/ Check-in [1d62aa6b]
Login
SQLite training in Houston TX on 2019-11-05 (details)
Part of the 2019 Tcl Conference

Many hyperlinks are disabled.
Use anonymous login to enable hyperlinks.

Overview
Comment:Add auto-explain mode to the command-line shell. Default on. Auto-explain tries to automatically detect EXPLAIN queries and format them appropriately.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | auto-explain
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 1d62aa6b315df47cafb33da7ca79d3386a2fdd48
User & Date: drh 2016-02-09 18:39:25
Context
2016-02-09
20:04
Improved auto-detection of EXPLAIN output in the shell. Closed-Leaf check-in: 6c6d7a6e user: drh tags: auto-explain
18:39
Add auto-explain mode to the command-line shell. Default on. Auto-explain tries to automatically detect EXPLAIN queries and format them appropriately. check-in: 1d62aa6b user: drh tags: auto-explain
18:28
Fix MSVC makefile options that enable control-flow guard. check-in: 51b6823f user: mistachkin tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/shell.c.

588
589
590
591
592
593
594

595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605


606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
...
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
...
895
896
897
898
899
900
901













902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
...
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
....
1610
1611
1612
1613
1614
1615
1616









1617
1618
1619
1620

1621
1622
1623
1624
1625
1626
1627
....
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
1653
1654
1655
1656
1657
....
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
....
2851
2852
2853
2854
2855
2856
2857
2858
2859
2860
2861
2862
2863
2864
2865
....
2946
2947
2948
2949
2950
2951
2952
2953
2954
2955
2956
2957
2958
2959
2960

2961
2962
2963
2964
2965
2966
2967
2968





2969
2970
2971
2972
2973
2974
2975
2976
2977
2978
2979
2980
2981
2982
2983
2984
2985
2986
2987
2988
2989
2990
....
2992
2993
2994
2995
2996
2997
2998
2999
3000
3001
3002
3003
3004
3005
3006
....
3017
3018
3019
3020
3021
3022
3023
3024
3025
3026
3027
3028
3029
3030
3031
....
3249
3250
3251
3252
3253
3254
3255
3256
3257
3258
3259
3260
3261
3262
3263
....
3435
3436
3437
3438
3439
3440
3441

3442
3443
3444
3445
3446
3447
3448
....
3624
3625
3626
3627
3628
3629
3630
3631
3632
3633
3634
3635
3636
3637
3638
....
3772
3773
3774
3775
3776
3777
3778
3779

3780
3781
3782
3783
3784
3785
3786
....
4571
4572
4573
4574
4575
4576
4577
4578

4579
4580
4581
4582
4583
4584
4585
....
4904
4905
4906
4907
4908
4909
4910

4911
4912
4913
4914
4915
4916
4917
** State information about the database connection is contained in an
** instance of the following structure.
*/
typedef struct ShellState ShellState;
struct ShellState {
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database */
  int echoOn;            /* True to echo input commands */

  int autoEQP;           /* Run EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN prior to seach SQL stmt */
  int statsOn;           /* True to display memory stats before each finalize */
  int scanstatsOn;       /* True to display scan stats before each finalize */
  int countChanges;      /* True to display change counts */
  int backslashOn;       /* Resolve C-style \x escapes in SQL input text */
  int outCount;          /* Revert to stdout when reaching zero */
  int cnt;               /* Number of records displayed so far */
  FILE *out;             /* Write results here */
  FILE *traceOut;        /* Output for sqlite3_trace() */
  int nErr;              /* Number of errors seen */
  int mode;              /* An output mode setting */


  int writableSchema;    /* True if PRAGMA writable_schema=ON */
  int showHeader;        /* True to show column names in List or Column mode */
  unsigned shellFlgs;    /* Various flags */
  char *zDestTable;      /* Name of destination table when MODE_Insert */
  char colSeparator[20]; /* Column separator character for several modes */
  char rowSeparator[20]; /* Row separator character for MODE_Ascii */
  int colWidth[100];     /* Requested width of each column when in column mode*/
  int actualWidth[100];  /* Actual width of each column */
  char nullValue[20];    /* The text to print when a NULL comes back from
                         ** the database */
  SavedModeInfo normalMode;/* Holds the mode just before .explain ON */
  char outfile[FILENAME_MAX]; /* Filename for *out */
  const char *zDbFilename;    /* name of the database file */
  char *zFreeOnClose;         /* Filename to free when closing */
  const char *zVfs;           /* Name of VFS to use */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;   /* Current statement if any. */
  FILE *pLog;            /* Write log output here */
  int *aiIndent;         /* Array of indents used in MODE_Explain */
................................................................................
  char **azArg,    /* Text of each result column */
  char **azCol,    /* Column names */
  int *aiType      /* Column types */
){
  int i;
  ShellState *p = (ShellState*)pArg;

  switch( p->mode ){
    case MODE_Line: {
      int w = 5;
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        int len = strlen30(azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "");
        if( len>w ) w = len;
      }
................................................................................
        utf8_printf(p->out,"%*s = %s%s", w, azCol[i],
                azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue, p->rowSeparator);
      }
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Explain:
    case MODE_Column: {













      if( p->cnt++==0 ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          int w, n;
          if( i<ArraySize(p->colWidth) ){
            w = p->colWidth[i];
          }else{
            w = 0;
          }
          if( w==0 ){
            w = strlen30(azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "");
            if( w<10 ) w = 10;
            n = strlen30(azArg && azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue);
            if( w<n ) w = n;
          }
          if( i<ArraySize(p->actualWidth) ){
            p->actualWidth[i] = w;
          }
          if( p->showHeader ){
            if( w<0 ){
              utf8_printf(p->out,"%*.*s%s",-w,-w,azCol[i],
                      i==nArg-1 ? p->rowSeparator : "  ");
            }else{
              utf8_printf(p->out,"%-*.*s%s",w,w,azCol[i],
                      i==nArg-1 ? p->rowSeparator : "  ");
            }
          }
        }
        if( p->showHeader ){
          for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
            int w;
            if( i<ArraySize(p->actualWidth) ){
               w = p->actualWidth[i];
               if( w<0 ) w = -w;
            }else{
               w = 10;
            }
            utf8_printf(p->out,"%-*.*s%s",w,w,
                   "----------------------------------------------------------"
                   "----------------------------------------------------------",
                    i==nArg-1 ? p->rowSeparator : "  ");
          }
        }
      }
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        int w;
        if( i<ArraySize(p->actualWidth) ){
           w = p->actualWidth[i];
        }else{
           w = 10;
        }
        if( p->mode==MODE_Explain && azArg[i] && strlen30(azArg[i])>w ){
          w = strlen30(azArg[i]);
        }
        if( i==1 && p->aiIndent && p->pStmt ){
          if( p->iIndent<p->nIndent ){
            utf8_printf(p->out, "%*.s", p->aiIndent[p->iIndent], "");
          }
          p->iIndent++;
        }
        if( w<0 ){
          utf8_printf(p->out,"%*.*s%s",-w,-w,
              azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue,
              i==nArg-1 ? p->rowSeparator : "  ");
        }else{
          utf8_printf(p->out,"%-*.*s%s",w,w,
              azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue,
              i==nArg-1 ? p->rowSeparator : "  ");
        }
      }
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Semi:
    case MODE_List: {
      if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
................................................................................
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        char *z = azArg[i];
        if( z==0 ) z = p->nullValue;
        utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", z);
        if( i<nArg-1 ){
          utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->colSeparator);
        }else if( p->mode==MODE_Semi ){
          utf8_printf(p->out, ";%s", p->rowSeparator);
        }else{
          utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->rowSeparator);
        }
      }
      break;
    }
................................................................................
            utf8_printf(pArg->out,"%s\n", sqlite3_column_text(pExplain, 3));
          }
        }
        sqlite3_finalize(pExplain);
        sqlite3_free(zEQP);
      }










      /* If the shell is currently in ".explain" mode, gather the extra
      ** data required to add indents to the output.*/
      if( pArg && pArg->mode==MODE_Explain ){
        explain_data_prepare(pArg, pStmt);

      }

      /* perform the first step.  this will tell us if we
      ** have a result set or not and how wide it is.
      */
      rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
      /* if we have a result set... */
................................................................................
            for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
              azCols[i] = (char *)sqlite3_column_name(pStmt, i);
            }
            do{
              /* extract the data and data types */
              for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
                aiTypes[i] = x = sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, i);
                if( x==SQLITE_BLOB && pArg && pArg->mode==MODE_Insert ){
                  azVals[i] = "";
                }else{
                  azVals[i] = (char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, i);
                }
                if( !azVals[i] && (aiTypes[i]!=SQLITE_NULL) ){
                  rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
                  break; /* from for */
................................................................................
  ".dbinfo ?DB?           Show status information about the database\n"
  ".dump ?TABLE? ...      Dump the database in an SQL text format\n"
  "                         If TABLE specified, only dump tables matching\n"
  "                         LIKE pattern TABLE.\n"
  ".echo on|off           Turn command echo on or off\n"
  ".eqp on|off            Enable or disable automatic EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN\n"
  ".exit                  Exit this program\n"
  ".explain ?on|off?      Turn output mode suitable for EXPLAIN on or off.\n"
  "                         With no args, it turns EXPLAIN on.\n"
  ".fullschema            Show schema and the content of sqlite_stat tables\n"
  ".headers on|off        Turn display of headers on or off\n"
  ".help                  Show this message\n"
  ".import FILE TABLE     Import data from FILE into TABLE\n"
  ".indexes ?TABLE?       Show names of all indexes\n"
  "                         If TABLE specified, only show indexes for tables\n"
  "                         matching LIKE pattern TABLE.\n"
................................................................................

  if( c=='d' && n>1 && strncmp(azArg[0], "databases", n)==0 ){
    ShellState data;
    char *zErrMsg = 0;
    open_db(p, 0);
    memcpy(&data, p, sizeof(data));
    data.showHeader = 1;
    data.mode = MODE_Column;
    data.colWidth[0] = 3;
    data.colWidth[1] = 15;
    data.colWidth[2] = 58;
    data.cnt = 0;
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "PRAGMA database_list; ", callback, &data, &zErrMsg);
    if( zErrMsg ){
      utf8_printf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", zErrMsg);
................................................................................

  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "exit", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg>1 && (rc = (int)integerValue(azArg[1]))!=0 ) exit(rc);
    rc = 2;
  }else

  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "explain", n)==0 ){
    int val = nArg>=2 ? booleanValue(azArg[1]) : 1;
    if(val == 1) {
      if(!p->normalMode.valid) {
        p->normalMode.valid = 1;
        p->normalMode.mode = p->mode;
        p->normalMode.showHeader = p->showHeader;
        memcpy(p->normalMode.colWidth,p->colWidth,sizeof(p->colWidth));
      }

      /* We could put this code under the !p->explainValid
      ** condition so that it does not execute if we are already in
      ** explain mode. However, always executing it allows us an easy
      ** was to reset to explain mode in case the user previously
      ** did an .explain followed by a .width, .mode or .header
      ** command.
      */
      p->mode = MODE_Explain;





      p->showHeader = 1;
      memset(p->colWidth,0,sizeof(p->colWidth));
      p->colWidth[0] = 4;                  /* addr */
      p->colWidth[1] = 13;                 /* opcode */
      p->colWidth[2] = 4;                  /* P1 */
      p->colWidth[3] = 4;                  /* P2 */
      p->colWidth[4] = 4;                  /* P3 */
      p->colWidth[5] = 13;                 /* P4 */
      p->colWidth[6] = 2;                  /* P5 */
      p->colWidth[7] = 13;                  /* Comment */
    }else if (p->normalMode.valid) {
      p->normalMode.valid = 0;
      p->mode = p->normalMode.mode;
      p->showHeader = p->normalMode.showHeader;
      memcpy(p->colWidth,p->normalMode.colWidth,sizeof(p->colWidth));
    }
  }else

  if( c=='f' && strncmp(azArg[0], "fullschema", n)==0 ){
    ShellState data;
    char *zErrMsg = 0;
    int doStats = 0;
................................................................................
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .fullschema\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    open_db(p, 0);
    memcpy(&data, p, sizeof(data));
    data.showHeader = 0;
    data.mode = MODE_Semi;
    rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db,
       "SELECT sql FROM"
       "  (SELECT sql sql, type type, tbl_name tbl_name, name name, rowid x"
       "     FROM sqlite_master UNION ALL"
       "   SELECT sql, type, tbl_name, name, rowid FROM sqlite_temp_master) "
       "WHERE type!='meta' AND sql NOTNULL AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%' "
       "ORDER BY rowid",
................................................................................
    }
    if( doStats==0 ){
      raw_printf(p->out, "/* No STAT tables available */\n");
    }else{
      raw_printf(p->out, "ANALYZE sqlite_master;\n");
      sqlite3_exec(p->db, "SELECT 'ANALYZE sqlite_master'",
                   callback, &data, &zErrMsg);
      data.mode = MODE_Insert;
      data.zDestTable = "sqlite_stat1";
      shell_exec(p->db, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_stat1",
                 shell_callback, &data,&zErrMsg);
      data.zDestTable = "sqlite_stat3";
      shell_exec(p->db, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_stat3",
                 shell_callback, &data,&zErrMsg);
      data.zDestTable = "sqlite_stat4";
................................................................................
  if( c=='i' && (strncmp(azArg[0], "indices", n)==0
                 || strncmp(azArg[0], "indexes", n)==0) ){
    ShellState data;
    char *zErrMsg = 0;
    open_db(p, 0);
    memcpy(&data, p, sizeof(data));
    data.showHeader = 0;
    data.mode = MODE_List;
    if( nArg==1 ){
      rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db,
        "SELECT name FROM sqlite_master "
        "WHERE type='index' AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%' "
        "UNION ALL "
        "SELECT name FROM sqlite_temp_master "
        "WHERE type='index' "
................................................................................
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->colSeparator), p->colSeparator, SEP_Unit);
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->rowSeparator), p->rowSeparator, SEP_Record);
    }else {
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: mode should be one of: "
         "ascii column csv html insert line list tabs tcl\n");
      rc = 1;
    }

  }else

  if( c=='n' && strncmp(azArg[0], "nullvalue", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->nullValue), p->nullValue,
                       "%.*s", (int)ArraySize(p->nullValue)-1, azArg[1]);
    }else{
................................................................................

  if( c=='s' && strncmp(azArg[0], "schema", n)==0 ){
    ShellState data;
    char *zErrMsg = 0;
    open_db(p, 0);
    memcpy(&data, p, sizeof(data));
    data.showHeader = 0;
    data.mode = MODE_Semi;
    if( nArg==2 ){
      int i;
      for(i=0; azArg[1][i]; i++) azArg[1][i] = ToLower(azArg[1][i]);
      if( strcmp(azArg[1],"sqlite_master")==0 ){
        char *new_argv[2], *new_colv[2];
        new_argv[0] = "CREATE TABLE sqlite_master (\n"
                      "  type text,\n"
................................................................................
    if( nArg!=1 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .show\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%12.12s: %s\n","echo", p->echoOn ? "on" : "off");
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%12.12s: %s\n","eqp", p->autoEQP ? "on" : "off");
    utf8_printf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","explain",p->normalMode.valid?"on":"off");

    utf8_printf(p->out,"%12.12s: %s\n","headers", p->showHeader ? "on" : "off");
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%12.12s: %s\n","mode", modeDescr[p->mode]);
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%12.12s: ", "nullvalue");
      output_c_string(p->out, p->nullValue);
      raw_printf(p->out, "\n");
    utf8_printf(p->out,"%12.12s: %s\n","output",
            strlen30(p->outfile) ? p->outfile : "stdout");
................................................................................
}

/*
** Initialize the state information in data
*/
static void main_init(ShellState *data) {
  memset(data, 0, sizeof(*data));
  data->mode = MODE_List;

  memcpy(data->colSeparator,SEP_Column, 2);
  memcpy(data->rowSeparator,SEP_Row, 2);
  data->showHeader = 0;
  data->shellFlgs = SHFLG_Lookaside;
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_URI, 1);
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG, shellLog, data);
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD);
................................................................................
        }
      }
    }else{
      utf8_printf(stderr,"%s: Error: unknown option: %s\n", Argv0, z);
      raw_printf(stderr,"Use -help for a list of options.\n");
      return 1;
    }

  }

  if( !readStdin ){
    /* Run all arguments that do not begin with '-' as if they were separate
    ** command-line inputs, except for the argToSkip argument which contains
    ** the database filename.
    */







>











>
>










<







 







|







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>




|












|


|


|



|











|











|











|



|







 







|







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
|
|
|
|
>







 







|







 







|
<







 







|







 







|
|
|
|
|
|
<

>
|
|
<
<
<
<
<

>
>
>
>
>
|
|
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<







 







|







 







|







 







|







 







>







 







|







 







|
>







 







|
>







 







>







588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618

619
620
621
622
623
624
625
...
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
...
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
...
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
....
1625
1626
1627
1628
1629
1630
1631
1632
1633
1634
1635
1636
1637
1638
1639
1640
1641
1642
1643
1644
1645
1646
1647
1648
1649
1650
1651
1652
....
1668
1669
1670
1671
1672
1673
1674
1675
1676
1677
1678
1679
1680
1681
1682
....
1888
1889
1890
1891
1892
1893
1894
1895

1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
1902
....
2875
2876
2877
2878
2879
2880
2881
2882
2883
2884
2885
2886
2887
2888
2889
....
2970
2971
2972
2973
2974
2975
2976
2977
2978
2979
2980
2981
2982

2983
2984
2985
2986





2987
2988
2989
2990
2991
2992
2993
2994













2995
2996
2997
2998
2999
3000
3001
....
3003
3004
3005
3006
3007
3008
3009
3010
3011
3012
3013
3014
3015
3016
3017
....
3028
3029
3030
3031
3032
3033
3034
3035
3036
3037
3038
3039
3040
3041
3042
....
3260
3261
3262
3263
3264
3265
3266
3267
3268
3269
3270
3271
3272
3273
3274
....
3446
3447
3448
3449
3450
3451
3452
3453
3454
3455
3456
3457
3458
3459
3460
....
3636
3637
3638
3639
3640
3641
3642
3643
3644
3645
3646
3647
3648
3649
3650
....
3784
3785
3786
3787
3788
3789
3790
3791
3792
3793
3794
3795
3796
3797
3798
3799
....
4584
4585
4586
4587
4588
4589
4590
4591
4592
4593
4594
4595
4596
4597
4598
4599
....
4918
4919
4920
4921
4922
4923
4924
4925
4926
4927
4928
4929
4930
4931
4932
** State information about the database connection is contained in an
** instance of the following structure.
*/
typedef struct ShellState ShellState;
struct ShellState {
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database */
  int echoOn;            /* True to echo input commands */
  int autoExplain;       /* Automatically turn on .explain mode */
  int autoEQP;           /* Run EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN prior to seach SQL stmt */
  int statsOn;           /* True to display memory stats before each finalize */
  int scanstatsOn;       /* True to display scan stats before each finalize */
  int countChanges;      /* True to display change counts */
  int backslashOn;       /* Resolve C-style \x escapes in SQL input text */
  int outCount;          /* Revert to stdout when reaching zero */
  int cnt;               /* Number of records displayed so far */
  FILE *out;             /* Write results here */
  FILE *traceOut;        /* Output for sqlite3_trace() */
  int nErr;              /* Number of errors seen */
  int mode;              /* An output mode setting */
  int cMode;             /* temporary output mode for the current query */
  int normalMode;        /* Output mode before ".explain on" */
  int writableSchema;    /* True if PRAGMA writable_schema=ON */
  int showHeader;        /* True to show column names in List or Column mode */
  unsigned shellFlgs;    /* Various flags */
  char *zDestTable;      /* Name of destination table when MODE_Insert */
  char colSeparator[20]; /* Column separator character for several modes */
  char rowSeparator[20]; /* Row separator character for MODE_Ascii */
  int colWidth[100];     /* Requested width of each column when in column mode*/
  int actualWidth[100];  /* Actual width of each column */
  char nullValue[20];    /* The text to print when a NULL comes back from
                         ** the database */

  char outfile[FILENAME_MAX]; /* Filename for *out */
  const char *zDbFilename;    /* name of the database file */
  char *zFreeOnClose;         /* Filename to free when closing */
  const char *zVfs;           /* Name of VFS to use */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;   /* Current statement if any. */
  FILE *pLog;            /* Write log output here */
  int *aiIndent;         /* Array of indents used in MODE_Explain */
................................................................................
  char **azArg,    /* Text of each result column */
  char **azCol,    /* Column names */
  int *aiType      /* Column types */
){
  int i;
  ShellState *p = (ShellState*)pArg;

  switch( p->cMode ){
    case MODE_Line: {
      int w = 5;
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        int len = strlen30(azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "");
        if( len>w ) w = len;
      }
................................................................................
        utf8_printf(p->out,"%*s = %s%s", w, azCol[i],
                azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue, p->rowSeparator);
      }
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Explain:
    case MODE_Column: {
      static const int aExplainWidths[] = {4, 13, 4, 4, 4, 13, 2, 13};
      const int *colWidth;
      int showHdr;
      char *rowSep;
      if( p->cMode==MODE_Column ){
        colWidth = p->colWidth;
        showHdr = p->showHeader;
        rowSep = p->rowSeparator;
      }else{
        colWidth = aExplainWidths;
        showHdr = 1;
        rowSep = "\n";
      }
      if( p->cnt++==0 ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          int w, n;
          if( i<ArraySize(p->colWidth) ){
            w = colWidth[i];
          }else{
            w = 0;
          }
          if( w==0 ){
            w = strlen30(azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "");
            if( w<10 ) w = 10;
            n = strlen30(azArg && azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue);
            if( w<n ) w = n;
          }
          if( i<ArraySize(p->actualWidth) ){
            p->actualWidth[i] = w;
          }
          if( showHdr ){
            if( w<0 ){
              utf8_printf(p->out,"%*.*s%s",-w,-w,azCol[i],
                      i==nArg-1 ? rowSep : "  ");
            }else{
              utf8_printf(p->out,"%-*.*s%s",w,w,azCol[i],
                      i==nArg-1 ? rowSep : "  ");
            }
          }
        }
        if( showHdr ){
          for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
            int w;
            if( i<ArraySize(p->actualWidth) ){
               w = p->actualWidth[i];
               if( w<0 ) w = -w;
            }else{
               w = 10;
            }
            utf8_printf(p->out,"%-*.*s%s",w,w,
                   "----------------------------------------------------------"
                   "----------------------------------------------------------",
                    i==nArg-1 ? rowSep : "  ");
          }
        }
      }
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        int w;
        if( i<ArraySize(p->actualWidth) ){
           w = p->actualWidth[i];
        }else{
           w = 10;
        }
        if( p->cMode==MODE_Explain && azArg[i] && strlen30(azArg[i])>w ){
          w = strlen30(azArg[i]);
        }
        if( i==1 && p->aiIndent && p->pStmt ){
          if( p->iIndent<p->nIndent ){
            utf8_printf(p->out, "%*.s", p->aiIndent[p->iIndent], "");
          }
          p->iIndent++;
        }
        if( w<0 ){
          utf8_printf(p->out,"%*.*s%s",-w,-w,
              azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue,
              i==nArg-1 ? rowSep : "  ");
        }else{
          utf8_printf(p->out,"%-*.*s%s",w,w,
              azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullValue,
              i==nArg-1 ? rowSep : "  ");
        }
      }
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Semi:
    case MODE_List: {
      if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
................................................................................
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        char *z = azArg[i];
        if( z==0 ) z = p->nullValue;
        utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", z);
        if( i<nArg-1 ){
          utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->colSeparator);
        }else if( p->cMode==MODE_Semi ){
          utf8_printf(p->out, ";%s", p->rowSeparator);
        }else{
          utf8_printf(p->out, "%s", p->rowSeparator);
        }
      }
      break;
    }
................................................................................
            utf8_printf(pArg->out,"%s\n", sqlite3_column_text(pExplain, 3));
          }
        }
        sqlite3_finalize(pExplain);
        sqlite3_free(zEQP);
      }

      if( pArg ){
        pArg->cMode = pArg->mode;
        if( sqlite3_column_count(pStmt)==8
         && sqlite3_strlike("%EXPLAIN%", sqlite3_sql(pStmt),0)==0
         && sqlite3_strlike("%QUERY%", sqlite3_sql(pStmt),0)!=0
        ){
          pArg->cMode = MODE_Explain;
        }
      
        /* If the shell is currently in ".explain" mode, gather the extra
        ** data required to add indents to the output.*/
        if( pArg->cMode==MODE_Explain ){
          explain_data_prepare(pArg, pStmt);
        }
      }

      /* perform the first step.  this will tell us if we
      ** have a result set or not and how wide it is.
      */
      rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
      /* if we have a result set... */
................................................................................
            for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
              azCols[i] = (char *)sqlite3_column_name(pStmt, i);
            }
            do{
              /* extract the data and data types */
              for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
                aiTypes[i] = x = sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, i);
                if( x==SQLITE_BLOB && pArg && pArg->cMode==MODE_Insert ){
                  azVals[i] = "";
                }else{
                  azVals[i] = (char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, i);
                }
                if( !azVals[i] && (aiTypes[i]!=SQLITE_NULL) ){
                  rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
                  break; /* from for */
................................................................................
  ".dbinfo ?DB?           Show status information about the database\n"
  ".dump ?TABLE? ...      Dump the database in an SQL text format\n"
  "                         If TABLE specified, only dump tables matching\n"
  "                         LIKE pattern TABLE.\n"
  ".echo on|off           Turn command echo on or off\n"
  ".eqp on|off            Enable or disable automatic EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN\n"
  ".exit                  Exit this program\n"
  ".explain ?on|off|auto? Turn EXPLAIN output mode on or off or to automatic\n"

  ".fullschema            Show schema and the content of sqlite_stat tables\n"
  ".headers on|off        Turn display of headers on or off\n"
  ".help                  Show this message\n"
  ".import FILE TABLE     Import data from FILE into TABLE\n"
  ".indexes ?TABLE?       Show names of all indexes\n"
  "                         If TABLE specified, only show indexes for tables\n"
  "                         matching LIKE pattern TABLE.\n"
................................................................................

  if( c=='d' && n>1 && strncmp(azArg[0], "databases", n)==0 ){
    ShellState data;
    char *zErrMsg = 0;
    open_db(p, 0);
    memcpy(&data, p, sizeof(data));
    data.showHeader = 1;
    data.cMode = data.mode = MODE_Column;
    data.colWidth[0] = 3;
    data.colWidth[1] = 15;
    data.colWidth[2] = 58;
    data.cnt = 0;
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "PRAGMA database_list; ", callback, &data, &zErrMsg);
    if( zErrMsg ){
      utf8_printf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", zErrMsg);
................................................................................

  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "exit", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg>1 && (rc = (int)integerValue(azArg[1]))!=0 ) exit(rc);
    rc = 2;
  }else

  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "explain", n)==0 ){
    int val = 1;
    if( nArg>=2 ){
      if( strcmp(azArg[1],"auto")==0 ){
        val = 99;
      }else{
        val =  booleanValue(azArg[1]);

      }
    }
    if( val==1 && p->mode!=MODE_Explain ){
      p->normalMode = p->mode;





      p->mode = MODE_Explain;
      p->autoExplain = 0;
    }else if( val==0 ){
      if( p->mode==MODE_Explain ) p->mode = p->normalMode;
      p->autoExplain = 0;
    }else if( val==99 ){
      if( p->mode==MODE_Explain ) p->mode = p->normalMode;
      p->autoExplain = 1;













    }
  }else

  if( c=='f' && strncmp(azArg[0], "fullschema", n)==0 ){
    ShellState data;
    char *zErrMsg = 0;
    int doStats = 0;
................................................................................
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .fullschema\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    open_db(p, 0);
    memcpy(&data, p, sizeof(data));
    data.showHeader = 0;
    data.cMode = data.mode = MODE_Semi;
    rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db,
       "SELECT sql FROM"
       "  (SELECT sql sql, type type, tbl_name tbl_name, name name, rowid x"
       "     FROM sqlite_master UNION ALL"
       "   SELECT sql, type, tbl_name, name, rowid FROM sqlite_temp_master) "
       "WHERE type!='meta' AND sql NOTNULL AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%' "
       "ORDER BY rowid",
................................................................................
    }
    if( doStats==0 ){
      raw_printf(p->out, "/* No STAT tables available */\n");
    }else{
      raw_printf(p->out, "ANALYZE sqlite_master;\n");
      sqlite3_exec(p->db, "SELECT 'ANALYZE sqlite_master'",
                   callback, &data, &zErrMsg);
      data.cMode = data.mode = MODE_Insert;
      data.zDestTable = "sqlite_stat1";
      shell_exec(p->db, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_stat1",
                 shell_callback, &data,&zErrMsg);
      data.zDestTable = "sqlite_stat3";
      shell_exec(p->db, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_stat3",
                 shell_callback, &data,&zErrMsg);
      data.zDestTable = "sqlite_stat4";
................................................................................
  if( c=='i' && (strncmp(azArg[0], "indices", n)==0
                 || strncmp(azArg[0], "indexes", n)==0) ){
    ShellState data;
    char *zErrMsg = 0;
    open_db(p, 0);
    memcpy(&data, p, sizeof(data));
    data.showHeader = 0;
    data.cMode = data.mode = MODE_List;
    if( nArg==1 ){
      rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db,
        "SELECT name FROM sqlite_master "
        "WHERE type='index' AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%' "
        "UNION ALL "
        "SELECT name FROM sqlite_temp_master "
        "WHERE type='index' "
................................................................................
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->colSeparator), p->colSeparator, SEP_Unit);
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->rowSeparator), p->rowSeparator, SEP_Record);
    }else {
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: mode should be one of: "
         "ascii column csv html insert line list tabs tcl\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
    p->cMode = p->mode;
  }else

  if( c=='n' && strncmp(azArg[0], "nullvalue", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->nullValue), p->nullValue,
                       "%.*s", (int)ArraySize(p->nullValue)-1, azArg[1]);
    }else{
................................................................................

  if( c=='s' && strncmp(azArg[0], "schema", n)==0 ){
    ShellState data;
    char *zErrMsg = 0;
    open_db(p, 0);
    memcpy(&data, p, sizeof(data));
    data.showHeader = 0;
    data.cMode = data.mode = MODE_Semi;
    if( nArg==2 ){
      int i;
      for(i=0; azArg[1][i]; i++) azArg[1][i] = ToLower(azArg[1][i]);
      if( strcmp(azArg[1],"sqlite_master")==0 ){
        char *new_argv[2], *new_colv[2];
        new_argv[0] = "CREATE TABLE sqlite_master (\n"
                      "  type text,\n"
................................................................................
    if( nArg!=1 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .show\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;
    }
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%12.12s: %s\n","echo", p->echoOn ? "on" : "off");
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%12.12s: %s\n","eqp", p->autoEQP ? "on" : "off");
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%12.12s: %s\n","explain",
         p->mode==MODE_Explain ? "on" : p->autoExplain ? "auto" : "off");
    utf8_printf(p->out,"%12.12s: %s\n","headers", p->showHeader ? "on" : "off");
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%12.12s: %s\n","mode", modeDescr[p->mode]);
    utf8_printf(p->out, "%12.12s: ", "nullvalue");
      output_c_string(p->out, p->nullValue);
      raw_printf(p->out, "\n");
    utf8_printf(p->out,"%12.12s: %s\n","output",
            strlen30(p->outfile) ? p->outfile : "stdout");
................................................................................
}

/*
** Initialize the state information in data
*/
static void main_init(ShellState *data) {
  memset(data, 0, sizeof(*data));
  data->normalMode = data->cMode = data->mode = MODE_List;
  data->autoExplain = 1;
  memcpy(data->colSeparator,SEP_Column, 2);
  memcpy(data->rowSeparator,SEP_Row, 2);
  data->showHeader = 0;
  data->shellFlgs = SHFLG_Lookaside;
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_URI, 1);
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG, shellLog, data);
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD);
................................................................................
        }
      }
    }else{
      utf8_printf(stderr,"%s: Error: unknown option: %s\n", Argv0, z);
      raw_printf(stderr,"Use -help for a list of options.\n");
      return 1;
    }
    data.cMode = data.mode;
  }

  if( !readStdin ){
    /* Run all arguments that do not begin with '-' as if they were separate
    ** command-line inputs, except for the argToSkip argument which contains
    ** the database filename.
    */