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Overview
Comment:Import the experimental parse-tree explainer, with fixes, from the tree-explain branch. Disabled by default. Use SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN to turn it on.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: bcbc7152d49107afa926c8950360c61a6cf3d244
User & Date: drh 2011-12-10 15:55:01
Original Comment: Import the experimental parse-tree explainer, with fixes, from the tree-explain branch.
Context
2011-12-10
17:17
Allow UNION ALL compounds to be promoted up to replace a simple wrapper SELECT even if the compounds are joins. check-in: 3d4b4f4f user: drh tags: trunk
15:55
Import the experimental parse-tree explainer, with fixes, from the tree-explain branch. Disabled by default. Use SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN to turn it on. check-in: bcbc7152 user: drh tags: trunk
14:44
Merge the latest trunk changes into tree-explain branch. Closed-Leaf check-in: 1a360da0 user: drh tags: tree-explain
13:49
Always use _msize() to get memory allocation sizes on windows, without having to do anything special in the makefile. check-in: 256e27bd user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/expr.c.

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    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, inReg, iMem);
    pExpr->iTable = iMem;
    pExpr->op2 = pExpr->op;
    pExpr->op = TK_REGISTER;
  }
  return inReg;
}



































































































































































































































































/*
** Return TRUE if pExpr is an constant expression that is appropriate
** for factoring out of a loop.  Appropriate expressions are:
**
**    *  Any expression that evaluates to two or more opcodes.
**







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    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, inReg, iMem);
    pExpr->iTable = iMem;
    pExpr->op2 = pExpr->op;
    pExpr->op = TK_REGISTER;
  }
  return inReg;
}

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression tree.
*/
void sqlite3ExplainExpr(Vdbe *pOut, Expr *pExpr){
  int op;                   /* The opcode being coded */
  const char *zBinOp = 0;   /* Binary operator */
  const char *zUniOp = 0;   /* Unary operator */
  if( pExpr==0 ){
    op = TK_NULL;
  }else{
    op = pExpr->op;
  }
  switch( op ){
    case TK_AGG_COLUMN: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "AGG{%d:%d}",
            pExpr->iTable, pExpr->iColumn);
      break;
    }
    case TK_COLUMN: {
      if( pExpr->iTable<0 ){
        /* This only happens when coding check constraints */
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "COLUMN(%d)", pExpr->iColumn);
      }else{
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "{%d:%d}",
                             pExpr->iTable, pExpr->iColumn);
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_INTEGER: {
      if( pExpr->flags & EP_IntValue ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "%d", pExpr->u.iValue);
      }else{
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "%s", pExpr->u.zToken);
      }
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    case TK_FLOAT: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,"%s", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case TK_STRING: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,"%Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NULL: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,"NULL");
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
    case TK_BLOB: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,"%s", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case TK_VARIABLE: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,"VARIABLE(%s,%d)",
                           pExpr->u.zToken, pExpr->iColumn);
      break;
    }
    case TK_REGISTER: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,"REGISTER(%d)", pExpr->iTable);
      break;
    }
    case TK_AS: {
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pLeft);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      const char *zAff = "unk";
      switch( sqlite3AffinityType(pExpr->u.zToken) ){
        case SQLITE_AFF_TEXT:    zAff = "TEXT";     break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_NONE:    zAff = "NONE";     break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC: zAff = "NUMERIC";  break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER: zAff = "INTEGER";  break;
        case SQLITE_AFF_REAL:    zAff = "REAL";     break;
      }
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "CAST-%s(", zAff);
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, ")");
      break;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_CAST */
    case TK_LT:      zBinOp = "LT";     break;
    case TK_LE:      zBinOp = "LE";     break;
    case TK_GT:      zBinOp = "GT";     break;
    case TK_GE:      zBinOp = "GE";     break;
    case TK_NE:      zBinOp = "NE";     break;
    case TK_EQ:      zBinOp = "EQ";     break;
    case TK_IS:      zBinOp = "IS";     break;
    case TK_ISNOT:   zBinOp = "ISNOT";  break;
    case TK_AND:     zBinOp = "AND";    break;
    case TK_OR:      zBinOp = "OR";     break;
    case TK_PLUS:    zBinOp = "ADD";    break;
    case TK_STAR:    zBinOp = "MUL";    break;
    case TK_MINUS:   zBinOp = "SUB";    break;
    case TK_REM:     zBinOp = "REM";    break;
    case TK_BITAND:  zBinOp = "BITAND"; break;
    case TK_BITOR:   zBinOp = "BITOR";  break;
    case TK_SLASH:   zBinOp = "DIV";    break;
    case TK_LSHIFT:  zBinOp = "LSHIFT"; break;
    case TK_RSHIFT:  zBinOp = "RSHIFT"; break;
    case TK_CONCAT:  zBinOp = "CONCAT"; break;

    case TK_UMINUS:  zUniOp = "UMINUS"; break;
    case TK_UPLUS:   zUniOp = "UPLUS";  break;
    case TK_BITNOT:  zUniOp = "BITNOT"; break;
    case TK_NOT:     zUniOp = "NOT";    break;
    case TK_ISNULL:  zUniOp = "ISNULL"; break;
    case TK_NOTNULL: zUniOp = "NOTNULL"; break;

    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION:
    case TK_CONST_FUNC:
    case TK_FUNCTION: {
      ExprList *pFarg;       /* List of function arguments */
      if( ExprHasAnyProperty(pExpr, EP_TokenOnly) ){
        pFarg = 0;
      }else{
        pFarg = pExpr->x.pList;
      }
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "%sFUNCTION:%s(",
                           op==TK_AGG_FUNCTION ? "AGG_" : "",
                           pExpr->u.zToken);
      if( pFarg ){
        sqlite3ExplainExprList(pOut, pFarg);
      }
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, ")");
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_EXISTS: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "EXISTS(");
      sqlite3ExplainSelect(pOut, pExpr->x.pSelect);
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,")");
      break;
    }
    case TK_SELECT: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "(");
      sqlite3ExplainSelect(pOut, pExpr->x.pSelect);
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, ")");
      break;
    }
    case TK_IN: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "IN(");
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, ",");
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        sqlite3ExplainSelect(pOut, pExpr->x.pSelect);
      }else{
        sqlite3ExplainExprList(pOut, pExpr->x.pList);
      }
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, ")");
      break;
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

    /*
    **    x BETWEEN y AND z
    **
    ** This is equivalent to
    **
    **    x>=y AND x<=z
    **
    ** X is stored in pExpr->pLeft.
    ** Y is stored in pExpr->pList->a[0].pExpr.
    ** Z is stored in pExpr->pList->a[1].pExpr.
    */
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      Expr *pX = pExpr->pLeft;
      Expr *pY = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
      Expr *pZ = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "BETWEEN(");
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pX);
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, ",");
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pY);
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, ",");
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pZ);
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, ")");
      break;
    }
    case TK_TRIGGER: {
      /* If the opcode is TK_TRIGGER, then the expression is a reference
      ** to a column in the new.* or old.* pseudo-tables available to
      ** trigger programs. In this case Expr.iTable is set to 1 for the
      ** new.* pseudo-table, or 0 for the old.* pseudo-table. Expr.iColumn
      ** is set to the column of the pseudo-table to read, or to -1 to
      ** read the rowid field.
      */
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "%s(%d)", 
          pExpr->iTable ? "NEW" : "OLD", pExpr->iColumn);
      break;
    }
    case TK_CASE: {
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "CASE(");
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, ",");
      sqlite3ExplainExprList(pOut, pExpr->x.pList);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
    case TK_RAISE: {
      const char *zType = "unk";
      switch( pExpr->affinity ){
        case OE_Rollback:   zType = "rollback";  break;
        case OE_Abort:      zType = "abort";     break;
        case OE_Fail:       zType = "fail";      break;
        case OE_Ignore:     zType = "ignore";    break;
      }
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "RAISE-%s(%s)", zType, pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#endif
  }
  if( zBinOp ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,"%s(", zBinOp);
    sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pLeft);
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,",");
    sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pRight);
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,")");
  }else if( zUniOp ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,"%s(", zUniOp);
    sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pExpr->pLeft);
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut,")");
  }
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN) */

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression list.
*/
void sqlite3ExplainExprList(Vdbe *pOut, ExprList *pList){
  int i;
  if( pList==0 || pList->nExpr==0 ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "(empty-list)");
    return;
  }else if( pList->nExpr==1 ){
    sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pList->a[0].pExpr);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExplainPush(pOut);
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pOut, "item[%d] = ", i);
      sqlite3ExplainPush(pOut);
      sqlite3ExplainExpr(pOut, pList->a[i].pExpr);
      sqlite3ExplainPop(pOut);
      if( i<pList->nExpr-1 ){
        sqlite3ExplainNL(pOut);
      }
    }
    sqlite3ExplainPop(pOut);
  }
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

/*
** Return TRUE if pExpr is an constant expression that is appropriate
** for factoring out of a loop.  Appropriate expressions are:
**
**    *  Any expression that evaluates to two or more opcodes.
**

Changes to src/main.c.

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    ** subsequent calls to localtime() and variants fail. If onoff is zero,
    ** undo this setting.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT: {
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.bLocaltimeFault = va_arg(ap, int);
      break;
    }

















  }
  va_end(ap);
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST */
  return rc;
}








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    ** subsequent calls to localtime() and variants fail. If onoff is zero,
    ** undo this setting.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT: {
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.bLocaltimeFault = va_arg(ap, int);
      break;
    }

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
    /*   sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT,
    **                        sqlite3_stmt*,const char**);
    **
    ** If compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN, each sqlite3_stmt holds
    ** a string that describes the optimized parse tree.  This test-control
    ** returns a pointer to that string.
    */
    case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT: {
      sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = va_arg(ap, sqlite3_stmt*);
      const char **pzRet = va_arg(ap, const char**);
      *pzRet = sqlite3VdbeExplanation((Vdbe*)pStmt);
      break;
    }
#endif

  }
  va_end(ap);
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST */
  return rc;
}

Changes to src/parse.y.

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%endif  SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW

//////////////////////// The SELECT statement /////////////////////////////////
//
cmd ::= select(X).  {
  SelectDest dest = {SRT_Output, 0, 0, 0, 0};
  sqlite3Select(pParse, X, &dest);



  sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, X);
}

%type select {Select*}
%destructor select {sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
%type oneselect {Select*}
%destructor oneselect {sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, $$);}







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%endif  SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW

//////////////////////// The SELECT statement /////////////////////////////////
//
cmd ::= select(X).  {
  SelectDest dest = {SRT_Output, 0, 0, 0, 0};
  sqlite3Select(pParse, X, &dest);
  sqlite3ExplainBegin(pParse->pVdbe);
  sqlite3ExplainSelect(pParse->pVdbe, X);
  sqlite3ExplainFinish(pParse->pVdbe);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, X);
}

%type select {Select*}
%destructor select {sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, $$);}
%type oneselect {Select*}
%destructor oneselect {sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, $$);}

Changes to src/printf.c.

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  return (char)digit;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT */

/*
** Append N space characters to the given string buffer.
*/
static void appendSpace(StrAccum *pAccum, int N){
  static const char zSpaces[] = "                             ";
  while( N>=(int)sizeof(zSpaces)-1 ){
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, zSpaces, sizeof(zSpaces)-1);
    N -= sizeof(zSpaces)-1;
  }
  if( N>0 ){
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, zSpaces, N);
................................................................................
    ** "length" characters long.  The field width is "width".  Do
    ** the output.
    */
    if( !flag_leftjustify ){
      register int nspace;
      nspace = width-length;
      if( nspace>0 ){
        appendSpace(pAccum, nspace);
      }
    }
    if( length>0 ){
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, bufpt, length);
    }
    if( flag_leftjustify ){
      register int nspace;
      nspace = width-length;
      if( nspace>0 ){
        appendSpace(pAccum, nspace);
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(zExtra);
  }/* End for loop over the format string */
} /* End of function */

/*







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  return (char)digit;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT */

/*
** Append N space characters to the given string buffer.
*/
void sqlite3AppendSpace(StrAccum *pAccum, int N){
  static const char zSpaces[] = "                             ";
  while( N>=(int)sizeof(zSpaces)-1 ){
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, zSpaces, sizeof(zSpaces)-1);
    N -= sizeof(zSpaces)-1;
  }
  if( N>0 ){
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, zSpaces, N);
................................................................................
    ** "length" characters long.  The field width is "width".  Do
    ** the output.
    */
    if( !flag_leftjustify ){
      register int nspace;
      nspace = width-length;
      if( nspace>0 ){
        sqlite3AppendSpace(pAccum, nspace);
      }
    }
    if( length>0 ){
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pAccum, bufpt, length);
    }
    if( flag_leftjustify ){
      register int nspace;
      nspace = width-length;
      if( nspace>0 ){
        sqlite3AppendSpace(pAccum, nspace);
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(zExtra);
  }/* End for loop over the format string */
} /* End of function */

/*

Changes to src/select.c.

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  }

  sqlite3DbFree(db, sAggInfo.aCol);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, sAggInfo.aFunc);
  return rc;
}

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/*
*******************************************************************************
** The following code is used for testing and debugging only.  The code
** that follows does not appear in normal builds.
**
** These routines are used to print out the content of all or part of a 
** parse structures such as Select or Expr.  Such printouts are useful
** for helping to understand what is happening inside the code generator
** during the execution of complex SELECT statements.
**
** These routine are not called anywhere from within the normal
** code base.  Then are intended to be called from within the debugger
** or from temporary "printf" statements inserted for debugging.
*/
void sqlite3PrintExpr(Expr *p){
  if( !ExprHasProperty(p, EP_IntValue) && p->u.zToken ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("(%s", p->u.zToken);
  }else{
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("(%d", p->op);





  }
  if( p->pLeft ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" ");
    sqlite3PrintExpr(p->pLeft);


  }
  if( p->pRight ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf(" ");
    sqlite3PrintExpr(p->pRight);


  }
  sqlite3DebugPrintf(")");
}
void sqlite3PrintExprList(ExprList *pList){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
    sqlite3PrintExpr(pList->a[i].pExpr);
    if( i<pList->nExpr-1 ){
      sqlite3DebugPrintf(", ");
    }
  }
}
void sqlite3PrintSelect(Select *p, int indent){
  sqlite3DebugPrintf("%*sSELECT(%p) ", indent, "", p);
  sqlite3PrintExprList(p->pEList);
  sqlite3DebugPrintf("\n");


  if( p->pSrc ){
    char *zPrefix;
    int i;
    zPrefix = "FROM";


    for(i=0; i<p->pSrc->nSrc; i++){
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->pSrc->a[i];
      sqlite3DebugPrintf("%*s ", indent+6, zPrefix);
      zPrefix = "";

      if( pItem->pSelect ){
        sqlite3DebugPrintf("(\n");
        sqlite3PrintSelect(pItem->pSelect, indent+10);
        sqlite3DebugPrintf("%*s)", indent+8, "");

      }else if( pItem->zName ){
        sqlite3DebugPrintf("%s", pItem->zName);

      }
      if( pItem->pTab ){
        sqlite3DebugPrintf("(table: %s)", pItem->pTab->zName);

      }
      if( pItem->zAlias ){
        sqlite3DebugPrintf(" AS %s", pItem->zAlias);

      }
      if( i<p->pSrc->nSrc-1 ){
        sqlite3DebugPrintf(",");


      }
      sqlite3DebugPrintf("\n");

    }

  }
  if( p->pWhere ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("%*s WHERE ", indent, "");
    sqlite3PrintExpr(p->pWhere);
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("\n");



  }
  if( p->pGroupBy ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("%*s GROUP BY ", indent, "");
    sqlite3PrintExprList(p->pGroupBy);
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("\n");



  }
  if( p->pHaving ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("%*s HAVING ", indent, "");
    sqlite3PrintExpr(p->pHaving);
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("\n");



  }
  if( p->pOrderBy ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("%*s ORDER BY ", indent, "");





























    sqlite3PrintExprList(p->pOrderBy);
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("\n");
  }
}
/* End of the structure debug printing code
*****************************************************************************/
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) */







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4500





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  }

  sqlite3DbFree(db, sAggInfo.aCol);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, sAggInfo.aFunc);
  return rc;
}

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
/*
** Generate a human-readable description of a the Select object.











*/





static void explainOneSelect(Vdbe *pVdbe, Select *p){
  sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "SELECT ");
  if( p->selFlags & (SF_Distinct|SF_Aggregate) ){
    if( p->selFlags & SF_Distinct ){
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "DISTINCT ");
    }



    if( p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate ){
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "agg_flag ");
    }



    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "   ");
  }















  sqlite3ExplainExprList(pVdbe, p->pEList);
  sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);
  if( p->pSrc && p->pSrc->nSrc ){

    int i;

    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "FROM ");
    sqlite3ExplainPush(pVdbe);
    for(i=0; i<p->pSrc->nSrc; i++){
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->pSrc->a[i];


      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "{%d,*} = ", pItem->iCursor);
      if( pItem->pSelect ){



        sqlite3ExplainSelect(pVdbe, pItem->pSelect);
        if( pItem->pTab ){

          sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, " (tabname=%s)", pItem->pTab->zName);
        }
      }else if( pItem->zName ){

        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "%s", pItem->zName);
      }
      if( pItem->zAlias ){

        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, " (AS %s)", pItem->zAlias);
      }


      if( pItem->jointype & JT_LEFT ){
        sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, " LEFT-JOIN");
      }

      sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);
    }
    sqlite3ExplainPop(pVdbe);
  }
  if( p->pWhere ){



    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "WHERE ");
    sqlite3ExplainExpr(pVdbe, p->pWhere);
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);
  }
  if( p->pGroupBy ){



    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "GROUPBY ");
    sqlite3ExplainExprList(pVdbe, p->pGroupBy);
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);
  }
  if( p->pHaving ){



    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "HAVING ");
    sqlite3ExplainExpr(pVdbe, p->pHaving);
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);
  }
  if( p->pOrderBy ){

    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "ORDERBY ");
    sqlite3ExplainExprList(pVdbe, p->pOrderBy);
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);
  }
  if( p->pLimit ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "LIMIT ");
    sqlite3ExplainExpr(pVdbe, p->pLimit);
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);
  }
  if( p->pOffset ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "OFFSET ");
    sqlite3ExplainExpr(pVdbe, p->pOffset);
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);
  }
}
void sqlite3ExplainSelect(Vdbe *pVdbe, Select *p){
  if( p==0 ){
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "(null-select)");
    return;
  }
  while( p->pPrior ) p = p->pPrior;
  sqlite3ExplainPush(pVdbe);
  while( p ){
    explainOneSelect(pVdbe, p);
    p = p->pNext;
    if( p==0 ) break;
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);
    sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "%s\n", selectOpName(p->op));
  }
  sqlite3ExplainPrintf(pVdbe, "END");
  sqlite3ExplainPop(pVdbe);
}

/* End of the structure debug printing code
*****************************************************************************/
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) */

Changes to src/shell.c.

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1129
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      }

      /* echo the sql statement if echo on */
      if( pArg && pArg->echoOn ){
        const char *zStmtSql = sqlite3_sql(pStmt);
        fprintf(pArg->out, "%s\n", zStmtSql ? zStmtSql : zSql);
      }










      /* perform the first step.  this will tell us if we
      ** have a result set or not and how wide it is.
      */
      rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
      /* if we have a result set... */
      if( SQLITE_ROW == rc ){







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      }

      /* echo the sql statement if echo on */
      if( pArg && pArg->echoOn ){
        const char *zStmtSql = sqlite3_sql(pStmt);
        fprintf(pArg->out, "%s\n", zStmtSql ? zStmtSql : zSql);
      }

      /* Output TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN text of requested */
      if( pArg && pArg->mode==MODE_Explain ){
        const char *zExplain = 0;
        sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT, pStmt, &zExplain);
        if( zExplain && zExplain[0] ){
          fprintf(pArg->out, "%s", zExplain);
        }
      }

      /* perform the first step.  this will tell us if we
      ** have a result set or not and how wide it is.
      */
      rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
      /* if we have a result set... */
      if( SQLITE_ROW == rc ){

Changes to src/sqlite.h.in.

5678
5679
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5684

5685
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#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT                  12
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS                  13
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE                 14
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS           15
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD               16
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC           17
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT         18

#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    18

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status
**
** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
** about the performance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
** highwater marks.  ^The first argument is an integer code for







>
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#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT                  12
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS                  13
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE                 14
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS           15
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD               16
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC           17
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT         18
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT            19
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST                    19

/*
** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status
**
** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
** about the performance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
** highwater marks.  ^The first argument is an integer code for

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

1703
1704
1705
1706
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1711
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1713
1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
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....
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2653























2654
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2660
....
3028
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3033
3034

3035
3036
3037
3038
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3041
#define EP_VarSelect  0x0020  /* pSelect is correlated, not constant */
#define EP_DblQuoted  0x0040  /* token.z was originally in "..." */
#define EP_InfixFunc  0x0080  /* True for an infix function: LIKE, GLOB, etc */
#define EP_ExpCollate 0x0100  /* Collating sequence specified explicitly */
#define EP_FixedDest  0x0200  /* Result needed in a specific register */
#define EP_IntValue   0x0400  /* Integer value contained in u.iValue */
#define EP_xIsSelect  0x0800  /* x.pSelect is valid (otherwise x.pList is) */


#define EP_Reduced    0x1000  /* Expr struct is EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_TokenOnly  0x2000  /* Expr struct is EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_Static     0x4000  /* Held in memory not obtained from malloc() */

/*
** The following are the meanings of bits in the Expr.flags2 field.
*/
#define EP2_MallocedToken  0x0001  /* Need to sqlite3DbFree() Expr.zToken */
#define EP2_Irreducible    0x0002  /* Cannot EXPRDUP_REDUCE this Expr */

................................................................................
char *sqlite3MAppendf(sqlite3*,char*,const char*,...);
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  void sqlite3DebugPrintf(const char*, ...);
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST)
  void *sqlite3TestTextToPtr(const char*);
#endif























void sqlite3SetString(char **, sqlite3*, const char*, ...);
void sqlite3ErrorMsg(Parse*, const char*, ...);
int sqlite3Dequote(char*);
int sqlite3KeywordCode(const unsigned char*, int);
int sqlite3RunParser(Parse*, const char*, char **);
void sqlite3FinishCoding(Parse*);
int sqlite3GetTempReg(Parse*);
................................................................................
  FuncDestructor *pDestructor
);
int sqlite3ApiExit(sqlite3 *db, int);
int sqlite3OpenTempDatabase(Parse *);

void sqlite3StrAccumInit(StrAccum*, char*, int, int);
void sqlite3StrAccumAppend(StrAccum*,const char*,int);

char *sqlite3StrAccumFinish(StrAccum*);
void sqlite3StrAccumReset(StrAccum*);
void sqlite3SelectDestInit(SelectDest*,int,int);
Expr *sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(sqlite3 *, SrcList *, int, int);

void sqlite3BackupRestart(sqlite3_backup *);
void sqlite3BackupUpdate(sqlite3_backup *, Pgno, const u8 *);







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>
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>







1703
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1709

1710
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....
2647
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....
3051
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3063
3064
3065
#define EP_VarSelect  0x0020  /* pSelect is correlated, not constant */
#define EP_DblQuoted  0x0040  /* token.z was originally in "..." */
#define EP_InfixFunc  0x0080  /* True for an infix function: LIKE, GLOB, etc */
#define EP_ExpCollate 0x0100  /* Collating sequence specified explicitly */
#define EP_FixedDest  0x0200  /* Result needed in a specific register */
#define EP_IntValue   0x0400  /* Integer value contained in u.iValue */
#define EP_xIsSelect  0x0800  /* x.pSelect is valid (otherwise x.pList is) */

#define EP_Hint       0x1000  /* Optimizer hint. Not required for correctness */
#define EP_Reduced    0x2000  /* Expr struct is EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_TokenOnly  0x4000  /* Expr struct is EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_Static     0x8000  /* Held in memory not obtained from malloc() */

/*
** The following are the meanings of bits in the Expr.flags2 field.
*/
#define EP2_MallocedToken  0x0001  /* Need to sqlite3DbFree() Expr.zToken */
#define EP2_Irreducible    0x0002  /* Cannot EXPRDUP_REDUCE this Expr */

................................................................................
char *sqlite3MAppendf(sqlite3*,char*,const char*,...);
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
  void sqlite3DebugPrintf(const char*, ...);
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST)
  void *sqlite3TestTextToPtr(const char*);
#endif

/* Output formatting for SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN */
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
  void sqlite3ExplainBegin(Vdbe*);
  void sqlite3ExplainPrintf(Vdbe*, const char*, ...);
  void sqlite3ExplainNL(Vdbe*);
  void sqlite3ExplainPush(Vdbe*);
  void sqlite3ExplainPop(Vdbe*);
  void sqlite3ExplainFinish(Vdbe*);
  void sqlite3ExplainSelect(Vdbe*, Select*);
  void sqlite3ExplainExpr(Vdbe*, Expr*);
  void sqlite3ExplainExprList(Vdbe*, ExprList*);
  const char *sqlite3VdbeExplanation(Vdbe*);
#else
# define sqlite3ExplainBegin(X)
# define sqlite3ExplainSelect(A,B)
# define sqlite3ExplainExpr(A,B)
# define sqlite3ExplainExprList(A,B)
# define sqlite3ExplainFinish(X)
# define sqlite3VdbeExplanation(X) 0
#endif


void sqlite3SetString(char **, sqlite3*, const char*, ...);
void sqlite3ErrorMsg(Parse*, const char*, ...);
int sqlite3Dequote(char*);
int sqlite3KeywordCode(const unsigned char*, int);
int sqlite3RunParser(Parse*, const char*, char **);
void sqlite3FinishCoding(Parse*);
int sqlite3GetTempReg(Parse*);
................................................................................
  FuncDestructor *pDestructor
);
int sqlite3ApiExit(sqlite3 *db, int);
int sqlite3OpenTempDatabase(Parse *);

void sqlite3StrAccumInit(StrAccum*, char*, int, int);
void sqlite3StrAccumAppend(StrAccum*,const char*,int);
void sqlite3AppendSpace(StrAccum*,int);
char *sqlite3StrAccumFinish(StrAccum*);
void sqlite3StrAccumReset(StrAccum*);
void sqlite3SelectDestInit(SelectDest*,int,int);
Expr *sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(sqlite3 *, SrcList *, int, int);

void sqlite3BackupRestart(sqlite3_backup *);
void sqlite3BackupUpdate(sqlite3_backup *, Pgno, const u8 *);

Changes to src/vdbeInt.h.

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31
32
33
34
35



36
37
38
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40
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42
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253
254
255
256
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259












260
261
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263
264
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266
...
319
320
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322
323
324
325




326
327
328
329
330
331
332
** Boolean values
*/
typedef unsigned char Bool;

/* Opaque type used by code in vdbesort.c */
typedef struct VdbeSorter VdbeSorter;




/*
** A cursor is a pointer into a single BTree within a database file.
** The cursor can seek to a BTree entry with a particular key, or
** loop over all entries of the Btree.  You can also insert new BTree
** entries or retrieve the key or data from the entry that the cursor
** is currently pointing to.
** 
................................................................................
  VdbeFunc *pVdbeFunc;  /* Auxilary data, if created. */
  Mem s;                /* The return value is stored here */
  Mem *pMem;            /* Memory cell used to store aggregate context */
  int isError;          /* Error code returned by the function. */
  CollSeq *pColl;       /* Collating sequence */
};













/*
** An instance of the virtual machine.  This structure contains the complete
** state of the virtual machine.
**
** The "sqlite3_stmt" structure pointer that is returned by sqlite3_prepare()
** is really a pointer to an instance of this structure.
**
................................................................................
  i64 nFkConstraint;      /* Number of imm. FK constraints this VM */
  i64 nStmtDefCons;       /* Number of def. constraints when stmt started */
  char *zSql;             /* Text of the SQL statement that generated this */
  void *pFree;            /* Free this when deleting the vdbe */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  FILE *trace;            /* Write an execution trace here, if not NULL */
#endif




  VdbeFrame *pFrame;      /* Parent frame */
  VdbeFrame *pDelFrame;   /* List of frame objects to free on VM reset */
  int nFrame;             /* Number of frames in pFrame list */
  u32 expmask;            /* Binding to these vars invalidates VM */
  SubProgram *pProgram;   /* Linked list of all sub-programs used by VM */
  int nOnceFlag;          /* Size of array aOnceFlag[] */
  u8 *aOnceFlag;          /* Flags for OP_Once */







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** Boolean values
*/
typedef unsigned char Bool;

/* Opaque type used by code in vdbesort.c */
typedef struct VdbeSorter VdbeSorter;

/* Opaque type used by the explainer */
typedef struct Explain Explain;

/*
** A cursor is a pointer into a single BTree within a database file.
** The cursor can seek to a BTree entry with a particular key, or
** loop over all entries of the Btree.  You can also insert new BTree
** entries or retrieve the key or data from the entry that the cursor
** is currently pointing to.
** 
................................................................................
  VdbeFunc *pVdbeFunc;  /* Auxilary data, if created. */
  Mem s;                /* The return value is stored here */
  Mem *pMem;            /* Memory cell used to store aggregate context */
  int isError;          /* Error code returned by the function. */
  CollSeq *pColl;       /* Collating sequence */
};

/*
** An Explain object accumulates indented output which is helpful
** in describing recursive data structures.
*/
struct Explain {
  Vdbe *pVdbe;       /* Attach the explanation to this Vdbe */
  StrAccum str;      /* The string being accumulated */
  int nIndent;       /* Number of elements in aIndent */
  u16 aIndent[100];  /* Levels of indentation */
  char zBase[100];   /* Initial space */
};

/*
** An instance of the virtual machine.  This structure contains the complete
** state of the virtual machine.
**
** The "sqlite3_stmt" structure pointer that is returned by sqlite3_prepare()
** is really a pointer to an instance of this structure.
**
................................................................................
  i64 nFkConstraint;      /* Number of imm. FK constraints this VM */
  i64 nStmtDefCons;       /* Number of def. constraints when stmt started */
  char *zSql;             /* Text of the SQL statement that generated this */
  void *pFree;            /* Free this when deleting the vdbe */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  FILE *trace;            /* Write an execution trace here, if not NULL */
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN
  Explain *pExplain;      /* The explainer */
  char *zExplain;         /* Explanation of data structures */
#endif
  VdbeFrame *pFrame;      /* Parent frame */
  VdbeFrame *pDelFrame;   /* List of frame objects to free on VM reset */
  int nFrame;             /* Number of frames in pFrame list */
  u32 expmask;            /* Binding to these vars invalidates VM */
  SubProgram *pProgram;   /* Linked list of all sub-programs used by VM */
  int nOnceFlag;          /* Size of array aOnceFlag[] */
  u8 *aOnceFlag;          /* Flags for OP_Once */

Changes to src/vdbeaux.c.

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  }
  for(i=p->nzVar-1; i>=0; i--) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->azVar[i]);
  vdbeFreeOpArray(db, p->aOp, p->nOp);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aLabel);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aColName);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zSql);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->pFree);




  sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
}

/*
** Delete an entire VDBE.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeDelete(Vdbe *p){







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  }
  for(i=p->nzVar-1; i>=0; i--) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->azVar[i]);
  vdbeFreeOpArray(db, p->aOp, p->nOp);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aLabel);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->aColName);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zSql);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->pFree);
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zExplain);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->pExplain);
#endif
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
}

/*
** Delete an entire VDBE.
*/
void sqlite3VdbeDelete(Vdbe *p){

Changes to src/vdbetrace.c.

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**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code used to insert the values of host parameters
** (aka "wildcards") into the SQL text output by sqlite3_trace().


*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "vdbeInt.h"

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE

/*
................................................................................
      }
    }
  }
  return sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&out);
}

#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE */


























































































































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**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** This file contains code used to insert the values of host parameters
** (aka "wildcards") into the SQL text output by sqlite3_trace().
**
** The Vdbe parse-tree explainer is also found here.
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include "vdbeInt.h"

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE

/*
................................................................................
      }
    }
  }
  return sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&out);
}

#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE */

/*****************************************************************************
** The following code implements the data-structure explaining logic
** for the Vdbe.
*/

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN)

/*
** Allocate a new Explain object
*/
void sqlite3ExplainBegin(Vdbe *pVdbe){
  if( pVdbe ){
    sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
    Explain *p = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(Explain) );
    if( p ){
      memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
      p->pVdbe = pVdbe;
      sqlite3_free(pVdbe->pExplain);
      pVdbe->pExplain = p;
      sqlite3StrAccumInit(&p->str, p->zBase, sizeof(p->zBase),
                          SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
      p->str.useMalloc = 2;
    }else{
      sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
    }
  }
}

/*
** Return true if the Explain ends with a new-line.
*/
static int endsWithNL(Explain *p){
  return p && p->str.zText && p->str.nChar
           && p->str.zText[p->str.nChar-1]=='\n';
}
    
/*
** Append text to the indentation
*/
void sqlite3ExplainPrintf(Vdbe *pVdbe, const char *zFormat, ...){
  Explain *p;
  if( pVdbe && (p = pVdbe->pExplain)!=0 ){
    va_list ap;
    if( p->nIndent && endsWithNL(p) ){
      int n = p->nIndent;
      if( n>ArraySize(p->aIndent) ) n = ArraySize(p->aIndent);
      sqlite3AppendSpace(&p->str, p->aIndent[n-1]);
    }   
    va_start(ap, zFormat);
    sqlite3VXPrintf(&p->str, 1, zFormat, ap);
    va_end(ap);
  }
}

/*
** Append a '\n' if there is not already one.
*/
void sqlite3ExplainNL(Vdbe *pVdbe){
  Explain *p;
  if( pVdbe && (p = pVdbe->pExplain)!=0 && !endsWithNL(p) ){
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&p->str, "\n", 1);
  }
}

/*
** Push a new indentation level.  Subsequent lines will be indented
** so that they begin at the current cursor position.
*/
void sqlite3ExplainPush(Vdbe *pVdbe){
  Explain *p;
  if( pVdbe && (p = pVdbe->pExplain)!=0 ){
    if( p->str.zText && p->nIndent<ArraySize(p->aIndent) ){
      const char *z = p->str.zText;
      int i = p->str.nChar-1;
      int x;
      while( i>=0 && z[i]!='\n' ){ i--; }
      x = (p->str.nChar - 1) - i;
      if( p->nIndent && x<p->aIndent[p->nIndent-1] ){
        x = p->aIndent[p->nIndent-1];
      }
      p->aIndent[p->nIndent] = x;
    }
    p->nIndent++;
  }
}

/*
** Pop the indentation stack by one level.
*/
void sqlite3ExplainPop(Vdbe *p){
  if( p && p->pExplain ) p->pExplain->nIndent--;
}

/*
** Free the indentation structure
*/
void sqlite3ExplainFinish(Vdbe *pVdbe){
  if( pVdbe && pVdbe->pExplain ){
    sqlite3_free(pVdbe->zExplain);
    sqlite3ExplainNL(pVdbe);
    pVdbe->zExplain = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&pVdbe->pExplain->str);
    sqlite3_free(pVdbe->pExplain);
    pVdbe->pExplain = 0;
    sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
  }
}

/*
** Return the explanation of a virtual machine.
*/
const char *sqlite3VdbeExplanation(Vdbe *pVdbe){
  return (pVdbe && pVdbe->zExplain) ? pVdbe->zExplain : 0;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) */