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Overview
Comment:Add test cases showing the use of ORDER BY on a recursive query to control depth-first versus breath-first search of a tree.
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SHA1: 83b0b2916589db0184435dbd4c304387f393ed60
User & Date: drh 2014-01-24 11:16:01
Context
2014-01-24
14:37
Add test cases that compare the performance of the transitive_closure virtual table again common table expressions for walking a tree. check-in: 9a23f020 user: drh tags: trunk
14:05
Bring in all the latest trunk changes, including the Common Table Expressions implementation. check-in: 9b43e559 user: drh tags: sessions
11:16
Add test cases showing the use of ORDER BY on a recursive query to control depth-first versus breath-first search of a tree. check-in: 83b0b291 user: drh tags: trunk
2014-01-23
14:44
Modifications to test files to omit any tests that intentionally access out-of-bounds locations in clang -fsanitize=address builds. check-in: f4a701d5 user: dan tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to test/with1.test.

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    SELECT i FROM tree, t WHERE p = id
  ) 
  SELECT id FROM t;
} {1 {circular reference: t}}

# Compute the mandelbrot set using a recursive query
#
do_execsql_test 8.1 {
  WITH RECURSIVE
    xaxis(x) AS (VALUES(-2.0) UNION ALL SELECT x+0.05 FROM xaxis WHERE x<1.2),
    yaxis(y) AS (VALUES(-1.0) UNION ALL SELECT y+0.1 FROM yaxis WHERE y<1.0),
    m(iter, cx, cy, x, y) AS (
      SELECT 0, x, y, 0.0, 0.0 FROM xaxis, yaxis
      UNION ALL
      SELECT iter+1, cx, cy, x*x-y*y + cx, 2.0*x*y + cy FROM m 
................................................................................
                                 ..+####+.
                                   ..#*..
                                    ....#
                                    +.}}

# Solve a sudoku puzzle using a recursive query
#
do_execsql_test 8.2 {
  WITH RECURSIVE
    input(sud) AS (
      VALUES('53..7....6..195....98....6.8...6...34..8.3..17...2...6.6....28....419..5....8..79')
    ),
  
    /* A table filled with digits 1..9, inclusive. */
    digits(z, lp) AS (
................................................................................
                          + ((ind-1)/27) * 27 + lp
                          + ((lp-1) / 3) * 6, 1)
           )
    )
  SELECT s FROM x WHERE ind=0;
} {534678912672195348198342567859761423426853791713924856961537284287419635345286179}
























































































































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    SELECT i FROM tree, t WHERE p = id
  ) 
  SELECT id FROM t;
} {1 {circular reference: t}}

# Compute the mandelbrot set using a recursive query
#
do_execsql_test 8.1-mandelbrot {
  WITH RECURSIVE
    xaxis(x) AS (VALUES(-2.0) UNION ALL SELECT x+0.05 FROM xaxis WHERE x<1.2),
    yaxis(y) AS (VALUES(-1.0) UNION ALL SELECT y+0.1 FROM yaxis WHERE y<1.0),
    m(iter, cx, cy, x, y) AS (
      SELECT 0, x, y, 0.0, 0.0 FROM xaxis, yaxis
      UNION ALL
      SELECT iter+1, cx, cy, x*x-y*y + cx, 2.0*x*y + cy FROM m 
................................................................................
                                 ..+####+.
                                   ..#*..
                                    ....#
                                    +.}}

# Solve a sudoku puzzle using a recursive query
#
do_execsql_test 8.2-soduko {
  WITH RECURSIVE
    input(sud) AS (
      VALUES('53..7....6..195....98....6.8...6...34..8.3..17...2...6.6....28....419..5....8..79')
    ),
  
    /* A table filled with digits 1..9, inclusive. */
    digits(z, lp) AS (
................................................................................
                          + ((ind-1)/27) * 27 + lp
                          + ((lp-1) / 3) * 6, 1)
           )
    )
  SELECT s FROM x WHERE ind=0;
} {534678912672195348198342567859761423426853791713924856961537284287419635345286179}


# Test cases to illustrate on the ORDER BY clause on a recursive query can be
# used to control depth-first versus breath-first search in a tree.
#
do_execsql_test 9.1 {
  CREATE TABLE org(
    name TEXT PRIMARY KEY,
    boss TEXT REFERENCES org
  ) WITHOUT ROWID;
  INSERT INTO org VALUES('Alice',NULL);
  INSERT INTO org VALUES('Bob','Alice');
  INSERT INTO org VALUES('Cindy','Alice');
  INSERT INTO org VALUES('Dave','Bob');
  INSERT INTO org VALUES('Emma','Bob');
  INSERT INTO org VALUES('Fred','Cindy');
  INSERT INTO org VALUES('Gail','Cindy');
  INSERT INTO org VALUES('Harry','Dave');
  INSERT INTO org VALUES('Ingrid','Dave');
  INSERT INTO org VALUES('Jim','Emma');
  INSERT INTO org VALUES('Kate','Emma');
  INSERT INTO org VALUES('Lanny','Fred');
  INSERT INTO org VALUES('Mary','Fred');
  INSERT INTO org VALUES('Noland','Gail');
  INSERT INTO org VALUES('Olivia','Gail');
  -- The above are all under Alice.  Add a few more records for people
  -- not in Alice's group, just to prove that they won't be selected.
  INSERT INTO org VALUES('Xaviar',NULL);
  INSERT INTO org VALUES('Xia','Xaviar');
  INSERT INTO org VALUES('Xerxes','Xaviar');
  INSERT INTO org VALUES('Xena','Xia');
  -- Find all members of Alice's group, breath-first order  
  WITH RECURSIVE
    under_alice(name,level) AS (
       VALUES('Alice','0')
       UNION ALL
       SELECT org.name, under_alice.level+1
         FROM org, under_alice
        WHERE org.boss=under_alice.name
        ORDER BY 2
    )
  SELECT group_concat(substr('...............',1,level*3) || name,x'0a')
    FROM under_alice;
} {{Alice
...Bob
...Cindy
......Dave
......Emma
......Fred
......Gail
.........Harry
.........Ingrid
.........Jim
.........Kate
.........Lanny
.........Mary
.........Noland
.........Olivia}}

# The previous query used "ORDER BY level" to yield a breath-first search.
# Change that to "ORDER BY level DESC" for a depth-first search.
#
do_execsql_test 9.2 {
  WITH RECURSIVE
    under_alice(name,level) AS (
       VALUES('Alice','0')
       UNION ALL
       SELECT org.name, under_alice.level+1
         FROM org, under_alice
        WHERE org.boss=under_alice.name
        ORDER BY 2 DESC
    )
  SELECT group_concat(substr('...............',1,level*3) || name,x'0a')
    FROM under_alice;
} {{Alice
...Bob
......Dave
.........Harry
.........Ingrid
......Emma
.........Jim
.........Kate
...Cindy
......Fred
.........Lanny
.........Mary
......Gail
.........Noland
.........Olivia}}

# Without an ORDER BY clause, the recursive query should use a FIFO,
# resulting in a breath-first search.
#
do_execsql_test 9.3 {
  WITH RECURSIVE
    under_alice(name,level) AS (
       VALUES('Alice','0')
       UNION ALL
       SELECT org.name, under_alice.level+1
         FROM org, under_alice
        WHERE org.boss=under_alice.name
    )
  SELECT group_concat(substr('...............',1,level*3) || name,x'0a')
    FROM under_alice;
} {{Alice
...Bob
...Cindy
......Dave
......Emma
......Fred
......Gail
.........Harry
.........Ingrid
.........Jim
.........Kate
.........Lanny
.........Mary
.........Noland
.........Olivia}}

finish_test