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Overview
Comment:NULL values are distinct. A comparison involving a NULL is always false. Operations on a NULL value yield a NULL result. This change makes SQLite operate more like the SQL spec, but it may break existing applications that assumed the old behavior. All the old tests pass but we still need to add new tests to better verify the new behavior. Fix for ticket #44. (CVS 589)
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 9051173742f1b0e15a809d12a0c9c98fd2c4614d
User & Date: drh 2002-05-26 20:54:33
Context
2002-05-26
21:34
Change functions to handle NULLs correctly. Added the NULLIF() function. (CVS 590) check-in: 46ce1a9a user: drh tags: trunk
20:54
NULL values are distinct. A comparison involving a NULL is always false. Operations on a NULL value yield a NULL result. This change makes SQLite operate more like the SQL spec, but it may break existing applications that assumed the old behavior. All the old tests pass but we still need to add new tests to better verify the new behavior. Fix for ticket #44. (CVS 589) check-in: 90511737 user: drh tags: trunk
2002-05-25
00:18
Additional testing of LEFT OUTER JOIN. (CVS 588) check-in: d8d04c14 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/expr.c.

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**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains routines used for analyzing expressions and
** for generating VDBE code that evaluates expressions in SQLite.
**
** $Id: expr.c,v 1.63 2002/05/24 02:04:33 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"


/*
** Construct a new expression node and return a pointer to it.  Memory
** for this node is obtained from sqliteMalloc().  The calling function
................................................................................
    case TK_OR:
    case TK_PLUS:
    case TK_STAR:
    case TK_MINUS:
    case TK_REM:
    case TK_BITAND:
    case TK_BITOR:
    case TK_SLASH: {






      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_LSHIFT:
    case TK_RSHIFT: {
................................................................................
    }
    case TK_CONCAT: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Concat, 2, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {
      int dest;
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, 1, 0);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
      dest = sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 2;
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, dest);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_AddImm, -1, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_UMINUS: {
      assert( pExpr->pLeft );
      if( pExpr->pLeft->op==TK_FLOAT || pExpr->pLeft->op==TK_INTEGER ){
        Token *p = &pExpr->pLeft->token;
        char *z = sqliteMalloc( p->n + 2 );
        sprintf(z, "-%.*s", p->n, p->z);
        if( pExpr->pLeft->op==TK_INTEGER ){
................................................................................
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      int dest;
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, 1, 0);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      dest = sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 2;
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, dest);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_AddImm, -1, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION: {
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_AggGet, 0, pExpr->iAgg);
      break;
    }
................................................................................
      break;
    }
    case TK_IN: {
      int addr;
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, 1, 0);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      addr = sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v);




      if( pExpr->pSelect ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Found, pExpr->iTable, addr+2);
      }else{
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_SetFound, pExpr->iTable, addr+2);
      }
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_AddImm, -1, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      int lbl = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, 0, 0);
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr, lbl);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_AddImm, 1, 0);
      sqliteVdbeResolveLabel(v, lbl);



      break;
    }
    case TK_AS: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      break;
    }
    case TK_CASE: {
      int expr_end_label;
      int next_when_label;



      int i;

      assert(pExpr->pList);
      assert((pExpr->pList->nExpr % 2) == 0);
      assert(pExpr->pList->nExpr > 0);
      expr_end_label = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(pParse->pVdbe);
      if( pExpr->pLeft ){
        sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      }
      for(i=0; i<pExpr->pList->nExpr; i=i+2){
        if( i!=0 ){
          sqliteVdbeResolveLabel(pParse->pVdbe, next_when_label);
        }
        next_when_label = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(pParse->pVdbe);
        if( pExpr->pLeft ){
          sqliteVdbeAddOp(pParse->pVdbe, OP_Dup, 0, 1);
          sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pList->a[i].pExpr);
          sqliteVdbeAddOp(pParse->pVdbe, OP_Ne, 0, next_when_label);
        }else{
          sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pList->a[i].pExpr, next_when_label);
        }
        if( pExpr->pLeft ){
          sqliteVdbeAddOp(pParse->pVdbe, OP_Pop, 1, 0);
        }
        sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pList->a[i+1].pExpr);
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(pParse->pVdbe, OP_Goto, 0, expr_end_label);
      }
      sqliteVdbeResolveLabel(pParse->pVdbe, next_when_label);
      if( pExpr->pLeft ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(pParse->pVdbe, OP_Pop, 1, 0);



      }
      if( pExpr->pRight ){
        sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
      }else{
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(pParse->pVdbe, OP_String, 0, 0);
      }
      sqliteVdbeResolveLabel(pParse->pVdbe, expr_end_label);




    }
    break;
  }
}

/*
** Generate code for a boolean expression such that a jump is made
** to the label "dest" if the expression is true but execution
** continues straight thru if the expression is false.



*/
void sqliteExprIfTrue(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int dest){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int op = 0;
  if( v==0 || pExpr==0 ) return;
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_LT:       op = OP_Lt;       break;
    case TK_LE:       op = OP_Le;       break;
    case TK_GT:       op = OP_Gt;       break;
................................................................................
    case TK_ISNULL:   op = OP_IsNull;   break;
    case TK_NOTNULL:  op = OP_NotNull;  break;
    default:  break;
  }
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AND: {
      int d2 = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, d2);
      sqliteExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest);
      sqliteVdbeResolveLabel(v, d2);
      break;
    }
    case TK_OR: {
      sqliteExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest);
      sqliteExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NOT: {
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest);
      break;
    }
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, dest);
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, dest);
      break;
    }
    case TK_IN: {

      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);




      if( pExpr->pSelect ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Found, pExpr->iTable, dest);
      }else{
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_SetFound, pExpr->iTable, dest);
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      int lbl = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 0);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pList->a[0].pExpr);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Lt, 0, lbl);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pList->a[1].pExpr);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Le, 0, dest);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeResolveLabel(v, lbl);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, 1, 0);
      break;
    }
    default: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_If, 0, dest);
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Generate code for a boolean expression such that a jump is made
** to the label "dest" if the expression is false but execution
** continues straight thru if the expression is true.



*/
void sqliteExprIfFalse(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int dest){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int op = 0;
  if( v==0 || pExpr==0 ) return;
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_LT:       op = OP_Ge;       break;
    case TK_LE:       op = OP_Gt;       break;
    case TK_GT:       op = OP_Le;       break;
................................................................................
    case TK_EQ:       op = OP_Ne;       break;
    case TK_ISNULL:   op = OP_NotNull;  break;
    case TK_NOTNULL:  op = OP_IsNull;   break;
    default:  break;
  }
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AND: {
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest);
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest);
      break;
    }
    case TK_OR: {
      int d2 = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqliteExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, d2);
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest);
      sqliteVdbeResolveLabel(v, d2);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NOT: {
      sqliteExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest);
      break;
    }
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, dest);
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, dest);
      break;
    }
    case TK_IN: {

      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);




      if( pExpr->pSelect ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_NotFound, pExpr->iTable, dest);
      }else{
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_SetNotFound, pExpr->iTable, dest);
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      int addr;
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 0);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pList->a[0].pExpr);
      addr = sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Ge, 0, addr+3);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, 1, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, dest);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pList->a[1].pExpr);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Gt, 0, dest);
      break;
    }
    default: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Not, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_If, 0, dest);
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Do a deep comparison of two expression trees.  Return TRUE (non-zero)







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**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains routines used for analyzing expressions and
** for generating VDBE code that evaluates expressions in SQLite.
**
** $Id: expr.c,v 1.64 2002/05/26 20:54:33 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"


/*
** Construct a new expression node and return a pointer to it.  Memory
** for this node is obtained from sqliteMalloc().  The calling function
................................................................................
    case TK_OR:
    case TK_PLUS:
    case TK_STAR:
    case TK_MINUS:
    case TK_REM:
    case TK_BITAND:
    case TK_BITOR:
    case TK_SLASH:
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_LSHIFT:
    case TK_RSHIFT: {
................................................................................
    }
    case TK_CONCAT: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Concat, 2, 0);
      break;
    }















    case TK_UMINUS: {
      assert( pExpr->pLeft );
      if( pExpr->pLeft->op==TK_FLOAT || pExpr->pLeft->op==TK_INTEGER ){
        Token *p = &pExpr->pLeft->token;
        char *z = sqliteMalloc( p->n + 2 );
        sprintf(z, "-%.*s", p->n, p->z);
        if( pExpr->pLeft->op==TK_INTEGER ){
................................................................................
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      int dest;
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, 1, 0);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      dest = sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 2;
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 1, dest);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_AddImm, -1, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_AGG_FUNCTION: {
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_AggGet, 0, pExpr->iAgg);
      break;
    }
................................................................................
      break;
    }
    case TK_IN: {
      int addr;
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, 1, 0);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      addr = sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_NotNull, -1, addr+4);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, 1, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, addr+6);
      if( pExpr->pSelect ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Found, pExpr->iTable, addr+6);
      }else{
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_SetFound, pExpr->iTable, addr+6);
      }
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_AddImm, -1, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 0);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pList->a[0].pExpr);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Ge, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pull, 1, 0);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pList->a[1].pExpr);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Le, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_And, 0, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_AS: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      break;
    }
    case TK_CASE: {
      int expr_end_label;
      int null_result_label;
      int jumpInst;
      int addr;
      int nExpr;
      int i;

      assert(pExpr->pList);
      assert((pExpr->pList->nExpr % 2) == 0);
      assert(pExpr->pList->nExpr > 0);
      nExpr = pExpr->pList->nExpr;
      expr_end_label = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);
      null_result_label = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);
      if( pExpr->pLeft ){
        sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_IsNull, -1, expr_end_label);
      }
      for(i=0; i<nExpr; i=i+2){
        sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pList->a[i].pExpr);
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_IsNull, -1, null_result_label);
        if( pExpr->pLeft ){
          sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 1, 1);
          jumpInst = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Ne, 0, 0);
        }else{
          jumpInst = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_IfNot, 0, 0);
        }
        sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pList->a[i+1].pExpr);
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, expr_end_label);
        if( i>=nExpr-2 ){
          sqliteVdbeResolveLabel(v, null_result_label);
          sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, 1, 0);
          if( pExpr->pRight!=0 ){
            sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, 0, 0);
            sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, expr_end_label);
          }
        }
        addr = sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v);
        sqliteVdbeChangeP2(v, jumpInst, addr);
      }
      if( pExpr->pRight ){
        sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
      }else{
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, 0, 0);
      }
      sqliteVdbeResolveLabel(v, expr_end_label);
      if( pExpr->pLeft ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pull, 1, 0);
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, 1, 0);
      }
    }
    break;
  }
}

/*
** Generate code for a boolean expression such that a jump is made
** to the label "dest" if the expression is true but execution
** continues straight thru if the expression is false.
**
** If the expression evaluates to NULL (neither true nor false), then
** take the jump if the jumpIfNull flag is true.
*/
void sqliteExprIfTrue(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int dest, int jumpIfNull){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int op = 0;
  if( v==0 || pExpr==0 ) return;
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_LT:       op = OP_Lt;       break;
    case TK_LE:       op = OP_Le;       break;
    case TK_GT:       op = OP_Gt;       break;
................................................................................
    case TK_ISNULL:   op = OP_IsNull;   break;
    case TK_NOTNULL:  op = OP_NotNull;  break;
    default:  break;
  }
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AND: {
      int d2 = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, d2, !jumpIfNull);
      sqliteExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest, jumpIfNull);
      sqliteVdbeResolveLabel(v, d2);
      break;
    }
    case TK_OR: {
      sqliteExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest, jumpIfNull);
      sqliteExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest, jumpIfNull);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NOT: {
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest, jumpIfNull);
      break;
    }
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, jumpIfNull, dest);
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 1, dest);
      break;
    }
    case TK_IN: {
      int addr;
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      addr = sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_NotNull, -1, addr+3);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, 1, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, jumpIfNull ? dest : addr+4);
      if( pExpr->pSelect ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Found, pExpr->iTable, dest);
      }else{
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_SetFound, pExpr->iTable, dest);
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      int addr;
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 0);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pList->a[0].pExpr);
      addr = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Lt, !jumpIfNull, 0);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pList->a[1].pExpr);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Le, jumpIfNull, dest);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeChangeP2(v, addr, sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v));
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, 1, 0);
      break;
    }
    default: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_If, jumpIfNull, dest);
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Generate code for a boolean expression such that a jump is made
** to the label "dest" if the expression is false but execution
** continues straight thru if the expression is true.
**
** If the expression evaluates to NULL (neither true nor false) then
** jump if jumpIfNull is true or fall through if jumpIfNull is false.
*/
void sqliteExprIfFalse(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr, int dest, int jumpIfNull){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int op = 0;
  if( v==0 || pExpr==0 ) return;
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_LT:       op = OP_Ge;       break;
    case TK_LE:       op = OP_Gt;       break;
    case TK_GT:       op = OP_Le;       break;
................................................................................
    case TK_EQ:       op = OP_Ne;       break;
    case TK_ISNULL:   op = OP_NotNull;  break;
    case TK_NOTNULL:  op = OP_IsNull;   break;
    default:  break;
  }
  switch( pExpr->op ){
    case TK_AND: {
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest, jumpIfNull);
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest, jumpIfNull);
      break;
    }
    case TK_OR: {
      int d2 = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqliteExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, d2, !jumpIfNull);
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pExpr->pRight, dest, jumpIfNull);
      sqliteVdbeResolveLabel(v, d2);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NOT: {
      sqliteExprIfTrue(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, dest, jumpIfNull);
      break;
    }
    case TK_LT:
    case TK_LE:
    case TK_GT:
    case TK_GE:
    case TK_NE:
    case TK_EQ: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pRight);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, jumpIfNull, dest);
      break;
    }
    case TK_ISNULL:
    case TK_NOTNULL: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, op, 1, dest);
      break;
    }
    case TK_IN: {
      int addr;
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      addr = sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_NotNull, -1, addr+3);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, 1, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, jumpIfNull ? dest : addr+4);
      if( pExpr->pSelect ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_NotFound, pExpr->iTable, dest);
      }else{
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_SetNotFound, pExpr->iTable, dest);
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_BETWEEN: {
      int addr;
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pLeft);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 0);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pList->a[0].pExpr);
      addr = sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Ge, !jumpIfNull, addr+3);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, 1, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, dest);
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr->pList->a[1].pExpr);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Gt, jumpIfNull, dest);
      break;
    }
    default: {
      sqliteExprCode(pParse, pExpr);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Not, 0, 0);
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_If, jumpIfNull, dest);
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Do a deep comparison of two expression trees.  Return TRUE (non-zero)

Changes to src/insert.c.

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**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle INSERT statements in SQLite.
**
** $Id: insert.c,v 1.58 2002/05/24 02:04:33 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** This routine is call to handle SQL of the following forms:
**
**    insert into TABLE (IDLIST) values(EXPRLIST)
................................................................................
  ** case the record number is the same as that column. 
  */
  if( !pTab->pSelect ){
    if( keyColumn>=0 ){
      if( srcTab>=0 ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Column, srcTab, keyColumn);
      }else{
        int addr;
        sqliteExprCode(pParse, pList->a[keyColumn].pExpr);

        /* If the PRIMARY KEY expression is NULL, then use OP_NewRecno
        ** to generate a unique primary key value.
        */
        addr = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 1);
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_NotNull, 0, addr+4);
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, 1, 0);
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_NewRecno, base, 0);
      }
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MustBeInt, 0, 0);
    }else{
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_NewRecno, base, 0);
    }
................................................................................
  int nCol;
  int onError;
  int addr;
  int extra;
  int iCur;
  Index *pIdx;
  int seenReplace = 0;
  int jumpInst;
  int contAddr;
  int hasTwoRecnos = (isUpdate && recnoChng);

  v = sqliteGetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );
  assert( pTab->pSelect==0 );  /* This table is not a VIEW */
  nCol = pTab->nCol;
................................................................................
      onError = pParse->db->onError;
      if( onError==OE_Default ) onError = OE_Abort;
    }
    if( onError==OE_Replace && pTab->aCol[i].zDflt==0 ){
      onError = OE_Abort;
    }
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, nCol-1-i, 1);
    addr = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_NotNull, 0, 0);
    switch( onError ){
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Abort:
      case OE_Fail: {
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, onError);
        break;
      }
................................................................................
    if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
      onError = overrideError;
    }else if( onError==OE_Default ){
      onError = pParse->db->onError;
      if( onError==OE_Default ) onError = OE_Abort;
    }
    if( onError!=OE_Replace ){
      int jumpInst2;
      if( isUpdate ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, nCol+1, 1);
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, nCol+1, 1);
        jumpInst2 = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Eq, 0, 0);
      }
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, nCol, 1);
      jumpInst = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_NotExists, base, 0);
      switch( onError ){
        case OE_Rollback:
        case OE_Abort:
        case OE_Fail: {
          sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, onError);
          break;
        }
................................................................................
          sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, nCol+1+hasTwoRecnos, 0);
          sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, ignoreDest);
          break;
        }
        default: assert(0);
      }
      contAddr = sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqliteVdbeChangeP2(v, jumpInst, contAddr);
      if( isUpdate ){
        sqliteVdbeChangeP2(v, jumpInst2, contAddr);
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, nCol+1, 1);
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MoveTo, base, 0);
      }
    }
  }
  extra = 0;
  for(extra=(-1), iCur=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, iCur++){
................................................................................
      int idx = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      if( idx==pTab->iPKey ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, i+extra+nCol+1, 1);
      }else{
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, i+extra+nCol-idx, 1);
      }
    }
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeIdxKey, pIdx->nColumn, 0);
    onError = pIdx->onError;
    if( onError==OE_None ) continue;
    if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
      onError = overrideError;
    }else if( onError==OE_Default ){
      onError = pParse->db->onError;
      if( onError==OE_Default ) onError = OE_Abort;
    }
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, extra+nCol+1+hasTwoRecnos, 1);
    jumpInst = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_IsUnique, base+iCur+1, 0);
    switch( onError ){
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Abort:
      case OE_Fail: {
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, onError);
        break;
      }
................................................................................
        }
        seenReplace = 1;
        break;
      }
      default: assert(0);
    }
    contAddr = sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqliteVdbeChangeP2(v, jumpInst, contAddr);

  }
}

/*
** This routine generates code to finish the INSERT or UPDATE operation
** that was started by a prior call to sqliteGenerateConstraintChecks.
** The stack must contain keys for all active indices followed by data







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**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle INSERT statements in SQLite.
**
** $Id: insert.c,v 1.59 2002/05/26 20:54:33 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** This routine is call to handle SQL of the following forms:
**
**    insert into TABLE (IDLIST) values(EXPRLIST)
................................................................................
  ** case the record number is the same as that column. 
  */
  if( !pTab->pSelect ){
    if( keyColumn>=0 ){
      if( srcTab>=0 ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Column, srcTab, keyColumn);
      }else{

        sqliteExprCode(pParse, pList->a[keyColumn].pExpr);

        /* If the PRIMARY KEY expression is NULL, then use OP_NewRecno
        ** to generate a unique primary key value.
        */

        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_NotNull, -1, sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v)+3);
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, 1, 0);
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_NewRecno, base, 0);
      }
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MustBeInt, 0, 0);
    }else{
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_NewRecno, base, 0);
    }
................................................................................
  int nCol;
  int onError;
  int addr;
  int extra;
  int iCur;
  Index *pIdx;
  int seenReplace = 0;
  int jumpInst1, jumpInst2;
  int contAddr;
  int hasTwoRecnos = (isUpdate && recnoChng);

  v = sqliteGetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );
  assert( pTab->pSelect==0 );  /* This table is not a VIEW */
  nCol = pTab->nCol;
................................................................................
      onError = pParse->db->onError;
      if( onError==OE_Default ) onError = OE_Abort;
    }
    if( onError==OE_Replace && pTab->aCol[i].zDflt==0 ){
      onError = OE_Abort;
    }
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, nCol-1-i, 1);
    addr = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_NotNull, 1, 0);
    switch( onError ){
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Abort:
      case OE_Fail: {
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, onError);
        break;
      }
................................................................................
    if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
      onError = overrideError;
    }else if( onError==OE_Default ){
      onError = pParse->db->onError;
      if( onError==OE_Default ) onError = OE_Abort;
    }
    if( onError!=OE_Replace ){

      if( isUpdate ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, nCol+1, 1);
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, nCol+1, 1);
        jumpInst1 = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Eq, 0, 0);
      }
      sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, nCol, 1);
      jumpInst2 = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_NotExists, base, 0);
      switch( onError ){
        case OE_Rollback:
        case OE_Abort:
        case OE_Fail: {
          sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, onError);
          break;
        }
................................................................................
          sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, nCol+1+hasTwoRecnos, 0);
          sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, ignoreDest);
          break;
        }
        default: assert(0);
      }
      contAddr = sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      sqliteVdbeChangeP2(v, jumpInst2, contAddr);
      if( isUpdate ){
        sqliteVdbeChangeP2(v, jumpInst1, contAddr);
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, nCol+1, 1);
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MoveTo, base, 0);
      }
    }
  }
  extra = 0;
  for(extra=(-1), iCur=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, iCur++){
................................................................................
      int idx = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      if( idx==pTab->iPKey ){
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, i+extra+nCol+1, 1);
      }else{
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, i+extra+nCol-idx, 1);
      }
    }
    jumpInst1 = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeIdxKey, pIdx->nColumn, 0);
    onError = pIdx->onError;
    if( onError==OE_None ) continue;
    if( overrideError!=OE_Default ){
      onError = overrideError;
    }else if( onError==OE_Default ){
      onError = pParse->db->onError;
      if( onError==OE_Default ) onError = OE_Abort;
    }
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, extra+nCol+1+hasTwoRecnos, 1);
    jumpInst2 = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_IsUnique, base+iCur+1, 0);
    switch( onError ){
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Abort:
      case OE_Fail: {
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Halt, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, onError);
        break;
      }
................................................................................
        }
        seenReplace = 1;
        break;
      }
      default: assert(0);
    }
    contAddr = sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqliteVdbeChangeP2(v, jumpInst1, contAddr);
    sqliteVdbeChangeP2(v, jumpInst2, contAddr);
  }
}

/*
** This routine generates code to finish the INSERT or UPDATE operation
** that was started by a prior call to sqliteGenerateConstraintChecks.
** The stack must contain keys for all active indices followed by data

Changes to src/select.c.

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...
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
...
374
375
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380
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382
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384
385
386
387
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390
391

392
393
394
395
396
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398
....
1734
1735
1736
1737
1738
1739
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle SELECT statements in SQLite.
**
** $Id: select.c,v 1.85 2002/05/25 00:18:21 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Allocate a new Select structure and return a pointer to that
** structure.
*/
................................................................................
    }
  }

  /* If the DISTINCT keyword was present on the SELECT statement
  ** and this row has been seen before, then do not make this row
  ** part of the result.
  */
  if( distinct>=0 ){
    int lbl = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeKey, pEList->nExpr, 1);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Distinct, distinct, lbl);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, pEList->nExpr+1, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, iContinue);
    sqliteVdbeResolveLabel(v, lbl);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_PutStrKey, distinct, 0);
  }

  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then store the results
  ** in a sorter.
  */
................................................................................
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_SortPut, 0, 0);
  }else 

  /* In this mode, write each query result to the key of the temporary
  ** table iParm.
  */
  if( eDest==SRT_Union ){
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeRecord, nColumn, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, iParm, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_PutStrKey, iParm, 0);
  }else 

  /* Store the result as data using a unique key.
  */
  if( eDest==SRT_Table || eDest==SRT_TempTable ){
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeRecord, nColumn, 0);
................................................................................
  }else 

  /* Construct a record from the query result, but instead of
  ** saving that record, use it as a key to delete elements from
  ** the temporary table iParm.
  */
  if( eDest==SRT_Except ){
    int addr = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeRecord, nColumn, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_NotFound, iParm, addr+3);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Delete, iParm, 0);
  }else 

  /* If we are creating a set for an "expr IN (SELECT ...)" construct,
  ** then there should be a single item on the stack.  Write this
  ** item into the set table with bogus data.
  */
  if( eDest==SRT_Set ){
    assert( nColumn==1 );

    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_PutStrKey, iParm, 0);
  }else 


  /* If this is a scalar select that is part of an expression, then
  ** store the results in the appropriate memory cell and break out
................................................................................
  */
  if( isAgg ){
    int endagg = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);
    int startagg;
    startagg = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_AggNext, 0, endagg);
    pParse->useAgg = 1;
    if( pHaving ){
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pHaving, startagg);
    }
    if( selectInnerLoop(pParse, pEList, 0, 0, pOrderBy, distinct, eDest, iParm,
                    startagg, endagg) ){
      goto select_end;
    }
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, startagg);
    sqliteVdbeResolveLabel(v, endagg);







|







 







|
|

|


<







 







|
|







 







|










>







 







|







8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
...
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333

334
335
336
337
338
339
340
...
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
...
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
....
1734
1735
1736
1737
1738
1739
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** to handle SELECT statements in SQLite.
**
** $Id: select.c,v 1.86 2002/05/26 20:54:34 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Allocate a new Select structure and return a pointer to that
** structure.
*/
................................................................................
    }
  }

  /* If the DISTINCT keyword was present on the SELECT statement
  ** and this row has been seen before, then do not make this row
  ** part of the result.
  */
  if( distinct>=0 && pEList && pEList->nExpr>0 ){
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_IsNull, -pEList->nExpr, sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v)+7);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeKey, pEList->nExpr, 1);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Distinct, distinct, sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v)+3);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Pop, pEList->nExpr+1, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, iContinue);

    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_PutStrKey, distinct, 0);
  }

  /* If there is an ORDER BY clause, then store the results
  ** in a sorter.
  */
................................................................................
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_SortPut, 0, 0);
  }else 

  /* In this mode, write each query result to the key of the temporary
  ** table iParm.
  */
  if( eDest==SRT_Union ){
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeRecord, nColumn, 1);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_PutStrKey, iParm, 0);
  }else 

  /* Store the result as data using a unique key.
  */
  if( eDest==SRT_Table || eDest==SRT_TempTable ){
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeRecord, nColumn, 0);
................................................................................
  }else 

  /* Construct a record from the query result, but instead of
  ** saving that record, use it as a key to delete elements from
  ** the temporary table iParm.
  */
  if( eDest==SRT_Except ){
    int addr = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeRecord, nColumn, 1);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_NotFound, iParm, addr+3);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Delete, iParm, 0);
  }else 

  /* If we are creating a set for an "expr IN (SELECT ...)" construct,
  ** then there should be a single item on the stack.  Write this
  ** item into the set table with bogus data.
  */
  if( eDest==SRT_Set ){
    assert( nColumn==1 );
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_IsNull, -1, sqliteVdbeCurrentAddr(v)+3);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_String, 0, 0);
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_PutStrKey, iParm, 0);
  }else 


  /* If this is a scalar select that is part of an expression, then
  ** store the results in the appropriate memory cell and break out
................................................................................
  */
  if( isAgg ){
    int endagg = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);
    int startagg;
    startagg = sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_AggNext, 0, endagg);
    pParse->useAgg = 1;
    if( pHaving ){
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pHaving, startagg, 1);
    }
    if( selectInnerLoop(pParse, pEList, 0, 0, pOrderBy, distinct, eDest, iParm,
                    startagg, endagg) ){
      goto select_end;
    }
    sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, startagg);
    sqliteVdbeResolveLabel(v, endagg);

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
...
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
**
** @(#) $Id: sqliteInt.h,v 1.116 2002/05/25 00:18:21 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqlite.h"
#include "hash.h"
#include "vdbe.h"
#include "parse.h"
#include "btree.h"
#include <stdio.h>
................................................................................
Table *sqliteTableNameToTable(Parse*, const char*);
SrcList *sqliteTableTokenToSrcList(Parse*, Token*);
void sqliteDeleteFrom(Parse*, Token*, Expr*);
void sqliteUpdate(Parse*, Token*, ExprList*, Expr*, int);
WhereInfo *sqliteWhereBegin(Parse*, int, SrcList*, Expr*, int);
void sqliteWhereEnd(WhereInfo*);
void sqliteExprCode(Parse*, Expr*);
void sqliteExprIfTrue(Parse*, Expr*, int);
void sqliteExprIfFalse(Parse*, Expr*, int);
Table *sqliteFindTable(sqlite*,const char*);
Index *sqliteFindIndex(sqlite*,const char*);
void sqliteUnlinkAndDeleteIndex(sqlite*,Index*);
void sqliteCopy(Parse*, Token*, Token*, Token*, int);
void sqliteVacuum(Parse*, Token*);
int sqliteGlobCompare(const unsigned char*,const unsigned char*);
int sqliteLikeCompare(const unsigned char*,const unsigned char*);







|







 







|
|







7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
...
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
**
** @(#) $Id: sqliteInt.h,v 1.117 2002/05/26 20:54:34 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqlite.h"
#include "hash.h"
#include "vdbe.h"
#include "parse.h"
#include "btree.h"
#include <stdio.h>
................................................................................
Table *sqliteTableNameToTable(Parse*, const char*);
SrcList *sqliteTableTokenToSrcList(Parse*, Token*);
void sqliteDeleteFrom(Parse*, Token*, Expr*);
void sqliteUpdate(Parse*, Token*, ExprList*, Expr*, int);
WhereInfo *sqliteWhereBegin(Parse*, int, SrcList*, Expr*, int);
void sqliteWhereEnd(WhereInfo*);
void sqliteExprCode(Parse*, Expr*);
void sqliteExprIfTrue(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
void sqliteExprIfFalse(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
Table *sqliteFindTable(sqlite*,const char*);
Index *sqliteFindIndex(sqlite*,const char*);
void sqliteUnlinkAndDeleteIndex(sqlite*,Index*);
void sqliteCopy(Parse*, Token*, Token*, Token*, int);
void sqliteVacuum(Parse*, Token*);
int sqliteGlobCompare(const unsigned char*,const unsigned char*);
int sqliteLikeCompare(const unsigned char*,const unsigned char*);

Changes to src/trigger.c.

583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
      whenExpr = sqliteExprDup(pTrigger->pWhen);
      if( sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, 0, &dummyTablist, 0, whenExpr) ){
        pParse->trigStack = pParse->trigStack->pNext;
        sqliteFree(pTriggerStack);
        sqliteExprDelete(whenExpr);
        return 1;
      }
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, whenExpr, endTrigger);
      sqliteExprDelete(whenExpr);

      codeTriggerProgram(pParse, pTrigger->step_list, orconf); 

      /* Pop the entry off the trigger stack */
      pParse->trigStack = pParse->trigStack->pNext;
      sqliteFree(pTriggerStack);







|







583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
      whenExpr = sqliteExprDup(pTrigger->pWhen);
      if( sqliteExprResolveIds(pParse, 0, &dummyTablist, 0, whenExpr) ){
        pParse->trigStack = pParse->trigStack->pNext;
        sqliteFree(pTriggerStack);
        sqliteExprDelete(whenExpr);
        return 1;
      }
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, whenExpr, endTrigger, 1);
      sqliteExprDelete(whenExpr);

      codeTriggerProgram(pParse, pTrigger->step_list, orconf); 

      /* Pop the entry off the trigger stack */
      pParse->trigStack = pParse->trigStack->pNext;
      sqliteFree(pTriggerStack);

Changes to src/vdbe.c.

26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
....
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
....
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282

1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
....
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
1721

1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728

1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
1736
1737

1738
1739
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746

1747
1748
1749
1750
1751
1752
1753
1754
1755

1756
1757
1758
1759
1760
1761
1762
1763
1764




1765
1766
1767
1768
1769
1770
1771
1772
....
1834
1835
1836
1837
1838
1839
1840
1841


1842
1843
1844
1845
1846
1847
1848
....
1868
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874

1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880

1881
1882
1883
1884
1885
1886

1887
1888
1889
1890
1891
1892

1893
1894
1895
1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901






1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
....
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979







1980
1981
1982
1983
1984







1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991







1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997







1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003







2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009







2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
....
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023










2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
....
2039
2040
2041
2042
2043
2044
2045

2046





2047
2048
2049
2050
2051
2052
2053
2054

2055
2056
2057
2058
2059
2060

2061
2062
2063
2064
2065
2066
2067






2068
2069
2070
2071
2072
2073
2074
....
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085

2086
2087
2088
2089
2090

2091
2092
2093
2094
2095
2096
2097
....
2101
2102
2103
2104
2105
2106
2107


2108
2109
2110
2111
2112
2113
2114
....
2115
2116
2117
2118
2119
2120
2121
2122

2123
2124
2125
2126

2127
2128
2129
2130
2131
2132
2133
2134
2135
2136
2137

2138
2139
2140
2141

2142
2143
2144
2145
2146
2147
2148
....
2151
2152
2153
2154
2155
2156
2157
2158
2159
2160
2161
2162
2163
2164
2165
2166
2167
2168
2169
2170
2171
2172
2173
2174
2175
2176
2177
2178
2179
2180
2181
2182
2183
2184




2185
2186
2187
2188
2189





















2190
2191
2192
2193
2194



2195
2196
2197
2198
2199
2200
2201
2202
2203
2204
2205
2206
2207
2208
2209
2210
2211









2212
2213
2214
2215
2216
2217
2218
2219


2220
2221
2222
2223
2224
2225
2226
....
2236
2237
2238
2239
2240
2241
2242
2243


2244
2245
2246
2247

2248
2249
2250
2251
2252
2253
2254
....
2256
2257
2258
2259
2260
2261
2262
2263
2264
2265
2266
2267
2268
2269
2270
....
2276
2277
2278
2279
2280
2281
2282





2283
2284
2285
2286
2287
2288
2289
....
2307
2308
2309
2310
2311
2312
2313
2314
2315
2316
2317
2318
2319
2320
2321
....
2322
2323
2324
2325
2326
2327
2328






2329
2330
2331
2332
2333
2334
2335
2336
2337
2338

2339
2340
2341
2342
2343
2344
2345
2346
2347
2348
2349

2350
2351
2352
2353
2354
2355
2356
....
2402
2403
2404
2405
2406
2407
2408
2409



2410

2411
2412
2413
2414
2415
2416
2417
....
4369
4370
4371
4372
4373
4374
4375
4376


4377
4378
4379
4380
4381
4382
4383
** type to the other occurs as necessary.
** 
** Most of the code in this file is taken up by the sqliteVdbeExec()
** function which does the work of interpreting a VDBE program.
** But other routines are also provided to help in building up
** a program instruction by instruction.
**
** $Id: vdbe.c,v 1.148 2002/05/24 20:31:37 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include <ctype.h>

/*
** The following global variable is incremented every time a cursor
** moves, either by the OP_MoveTo or the OP_Next opcode.  The test
................................................................................
  "ListPop",           "SortPut",           "SortMakeRec",       "SortMakeKey",
  "Sort",              "SortNext",          "SortCallback",      "SortReset",
  "FileOpen",          "FileRead",          "FileColumn",        "AggReset",
  "AggFocus",          "AggNext",           "AggSet",            "AggGet",
  "AggFunc",           "AggInit",           "AggPush",           "AggPop",
  "SetInsert",         "SetFound",          "SetNotFound",       "MakeRecord",
  "MakeKey",           "MakeIdxKey",        "IncrKey",           "Goto",
  "If",                "Halt",              "ColumnCount",       "ColumnName",
  "Callback",          "NullCallback",      "Integer",           "String",
  "Pop",               "Dup",               "Pull",              "Push",
  "MustBeInt",         "Add",               "AddImm",            "Subtract",
  "Multiply",          "Divide",            "Remainder",         "BitAnd",
  "BitOr",             "BitNot",            "ShiftLeft",         "ShiftRight",
  "AbsValue",          "Eq",                "Ne",                "Lt",
  "Le",                "Gt",                "Ge",                "IsNull",
  "NotNull",           "Negative",          "And",               "Or",
  "Not",               "Concat",            "Noop",              "Function",
  "Limit",           
};

/*
** Given the name of an opcode, return its number.  Return 0 if
** there is no match.
**
** This routine is used for testing and debugging.
................................................................................
  int pc;                    /* The program counter */
  Op *pOp;                   /* Current operation */
  int rc;                    /* Value to return */
  Btree *pBt = p->pBt;       /* The backend driver */
  sqlite *db = p->db;        /* The database */
  char **zStack;             /* Text stack */
  Stack *aStack;             /* Additional stack information */

  int errorAction = OE_Abort; /* Recovery action to do in case of an error */
  int undoTransOnError = 0;   /* If error, either ROLLBACK or COMMIT */
  char zBuf[100];             /* Space to sprintf() an integer */


  /* No instruction ever pushes more than a single element onto the
  ** stack.  And the stack never grows on successive executions of the
................................................................................

/* Opcode: Add * * *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack, add them together,
** and push the result back onto the stack.  If either element
** is a string then it is converted to a double using the atof()
** function before the addition.

*/
/* Opcode: Multiply * * *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack, multiply them together,
** and push the result back onto the stack.  If either element
** is a string then it is converted to a double using the atof()
** function before the multiplication.

*/
/* Opcode: Subtract * * *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack, subtract the
** first (what was on top of the stack) from the second (the
** next on stack)
** and push the result back onto the stack.  If either element
** is a string then it is converted to a double using the atof()
** function before the subtraction.

*/
/* Opcode: Divide * * *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack, divide the
** first (what was on top of the stack) from the second (the
** next on stack)
** and push the result back onto the stack.  If either element
** is a string then it is converted to a double using the atof()
** function before the division.  Division by zero returns NULL.

*/
/* Opcode: Remainder * * *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack, divide the
** first (what was on top of the stack) from the second (the
** next on stack)
** and push the remainder after division onto the stack.  If either element
** is a string then it is converted to a double using the atof()
** function before the division.  Division by zero returns NULL.

*/
case OP_Add:
case OP_Subtract:
case OP_Multiply:
case OP_Divide:
case OP_Remainder: {
  int tos = p->tos;
  int nos = tos - 1;
  VERIFY( if( nos<0 ) goto not_enough_stack; )




  if( (aStack[tos].flags & aStack[nos].flags & STK_Int)==STK_Int ){
    int a, b;
    a = aStack[tos].i;
    b = aStack[nos].i;
    switch( pOp->opcode ){
      case OP_Add:         b += a;       break;
      case OP_Subtract:    b -= a;       break;
      case OP_Multiply:    b *= a;       break;
................................................................................
  int n, i;
  sqlite_func ctx;

  n = pOp->p1;
  VERIFY( if( n<0 ) goto bad_instruction; )
  VERIFY( if( p->tos+1<n ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  for(i=p->tos-n+1; i<=p->tos; i++){
    if( (aStack[i].flags & STK_Null)==0 ){


      if( Stringify(p, i) ) goto no_mem;
    }
  }
  ctx.pFunc = (FuncDef*)pOp->p3;
  ctx.s.flags = STK_Null;
  ctx.z = 0;
  ctx.isError = 0;
................................................................................
}

/* Opcode: BitAnd * * *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack.  Convert both elements
** to integers.  Push back onto the stack the bit-wise AND of the
** two elements.

*/
/* Opcode: BitOr * * *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack.  Convert both elements
** to integers.  Push back onto the stack the bit-wise OR of the
** two elements.

*/
/* Opcode: ShiftLeft * * *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack.  Convert both elements
** to integers.  Push back onto the stack the top element shifted
** left by N bits where N is the second element on the stack.

*/
/* Opcode: ShiftRight * * *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack.  Convert both elements
** to integers.  Push back onto the stack the top element shifted
** right by N bits where N is the second element on the stack.

*/
case OP_BitAnd:
case OP_BitOr:
case OP_ShiftLeft:
case OP_ShiftRight: {
  int tos = p->tos;
  int nos = tos - 1;
  int a, b;
  VERIFY( if( nos<0 ) goto not_enough_stack; )






  Integerify(p, tos);
  Integerify(p, nos);
  a = aStack[tos].i;
  b = aStack[nos].i;
  switch( pOp->opcode ){
    case OP_BitAnd:      a &= b;     break;
    case OP_BitOr:       a |= b;     break;
................................................................................
    goto abort_due_to_error;
  }else{
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Eq * P2 *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack.  If they are equal, then
** jump to instruction P2.  Otherwise, continue to the next instruction.







*/
/* Opcode: Ne * P2 *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack.  If they are not equal, then
** jump to instruction P2.  Otherwise, continue to the next instruction.







*/
/* Opcode: Lt * P2 *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack.  If second element (the
** next on stack) is less than the first (the top of stack), then
** jump to instruction P2.  Otherwise, continue to the next instruction.
** In other words, jump if NOS<TOS.







*/
/* Opcode: Le * P2 *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack.  If second element (the
** next on stack) is less than or equal to the first (the top of stack),
** then jump to instruction P2. In other words, jump if NOS<=TOS.







*/
/* Opcode: Gt * P2 *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack.  If second element (the
** next on stack) is greater than the first (the top of stack),
** then jump to instruction P2. In other words, jump if NOS>TOS.







*/
/* Opcode: Ge * P2 *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack.  If second element (the next
** on stack) is greater than or equal to the first (the top of stack),
** then jump to instruction P2. In other words, jump if NOS>=TOS.







*/
case OP_Eq:
case OP_Ne:
case OP_Lt:
case OP_Le:
case OP_Gt:
case OP_Ge: {
................................................................................
  int tos = p->tos;
  int nos = tos - 1;
  int c;
  int ft, fn;
  VERIFY( if( nos<0 ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  ft = aStack[tos].flags;
  fn = aStack[nos].flags;










  if( (ft & fn & STK_Int)==STK_Int ){
    c = aStack[nos].i - aStack[tos].i;
  }else if( (ft & STK_Int)!=0 && (fn & STK_Str)!=0 && isInteger(zStack[nos]) ){
    Integerify(p, nos);
    c = aStack[nos].i - aStack[tos].i;
  }else if( (fn & STK_Int)!=0 && (ft & STK_Str)!=0 && isInteger(zStack[tos]) ){
    Integerify(p, tos);
    c = aStack[nos].i - aStack[tos].i;
................................................................................
    case OP_Lt:    c = c<0;      break;
    case OP_Le:    c = c<=0;     break;
    case OP_Gt:    c = c>0;      break;
    default:       c = c>=0;     break;
  }
  POPSTACK;
  POPSTACK;

  if( c ) pc = pOp->p2-1;





  break;
}

/* Opcode: And * * *
**
** Pop two values off the stack.  Take the logical AND of the
** two values and push the resulting boolean value back onto the
** stack. 

*/
/* Opcode: Or * * *
**
** Pop two values off the stack.  Take the logical OR of the
** two values and push the resulting boolean value back onto the
** stack. 

*/
case OP_And:
case OP_Or: {
  int tos = p->tos;
  int nos = tos - 1;
  int c;
  VERIFY( if( nos<0 ) goto not_enough_stack; )






  Integerify(p, tos);
  Integerify(p, nos);
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_And ){
    c = aStack[tos].i && aStack[nos].i;
  }else{
    c = aStack[tos].i || aStack[nos].i;
  }
................................................................................
  aStack[nos].flags = STK_Int;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Negative * * *
**
** Treat the top of the stack as a numeric quantity.  Replace it
** with its additive inverse.

*/
/* Opcode: AbsValue * * *
**
** Treat the top of the stack as a numeric quantity.  Replace it
** with its absolute value.

*/
case OP_Negative:
case OP_AbsValue: {
  int tos = p->tos;
  VERIFY( if( tos<0 ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  if( aStack[tos].flags & STK_Real ){
    Release(p, tos);
................................................................................
    aStack[tos].flags = STK_Real;
  }else if( aStack[tos].flags & STK_Int ){
    Release(p, tos);
    if( pOp->opcode==OP_Negative ||  aStack[tos].i<0 ){
      aStack[tos].i = -aStack[tos].i;
    }
    aStack[tos].flags = STK_Int;


  }else{
    Realify(p, tos);
    Release(p, tos);
    if( pOp->opcode==OP_Negative ||  aStack[tos].r<0.0 ){
      aStack[tos].r = -aStack[tos].r;
    }
    aStack[tos].flags = STK_Real;
................................................................................
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Not * * *
**
** Interpret the top of the stack as a boolean value.  Replace it
** with its complement.

*/
case OP_Not: {
  int tos = p->tos;
  VERIFY( if( p->tos<0 ) goto not_enough_stack; )

  Integerify(p, tos);
  Release(p, tos);
  aStack[tos].i = !aStack[tos].i;
  aStack[tos].flags = STK_Int;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: BitNot * * *
**
** Interpret the top of the stack as an value.  Replace it
** with its ones-complement.

*/
case OP_BitNot: {
  int tos = p->tos;
  VERIFY( if( p->tos<0 ) goto not_enough_stack; )

  Integerify(p, tos);
  Release(p, tos);
  aStack[tos].i = ~aStack[tos].i;
  aStack[tos].flags = STK_Int;
  break;
}

................................................................................
** Do nothing.  This instruction is often useful as a jump
** destination.
*/
case OP_Noop: {
  break;
}

/* Opcode: If * P2 *
**
** Pop a single boolean from the stack.  If the boolean popped is
** true, then jump to p2.  Otherwise continue to the next instruction.
** An integer is false if zero and true otherwise.  A string is
** false if it has zero length and true otherwise.
*/
case OP_If: {
  int c;
  VERIFY( if( p->tos<0 ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  Integerify(p, p->tos);
  c = aStack[p->tos].i;
  POPSTACK;
  if( c ) pc = pOp->p2-1;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IsNull * P2 *
**
** Pop a single value from the stack.  If the value popped is NULL
** then jump to p2.  Otherwise continue to the next 
** instruction.
*/
case OP_IsNull: {
  int c;
  VERIFY( if( p->tos<0 ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  c = (aStack[p->tos].flags & STK_Null)!=0;




  POPSTACK;
  if( c ) pc = pOp->p2-1;
  break;
}






















/* Opcode: NotNull * P2 *
**
** Pop a single value from the stack.  If the value popped is not
** NULL, then jump to p2.  Otherwise continue to the next 
** instruction.



*/
case OP_NotNull: {
  int c;
  VERIFY( if( p->tos<0 ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  c = (aStack[p->tos].flags & STK_Null)==0;
  POPSTACK;
  if( c ) pc = pOp->p2-1;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: MakeRecord P1 * *
**
** Convert the top P1 entries of the stack into a single entry
** suitable for use as a data record in a database table.  The
** details of the format are irrelavant as long as the OP_Column
** opcode can decode the record later.  Refer to source code
** comments for the details of the record format.









*/
case OP_MakeRecord: {
  char *zNewRecord;
  int nByte;
  int nField;
  int i, j;
  int idxWidth;
  u32 addr;



  /* Assuming the record contains N fields, the record format looks
  ** like this:
  **
  **   -------------------------------------------------------------------
  **   | idx0 | idx1 | ... | idx(N-1) | idx(N) | data0 | ... | data(N-1) |
  **   -------------------------------------------------------------------
................................................................................
  ** of data(0).  Idx(k) contains the offset to the start of data(k).
  ** Idx(N) contains the total number of bytes in the record.
  */
  nField = pOp->p1;
  VERIFY( if( p->tos+1<nField ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  nByte = 0;
  for(i=p->tos-nField+1; i<=p->tos; i++){
    if( (aStack[i].flags & STK_Null)==0 ){


      if( Stringify(p, i) ) goto no_mem;
      nByte += aStack[i].n;
    }
  }

  if( nByte + nField + 1 < 256 ){
    idxWidth = 1;
  }else if( nByte + 2*nField + 2 < 65536 ){
    idxWidth = 2;
  }else{
    idxWidth = 3;
  }
................................................................................
  if( nByte>MAX_BYTES_PER_ROW ){
    rc = SQLITE_TOOBIG;
    goto abort_due_to_error;
  }
  zNewRecord = sqliteMalloc( nByte );
  if( zNewRecord==0 ) goto no_mem;
  j = 0;
  addr = idxWidth*(nField+1);
  for(i=p->tos-nField+1; i<=p->tos; i++){
    zNewRecord[j++] = addr & 0xff;
    if( idxWidth>1 ){
      zNewRecord[j++] = (addr>>8)&0xff;
      if( idxWidth>2 ){
        zNewRecord[j++] = (addr>>16)&0xff;
      }
................................................................................
  zNewRecord[j++] = addr & 0xff;
  if( idxWidth>1 ){
    zNewRecord[j++] = (addr>>8)&0xff;
    if( idxWidth>2 ){
      zNewRecord[j++] = (addr>>16)&0xff;
    }
  }





  for(i=p->tos-nField+1; i<=p->tos; i++){
    if( (aStack[i].flags & STK_Null)==0 ){
      memcpy(&zNewRecord[j], zStack[i], aStack[i].n);
      j += aStack[i].n;
    }
  }
  PopStack(p, nField);
................................................................................
** If P2 is not zero, then the original entries remain on the stack
** and the new key is pushed on top.  If P2 is zero, the original
** data is popped off the stack first then the new key is pushed
** back in its place.
**
** See also: MakeIdxKey, SortMakeKey
*/
/* Opcode: MakeIdxKey P1 * *
**
** Convert the top P1 entries of the stack into a single entry suitable
** for use as the key in an index.  In addition, take one additional integer
** off of the stack, treat that integer as a four-byte record number, and
** append the four bytes to the key.  Thus a total of P1+1 entries are
** popped from the stack for this instruction and a single entry is pushed
** back.  The first P1 entries that are popped are strings and the last
................................................................................
** entry (the lowest on the stack) is an integer record number.
**
** The converstion of the first P1 string entries occurs just like in
** MakeKey.  Each entry is separated from the others by a null.
** The entire concatenation is null-terminated.  The lowest entry
** in the stack is the first field and the top of the stack becomes the
** last.






**
** See also:  MakeKey, SortMakeKey
*/
case OP_MakeIdxKey:
case OP_MakeKey: {
  char *zNewKey;
  int nByte;
  int nField;
  int addRowid;
  int i, j;


  addRowid = pOp->opcode==OP_MakeIdxKey;
  nField = pOp->p1;
  VERIFY( if( p->tos+1+addRowid<nField ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  nByte = 0;
  for(i=p->tos-nField+1; i<=p->tos; i++){
    int flags = aStack[i].flags;
    int len;
    char *z;
    if( flags & STK_Null ){
      nByte += 2;

    }else if( flags & STK_Real ){
      z = aStack[i].z;
      sqliteRealToSortable(aStack[i].r, &z[1]);
      z[0] = 0;
      Release(p, i);
      len = strlen(&z[1]);
      zStack[i] = 0;
................................................................................
    }
  }
  if( addRowid ){
    u32 iKey;
    Integerify(p, p->tos-nField);
    iKey = intToKey(aStack[p->tos-nField].i);
    memcpy(&zNewKey[j], &iKey, sizeof(u32));
  }



  if( pOp->p2==0 ) PopStack(p, nField+addRowid);

  VERIFY( NeedStack(p, p->tos+1); )
  p->tos++;
  aStack[p->tos].n = nByte;
  aStack[p->tos].flags = STK_Str|STK_Dyn;
  zStack[p->tos] = zNewKey;
  break;
}
................................................................................
  Mem *pMem;
  sqlite_func ctx;

  VERIFY( if( n<0 ) goto bad_instruction; )
  VERIFY( if( p->tos+1<n ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  VERIFY( if( aStack[p->tos].flags!=STK_Int ) goto bad_instruction; )
  for(i=p->tos-n; i<p->tos; i++){
    if( (aStack[i].flags & STK_Null)==0 ){


      if( Stringify(p, i) ) goto no_mem;
    }
  }
  i = aStack[p->tos].i;
  VERIFY( if( i<0 || i>=p->agg.nMem ) goto bad_instruction; )
  ctx.pFunc = (FuncDef*)pOp->p3;
  pMem = &p->agg.pCurrent->aMem[i];







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1080
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....
1276
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1286
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1288
1289
1290
....
1716
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....
1844
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1857
1858
1859
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....
1880
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....
1991
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2113
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2162
....
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....
2191
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....
2207
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2247
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....
2366
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2484
2485
2486
2487
2488
2489
2490
2491
2492
2493
2494
2495
2496
2497
2498
2499
2500
2501
2502
....
2548
2549
2550
2551
2552
2553
2554

2555
2556
2557
2558
2559
2560
2561
2562
2563
2564
2565
2566
....
4518
4519
4520
4521
4522
4523
4524
4525
4526
4527
4528
4529
4530
4531
4532
4533
4534
** type to the other occurs as necessary.
** 
** Most of the code in this file is taken up by the sqliteVdbeExec()
** function which does the work of interpreting a VDBE program.
** But other routines are also provided to help in building up
** a program instruction by instruction.
**
** $Id: vdbe.c,v 1.149 2002/05/26 20:54:34 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"
#include <ctype.h>

/*
** The following global variable is incremented every time a cursor
** moves, either by the OP_MoveTo or the OP_Next opcode.  The test
................................................................................
  "ListPop",           "SortPut",           "SortMakeRec",       "SortMakeKey",
  "Sort",              "SortNext",          "SortCallback",      "SortReset",
  "FileOpen",          "FileRead",          "FileColumn",        "AggReset",
  "AggFocus",          "AggNext",           "AggSet",            "AggGet",
  "AggFunc",           "AggInit",           "AggPush",           "AggPop",
  "SetInsert",         "SetFound",          "SetNotFound",       "MakeRecord",
  "MakeKey",           "MakeIdxKey",        "IncrKey",           "Goto",
  "If",                "IfNot",             "Halt",              "ColumnCount",
  "ColumnName",        "Callback",          "NullCallback",      "Integer",
  "String",            "Pop",               "Dup",               "Pull",
  "Push",              "MustBeInt",         "Add",               "AddImm",
  "Subtract",          "Multiply",          "Divide",            "Remainder",
  "BitAnd",            "BitOr",             "BitNot",            "ShiftLeft",
  "ShiftRight",        "AbsValue",          "Eq",                "Ne",
  "Lt",                "Le",                "Gt",                "Ge",
  "IsNull",            "NotNull",           "Negative",          "And",
  "Or",                "Not",               "Concat",            "Noop",
  "Function",          "Limit",           
};

/*
** Given the name of an opcode, return its number.  Return 0 if
** there is no match.
**
** This routine is used for testing and debugging.
................................................................................
  int pc;                    /* The program counter */
  Op *pOp;                   /* Current operation */
  int rc;                    /* Value to return */
  Btree *pBt = p->pBt;       /* The backend driver */
  sqlite *db = p->db;        /* The database */
  char **zStack;             /* Text stack */
  Stack *aStack;             /* Additional stack information */
  unsigned uniqueCnt = 0;     /* Used by OP_MakeRecord when P2!=0 */
  int errorAction = OE_Abort; /* Recovery action to do in case of an error */
  int undoTransOnError = 0;   /* If error, either ROLLBACK or COMMIT */
  char zBuf[100];             /* Space to sprintf() an integer */


  /* No instruction ever pushes more than a single element onto the
  ** stack.  And the stack never grows on successive executions of the
................................................................................

/* Opcode: Add * * *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack, add them together,
** and push the result back onto the stack.  If either element
** is a string then it is converted to a double using the atof()
** function before the addition.
** If either operand is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: Multiply * * *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack, multiply them together,
** and push the result back onto the stack.  If either element
** is a string then it is converted to a double using the atof()
** function before the multiplication.
** If either operand is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: Subtract * * *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack, subtract the
** first (what was on top of the stack) from the second (the
** next on stack)
** and push the result back onto the stack.  If either element
** is a string then it is converted to a double using the atof()
** function before the subtraction.
** If either operand is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: Divide * * *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack, divide the
** first (what was on top of the stack) from the second (the
** next on stack)
** and push the result back onto the stack.  If either element
** is a string then it is converted to a double using the atof()
** function before the division.  Division by zero returns NULL.
** If either operand is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: Remainder * * *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack, divide the
** first (what was on top of the stack) from the second (the
** next on stack)
** and push the remainder after division onto the stack.  If either element
** is a string then it is converted to a double using the atof()
** function before the division.  Division by zero returns NULL.
** If either operand is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
case OP_Add:
case OP_Subtract:
case OP_Multiply:
case OP_Divide:
case OP_Remainder: {
  int tos = p->tos;
  int nos = tos - 1;
  VERIFY( if( nos<0 ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  if( ((aStack[tos].flags | aStack[nos].flags) & STK_Null)!=0 ){
    POPSTACK;
    Release(p, nos);
    aStack[nos].flags = STK_Null;
  }else if( (aStack[tos].flags & aStack[nos].flags & STK_Int)==STK_Int ){
    int a, b;
    a = aStack[tos].i;
    b = aStack[nos].i;
    switch( pOp->opcode ){
      case OP_Add:         b += a;       break;
      case OP_Subtract:    b -= a;       break;
      case OP_Multiply:    b *= a;       break;
................................................................................
  int n, i;
  sqlite_func ctx;

  n = pOp->p1;
  VERIFY( if( n<0 ) goto bad_instruction; )
  VERIFY( if( p->tos+1<n ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  for(i=p->tos-n+1; i<=p->tos; i++){
    if( aStack[i].flags & STK_Null ){
      zStack[i] = 0;
    }else{
      if( Stringify(p, i) ) goto no_mem;
    }
  }
  ctx.pFunc = (FuncDef*)pOp->p3;
  ctx.s.flags = STK_Null;
  ctx.z = 0;
  ctx.isError = 0;
................................................................................
}

/* Opcode: BitAnd * * *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack.  Convert both elements
** to integers.  Push back onto the stack the bit-wise AND of the
** two elements.
** If either operand is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: BitOr * * *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack.  Convert both elements
** to integers.  Push back onto the stack the bit-wise OR of the
** two elements.
** If either operand is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: ShiftLeft * * *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack.  Convert both elements
** to integers.  Push back onto the stack the top element shifted
** left by N bits where N is the second element on the stack.
** If either operand is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: ShiftRight * * *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack.  Convert both elements
** to integers.  Push back onto the stack the top element shifted
** right by N bits where N is the second element on the stack.
** If either operand is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
case OP_BitAnd:
case OP_BitOr:
case OP_ShiftLeft:
case OP_ShiftRight: {
  int tos = p->tos;
  int nos = tos - 1;
  int a, b;
  VERIFY( if( nos<0 ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  if( (aStack[tos].flags | aStack[nos].flags) & STK_Null ){
    POPSTACK;
    Release(p,nos);
    aStack[nos].flags = STK_Null;
    break;
  }
  Integerify(p, tos);
  Integerify(p, nos);
  a = aStack[tos].i;
  b = aStack[nos].i;
  switch( pOp->opcode ){
    case OP_BitAnd:      a &= b;     break;
    case OP_BitOr:       a |= b;     break;
................................................................................
    goto abort_due_to_error;
  }else{
    pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Eq P1 P2 *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack.  If they are equal, then
** jump to instruction P2.  Otherwise, continue to the next instruction.
**
** If either operand is NULL (and thus if the result is unknown) then
** take the jump if P1 is true.
**
** If P2 is zero, do not jump.  Instead, push an integer 1 onto the
** stack if the jump would have been taken, or a 0 if not.  Push a
** NULL if either operand was NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: Ne P1 P2 *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack.  If they are not equal, then
** jump to instruction P2.  Otherwise, continue to the next instruction.
**
** If either operand is NULL (and thus if the result is unknown) then
** take the jump if P1 is true.
**
** If P2 is zero, do not jump.  Instead, push an integer 1 onto the
** stack if the jump would have been taken, or a 0 if not.  Push a
** NULL if either operand was NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: Lt P1 P2 *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack.  If second element (the
** next on stack) is less than the first (the top of stack), then
** jump to instruction P2.  Otherwise, continue to the next instruction.
** In other words, jump if NOS<TOS.
**
** If either operand is NULL (and thus if the result is unknown) then
** take the jump if P1 is true.
**
** If P2 is zero, do not jump.  Instead, push an integer 1 onto the
** stack if the jump would have been taken, or a 0 if not.  Push a
** NULL if either operand was NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: Le P1 P2 *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack.  If second element (the
** next on stack) is less than or equal to the first (the top of stack),
** then jump to instruction P2. In other words, jump if NOS<=TOS.
**
** If either operand is NULL (and thus if the result is unknown) then
** take the jump if P1 is true.
**
** If P2 is zero, do not jump.  Instead, push an integer 1 onto the
** stack if the jump would have been taken, or a 0 if not.  Push a
** NULL if either operand was NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: Gt P1 P2 *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack.  If second element (the
** next on stack) is greater than the first (the top of stack),
** then jump to instruction P2. In other words, jump if NOS>TOS.
**
** If either operand is NULL (and thus if the result is unknown) then
** take the jump if P1 is true.
**
** If P2 is zero, do not jump.  Instead, push an integer 1 onto the
** stack if the jump would have been taken, or a 0 if not.  Push a
** NULL if either operand was NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: Ge P1 P2 *
**
** Pop the top two elements from the stack.  If second element (the next
** on stack) is greater than or equal to the first (the top of stack),
** then jump to instruction P2. In other words, jump if NOS>=TOS.
**
** If either operand is NULL (and thus if the result is unknown) then
** take the jump if P1 is true.
**
** If P2 is zero, do not jump.  Instead, push an integer 1 onto the
** stack if the jump would have been taken, or a 0 if not.  Push a
** NULL if either operand was NULL.
*/
case OP_Eq:
case OP_Ne:
case OP_Lt:
case OP_Le:
case OP_Gt:
case OP_Ge: {
................................................................................
  int tos = p->tos;
  int nos = tos - 1;
  int c;
  int ft, fn;
  VERIFY( if( nos<0 ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  ft = aStack[tos].flags;
  fn = aStack[nos].flags;
  if( (ft | fn) & STK_Null ){
    POPSTACK;
    POPSTACK;
    if( pOp->p2 ){
      if( pOp->p1 ) pc = pOp->p2-1;
    }else{
      p->tos++;
      aStack[nos].flags = STK_Null;
    }
    break;
  }else if( (ft & fn & STK_Int)==STK_Int ){
    c = aStack[nos].i - aStack[tos].i;
  }else if( (ft & STK_Int)!=0 && (fn & STK_Str)!=0 && isInteger(zStack[nos]) ){
    Integerify(p, nos);
    c = aStack[nos].i - aStack[tos].i;
  }else if( (fn & STK_Int)!=0 && (ft & STK_Str)!=0 && isInteger(zStack[tos]) ){
    Integerify(p, tos);
    c = aStack[nos].i - aStack[tos].i;
................................................................................
    case OP_Lt:    c = c<0;      break;
    case OP_Le:    c = c<=0;     break;
    case OP_Gt:    c = c>0;      break;
    default:       c = c>=0;     break;
  }
  POPSTACK;
  POPSTACK;
  if( pOp->p2 ){
    if( c ) pc = pOp->p2-1;
  }else{
    p->tos++;
    aStack[nos].flags = STK_Int;
    aStack[nos].i = c;
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: And * * *
**
** Pop two values off the stack.  Take the logical AND of the
** two values and push the resulting boolean value back onto the
** stack. 
** If either operand is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
/* Opcode: Or * * *
**
** Pop two values off the stack.  Take the logical OR of the
** two values and push the resulting boolean value back onto the
** stack. 
** If either operand is NULL, the result is NULL.
*/
case OP_And:
case OP_Or: {
  int tos = p->tos;
  int nos = tos - 1;
  int c;
  VERIFY( if( nos<0 ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  if( (aStack[tos].flags | aStack[nos].flags) & STK_Null ){
    POPSTACK;
    Release(p, nos);     
    aStack[nos].flags = STK_Null;
    break;
  }
  Integerify(p, tos);
  Integerify(p, nos);
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_And ){
    c = aStack[tos].i && aStack[nos].i;
  }else{
    c = aStack[tos].i || aStack[nos].i;
  }
................................................................................
  aStack[nos].flags = STK_Int;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Negative * * *
**
** Treat the top of the stack as a numeric quantity.  Replace it
** with its additive inverse.  If the top of the stack is NULL
** its value is unchanged.
*/
/* Opcode: AbsValue * * *
**
** Treat the top of the stack as a numeric quantity.  Replace it
** with its absolute value. If the top of the stack is NULL
** its value is unchanged.
*/
case OP_Negative:
case OP_AbsValue: {
  int tos = p->tos;
  VERIFY( if( tos<0 ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  if( aStack[tos].flags & STK_Real ){
    Release(p, tos);
................................................................................
    aStack[tos].flags = STK_Real;
  }else if( aStack[tos].flags & STK_Int ){
    Release(p, tos);
    if( pOp->opcode==OP_Negative ||  aStack[tos].i<0 ){
      aStack[tos].i = -aStack[tos].i;
    }
    aStack[tos].flags = STK_Int;
  }else if( aStack[tos].flags & STK_Null ){
    /* Do nothing */
  }else{
    Realify(p, tos);
    Release(p, tos);
    if( pOp->opcode==OP_Negative ||  aStack[tos].r<0.0 ){
      aStack[tos].r = -aStack[tos].r;
    }
    aStack[tos].flags = STK_Real;
................................................................................
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Not * * *
**
** Interpret the top of the stack as a boolean value.  Replace it
** with its complement.  If the top of the stack is NULL its value
** is unchanged.
*/
case OP_Not: {
  int tos = p->tos;
  VERIFY( if( p->tos<0 ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  if( aStack[tos].flags & STK_Null ) break;  /* Do nothing to NULLs */
  Integerify(p, tos);
  Release(p, tos);
  aStack[tos].i = !aStack[tos].i;
  aStack[tos].flags = STK_Int;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: BitNot * * *
**
** Interpret the top of the stack as an value.  Replace it
** with its ones-complement.  If the top of the stack is NULL its
** value is unchanged.
*/
case OP_BitNot: {
  int tos = p->tos;
  VERIFY( if( p->tos<0 ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  if( aStack[tos].flags & STK_Null ) break;  /* Do nothing to NULLs */
  Integerify(p, tos);
  Release(p, tos);
  aStack[tos].i = ~aStack[tos].i;
  aStack[tos].flags = STK_Int;
  break;
}

................................................................................
** Do nothing.  This instruction is often useful as a jump
** destination.
*/
case OP_Noop: {
  break;
}

/* Opcode: If P1 P2 *
**
** Pop a single boolean from the stack.  If the boolean popped is
** true, then jump to p2.  Otherwise continue to the next instruction.
** An integer is false if zero and true otherwise.  A string is
** false if it has zero length and true otherwise.
**
** If the value popped of the stack is NULL, then take the jump if P1
** is true and fall through if P1 is false.
*/
/* Opcode: IfNot P1 P2 *
**
** Pop a single boolean from the stack.  If the boolean popped is
** false, then jump to p2.  Otherwise continue to the next instruction.
** An integer is false if zero and true otherwise.  A string is
** false if it has zero length and true otherwise.
**
** If the value popped of the stack is NULL, then take the jump if P1
** is true and fall through if P1 is false.
*/
case OP_If:
case OP_IfNot: {
  int c;
  VERIFY( if( p->tos<0 ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  if( aStack[p->tos].flags & STK_Null ){
    c = pOp->p1;
  }else{
    Integerify(p, p->tos);
    c = aStack[p->tos].i;
    if( pOp->opcode==OP_IfNot ) c = !c;
  }
  POPSTACK;
  if( c ) pc = pOp->p2-1;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: IsNull P1 P2 *
**
** If any of the top abs(P1) values on the stack are NULL, then jump
** to P2.  The stack is popped P1 times if P1>0.  If P1<0 then all values
** are left unchanged on the stack.
*/
case OP_IsNull: {
  int i, cnt;
  cnt = pOp->p1;
  if( cnt<0 ) cnt = -cnt;
  VERIFY( if( p->tos+1-cnt<0 ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  for(i=0; i<cnt; i++){
    if( aStack[p->tos-i].flags & STK_Null ){
      pc = pOp->p2-1;
      break;
    }
  }
  if( pOp->p1>0 ) PopStack(p, cnt);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: NotNull P1 P2 *
**



** Jump to P2 if the top value on the stack is not NULL.  Pop the
** stack if P1 is greater than zero.  If P1 is less than or equal to
** zero then leave the value on the stack.
*/
case OP_NotNull: {

  VERIFY( if( p->tos<0 ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  if( (aStack[p->tos].flags & STK_Null)==0 ) pc = pOp->p2-1;
  if( pOp->p1>0 ){ POPSTACK; }

  break;
}

/* Opcode: MakeRecord P1 P2 *
**
** Convert the top P1 entries of the stack into a single entry
** suitable for use as a data record in a database table.  The
** details of the format are irrelavant as long as the OP_Column
** opcode can decode the record later.  Refer to source code
** comments for the details of the record format.
**
** If P2 is true (non-zero) and one or more of the P1 entries
** that go into building the record is NULL, then add some extra
** bytes to the record to make it distinct for other entries created
** during the same run of the VDBE.  The extra bytes added are a
** counter that is reset with each run of the VDBE, so records
** created this way will not necessarily be distinct across runs.
** But they should be distinct for transient tables (created using
** OP_OpenTemp) which is what they are intended for.
*/
case OP_MakeRecord: {
  char *zNewRecord;
  int nByte;
  int nField;
  int i, j;
  int idxWidth;
  u32 addr;
  int addUnique = 0;   /* True to cause bytes to be added to make the
                       ** generated record distinct */

  /* Assuming the record contains N fields, the record format looks
  ** like this:
  **
  **   -------------------------------------------------------------------
  **   | idx0 | idx1 | ... | idx(N-1) | idx(N) | data0 | ... | data(N-1) |
  **   -------------------------------------------------------------------
................................................................................
  ** of data(0).  Idx(k) contains the offset to the start of data(k).
  ** Idx(N) contains the total number of bytes in the record.
  */
  nField = pOp->p1;
  VERIFY( if( p->tos+1<nField ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  nByte = 0;
  for(i=p->tos-nField+1; i<=p->tos; i++){
    if( (aStack[i].flags & STK_Null) ){
      addUnique = pOp->p2;
    }else{
      if( Stringify(p, i) ) goto no_mem;
      nByte += aStack[i].n;
    }
  }
  if( addUnique ) nByte += sizeof(uniqueCnt);
  if( nByte + nField + 1 < 256 ){
    idxWidth = 1;
  }else if( nByte + 2*nField + 2 < 65536 ){
    idxWidth = 2;
  }else{
    idxWidth = 3;
  }
................................................................................
  if( nByte>MAX_BYTES_PER_ROW ){
    rc = SQLITE_TOOBIG;
    goto abort_due_to_error;
  }
  zNewRecord = sqliteMalloc( nByte );
  if( zNewRecord==0 ) goto no_mem;
  j = 0;
  addr = idxWidth*(nField+1) + addUnique*sizeof(uniqueCnt);
  for(i=p->tos-nField+1; i<=p->tos; i++){
    zNewRecord[j++] = addr & 0xff;
    if( idxWidth>1 ){
      zNewRecord[j++] = (addr>>8)&0xff;
      if( idxWidth>2 ){
        zNewRecord[j++] = (addr>>16)&0xff;
      }
................................................................................
  zNewRecord[j++] = addr & 0xff;
  if( idxWidth>1 ){
    zNewRecord[j++] = (addr>>8)&0xff;
    if( idxWidth>2 ){
      zNewRecord[j++] = (addr>>16)&0xff;
    }
  }
  if( addUnique ){
    memcpy(&zNewRecord[j], &uniqueCnt, sizeof(uniqueCnt));
    uniqueCnt++;
    j += sizeof(uniqueCnt);
  }
  for(i=p->tos-nField+1; i<=p->tos; i++){
    if( (aStack[i].flags & STK_Null)==0 ){
      memcpy(&zNewRecord[j], zStack[i], aStack[i].n);
      j += aStack[i].n;
    }
  }
  PopStack(p, nField);
................................................................................
** If P2 is not zero, then the original entries remain on the stack
** and the new key is pushed on top.  If P2 is zero, the original
** data is popped off the stack first then the new key is pushed
** back in its place.
**
** See also: MakeIdxKey, SortMakeKey
*/
/* Opcode: MakeIdxKey P1 P2 *
**
** Convert the top P1 entries of the stack into a single entry suitable
** for use as the key in an index.  In addition, take one additional integer
** off of the stack, treat that integer as a four-byte record number, and
** append the four bytes to the key.  Thus a total of P1+1 entries are
** popped from the stack for this instruction and a single entry is pushed
** back.  The first P1 entries that are popped are strings and the last
................................................................................
** entry (the lowest on the stack) is an integer record number.
**
** The converstion of the first P1 string entries occurs just like in
** MakeKey.  Each entry is separated from the others by a null.
** The entire concatenation is null-terminated.  The lowest entry
** in the stack is the first field and the top of the stack becomes the
** last.
**
** If P2 is not zero and one or more of the P1 entries that go into the
** generated key is NULL, then jump to P2 after the new key has been
** pushed on the stack.  In other words, jump to P2 if the key is
** guaranteed to be unique.  This jump can be used to skip a subsequent
** uniqueness test.
**
** See also:  MakeKey, SortMakeKey
*/
case OP_MakeIdxKey:
case OP_MakeKey: {
  char *zNewKey;
  int nByte;
  int nField;
  int addRowid;
  int i, j;
  int containsNull = 0;

  addRowid = pOp->opcode==OP_MakeIdxKey;
  nField = pOp->p1;
  VERIFY( if( p->tos+1+addRowid<nField ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  nByte = 0;
  for(i=p->tos-nField+1; i<=p->tos; i++){
    int flags = aStack[i].flags;
    int len;
    char *z;
    if( flags & STK_Null ){
      nByte += 2;
      containsNull = 1;
    }else if( flags & STK_Real ){
      z = aStack[i].z;
      sqliteRealToSortable(aStack[i].r, &z[1]);
      z[0] = 0;
      Release(p, i);
      len = strlen(&z[1]);
      zStack[i] = 0;
................................................................................
    }
  }
  if( addRowid ){
    u32 iKey;
    Integerify(p, p->tos-nField);
    iKey = intToKey(aStack[p->tos-nField].i);
    memcpy(&zNewKey[j], &iKey, sizeof(u32));

    PopStack(p, nField+1);
    if( pOp->p2 && containsNull ) pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
  }else{
    if( pOp->p2==0 ) PopStack(p, nField+addRowid);
  }
  VERIFY( NeedStack(p, p->tos+1); )
  p->tos++;
  aStack[p->tos].n = nByte;
  aStack[p->tos].flags = STK_Str|STK_Dyn;
  zStack[p->tos] = zNewKey;
  break;
}
................................................................................
  Mem *pMem;
  sqlite_func ctx;

  VERIFY( if( n<0 ) goto bad_instruction; )
  VERIFY( if( p->tos+1<n ) goto not_enough_stack; )
  VERIFY( if( aStack[p->tos].flags!=STK_Int ) goto bad_instruction; )
  for(i=p->tos-n; i<p->tos; i++){
    if( aStack[i].flags & STK_Null ){
      zStack[i] = 0;
    }else{
      if( Stringify(p, i) ) goto no_mem;
    }
  }
  i = aStack[p->tos].i;
  VERIFY( if( i<0 || i>=p->agg.nMem ) goto bad_instruction; )
  ctx.pFunc = (FuncDef*)pOp->p3;
  pMem = &p->agg.pCurrent->aMem[i];

Changes to src/vdbe.h.

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*************************************************************************
** Header file for the Virtual DataBase Engine (VDBE)
**
** This header defines the interface to the virtual database engine
** or VDBE.  The VDBE implements an abstract machine that runs a
** simple program to access and modify the underlying database.
**
** $Id: vdbe.h,v 1.52 2002/05/23 22:07:03 drh Exp $
*/
#ifndef _SQLITE_VDBE_H_
#define _SQLITE_VDBE_H_
#include <stdio.h>

/*
** A single VDBE is an opaque structure named "Vdbe".  Only routines
................................................................................
#define OP_MakeRecord         72
#define OP_MakeKey            73
#define OP_MakeIdxKey         74
#define OP_IncrKey            75

#define OP_Goto               76
#define OP_If                 77

#define OP_Halt               78

#define OP_ColumnCount        79
#define OP_ColumnName         80
#define OP_Callback           81
#define OP_NullCallback       82

#define OP_Integer            83
#define OP_String             84
#define OP_Pop                85
#define OP_Dup                86
#define OP_Pull               87
#define OP_Push               88
#define OP_MustBeInt          89

#define OP_Add                90
#define OP_AddImm             91
#define OP_Subtract           92
#define OP_Multiply           93
#define OP_Divide             94
#define OP_Remainder          95
#define OP_BitAnd             96
#define OP_BitOr              97
#define OP_BitNot             98
#define OP_ShiftLeft          99
#define OP_ShiftRight        100
#define OP_AbsValue          101
#define OP_Eq                102
#define OP_Ne                103
#define OP_Lt                104
#define OP_Le                105
#define OP_Gt                106
#define OP_Ge                107
#define OP_IsNull            108
#define OP_NotNull           109
#define OP_Negative          110
#define OP_And               111
#define OP_Or                112
#define OP_Not               113
#define OP_Concat            114
#define OP_Noop              115
#define OP_Function          116

#define OP_Limit             117


#define OP_MAX               117

/*
** Prototypes for the VDBE interface.  See comments on the implementation
** for a description of what each of these routines does.
*/
Vdbe *sqliteVdbeCreate(sqlite*);
void sqliteVdbeCreateCallback(Vdbe*, int*);







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*************************************************************************
** Header file for the Virtual DataBase Engine (VDBE)
**
** This header defines the interface to the virtual database engine
** or VDBE.  The VDBE implements an abstract machine that runs a
** simple program to access and modify the underlying database.
**
** $Id: vdbe.h,v 1.53 2002/05/26 20:54:34 drh Exp $
*/
#ifndef _SQLITE_VDBE_H_
#define _SQLITE_VDBE_H_
#include <stdio.h>

/*
** A single VDBE is an opaque structure named "Vdbe".  Only routines
................................................................................
#define OP_MakeRecord         72
#define OP_MakeKey            73
#define OP_MakeIdxKey         74
#define OP_IncrKey            75

#define OP_Goto               76
#define OP_If                 77
#define OP_IfNot              78
#define OP_Halt               79

#define OP_ColumnCount        80
#define OP_ColumnName         81
#define OP_Callback           82
#define OP_NullCallback       83

#define OP_Integer            84
#define OP_String             85
#define OP_Pop                86
#define OP_Dup                87
#define OP_Pull               88
#define OP_Push               89
#define OP_MustBeInt          90

#define OP_Add                91
#define OP_AddImm             92
#define OP_Subtract           93
#define OP_Multiply           94
#define OP_Divide             95
#define OP_Remainder          96
#define OP_BitAnd             97
#define OP_BitOr              98
#define OP_BitNot             99
#define OP_ShiftLeft         100
#define OP_ShiftRight        101
#define OP_AbsValue          102
#define OP_Eq                103
#define OP_Ne                104
#define OP_Lt                105
#define OP_Le                106
#define OP_Gt                107
#define OP_Ge                108
#define OP_IsNull            109
#define OP_NotNull           110
#define OP_Negative          111
#define OP_And               112
#define OP_Or                113
#define OP_Not               114
#define OP_Concat            115
#define OP_Noop              116
#define OP_Function          117

#define OP_Limit             118


#define OP_MAX               118

/*
** Prototypes for the VDBE interface.  See comments on the implementation
** for a description of what each of these routines does.
*/
Vdbe *sqliteVdbeCreate(sqlite*);
void sqliteVdbeCreateCallback(Vdbe*, int*);

Changes to src/where.c.

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**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This module contains C code that generates VDBE code used to process
** the WHERE clause of SQL statements.  Also found here are subroutines
** to generate VDBE code to evaluate expressions.
**
** $Id: where.c,v 1.47 2002/05/24 20:31:38 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** The query generator uses an array of instances of this structure to
** help it analyze the subexpressions of the WHERE clause.  Each WHERE
** clause subexpression is separated from the others by an AND operator.
................................................................................
  pWInfo->peakNTab = pWInfo->savedNTab = pParse->nTab;
  pWInfo->iBreak = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);

  /* Special case: a WHERE clause that is constant.  Evaluate the
  ** expression and either jump over all of the code or fall thru.
  */
  if( pWhere && sqliteExprIsConstant(pWhere) ){
    sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pWhere, pWInfo->iBreak);
  }

  /* Split the WHERE clause into as many as 32 separate subexpressions
  ** where each subexpression is separated by an AND operator.  Any additional
  ** subexpressions are attached in the aExpr[32] and will not enter
  ** into the query optimizer computations.  32 is chosen as the cutoff
  ** since that is the number of bits in an integer that we use for an
................................................................................
    for(j=0; j<nExpr; j++){
      if( aExpr[j].p==0 ) continue;
      if( (aExpr[j].prereqAll & loopMask)!=aExpr[j].prereqAll ) continue;
      if( haveKey ){
        haveKey = 0;
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MoveTo, base+idx, 0);
      }
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, aExpr[j].p, cont);
      aExpr[j].p = 0;
    }
    brk = cont;

    /* For a LEFT OUTER JOIN, generate code that will record the fact that
    ** at least one row of the right table has matched the left table.  
    */







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**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This module contains C code that generates VDBE code used to process
** the WHERE clause of SQL statements.  Also found here are subroutines
** to generate VDBE code to evaluate expressions.
**
** $Id: where.c,v 1.48 2002/05/26 20:54:34 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** The query generator uses an array of instances of this structure to
** help it analyze the subexpressions of the WHERE clause.  Each WHERE
** clause subexpression is separated from the others by an AND operator.
................................................................................
  pWInfo->peakNTab = pWInfo->savedNTab = pParse->nTab;
  pWInfo->iBreak = sqliteVdbeMakeLabel(v);

  /* Special case: a WHERE clause that is constant.  Evaluate the
  ** expression and either jump over all of the code or fall thru.
  */
  if( pWhere && sqliteExprIsConstant(pWhere) ){
    sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, pWhere, pWInfo->iBreak, 1);
  }

  /* Split the WHERE clause into as many as 32 separate subexpressions
  ** where each subexpression is separated by an AND operator.  Any additional
  ** subexpressions are attached in the aExpr[32] and will not enter
  ** into the query optimizer computations.  32 is chosen as the cutoff
  ** since that is the number of bits in an integer that we use for an
................................................................................
    for(j=0; j<nExpr; j++){
      if( aExpr[j].p==0 ) continue;
      if( (aExpr[j].prereqAll & loopMask)!=aExpr[j].prereqAll ) continue;
      if( haveKey ){
        haveKey = 0;
        sqliteVdbeAddOp(v, OP_MoveTo, base+idx, 0);
      }
      sqliteExprIfFalse(pParse, aExpr[j].p, cont, 1);
      aExpr[j].p = 0;
    }
    brk = cont;

    /* For a LEFT OUTER JOIN, generate code that will record the fact that
    ** at least one row of the right table has matched the left table.  
    */

Changes to test/expr.test.

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#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing expressions.
#
# $Id: expr.test,v 1.19 2002/03/24 13:13:29 drh Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

# Create a table to work with.
#
execsql {CREATE TABLE test1(i1 int, i2 int, r1 real, r2 real, t1 text, t2 text)}
execsql {INSERT INTO test1 VALUES(1,2,1.1,2.2,'hello','world')}
proc test_expr {name settings expr result} {
  do_test $name [format {
    execsql {UPDATE test1 SET %s}
    execsql {SELECT %s FROM test1}
  } $settings $expr] $result
}

test_expr expr-1.1 {i1=10, i2=20} {i1+i2} 30
test_expr expr-1.2 {i1=10, i2=20} {i1-i2} -10
test_expr expr-1.3 {i1=10, i2=20} {i1*i2} 200
test_expr expr-1.4 {i1=10, i2=20} {i1/i2} 0.5
................................................................................
test_expr expr-1.30 {i1=1, i2=2} {i1=2 AND i2=2} {0}
test_expr expr-1.31 {i1=1, i2=2} {i1==1 OR i2=2} {1}
test_expr expr-1.32 {i1=1, i2=2} {i1=2 OR i2=1} {0}
test_expr expr-1.33 {i1=1, i2=2} {i1=1 OR i2=1} {1}
test_expr expr-1.34 {i1=1, i2=2} {i1=2 OR i2=2} {1}
test_expr expr-1.35 {i1=1, i2=2} {i1-i2=-1} {1}
test_expr expr-1.36 {i1=1, i2=0} {not i1} {0}
test_expr expr-1.37 {i1=1, i2=NULL} {not i2} {1}
test_expr expr-1.38 {i1=1} {-i1} {-1}
test_expr expr-1.39 {i1=1} {+i1} {1}
test_expr expr-1.40 {i1=1, i2=2} {+(i2+i1)} {3}
test_expr expr-1.41 {i1=1, i2=2} {-(i2+i1)} {-3}
test_expr expr-1.42 {i1=1, i2=2} {i1|i2} {3}
test_expr expr-1.43 {i1=1, i2=2} {i1&i2} {0}
test_expr expr-1.44 {i1=1} {~i1} {-2}
................................................................................
    execsql {SELECT a FROM test1 WHERE %s ORDER BY a}
  } $expr] $result
}

test_expr2 expr-7.2  {a<10 AND a>8}                  {9}
test_expr2 expr-7.3  {a<=10 AND a>=8}                {8 9 10}
test_expr2 expr-7.4  {a>=8 AND a<=10}                {8 9 10}
test_expr2 expr-7.5  {a>=20 OR a<=1}                 {{} 1 20}
test_expr2 expr-7.6  {b!=4 AND a<=3}                 {{} 1 3}
test_expr2 expr-7.7  {b==8 OR b==16 OR b==32}        {3 4 5}
test_expr2 expr-7.8  {NOT b<>8 OR b==1024}           {3 10}
test_expr2 expr-7.9  {b LIKE '10%'}                  {10 20}
test_expr2 expr-7.10 {b LIKE '_4'}                   {6}
test_expr2 expr-7.11 {a GLOB '1?'}            {10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19}
test_expr2 expr-7.12 {b GLOB '1*4'}                  {10 14}
test_expr2 expr-7.13 {b GLOB '*1[456]'}              {4}
test_expr2 expr-7.14 {a ISNULL}                      {{}}
test_expr2 expr-7.15 {a NOTNULL AND a<3}             {1 2}
test_expr2 expr-7.16 {a AND a<3}                     {1 2}
test_expr2 expr-7.17 {NOT a}                         {{}}
test_expr2 expr-7.18 {a==11 OR (b>1000 AND b<2000)}  {10 11}
test_expr2 expr-7.19 {a<=1 OR a>=20}                 {{} 1 20}
test_expr2 expr-7.20 {a<1 OR a>20}                   {{}}
test_expr2 expr-7.21 {a>19 OR a<1}                   {{} 20}
test_expr2 expr-7.22 {a!=1 OR a=100} \
                         {{} 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20}
test_expr2 expr-7.23 {(a notnull AND a<4) OR a==8}   {1 2 3 8}
test_expr2 expr-7.24 {a LIKE '2_' OR a==8}           {8 20}
test_expr2 expr-7.25 {a GLOB '2?' OR a==8}           {8 20}
test_expr2 expr-7.26 {a isnull OR a=8}               {{} 8}
test_expr2 expr-7.27 {a notnull OR a=8} \
                          {1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20}

finish_test







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#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing expressions.
#
# $Id: expr.test,v 1.20 2002/05/26 20:54:34 drh Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

# Create a table to work with.
#
execsql {CREATE TABLE test1(i1 int, i2 int, r1 real, r2 real, t1 text, t2 text)}
execsql {INSERT INTO test1 VALUES(1,2,1.1,2.2,'hello','world')}
proc test_expr {name settings expr result} {
  do_test $name [format {
    execsql {BEGIN; UPDATE test1 SET %s; SELECT %s FROM test1; ROLLBACK;}

  } $settings $expr] $result
}

test_expr expr-1.1 {i1=10, i2=20} {i1+i2} 30
test_expr expr-1.2 {i1=10, i2=20} {i1-i2} -10
test_expr expr-1.3 {i1=10, i2=20} {i1*i2} 200
test_expr expr-1.4 {i1=10, i2=20} {i1/i2} 0.5
................................................................................
test_expr expr-1.30 {i1=1, i2=2} {i1=2 AND i2=2} {0}
test_expr expr-1.31 {i1=1, i2=2} {i1==1 OR i2=2} {1}
test_expr expr-1.32 {i1=1, i2=2} {i1=2 OR i2=1} {0}
test_expr expr-1.33 {i1=1, i2=2} {i1=1 OR i2=1} {1}
test_expr expr-1.34 {i1=1, i2=2} {i1=2 OR i2=2} {1}
test_expr expr-1.35 {i1=1, i2=2} {i1-i2=-1} {1}
test_expr expr-1.36 {i1=1, i2=0} {not i1} {0}
test_expr expr-1.37 {i1=1, i2=0} {not i2} {1}
test_expr expr-1.38 {i1=1} {-i1} {-1}
test_expr expr-1.39 {i1=1} {+i1} {1}
test_expr expr-1.40 {i1=1, i2=2} {+(i2+i1)} {3}
test_expr expr-1.41 {i1=1, i2=2} {-(i2+i1)} {-3}
test_expr expr-1.42 {i1=1, i2=2} {i1|i2} {3}
test_expr expr-1.43 {i1=1, i2=2} {i1&i2} {0}
test_expr expr-1.44 {i1=1} {~i1} {-2}
................................................................................
    execsql {SELECT a FROM test1 WHERE %s ORDER BY a}
  } $expr] $result
}

test_expr2 expr-7.2  {a<10 AND a>8}                  {9}
test_expr2 expr-7.3  {a<=10 AND a>=8}                {8 9 10}
test_expr2 expr-7.4  {a>=8 AND a<=10}                {8 9 10}
test_expr2 expr-7.5  {a>=20 OR a<=1}                 {1 20}
test_expr2 expr-7.6  {b!=4 AND a<=3}                 {1 3}
test_expr2 expr-7.7  {b==8 OR b==16 OR b==32}        {3 4 5}
test_expr2 expr-7.8  {NOT b<>8 OR b==1024}           {3 10}
test_expr2 expr-7.9  {b LIKE '10%'}                  {10 20}
test_expr2 expr-7.10 {b LIKE '_4'}                   {6}
test_expr2 expr-7.11 {a GLOB '1?'}            {10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19}
test_expr2 expr-7.12 {b GLOB '1*4'}                  {10 14}
test_expr2 expr-7.13 {b GLOB '*1[456]'}              {4}
test_expr2 expr-7.14 {a ISNULL}                      {{}}
test_expr2 expr-7.15 {a NOTNULL AND a<3}             {1 2}
test_expr2 expr-7.16 {a AND a<3}                     {1 2}
test_expr2 expr-7.17 {NOT a}                         {}
test_expr2 expr-7.18 {a==11 OR (b>1000 AND b<2000)}  {10 11}
test_expr2 expr-7.19 {a<=1 OR a>=20}                 {1 20}
test_expr2 expr-7.20 {a<1 OR a>20}                   {}
test_expr2 expr-7.21 {a>19 OR a<1}                   {20}
test_expr2 expr-7.22 {a!=1 OR a=100} \
                         {2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20}
test_expr2 expr-7.23 {(a notnull AND a<4) OR a==8}   {1 2 3 8}
test_expr2 expr-7.24 {a LIKE '2_' OR a==8}           {8 20}
test_expr2 expr-7.25 {a GLOB '2?' OR a==8}           {8 20}
test_expr2 expr-7.26 {a isnull OR a=8}               {{} 8}
test_expr2 expr-7.27 {a notnull OR a=8} \
                          {1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20}

finish_test

Changes to test/select4.test.

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#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing UNION, INTERSECT and EXCEPT operators
# in SELECT statements.
#
# $Id: select4.test,v 1.6 2002/05/24 16:14:16 drh Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

# Build some test data
#
set fd [open data1.txt w]
................................................................................
  execsql {
    SELECT log, count(*) FROM t1 GROUP BY log
    UNION
    SELECT log, n FROM t1 WHERE n=7
    ORDER BY count(*), log;
  }
} {0 1 1 1 2 2 3 4 3 7 4 8 5 15}











































# Make sure column names are correct when a compound select appears as
# an expression in the WHERE clause.
#
do_test select4-7.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t2 AS SELECT log AS 'x', count(*) AS 'y' FROM t1 GROUP BY log;







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#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing UNION, INTERSECT and EXCEPT operators
# in SELECT statements.
#
# $Id: select4.test,v 1.7 2002/05/26 20:54:35 drh Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

# Build some test data
#
set fd [open data1.txt w]
................................................................................
  execsql {
    SELECT log, count(*) FROM t1 GROUP BY log
    UNION
    SELECT log, n FROM t1 WHERE n=7
    ORDER BY count(*), log;
  }
} {0 1 1 1 2 2 3 4 3 7 4 8 5 15}

# NULLs are distinct.  Make sure the UNION operator recognizes this
#
do_test select4-6.3 {
  execsql {
    SELECT NULL UNION SELECT NULL UNION
    SELECT 1 UNION SELECT 2 AS 'x'
    ORDER BY x;
  }
} {{} {} 1 2}
do_test select4-6.3 {
  execsql {
    SELECT NULL UNION ALL SELECT NULL UNION ALL
    SELECT 1 UNION ALL SELECT 2 AS 'x'
    ORDER BY x;
  }
} {{} {} 1 2}

# Make sure the DISTINCT keyword treats NULLs as DISTINCT
#
do_test select4-6.4 {
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM (
       SELECT NULL, 1 UNION ALL SELECT NULL, 1
    );
  }
} {{} 1 {} 1}
do_test select4-6.5 {
  execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT * FROM (
       SELECT NULL, 1 UNION ALL SELECT NULL, 1
    );
  }
} {{} 1 {} 1}
do_test select4-6.6 {
  execsql {
    SELECT DISTINCT * FROM (
       SELECT 1,2  UNION ALL SELECT 1,2
    );
  }
} {1 2}


# Make sure column names are correct when a compound select appears as
# an expression in the WHERE clause.
#
do_test select4-7.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t2 AS SELECT log AS 'x', count(*) AS 'y' FROM t1 GROUP BY log;

Changes to test/subselect.test.

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#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing SELECT statements that are part of
# expressions.
#
# $Id: subselect.test,v 1.4 2001/09/16 00:13:28 drh Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

# Basic sanity checking.  Try a simple subselect.
#
do_test subselect-1.1 {
................................................................................
  execsql {SELECT b from t1 where a = (SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE b=8)}
} {}

# What if the subselect doesn't return any value.  We should get
# NULL as the result.  Check it out.
#
do_test subselect-1.4 {
  execsql {INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(NULL,8)}
  execsql {SELECT b from t1 where a = (SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE b=5)}
} {8}

# Try multiple subselects within a single expression.
#
do_test subselect-1.5 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t2(x int, y int);
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1,2);







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#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing SELECT statements that are part of
# expressions.
#
# $Id: subselect.test,v 1.5 2002/05/26 20:54:35 drh Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

# Basic sanity checking.  Try a simple subselect.
#
do_test subselect-1.1 {
................................................................................
  execsql {SELECT b from t1 where a = (SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE b=8)}
} {}

# What if the subselect doesn't return any value.  We should get
# NULL as the result.  Check it out.
#
do_test subselect-1.4 {

  execsql {SELECT b from t1 where a = coalesce((SELECT a FROM t1 WHERE b=5),1)}
} {2}

# Try multiple subselects within a single expression.
#
do_test subselect-1.5 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t2(x int, y int);
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1,2);

Changes to test/trigger2.test.

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    INSERT INTO tbl VALUES(3, 4);

    CREATE TABLE rlog (idx, old_a, old_b, db_sum_a, db_sum_b, new_a, new_b);
    CREATE TABLE clog (idx, old_a, old_b, db_sum_a, db_sum_b, new_a, new_b);

    CREATE TRIGGER before_update_row BEFORE UPDATE ON tbl FOR EACH ROW 
      BEGIN
      INSERT INTO rlog VALUES ( (SELECT max(idx) + 1 FROM rlog), 
	  old.a, old.b, 
	  (SELECT sum(a) FROM tbl), (SELECT sum(b) FROM tbl), 
	  new.a, new.b);
    END;

    CREATE TRIGGER after_update_row AFTER UPDATE ON tbl FOR EACH ROW 
      BEGIN
      INSERT INTO rlog VALUES ( (SELECT max(idx) + 1 FROM rlog), 
	  old.a, old.b, 
	  (SELECT sum(a) FROM tbl), (SELECT sum(b) FROM tbl), 
	  new.a, new.b);
    END;

    CREATE TRIGGER conditional_update_row AFTER UPDATE ON tbl FOR EACH ROW
      WHEN old.a = 1
      BEGIN
      INSERT INTO clog VALUES ( (SELECT max(idx) + 1 FROM clog), 
	  old.a, old.b, 
	  (SELECT sum(a) FROM tbl), (SELECT sum(b) FROM tbl), 
	  new.a, new.b);
    END;
  }

  do_test trig-1.1.$ii {
................................................................................
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM rlog;
    DELETE FROM tbl;
    INSERT INTO tbl VALUES (100, 100);
    INSERT INTO tbl VALUES (300, 200);
    CREATE TRIGGER delete_before_row BEFORE DELETE ON tbl FOR EACH ROW
      BEGIN
      INSERT INTO rlog VALUES ( (SELECT max(idx) + 1 FROM rlog), 
	  old.a, old.b, 
	  (SELECT sum(a) FROM tbl), (SELECT sum(b) FROM tbl), 
	  0, 0);
    END;

    CREATE TRIGGER delete_after_row AFTER DELETE ON tbl FOR EACH ROW
      BEGIN
      INSERT INTO rlog VALUES ( (SELECT max(idx) + 1 FROM rlog), 
	  old.a, old.b, 
	  (SELECT sum(a) FROM tbl), (SELECT sum(b) FROM tbl), 
	  0, 0);
    END;
  }
  do_test trig-1.2.$ii {
    execsql {
................................................................................
          3 300 200 300 200 0 0 \
          4 300 200 0 0 0 0 ]

  execsql {
    DELETE FROM rlog;
    CREATE TRIGGER insert_before_row BEFORE INSERT ON tbl FOR EACH ROW
      BEGIN
      INSERT INTO rlog VALUES ( (SELECT max(idx) + 1 FROM rlog), 
	  0, 0,
	  (SELECT sum(a) FROM tbl), (SELECT sum(b) FROM tbl), 
	  new.a, new.b);
    END;

    CREATE TRIGGER insert_after_row AFTER INSERT ON tbl FOR EACH ROW
      BEGIN
      INSERT INTO rlog VALUES ( (SELECT max(idx) + 1 FROM rlog), 
	  0, 0,
	  (SELECT sum(a) FROM tbl), (SELECT sum(b) FROM tbl), 
	  new.a, new.b);
    END;
  }
  do_test trig-1.3.$ii {
    execsql {







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    INSERT INTO tbl VALUES(3, 4);

    CREATE TABLE rlog (idx, old_a, old_b, db_sum_a, db_sum_b, new_a, new_b);
    CREATE TABLE clog (idx, old_a, old_b, db_sum_a, db_sum_b, new_a, new_b);

    CREATE TRIGGER before_update_row BEFORE UPDATE ON tbl FOR EACH ROW 
      BEGIN
      INSERT INTO rlog VALUES ( (SELECT coalesce(max(idx),0) + 1 FROM rlog), 
	  old.a, old.b, 
	  (SELECT sum(a) FROM tbl), (SELECT sum(b) FROM tbl), 
	  new.a, new.b);
    END;

    CREATE TRIGGER after_update_row AFTER UPDATE ON tbl FOR EACH ROW 
      BEGIN
      INSERT INTO rlog VALUES ( (SELECT coalesce(max(idx),0) + 1 FROM rlog), 
	  old.a, old.b, 
	  (SELECT sum(a) FROM tbl), (SELECT sum(b) FROM tbl), 
	  new.a, new.b);
    END;

    CREATE TRIGGER conditional_update_row AFTER UPDATE ON tbl FOR EACH ROW
      WHEN old.a = 1
      BEGIN
      INSERT INTO clog VALUES ( (SELECT coalesce(max(idx),0) + 1 FROM clog), 
	  old.a, old.b, 
	  (SELECT sum(a) FROM tbl), (SELECT sum(b) FROM tbl), 
	  new.a, new.b);
    END;
  }

  do_test trig-1.1.$ii {
................................................................................
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM rlog;
    DELETE FROM tbl;
    INSERT INTO tbl VALUES (100, 100);
    INSERT INTO tbl VALUES (300, 200);
    CREATE TRIGGER delete_before_row BEFORE DELETE ON tbl FOR EACH ROW
      BEGIN
      INSERT INTO rlog VALUES ( (SELECT coalesce(max(idx),0) + 1 FROM rlog), 
	  old.a, old.b, 
	  (SELECT sum(a) FROM tbl), (SELECT sum(b) FROM tbl), 
	  0, 0);
    END;

    CREATE TRIGGER delete_after_row AFTER DELETE ON tbl FOR EACH ROW
      BEGIN
      INSERT INTO rlog VALUES ( (SELECT coalesce(max(idx),0) + 1 FROM rlog), 
	  old.a, old.b, 
	  (SELECT sum(a) FROM tbl), (SELECT sum(b) FROM tbl), 
	  0, 0);
    END;
  }
  do_test trig-1.2.$ii {
    execsql {
................................................................................
          3 300 200 300 200 0 0 \
          4 300 200 0 0 0 0 ]

  execsql {
    DELETE FROM rlog;
    CREATE TRIGGER insert_before_row BEFORE INSERT ON tbl FOR EACH ROW
      BEGIN
      INSERT INTO rlog VALUES ( (SELECT coalesce(max(idx),0) + 1 FROM rlog), 
	  0, 0,
	  (SELECT sum(a) FROM tbl), (SELECT sum(b) FROM tbl), 
	  new.a, new.b);
    END;

    CREATE TRIGGER insert_after_row AFTER INSERT ON tbl FOR EACH ROW
      BEGIN
      INSERT INTO rlog VALUES ( (SELECT coalesce(max(idx),0) + 1 FROM rlog), 
	  0, 0,
	  (SELECT sum(a) FROM tbl), (SELECT sum(b) FROM tbl), 
	  new.a, new.b);
    END;
  }
  do_test trig-1.3.$ii {
    execsql {

Changes to test/unique.test.

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#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing the CREATE UNIQUE INDEX statement,
# and primary keys, and the UNIQUE constraint on table columns
#
# $Id: unique.test,v 1.3 2001/12/21 14:30:44 drh Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

# Try to create a table with two primary keys.
# (This is allowed in SQLite even that it is not valid SQL)
#
................................................................................
} {0 {1 2 3 4 1 2 3 5}}
do_test unique-3.4 {
  catchsql {
    INSERT INTO t3(a,b,c,d) VALUES(1,4,3,5);
    SELECT * FROM t3 ORDER BY a,b,c,d;
  }
} {1 {constraint failed}}


































finish_test







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#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing the CREATE UNIQUE INDEX statement,
# and primary keys, and the UNIQUE constraint on table columns
#
# $Id: unique.test,v 1.4 2002/05/26 20:54:35 drh Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

# Try to create a table with two primary keys.
# (This is allowed in SQLite even that it is not valid SQL)
#
................................................................................
} {0 {1 2 3 4 1 2 3 5}}
do_test unique-3.4 {
  catchsql {
    INSERT INTO t3(a,b,c,d) VALUES(1,4,3,5);
    SELECT * FROM t3 ORDER BY a,b,c,d;
  }
} {1 {constraint failed}}

# Make sure NULLs are distinct as far as the UNIQUE tests are
# concerned.
#
do_test unique-4.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t4(a UNIQUE, b, c, UNIQUE(b,c));
    INSERT INTO t4 VALUES(1,2,3);
    INSERT INTO t4 VALUES(NULL, 2, NULL);
    SELECT * FROM t4;
  }
} {1 2 3 {} 2 {}}
do_test unique-4.2 {
  catchsql {
    INSERT INTO t4 VALUES(NULL, 3, 4);
  }
} {0 {}}
do_test unique-4.3 {
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM t4
  }
} {1 2 3 {} 2 {} {} 3 4}
do_test unique-4.4 {
  catchsql {
    INSERT INTO t4 VALUES(2, 2, NULL);
  }
} {0 {}}
do_test unique-4.5 {
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM t4
  }
} {1 2 3 {} 2 {} {} 3 4 2 2 {}}


finish_test