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SQLite training in Houston TX on 2019-11-05 (details)
Part of the 2019 Tcl Conference

Artifact d078a1e323a740062bed38df32b8a736fd320dc0:


# 2012 December 17
#
# The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
# a legal notice, here is a blessing:
#
#    May you do good and not evil.
#    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
#    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
#
#***********************************************************************
# This file implements regression tests for SQLite library.
#
# This file tests the PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys and 
# SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS
#
# EVIDENCE-OF: R-18981-16292 When the defer_foreign_keys PRAGMA is on,
# enforcement of all foreign key constraints is delayed until the
# outermost transaction is committed.
#
# EVIDENCE-OF: R-28911-57501 The defer_foreign_keys pragma defaults to
# OFF so that foreign key constraints are only deferred if they are
# created as "DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED".

set testdir [file dirname $argv0]
source $testdir/tester.tcl
set testprefix fkey6

ifcapable {!foreignkey} {
  finish_test
  return
}

do_execsql_test fkey6-1.0 {
  PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys;
} {0}

do_execsql_test fkey6-1.1 {
  PRAGMA foreign_keys=ON;
  CREATE TABLE t1(x INTEGER PRIMARY KEY);
  CREATE TABLE t2(y INTEGER PRIMARY KEY,
          z INTEGER REFERENCES t1(x) DEFERRABLE INITIALLY DEFERRED);
  CREATE INDEX t2z ON t2(z);
  CREATE TABLE t3(u INTEGER PRIMARY KEY, v INTEGER REFERENCES t1(x));
  CREATE INDEX t3v ON t3(v);
  INSERT INTO t1 VALUES(1),(2),(3),(4),(5);
  INSERT INTO t2 VALUES(1,1),(2,2);
  INSERT INTO t3 VALUES(3,3),(4,4);
} {}
do_test fkey6-1.2 {
  catchsql {DELETE FROM t1 WHERE x=2;}
} {1 {FOREIGN KEY constraint failed}}
do_test fkey6-1.3 {
  sqlite3_db_status db DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS 0
} {0 0 0}
do_test fkey6-1.4 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
    DELETE FROM t1 WHERE x=1;
  }
} {}
do_test fkey6-1.5.1 {
  sqlite3_db_status db DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS 1
} {0 1 0}
do_test fkey6-1.5.2 {
  sqlite3_db_status db DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS 0
} {0 1 0}
do_test fkey6-1.6 {
  execsql {
    ROLLBACK;
  }
} {}
do_test fkey6-1.7 {
  sqlite3_db_status db DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS 0
} {0 0 0}
do_test fkey6-1.8 {
  execsql {
    PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys=ON;
    BEGIN;
    DELETE FROM t1 WHERE x=3;
  }
} {}
do_test fkey6-1.9 {
  sqlite3_db_status db DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS 0
} {0 1 0}

# EVIDENCE-OF: R-21752-26913 The defer_foreign_keys pragma is
# automatically switched off at each COMMIT or ROLLBACK. Hence, the
# defer_foreign_keys pragma must be separately enabled for each
# transaction.
do_execsql_test fkey6-1.10.1 {
  PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys;
  ROLLBACK;
  PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys;
  BEGIN;
  PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys=ON;
  PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys;
  COMMIT;
  PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys;
  BEGIN;
} {1 0 1 0}
do_test fkey6-1.10.2 {
  catchsql {DELETE FROM t1 WHERE x=3}
} {1 {FOREIGN KEY constraint failed}}
db eval {ROLLBACK}

do_test fkey6-1.20 {
  execsql {
    BEGIN;
    DELETE FROM t1 WHERE x=1;
  }
  sqlite3_db_status db DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS 0
} {0 1 0}
do_test fkey6-1.21 {
  execsql {
    DELETE FROM t2 WHERE y=1;
  }
  sqlite3_db_status db DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS 0
} {0 0 0}
do_test fkey6-1.22 {
  execsql {
    COMMIT;
  }
} {}

do_execsql_test fkey6-2.1 {
  CREATE TABLE p1(a PRIMARY KEY);
  INSERT INTO p1 VALUES('one'), ('two');
  CREATE TABLE c1(x REFERENCES p1);
  INSERT INTO c1 VALUES('two'), ('one');
}

do_execsql_test fkey6-2.2 {
  BEGIN;
    PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys = 1;
    DELETE FROM p1;
  ROLLBACK;
  PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys;
} {0}

do_execsql_test fkey6-2.3 {
  BEGIN;
    PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys = 1;
    DROP TABLE p1;
    PRAGMA vdbe_trace = 0;
  ROLLBACK;
  PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys;
} {0}

do_execsql_test fkey6-2.4 {
  BEGIN;
    PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys = 1;
    DELETE FROM p1;
    DROP TABLE c1;
  COMMIT;
  PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys;
} {0}

do_execsql_test fkey6-2.5 {
  DROP TABLE p1;
  CREATE TABLE p1(a PRIMARY KEY);
  INSERT INTO p1 VALUES('one'), ('two');
  CREATE TABLE c1(x REFERENCES p1);
  INSERT INTO c1 VALUES('two'), ('one');
}

do_execsql_test fkey6-2.6 {
  BEGIN;
    PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys = 1;
    INSERT INTO c1 VALUES('three');
    DROP TABLE c1;
  COMMIT;
  PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys;
} {0}

#--------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Test that defer_foreign_keys disables RESTRICT.
#
do_execsql_test 3.1 {
  CREATE TABLE p2(a PRIMARY KEY, b);
  CREATE TABLE c2(x, y REFERENCES p2 ON DELETE RESTRICT ON UPDATE RESTRICT);
  INSERT INTO p2 VALUES(1, 'one');
  INSERT INTO p2 VALUES(2, 'two');
  INSERT INTO c2 VALUES('i', 1);
}

do_catchsql_test 3.2.1 {
  BEGIN;
    UPDATE p2 SET a=a-1;
} {1 {FOREIGN KEY constraint failed}}
do_execsql_test 3.2.2 { COMMIT }

do_execsql_test 3.2.3 {
  BEGIN;
    PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys = 1;
    UPDATE p2 SET a=a-1;
  COMMIT;
}

do_execsql_test 3.2.4 {
  BEGIN;
    PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys = 1;
    UPDATE p2 SET a=a-1;
}
do_catchsql_test 3.2.5 {
  COMMIT;
} {1 {FOREIGN KEY constraint failed}}
do_execsql_test 3.2.6 { ROLLBACK }

do_execsql_test 3.3.1 {
  CREATE TRIGGER p2t AFTER DELETE ON p2 BEGIN
    INSERT INTO p2 VALUES(old.a, 'deleted!');
  END;
}
do_catchsql_test 3.3.2 {
  BEGIN;
    DELETE FROM p2 WHERE a=1;
} {1 {FOREIGN KEY constraint failed}}
do_execsql_test 3.3.3 { COMMIT }

do_execsql_test 3.3.4 {
  BEGIN;
    PRAGMA defer_foreign_keys = 1;
    DELETE FROM p2 WHERE a=1;
  COMMIT;
  SELECT * FROM p2;
} {0 one 1 deleted!}


finish_test