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Comment:Add the new "explain" virtual table in ext/misc. Use this virtual table for additional test cases for the optimization that avoids updating indexes on expressions when none of the columns changed by the UPDATE are in the expression.
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SHA3-256:2404304cc15eaeee2744cf3c8f9cac0a544631c4f1060c5a17a78b43ca86edf0
User & Date: drh 2018-09-16 16:18:01
Context
2018-09-16
16:34
Fix a memory leak in the explain extension. check-in: d0c92b04 user: drh tags: trunk
16:18
Add the new "explain" virtual table in ext/misc. Use this virtual table for additional test cases for the optimization that avoids updating indexes on expressions when none of the columns changed by the UPDATE are in the expression. check-in: 2404304c user: drh tags: trunk
15:01
Improved presentation on the new code that prevents unnecessary writes to expressions on indexes during an UPDATE when the expression does not reference any of the columns that are changing. check-in: c9f04529 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to Makefile.in.

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  $(TOP)/ext/expert/sqlite3expert.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/expert/test_expert.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/amatch.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/carray.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/closure.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/csv.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/eval.c \

  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fileio.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fuzzer.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_tcl.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_test_mi.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_test_tok.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/ieee754.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/mmapwarm.c \







>







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  $(TOP)/ext/expert/sqlite3expert.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/expert/test_expert.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/amatch.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/carray.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/closure.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/csv.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/eval.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/explain.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fileio.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fuzzer.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_tcl.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_test_mi.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/fts5/fts5_test_tok.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/ieee754.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/mmapwarm.c \

Changes to Makefile.msc.

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  $(TOP)\ext\expert\sqlite3expert.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\expert\test_expert.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\amatch.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\carray.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\closure.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\csv.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\eval.c \

  $(TOP)\ext\misc\fileio.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\fuzzer.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts5\fts5_tcl.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts5\fts5_test_mi.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts5\fts5_test_tok.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\ieee754.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\mmapwarm.c \







>







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  $(TOP)\ext\expert\sqlite3expert.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\expert\test_expert.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\amatch.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\carray.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\closure.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\csv.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\eval.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\explain.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\fileio.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\fuzzer.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts5\fts5_tcl.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts5\fts5_test_mi.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\fts5\fts5_test_tok.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\ieee754.c \
  $(TOP)\ext\misc\mmapwarm.c \

Added ext/misc/explain.c.









































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































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/*
** 2018-09-16
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** This file demonstrates an eponymous virtual table that returns the
** EXPLAIN output from an SQL statement.
**
** Usage example:
**
**     .load ./explain
**     SELECT p2 FROM explain('SELECT * FROM sqlite_master')
**      WHERE opcode='OpenRead';
*/
#if !defined(SQLITEINT_H)
#include "sqlite3ext.h"
#endif
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
#include <assert.h>
#include <string.h>

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE

/* explain_vtab is a subclass of sqlite3_vtab which will
** serve as the underlying representation of a explain virtual table
*/
typedef struct explain_vtab explain_vtab;
struct explain_vtab {
  sqlite3_vtab base;  /* Base class - must be first */
  sqlite3 *db;        /* Database connection for this explain vtab */
};

/* explain_cursor is a subclass of sqlite3_vtab_cursor which will
** serve as the underlying representation of a cursor that scans
** over rows of the result from an EXPLAIN operation.
*/
typedef struct explain_cursor explain_cursor;
struct explain_cursor {
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor base;  /* Base class - must be first */
  sqlite3 *db;               /* Database connection for this cursor */
  char *zSql;                /* Value for the EXPLN_COLUMN_SQL column */
  sqlite3_stmt *pExplain;    /* Statement being explained */
  int rc;                    /* Result of last sqlite3_step() on pExplain */
};

/*
** The explainConnect() method is invoked to create a new
** explain_vtab that describes the explain virtual table.
**
** Think of this routine as the constructor for explain_vtab objects.
**
** All this routine needs to do is:
**
**    (1) Allocate the explain_vtab object and initialize all fields.
**
**    (2) Tell SQLite (via the sqlite3_declare_vtab() interface) what the
**        result set of queries against explain will look like.
*/
static int explainConnect(
  sqlite3 *db,
  void *pAux,
  int argc, const char *const*argv,
  sqlite3_vtab **ppVtab,
  char **pzErr
){
  explain_vtab *pNew;
  int rc;

/* Column numbers */
#define EXPLN_COLUMN_ADDR     0   /* Instruction address */
#define EXPLN_COLUMN_OPCODE   1   /* Opcode */
#define EXPLN_COLUMN_P1       2   /* Operand 1 */
#define EXPLN_COLUMN_P2       3   /* Operand 2 */
#define EXPLN_COLUMN_P3       4   /* Operand 3 */
#define EXPLN_COLUMN_P4       5   /* Operand 4 */
#define EXPLN_COLUMN_P5       6   /* Operand 5 */
#define EXPLN_COLUMN_COMMENT  7   /* Comment */
#define EXPLN_COLUMN_SQL      8   /* SQL that is being explained */


  rc = sqlite3_declare_vtab(db,
     "CREATE TABLE x(addr,opcode,p1,p2,p3,p4,p5,comment,sql HIDDEN)");
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pNew = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pNew) );
    *ppVtab = (sqlite3_vtab*)pNew;
    if( pNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    memset(pNew, 0, sizeof(*pNew));
    pNew->db = db;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** This method is the destructor for explain_cursor objects.
*/
static int explainDisconnect(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  sqlite3_free(pVtab);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Constructor for a new explain_cursor object.
*/
static int explainOpen(sqlite3_vtab *p, sqlite3_vtab_cursor **ppCursor){
  explain_cursor *pCur;
  pCur = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pCur) );
  if( pCur==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memset(pCur, 0, sizeof(*pCur));
  pCur->db = ((explain_vtab*)p)->db;
  *ppCursor = &pCur->base;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Destructor for a explain_cursor.
*/
static int explainClose(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  explain_cursor *pCur = (explain_cursor*)cur;
  sqlite3_finalize(pCur->pExplain);
  sqlite3_free(pCur->zSql);
  sqlite3_free(pCur);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** Advance a explain_cursor to its next row of output.
*/
static int explainNext(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  explain_cursor *pCur = (explain_cursor*)cur;
  pCur->rc = sqlite3_step(pCur->pExplain);
  if( pCur->rc!=SQLITE_DONE && pCur->rc!=SQLITE_ROW ) return pCur->rc;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return values of columns for the row at which the explain_cursor
** is currently pointing.
*/
static int explainColumn(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur,   /* The cursor */
  sqlite3_context *ctx,       /* First argument to sqlite3_result_...() */
  int i                       /* Which column to return */
){
  explain_cursor *pCur = (explain_cursor*)cur;
  if( i==EXPLN_COLUMN_SQL ){
    sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pCur->zSql, -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
  }else{
    sqlite3_result_value(ctx, sqlite3_column_value(pCur->pExplain, i));
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return the rowid for the current row.  In this implementation, the
** rowid is the same as the output value.
*/
static int explainRowid(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur, sqlite_int64 *pRowid){
  explain_cursor *pCur = (explain_cursor*)cur;
  *pRowid = sqlite3_column_int64(pCur->pExplain, 0);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the cursor has been moved off of the last
** row of output.
*/
static int explainEof(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  explain_cursor *pCur = (explain_cursor*)cur;
  return pCur->rc!=SQLITE_ROW;
}

/*
** This method is called to "rewind" the explain_cursor object back
** to the first row of output.  This method is always called at least
** once prior to any call to explainColumn() or explainRowid() or 
** explainEof().
**
** The argv[0] is the SQL statement that is to be explained.
*/
static int explainFilter(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor, 
  int idxNum, const char *idxStr,
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv
){
  explain_cursor *pCur = (explain_cursor *)pVtabCursor;
  char *zSql = 0;
  int rc;
  sqlite3_finalize(pCur->pExplain);
  pCur->pExplain = 0;
  if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[0])!=SQLITE_TEXT ){
    pCur->rc = SQLITE_DONE;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  sqlite3_free(pCur->zSql);
  pCur->zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]));
  if( pCur->zSql ){
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("EXPLAIN %s", pCur->zSql);
  }
  if( zSql==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(pCur->db, zSql, -1, &pCur->pExplain, 0);
  }
  if( rc ){
    sqlite3_finalize(pCur->pExplain);
    pCur->pExplain = 0;
    sqlite3_free(pCur->zSql);
    pCur->zSql = 0;
  }else{
    pCur->rc = sqlite3_step(pCur->pExplain);
    rc = (pCur->rc==SQLITE_DONE || pCur->rc==SQLITE_ROW) ? SQLITE_OK : pCur->rc;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** SQLite will invoke this method one or more times while planning a query
** that uses the explain virtual table.  This routine needs to create
** a query plan for each invocation and compute an estimated cost for that
** plan.
*/
static int explainBestIndex(
  sqlite3_vtab *tab,
  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo
){
  int i;

  pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = (double)1000000;
  pIdxInfo->estimatedRows = 500;
  for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++){
    struct sqlite3_index_constraint *p = &pIdxInfo->aConstraint[i];
    if( p->usable
     && p->iColumn==EXPLN_COLUMN_SQL
     && p->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ
    ){
      pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = 10.0;
      pIdxInfo->idxNum = 1;
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[i].argvIndex = 1;
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[i].omit = 1;
      break;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** This following structure defines all the methods for the 
** explain virtual table.
*/
static sqlite3_module explainModule = {
  0,                         /* iVersion */
  0,                         /* xCreate */
  explainConnect,            /* xConnect */
  explainBestIndex,          /* xBestIndex */
  explainDisconnect,         /* xDisconnect */
  0,                         /* xDestroy */
  explainOpen,               /* xOpen - open a cursor */
  explainClose,              /* xClose - close a cursor */
  explainFilter,             /* xFilter - configure scan constraints */
  explainNext,               /* xNext - advance a cursor */
  explainEof,                /* xEof - check for end of scan */
  explainColumn,             /* xColumn - read data */
  explainRowid,              /* xRowid - read data */
  0,                         /* xUpdate */
  0,                         /* xBegin */
  0,                         /* xSync */
  0,                         /* xCommit */
  0,                         /* xRollback */
  0,                         /* xFindMethod */
  0,                         /* xRename */
  0,                         /* xSavepoint */
  0,                         /* xRelease */
  0,                         /* xRollbackTo */
};

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

int sqlite3ExplainVtabInit(sqlite3 *db){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  rc = sqlite3_create_module(db, "explain", &explainModule, 0);
#endif
  return rc;
}

#ifdef _WIN32
__declspec(dllexport)
#endif
int sqlite3_explain_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg, 
  const sqlite3_api_routines *pApi
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  rc = sqlite3ExplainVtabInit(db);
#endif
  return rc;
}

Changes to main.mk.

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#
TESTSRC += \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/amatch.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/carray.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/closure.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/csv.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/eval.c \

  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fileio.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fuzzer.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/ieee754.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/mmapwarm.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/nextchar.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/normalize.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/percentile.c \







>







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#
TESTSRC += \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/amatch.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/carray.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/closure.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/csv.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/eval.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/explain.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fileio.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/fuzzer.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/ieee754.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/mmapwarm.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/nextchar.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/normalize.c \
  $(TOP)/ext/misc/percentile.c \

Changes to src/test1.c.

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  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
  extern int sqlite3_amatch_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_carray_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_closure_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_csv_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_eval_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);

  extern int sqlite3_fileio_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_fuzzer_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_ieee_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_nextchar_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_percentile_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_regexp_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_remember_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
................................................................................
    int (*pInit)(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  } aExtension[] = {
    { "amatch",                sqlite3_amatch_init               },
    { "carray",                sqlite3_carray_init               },
    { "closure",               sqlite3_closure_init              },
    { "csv",                   sqlite3_csv_init                  },
    { "eval",                  sqlite3_eval_init                 },

    { "fileio",                sqlite3_fileio_init               },
    { "fuzzer",                sqlite3_fuzzer_init               },
    { "ieee754",               sqlite3_ieee_init                 },
    { "nextchar",              sqlite3_nextchar_init             },
    { "percentile",            sqlite3_percentile_init           },
    { "regexp",                sqlite3_regexp_init               },
    { "remember",              sqlite3_remember_init             },







>







 







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  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
  extern int sqlite3_amatch_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_carray_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_closure_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_csv_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_eval_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_explain_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_fileio_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_fuzzer_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_ieee_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_nextchar_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_percentile_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_regexp_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  extern int sqlite3_remember_init(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
................................................................................
    int (*pInit)(sqlite3*,char**,const sqlite3_api_routines*);
  } aExtension[] = {
    { "amatch",                sqlite3_amatch_init               },
    { "carray",                sqlite3_carray_init               },
    { "closure",               sqlite3_closure_init              },
    { "csv",                   sqlite3_csv_init                  },
    { "eval",                  sqlite3_eval_init                 },
    { "explain",               sqlite3_explain_init              },
    { "fileio",                sqlite3_fileio_init               },
    { "fuzzer",                sqlite3_fuzzer_init               },
    { "ieee754",               sqlite3_ieee_init                 },
    { "nextchar",              sqlite3_nextchar_init             },
    { "percentile",            sqlite3_percentile_init           },
    { "regexp",                sqlite3_regexp_init               },
    { "remember",              sqlite3_remember_init             },

Changes to test/indexexpr2.test.

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} {2}
do_test 4.130 {
  set ::cnt 0
  db eval {UPDATE t1 SET d=d+1;}
  set ::cnt
  # Refcnt() should not be invoked because that index does not change.
} {0}

































finish_test








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} {2}
do_test 4.130 {
  set ::cnt 0
  db eval {UPDATE t1 SET d=d+1;}
  set ::cnt
  # Refcnt() should not be invoked because that index does not change.
} {0}

# Additional test cases to show that UPDATE does not modify indexes that
# do not involve unchanged columns.
#
load_static_extension db explain
do_execsql_test 4.200 {
  CREATE TABLE t2(a,b,c,d,e,f);
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(2,3,4,5,6,7);
  CREATE INDEX t2abc ON t2(a+b+c);
  CREATE INDEX t2cd ON t2(c*d);
  CREATE INDEX t2def ON t2(d,e+25*f);
  SELECT sqlite_master.name 
    FROM sqlite_master, explain('UPDATE t2 SET b=b+1')
   WHERE explain.opcode LIKE 'Open%'
     AND sqlite_master.rootpage=explain.p2
   ORDER BY 1;
} {t2 t2abc}
do_execsql_test 4.210 {
  SELECT sqlite_master.name 
    FROM sqlite_master, explain('UPDATE t2 SET c=c+1')
   WHERE explain.opcode LIKE 'Open%'
     AND sqlite_master.rootpage=explain.p2
   ORDER BY 1;
} {t2 t2abc t2cd}
do_execsql_test 4.220 {
  SELECT sqlite_master.name 
    FROM sqlite_master, explain('UPDATE t2 SET c=c+1, f=NULL')
   WHERE explain.opcode LIKE 'Open%'
     AND sqlite_master.rootpage=explain.p2
   ORDER BY 1;
} {t2 t2abc t2cd t2def}


finish_test