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/*
** 2011 March 28
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** The code in this file implements a Tcl interface used to test error
** handling in the os_unix.c module. Wrapper functions that support fault
** injection are registered as the low-level OS functions using the 
** xSetSystemCall() method of the VFS. The Tcl interface is as follows:
**
**
**   test_syscall install LIST
**     Install wrapper functions for all system calls in argument LIST.
**     LIST must be a list consisting of zero or more of the following
**     literal values:
**
**         open        close      access   getcwd   stat      fstat    
**         ftruncate   fcntl      read     pread    pread64   write
**         pwrite      pwrite64   fchmod   fallocate
**
**   test_syscall uninstall
**     Uninstall all wrapper functions.
**
**   test_syscall fault ?COUNT PERSIST?
**     If [test_syscall fault] is invoked without the two arguments, fault
**     injection is disabled. Otherwise, fault injection is configured to
**     cause a failure on the COUNT'th next call to a system call with a
**     wrapper function installed. A COUNT value of 1 means fail the next
**     system call. 
** 
**     Argument PERSIST is interpreted as a boolean. If true, the all
**     system calls following the initial failure also fail. Otherwise, only
**     the single transient failure is injected.
**
**   test_syscall errno CALL ERRNO
**     Set the value that the global "errno" is set to following a fault
**     in call CALL. Argument CALL must be one of the system call names
**     listed above (under [test_syscall install]). ERRNO is a symbolic
**     name (i.e. "EACCES"). Not all errno codes are supported. Add extra
**     to the aErrno table in function test_syscall_errno() below as 
**     required.
**
**   test_syscall reset ?SYSTEM-CALL?
**     With no argument, this is an alias for the [uninstall] command. However,
**     this command uses a VFS call of the form:
**
**       xSetSystemCall(pVfs, 0, 0);
**
**     To restore the default system calls. The [uninstall] command restores
**     each system call individually by calling (i.e.):
**
**       xSetSystemCall(pVfs, "open", 0);
**
**     With an argument, this command attempts to reset the system call named
**     by the parameter using the same method as [uninstall].
**
**   test_syscall exists SYSTEM-CALL
**     Return true if the named system call exists. Or false otherwise.
**
**   test_syscall list
**     Return a list of all system calls. The list is constructed using
**     the xNextSystemCall() VFS method.
*/

#include "sqlite3.h"
#include "tcl.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>

#ifdef SQLITE_OS_UNIX

/* From test1.c */
extern const char *sqlite3TestErrorName(int);

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <errno.h>

static struct TestSyscallGlobal {
  int bPersist;                   /* 1 for persistent errors, 0 for transient */
  int nCount;                     /* Fail after this many more calls */
  int nFail;                      /* Number of failures that have occurred */
} gSyscall = { 0, 0 };

static int ts_open(const char *, int, int);
static int ts_close(int fd);
static int ts_access(const char *zPath, int mode);
static char *ts_getcwd(char *zPath, size_t nPath);
static int ts_stat(const char *zPath, struct stat *p);
static int ts_fstat(int fd, struct stat *p);
static int ts_ftruncate(int fd, off_t n);
static int ts_fcntl(int fd, int cmd, ... );
static int ts_read(int fd, void *aBuf, size_t nBuf);
static int ts_pread(int fd, void *aBuf, size_t nBuf, off_t off);
static int ts_pread64(int fd, void *aBuf, size_t nBuf, off_t off);
static int ts_write(int fd, const void *aBuf, size_t nBuf);
static int ts_pwrite(int fd, const void *aBuf, size_t nBuf, off_t off);
static int ts_pwrite64(int fd, const void *aBuf, size_t nBuf, off_t off);
static int ts_fchmod(int fd, mode_t mode);
static int ts_fallocate(int fd, off_t off, off_t len);


struct TestSyscallArray {
  const char *zName;
  sqlite3_syscall_ptr xTest;
  sqlite3_syscall_ptr xOrig;
  int default_errno;              /* Default value for errno following errors */
  int custom_errno;               /* Current value for errno if error */
} aSyscall[] = {
  /*  0 */ { "open",      (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)ts_open,      0, EACCES, 0 },
  /*  1 */ { "close",     (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)ts_close,     0, 0, 0 },
  /*  2 */ { "access",    (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)ts_access,    0, 0, 0 },
  /*  3 */ { "getcwd",    (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)ts_getcwd,    0, 0, 0 },
  /*  4 */ { "stat",      (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)ts_stat,      0, 0, 0 },
  /*  5 */ { "fstat",     (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)ts_fstat,     0, 0, 0 },
  /*  6 */ { "ftruncate", (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)ts_ftruncate, 0, 0, 0 },
  /*  7 */ { "fcntl",     (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)ts_fcntl,     0, 0, 0 },
  /*  8 */ { "read",      (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)ts_read,      0, 0, 0 },
  /*  9 */ { "pread",     (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)ts_pread,     0, 0, 0 },
  /* 10 */ { "pread64",   (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)ts_pread64,   0, 0, 0 },
  /* 11 */ { "write",     (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)ts_write,     0, 0, 0 },
  /* 12 */ { "pwrite",    (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)ts_pwrite,    0, 0, 0 },
  /* 13 */ { "pwrite64",  (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)ts_pwrite64,  0, 0, 0 },
  /* 14 */ { "fchmod",    (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)ts_fchmod,    0, 0, 0 },
  /* 15 */ { "fallocate", (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)ts_fallocate, 0, 0, 0 },
           { 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 }
};

#define orig_open      ((int(*)(const char *, int, int))aSyscall[0].xOrig)
#define orig_close     ((int(*)(int))aSyscall[1].xOrig)
#define orig_access    ((int(*)(const char*,int))aSyscall[2].xOrig)
#define orig_getcwd    ((char*(*)(char*,size_t))aSyscall[3].xOrig)
#define orig_stat      ((int(*)(const char*,struct stat*))aSyscall[4].xOrig)
#define orig_fstat     ((int(*)(int,struct stat*))aSyscall[5].xOrig)
#define orig_ftruncate ((int(*)(int,off_t))aSyscall[6].xOrig)
#define orig_fcntl     ((int(*)(int,int,...))aSyscall[7].xOrig)
#define orig_read      ((ssize_t(*)(int,void*,size_t))aSyscall[8].xOrig)
#define orig_pread     ((ssize_t(*)(int,void*,size_t,off_t))aSyscall[9].xOrig)
#define orig_pread64   ((ssize_t(*)(int,void*,size_t,off_t))aSyscall[10].xOrig)
#define orig_write     ((ssize_t(*)(int,const void*,size_t))aSyscall[11].xOrig)
#define orig_pwrite    ((ssize_t(*)(int,const void*,size_t,off_t))\
                       aSyscall[12].xOrig)
#define orig_pwrite64  ((ssize_t(*)(int,const void*,size_t,off_t))\
                       aSyscall[13].xOrig)
#define orig_fchmod    ((int(*)(int,mode_t))aSyscall[14].xOrig)
#define orig_fallocate ((int(*)(int,off_t,off_t))aSyscall[15].xOrig)


/*
** This function is called exactly once from within each invocation of a
** system call wrapper in this file. It returns 1 if the function should
** fail, or 0 if it should succeed.
*/
static int tsIsFail(void){
  gSyscall.nCount--;
  if( gSyscall.nCount==0 || (gSyscall.nFail && gSyscall.bPersist) ){
    gSyscall.nFail++;
    return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Return the current error-number value for function zFunc. zFunc must be
** the name of a system call in the aSyscall[] table.
**
** Usually, the current error-number is the value that errno should be set
** to if the named system call fails. The exception is "fallocate". See 
** comments above the implementation of ts_fallocate() for details.
*/
static int tsErrno(const char *zFunc){
  int i;
  int nFunc = strlen(zFunc);
  for(i=0; aSyscall[i].zName; i++){
    if( strlen(aSyscall[i].zName)!=nFunc ) continue;
    if( memcmp(aSyscall[i].zName, zFunc, nFunc) ) continue;
    return aSyscall[i].custom_errno;
  }

  assert(0);
  return 0;
}

/*
** A wrapper around tsIsFail(). If tsIsFail() returns non-zero, set the
** value of errno before returning.
*/ 
static int tsIsFailErrno(const char *zFunc){
  if( tsIsFail() ){
    errno = tsErrno(zFunc);
    return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** A wrapper around open().
*/
static int ts_open(const char *zFile, int flags, int mode){
  if( tsIsFailErrno("open") ){
    return -1;
  }
  return orig_open(zFile, flags, mode);
}

/*
** A wrapper around close().
*/
static int ts_close(int fd){
  if( tsIsFail() ){
    return -1;
  }
  return orig_close(fd);
}

/*
** A wrapper around access().
*/
static int ts_access(const char *zPath, int mode){
  if( tsIsFail() ){
    return -1;
  }
  return orig_access(zPath, mode);
}

/*
** A wrapper around getcwd().
*/
static char *ts_getcwd(char *zPath, size_t nPath){
  if( tsIsFail() ){
    return NULL;
  }
  return orig_getcwd(zPath, nPath);
}

/*
** A wrapper around stat().
*/
static int ts_stat(const char *zPath, struct stat *p){
  if( tsIsFail() ){
    return -1;
  }
  return orig_stat(zPath, p);
}

/*
** A wrapper around fstat().
*/
static int ts_fstat(int fd, struct stat *p){
  if( tsIsFail() ){
    return -1;
  }
  return orig_fstat(fd, p);
}

/*
** A wrapper around ftruncate().
*/
static int ts_ftruncate(int fd, off_t n){
  if( tsIsFail() ){
    return -1;
  }
  return orig_ftruncate(fd, n);
}

/*
** A wrapper around fcntl().
*/
static int ts_fcntl(int fd, int cmd, ... ){
  va_list ap;
  void *pArg;
  if( tsIsFail() ){
    return -1;
  }
  va_start(ap, cmd);
  pArg = va_arg(ap, void *);
  return orig_fcntl(fd, cmd, pArg);
}

/*
** A wrapper around read().
*/
static int ts_read(int fd, void *aBuf, size_t nBuf){
  if( tsIsFail() ){
    return -1;
  }
  return orig_read(fd, aBuf, nBuf);
}

/*
** A wrapper around pread().
*/
static int ts_pread(int fd, void *aBuf, size_t nBuf, off_t off){
  if( tsIsFail() ){
    return -1;
  }
  return orig_pread(fd, aBuf, nBuf, off);
}

/*
** A wrapper around pread64().
*/
static int ts_pread64(int fd, void *aBuf, size_t nBuf, off_t off){
  if( tsIsFail() ){
    return -1;
  }
  return orig_pread64(fd, aBuf, nBuf, off);
}

/*
** A wrapper around write().
*/
static int ts_write(int fd, const void *aBuf, size_t nBuf){
  if( tsIsFail() ){
    return -1;
  }
  return orig_write(fd, aBuf, nBuf);
}

/*
** A wrapper around pwrite().
*/
static int ts_pwrite(int fd, const void *aBuf, size_t nBuf, off_t off){
  if( tsIsFail() ){
    return -1;
  }
  return orig_pwrite(fd, aBuf, nBuf, off);
}

/*
** A wrapper around pwrite64().
*/
static int ts_pwrite64(int fd, const void *aBuf, size_t nBuf, off_t off){
  if( tsIsFail() ){
    return -1;
  }
  return orig_pwrite64(fd, aBuf, nBuf, off);
}

/*
** A wrapper around fchmod().
*/
static int ts_fchmod(int fd, mode_t mode){
  if( tsIsFail() ){
    return -1;
  }
  return orig_fchmod(fd, mode);
}

/*
** A wrapper around fallocate().
**
** SQLite assumes that the fallocate() function is compatible with
** posix_fallocate(). According to the Linux man page (2009-09-30):
**
**   posix_fallocate() returns  zero on success, or an error number on
**   failure. Note that errno is not set.
*/
static int ts_fallocate(int fd, off_t off, off_t len){
  if( tsIsFail() ){
    return tsErrno("fallocate");
  }
  return orig_fallocate(fd, off, len);
}

static int test_syscall_install(
  void * clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs; 
  int nElem;
  int i;
  Tcl_Obj **apElem;

  if( objc!=3 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 2, objv, "SYSCALL-LIST");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  if( Tcl_ListObjGetElements(interp, objv[2], &nElem, &apElem) ){
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  pVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(0);

  for(i=0; i<nElem; i++){
    int iCall;
    int rc = Tcl_GetIndexFromObjStruct(interp, 
        apElem[i], aSyscall, sizeof(aSyscall[0]), "system-call", 0, &iCall
    );
    if( rc ) return rc;
    if( aSyscall[iCall].xOrig==0 ){
      aSyscall[iCall].xOrig = pVfs->xGetSystemCall(pVfs, aSyscall[iCall].zName);
      pVfs->xSetSystemCall(pVfs, aSyscall[iCall].zName, aSyscall[iCall].xTest);
    }
    aSyscall[iCall].custom_errno = aSyscall[iCall].default_errno;
  }

  return TCL_OK;
}

static int test_syscall_uninstall(
  void * clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs; 
  int i;

  if( objc!=2 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 2, objv, "");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }

  pVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(0);
  for(i=0; aSyscall[i].zName; i++){
    if( aSyscall[i].xOrig ){
      pVfs->xSetSystemCall(pVfs, aSyscall[i].zName, 0);
      aSyscall[i].xOrig = 0;
    }
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}

static int test_syscall_reset(
  void * clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs; 
  int i;
  int rc;

  if( objc!=2 && objc!=3 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 2, objv, "");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }

  pVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(0);
  if( objc==2 ){
    rc = pVfs->xSetSystemCall(pVfs, 0, 0);
    for(i=0; aSyscall[i].zName; i++) aSyscall[i].xOrig = 0;
  }else{
    int nFunc;
    char *zFunc = Tcl_GetStringFromObj(objv[2], &nFunc);
    rc = pVfs->xSetSystemCall(pVfs, Tcl_GetString(objv[2]), 0);
    for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && aSyscall[i].zName; i++){
      if( strlen(aSyscall[i].zName)!=nFunc ) continue;
      if( memcmp(aSyscall[i].zName, zFunc, nFunc) ) continue;
      aSyscall[i].xOrig = 0;
    }
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewStringObj(sqlite3TestErrorName(rc), -1));
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }

  Tcl_ResetResult(interp);
  return TCL_OK;
}

static int test_syscall_exists(
  void * clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs; 
  sqlite3_syscall_ptr x;

  if( objc!=3 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 2, objv, "");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }

  pVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(0);
  x = pVfs->xGetSystemCall(pVfs, Tcl_GetString(objv[2]));

  Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewBooleanObj(x!=0));
  return TCL_OK;
}

static int test_syscall_fault(
  void * clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
  int nCount = 0;
  int bPersist = 0;

  if( objc!=2 && objc!=4 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 2, objv, "?COUNT PERSIST?");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }

  if( objc==4 ){
    if( Tcl_GetIntFromObj(interp, objv[2], &nCount)
     || Tcl_GetBooleanFromObj(interp, objv[3], &bPersist)
    ){
      return TCL_ERROR;
    }
  }

  Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, Tcl_NewIntObj(gSyscall.nFail));
  gSyscall.nCount = nCount;
  gSyscall.bPersist = bPersist;
  gSyscall.nFail = 0;
  return TCL_OK;
}

static int test_syscall_errno(
  void * clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
  int iCall;
  int iErrno;
  int rc;

  struct Errno {
    const char *z;
    int i;
  } aErrno[] = {
    { "EACCES", EACCES },
    { 0, 0 }
  };

  if( objc!=4 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 2, objv, "SYSCALL ERRNO");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }

  rc = Tcl_GetIndexFromObjStruct(interp, 
      objv[2], aSyscall, sizeof(aSyscall[0]), "system-call", 0, &iCall
  );
  if( rc!=TCL_OK ) return rc;
  rc = Tcl_GetIndexFromObjStruct(interp, 
      objv[3], aErrno, sizeof(aErrno[0]), "errno", 0, &iErrno
  );
  if( rc!=TCL_OK ) return rc;

  aSyscall[iCall].custom_errno = aErrno[iErrno].i;
  return TCL_OK;
}

static int test_syscall_list(
  void * clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
  const char *zSys;
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs; 
  Tcl_Obj *pList;

  if( objc!=2 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 2, objv, "");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }

  pVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(0);
  pList = Tcl_NewObj();
  Tcl_IncrRefCount(pList);
  for(zSys = pVfs->xNextSystemCall(pVfs, 0); 
      zSys!=0;
      zSys = pVfs->xNextSystemCall(pVfs, zSys)
  ){
    Tcl_ListObjAppendElement(interp, pList, Tcl_NewStringObj(zSys, -1));
  }

  Tcl_SetObjResult(interp, pList);
  Tcl_DecrRefCount(pList);
  return TCL_OK;
}

static int test_syscall(
  void * clientData,
  Tcl_Interp *interp,
  int objc,
  Tcl_Obj *CONST objv[]
){
  struct SyscallCmd {
    const char *zName;
    Tcl_ObjCmdProc *xCmd;
  } aCmd[] = {
    { "fault",     test_syscall_fault },
    { "install",   test_syscall_install },
    { "uninstall", test_syscall_uninstall },
    { "reset",     test_syscall_reset },
    { "errno",     test_syscall_errno },
    { "exists",    test_syscall_exists },
    { "list",      test_syscall_list },
    { 0, 0 }
  };
  int iCmd;
  int rc;

  if( objc<2 ){
    Tcl_WrongNumArgs(interp, 1, objv, "SUB-COMMAND ...");
    return TCL_ERROR;
  }
  rc = Tcl_GetIndexFromObjStruct(interp, 
      objv[1], aCmd, sizeof(aCmd[0]), "sub-command", 0, &iCmd
  );
  if( rc!=TCL_OK ) return rc;
  return aCmd[iCmd].xCmd(clientData, interp, objc, objv);
}

int SqlitetestSyscall_Init(Tcl_Interp *interp){
  struct SyscallCmd {
    const char *zName;
    Tcl_ObjCmdProc *xCmd;
  } aCmd[] = {
    { "test_syscall",     test_syscall},
  };
  int i;

  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aCmd)/sizeof(aCmd[0]); i++){
    Tcl_CreateObjCommand(interp, aCmd[i].zName, aCmd[i].xCmd, 0, 0);
  }
  return TCL_OK;
}
#else
int SqlitetestSyscall_Init(Tcl_Interp *interp){
  return TCL_OK;
}
#endif