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SQLite training in Houston TX on 2019-11-05 (details)
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Overview
Comment:Merge latest trunk changes with this branch.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | fts5
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 2a1af0f29e4c387721ec1fb3a2b55e8605b8401d
User & Date: dan 2015-06-26 19:33:04
Context
2015-06-26
20:08
Fix a segfault that could follow an OOM error in fts5. check-in: 713239b8 user: dan tags: fts5
19:33
Merge latest trunk changes with this branch. check-in: 2a1af0f2 user: dan tags: fts5
18:50
Fix some cases in the fts5 code where a corrupt database could cause a buffer overread. check-in: 360c57bb user: dan tags: fts5
18:47
Further optimization of SQL function dispatch. Improvements to opcode documentation. check-in: eaddbf29 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to mkopcodeh.awk.

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  order[n_op++] = "OP_Explain";

  # Assign small values to opcodes that are processed by resolveP2Values()
  # to make code generation for the switch() statement smaller and faster.
  for(i=0; i<n_op; i++){
    name = order[i];
    if( op[name]>=0 ) continue;
    if( name=="OP_Function"      \
     || name=="OP_AggStep"       \
     || name=="OP_Transaction"   \
     || name=="OP_AutoCommit"    \
     || name=="OP_Savepoint"     \
     || name=="OP_Checkpoint"    \
     || name=="OP_Vacuum"        \
     || name=="OP_JournalMode"   \
     || name=="OP_VUpdate"       \
     || name=="OP_VFilter"       \







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  order[n_op++] = "OP_Explain";

  # Assign small values to opcodes that are processed by resolveP2Values()
  # to make code generation for the switch() statement smaller and faster.
  for(i=0; i<n_op; i++){
    name = order[i];
    if( op[name]>=0 ) continue;


    if( name=="OP_Transaction"   \
     || name=="OP_AutoCommit"    \
     || name=="OP_Savepoint"     \
     || name=="OP_Checkpoint"    \
     || name=="OP_Vacuum"        \
     || name=="OP_JournalMode"   \
     || name=="OP_VUpdate"       \
     || name=="OP_VFilter"       \

Changes to src/analyze.c.

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#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, iParam, regStat4+1);
#elif SQLITE_DEBUG
  assert( iParam==STAT_GET_STAT1 );
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER( iParam );
#endif
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 0, regStat4, regOut);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statGetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1 + IsStat34);
}

/*
** Generate code to do an analysis of all indices associated with
** a single table.
................................................................................
    ** The third argument is only used for STAT3 and STAT4
    */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regStat4+3);
#endif
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nCol, regStat4+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->nKeyCol, regStat4+2);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 0, regStat4+1, regStat4);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statInitFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2+IsStat34);

    /* Implementation of the following:
    **
    **   Rewind csr
    **   if eof(csr) goto end_of_scan;
................................................................................
        VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->aCol[pPk->aiColumn[j]].zName));
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regKey, pPk->nKeyCol, regRowid);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regKey, pPk->nKeyCol);
    }
#endif
    assert( regChng==(regStat4+1) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 1, regStat4, regTemp);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statPushFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2+IsStat34);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur, addrNextRow); VdbeCoverage(v);

    /* Add the entry to the stat1 table. */
    callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_STAT1, regStat1);
    assert( "BBB"[0]==SQLITE_AFF_TEXT );







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#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, iParam, regStat4+1);
#elif SQLITE_DEBUG
  assert( iParam==STAT_GET_STAT1 );
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER( iParam );
#endif
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function0, 0, regStat4, regOut);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statGetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1 + IsStat34);
}

/*
** Generate code to do an analysis of all indices associated with
** a single table.
................................................................................
    ** The third argument is only used for STAT3 and STAT4
    */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regStat4+3);
#endif
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nCol, regStat4+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->nKeyCol, regStat4+2);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function0, 0, regStat4+1, regStat4);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statInitFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2+IsStat34);

    /* Implementation of the following:
    **
    **   Rewind csr
    **   if eof(csr) goto end_of_scan;
................................................................................
        VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->aCol[pPk->aiColumn[j]].zName));
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regKey, pPk->nKeyCol, regRowid);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regKey, pPk->nKeyCol);
    }
#endif
    assert( regChng==(regStat4+1) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function0, 1, regStat4, regTemp);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statPushFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2+IsStat34);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur, addrNextRow); VdbeCoverage(v);

    /* Add the entry to the stat1 table. */
    callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_STAT1, regStat1);
    assert( "BBB"[0]==SQLITE_AFF_TEXT );

Changes to src/attach.c.

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  regArgs = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, 4);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFilename, regArgs);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pDbname, regArgs+1);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pKey, regArgs+2);

  assert( v || db->mallocFailed );
  if( v ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 0, regArgs+3-pFunc->nArg, regArgs+3);
    assert( pFunc->nArg==-1 || (pFunc->nArg&0xff)==pFunc->nArg );
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)(pFunc->nArg));
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)pFunc, P4_FUNCDEF);

    /* Code an OP_Expire. For an ATTACH statement, set P1 to true (expire this
    ** statement only). For DETACH, set it to false (expire all existing
    ** statements).







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  regArgs = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, 4);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pFilename, regArgs);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pDbname, regArgs+1);
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pKey, regArgs+2);

  assert( v || db->mallocFailed );
  if( v ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function0, 0, regArgs+3-pFunc->nArg, regArgs+3);
    assert( pFunc->nArg==-1 || (pFunc->nArg&0xff)==pFunc->nArg );
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)(pFunc->nArg));
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)pFunc, P4_FUNCDEF);

    /* Code an OP_Expire. For an ATTACH statement, set P1 to true (expire this
    ** statement only). For DETACH, set it to false (expire all existing
    ** statements).

Changes to src/btree.c.

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  assert( gap<=65536 );
  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-29356-02391 If the database uses a 65536-byte page size
  ** and the reserved space is zero (the usual value for reserved space)
  ** then the cell content offset of an empty page wants to be 65536.
  ** However, that integer is too large to be stored in a 2-byte unsigned
  ** integer, so a value of 0 is used in its place. */
  top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
  assert( top<=pPage->pBt->usableSize ); /* Prevent by getAndInitPage() */
  if( gap>top ){
    if( top==0 && pPage->pBt->usableSize==65536 ){
      top = 65536;
    }else{
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
  }







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  assert( gap<=65536 );
  /* EVIDENCE-OF: R-29356-02391 If the database uses a 65536-byte page size
  ** and the reserved space is zero (the usual value for reserved space)
  ** then the cell content offset of an empty page wants to be 65536.
  ** However, that integer is too large to be stored in a 2-byte unsigned
  ** integer, so a value of 0 is used in its place. */
  top = get2byte(&data[hdr+5]);
  assert( top<=(int)pPage->pBt->usableSize ); /* Prevent by getAndInitPage() */
  if( gap>top ){
    if( top==0 && pPage->pBt->usableSize==65536 ){
      top = 65536;
    }else{
      return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
    }
  }

Changes to src/expr.c.

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        pDef = sqlite3VtabOverloadFunction(db, pDef, nFarg, pFarg->a[0].pExpr);
      }
#endif
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
        if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl; 
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_CollSeq, 0, 0, 0, (char *)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, constMask, r1, target,
                        (char*)pDef, P4_FUNCDEF);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)nFarg);
      if( nFarg && constMask==0 ){
        sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, r1, nFarg);
      }
      break;
    }







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        pDef = sqlite3VtabOverloadFunction(db, pDef, nFarg, pFarg->a[0].pExpr);
      }
#endif
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
        if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl; 
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_CollSeq, 0, 0, 0, (char *)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function0, constMask, r1, target,
                        (char*)pDef, P4_FUNCDEF);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)nFarg);
      if( nFarg && constMask==0 ){
        sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, r1, nFarg);
      }
      break;
    }

Changes to src/pcache.c.

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  int szPage;                         /* Size of every page in this cache */
  int szExtra;                        /* Size of extra space for each page */
  u8 bPurgeable;                      /* True if pages are on backing store */
  u8 eCreate;                         /* eCreate value for for xFetch() */
  int (*xStress)(void*,PgHdr*);       /* Call to try make a page clean */
  void *pStress;                      /* Argument to xStress */
  sqlite3_pcache *pCache;             /* Pluggable cache module */
  PgHdr *pPage1;                      /* Reference to page 1 */
};

/********************************** Linked List Management ********************/

/* Allowed values for second argument to pcacheManageDirtyList() */
#define PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_REMOVE   1    /* Remove pPage from dirty list */
#define PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_ADD      2    /* Add pPage to the dirty list */
................................................................................

/*
** Wrapper around the pluggable caches xUnpin method. If the cache is
** being used for an in-memory database, this function is a no-op.
*/
static void pcacheUnpin(PgHdr *p){
  if( p->pCache->bPurgeable ){
    if( p->pgno==1 ){
      p->pCache->pPage1 = 0;
    }
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xUnpin(p->pCache->pCache, p->pPage, 0);
  }
}

/*
** Compute the number of pages of cache requested.  p->szCache is the
** cache size requested by the "PRAGMA cache_size" statement.
................................................................................
    );
    if( pNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xCachesize(pNew, numberOfCachePages(pCache));
    if( pCache->pCache ){
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xDestroy(pCache->pCache);
    }
    pCache->pCache = pNew;
    pCache->pPage1 = 0;
    pCache->szPage = szPage;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Try to obtain a page from the cache.
................................................................................
  if( !pPgHdr->pPage ){
    return pcacheFetchFinishWithInit(pCache, pgno, pPage);
  }
  if( 0==pPgHdr->nRef ){
    pCache->nRef++;
  }
  pPgHdr->nRef++;
  if( pgno==1 ){
    pCache->pPage1 = pPgHdr;
  }
  return pPgHdr;
}

/*
** Decrement the reference count on a page. If the page is clean and the
** reference count drops to 0, then it is made eligible for recycling.
*/
................................................................................
*/
void sqlite3PcacheDrop(PgHdr *p){
  assert( p->nRef==1 );
  if( p->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY ){
    pcacheManageDirtyList(p, PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_REMOVE);
  }
  p->pCache->nRef--;
  if( p->pgno==1 ){
    p->pCache->pPage1 = 0;
  }
  sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xUnpin(p->pCache->pCache, p->pPage, 1);
}

/*
** Make sure the page is marked as dirty. If it isn't dirty already,
** make it so.
*/
................................................................................
      */
      assert( p->pgno>0 );
      if( ALWAYS(p->pgno>pgno) ){
        assert( p->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY );
        sqlite3PcacheMakeClean(p);
      }
    }
    if( pgno==0 && pCache->pPage1 ){




      memset(pCache->pPage1->pData, 0, pCache->szPage);
      pgno = 1;

    }
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xTruncate(pCache->pCache, pgno+1);
  }
}

/*
** Close a cache.







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  int szPage;                         /* Size of every page in this cache */
  int szExtra;                        /* Size of extra space for each page */
  u8 bPurgeable;                      /* True if pages are on backing store */
  u8 eCreate;                         /* eCreate value for for xFetch() */
  int (*xStress)(void*,PgHdr*);       /* Call to try make a page clean */
  void *pStress;                      /* Argument to xStress */
  sqlite3_pcache *pCache;             /* Pluggable cache module */

};

/********************************** Linked List Management ********************/

/* Allowed values for second argument to pcacheManageDirtyList() */
#define PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_REMOVE   1    /* Remove pPage from dirty list */
#define PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_ADD      2    /* Add pPage to the dirty list */
................................................................................

/*
** Wrapper around the pluggable caches xUnpin method. If the cache is
** being used for an in-memory database, this function is a no-op.
*/
static void pcacheUnpin(PgHdr *p){
  if( p->pCache->bPurgeable ){



    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xUnpin(p->pCache->pCache, p->pPage, 0);
  }
}

/*
** Compute the number of pages of cache requested.  p->szCache is the
** cache size requested by the "PRAGMA cache_size" statement.
................................................................................
    );
    if( pNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xCachesize(pNew, numberOfCachePages(pCache));
    if( pCache->pCache ){
      sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xDestroy(pCache->pCache);
    }
    pCache->pCache = pNew;

    pCache->szPage = szPage;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Try to obtain a page from the cache.
................................................................................
  if( !pPgHdr->pPage ){
    return pcacheFetchFinishWithInit(pCache, pgno, pPage);
  }
  if( 0==pPgHdr->nRef ){
    pCache->nRef++;
  }
  pPgHdr->nRef++;



  return pPgHdr;
}

/*
** Decrement the reference count on a page. If the page is clean and the
** reference count drops to 0, then it is made eligible for recycling.
*/
................................................................................
*/
void sqlite3PcacheDrop(PgHdr *p){
  assert( p->nRef==1 );
  if( p->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY ){
    pcacheManageDirtyList(p, PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_REMOVE);
  }
  p->pCache->nRef--;



  sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xUnpin(p->pCache->pCache, p->pPage, 1);
}

/*
** Make sure the page is marked as dirty. If it isn't dirty already,
** make it so.
*/
................................................................................
      */
      assert( p->pgno>0 );
      if( ALWAYS(p->pgno>pgno) ){
        assert( p->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY );
        sqlite3PcacheMakeClean(p);
      }
    }
    if( pgno==0 && pCache->nRef ){
      sqlite3_pcache_page *pPage1;
      pPage1 = sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xFetch(pCache->pCache,1,0);
      if( ALWAYS(pPage1) ){  /* Page 1 is always available in cache, because
                             ** pCache->nRef>0 */
        memset(pPage1->pBuf, 0, pCache->szPage);
        pgno = 1;
      }
    }
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xTruncate(pCache->pCache, pgno+1);
  }
}

/*
** Close a cache.

Changes to src/select.c.

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      }
      if( !pColl ){
        pColl = pParse->db->pDfltColl;
      }
      if( regHit==0 && pAggInfo->nAccumulator ) regHit = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_CollSeq, regHit, 0, 0, (char *)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_AggStep, 0, regAgg, pF->iMem,
                      (void*)pF->pFunc, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)nArg);
    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regAgg, nArg);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regAgg, nArg);
    if( addrNext ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrNext);
      sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);







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      }
      if( !pColl ){
        pColl = pParse->db->pDfltColl;
      }
      if( regHit==0 && pAggInfo->nAccumulator ) regHit = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_CollSeq, regHit, 0, 0, (char *)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_AggStep0, 0, regAgg, pF->iMem,
                      (void*)pF->pFunc, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)nArg);
    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regAgg, nArg);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regAgg, nArg);
    if( addrNext ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrNext);
      sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);

Changes to src/vdbe.c.

1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
























1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572

1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581























1582







1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593

1594
1595
1596
1597
1598
1599
1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
1607
1608
1609

1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
....
5693
5694
5695
5696
5697
5698
5699
5700
5701
5702
5703
5704
5705











5706
5707
5708
5709






5710
5711
5712




















5713

5714
5715
5716
5717
5718
5719

5720
5721
5722
5723
5724











5725
5726
5727
5728

5729
5730
5731
5732


5733
5734
5735
5736
5737
5738

5739
5740

5741
5742
5743
5744




5745
5746
5747
5748
5749
5750
5751
5752
5753
5754
5755
5756
5757
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_COLLSEQ );
  if( pOp->p1 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&aMem[pOp->p1], 0);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Function P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: r[P3]=func(r[P2@P5])
**
** Invoke a user function (P4 is a pointer to a Function structure that
** defines the function) with P5 arguments taken from register P2 and
** successors.  The result of the function is stored in register P3.
** Register P3 must not be one of the function inputs.
**
** P1 is a 32-bit bitmask indicating whether or not each argument to the 
** function was determined to be constant at compile time. If the first
** argument was constant then bit 0 of P1 is set. This is used to determine
** whether meta data associated with a user function argument using the
** sqlite3_set_auxdata() API may be safely retained until the next
** invocation of this opcode.
**
** See also: AggStep and AggFinal
*/
























case OP_Function: {
  int i;
  Mem *pArg;
  sqlite3_context ctx;
  sqlite3_value **apVal;
  int n;


  n = pOp->p5;
  apVal = p->apArg;
  assert( apVal || n==0 );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  ctx.pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, ctx.pOut);

  assert( n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+n );























  pArg = &aMem[pOp->p2];







  for(i=0; i<n; i++, pArg++){
    assert( memIsValid(pArg) );
    apVal[i] = pArg;
    Deephemeralize(pArg);
    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2+i, pArg);
  }

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF );
  ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  ctx.iOp = (int)(pOp - aOp);
  ctx.pVdbe = p;

  MemSetTypeFlag(ctx.pOut, MEM_Null);
  ctx.fErrorOrAux = 0;
  db->lastRowid = lastRowid;
  (*ctx.pFunc->xFunc)(&ctx, n, apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
  lastRowid = db->lastRowid;  /* Remember rowid changes made by xFunc */

  /* If the function returned an error, throw an exception */
  if( ctx.fErrorOrAux ){
    if( ctx.isError ){
      sqlite3VdbeError(p, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(ctx.pOut));
      rc = ctx.isError;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(p, (int)(pOp - aOp), pOp->p1);
  }

  /* Copy the result of the function into register P3 */

  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(ctx.pOut, encoding);
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(ctx.pOut) ){
    goto too_big;
  }

  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, ctx.pOut);
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(ctx.pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: BitAnd P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2]
**
** Take the bit-wise AND of the values in register P1 and P2 and
................................................................................
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );
  VdbeBranchTaken(pIn1->u.i==0, 2);
  if( (pIn1->u.i++)==0 ) goto jump_to_p2;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: AggStep * P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])
**
** Execute the step function for an aggregate.  The
** function has P5 arguments.   P4 is a pointer to the FuncDef
** structure that specifies the function.  Use register











** P3 as the accumulator.
**
** The P5 arguments are taken from register P2 and its
** successors.






*/
case OP_AggStep: {
  int n;




















  int i;

  Mem *pMem;
  Mem *pRec;
  Mem t;
  sqlite3_context ctx;
  sqlite3_value **apVal;


  n = pOp->p5;
  assert( n>=0 );
  pRec = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  apVal = p->apArg;
  assert( apVal || n==0 );











  for(i=0; i<n; i++, pRec++){
    assert( memIsValid(pRec) );
    apVal[i] = pRec;
    memAboutToChange(p, pRec);

  }
  ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  ctx.pMem = pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];


  pMem->n++;
  sqlite3VdbeMemInit(&t, db, MEM_Null);
  ctx.pOut = &t;
  ctx.isError = 0;
  ctx.pVdbe = p;
  ctx.iOp = (int)(pOp - aOp);

  ctx.skipFlag = 0;
  (ctx.pFunc->xStep)(&ctx, n, apVal); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */

  if( ctx.isError ){
    sqlite3VdbeError(p, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(&t));
    rc = ctx.isError;
  }




  if( ctx.skipFlag ){
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    i = pOp[-1].p1;
    if( i ) sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&aMem[i], 1);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&t);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: AggFinal P1 P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: accum=r[P1] N=P2
**
** Execute the finalizer function for an aggregate.  P1 is







|


|











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<







1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
1547
1548
1549
1550
1551
1552
1553
1554
1555
1556
1557
1558
1559
1560
1561
1562
1563
1564
1565
1566
1567
1568
1569
1570
1571
1572
1573
1574
1575
1576
1577
1578
1579
1580
1581
1582
1583
1584
1585
1586
1587
1588
1589
1590
1591

1592


1593
1594
1595


1596



1597
1598
1599
1600
1601
1602
1603
1604
1605
1606
1607
1608
1609
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616
1617
1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
1630
1631


1632
1633





1634
1635
1636
1637
1638
1639
1640
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653

1654
1655
1656
1657
1658
1659
1660
1661
1662
1663
1664
....
5734
5735
5736
5737
5738
5739
5740
5741
5742
5743
5744
5745
5746
5747
5748
5749
5750
5751
5752
5753
5754
5755
5756
5757
5758
5759
5760
5761
5762
5763
5764
5765
5766
5767
5768
5769
5770
5771
5772
5773
5774
5775
5776
5777
5778
5779
5780
5781
5782
5783
5784
5785
5786
5787
5788
5789
5790
5791
5792
5793

5794


5795
5796
5797

5798


5799
5800
5801
5802
5803
5804
5805
5806
5807
5808
5809
5810
5811


5812
5813



5814
5815
5816
5817
5818



5819
5820
5821
5822
5823
5824
5825
5826
5827
5828
5829
5830
5831
5832
5833
5834
5835

5836
5837
5838
5839
5840
5841
5842
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_COLLSEQ );
  if( pOp->p1 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&aMem[pOp->p1], 0);
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: Function0 P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: r[P3]=func(r[P2@P5])
**
** Invoke a user function (P4 is a pointer to a FuncDef object that
** defines the function) with P5 arguments taken from register P2 and
** successors.  The result of the function is stored in register P3.
** Register P3 must not be one of the function inputs.
**
** P1 is a 32-bit bitmask indicating whether or not each argument to the 
** function was determined to be constant at compile time. If the first
** argument was constant then bit 0 of P1 is set. This is used to determine
** whether meta data associated with a user function argument using the
** sqlite3_set_auxdata() API may be safely retained until the next
** invocation of this opcode.
**
** See also: Function, AggStep, AggFinal
*/
/* Opcode: Function P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: r[P3]=func(r[P2@P5])
**
** Invoke a user function (P4 is a pointer to an sqlite3_context object that
** contains a pointer to the function to be run) with P5 arguments taken
** from register P2 and successors.  The result of the function is stored
** in register P3.  Register P3 must not be one of the function inputs.
**
** P1 is a 32-bit bitmask indicating whether or not each argument to the 
** function was determined to be constant at compile time. If the first
** argument was constant then bit 0 of P1 is set. This is used to determine
** whether meta data associated with a user function argument using the
** sqlite3_set_auxdata() API may be safely retained until the next
** invocation of this opcode.
**
** SQL functions are initially coded as OP_Function0 with P4 pointing
** to a FuncDef object.  But on first evaluation, the P4 operand is
** automatically converted into an sqlite3_context object and the operation
** changed to this OP_Function opcode.  In this way, the initialization of
** the sqlite3_context object occurs only once, rather than once for each
** evaluation of the function.
**
** See also: Function0, AggStep, AggFinal
*/
case OP_Function0: {
  int n;

  sqlite3_context *pCtx;



  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF );
  n = pOp->p5;


  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );



  assert( n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+n );
  pCtx = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(*pCtx) + (n-1)*sizeof(sqlite3_value*));
  if( pCtx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCtx->pOut = 0;
  pCtx->pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  pCtx->iOp = (int)(pOp - aOp);
  pCtx->pVdbe = p;
  pCtx->argc = n;
  pOp->p4type = P4_FUNCCTX;
  pOp->p4.pCtx = pCtx;
  pOp->opcode = OP_Function;
  /* Fall through into OP_Function */
}
case OP_Function: {
  int i;
  sqlite3_context *pCtx;

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCCTX );
  pCtx = pOp->p4.pCtx;

  /* If this function is inside of a trigger, the register array in aMem[]
  ** might change from one evaluation to the next.  The next block of code
  ** checks to see if the register array has changed, and if so it
  ** reinitializes the relavant parts of the sqlite3_context object */
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  if( pCtx->pOut != pOut ){
    pCtx->pOut = pOut;
    for(i=pCtx->argc-1; i>=0; i--) pCtx->argv[i] = &aMem[pOp->p2+i];
  }

  memAboutToChange(p, pCtx->pOut);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  for(i=0; i<pCtx->argc; i++){
    assert( memIsValid(pCtx->argv[i]) );


    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2+i, pCtx->argv[i]);
  }





#endif
  MemSetTypeFlag(pCtx->pOut, MEM_Null);
  pCtx->fErrorOrAux = 0;
  db->lastRowid = lastRowid;
  (*pCtx->pFunc->xFunc)(pCtx, pCtx->argc, pCtx->argv); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
  lastRowid = db->lastRowid;  /* Remember rowid changes made by xFunc */

  /* If the function returned an error, throw an exception */
  if( pCtx->fErrorOrAux ){
    if( pCtx->isError ){
      sqlite3VdbeError(p, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(pCtx->pOut));
      rc = pCtx->isError;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(p, pCtx->iOp, pOp->p1);
  }

  /* Copy the result of the function into register P3 */
  if( pOut->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob) ){
    sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pCtx->pOut, encoding);
    if( sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(pCtx->pOut) ) goto too_big;

  }

  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, pCtx->pOut);
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pCtx->pOut);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: BitAnd P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis:  r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2]
**
** Take the bit-wise AND of the values in register P1 and P2 and
................................................................................
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );
  VdbeBranchTaken(pIn1->u.i==0, 2);
  if( (pIn1->u.i++)==0 ) goto jump_to_p2;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: AggStep0 * P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])
**
** Execute the step function for an aggregate.  The
** function has P5 arguments.   P4 is a pointer to the FuncDef
** structure that specifies the function.  Register P3 is the
** accumulator.
**
** The P5 arguments are taken from register P2 and its
** successors.
*/
/* Opcode: AggStep * P2 P3 P4 P5
** Synopsis: accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])
**
** Execute the step function for an aggregate.  The
** function has P5 arguments.   P4 is a pointer to an sqlite3_context
** object that is used to run the function.  Register P3 is
** as the accumulator.
**
** The P5 arguments are taken from register P2 and its
** successors.
**
** This opcode is initially coded as OP_AggStep0.  On first evaluation,
** the FuncDef stored in P4 is converted into an sqlite3_context and
** the opcode is changed.  In this way, the initialization of the
** sqlite3_context only happens once, instead of on each call to the
** step function.
*/
case OP_AggStep0: {
  int n;
  sqlite3_context *pCtx;

  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCDEF );
  n = pOp->p5;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  assert( n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+n );
  pCtx = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(*pCtx) + (n-1)*sizeof(sqlite3_value*));
  if( pCtx==0 ) goto no_mem;
  pCtx->pMem = 0;
  pCtx->pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  pCtx->iOp = (int)(pOp - aOp);
  pCtx->pVdbe = p;
  pCtx->argc = n;
  pOp->p4type = P4_FUNCCTX;
  pOp->p4.pCtx = pCtx;
  pOp->opcode = OP_AggStep;
  /* Fall through into OP_AggStep */
}
case OP_AggStep: {
  int i;
  sqlite3_context *pCtx;
  Mem *pMem;

  Mem t;



  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_FUNCCTX );
  pCtx = pOp->p4.pCtx;

  pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];



  /* If this function is inside of a trigger, the register array in aMem[]
  ** might change from one evaluation to the next.  The next block of code
  ** checks to see if the register array has changed, and if so it
  ** reinitializes the relavant parts of the sqlite3_context object */
  if( pCtx->pMem != pMem ){
    pCtx->pMem = pMem;
    for(i=pCtx->argc-1; i>=0; i--) pCtx->argv[i] = &aMem[pOp->p2+i];
  }

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  for(i=0; i<pCtx->argc; i++){
    assert( memIsValid(pCtx->argv[i]) );


    REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2+i, pCtx->argv[i]);
  }



#endif

  pMem->n++;
  sqlite3VdbeMemInit(&t, db, MEM_Null);
  pCtx->pOut = &t;



  pCtx->fErrorOrAux = 0;
  pCtx->skipFlag = 0;
  (pCtx->pFunc->xStep)(pCtx,pCtx->argc,pCtx->argv); /* IMP: R-24505-23230 */
  if( pCtx->fErrorOrAux ){
    if( pCtx->isError ){
      sqlite3VdbeError(p, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(&t));
      rc = pCtx->isError;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&t);
  }else{
    assert( t.flags==MEM_Null );
  }
  if( pCtx->skipFlag ){
    assert( pOp[-1].opcode==OP_CollSeq );
    i = pOp[-1].p1;
    if( i ) sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(&aMem[i], 1);
  }

  break;
}

/* Opcode: AggFinal P1 P2 * P4 *
** Synopsis: accum=r[P1] N=P2
**
** Execute the finalizer function for an aggregate.  P1 is

Changes to src/vdbe.h.

42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55

56
57
58
59
60
61
62
...
115
116
117
118
119
120
121

122
123
124
125
126
127
128
  u8 opcode;          /* What operation to perform */
  signed char p4type; /* One of the P4_xxx constants for p4 */
  u8 opflags;         /* Mask of the OPFLG_* flags in opcodes.h */
  u8 p5;              /* Fifth parameter is an unsigned character */
  int p1;             /* First operand */
  int p2;             /* Second parameter (often the jump destination) */
  int p3;             /* The third parameter */
  union {             /* fourth parameter */
    int i;                 /* Integer value if p4type==P4_INT32 */
    void *p;               /* Generic pointer */
    char *z;               /* Pointer to data for string (char array) types */
    i64 *pI64;             /* Used when p4type is P4_INT64 */
    double *pReal;         /* Used when p4type is P4_REAL */
    FuncDef *pFunc;        /* Used when p4type is P4_FUNCDEF */

    CollSeq *pColl;        /* Used when p4type is P4_COLLSEQ */
    Mem *pMem;             /* Used when p4type is P4_MEM */
    VTable *pVtab;         /* Used when p4type is P4_VTAB */
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;     /* Used when p4type is P4_KEYINFO */
    int *ai;               /* Used when p4type is P4_INTARRAY */
    SubProgram *pProgram;  /* Used when p4type is P4_SUBPROGRAM */
    int (*xAdvance)(BtCursor *, int *);
................................................................................
#define P4_MPRINTF  (-11) /* P4 is a string obtained from sqlite3_mprintf() */
#define P4_REAL     (-12) /* P4 is a 64-bit floating point value */
#define P4_INT64    (-13) /* P4 is a 64-bit signed integer */
#define P4_INT32    (-14) /* P4 is a 32-bit signed integer */
#define P4_INTARRAY (-15) /* P4 is a vector of 32-bit integers */
#define P4_SUBPROGRAM  (-18) /* P4 is a pointer to a SubProgram structure */
#define P4_ADVANCE  (-19) /* P4 is a pointer to BtreeNext() or BtreePrev() */


/* Error message codes for OP_Halt */
#define P5_ConstraintNotNull 1
#define P5_ConstraintUnique  2
#define P5_ConstraintCheck   3
#define P5_ConstraintFK      4








|






>







 







>







42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
...
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
  u8 opcode;          /* What operation to perform */
  signed char p4type; /* One of the P4_xxx constants for p4 */
  u8 opflags;         /* Mask of the OPFLG_* flags in opcodes.h */
  u8 p5;              /* Fifth parameter is an unsigned character */
  int p1;             /* First operand */
  int p2;             /* Second parameter (often the jump destination) */
  int p3;             /* The third parameter */
  union p4union {     /* fourth parameter */
    int i;                 /* Integer value if p4type==P4_INT32 */
    void *p;               /* Generic pointer */
    char *z;               /* Pointer to data for string (char array) types */
    i64 *pI64;             /* Used when p4type is P4_INT64 */
    double *pReal;         /* Used when p4type is P4_REAL */
    FuncDef *pFunc;        /* Used when p4type is P4_FUNCDEF */
    sqlite3_context *pCtx; /* Used when p4type is P4_FUNCCTX */
    CollSeq *pColl;        /* Used when p4type is P4_COLLSEQ */
    Mem *pMem;             /* Used when p4type is P4_MEM */
    VTable *pVtab;         /* Used when p4type is P4_VTAB */
    KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;     /* Used when p4type is P4_KEYINFO */
    int *ai;               /* Used when p4type is P4_INTARRAY */
    SubProgram *pProgram;  /* Used when p4type is P4_SUBPROGRAM */
    int (*xAdvance)(BtCursor *, int *);
................................................................................
#define P4_MPRINTF  (-11) /* P4 is a string obtained from sqlite3_mprintf() */
#define P4_REAL     (-12) /* P4 is a 64-bit floating point value */
#define P4_INT64    (-13) /* P4 is a 64-bit signed integer */
#define P4_INT32    (-14) /* P4 is a 32-bit signed integer */
#define P4_INTARRAY (-15) /* P4 is a vector of 32-bit integers */
#define P4_SUBPROGRAM  (-18) /* P4 is a pointer to a SubProgram structure */
#define P4_ADVANCE  (-19) /* P4 is a pointer to BtreeNext() or BtreePrev() */
#define P4_FUNCCTX  (-20) /* P4 is a pointer to an sqlite3_context object */

/* Error message codes for OP_Halt */
#define P5_ConstraintNotNull 1
#define P5_ConstraintUnique  2
#define P5_ConstraintCheck   3
#define P5_ConstraintFK      4

Changes to src/vdbeInt.h.

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** But this file is the only place where the internal details of this
** structure are known.
**
** This structure is defined inside of vdbeInt.h because it uses substructures
** (Mem) which are only defined there.
*/
struct sqlite3_context {
  Mem *pOut;            /* The return value is stored here */
  FuncDef *pFunc;       /* Pointer to function information */
  Mem *pMem;            /* Memory cell used to store aggregate context */
  Vdbe *pVdbe;          /* The VM that owns this context */
  int iOp;              /* Instruction number of OP_Function */
  int isError;          /* Error code returned by the function. */
  u8 skipFlag;          /* Skip accumulator loading if true */
  u8 fErrorOrAux;       /* isError!=0 or pVdbe->pAuxData modified */


};

/*
** An Explain object accumulates indented output which is helpful
** in describing recursive data structures.
*/
struct Explain {







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** But this file is the only place where the internal details of this
** structure are known.
**
** This structure is defined inside of vdbeInt.h because it uses substructures
** (Mem) which are only defined there.
*/
struct sqlite3_context {
  Mem *pOut;              /* The return value is stored here */
  FuncDef *pFunc;         /* Pointer to function information */
  Mem *pMem;              /* Memory cell used to store aggregate context */
  Vdbe *pVdbe;            /* The VM that owns this context */
  int iOp;                /* Instruction number of OP_Function */
  int isError;            /* Error code returned by the function. */
  u8 skipFlag;            /* Skip accumulator loading if true */
  u8 fErrorOrAux;         /* isError!=0 or pVdbe->pAuxData modified */
  u8 argc;                /* Number of arguments */
  sqlite3_value *argv[1]; /* Argument set */
};

/*
** An Explain object accumulates indented output which is helpful
** in describing recursive data structures.
*/
struct Explain {

Changes to src/vdbeaux.c.

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487
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  p->bIsReader = 0;
  for(pOp=p->aOp, i=p->nOp-1; i>=0; i--, pOp++){
    u8 opcode = pOp->opcode;

    /* NOTE: Be sure to update mkopcodeh.awk when adding or removing
    ** cases from this switch! */
    switch( opcode ){
      case OP_Function:
      case OP_AggStep: {
        if( pOp->p5>nMaxArgs ) nMaxArgs = pOp->p5;
        break;
      }
      case OP_Transaction: {
        if( pOp->p2!=0 ) p->readOnly = 0;
        /* fall thru */
      }
      case OP_AutoCommit:
      case OP_Savepoint: {
        p->bIsReader = 1;
................................................................................
/*
** Delete a P4 value if necessary.
*/
static void freeP4(sqlite3 *db, int p4type, void *p4){
  if( p4 ){
    assert( db );
    switch( p4type ){




      case P4_REAL:
      case P4_INT64:
      case P4_DYNAMIC:
      case P4_INTARRAY: {
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p4);
        break;
      }
................................................................................
      break;
    }
    case P4_FUNCDEF: {
      FuncDef *pDef = pOp->p4.pFunc;
      sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp, zTemp, "%s(%d)", pDef->zName, pDef->nArg);
      break;
    }







    case P4_INT64: {
      sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp, zTemp, "%lld", *pOp->p4.pI64);
      break;
    }
    case P4_INT32: {
      sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp, zTemp, "%d", pOp->p4.i);
      break;







<
<
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<
<







 







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>







 







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>







485
486
487
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489
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491





492
493
494
495
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731
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738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
....
1116
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1118
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  p->bIsReader = 0;
  for(pOp=p->aOp, i=p->nOp-1; i>=0; i--, pOp++){
    u8 opcode = pOp->opcode;

    /* NOTE: Be sure to update mkopcodeh.awk when adding or removing
    ** cases from this switch! */
    switch( opcode ){





      case OP_Transaction: {
        if( pOp->p2!=0 ) p->readOnly = 0;
        /* fall thru */
      }
      case OP_AutoCommit:
      case OP_Savepoint: {
        p->bIsReader = 1;
................................................................................
/*
** Delete a P4 value if necessary.
*/
static void freeP4(sqlite3 *db, int p4type, void *p4){
  if( p4 ){
    assert( db );
    switch( p4type ){
      case P4_FUNCCTX: {
        freeEphemeralFunction(db, ((sqlite3_context*)p4)->pFunc);
        /* Fall through into the next case */
      }
      case P4_REAL:
      case P4_INT64:
      case P4_DYNAMIC:
      case P4_INTARRAY: {
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p4);
        break;
      }
................................................................................
      break;
    }
    case P4_FUNCDEF: {
      FuncDef *pDef = pOp->p4.pFunc;
      sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp, zTemp, "%s(%d)", pDef->zName, pDef->nArg);
      break;
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    case P4_FUNCCTX: {
      FuncDef *pDef = pOp->p4.pCtx->pFunc;
      sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp, zTemp, "%s(%d)", pDef->zName, pDef->nArg);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case P4_INT64: {
      sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp, zTemp, "%lld", *pOp->p4.pI64);
      break;
    }
    case P4_INT32: {
      sqlite3_snprintf(nTemp, zTemp, "%d", pOp->p4.i);
      break;

Changes to src/vdbemem.c.

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void sqlite3ValueFree(sqlite3_value *v){
  if( !v ) return;
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease((Mem *)v);
  sqlite3DbFree(((Mem*)v)->db, v);
}

/*
** Return the number of bytes in the sqlite3_value object assuming
** that it uses the encoding "enc"

*/



int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value *pVal, u8 enc){
  Mem *p = (Mem*)pVal;




  if( (p->flags & MEM_Blob)!=0 || sqlite3ValueText(pVal, enc) ){
    if( p->flags & MEM_Zero ){
      return p->n + p->u.nZero;
    }else{
      return p->n;
    }
  }
  return 0;

}







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void sqlite3ValueFree(sqlite3_value *v){
  if( !v ) return;
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease((Mem *)v);
  sqlite3DbFree(((Mem*)v)->db, v);
}

/*
** The sqlite3ValueBytes() routine returns the number of bytes in the
** sqlite3_value object assuming that it uses the encoding "enc".
** The valueBytes() routine is a helper function.
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE int valueBytes(sqlite3_value *pVal, u8 enc){
  return valueToText(pVal, enc)!=0 ? pVal->n : 0;
}
int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value *pVal, u8 enc){
  Mem *p = (Mem*)pVal;
  assert( (p->flags & MEM_Null)==0 || (p->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 );
  if( (p->flags & MEM_Str)!=0 && pVal->enc==enc ){
    return p->n;
  }
  if( (p->flags & MEM_Blob)!=0 ){
    if( p->flags & MEM_Zero ){
      return p->n + p->u.nZero;
    }else{
      return p->n;
    }
  }
  if( p->flags & MEM_Null ) return 0;
  return valueBytes(pVal, enc);
}