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SQLite training in Houston TX on 2019-11-05 (details)
Part of the 2019 Tcl Conference

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Overview
Comment:Merge the skip-scan optimization into the sessions branch.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | sessions
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 7596d1bf8040f7cefc7b22c5e609acc5d66820bf
User & Date: drh 2013-11-14 19:18:39
Context
2013-11-26
18:00
Merge in performance enhancements from trunk. check-in: fc9ae839 user: drh tags: sessions
2013-11-14
19:18
Merge the skip-scan optimization into the sessions branch. check-in: 7596d1bf user: drh tags: sessions
00:09
Simplification to the progress callback check. One branch removed. check-in: 24ef1654 user: drh tags: trunk
2013-11-12
15:39
Import recent bug fixes from trunk. check-in: 20eeee4c user: drh tags: sessions
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to Makefile.in.

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  $(TOP)/src/vdbesort.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbetrace.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbeInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/vtab.c \
  $(TOP)/src/wal.c \
  $(TOP)/src/wal.h \
  $(TOP)/src/walker.c \
  $(TOP)/src/where.c


# Source code for extensions
#
SRC += \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1.h \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1_hash.c \
................................................................................
   parse.h  \
   sqlite3.h  \
   $(TOP)/src/sqlite3ext.h \
   $(TOP)/src/sqliteInt.h  \
   $(TOP)/src/sqliteLimit.h \
   $(TOP)/src/vdbe.h \
   $(TOP)/src/vdbeInt.h \

   config.h

# Header files used by extensions
#
EXTHDR += \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1.h \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1_hash.h \







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  $(TOP)/src/vdbesort.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbetrace.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbeInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/vtab.c \
  $(TOP)/src/wal.c \
  $(TOP)/src/wal.h \
  $(TOP)/src/walker.c \
  $(TOP)/src/where.c \
  $(TOP)/src/whereInt.h

# Source code for extensions
#
SRC += \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1.h \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1_hash.c \
................................................................................
   parse.h  \
   sqlite3.h  \
   $(TOP)/src/sqlite3ext.h \
   $(TOP)/src/sqliteInt.h  \
   $(TOP)/src/sqliteLimit.h \
   $(TOP)/src/vdbe.h \
   $(TOP)/src/vdbeInt.h \
   $(TOP)/src/whereInt.h \
   config.h

# Header files used by extensions
#
EXTHDR += \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1.h \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1_hash.h \

Changes to Makefile.msc.

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  $(TOP)\src\vdbesort.c \
  $(TOP)\src\vdbetrace.c \
  $(TOP)\src\vdbeInt.h \
  $(TOP)\src\vtab.c \
  $(TOP)\src\wal.c \
  $(TOP)\src\wal.h \
  $(TOP)\src\walker.c \
  $(TOP)\src\where.c


# Source code for extensions
#
SRC = $(SRC) \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts1\fts1.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts1\fts1.h \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts1\fts1_hash.c \
................................................................................
   $(TOP)\src\pcache.h \
   parse.h \
   sqlite3.h \
   $(TOP)\src\sqlite3ext.h \
   $(TOP)\src\sqliteInt.h \
   $(TOP)\src\sqliteLimit.h \
   $(TOP)\src\vdbe.h \
   $(TOP)\src\vdbeInt.h


# Header files used by extensions
#
EXTHDR = $(EXTHDR) \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts1\fts1.h \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts1\fts1_hash.h \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts1\fts1_tokenizer.h







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  $(TOP)\src\vdbesort.c \
  $(TOP)\src\vdbetrace.c \
  $(TOP)\src\vdbeInt.h \
  $(TOP)\src\vtab.c \
  $(TOP)\src\wal.c \
  $(TOP)\src\wal.h \
  $(TOP)\src\walker.c \
  $(TOP)\src\where.c \
  $(TOP)\src\whereInt.h

# Source code for extensions
#
SRC = $(SRC) \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts1\fts1.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts1\fts1.h \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts1\fts1_hash.c \
................................................................................
   $(TOP)\src\pcache.h \
   parse.h \
   sqlite3.h \
   $(TOP)\src\sqlite3ext.h \
   $(TOP)\src\sqliteInt.h \
   $(TOP)\src\sqliteLimit.h \
   $(TOP)\src\vdbe.h \
   $(TOP)\src\vdbeInt.h \
   $(TOP)\src\whereInt.h

# Header files used by extensions
#
EXTHDR = $(EXTHDR) \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts1\fts1.h \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts1\fts1_hash.h \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts1\fts1_tokenizer.h

Changes to ext/fts3/fts3.c.

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    vu >>= 7;
  }while( vu!=0 );
  q[-1] &= 0x7f;  /* turn off high bit in final byte */
  assert( q - (unsigned char *)p <= FTS3_VARINT_MAX );
  return (int) (q - (unsigned char *)p);
}





/* 
** Read a 64-bit variable-length integer from memory starting at p[0].
** Return the number of bytes read, or 0 on error.
** The value is stored in *v.
*/
int sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(const char *p, sqlite_int64 *v){
  const unsigned char *q = (const unsigned char *) p;
  sqlite_uint64 x = 0, y = 1;
  while( (*q&0x80)==0x80 && q-(unsigned char *)p<FTS3_VARINT_MAX ){
    x += y * (*q++ & 0x7f);
    y <<= 7;
  }

  x += y * (*q++);
  *v = (sqlite_int64) x;
  return (int) (q - (unsigned char *)p);









}

/*
** Similar to sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(), except that the output is truncated to a
** 32-bit integer before it is returned.
*/
int sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(const char *p, int *pi){
 sqlite_int64 i;

 int ret = sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(p, &i);










 *pi = (int) i;
 return ret;
}

/*
** Return the number of bytes required to encode v as a varint
*/
int sqlite3Fts3VarintLen(sqlite3_uint64 v){
  int i = 0;
................................................................................
    int nSuffix;                  /* Size of term suffix */
    int nPrefix = 0;              /* Size of term prefix */
    int nBuffer;                  /* Total term size */
  
    /* Load the next term on the node into zBuffer. Use realloc() to expand
    ** the size of zBuffer if required.  */
    if( !isFirstTerm ){
      zCsr += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(zCsr, &nPrefix);
    }
    isFirstTerm = 0;
    zCsr += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(zCsr, &nSuffix);
    
    if( nPrefix<0 || nSuffix<0 || &zCsr[nSuffix]>zEnd ){
      rc = FTS_CORRUPT_VTAB;
      goto finish_scan;
    }
    if( nPrefix+nSuffix>nAlloc ){
      char *zNew;
................................................................................
  sqlite3_int64 *piLeaf2          /* Selected leaf node */
){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int iHeight;                    /* Height of this node in tree */

  assert( piLeaf || piLeaf2 );

  sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(zNode, &iHeight);
  rc = fts3ScanInteriorNode(zTerm, nTerm, zNode, nNode, piLeaf, piLeaf2);
  assert( !piLeaf2 || !piLeaf || rc!=SQLITE_OK || (*piLeaf<=*piLeaf2) );

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && iHeight>1 ){
    char *zBlob = 0;              /* Blob read from %_segments table */
    int nBlob;                    /* Size of zBlob in bytes */

................................................................................
  char *p1 = *pp1;
  char *p2 = *pp2;

  while( *p1 || *p2 ){
    int iCol1;         /* The current column index in pp1 */
    int iCol2;         /* The current column index in pp2 */

    if( *p1==POS_COLUMN ) sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(&p1[1], &iCol1);
    else if( *p1==POS_END ) iCol1 = POSITION_LIST_END;
    else iCol1 = 0;

    if( *p2==POS_COLUMN ) sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(&p2[1], &iCol2);
    else if( *p2==POS_END ) iCol2 = POSITION_LIST_END;
    else iCol2 = 0;

    if( iCol1==iCol2 ){
      sqlite3_int64 i1 = 0;       /* Last position from pp1 */
      sqlite3_int64 i2 = 0;       /* Last position from pp2 */
      sqlite3_int64 iPrev = 0;
................................................................................

  /* Never set both isSaveLeft and isExact for the same invocation. */
  assert( isSaveLeft==0 || isExact==0 );

  assert( p!=0 && *p1!=0 && *p2!=0 );
  if( *p1==POS_COLUMN ){ 
    p1++;
    p1 += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(p1, &iCol1);
  }
  if( *p2==POS_COLUMN ){ 
    p2++;
    p2 += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(p2, &iCol2);
  }

  while( 1 ){
    if( iCol1==iCol2 ){
      char *pSave = p;
      sqlite3_int64 iPrev = 0;
      sqlite3_int64 iPos1 = 0;
................................................................................

      fts3ColumnlistCopy(0, &p1);
      fts3ColumnlistCopy(0, &p2);
      assert( (*p1&0xFE)==0 && (*p2&0xFE)==0 );
      if( 0==*p1 || 0==*p2 ) break;

      p1++;
      p1 += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(p1, &iCol1);
      p2++;
      p2 += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(p2, &iCol2);
    }

    /* Advance pointer p1 or p2 (whichever corresponds to the smaller of
    ** iCol1 and iCol2) so that it points to either the 0x00 that marks the
    ** end of the position list, or the 0x01 that precedes the next 
    ** column-number in the position list. 
    */
    else if( iCol1<iCol2 ){
      fts3ColumnlistCopy(0, &p1);
      if( 0==*p1 ) break;
      p1++;
      p1 += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(p1, &iCol1);
    }else{
      fts3ColumnlistCopy(0, &p2);
      if( 0==*p2 ) break;
      p2++;
      p2 += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(p2, &iCol2);
    }
  }

  fts3PoslistCopy(0, &p2);
  fts3PoslistCopy(0, &p1);
  *pp1 = p1;
  *pp2 = p2;
................................................................................
        /* aMI[iCol*3 + 1] = Number of occurrences
        ** aMI[iCol*3 + 2] = Number of rows containing at least one instance
        */
        pExpr->aMI[iCol*3 + 1] += iCnt;
        pExpr->aMI[iCol*3 + 2] += (iCnt>0);
        if( *p==0x00 ) break;
        p++;
        p += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(p, &iCol);
      }
    }

    fts3EvalUpdateCounts(pExpr->pLeft);
    fts3EvalUpdateCounts(pExpr->pRight);
  }
}
................................................................................

    if( bEof || iDocid!=pCsr->iPrevId ) pIter = 0;
  }
  if( pIter==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;

  if( *pIter==0x01 ){
    pIter++;
    pIter += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(pIter, &iThis);
  }else{
    iThis = 0;
  }
  while( iThis<iCol ){
    fts3ColumnlistCopy(0, &pIter);
    if( *pIter==0x00 ) return 0;
    pIter++;
    pIter += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(pIter, &iThis);
  }

  *ppOut = ((iCol==iThis)?pIter:0);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*







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    vu >>= 7;
  }while( vu!=0 );
  q[-1] &= 0x7f;  /* turn off high bit in final byte */
  assert( q - (unsigned char *)p <= FTS3_VARINT_MAX );
  return (int) (q - (unsigned char *)p);
}

#define GETVARINT_STEP(v, ptr, shift, mask1, mask2, var, ret) \
  v = (v & mask1) | ( (*ptr++) << shift );                    \
  if( (v & mask2)==0 ){ var = v; return ret; }

/* 
** Read a 64-bit variable-length integer from memory starting at p[0].
** Return the number of bytes read, or 0 on error.
** The value is stored in *v.
*/
int sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(const char *p, sqlite_int64 *v){
  const char *pStart = p;
  u32 a;
  u64 b;
  int shift;


  GETVARINT_STEP(a, p, 0,  0x00,     0x80, *v, 1);
  GETVARINT_STEP(a, p, 7,  0x7F,     0x4000, *v, 2);
  GETVARINT_STEP(a, p, 14, 0x3FFF,   0x200000, *v, 3);
  GETVARINT_STEP(a, p, 21, 0x1FFFFF, 0x10000000, *v, 4);
  b = (a & 0x0FFFFFFF );

  for(shift=28; shift<=63; shift+=7){
    u64 c = *p++;
    b += (c&0x7F) << shift;
    if( (c & 0x80)==0 ) break;
  }
  *v = b;
  return p - pStart;
}

/*
** Similar to sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(), except that the output is truncated to a
** 32-bit integer before it is returned.
*/
int sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(const char *p, int *pi){
  u32 a;

#ifndef fts3GetVarint32
  GETVARINT_STEP(a, p, 0,  0x00,     0x80, *pi, 1);
#else
  a = (*p++);
  assert( a & 0x80 );
#endif

  GETVARINT_STEP(a, p, 7,  0x7F,     0x4000, *pi, 2);
  GETVARINT_STEP(a, p, 14, 0x3FFF,   0x200000, *pi, 3);
  GETVARINT_STEP(a, p, 21, 0x1FFFFF, 0x10000000, *pi, 4);
  a = (a & 0x0FFFFFFF );
  *pi = (int)(a | ((u32)(*p & 0x0F) << 28));
  return 5;
}

/*
** Return the number of bytes required to encode v as a varint
*/
int sqlite3Fts3VarintLen(sqlite3_uint64 v){
  int i = 0;
................................................................................
    int nSuffix;                  /* Size of term suffix */
    int nPrefix = 0;              /* Size of term prefix */
    int nBuffer;                  /* Total term size */
  
    /* Load the next term on the node into zBuffer. Use realloc() to expand
    ** the size of zBuffer if required.  */
    if( !isFirstTerm ){
      zCsr += fts3GetVarint32(zCsr, &nPrefix);
    }
    isFirstTerm = 0;
    zCsr += fts3GetVarint32(zCsr, &nSuffix);
    
    if( nPrefix<0 || nSuffix<0 || &zCsr[nSuffix]>zEnd ){
      rc = FTS_CORRUPT_VTAB;
      goto finish_scan;
    }
    if( nPrefix+nSuffix>nAlloc ){
      char *zNew;
................................................................................
  sqlite3_int64 *piLeaf2          /* Selected leaf node */
){
  int rc;                         /* Return code */
  int iHeight;                    /* Height of this node in tree */

  assert( piLeaf || piLeaf2 );

  fts3GetVarint32(zNode, &iHeight);
  rc = fts3ScanInteriorNode(zTerm, nTerm, zNode, nNode, piLeaf, piLeaf2);
  assert( !piLeaf2 || !piLeaf || rc!=SQLITE_OK || (*piLeaf<=*piLeaf2) );

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && iHeight>1 ){
    char *zBlob = 0;              /* Blob read from %_segments table */
    int nBlob;                    /* Size of zBlob in bytes */

................................................................................
  char *p1 = *pp1;
  char *p2 = *pp2;

  while( *p1 || *p2 ){
    int iCol1;         /* The current column index in pp1 */
    int iCol2;         /* The current column index in pp2 */

    if( *p1==POS_COLUMN ) fts3GetVarint32(&p1[1], &iCol1);
    else if( *p1==POS_END ) iCol1 = POSITION_LIST_END;
    else iCol1 = 0;

    if( *p2==POS_COLUMN ) fts3GetVarint32(&p2[1], &iCol2);
    else if( *p2==POS_END ) iCol2 = POSITION_LIST_END;
    else iCol2 = 0;

    if( iCol1==iCol2 ){
      sqlite3_int64 i1 = 0;       /* Last position from pp1 */
      sqlite3_int64 i2 = 0;       /* Last position from pp2 */
      sqlite3_int64 iPrev = 0;
................................................................................

  /* Never set both isSaveLeft and isExact for the same invocation. */
  assert( isSaveLeft==0 || isExact==0 );

  assert( p!=0 && *p1!=0 && *p2!=0 );
  if( *p1==POS_COLUMN ){ 
    p1++;
    p1 += fts3GetVarint32(p1, &iCol1);
  }
  if( *p2==POS_COLUMN ){ 
    p2++;
    p2 += fts3GetVarint32(p2, &iCol2);
  }

  while( 1 ){
    if( iCol1==iCol2 ){
      char *pSave = p;
      sqlite3_int64 iPrev = 0;
      sqlite3_int64 iPos1 = 0;
................................................................................

      fts3ColumnlistCopy(0, &p1);
      fts3ColumnlistCopy(0, &p2);
      assert( (*p1&0xFE)==0 && (*p2&0xFE)==0 );
      if( 0==*p1 || 0==*p2 ) break;

      p1++;
      p1 += fts3GetVarint32(p1, &iCol1);
      p2++;
      p2 += fts3GetVarint32(p2, &iCol2);
    }

    /* Advance pointer p1 or p2 (whichever corresponds to the smaller of
    ** iCol1 and iCol2) so that it points to either the 0x00 that marks the
    ** end of the position list, or the 0x01 that precedes the next 
    ** column-number in the position list. 
    */
    else if( iCol1<iCol2 ){
      fts3ColumnlistCopy(0, &p1);
      if( 0==*p1 ) break;
      p1++;
      p1 += fts3GetVarint32(p1, &iCol1);
    }else{
      fts3ColumnlistCopy(0, &p2);
      if( 0==*p2 ) break;
      p2++;
      p2 += fts3GetVarint32(p2, &iCol2);
    }
  }

  fts3PoslistCopy(0, &p2);
  fts3PoslistCopy(0, &p1);
  *pp1 = p1;
  *pp2 = p2;
................................................................................
        /* aMI[iCol*3 + 1] = Number of occurrences
        ** aMI[iCol*3 + 2] = Number of rows containing at least one instance
        */
        pExpr->aMI[iCol*3 + 1] += iCnt;
        pExpr->aMI[iCol*3 + 2] += (iCnt>0);
        if( *p==0x00 ) break;
        p++;
        p += fts3GetVarint32(p, &iCol);
      }
    }

    fts3EvalUpdateCounts(pExpr->pLeft);
    fts3EvalUpdateCounts(pExpr->pRight);
  }
}
................................................................................

    if( bEof || iDocid!=pCsr->iPrevId ) pIter = 0;
  }
  if( pIter==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;

  if( *pIter==0x01 ){
    pIter++;
    pIter += fts3GetVarint32(pIter, &iThis);
  }else{
    iThis = 0;
  }
  while( iThis<iCol ){
    fts3ColumnlistCopy(0, &pIter);
    if( *pIter==0x00 ) return 0;
    pIter++;
    pIter += fts3GetVarint32(pIter, &iThis);
  }

  *ppOut = ((iCol==iThis)?pIter:0);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*

Changes to ext/fts3/fts3Int.h.

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  char *zTerm;                    /* Pointer to term buffer */
  int nTerm;                      /* Size of zTerm in bytes */
  char *aDoclist;                 /* Pointer to doclist buffer */
  int nDoclist;                   /* Size of aDoclist[] in bytes */
};

int sqlite3Fts3Incrmerge(Fts3Table*,int,int);





/* fts3.c */
int sqlite3Fts3PutVarint(char *, sqlite3_int64);
int sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(const char *, sqlite_int64 *);
int sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(const char *, int *);
int sqlite3Fts3VarintLen(sqlite3_uint64);
void sqlite3Fts3Dequote(char *);







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  char *zTerm;                    /* Pointer to term buffer */
  int nTerm;                      /* Size of zTerm in bytes */
  char *aDoclist;                 /* Pointer to doclist buffer */
  int nDoclist;                   /* Size of aDoclist[] in bytes */
};

int sqlite3Fts3Incrmerge(Fts3Table*,int,int);

#define fts3GetVarint32(p, piVal) (                                           \
  (*(u8*)(p)&0x80) ? sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(p, piVal) : (*piVal=*(u8*)(p), 1) \
)

/* fts3.c */
int sqlite3Fts3PutVarint(char *, sqlite3_int64);
int sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(const char *, sqlite_int64 *);
int sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(const char *, int *);
int sqlite3Fts3VarintLen(sqlite3_uint64);
void sqlite3Fts3Dequote(char *);

Changes to ext/fts3/fts3_snippet.c.

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** When this function is called, *pp points to the start of an element of
** the list. *piPos contains the value of the previous entry in the list.
** After it returns, *piPos contains the value of the next element of the
** list and *pp is advanced to the following varint.
*/
static void fts3GetDeltaPosition(char **pp, int *piPos){
  int iVal;
  *pp += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(*pp, &iVal);
  *piPos += (iVal-2);
}

/*
** Helper function for fts3ExprIterate() (see below).
*/
static int fts3ExprIterate2(







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** When this function is called, *pp points to the start of an element of
** the list. *piPos contains the value of the previous entry in the list.
** After it returns, *piPos contains the value of the next element of the
** list and *pp is advanced to the following varint.
*/
static void fts3GetDeltaPosition(char **pp, int *piPos){
  int iVal;
  *pp += fts3GetVarint32(*pp, &iVal);
  *piPos += (iVal-2);
}

/*
** Helper function for fts3ExprIterate() (see below).
*/
static int fts3ExprIterate2(

Changes to ext/fts3/fts3_test.c.

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  Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewByteArrayObj(
    (const unsigned char *)&pPtr, sizeof(sqlite3_tokenizer_module *)
  ));
#endif
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(clientData);
  return TCL_OK;
}














































/* 
** End of tokenizer code.
**************************************************************************/ 

int Sqlitetestfts3_Init(Tcl_Interp *interp){
  Tcl_CreateObjCommand(interp, "fts3_near_match", fts3_near_match_cmd, 0, 0);
  Tcl_CreateObjCommand(interp, 
      "fts3_configure_incr_load", fts3_configure_incr_load_cmd, 0, 0
  );
  Tcl_CreateObjCommand(
      interp, "fts3_test_tokenizer", fts3_test_tokenizer_cmd, 0, 0
  );




  return TCL_OK;
}
#endif                  /* SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3 || SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 */
#endif                  /* ifdef SQLITE_TEST */







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  Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewByteArrayObj(
    (const unsigned char *)&pPtr, sizeof(sqlite3_tokenizer_module *)
  ));
#endif
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(clientData);
  return TCL_OK;
}

static int fts3_test_varint_cmd(
  ClientData clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3
  char aBuf[24];
  int rc;
  Tcl_WideInt w, w2;
  int nByte, nByte2;

  if( objc!=2 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "INTEGER");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }

  rc = Tcl_GetWideIntFromObj(interp, objv[1], &w);
  if( rc!=TCL_OK ) return rc;

  nByte = sqlite3Fts3PutVarint(aBuf, w);
  nByte2 = sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(aBuf, &w2);
  if( w!=w2 || nByte!=nByte2 ){
    char *zErr = sqlite3_mprintf("error testing %lld", w);
    Tcl_ResetResult(interp);
    Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zErr, 0);
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }

  if( w<=2147483647 && w>=0 ){
    int i;
    nByte2 = fts3GetVarint32(aBuf, &i);
    if( (int)w!=i || nByte!=nByte2 ){
      char *zErr = sqlite3_mprintf("error testing %lld (32-bit)", w);
      Tcl_ResetResult(interp);
      Tcl_AppendResult(interp, zErr, 0);
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }
  }

#endif
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(clientData);
  return TCL_OK;
}

/* 
** End of tokenizer code.
**************************************************************************/ 

int Sqlitetestfts3_Init(Tcl_Interp *interp){
  Tcl_CreateObjCommand(interp, "fts3_near_match", fts3_near_match_cmd, 0, 0);
  Tcl_CreateObjCommand(interp, 
      "fts3_configure_incr_load", fts3_configure_incr_load_cmd, 0, 0
  );
  Tcl_CreateObjCommand(
      interp, "fts3_test_tokenizer", fts3_test_tokenizer_cmd, 0, 0
  );

  Tcl_CreateObjCommand(
      interp, "fts3_test_varint", fts3_test_varint_cmd, 0, 0
  );
  return TCL_OK;
}
#endif                  /* SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3 || SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4 */
#endif                  /* ifdef SQLITE_TEST */

Changes to ext/fts3/fts3_write.c.

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....
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  assert( !fts3SegReaderIsPending(pReader) );

  rc = fts3SegReaderRequire(pReader, pNext, FTS3_VARINT_MAX*2);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  
  /* Because of the FTS3_NODE_PADDING bytes of padding, the following is 
  ** safe (no risk of overread) even if the node data is corrupted. */
  pNext += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(pNext, &nPrefix);
  pNext += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(pNext, &nSuffix);
  if( nPrefix<0 || nSuffix<=0 
   || &pNext[nSuffix]>&pReader->aNode[pReader->nNode] 
  ){
    return FTS_CORRUPT_VTAB;
  }

  if( nPrefix+nSuffix>pReader->nTermAlloc ){
................................................................................

  rc = fts3SegReaderRequire(pReader, pNext, nSuffix+FTS3_VARINT_MAX);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  memcpy(&pReader->zTerm[nPrefix], pNext, nSuffix);
  pReader->nTerm = nPrefix+nSuffix;
  pNext += nSuffix;
  pNext += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(pNext, &pReader->nDoclist);
  pReader->aDoclist = pNext;
  pReader->pOffsetList = 0;

  /* Check that the doclist does not appear to extend past the end of the
  ** b-tree node. And that the final byte of the doclist is 0x00. If either 
  ** of these statements is untrue, then the data structure is corrupt.
  */
................................................................................

    nList -= (int)(p - pList);
    pList = p;
    if( nList==0 ){
      break;
    }
    p = &pList[1];
    p += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(p, &iCurrent);
  }

  if( bZero && &pList[nList]!=pEnd ){
    memset(&pList[nList], 0, pEnd - &pList[nList]);
  }
  *ppList = pList;
  *pnList = nList;
................................................................................
  assert( p->aNode );
  if( p->iChild && bFirst==0 ) p->iChild++;
  if( p->iOff>=p->nNode ){
    /* EOF */
    p->aNode = 0;
  }else{
    if( bFirst==0 ){
      p->iOff += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(&p->aNode[p->iOff], &nPrefix);
    }
    p->iOff += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(&p->aNode[p->iOff], &nSuffix);

    blobGrowBuffer(&p->term, nPrefix+nSuffix, &rc);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      memcpy(&p->term.a[nPrefix], &p->aNode[p->iOff], nSuffix);
      p->term.n = nPrefix+nSuffix;
      p->iOff += nSuffix;
      if( p->iChild==0 ){
        p->iOff += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(&p->aNode[p->iOff], &p->nDoclist);
        p->aDoclist = &p->aNode[p->iOff];
        p->iOff += p->nDoclist;
      }
    }
  }

  assert( p->iOff<=p->nNode );
................................................................................

  i = pHint->n-2;
  while( i>0 && (pHint->a[i-1] & 0x80) ) i--;
  while( i>0 && (pHint->a[i-1] & 0x80) ) i--;

  pHint->n = i;
  i += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(&pHint->a[i], piAbsLevel);
  i += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint32(&pHint->a[i], pnInput);
  if( i!=nHint ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB;

  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*







|
|







 







|







 







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|







 







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4554
4555
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  assert( !fts3SegReaderIsPending(pReader) );

  rc = fts3SegReaderRequire(pReader, pNext, FTS3_VARINT_MAX*2);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  
  /* Because of the FTS3_NODE_PADDING bytes of padding, the following is 
  ** safe (no risk of overread) even if the node data is corrupted. */
  pNext += fts3GetVarint32(pNext, &nPrefix);
  pNext += fts3GetVarint32(pNext, &nSuffix);
  if( nPrefix<0 || nSuffix<=0 
   || &pNext[nSuffix]>&pReader->aNode[pReader->nNode] 
  ){
    return FTS_CORRUPT_VTAB;
  }

  if( nPrefix+nSuffix>pReader->nTermAlloc ){
................................................................................

  rc = fts3SegReaderRequire(pReader, pNext, nSuffix+FTS3_VARINT_MAX);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;

  memcpy(&pReader->zTerm[nPrefix], pNext, nSuffix);
  pReader->nTerm = nPrefix+nSuffix;
  pNext += nSuffix;
  pNext += fts3GetVarint32(pNext, &pReader->nDoclist);
  pReader->aDoclist = pNext;
  pReader->pOffsetList = 0;

  /* Check that the doclist does not appear to extend past the end of the
  ** b-tree node. And that the final byte of the doclist is 0x00. If either 
  ** of these statements is untrue, then the data structure is corrupt.
  */
................................................................................

    nList -= (int)(p - pList);
    pList = p;
    if( nList==0 ){
      break;
    }
    p = &pList[1];
    p += fts3GetVarint32(p, &iCurrent);
  }

  if( bZero && &pList[nList]!=pEnd ){
    memset(&pList[nList], 0, pEnd - &pList[nList]);
  }
  *ppList = pList;
  *pnList = nList;
................................................................................
  assert( p->aNode );
  if( p->iChild && bFirst==0 ) p->iChild++;
  if( p->iOff>=p->nNode ){
    /* EOF */
    p->aNode = 0;
  }else{
    if( bFirst==0 ){
      p->iOff += fts3GetVarint32(&p->aNode[p->iOff], &nPrefix);
    }
    p->iOff += fts3GetVarint32(&p->aNode[p->iOff], &nSuffix);

    blobGrowBuffer(&p->term, nPrefix+nSuffix, &rc);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      memcpy(&p->term.a[nPrefix], &p->aNode[p->iOff], nSuffix);
      p->term.n = nPrefix+nSuffix;
      p->iOff += nSuffix;
      if( p->iChild==0 ){
        p->iOff += fts3GetVarint32(&p->aNode[p->iOff], &p->nDoclist);
        p->aDoclist = &p->aNode[p->iOff];
        p->iOff += p->nDoclist;
      }
    }
  }

  assert( p->iOff<=p->nNode );
................................................................................

  i = pHint->n-2;
  while( i>0 && (pHint->a[i-1] & 0x80) ) i--;
  while( i>0 && (pHint->a[i-1] & 0x80) ) i--;

  pHint->n = i;
  i += sqlite3Fts3GetVarint(&pHint->a[i], piAbsLevel);
  i += fts3GetVarint32(&pHint->a[i], pnInput);
  if( i!=nHint ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB;

  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*

Changes to main.mk.

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162
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164
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166
167

168
169
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172
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174
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348
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350
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356
357
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359
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362
  $(TOP)/src/vdbesort.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbetrace.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbeInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/vtab.c \
  $(TOP)/src/wal.c \
  $(TOP)/src/wal.h \
  $(TOP)/src/walker.c \
  $(TOP)/src/where.c


# Source code for extensions
#
SRC += \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1.h \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1_hash.c \
................................................................................
   $(TOP)/src/pcache.h \
   parse.h  \
   sqlite3.h  \
   $(TOP)/src/sqlite3ext.h \
   $(TOP)/src/sqliteInt.h  \
   $(TOP)/src/sqliteLimit.h \
   $(TOP)/src/vdbe.h \
   $(TOP)/src/vdbeInt.h


# Header files used by extensions
#
EXTHDR += \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1.h \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1_hash.h \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1_tokenizer.h







|
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  $(TOP)/src/vdbesort.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbetrace.c \
  $(TOP)/src/vdbeInt.h \
  $(TOP)/src/vtab.c \
  $(TOP)/src/wal.c \
  $(TOP)/src/wal.h \
  $(TOP)/src/walker.c \
  $(TOP)/src/where.c \
  $(TOP)/src/whereInt.h

# Source code for extensions
#
SRC += \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1.h \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1_hash.c \
................................................................................
   $(TOP)/src/pcache.h \
   parse.h  \
   sqlite3.h  \
   $(TOP)/src/sqlite3ext.h \
   $(TOP)/src/sqliteInt.h  \
   $(TOP)/src/sqliteLimit.h \
   $(TOP)/src/vdbe.h \
   $(TOP)/src/vdbeInt.h \
   $(TOP)/src/whereInt.h

# Header files used by extensions
#
EXTHDR += \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1.h \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1_hash.h \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts1/fts1_tokenizer.h

Changes to src/analyze.c.

1424
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1426
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1430
1431
1432


1433
1434

1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
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  if( argv==0 || argv[0]==0 || argv[2]==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  pTable = sqlite3FindTable(pInfo->db, argv[0], pInfo->zDatabase);
  if( pTable==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  if( argv[1] ){
    pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(pInfo->db, argv[1], pInfo->zDatabase);


  }else{
    pIndex = 0;

  }
  z = argv[2];

  if( pIndex ){
    decodeIntArray((char*)z, pIndex->nKeyCol+1, pIndex->aiRowEst, pIndex);
    if( pIndex->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) pTable->nRowEst = pIndex->aiRowEst[0];
  }else{







|
|
>
>

<
>







1424
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1435

1436
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  if( argv==0 || argv[0]==0 || argv[2]==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  pTable = sqlite3FindTable(pInfo->db, argv[0], pInfo->zDatabase);
  if( pTable==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  if( argv[1]==0 ){
    pIndex = 0;
  }else if( sqlite3_stricmp(argv[0],argv[1])==0 ){
    pIndex = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTable);
  }else{

    pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(pInfo->db, argv[1], pInfo->zDatabase);
  }
  z = argv[2];

  if( pIndex ){
    decodeIntArray((char*)z, pIndex->nKeyCol+1, pIndex->aiRowEst, pIndex);
    if( pIndex->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) pTable->nRowEst = pIndex->aiRowEst[0];
  }else{

Changes to src/build.c.

189
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191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
    }
  }


  /* Get the VDBE program ready for execution
  */
  if( v && ALWAYS(pParse->nErr==0) && !db->mallocFailed ){
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    FILE *trace = (db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeTrace)!=0 ? stdout : 0;
    sqlite3VdbeTrace(v, trace);
#endif
    assert( pParse->iCacheLevel==0 );  /* Disables and re-enables match */
    /* A minimum of one cursor is required if autoincrement is used
    *  See ticket [a696379c1f08866] */
    if( pParse->pAinc!=0 && pParse->nTab==0 ) pParse->nTab = 1;
    sqlite3VdbeMakeReady(v, pParse);
    pParse->rc = SQLITE_DONE;
    pParse->colNamesSet = 0;







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193
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195




196
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    }
  }


  /* Get the VDBE program ready for execution
  */
  if( v && ALWAYS(pParse->nErr==0) && !db->mallocFailed ){




    assert( pParse->iCacheLevel==0 );  /* Disables and re-enables match */
    /* A minimum of one cursor is required if autoincrement is used
    *  See ticket [a696379c1f08866] */
    if( pParse->pAinc!=0 && pParse->nTab==0 ) pParse->nTab = 1;
    sqlite3VdbeMakeReady(v, pParse);
    pParse->rc = SQLITE_DONE;
    pParse->colNamesSet = 0;

Changes to src/mem1.c.

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/*
** This version of the memory allocator is the default.  It is
** used when no other memory allocator is specified using compile-time
** macros.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC

/*
** The MSVCRT has malloc_usable_size() but it is called _msize().
** The use of _msize() is automatic, but can be disabled by compiling
** with -DSQLITE_WITHOUT_MSIZE
*/
#if defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(SQLITE_WITHOUT_MSIZE)
# define SQLITE_MALLOCSIZE _msize
#endif

#if defined(__APPLE__) && !defined(SQLITE_WITHOUT_ZONEMALLOC)

/*
** Use the zone allocator available on apple products unless the
** SQLITE_WITHOUT_ZONEMALLOC symbol is defined.
*/
#include <sys/sysctl.h>
................................................................................

#else /* if not __APPLE__ */

/*
** Use standard C library malloc and free on non-Apple systems.  
** Also used by Apple systems if SQLITE_WITHOUT_ZONEMALLOC is defined.
*/
#define SQLITE_MALLOC(x)    malloc(x)
#define SQLITE_FREE(x)      free(x)
#define SQLITE_REALLOC(x,y) realloc((x),(y))

#if (defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(SQLITE_WITHOUT_MSIZE)) \




      || (defined(HAVE_MALLOC_H) && defined(HAVE_MALLOC_USABLE_SIZE))
# include <malloc.h>    /* Needed for malloc_usable_size on linux */











#endif










#ifdef HAVE_MALLOC_USABLE_SIZE
# ifndef SQLITE_MALLOCSIZE
#  define SQLITE_MALLOCSIZE(x) malloc_usable_size(x)
# endif
#else

# undef SQLITE_MALLOCSIZE


#endif


#endif /* __APPLE__ or not __APPLE__ */

/*
** Like malloc(), but remember the size of the allocation
** so that we can find it later using sqlite3MemSize().
**







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/*
** This version of the memory allocator is the default.  It is
** used when no other memory allocator is specified using compile-time
** macros.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC










#if defined(__APPLE__) && !defined(SQLITE_WITHOUT_ZONEMALLOC)

/*
** Use the zone allocator available on apple products unless the
** SQLITE_WITHOUT_ZONEMALLOC symbol is defined.
*/
#include <sys/sysctl.h>
................................................................................

#else /* if not __APPLE__ */

/*
** Use standard C library malloc and free on non-Apple systems.  
** Also used by Apple systems if SQLITE_WITHOUT_ZONEMALLOC is defined.
*/
#define SQLITE_MALLOC(x)             malloc(x)
#define SQLITE_FREE(x)               free(x)
#define SQLITE_REALLOC(x,y)          realloc((x),(y))


/*
** The malloc.h header file is needed for malloc_usable_size() function
** on some systems (e.g. Linux).
*/
#if defined(HAVE_MALLOC_H) && defined(HAVE_MALLOC_USABLE_SIZE)

#  define SQLITE_USE_MALLOC_H
#  define SQLITE_USE_MALLOC_USABLE_SIZE
/*
** The MSVCRT has malloc_usable_size(), but it is called _msize().  The
** use of _msize() is automatic, but can be disabled by compiling with
** -DSQLITE_WITHOUT_MSIZE.  Using the _msize() function also requires
** the malloc.h header file.
*/
#elif defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(SQLITE_WITHOUT_MSIZE)
#  define SQLITE_USE_MALLOC_H
#  define SQLITE_USE_MSIZE
#endif

/*
** Include the malloc.h header file, if necessary.  Also set define macro
** SQLITE_MALLOCSIZE to the appropriate function name, which is _msize()
** for MSVC and malloc_usable_size() for most other systems (e.g. Linux).
** The memory size function can always be overridden manually by defining
** the macro SQLITE_MALLOCSIZE to the desired function name.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_USE_MALLOC_H)
#  include <malloc.h>
#  if defined(SQLITE_USE_MALLOC_USABLE_SIZE)
#    if !defined(SQLITE_MALLOCSIZE)
#      define SQLITE_MALLOCSIZE(x)   malloc_usable_size(x)
#    endif

#  elif defined(SQLITE_USE_MSIZE)
#    if !defined(SQLITE_MALLOCSIZE)
#      define SQLITE_MALLOCSIZE      _msize
#    endif
#  endif
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_USE_MALLOC_H) */

#endif /* __APPLE__ or not __APPLE__ */

/*
** Like malloc(), but remember the size of the allocation
** so that we can find it later using sqlite3MemSize().
**

Changes to src/pragma.c.

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    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace },
  { /* zName:     */ "vdbe_debug",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_SqlTrace|SQLITE_VdbeListing|SQLITE_VdbeTrace },




  { /* zName:     */ "vdbe_listing",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_VdbeListing },
  { /* zName:     */ "vdbe_trace",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
................................................................................
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "writable_schema",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_WriteSchema|SQLITE_RecoveryMode },
#endif
};
/* Number of pragmas: 56 on by default, 68 total. */
/* End of the automatically generated pragma table.
***************************************************************************/

/*
** Interpret the given string as a safety level.  Return 0 for OFF,
** 1 for ON or NORMAL and 2 for FULL.  Return 1 for an empty or 
** unrecognized string argument.  The FULL option is disallowed







>
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    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace },
  { /* zName:     */ "vdbe_debug",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_SqlTrace|SQLITE_VdbeListing|SQLITE_VdbeTrace },
  { /* zName:     */ "vdbe_eqp",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_VdbeEQP },
  { /* zName:     */ "vdbe_listing",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_VdbeListing },
  { /* zName:     */ "vdbe_trace",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
................................................................................
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS)
  { /* zName:     */ "writable_schema",
    /* ePragTyp:  */ PragTyp_FLAG,
    /* ePragFlag: */ 0,
    /* iArg:      */ SQLITE_WriteSchema|SQLITE_RecoveryMode },
#endif
};
/* Number of pragmas: 56 on by default, 69 total. */
/* End of the automatically generated pragma table.
***************************************************************************/

/*
** Interpret the given string as a safety level.  Return 0 for OFF,
** 1 for ON or NORMAL and 2 for FULL.  Return 1 for an empty or 
** unrecognized string argument.  The FULL option is disallowed

Changes to src/shell.c.

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                         ** .explain ON */
  char outfile[FILENAME_MAX]; /* Filename for *out */
  const char *zDbFilename;    /* name of the database file */
  char *zFreeOnClose;         /* Filename to free when closing */
  const char *zVfs;           /* Name of VFS to use */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;   /* Current statement if any. */
  FILE *pLog;            /* Write log output here */


};

/*
** These are the allowed modes.
*/
#define MODE_Line     0  /* One column per line.  Blank line between records */
#define MODE_Column   1  /* One record per line in neat columns */
................................................................................
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        int w;
        if( i<ArraySize(p->actualWidth) ){
           w = p->actualWidth[i];
        }else{
           w = 10;
        }
        if( p->mode==MODE_Explain && azArg[i] && 
           strlen30(azArg[i])>w ){
          w = strlen30(azArg[i]);






        }
        if( w<0 ){
          fprintf(p->out,"%*.*s%s",-w,-w,
              azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullvalue, i==nArg-1 ? "\n": "  ");
        }else{
          fprintf(p->out,"%-*.*s%s",w,w,
              azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullvalue, i==nArg-1 ? "\n": "  ");
................................................................................
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Autoindex Inserts:                   %d\n", iCur);
    iCur = sqlite3_stmt_status(pArg->pStmt, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Virtual Machine Steps:               %d\n", iCur);
  }

  return 0;
}





















































































/*
** Execute a statement or set of statements.  Print 
** any result rows/columns depending on the current mode 
** set via the supplied callback.
**
** This is very similar to SQLite's built-in sqlite3_exec() 
................................................................................
      if( pArg && pArg->mode==MODE_Explain ){
        const char *zExplain = 0;
        sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT, pStmt, &zExplain);
        if( zExplain && zExplain[0] ){
          fprintf(pArg->out, "%s", zExplain);
        }
      }







      /* perform the first step.  this will tell us if we
      ** have a result set or not and how wide it is.
      */
      rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
      /* if we have a result set... */
      if( SQLITE_ROW == rc ){
................................................................................
          }
        }else{
          do{
            rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
          } while( rc == SQLITE_ROW );
        }
      }



      /* print usage stats if stats on */
      if( pArg && pArg->statsOn ){
        display_stats(db, pArg, 0);
      }

      /* Finalize the statement just executed. If this fails, save a 







>
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                         ** .explain ON */
  char outfile[FILENAME_MAX]; /* Filename for *out */
  const char *zDbFilename;    /* name of the database file */
  char *zFreeOnClose;         /* Filename to free when closing */
  const char *zVfs;           /* Name of VFS to use */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;   /* Current statement if any. */
  FILE *pLog;            /* Write log output here */
  int *aiIndent;         /* Array of indents used in MODE_Explain */
  int nIndent;           /* Size of array aiIndent[] */
};

/*
** These are the allowed modes.
*/
#define MODE_Line     0  /* One column per line.  Blank line between records */
#define MODE_Column   1  /* One record per line in neat columns */
................................................................................
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        int w;
        if( i<ArraySize(p->actualWidth) ){
           w = p->actualWidth[i];
        }else{
           w = 10;
        }
        if( p->mode==MODE_Explain && azArg[i] && strlen30(azArg[i])>w ){

          w = strlen30(azArg[i]);
        }
        if( i==1 && p->aiIndent && p->pStmt ){
          int iOp = sqlite3_column_int(p->pStmt, 0);
          if( iOp<p->nIndent ){
            fprintf(p->out, "%*.s", p->aiIndent[iOp], "");
          }
        }
        if( w<0 ){
          fprintf(p->out,"%*.*s%s",-w,-w,
              azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullvalue, i==nArg-1 ? "\n": "  ");
        }else{
          fprintf(p->out,"%-*.*s%s",w,w,
              azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullvalue, i==nArg-1 ? "\n": "  ");
................................................................................
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Autoindex Inserts:                   %d\n", iCur);
    iCur = sqlite3_stmt_status(pArg->pStmt, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Virtual Machine Steps:               %d\n", iCur);
  }

  return 0;
}

/*
** Parameter azArray points to a zero-terminated array of strings. zStr
** points to a single nul-terminated string. Return non-zero if zStr
** is equal, according to strcmp(), to any of the strings in the array.
** Otherwise, return zero.
*/
static int str_in_array(const char *zStr, const char **azArray){
  int i;
  for(i=0; azArray[i]; i++){
    if( 0==strcmp(zStr, azArray[i]) ) return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** If compiled statement pSql appears to be an EXPLAIN statement, allocate
** and populate the callback_data.aiIndent[] array with the number of
** spaces each opcode should be indented before it is output. 
**
** The indenting rules are:
**
**     * For each "Next", "Prev", "VNext" or "VPrev" instruction, indent
**       all opcodes that occur between the p2 jump destination and the opcode
**       itself by 2 spaces.
**
**     * For each "Goto", if the jump destination is a "Yield", "SeekGt",
**       or "SeekLt" instruction that occurs earlier in the program than
**       the Goto itself, indent all opcodes between the earlier instruction
**       and "Goto" by 2 spaces.
*/
static void explain_data_prepare(struct callback_data *p, sqlite3_stmt *pSql){
  const char *zSql;               /* The text of the SQL statement */
  const char *z;                  /* Used to check if this is an EXPLAIN */
  int *abYield = 0;               /* True if op is an OP_Yield */
  int nAlloc = 0;                 /* Allocated size of p->aiIndent[], abYield */
  int iOp;

  const char *azNext[] = { "Next", "Prev", "VPrev", "VNext", 0 };
  const char *azYield[] = { "Yield", "SeekLt", "SeekGt", 0 };
  const char *azGoto[] = { "Goto", 0 };

  /* Try to figure out if this is really an EXPLAIN statement. If this
  ** cannot be verified, return early.  */
  zSql = sqlite3_sql(pSql);
  if( zSql==0 ) return;
  for(z=zSql; *z==' ' || *z=='\t' || *z=='\n' || *z=='\f' || *z=='\r'; z++);
  if( sqlite3_strnicmp(z, "explain", 7) ) return;

  for(iOp=0; SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pSql); iOp++){
    int i;
    const char *zOp = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSql, 1);
    int p2 = sqlite3_column_int(pSql, 3);

    /* Grow the p->aiIndent array as required */
    if( iOp>=nAlloc ){
      nAlloc += 100;
      p->aiIndent = (int*)sqlite3_realloc(p->aiIndent, nAlloc*sizeof(int));
      abYield = (int*)sqlite3_realloc(abYield, nAlloc*sizeof(int));
    }
    abYield[iOp] = str_in_array(zOp, azYield);
    p->aiIndent[iOp] = 0;
    p->nIndent = iOp+1;

    if( str_in_array(zOp, azNext) ){
      for(i=p2; i<iOp; i++) p->aiIndent[i] += 2;
    }
    if( str_in_array(zOp, azGoto) && p2<p->nIndent && abYield[p2] ){
      for(i=p2+1; i<iOp; i++) p->aiIndent[i] += 2;
    }
  }

  sqlite3_free(abYield);
  sqlite3_reset(pSql);
}

/*
** Free the array allocated by explain_data_prepare().
*/
static void explain_data_delete(struct callback_data *p){
  sqlite3_free(p->aiIndent);
  p->aiIndent = 0;
  p->nIndent = 0;
}

/*
** Execute a statement or set of statements.  Print 
** any result rows/columns depending on the current mode 
** set via the supplied callback.
**
** This is very similar to SQLite's built-in sqlite3_exec() 
................................................................................
      if( pArg && pArg->mode==MODE_Explain ){
        const char *zExplain = 0;
        sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT, pStmt, &zExplain);
        if( zExplain && zExplain[0] ){
          fprintf(pArg->out, "%s", zExplain);
        }
      }

      /* If the shell is currently in ".explain" mode, gather the extra
      ** data required to add indents to the output.*/
      if( pArg->mode==MODE_Explain ){
        explain_data_prepare(pArg, pStmt);
      }

      /* perform the first step.  this will tell us if we
      ** have a result set or not and how wide it is.
      */
      rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
      /* if we have a result set... */
      if( SQLITE_ROW == rc ){
................................................................................
          }
        }else{
          do{
            rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
          } while( rc == SQLITE_ROW );
        }
      }

      explain_data_delete(pArg);

      /* print usage stats if stats on */
      if( pArg && pArg->statsOn ){
        display_stats(db, pArg, 0);
      }

      /* Finalize the statement just executed. If this fails, save a 

Changes to src/sqliteInt.h.

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#define SQLITE_ForeignKeys    0x00080000  /* Enforce foreign key constraints  */
#define SQLITE_AutoIndex      0x00100000  /* Enable automatic indexes */
#define SQLITE_PreferBuiltin  0x00200000  /* Preference to built-in funcs */
#define SQLITE_LoadExtension  0x00400000  /* Enable load_extension */
#define SQLITE_EnableTrigger  0x00800000  /* True to enable triggers */
#define SQLITE_DeferFKs       0x01000000  /* Defer all FK constraints */
#define SQLITE_QueryOnly      0x02000000  /* Disable database changes */



/*
** Bits of the sqlite3.dbOptFlags field that are used by the
** sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS,...) interface to
** selectively disable various optimizations.
*/







>







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#define SQLITE_ForeignKeys    0x00080000  /* Enforce foreign key constraints  */
#define SQLITE_AutoIndex      0x00100000  /* Enable automatic indexes */
#define SQLITE_PreferBuiltin  0x00200000  /* Preference to built-in funcs */
#define SQLITE_LoadExtension  0x00400000  /* Enable load_extension */
#define SQLITE_EnableTrigger  0x00800000  /* True to enable triggers */
#define SQLITE_DeferFKs       0x01000000  /* Defer all FK constraints */
#define SQLITE_QueryOnly      0x02000000  /* Disable database changes */
#define SQLITE_VdbeEQP        0x04000000  /* Debug EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN */


/*
** Bits of the sqlite3.dbOptFlags field that are used by the
** sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS,...) interface to
** selectively disable various optimizations.
*/

Changes to src/vdbe.c.

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440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
...
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599


600
601

602


603
604
605











606
607
608
609
610
611
612
...
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
...
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
....
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187












1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
....
6303
6304
6305
6306
6307
6308
6309
6310
6311
6312
6313
6314
6315
6316
6317
6318
6319
6320
6321
6322
6323
}
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Print the value of a register for tracing purposes:
*/
static void memTracePrint(FILE *out, Mem *p){
  if( p->flags & MEM_Invalid ){
    fprintf(out, " undefined");
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_Null ){
    fprintf(out, " NULL");
  }else if( (p->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Str))==(MEM_Int|MEM_Str) ){
    fprintf(out, " si:%lld", p->u.i);
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_Int ){
    fprintf(out, " i:%lld", p->u.i);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_Real ){
    fprintf(out, " r:%g", p->r);
#endif
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_RowSet ){
    fprintf(out, " (rowset)");
  }else{
    char zBuf[200];
    sqlite3VdbeMemPrettyPrint(p, zBuf);
    fprintf(out, " ");
    fprintf(out, "%s", zBuf);
  }
}
static void registerTrace(FILE *out, int iReg, Mem *p){
  fprintf(out, "REG[%d] = ", iReg);
  memTracePrint(out, p);
  fprintf(out, "\n");
}
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
#  define REGISTER_TRACE(R,M) if(p->trace)registerTrace(p->trace,R,M)
#else
#  define REGISTER_TRACE(R,M)
#endif


#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE

................................................................................
    }else{
      nProgressLimit %= (unsigned)db->nProgressOps;
    }
  }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
  if( p->pc==0  && (p->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeListing)!=0 ){


    int i;
    printf("VDBE Program Listing:\n");

    sqlite3VdbePrintSql(p);


    for(i=0; i<p->nOp; i++){
      sqlite3VdbePrintOp(stdout, i, &aOp[i]);
    }











  }
  sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
#endif
  for(pc=p->pc; rc==SQLITE_OK; pc++){
    assert( pc>=0 && pc<p->nOp );
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto no_mem;
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
................................................................................
#endif
    nVmStep++;
    pOp = &aOp[pc];

    /* Only allow tracing if SQLITE_DEBUG is defined.
    */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( p->trace ){
      if( pc==0 ){
        printf("VDBE Execution Trace:\n");
        sqlite3VdbePrintSql(p);
      }
      sqlite3VdbePrintOp(p->trace, pc, pOp);
    }
#endif
      

    /* Check to see if we need to simulate an interrupt.  This only happens
    ** if we have a special test build.
    */
................................................................................
  /* Call the progress callback if it is configured and the required number
  ** of VDBE ops have been executed (either since this invocation of
  ** sqlite3VdbeExec() or since last time the progress callback was called).
  ** If the progress callback returns non-zero, exit the virtual machine with
  ** a return code SQLITE_ABORT.
  */
  if( db->xProgress!=0 && nVmStep>=nProgressLimit ){
    int prc;
    prc = db->xProgress(db->pProgressArg);
    if( prc!=0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_INTERRUPT;
      goto vdbe_error_halt;
    }
    if( db->xProgress!=0 ){
      nProgressLimit = nVmStep + db->nProgressOps - (nVmStep%db->nProgressOps);
    }
  }
#endif
  
  break;
}

/* Opcode:  Gosub P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
*/
case OP_ResultRow: {
  Mem *pMem;
  int i;
  assert( p->nResColumn==pOp->p2 );
  assert( pOp->p1>0 );
  assert( pOp->p1+pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );













  /* If this statement has violated immediate foreign key constraints, do
  ** not return the number of rows modified. And do not RELEASE the statement
  ** transaction. It needs to be rolled back.  */
  if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 0)) ){
    assert( db->flags&SQLITE_CountRows );
    assert( p->usesStmtJournal );
................................................................................
    ** On the other hand, it does burn CPU cycles every time through
    ** the evaluator loop.  So we can leave it out when NDEBUG is defined.
    */
#ifndef NDEBUG
    assert( pc>=-1 && pc<p->nOp );

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( p->trace ){
      if( rc!=0 ) fprintf(p->trace,"rc=%d\n",rc);
      if( pOp->opflags & (OPFLG_OUT2_PRERELEASE|OPFLG_OUT2) ){
        registerTrace(p->trace, pOp->p2, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
      }
      if( pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT3 ){
        registerTrace(p->trace, pOp->p3, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
      }
    }
#endif  /* SQLITE_DEBUG */
#endif  /* NDEBUG */
  }  /* The end of the for(;;) loop the loops through opcodes */

  /* If we reach this point, it means that execution is finished with







|

|

|

|

|


|


|



<
|


|
|
|
|




|







 







|
>
>

<
>

>
>
|
|
|
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|
<
<
|
<
<







 







|
|
|



<
<
<







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>







 







|
|

|


|







423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447

448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
...
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601

602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
...
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636


637


638
639
640
641
642
643
644
...
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773



774
775
776
777
778
779
780
....
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
....
6322
6323
6324
6325
6326
6327
6328
6329
6330
6331
6332
6333
6334
6335
6336
6337
6338
6339
6340
6341
6342
}
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Print the value of a register for tracing purposes:
*/
static void memTracePrint(Mem *p){
  if( p->flags & MEM_Invalid ){
    printf(" undefined");
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_Null ){
    printf(" NULL");
  }else if( (p->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Str))==(MEM_Int|MEM_Str) ){
    printf(" si:%lld", p->u.i);
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_Int ){
    printf(" i:%lld", p->u.i);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_Real ){
    printf(" r:%g", p->r);
#endif
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_RowSet ){
    printf(" (rowset)");
  }else{
    char zBuf[200];
    sqlite3VdbeMemPrettyPrint(p, zBuf);

    printf(" %s", zBuf);
  }
}
static void registerTrace(int iReg, Mem *p){
  printf("REG[%d] = ", iReg);
  memTracePrint(p);
  printf("\n");
}
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
#  define REGISTER_TRACE(R,M) if(db->flags&SQLITE_VdbeTrace)registerTrace(R,M)
#else
#  define REGISTER_TRACE(R,M)
#endif


#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE

................................................................................
    }else{
      nProgressLimit %= (unsigned)db->nProgressOps;
    }
  }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
  if( p->pc==0
   && (p->db->flags & (SQLITE_VdbeListing|SQLITE_VdbeEQP|SQLITE_VdbeTrace))!=0
  ){
    int i;

    int once = 1;
    sqlite3VdbePrintSql(p);
    if( p->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeListing ){
      printf("VDBE Program Listing:\n");
      for(i=0; i<p->nOp; i++){
        sqlite3VdbePrintOp(stdout, i, &aOp[i]);
      }
    }
    if( p->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeEQP ){
      for(i=0; i<p->nOp; i++){
        if( aOp[i].opcode==OP_Explain ){
          if( once ) printf("VDBE Query Plan:\n");
          printf("%s\n", aOp[i].p4.z);
          once = 0;
        }
      }
    }
    if( p->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeTrace )  printf("VDBE Trace:\n");
  }
  sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
#endif
  for(pc=p->pc; rc==SQLITE_OK; pc++){
    assert( pc>=0 && pc<p->nOp );
    if( db->mallocFailed ) goto no_mem;
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
................................................................................
#endif
    nVmStep++;
    pOp = &aOp[pc];

    /* Only allow tracing if SQLITE_DEBUG is defined.
    */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeTrace ){


      sqlite3VdbePrintOp(stdout, pc, pOp);


    }
#endif
      

    /* Check to see if we need to simulate an interrupt.  This only happens
    ** if we have a special test build.
    */
................................................................................
  /* Call the progress callback if it is configured and the required number
  ** of VDBE ops have been executed (either since this invocation of
  ** sqlite3VdbeExec() or since last time the progress callback was called).
  ** If the progress callback returns non-zero, exit the virtual machine with
  ** a return code SQLITE_ABORT.
  */
  if( db->xProgress!=0 && nVmStep>=nProgressLimit ){
    assert( db->nProgressOps!=0 );
    nProgressLimit = nVmStep + db->nProgressOps - (nVmStep%db->nProgressOps);
    if( db->xProgress(db->pProgressArg) ){
      rc = SQLITE_INTERRUPT;
      goto vdbe_error_halt;
    }



  }
#endif
  
  break;
}

/* Opcode:  Gosub P1 P2 * * *
................................................................................
*/
case OP_ResultRow: {
  Mem *pMem;
  int i;
  assert( p->nResColumn==pOp->p2 );
  assert( pOp->p1>0 );
  assert( pOp->p1+pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_PROGRESS_CALLBACK
  /* Run the progress counter just before returning.
  */
  if( db->xProgress!=0
   && nVmStep>=nProgressLimit
   && db->xProgress(db->pProgressArg)!=0
  ){
    rc = SQLITE_INTERRUPT;
    goto vdbe_error_halt;
  }
#endif

  /* If this statement has violated immediate foreign key constraints, do
  ** not return the number of rows modified. And do not RELEASE the statement
  ** transaction. It needs to be rolled back.  */
  if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 0)) ){
    assert( db->flags&SQLITE_CountRows );
    assert( p->usesStmtJournal );
................................................................................
    ** On the other hand, it does burn CPU cycles every time through
    ** the evaluator loop.  So we can leave it out when NDEBUG is defined.
    */
#ifndef NDEBUG
    assert( pc>=-1 && pc<p->nOp );

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeTrace ){
      if( rc!=0 ) printf("rc=%d\n",rc);
      if( pOp->opflags & (OPFLG_OUT2_PRERELEASE|OPFLG_OUT2) ){
        registerTrace(pOp->p2, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
      }
      if( pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT3 ){
        registerTrace(pOp->p3, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
      }
    }
#endif  /* SQLITE_DEBUG */
#endif  /* NDEBUG */
  }  /* The end of the for(;;) loop the loops through opcodes */

  /* If we reach this point, it means that execution is finished with

Changes to src/vdbe.h.

187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
void sqlite3VdbeClearObject(sqlite3*,Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeMakeReady(Vdbe*,Parse*);
int sqlite3VdbeFinalize(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(Vdbe*, int);
int sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(Vdbe*);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  int sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(Vdbe *, int);
  void sqlite3VdbeTrace(Vdbe*,FILE*);
#endif
void sqlite3VdbeResetStepResult(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeRewind(Vdbe*);
int sqlite3VdbeReset(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(Vdbe*,int);
int sqlite3VdbeSetColName(Vdbe*, int, int, const char *, void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(Vdbe*);







<







187
188
189
190
191
192
193

194
195
196
197
198
199
200
void sqlite3VdbeClearObject(sqlite3*,Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeMakeReady(Vdbe*,Parse*);
int sqlite3VdbeFinalize(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(Vdbe*, int);
int sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(Vdbe*);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  int sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(Vdbe *, int);

#endif
void sqlite3VdbeResetStepResult(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeRewind(Vdbe*);
int sqlite3VdbeReset(Vdbe*);
void sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(Vdbe*,int);
int sqlite3VdbeSetColName(Vdbe*, int, int, const char *, void(*)(void*));
void sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(Vdbe*);

Changes to src/vdbeInt.h.

351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
#endif
  i64 iCurrentTime;       /* Value of julianday('now') for this statement */
  i64 nFkConstraint;      /* Number of imm. FK constraints this VM */
  i64 nStmtDefCons;       /* Number of def. constraints when stmt started */
  i64 nStmtDefImmCons;    /* Number of def. imm constraints when stmt started */
  char *zSql;             /* Text of the SQL statement that generated this */
  void *pFree;            /* Free this when deleting the vdbe */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  FILE *trace;            /* Write an execution trace here, if not NULL */
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN
  Explain *pExplain;      /* The explainer */
  char *zExplain;         /* Explanation of data structures */
#endif
  VdbeFrame *pFrame;      /* Parent frame */
  VdbeFrame *pDelFrame;   /* List of frame objects to free on VM reset */
  int nFrame;             /* Number of frames in pFrame list */







<
<
<







351
352
353
354
355
356
357



358
359
360
361
362
363
364
#endif
  i64 iCurrentTime;       /* Value of julianday('now') for this statement */
  i64 nFkConstraint;      /* Number of imm. FK constraints this VM */
  i64 nStmtDefCons;       /* Number of def. constraints when stmt started */
  i64 nStmtDefImmCons;    /* Number of def. imm constraints when stmt started */
  char *zSql;             /* Text of the SQL statement that generated this */
  void *pFree;            /* Free this when deleting the vdbe */



#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_TREE_EXPLAIN
  Explain *pExplain;      /* The explainer */
  char *zExplain;         /* Explanation of data structures */
#endif
  VdbeFrame *pFrame;      /* Parent frame */
  VdbeFrame *pDelFrame;   /* List of frame objects to free on VM reset */
  int nFrame;             /* Number of frames in pFrame list */

Changes to src/vdbeaux.c.

75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
...
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
....
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427


1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
  pB->pPrev = pTmp;
  zTmp = pA->zSql;
  pA->zSql = pB->zSql;
  pB->zSql = zTmp;
  pB->isPrepareV2 = pA->isPrepareV2;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Turn tracing on or off
*/
void sqlite3VdbeTrace(Vdbe *p, FILE *trace){
  p->trace = trace;
}
#endif

/*
** Resize the Vdbe.aOp array so that it is at least one op larger than 
** it was.
**
** If an out-of-memory error occurs while resizing the array, return
** SQLITE_NOMEM. In this case Vdbe.aOp and Vdbe.nOpAlloc remain 
** unchanged (this is so that any opcodes already allocated can be 
................................................................................
      zTemp[i++] = ')';
      zTemp[i] = 0;
      assert( i<nTemp );
      break;
    }
    case P4_COLLSEQ: {
      CollSeq *pColl = pOp->p4.pColl;
      sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp, zTemp, "collseq(%.20s)", pColl->zName);
      break;
    }
    case P4_FUNCDEF: {
      FuncDef *pDef = pOp->p4.pFunc;
      sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp, zTemp, "%s(%d)", pDef->zName, pDef->nArg);
      break;
    }
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Print the SQL that was used to generate a VDBE program.
*/
void sqlite3VdbePrintSql(Vdbe *p){
  int nOp = p->nOp;
  VdbeOp *pOp;
  if( nOp<1 ) return;
  pOp = &p->aOp[0];
  if( pOp->opcode==OP_Trace && pOp->p4.z!=0 ){
    const char *z = pOp->p4.z;
    while( sqlite3Isspace(*z) ) z++;
    printf("SQL: [%s]\n", z);
  }


}
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE)
/*
** Print an IOTRACE message showing SQL content.
*/







<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







|







 







|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
>
>







75
76
77
78
79
80
81









82
83
84
85
86
87
88
...
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
....
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
  pB->pPrev = pTmp;
  zTmp = pA->zSql;
  pA->zSql = pB->zSql;
  pB->zSql = zTmp;
  pB->isPrepareV2 = pA->isPrepareV2;
}










/*
** Resize the Vdbe.aOp array so that it is at least one op larger than 
** it was.
**
** If an out-of-memory error occurs while resizing the array, return
** SQLITE_NOMEM. In this case Vdbe.aOp and Vdbe.nOpAlloc remain 
** unchanged (this is so that any opcodes already allocated can be 
................................................................................
      zTemp[i++] = ')';
      zTemp[i] = 0;
      assert( i<nTemp );
      break;
    }
    case P4_COLLSEQ: {
      CollSeq *pColl = pOp->p4.pColl;
      sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp, zTemp, "(%.20s)", pColl->zName);
      break;
    }
    case P4_FUNCDEF: {
      FuncDef *pDef = pOp->p4.pFunc;
      sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp, zTemp, "%s(%d)", pDef->zName, pDef->nArg);
      break;
    }
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN */

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Print the SQL that was used to generate a VDBE program.
*/
void sqlite3VdbePrintSql(Vdbe *p){
  const char *z = 0;
  if( p->zSql ){
    z = p->zSql;
  }else if( p->nOp>=1 ){
    const VdbeOp *pOp = &p->aOp[0];
    if( pOp->opcode==OP_Trace && pOp->p4.z!=0 ){
      z = pOp->p4.z;
      while( sqlite3Isspace(*z) ) z++;
    }
  }
  if( z ) printf("SQL: [%s]\n", z);
}
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE) && defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE)
/*
** Print an IOTRACE message showing SQL content.
*/

Changes to src/where.c.

13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
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55
56
57
58
59
60
61
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63
64
65
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67
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85
86
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98
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102
103
104
105
106
107
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159
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164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
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177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
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** the WHERE clause of SQL statements.  This module is responsible for
** generating the code that loops through a table looking for applicable
** rows.  Indices are selected and used to speed the search when doing
** so is applicable.  Because this module is responsible for selecting
** indices, you might also think of this module as the "query optimizer".
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"


/*
** Trace output macros
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/***/ int sqlite3WhereTrace = 0;
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) \
    && (defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_WHERETRACE))
# define WHERETRACE(K,X)  if(sqlite3WhereTrace&(K)) sqlite3DebugPrintf X
# define WHERETRACE_ENABLED 1
#else
# define WHERETRACE(K,X)
#endif

/* Forward references
*/
typedef struct WhereClause WhereClause;
typedef struct WhereMaskSet WhereMaskSet;
typedef struct WhereOrInfo WhereOrInfo;
typedef struct WhereAndInfo WhereAndInfo;
typedef struct WhereLevel WhereLevel;
typedef struct WhereLoop WhereLoop;
typedef struct WherePath WherePath;
typedef struct WhereTerm WhereTerm;
typedef struct WhereLoopBuilder WhereLoopBuilder;
typedef struct WhereScan WhereScan;
typedef struct WhereOrCost WhereOrCost;
typedef struct WhereOrSet WhereOrSet;

/*
** This object contains information needed to implement a single nested
** loop in WHERE clause.
**
** Contrast this object with WhereLoop.  This object describes the
** implementation of the loop.  WhereLoop describes the algorithm.
** This object contains a pointer to the WhereLoop algorithm as one of
** its elements.
**
** The WhereInfo object contains a single instance of this object for
** each term in the FROM clause (which is to say, for each of the
** nested loops as implemented).  The order of WhereLevel objects determines
** the loop nested order, with WhereInfo.a[0] being the outer loop and
** WhereInfo.a[WhereInfo.nLevel-1] being the inner loop.
*/
struct WhereLevel {
  int iLeftJoin;        /* Memory cell used to implement LEFT OUTER JOIN */
  int iTabCur;          /* The VDBE cursor used to access the table */
  int iIdxCur;          /* The VDBE cursor used to access pIdx */
  int addrBrk;          /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int addrNxt;          /* Jump here to start the next IN combination */
  int addrCont;         /* Jump here to continue with the next loop cycle */
  int addrFirst;        /* First instruction of interior of the loop */
  int addrBody;         /* Beginning of the body of this loop */
  u8 iFrom;             /* Which entry in the FROM clause */
  u8 op, p5;            /* Opcode and P5 of the opcode that ends the loop */
  int p1, p2;           /* Operands of the opcode used to ends the loop */
  union {               /* Information that depends on pWLoop->wsFlags */
    struct {
      int nIn;              /* Number of entries in aInLoop[] */
      struct InLoop {
        int iCur;              /* The VDBE cursor used by this IN operator */
        int addrInTop;         /* Top of the IN loop */
        u8 eEndLoopOp;         /* IN Loop terminator. OP_Next or OP_Prev */
      } *aInLoop;           /* Information about each nested IN operator */
    } in;                 /* Used when pWLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_IN_ABLE */
    Index *pCovidx;       /* Possible covering index for WHERE_MULTI_OR */
  } u;
  struct WhereLoop *pWLoop;  /* The selected WhereLoop object */
  Bitmask notReady;          /* FROM entries not usable at this level */
};

/*
** Each instance of this object represents an algorithm for evaluating one
** term of a join.  Every term of the FROM clause will have at least
** one corresponding WhereLoop object (unless INDEXED BY constraints
** prevent a query solution - which is an error) and many terms of the
** FROM clause will have multiple WhereLoop objects, each describing a
** potential way of implementing that FROM-clause term, together with
** dependencies and cost estimates for using the chosen algorithm.
**
** Query planning consists of building up a collection of these WhereLoop
** objects, then computing a particular sequence of WhereLoop objects, with
** one WhereLoop object per FROM clause term, that satisfy all dependencies
** and that minimize the overall cost.
*/
struct WhereLoop {
  Bitmask prereq;       /* Bitmask of other loops that must run first */
  Bitmask maskSelf;     /* Bitmask identifying table iTab */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  char cId;             /* Symbolic ID of this loop for debugging use */
#endif
  u8 iTab;              /* Position in FROM clause of table for this loop */
  u8 iSortIdx;          /* Sorting index number.  0==None */
  LogEst rSetup;        /* One-time setup cost (ex: create transient index) */
  LogEst rRun;          /* Cost of running each loop */
  LogEst nOut;          /* Estimated number of output rows */
  union {
    struct {               /* Information for internal btree tables */
      int nEq;               /* Number of equality constraints */
      Index *pIndex;         /* Index used, or NULL */
    } btree;
    struct {               /* Information for virtual tables */
      int idxNum;            /* Index number */
      u8 needFree;           /* True if sqlite3_free(idxStr) is needed */
      u8 isOrdered;          /* True if satisfies ORDER BY */
      u16 omitMask;          /* Terms that may be omitted */
      char *idxStr;          /* Index identifier string */
    } vtab;
  } u;
  u32 wsFlags;          /* WHERE_* flags describing the plan */
  u16 nLTerm;           /* Number of entries in aLTerm[] */
  /**** whereLoopXfer() copies fields above ***********************/
# define WHERE_LOOP_XFER_SZ offsetof(WhereLoop,nLSlot)
  u16 nLSlot;           /* Number of slots allocated for aLTerm[] */
  WhereTerm **aLTerm;   /* WhereTerms used */
  WhereLoop *pNextLoop; /* Next WhereLoop object in the WhereClause */
  WhereTerm *aLTermSpace[4];  /* Initial aLTerm[] space */
};

/* This object holds the prerequisites and the cost of running a
** subquery on one operand of an OR operator in the WHERE clause.
** See WhereOrSet for additional information 
*/
struct WhereOrCost {
  Bitmask prereq;     /* Prerequisites */
  LogEst rRun;        /* Cost of running this subquery */
  LogEst nOut;        /* Number of outputs for this subquery */
};

/* The WhereOrSet object holds a set of possible WhereOrCosts that
** correspond to the subquery(s) of OR-clause processing.  Only the
** best N_OR_COST elements are retained.
*/
#define N_OR_COST 3
struct WhereOrSet {
  u16 n;                      /* Number of valid a[] entries */
  WhereOrCost a[N_OR_COST];   /* Set of best costs */
};


/* Forward declaration of methods */
static int whereLoopResize(sqlite3*, WhereLoop*, int);

/*
** Each instance of this object holds a sequence of WhereLoop objects
** that implement some or all of a query plan.
**
** Think of each WhereLoop object as a node in a graph with arcs
** showing dependencies and costs for travelling between nodes.  (That is
** not a completely accurate description because WhereLoop costs are a
** vector, not a scalar, and because dependencies are many-to-one, not
** one-to-one as are graph nodes.  But it is a useful visualization aid.)
** Then a WherePath object is a path through the graph that visits some
** or all of the WhereLoop objects once.
**
** The "solver" works by creating the N best WherePath objects of length
** 1.  Then using those as a basis to compute the N best WherePath objects
** of length 2.  And so forth until the length of WherePaths equals the
** number of nodes in the FROM clause.  The best (lowest cost) WherePath
** at the end is the choosen query plan.
*/
struct WherePath {
  Bitmask maskLoop;     /* Bitmask of all WhereLoop objects in this path */
  Bitmask revLoop;      /* aLoop[]s that should be reversed for ORDER BY */
  LogEst nRow;          /* Estimated number of rows generated by this path */
  LogEst rCost;         /* Total cost of this path */
  u8 isOrdered;         /* True if this path satisfies ORDER BY */
  u8 isOrderedValid;    /* True if the isOrdered field is valid */
  WhereLoop **aLoop;    /* Array of WhereLoop objects implementing this path */
};

/*
** The query generator uses an array of instances of this structure to
** help it analyze the subexpressions of the WHERE clause.  Each WHERE
** clause subexpression is separated from the others by AND operators,
** usually, or sometimes subexpressions separated by OR.
**
** All WhereTerms are collected into a single WhereClause structure.  
** The following identity holds:
**
**        WhereTerm.pWC->a[WhereTerm.idx] == WhereTerm
**
** When a term is of the form:
**
**              X <op> <expr>
**
** where X is a column name and <op> is one of certain operators,
** then WhereTerm.leftCursor and WhereTerm.u.leftColumn record the
** cursor number and column number for X.  WhereTerm.eOperator records
** the <op> using a bitmask encoding defined by WO_xxx below.  The
** use of a bitmask encoding for the operator allows us to search
** quickly for terms that match any of several different operators.
**
** A WhereTerm might also be two or more subterms connected by OR:
**
**         (t1.X <op> <expr>) OR (t1.Y <op> <expr>) OR ....
**
** In this second case, wtFlag has the TERM_ORINFO bit set and eOperator==WO_OR
** and the WhereTerm.u.pOrInfo field points to auxiliary information that
** is collected about the OR clause.
**
** If a term in the WHERE clause does not match either of the two previous
** categories, then eOperator==0.  The WhereTerm.pExpr field is still set
** to the original subexpression content and wtFlags is set up appropriately
** but no other fields in the WhereTerm object are meaningful.
**
** When eOperator!=0, prereqRight and prereqAll record sets of cursor numbers,
** but they do so indirectly.  A single WhereMaskSet structure translates
** cursor number into bits and the translated bit is stored in the prereq
** fields.  The translation is used in order to maximize the number of
** bits that will fit in a Bitmask.  The VDBE cursor numbers might be
** spread out over the non-negative integers.  For example, the cursor
** numbers might be 3, 8, 9, 10, 20, 23, 41, and 45.  The WhereMaskSet
** translates these sparse cursor numbers into consecutive integers
** beginning with 0 in order to make the best possible use of the available
** bits in the Bitmask.  So, in the example above, the cursor numbers
** would be mapped into integers 0 through 7.
**
** The number of terms in a join is limited by the number of bits
** in prereqRight and prereqAll.  The default is 64 bits, hence SQLite
** is only able to process joins with 64 or fewer tables.
*/
struct WhereTerm {
  Expr *pExpr;            /* Pointer to the subexpression that is this term */
  int iParent;            /* Disable pWC->a[iParent] when this term disabled */
  int leftCursor;         /* Cursor number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
  union {
    int leftColumn;         /* Column number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
    WhereOrInfo *pOrInfo;   /* Extra information if (eOperator & WO_OR)!=0 */
    WhereAndInfo *pAndInfo; /* Extra information if (eOperator& WO_AND)!=0 */
  } u;
  LogEst truthProb;       /* Probability of truth for this expression */
  u16 eOperator;          /* A WO_xx value describing <op> */
  u8 wtFlags;             /* TERM_xxx bit flags.  See below */
  u8 nChild;              /* Number of children that must disable us */
  WhereClause *pWC;       /* The clause this term is part of */
  Bitmask prereqRight;    /* Bitmask of tables used by pExpr->pRight */
  Bitmask prereqAll;      /* Bitmask of tables referenced by pExpr */
};

/*
** Allowed values of WhereTerm.wtFlags
*/
#define TERM_DYNAMIC    0x01   /* Need to call sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr) */
#define TERM_VIRTUAL    0x02   /* Added by the optimizer.  Do not code */
#define TERM_CODED      0x04   /* This term is already coded */
#define TERM_COPIED     0x08   /* Has a child */
#define TERM_ORINFO     0x10   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pOrInfo object */
#define TERM_ANDINFO    0x20   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pAndInfo obj */
#define TERM_OR_OK      0x40   /* Used during OR-clause processing */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x80   /* Manufactured x>NULL or x<=NULL term */
#else
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x00   /* Disabled if not using stat3 */
#endif

/*
** An instance of the WhereScan object is used as an iterator for locating
** terms in the WHERE clause that are useful to the query planner.
*/
struct WhereScan {
  WhereClause *pOrigWC;      /* Original, innermost WhereClause */
  WhereClause *pWC;          /* WhereClause currently being scanned */
  char *zCollName;           /* Required collating sequence, if not NULL */
  char idxaff;               /* Must match this affinity, if zCollName!=NULL */
  unsigned char nEquiv;      /* Number of entries in aEquiv[] */
  unsigned char iEquiv;      /* Next unused slot in aEquiv[] */
  u32 opMask;                /* Acceptable operators */
  int k;                     /* Resume scanning at this->pWC->a[this->k] */
  int aEquiv[22];            /* Cursor,Column pairs for equivalence classes */
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure holds all information about a
** WHERE clause.  Mostly this is a container for one or more WhereTerms.
**
** Explanation of pOuter:  For a WHERE clause of the form
**
**           a AND ((b AND c) OR (d AND e)) AND f
**
** There are separate WhereClause objects for the whole clause and for
** the subclauses "(b AND c)" and "(d AND e)".  The pOuter field of the
** subclauses points to the WhereClause object for the whole clause.
*/
struct WhereClause {
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;       /* WHERE clause processing context */
  WhereClause *pOuter;     /* Outer conjunction */
  u8 op;                   /* Split operator.  TK_AND or TK_OR */
  int nTerm;               /* Number of terms */
  int nSlot;               /* Number of entries in a[] */
  WhereTerm *a;            /* Each a[] describes a term of the WHERE cluase */
#if defined(SQLITE_SMALL_STACK)
  WhereTerm aStatic[1];    /* Initial static space for a[] */
#else
  WhereTerm aStatic[8];    /* Initial static space for a[] */
#endif
};

/*
** A WhereTerm with eOperator==WO_OR has its u.pOrInfo pointer set to
** a dynamically allocated instance of the following structure.
*/
struct WhereOrInfo {
  WhereClause wc;          /* Decomposition into subterms */
  Bitmask indexable;       /* Bitmask of all indexable tables in the clause */
};

/*
** A WhereTerm with eOperator==WO_AND has its u.pAndInfo pointer set to
** a dynamically allocated instance of the following structure.
*/
struct WhereAndInfo {
  WhereClause wc;          /* The subexpression broken out */
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure keeps track of a mapping
** between VDBE cursor numbers and bits of the bitmasks in WhereTerm.
**
** The VDBE cursor numbers are small integers contained in 
** SrcList_item.iCursor and Expr.iTable fields.  For any given WHERE 
** clause, the cursor numbers might not begin with 0 and they might
** contain gaps in the numbering sequence.  But we want to make maximum
** use of the bits in our bitmasks.  This structure provides a mapping
** from the sparse cursor numbers into consecutive integers beginning
** with 0.
**
** If WhereMaskSet.ix[A]==B it means that The A-th bit of a Bitmask
** corresponds VDBE cursor number B.  The A-th bit of a bitmask is 1<<A.
**
** For example, if the WHERE clause expression used these VDBE
** cursors:  4, 5, 8, 29, 57, 73.  Then the  WhereMaskSet structure
** would map those cursor numbers into bits 0 through 5.
**
** Note that the mapping is not necessarily ordered.  In the example
** above, the mapping might go like this:  4->3, 5->1, 8->2, 29->0,
** 57->5, 73->4.  Or one of 719 other combinations might be used. It
** does not really matter.  What is important is that sparse cursor
** numbers all get mapped into bit numbers that begin with 0 and contain
** no gaps.
*/
struct WhereMaskSet {
  int n;                        /* Number of assigned cursor values */
  int ix[BMS];                  /* Cursor assigned to each bit */
};

/*
** This object is a convenience wrapper holding all information needed
** to construct WhereLoop objects for a particular query.
*/
struct WhereLoopBuilder {
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;        /* Information about this WHERE */
  WhereClause *pWC;         /* WHERE clause terms */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;       /* ORDER BY clause */
  WhereLoop *pNew;          /* Template WhereLoop */
  WhereOrSet *pOrSet;       /* Record best loops here, if not NULL */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  UnpackedRecord *pRec;     /* Probe for stat4 (if required) */
  int nRecValid;            /* Number of valid fields currently in pRec */
#endif
};

/*
** The WHERE clause processing routine has two halves.  The
** first part does the start of the WHERE loop and the second
** half does the tail of the WHERE loop.  An instance of
** this structure is returned by the first half and passed
** into the second half to give some continuity.
**
** An instance of this object holds the complete state of the query
** planner.
*/
struct WhereInfo {
  Parse *pParse;            /* Parsing and code generating context */
  SrcList *pTabList;        /* List of tables in the join */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;       /* The ORDER BY clause or NULL */
  ExprList *pResultSet;     /* Result set. DISTINCT operates on these */
  WhereLoop *pLoops;        /* List of all WhereLoop objects */
  Bitmask revMask;          /* Mask of ORDER BY terms that need reversing */
  LogEst nRowOut;           /* Estimated number of output rows */
  u16 wctrlFlags;           /* Flags originally passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() */
  u8 bOBSat;                /* ORDER BY satisfied by indices */
  u8 okOnePass;             /* Ok to use one-pass algorithm for UPDATE/DELETE */
  u8 untestedTerms;         /* Not all WHERE terms resolved by outer loop */
  u8 eDistinct;             /* One of the WHERE_DISTINCT_* values below */
  u8 nLevel;                /* Number of nested loop */
  int iTop;                 /* The very beginning of the WHERE loop */
  int iContinue;            /* Jump here to continue with next record */
  int iBreak;               /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int savedNQueryLoop;      /* pParse->nQueryLoop outside the WHERE loop */
  int aiCurOnePass[2];      /* OP_OpenWrite cursors for the ONEPASS opt */
  WhereMaskSet sMaskSet;    /* Map cursor numbers to bitmasks */
  WhereClause sWC;          /* Decomposition of the WHERE clause */
  WhereLevel a[1];          /* Information about each nest loop in WHERE */
};

/*
** Bitmasks for the operators on WhereTerm objects.  These are all
** operators that are of interest to the query planner.  An
** OR-ed combination of these values can be used when searching for
** particular WhereTerms within a WhereClause.
*/
#define WO_IN     0x001
#define WO_EQ     0x002
#define WO_LT     (WO_EQ<<(TK_LT-TK_EQ))
#define WO_LE     (WO_EQ<<(TK_LE-TK_EQ))
#define WO_GT     (WO_EQ<<(TK_GT-TK_EQ))
#define WO_GE     (WO_EQ<<(TK_GE-TK_EQ))
#define WO_MATCH  0x040
#define WO_ISNULL 0x080
#define WO_OR     0x100       /* Two or more OR-connected terms */
#define WO_AND    0x200       /* Two or more AND-connected terms */
#define WO_EQUIV  0x400       /* Of the form A==B, both columns */
#define WO_NOOP   0x800       /* This term does not restrict search space */

#define WO_ALL    0xfff       /* Mask of all possible WO_* values */
#define WO_SINGLE 0x0ff       /* Mask of all non-compound WO_* values */

/*
** These are definitions of bits in the WhereLoop.wsFlags field.
** The particular combination of bits in each WhereLoop help to
** determine the algorithm that WhereLoop represents.
*/
#define WHERE_COLUMN_EQ    0x00000001  /* x=EXPR */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE 0x00000002  /* x<EXPR and/or x>EXPR */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_IN    0x00000004  /* x IN (...) */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_NULL  0x00000008  /* x IS NULL */
#define WHERE_CONSTRAINT   0x0000000f  /* Any of the WHERE_COLUMN_xxx values */
#define WHERE_TOP_LIMIT    0x00000010  /* x<EXPR or x<=EXPR constraint */
#define WHERE_BTM_LIMIT    0x00000020  /* x>EXPR or x>=EXPR constraint */
#define WHERE_BOTH_LIMIT   0x00000030  /* Both x>EXPR and x<EXPR */
#define WHERE_IDX_ONLY     0x00000040  /* Use index only - omit table */
#define WHERE_IPK          0x00000100  /* x is the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
#define WHERE_INDEXED      0x00000200  /* WhereLoop.u.btree.pIndex is valid */
#define WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE 0x00000400  /* WhereLoop.u.vtab is valid */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x00000800  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_ONEROW       0x00001000  /* Selects no more than one row */
#define WHERE_MULTI_OR     0x00002000  /* OR using multiple indices */
#define WHERE_AUTO_INDEX   0x00004000  /* Uses an ephemeral index */


/*
** Return the estimated number of output rows from a WHERE clause
*/
u64 sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return sqlite3LogEstToInt(pWInfo->nRowOut);
}
................................................................................
  }
  disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
  return iReg;
}

/*
** Generate code that will evaluate all == and IN constraints for an
** index.
**
** For example, consider table t1(a,b,c,d,e,f) with index i1(a,b,c).
** Suppose the WHERE clause is this:  a==5 AND b IN (1,2,3) AND c>5 AND c<10
** The index has as many as three equality constraints, but in this
** example, the third "c" value is an inequality.  So only two 
** constraints are coded.  This routine will generate code to evaluate
** a==5 and b IN (1,2,3).  The current values for a and b will be stored
................................................................................
** in consecutive registers and the index of the first register is returned.
**
** In the example above nEq==2.  But this subroutine works for any value
** of nEq including 0.  If nEq==0, this routine is nearly a no-op.
** The only thing it does is allocate the pLevel->iMem memory cell and
** compute the affinity string.
**
** This routine always allocates at least one memory cell and returns
** the index of that memory cell. The code that





** calls this routine will use that memory cell to store the termination

** key value of the loop.  If one or more IN operators appear, then
** this routine allocates an additional nEq memory cells for internal
** use.
**
** Before returning, *pzAff is set to point to a buffer containing a
** copy of the column affinity string of the index allocated using
** sqlite3DbMalloc(). Except, entries in the copy of the string associated
................................................................................
static int codeAllEqualityTerms(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing context */
  WhereLevel *pLevel,   /* Which nested loop of the FROM we are coding */
  int bRev,             /* Reverse the order of IN operators */
  int nExtraReg,        /* Number of extra registers to allocate */
  char **pzAff          /* OUT: Set to point to affinity string */
){
  int nEq;                      /* The number of == or IN constraints to code */

  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;      /* The vm under construction */
  Index *pIdx;                  /* The index being used for this loop */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;             /* A single constraint term */
  WhereLoop *pLoop;             /* The WhereLoop object */
  int j;                        /* Loop counter */
  int regBase;                  /* Base register */
  int nReg;                     /* Number of registers to allocate */
  char *zAff;                   /* Affinity string to return */

  /* This module is only called on query plans that use an index. */
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 );
  nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;

  pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  assert( pIdx!=0 );

  /* Figure out how many memory cells we will need then allocate them.
  */
  regBase = pParse->nMem + 1;
  nReg = pLoop->u.btree.nEq + nExtraReg;
  pParse->nMem += nReg;

  zAff = sqlite3DbStrDup(pParse->db, sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pIdx));
  if( !zAff ){
    pParse->db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
















  /* Evaluate the equality constraints
  */
  assert( zAff==0 || (int)strlen(zAff)>=nEq );
  for(j=0; j<nEq; j++){
    int r1;
    pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[j];
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    /* The following true for indices with redundant columns. 
    ** Ex: CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a,b,a); SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=0 AND b=0; */
    testcase( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED)!=0 );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    r1 = codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, j, bRev, regBase+j);
    if( r1!=regBase+j ){
      if( nReg==1 ){
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regBase);
................................................................................
**
** The returned pointer points to memory obtained from sqlite3DbMalloc().
** It is the responsibility of the caller to free the buffer when it is
** no longer required.
*/
static char *explainIndexRange(sqlite3 *db, WhereLoop *pLoop, Table *pTab){
  Index *pIndex = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  int nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;

  int i, j;
  Column *aCol = pTab->aCol;
  i16 *aiColumn = pIndex->aiColumn;
  StrAccum txt;

  if( nEq==0 && (pLoop->wsFlags & (WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&txt, 0, 0, SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
  txt.db = db;
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, " (", 2);
  for(i=0; i<nEq; i++){
    char *z = (i==pIndex->nKeyCol ) ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[i]].zName;

    explainAppendTerm(&txt, i, z, "=");






  }

  j = i;
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
    char *z = (j==pIndex->nKeyCol ) ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(&txt, i++, z, ">");
  }
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  SrcList *pTabList,              /* Table list this loop refers to */
  WhereLevel *pLevel,             /* Scan to write OP_Explain opcode for */
  int iLevel,                     /* Value for "level" column of output */
  int iFrom,                      /* Value for "from" column of output */
  u16 wctrlFlags                  /* Flags passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() */
){

  if( pParse->explain==2 ){


    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;      /* VM being constructed */
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;     /* Database handle */
    char *zMsg;                   /* Text to add to EQP output */
    int iId = pParse->iSelectId;  /* Select id (left-most output column) */
    int isSearch;                 /* True for a SEARCH. False for SCAN. */
    WhereLoop *pLoop;             /* The controlling WhereLoop object */
................................................................................
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  pTabItem = &pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
  iCur = pTabItem->iCursor;
  pLevel->notReady = notReady & ~getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCur);
  bRev = (pWInfo->revMask>>iLevel)&1;
  omitTable = (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)!=0 
           && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_FORCE_TABLE)==0;
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin WHERE-Loop %d: %s", iLevel,pTabItem->pTab->zName));

  /* Create labels for the "break" and "continue" instructions
  ** for the current loop.  Jump to addrBrk to break out of a loop.
  ** Jump to cont to go immediately to the next iteration of the
  ** loop.
  **
  ** When there is an IN operator, we also have a "addrNxt" label that
................................................................................
      OP_SeekLe            /* 7: (start_constraints  &&  startEq &&  bRev) */
    };
    static const u8 aEndOp[] = {
      OP_Noop,             /* 0: (!end_constraints) */
      OP_IdxGE,            /* 1: (end_constraints && !bRev) */
      OP_IdxLT             /* 2: (end_constraints && bRev) */
    };
    int nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;  /* Number of == or IN terms */

    int isMinQuery = 0;            /* If this is an optimized SELECT min(x).. */
    int regBase;                 /* Base register holding constraint values */
    int r1;                      /* Temp register */
    WhereTerm *pRangeStart = 0;  /* Inequality constraint at range start */
    WhereTerm *pRangeEnd = 0;    /* Inequality constraint at range end */
    int startEq;                 /* True if range start uses ==, >= or <= */
    int endEq;                   /* True if range end uses ==, >= or <= */
    int start_constraints;       /* Start of range is constrained */
................................................................................
    int nExtraReg = 0;           /* Number of extra registers needed */
    int op;                      /* Instruction opcode */
    char *zStartAff;             /* Affinity for start of range constraint */
    char *zEndAff;               /* Affinity for end of range constraint */

    pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
    iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;


    /* If this loop satisfies a sort order (pOrderBy) request that 
    ** was passed to this function to implement a "SELECT min(x) ..." 
    ** query, then the caller will only allow the loop to run for
    ** a single iteration. This means that the first row returned
    ** should not have a NULL value stored in 'x'. If column 'x' is
    ** the first one after the nEq equality constraints in the index,
    ** this requires some special handling.
    */
    if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)!=0
     && (pWInfo->bOBSat!=0)
     && (pIdx->nKeyCol>nEq)
    ){
      /* assert( pOrderBy->nExpr==1 ); */
      /* assert( pOrderBy->a[0].pExpr->iColumn==pIdx->aiColumn[nEq] ); */
      isMinQuery = 1;
      nExtraReg = 1;
    }

    /* Find any inequality constraint terms for the start and end 
    ** of the range. 
    */
................................................................................
    /* If there are inequality constraints, check that the value
    ** of the table column that the inequality contrains is not NULL.
    ** If it is, jump to the next iteration of the loop.
    */
    r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    testcase( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT );
    testcase( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT );
    if( (pLoop->wsFlags & (WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))!=0 ){



      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, nEq, r1);

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1, addrCont);
    }
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);

    /* Seek the table cursor, if required */
    disableTerm(pLevel, pRangeStart);
    disableTerm(pLevel, pRangeEnd);
................................................................................
  */
  if( p->nLTerm && (sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x100)!=0 ){  /* WHERETRACE 0x100 */
    int i;
    Vdbe *v = pWInfo->pParse->pVdbe;
    sqlite3ExplainBegin(v);
    for(i=0; i<p->nLTerm; i++){
      WhereTerm *pTerm = p->aLTerm[i];

      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(v, "  (%d) #%-2d ", i+1, (int)(pTerm-pWC->a));
      sqlite3ExplainPush(v);
      whereExplainTerm(v, pTerm);
      sqlite3ExplainPop(v);
      sqlite3ExplainNL(v);
    }
    sqlite3ExplainFinish(v);
................................................................................
  }
  for(i=pWC->nTerm, pTerm=pWC->a; i>0; i--, pTerm++){
    if( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL)!=0 ) break;
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & pLoop->maskSelf)==0 ) continue;
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & notAllowed)!=0 ) continue;
    for(j=pLoop->nLTerm-1; j>=0; j--){
      pX = pLoop->aLTerm[j];

      if( pX==pTerm ) break;
      if( pX->iParent>=0 && (&pWC->a[pX->iParent])==pTerm ) break;
    }
    if( j<0 ) pLoop->nOut += pTerm->truthProb;
  }
}

................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;       /* Database connection malloc context */
  WhereLoop *pNew;                /* Template WhereLoop under construction */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;               /* A WhereTerm under consideration */
  int opMask;                     /* Valid operators for constraints */
  WhereScan scan;                 /* Iterator for WHERE terms */
  Bitmask saved_prereq;           /* Original value of pNew->prereq */
  u16 saved_nLTerm;               /* Original value of pNew->nLTerm */
  int saved_nEq;                  /* Original value of pNew->u.btree.nEq */

  u32 saved_wsFlags;              /* Original value of pNew->wsFlags */
  LogEst saved_nOut;              /* Original value of pNew->nOut */
  int iCol;                       /* Index of the column in the table */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  LogEst nRowEst;                 /* Estimated index selectivity */
  LogEst rLogSize;                /* Logarithm of table size */
  WhereTerm *pTop = 0, *pBtm = 0; /* Top and bottom range constraints */
................................................................................
  }else{
    iCol = -1;
    nRowEst = 0;
  }
  pTerm = whereScanInit(&scan, pBuilder->pWC, pSrc->iCursor, iCol,
                        opMask, pProbe);
  saved_nEq = pNew->u.btree.nEq;

  saved_nLTerm = pNew->nLTerm;
  saved_wsFlags = pNew->wsFlags;
  saved_prereq = pNew->prereq;
  saved_nOut = pNew->nOut;
  pNew->rSetup = 0;
  rLogSize = estLog(sqlite3LogEst(pProbe->aiRowEst[0]));













  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm!=0; pTerm = whereScanNext(&scan)){
    int nIn = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    int nRecValid = pBuilder->nRecValid;
#endif
    if( (pTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL || (pTerm->wtFlags&TERM_VNULL)!=0)
     && (iCol<0 || pSrc->pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull)
................................................................................
        /* "x IN (value, value, ...)" */
        nIn = sqlite3LogEst(pExpr->x.pList->nExpr);
      }
      pNew->rRun += nIn;
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul + nIn;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ) ){

      assert( (pNew->wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_NULL|WHERE_COLUMN_IN))!=0
                  || nInMul==0 );

      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_EQ;
      if( iCol<0  
       || (pProbe->onError!=OE_None && nInMul==0
           && pNew->u.btree.nEq==pProbe->nKeyCol-1)
      ){
        assert( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_IN)==0 || iCol<0 );
        pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_ONEROW;
................................................................................
    pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    pBuilder->nRecValid = nRecValid;
#endif
  }
  pNew->prereq = saved_prereq;
  pNew->u.btree.nEq = saved_nEq;

  pNew->wsFlags = saved_wsFlags;
  pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
  pNew->nLTerm = saved_nLTerm;
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
    /* Generate auto-index WhereLoops */
    WhereTerm *pTerm;
    WhereTerm *pWCEnd = pWC->a + pWC->nTerm;
    for(pTerm=pWC->a; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
      if( pTerm->prereqRight & pNew->maskSelf ) continue;
      if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, 0) ){
        pNew->u.btree.nEq = 1;

        pNew->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
        pNew->nLTerm = 1;
        pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
        /* TUNING: One-time cost for computing the automatic index is
        ** approximately 7*N*log2(N) where N is the number of rows in
        ** the table being indexed. */
        pNew->rSetup = rLogSize + rSize + 28;  assert( 28==sqlite3LogEst(7) );
................................................................................
  */
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pProbe; pProbe=pProbe->pNext, iSortIdx++){
    if( pProbe->pPartIdxWhere!=0
     && !whereUsablePartialIndex(pNew->iTab, pWC, pProbe->pPartIdxWhere) ){
      continue;  /* Partial index inappropriate for this query */
    }
    pNew->u.btree.nEq = 0;

    pNew->nLTerm = 0;
    pNew->iSortIdx = 0;
    pNew->rSetup = 0;
    pNew->prereq = mExtra;
    pNew->nOut = rSize;
    pNew->u.btree.pIndex = pProbe;
    b = indexMightHelpWithOrderBy(pBuilder, pProbe, pSrc->iCursor);
................................................................................
      rev = revSet = 0;
      distinctColumns = 0;
      for(j=0; j<nColumn; j++){
        u8 bOnce;   /* True to run the ORDER BY search loop */

        /* Skip over == and IS NULL terms */
        if( j<pLoop->u.btree.nEq

         && ((i = pLoop->aLTerm[j]->eOperator) & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL))!=0
        ){
          if( i & WO_ISNULL ){
            testcase( isOrderDistinct );
            isOrderDistinct = 0;
          }
          continue;  
................................................................................
  pTab = pItem->pTab;
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ) return 0;
  if( pItem->zIndex ) return 0;
  iCur = pItem->iCursor;
  pWC = &pWInfo->sWC;
  pLoop = pBuilder->pNew;
  pLoop->wsFlags = 0;

  pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, 0, WO_EQ, 0);
  if( pTerm ){
    pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_IPK|WHERE_ONEROW;
    pLoop->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
    pLoop->nLTerm = 1;
    pLoop->u.btree.nEq = 1;
    /* TUNING: Cost of a rowid lookup is 10 */
................................................................................
    explainOneScan(pParse, pTabList, pLevel, ii, pLevel->iFrom, wctrlFlags);
    pLevel->addrBody = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    notReady = codeOneLoopStart(pWInfo, ii, notReady);
    pWInfo->iContinue = pLevel->addrCont;
  }

  /* Done. */

  return pWInfo;

  /* Jump here if malloc fails */
whereBeginError:
  if( pWInfo ){
    pParse->nQueryLoop = pWInfo->savedNQueryLoop;
    whereInfoFree(db, pWInfo);
................................................................................
  WhereLevel *pLevel;
  WhereLoop *pLoop;
  SrcList *pTabList = pWInfo->pTabList;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  /* Generate loop termination code.
  */

  sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
  for(i=pWInfo->nLevel-1; i>=0; i--){

    pLevel = &pWInfo->a[i];
    pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->addrCont);
    if( pLevel->op!=OP_Noop ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, pLevel->op, pLevel->p1, pLevel->p2);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, pLevel->p5);
    }
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pIn->addrInTop+1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, pIn->eEndLoopOp, pIn->iCur, pIn->addrInTop);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pIn->addrInTop-1);
      }
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pLevel->u.in.aInLoop);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->addrBrk);






    if( pLevel->iLeftJoin ){
      int addr;
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
      assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0
           || (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0 );
      if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NullRow, pTabList->a[i].iCursor);
      }
      if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED ){
................................................................................
      if( pLevel->op==OP_Return ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, pLevel->p1, pLevel->addrFirst);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, pLevel->addrFirst);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
    }
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "End WHERE-Loop %d: %s", i,
                     pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom].pTab->zName));
  }

  /* The "break" point is here, just past the end of the outer loop.
  ** Set it.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pWInfo->iBreak);







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** the WHERE clause of SQL statements.  This module is responsible for
** generating the code that loops through a table looking for applicable
** rows.  Indices are selected and used to speed the search when doing
** so is applicable.  Because this module is responsible for selecting
** indices, you might also think of this module as the "query optimizer".
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

























































































































































































































































































































































































































































#include "whereInt.h"

/*
** Return the estimated number of output rows from a WHERE clause
*/
u64 sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo *pWInfo){
  return sqlite3LogEstToInt(pWInfo->nRowOut);
}
................................................................................
  }
  disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
  return iReg;
}

/*
** Generate code that will evaluate all == and IN constraints for an
** index scan.
**
** For example, consider table t1(a,b,c,d,e,f) with index i1(a,b,c).
** Suppose the WHERE clause is this:  a==5 AND b IN (1,2,3) AND c>5 AND c<10
** The index has as many as three equality constraints, but in this
** example, the third "c" value is an inequality.  So only two 
** constraints are coded.  This routine will generate code to evaluate
** a==5 and b IN (1,2,3).  The current values for a and b will be stored
................................................................................
** in consecutive registers and the index of the first register is returned.
**
** In the example above nEq==2.  But this subroutine works for any value
** of nEq including 0.  If nEq==0, this routine is nearly a no-op.
** The only thing it does is allocate the pLevel->iMem memory cell and
** compute the affinity string.
**
** The nExtraReg parameter is 0 or 1.  It is 0 if all WHERE clause constraints
** are == or IN and are covered by the nEq.  nExtraReg is 1 if there is
** an inequality constraint (such as the "c>=5 AND c<10" in the example) that
** occurs after the nEq quality constraints.
**
** This routine allocates a range of nEq+nExtraReg memory cells and returns
** the index of the first memory cell in that range. The code that
** calls this routine will use that memory range to store keys for
** start and termination conditions of the loop.
** key value of the loop.  If one or more IN operators appear, then
** this routine allocates an additional nEq memory cells for internal
** use.
**
** Before returning, *pzAff is set to point to a buffer containing a
** copy of the column affinity string of the index allocated using
** sqlite3DbMalloc(). Except, entries in the copy of the string associated
................................................................................
static int codeAllEqualityTerms(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parsing context */
  WhereLevel *pLevel,   /* Which nested loop of the FROM we are coding */
  int bRev,             /* Reverse the order of IN operators */
  int nExtraReg,        /* Number of extra registers to allocate */
  char **pzAff          /* OUT: Set to point to affinity string */
){
  u16 nEq;                      /* The number of == or IN constraints to code */
  u16 nSkip;                    /* Number of left-most columns to skip */
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;      /* The vm under construction */
  Index *pIdx;                  /* The index being used for this loop */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;             /* A single constraint term */
  WhereLoop *pLoop;             /* The WhereLoop object */
  int j;                        /* Loop counter */
  int regBase;                  /* Base register */
  int nReg;                     /* Number of registers to allocate */
  char *zAff;                   /* Affinity string to return */

  /* This module is only called on query plans that use an index. */
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 );
  nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  nSkip = pLoop->u.btree.nSkip;
  pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  assert( pIdx!=0 );

  /* Figure out how many memory cells we will need then allocate them.
  */
  regBase = pParse->nMem + 1;
  nReg = pLoop->u.btree.nEq + nExtraReg;
  pParse->nMem += nReg;

  zAff = sqlite3DbStrDup(pParse->db, sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pIdx));
  if( !zAff ){
    pParse->db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }

  if( nSkip ){
    int iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, (bRev?OP_Last:OP_Rewind), iIdxCur);
    VdbeComment((v, "begin skip-scan on %s", pIdx->zName));
    j = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
    pLevel->addrSkip = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, (bRev?OP_SeekLt:OP_SeekGt),
                            iIdxCur, 0, regBase, nSkip);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j);
    for(j=0; j<nSkip; j++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, j, regBase+j);
      assert( pIdx->aiColumn[j]>=0 );
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->pTable->aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[j]].zName));
    }
  }    

  /* Evaluate the equality constraints
  */
  assert( zAff==0 || (int)strlen(zAff)>=nEq );
  for(j=nSkip; j<nEq; j++){
    int r1;
    pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[j];
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    /* The following testcase is true for indices with redundant columns. 
    ** Ex: CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a,b,a); SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=0 AND b=0; */
    testcase( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED)!=0 );
    testcase( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL );
    r1 = codeEqualityTerm(pParse, pTerm, pLevel, j, bRev, regBase+j);
    if( r1!=regBase+j ){
      if( nReg==1 ){
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regBase);
................................................................................
**
** The returned pointer points to memory obtained from sqlite3DbMalloc().
** It is the responsibility of the caller to free the buffer when it is
** no longer required.
*/
static char *explainIndexRange(sqlite3 *db, WhereLoop *pLoop, Table *pTab){
  Index *pIndex = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  u16 nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  u16 nSkip = pLoop->u.btree.nSkip;
  int i, j;
  Column *aCol = pTab->aCol;
  i16 *aiColumn = pIndex->aiColumn;
  StrAccum txt;

  if( nEq==0 && (pLoop->wsFlags & (WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&txt, 0, 0, SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH);
  txt.db = db;
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, " (", 2);
  for(i=0; i<nEq; i++){
    char *z = (i==pIndex->nKeyCol ) ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[i]].zName;
    if( i>=nSkip ){
      explainAppendTerm(&txt, i, z, "=");
    }else{
      if( i ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, " AND ", 5);
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, "ANY(", 4);
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, z, -1);
      sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&txt, ")", 1);
    }
  }

  j = i;
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
    char *z = (j==pIndex->nKeyCol ) ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(&txt, i++, z, ">");
  }
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  SrcList *pTabList,              /* Table list this loop refers to */
  WhereLevel *pLevel,             /* Scan to write OP_Explain opcode for */
  int iLevel,                     /* Value for "level" column of output */
  int iFrom,                      /* Value for "from" column of output */
  u16 wctrlFlags                  /* Flags passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() */
){
#ifndef SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( pParse->explain==2 )
#endif
  {
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
    Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;      /* VM being constructed */
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;     /* Database handle */
    char *zMsg;                   /* Text to add to EQP output */
    int iId = pParse->iSelectId;  /* Select id (left-most output column) */
    int isSearch;                 /* True for a SEARCH. False for SCAN. */
    WhereLoop *pLoop;             /* The controlling WhereLoop object */
................................................................................
  pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
  pTabItem = &pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
  iCur = pTabItem->iCursor;
  pLevel->notReady = notReady & ~getMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, iCur);
  bRev = (pWInfo->revMask>>iLevel)&1;
  omitTable = (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)!=0 
           && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_FORCE_TABLE)==0;
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin WHERE-loop%d: %s",iLevel,pTabItem->pTab->zName));

  /* Create labels for the "break" and "continue" instructions
  ** for the current loop.  Jump to addrBrk to break out of a loop.
  ** Jump to cont to go immediately to the next iteration of the
  ** loop.
  **
  ** When there is an IN operator, we also have a "addrNxt" label that
................................................................................
      OP_SeekLe            /* 7: (start_constraints  &&  startEq &&  bRev) */
    };
    static const u8 aEndOp[] = {
      OP_Noop,             /* 0: (!end_constraints) */
      OP_IdxGE,            /* 1: (end_constraints && !bRev) */
      OP_IdxLT             /* 2: (end_constraints && bRev) */
    };
    u16 nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;     /* Number of == or IN terms */
    u16 nSkip = pLoop->u.btree.nSkip; /* Number of left index terms to skip */
    int isMinQuery = 0;          /* If this is an optimized SELECT min(x).. */
    int regBase;                 /* Base register holding constraint values */
    int r1;                      /* Temp register */
    WhereTerm *pRangeStart = 0;  /* Inequality constraint at range start */
    WhereTerm *pRangeEnd = 0;    /* Inequality constraint at range end */
    int startEq;                 /* True if range start uses ==, >= or <= */
    int endEq;                   /* True if range end uses ==, >= or <= */
    int start_constraints;       /* Start of range is constrained */
................................................................................
    int nExtraReg = 0;           /* Number of extra registers needed */
    int op;                      /* Instruction opcode */
    char *zStartAff;             /* Affinity for start of range constraint */
    char *zEndAff;               /* Affinity for end of range constraint */

    pIdx = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
    iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
    assert( nEq>=nSkip );

    /* If this loop satisfies a sort order (pOrderBy) request that 
    ** was passed to this function to implement a "SELECT min(x) ..." 
    ** query, then the caller will only allow the loop to run for
    ** a single iteration. This means that the first row returned
    ** should not have a NULL value stored in 'x'. If column 'x' is
    ** the first one after the nEq equality constraints in the index,
    ** this requires some special handling.
    */
    if( (pWInfo->wctrlFlags&WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN)!=0
     && (pWInfo->bOBSat!=0)
     && (pIdx->nKeyCol>nEq)
    ){
      assert( nSkip==0 );

      isMinQuery = 1;
      nExtraReg = 1;
    }

    /* Find any inequality constraint terms for the start and end 
    ** of the range. 
    */
................................................................................
    /* If there are inequality constraints, check that the value
    ** of the table column that the inequality contrains is not NULL.
    ** If it is, jump to the next iteration of the loop.
    */
    r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
    testcase( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT );
    testcase( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT );
    if( (pLoop->wsFlags & (WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))!=0 
     && (j = pIdx->aiColumn[nEq])>=0 
     && pIdx->pTable->aCol[j].notNull==0 
    ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, nEq, r1);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->pTable->aCol[j].zName));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1, addrCont);
    }
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);

    /* Seek the table cursor, if required */
    disableTerm(pLevel, pRangeStart);
    disableTerm(pLevel, pRangeEnd);
................................................................................
  */
  if( p->nLTerm && (sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x100)!=0 ){  /* WHERETRACE 0x100 */
    int i;
    Vdbe *v = pWInfo->pParse->pVdbe;
    sqlite3ExplainBegin(v);
    for(i=0; i<p->nLTerm; i++){
      WhereTerm *pTerm = p->aLTerm[i];
      if( pTerm==0 ) continue;
      sqlite3ExplainPrintf(v, "  (%d) #%-2d ", i+1, (int)(pTerm-pWC->a));
      sqlite3ExplainPush(v);
      whereExplainTerm(v, pTerm);
      sqlite3ExplainPop(v);
      sqlite3ExplainNL(v);
    }
    sqlite3ExplainFinish(v);
................................................................................
  }
  for(i=pWC->nTerm, pTerm=pWC->a; i>0; i--, pTerm++){
    if( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VIRTUAL)!=0 ) break;
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & pLoop->maskSelf)==0 ) continue;
    if( (pTerm->prereqAll & notAllowed)!=0 ) continue;
    for(j=pLoop->nLTerm-1; j>=0; j--){
      pX = pLoop->aLTerm[j];
      if( pX==0 ) continue;
      if( pX==pTerm ) break;
      if( pX->iParent>=0 && (&pWC->a[pX->iParent])==pTerm ) break;
    }
    if( j<0 ) pLoop->nOut += pTerm->truthProb;
  }
}

................................................................................
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;       /* Database connection malloc context */
  WhereLoop *pNew;                /* Template WhereLoop under construction */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;               /* A WhereTerm under consideration */
  int opMask;                     /* Valid operators for constraints */
  WhereScan scan;                 /* Iterator for WHERE terms */
  Bitmask saved_prereq;           /* Original value of pNew->prereq */
  u16 saved_nLTerm;               /* Original value of pNew->nLTerm */
  u16 saved_nEq;                  /* Original value of pNew->u.btree.nEq */
  u16 saved_nSkip;                /* Original value of pNew->u.btree.nSkip */
  u32 saved_wsFlags;              /* Original value of pNew->wsFlags */
  LogEst saved_nOut;              /* Original value of pNew->nOut */
  int iCol;                       /* Index of the column in the table */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  LogEst nRowEst;                 /* Estimated index selectivity */
  LogEst rLogSize;                /* Logarithm of table size */
  WhereTerm *pTop = 0, *pBtm = 0; /* Top and bottom range constraints */
................................................................................
  }else{
    iCol = -1;
    nRowEst = 0;
  }
  pTerm = whereScanInit(&scan, pBuilder->pWC, pSrc->iCursor, iCol,
                        opMask, pProbe);
  saved_nEq = pNew->u.btree.nEq;
  saved_nSkip = pNew->u.btree.nSkip;
  saved_nLTerm = pNew->nLTerm;
  saved_wsFlags = pNew->wsFlags;
  saved_prereq = pNew->prereq;
  saved_nOut = pNew->nOut;
  pNew->rSetup = 0;
  rLogSize = estLog(sqlite3LogEst(pProbe->aiRowEst[0]));
  if( pTerm==0
   && saved_nEq==saved_nSkip
   && saved_nEq+1<pProbe->nKeyCol
   && pProbe->aiRowEst[saved_nEq+1]>50
  ){
    LogEst nIter;
    pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
    pNew->u.btree.nSkip++;
    pNew->aLTerm[pNew->nLTerm++] = 0;
    pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_SKIPSCAN;
    nIter = sqlite3LogEst(pProbe->aiRowEst[0]/pProbe->aiRowEst[saved_nEq+1]);
    whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, nIter);
  }
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm!=0; pTerm = whereScanNext(&scan)){
    int nIn = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    int nRecValid = pBuilder->nRecValid;
#endif
    if( (pTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL || (pTerm->wtFlags&TERM_VNULL)!=0)
     && (iCol<0 || pSrc->pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull)
................................................................................
        /* "x IN (value, value, ...)" */
        nIn = sqlite3LogEst(pExpr->x.pList->nExpr);
      }
      pNew->rRun += nIn;
      pNew->u.btree.nEq++;
      pNew->nOut = nRowEst + nInMul + nIn;
    }else if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ) ){
      assert(
        (pNew->wsFlags & (WHERE_COLUMN_NULL|WHERE_COLUMN_IN|WHERE_SKIPSCAN))!=0
        || nInMul==0
      );
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_EQ;
      if( iCol<0  
       || (pProbe->onError!=OE_None && nInMul==0
           && pNew->u.btree.nEq==pProbe->nKeyCol-1)
      ){
        assert( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_IN)==0 || iCol<0 );
        pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_ONEROW;
................................................................................
    pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    pBuilder->nRecValid = nRecValid;
#endif
  }
  pNew->prereq = saved_prereq;
  pNew->u.btree.nEq = saved_nEq;
  pNew->u.btree.nSkip = saved_nSkip;
  pNew->wsFlags = saved_wsFlags;
  pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
  pNew->nLTerm = saved_nLTerm;
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
    /* Generate auto-index WhereLoops */
    WhereTerm *pTerm;
    WhereTerm *pWCEnd = pWC->a + pWC->nTerm;
    for(pTerm=pWC->a; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
      if( pTerm->prereqRight & pNew->maskSelf ) continue;
      if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, 0) ){
        pNew->u.btree.nEq = 1;
        pNew->u.btree.nSkip = 0;
        pNew->u.btree.pIndex = 0;
        pNew->nLTerm = 1;
        pNew->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
        /* TUNING: One-time cost for computing the automatic index is
        ** approximately 7*N*log2(N) where N is the number of rows in
        ** the table being indexed. */
        pNew->rSetup = rLogSize + rSize + 28;  assert( 28==sqlite3LogEst(7) );
................................................................................
  */
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pProbe; pProbe=pProbe->pNext, iSortIdx++){
    if( pProbe->pPartIdxWhere!=0
     && !whereUsablePartialIndex(pNew->iTab, pWC, pProbe->pPartIdxWhere) ){
      continue;  /* Partial index inappropriate for this query */
    }
    pNew->u.btree.nEq = 0;
    pNew->u.btree.nSkip = 0;
    pNew->nLTerm = 0;
    pNew->iSortIdx = 0;
    pNew->rSetup = 0;
    pNew->prereq = mExtra;
    pNew->nOut = rSize;
    pNew->u.btree.pIndex = pProbe;
    b = indexMightHelpWithOrderBy(pBuilder, pProbe, pSrc->iCursor);
................................................................................
      rev = revSet = 0;
      distinctColumns = 0;
      for(j=0; j<nColumn; j++){
        u8 bOnce;   /* True to run the ORDER BY search loop */

        /* Skip over == and IS NULL terms */
        if( j<pLoop->u.btree.nEq
         && pLoop->u.btree.nSkip==0
         && ((i = pLoop->aLTerm[j]->eOperator) & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL))!=0
        ){
          if( i & WO_ISNULL ){
            testcase( isOrderDistinct );
            isOrderDistinct = 0;
          }
          continue;  
................................................................................
  pTab = pItem->pTab;
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ) return 0;
  if( pItem->zIndex ) return 0;
  iCur = pItem->iCursor;
  pWC = &pWInfo->sWC;
  pLoop = pBuilder->pNew;
  pLoop->wsFlags = 0;
  pLoop->u.btree.nSkip = 0;
  pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, 0, WO_EQ, 0);
  if( pTerm ){
    pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_IPK|WHERE_ONEROW;
    pLoop->aLTerm[0] = pTerm;
    pLoop->nLTerm = 1;
    pLoop->u.btree.nEq = 1;
    /* TUNING: Cost of a rowid lookup is 10 */
................................................................................
    explainOneScan(pParse, pTabList, pLevel, ii, pLevel->iFrom, wctrlFlags);
    pLevel->addrBody = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    notReady = codeOneLoopStart(pWInfo, ii, notReady);
    pWInfo->iContinue = pLevel->addrCont;
  }

  /* Done. */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin WHERE-core"));
  return pWInfo;

  /* Jump here if malloc fails */
whereBeginError:
  if( pWInfo ){
    pParse->nQueryLoop = pWInfo->savedNQueryLoop;
    whereInfoFree(db, pWInfo);
................................................................................
  WhereLevel *pLevel;
  WhereLoop *pLoop;
  SrcList *pTabList = pWInfo->pTabList;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;

  /* Generate loop termination code.
  */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "End WHERE-core"));
  sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
  for(i=pWInfo->nLevel-1; i>=0; i--){
    int addr;
    pLevel = &pWInfo->a[i];
    pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->addrCont);
    if( pLevel->op!=OP_Noop ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, pLevel->op, pLevel->p1, pLevel->p2);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, pLevel->p5);
    }
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pIn->addrInTop+1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, pIn->eEndLoopOp, pIn->iCur, pIn->addrInTop);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pIn->addrInTop-1);
      }
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pLevel->u.in.aInLoop);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->addrBrk);
    if( pLevel->addrSkip ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, pLevel->addrSkip);
      VdbeComment((v, "next skip-scan on %s", pLoop->u.btree.pIndex->zName));
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pLevel->addrSkip);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pLevel->addrSkip-2);
    }
    if( pLevel->iLeftJoin ){

      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
      assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0
           || (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED)!=0 );
      if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NullRow, pTabList->a[i].iCursor);
      }
      if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED ){
................................................................................
      if( pLevel->op==OP_Return ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, pLevel->p1, pLevel->addrFirst);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, pLevel->addrFirst);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
    }
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "End WHERE-loop%d: %s", i,
                     pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom].pTab->zName));
  }

  /* The "break" point is here, just past the end of the outer loop.
  ** Set it.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pWInfo->iBreak);

Added src/whereInt.h.























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** 2013-11-12
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** This file contains structure and macro definitions for the query
** planner logic in "where.c".  These definitions are broken out into
** a separate source file for easier editing.
*/

/*
** Trace output macros
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/***/ int sqlite3WhereTrace = 0;
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) \
    && (defined(SQLITE_TEST) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_WHERETRACE))
# define WHERETRACE(K,X)  if(sqlite3WhereTrace&(K)) sqlite3DebugPrintf X
# define WHERETRACE_ENABLED 1
#else
# define WHERETRACE(K,X)
#endif

/* Forward references
*/
typedef struct WhereClause WhereClause;
typedef struct WhereMaskSet WhereMaskSet;
typedef struct WhereOrInfo WhereOrInfo;
typedef struct WhereAndInfo WhereAndInfo;
typedef struct WhereLevel WhereLevel;
typedef struct WhereLoop WhereLoop;
typedef struct WherePath WherePath;
typedef struct WhereTerm WhereTerm;
typedef struct WhereLoopBuilder WhereLoopBuilder;
typedef struct WhereScan WhereScan;
typedef struct WhereOrCost WhereOrCost;
typedef struct WhereOrSet WhereOrSet;

/*
** This object contains information needed to implement a single nested
** loop in WHERE clause.
**
** Contrast this object with WhereLoop.  This object describes the
** implementation of the loop.  WhereLoop describes the algorithm.
** This object contains a pointer to the WhereLoop algorithm as one of
** its elements.
**
** The WhereInfo object contains a single instance of this object for
** each term in the FROM clause (which is to say, for each of the
** nested loops as implemented).  The order of WhereLevel objects determines
** the loop nested order, with WhereInfo.a[0] being the outer loop and
** WhereInfo.a[WhereInfo.nLevel-1] being the inner loop.
*/
struct WhereLevel {
  int iLeftJoin;        /* Memory cell used to implement LEFT OUTER JOIN */
  int iTabCur;          /* The VDBE cursor used to access the table */
  int iIdxCur;          /* The VDBE cursor used to access pIdx */
  int addrBrk;          /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int addrNxt;          /* Jump here to start the next IN combination */
  int addrSkip;         /* Jump here for next iteration of skip-scan */
  int addrCont;         /* Jump here to continue with the next loop cycle */
  int addrFirst;        /* First instruction of interior of the loop */
  int addrBody;         /* Beginning of the body of this loop */
  u8 iFrom;             /* Which entry in the FROM clause */
  u8 op, p5;            /* Opcode and P5 of the opcode that ends the loop */
  int p1, p2;           /* Operands of the opcode used to ends the loop */
  union {               /* Information that depends on pWLoop->wsFlags */
    struct {
      int nIn;              /* Number of entries in aInLoop[] */
      struct InLoop {
        int iCur;              /* The VDBE cursor used by this IN operator */
        int addrInTop;         /* Top of the IN loop */
        u8 eEndLoopOp;         /* IN Loop terminator. OP_Next or OP_Prev */
      } *aInLoop;           /* Information about each nested IN operator */
    } in;                 /* Used when pWLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_IN_ABLE */
    Index *pCovidx;       /* Possible covering index for WHERE_MULTI_OR */
  } u;
  struct WhereLoop *pWLoop;  /* The selected WhereLoop object */
  Bitmask notReady;          /* FROM entries not usable at this level */
};

/*
** Each instance of this object represents an algorithm for evaluating one
** term of a join.  Every term of the FROM clause will have at least
** one corresponding WhereLoop object (unless INDEXED BY constraints
** prevent a query solution - which is an error) and many terms of the
** FROM clause will have multiple WhereLoop objects, each describing a
** potential way of implementing that FROM-clause term, together with
** dependencies and cost estimates for using the chosen algorithm.
**
** Query planning consists of building up a collection of these WhereLoop
** objects, then computing a particular sequence of WhereLoop objects, with
** one WhereLoop object per FROM clause term, that satisfy all dependencies
** and that minimize the overall cost.
*/
struct WhereLoop {
  Bitmask prereq;       /* Bitmask of other loops that must run first */
  Bitmask maskSelf;     /* Bitmask identifying table iTab */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  char cId;             /* Symbolic ID of this loop for debugging use */
#endif
  u8 iTab;              /* Position in FROM clause of table for this loop */
  u8 iSortIdx;          /* Sorting index number.  0==None */
  LogEst rSetup;        /* One-time setup cost (ex: create transient index) */
  LogEst rRun;          /* Cost of running each loop */
  LogEst nOut;          /* Estimated number of output rows */
  union {
    struct {               /* Information for internal btree tables */
      u16 nEq;               /* Number of equality constraints */
      u16 nSkip;             /* Number of initial index columns to skip */
      Index *pIndex;         /* Index used, or NULL */
    } btree;
    struct {               /* Information for virtual tables */
      int idxNum;            /* Index number */
      u8 needFree;           /* True if sqlite3_free(idxStr) is needed */
      u8 isOrdered;          /* True if satisfies ORDER BY */
      u16 omitMask;          /* Terms that may be omitted */
      char *idxStr;          /* Index identifier string */
    } vtab;
  } u;
  u32 wsFlags;          /* WHERE_* flags describing the plan */
  u16 nLTerm;           /* Number of entries in aLTerm[] */
  /**** whereLoopXfer() copies fields above ***********************/
# define WHERE_LOOP_XFER_SZ offsetof(WhereLoop,nLSlot)
  u16 nLSlot;           /* Number of slots allocated for aLTerm[] */
  WhereTerm **aLTerm;   /* WhereTerms used */
  WhereLoop *pNextLoop; /* Next WhereLoop object in the WhereClause */
  WhereTerm *aLTermSpace[4];  /* Initial aLTerm[] space */
};

/* This object holds the prerequisites and the cost of running a
** subquery on one operand of an OR operator in the WHERE clause.
** See WhereOrSet for additional information 
*/
struct WhereOrCost {
  Bitmask prereq;     /* Prerequisites */
  LogEst rRun;        /* Cost of running this subquery */
  LogEst nOut;        /* Number of outputs for this subquery */
};

/* The WhereOrSet object holds a set of possible WhereOrCosts that
** correspond to the subquery(s) of OR-clause processing.  Only the
** best N_OR_COST elements are retained.
*/
#define N_OR_COST 3
struct WhereOrSet {
  u16 n;                      /* Number of valid a[] entries */
  WhereOrCost a[N_OR_COST];   /* Set of best costs */
};


/* Forward declaration of methods */
static int whereLoopResize(sqlite3*, WhereLoop*, int);

/*
** Each instance of this object holds a sequence of WhereLoop objects
** that implement some or all of a query plan.
**
** Think of each WhereLoop object as a node in a graph with arcs
** showing dependencies and costs for travelling between nodes.  (That is
** not a completely accurate description because WhereLoop costs are a
** vector, not a scalar, and because dependencies are many-to-one, not
** one-to-one as are graph nodes.  But it is a useful visualization aid.)
** Then a WherePath object is a path through the graph that visits some
** or all of the WhereLoop objects once.
**
** The "solver" works by creating the N best WherePath objects of length
** 1.  Then using those as a basis to compute the N best WherePath objects
** of length 2.  And so forth until the length of WherePaths equals the
** number of nodes in the FROM clause.  The best (lowest cost) WherePath
** at the end is the choosen query plan.
*/
struct WherePath {
  Bitmask maskLoop;     /* Bitmask of all WhereLoop objects in this path */
  Bitmask revLoop;      /* aLoop[]s that should be reversed for ORDER BY */
  LogEst nRow;          /* Estimated number of rows generated by this path */
  LogEst rCost;         /* Total cost of this path */
  u8 isOrdered;         /* True if this path satisfies ORDER BY */
  u8 isOrderedValid;    /* True if the isOrdered field is valid */
  WhereLoop **aLoop;    /* Array of WhereLoop objects implementing this path */
};

/*
** The query generator uses an array of instances of this structure to
** help it analyze the subexpressions of the WHERE clause.  Each WHERE
** clause subexpression is separated from the others by AND operators,
** usually, or sometimes subexpressions separated by OR.
**
** All WhereTerms are collected into a single WhereClause structure.  
** The following identity holds:
**
**        WhereTerm.pWC->a[WhereTerm.idx] == WhereTerm
**
** When a term is of the form:
**
**              X <op> <expr>
**
** where X is a column name and <op> is one of certain operators,
** then WhereTerm.leftCursor and WhereTerm.u.leftColumn record the
** cursor number and column number for X.  WhereTerm.eOperator records
** the <op> using a bitmask encoding defined by WO_xxx below.  The
** use of a bitmask encoding for the operator allows us to search
** quickly for terms that match any of several different operators.
**
** A WhereTerm might also be two or more subterms connected by OR:
**
**         (t1.X <op> <expr>) OR (t1.Y <op> <expr>) OR ....
**
** In this second case, wtFlag has the TERM_ORINFO bit set and eOperator==WO_OR
** and the WhereTerm.u.pOrInfo field points to auxiliary information that
** is collected about the OR clause.
**
** If a term in the WHERE clause does not match either of the two previous
** categories, then eOperator==0.  The WhereTerm.pExpr field is still set
** to the original subexpression content and wtFlags is set up appropriately
** but no other fields in the WhereTerm object are meaningful.
**
** When eOperator!=0, prereqRight and prereqAll record sets of cursor numbers,
** but they do so indirectly.  A single WhereMaskSet structure translates
** cursor number into bits and the translated bit is stored in the prereq
** fields.  The translation is used in order to maximize the number of
** bits that will fit in a Bitmask.  The VDBE cursor numbers might be
** spread out over the non-negative integers.  For example, the cursor
** numbers might be 3, 8, 9, 10, 20, 23, 41, and 45.  The WhereMaskSet
** translates these sparse cursor numbers into consecutive integers
** beginning with 0 in order to make the best possible use of the available
** bits in the Bitmask.  So, in the example above, the cursor numbers
** would be mapped into integers 0 through 7.
**
** The number of terms in a join is limited by the number of bits
** in prereqRight and prereqAll.  The default is 64 bits, hence SQLite
** is only able to process joins with 64 or fewer tables.
*/
struct WhereTerm {
  Expr *pExpr;            /* Pointer to the subexpression that is this term */
  int iParent;            /* Disable pWC->a[iParent] when this term disabled */
  int leftCursor;         /* Cursor number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
  union {
    int leftColumn;         /* Column number of X in "X <op> <expr>" */
    WhereOrInfo *pOrInfo;   /* Extra information if (eOperator & WO_OR)!=0 */
    WhereAndInfo *pAndInfo; /* Extra information if (eOperator& WO_AND)!=0 */
  } u;
  LogEst truthProb;       /* Probability of truth for this expression */
  u16 eOperator;          /* A WO_xx value describing <op> */
  u8 wtFlags;             /* TERM_xxx bit flags.  See below */
  u8 nChild;              /* Number of children that must disable us */
  WhereClause *pWC;       /* The clause this term is part of */
  Bitmask prereqRight;    /* Bitmask of tables used by pExpr->pRight */
  Bitmask prereqAll;      /* Bitmask of tables referenced by pExpr */
};

/*
** Allowed values of WhereTerm.wtFlags
*/
#define TERM_DYNAMIC    0x01   /* Need to call sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr) */
#define TERM_VIRTUAL    0x02   /* Added by the optimizer.  Do not code */
#define TERM_CODED      0x04   /* This term is already coded */
#define TERM_COPIED     0x08   /* Has a child */
#define TERM_ORINFO     0x10   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pOrInfo object */
#define TERM_ANDINFO    0x20   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pAndInfo obj */
#define TERM_OR_OK      0x40   /* Used during OR-clause processing */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x80   /* Manufactured x>NULL or x<=NULL term */
#else
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x00   /* Disabled if not using stat3 */
#endif

/*
** An instance of the WhereScan object is used as an iterator for locating
** terms in the WHERE clause that are useful to the query planner.
*/
struct WhereScan {
  WhereClause *pOrigWC;      /* Original, innermost WhereClause */
  WhereClause *pWC;          /* WhereClause currently being scanned */
  char *zCollName;           /* Required collating sequence, if not NULL */
  char idxaff;               /* Must match this affinity, if zCollName!=NULL */
  unsigned char nEquiv;      /* Number of entries in aEquiv[] */
  unsigned char iEquiv;      /* Next unused slot in aEquiv[] */
  u32 opMask;                /* Acceptable operators */
  int k;                     /* Resume scanning at this->pWC->a[this->k] */
  int aEquiv[22];            /* Cursor,Column pairs for equivalence classes */
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure holds all information about a
** WHERE clause.  Mostly this is a container for one or more WhereTerms.
**
** Explanation of pOuter:  For a WHERE clause of the form
**
**           a AND ((b AND c) OR (d AND e)) AND f
**
** There are separate WhereClause objects for the whole clause and for
** the subclauses "(b AND c)" and "(d AND e)".  The pOuter field of the
** subclauses points to the WhereClause object for the whole clause.
*/
struct WhereClause {
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;       /* WHERE clause processing context */
  WhereClause *pOuter;     /* Outer conjunction */
  u8 op;                   /* Split operator.  TK_AND or TK_OR */
  int nTerm;               /* Number of terms */
  int nSlot;               /* Number of entries in a[] */
  WhereTerm *a;            /* Each a[] describes a term of the WHERE cluase */
#if defined(SQLITE_SMALL_STACK)
  WhereTerm aStatic[1];    /* Initial static space for a[] */
#else
  WhereTerm aStatic[8];    /* Initial static space for a[] */
#endif
};

/*
** A WhereTerm with eOperator==WO_OR has its u.pOrInfo pointer set to
** a dynamically allocated instance of the following structure.
*/
struct WhereOrInfo {
  WhereClause wc;          /* Decomposition into subterms */
  Bitmask indexable;       /* Bitmask of all indexable tables in the clause */
};

/*
** A WhereTerm with eOperator==WO_AND has its u.pAndInfo pointer set to
** a dynamically allocated instance of the following structure.
*/
struct WhereAndInfo {
  WhereClause wc;          /* The subexpression broken out */
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure keeps track of a mapping
** between VDBE cursor numbers and bits of the bitmasks in WhereTerm.
**
** The VDBE cursor numbers are small integers contained in 
** SrcList_item.iCursor and Expr.iTable fields.  For any given WHERE 
** clause, the cursor numbers might not begin with 0 and they might
** contain gaps in the numbering sequence.  But we want to make maximum
** use of the bits in our bitmasks.  This structure provides a mapping
** from the sparse cursor numbers into consecutive integers beginning
** with 0.
**
** If WhereMaskSet.ix[A]==B it means that The A-th bit of a Bitmask
** corresponds VDBE cursor number B.  The A-th bit of a bitmask is 1<<A.
**
** For example, if the WHERE clause expression used these VDBE
** cursors:  4, 5, 8, 29, 57, 73.  Then the  WhereMaskSet structure
** would map those cursor numbers into bits 0 through 5.
**
** Note that the mapping is not necessarily ordered.  In the example
** above, the mapping might go like this:  4->3, 5->1, 8->2, 29->0,
** 57->5, 73->4.  Or one of 719 other combinations might be used. It
** does not really matter.  What is important is that sparse cursor
** numbers all get mapped into bit numbers that begin with 0 and contain
** no gaps.
*/
struct WhereMaskSet {
  int n;                        /* Number of assigned cursor values */
  int ix[BMS];                  /* Cursor assigned to each bit */
};

/*
** This object is a convenience wrapper holding all information needed
** to construct WhereLoop objects for a particular query.
*/
struct WhereLoopBuilder {
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;        /* Information about this WHERE */
  WhereClause *pWC;         /* WHERE clause terms */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;       /* ORDER BY clause */
  WhereLoop *pNew;          /* Template WhereLoop */
  WhereOrSet *pOrSet;       /* Record best loops here, if not NULL */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  UnpackedRecord *pRec;     /* Probe for stat4 (if required) */
  int nRecValid;            /* Number of valid fields currently in pRec */
#endif
};

/*
** The WHERE clause processing routine has two halves.  The
** first part does the start of the WHERE loop and the second
** half does the tail of the WHERE loop.  An instance of
** this structure is returned by the first half and passed
** into the second half to give some continuity.
**
** An instance of this object holds the complete state of the query
** planner.
*/
struct WhereInfo {
  Parse *pParse;            /* Parsing and code generating context */
  SrcList *pTabList;        /* List of tables in the join */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;       /* The ORDER BY clause or NULL */
  ExprList *pResultSet;     /* Result set. DISTINCT operates on these */
  WhereLoop *pLoops;        /* List of all WhereLoop objects */
  Bitmask revMask;          /* Mask of ORDER BY terms that need reversing */
  LogEst nRowOut;           /* Estimated number of output rows */
  u16 wctrlFlags;           /* Flags originally passed to sqlite3WhereBegin() */
  u8 bOBSat;                /* ORDER BY satisfied by indices */
  u8 okOnePass;             /* Ok to use one-pass algorithm for UPDATE/DELETE */
  u8 untestedTerms;         /* Not all WHERE terms resolved by outer loop */
  u8 eDistinct;             /* One of the WHERE_DISTINCT_* values below */
  u8 nLevel;                /* Number of nested loop */
  int iTop;                 /* The very beginning of the WHERE loop */
  int iContinue;            /* Jump here to continue with next record */
  int iBreak;               /* Jump here to break out of the loop */
  int savedNQueryLoop;      /* pParse->nQueryLoop outside the WHERE loop */
  int aiCurOnePass[2];      /* OP_OpenWrite cursors for the ONEPASS opt */
  WhereMaskSet sMaskSet;    /* Map cursor numbers to bitmasks */
  WhereClause sWC;          /* Decomposition of the WHERE clause */
  WhereLevel a[1];          /* Information about each nest loop in WHERE */
};

/*
** Bitmasks for the operators on WhereTerm objects.  These are all
** operators that are of interest to the query planner.  An
** OR-ed combination of these values can be used when searching for
** particular WhereTerms within a WhereClause.
*/
#define WO_IN     0x001
#define WO_EQ     0x002
#define WO_LT     (WO_EQ<<(TK_LT-TK_EQ))
#define WO_LE     (WO_EQ<<(TK_LE-TK_EQ))
#define WO_GT     (WO_EQ<<(TK_GT-TK_EQ))
#define WO_GE     (WO_EQ<<(TK_GE-TK_EQ))
#define WO_MATCH  0x040
#define WO_ISNULL 0x080
#define WO_OR     0x100       /* Two or more OR-connected terms */
#define WO_AND    0x200       /* Two or more AND-connected terms */
#define WO_EQUIV  0x400       /* Of the form A==B, both columns */
#define WO_NOOP   0x800       /* This term does not restrict search space */

#define WO_ALL    0xfff       /* Mask of all possible WO_* values */
#define WO_SINGLE 0x0ff       /* Mask of all non-compound WO_* values */

/*
** These are definitions of bits in the WhereLoop.wsFlags field.
** The particular combination of bits in each WhereLoop help to
** determine the algorithm that WhereLoop represents.
*/
#define WHERE_COLUMN_EQ    0x00000001  /* x=EXPR */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE 0x00000002  /* x<EXPR and/or x>EXPR */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_IN    0x00000004  /* x IN (...) */
#define WHERE_COLUMN_NULL  0x00000008  /* x IS NULL */
#define WHERE_CONSTRAINT   0x0000000f  /* Any of the WHERE_COLUMN_xxx values */
#define WHERE_TOP_LIMIT    0x00000010  /* x<EXPR or x<=EXPR constraint */
#define WHERE_BTM_LIMIT    0x00000020  /* x>EXPR or x>=EXPR constraint */
#define WHERE_BOTH_LIMIT   0x00000030  /* Both x>EXPR and x<EXPR */
#define WHERE_IDX_ONLY     0x00000040  /* Use index only - omit table */
#define WHERE_IPK          0x00000100  /* x is the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
#define WHERE_INDEXED      0x00000200  /* WhereLoop.u.btree.pIndex is valid */
#define WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE 0x00000400  /* WhereLoop.u.vtab is valid */
#define WHERE_IN_ABLE      0x00000800  /* Able to support an IN operator */
#define WHERE_ONEROW       0x00001000  /* Selects no more than one row */
#define WHERE_MULTI_OR     0x00002000  /* OR using multiple indices */
#define WHERE_AUTO_INDEX   0x00004000  /* Uses an ephemeral index */
#define WHERE_SKIPSCAN     0x00008000  /* Uses the skip-scan algorithm */

Added test/fts3varint.test.













































































































































































































































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# 2007 November 23
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file runs all tests.
#
# $Id: fts3.test,v 1.2 2008/07/23 18:17:32 drh Exp $

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/permutations.test
set testprefix fts3varint

ifcapable !fts3 {
  finish_test
  return
}

proc test_list {list} {
  foreach n $list { fts3_test_varint $n }
}

proc do_fts3_varint_test {tn list} {
  uplevel [list do_test $tn [list test_list $list] {}]
}

do_fts3_varint_test 1.0 {
  1 10 100 1000 10000 100000 1000000 
  10000000 100000000 1000000000 10000000000
  100000000000 1000000000000 10000000000000
}

do_fts3_varint_test 1.1 {
  -1 -10 -100 -1000 -10000 -100000 -1000000 
  -10000000 -100000000 -1000000000 -10000000000
  -100000000000 -1000000000000 -10000000000000
}

do_fts3_varint_test 2.0 { 0 1 2 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.1 { 1 2 3 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.2 { 3 4 5 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.3 { 7 8 9 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.4 { 15 16 17 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.5 { 31 32 33 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.6 { 63 64 65 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.7 { 127 128 129 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.8 { 255 256 257 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.9 { 511 512 513 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.10 { 1023 1024 1025 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.11 { 2047 2048 2049 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.12 { 4095 4096 4097 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.13 { 8191 8192 8193 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.14 { 16383 16384 16385 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.15 { 32767 32768 32769 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.16 { 65535 65536 65537 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.17 { 131071 131072 131073 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.18 { 262143 262144 262145 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.19 { 524287 524288 524289 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.20 { 1048575 1048576 1048577 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.21 { 2097151 2097152 2097153 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.22 { 4194303 4194304 4194305 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.23 { 8388607 8388608 8388609 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.24 { 16777215 16777216 16777217 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.25 { 33554431 33554432 33554433 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.26 { 67108863 67108864 67108865 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.27 { 134217727 134217728 134217729 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.28 { 268435455 268435456 268435457 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.29 { 536870911 536870912 536870913 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.30 { 1073741823 1073741824 1073741825 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.31 { 2147483647 2147483648 2147483649 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.32 { 4294967295 4294967296 4294967297 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.33 { 8589934591 8589934592 8589934593 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.34 { 17179869183 17179869184 17179869185 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.35 { 34359738367 34359738368 34359738369 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.36 { 68719476735 68719476736 68719476737 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.37 { 137438953471 137438953472 137438953473 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.38 { 274877906943 274877906944 274877906945 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.39 { 549755813887 549755813888 549755813889 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.40 { 1099511627775 1099511627776 1099511627777 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.41 { 2199023255551 2199023255552 2199023255553 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.42 { 4398046511103 4398046511104 4398046511105 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.43 { 8796093022207 8796093022208 8796093022209 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.44 { 17592186044415 17592186044416 17592186044417 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.45 { 35184372088831 35184372088832 35184372088833 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.46 { 70368744177663 70368744177664 70368744177665 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.47 { 140737488355327 140737488355328 140737488355329 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.48 { 281474976710655 281474976710656 281474976710657 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.49 { 562949953421311 562949953421312 562949953421313 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.50 { 1125899906842623 1125899906842624 1125899906842625 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.51 { 2251799813685247 2251799813685248 2251799813685249 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.52 { 4503599627370495 4503599627370496 4503599627370497 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.53 { 9007199254740991 9007199254740992 9007199254740993 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.54 { 
    18014398509481983 18014398509481984 18014398509481985 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.55 { 
    36028797018963967 36028797018963968 36028797018963969 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.56 { 
    72057594037927935 72057594037927936 72057594037927937 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.57 { 
    144115188075855871 144115188075855872 144115188075855873 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.58 { 
    288230376151711743 288230376151711744 288230376151711745 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.59 { 
    576460752303423487 576460752303423488 576460752303423489 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.60 { 
    1152921504606846975 1152921504606846976 1152921504606846977 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.61 { 
    2305843009213693951 2305843009213693952 2305843009213693953 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.62 { 
    4611686018427387903 4611686018427387904 4611686018427387905 }
do_fts3_varint_test 2.63 { 
    9223372036854775807 9223372036854775808 9223372036854775809 }

do_fts3_varint_test 3.0 { 18446744073709551615 -18446744073709551615 }

finish_test

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  fts3sort.test
  fts3fault.test fts3malloc.test fts3matchinfo.test
  fts3aux1.test fts3comp1.test fts3auto.test
  fts4aa.test fts4content.test
  fts3conf.test fts3prefix.test fts3fault2.test fts3corrupt.test
  fts3corrupt2.test fts3first.test fts4langid.test fts4merge.test
  fts4check.test fts4unicode.test fts4noti.test

}

test_suite "nofaultsim" -prefix "" -description {
  "Very" quick test suite. Runs in less than 5 minutes on a workstation. 
  This test suite is the same as the "quick" tests, except that some files
  that test malloc and IO errors are omitted.
} -files [







>







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  fts3sort.test
  fts3fault.test fts3malloc.test fts3matchinfo.test
  fts3aux1.test fts3comp1.test fts3auto.test
  fts4aa.test fts4content.test
  fts3conf.test fts3prefix.test fts3fault2.test fts3corrupt.test
  fts3corrupt2.test fts3first.test fts4langid.test fts4merge.test
  fts4check.test fts4unicode.test fts4noti.test
  fts3varint.test
}

test_suite "nofaultsim" -prefix "" -description {
  "Very" quick test suite. Runs in less than 5 minutes on a workstation. 
  This test suite is the same as the "quick" tests, except that some files
  that test malloc and IO errors are omitted.
} -files [

Added test/skipscan1.test.





























































































































































































































































































































































































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# 2013-11-13
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
#
# This file implements tests of the "skip-scan" query strategy.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t1(a TEXT, b INT, c INT, d INT);
  CREATE INDEX t1abc ON t1(a,b,c);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('abc',123,4,5);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('abc',234,5,6);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('abc',234,6,7);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('abc',345,7,8);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('def',567,8,9);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('def',345,9,10);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('bcd',100,6,11);

  /* Fake the sqlite_stat1 table so that the query planner believes
  ** the table contains thousands of rows and that the first few
  ** columns are not selective. */
  ANALYZE;
  DELETE FROM sqlite_stat1;
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat1 VALUES('t1','t1abc','10000 5000 2000 10');
  ANALYZE sqlite_master;
} {}

# Simple queries that leave the first one or two columns of the
# index unconstrainted.
#
do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.2 {
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t1 WHERE b=345 ORDER BY a;
} {abc 345 7 8 | def 345 9 10 |}
do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.2eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t1 WHERE b=345 ORDER BY a;
} {/* USING INDEX t1abc (ANY(a) AND b=?)*/}
do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.2sort {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t1 WHERE b=345 ORDER BY a;
} {~/*ORDER BY*/}

do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.3 {
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t1 WHERE b=345 ORDER BY a DESC;
} {def 345 9 10 | abc 345 7 8 |}
do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.3eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t1 WHERE b=345 ORDER BY a;
} {/* USING INDEX t1abc (ANY(a) AND b=?)*/}
do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.3sort {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t1 WHERE b=345 ORDER BY a;
} {~/*ORDER BY*/}

do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.4 {
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t1 WHERE c=6 ORDER BY a, b, c;
} {abc 234 6 7 | bcd 100 6 11 |}
do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.4eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t1 WHERE c=6 ORDER BY a, b, c;
} {/* USING INDEX t1abc (ANY(a) AND ANY(b) AND c=?)*/}
do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.4sort {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t1 WHERE c=6 ORDER BY a, b, c;
} {~/*ORDER BY*/}

do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.5 {
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t1 WHERE c IN (6,7) ORDER BY a, b, c;
} {abc 234 6 7 | abc 345 7 8 | bcd 100 6 11 |}
do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.5eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t1 WHERE c IN (6,7) ORDER BY a, b, c;
} {/* USING INDEX t1abc (ANY(a) AND ANY(b) AND c=?)*/}
do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.5sort {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t1 WHERE c IN (6,7) ORDER BY a, b, c;
} {~/*ORDER BY*/}

do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.6 {
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t1 WHERE c BETWEEN 6 AND 7 ORDER BY a, b, c;
} {abc 234 6 7 | abc 345 7 8 | bcd 100 6 11 |}
do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.6eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t1 WHERE c BETWEEN 6 AND 7 ORDER BY a, b, c;
} {/* USING INDEX t1abc (ANY(a) AND ANY(b) AND c>? AND c<?)*/}
do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.6sort {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t1 WHERE c BETWEEN 6 AND 7 ORDER BY a, b, c;
} {~/*ORDER BY*/}

do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.7 {
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t1 WHERE b IN (234, 345) AND c BETWEEN 6 AND 7
   ORDER BY a, b;
} {abc 234 6 7 | abc 345 7 8 |}
do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.7eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t1 WHERE b IN (234, 345) AND c BETWEEN 6 AND 7
   ORDER BY a, b;
} {/* USING INDEX t1abc (ANY(a) AND b=? AND c>? AND c<?)*/}
do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.7sort {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t1 WHERE b IN (234, 345) AND c BETWEEN 6 AND 7
   ORDER BY a, b;
} {~/*ORDER BY*/}


# Joins
#
do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.51 {
  CREATE TABLE t1j(x TEXT, y INTEGER);
  INSERT INTO t1j VALUES('one',1),('six',6),('ninty-nine',99);
  INSERT INTO sqlite_stat1 VALUES('t1j',null,'3');
  ANALYZE sqlite_master;
  SELECT x, a, b, c, d, '|' FROM t1j, t1 WHERE c=y ORDER BY +a;
} {six abc 234 6 7 | six bcd 100 6 11 |}
do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.51eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT x, a, b, c, d, '|' FROM t1j, t1 WHERE c=y ORDER BY +a;
} {/* INDEX t1abc (ANY(a) AND ANY(b) AND c=?)*/}

do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.52 {
  SELECT x, a, b, c, d, '|' FROM t1j LEFT JOIN t1 ON c=y ORDER BY +y, +a;
} {one {} {} {} {} | six abc 234 6 7 | six bcd 100 6 11 | ninty-nine {} {} {} {} |}
do_execsql_test skipscan1-1.52eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT x, a, b, c, d, '|' FROM t1j LEFT JOIN t1 ON c=y ORDER BY +y, +a;
} {/* INDEX t1abc (ANY(a) AND ANY(b) AND c=?)*/}

do_execsql_test skipscan1-2.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t2(a TEXT, b INT, c INT, d INT,
                  PRIMARY KEY(a,b,c));
  INSERT INTO t2 SELECT * FROM t1;

  /* Fake the sqlite_stat1 table so that the query planner believes
  ** the table contains thousands of rows and that the first few
  ** columns are not selective. */
  ANALYZE;
  UPDATE sqlite_stat1 SET stat='10000 5000 2000 10' WHERE idx NOT NULL;
  ANALYZE sqlite_master;
} {}

do_execsql_test skipscan1-2.2 {
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t2 WHERE b=345 ORDER BY a;
} {abc 345 7 8 | def 345 9 10 |}
do_execsql_test skipscan1-2.2eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t2 WHERE b=345 ORDER BY a;
} {/* USING INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t2_1 (ANY(a) AND b=?)*/}
do_execsql_test skipscan1-2.2sort {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t2 WHERE b=345 ORDER BY a;
} {~/*ORDER BY*/}


do_execsql_test skipscan1-3.1 {
  CREATE TABLE t3(a TEXT, b INT, c INT, d INT,
                  PRIMARY KEY(a,b,c)) WITHOUT ROWID;
  INSERT INTO t3 SELECT * FROM t1;

  /* Fake the sqlite_stat1 table so that the query planner believes
  ** the table contains thousands of rows and that the first few
  ** columns are not selective. */
  ANALYZE;
  UPDATE sqlite_stat1 SET stat='10000 5000 2000 10' WHERE idx NOT NULL;
  ANALYZE sqlite_master;
} {}

do_execsql_test skipscan1-3.2 {
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t3 WHERE b=345 ORDER BY a;
} {abc 345 7 8 | def 345 9 10 |}
do_execsql_test skipscan1-3.2eqp {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t3 WHERE b=345 ORDER BY a;
} {/* INDEX sqlite_autoindex_t3_1 (ANY(a) AND b=?)*/}
do_execsql_test skipscan1-3.2sort {
  EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
  SELECT a,b,c,d,'|' FROM t3 WHERE b=345 ORDER BY a;
} {~/*ORDER BY*/}

finish_test

Changes to test/tester.tcl.

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      fail_test $name
    } else {
      if {[regexp {^~?/.*/$} $expected]} {
        # "expected" is of the form "/PATTERN/" then the result if correct if
        # regular expression PATTERN matches the result.  "~/PATTERN/" means
        # the regular expression must not match.
        if {[string index $expected 0]=="~"} {





          set re [string map {# {[-0-9.]+}} [string range $expected 2 end-1]]
          set ok [expr {![regexp $re $result]}]


        } else {





          set re [string map {# {[-0-9.]+}} [string range $expected 1 end-1]]
          set ok [regexp $re $result]

        }
      } elseif {[regexp {^~?\*.*\*$} $expected]} {
        # "expected" is of the form "*GLOB*" then the result if correct if
        # glob pattern GLOB matches the result.  "~/GLOB/" means
        # the glob must not match.
        if {[string index $expected 0]=="~"} {
          set e [string range $expected 1 end]







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      fail_test $name
    } else {
      if {[regexp {^~?/.*/$} $expected]} {
        # "expected" is of the form "/PATTERN/" then the result if correct if
        # regular expression PATTERN matches the result.  "~/PATTERN/" means
        # the regular expression must not match.
        if {[string index $expected 0]=="~"} {
          set re [string range $expected 2 end-1]
          if {[string index $re 0]=="*"} {
            # If the regular expression begins with * then treat it as a glob instead
            set ok [string match $re $result]
          } else {
            set re [string map {# {[-0-9.]+}} $re]
            set ok [regexp $re $result]
          }
          set ok [expr {!$ok}]
        } else {
          set re [string range $expected 1 end-1]
          if {[string index $re 0]=="*"} {
            # If the regular expression begins with * then treat it as a glob instead
            set ok [string match $re $result]
          } else {
            set re [string map {# {[-0-9.]+}} $re]
            set ok [regexp $re $result]
          }
        }
      } elseif {[regexp {^~?\*.*\*$} $expected]} {
        # "expected" is of the form "*GLOB*" then the result if correct if
        # glob pattern GLOB matches the result.  "~/GLOB/" means
        # the glob must not match.
        if {[string index $expected 0]=="~"} {
          set e [string range $expected 1 end]

Changes to tool/mkpragmatab.tcl.

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  ARG:  SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace
  IF:   !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS)
  IF:   defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)

  NAME: vdbe_debug
  TYPE: FLAG
  ARG:  SQLITE_SqlTrace|SQLITE_VdbeListing|SQLITE_VdbeTrace






  IF:   !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS)
  IF:   defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)

  NAME: ignore_check_constraints
  TYPE: FLAG
  ARG:  SQLITE_IgnoreChecks
  IF:   !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS)







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  ARG:  SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace
  IF:   !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS)
  IF:   defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)

  NAME: vdbe_debug
  TYPE: FLAG
  ARG:  SQLITE_SqlTrace|SQLITE_VdbeListing|SQLITE_VdbeTrace
  IF:   !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS)
  IF:   defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)

  NAME: vdbe_eqp
  TYPE: FLAG
  ARG:  SQLITE_VdbeEQP
  IF:   !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS)
  IF:   defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)

  NAME: ignore_check_constraints
  TYPE: FLAG
  ARG:  SQLITE_IgnoreChecks
  IF:   !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS)

Changes to tool/mksqlite3c.tcl.

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   sqlite3.h
   sqliteicu.h
   sqliteInt.h
   sqliteLimit.h
   vdbe.h
   vdbeInt.h
   wal.h

} {
  set available_hdr($hdr) 1
}
set available_hdr(sqliteInt.h) 0
set available_hdr(sqlite3session.h) 0
set available_hdr(sqlite3.h) 0








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   sqlite3.h
   sqliteicu.h
   sqliteInt.h
   sqliteLimit.h
   vdbe.h
   vdbeInt.h
   wal.h
   whereInt.h
} {
  set available_hdr($hdr) 1
}
set available_hdr(sqliteInt.h) 0
set available_hdr(sqlite3session.h) 0
set available_hdr(sqlite3.h) 0