"If you are having trouble with it, perhaps you are trying to do things in Unicode which isn't needed (like coding) or perhaps some more reading may enlighten. It's hard to guess at your problems, but if you can pose a specific difficulty, we might be able to suggest a remedy." I believe you are correct. I am still struggling to fully understand the whole UTF-8 / Unicode situation, thus my reference to quantum physics. Yes, I know it is understood (by some people) but certainly not me. Sort of like Unicode. Maybe I'm making it more complicated than it is. Thanks for you thoughts and insight.