-32730 */
#
# The setting of the recursive_triggers pragma does not affect foreign
# key actions.
#
foreach recursive_triggers_setting [list 0 1 ON OFF] {
  drop_all_tables
  execsql "PRAGMA recursive_triggers = $recursive_triggers_setting"

  do_test e__fkey-64.$recursive_triggers_setting.1 {
    execsql {
      CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES t1 ON DELETE CASCADE);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, NULL);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, 1);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, 2);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(4, 3);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(5, 4);
      SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
    }
  } {5}
  do_test e__fkey-64.$recursive_triggers_setting.2 {
    execsql { SELECT count(*) FROM t1 WHERE a = 1 }
  } {1}
  do_test e__fkey-64.$recursive_triggers_setting.3 {
    execsql { 
      DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a = 1;
      SELECT count(*) FROM t1;
    }
  } {0}
}

finish_test