/ Check-in [39e32187]
Login
SQLite training in Houston TX on 2019-11-05 (details)
Part of the 2019 Tcl Conference

Many hyperlinks are disabled.
Use anonymous login to enable hyperlinks.

Overview
Comment:Many new test cases added, that mostly work. Currently 18 errors in without_rowid3.test. Also there is a hack marked by a /*FIXME*/ comment on at fkey.c:547 that needs fixing.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | omit-rowid
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 39e32187b66405e00dbd44685f6cdd269c90f5e5
User & Date: drh 2013-11-02 22:09:48
Context
2013-11-02
22:29
Improved Synopsis on register comparison operators. Fix a bug on the constraint check generator. check-in: a7a18b65 user: drh tags: omit-rowid
22:09
Many new test cases added, that mostly work. Currently 18 errors in without_rowid3.test. Also there is a hack marked by a /*FIXME*/ comment on at fkey.c:547 that needs fixing. check-in: 39e32187 user: drh tags: omit-rowid
19:34
Change the "idx" name of the primary key index for WITHOUT ROWID tables in sqlite_statN statistics tables to be the name of the table rather than the fabricated index name (ex: sqlite_autoindex_xyz_1). This makes it consistent with sqlite_master table. check-in: 4ee4d310 user: drh tags: omit-rowid
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/build.c.

1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655

1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
    if( pList==0 ) return;
    pList->a[0].zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(pParse->db,
                                        pTab->aCol[pTab->iPKey].zName);
    pList->a[0].sortOrder = pParse->iPkSortOrder;
    assert( pParse->pNewTable==pTab );
    pPk = sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse, 0, 0, 0, pList, pTab->keyConf, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    if( pPk==0 ) return;

    pTab->iPKey = -1;
  }else{
    pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
  }
  assert( pPk!=0 );
  nPk = pPk->nKeyCol;








>







1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
    if( pList==0 ) return;
    pList->a[0].zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(pParse->db,
                                        pTab->aCol[pTab->iPKey].zName);
    pList->a[0].sortOrder = pParse->iPkSortOrder;
    assert( pParse->pNewTable==pTab );
    pPk = sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse, 0, 0, 0, pList, pTab->keyConf, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    if( pPk==0 ) return;
    pPk->autoIndex = 2;
    pTab->iPKey = -1;
  }else{
    pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
  }
  assert( pPk!=0 );
  nPk = pPk->nKeyCol;

Changes to src/delete.c.

395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iEph, iKey);
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);

    /* Open cursors for all indices of the table.
    */
    sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, OP_OpenWrite,
                               iTabCur, &iDataCur, &iIdxCur);
    assert( iDataCur!=iTabCur );
    assert( iDataCur>=iIdxCur );

    /* Loop over the primary keys to be deleted. */
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, iEph);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iEph, iPk);

    /* Delete the row */
    sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(pParse, pTab, pTrigger, iDataCur, iIdxCur,







<
<







395
396
397
398
399
400
401


402
403
404
405
406
407
408
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iEph, iKey);
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);

    /* Open cursors for all indices of the table.
    */
    sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, OP_OpenWrite,
                               iTabCur, &iDataCur, &iIdxCur);



    /* Loop over the primary keys to be deleted. */
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, iEph);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iEph, iPk);

    /* Delete the row */
    sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(pParse, pTab, pTrigger, iDataCur, iIdxCur,

Changes to src/fkey.c.

540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pEq);
  }

  /* If the child table is the same as the parent table, and this scan
  ** is taking place as part of a DELETE operation (operation D.2), omit the
  ** row being deleted from the scan by adding ($rowid != rowid) to the WHERE 
  ** clause, where $rowid is the rowid of the row being deleted.  */
  if( pTab==pFKey->pFrom && nIncr>0 ){
    Expr *pEq;                    /* Expression (pLeft = pRight) */
    Expr *pLeft;                  /* Value from parent table row */
    Expr *pRight;                 /* Column ref to child table */
    pLeft = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_REGISTER, 0);
    pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_COLUMN, 0);
    if( pLeft && pRight ){
      pLeft->iTable = regData;







|







540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pEq);
  }

  /* If the child table is the same as the parent table, and this scan
  ** is taking place as part of a DELETE operation (operation D.2), omit the
  ** row being deleted from the scan by adding ($rowid != rowid) to the WHERE 
  ** clause, where $rowid is the rowid of the row being deleted.  */
  if( pTab==pFKey->pFrom && nIncr>0 && HasRowid(pTab) /*FIXME*/ ){
    Expr *pEq;                    /* Expression (pLeft = pRight) */
    Expr *pLeft;                  /* Value from parent table row */
    Expr *pRight;                 /* Column ref to child table */
    pLeft = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_REGISTER, 0);
    pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_COLUMN, 0);
    if( pLeft && pRight ){
      pLeft->iTable = regData;

Changes to src/vdbeblob.c.

174
175
176
177
178
179
180




181
182
183
184
185
186
187

    sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(db);
    pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, zTable, zDb);
    if( pTab && IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      pTab = 0;
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "cannot open virtual table: %s", zTable);
    }




#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
    if( pTab && pTab->pSelect ){
      pTab = 0;
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "cannot open view: %s", zTable);
    }
#endif
    if( !pTab ){







>
>
>
>







174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191

    sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(db);
    pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, zTable, zDb);
    if( pTab && IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      pTab = 0;
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "cannot open virtual table: %s", zTable);
    }
    if( pTab && !HasRowid(pTab) ){
      pTab = 0;
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "cannot open table without rowid: %s", zTable);
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
    if( pTab && pTab->pSelect ){
      pTab = 0;
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "cannot open view: %s", zTable);
    }
#endif
    if( !pTab ){

Changes to test/without_rowid1.test.

87
88
89
90
91
92
93


94
95
96
97




98




99

100

do_execsql_test without_rowid1-1.40 {
  VACUUM;
  SELECT *, '|' FROM t1 ORDER BY b, d;
} {1250 phone flipper harvard | journal sherman ammonia 3.1415926 | journal sherman gamma 3.1415926 | arctic sleep ammonia helena |}
integrity_check without_rowid1-1.41



do_execsql_test without_rowid1-1.50 {
  ANALYZE;
  SELECT * FROM sqlite_stat1 ORDER BY idx;
} {t1 t1 {4 2 1} t1 t1bd {4 2 2}}











finish_test







>
>




>
>
>
>
|
>
>
>
>
|
>

87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111

do_execsql_test without_rowid1-1.40 {
  VACUUM;
  SELECT *, '|' FROM t1 ORDER BY b, d;
} {1250 phone flipper harvard | journal sherman ammonia 3.1415926 | journal sherman gamma 3.1415926 | arctic sleep ammonia helena |}
integrity_check without_rowid1-1.41

# Verify that ANALYZE works
#
do_execsql_test without_rowid1-1.50 {
  ANALYZE;
  SELECT * FROM sqlite_stat1 ORDER BY idx;
} {t1 t1 {4 2 1} t1 t1bd {4 2 2}}
ifcapable stat3 {
  do_execsql_test without_rowid1-1.51 {
    SELECT DISTINCT tbl, idx FROM sqlite_stat3 ORDER BY idx;
  } {t1 t1 t1 t1bd}
}
ifcapable stat4 {
  do_execsql_test without_rowid1-1.52 {
    SELECT DISTINCT tbl, idx FROM sqlite_stat4 ORDER BY idx;
  } {t1 t1 t1 t1bd}
}

finish_test

Added test/without_rowid2.test.



























































































































































































































































>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
# 2013-11-02
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
#
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.  The
# focus of this file is testing WITHOUT ROWID tables, and especially
# FOREIGN KEY constraints.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

ifcapable {!foreignkey} {
  finish_test
  return
}

# Create a table and some data to work with.
#
do_test without_rowid2-1.0 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(
      a INT PRIMARY KEY,
      b INT
           REFERENCES t1 ON DELETE CASCADE
           REFERENCES t2,
      c TEXT,
      FOREIGN KEY (b,c) REFERENCES t2(x,y) ON UPDATE CASCADE
    ) WITHOUT rowid;
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid2-1.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t2(
      x INT PRIMARY KEY,
      y TEXT
    ) WITHOUT rowid;
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid2-1.2 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t3(
      a INT REFERENCES t2,
      b INT REFERENCES t1,
      FOREIGN KEY (a,b) REFERENCES t2(x,y)
    );
  }
} {}

do_test without_rowid2-2.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t4(a int primary key) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE t5(x references t4);
    CREATE TABLE t6(x references t4);
    CREATE TABLE t7(x references t4);
    CREATE TABLE t8(x references t4);
    CREATE TABLE t9(x references t4);
    CREATE TABLE t10(x references t4);
    DROP TABLE t7;
    DROP TABLE t9;
    DROP TABLE t5;
    DROP TABLE t8;
    DROP TABLE t6;
    DROP TABLE t10;
  }
} {}

do_test without_rowid2-3.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t5(a PRIMARY KEY, b, c) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE t6(
      d REFERENCES t5,
      e REFERENCES t5(c)
    );
    PRAGMA foreign_key_list(t6);
  }
} [concat                                         \
  {0 0 t5 e c {NO ACTION} {NO ACTION} NONE}       \
  {1 0 t5 d {} {NO ACTION} {NO ACTION} NONE}      \
]
do_test without_rowid2-3.2 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t7(d, e, f,
      FOREIGN KEY (d, e) REFERENCES t5(a, b)
    );
    PRAGMA foreign_key_list(t7);
  }
} [concat                                   \
  {0 0 t5 d a {NO ACTION} {NO ACTION} NONE} \
  {0 1 t5 e b {NO ACTION} {NO ACTION} NONE} \
]
do_test without_rowid2-3.3 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t8(d, e, f,
      FOREIGN KEY (d, e) REFERENCES t5 ON DELETE CASCADE ON UPDATE SET NULL
    );
    PRAGMA foreign_key_list(t8);
  }
} [concat                        \
  {0 0 t5 d {} {SET NULL} CASCADE NONE} \
  {0 1 t5 e {} {SET NULL} CASCADE NONE} \
]
do_test without_rowid2-3.4 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t9(d, e, f,
      FOREIGN KEY (d, e) REFERENCES t5 ON DELETE CASCADE ON UPDATE SET DEFAULT
    );
    PRAGMA foreign_key_list(t9);
  }
} [concat                        \
  {0 0 t5 d {} {SET DEFAULT} CASCADE NONE} \
  {0 1 t5 e {} {SET DEFAULT} CASCADE NONE} \
]
do_test without_rowid2-3.5 {
  sqlite3_db_status db DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS 0
} {0 0 0}

finish_test

Added test/without_rowid3.test.































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
1596
1597
1598
1599
1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
1630
1631
1632
1633
1634
1635
1636
1637
1638
1639
1640
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
1665
1666
1667
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
1683
1684
1685
1686
1687
1688
1689
1690
1691
1692
1693
1694
1695
1696
1697
1698
1699
1700
1701
1702
1703
1704
1705
1706
1707
1708
1709
1710
1711
1712
1713
1714
1715
1716
1717
1718
1719
1720
1721
1722
1723
1724
1725
1726
1727
1728
1729
1730
1731
1732
1733
1734
1735
1736
1737
1738
1739
1740
1741
1742
1743
1744
1745
1746
1747
1748
1749
1750
1751
1752
1753
1754
1755
1756
1757
1758
1759
1760
1761
1762
1763
1764
1765
1766
1767
1768
1769
1770
1771
1772
1773
1774
1775
1776
1777
1778
1779
1780
1781
1782
1783
1784
1785
1786
1787
1788
1789
1790
1791
1792
1793
1794
1795
1796
1797
1798
1799
1800
1801
1802
1803
1804
1805
1806
1807
1808
1809
1810
1811
1812
1813
1814
1815
1816
1817
1818
1819
1820
1821
1822
1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828
1829
1830
1831
1832
1833
1834
1835
1836
1837
1838
1839
1840
1841
1842
1843
1844
1845
1846
1847
1848
1849
1850
1851
1852
1853
1854
1855
1856
1857
1858
1859
1860
1861
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
1884
1885
1886
1887
1888
1889
1890
1891
1892
1893
1894
1895
1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
# 2013-11-02
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.
#
# This file implements tests for foreign keys on WITHOUT ROWID
# tables.
#

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl

ifcapable {!foreignkey||!trigger} {
  finish_test
  return
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test structure:
#
# without_rowid3-1.*: Simple tests to check that immediate and deferred foreign key 
#            constraints work when not inside a transaction.
#            
# without_rowid3-2.*: Tests to verify that deferred foreign keys work inside
#            explicit transactions (i.e that processing really is deferred).
#
# without_rowid3-3.*: Tests that a statement transaction is rolled back if an
#            immediate foreign key constraint is violated.
#
# without_rowid3-4.*: Test that FK actions may recurse even when recursive triggers
#            are disabled.
#
# without_rowid3-5.*: Check that if foreign-keys are enabled, it is not possible
#            to write to an FK column using the incremental blob API.
#
# without_rowid3-6.*: Test that FK processing is automatically disabled when 
#            running VACUUM.
#
# without_rowid3-7.*: Test using an IPK as the key in the child (referencing) table.
#
# without_rowid3-8.*: Test that enabling/disabling foreign key support while a 
#            transaction is active is not possible.
#
# without_rowid3-9.*: Test SET DEFAULT actions.
#
# without_rowid3-10.*: Test errors.
#
# without_rowid3-11.*: Test CASCADE actions.
#
# without_rowid3-12.*: Test RESTRICT actions.
#
# without_rowid3-13.*: Test that FK processing is performed when a row is REPLACED by
#             an UPDATE or INSERT statement.
#
# without_rowid3-14.*: Test the ALTER TABLE and DROP TABLE commands.
#
# without_rowid3-15.*: Test that if there are no (known) outstanding foreign key 
#             constraint violations in the database, inserting into a parent
#             table or deleting from a child table does not cause SQLite
#             to check if this has repaired an outstanding violation.
#
# without_rowid3-16.*: Test that rows that refer to themselves may be inserted, 
#             updated and deleted.
#
# without_rowid3-17.*: Test that the "count_changes" pragma does not interfere with
#             FK constraint processing.
# 
# without_rowid3-18.*: Test that the authorization callback is invoked when processing
#             FK constraints.
#
# without_rowid3-20.*: Test that ON CONFLICT clauses specified as part of statements
#             do not affect the operation of FK constraints.
#
# without_rowid3-genfkey.*: Tests that were used with the shell tool .genfkey
#            command. Recycled to test the built-in implementation.
#
# without_rowid3-dd08e5.*:  Tests to verify that ticket dd08e5a988d00decc4a543daa8d
#                  has been fixed.
#


execsql { PRAGMA foreign_keys = on }

set FkeySimpleSchema {
  PRAGMA foreign_keys = on;
  CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY, b) WITHOUT rowid;
  CREATE TABLE t2(c REFERENCES t1(a) /D/ , d);

  CREATE TABLE t3(a PRIMARY KEY, b) WITHOUT rowid;
  CREATE TABLE t4(c REFERENCES t3 /D/, d);

  CREATE TABLE t7(a, b INT PRIMARY KEY) WITHOUT rowid;
  CREATE TABLE t8(c REFERENCES t7 /D/, d);

  CREATE TABLE t9(a REFERENCES nosuchtable, b);
  CREATE TABLE t10(a REFERENCES t9(c) /D/, b);
}


set FkeySimpleTests {
  1.1  "INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1, 3)"      {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  1.2  "INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 2)"      {0 {}}
  1.3  "INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1, 3)"      {0 {}}
  1.4  "INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(2, 4)"      {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  1.5  "INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(NULL, 4)"   {0 {}}
  1.6  "UPDATE t2 SET c=2 WHERE d=4"      {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  1.7  "UPDATE t2 SET c=1 WHERE d=4"      {0 {}}
  1.9  "UPDATE t2 SET c=1 WHERE d=4"      {0 {}}
  1.10 "UPDATE t2 SET c=NULL WHERE d=4"   {0 {}}
  1.11 "DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a=1"         {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  1.12 "UPDATE t1 SET a = 2"              {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  1.13 "UPDATE t1 SET a = 1"              {0 {}}

  2.1  "INSERT INTO t4 VALUES(1, 3)"      {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  2.2  "INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(1, 2)"      {0 {}}
  2.3  "INSERT INTO t4 VALUES(1, 3)"      {0 {}}

  4.1  "INSERT INTO t8 VALUES(1, 3)"      {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  4.2  "INSERT INTO t7 VALUES(2, 1)"      {0 {}}
  4.3  "INSERT INTO t8 VALUES(1, 3)"      {0 {}}
  4.4  "INSERT INTO t8 VALUES(2, 4)"      {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  4.5  "INSERT INTO t8 VALUES(NULL, 4)"   {0 {}}
  4.6  "UPDATE t8 SET c=2 WHERE d=4"      {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  4.7  "UPDATE t8 SET c=1 WHERE d=4"      {0 {}}
  4.9  "UPDATE t8 SET c=1 WHERE d=4"      {0 {}}
  4.10 "UPDATE t8 SET c=NULL WHERE d=4"   {0 {}}
  4.11 "DELETE FROM t7 WHERE b=1"         {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  4.12 "UPDATE t7 SET b = 2"              {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  4.13 "UPDATE t7 SET b = 1"              {0 {}}
  4.14 "INSERT INTO t8 VALUES('a', 'b')"  {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  4.15 "UPDATE t7 SET b = 5"              {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  4.17 "UPDATE t7 SET a = 10"             {0 {}}

  5.1  "INSERT INTO t9 VALUES(1, 3)"      {1 {no such table: main.nosuchtable}}
  5.2  "INSERT INTO t10 VALUES(1, 3)"  
                            {1 {foreign key mismatch - "t10" referencing "t9"}}
}

do_test without_rowid3-1.1.0 {
  execsql [string map {/D/ {}} $FkeySimpleSchema]
} {}
foreach {tn zSql res} $FkeySimpleTests {
  do_test without_rowid3-1.1.$tn.1 { catchsql $zSql } $res
  do_test without_rowid3-1.1.$tn.2 { execsql {PRAGMA foreign_key_check(t1)} } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-1.1.$tn.3 { execsql {PRAGMA foreign_key_check(t2)} } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-1.1.$tn.4 { execsql {PRAGMA foreign_key_check(t3)} } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-1.1.$tn.5 { execsql {PRAGMA foreign_key_check(t4)} } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-1.1.$tn.6 { execsql {PRAGMA foreign_key_check(t7)} } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-1.1.$tn.7 { execsql {PRAGMA foreign_key_check(t8)} } {}
}
drop_all_tables

do_test without_rowid3-1.2.0 {
  execsql [string map {/D/ {DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED}} $FkeySimpleSchema]
} {}
foreach {tn zSql res} $FkeySimpleTests {
  do_test without_rowid3-1.2.$tn { catchsql $zSql } $res
  do_test without_rowid3-1.2.$tn.2 { execsql {PRAGMA foreign_key_check(t1)} } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-1.2.$tn.3 { execsql {PRAGMA foreign_key_check(t2)} } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-1.2.$tn.4 { execsql {PRAGMA foreign_key_check(t3)} } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-1.2.$tn.5 { execsql {PRAGMA foreign_key_check(t4)} } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-1.2.$tn.6 { execsql {PRAGMA foreign_key_check(t7)} } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-1.2.$tn.7 { execsql {PRAGMA foreign_key_check(t8)} } {}
}
drop_all_tables

do_test without_rowid3-1.3.0 {
  execsql [string map {/D/ {}} $FkeySimpleSchema]
  execsql { PRAGMA count_changes = 1 }
} {}
foreach {tn zSql res} $FkeySimpleTests {
  if {$res == "0 {}"} { set res {0 1} }
  do_test without_rowid3-1.3.$tn { catchsql $zSql } $res
  do_test without_rowid3-1.3.$tn.2 { execsql {PRAGMA foreign_key_check(t1)} } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-1.3.$tn.3 { execsql {PRAGMA foreign_key_check(t2)} } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-1.3.$tn.4 { execsql {PRAGMA foreign_key_check(t3)} } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-1.3.$tn.5 { execsql {PRAGMA foreign_key_check(t4)} } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-1.3.$tn.6 { execsql {PRAGMA foreign_key_check(t7)} } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-1.3.$tn.7 { execsql {PRAGMA foreign_key_check(t8)} } {}
}
execsql { PRAGMA count_changes = 0 }
drop_all_tables

do_test without_rowid3-1.4.0 {
  execsql [string map {/D/ {}} $FkeySimpleSchema]
  execsql { PRAGMA count_changes = 1 }
} {}
foreach {tn zSql res} $FkeySimpleTests {
  if {$res == "0 {}"} { set res {0 1} }
  execsql BEGIN
  do_test without_rowid3-1.4.$tn { catchsql $zSql } $res
  execsql COMMIT
}
execsql { PRAGMA count_changes = 0 }
drop_all_tables

# Special test: When the parent key is an IPK, make sure the affinity of
# the IPK is not applied to the child key value before it is inserted
# into the child table.
do_test without_rowid3-1.5.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE i(i INT PRIMARY KEY) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE j(j REFERENCES i);
    INSERT INTO i VALUES(35);
    INSERT INTO j VALUES('35.0');
    SELECT j, typeof(j) FROM j;
  }
} {35.0 text}
do_test without_rowid3-1.5.2 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM i }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

# Same test using a regular primary key with integer affinity.
drop_all_tables
do_test without_rowid3-1.6.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE i(i INT UNIQUE);
    CREATE TABLE j(j REFERENCES i(i));
    INSERT INTO i VALUES('35.0');
    INSERT INTO j VALUES('35.0');
    SELECT j, typeof(j) FROM j;
    SELECT i, typeof(i) FROM i;
  }
} {35.0 text 35 integer}
do_test without_rowid3-1.6.2 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM i }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

# Use a collation sequence on the parent key.
drop_all_tables
do_test without_rowid3-1.7.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE i(i TEXT COLLATE nocase PRIMARY KEY) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE j(j TEXT COLLATE binary REFERENCES i(i));
    INSERT INTO i VALUES('SQLite');
    INSERT INTO j VALUES('sqlite');
  }
  catchsql { DELETE FROM i }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

# Use the parent key collation even if it is default and the child key
# has an explicit value.
drop_all_tables
do_test without_rowid3-1.7.2 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE i(i TEXT PRIMARY KEY) WITHOUT rowid;  -- Colseq is "BINARY"
    CREATE TABLE j(j TEXT COLLATE nocase REFERENCES i(i));
    INSERT INTO i VALUES('SQLite');
  }
  catchsql { INSERT INTO j VALUES('sqlite') }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-1.7.3 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO i VALUES('sqlite');
    INSERT INTO j VALUES('sqlite');
    DELETE FROM i WHERE i = 'SQLite';
  }
  catchsql { DELETE FROM i WHERE i = 'sqlite' }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This section (test cases without_rowid3-2.*) contains tests to check that the
# deferred foreign key constraint logic works.
#
proc without_rowid3-2-test {tn nocommit sql {res {}}} {
  if {$res eq "FKV"} {
    set expected {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  } else {
    set expected [list 0 $res]
  }
  do_test without_rowid3-2.$tn [list catchsql $sql] $expected
  if {$nocommit} {
    do_test without_rowid3-2.${tn}c {
      catchsql COMMIT
    } {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  }
}

without_rowid3-2-test 1 0 {
  CREATE TABLE node(
    nodeid PRIMARY KEY,
    parent REFERENCES node DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
  ) WITHOUT rowid;
  CREATE TABLE leaf(
    cellid PRIMARY KEY,
    parent REFERENCES node DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
  ) WITHOUT rowid;
}

without_rowid3-2-test 1  0 "INSERT INTO node VALUES(1, 0)"       FKV
without_rowid3-2-test 2  0 "BEGIN"
without_rowid3-2-test 3  1   "INSERT INTO node VALUES(1, 0)"
without_rowid3-2-test 4  0   "UPDATE node SET parent = NULL"
without_rowid3-2-test 5  0 "COMMIT"
without_rowid3-2-test 6  0 "SELECT * FROM node" {1 {}}

without_rowid3-2-test 7  0 "BEGIN"
without_rowid3-2-test 8  1   "INSERT INTO leaf VALUES('a', 2)"
without_rowid3-2-test 9  1   "INSERT INTO node VALUES(2, 0)"
without_rowid3-2-test 10 0   "UPDATE node SET parent = 1 WHERE nodeid = 2"
without_rowid3-2-test 11 0 "COMMIT"
without_rowid3-2-test 12 0 "SELECT * FROM node" {1 {} 2 1}
without_rowid3-2-test 13 0 "SELECT * FROM leaf" {a 2}

without_rowid3-2-test 14 0 "BEGIN"
without_rowid3-2-test 15 1   "DELETE FROM node WHERE nodeid = 2"
without_rowid3-2-test 16 0   "INSERT INTO node VALUES(2, NULL)"
without_rowid3-2-test 17 0 "COMMIT"
without_rowid3-2-test 18 0 "SELECT * FROM node" {1 {} 2 {}}
without_rowid3-2-test 19 0 "SELECT * FROM leaf" {a 2}

without_rowid3-2-test 20 0 "BEGIN"
without_rowid3-2-test 21 0   "INSERT INTO leaf VALUES('b', 1)"
without_rowid3-2-test 22 0   "SAVEPOINT save"
without_rowid3-2-test 23 0     "DELETE FROM node WHERE nodeid = 1"
without_rowid3-2-test 24 0   "ROLLBACK TO save"
without_rowid3-2-test 25 0 "COMMIT"
without_rowid3-2-test 26 0 "SELECT * FROM node" {1 {} 2 {}}
without_rowid3-2-test 27 0 "SELECT * FROM leaf" {a 2 b 1}

without_rowid3-2-test 28 0 "BEGIN"
without_rowid3-2-test 29 0   "INSERT INTO leaf VALUES('c', 1)"
without_rowid3-2-test 30 0   "SAVEPOINT save"
without_rowid3-2-test 31 0     "DELETE FROM node WHERE nodeid = 1"
without_rowid3-2-test 32 1   "RELEASE save"
without_rowid3-2-test 33 1   "DELETE FROM leaf WHERE cellid = 'b'"
without_rowid3-2-test 34 0   "DELETE FROM leaf WHERE cellid = 'c'"
without_rowid3-2-test 35 0 "COMMIT"
without_rowid3-2-test 36 0 "SELECT * FROM node" {2 {}} 
without_rowid3-2-test 37 0 "SELECT * FROM leaf" {a 2}

without_rowid3-2-test 38 0 "SAVEPOINT outer"
without_rowid3-2-test 39 1   "INSERT INTO leaf VALUES('d', 3)"
without_rowid3-2-test 40 1 "RELEASE outer"    FKV
without_rowid3-2-test 41 1   "INSERT INTO leaf VALUES('e', 3)"
without_rowid3-2-test 42 0   "INSERT INTO node VALUES(3, 2)"
without_rowid3-2-test 43 0 "RELEASE outer"

without_rowid3-2-test 44 0 "SAVEPOINT outer"
without_rowid3-2-test 45 1   "DELETE FROM node WHERE nodeid=3"
without_rowid3-2-test 47 0   "INSERT INTO node VALUES(3, 2)"
without_rowid3-2-test 48 0 "ROLLBACK TO outer"
without_rowid3-2-test 49 0 "RELEASE outer"

without_rowid3-2-test 50 0 "SAVEPOINT outer"
without_rowid3-2-test 51 1   "INSERT INTO leaf VALUES('f', 4)"
without_rowid3-2-test 52 1   "SAVEPOINT inner"
without_rowid3-2-test 53 1     "INSERT INTO leaf VALUES('g', 4)"
without_rowid3-2-test 54 1  "RELEASE outer"   FKV
without_rowid3-2-test 55 1   "ROLLBACK TO inner"
without_rowid3-2-test 56 0  "COMMIT"          FKV
without_rowid3-2-test 57 0   "INSERT INTO node VALUES(4, NULL)"
without_rowid3-2-test 58 0 "RELEASE outer"
without_rowid3-2-test 59 0 "SELECT * FROM node" {2 {} 3 2 4 {}}
without_rowid3-2-test 60 0 "SELECT * FROM leaf" {a 2 d 3 e 3 f 4}

# The following set of tests check that if a statement that affects 
# multiple rows violates some foreign key constraints, then strikes a 
# constraint that causes the statement-transaction to be rolled back, 
# the deferred constraint counter is correctly reset to the value it 
# had before the statement-transaction was opened.
#
without_rowid3-2-test 61 0 "BEGIN"
without_rowid3-2-test 62 0   "DELETE FROM leaf"
without_rowid3-2-test 63 0   "DELETE FROM node"
without_rowid3-2-test 64 1   "INSERT INTO leaf VALUES('a', 1)"
without_rowid3-2-test 65 1   "INSERT INTO leaf VALUES('b', 2)"
without_rowid3-2-test 66 1   "INSERT INTO leaf VALUES('c', 1)"
do_test without_rowid3-2-test-67 {
  catchsql          "INSERT INTO node SELECT parent, 3 FROM leaf"
} {1 {column nodeid is not unique}}
without_rowid3-2-test 68 0 "COMMIT"           FKV
without_rowid3-2-test 69 1   "INSERT INTO node VALUES(1, NULL)"
without_rowid3-2-test 70 0   "INSERT INTO node VALUES(2, NULL)"
without_rowid3-2-test 71 0 "COMMIT"

without_rowid3-2-test 72 0 "BEGIN"
without_rowid3-2-test 73 1   "DELETE FROM node"
without_rowid3-2-test 74 0   "INSERT INTO node(nodeid) SELECT DISTINCT parent FROM leaf"
without_rowid3-2-test 75 0 "COMMIT"

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases without_rowid3-3.* test that a program that executes foreign key
# actions (CASCADE, SET DEFAULT, SET NULL etc.) or tests FK constraints
# opens a statement transaction if required.
#
# without_rowid3-3.1.*: Test UPDATE statements.
# without_rowid3-3.2.*: Test DELETE statements.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test without_rowid3-3.1.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE ab(a PRIMARY KEY, b) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE cd(
      c PRIMARY KEY REFERENCES ab ON UPDATE CASCADE ON DELETE CASCADE, 
      d
    ) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE ef(
      e REFERENCES cd ON UPDATE CASCADE, 
      f, CHECK (e!=5)
    );
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-3.1.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO ab VALUES(1, 'b');
    INSERT INTO cd VALUES(1, 'd');
    INSERT INTO ef VALUES(1, 'e');
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-3.1.3 {
  catchsql { UPDATE ab SET a = 5 }
} {1 {constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-3.1.4 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM ab }
} {1 b}
do_test without_rowid3-3.1.4 {
  execsql BEGIN;
  catchsql { UPDATE ab SET a = 5 }
} {1 {constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-3.1.5 {
  execsql COMMIT;
  execsql { SELECT * FROM ab; SELECT * FROM cd; SELECT * FROM ef }
} {1 b 1 d 1 e}

do_test without_rowid3-3.2.1 {
  execsql BEGIN;
  catchsql { DELETE FROM ab }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-3.2.2 {
  execsql COMMIT
  execsql { SELECT * FROM ab; SELECT * FROM cd; SELECT * FROM ef }
} {1 b 1 d 1 e}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases without_rowid3-4.* test that recursive foreign key actions 
# (i.e. CASCADE) are allowed even if recursive triggers are disabled.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test without_rowid3-4.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(
      node PRIMARY KEY, 
      parent REFERENCES t1 ON DELETE CASCADE
    ) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE t2(node PRIMARY KEY, parent) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TRIGGER t2t AFTER DELETE ON t2 BEGIN
      DELETE FROM t2 WHERE parent = old.node;
    END;
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, NULL);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, 1);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, 1);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(4, 2);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(5, 2);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(6, 3);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(7, 3);
    INSERT INTO t2 SELECT * FROM t1;
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-4.2 {
  execsql { PRAGMA recursive_triggers = off }
  execsql { 
    BEGIN;
      DELETE FROM t1 WHERE node = 1;
      SELECT node FROM t1;
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-4.3 {
  execsql { 
      DELETE FROM t2 WHERE node = 1;
      SELECT node FROM t2;
    ROLLBACK;
  }
} {4 5 6 7}
do_test without_rowid3-4.4 {
  execsql { PRAGMA recursive_triggers = on }
  execsql { 
    BEGIN;
      DELETE FROM t1 WHERE node = 1;
      SELECT node FROM t1;
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-4.3 {
  execsql { 
      DELETE FROM t2 WHERE node = 1;
      SELECT node FROM t2;
    ROLLBACK;
  }
} {}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test cases without_rowid3-5.* verify that the incremental blob API may not
# write to a foreign key column while foreign-keys are enabled.
#
drop_all_tables
ifcapable incrblob {
  do_test without_rowid3-5.1 {
    execsql {
      CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY, b) WITHOUT rowid;
      CREATE TABLE t2(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES t1(a)) WITHOUT rowid;
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('hello', 'world');
      INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('key', 'hello');
    }
  } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-5.2 {
    set rc [catch { set fd [db incrblob t2 b 1] } msg]
    list $rc $msg
  } {1 {cannot open table without rowid: t2}}
  do_test without_rowid3-5.5 {
    execsql { PRAGMA foreign_keys = on }
  } {}
}

drop_all_tables
ifcapable vacuum {
  do_test without_rowid3-6.1 {
    execsql {
      CREATE TABLE t1(a REFERENCES t2(c), b);
      CREATE TABLE t2(c UNIQUE, b);
      INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1, 2);
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 2);
      VACUUM;
    }
  } {}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that it is possible to use an INT PRIMARY KEY as the child key
# of a foreign constraint.
# 
drop_all_tables
do_test without_rowid3-7.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY, b) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE t2(c INT PRIMARY KEY REFERENCES t1, b) WITHOUT rowid;
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-7.2 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1, 'A'); }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-7.3 {
  execsql { 
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 2);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, 3);
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1, 'A');
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-7.4 {
  execsql { UPDATE t2 SET c = 2 }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-7.5 {
  catchsql { UPDATE t2 SET c = 3 }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-7.6 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a = 2 }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-7.7 {
  execsql { DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a = 1 }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-7.8 {
  catchsql { UPDATE t1 SET a = 3 }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that it is not possible to enable/disable FK support while a
# transaction is open.
# 
drop_all_tables
proc without_rowid3-8-test {tn zSql value} {
  do_test without_rowid3-2.8.$tn.1 [list execsql $zSql] {}
  do_test without_rowid3-2.8.$tn.2 { execsql "PRAGMA foreign_keys" } $value
}
without_rowid3-8-test  1 { PRAGMA foreign_keys = 0     } 0
without_rowid3-8-test  2 { PRAGMA foreign_keys = 1     } 1
without_rowid3-8-test  3 { BEGIN                       } 1
without_rowid3-8-test  4 { PRAGMA foreign_keys = 0     } 1
without_rowid3-8-test  5 { COMMIT                      } 1
without_rowid3-8-test  6 { PRAGMA foreign_keys = 0     } 0
without_rowid3-8-test  7 { BEGIN                       } 0
without_rowid3-8-test  8 { PRAGMA foreign_keys = 1     } 0
without_rowid3-8-test  9 { COMMIT                      } 0
without_rowid3-8-test 10 { PRAGMA foreign_keys = 1     } 1
without_rowid3-8-test 11 { PRAGMA foreign_keys = off   } 0
without_rowid3-8-test 12 { PRAGMA foreign_keys = on    } 1
without_rowid3-8-test 13 { PRAGMA foreign_keys = no    } 0
without_rowid3-8-test 14 { PRAGMA foreign_keys = yes   } 1
without_rowid3-8-test 15 { PRAGMA foreign_keys = false } 0
without_rowid3-8-test 16 { PRAGMA foreign_keys = true  } 1

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following tests, without_rowid3-9.*, test SET DEFAULT actions.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test without_rowid3-9.1.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a INT PRIMARY KEY, b) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE t2(
      c INT PRIMARY KEY,
      d INTEGER DEFAULT 1 REFERENCES t1 ON DELETE SET DEFAULT
    ) WITHOUT rowid;
    DELETE FROM t1;
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-9.1.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 'one');
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, 'two');
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1, 2);
    SELECT * FROM t2;
    DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a = 2;
    SELECT * FROM t2;
  }
} {1 2 1 1}
do_test without_rowid3-9.1.3 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, 'two');
    UPDATE t2 SET d = 2;
    DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a = 1;
    SELECT * FROM t2;
  }
} {1 2}
do_test without_rowid3-9.1.4 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM t1 }
} {2 two}
do_test without_rowid3-9.1.5 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM t1 }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

do_test without_rowid3-9.2.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE pp(a, b, c, PRIMARY KEY(b, c)) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE cc(d DEFAULT 3, e DEFAULT 1, f DEFAULT 2,
        FOREIGN KEY(f, d) REFERENCES pp 
        ON UPDATE SET DEFAULT 
        ON DELETE SET NULL
    );
    INSERT INTO pp VALUES(1, 2, 3);
    INSERT INTO pp VALUES(4, 5, 6);
    INSERT INTO pp VALUES(7, 8, 9);
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-9.2.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO cc VALUES(6, 'A', 5);
    INSERT INTO cc VALUES(6, 'B', 5);
    INSERT INTO cc VALUES(9, 'A', 8);
    INSERT INTO cc VALUES(9, 'B', 8);
    UPDATE pp SET b = 1 WHERE a = 7;
    SELECT * FROM cc;
  }
} {6 A 5 6 B 5 3 A 2 3 B 2}
do_test without_rowid3-9.2.3 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM pp WHERE a = 4;
    SELECT * FROM cc;
  }
} {{} A {} {} B {} 3 A 2 3 B 2}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following tests, without_rowid3-10.*, test "foreign key mismatch" and 
# other errors.
#
set tn 0
foreach zSql [list {
  CREATE TABLE p(a PRIMARY KEY, b) WITHOUT rowid;
  CREATE TABLE c(x REFERENCES p(c));
} {
  CREATE TABLE c(x REFERENCES v(y));
  CREATE VIEW v AS SELECT x AS y FROM c;
} {
  CREATE TABLE p(a, b, PRIMARY KEY(a, b)) WITHOUT rowid;
  CREATE TABLE c(x REFERENCES p);
} {
  CREATE TABLE p(a COLLATE binary, b);
  CREATE UNIQUE INDEX i ON p(a COLLATE nocase);
  CREATE TABLE c(x REFERENCES p(a));
}] {
  drop_all_tables
  do_test without_rowid3-10.1.[incr tn] {
    execsql $zSql
    catchsql { INSERT INTO c DEFAULT VALUES }
  } {/1 {foreign key mismatch - "c" referencing "."}/}
}

# "rowid" cannot be used as part of a child or parent key definition 
# unless it happens to be the name of an explicitly declared column.
#
do_test without_rowid3-10.2.1 {
  drop_all_tables
  catchsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY, b) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE t2(c, d, FOREIGN KEY(rowid) REFERENCES t1(a));
  }
} {1 {unknown column "rowid" in foreign key definition}}
do_test without_rowid3-10.2.2 {
  drop_all_tables
  catchsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY, b) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE t2(rowid, d, FOREIGN KEY(rowid) REFERENCES t1(a));
  }
} {0 {}}
do_test without_rowid3-10.2.1 {
  drop_all_tables
  catchsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a, b);
    CREATE TABLE t2(c, d, FOREIGN KEY(c) REFERENCES t1(rowid));
    INSERT INTO t1(rowid, a, b) VALUES(1, 1, 1);
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1, 1);
  }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch - "t2" referencing "t1"}}
do_test without_rowid3-10.2.2 {
  drop_all_tables
  catchsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(rowid PRIMARY KEY, b) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE t2(c, d, FOREIGN KEY(c) REFERENCES t1(rowid));
    INSERT INTO t1(rowid, b) VALUES(1, 1);
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1, 1);
  }
} {0 {}}


#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following tests, without_rowid3-11.*, test CASCADE actions.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test without_rowid3-11.1.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a INT PRIMARY KEY, b) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE t2(c, d, FOREIGN KEY(c) REFERENCES t1(a) ON UPDATE CASCADE);

    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(10, 100);
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(10, 100);
    UPDATE t1 SET a = 15;
    SELECT * FROM t2;
  }
} {15 100}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following tests, without_rowid3-12.*, test RESTRICT actions.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test without_rowid3-12.1.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a, b PRIMARY KEY) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE t2(
      x REFERENCES t1 ON UPDATE RESTRICT DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED 
    );
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 'one');
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, 'two');
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(3, 'three');
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-12.1.2 { 
  execsql "BEGIN"
  execsql "INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('two')"
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-12.1.3 { 
  execsql "UPDATE t1 SET b = 'four' WHERE b = 'one'"
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-12.1.4 { 
  catchsql "UPDATE t1 SET b = 'five' WHERE b = 'two'"
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-12.1.5 { 
  execsql "DELETE FROM t1 WHERE b = 'two'"
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-12.1.6 { 
  catchsql "COMMIT"
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-12.1.7 { 
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(2, 'two');
    COMMIT;
  }
} {}

drop_all_tables
do_test without_rowid3-12.2.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(x COLLATE NOCASE PRIMARY KEY) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TRIGGER tt1 AFTER DELETE ON t1 
      WHEN EXISTS ( SELECT 1 FROM t2 WHERE old.x = y )
    BEGIN
      INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(old.x);
    END;
    CREATE TABLE t2(y REFERENCES t1);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('A');
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('B');
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('a');
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('b');

    SELECT * FROM t1;
    SELECT * FROM t2;
  }
} {A B a b}
do_test without_rowid3-12.2.2 {
  execsql { DELETE FROM t1 }
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM t1;
    SELECT * FROM t2;
  }
} {A B a b}
do_test without_rowid3-12.2.3 {
  execsql {
    DROP TABLE t2;
    CREATE TABLE t2(y REFERENCES t1 ON DELETE RESTRICT);
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('a');
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('b');
  }
  catchsql { DELETE FROM t1 }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-12.2.4 {
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM t1;
    SELECT * FROM t2;
  }
} {A B a b}

drop_all_tables
do_test without_rowid3-12.3.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE up(
      c00, c01, c02, c03, c04, c05, c06, c07, c08, c09,
      c10, c11, c12, c13, c14, c15, c16, c17, c18, c19,
      c20, c21, c22, c23, c24, c25, c26, c27, c28, c29,
      c30, c31, c32, c33, c34, c35, c36, c37, c38, c39,
      PRIMARY KEY(c34, c35)
    ) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE down(
      c00, c01, c02, c03, c04, c05, c06, c07, c08, c09,
      c10, c11, c12, c13, c14, c15, c16, c17, c18, c19,
      c20, c21, c22, c23, c24, c25, c26, c27, c28, c29,
      c30, c31, c32, c33, c34, c35, c36, c37, c38, c39,
      FOREIGN KEY(c39, c38) REFERENCES up ON UPDATE CASCADE
    );
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-12.3.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO up(c34, c35) VALUES('yes', 'no');
    INSERT INTO down(c39, c38) VALUES('yes', 'no');
    UPDATE up SET c34 = 'possibly';
    SELECT c38, c39 FROM down;
    DELETE FROM down;
  }
} {no possibly}
do_test without_rowid3-12.3.3 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO down(c39, c38) VALUES('yes', 'no') }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-12.3.4 {
  execsql { 
    INSERT INTO up(c34, c35) VALUES('yes', 'no');
    INSERT INTO down(c39, c38) VALUES('yes', 'no');
  }
  catchsql { DELETE FROM up WHERE c34 = 'yes' }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-12.3.5 {
  execsql { 
    DELETE FROM up WHERE c34 = 'possibly';
    SELECT c34, c35 FROM up;
    SELECT c39, c38 FROM down;
  }
} {yes no yes no}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following tests, without_rowid3-13.*, test that FK processing is performed
# when rows are REPLACEd.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test without_rowid3-13.1.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE pp(a UNIQUE, b, c, PRIMARY KEY(b, c)) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE cc(d, e, f UNIQUE, FOREIGN KEY(d, e) REFERENCES pp);
    INSERT INTO pp VALUES(1, 2, 3);
    INSERT INTO cc VALUES(2, 3, 1);
  }
} {}
foreach {tn stmt} {
  1   "REPLACE INTO pp VALUES(1, 4, 5)"
} {
  do_test without_rowid3-13.1.$tn.1 {
    catchsql $stmt
  } {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  do_test without_rowid3-13.1.$tn.2 {
    execsql {
      SELECT * FROM pp;
      SELECT * FROM cc;
    }
  } {1 2 3 2 3 1}
  do_test without_rowid3-13.1.$tn.3 {
    execsql BEGIN;
    catchsql $stmt
  } {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  do_test without_rowid3-13.1.$tn.4 {
    execsql {
      COMMIT;
      SELECT * FROM pp;
      SELECT * FROM cc;
    }
  } {1 2 3 2 3 1}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following tests, without_rowid3-14.*, test that the "DROP TABLE" and "ALTER
# TABLE" commands work as expected wrt foreign key constraints.
#
# without_rowid3-14.1*: ALTER TABLE ADD COLUMN
# without_rowid3-14.2*: ALTER TABLE RENAME TABLE
# without_rowid3-14.3*: DROP TABLE
#
drop_all_tables
ifcapable altertable {
  do_test without_rowid3-14.1.1 {
    # Adding a column with a REFERENCES clause is not supported.
    execsql { 
      CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY) WITHOUT rowid;
      CREATE TABLE t2(a, b);
    }
    catchsql { ALTER TABLE t2 ADD COLUMN c REFERENCES t1 }
  } {0 {}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.1.2 {
    catchsql { ALTER TABLE t2 ADD COLUMN d DEFAULT NULL REFERENCES t1 }
  } {0 {}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.1.3 {
    catchsql { ALTER TABLE t2 ADD COLUMN e REFERENCES t1 DEFAULT NULL}
  } {0 {}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.1.4 {
    catchsql { ALTER TABLE t2 ADD COLUMN f REFERENCES t1 DEFAULT 'text'}
  } {1 {Cannot add a REFERENCES column with non-NULL default value}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.1.5 {
    catchsql { ALTER TABLE t2 ADD COLUMN g DEFAULT CURRENT_TIME REFERENCES t1 }
  } {1 {Cannot add a REFERENCES column with non-NULL default value}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.1.6 {
    execsql { 
      PRAGMA foreign_keys = off;
      ALTER TABLE t2 ADD COLUMN h DEFAULT 'text' REFERENCES t1;
      PRAGMA foreign_keys = on;
      SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master WHERE name='t2';
    }
  } {{CREATE TABLE t2(a, b, c REFERENCES t1, d DEFAULT NULL REFERENCES t1, e REFERENCES t1 DEFAULT NULL, h DEFAULT 'text' REFERENCES t1)}}
  
  
  # Test the sqlite_rename_parent() function directly.
  #
  proc test_rename_parent {zCreate zOld zNew} {
    db eval {SELECT sqlite_rename_parent($zCreate, $zOld, $zNew)}
  }
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2.1.1 {
    test_rename_parent {CREATE TABLE t1(a REFERENCES t2)} t2 t3
  } {{CREATE TABLE t1(a REFERENCES "t3")}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2.1.2 {
    test_rename_parent {CREATE TABLE t1(a REFERENCES t2)} t4 t3
  } {{CREATE TABLE t1(a REFERENCES t2)}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2.1.3 {
    test_rename_parent {CREATE TABLE t1(a REFERENCES "t2")} t2 t3
  } {{CREATE TABLE t1(a REFERENCES "t3")}}
  
  # Test ALTER TABLE RENAME TABLE a bit.
  #
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2.2.1 {
    drop_all_tables
    execsql {
      CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES t1) WITHOUT rowid;
      CREATE TABLE t2(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES t1, c REFERENCES t2)
            WITHOUT rowid;
      CREATE TABLE t3(a REFERENCES t1, b REFERENCES t2, c REFERENCES t1);
    }
    execsql { SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master WHERE type = 'table'}
  } [list \
    {CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES t1) WITHOUT rowid}       \
    {CREATE TABLE t2(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES t1, c REFERENCES t2)
            WITHOUT rowid}    \
    {CREATE TABLE t3(a REFERENCES t1, b REFERENCES t2, c REFERENCES t1)}  \
  ]
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2.2.2 {
    execsql { ALTER TABLE t1 RENAME TO t4 }
    execsql { SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master WHERE type = 'table'}
  } [list \
    {CREATE TABLE "t4"(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES "t4") WITHOUT rowid}      \
    {CREATE TABLE t2(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES "t4", c REFERENCES t2)
            WITHOUT rowid}     \
    {CREATE TABLE t3(a REFERENCES "t4", b REFERENCES t2, c REFERENCES "t4")} \
  ]
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2.2.3 {
    catchsql { INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(1, 2, 3) }
  } {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2.2.4 {
    execsql { INSERT INTO t4 VALUES(1, NULL) }
  } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2.2.5 {
    catchsql { UPDATE t4 SET b = 5 }
  } {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2.2.6 {
    catchsql { UPDATE t4 SET b = 1 }
  } {0 {}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2.2.7 {
    execsql { INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(1, NULL, 1) }
  } {}

  # Repeat for TEMP tables
  #
  drop_all_tables
  do_test without_rowid3-14.1tmp.1 {
    # Adding a column with a REFERENCES clause is not supported.
    execsql { 
      CREATE TEMP TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY) WITHOUT rowid;
      CREATE TEMP TABLE t2(a, b);
    }
    catchsql { ALTER TABLE t2 ADD COLUMN c REFERENCES t1 }
  } {0 {}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.1tmp.2 {
    catchsql { ALTER TABLE t2 ADD COLUMN d DEFAULT NULL REFERENCES t1 }
  } {0 {}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.1tmp.3 {
    catchsql { ALTER TABLE t2 ADD COLUMN e REFERENCES t1 DEFAULT NULL}
  } {0 {}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.1tmp.4 {
    catchsql { ALTER TABLE t2 ADD COLUMN f REFERENCES t1 DEFAULT 'text'}
  } {1 {Cannot add a REFERENCES column with non-NULL default value}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.1tmp.5 {
    catchsql { ALTER TABLE t2 ADD COLUMN g DEFAULT CURRENT_TIME REFERENCES t1 }
  } {1 {Cannot add a REFERENCES column with non-NULL default value}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.1tmp.6 {
    execsql { 
      PRAGMA foreign_keys = off;
      ALTER TABLE t2 ADD COLUMN h DEFAULT 'text' REFERENCES t1;
      PRAGMA foreign_keys = on;
      SELECT sql FROM sqlite_temp_master WHERE name='t2';
    }
  } {{CREATE TABLE t2(a, b, c REFERENCES t1, d DEFAULT NULL REFERENCES t1, e REFERENCES t1 DEFAULT NULL, h DEFAULT 'text' REFERENCES t1)}}

  do_test without_rowid3-14.2tmp.1.1 {
    test_rename_parent {CREATE TABLE t1(a REFERENCES t2)} t2 t3
  } {{CREATE TABLE t1(a REFERENCES "t3")}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2tmp.1.2 {
    test_rename_parent {CREATE TABLE t1(a REFERENCES t2)} t4 t3
  } {{CREATE TABLE t1(a REFERENCES t2)}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2tmp.1.3 {
    test_rename_parent {CREATE TABLE t1(a REFERENCES "t2")} t2 t3
  } {{CREATE TABLE t1(a REFERENCES "t3")}}
  
  # Test ALTER TABLE RENAME TABLE a bit.
  #
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2tmp.2.1 {
    drop_all_tables
    execsql {
      CREATE TEMP TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES t1) WITHOUT rowid;
      CREATE TEMP TABLE t2(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES t1, c REFERENCES t2)
            WITHOUT rowid;
      CREATE TEMP TABLE t3(a REFERENCES t1, b REFERENCES t2, c REFERENCES t1);
    }
    execsql { SELECT sql FROM sqlite_temp_master WHERE type = 'table'}
  } [list \
    {CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES t1) WITHOUT rowid}       \
    {CREATE TABLE t2(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES t1, c REFERENCES t2)
            WITHOUT rowid}    \
    {CREATE TABLE t3(a REFERENCES t1, b REFERENCES t2, c REFERENCES t1)}  \
  ]
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2tmp.2.2 {
    execsql { ALTER TABLE t1 RENAME TO t4 }
    execsql { SELECT sql FROM sqlite_temp_master WHERE type = 'table'}
  } [list \
    {CREATE TABLE "t4"(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES "t4") WITHOUT rowid}      \
    {CREATE TABLE t2(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES "t4", c REFERENCES t2)
            WITHOUT rowid}     \
    {CREATE TABLE t3(a REFERENCES "t4", b REFERENCES t2, c REFERENCES "t4")} \
  ]
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2tmp.2.3 {
    catchsql { INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(1, 2, 3) }
  } {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2tmp.2.4 {
    execsql { INSERT INTO t4 VALUES(1, NULL) }
  } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2tmp.2.5 {
    catchsql { UPDATE t4 SET b = 5 }
  } {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2tmp.2.6 {
    catchsql { UPDATE t4 SET b = 1 }
  } {0 {}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2tmp.2.7 {
    execsql { INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(1, NULL, 1) }
  } {}

  # Repeat for ATTACH-ed tables
  #
  drop_all_tables
  do_test without_rowid3-14.1aux.1 {
    # Adding a column with a REFERENCES clause is not supported.
    execsql { 
      ATTACH ':memory:' AS aux;
      CREATE TABLE aux.t1(a PRIMARY KEY) WITHOUT rowid;
      CREATE TABLE aux.t2(a, b);
    }
    catchsql { ALTER TABLE t2 ADD COLUMN c REFERENCES t1 }
  } {0 {}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.1aux.2 {
    catchsql { ALTER TABLE t2 ADD COLUMN d DEFAULT NULL REFERENCES t1 }
  } {0 {}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.1aux.3 {
    catchsql { ALTER TABLE t2 ADD COLUMN e REFERENCES t1 DEFAULT NULL}
  } {0 {}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.1aux.4 {
    catchsql { ALTER TABLE t2 ADD COLUMN f REFERENCES t1 DEFAULT 'text'}
  } {1 {Cannot add a REFERENCES column with non-NULL default value}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.1aux.5 {
    catchsql { ALTER TABLE t2 ADD COLUMN g DEFAULT CURRENT_TIME REFERENCES t1 }
  } {1 {Cannot add a REFERENCES column with non-NULL default value}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.1aux.6 {
    execsql { 
      PRAGMA foreign_keys = off;
      ALTER TABLE t2 ADD COLUMN h DEFAULT 'text' REFERENCES t1;
      PRAGMA foreign_keys = on;
      SELECT sql FROM aux.sqlite_master WHERE name='t2';
    }
  } {{CREATE TABLE t2(a, b, c REFERENCES t1, d DEFAULT NULL REFERENCES t1, e REFERENCES t1 DEFAULT NULL, h DEFAULT 'text' REFERENCES t1)}}

  do_test without_rowid3-14.2aux.1.1 {
    test_rename_parent {CREATE TABLE t1(a REFERENCES t2)} t2 t3
  } {{CREATE TABLE t1(a REFERENCES "t3")}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2aux.1.2 {
    test_rename_parent {CREATE TABLE t1(a REFERENCES t2)} t4 t3
  } {{CREATE TABLE t1(a REFERENCES t2)}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2aux.1.3 {
    test_rename_parent {CREATE TABLE t1(a REFERENCES "t2")} t2 t3
  } {{CREATE TABLE t1(a REFERENCES "t3")}}
  
  # Test ALTER TABLE RENAME TABLE a bit.
  #
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2aux.2.1 {
    drop_all_tables
    execsql {
      CREATE TABLE aux.t1(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES t1) WITHOUT rowid;
      CREATE TABLE aux.t2(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES t1, c REFERENCES t2)
            WITHOUT rowid;
      CREATE TABLE aux.t3(a REFERENCES t1, b REFERENCES t2, c REFERENCES t1);
    }
    execsql { SELECT sql FROM aux.sqlite_master WHERE type = 'table'}
  } [list \
    {CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES t1) WITHOUT rowid}       \
    {CREATE TABLE t2(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES t1, c REFERENCES t2)
            WITHOUT rowid}    \
    {CREATE TABLE t3(a REFERENCES t1, b REFERENCES t2, c REFERENCES t1)}  \
  ]
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2aux.2.2 {
    execsql { ALTER TABLE t1 RENAME TO t4 }
    execsql { SELECT sql FROM aux.sqlite_master WHERE type = 'table'}
  } [list \
    {CREATE TABLE "t4"(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES "t4") WITHOUT rowid}      \
    {CREATE TABLE t2(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES "t4", c REFERENCES t2)
            WITHOUT rowid}     \
    {CREATE TABLE t3(a REFERENCES "t4", b REFERENCES t2, c REFERENCES "t4")} \
  ]
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2aux.2.3 {
    catchsql { INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(1, 2, 3) }
  } {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2aux.2.4 {
    execsql { INSERT INTO t4 VALUES(1, NULL) }
  } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2aux.2.5 {
    catchsql { UPDATE t4 SET b = 5 }
  } {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2aux.2.6 {
    catchsql { UPDATE t4 SET b = 1 }
  } {0 {}}
  do_test without_rowid3-14.2aux.2.7 {
    execsql { INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(1, NULL, 1) }
  } {}
}

do_test without_rowid3-2.14.3.1 {
  drop_all_tables
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a, b REFERENCES nosuchtable);
    DROP TABLE t1;
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-2.14.3.2 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a PRIMARY KEY, b) WITHOUT rowid;
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('a', 1);
    CREATE TABLE t2(x REFERENCES t1);
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('a');
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-2.14.3.3 {
  catchsql { DROP TABLE t1 }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-2.14.3.4 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM t2;
    DROP TABLE t1;
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-2.14.3.4 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('x') }
} {1 {no such table: main.t1}}
do_test without_rowid3-2.14.3.5 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(x PRIMARY KEY) WITHOUT rowid;
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES('x');
  }
  execsql { INSERT INTO t2 VALUES('x') }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-2.14.3.6 {
  catchsql { DROP TABLE t1 }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-2.14.3.7 {
  execsql {
    DROP TABLE t2;
    DROP TABLE t1;
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-2.14.3.8 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE pp(x, y, PRIMARY KEY(x, y)) WITHOUT ROWID;
    CREATE TABLE cc(a, b, FOREIGN KEY(a, b) REFERENCES pp(x, z));
  }
  catchsql { INSERT INTO cc VALUES(1, 2) }
} {1 {foreign key mismatch - "cc" referencing "pp"}}
do_test without_rowid3-2.14.3.9 {
  execsql { DROP TABLE cc }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-2.14.3.10 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE cc(a, b, 
      FOREIGN KEY(a, b) REFERENCES pp DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
    );
  }
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO pp VALUES('a', 'b');
    INSERT INTO cc VALUES('a', 'b');
    BEGIN;
      DROP TABLE pp;
      CREATE TABLE pp(a, b, c, PRIMARY KEY(b, c)) WITHOUT rowid;
      INSERT INTO pp VALUES(1, 'a', 'b');
    COMMIT;
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-2.14.3.11 {
  execsql { 
    BEGIN;
      DROP TABLE cc;
      DROP TABLE pp;
    COMMIT;
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-2.14.3.12 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE b1(a, b);
    CREATE TABLE b2(a, b REFERENCES b1);
    DROP TABLE b1;
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-2.14.3.13 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE b3(a, b REFERENCES b2 DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED);
    DROP TABLE b2;
  }
} {}

# Test that nothing goes wrong when dropping a table that refers to a view.
# Or dropping a view that an existing FK (incorrectly) refers to. Or either
# of the above scenarios with a virtual table.
drop_all_tables
do_test without_rowid3-2.14.4.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(x REFERENCES v); 
    CREATE VIEW v AS SELECT * FROM t1;
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-2.14.4.2 {
  execsql {
    DROP VIEW v;
  }
} {}
ifcapable vtab {
  register_echo_module db
  do_test without_rowid3-2.14.4.3 {
    execsql { CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE v USING echo(t1) }
  } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-2.14.4.2 {
    execsql {
      DROP TABLE v;
    }
  } {}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following tests, without_rowid3-15.*, test that unnecessary FK related scans 
# and lookups are avoided when the constraint counters are zero.
#
drop_all_tables
proc execsqlS {zSql} {
  set ::sqlite_search_count 0
  set ::sqlite_found_count 0
  set res [uplevel [list execsql $zSql]]
  concat [expr $::sqlite_found_count + $::sqlite_search_count] $res
}
do_test without_rowid3-15.1.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE pp(a PRIMARY KEY, b) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE cc(x, y REFERENCES pp DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED);
    INSERT INTO pp VALUES(1, 'one');
    INSERT INTO pp VALUES(2, 'two');
    INSERT INTO cc VALUES('neung', 1);
    INSERT INTO cc VALUES('song', 2);
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-15.1.2 {
  execsqlS { INSERT INTO pp VALUES(3, 'three') }
} {0}
do_test without_rowid3-15.1.3 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
      INSERT INTO cc VALUES('see', 4);    -- Violates deferred constraint
  }
  execsqlS { INSERT INTO pp VALUES(5, 'five') }
} {2}
do_test without_rowid3-15.1.4 {
  execsql { DELETE FROM cc WHERE x = 'see' }
  execsqlS { INSERT INTO pp VALUES(6, 'six') }
} {0}
do_test without_rowid3-15.1.5 {
  execsql COMMIT
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-15.1.6 {
  execsql BEGIN
  execsqlS {
    DELETE FROM cc WHERE x = 'neung';
    ROLLBACK;
  }
} {1}
do_test without_rowid3-15.1.7 {
  execsql { 
    BEGIN;
    DELETE FROM pp WHERE a = 2;
  }
  execsqlS {
    DELETE FROM cc WHERE x = 'neung';
    ROLLBACK;
  }
} {2}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This next block of tests, without_rowid3-16.*, test that rows that refer to
# themselves may be inserted and deleted.
#
foreach {tn zSchema} {
  1 { CREATE TABLE self(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES self(a))
             WITHOUT rowid }
  2 { CREATE TABLE self(a PRIMARY KEY, b REFERENCES self(a)) WITHOUT rowid }
  3 { CREATE TABLE self(a UNIQUE, b INT PRIMARY KEY REFERENCES self(a))
             WITHOUT rowid }
} {
  drop_all_tables
  do_test without_rowid3-16.1.$tn.1 {
    execsql $zSchema
    execsql { INSERT INTO self VALUES(13, 13) }
  } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-16.1.$tn.2 {
    execsql { UPDATE self SET a = 14, b = 14 }
  } {}

  do_test without_rowid3-16.1.$tn.3 {
    catchsql { UPDATE self SET b = 15 }
  } {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

  do_test without_rowid3-16.1.$tn.4 {
    catchsql { UPDATE self SET a = 15 }
  } {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

  do_test without_rowid3-16.1.$tn.5 {
    catchsql { UPDATE self SET a = 15, b = 16 }
  } {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

  do_test without_rowid3-16.1.$tn.6 {
    catchsql { UPDATE self SET a = 17, b = 17 }
  } {0 {}}

  do_test without_rowid3-16.1.$tn.7 {
    execsql { DELETE FROM self }
  } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-16.1.$tn.8 {
    catchsql { INSERT INTO self VALUES(20, 21) }
  } {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This next block of tests, without_rowid3-17.*, tests that if "PRAGMA count_changes"
# is turned on statements that violate immediate FK constraints return
# SQLITE_CONSTRAINT immediately, not after returning a number of rows.
# Whereas statements that violate deferred FK constraints return the number
# of rows before failing.
#
# Also test that rows modified by FK actions are not counted in either the
# returned row count or the values returned by sqlite3_changes(). Like
# trigger related changes, they are included in sqlite3_total_changes() though.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test without_rowid3-17.1.1 {
  execsql { PRAGMA count_changes = 1 }
  execsql { 
    CREATE TABLE one(a, b, c, UNIQUE(b, c));
    CREATE TABLE two(d, e, f, FOREIGN KEY(e, f) REFERENCES one(b, c));
    INSERT INTO one VALUES(1, 2, 3);
  }
} {1}
do_test without_rowid3-17.1.2 {
  set STMT [sqlite3_prepare_v2 db "INSERT INTO two VALUES(4, 5, 6)" -1 dummy]
  sqlite3_step $STMT
} {SQLITE_CONSTRAINT}
verify_ex_errcode without_rowid3-17.1.2b SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY
ifcapable autoreset {
  do_test without_rowid3-17.1.3 {
    sqlite3_step $STMT
  } {SQLITE_CONSTRAINT}
  verify_ex_errcode without_rowid3-17.1.3b SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY
} else {
  do_test without_rowid3-17.1.3 {
    sqlite3_step $STMT
  } {SQLITE_MISUSE}
}
do_test without_rowid3-17.1.4 {
  sqlite3_finalize $STMT
} {SQLITE_CONSTRAINT}
verify_ex_errcode without_rowid3-17.1.4b SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY
do_test without_rowid3-17.1.5 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO one VALUES(2, 3, 4);
    INSERT INTO one VALUES(3, 4, 5);
    INSERT INTO two VALUES(1, 2, 3);
    INSERT INTO two VALUES(2, 3, 4);
    INSERT INTO two VALUES(3, 4, 5);
  }
} {1 1 1 1 1}
do_test without_rowid3-17.1.6 {
  catchsql {
    BEGIN;
      INSERT INTO one VALUES(0, 0, 0);
      UPDATE two SET e=e+1, f=f+1;
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-17.1.7 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM one }
} {1 2 3 2 3 4 3 4 5 0 0 0}
do_test without_rowid3-17.1.8 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM two }
} {1 2 3 2 3 4 3 4 5}
do_test without_rowid3-17.1.9 {
  execsql COMMIT
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-17.1.10 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE three(
      g, h, i, 
      FOREIGN KEY(h, i) REFERENCES one(b, c) DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED
    );
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-17.1.11 {
  set STMT [sqlite3_prepare_v2 db "INSERT INTO three VALUES(7, 8, 9)" -1 dummy]
  sqlite3_step $STMT
} {SQLITE_ROW}
do_test without_rowid3-17.1.12 {
  sqlite3_column_text $STMT 0
} {1}
do_test without_rowid3-17.1.13 {
  sqlite3_step $STMT
} {SQLITE_CONSTRAINT}
verify_ex_errcode without_rowid3-17.1.13b SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY
do_test without_rowid3-17.1.14 {
  sqlite3_finalize $STMT
} {SQLITE_CONSTRAINT}
verify_ex_errcode without_rowid3-17.1.14b SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY

drop_all_tables
do_test without_rowid3-17.2.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE high("a'b!" PRIMARY KEY, b) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE low(
      c, 
      "d&6" REFERENCES high ON UPDATE CASCADE ON DELETE CASCADE
    );
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-17.2.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO high VALUES('a', 'b');
    INSERT INTO low VALUES('b', 'a');
  }
  db changes
} {1}
set nTotal [db total_changes]
do_test without_rowid3-17.2.3 {
  execsql { UPDATE high SET "a'b!" = 'c' }
} {1}
do_test without_rowid3-17.2.4 {
  db changes
} {1}
do_test without_rowid3-17.2.5 {
  expr [db total_changes] - $nTotal
} {2}
do_test without_rowid3-17.2.6 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM high ; SELECT * FROM low }
} {c b b c}
do_test without_rowid3-17.2.7 {
  execsql { DELETE FROM high }
} {1}
do_test without_rowid3-17.2.8 {
  db changes
} {1}
do_test without_rowid3-17.2.9 {
  expr [db total_changes] - $nTotal
} {4}
do_test without_rowid3-17.2.10 {
  execsql { SELECT * FROM high ; SELECT * FROM low }
} {}
execsql { PRAGMA count_changes = 0 }

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that the authorization callback works.
#

ifcapable auth {
  do_test without_rowid3-18.1 {
    execsql {
      CREATE TABLE long(a, b PRIMARY KEY, c) WITHOUT rowid;
      CREATE TABLE short(d, e, f REFERENCES long);
      CREATE TABLE mid(g, h, i REFERENCES long DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED);
    }
  } {}

  proc auth {args} {eval lappend ::authargs $args ; return SQLITE_OK}
  db auth auth

  # An insert on the parent table must read the child key of any deferred
  # foreign key constraints. But not the child key of immediate constraints.
  set authargs {}
  do_test without_rowid3-18.2 {
    execsql { INSERT INTO long VALUES(1, 2, 3) }
    set authargs
  } {SQLITE_INSERT long {} main {} SQLITE_READ mid i main {}}

  # An insert on the child table of an immediate constraint must read the
  # parent key columns (to see if it is a violation or not).
  set authargs {}
  do_test without_rowid3-18.3 {
    execsql { INSERT INTO short VALUES(1, 3, 2) }
    set authargs
  } {SQLITE_INSERT short {} main {} SQLITE_READ long b main {}}
  
  # As must an insert on the child table of a deferred constraint.
  set authargs {}
  do_test without_rowid3-18.4 {
    execsql { INSERT INTO mid VALUES(1, 3, 2) }
    set authargs
  } {SQLITE_INSERT mid {} main {} SQLITE_READ long b main {}}

  do_test without_rowid3-18.5 {
    execsql {
      CREATE TABLE nought(a, b PRIMARY KEY, c) WITHOUT rowid;
      CREATE TABLE cross(d, e, f,
        FOREIGN KEY(e) REFERENCES nought(b) ON UPDATE CASCADE
      );
    }
    execsql { INSERT INTO nought VALUES(2, 1, 2) }
    execsql { INSERT INTO cross VALUES(0, 1, 0) }
    set authargs [list]
    execsql { UPDATE nought SET b = 5 }
    set authargs
  } {SQLITE_UPDATE nought b main {} SQLITE_READ cross e main {} SQLITE_READ cross e main {} SQLITE_READ nought b main {} SQLITE_READ nought b main {} SQLITE_READ nought b main {} SQLITE_UPDATE cross e main {} SQLITE_READ nought b main {} SQLITE_READ cross e main {} SQLITE_READ nought b main {} SQLITE_READ nought b main {}}

  do_test without_rowid3-18.6 {
    execsql {SELECT * FROM cross}
  } {0 5 0}

  do_test without_rowid3-18.7 {
    execsql {
      CREATE TABLE one(a INT PRIMARY KEY, b) WITHOUT rowid;
      CREATE TABLE two(b, c REFERENCES one);
      INSERT INTO one VALUES(101, 102);
    }
    set authargs [list]
    execsql { INSERT INTO two VALUES(100, 101); }
    set authargs
  } {SQLITE_INSERT two {} main {} SQLITE_READ one a main {}}

  # Return SQLITE_IGNORE to requests to read from the parent table. This
  # causes inserts of non-NULL keys into the child table to fail.
  #
  rename auth {}
  proc auth {args} {
    if {[lindex $args 1] == "long"} {return SQLITE_IGNORE}
    return SQLITE_OK
  }
  do_test without_rowid3-18.8 {
    catchsql { INSERT INTO short VALUES(1, 3, 2) }
  } {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  do_test without_rowid3-18.9 {
    execsql { INSERT INTO short VALUES(1, 3, NULL) }
  } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-18.10 {
    execsql { SELECT * FROM short }
  } {1 3 2 1 3 {}}
  do_test without_rowid3-18.11 {
    catchsql { UPDATE short SET f = 2 WHERE f IS NULL }
  } {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

  db auth {}
  unset authargs
}


do_test without_rowid3-19.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE main(id INT PRIMARY KEY) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE sub(id INT REFERENCES main(id));
    INSERT INTO main VALUES(1);
    INSERT INTO main VALUES(2);
    INSERT INTO sub VALUES(2);
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-19.2 {
  set S [sqlite3_prepare_v2 db "DELETE FROM main WHERE id = ?" -1 dummy]
  sqlite3_bind_int $S 1 2
  sqlite3_step $S
} {SQLITE_CONSTRAINT}
verify_ex_errcode without_rowid3-19.2b SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY
do_test without_rowid3-19.3 {
  sqlite3_reset $S
} {SQLITE_CONSTRAINT}
verify_ex_errcode without_rowid3-19.3b SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY
do_test without_rowid3-19.4 {
  sqlite3_bind_int $S 1 1
  sqlite3_step $S
} {SQLITE_DONE}
do_test without_rowid3-19.4 {
  sqlite3_finalize $S
} {SQLITE_OK}

drop_all_tables
do_test without_rowid3-20.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE pp(a PRIMARY KEY, b) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE cc(c PRIMARY KEY, d REFERENCES pp) WITHOUT rowid;
  }
} {}

foreach {tn insert} {
  1 "INSERT"
  2 "INSERT OR IGNORE"
  3 "INSERT OR ABORT"
  4 "INSERT OR ROLLBACK"
  5 "INSERT OR REPLACE"
  6 "INSERT OR FAIL"
} {
  do_test without_rowid3-20.2.$tn.1 {
    catchsql "$insert INTO cc VALUES(1, 2)"
  } {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  do_test without_rowid3-20.2.$tn.2 {
    execsql { SELECT * FROM cc }
  } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-20.2.$tn.3 {
    execsql {
      BEGIN;
        INSERT INTO pp VALUES(2, 'two');
        INSERT INTO cc VALUES(1, 2);
    }
    catchsql "$insert INTO cc VALUES(3, 4)"
  } {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  do_test without_rowid3-20.2.$tn.4 {
    execsql { COMMIT ; SELECT * FROM cc }
  } {1 2}
  do_test without_rowid3-20.2.$tn.5 {
    execsql { DELETE FROM cc ; DELETE FROM pp }
  } {}
}

foreach {tn update} {
  1 "UPDATE"
  2 "UPDATE OR IGNORE"
  3 "UPDATE OR ABORT"
  4 "UPDATE OR ROLLBACK"
  5 "UPDATE OR REPLACE"
  6 "UPDATE OR FAIL"
} {
  do_test without_rowid3-20.3.$tn.1 {
    execsql {
      INSERT INTO pp VALUES(2, 'two');
      INSERT INTO cc VALUES(1, 2);
    }
  } {}
  do_test without_rowid3-20.3.$tn.2 {
    catchsql "$update pp SET a = 1"
  } {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  do_test without_rowid3-20.3.$tn.3 {
    execsql { SELECT * FROM pp }
  } {2 two}
  do_test without_rowid3-20.3.$tn.4 {
    catchsql "$update cc SET d = 1"
  } {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  do_test without_rowid3-20.3.$tn.5 {
    execsql { SELECT * FROM cc }
  } {1 2}
  do_test without_rowid3-20.3.$tn.6 {
    execsql {
      BEGIN;
        INSERT INTO pp VALUES(3, 'three');
    }
    catchsql "$update pp SET a = 1 WHERE a = 2"
  } {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  do_test without_rowid3-20.3.$tn.7 {
    execsql { COMMIT ; SELECT * FROM pp }
  } {2 two 3 three}
  do_test without_rowid3-20.3.$tn.8 {
    execsql {
      BEGIN;
        INSERT INTO cc VALUES(2, 2);
    }
    catchsql "$update cc SET d = 1 WHERE c = 1"
  } {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
  do_test without_rowid3-20.3.$tn.9 {
    execsql { COMMIT ; SELECT * FROM cc }
  } {1 2 2 2}
  do_test without_rowid3-20.3.$tn.10 {
    execsql { DELETE FROM cc ; DELETE FROM pp }
  } {}
}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following block of tests, those prefixed with "without_rowid3-genfkey.",
# are the same tests that were used to test the ".genfkey" command provided 
# by the shell tool. So these tests show that the built-in foreign key 
# implementation is more or less compatible with the triggers generated 
# by genfkey.
#
drop_all_tables
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.1.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a INT PRIMARY KEY, b, c, UNIQUE(b, c)) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE t2(e REFERENCES t1, f);
    CREATE TABLE t3(g, h, i, FOREIGN KEY (h, i) REFERENCES t1(b, c));
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.1.2 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1, 2) }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.1.3 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 2, 3);
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1, 2);
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.1.4 {
  execsql { INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(NULL, 3) }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.1.5 {
  catchsql { UPDATE t2 SET e = 5 WHERE e IS NULL }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.1.6 {
  execsql { UPDATE t2 SET e = 1 WHERE e IS NULL }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.1.7 {
  execsql { UPDATE t2 SET e = NULL WHERE f = 3 }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.1.8 {
  catchsql { UPDATE t1 SET a = 10 }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.1.9 {
  catchsql { UPDATE t1 SET a = NULL }
} {1 {t1.a may not be NULL}}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.1.10 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM t1 }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.1.11 {
  execsql { UPDATE t2 SET e = NULL }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.1.12 {
  execsql { 
    UPDATE t1 SET a = 10;
    DELETE FROM t1;
    DELETE FROM t2;
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.1.13 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(1, NULL, NULL);
    INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(1, 2, NULL);
    INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(1, NULL, 3);
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.1.14 {
  catchsql { INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(3, 1, 4) }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.1.15 {
  execsql { 
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 1, 4);
    INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(3, 1, 4);
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.1.16 {
  catchsql { DELETE FROM t1 }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.1.17 {
  catchsql { UPDATE t1 SET b = 10}
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.1.18 {
  execsql { UPDATE t1 SET a = 10}
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.1.19 {
  catchsql { UPDATE t3 SET h = 'hello' WHERE i = 3}
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

drop_all_tables
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.2.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a INT PRIMARY KEY, b, c, UNIQUE(b, c)) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE t2(e REFERENCES t1 ON UPDATE CASCADE ON DELETE CASCADE, f);
    CREATE TABLE t3(g, h, i, 
        FOREIGN KEY (h, i) 
        REFERENCES t1(b, c) ON UPDATE CASCADE ON DELETE CASCADE
    );
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.2.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 2, 3);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(4, 5, 6);
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1, 'one');
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(4, 'four');
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.2.3 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE t1 SET a = 2 WHERE a = 1;
    SELECT * FROM t2;
  }
} {2 one 4 four}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.2.4 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a = 4;
    SELECT * FROM t2;
  }
} {2 one}

do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.2.5 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t3 VALUES('hello', 2, 3);
    UPDATE t1 SET c = 2;
    SELECT * FROM t3;
  }
} {hello 2 2}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.2.6 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM t1;
    SELECT * FROM t3;
  }
} {}

drop_all_tables
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.3.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE t1(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, c, UNIQUE(c, b)) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE TABLE t2(e REFERENCES t1 ON UPDATE SET NULL ON DELETE SET NULL, f);
    CREATE TABLE t3(g, h, i, 
        FOREIGN KEY (h, i) 
        REFERENCES t1(b, c) ON UPDATE SET NULL ON DELETE SET NULL
    );
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.3.2 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1, 2, 3);
    INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(4, 5, 6);
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1, 'one');
    INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(4, 'four');
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.3.3 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE t1 SET a = 2 WHERE a = 1;
    SELECT * FROM t2;
  }
} {{} one 4 four}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.3.4 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM t1 WHERE a = 4;
    SELECT * FROM t2;
  }
} {{} one {} four}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.3.5 {
  execsql {
    INSERT INTO t3 VALUES('hello', 2, 3);
    UPDATE t1 SET c = 2;
    SELECT * FROM t3;
  }
} {hello {} {}}
do_test without_rowid3-genfkey.3.6 {
  execsql {
    UPDATE t3 SET h = 2, i = 2;
    DELETE FROM t1;
    SELECT * FROM t3;
  }
} {hello {} {}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Verify that ticket dd08e5a988d00decc4a543daa8dbbfab9c577ad8 has been
# fixed.
#
do_test without_rowid3-dd08e5.1.1 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA foreign_keys=ON;
    CREATE TABLE tdd08(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX idd08 ON tdd08(a,b);
    INSERT INTO tdd08 VALUES(200,300);

    CREATE TABLE tdd08_b(w,x,y, FOREIGN KEY(x,y) REFERENCES tdd08(a,b));
    INSERT INTO tdd08_b VALUES(100,200,300);
  }
} {}
do_test without_rowid3-dd08e5.1.2 {
  catchsql {
    DELETE FROM tdd08;
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-dd08e5.1.3 {
  execsql {
    SELECT * FROM tdd08;
  }
} {200 300}
do_test without_rowid3-dd08e5.1.4 {
  catchsql {
    INSERT INTO tdd08_b VALUES(400,500,300);
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-dd08e5.1.5 {
  catchsql {
    UPDATE tdd08_b SET x=x+1;
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-dd08e5.1.6 {
  catchsql {
    UPDATE tdd08 SET a=a+1;
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Verify that ticket ce7c133ea6cc9ccdc1a60d80441f80b6180f5eba
# fixed.
#
do_test without_rowid3-ce7c13.1.1 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE tce71(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b) WITHOUT rowid;
    CREATE UNIQUE INDEX ice71 ON tce71(a,b);
    INSERT INTO tce71 VALUES(100,200);
    CREATE TABLE tce72(w, x, y, FOREIGN KEY(x,y) REFERENCES tce71(a,b));
    INSERT INTO tce72 VALUES(300,100,200);
    UPDATE tce71 set b = 200 where a = 100;
    SELECT * FROM tce71, tce72;
  }
} {100 200 300 100 200}
do_test without_rowid3-ce7c13.1.2 {
  catchsql {
    UPDATE tce71 set b = 201 where a = 100;
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-ce7c13.1.3 {
  catchsql {
    UPDATE tce71 set a = 101 where a = 100;
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-ce7c13.1.4 {
  execsql {
    CREATE TABLE tce73(a INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, b, UNIQUE(a,b)) WITHOUT rowid;
    INSERT INTO tce73 VALUES(100,200);
    CREATE TABLE tce74(w, x, y, FOREIGN KEY(x,y) REFERENCES tce73(a,b));
    INSERT INTO tce74 VALUES(300,100,200);
    UPDATE tce73 set b = 200 where a = 100;
    SELECT * FROM tce73, tce74;
  }
} {100 200 300 100 200}
do_test without_rowid3-ce7c13.1.5 {
  catchsql {
    UPDATE tce73 set b = 201 where a = 100;
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}
do_test without_rowid3-ce7c13.1.6 {
  catchsql {
    UPDATE tce73 set a = 101 where a = 100;
  }
} {1 {foreign key constraint failed}}

finish_test